US 20050230024 A1
A method of forming a lap seam for a disposable undergarment is disclosed. The method involves the steps of providing a continuous web of material, folding the material, cutting the material into individual undergarment blanks, folding the edges of the individual blanks, and sealing the edges. The method preferably employs undergarment blanks that are asymmetrical in shape.
1. A method of forming a seam in a disposable undergarment comprising the steps of:
providing a first web having a first end and a second end;
providing a second web having a first end and a second end;
folding said first end of said first web over said first end of said second web;
folding said second end of said second web over said second end of said first web;
coupling said first end of said first web to said first end of said second web to form a first seam;
coupling said second end of said second web to said second end of said first web to form a second seam.
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7. A method of forming a seam in a disposable undergarment comprising the steps of:
providing a blank comprising a top portion and a bottom portion with a horizontal axis dividing said first and second portions;
said bottom portion divided equally by a vertical axis, said vertical axis dividing said top portion unequally;
said top portion having a first edge and a second edge;
said bottom portion having a first edge and a second edge;
folding said blank along said horizontal axis;
said first edge of said bottom portion extending past said first edge of said top portion;
said second edge of said top portion extending past said second edge of said bottom portion;
folding said first edge of said bottom portion over said first edge of said top portion and coupling said first edge of said bottom portion to said first edge of said top portion in the vertical direction;
folding said second edge of said top portion over said second edge of said bottom portion and coupling said second edge of said top portion to said second edge of said bottom portion in the vertical direction.
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This application claims the benefit of U.S. Provisional Patent Application Ser. No. 60/563,518, filed 19 Apr. 2004, and entitled “Method of Producing an Ultrasonically Bonded Lap Seam.”
The invention relates to disposable garments, and more particularly, a pants-type diaper, and methods of producing such garments. Disposable diapers of the children's training pant type, or of the adult incontinence type, have generally been made with a standard fashion. The disposable garments are typically produced in a laid-flat blank format, with the blanks forming a continuous web of material. The final form of the diaper is achieved by folding the blanks in half, either before or after they are cut from the web of material. The blanks must also be sealed along the side edges to form the final diaper shape.
With such transversely produced products, the side seals or bonds are created in the form of a cross-directional weld, typically produced either ultrasonically or thermally. When the folded flats are run through a bonding unit, either before or after the flats are cut into individual flats, the edges are held out so that all layers of the web are welded together. This results in the formation of a butt seam or weld.
Butt seams are inherently weak because normal usage applies forces, called peel forces, to the bond, which are relatively damaging to the bond. Such forces focus along the leading edges of the bond formation and push outwardly from the bond seam. When the flats are welded together, the bonding process essentially is a destructive process. The small welded area is subject to a large peel force that tends to push apart the bonded edges. Thus, a more durable bonding process is desirable.
A more suitable and durable type of seam would be a lap seam. Typically overlaying or layering the edges of the materials to be bonded forms a lap seam, which subjects the garment edges to shear forces as opposed to peel forces. Such a design is advantageous because the forces are typically distributed over the entire bonded area as opposed to the edges of the bond. However, lap seams have not been previously used, as it is difficult in positioning an anvil and a sealing machine used in the bonding process in a manner that would allow formation of a lap seam.
The current invention is a method for producing a disposable undergarment, with the lateral edges of the undergarment bonded by means of a lap seam instead of a butt seam. When a blank is formed for an individual undergarment, the lateral edges of opposing halves of the blank will form the lap seam. After the blank is folded along a central axis, one of the lateral edges of the first half of the blank is folded over and around the lateral edge of the opposing second half of the blank. When the edges are sealed together, a lap seam is formed.
While such an arrangement is possible with known symmetrical blank configurations, using an asymmetrical blank may efficiently form the seam. The lateral edges of the opposite halves do not align when the blank is folded along the central axis. The edge to be folded extends farther from the middle of the blank than the opposing edge. The folded edge may then be easily manipulated without interference from the opposing edge, which allows a smooth transition to a bonding unit.
The lap seam is not formed directly to the overlaying lateral edges. The side panels are composed of a material that is not thermally or ultrasonically bondable. Before the blank passes through a bonding unit, a polymer substrate is placed between the side panels. The polymer acts as an interface, attaching itself to both surfaces. A resulting bond is formed between the two surfaces.
The method generally consists of the steps of providing a continuous web of material to form a disposable undergarment, cutting the material into individual undergarment blanks, folding the blanks along a central axis, folding the blanks along the edges in an overlapping fashion to form a lap seam, and sealing the edges to form individual garments.
Although the disclosure hereof is detailed and exact to enable those skilled in the art to practice the invention, the physical embodiments herein disclosed merely exemplify the invention which may be embodied in other specific structure. While the preferred embodiment has been described, the details may be changed without departing from the invention.
The present invention reduces peel forces by introducing a lap seam in place of the butt seam. Typically, a lap seam is produced by overlaying one web over another. The overlay is then placed between a bonder and an anvil to form the lap seam. However, it is often difficult to get the overlayed webs between the bonder and the anvil to form the desired seam.
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One possibility of a blank used to form the lap seam 20 is shown in
Normally, when an undergarment blank is folded along the X-axis, the edges of the blank halves will align. However, as shown in
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The foregoing is considered as illustrative only of the principles of the invention. Furthermore, since numerous modifications and changes will readily occur to those skilled in the art, it is not desired to limit the invention to the exact construction and operation shown and described. While the preferred embodiment has been described, the details may be changed without departing from the invention.