US 20050167851 A1
A semiconductor part for component mounting, a mounting structure and a mounting method providing ample surplus wiring pitch and width between terminals in order to improve the strength of the connection with the printed circuit board in view of the recent trends towards a greater number of pins and greater component mounting density on printed circuit boards or substrates. A semiconductor component for mounting has area terminals comprised of area terminals mounted on the outer circumferential side and area terminals mounted on the inner circumferential side of the board. The area terminals on the outer circumferential side of the board are arranged with a larger pitch and or diameter than the area terminals on the inner circumferential side. A mounting method and mounting structure having land terminals arrayed on a printed circuit board or substrate with the same arrangement as the area terminals of the semiconductor component, and the land terminals are connected with the area terminals by a conductive bonding agent.
1. A method of producing portable electronic equipment, the portable electronic equipment including:
an integrated circuit having a function for the portable electronic equipment,
an interposer board including the integrated circuit and comprising an outer circumferential side and an inner circumferential side, one or more area terminals arrayed on the outer circumferential side of the interposer board, and one or more area terminals arrayed on the inner circumferential side of the interposer board, and
a printed circuit board comprising an outer circumferential side and an inner circumferential side, one or more land terminals arrayed on the outer circumferential side of the printed circuit board, and one or more terminals arrayed on the inner circumferential side of the printed circuit board,
the method comprising the steps of:
(a) setting the integrated circuit on the substrate of the interposer board;
(b) applying a conductive bonding solution to at least one of the area terminals arrayed on the outer circumferential side, the area terminals arrayed on the inner circumferential side, the land terminals arrayed on the outer circumferential side, and the land terminals arrayed on the inner circumferential side; and
(c) connecting the area terminal arrayed on the outer circumferential side to the land terminal arrayed on the outer circumferential side, and the area terminal arrayed on the inner circumferential side to the land terminal arrayed on the inner circumferential side;
wherein the area terminal on the outer circumferential side is arrayed with a larger pitch than the area terminal on the inner circumferential side; and
wherein the land terminal on the outer circumferential side is arrayed with a larger pitch than the land terminal on the inner circumferential side.
1. Field of the Invention
The present invention relates to a semiconductor part for component mounting, a mounting structure and a mounting method.
2. Description of Related Art
Strong demands have been made in recent years for portable electronic equipment such as digital cameras, digital portable telephones and notebook type personal computers that are thinner, are more compact and have lighter weight. Therefore, to what extent the surface mounting density of the semiconductor components used in the above devices can be increased has become an important technical issue.
To cope with this trend, the development of compact CSP (chip scale packages) typified by packaged ICs such as QFPs has progressed and some compact chip scale packages are now available.
These chip scale packages (CSP) incidentally, as can be seen from their other name of FP-BGA (Fine Pitch BGA) are designed for a compact BGA (Ball Grid Array) and their connection pin (hereafter called area terminals) array usually have an 0.8 mm pitch (BGA pitch is 1.27 mm.).
However, to cope with semiconductor LSI chips having higher density and more functions, the scope of the area terminal layout has shown a tend to continually increase and even the size of supposedly small CSP (chip scale packages) are becoming larger.
In order to allow these semiconductor LSI chips to handle a higher component mounting density by accommodating more pins, an even finer pitch is required in the area terminal array.
A chart of semiconductor assembly technology and mounting technology progress accompanying the miniaturization of semiconductor LSI devices is shown in Table 1 below. As can be seen, the number of area terminals has drastically increased to keep pace with higher density, systemization and miniaturization of semiconductor LSI devices. Table 1 also shows that in response to these developments, the CSP and BGA array pitch has become smaller and smaller.
In a more specific description given while referring to the drawings, the CSP area terminals 1 and 2 are shown respectively in
Upon comparing these two pitch arrays in
However, when miniaturizing the pitch array of area terminals in this way, reducing the size of the terminals is of course unavoidable. Even when mounting (connecting) chip scale packages (CSP) on boards, there is a large possibility of the connection strength deteriorating due to factors such as heat stress after mounting.
On the other hand,
When the diameter of the area terminals of the 0.8 mm pitch array have for example been set to 0.4 mm, the L/S (line & space) for each wire is 30.8 μm (wiring pitch of 61.5 μm). However when the area terminal array is at a 0.5 mm pitch, and the diameter of the area terminals becomes an even smaller 0.25 mm, the wiring between those terminals have an L/S of 19.2 μm (wire pitch is 38.5 μm) so that obviously even finer wiring required.
Thus, when many wires are laid between the area terminals and the gap between the terminals becomes exceedingly small, then fine complex processing also becomes necessary on the board. For instance, use of built-up multilayer wiring board such as in the multilayering to rout the wiring 5 to the land terminal 4 is required as shown in
In view of the above problems with the conventional art, and in view of recent trends toward high density component mounting and increasing the number of pins, this invention therefore has the object of providing a semiconductor part for component mounting, a mounting structure and a mounting method wherein the connection to the printed circuit board is strong and the wiring pitch between terminals has a sufficient width margin.
