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Publication numberUS20050166903 A1
Publication typeApplication
Application numberUS 11/045,047
Publication dateAug 4, 2005
Filing dateJan 31, 2005
Priority dateFeb 3, 2004
Also published asEP1561932A1, US7182078
Publication number045047, 11045047, US 2005/0166903 A1, US 2005/166903 A1, US 20050166903 A1, US 20050166903A1, US 2005166903 A1, US 2005166903A1, US-A1-20050166903, US-A1-2005166903, US2005/0166903A1, US2005/166903A1, US20050166903 A1, US20050166903A1, US2005166903 A1, US2005166903A1
InventorsPiet Ameloot, Pascal Folliot
Original AssigneePeugeot Citroen Automobiles Sa
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
System for assisting regenerating depollution means integrated in an exhaust system of an engine
US 20050166903 A1
Abstract
A system for assisting regeneration of depollution means (1) included in an exhaust system (2) of a motor vehicle engine (3) by switching the engine between operation in lean mode and operation in rich mode, depending on various parameters for controlling the operation of the engine, the system being characterized in that it comprises a lambda probe (9) placed in the exhaust gas outlet from the engine, and means for correcting at least one of the operating parameters of the engine (3) in order to provide closed-loop regulation of the richness of said exhaust gas about a target value while the engine is operating in rich mode.
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Claims(5)
1. A system for assisting regeneration of depollution means (1) included in an exhaust system (2) of a motor vehicle engine (3) by switching the engine between operation in lean mode and operation in rich mode, depending on various parameters for controlling the operation of the engine, the system being characterized in that it comprises a lambda probe (9) placed in the exhaust gas outlet from the engine, and means for correcting at least one of the operating parameters of the engine (3) in order to provide closed-loop regulation of the richness of said exhaust gas about a target value while the engine is operating in rich mode.
2. A system according to claim 1, characterized in that the corrected parameter is the quantity of fuel injected into the engine.
3. A system according to claim 2, characterized in that the corrected parameter is the quantity of fuel injected into the engine during the last injection in a series of fuel injections.
4. A system according to claim 1, characterized in that the corrected parameter is the feed pressure of fuel in a common feed manifold system associated with the engine, with fuel injection durations being kept constant.
5. A system according to claim 1, characterized in that the corrected parameter is the rate at which air is fed to the engine.
Description

The present invention relates to a system for assisting in regenerating depollution means integrated in an exhaust system of an engine for a motor vehicle.

For example, it is known that such depollution means may include a NOx trap, i.e. a system for reducing polluting emissions from motor vehicle engines.

The engine is then associated with means for monitoring its operation to cause its operation to switch between standard operation in lean mode and regenerating operation in rich mode, depending on various parameters for monitoring the operation of the engine.

In standard operation in lean mode, the NOx trap stocks NOx, and once the trap becomes saturated, trap regeneration is triggered by switching the engine to operate in a rich mode of operation for destocking purposes, during which the engine produces reducing agents such as CO and HC, for example.

This is performed in conventional manner by modifying at least one parameter for controlling the operation of the engine, i.e. at least one parameter relating to the injection of fuel into the engine (quantity, phase position, pressure, etc. . . . ) and/or at least one parameter in the air feed loop of the engine (air flow rate, recycling, turbocompressor pressure, etc. . . . ).

The various adjustments of these parameters enable predetermined objectives to be reached in terms of delivered torque, pollution emissions, noise, etc. . . . .

Unfortunately, in this mode of operation, it is necessary to find a compromise between regenerating the NOx trap and oxidizing the reducing agents HC and CO as completely as possible.

The object of the invention is thus to propose a system which enables these problems to be solved.

To this end, the invention provides a system for assisting regeneration of depollution means included in an exhaust system of a motor vehicle engine by switching the engine between operation in lean mode and operation in rich mode, depending on various parameters for controlling the operation of the engine, the system being characterized in that it comprises a lambda probe placed in the exhaust gas outlet from the engine, and means for correcting at least one of the operating parameters of the engine in order to provide closed-loop regulation of the richness of said exhaust gas about a target value while the engine is operating in rich mode.

