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Publication numberUS20050025088 A1
Publication typeApplication
Application numberUS 10/882,352
Publication dateFeb 3, 2005
Filing dateJul 2, 2004
Priority dateJul 3, 2003
Also published asCN1578167A, CN100372237C, EP1494363A2, EP1494363A3, US7508784
Publication number10882352, 882352, US 2005/0025088 A1, US 2005/025088 A1, US 20050025088 A1, US 20050025088A1, US 2005025088 A1, US 2005025088A1, US-A1-20050025088, US-A1-2005025088, US2005/0025088A1, US2005/025088A1, US20050025088 A1, US20050025088A1, US2005025088 A1, US2005025088A1
InventorsWoong-Gil Choi
Original AssigneeLg Electronics Inc.
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Method for canceling noise in a mobile terminal
US 20050025088 A1
Abstract
A system and method improves performance of a GSM TDMA-based terminal by canceling TDMA noise. When a time burst is generated on a battery power line, a check is performed to determine whether a current time slot is an idle slot, and if the current time slot is an idle slot a noise level is applied to generate an offset voltage. An overall battery voltage drop is reduced based on the applied noise level. Supply noise to the idle slot may be performed by applying an arbitrary channel when an idle slot corresponds to a baseband frequency. Alternatively, a transceiver may generate thermal noise in an idle slot state and a corresponding noise level may then be supplied to the power amplifier.
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Claims(35)
1. A method for canceling noise in a mobile terminal, comprising:
when a time burst occurs, performing a check to determine whether a current time slot is an idle slot; and
if the current time slot is an idle slot, applying a predetermined noise level to a transceiver during the idle slot to generate an offset voltage.
2. The method of claim 1, wherein said offset voltage reduces a battery voltage drop which suppresses generation of TDMA noise.
3. The method of claim 1, wherein the predetermined noise level is applied to a plurality of time slots in a TDMA frame.
4. The method of claim 1, wherein the idle slot is checked during a time when no data transmission occurs.
5. The method of claim 1, wherein the mobile terminal is TDMA terminal.
6. The method of claim 1, wherein applying the noise level includes:
performing an arbitrary channel application when the idle slot corresponds to a baseband frequency.
7. The method of claim 6, wherein the arbitrary channel application includes having a baseband signal unit generate arbitrary I and Q signals in the idle slot, such that a {square root}{square root over (I2+Q2)} value lies within a prescribed range.
8. The method of claim 7, wherein the prescribed range is approximately 70 mV-100 mV.
9. The method of claim 7, wherein the prescribed range corresponds to a desired level of noise reduction measured in dB.
10. The method of claim 7, wherein the {square root}{square root over (I2+Q2)} value corresponds to a desired PSSR characteristic value.
11. The method of claim 10, wherein the desired PSSR characteristic value achieves at least −80 dB noise reduction.
12. The method of claim 1, wherein applying the noise level includes:
generating thermal noise in the idle slot,
wherein the thermal noise is generated by a transceiver of the terminal.
13. The method of claim 12, wherein generating the thermal noise includes:
supplying power to the transceiver for power consumption based on the offset voltage, wherein the offset voltage lies in a prescribed range.
14. The method of claim 13, wherein the prescribed range is at least approximately 70 mV-100 mV.
15. A method for canceling noise of a mobile terminal, comprising:
detecting a time burst during data transmission; and
applying a noise level to at least one idle slot in a TDMA frame.
16. The method of claim 15, wherein applying the noise level includes:
performing an arbitrary channel application when the idle slot corresponds to a baseband frequency.
17. The method of claim 16, wherein the arbitrary channel application includes having a baseband signal unit generates arbitrary I and Q signals in the idle slot, such that a {square root}{square root over (I2+Q2)} value lies within a prescribed range.
18. The method of claim 17, wherein the prescribed range is approximately 70 mV-100 mV.
19. The method of claim 17, wherein the prescribed range corresponds to a desired level of noise reduction measured in dB.
20. The method of claim 17, wherein the {square root}{square root over (I2+Q2)} value corresponds to a desired PSSR characteristic value.
21. The method of claim 20, wherein the desired PSSR characteristic value achieves at least −80 dB noise reduction.
22. The method of claim 15, wherein applying the noise level includes:
generating thermal noise in the idle slot from a transceiver of the terminal.
23. The method of claim 23, wherein applying the noise level includes:
supplying power to at least one predetermined circuit of the transceiver, and
generating an offset voltage to produce the thermal noise.
24. The method of claim 23, wherein the offset voltage lies in a prescribed range.
25. The method of claim 24, wherein the prescribed range is approximately 70 mV-100 mV.
26. The method of claim 15, wherein the terminal is a TDMA terminal.
27. A system for canceling noise in a mobile terminal, comprising:
a detector to detect a time burst in the terminal; and
a controller which performs a check to determine whether a current time slot is an idle slot when the time burst is detected, and which applies a predetermined noise level to a transceiver of the terminal during the idle slot to generate an offset voltage.
28. The system of claim 27, wherein said offset voltage reduces a battery voltage drop which suppresses generation of TDMA noise.
29. The system of claim 27, wherein the idle slot is checked during a time when no data transmission occurs.
30. The system of claim 27, wherein the terminal is a TDMA terminal.
31. The system of claim 27, wherein the controller performs an arbitrary channel application when the idle slot corresponds to a baseband frequency.
32. The system of claim 31, further comprising:
a baseband signal unit which generates I and Q signals in the idle slot, such that a {square root}{square root over (I2+Q2)} value lies within a predetermined range, wherein the arbitrary channel application is performed when the baseband signal unit generates the I and Q signals.
33. The system of claim 32, wherein the predetermined range is at least approximately 70 mV-100 mV.
34. The system of claim 27, wherein the controller applies the noise level by generating thermal noise during the idle slot, wherein the thermal noise is generated by from a transceiver of the terminal.
35. The system of claim 34, wherein the controller generates the thermal noise by supplying power to the transceiver based on the offset voltage, wherein the offset voltage is approximately 70 mV-100 mV.
Description
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

