Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS20050118040 A1
Publication typeApplication
Application numberUS 11/027,062
Publication dateJun 2, 2005
Filing dateDec 30, 2004
Priority dateJun 19, 2003
Also published asUS6881045, US20040258548, WO2004113727A2, WO2004113727A3, WO2004113727B1
Publication number027062, 11027062, US 2005/0118040 A1, US 2005/118040 A1, US 20050118040 A1, US 20050118040A1, US 2005118040 A1, US 2005118040A1, US-A1-20050118040, US-A1-2005118040, US2005/0118040A1, US2005/118040A1, US20050118040 A1, US20050118040A1, US2005118040 A1, US2005118040A1
InventorsMark Zitka, William Murray
Original AssigneeZitka Mark D., Murray William D.
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Progressive cavity pump/motor
US 20050118040 A1
Abstract
A progressive cavity pump or motor, particularly suitable for hydrocarbon recovery operations, includes a rotor 20 and a stator 10. Fluid pressure in cavities between the stator and the rotor create torque which rotates the bit. An interior surface of the stator is rigidly secured to the outer housing of the pump stator and defines an interior profile. A substantially uniform thickness elastomeric layer 62 is supported on the outer housing. The pump rotor has an exterior profile which corresponds with the interior profile of the elastomeric layer.
Images(11)
Previous page
Next page
Claims(35)
1-5. (canceled)
6. A method of manufacturing a progressive cavity pump/motor, comprising:
providing a stator including an outer housing and an interior surface homogenous with the outer housing and defining an interior profile;
forming an elastomeric layer on the interior profile of the outer housing to form an elastomeric layer interior profile;
providing an internal profile on the stator for rotationally aligning the interior surface of the housing with respect to a mold for molding the elastomeric layer; and
providing a rotor having an exterior profile to correspond with the interior profile of the elastomeric layer and rotatable within the stator with a plurality of axially moving chambers between the exterior profile on the rotor and the interior profile on the elastomeric layer.
7. A method as defined in claim 6, wherein the stator includes an interior profile taper along its axial length.
8. A method as defined in claim 7, wherein the elastomeric layer has an increasing thickness extending axially through the stator, such that a radial thickness of an first end of the elastomeric layer is less than a radial thickness of a second end of the elastomeric layer.
9. A method as defined in claim 6, wherein the interior surface has a varying radial thickness with respect to a generally cylindrical outer surface of the outer housing, such that the radial thickness of an first end of the elastomeric layer is less than a radial thickness of a second end of the elastomeric layer.
10. A method as defined in claim 6, further comprising:
providing a reinforcement layer within the elastomeric layer.
11. (canceled)
12. A method as defined in claim 6, further comprising:
positioning a lead measurement tool on the interior profile surface to measure the thickness between the outside diameter of the outer housing and the interior profile surface.
13. A method as defined in claim 12, wherein the lead measurement tool is rotated relative to a centerline of the outer housing; and
displaying an indication of varying thickness in response to the lead measurement tool.
14. A method as defined in claim 6, further comprising:
monitoring angular position of the interior profile of the housing as a function of internal dimensions of the profile;
determining angular positions of the profile at each end of the outer housing; and
determining a lead of the interior profile in response to the determined angular position or angular positions.
15-22. (canceled)
23. A method of manufacturing a progressive cavity pump/motor, comprising:
providing a stator including an outer housing;
providing an insert member with the interior surface defining an interior profile, and an exterior surface defining an exterior profile to secure the insert member within the outer housing;
supporting a substantially uniform thickness elastomeric layer on the insert member to form an elastomeric layer interior profile;
providing an internal profile on the stator for rotationally aligning the interior surface of the housing with respect to a mold for molding the elastomeric layer; and
providing a rotor having an exterior profile to correspond with the interior profile of the elastomeric layer and rotatable within the stator with a plurality of axially moving chambers between the exterior profile on the rotor and the interior profile on the elastomeric layer.
24. A method as defined in claim 23, further comprising:
utilizing an alignment profile on at least one of the insert member and the outer housing for rotationally aligning the interior surface on the insert with respect to the outer housing.
25. A method as defined in claim 23, further comprising:
positioning a lead measurement tool on the interior profile surface of the insert member to measure one of a radial thickness between the outside diameter of the outer housing and the interior profile surface on the insert member, and a radial spacing between a centerline of the insert member and the interior profile surface on the insert member.
