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Publication numberUS20050109560 A1
Publication typeApplication
Application numberUS 10/720,268
Publication dateMay 26, 2005
Filing dateNov 25, 2003
Priority dateNov 25, 2003
Publication number10720268, 720268, US 2005/0109560 A1, US 2005/109560 A1, US 20050109560 A1, US 20050109560A1, US 2005109560 A1, US 2005109560A1, US-A1-20050109560, US-A1-2005109560, US2005/0109560A1, US2005/109560A1, US20050109560 A1, US20050109560A1, US2005109560 A1, US2005109560A1
InventorsCharlie Liu
Original AssigneeCharlie Liu
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Structure of spindle
US 20050109560 A1
Abstract
A spindle mounted in an oil bearing inside a mover and adapted to rotate a follower member is constructed to have a plurality of oblique guide grooves formed on and arranged around the periphery and adapted to guide lubricating oil released from the oil bearing toward the bottom side, preventing splashing of released lubricating oil over the outside of the mover.
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Claims(3)
1. A spindle mounted in an oil bearing inside a mover and adapted to rotate a follower member, the spindle having a plurality of oblique guide grooves formed on the periphery thereof and adapted to guide lubricating oil released from said oil bearing toward a bottom side.
2. The spindle as claimed in claim 1, wherein said oblique guide grooves are arranged around the periphery of the spindle.
3. The spindle as claimed in claim 1, wherein said oblique guide grooves are arranged around the periphery of the spindle at different elevations.
Description
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

1. Field of the Invention

The present invention relates to a spindle for use in a mover and, more particularly, to such a spindle that prevents splashing of released lubricating oil over the outside of the mover.

2. Description of the Related Art

Following fast development of electronic technology and mechanical technology, a variety of compact and high-power high-tech devices have been developed to improve the life of human beings. These high-tech products are the combination of semiconductor chips and precision mechanical mechanisms. During operation of these high-tech products, much heat energy is produced, and these high-tech products may fail if heat energy is not quickly carried away. Therefore, cooling fans are commonly used in these high-tech products to dissipate heat.

FIG. 1 shows the operation of the mover of an electric device, for example, a cooling fan. As illustrated, the mover 10 comprises an oil bearing 14, a spindle 12 mounted in the oil bearing 14, and a fan blade 18 fastened to the top side of the spindle 12. The oil bearing 14 is sintered from metal powder to increase oil retaining force. The peripheral and bottom sides of the oil bearing 14 are blocked, preventing leaking of lubricating oil. During operation of the mover 10, lubricating oil is released from the oil bearing 14 to form an oil film within the inner diameter of the oil bearing 14 and the periphery of the spindle 12. However, because the top side of the oil bearing 14 is not well blocked, released lubricating oil tends to be forced out of the top side of the oil bearing 14 to contaminate the surroundings or to wet the surrounding circuits, causing a short-circuit. When the mover 10 failed, heat cannot be quickly carried out of the electronic apparatus, and the electronic apparatus may be caused to shut down, or may be damaged by heat.

Therefore, it is desirable to provide a spindle that eliminates the aforesaid problem.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

The present invention has been accomplished under the circumstances in view. It is the main object of the present invention to provide a spindle, which prevents splashing of lubricating oil from the oil bearing. It is another object of the present invention to provide a spindle, which effectively retains lubricating oil released from the oil bearing. To achieve these and other objects of the present invention, the spindle is mounted in an oil bearing inside a mover and adapted to rotate a follower member, having a plurality of oblique guide grooves formed on and arranged around the periphery and adapted to guide lubricating oil released from the oil bearing toward the bottom side, preventing splashing of released lubricating oil over the outside of the mover.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

FIG. 1 is a schematic drawing showing lubricating oil splashed out of the gap in the top of a mover according to the prior art.

FIG. 2 is an elevational view of a spindle made according to the present invention.

FIG. 3 illustrates the spindle used in a mover according to the present invention.

FIG. 4 is an elevational view of an alternate form of the spindle according to the present invention.

FIG. 5 illustrates the alternate form of spindle used in a mover according to the present invention.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT

Referring to FIG. 2, a spindle 22 is shown having a plurality of oblique guide grooves 24 formed on the periphery. The oblique guide grooves 24 are spaced from one another at a gap and arranged around the periphery of the spindle 22.

Referring to FIG. 3, the spindle 22 is mounted in the oil bearing 26 of a mover 20 inside an electric apparatus, for example, a fan (not shown). The top end of the spindle 22 is fastened to a fan blade 28. During rotary motion of the spindle 22, the sloping guide grooves 24 give a downward thrust force to lubricating oil released from the oil bearing 26, preventing splashing of lubricating oil out of the gap in the top side of the mover 20, and smoothening downward flowing of lubricating oil. Therefore, sufficient lubricating oil is retained to the gap in between the inner diameter of the oil bearing 26 and the periphery of the spindle 22 during rotary motion of the mover 20, preventing overheat of the mover 20.

The sloping direction of the oblique guide grooves 24 on the periphery of the spindle 22 is determined subject to the designed direction of rotation of the spindle 22. The sloping angle and the number of the oblique guide grooves 24 are determined subject to the designed maximum speed of rotation.

As indicated above, the formation of the oblique guide grooves on the periphery of the spindle prevents an overflow of lubricating oil during the rotary motion of the mover, and enables an oil film of certain thickness to be easily established between the oil bearing and the spindle to reduce possible friction and to further improve the performance of the mover and prolongs its service life.

FIGS. 4 and 5 show an alternate form of the present invention. According to this embodiment, the spindle 22 has two sets of oblique guide grooves 24 respectively formed on the periphery and arranged around the periphery at different elevations. The oblique guide grooves 24 can be simultaneously formed on the periphery of the spindle 22 during casting of the spindle 22. Alternatively, the oblique guide grooves 24 can be formed on the periphery of the spindle 22 through a secondary processing process.

A prototype of structure of spindle has been constructed with the features of FIGS. 25. The structure of spindle functions smoothly to provide all of the features discussed earlier.

Although particular embodiments of the invention have been described in detail for purposes of illustration, various modifications and enhancements may be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention. Accordingly, the invention is not to be limited except as by the appended claims.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US7065990 *May 26, 2004Jun 27, 2006Armament Systems & Procedures, Inc.High contact conical bow
Classifications
U.S. Classification184/6.18
International ClassificationF01M1/00, F16N7/36
Cooperative ClassificationF16N7/366
European ClassificationF16N7/36V
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Nov 25, 2003ASAssignment
Owner name: ROTECHNIC COMPANY LIMITED, TAIWAN
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:LIU, CHARLIE;REEL/FRAME:014742/0071
Effective date: 20031118