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Publication numberUS20050065040 A1
Publication typeApplication
Application numberUS 10/670,410
Publication dateMar 24, 2005
Filing dateSep 24, 2003
Priority dateSep 24, 2003
Publication number10670410, 670410, US 2005/0065040 A1, US 2005/065040 A1, US 20050065040 A1, US 20050065040A1, US 2005065040 A1, US 2005065040A1, US-A1-20050065040, US-A1-2005065040, US2005/0065040A1, US2005/065040A1, US20050065040 A1, US20050065040A1, US2005065040 A1, US2005065040A1
InventorsJimmie Weaver, Billy Slabaugh
Original AssigneeWeaver Jimmie D., Slabaugh Billy F.
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Methods and compositions for treating subterranean formations using high ionic strength gelling agent polymers
US 20050065040 A1
Abstract
Methods, aqueous treating fluid compositions and high ionic strength gelling agent polymers for treating subterranean formations are provided. The aqueous treating fluid compositions are basically comprised of water and a high ionic strength sulfonated gelling agent polymer. The aqueous treating fluid compositions have superior properties compared to conventional treating fluids.
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Claims(54)
1. A method of treating a subterranean formation penetrated by a well bore comprising the steps of:
(a) preparing or providing an aqueous treating fluid composition comprising water and a high ionic strength sulfonated gelling agent polymer; and
(b) introducing said aqueous treating fluid composition into said subterranean formation.
2. The method of claim 1 wherein said water is selected from the group consisting of fresh water and salt water.
3. The method of claim 1 wherein said sulfonated gelling agent polymer is selected from the group consisting of sulfonated gelling agent biopolymers, sulfonated synthetic gelling agent polymers, sulfonated gelling agent polysaccharides and sulfonated gelling agent polysaccharide derivatives.
4. The method of claim 1 wherein said sulfonated gelling agent polymer is a sulfonated gelling agent biopolymer selected from the group consisting of sulfonated xanthan and sulfonated succinoglycon.
5. The method of claim 1 wherein said sulfonated gelling agent polymer is a sulfonated synthetic gelling agent polymer selected from the group consisting of sulfonated polyvinyl alcohol, sulfonated polyacrylamide, sulfonated polyacrylate and sulfonated polyacrilamide/acrylic acid copolymers.
6. The method of claim 1 wherein said sulfonated gelling agent polymer is a sulfonated gelling agent polysaccharide selected from the group consisting of sulfonated galactomannan gums and sulfonated cellulose.
7. The method of claim 1 wherein said sulfonated gelling agent polymer is a sulfonated gelling agent galactomannan gum selected from the group consisting of sulfonated guar gum, sulfonated gum arabic, sulfonated gum ghatti, sulfonated gum karaya, sulfonated tamarind gum and sulfonated locust bean gum.
8. The method of claim 1 wherein said sulfonated gelling agent polymer is a sulfonated gelling agent polysaccharide derivative selected from the group consisting of sulfonated carboxyalkyl derivatives of guar, sulfonated hydroxyalkyl derivatives of guar and sulfonated cellulose derivatives.
9. The method of claim 1 wherein said sulfonated gelling agent polymer is a sulfonated gelling agent cellulose derivative selected from the group consisting of sulfonated carboxymethylcellulose, sulfonated carboxymethylhydroxyethylcellulose, sulfonated hydroxyethylcellulose, sulfonated methylhydroxypropylcellulose, sulfonated methylcellulose, sulfonated ethylcellulose, sulfonated propylcellulose, sulfonated ethylcarboxymethylcellulose, sulfonated methylethylcellulose and sulfonated hydroxypropylmethylcellulose.
10. The method of claim 1 wherein said sulfonated gelling agent polymer is sulfonated guar.
11. The method of claim 1 wherein said sulfonated gelling agent polymer is a sulfonated hydroxypropyl guar derivative.
12. The method of claim 1 wherein said sulfonated gelling agent polymer is present in said aqueous treating fluid composition in an amount in the range of from about 20 lbs to about 60 lbs per 1000 gal of said aqueous treating fluid composition.
13. The method of claim 1 wherein said treating fluid composition further comprises a crosslinking agent.
14. The method of claim 13 wherein said crosslinking agent is selected from the group consisting of boron compounds, compounds that supply zirconium IV ions, compounds that supply titanium IV ions, aluminum compounds and compounds that supply antimony ions.
15. The method of claim 13 wherein said crosslinking agent is present in said aqueous treating fluid composition in an amount in the range of from about about 2 lbs to about 40 lbs per 1000 gal of said aqueous treating fluid composition.
