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Publication numberUS20050235593 A1
Publication typeApplication
Application numberUS 11/038,472
Publication dateOct 27, 2005
Filing dateJan 21, 2005
Priority dateJan 24, 2004
Also published asDE202004001037U1, DE502005009261D1, EP1559850A2, EP1559850A3, EP1559850B1
Publication number038472, 11038472, US 2005/0235593 A1, US 2005/235593 A1, US 20050235593 A1, US 20050235593A1, US 2005235593 A1, US 2005235593A1, US-A1-20050235593, US-A1-2005235593, US2005/0235593A1, US2005/235593A1, US20050235593 A1, US20050235593A1, US2005235593 A1, US2005235593A1
InventorsHendrik Hecht
Original AssigneeHendrik Hecht
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Flooring panel
US 20050235593 A1
Abstract
A panel, in particular a flooring panel, of a wood material which is provided with a mechanism for the detachable connection of a least two panels, whereby form-fitting elements for locking in the vertical direction and in the horizontal direction with another panel are embodied on at least one lateral edge of a first panel, whereby a chamfer is embodied on at least one lateral edge starting from an upper side. The chamfer or the form-fitting elements are coated or impregnated with at least one melamine layer.
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Claims(10)
1. A panel of a wood material which is provided with means for the detachable connection of a least two panels, form-fitting elements for locking in a vertical direction and in a horizontal direction with another panel are embodied on at least one lateral edge of a first panel, a chamfer is embodied on at least one lateral edge starting from an upper side, the chamfer or the form-fitting elements are coated or impregnated with at least one melamine layer.
2. The panel according to claim 1, wherein a decorative layer is applied to an upper side of the panel and the melamine layer features a color approximating the decorative layer.
3. The panel according to claim 1, wherein the decorative layer is a varnish layer applied on the chamfer of the panel or the chamfer is printed and subsequently the melamine layer is applied.
4. The panel according to claim 1, wherein the chamfer is varnished or printed.
5. The panel according to claim 1, wherein the panel includes a core made of medium density fibreboard (MDF) or high density fibreboard (HDF) material compressed at high pressure during production.
6. The panel according to claim 1, wherein the panel includes a core made of oriented strand board (OSB) materials, chip board or laminated wood.
7. The panel according to claim 1, wherein the chamfer in a locked state of adjoining panels form a V-shaped vertical joint.
8. The panel according to claim 1, wherein the surface of the chamfer is provided with a varnish layer, a paper layer or a print which is coated with the at least one melamine layer.
9. The panel according to claim 8, wherein the varnish is an opaque varnish.
10. A panel comprising form-fitting elements for locking in a vertical direction and in a horizontal direction with another panel are provided on at least one lateral edge of a first panel, a chamfer is provided on at least one lateral edge starting from an upper side, the chamfer or the form-fitting elements are coated or impregnated with at least one melamine layer.
Description
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

1. Field of the Invention

The invention relates to a panel, in particular a flooring panel, of a wood material which is provided with means for the detachable connection of a least two panels. Form-fitting elements for locking in the vertical direction and in the horizontal direction with another panel are embodied on at least one lateral edge of a first panel, whereby a chamfer is embodied on at least one lateral edge starting from an upper side of the panel.

2. Discussion of Background Information

A panel is known from WO 01/96688 A1. In the conventional art, the chamfer produced by milling is either left untreated or is covered by a decorative strip which is either laminated onto it or adhered to it. A method of this type is very expensive and requires extremely precise work, since the chamfers are very narrow. The production costs are high due to the correspondingly slower process speeds; likewise, inexact gluing results in visually less appealing products or defective cover, which leads to swelling of the wood material when penetrated by liquid.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

An object of the invention is to provide an improved panel with respect to surface sealing and an economically more effective method for producing such a panel.