26. A method as defined in claim 25, wherein the lead measurement tool is rotated relative to a centerline of the outer housing; and
displaying an indication of varying measurements in response to the lead measurement tool.
27. A method as defined in claim 25, further comprising:
monitoring radial measurements as a function of angular position of the outer housing;
determining radial measurements at angular positions at each end of the outer housing; and
determining the lead of the interior profile in response to the determined radial measurements at angular positions.
28. A method as defined in claim 23, further comprising:
providing a reinforcement layer within the elastomeric layer.
29. A method as defined in claim 23, further comprising:
forming the elastomeric layer with an increasing thickness extending axially through the stator, such that a radial thickness of one end of the elastomeric layer is less than a radial thickness of an opposing end of the elastomeric layer.
30. A method as defined in claim 23, further comprising:
forming the inner profile secured to the outer housing with a varying radial thickness with respect to a generally cylindrical outer surface of the outer housing, such that the radial thickness of one end of the elastomeric layer is less than a radial thickness of an opposing end of the elastomeric layer.
31. A method as defined in claim 23, further comprising:
using the progressive cavity pump/motor as a downhole motor for rotating a bit in a well.
32. A method as defined in claim 23, further comprising:
determining a spiral pitch of the interior profile with a lead measurement tool.
33. A method as defined in claim 32, wherein the spiral pitch is determined by inserting the lead measurement tool into each end of the interior profile.
34. A method as defined in claim 23, further comprising:
measuring radial spacing of the interior profile surface with respect to one of an exterior surface of the outer housing and a central axis of the insert member; and
a maximum radial spacing determines the position of the lead measurement tool.
35. A method of manufacturing a progressive cavity pump/motor, comprising:
providing a stator including an outer housing;
providing an insert member with the interior surface defining an interior profile, and an exterior surface defining an exterior profile to secure the insert motor within the outer housing;
securing the insert member to the outer housing;
supporting a elastomeric layer on the insert member to form an elastomeric layer interior profile;
utilizing an alignment profile on at least one of the insert member and the housing for rotationally aligning the insert member with respect to the elastomeric layer; and
providing a rotor having an exterior profile to correspond with the interior profile of the elastomeric layer and rotatable within the stator with a plurality of axially moving chambers between the exterior profile on the rotor and the interior profile on the elastomeric layer.
36. A method as defined in claim 35, further comprising:
positioning the lead measurement tool on the interior profile to measure the thickness between the outside diameter of the outer housing and the interior profile surface.
37. A method as defined in claim 36, wherein the lead measurement tool is rotated relative to a centerline of the outer housing; and
displaying an indication of varying thickness in response to the lead measurement tool.
38. A method as defined in claim 36, further comprising:
monitoring radial thickness as a function of angular position of the outer housing;
determining radial thickness at angular positions at each end of the outer housing; and
determining the lead of the interior profile in response to the determined angular position or angular positions.
39. A method as defined in claim 35, further comprising:
providing a reinforcement layer within the elastomeric layer.
40. A method as defined in claim 35, further comprising:
forming the elastomeric layer with an increasing thickness extending axially through the stator, such that a radial thickness of one end of the elastomeric layer is less than a radial thickness of an opposing end of the elastomeric layer.
41. A method as defined in claim 35, further comprising:
forming the inner profile secured to the outer housing with a varying radial thickness with respect to a generally cylindrical outer surface of the outer housing, such that the radial thickness of one end of the elastomeric layer is less than a radial thickness of an opposing end of the elastomeric layer.
42. A method as defined in claim 35, further comprising:
using the progressive cavity pump/motor as a downhole motor for rotating a bit in a well.
43. A method as defined in claim 35, further comprising:
determining a spiral pitch of the interior profile with a lead measurement tool.
44. A method as defined in claim 43, wherein the spiral pitch is determined by inserting the lead measurement tool into each end of the interior profile.
45. A method as defined in claim 35, further comprising:
measuring radial thickness of the interior profile; and
forming the elastomeric layer with an increasing thickness extending axially through the stator, such that a radial thickness of one end of the elastomeric layer is less than a radial thickness of an opposing end of the elastomeric layer.
46-52. (canceled)
Description
FIELD OF THE INVENTION