1. Field of the Invention

The present invention generally relates to mobile communication systems, and more particularly to a system and method for canceling noise in a mobile terminal.

2. Background of the Related Art

Generally speaking, there are two types of wireless systems: Code Division Multiple Access (CDMA)-based synchronous systems and Time Division Multiple Access (TDMA)-based asynchronous systems. The TDMA-based asynchronous system most widely used in Europe is the Global System for Mobile communications (GSM) system. GSM combines TDMA with a Frequency Division Multiple Access (FDMA) scheme. In a GSM mobile terminal, noise is generated from an audio output terminal due to a time burst ripple on a battery power line. This form of noise is called TDMA noise.

FIG. 1 shows a power unit of a mobile terminal. This unit is designed so that its audio power terminal is separately formed and one or more audio-exclusive Low Drop Output regulators (LDOs) are used to minimize influence of noise within an audio frequency range caused by ripple in a power terminal of an audio amplifier.

When operated in accordance with a related-art method, the FIG. 1 power unit merely focuses on minimizing TDMA noise after it has been created. This method does not prevent the generation of TDMA noise at its source. Also, because additional circuits such as the audio power terminal and audio-purpose power regulator are used, the related-art method does not promote miniaturization, which is the recent trend in mobile terminal design.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

An object of the invention is to solve at least the above problems and/or disadvantages and to provide at least the advantages described hereinafter.

Another object of the present invention is to provide a system and method for more effectively canceling TDMA noise in a mobile terminal used in a communication system, including but not limited to a GSM system.

To achieve at least the foregoing objects and advantages in whole or part, the present invention provides a system and method for canceling noise in a mobile terminal including: a step in which when a time burst is generated on a battery power line, it is checked whether a current time slot is an idle slot; a step in which if the current time slot is the idle slot, a noise level is applied to generate an offset voltage; and a step in which an overall battery voltage drop is reduced. Preferably, the noise level can be supplied by applying an arbitrary channel when the current time slot is the idle slot in a baseband, or can be suitably supplied as a transceiver generates a thermal noise in the idle slot state.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

FIG. 1 is a diagram showing a power unit of a GSM mobile terminal.

FIG. 2 is a diagram showing a TDMA time frame.

FIG. 3 is a graph showing a relationship between current amplified by a time burst and a voltage drop in accordance with the related art.

FIG. 4 is a graph showing distribution of a power ripple spectrum according to a battery drop voltage in accordance with the related art.

FIG. 5 is a graph showing generation of an offset voltage according to one preferred embodiment of the present invention.

FIG. 6 is a graph showing power ripple reduction achieved in accordance with the preferred embodiment of the present invention.

FIG. 7 is a flow chart showing steps included in a method for canceling noise of a mobile terminal in accordance with the preferred embodiment of the present invention.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS

The present invention is a system and method for canceling noise which is preferably applied to a mobile terminal of a mobile communication system, which includes but is not limited to a GSM system. If desired, the method may also be used for terminals that conform to other communication standards and/or protocols. When applied in this manner, the present invention advantageously reduces audio frequency noise of a power terminal, which, in turn, suppresses or cancels TDMA noise generated at the mobile terminal.

