|Publication number||US20050001951 A1|
|Application number||US 10/902,962|
|Publication date||Jan 6, 2005|
|Filing date||Jul 30, 2004|
|Priority date||Apr 26, 1999|
|Also published as||US6795137, US6977712, US20040207786, US20050146651|
|Publication number||10902962, 902962, US 2005/0001951 A1, US 2005/001951 A1, US 20050001951 A1, US 20050001951A1, US 2005001951 A1, US 2005001951A1, US-A1-20050001951, US-A1-2005001951, US2005/0001951A1, US2005/001951A1, US20050001951 A1, US20050001951A1, US2005001951 A1, US2005001951A1|
|Inventors||J. Whitted, Eric Horvitz, Michael Sinclair|
|Original Assignee||Microsoft Corporation|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (2), Referenced by (1), Classifications (10), Legal Events (1)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
This application is a continuation of U.S. patent application Ser. No. 09/299,521, filed Apr. 26, 1999. This application is related to co-pending divisional U.S. patent application Ser. No. 10/870,235, filed Jun. 16, 2004. This application is also related to co-pending U.S. patent application Ser. No. 09/299,522, entitled LCD WITH POWER SAVING FEATURES and filed on Apr. 26, 1999.
The present invention relates to methods and apparatus for implementing display devices and, more particularly, to methods and apparatus for reducing the amount of electrical power required by display devices, e.g., transmissive and/or transreflective liquid crystal display (LCD) devices.
Displays are found in numerous commercial and consumer devices. Because of various physical characteristics, flat panel displays tend to be favored over cathode ray tube (CRT) displays in many applications where size, weight and/or power consumption is of concern.
Flat panel displays, including e.g., liquid crystal display (LCD) devices come in many different sizes. Small LCD devices are used in applications ranging from calculators and wristwatches to point-of-sale terminals and gas pumps. Larger LCD devices are found in portable computers, desktop computer displays, and numerous other devices.
Known LCDs are frequently implemented as reflective, transmissive, or transflective devices. A reflective LCD, as the name implies, uses reflection to illuminate the display.
Reflective LCDs are generally the least expensive type of LCD and use the least amount of power. Reflective LCDs rely on ambient, e.g., external natural or artificial light sources for illumination. Accordingly, reflective LCDs do not include a backlight. Such displays operate satisfactory in well lit locations. However, because they lack an internal light source they are difficult to read in low light conditions which are often encountered indoors. For this reason, reflective displays have not found wide spread use in portable computers or other devices which may need to be used in low light conditions.
Transmissive LCDs such as transmissive LCD 103, illustrated in
Transmissive displays are well suited for use indoors under artificial lighting. For this reason, transmissive LCDs are frequently used in, e.g., portable computers and lab instruments. One drawback to transmissive displays is that they consume a relatively high amount of power due to the use of the backlight. In portable devices such as battery powered notebook computers, minimizing power consumption is important. Power consumption by the backlight is a major factor in determining the amount of time portable computers can be used between recharges.
Many portable computers include a brightness control which allows the intensity of the backlight used in a transmissive display to be manually adjusted by a system user. While manually adjusting the display brightness to the minimum setting which is acceptable to the user for a particular set of room conditions can maximize the time before the computer needs recharging, users are not accustomed to adjusting the brightness of their displays each time they move to a different room or ambient lighting conditions change. To allow for a transmissive display to be used in a wide range of conditions, the brightness of the display is normally set to a value which exceeds the brightness required for normal room conditions, e.g., so that the display can be used in higher than normal lighting conditions without having to adjust the brightness. Unfortunately, such intensity settings tend to waste power which, as discussed above, is a limited resource in the context of most portable devices.
Since the amount of power delivered by batteries is often a function of their size and thus weight, it is desirable to minimize power consumption requirements in portable devices to allow for longer periods of use between battery recharges and/or the use of smaller, lighter, batteries. It is desirable that any methods and apparatus directed to power conservation be at least partially automated so that a user need not make display adjustments each time lighting conditions change.