This invention relates to the design and manufacture of pumps and motors utilizing progressive cavity power sections. More specifically, this invention relates to the design and manufacture of the female stator component of the progressive cavity pump or motor.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

U.S. Pat. No. 1,892,217 discloses a gear mechanism of a progressive cavity pump or motor. This progressive cavity technology is commonly used in a pump to convert mechanical to power fluid energy, and in a motor to convert fluid energy to mechanical power. As a downhole motor, the moving energy of a drilling fluid may be converted to rotary motion to rotate a bit to drill a subterranean well. Other publications of interest including U.S. Pat. Nos. 3,084,631; 4,104,009; 4,676,725; 5,171,138; 5,759,019; 6,183,226; 6,309,195; and 6,336,796; and WO 01/44615.

Operation of a progressive cavity pump or motor utilizes an interference between the external profile of the rotor which resides inside the stator, and the internal profile of the stator. This interference allows the cavities of the pump or motor to be sealed from adjoining cavities. This seal resists the fluid pressure resulting from the mechanical pumping action, or resulting from the conversion of fluid energy to mechanical energy in a motor. This interference between the internal rotor and stator necessitates that one of or both of these components be covered with a resilient or dimensionally forgiving material which also allows the pump or motor to pass or transfer particles and other abrasive objects in either the driving fluid (motor) or the transmitted fluid (pump). Historically, this resilient material has been provided on the interior of the stator.

The resilient material used for the stator introduces weaknesses into the operation and life of the pump/motor. Common elastomers have temperature tolerances below that of most other components in the pump or motor, e.g., metal components. Mechanical resistance of the elastomer is also of concern since high pressures are generated in the cavities of the pump/motor. These high fluid pressures and the necessary reactive forces result in significant deflection and stress in the elastomer, particularly along the rotor/stator interferences. These forces create friction which generates a large amount of heat during operation, and this heat may be very deleterious to the desired characteristics of the elastomer, and thus deleterious to the performance and life of the pump/motor.

A progressive cavity pump or motor stator is conventionally constructed by molding an elastomer with the desired spiral interior profile within a cylindrical steel tube or housing. Due to the spiral profile on the stators inner surface, varying thicknesses of elastomer are molded between the stator inner surface and the inner surface of the metal tube to which the stator is adhered. If the heat resulting from the previously mentioned sources becomes excessive, the properties of the elastomer will more generally degrade. Elastomers have high insulative properties and thus inherently restrict the conduction of the heat generated at the rotor and stator interface from being conducted to the thermally conductive metal tube, which may then be dissipated from the pump/motor, if desired, with various cooling systems, including liquid cooling systems and exposed fin systems. The radially thicker sections of elastomer create the greater insulative properties, and thus typically degrade faster than radially thin sections. Additionally, the high pressure experienced during operation may deflect the thicker sections of elastomer to the extent that the interference is overcome and contact with the rotor is lost. This loss of contact results in decreasing speeds for the motor and decreasing flows for the pump, resulting in poor efficiency. In addition, heat from the pump/motor operation, in some cases in conjunction with the environment in which pump/motor operates, distorts the shape of the elastomer molded to the interior of the metal tube. Elastomers have a high coefficient of thermal expansion compared to other materials used in the construction of progressive cavity pump/motor. As a result of the varying thicknesses and the relatively high thermal expansion of the elastomer, the radially thick sections distort more than the thinner sections of the stator, which results in a geometrical profile drastically different than intended, thereby hindering the proper operation of the pump/motor. This distorted profile may generate additional heat and further distort the stator profile, creating a system which rapidly contributes to its own degradation and ultimate failure.