16. A method of forming one or more fractures in a subterranean zone penetrated by a well bore comprising the steps of:
(a) preparing or providing an aqueous fracturing fluid composition comprising water and a high ionic strength sulfonated gelling agent polymer; and
(b) introducing said aqueous fracturing fluid composition into said subterranean zone at a rate and pressure sufficient to form one or more fractures therein.
17. The method of claim 16 wherein said water is selected from the group consisting of fresh water and salt water.
18. The method of claim 16 wherein said sulfonated gelling agent polymer is selected from the group consisting of sulfonated gelling agent biopolymers, sulfonated synthetic gelling agent polymers, sulfonated gelling agent polysaccharides and sulfonated gelling agent polysaccharide derivatives.
19. The method of claim 16 wherein said sulfonated gelling agent polymer is a sulfonated gelling agent biopolymer selected from the group consisting of sulfonated xanthan and sulfonated succinoglycon.
20. The method of claim 16 wherein said sulfonated gelling agent polymer is a sulfonated synthetic gelling agent polymer selected from the group consisting of sulfonated polyvinyl alcohol, sulfonated polyacrylamide, sulfonated polyacrylate and sulfonated polyacrilamide/acrylic acid copolymers.
21. The method of claim 16 wherein said sulfonated gelling agent polymer is a sulfonated gelling agent polysaccharide selected from the group consisting of sulfonated galactomannan gums and sulfonated cellulose.
22. The method of claim 16 wherein said sulfonated gelling agent polymer is a sulfonated gelling agent galactomannan gum selected from the group consisting of sulfonated guar gum, sulfonated gum arabic, sulfonated gum ghatti, sulfonated gum karaya, sulfonated tamarind gum and sulfonated locust bean gum.
23. The method of claim 16 wherein said sulfonated gelling agent polymer is a sulfonated gelling agent polysaccharide derivative selected from the group consisting of sulfonated carboxyalkyl derivatives of guar, sulfonated hydroxyalkyl derivatives of guar and sulfonated cellulose derivatives.
24. The method of claim 16 wherein said sulfonated gelling agent polymer is a sulfonated gelling agent cellulose derivative selected from the group consisting of sulfonated carboxymethylcellulose, sulfonated carboxymethylhydroxyethylcellulose, sulfonated hydroxyethylcellulose, sulfonated methylhydroxypropylcellulose, sulfonated methylcellulose, sulfonated ethylcellulose, sulfonated propylcellulose, sulfonated ethylcarboxymethylcellulose, sulfonated methylethylcellulose and sulfonated hydroxypropylmethylcellulose.
25. The method of claim 16 wherein said sulfonated polymer is sulfonated guar.
26. The method of claim 16 wherein said sulfonated polymer is a sulfonated hydroxypropyl guar derivative.
27. The method of claim 16 wherein said sulfonated gelling agent polymer is present in said aqueous fracturing fluid composition in an amount in the range of from about 20 lbs to about 60 lbs per 1000 gal of said aqueous fracturing fluid composition.
28. The method of claim 16 wherein said aqueous fracturing fluid composition further comprises a crosslinking agent.
29. The method of claim 28 wherein said crosslinking agent is selected from the group consisting of boron compounds, compounds that supply zirconium IV ions, compounds that supply titanium IV ions, aluminum compounds and compounds that supply antimony ions.
30. The method of claim 28 wherein said crosslinking agent is present in said fracturing fluid composition in an amount in the range of from about 2 lbs to about 40 lbs per 1000 gal of said fracturing fluid composition.
31. An aqueous treating fluid composition for treating a subterranean formation comprising water and a high ionic strength sulfonated polymer.
32. The composition of claim 31 wherein said water is selected from the group consisting of fresh water and salt water.
33. The composition of claim 31 wherein said sulfonated gelling agent polymer is selected from the group consisting of sulfonated gelling agent biopolymers, sulfonated synthetic gelling agent polymers, sulfonated gelling agent polysaccharides and sulfonated gelling agent polysaccharide derivatives.
34. The composition of claim 31 wherein said sulfonated gelling agent polymer is a sulfonated gelling agent biopolymer selected from the group consisting of sulfonated xanthan and sulfonated succinoglycon.
35. The composition of claim 31 wherein said sulfonated gelling agent polymer is a sulfonated synthetic gelling agent polymer selected from the group consisting of sulfonated polyvinyl alcohol, sulfonated polyacrylamide, sulfonated polyacrylate and sulfonated polyacrilamide/acrylic acid copolymers.