In addition to relatively high power consumption, another disadvantage of the known transmissive LCD 103 is that such displays are usually hard to read in direct sunlight. The difficulty in reading such displays in direct sunlight arises from the fact that incident sunlight reflected from the display screen 105 can be quite bright compared to the intensity of the light, originating from the backlight 107.
While some manufacturers of transmissive LCDs have incorporated high output backlight to enable out of doors use of transmissive displays, the relatively high power consumption of such devices renders them unsuitable for most battery powered applications.
Another type of known LCD device is the transflective LCD 111 illustrated in
In the transmissive display 111, the reflector is normally a white or silver translucent material that reflects some of the ambient light entering from the front, i.e., viewing side or surface, of the display 106 while still allowing light from the backlight 107 to pass through. Transflective LCD 111 is useful in a wide range of lighting conditions. For this reason, LCD 111 is frequently used where a display must function in both day and night light conditions, e.g., in gas station pump displays. Transflective displays suffer from some of the same power consumption problems, associated with the use of a backlight, discussed above in regard to transmissive displays. In addition, transflective displays tend to have relatively poor contrast ratios since partially transmissive reflector 116 must be partially transparent to let light from the backlight through.
In view of the above discussion it is apparent that there is a need for improved displays, e.g., LCD displays, which can be viewed easily in a wide range of light conditions. It is desirable that at least some of the new displays be capable of implementation without a backlight and the power consumption associated therewith.
From the above discussion, it is also apparent that there is a need for methods and apparatus directed to reducing the amount of power utilized by displays which incorporate backlights.
The present invention therefore provides a transmissive display device, comprising a transmissive display panel positionable in a viewing position by a user and including a viewing front surface and a light-receiving rear surface; a reflective surface that is positionable by a user to receive ambient light and reflect it toward the rear surface and though the transmissive display panel, and an un-grooved transmissive ambient light diffuser, without annular rings, positionable by a user so that ambient light is transmitted through the diffuser to thereby cooperate with the reflective surface to provide diffuse ambient light to the rear surface of the transmissive display panel.
In accordance with a further aspect of the present invention a transmissive display device, comprising a transmissive display panel positioned in a viewing position and including a viewing front surface and a light-receiving rear surface, a reflective surface that receives ambient light and reflects it toward the rear surface and though the transmissive display panel, and an un-grooved transmissive ambient light diffuser, without annular rings secured directly to the light receiving rear surface, through which ambient light is transmitted, the diffuser cooperating with the reflective surface to provide diffuse ambient light to the rear surface of the transmissive display panel is provided.
In accordance with another aspect of the present invention a portable computer comprising a base portion, a lid portion, including, a first panel assembly, a second panel assembly, and a hinge coupling the lid portion to the base portion, whereby the hinge allows the lid portion to be raised when the device is in use and lowered when the device is not in use is provided.
In accordance with a further aspect of the present invention a portable computer comprising, a base including a CPU and a keyboard coupled to the CPU, a transmissive display coupled to the CPU, in which the transmissive display is part of a first panel assembly, and the transmissive display has a first viewing surface, and a second surface, an outer diffuser panel coupled to the second surface of the transmissive display to form the first panel assembly, an inner diffuse reflector that is part of a second panel assembly, having a first reflecting surface, and a second surface, an outer protective layer disposed on the second surface of the inner diffuse reflector that is part of the second assembly, and a hinge coupling the first panel assembly between the base and the second panel assembly is provided.
In accordance with still another aspect of the present invention a method of controlling the backlighting of a transmissive display comprising the steps of measuring a viewed surface light intensity at a viewing surface of a transmissive display, measuring a backlight light intensity at a backlit surface of the transmissive display, comparing the viewed surface light intensity to the backlight light intensity, and adjusting a backlight to maintain a viewed backlight light intensity greater than the viewing surface light intensity is provided.
