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Publication numberUS20050210868 A1
Publication typeApplication
Application numberUS 11/048,790
Publication dateSep 29, 2005
Filing dateFeb 3, 2005
Priority dateMar 26, 2004
Also published asDE602005006038D1, DE602005006038T2, EP1580412A1, EP1580412B1
Publication number048790, 11048790, US 2005/0210868 A1, US 2005/210868 A1, US 20050210868 A1, US 20050210868A1, US 2005210868 A1, US 2005210868A1, US-A1-20050210868, US-A1-2005210868, US2005/0210868A1, US2005/210868A1, US20050210868 A1, US20050210868A1, US2005210868 A1, US2005210868A1
InventorsHiroshi Funabashi
Original AssigneeHino Motors Ltd.
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Method for sensing exhaust gas for OBD
US 20050210868 A1
Abstract
All of NOx, PM, HC and CO concentrations necessary for realization of OBD are determined by utilization of an in-vehicle existing NOx sensor. A NOx sensor arranged in an exhaust pipe detects the NOx concentration in the exhaust gas. On the basis of O2 concentration detected in a course of detection of the NOx concentration, PM, HC and CO concentrations are determined in conversion through mutual correspondences of the concentrations.
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Claims(2)
1. A method for sensing exhaust gas for OBD which comprises detecting a NOx concentration in the exhaust gas by a NOx sensor arranged in an exhaust pipe, PM, HC and CO concentrations being determined in conversion, on the basis of an O2 concentration sensed in the course of detection of said NOx concentration, from mutual correspondences of the concentrations.
2. The method according to claim 1 wherein an oxidation catalyst is arranged in the exhaust pipe and downstream of the NOx sensor, a temperature sensor being arranged on an inlet side of said oxidation catalyst to detect an exhaust temperature, purified ratios of the PM, HC and CO concentrations being determined depending upon catalytic activity of the oxidation catalyst at a current exhaust temperature, the PM, HC and CO concentrations being compensated on the basis of the purified ratios.
Description
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

1. Field of the Invention

The present invention relates to a method for sensing exhaust gas for OBD.

2. Description of the Related Art

It has been recently proposed to monitor controlled states of exhaust gas from a vehicle by virtue of an in-vehicle computer. It is generally called OBD (on-board diagnostic system); there is an active trend towards future legal compulsion including restrictions for OBD.

Detection of exhaust-gas temperature and NOx (nitrogen oxides) concentration through sensors in a control system for an exhaust purifying or aftertreatment apparatus has been disclosed for example in JP 2002-161732 A.

However, most of conventionally known exhaust-gas sensors are large-sized fixed devices in laboratory level so that, except a NOx sensor which is compact in size and has been actually mounted in a vehicle, sensors for PM (particulate matter), HC (hydrocarbon) and CO (carbon monoxide) concentrations cannot be mounted in a vehicle up to the present.

The invention was made in view of the above and has its object to make it possible to detect or determine all of NOx, PM, HC and CO concentrations necessary for realization of OBD by virtue of an existing NOx sensor which can be mounted in a vehicle.

BRIEF SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

The invention is directed to a method for sensing exhaust gas for OBD which comprises detecting a NOx concentration in the exhaust gas by a NOx sensor arranged in an exhaust pipe, PM, HC and CO concentrations being determined in conversion, on the basis of an O2 concentration sensed in the course of detection of said NOx concentration, from mutual correspondences of the concentrations.

More specifically, the existing NOx sensor, which has to utilize an O2 concentration in the course of detection of the NOx concentration in an exhaust gas, inherently accommodates an extensive O2 sensor which detects an O2 concentration in the exhaust gas.

Then, utilizing the feature of the NOx sensor that can detect the O2 concentration, the PM, HC and CO concentrations which have correspondences with the O2 concentration are determined in conversion so that all of the PM, HC and CO concentrations are obtained in alternative measurement in addition to the NOx concentration directly sensed by the NOx sensor.

The fact that the PM, HC and CO concentrations have correspondences with the O2 concentration is the inventor's knowledge. The PM, HC and CO concentrations greatly depend on combustibility in an engine and tend to remarkably increase when the combustibility becomes insufficient due to lowering of the O2 concentration.