During operation, a conventional downhole progressive cavity drill motor develops a great deal of heat due to the friction between the rotor and the stator. In addition, the flexing of the rubber profile generates heat which must be removed from the motor to prevent the elastomeric material portion of the stator from being detrimentally effected. Heat generated may be transferred to the fluid being pumped through the motor. Alternatively, the heat may be conducted through the elastomer to the stator tube or housing where the thermally conductive steel tube then conducts heat to the drilling fluid moving along the exterior of the housing. Due to the high insulative properties of elastomeric material, heat generated along the radially thick portion of the stator profile is inhibited from effectively transferring to the thermally conductive steel tube. The center of the stator profile lobes is subjected to heat from a large percentage of its surrounding area and is the most limited in transferring this heat to the metal tube due to the thickness of the elastomeric material. With extended operation, the center of the stator profile lobes may become hard and brittle as a result of the excessive heat in this area, and the mechanical properties of the rubber or elastomer in this area are accordingly severely degraded. As a result, the stator lobe may break or “chunk out” of the stator profile. In addition, the pressure acting in the chambers between the stator and the rotor may exceed the strength of the elastomeric material, and the stator lobe may deflect from its original shape or may break or “chunk off” the stator lobe. A deflecting stator lobe degrades the pressure seal for the chambers created between the rotor and the stator.

The disadvantages of the prior art are overcome by the present invention. An improved progressive cavity pump/motor is hereinafter disclosed which overcomes many of the problems of prior art pumps and motors, including excessive build-up. The motor of a present invention is particularly well suited for use as the downhole motor in a well to rotate a bit.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

The present invention relates to the design and manufacture of a stator for a progressive cavity pump or motor. In one embodiment, the stator includes a substantially uniform layer of elastomer on the interior of the stator profile. This uniform layer of elastomer has significant advantages, and overcomes many of the disadvantages of prior art progressive cavity pumps and motors. Alternatively, the elastomer layer may deviate from a uniform thickness to achieve desirable properties known to those skilled in the art.

To create the layer of elastomer on the interior of the stator profile, a profiled reinforcement member may be mounted to the interior of the cylindrical tube or housing. The reinforcement preferably has a profile substantially similar to but radially larger than that of the elastomeric lining. A layer of elastomeric material may then be molded to the interior of the reinforcement to create the desired stator.

In an alternate embodiment, a stator tube may include an inner stator member cast or molded into the tube. The inner surface of the inner stator member may have a slight taper which matches the taper on the generally tubular stator tube.

It is a feature of the invention that the interior surface which defines the interior profile of the pump stator may be integral with the outer housing, such that the elastomeric layer is formed on an interior profile of the outer housing. In an additional alternative embodiment, the interior profile of the stator tube may be integral with respect to the outer housing. In both embodiments, the elastomeric layer is formed on the interior of the resulting housing.

It is a further feature of the invention that the rubber layer may have an increasing thickness or taper extending along the axial length of the stator, such that a radial thickness of a first end of the elastomeric layer is less than the radial thickness of an opposing second end of the elastomeric layer.

In an alternate embodiment, the inner profile has a varying diameter, such that the radial thickness of an first end of the elastomeric layer is less than the radial thickness of a second end of the elastomeric layer.

A stator alignment feature is also disclosed, along with tooling which may be used during alignment and positioning to manufacture and repair the stator. Tooling may also be used to accurately verify the lead of any interior profiled stator tube.

These and further objects, features, and advantages of the present invention will become apparent from the following detailed description, wherein reference is made to the figures in the accompanying drawings.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

FIG. 1 is a transverse cross-sectional view of a conventional progressive cavity stator.

FIG. 2 is a transverse cross-sectional view of a conventional progressive cavity stator incorporating a rotor.

