US 20050116417 A1 Abstract A dual-sided card deck allows for the contemporaneous play of two separate card games. The deck is comprised of a plurality of cards having a first set of values on a first side and a second set of values on a second side. A first card game is played using values assigned to symbols provided on the first side of each of the plurality of cards to determine the outcome of the first game. The outcome of a second card game is determined using the same hand of cards used to play the first game, but using values assigned to symbols provided on the second side of each of the plurality of cards held during the first game. To deter card counting, the symbols appearing on the first side of the plurality of cards can be pseudo-randomly generated and linked to the symbols appearing on the second side of the plurality of cards.
Claims(80) 1. A plurality of playing cards for wagering, each of the playing cards in the plurality of playing cards comprising:
a first side; and a second side opposed to, the first side; the first side bearing at least a first primary symbol, the first primary symbol selected from a first set of primary symbols, each of the first primary symbols in the first set of primary symbols indicative of a playing card identity according to a first set of game rules, the first set of game rules defining values of various combinations of the playing card identities; and the second side bearing at least a first secondary symbol, the first secondary symbol selected from a first set of secondary symbols, each of the first secondary symbols in the first set of secondary symbols indicative of a playing card identity according to a second set of game rules, the second set of game rules defining values of various combinations of the playing card identities independently of the first primary symbols. 2. The plurality of playing cards according to 3. The plurality of playing cards according to 4. The plurality of playing cards according to 5. The plurality of playing cards according to 7. The plurality of playing cards according to 8. The plurality of playing cards according to 10. The plurality of playing cards according to 11. The plurality of playing cards according to 12. The plurality of playing cards according to 13. The plurality of playing cards according to 14. The plurality of playing cards according to 15. The plurality of playing cards according to 16. The plurality of playing cards according to 17. The plurality of playing cards according to 18. The plurality of playing cards according to 19. The plurality of playing cards according to 20. The plurality of playing cards according to 21. The plurality of playing cards according to 22. (canceled) 23. The plurality of playing cards according to 24. The plurality of playing cards of 25. A set of playing cards for wagering, each of the playing cards comprising:
a first side bearing at least a first primary symbol and a second primary symbol, the first primary symbol selected from a standard set of playing card rank symbols comprising 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, J, Q, K, and A, and the second primary symbol selected from a standard set of playing card suit symbols ♥, , ♦, and , the combination of the first and the second primary symbols on each of the playing cards indicative of a first respective playing card identity; and a second side bearing at least a first secondary symbol, the first secondary symbol on the second side selected from a first set of secondary symbols, each of the first secondary symbols in the first set of secondary symbols indicative of a respective second playing card identity according to a set of game rules the second playing card identity independent of the first playing card identity. 26. The set of playing cards according to 27. The set of playing cards according to 28. The set of playing cards according to 29. The set of playing cards according to 30. The set of playing cards according to 31. A method of producing playing cards having a face and a back, the method comprising:
forming at least a first primary symbol on the face of the playing card, the first primary symbol from a first set of primary symbols and indicative of a first playing card identity of a playing card according to a first set of game rules, the first set of game rules defining values of various combinations of the first playing card identities; pseudo-randomly generating at least a first secondary symbol from a first set of secondary symbols, each of the secondary symbols in the first set of secondary symbols indicative of a second playing card identity according to a second set of game rules, the second set of game rules defining values of the second playing card identities independent of the first playing card identities; and forming the first secondary symbol on the back of the playing card. 32. The method according to forming at least a second primary symbol on the face of the playing card, the second primary symbol from a second set of primary symbols where the first set of primary symbols is a standard set of playing card ranks and the second set of primary symbols is a standard set of playing card suits. 33. The method according to pseudo-randomly generating the first and the second primary symbols. 34. The method according to 35-37. (canceled) 38. The method according to 39. The plurality of playing cards according to 40. The method according to removing the playing card from a printer after forming one of the first primary symbol and the first secondary symbol; reinserting the playing card in the printer before forming the other one of the first primary symbol and the first secondary symbol. 41. The method according to 42. A device for producing playing cards, the device comprising:
a housing; a media path extending through the housing along which playing card stock passes; at least a one printhead coupled to receive print data, the at least one printhead proximate the media path and operable to print on the playing card stock passing the printhead along the media path; and at least one processor configured to pseudo-randomly generate at least a number of first secondary identifiers, each of the first secondary identifiers corresponding to a respective first secondary symbol, the first secondary symbols being from a first set of secondary symbols, where the at least one processor is coupled to provide print data representing the first secondary symbols and representing at least a number of first primary symbols, the first primary symbols from a first set of primary symbols, the at least one processor configured to cause the printhead to print the first secondary symbol on a back of the playing card stock and to print the first primary symbol on a face of the playing card stock, where each of the primary symbols in the first set of primary symbols indicative of a playing card identity according to a first set of game rules, the first set of game rules defining values of various combinations of the playing card identities and each of the secondary symbols in the first set of secondary symbols indicative of a playing card identity according to a second set of game rules. 43. The device according to 44. The device according to 45. The device according to at least a second printhead opposed across the media path with respect to the first printhead to print on the opposite side of the playing card stock from the first printhead. 46. A method of producing playing cards having a face and a back, the face bearing a first primary symbol from a first set of primary symbols and a second primary symbol from a second set of primary symbols, the first and the second primary symbols pre-printed on the face of the playing card and indicative of an a first playing card identity of a playing card according to a first set of game rules, the first set of game rules defining values of various combinations of the first playing card identities, the method comprising:
pseudo-randomly generating at least a first secondary symbol from a first set of secondary symbols, each of the secondary symbols in the first set of secondary symbols indicative of a second playing card identity according to a second set of game rules, the second set of game rules defining values of the second playing card identities the second playing card identities independent of the first playing card identities; and forming the first secondary symbol on the back of the playing card. 47. The method according to 48. (canceled) 49. A device for producing playing cards from preprinted playing card stock, the preprinted playing card stock bearing a first and a second symbol selected from a standard set of playing card rank symbols and a standard set of playing card suit symbols, respectively, the device comprising:
a housing; a media path extending through the housing along which the playing card stock passes; at least a one printhead coupled to receive print data, the at least one printhead proximate the media path and operable to print on the playing card stock passing the printhead along the media path; and at least one processor configured to pseudo-randomly generate at least a number of first secondary identifiers, each of the first secondary identifiers corresponding to a respective first secondary symbol, the first secondary symbols from a first set of secondary symbols, where the at least one processor is coupled to provide the print data representing the first secondary symbols to cause the printhead to print the first secondary symbols on a back of the playing card stock. 50. The device according to 51. A method of contemporaneously playing two card games with a dual-sided card deck, the method comprising:
dealing a number of playing cards to at least a first player, each playing card having at least a first primary symbol on a first side and at least a first secondary symbol on a second side, the first primary symbols from a first set of primary symbols and the first secondary symbols from a first set of secondary symbols; determining an outcome of a first game according to a first set of game rules based at least in part on the first primary symbol on the first side of at least one of the number of playing cards; and determining an outcome of a second game according to a second set of game rules based at least in part on the first secondary symbol on the second side of at least one of the number of playing cards. 52. The method according to determining a value for each of the playing cards corresponding to the rank symbol on the first side of the playing card; summing each of the determined values for the number of playing cards; and comparing the sum of the values to at least one other value. 53. The method according to determining a value for each of the playing cards corresponding to the rank symbol on the second side of the playing card; summing each of the determined values for the number of playing cards; and comparing the sum of the values to at least one other value. 54. The method according to determining a rank and suit for each of the playing cards corresponding to the first primary identifier and a second primary identifier, respectively; determining a number of combinations of the playing cards having identical ranks and the number of playing cards in each determined combination; determining a number of combinations of the playing cards having identical suits and the number of playing cards in each determined combination; and comparing the determined number of combinations of playing cards having identical ranks and identical suits and the number of playing cards in each combination to at least one other hand of playing cards employing a set of predefined rankings. 55. The method according to 56. The method according to 57. The method according to 58. The method according to 59. The method according to 60. A method of playing a wagering game, the method comprising:
dealing a number of hands of playing cards to each of a number of players, each playing card having at least a first primary symbol on a first side and at least a first secondary symbol on a second side, the first primary symbols from a first set of primary symbols and the first secondary symbols from a first set of secondary symbols; determining an outcome of a first game according to a first set of game rules based at least in part on the first primary symbol on the first side of at least one of the number of playing cards of each hand; and for each of a number of winning hands determined based at least in part on the first primary symbol on the first side of at least one of the number of playing cards of each hand, determining an outcome of a second game according to a second set of game rules based at least in part on the first secondary symbol on the second side of at least one of the number of playing cards. 61. The method of 62. The method of 63. The method of 64. The method of for each of a number of winning hands determined based at least in part on the first primary symbol on the first side of at least one of the number of playing cards of each hand; providing the player a first payout; and for each of a number of winning hands determined based at least in part on the first secondary symbol on the second side of at least one of the number of playing cards of each hand, providing the player a second payout. 65. The method of for each of a number of winning hands determined based at least in part on the first secondary symbol on the second side of at least one of the number of playing cards of each hand, enhancing a payout to the player. 66. A method of playing a wagering game, the method comprising:
dealing a number of hands of playing cards to each of a number of players, each playing card having at least a first primary symbol on a first side and at least a first secondary symbol on a second side, the first primary symbols from a first set of primary symbols and the first secondary symbols from a first set of secondary symbols; determining an outcome of a first game according to a first set of game rules based at least in part on the first primary symbol on the first side of at least one of the number of playing cards of each hand; and for each of a number of losing hands, determining an outcome of a second game according to a second set of game rules based at least in part on the first secondary symbol on the second side of at least one of the number of playing cards. 67. The method of 68. The method of 69. The method of 70. The method of 71. A method of playing a card game, the method comprising:
for each of a number of players, determining if the player placed a primary wager; dealing a number of hands of playing cards to each of a number of players who placed a respective one of the primary wagers, each playing card having at least a first primary symbol on a first side and at least a first secondary symbol on a second side, the first primary symbols from a first set of primary symbols and the first secondary symbols from a first set of secondary symbols; determining an outcome of a first game according to a first set of game rules based at least in part on the first primary symbol on the first side of at least one of the number of playing cards of each hand; determining an outcome of a second game according to a second set of game rules based at least in part on the first secondary symbol on the second side of at least one of the number of playing cards; and for each of a number of winning hands, if any, determined based at least in part on the first secondary symbol on the second side of at least one of the number of playing cards of each hand, providing the player an award. 72. The method according to determining an amount of the award according to a predetermined payout schedule. 73. The method according to determining an amount of the award based at least on a value assigned to at least the first secondary symbol. 74. The method according to determining an amount of the award based at least one of a good and a service represented by at least the first secondary symbol. 75. A method of playing a card game, the method comprising:
for each of a first number of players, determining if the player placed a primary wager; dealing a number of hands of playing cards to each of the players who placed a respective one of the primary wagers, each playing card having at least a first primary symbol on a first side and at least a first secondary symbol on a second side, the first primary symbols from a first set of primary symbols and the first secondary symbols from a first set of secondary symbols; determining an outcome of a first game according to a first set of game rules based at least in part on the first primary symbol on the first side of at least one of the number of playing cards of each hand; for each of a second number of players, determining if the player placed a secondary wager; and for each of the players who placed a secondary wager, determining an outcome of a second game according to a second set of game rules based at least in part on the first secondary symbol on the second side of at least one of the number of playing cards in the respective hand of playing cards. 76. The method of for each of a number of winning hands determined based at least in part on the first primary symbol on the first side of at least one of the number of playing cards of each hand; providing the player a first payout; and for each of a number of winning hands determined based at least in part on the first secondary symbol on the second side of at least one of the number of playing cards of each hand, providing the player a second payout. 77. The method of for each of a number of winning hands determined based at least in part on the first secondary symbol on the second side of at least one of the number of playing cards of each hand, enhancing a base payout to the player. 78. The method of 79. A device for producing playing cards, the device comprising:
means for pseudo-randomly generating at least a number of first secondary identifiers; means for associating the number of first secondary identifiers with respective ones of a number of first secondary symbol, the first secondary symbols from a first set of secondary symbols, each of the secondary symbols in the first set of secondary symbols indicative of a playing card identity according to one set of game rules; and means for printing the first secondary symbols on a back of a playing card stock where a face of the playing card stock bears a first and a second primary symbols, the first and the second primary symbols from a standard set of playing card ranks and a standard set of playing card suits, respectively. 80. The device according to means for pseudo-randomly generating at least a number of first primary identifiers; means for associating the number of first primary identifiers with respective ones of the number of first primary symbols; and means for printing the first primary symbols on the face of the playing card stock. 81. The device according to 82. The device according to Description 1. Field of the Invention This invention is generally related to games of skill and chance, and in particular to a method, apparatus and article for playing a card game. 2. Description of the Related Art Card games are a well-known form of recreation and entertainment. Card games, especially wagering card games played in modern-day casinos, are more exciting and offer more entertainment value to the player when the games are quickly played for rapid wage resolution and the player is involved in decisions affecting the outcome of the game. The games are also more exciting to the player when there is more than one wagering opportunity during the course of the game, when there are multiple opportunities to win and/or when a substantial bonus or jackpot is involved, such as a progressive jackpots. Wagering games which provide quick succession of play, more than one wagering opportunity, and more than one opportunity to win are all known. For example, for quick play, U.S. Pat. No. 5,154,429 to LeVasseur discloses a game where the dealer plays multiple hands against a single hand and thereby increases the number of hands that can be played in the same amount of time. For more than one wagering opportunity, U.S. Pat. No. 4,861,041 to Jones et al. discloses a method of wagering where the player makes an additional wager at the beginning of a hand. These additional wagers are accumulated as a progressive jackpot, which a player making the additional wager may win if the cards received match a predetermined arrangement of cards. While the above-mentioned methods and devices are directed toward wagering games designed to engage the player and provide entertainment value, the entertainment industry has a continued need for new and exciting games which can be played out quickly, and provide more than one wagering opportunity and/or more than one opportunity to win. In one aspect, a set of playing cards comprises a plurality of playing cards for wagering, each of the playing cards in the plurality of playing cards comprising: a first side; and a second side opposed to the first side; the first side bearing at least a first primary symbol, the first primary symbol selected from a first set of primary symbols, each of the first primary symbols in the first set of primary symbols indicative of a playing card identity according to a first set of game rules, the first set of game rules defining values of various combinations of the playing card identities; and the second side bearing at least a first secondary symbol, the first secondary symbol selected from a first set of secondary symbols, each of the first secondary symbols in the first set of secondary symbols indicative of a playing card identity according to a second set of game rules, the second set of game rules defining values of various combinations of the playing card identities. In another aspect, a set of playing cards for wagering comprises, each of the playing cards: a first side bearing at least a first primary symbol and a second primary symbol, the first primary symbol selected from a standard set of playing card rank symbols comprising 