|Publication number||US20050148444 A1|
|Application number||US 10/707,692|
|Publication date||Jul 7, 2005|
|Filing date||Jan 5, 2004|
|Priority date||Jan 5, 2004|
|Publication number||10707692, 707692, US 2005/0148444 A1, US 2005/148444 A1, US 20050148444 A1, US 20050148444A1, US 2005148444 A1, US 2005148444A1, US-A1-20050148444, US-A1-2005148444, US2005/0148444A1, US2005/148444A1, US20050148444 A1, US20050148444A1, US2005148444 A1, US2005148444A1|
|Original Assignee||Mark Thomas|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (3), Classifications (15) |
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
US 20050148444 A1
A stationary rowing machine or rowing simulator, were the cockpit components of an elite rowing shell are used where practical. The motion of the rower as occurs on the water is then transferred by a ¼ size pulley that is located roughly 18′ outboard of the oarlock . The pulley is connected to a cable transferring the rowing motion to bicycle wheels, at stern and bow ends, that sit on rollers with grooves that detain the tires. The rowing machine frame and roller frame are coupled together in a way that causes them both to swivel on a radius at the proximity of that occurring in an elite rowing single. The spinning motion of the wheels offers counter-balance allowing the rower to achieve balance. The rowers weight rests on the wheels replicating the weight of the rower as it would rest on the hull of the boat running on the water.
. A stationary rowing, exercise machine comprising;
a full set of actual rigging components from a typical single rowing shell, with a modified foot stop;
a main frame tube 2″×4″×8′ long;
a pair of forks located each end stern and bow, protruding up and out from center at 50 degree angles;
700 cm wheels (27 diameter) mounted on the forks;
a drive train consisting of a ¼ diameter pulley connected behind the oarlock with a cable running from it to a swivel pulley inside the main frame tube;
a second pulley in the drive train receiving the cable part way down the main frame tube towards the stern end, then passing out the other side repeating the way it came in;
the second pulley connected to a chain that continues towards stern end;
a chain crank that receives the above chain and returns it to a bungee cord that reciprocates the drive and recovery phase of the rowing stroke;
a second chain crank connected to the same axle as the first and located just outside the main frame and in line with a cassette cluster connected to the hub of the stern wheel;
a set of rollers stern and bow, one in the bow and two at the stern, that the wheels roll on;
a frame for the rollers, separate from the main frame;
a hull radius swivel connected to the roller frame;
a base that has adjustable wheels, (for spread), that the hull swivel sits on;
a coupling device to connect the main frame and roller frame allowing the simultaneous swivel movement of main frame and roller frame and still allowing some stern to bow back and forth movement;
2. The stationary exercise rowing machine as described in claim 1, were the wheels spin as a result of the rowing stroke and the spinning motion of the wheels allows for the counter balance necessary to balance the machine while rowing.
3. The stationary exercise rowing machine as described in claim 1, were the rollers that the tires spin on have grooves that detain the tires from exiting the rollers.
4. The stationary exercise rowing machine as described in claim 1, were the ¼size pulley allows for the pull of the cable to remain aplomb, or at a constant angle, to the main frame tube, maintaining even load through the entire drive phase of the rowing stroke.
5. The stationary exercise rowing machine as described in claim 1, were the coupling device used to connect the main frame to the roller frame is adjustable allowing it to be dampened, or locked to disallow main frame movement back and forth stern to bow on rollers.
6. The stationary exercise rowing machine as described in claim 1, were the gears, in this case, a double chain ring on the crank and a 9 speed cluster, allow for the quick and easy changing of gears, making for a range of adjustment of load never before possible in any rowing shell or machine.
7. The stationary exercise rowing machine as described in claim 1, were the ¼ pulley device, FIGS. 13 and 14, is mounted on an axle, 38, that goes through the tube, 39, that secures the oar lock, 11, and is secured with a set of bearings that have set screws to allow the height adjustment of the ¼ pulley device, (waterline).
8. The stationary exercise rowing machine as described in claim 1, were all of the adjustment mechanisms, combine, creating a system were by the rower is confronted with, below, at, or beyond their talent capabilities for balance and technique and overall skills.
9. What is claimed is, were the main frame and roller frame swivel together on the hull radius member, simulating the rotation of a racing shell hull as it is rowed in water.
10. The hull swivel device as described in claim 9, were the hull swivel radius mechanism has protruding stop bars and adjusting rods to terminate the rotation of the swivel.
11. The hull swivel device as described in claim 9, were the hull swivel radius mechanism has a dampening device to create resistance or stop the swivel motion.