According to other characteristics:

    • the corrected parameter is the quantity of fuel injected into the engine;
    • the corrected parameter is the quantity of fuel injected into the engine during the last injection in a series of fuel injections;
    • the corrected parameter is the feed pressure of fuel in a common feed manifold system associated with the engine, with fuel injection durations being kept constant; and
    • the corrected parameter is the rate at which air is fed to the engine.

The invention will be better understood on reading the following description given purely by way of example and made with reference to the accompanying drawing which is a block diagram showing the structure and the operation of a system of the invention.

The FIGURE shows a system for assisting regeneration of depollution means, given overall reference 1 in this FIGURE, e.g. integrated in an exhaust system 2 of a motor vehicle engine 3.

The engine is also associated with air feed means given overall reference 4, and with means for controlling its supply of fuel, given overall reference 5, e.g. comprising a common manifold feeding fuel injectors for injecting fuel into the cylinders of the engine.

The operation of these means is governed by control means given overall reference 6.

By way of example, the depollution means comprise a NOx trap and the control means 6 are adapted to cause the operation of the engine to switch between operation in a standard lean mode, and operation in a rich mode for regeneration, depending on various parameters for controlling the operation of the engine.

By way of example, these parameters are represented by references 7 and 8 in this FIGURE.

The parameters 7 are then used for governing the engine operating in lean mode, while the parameters 8 are used for causing the engine to operate in the rich mode for regeneration.

According to the invention, the system also comprises a lambda probe λ given overall reference 9 in the FIGURE, placed beside the exhaust gas outlet from the vehicle engine 3, in order to measure the richness of the engine exhaust gas.

This probe is connected to the control means 6 for correcting at least one parameter for controlling the operation of the engine in order to provide closed-loop regulation of said richness of the exhaust gas on a target value while the engine is operating in rich mode.

In order to obtain a good compromise between regenerating the NOx trap and oxidizing the reducing agents HC and CO at the outlet from the NOx trap to as complete an extent as possible, it is necessary for richness at this level to be controlled accurately.

By providing a control loop based on measured richness, it is possible to achieve this degree of accuracy.

By way of example, the engine operation control parameter that is corrected may be the quantity of fuel injected into the engine or the pressure at which the fuel is injected, or indeed the rate at which air is fed to the engine.

Thus, for example, it is known that present-day engines are fitted with common manifolds for feeding fuel to the cylinders of the engine.

The parameter that is corrected for the purpose of servo-controlling exhaust gas richness can then be the injection pressure used in the manifold.

Under such circumstances, the injection durations are kept constant, thus enabling the total quantity of fuel injected into the cylinders to be adapted, thereby servo-controlling richness.

It is also known that such feed systems perform multiple injections of fuel into the cylinders in a series of injections.

Another way of servo-controlling richness consists in acting on the quantity of fuel injected during one of these injections, and in particular during the last injection in the series, so as to avoid excessively disturbing the operation of the engine in terms of torque, noise, etc.

The last injection is in general at a position lying in the range 10 to 120 after top dead center (TDC).

Yet another way of servo-controlling richness is to act on the rate at which air is fed to the engine by the means 4.

Depending on which parameter is corrected, the governor means 6 are adapted to act on the fuel feed means, or on the engine's air feed loop, in order to servo-control the richness on a target value, and thus obtain the above-mentioned compromise.

Classifications
U.S. Classification123/672
International ClassificationF02D41/02, F02D41/14
Cooperative ClassificationF02D41/1456, F02D41/0275, F02D41/1475
European ClassificationF02D41/14D5D, F02D41/14D3H4, F02D41/02C4D1
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Oct 10, 2014REMIMaintenance fee reminder mailed
Jul 28, 2010FPAYFee payment
Year of fee payment: 4
Jan 31, 2005ASAssignment
Owner name: PEUGEOT CITROEN AUTOMOBILES SA, FRANCE
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:AMELOOT, PIET;FOLLIOT, PASCAL;REEL/FRAME:016238/0119
Effective date: 20050105