Thus, adoption of such sensing method makes it possible to determine all of the NOx, PM, HC and CO concentrations necessary for realization of OBD by virtue of an existing NOx sensor which can be mounted in a vehicle.

If an oxidation catalyst is arranged in the exhaust pipe and downstream of the NOx sensor in the invention, a temperature sensor may be arranged on an inlet side of said oxidation catalyst to detect an exhaust temperature, purified ratios of the PM, HC and CO concentrations being determined depending upon catalytic activity of said oxidation catalyst at a current exhaust temperature, the PM, HC and CO concentrations being compensated on the basis of the purified ratios.

More specifically, when the oxidation catalyst is arranged in the exhaust pipe and downstream of the NOx sensor, the NOx and O2 concentrations once detected by the NOx sensor are lowered downstream since the exhaust gas passes through the oxidation catalyst and is purified; therefore, compensation must be done for the decrements to determine final values of the PM, HC and CO concentrations.

The purified ratios of the PM, HC and CO concentrations depend on catalytic activity of the oxidation catalyst which in turn depends on an exhaust temperature on the inlet side of the oxidation catalyst. Thus, the purified ratios of the PM, HC and CO concentrations are determined depending upon the catalytic activity of the oxidation catalyst at a current exhaust temperature and the PM, HC and CO concentrations are compensated on the basis of the purified ratios determined, so that the final values of the PM, HC and CO concentrations in the exhaust gas purified through the oxidation catalysts can be determined.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

FIG. 1 is a schematic view showing an embodiment of the invention;

FIG. 2 is a graph showing correspondence of O2 concentration with PM concentration;

FIG. 3 is a graph showing correspondence of O2 concentration with HC concentration;

FIG. 4 is a graph showing correspondence of O2 concentration with CO concentration;

FIG. 5 is a graph showing correspondence of HC purified ratio with exhaust temperature;

FIG. 6 is a graph showing correspondence of CO purified ratio with exhaust temperature; and

FIG. 7 is a graph showing correspondence of PM purified ratio with exhaust temperature.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT

Now, an embodiment of the invention will be described with reference to the drawings.

FIGS. 1 to 7 show an embodiment of a method for sensing exhaust gas for OBD according to the invention in which exhaust gas 3 is discharged via an exhaust manifold 2 from a diesel engine 1 and flows through an exhaust pipe 4. Arranged in the exhaust pipe 4 is a casing 6 which accommodates an oxidation catalyst 5 in the form of a flow-through type honeycomb structure.

Arranged on a most upstream side in the exhaust pipe 4 is a NOx sensor 8 which is positioned adjacent to a turbine outlet of a turbocharger 7. Arranged on an inlet side of the casing 6 is a temperature sensor 9 which detects temperature of the exhaust gas 3. Detection signals 8 a and 9 a from the sensors 8 and 9, respectively, are inputted to an electronic control unit (ECU) 10 which is an engine controlling computer.

When NOx, PM, HC and CO concentrations grasped on the basis of detection signals 8 a and 9 a from the sensors 8 and 9, respectively, have something abnormal, then ECU 10 outputs a lightening command signal 11 a to light a caution-advisory indicator 11 on an instrument panel.

More specifically, the existing NOx sensor 8 has to utilize an O2 concentration in the course of detection of the NOx concentration, therefore the sensor 8 inherently accommodates an extensive O2 sensor which senses the O2 concentration in the exhaust gas 3.

Thus, utilizing the feature of the NOx sensor 8 that can detect the O2 concentration, the PM, HC and CO concentrations which have correspondences with the O2 concentration are determined in conversion by the ECU 10, so that all of the PM, HC and CO concentrations are obtained in alternative measurement in addition to the NOx concentration directly sensed by the NOx sensor 8.

The fact that the PM, HC and CO concentrations have correspondences with the O2 concentration is the inventor's knowledge; FIG. 2 shows correspondence of O2 concentration with PM concentration; FIG. 3, of O2 concentration with HC concentration; and FIG. 4, of O2 concentration with CO concentration. CO concentration greatly depends upon combustibility in the diesel engine 1 and tends to remarkably increase when the combustibility becomes insufficient due to lowering of the O2 concentration.