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, J, Q, K, and A, and the second primary symbol selected from a standard set of playing card suit symbols ♥, , ♦, and ; and a second side bearing at least a first secondary symbol, the first secondary symbol on the second side selected from a first set of secondary symbols, each of the first secondary symbols in the first set of secondary symbols indicative of a playing card identity according to a set of game rules.In another aspect, a method of producing playing cards having a face and a back, comprises: forming at least a first primary symbol on the face of the playing card, the first primary symbol from a first set of primary symbols and indicative of an identity of a playing card according to a first set of game rules, the first set of game rules defining values of various combinations of the playing card identities; pseudo-randomly generating at least a first secondary symbol from a first set of secondary symbols, each of the secondary symbols in the first set of secondary symbols indicative of a playing card identity according to a second set of game rules, the second set of game rules defining values of playing card identities; and forming the first secondary symbol on the back of the playing card. In yet another aspect, a device for producing playing cards comprises: a housing; a media path extending through the housing along which playing card stock passes; at least a one printhead coupled to receive print data, the at least one printhead proximate the media path and operable to print on the playing card stock passing the printhead along the media path; and at least one processor configured to pseudo-randomly generate at least a number of first secondary identifiers, each of the first secondary identifiers corresponding to a respective first secondary symbol, the first secondary symbols being from a first set of secondary symbols, where the at least one processor is coupled to provide print data representing the first secondary symbols and representing at least a number of first primary symbols, the first primary symbols from a first set of primary symbols, the at least one processor configured to cause the printhead to print the first secondary symbol on a back of the playing card stock and to print the first primary symbol on a face of the playing card stock, where each of the primary symbols in the first set of primary symbols indicative of a playing card identity according to a first set of game rules, the first set of game rules defining values of various combinations of the playing card identities and each of the secondary symbols in the first set of secondary symbols indicative of a playing card identity according to a second set of game rules. In still another aspect, a method of producing playing cards having a face and a back, the face bearing a first primary symbol from a first set of primary symbols and a second primary symbol from a second set of primary symbols, the first and the second primary symbols pre-printed on the face of the playing card and indicative of an identity of a playing card according to a first set of game rules, the first set of game rules defining values of various combinations of the playing card identities comprises pseudo-randomly generating at least a first secondary symbol from a first set of secondary symbols, each of the secondary symbols in the first set of secondary symbols indicative of a playing card identity according to a second set of game rules, the second set of game rules defining values of playing card identities; and forming the first secondary symbol on the back of the playing card. In yet still another aspect, a device for producing playing cards from preprinted playing card stock, the preprinted playing card stock bearing a first and a second symbol selected from a standard set of playing card rank symbols and a standard set of playing card suit symbols, respectively, comprises: a housing; a media path extending through the housing along which the playing card stock passes; at least a one printhead coupled to receive print data, the at least one printhead proximate the media path and operable to print on the playing card stock passing the printhead along the media path; and at least one processor configured to pseudo-randomly generate at least a number of first secondary identifiers, each of the first secondary identifiers corresponding to a respective first secondary symbol, the first secondary symbols from a first set of secondary symbols, where the at least one processor is coupled to provide the print data representing the first secondary symbols to cause the printhead to print the first secondary symbols on a back of the playing card stock. In a further aspect, a method of contemporaneously playing two card games with a dual-sided card deck comprises: dealing a number of playing cards to at least a first player, each playing card having at least a first primary symbol on a first side and at least a first secondary symbol on a second side, the first primary symbols from a first set of primary symbols and the first secondary symbols from a first set of secondary symbols; determining an outcome of a first game according to a first set of game rules based at least in part on the first primary symbol on the first side of at least one of the number of playing cards; and determining an outcome of a second game according to a second set of game rules based at least in part on the first secondary symbol on the second side of at least one of the number of playing cards. In