12. The hull swivel device as described in claim 9, were it sits on a set of rollers that cab be moved closer or further apart to effect the degree of difficulty of balancing the boat.
13. What is claimed is, were the coupling device connecting the oar and the ¼ pulley, (FIG. 14 and 15),( ref. char. 32 and 34) allows for the smooth transition and fixing of the oar as pertaining to its horizontal plain during drive and recovery phase.
14. The coupling device as described in claim 13, were the roller, 34, allows for the up and down motion and centering of the oar in the drive phase.
15. The coupling device as described in claim 13, were the plate that the roller, described in dependent claim 14, rides against is curved, to center the oar when pressure is applied during drive phase.
16. The coupling device as described in claim 13, were the oar sleeve, 30, along with the friction sheath, 31, allow for the feathering of the blade (rotation of oar shaft in sleeve).
BACKGROUND OF INVENTION
The conventional rowing machine or rowing simulators focus primarily on the development of the muscle groups associated with rowing, using foreign components. This does not deal with the balance, the specific rowing motion and technique, as occurs on the water, when using the familiar components of a rowing shell. The invention herein most closely compares too, what is in most cases, a prohibitively expensive and impractical indoor rowing tank.
SUMMARY OF INVENTION
It is therefore the primary objective of the present invention to place the athlete within the actual components that he/she comes in contact with while rowing on the water. Also, to confront him/her with the obstacles that must be overcome for the execution of a proper rowing stroke, as well as the ability to adjust the degree of difficulty. The oars, the rigger, the seat and seat tracks are all actual components from an elite single rowing shell. The foot stops are a different design to accommodate design practicalities. All of these components are adjustable as on an actual boat. The machine can be rigged to the exact specifications for each athlete as they would have in a boat on the water. The energy from the oars arc during the drive phase of the stroke is transmitted to turn a set of bicycle wheels mounted stern and bow that sit on rollers excepting the weight of the rower and the rowing machine frame. Thus allowing the feel of the run of a boat hull on water. The roller frame is connected to the main rowing machine frame in a way that allows the two frames to swivel simultaneously on the hull swivel they are mounted on and still allow the main rowing machine frame to move slightly to the stern and bow. This movement simulates the unwanted effect of stern check or bow check. The roller frame has mounted under the rollers themselves a male radius that sits, at each end, on two wheels. This allows the male radius to rotate at the proximity of a racing shell hull when it is on the water. These wheels can be spread apart or moved closer together to effect the degree of difficulty the rower has in balancing the machine as he rows. Further apart being the most stable position. Gears, typically a double chain ring with nine speed cassette, allow quick access to a range of load never before possible on a machine or rowing simulator.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS
FIG. 1 Shows the plan view of the machine.
FIG. 2 Shows the elevation of the machine.
FIG. 3 Shows a stern view elevation of the bicycle wheel mounted on the roller that is mounted on the hull swivel device.
FIG. 4 Shows a sectional plan view of the drive train, bow end.
FIG. 5 Shows a sectional plan view of the drive train, stern end.
FIG. 6 Is a plan view of the rollers and frame without male, radius, hull swivel device attached.
FIG. 7 Is a side view of the rollers and frame without male, radius, hull swivel device attached.
FIG. 8 Is a side view of a roller that the bicycle wheels sit on.
FIG. 9 Is a front view of a roller that the bicycle wheels sit on.
FIG. 10 Shows a front view of the chain crank.
FIG. 11 Shows a side view of the chain crank.
FIG. 12 Is a side view of the crank and bungee cord assembly, at furthest drive point.
FIG. 13 Side view of ¼ swivel pulley FIG. 9 Side view of oar lock swivel pulley coupler with cross section of oar.
FIG. 14 Top view of ¼ swivel pulley.
FIG. 15 Side view of oar lock swivel pulley coupler with cross section of oar.
FIG. 16 Side view of main frame-roller frame coupler.