FIG. 3 is a longitudinal cross-sectional view of a conventional progressive cavity pump/motor incorporating a rotor.

FIG. 4 is a transverse cross-sectional view of a conventional stator illustrating various failures.

FIG. 5 is a transverse cross-sectional view of an even rubber thickness progressive cavity stator according to the present invention.

FIG. 6 is a transverse cross-sectional view of an alternate embodiment of an even rubber thickness progressive cavity stator, illustrating a cast in place insert creating the internal profile.

FIG. 7 is a longitudinal cross-sectional view of another embodiment of an even rubber thickness progressive cavity stator, illustrating a cast in place insert creating the internal profile, and a profiled elastomer layer.

FIG. 8 is a longitudinal cross-sectional view of yet another embodiment of an even rubber thickness progressive cavity stator, illustrating a cast in place insert creating a tapered internal profile resulting in a longitudinally varying elastomer thickness.

FIG. 9 is a longitudinal cross-sectional view of a conventional progressive cavity stator mold incorporating the alignment feature.

FIG. 10 is a longitudinal cross-sectional view of an even elastomer thickness stator tube incorporating an alignment feature.

FIG. 11 is a longitudinal cross-sectional view of a conventional progressive cavity stator mold assembly incorporating the alignment modifications of the present invention.

FIG. 12 is a cross-sectional view of an even elastomer thickness progressive cavity stator mold.

FIG. 13 is a transverse cross-sectional view of an even rubber thickness progressive cavity stator tube illustrating a lead measurement tool.

FIG. 14 is a longitudinal cross-sectional view of an cast in place insert stator with a tapered insert creating a longitudinally varying elastomer thickness with the addition of a rotor.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS

FIG. 1 depicts a conventional progressive cavity stator 9 of a pump or motor which includes a steel or similar structural material tube or housing 10. Elastomeric layer 11 is molded into the tube 10. The number of lobes 12 may be of any practical number greater than one. As can be seen in FIG. 2, the rotor 13 has one less lobe 14 than the mating stator. The number of lobes depends on the desired operating characteristics of the pump or motor. As the rotor 13 rotates inside of the stator 9, debris entrained in the fluid which supplies the energy for a motor, or is being moved by a pump, may become caught between the rotor surface 16 and the stator surface 24. The flexible nature of an elastomeric material allows this debris to be pressed into the stator surface 24, thereby allowing the rotor 13 to continue rotating unabated.

FIG. 3 illustrates a conventional technology progressive cavity motor 18, which alternatively could be a progressive cavity pump. To transmit the power developed inside the motor 18 to the adjoining systems, the rotor 13 includes a lower connection section 15. This rotor connecting section 15 may incorporate mechanical connections to allow the rotor 13 to be fixed to the adjoining system, thereby forming a complete drilling tool for rotating a bit in a well.

During operation in a hydrocarbon recovery well, drilling fluid is pumped down to the motor 18, and enters the first end 19 of the motor 18. When the bit encounters rotational resistance, which in turn is transmitted through mechanical connections to the motor. High fluid pressure in the cavities 20, 21 and 22 formed between the rotor 13 and the stator 9 develops in response to the torque demands of the bit. The exact number of cavities will vary depending on the desired operating performance desired the pump/motor. Fluid pressure inside these cavities reacts against the rotor surface 16 and the stator surface 24, causing the rotor 13 to turn inside the stator 9. To transmit the power developed inside the motor 18 to the adjoining systems, the rotor 13 includes a lower connecting section 15. This rotor connecting section 15 may incorporate mechanical connections to allow the rotor 13 to be fixed to the adjoining system, thereby forming a complete drilling tool for rotating a bit in a well. A progressive cavity pump works inversely of the motor described above.