36. The composition of claim 31 wherein said sulfonated gelling agent polymer is a sulfonated gelling agent polysaccharide selected from the group consisting of sulfonated galactomannan gums and sulfonated cellulose.
37. The composition of claim 31 wherein said sulfonated gelling agent polymer is a sulfonated gelling agent galactomannan gum selected from the group consisting of sulfonated guar gum, sulfonated gum arabic, sulfonated gum ghatti, sulfonated gum karaya, sulfonated tamarind gum and sulfonated locust bean gum.
38. The composition of claim 31 wherein said sulfonated gelling agent polymer is a sulfonated gelling agent polysaccharide derivative selected from the group consisting of sulfonated carboxyalkyl derivatives of guar, sulfonated hydroxyalkyl derivatives of guar and sulfonated cellulose derivatives.
39. The composition of claim 31 wherein said sulfonated gelling agent polymer is a sulfonated gelling agent cellulose derivative selected from the group consisting of sulfonated carboxymethylcellulose, sulfonated carboxymethylhydroxyethylcellulose, sulfonated hydroxyethylcellulose, sulfonated methylhydroxypropylcellulose, sulfonated methylcellulose, sulfonated ethylcellulose, sulfonated propylcellulose, sulfonated ethylcarboxymethylcellulose, sulfonated methylethylcellulose and sulfonated hydroxypropylmethylcellulose.
40. The composition of claim 31 wherein said sulfonated gelling agent polymer is sulfonated guar.
41. The composition of claim 31 wherein said sulfonated gelling agent polymer is a sulfonated hydroxypropyl guar derivative.
42. The composition of claim 31 wherein said sulfonated gelling agent polymer is present in an amount in the range of from about 20 lbs to about 60 lbs per 1000 gal of said composition.
43. The composition of claim 31 wherein said aqueous treating fluid composition further comprises a crosslinking agent.
44. The composition of claim 43 wherein said crosslinking agent is selected from the group consisting of boron compounds, compounds that supply -zirconium IV ions, compounds that supply titanium IV ions, aluminum compounds and compounds that supply antimony ions.
45. The composition of claim 43 wherein said crosslinking agent is present in said treating fluid composition in an amount in the range of from about 2 lbs to about 40 lbs per 1000 gal of said composition.
46. A high ionic strength sulfonated gelling agent polymer selected from the group consisting of sulfonated biopolymers, sulfonated synthetic gelling agent polymers, sulfonated gelling agent polysaccharides and sulfonated gelling agent polysacchride derivatives.
47. The gelling agent polymer of claim 46 wherein said sulfonated gelling agent polymer is a sulfonated gelling agent biopolymer selected from the group consisting of sulfonated xanthan and sulfonated succinoglycon.
48. The gelling agent polymer of claim 46 wherein said sulfonated gelling agent polymer is a sulfonated synthetic gelling agent polymer selected from the group consisting of sulfonated polyvinyl alcohol, sulfonated polyacrylamide, sulfonated polyacrylate and sulfonated polyacrilamide/acrylic acid copolymers.
49. The gelling agent polymer of claim 46 wherein said sulfonated gelling agent polymer is a sulfonated gelling agent polysaccharide selected from the group consisting of sulfonated galactomannan gums and sulfonated cellulose.
50. The gelling agent polymer of claim 46 wherein said sulfonated gelling agent polymer is a sulfonated gelling agent galactomannan gum selected from the group consisting of sulfonated guar gum, sulfonated gum arabic, sulfonated gum ghatti, sulfonated gum karaya, sulfonated tamarind gum and sulfonated locust bean gum.
51. The gelling agent polymer of claim 46 wherein said sulfonated gelling agent polymer is a sulfonated gelling agent polysaccharide derivative selected from the group consisting of sulfonated carboxyalkyl derivatives of guar, sulfonated hydroxyalkyl derivatives of guar and sulfonated cellulose derivatives.
52. The gelling agent polymer of claim 46 wherein said sulfonated gelling agent polymer is a sulfonated gelling agent cellulose derivative selected from the group consisting of sulfonated carboxymethylcellulose, sulfonated carboxymethylhydroxyethylcellulose, sulfonated hydroxyethylcellulose, sulfonated methylhydroxypropylcellulose, sulfonated methylcellulose, sulfonated ethylcellulose, sulfonated propylcellulose, sulfonated ethylcarboxymethylcellulose, sulfonated methylethylcellulose and sulfonated hydroxypropylmethylcellulose.
53. The gelling agent polymer of claim 46 wherein said sulfonated gelling agent polymer is sulfonated guar.
54. The gelling agent polymer of claim 46 wherein said sulfonated gelling agent polymer is a sulfonated hydroxypropyl guar derivative.
Description
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

