US 20050096113 A1
A gaming device and method is presented that provides the user the ability to wager for winning payouts that are representative of monetary value randomly generated and displayed by the gaming device. The gaming device can be dice, playing cards or a slot machine having a plurality of rotatable reels that are actuated by an electronic controller. Indicia symbols 0 (zero) and 1 (one) are disposed on the display surfaces, such that when the display surfaces are randomly changed, a winning indicia combination may be displayed, thereby resulting in a payout representative of displayed indicia and the amount wagered. Bonus games and added jackpots can be implemented for primary and secondary gamming.
1. A game that functions as a traditional casino game, comprising:
a plurality of display surfaces, the surfaces having indicia representing 0 (zero) or 1 (one) disposed on the display surface;
a mechanism configured to change the display surfaces;
a controller configured to randomly display each surface, the plurality of surfaces being displayed for determining a winning combination of indicia; and
a payout system, wherein the payout is equal to a standard denomination of currency representing the indicia displayed of the display surfaces.
26. A game, comprising a plurality of display surfaces, each display surface containing an indicia representing a zero (0) and a one (1), wherein a value of a winning combination is represented by the indicia on the display surfaces.
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41. A gaming apparatus, comprising:
a plurality of display surfaces, each display surface containing an indicia representing a zero (0) and a one (1);
a controller configured to alternate each display surfaces to a single indicia;
a betting mechanism for determining a wager; and
a payout mechanism for determining a value of a winning combination represented by the indicia on the display surfaces.
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61. A method of playing a casino game, comprising:
providing a gaming apparatus having a plurality of display surfaces, each display surface having indicia representing a zero (0) and a one (1) disposed thereon;
placing a wager;
initiating changing the display surfaces;
viewing the changed display surfaces;
evaluating the indicia combination displayed on the display surfaces, a winning combination having at least a single one (1) indicia provided on at least one display surface; and
dispensing a payout value representative of the displayed indicia, wherein the winning combination of indicia is displayed from the left-most display surface to the right-most display surface.
62. The method of
This application claims the benefit of U.S. Provisional Application Ser. No. 60/516,186, filed Oct. 30, 2003, the content of which is hereby incorporated herein by reference.
This invention relates to a game, and more particularly to a casino gaming device and method including a device that is applicable for slot machine use or other physical gaming devices.
Recently, gaming devices have escalated in popularity. Casino gaming machines, as well as toy casino games, are well known in the art and provide hours of entertainment for gaming enthusiast. A majority of all casinos have slots machines, and in some gaming capitals slot machines are installed in airports, restaurants, and other public venues. It is common knowledge that slot machine games allow the user to wager on the positions at which spinning reels of the slot machine will stop.
The basic elements of the traditional slot machine game are mechanically based. The game of chance places a probability that a winning indicia combination will be randomly positioned on two or more rotating reels. A payout is determined by positioning one of several indicia combinations on the payout line. A plurality of indicia symbols are disposed on a rotatable reel outer peripheral surface. The start operation involves the user inserting a wager and initiating rotation of the reels, e.g., a player pulls a lever or pushes a button causing the reels to spin. When the rotation of all the rotatable reels has stopped, there is shown a specific combination of symbols on the display reels. The symbols are visible through a display window at the front of a slot machine. The rotational positions of the symbols with respect to the payout line of the machine determine the outcome of the game and how much, if any, money the machine will payout to the user. Winning indicia combinations vary the amount of money payout. Typically, the left most reel has the highest odds of displaying a high payout symbol on the payout line, while the right most reel has the lowest odds of displaying a high payout symbol on the payout line, e.g., a cherry is a high payout symbol, the leftmost reel may have one in five odds of displaying a cherry, while the rightmost reel may have one in one hundred odds of displaying a cherry.
Conventional slot machines include electronic video machines having microprocessor based controllers that replicate the traditional slot machines having spinning reels. The electronically controlled machine provides an electrical variable display formed of randomly generated elements or symbols on a display screen. The microprocessor controls accounting of the wagers and credits available to the player, controls starting and stopping the random generation of the selected symbols, and controls payout as determined. Commonly, the slot machine stops the spinning reel or displays the generated number from left to right, there by building anticipation of the user.
In spite of the popularity of gaming machines, particularly slot machines, the conventional games have failed to continue to entice and entertain gaming enthusiast. The typical slot machine uses symbols and indicia combinations which have been around since the advent of the slot machine. For example, a cherry is commonly regarded as a winning symbol when received on the rightmost reel of the slot machine. Matching two or more consecutive cherry symbols starting from the rightmost reel increases the payout amount for the winning combination. Another common symbol is the bar or double and triple bars, that are familiar winning combinations that base a payout on a certain multiple of the wagered amount. Thus, the user has nothing new or exciting to look forward to when playing the current games. Conventional programming for the microprocessor based slot machines utilize the same redundant symbols which fail to induce the game user to play or continue to play this particular game of chance.