To achieve the above objects of the invention, a semiconductor part for component mounting of the invention, having area terminals on the substrate is characterized in that, of the area terminals that are arrayed on the outer and inner circumferential sides of the substrate, those area terminals on the outer circumferential side are arrayed with a larger pitch and/or diameter than the area terminals on the inner circumferential side.
To still further achieve the above objects, a mounting structure of this invention comprised of a semiconductor part for component mounting having area terminals, and having land terminals arrayed on the outer and inner circumferential sides of the board is characterized in that the land terminals on the outer circumferential side are arrayed with a larger pitch and/or diameter than the land terminals on the inner circumferential side and further characterized in that a conductive bonding solution is applied between the area terminals and land terminals.
In this invention, the area terminals on the substrate or board are comprised of area terminals arrayed on the outer and inner circumferential sides of the substrate or board. However, in the semiconductor part arrayed with outer circumferential area terminals having a larger pitch and/or diameter than the inner circumferential area terminals, the area terminals may also be arranged in a flip chip bump array.
These area terminals may also be installed on the CSP interposer board, or may be installed on the BGA (ball grid array) or the LGA (land grid array) interposer boards or may be installed on the MCM (multi chip module) sub-board.
The area terminals of the semiconductor part of this invention possess a diameter large enough to allow positioning on the outer circumferential side of the board or substrate which is subject to the greatest heat stress, and the strong connection is both stable and reliable so that the connection is more than sufficient to withstand the heat stress applied after mounting.
The pitch array becomes finer (smaller) the more the area terminal is positioned on the inner side away from the outer circumferential side so that the number of terminals can be increased and the board is able to cope with recent and future trends towards increased numbers of pins.
The larger pitch array of the area terminals close to the outer circumference further signifies that the wiring routed between those area terminals towards the inner circumferential terminals has an ample margin and that easier mounting and lower board wiring costs can be achieved. The larger pitch array also means larger wires (or wiring) can be utilized so that high-speed, high frequency mounting can be achieved since losses due to resistance in the wiring are reduced.
The preferred embodiments of this invention will now be described in specific detail while referring to the accompanying drawings. The scope of this invention is not however limited by such drawings or descriptions.
One row of large diameter area terminals 7 a at a pitch of 0.8 mm are positioned on the outer circumference of an interposer board 6 of the CSP as shown in
Next, in the flip type CSP interposer board 8 in
The process for the CSP with the area terminals arrayed as described above onto the printed circuit board is shown in
Naturally, the printed circuit board has the same terminal array (arrangement) as the interposer board/substrate. The closer to the outer circumference of the board, the larger the diameter and pitch of the land terminals. The farther to the inside of the board, the smaller the diameter and pitch of the land terminals. Solder is preferably used as the conductive bonding material. An advantage of using solder is that a self-alignment effect is obtained due to the melting of the solder. This self-alignment contributes greatly to obtaining a strong highly reliable connection, particularly when connecting printed circuit board land terminals and area terminals on the outermost circumference of the board/substrate.
Besides the above mentioned embodiments, this invention is also applicable to BGA interposer boards. In this case, the number of pins for the area terminals can be increased even further by changing the commonly used pitch array of 1.27 mm to a pitch of 1.27 on the outermost circumference and to a pitch from 1.0 to 0.8 on the inner circumference to further miniaturize the area terminal array on the inner circumferential side to allow handling recent and future trends toward increasing the number of pins.
Also, besides the above example, this invention can also be applied to area terminals on the recently popular MCM sub-boards and the same effect can be obtained. Also, in the previously mentioned examples, both the pitch and diameter of the area terminals were specified as increasing near the outer circumference however in this invention making a change to increase just the outer circumference pitch or the diameter is sufficient.
As the above description clearly shows, one effect of the semiconductor part and the mounting structure of this invention is that the area terminals have a larger size on the outermost circumference where heat stress is most severe, and these area terminals exhibit a high contact strength more than sufficient to withstand heat stress after mounting.
Another effect of this invention is that since the area terminals have a smaller pitch toward the inner circumference, the number of pins can also be increased so the current and future trends towards an increased number of pins can be accommodated.
A still further effect of this invention is that with a larger pitch array the closer the area terminals are to the outermost circumference of the board, the benefit of space margin occurs for the wiring running between the outer terminals towards the inner terminals. This space margin makes mounting easier and alleviates the wiring load on the printed circuit board or in other words reduces the wiring costs. Further if wiring with a greater width is utilized, then resistance losses in the wiring can be reduced and high-speed, high frequency mounting achieved.