FIG. 2 shows a structure of a TDMA time frame, and FIG. 3 is a graph showing a relationship between current amplified by a time burst and a voltage drop in accordance with a related-art terminal. Also, in FIGS. 2 and 3, a basic TDMA unit is referred to as a time slot (or burst period), which has a predetermined duration of, for example, 15/26 ms (that is, about 577 μs) for some applications.

One TDMA frame typically includes 8 time slots (#0-#7). With this format, eight calls can be simultaneously maintained per channel. Also, one TDMA frame has a length of 577 μs*8; that is, about 4.615 ms. In a GSM system, data is transmitted in only one allocated time slot of one frame of TDMA, while the other seven time slots are in an idle state.

When a GSM mobile terminal sends high output information on a radio frequency, a power amplifier (PA) of the terminal raises a pulse current up to a maximum value for one time slot period, e.g., 2.5 A for a 577 μs period. This rise in pulse current derives from a terminal battery and may be repeatedly performed every TDMA frame period (e.g., 4.615 ms) as long as data transmission is performed.

As shown in FIG. 3, during data transmission, power voltage level is affected by a GSM burst. In a worst case, a lithium ion battery may have a 120 mΩ serial resistance. Thus, about a 300 mV voltage drop is generated for the 577 μs burst period. (Here, IPA represents current supplied to the power amplifier from the battery and VPA represents the voltage applied to this amplifier. These values are illustratively shown in FIG. 1).

FIG. 4 is a graph showing a frequency spectrum of a power ripple generated by a voltage drop during a GSM burst. In this graph, a frequency distribution is shown where a frequency C1 of 217 Hz is obtained during a time period of one TDMA frame (e.g., 4.615 ms). The size of C1 is proportional to a degree of the voltage drop in FIG. 3. C2, C3, C4, . . . , CN are harmonic components and frequency spectrums in an audible range in which every person can listen. By reducing the level down to a degree of a predetermined harmonic (e.g., sixth harmonic) component among the power ripples in the audio frequency, a cause of TDMA noise can be removed.

FIG. 5 is a graph showing generation of an offset voltage according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, and FIG. 6 is a graph showing a power ripple reduction achieved according to a battery voltage drop resulting from the offset voltage in FIG. 5. As shown in FIGS. 5 and 6, a terminal battery experiences a voltage drop when current IPA is amplified by the power amplifier during or just prior to data transmission; that is, during an active time slot. However, unlike in FIG. 3, this voltage drop is reduced by applying an arbitrary noise level to one or more idle slots in the TDMA frame.

More specifically, the present invention generates a noise signal during an idle slot to thereby generate an offset voltage (Voffset). This, in turn, reduces an overall voltage drop difference by an amount Δ, and this causes a proportional reduction of the TDMA noise component, e.g., up to the sixth harmonic. While the noise signal applied during the idle slot reduces the voltage drop between an active slot and the idle slot, it is not actually transmitted through an antenna. This is because an antenna switch at a rear stage of the power amplifier does not transmit data (e.g., is switched off) during idle time slot periods.

A suitable value of the noise level to be applied may differ depending on a voltage drop value during the time burst, or depending on power supply rejection ratio (PSRR) characteristics values of the audio amplifier. The PSRR is a value indicative of performance of removing a spectrum component in the audio frequency. Most components have a value of about −70 dB in the frequency of 200 Hz-1.5 kHz. Thus, in order to cancel TDMA noise, a PSSR characteristics value of about −80 dB may be obtained and therefore about −10 dB of ripple level may be additionally reduced calculatively.

If a maximum 300 mV of voltage drop occurs, the C1 value that exists before applying a noise level would be about 75 mV (37.5 dBm). In order to cancel TDMA noise, C1 may be about 25 mV (28 dBm), which is a reduction of less than 10 dB. Accordingly, a fundamental noise level generated during the idle slot needs only to correspond to about 50 mV (75 mV-25 mV). In this respect, however, a greater Voffset value of about 70 mV-100 mV may be generated in consideration of other harmonic components inclusive. Thus, a noise level to be generated during the idle slot should be about 70 mV-100 mV. However, this is only a theoretically calculated value and there can be some difference depending on the voltage drop value as mentioned above.

Thus, in accordance with at least one embodiment of the present invention, the transmitter is operated in a normal manner with the antenna switched on during an active time slot. However, in order to cancel TDMA noise, a noise signal may be generated during all, a portion, or just one of the idle time slots in a TDMA frame. This will create the offset voltage required to achieve the desired noise suppression.