The Landrowler is a stationary rowing machine. It is designed for the Accomplished rower or the novice. It features rigging that is precisely the specifications of a rowing shell used for racing. An 8′ long×4″×2″ rectangular tube with 1″×2″ rectangular tubes for forks, protruding up from each end at 50-degree angles away from the middle, form the main frame tube and forks. Typical 27 radius, or 700 cm bicycle tires, are mounted on the ends of the forks.(see FIG. 1). On the main frame tube, is mounted a platform, 35, were the seat tracks, seat and the rigger are mounted. The platform is flat and centered on the frame at the far end of the bow. The dimensions of the platform are 34×12 overall. The rigger, 10, seat tracks, 14, seat, 13, and oars, 31, are all exactly the same components used on elite racing shells. The rigger is a bow mounted rigger. The seat and tracks are non specific. Foot stops, 15, are modified and placed at a location proximal to that of a racing single shell. The oars are of any type used by the rower in a sculling craft. All of the rowing components are adjustable as they would be on a boat.(see FIG. 1). As the rower cycles through the rowing stroke, a ¼ pulley, 12, located from just behind the oarlock and extending outboard from oarlocks approximately 18″, is connected to the oar at about 18″ outboard from the oar lock. The oar then pulls a cable around the perimeter of the ¼ pulley by means of a coupling device, FIG. 15, connecting the oar to the ¼ pulley, (see FIG. 1) and (FIG. 8 and 9, ref. char. 32). This condition occurs on both starboard and port oarlocks. The cable then continues on, passing through a height adjusting pulley located about half way down on the rigger tube, 36. From the height adjusting pulley the cable feeds through a swivel pulley, 22, mounted on the side of the main frame tube at a point aplomb to the oar lock, 11, and ¼ pulley assembly, 12. It then passed down the inside of the main frame tube, 7, towards the stern end of the machine. It loops through a pulley located in the tube, unbroken, 23, then back towards the bow end were it passes out the other side just as it came in the side as described above. (see FIG. 1 and 3). The pulley that the cable passed through in the main frame tube is attached to a chain, 23. This chain continues down the main frame tube towards the stern end. The chain passes around a chain wheel and crank, 17. After it passes around the crank, it then is attached to a bungee cord, 27, (FIG. 12). The length of chain is such that when the cable is pulled and the chain moves with it, the chain will not loose contact with the chain ring at either catch or release end of the rowing stroke. When the drive or pull phase of the stroke is completed the bungee cord is out-stretched. When the oar goes through the release and recovery phase of the stroke returning the oar blades to the bow end, the bungee cord returns the chain to its position at the start of the drive phase. This is facilitated by the fact that the hub of the stern wheel is equipped with a cassette or cluster of gears that have a free wheel device allowing for drive and recovery, 18. The machine is equipped with a full set of gears as on a modern bicycle. In the current case, a 9-speed cassette is used with a double chain wheel that is mounted just outside of the above-mentioned crank on the same axle, 17, (see FIGS. 2 and 5) The bicycle wheels sit on and turn a set of rollers, 4, (FIGS. 2, 6 and 7). One roller at the bow end and two at the stern end. The two at the stern end are 11″ apart on center. The bow roller and the closest roller to it at the stern end, have pulleys attached to the same axle and extending out far enough to clear the frame, (FIG. 6). A belt is run between these two pulleys, 24. As the stern end wheel is driven it turns the roller and the pulley that the belt is attached to. The belt then turns the bow roller which turns the bow wheel. (see FIG. 6). The stern roller not involved with the belt drive, has on the same axle, protruding out from the frame on each side a fan for resistance, 40. The roller frame and the main frame are separate. They are connected by a set of four coupling plates, 6. Two plates at the bow end, either side, and two at the stern end, either side. They are bolted in such a way as to allow the main frame to move separately, bow to stern but not port to starboard (side to side).(see FIG. 15). These coupling plates may also be dampened or completely detained to prevent any motion. The roller frame has attached to it, bow and stern, at just below the bow rollers and between the stern rollers, a male radius, (FIG. 3). This radius sits on a pair of wheels at each end, 2, that allow the coupled frames to swivel simultaneously side to side in the same way a boat hull does on the water. (see FIG. 3). The wheels that the male radius sit on can be moved closer together or further apart. This adjusts the degree of difficulty for balancing the boat. On each side of the male radius is a protrusion that acts as a stop, 36, so that the machine will not fall over. (see FIG. 3). Within this protrusion is an adjustment rod, 20. This rod is threaded to set at different depths to control when the stop protrusion will make contact. In addition there is a tensioning device that dampens or detains the swivel motion.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US7731637||May 9, 2008||Jun 8, 2010||D Eredita Michael||Simulated rowing machine|
|US7946964 *||Jan 29, 2009||May 24, 2011||Gothro Anne G||Adjustable lateral instability feature for rowing simulator|
|WO2009097452A1 *||Jan 29, 2009||Aug 6, 2009||Anne G Gothro||Adjustable lateral instability feature for rowing simulator|
| || |
|International Classification||A63B21/06, A63B23/12, A63B21/22, A63B21/00, A63B69/06|
|Cooperative Classification||A63B21/151, A63B23/1245, A63B2022/0084, A63B21/225, A63B69/06|
|European Classification||A63B21/15F, A63B23/12D, A63B21/22F, A63B69/06|