FIG. 4 illustrates some of the typical failures experienced by a conventional stator. Due to heat generation in the center of the lobes 12, hard nodules or regions 50 can develop. These nodules 50 occur as a result of the further cross-linking of the elastomer molecules and have inferior mechanical properties compared to the normal elastomer. With high stress being applied to the lobes 12 during operation, the lobes 12 have a tendency to deflect or shift to a new position 51 from their original desired position 52. This shift in position negatively effects performance of the motor or pump. If the stress of operation reaches a substantially high level failure or chunking 53 of the lobe 12 can occur. As understood by those skilled in the art the reinforcement rendered by the profile tube or insert as illustrated in FIGS. 5 and 6 address these shortcomings and will reduce the occurrence of these failures.

FIG. 5 illustrates a substantially even rubber or elastomeric thickness stator 60. The layer 65 of rubber or elastomer is molded in a substantially even layer of uniform thickness on a stator tube or housing 61 with a varying radial thickness. The stator tube 61 has an inner profile 62, which substantially matches the inner profile 63 of the stator 60. Matching the inner tube profile mechanically strengthens the stator lobes 64, allowing them to resist the bending or deflecting forces discussed above. The uniform or even layer 65 of elastomer also allows any heat generated during operation to be effectively conducted away by the high thermal conductivity of the stator tube 61. This uniform rubber thickness layer also maintains the desired geometrical relationship of the profiles 62, 63.

Referring to FIG. 6, an alternative embodiment to having the stator tube constructed from a unitary material tube is to have the inner profile 70 of the tube 10 cast or molded inside a conventional steel tube with a substantially uniform wall thickness. The inner cast profile 70 may be manufactured from material with the strength necessary to physically support the even thickness rubber lining 71. The molded or cast in profile may also be manufactured from a highly thermal conductive material to effectively conduct heat generated at the stator/rotor interface. In a downhole drilling motor application, this heat in turn may be conducted to the drilling fluid exterior of the stator tube. FIG. 7 illustrates a longitudinal cross-sectional view of the stator shown in FIG. 6. As illustrated, the rubber layer 71 maintains a substantially even radial thickness over the length of the stator. FIG. 7 also depicts a profiled reinforcement layer 73 mounted to the interior of the cylindrical stator tube 10. Reinforcement layer 73 preferably has a profile substantially similar to but radially slightly larger than that of the elastomeric lining. The profiled layer 73 may be formed from various materials which enhance the strength of the elastomeric material, including metals or fibers.

An alternative embodiment stator is illustrated in FIG. 8. A substantially uniform thickness stator tube 10 has the inner stator member 81 cast or molded into the stator tube, with the inner stator member 81 having an inner surface profile 82 similar to profile 70. In a preferred embodiment, the inner stator member 81 maybe cast with a slight taper between the upper or first end 85 of the stator and opposite lower or second end 86 of the stator. An inner stator member with identical geometry may be manufactured from an integral piece of steel or similar material, then lowered in place within the tube 64.

FIG. 14 illustrates the stator of FIG. 8 with the addition of a rotor. The differential pressure existing between the different motor cavities in the pump/motor is not constant over the length of the stator. The pressure differential existing between the cavities 72A and 72B at the first lower end of the stator are generally higher than the pressure differentials existing between the cavities 72B and 72C at the second upper end of the stator. By increasing the thickness of the rubber profile as one moves toward the first lower end of the stator, the elastomeric deflection resulting from the pressure will be greater. This slight increase in deflection towards the first end of the stator will tend to reduce the pressure differential existing near the bottom of the stator, thereby ensuring an even distribution of pressure in the various cavities 72A, B, C, etc., over the length of the stator. An even distribution of pressure over the length of the stator also assures a more even wear and stress to the rubber layer, and therefore maximizes the life of the rubber layer.

FIG. 11 illustrates a cross-sectional view of an improved stator mold assembly 140 in which the rubber or elastomeric lining is of a uniform thickness. To mold this uniform thickness of rubber in the stator tube 61, the core 101 is held rotationally aligned with the shaped stator tube 61. During the process of injecting the elastomer into stator mold assembly 140, the uncured rubber tends to force the stator tube 61 to rotate relative to the core 101.