This object is attained according to the invention in that the embodied chamfer or the form-fitting elements are coated with at least one melamine layer through which a higher durability of the panel can be achieved with regard to mechanical wear or against penetration by water. Furthermore, a higher quality is ensured with respect to the prior art with regard to the sealing of the chamfer surface.

It is provided in a further development that a decorative layer is applied on the upper side of the panel, which decorative layer preferably comprises a melamine-impregnated paper layer. A decorative layer of paper is likewise applied to the surface of the chamfer, alternatively the chamfer is varnished or printed, preferably in the color of the decorative layer. Subsequently, the chamfer thus treated is coated or impregnated with melamine through which the desired resistance to water or mechanical wear is achieved. This coating of the chamfer or of the locking elements simultaneously serves to seal the wood material against mechanical stress and penetration by moisture or foreign bodies. The varnish layer applied or the printing alternatively features a color approximating the decorative layer so that the most uniform coloring of the surface in the installed state is achieved. Alternatively, contrasting colors can be provided based on esthetic preferences, so that the V-shaped vertical joint produced between two panels is emphasized. A color design is particularly advantageous when the carrier plate of the decorative layer was made of a fiber material which generally features a design that is less appealing in terms of color. If other wood materials are used, e.g., with the use of chipboard or OSB (Oriented Strand Boards), a decorative layer can be omitted; however, transparent films or transparent protective layers are usually pressed onto the surfaces of such materials in order to ensure a surface protection.

To increase throughput speeds, it is provided that the melamine applied is dried via a thermal radiator or a heating duct. To avoid premature hardening or clotting or a non-uniform coating, it is provided that a standard climate is created in the vicinity of the application head so that the melamine or varnish application is always carried out under the same microclimatic conditions. This occurs in that the air in the vicinity of the varnish head is humidified.

Other exemplary embodiments and advantages of the present invention may be ascertained by reviewing the present disclosure and the accompanying drawing.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

The present invention is described in the detailed description which follows, in reference to the noted plurality of drawings by way of non-limiting examples of exemplary embodiments of the present invention, in which like reference numerals represent similar parts throughout the several views of the drawings, and wherein:

FIG. 1 shows a diagrammatic representation of a panel in cross-sectional view; and

FIG. 2 shows a detailed view of FIG. 1.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PRESENT INVENTION

FIG. 1 shows a panel 1 in a cross-sectional view which is coated on an upper side 15 with a decorative layer 16 and on an under side 5 with a so-called counteracting layer 6. The core 10 of the panel 1 is made of an MDF or HDF material and is compressed at high pressure during production. The decorative layer 16 and the counteracting layer 6 serve as a stabilizing film and give the panel 1 a durable surface. The form-fitting elements 2, 3 arranged on the lateral edges are used to lock several panels to one another and lock the panels both in the horizontal direction H and in the vertical direction V. In addition to the embodiment shown, laying profiles or pivot profiles can also be available on the lateral edges.

Alternatively to the use of fiberboards as core 10, OSB materials, chipboard or laminated wood can be used. Starting from the upper side 15, one chamfer 20 each is milled out on both lateral edges, which chamfers in the locked state form a V-shaped vertical joint.

In order to avoid a swelling of the core 10 and in order to make the panel 1 more durable, it is provided that the surfaces of the chamfers 20 are provided with a varnish layer, a paper layer or a print which are coated with a melamine layer 21.

FIG. 2 shows a detailed view of the panel 1 in an enlarged representation from which it can be discerned that material was removed, preferably milled, from the decorative layer 16 and the core 10 on one lateral edge of the panel 1. This chamfer 20 preferably arranged at an angle of 45 is coated with a melamine layer 21, the melamine layer 21 being applied after varnishing, printing or coating with a paper layer.

The varnish can be embodied as an opaque varnish if the core 10 of the panel 1 has an undesirable color. In particular, when natural woods are used, as with a laminated wood or with OSB, no decorative layer needs to be present, instead a surface sealing, e.g., through a transparent melamine film, is sufficient. The varnish to be applied and the melamine layer 21 for sealing the chamber 20 then can also be transparent.