1. Field of the Invention

The present invention relates to methods, aqueous treating fluid compositions and high ionic strength gelling agent polymers for treating subterranean formations.

2. Description of the Prior Art

Viscous treating fluids are used in a variety of operations and treatments in oil and gas wells. Such operations and treatments include forming gravel packs in well bores, fracturing producing zones, performing permeability control treatments and the like.

Hydrocarbon producing wells are often stimulated by hydraulic fracturing treatments. In hydraulic fracturing, a viscous fracturing fluid, which also functions as a carrier fluid, is pumped into a subterranean zone to be fractured at a rate and pressure such that one or more fractures are formed in the zone. Proppant particles, e.g., graded sand, for propping the fractures open are suspended in the fracturing fluid and are deposited in the fractures when the fracturing fluid viscosity is reduced. The fracturing fluid viscosity is reduced by including a delayed viscosity breaker in the fracturing fluid that causes it to revert to a thin fluid. The proppant particles deposited in the fractures function to prevent the fractures from closing so that conductive channels are formed through which produced hydrocarbons can readily flow.

Aqueous fracturing fluids are generally viscosified by mixing a hydratable polysaccharide gelling agent polymer with water. For example, guar gum and its derivatives are often used to viscosify aqueous fracturing fluids. Guar gum is a random coil polymer that can be readily crosslinked with various cross-linking agents, e.g., metal ions. Once crosslinked, guar and guar derivatives can form highly viscoelastic gels that approach near zero suspended particle settling rates.

It is desirable to increase the effectiveness of gelling agent polymers in general, and this has been achieved in the prior art to a significant degree by grafting ionic groups, for example carboxyl groups, onto the gelling agent polymer chain. Since like charges tend to repel each other, the carboxyl groups force the flexible coiled polymer to become more linear. Maximizing the linearity results in an enlarged radius of gyration, which in turn results in a lesser amount of gelling agent being required to generate a gelled treating fluid.

A problem is that the viscosity increasing effect of carboxyl groups is greatly reduced as the pH of the fluid drops below 7. This is due to the fact that the carboxylate ions are salts of weak acids and tend to hydrolyze. In addition, the solubility of anionic groups in water containing multivalent metal ions such as calcium and magnesium is small making gelling agent polymers containing anionic groups, e.g., carboxyl groups, less soluble in hard water. Thus, anionic groups render gelling agent polymers sensitive to ionic strength whereby the viscosity of the polymer in a salt solution is much less than the viscosity in fresh water. The salt sensitivity is undesirable since the aqueous liquids used in well treating fluids often contain chloride salts to inhibit swelling of formation clays or are formed with brines or seawater.