Many of the attendant features of this invention will be more readily appreciated as the same becomes better understood by reference to the following detailed description considered in connection with the accompanying drawings.
As discussed above, the present invention is directed to methods and apparatus for reducing the amount of electrical power required by display devices, e.g., LCDs.
In the description which follows, for the purposes of brevity, elements which are the same as, or similar to one another, will be identified using the same reference numerals. In addition, arrows will be used to illustrate rays of light which may be emitted by, e.g., a natural or artificial light source.
In such an arrangement, the high intensity ambient light passing through the display panel 206 from the rear should be greater than the amount of ambient light reflected from the viewing side, e.g., front, of the display panel 206. Such an embodiment allows for viewing of the display in high intensity sunlight and other high intensity ambient light conditions without the need for a powered backlight. The use of the translucent diffuser 208 and diffuse reflector 210 help to eliminate bright spots by diffusing the ambient light before it passes through the display panel 206.
It is contemplated that a wide variety of plastic and non-plastic materials may be used to implement the translucent diffuser 208 and diffuse reflector 210. In one embodiment, a translucent plastic material was used as the translucent diffuser 208 while a white sheet of paper was used as the diffuse reflector 210.
As will be appreciated, in portable applications it is desirable that a display be capable of being stored in a relatively small space. Specifically, in portable computer applications it is generally desirable that a display be relatively thin, e.g., no more than a few inches in thickness, and be capable of being folded down flat, e.g., over a computer keyboard.
The displays illustrated in
In various embodiments, the display panels 206 used in the
The techniques of the present invention involving the use of ambient light can be applied to virtually any type of device which uses a backlight.
The upper panel 402 of the lid is positioned at an angle relative to the upper lid panel 402 so that ambient light falling on the upper lid panel will be reflected by the diffuse reflector 210 through the diffuser panel 208.
In order to supplement the natural illumination supplied to the rear of the display panel 206, in the
As discussed above, minimizing power consumption by a backlight is important in order to prolong the amount of time a battery powered device can operate before the battery needs to be charged or replaced.
In most portable computer devices, backlight intensity is controlled by a user accessible control, e.g., a potentiometer. In most known computer devices, the brightness of the backlight is fixed at the intensity determined by the user. As ambient light conditions change, e.g., the intensity of light impinging on the front of the display screen decreases, it may be possible to decrease the intensity of the backlight, and thus save power, without having a substantial negative impact on the readability of the displayed images. Unfortunately, most portable computer users are unwilling to manually adjust the brightness of the display each time ambient light conditions change resulting in the wastage of power. Power wastage occurs from setting the brightness control higher than is required so that frequent adjustments to a display's brightness need not be made.
The inventors of the present application recognized that by automating all or part of the backlight intensity adjustment process, to take into consideration changes in ambient light conditions, power savings could be achieved. In accordance with one power saving feature of the present invention a photo-sensor is used to measure the intensity of light impinging on at least a portion of the front of a display screen. The result of this light measurement is then used to control backlight intensity. By measuring ambient light conditions and adjusting backlight intensity, e.g., at power up and/or periodically during use, the intensity of the backlight is adjusted so that it does not significantly exceed a level required to display images in a manner deemed suitable by a user of the system. A user may indicate the desired degree of contrast between the incident light and the light output by a display by manually adjusting a brightness control. By automatically adjusting backlight intensity as a function of ambient light conditions, power savings can be achieved. User selectable normal and power saving modes of operation are easily supported. In the power saving mode a minimal backlight intensity is maintained as a function of detected light conditions. During normal mode operation a somewhat brighter screen appearance is maintained.
