|Publication number||US20050162358 A1|
|Application number||US 10/985,910|
|Publication date||Jul 28, 2005|
|Filing date||Nov 12, 2004|
|Priority date||Feb 18, 2000|
|Also published as||US6833888, US20010019382|
|Publication number||10985910, 985910, US 2005/0162358 A1, US 2005/162358 A1, US 20050162358 A1, US 20050162358A1, US 2005162358 A1, US 2005162358A1, US-A1-20050162358, US-A1-2005162358, US2005/0162358A1, US2005/162358A1, US20050162358 A1, US20050162358A1, US2005162358 A1, US2005162358A1|
|Inventors||In-Duk Song, In-Jae Chung|
|Original Assignee||In-Duk Song, In-Jae Chung|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (4), Referenced by (9), Classifications (8), Legal Events (2)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
This application claims the benefit of Korean Patent Application No. 2000-7715, filed on Feb. 18, 2000, which is hereby incorporated by reference for all purposes as if fully set forth herein.
1. Field of the Invention
The present invention relates to a liquid crystal display (LCD) device, and more particularly, to a LCD device having color filters arranged in a stripe shape.
2. Discussion of the Related Art
In general, the LCD device includes a liquid crystal panel having upper and lower substrates and an interposed liquid crystal layer. The upper substrate, referred to as a color filter substrate, includes a common electrode and color filters. The lower substrate is called an array substrate and includes gate lines arranged in a transverse direction and data lines arranged in a longitudinal direction perpendicular to the gate lines. A pixel electrode is formed on a region of the lower substrate defined by the gate and data lines. Thin film transistors (TFTs) are formed as switching elements at a crossing point of the gate and data lines in a matrix. Each of the TFTs includes a gate electrode, a source electrode and a drain electrode. The drain electrode contacts the pixel electrode via a drain contact hole. Peripheral portions of the two substrates are sealed by a sealant to prevent liquid crystal leakage. The gate lines serve to transmit scanning signals to the gate electrodes, and the data lines serve to transmit data signals to the source electrodes. The data signals change alignments of the liquid crystal molecules according to the scanning signals such that the LCD device displays various gray levels.
In such an LCD device, a driver integrated circuit (IC) that applies signals to each electrode through each line on the lower substrate may be mounted using various methods, for example, chip on board (COB), chip on glass (COG), tape carrier package (TCP), and the like.
The COB method is conventionally adopted for a segment type LCD device, or a LCD panel having a low resolution. Since the segment type LCD device or the low resolution LCD panel uses a small number of leads, the driver IC thereof has also a small number of leads. Therefore, the driver IC thereof is first installed on a printed circuit board (PCB) having a plurality of leads, and the leads of the PCB are connected with the LCD panel via a proper method, which is relatively simple.
However, as the LCD devices have high resolutions, a great number of leads are adopted for the driver IC. When the driver IC has a great number of leads, it is difficult to install the driver IC on the above-mentioned PCB.
In another method, the COG method, the driver IC is directly installed on the LCD panel without interposing the PCB. Therefore, the connection between the driver IC and the LCD panel is stable, and a minute pitch is applicable for the installation of the driver IC. The COG method employs a multi-layered flexible printed circuit board (FPCB) instead of the PCB. The multi-layered FPCB contacts the LCD panel via an anisotropic conductive film (ACF) and transmits input signals to the driver IC.
The above-mentioned COG method has advantages of low cost and high stability. However, since a pad of the LCD panel needs an additional area to install the driver IC, the LCD panel should be enlarged. In addition, when the COG method is adopted for the LCD panel, it is difficult to repair defects of the driver IC or terminal lines of the LCD panel.
In another method, the TCP method, the driver IC is installed on a polymer film. The TCP method is widely used for LCD devices as well as mobile phones that need small, thin, and light electrical packages.
In a large-sized LCD device employing the TFT as a switching element, when a direct current bias is applied to the liquid crystal layer, the liquid crystal layer can deteriorate. Thus, it is preferable to change a polarity of a voltage applied to the liquid crystal layer for each frame. Such inversion driving methods are classified into frame inversion, column inversion, line inversion, and dot inversion.
Through such inversion methods, cross talk and flickering of a screen can be reduced and a large-sized color LCD device is driven using such a method.
In order to drive the LCD device, gate driver ICs and data driver ICs, which are respectively connected with data lines and gate lines, are mounted to the liquid crystal panel through various method described above. Further, the LCD device employs either a dual bank structure or a single bank structure to drive the liquid crystal layer. In the dual bank structure, the data driver ICs are arranged on both top and bottom side portions of the liquid crystal panel, or the gate driver ICs are arranged on both right and left side portions of the liquid crystal panel. In the single bank structure, the data driver ICs are all arranged on either the top or the bottom portion of the liquid crystal panel, or the gate driver ICs are all arranged on either the right or left portion of the liquid crystal panel.