yet a further aspect, a method of playing a wagering game comprises: dealing a number of hands of playing cards to each of a number of players, each playing card having at least a first primary symbol on a first side and at least a first secondary symbol on a second side, the first primary symbols from a first set of primary symbols and the first secondary symbols from a first set of secondary symbols; determining an outcome of a first game according to a first set of game rules based at least in part on the first primary symbol on the first side of at least one of the number of playing cards of each hand; and for each of a number of winning hands determined based at least in part on the first primary symbol on the first side of at least one of the number of playing cards of each hand, determining an outcome of a second game according to a second set of game rules based at least in part on the first secondary symbol on the second side of at least one of the number of playing cards. In still a further aspect, a method of playing a wagering game comprises: dealing a number of hands of playing cards to each of a number of players, each playing card having at least a first primary symbol on a first side and at least a first secondary symbol on a second side, the first primary symbols from a first set of primary symbols and the first secondary symbols from a first set of secondary symbols; determining an outcome of a first game according to a first set of game rules based at least in part on the first primary symbol on the first side of at least one of the number of playing cards of each hand; and for each of a number of losing hands, determining an outcome of a second game according to a second set of game rules based at least in part on the first secondary symbol on the second side of at least one of the number of playing cards. In yet still a further aspect, a method of playing a card game comprises: for each of a number of players, determining if the player placed a primary wager; dealing a number of hands of playing cards to each of a number of players who placed a respective one of the primary wagers, each playing card having at least a first primary symbol on a first side and at least a first secondary symbol on a second side, the first primary symbols from a first set of primary symbols and the first secondary symbols from a first set of secondary symbols; determining an outcome of a first game according to a first set of game rules based at least in part on the first primary symbol on the first side of at least one of the number of playing cards of each hand; determining an outcome of a second game according to a second set of game rules based at least in part on the first secondary symbol on the second side of at least one of the number of playing cards; and for each of a number of winning hands, if any, determined based at least in part on the first secondary symbol on the second side of at least one of the number of playing cards of each hand, providing the player an award. In even a further aspect, a method of playing a card game comprises: for each of a first number of players, determining if the player placed a primary wager; dealing a number of hands of playing cards to each of the players who placed a respective one of the primary wagers, each playing card having at least a first primary symbol on a first side and at least a first secondary symbol on a second side, the first primary symbols from a first set of primary symbols and the first secondary symbols from a first set of secondary symbols; determining an outcome of a first game according to a first set of game rules based at least in part on the first primary symbol on the first side of at least one of the number of playing cards of each hand; for each of a second number of players, determining if the player placed a secondary wager; and for each of the players who placed a secondary wager, determining an outcome of a second game according to a second set of game rules based at least in part on the first secondary symbol on the second side of at least one of the number of playing cards in the respective hand of playing cards. In still even a further aspect, a device for producing playing cards comprises: means for pseudo-randomly generating at least a number of first secondary identifiers; means for associating the number of first secondary identifiers with respective ones of a number of first secondary symbol, the first secondary symbols from a first set of secondary symbols, each of the secondary symbols in the first set of secondary symbols indicative of a playing card identity according to one set of game rules; and means for printing the first secondary symbols on a back of a playing card stock where a face of the playing card stock bears a first and a second primary symbols, the first and the second primary symbols from a standard set of playing card ranks and a standard set of playing card suits, respectively. In the drawings, identical reference numbers identify similar elements or acts. The sizes and relative positions of elements in the drawings are not necessarily drawn to scale. For example, the shapes of various elements and angles are not drawn to scale, and some of these elements are arbitrarily enlarged and positioned to improve drawing legibility. Further, the particular shapes of the elements as drawn, are not intended to convey any information regarding the actual shape of the particular elements, and have been solely selected for ease of recognition in the drawings. In the following