Alternatively to a color-coordinated embodiment of the varnish layer or the melamine layer 21, this can be embodied to contrast with the decorative layer 16 in order to emphasize the embodiment of the joint.

In contrast to a film adhesion on the chamfer 20, the varnishing or printing and the subsequent coating with melamine has a higher quality regarding resistance to moisture and wear. Likewise the process control is simpler and high throughput speeds and thus higher productivity can be achieved. Drying the varnish, the printing ink and the melamine takes place through a thermal radiator, which preferably works in a range of 200 C. to 400 C.

While the present invention has been described with reference to an exemplary embodiment, it is understood that the words which have been used herein are words of description and illustration, rather than words of limitation. Changes may be made, within the purview of the appended claims, as presently stated and as amended, without departing from the scope and spirit of the present invention in its aspects. Although the present invention has been described herein with reference to particular means, materials and embodiments, the present invention is not intended to be limited to the particulars disclosed herein; rather, the present invention extends to all functionally equivalent structures, methods and uses, such as are within the scope of the appended claims.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US7634884Mar 19, 2008Dec 22, 2009Valinge Innovation AGMechanical locking system for panels and method of installing same
US7841144 *Mar 30, 2005Nov 30, 2010Valinge Innovation AbMechanical locking system for panels and method of installing same
US7866110 *Jul 9, 2007Jan 11, 2011Valinge Innovation AbMechanical locking system for panels and method of installing same
US7866115Jul 9, 2007Jan 11, 2011Valinge Innovation AbFloorboards with decorative grooves
US7918062Jan 10, 2007Apr 5, 2011Mannington Mills, Inc.Methods and systems for decorating bevel and other surfaces of laminated floorings
US8181416Jun 13, 2011May 22, 2012Valinge Innovation AbMechanical locking system for floor panels
US8261504Jul 9, 2007Sep 11, 2012Valinge Innovation AbV-groove
US8323016Sep 15, 2006Dec 4, 2012Valinge Innovation Belgium BvbaDevice and method for compressing an edge of a building panel and a building panel with compressed edges
US8336272 *Jan 8, 2009Dec 25, 2012Flooring Technologies Ltd.Device and method for locking two building boards
US8365488Feb 23, 2011Feb 5, 2013Mannington Mills, Inc.Methods and systems for decorating bevel and other surfaces of laminated floorings
US8429872Jul 9, 2007Apr 30, 2013Valinge Innovation Belgium BvbaBuilding panel with compressed edges and method of making same
US8591691Dec 17, 2010Nov 26, 2013Valinge Innovation AbMethods and arrangements relating to surface forming of building panels
US20090173032 *Jan 8, 2009Jul 9, 2009Flooring Technologies Ltd.Device and method for locking two building boards
US20110167744 *Jan 10, 2011Jul 14, 2011Mannington Mills, Inc.Floor Covering With Interlocking Design
US20130313046 *May 24, 2012Nov 28, 2013John BirkAdjustable length scaffolding and method therefor
WO2006038867A1 *Oct 4, 2005Apr 13, 2006Niclas HaakanssonDevice and method for coating a liquid coating material on a surface portion of a sheet-shaped blank and a floorboard
Classifications
U.S. Classification52/592.1
International ClassificationE04F15/02, E04F15/04, E04F15/10, E04F13/10, B44C5/04
Cooperative ClassificationB44C5/043, E04F2201/0115, E04F15/02033, E04F15/04, E04F2201/0153, E04F15/02
European ClassificationE04F15/02A8, B44C5/04H, E04F15/02
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Jun 29, 2005ASAssignment
Owner name: KRONOTEC AG, SWITZERLAND
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:HECHT, HENDRIK;REEL/FRAME:016829/0401
Effective date: 20050307