Thus, there are needs for improved methods of treating subterranean formations with viscous aqueous treating fluids, gelling agent polymers having decreased sensitivity to low pH and hard water, and improved gelling agent polymers having high ionic strength.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

By the present invention, methods of treating subterranean formations with viscous aqueous treating fluids, improved viscous aqueous treating fluids and improved gelling agent polymers are provided which meet the needs described above and overcome the deficiencies of the prior art. The methods of treating subterranean formations penetrated by well bores basically comprise the following steps. A viscous aqueous treating fluid composition is prepared or provided comprising water and a high ionic strength gelling agent polymer. Thereafter, the viscous aqueous treating fluid composition is introduced into the subterranean formation.

The viscous aqueous treating fluid compositions of this invention comprise water and a high ionic strength gelling agent polymer. The high ionic strength gelling agent polymer is a sulfonated polymer that provides improved rheological properties to the treating fluid, as do conventional carboxylated gelling agent polymers. However, unlike carboxylated gelling agent polymers, the sulfonated gelling agent polymer maintains improved viscosity properties at pH's below 7 and in hard water.

The improved high ionic strength gelling agent polymers of this invention are sulfonated gelling agent polymers.

The objects, features and advantages of the present invention will be readily apparent to those skilled in the art upon a reading of the description of preferred embodiments which follows.

DESCRIPTION OF PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS

The methods of this invention for treating subterranean formations penetrated by well bores basically comprise the following steps. A viscous aqueous treating fluid composition is prepared or provided comprising water and a high ionic strength sulfonated gelling agent polymer. The viscous aqueous treating fluid composition is then pumped into a well bore to treat the subterranean formation.

The viscous aqueous treating fluids of this invention are comprised of water and a sulfonated gelling agent polymer.

The water utilized in the viscous aqueous treating fluid compositions of this invention can be fresh water or salt water. The term “salt water” is used herein to mean unsaturated salt water including brines and seawater.

The high ionic strength sulfonated gelling agent polymers that can be utilized in accordance with the present invention include, but are not limited to: sulfonated biopolymers such as xanthan and succinoglycon; sulfonated synthetic polymers such as sulfonated polyvinyl alcohols, sulfonated polyacrylamides, sulfonated polyacrylates; sulfonated acrylamide/acrylic acid copolymers; sulfonated polysaccharides; and sulfonated polysaccharide derivatives. Sulfonated polysaccharides include, but are not limited to, sulfonated galactomannan gums such as guar gum, gum arabic, gum ghatti, gum karaya, tamarind gum, locust bean gum and the like, and sulfonated cellulose derivatives. Examples of preferred sulfonated galactomannan gum gelling agent polymers are sulfonated guar, sulfonated hydroxypropylguar, sulfonated carboxymethylhydroxyethyl guar and sulfonated carboxymethylguar. Examples of preferred sulfonated cellulose derivatives are sulfonated carboxymethylcellulose, sulfonated carboxymethylhydroxyethylcellulose, sulfonated hydroxyethylcellulose, sulfonated methylhydroxypropylcellulose, sulfonated methylcellulose, sulfonated ethylcellulose, sulfonated propylcellulose, sulfonated ethylcarboxymethylcellulose, sulfonated methylethylcellulose, and sulfonated hydroxypropylmethylcellulose. Of the sulfonated gelling agent polymers, sulfonated guar is the most preferred.

The sulfonated gelling agent polymer utilized is preferably present in the aqueous treating fluid in an amount in the range of from about 20 lbs to about 60 lbs of polymer per 1000 gal of the aqueous treating fluid, and more preferably from about 30 lbs to about 45 lbs per 1000 gal. The preparation of sulfonated polymers is generally well known by those skilled in the art.