description, certain specific details are set forth in order to provide a thorough understanding of various embodiments of the invention. However, one skilled in the art will understand that the invention may be practiced without these details. In other instances, well-known structures associated with playing cards, printers, processors, and gaming or wagering apparatus have not been shown or described in detail to avoid unnecessarily obscuring descriptions of the embodiments of the invention. Unless the context requires otherwise, throughout the specification and claims which follow, the word “comprise” and variations thereof, such as, “comprises” and “comprising” are to be construed in an open, inclusive sense, that is as “including, but not limited to.” The headings provided herein are for convenience only and do not interpret the scope or meaning of the claimed invention. Gaming Environment During a game, the dealer The players In blackjack, after the players At the end of a hand or game, the dealer Dual Sided Playing Cards As illustrated in Also as illustrated in Various Suitable Symbols In particular, The mapping illustrated in In particular, In particular, In particular, Thus, the above described embodiments permit a player to play a first card game, for example blackjack, while a second card game is simultaneously occurring. The illustrated embodiments are intended to be representative, and one skilled in the art will recognize that various aspects from the different embodiments can be combined or replaced by various aspects of other embodiments. Further, playing cards Typically, the player Devices For Forming Dual Sided Playing Cards The microprocessor The microprocessor The pseudorandom generation of secondary identifiers and hence the pseudorandom generation of the secondary symbol(s) Alternatively, the pseudo-random generation of secondary identifiers and hence the pseudorandom generation of the secondary symbol(s) Additionally, or alternatively, the pseudo-random number generation algorithm may be weighted based on the seed value. The weighting may increase the likelihood of pseudo-randomly selecting a “high” value secondary symbol Thus, the microprocessor The device The device The device While discussed in terms of a printhead and printing, the device Methods of Producing Dual Sided Playing Cards As used herein the “identifier” is a value, typically a numeric value, that identifies the playing card. Employing a numeric identifier is particular useful where the identifiers a computer or microprocessor The identifier is mapped to one or more symbols which are recognized by humans. For example, the identifier may be one of fifty-two numbers (e.g., 0-51) and may be mapped to the fifty-two combinations of rank and suit symbols of a standard set of playing cards. Thus, the microprocessor In step In an alternative method, the device Game Playing Employing Dual Sided Playing Cards In step In step In step In step In step Although specific embodiments of and examples for the dual-sided card game method, apparatus and article are described herein for illustrative purposes, various equivalent modifications can be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention, as will be recognized by those skilled in the relevant art. The teachings provided herein of the invention can be applied to other card games, not necessarily the exemplary blackjack card game generally described above. The teachings can be applied to devices for forming symbols on playing cards other than printers. The device may employ any of a variety of algorithms for pseudo-randomly generating symbols. The pseudo-randomly generation of the secondary symbols may be either independent of, or dependent on the primary symbols as suits the particular application. The various embodiments described above can be combined to provide further embodiments. All of the U.S. patents, U.S. patent application publications, U.S. patent applications, foreign patents, foreign patent applications and non-patent publications referred to in this specification and/or listed in the Application Data Sheet, including but not limited to U.S. Provisional Application Ser. No. 60/296,866, filed Jun. 8, 2001, and entitled “METHOD, APPARATUS AND ARTICLE FOR RANDOM SEQUENCE GENERATION AND PLAYING CARD DISTRIBUTION”; U.S. patent application Ser. No. 10/017,276, filed Dec. 13, 2001, and entitled “METHOD, APPARATUS AND ARTICLE FOR RANDOM SEQUENCE GENERATION AND PLAYING CARD DISTRIBUTION”; and U.S. Pat. No. 6,638,161, issued Oct. 28, 2003, and entitled “METHOD, APPARATUS AND ARTICLE FOR VERIFYING CARD GAMES, SUCH AS PLAYING CARD DISTRIBUTION”, are incorporated herein by reference, in their entirety. Aspects of the invention can be modified, if necessary, to employ systems, circuits and concepts of the various patents, applications and publications to provide yet further embodiments of the invention. These and other changes can be made to the invention in light of the above-detailed description. In general, in the following claims, the terms used should not be construed to limit the invention to the specific embodiments disclosed in the specification and the claims, but should be construed to include all playing cards; cards games, and/or devices for forming or dispensing dual-sided playing cards that operated in accordance with the claims. Accordingly, the invention is not limited by the disclosure, but instead its scope is to be determined entirely by the following claims. Referenced by
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