US 20050179028 A1
A construction of thin strain-relaxed SiGe layers and method for fabricating the same is provided. The construction includes a semiconductor substrate, a SiGe buffer layer formed on the semiconductor substrate, a Si(C) layer formed on the SiGe buffer layer, and an relaxed SiGe epitaxial layer formed on the Si(C) layer. The Si(C) layer is employed to change the strain-relaxed mechanism of the relaxed SiGe epitaxial layer formed on the Si(C) layer. Therefore, a thin relaxed SiGe epitaxial layer with low threading dislocation density, smooth surface is available. The fabricating time for fabricating the strain-relaxed SiGe layers is greatly reduced and the surface roughness is also improved.
1. A construction of a thin strain-relaxed SiGe layers, comprising:
an semiconductor substrate;
a buffer layer formed on the semiconductor substrate;
a Si(C) layer formed on the buffer layer; and
an epitaxial layer formed on the Si(C) layer.
2. The construction of
3. The construction of
4. A fabricating method of a thin strain-relaxed SiGe layers, comprising steps of:
providing an semiconductor substrate;
forming a buffer layer on the semiconductor substrate;
forming a Si(C) layer on the buffer layer; and
forming an epitaxial layer on the Si(C) layer.
5. The method of
6. The method of
7. The method of
8. The method of
9. The method of
10. The method of
This Non-provisional application claims priority under 35 U.S.C. § 119(a) on Patent Application No(s). 093103814 filed in Taiwan on Feb. 17, 2004, the entire contents of which are hereby incorporated by reference.
1. Field of Invention
The present invention relates to a construction of strain-relaxed SiGe layers and method for fabricating the same, and more particularly to a construction of thin strain-relaxed SiGe layers and method for fabricating the same for strained Si using SixC1-x as insert layers.
2. Related Art
The semiconductor and integrated circuit technology has been developed in recent years, to be compact with high operation speed. How to increase the operation speed of the semiconductor device with lower power consumption constitutes an important issue in the very large scale integration (VLSI) field.
Researches on SiGe material have shown that when a composite layer of Si and Ge is grown on a silicon substrate and followed with a strained Si layer, a two-dimensional porous layer of electrons and holes is formed at the interface between the relaxed SiGe layer and the strained silicon channel, which increases electron drift mobility in a channel of the semiconductor device and, consequently, the semiconductor device performance.
In the conventional SiGe epitaxial technology, the strain-relaxed SiGe epitaxial layer is formed on the Si substrate, and a strained Si layer is then formed on the epitaxial layer. The subsequent structure is employed as a “virtual substrate” for replacing the original Si substrate, and may be applied to an integrated process of the Si substrate and the transistors with high carrier mobility, MOS transistors, or III-V family semiconductors. These strain-relaxed SiGe epitaxial layers need the characteristics of high strain-relax, smooth surface, and relatively low density of threading dislocations.
The conventional SiGe epitaxial growth technology, for example, the compositionally grated buffer, takes long time and induces the increasing roughness on the surface of the epitaxial layer. The characteristic of the elements may be destroyed.
The prior art disclosed some solutions regarding the SiGe epitaxy growth technology. U.S. Pat. No. 6,291,321 provides a graded SiGe buffer for the growth of the stain-relaxed SiGe epitaxial layer, which is the main technology trend. However, growth of the epitaxial with thickness takes longer time and leads to difficult alignment of the lithography process.
Besides, U.S. Pat. No. 5,221,413 provides a SiGe hetro-structure graded epitaxial layer with low dislocation formed in high temperature. However, the 413 patent does not provide any other structure regarding the dielectric layer. Furthermore, the high temperature affects the uniformity of the SiGe layer.
In the application of CMOS high speed components and optical and electronic components, the performance of the devices may be enhanced through replacing Si substrates with strain-relaxed SiGe layers. For the foregoing reasons, there is a need for highly strain-relaxed SiGe layers with low threading dislocations density, having the same relaxation of SiGe, and reducing thickness of SiGe layers.
Accordingly, the present invention is directed to a construction of thin strain-relaxed SiGe layers and method for fabricating the same that substantially obviates one or more of the problems due to limitations and disadvantages of the related art.