The present invention preferably restrains the shaped stator tube 61 from rotating relative to the core 101 during injection of the rubber layer. As illustrated in FIG. 10, the shaped stator tube 61 has an area of contour 120 with an internal profile 121 identical in shape to the shape of stator tube profile 81. As illustrated in FIG. 11, the core has an external profiled alignment key 130. The externally profiled alignment key 130 has an external profile 131 substantially similar to that of the stator tube alignment profile 120. When the stator mold 140 is assembled, the alignment key 130 engages the stator alignment profile 120, thereby restraining the shaped stator tube 61 rotationally about the longitudinal axis of the core 101. After assembly, the mold 140 may be injected in a conventional manner known to those skilled in the art.

FIG. 13 is a cross-sectional view of an embodiment of the stator tube lead measurement tool 200 positioned in a section of an even rubber thickness stator tube 201. In a preferred embodiment, lead measurement tool 200 includes a measurement device 202, such that the relative thickness between the outside diameter 205 and the inner profile surface 81 of the stator tube 201 may be determined. One or more stabilizing supports 203 may be present to maintain the measurement tool 200 in alignment with the stator tube 201. As the lead measurement tool 200 is rotated relative to the centerline of the stator tube 201, the varying relative tube thicknesses may be displayed on indicator dial 204. Once a minimum or maximum extreme of the thickness is determined, the angular position of the tool may be recorded. Angular position may be determined with conventional devices, such as protractors and levels. This procedure may then be repeated on the opposite end of the stator tube 61. With the angular positions from each end determined and the length of the stator tube 61 known, the lead or pitch of the spiraling contour may be mathematically determined.

While preferred embodiments of the present invention have been illustrated in detail, it is apparent that modifications and adaptations of the preferred embodiments will occur to those skilled in the art. However, it is to be expressly understood that such modifications and adaptations are within the spirit and scope of the present invention as set forth in the following claims.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US7396220Mar 21, 2005Jul 8, 2008Dyna-Drill Technologies, Inc.Progressing cavity stator including at least one cast longitudinal section
US7878774Jun 5, 2007Feb 1, 2011Smith International, Inc.Moineau stator including a skeletal reinforcement
US7950914Jun 5, 2007May 31, 2011Smith International, Inc.Braze or solder reinforced Moineau stator
US8147228 *Jun 22, 2009Apr 3, 2012Robbins & Myers Energy Systems, L.P.Progressing cavity pump/motor
US8333231May 2, 2011Dec 18, 2012Schlumberger Technology CorporationBraze or solder reinforced moineu stator
US20110243774 *Mar 30, 2010Oct 6, 2011Smith International, Inc.Undercut stator for a positive displacment motor
WO2010151407A1 *Jun 2, 2010Dec 29, 2010Robbins & Myers Energy Systems, L.P.Progressing cavity pump/motor
Classifications
U.S. Classification417/410.4, 417/410.3
International ClassificationF04C2/107
Cooperative ClassificationF04C2/1073, F04C2/1075, F04C2230/00
European ClassificationF04C2/107B2, F04C2/107B2B
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Feb 7, 2007ASAssignment
Owner name: ROBBINS & MYERS ENERGY SYSTEMS, L.P., TEXAS
Free format text: PATENT RELEASE OF SECURITY INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:BANK OF NEW YORK TRUST COMPANY, N.A., THE, AS SUCCESSOR TO J.P. MORGAN TRUST COMPANY, AS AGENT;REEL/FRAME:018866/0268
Effective date: 20061219
Mar 28, 2006ASAssignment
Owner name: J.P. MORGAN TRUST COMPANY, N.A., AS AGENT, ILLINOI
Free format text: SECURITY AGREEMENT;ASSIGNOR:ROBBINS & MYERS ENERGY SYSTEMS, L.P.;REEL/FRAME:017379/0841
Effective date: 20051223
Dec 30, 2004ASAssignment
Owner name: ROBBINS & MYERS ENERGY SYSTEMS, L.P., TEXAS
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:ZITKA, MARK D.;MURRAY, WILLIAM D.;REEL/FRAME:016133/0067
Effective date: 20030619