Accordingly, there is a need for a new and interesting game of chance that attracts users and retains their interest and desire for continuous play. The present invention provides the user a stimulating gaming opportunity that does not rely on traditional gaming methods and combinations to win satisfying payouts.
Briefly, and in general terms, the present invention provides a method and device for playing a casino style game that is stimulating and enticing to the player. The game may be implemented as a primary game or in a secondary bonus game. In particular, the method of the present invention provides a game of chance that bases a payout from a display on a gaming device that depicts the winnings as an actual monetary value. Alternatively, the payout may be a fraction of the displayed value or a multiple of the displayed value.
The game of the present invention includes a plurality of display surfaces, the surfaces having indicia representing 0 (zero) or 1 (one) disposed on the display surface. A changing mechanism is configured to change the display surfaces. A controller is configured to randomly display each surface, wherein the plurality of surfaces are displayed for evaluating whether if a winning combination of indicia is determined. If a winning combination is determined, then a payout may be dispensed equal to a standard denomination of currency representing the indicia displayed on the surfaces and the amount wagered.
Accordingly, the gaming device of the present invention can be a slot machine having a plurality of rotatable reels, a controller, and a device for receiving a wager and dispensing a winning payout. The reels have a combination of 0 (zero) and 1 (one) on the outer periphery and are displayed through a display window or screen on the face of the gaming device. The object of the game is to have the reels display a winning indicia combination that is equivalent to a monetary payout. The gaming device further includes wager receptacles for receiving a standard denomination of paper currency or coins. The wager receptacle can also be configured to receive tokens that are representative of currency. Once a wager is received, the user can initiate rotation or spinning of the reels by pulling a lever or arm of the gaming device, or the user may push a spin button to actuate the reels. The controller is configured to control reel rotation of the plurality of reels by randomly stopping each of the reels and displaying the randomly generated indicia combination. The gaming device of the controller can mechanically stop the plurality of reels or the controller may electronically stop the reel rotation.
The electronic controller evaluates the indicia combination, displayed on the reels, and determines if a winning combination is achieved. A winning combination is an indicia display having at least one 1 symbol displayed in the combination on the pay line. The winning indicia combination payout is equal to a standard denomination of currency representing the indicia displayed from the left reel to the right reels. For example, an indicia display featuring 1-0-1 will result in a payout equal to 101 times the wager and payable in the standard denomination of currency, house tokens, credits, or a combination of currency and credit. The payout for the 1-0-1 winning combination may also be a multiple of 101 times the wager based on the amount wagered or based on some other factor or event, such as special characters appearing on one or more reels.
The above example depicts a gaming device having a three reel display face, however, the present invention may be played on a two reel gaming device or a device having four or more reels. Additional reels increase the user's odds of receiving a winning combination and also increases the user's chance of winning a large payout. While the method of play is consistent with the three reel gaming apparatus, a winning indicia combination display may include, for example, 1-0-1-0, which is equal to 1,010 times the amount wagered payout or a multiple thereof based on the amount wagered or based on some other factor or event. Accordingly, the gaming device may be programmed to provide a large jackpot or progressive jackpot for a particular winning combination. The fourth reel or bonus reel may include alternative indicia symbols disposed on the reel, e.g. 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, and 9, for enhanced or multiple gaming payouts.
Additional gaming excitement is achieved by varying the sequence in which the controller stops the reels, such as reversing the stopping sequence or randomly stopping particular reels. A Bonus Play option can be wagered for an additional reel spin, thereby allowing the user to re-spin the left most reel or any other suitable reel. The Bonus Play feature can improve a non-winning display combination, or the option may be used to increase or decrease a payout combination.
The rotatable reels of the present invention may be physical reels that spin, or the reels may alternatively be combined in electronic mediums that display 0 or 1 symbols through electronic technology. The displays may include video screens, video reels or animated displays.
Alternative mediums of playing the game of the present invention include hand-held devices, dice, cards or any other suitable medium for displaying indicia disposed on a readable surface.
Other features and advantages of the present invention will become apparent from the following detailed description, taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, which illustrate, by way of example, the principles of the invention.
The game of the present invention is embodied in a new game of chance, more particularly a gaming apparatus such as slot machines. However, the invention is capable of use on video, computer, dice, and hand held toy applications. The game of the present invention is designed to excite and entice gaming enthusiast, providing a desirable gaming experience. As illustrated in the figures, the advantage afforded the user is the ability to wager for a winning payout or credit that is representative of the indicia combination displayed on the reels of the gaming apparatus.
The game of the present invention includes a plurality of display surfaces, the surfaces having indicia representing 0 (zero) or 1 (one) disposed thereon. A changing mechanism is configured to change the display surfaces. A controller is configured to randomly stop and/or display each display surface, wherein the plurality of surfaces are displayed for determining if a winning combination of indicia is determined. If a winning combination is determined, then a payout may be dispensed equal to a standard denomination of currency representing the indicia displayed on the surfaces and the amount wagered.