To achieve these and other advantages and in accordance with the purpose of the present invention, as embodied and broadly described, a construction of thin strain-relaxed SiGe layers may, for example, include a semiconductor substrate, a complete strain-relaxed SiGe buffer layer having thickness of 50 nm to 150 nm formed on the semiconductor substrate; a Si(C) layer formed on the Si buffer layer; and another SiGe buffer layer formed on the Si(C) layer.
According to an aspect of the invention, an advantage of the invention provides a construction of thin strain-relaxed SiGe layers and method for fabricating the same with a higher degree of relaxation under the situation of the same Ge composition and thickness of SiGe layer.
According to an aspect of the invention, an advantage of the invention provides a construction of thin strain-relaxed SiGe layers and method for fabricating the same with the reduction of threading dislocation density and surface roughness. A strained Si, strained Ge layer, or III-V family optical and electronic components may be formed on the epitaxial layer provided by the version of the invention.
Further scope of applicability of the present invention will become apparent from the detailed description given hereinafter. However, it should be understood that the detailed description and specific examples, while indicating preferred embodiments of the invention, are given by way of illustration only, since various changes and modifications within the spirit and scope of the invention will become apparent to those skilled in the art from this detailed description.
The patent or application file contains at least one drawing executed in color. Copies of this patent or patent application publication with color drawing will be provided by the Office upon request and payment of the necessary fee.
The present invention will become more fully understood from the detailed description given in the illustration below only, and is thus not limitative of the present invention, wherein:
According the invention, a Si(C) layer is adopted to change the strain-relaxed mechanism of the SiGe epitaxial layer formed on the Si(C) layer. Refer to
The Si(C) layer 30 is a heterostructure alloy mixed by VI family elements. The Si(C) layer 30 changes the strain mechanism of the SiGe epitaxial layer 40 such, that the SiGe epitaxial layer 40 has the characteristic of high strain relaxation. This is because the lattice constant of the Si(C) layer 30 is smaller than that of the epitaxial layer. The location where the horizontal strain force is caused by the upper and lower SiGe epitaxial layers during the relaxation process has priority for generation of the nucleation of the unmatched dislocation. Therefore, the SiGe epitaxial layer 40 with high degree of relaxation and low threading dislocation density is formed. The dislocation density formed by this structure is around 105˜106 cm−2.
The thickness of the strain-relaxed epitaxial layer according to the version of the invention is thinner than that of the prior art, which uses the graded layer as the epitaxial layer. Therefore, the manufacture time to fabricate the epitaxial layer is greatly reduced and the roughness of the surface is suppressed.
A semiconductor substrate is provided first (step 100). Preferred is a Si substrate. A buffer layer 20 is formed on the semiconductor substrate 10 (step 200). A Si(C) layer 30 is then formed on the buffer layer 20 (step 300), and an epitaxial layer 40 is formed on the Si(C) layer 30 finally.
Deposition of the SiGe epitaxial layer 20 in step 200 can be performed, for example, via the super vacuum chemical vapor deposition (UHVCVD), the molecule beam epitaxy (MBE), the low pressure vapor deposition (LPVCD) or the rapid thermal chemical vapor deposition (RTVCD). The epitaxial layer 40 is formed by a method which can fabricate the SiGe(C) epitaxial alloys.
Finally, the Si substrate, having the SiGe epitaxial layer (Si1−xGex), may undergo the annealing process for better strain-relaxation. A strained Si layer, a strained Ge layer, or III-V family element optical-electronic components may grow on the Si substrate, having the SiGe epitaxial layer (Si1−xGex).
According to the principle of the invention, a Si(C) layer is employed to change the strain-relaxed mechanism of the epitaxial layer formed on the Si(C) layer. Therefore, a highly relaxed epitaxial SiGe layer with a low density of threading dislocations and a smooth surface can be achieved. The fabricating time for fabricating the strain-relaxed SiGe layers is greatly reduced and the surface roughness is improved. The structure enhances the performance of MOSFET elements. Besides, the degree of relaxation of the SiGe epitaxial layer is increased after an appropriate thermal annealing process.
It will be apparent to the person skilled in the art that the invention as described above may be varied in many ways, and notwithstanding remaining within the spirit and scope of the invention as defined in the following claims.