A crosslinking agent can optionally be added to further enhance the viscosity of the aqueous treating fluid. Examples of suitable crosslinking agents that can be utilized include, but are not limited to, boron compounds such as boric acid, disodium octaborate tetrahydrate, sodium diborate and pentaborates, ulexite and colemanite, compounds that can supply zirconium IV ions such as zirconium lactate, zirconium lactate triethanolamine, zirconium carbonate, zirconium acetylacetonate and zirconium diisopropylamine lactate, compounds that can supply titanium IV ions such as titanium ammonium lactate, titanium triethanolamine and titanium acetylacetonate, aluminum compounds such as aluminum lactate and aluminum citrate, and compounds that can supply antimony ions. Of these, boric acid is the most preferred.

When used, the crosslinking agent is included in the aqueous treating fluid in an amount in the range of from about 2 lbs to about 40 lbs per 1000 gal of the aqueous treating fluid, and more preferably from about 4 lbs to about 12 lbs per 1000 gal.

The methods of this invention for fracturing subterranean formations and the fracturing fluids utilized are improved due to the decreased sensitivity of the high ionic strength sulfonated gelling agent polymer to low pH and hard water. The methods basically comprise the following steps. A viscous aqueous fracturing fluid composition is prepared or provided comprising water and a high ionic strength sulfonated gelling agent polymer. The water can be fresh water or hard water, i.e., salt water including brines and seawater. The viscous aqueous fracturing fluid can optionally also include a cross-linking agent to increase its viscosity. The viscous aqueous fracturing fluid is then introduced into the subterranean formation at a rate and pressure sufficient to form one or more fractures therein.

A preferred method of this invention for treating a subterranean formation penetrated by a well bore comprises the steps of: (a) preparing or providing a viscous aqueous treating fluid composition comprising water and a high ionic strength sulfonated gelling agent polymer; and (b) introducing the viscous aqueous treating fluid composition into the subterranean formation.

A preferred method of this invention for forming one or more fractures in a subterranean zone penetrated by a well bore comprises the steps of: (a) preparing or providing an aqueous fracturing fluid composition comprising water and a high ionic strength sulfonated gelling agent polymer; and (b) introducing the aqueous fracturing fluid composition into the subterranean zone at a rate and pressure sufficient to form one or more fractures therein.

A preferred viscous aqueous treating fluid composition of this invention comprises water and high ionic strength sulfonated gelling agent polymer.

A preferred high ionic strength sulfonated gelling agent polymer of this invention is selected from the group consisting of sulfonated gelling agent biopolymers, sulfonated synthetic gelling agent polymers, sulfonated polysaccharide gelling agent polymers and sulfonated polysaccharide derivative gelling agent polymers.

In order to further illustrate the methods and compositions of the present invention, the following examples are given.

EXAMPLE 1

To demonstrate stability of sulfonated gelling agent polymers to potassium chloride the viscocity of a 0.5% solution of sulfonated guar polymer was compared to that of a 0.5% solution of carboxymethyl guar at 75° F. Viscosity measurements were made with increasing additions of potassium chloride.

The results are shown in Table 1 below. The viscosity of carboxymethyl guar decreases significantly with initial additions of potassium chloride. The sulfonated polymer basically maintains its viscosity.

TABLE 1
Viscosity After KCl Addition
Viscosity, cP
% KCl CMG* SULF*
0 26.34 28.7
0.25 20.29
0.5 20.15
1 19.08 27.3
2 18.75 26.3
3 18.82 25.5
4 18.69 24.8
5 18.49 24.2
6 18.19 23.6
7 18.14 23.2
8 17.89 22.9
9 17.68 22.3
10 17.65 22.2
11 17.90 22.5
12 17.61 22.6

*CMG = Carboxymethyl guar

*SULF = Sulfonated guar

EXAMPLE 2

To demonstrate the superior stability of sulfonated gelling agent polymers in the presence of divalent cations, a 0.5% solution of sulfonated guar polymer was compared to that of a 0.5% solution of carboxymethyl guar. Viscosity measurements were made at 75° F. with increasing additions of calcium chloride.

The results are shown in Table 2 below. The viscosity of carboxymethyl guar decreases significantly with initial additions of calcium chloride. The sulfonated polymer basically maintains its viscosity.