The portable computer 500, further comprises a backlight intensity control circuit 503 and a brightness control circuit 504 which are used to control the amount of power supplied to the backlight 510 and thus the intensity of light supplied to the rear of the display panel 206. The intensity control circuit may be implemented using software routines executed by a CPU included in the base portion 506. The brightness control circuit 504 may be implemented as a potentiometer which has one terminal coupled to a power supply represented by the symbol PS and another terminal coupled to the intensity control circuit 503. A user may adjust the potentiometer, e.g., by turning a knob, thereby adjusting the brightness control signal supplied to the intensity control circuit 503.
The intensity control circuit 503 determines the amount of power supplied to the backlight 510 as a function of the output of the photo-sensor 502 and the received brightness control signal. The intensity of the backlight 510, as a function of the photo-sensors and brightness control outputs, is adjusted so that the perceived brightness of the display will remain generally constant despite changes in ambient light conditions. Accordingly, when the output of the photo-sensor 502 indicates an increase in the intensity of the ambient light striking the screen 206, the power to the backlight 510 will be increased. As the intensity of the ambient light striking the screen 206 decreases, the intensity control circuit decreases the power supplied to the backlight 510 and thus the intensity of the light output therefrom. A minimum power level is set, e.g., pre-programmed, for the backlight 510 to insure that the display will be readable in low light conditions.
In one embodiment, even if the output of the photo-sensor 502 indicates little or no incident light, the intensity control circuit 503 does not lower the power output to the backlight 510 below a preselected threshold to insure that in dark or dimly lit conditions, images on the display panel 206 will remain visible. In such an embodiment, intensity control circuit 503 maintains backlight light output between a minimum threshold level and full intensity as a function of the output of the photo-sensor 502 and the brightness control circuit 504.
While the rear photo-sensor is shown inside the display housing so that it measures the light, including the light from the backlight 207, impinging on the rear of the display panel 206, it is contemplated that the intensity control may be performed as a function of a measurement of light impinging on the exterior rear of the housing, e.g., on or near the diffuser 208. In one particular embodiment, backlight control is achieved using signals received from a front photo-sensor 502 and a rear photo-sensor 512 positioned on the exterior of the display 501. Such an embodiment is possible since the amount of light which will be generated by the backlight 207, given a particular power input, can be predicted with reasonable certainty in most monitors.
While the photo-sensors 502, 512 have been illustrated in some figures as protruding from the surfaces on which they are mounted, it is to be understood that they may be flush mounted to facilitate folding and storage of the display device into which they are incorporated. In addition, it is to be understood that the intensity control circuit 505 and brightness control circuit 504 may be located internal to the housing 406.
It should also be noted that the computer system 503 may include a central processing unit (CPU), a memory device and various software routines which are stored in the memory device and executed by the CPU. The intensity control circuit 505 may be implemented using software which controls the intensity of the backlight 510 as a function of the various input signals which are shown as being supplied to the intensity control circuit 505. In fact, the intensity control function may be incorporated into, and/or be implemented as, operating system routines executed by the CPU included in the computer 500.
While numerous exemplary embodiments of the methods and apparatus of the present invention have been described above, it will be apparent to one of ordinary skill in the art, in view of the above description of the invention, that numerous additional embodiments are possible without varying from the scope of the invention.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4403216 *||Apr 22, 1981||Sep 6, 1983||Nintendo Co., Ltd.||Display|
|US5777704 *||Oct 30, 1996||Jul 7, 1998||International Business Machines Corporation||Backlighting an LCD-based notebook computer under varying ambient light conditions|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US7351947 *||May 23, 2006||Apr 1, 2008||Dell Products L.P.||System and method for ambient light sensor testing for an information handling system display|
|International Classification||G02F1/133, G02F1/13357, F21V8/00|
|Cooperative Classification||G02F2001/133618, G02F2001/133626, G02F2203/09, G02F1/1336, G02F2201/58|
|Jan 15, 2015||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: MICROSOFT TECHNOLOGY LICENSING, LLC, WASHINGTON
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:MICROSOFT CORPORATION;REEL/FRAME:034766/0001
Effective date: 20141014