Referring further to the flow diagram of
After the reels are randomly stopped, the reels are evaluated 116 to determine if a winning combination is displayed or if a losing combination is displayed 118. A winning combination is an indicia display having at least a single 1 (one) displayed on the pay line 44 of one or more of the plurality of reels 30, 32, 34 (
In another aspect of the invention, the gaming apparatus may have two or more pay lines on which winning indicia combinations can be displayed. Additional features may be added to the game, such as to multiply the payout by a number determined by additional rotation of the same or some of the same reels, rotation of an additional set of reels or other suitable method and/or device. Similarly, the user may re-spin any reel by making an additional wager, by an event of the game or by the combination thereof. Further, accumulated winnings may be lost during the re-spins or during a bonus game. A negative value symbol (−) may also be utilized to reduce total payout amount. Also, the gaming apparatus may be configured so that the reels will spin one at a time, and whether each successive reel spins may be determined by a specified indicia on the preceding reel spin, by making an additional wager or by the combination of thereof. Such additional features may be initiated by the choice of the player, by an event of the game (such as a special character appearing on one or more reels), by paying an additional wager or by the combination thereof.
In another embodiment of the present invention, the gaming apparatus face features four spinning reels 46, see
In still another embodiment of the present invention, the four reel gaming display may be configured such that the left most reel is a bonus reel. Referring to the flow diagram of
After the reels are stopped, the reels 48, 50, 52, 54 are evaluated to determine if a winning combination is displayed or if a losing combination is displayed. A winning combination is an indicia display having a 1 (one) displayed on one or more of the four reels and lined accordingly on the gaming machine pay line 44 (
In another aspect of the Bonus Play method of the invention, step 220 may randomly initiate a re-spin of either reels 48, 50, 52 or 54. A microprocessor can be programmed to vary the bonus reel selection sequence, and the gaming machine may be configured to spin two or more reels in the bonus step. Additional wagering may be required to initiate two or more reel re-spins. A negative winning combination of indicia may be configured to subtract from existing winning credits, or the user may lose all accumulated winnings during the re-spin step.
In still another aspect of the Bonus Play method of the invention, the bonus game may be the primary game or a secondary game providing enhanced gaming opportunity for the user. The game is adaptable to currently available gaming systems that are microprocessor based.
It is further appreciated by those of ordinary skill in the art that, while the reels of the present invention may be physical reels that spin, one embodiment of the apparatus includes reels that may alternatively be combined in electronic reels that display symbols through electronic display technology such as, for example a light emitting diode display (LED), a liquid crystal display (LCD) or any other suitable display technology. The electronic display may include video screens, video reels or animated displays. The electronic display includes a pay line and the plurality of reel indicia having 0 or 1 symbols that display winning combinations of randomly generated indicia. The imagery displayed on the electronic display window is controlled by the electronic controller 56 (
In general, the microprocessor 58 which is adapted to interact with the program memory 66, 68 to cause the controller 56 to carry out the functionality of the gaming apparatus. During operation, the wager detector 60 and credit dispenser informs the controller 56 when a user inputs wager into the gaming apparatus. After the controller 56 detects that the wager has been input into the gaming apparatus, the controller monitors the spin actuators 62 which inform the controller when the user desires to play a game. When the controller 56 receives an indication from one of the spin actuators 62 that a user request to play a game, the controller controls the motor drivers 64 to cause the reels 30, 32, 34 or 48, 50, 52, 54 to spin. After spinning the reels for a predetermined time, the controller 56 selects random numbers and controls the motor drivers 64 to stop the reels at appropriate rotational positions, which may correspond directly or indirectly to the selected random numbers, to inform the user of the outcome of the game. After the reels have stopped, the controller determines whether the user has won the game. If the user has a winning combination, then the controller may initiate a payout of the winning coins, tokens or credit. The winning indicia combinations are stored in the controller ROM memory 66. If a winning combination is displayed, the associated pay table for that combination is retrieved from the ROM 66 and the signal is sent to the payout dispenser 70. The controller 56 may also control the electronic display 72 which provides imagery for embodiments of the invention that combine electronic reel display technology. The controller 56 may be embodied in hardware that is commercially available from Intel or any other suitable source, or may be embodied in any other suitable microprocessor or microcontroller.
The method of the present invention can be played with physical mediums, such as, cards or dice. However, the steps of the game may vary as a result of the physical nature of the game. The alternative medium can be configured with the indicia 0 or 1 such that winning combinations of the indicia displayed on a plurality of the cards or dice may result in a winning payout or allotment of points. As illustrated in
With further reference to
Although the dice and card games are presented in physical embodiments, each game may be embodied in an electronic video game.
While the specification describes particular embodiments of the present invention, those of ordinary skill can devise variations of the present invention without departing from the scope of the invention. Accordingly, it is not intended that the invention be limited except as by the appended claims.