TABLE 2
Viscosity After CaCl2 Addition
Viscosity, cP
% CaCl2 CMG* SULF*
0 24.4 28.9
0.125 19.9 28.7
0.25 19.5 28.9
0.50 19.8 28.9
0.75 28.9
1.0 20.6 28.9
2.0 21.7 28.9
3.0 22.2 29.1
4.0 22.7 29.1
5.0 23 29.0
6.0 23 29.1
10 26 30.6

*CMG = Carboxymethyl guar

*SULF = Sulfonated guar

EXAMPLE 3

The thermal stability of a carboxymethyl guar treating solution was compared to a sulfonated guar polymer treating solution of this invention. The polymer solutions were prepared at a concentration of 0.5 weight percent in deionized water. In two of the tests, a gel stabilizing agent comprised of sodium thiosulfate, was added as indicated in Table 3 below. The polymer solutions were hydrated at pH 7 and the viscosities were measured at 75° F. The solutions were sparged with nitrogen and heated in a pressure vessel under 100 psi to 300° F. for 4 hours. The solutions were then cooled to 75° F. and the viscosities were measured again.

As shown in Table 3, the solutions of sulfonated guar polymer had superior thermal stability compare to the carboxymethyl guar.

TABLE 3
Effect of Time and Temperature on Viscosity
Gel
Gelling Stabilizing Final
Agent Agentlb/1000 Initial Viscosity Viscosity
Sample Polymer gal cP @ 75 F. cP @ 75 F.* % of Initial Viscosity*
1 Carboxymethylguar None 39.02 2.2 5.6
2 Carboxymethylguar 20 36.37 5.65 15.5
3 Sulfonated Guar None 40.48 4.4 10.9
4 Sulfonated Guar 20 38.63 10.74 27.8

*after 4 hours at 300° F.

Thus, the present invention is well adapted to carry out the objects and attain the ends and advantages mentioned as well as those that are inherent therein. While numerous changes can be made by those skilled in the art, such changes are encompassed within the spirit of this invention as defined by the appended claims.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US7683011Dec 12, 2007Mar 23, 2010Du Pontfor plugging permeable zones; subterranean formations
US7790657Dec 17, 2007Sep 7, 2010E.I. Du Pont De Nemours And Companygenerate an initial viscosity at the surface, followed by a delayed viscosity generation, once the fluid is subjected to higher down-hole temperatures; use in oil field applications such as hydraulic fracturing and plugging of permeable zones (thief zones); varied ratio of triethanolamine to Quadrol
US7795190Dec 14, 2007Sep 14, 2010E.I. Du Pont De Nemours And Companymixing tetraalkyl zirconate with alkanolamine, water and hydroxyalkylene diamine, then with boron compound in alcohol to stabilize; oil fields, plugging permeable zones and leaks of subterranean formations
US7851417Dec 11, 2007Dec 14, 2010E.I. Du Pont De Nemours And Companyfor plugging permeable zones; subterranean formations
US8097566Aug 26, 2010Jan 17, 2012Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.Methods of fracturing subterranean formations using sulfonated gelling agent polymers
US8307901 *Jan 4, 2012Nov 13, 2012Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.Methods of fracturing subterranean formations using sulfonated synthetic gelling agent polymers
US8450248 *Nov 7, 2007May 28, 2013Engenium Chemicals Corp.Viscosifying polysaccharide, sparingly soluble borate-based mineral and metal sequestering agent
US20080108521 *Nov 7, 2007May 8, 2008Brine-Add Fluids Ltd.Oil well fracturing fluids
US20120103616 *Jan 4, 2012May 3, 2012Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.Methods of Fracturing Subterranean Formations Using Sulfonated Synthetic Gelling Agent Polymers
Classifications
U.S. Classification507/227
International ClassificationC09K8/68, E21B43/00
Cooperative ClassificationC09K8/68, C09K8/685
European ClassificationC09K8/68B, C09K8/68
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Sep 24, 2003ASAssignment
Owner name: HALLIBURTON ENERGY SERVICES, INC., TEXAS
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:WEAVER, JIMMIE D.;SLABAUGH, BILLY F.;REEL/FRAME:014559/0373
Effective date: 20030924