In a case where, as in the embodiment, an oxidation catalyst 5 is arranged in the exhaust pipe 4 and downstream of the NOx sensor 8, after the NOx and O2 concentrations are sensed by the NOx sensor 8, the PM, HC and CO concentrations are lowered since the exhaust gas 3 passes through the oxidation catalyst 5 and is purified; therefore, the compensation must be done for the decrements to determined the last values of the PM, HC and CO concentrations.

As shown in FIGS. 5 to 7, these purified ratios of the PM, HC and CO concentrations are determined depending on the catalytic activity which in turn depends upon the exhaust temperature on the inlet side of the oxidation catalyst 5; therefore, the purified ratios of the PM, HC and CO concentrations are determined depending upon the catalytic activity of the oxidation catalyst 5 at the current exhaust temperature. On the basis of such determined purified ratios, the determined PM, HC and CO concentrations as to the exhaust gas 3 adjacent to the turbine outlet of said turbocharger 7 are compensated to obtain final values of PM, HC and CO concentrations in the exhaust gas 3 which has passed through the oxidation catalyst 5 and is purified.

In the embodiment, the flow-through type oxidation catalyst 5 is singly arranged with no combination with another catalyst. In a case where the oxidation catalyst 5 is carried by a particulate filter or is followed by a separate particulate filter, then as shown in two-dot-chain lines in the graph of FIG. 7, almost all of PM are captured in the particulate filter with no connection with the purified ratios by the oxidation catalyst 5, so that it can be regarded with no specific determination that the final PM concentration has been lowered to a substantially constant concentration.

Whether the thus obtained NOx, PM, HC and CO concentrations are within rate values of them, respectively, is judged in the ECU 10; when judgment is made to be negative, the lightening command signal 11 a is outputted to the caution-advisory indicator 11 on the instrument panel so that the caution-advisory indicator 11 is lighted on to announce occurrence of abnormality to a driver.

Shown in FIG. 1 is the single caution-advisory indicator 11; however, the caution-advisory indicator 11 may be arranged for each of the NOx, PM, HC and CO concentrations. Upon detection of abnormality, preferably, such occurrence of abnormality is recorded in a memory in the ECU 10 and/or a suitable correction operation is made to the diesel engine 1.

As is clear from the foregoing, in a method for sensing exhaust gas for OBD according to the invention, all of NOx, PM, HC and CO concentrations can be determined by utilization of an existing NOx sensor 8 which is mountable in a vehicle. Even if the oxidation catalyst 5 is arranged in the exhaust pipe 4, the PM, HC and CO concentrations can be suitably compensated on the basis of an exhaust temperature detected by the temperature sensor 9 on the inlet side of the oxidation catalyst 5; as a result, the OBD can be realized readily and at a lower cost.

It is to be understood that a method for sensing exhaust gas for OBD according to the invention is not limited to the above embodiment and that various changes and modifications may be effected within the gist of the invention. For example, it may be applicable to a vehicle with an exhaust pipe 4 having no oxidation catalyst 5.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US7389773 *Aug 18, 2005Jun 24, 2008Honeywell International Inc.Emissions sensors for fuel control in engines
US8689541 *Feb 16, 2011Apr 8, 2014GM Global Technology Operations LLCValvetrain control method and apparatus for conserving combustion heat
US8707679Sep 7, 2011Apr 29, 2014GM Global Technology Operations LLCCatalyst temperature based valvetrain control systems and methods
US8788182Sep 7, 2011Jul 22, 2014GM Global Technology Operations LLCEngine speed based valvetrain control systems and methods
US20120204545 *Feb 16, 2011Aug 16, 2012GM Global Technology Operations LLCValvetrain control method and apparatus for conserving combustion heat
Classifications
U.S. Classification60/277, 60/274
International ClassificationF01N3/00, F02D45/00, F01N11/00, F01N3/20
Cooperative ClassificationF01N11/00, F01N11/007, F01N3/20, F01N2560/06, F01N2560/026, Y02T10/47
European ClassificationF01N3/20, F01N11/00C, F01N11/00
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Feb 3, 2005ASAssignment
Owner name: HINO MOTORS, LTD., JAPAN
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:FUNABASHI, HIROSHI;REEL/FRAME:016255/0718
Effective date: 20050124