FIG. 7 is a flow chart showing steps included in a method for canceling noise of a mobile terminal in accordance with a preferred embodiment of the present invention. When a time burst is generated on the battery power line (step S10), a check is performed to determine whether a current time slot is an idle slot (step S20). The time burst may be detected by a detector in the terminal. The detector may be, for example, a processor (e.g., an MSM or other integrated circuit chip) in the terminal. If the current time slot is an idle slot, a noise level is applied (step S30). Then, an offset voltage is generated (step S40) and accordingly an overall battery voltage drop is reduced (step S50). This reduction of the battery voltage drop corresponds to or is effected by a reduction of the TDMA noise component.

As so far described, the method for canceling noise of a mobile terminal in accordance with the present invention has at least the following advantages. Since the ripple of overall battery power is reduced by reducing the battery voltage drop due to the power amplifier, power can be stably supplied to every circuit. In addition, the source itself causing TDMA noise can be reduced without using an audio power terminal. As a result, a more compact terminal can be manufactured.

Several methods may be used in accordance with the present invention for generating noise during one or more idle time slots. According to one embodiment, a noise level can be supplied by performing arbitrary channel application when, for example, the idle slot is in baseband. In accordance with at least one embodiment, the term ‘arbitrary channel application’ includes the situation where a baseband signal unit generates certain I and Q signals in an idle slot, such that a {square root}{square root over (I2+Q2)} value may lie in a range which, for example, is about 70 mV-100 mV. These voltages may also be expressed as a range of noise level reduction values measured in dB.

According to another embodiment, the transceiver can generate thermal noise in one or more idle slots. This will result in supplying a suitable noise level to the power amplifier to thereby create the TDMA noise suppression desired. Here, ‘thermal noise generation’ may include the case where a portion of power of the terminal is turned on to generate a Voffsetvalue, or power is supplied to one or more components of the transceiver. When power is supplied to the transceiver in this manner, the transceiver will consume power, thereby producing heat which results in thermal noise. As an example, an amount of thermal noise may be generated which produces a Voffset in the range of about 70 mV-100 mV during all or a portion of the idle time slots in a TDMA frame.

Various other noise methods for generating noise during the idle slot may also be used, and the present invention is considered to include all the methods for canceling TDMA noise. This is because, in the present invention, in order to cancel TDMA noise, a certain noise level is generated in the idle state among GSM bursts to reduce the battery voltage drop due to the power amplifier.

In accordance with another embodiment, the present invention is a computer-readable medium which stores a computer program having code for implementing all or a portion of the steps in the methods described above. The computer-readable medium may be a flash memory, ROM, SRAM or any other chip or integrated circuit capable of storing information.

Also, in accordance with any one or more of the embodiments described herein, applying a noise signal during a time slot may include but is not limited to the case where the noise signal is generated in the transmitter (or transceiver) of the terminal or the transmitter (transceiver) is operated to generate the noise signal. During this time, the transmitter (transceiver) is preferably disconnected from the antenna of the terminal so that no actual transmission of the generated noise signal occurs.

The foregoing embodiments and advantages are merely exemplary and are not to be construed as limiting the present invention. The present teaching can be readily applied to other types of apparatuses. The description of the present invention is intended to be illustrative, and not to limit the scope of the claims. Many alternatives, modifications, and variations will be apparent to those skilled in the art. In the claims, means-plus-function clauses are intended to cover the structure described herein as performing the recited function and not only structural equivalents but also equivalent structures.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US7685442Apr 26, 2007Mar 23, 2010The Boeing CompanyMethod and systems for a radiation tolerant bus interface circuit
US7720457Oct 19, 2006May 18, 2010Motorola, Inc.Method and apparatus for minimizing noise on a power supply line of a mobile radio
US8050176 *Mar 30, 2004Nov 1, 2011The Boeing CompanyMethods and systems for a data processing system having radiation tolerant bus
US8175561 *Mar 13, 2008May 8, 2012Sony Ericsson Mobile Communications AbAutomatic optimization of RF receiver interference performance
Classifications
U.S. Classification370/321
International ClassificationH04B1/40, H04B15/02, H04B15/00
Cooperative ClassificationH04B2215/061, H04B15/02, H04B2215/063
European ClassificationH04B15/02
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Aug 27, 2012FPAYFee payment
Year of fee payment: 4
Jul 2, 2004ASAssignment
Owner name: LG ELECTRONICS INC., KOREA, REPUBLIC OF
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:CHOI, WOONG-GIL;REEL/FRAME:015545/0950
Effective date: 20040629