As shown in
At this time, according to the dual bank stricture, each of the gate driver ICs 113 a and 113 b formed respectively on left and right sides portion of the liquid crystal panel 111 operate the even or odd numbered gate lines, respectively. Moreover, each of the data driver ICs 115 a and 115 b formed respectively on top and bottom side portions of the liquid crystal panel 111 operate the even or odd numbered data lines, respectively. For that reason, a signal difference is created between adjacent lines.
Accordingly, the present invention is directed to a liquid crystal display device having stripe-shaped color filters that substantially obviates one or more of the problems due to limitations and disadvantages of the related art.
To overcome the problems described above, a preferred embodiment of the present invention provides a liquid crystal display device which arranges color filters in a stripe shape.
Another object of the present invention is to provide the liquid crystal display device having a high brightness and resolution.
Additional features and advantages of the invention will be set forth in the description which follows, and in part will be apparent from the description, or may be learned by practice of the invention. The objectives and other advantages of the invention will be realized and attained by the structure particularly pointed out in the written description and claims hereof as well as the appended drawings.
In order to achieve the above object, the preferred embodiments of the present invention provide a liquid crystal display device, including: a liquid crystal panel having a plurality of gate and data lines and a plurality of sub-pixels, wherein the gate lines are arranged in a transverse direction and the data lines are arranged in a longitudinal direction, wherein each sub-pixel is defined by the gate and data lines and corresponds to a stripe-shaped color filter that has one of red, green, blue and white colors; a black matrix arranged among the stripe-shaped color filters; a gate driver integrated circuit (IC) connected to the plural gate lines for driving the gate lines, the gate driver IC arranged on one side portion of the liquid crystal panel; and a data driver integrated circuit (IC) connected to the plural data lines for driving the data lines, the data driver IC arranged on one side portion of the liquid crystal panel.
Each stripe-shaped color filter can have one of red, green, green and blue colors. The stripe-shaped color filter having a white color is made of a transparent resin, or the stripe-shaped color filter having a white color is a open portion of the black matrix.
The principles of the present invention further provide a method of fabricating a liquid crystal display device, beneficially including: forming a plurality of gate and data lines on a first substrate; forming a black matrix on a second substrate; forming open portions for color filters by patterning the black matrix; depositing a resin on the black matrix covering the open portions, wherein the resin has one of red, green, blue and white colors; forming color filters in the open portions by photolithography, the color filters having a stripe shape; forming a liquid crystal panel by combining the first and second substrates with interposed liquid crystal; installing data driver integrated circuits (ICs) on a top or bottom side portion of the liquid crystal panel, wherein the data driver ICs drive the plural data lines; and installing gate driver integrated circuits (ICs) on one side portion of the liquid crystal panel, wherein the gate driver ICs drive the plural gate lines.
It is to be understood that both the foregoing general description and the following detailed description are exemplary and explanatory and are intended to provide further explanation of the invention as claimed.
The accompanying drawings, which are included to provide a further understanding of the invention and are incorporated in and constitute a part of this specification, illustrate embodiments of the invention and together with the description serve to explain the principles of the invention.
In the drawings:
Reference will now be made in detail to the preferred embodiment, an example of which is illustrated in the accompanying drawings.
When forming the white color filters 413, the open portions 311 are used “as-is.” Namely, the open portions 311 without any resin are used as the white color filters 413. Alternatively, transparent resin can also be used as the white color filters 413.
Accordingly, the color filter substrate fabricated according to the above-mentioned method is adhered to the array substrate having the switching elements and the plural lines. The liquid crystal is interposed between the pair of substrates, and thus the liquid crystal panel is completed. After that, the data driver ICs and the gate driver ICs are installed between that liquid crystal panel and the PCB via a proper method. Thus, the LCD device is complete.
As described above, since the embodiment has the RGBW (red, green, blue and white) or RGGB (red, green, green, and blue) color filters in a stripe shape, the liquid crystal panel is operable in the single bank type. Thus, a difference of a signal delay between the two adjacent odd and even data or gate lines is prevented. As a result, the brightness and the resolution of the liquid crystal display are improved.
It will be apparent to those skilled in the art that various modifications and variations can be made in the present invention without departing from the spirit or scope of the invention. Thus, it is intended that the present invention cover the modifications and variations of this invention provided they come within the scope of the appended claims and their equivalents.
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|International Classification||G02F1/136, G09G3/36|
|Cooperative Classification||G09G3/3607, G09G3/3648, G09G2320/0223, G02F2201/52|
|Nov 12, 2004||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: LG.PHILIPS LCD CO., LTD., KOREA, REPUBLIC OF
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:SONG, -IN-DUK;CHUNG, IN-JAE;REEL/FRAME:016002/0794
Effective date: 20010514
|Oct 17, 2008||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: LG DISPLAY CO., LTD.,KOREA, REPUBLIC OF
Free format text: CHANGE OF NAME;ASSIGNOR:LG.PHILIPS LCD CO., LTD.;REEL/FRAME:021763/0177
Effective date: 20080304