US 20050240391 A1
Text processors are configured to shorten or compact text based on one or more abbreviation libraries or rule libraries. Messaging methods include such text abbreviation processing to reduce message length based on display properties or to enhance user perception. Message length can be reduced based on abbreviations in a standard abbreviation list, a user specific abbreviation list, or a combination of standard and custom lists. In some examples, text length is shortened based on stored rules. Mobile stations that provide messaging services include text processors that reduce message length and can be configured to process text messages prior to transmission or after reception. Text processors are provided in association with word processors and presentation applications, and are configured to produce shortened text strings. In some examples, full-length text remains is stored so that both shortened text and full text are available. Selection of text processor parameters can be based on a graphical user interface.
9. A mobile station, comprising
a message input configured to receive a message text;
a text processor configured to produce a shortened message text; and
a display configured to display the shortened message text.
10. The mobile station of
11. The mobile station of
12. The mobile station of claim 8, further comprising a memory configured to store the message text and the shortened message text.
13. The mobile station of
14. The mobile station of
15. A mobile station, comprising
a message input configured to receive a shortened message text and an abbreviation indicator; and
a display configured to display the shortened message text.
16. The mobile station of
17. The mobile station of
18. A mobile station, comprising:
a receiver configured to receive a shortened message text; and
a transmitter configured to transmit a request for an expanded message text associated with the shortened message text.
19. A mobile station, comprising:
a user interface configured for message entry;
a processor configured to abbreviate a message received from the user interface; and
a transmitter configured to transmit the abbreviated message.
20. The mobile station of
21. The mobile station of
22. The mobile station of
23. The mobile station of
24. The mobile station of
25. The mobile station of
The disclosure pertains to methods and apparatus for text abbreviation.
The rapid and effective presentation and communication of information is important in many applications. For example, short messaging services (SMS) have been developed for wireless communication systems to provide message delivery to network subscribers via a wireless network whenever subscribers are in a wireless service area. Such messages are generally transmitted outside a voice channel so that the subscriber can access these messages while communicating via the voice channel. Typically, these messages are presented on a mobile station display so that they are received by the subscriber for timely response.
Message presentation on wireless mobile stations can be limited because of display capabilities or permissible message lengths. For example, SMS messages are generally limited to 160 characters. In addition, a typical mobile station display can show only a limited number of characters simultaneously, so that displayed message length is typically even less. Computer or workstation applications that use higher resolution displays also exhibit similar drawbacks although such drawbacks appear only for longer messages. In some applications, information display may not be limited by display hardware, but displayed information may be unsuitable for effective communication. For example, many business and academic presentations are based on presentation slides generated with computer presentation applications or word processors. Unfortunately, while such presentation slides can be filled with characters or graphics, presentation slides that include more than a few lines of text or a few graphics are largely ineffective as viewers are unable to process larger amounts of text or graphics in a single presentation slide.
Accordingly, methods and apparatus are needed that provide enhanced communication.
Text processors comprise an input configured to receive a text string having an initial string length. A text abbreviator is configured to produce an abbreviated text string having a string length that is less than the initial string length and an output that is configured to deliver the abbreviated text string. According to representative examples, text processors further comprise a memory configured to store an abbreviation library, wherein the abbreviated text string is produced based on the abbreviation library. In additional examples, the text processor comprises a memory configured to store a rule library, wherein the abbreviated text string is produced based on the rule library.
Word processors comprise a text input configured to receive a text string having an initial length and a text processor configured to process the text string and produce a processed text string having a processed string length that is less than the initial length. A display is configured to display the processed string. According to representative examples, the text processor includes an abbreviation library or a rule library, wherein the processed text string is produced based on the abbreviation library or the rule library. In additional representative examples, the text processor is configured to retain the text string and the abbreviated text string so that either can be displayed.
Mobile stations comprise a message input configured to receive an input message text and a text processor configured to produce a shortened message text from the input message text. A display is configured to display the shortened message text. In representative examples, the mobile stations further comprise a transceiver configured to transmit or receive the shortened message text. In other examples, the mobile stations comprise a transceiver configured to receive the input message text and deliver the input message text to the text processor. In additional representative examples, the mobile stations comprise a memory configured to store the input message text and the shortened message text. In other representative examples, the mobile stations comprise at least one function key, wherein activation of the function key is configured to display the text message or the shortened text message.
Mobile stations comprise a message input configured to receive a shortened message text and an abbreviation indicator and a display configured to display the shortened message text. In representative examples, the mobile stations further comprise a transmitter configured to transmit a request for delivery of an expanded message text associated with the shortened message text or a source text associated with the shortened message text.
Text processors comprise means for receiving a text message and means for processing the text message to produce an abbreviated text message. In representative examples, the text processors comprise means for selecting an abbreviation extent for the abbreviated text message, and means for selectively displaying the text message and/or the abbreviated text message.
Messaging methods comprise preparing a message text and abbreviating the message text. The abbreviated message text is then transmitted to a message recipient. In representative examples, the message text is abbreviated based on an abbreviation library or a rule library. In a particular example, messaging methods include providing an abbreviation library shared by a message sender and the message recipient. In other messaging methods, a message text is transmitted and abbreviated after reception.
Text processing methods comprise receiving a text string and abbreviating the text string. According to representative examples, the text string is abbreviated based on an abbreviation library or an available display area. In additional representative examples, the text string and the abbreviated text string are stored, and either is selectable for display. In further examples, the text string is abbreviated based on one or more abbreviation or rule libraries. In some examples, such libraries are user configurable or are associated with a specific vocabulary. In other representative examples, the text string is abbreviated based on an abbreviation index associated with a selected abbreviation extent.
User interfaces for computer systems having a graphical user interface, a display, and a user interface selection device comprise retrieving a menu entry associated with a text processor function. The menu entry is displayed and a menu selection signal indicative of the user interface selection device pointing at the menu entry on the display is received. A text processor function associated with the menu entry is performed. In representative examples, the text processor function is text abbreviation or selection of an abbreviation library or an abbreviation library entry.
Network elements comprise a receiver configured to receive a text message and a processor configured to abbreviate the text message. In representative examples, the processor is configured to abbreviate the text message based on one or more abbreviation parameters that are received from a network element or a mobile station. In some examples, the processor is configured to receive at least one abbreviation parameter associated with a message recipient identity or an equipment identity.
These and other features are set forth below with reference to the accompanying drawings.
With reference to
As a specific example of an abbreviation process, the message “MEET ME AT 6:00 PM AT DOWNTOWN OFFICE BUILDING” can be shortened based on abbreviations in the standard library 154 and/or one or both of the user-customized libraries 156, 158. For example, this message can be shortened to ”MEET 6P, DWNTWN OFF BLDG,” substantially reducing message length. In this particular example, words such as “AT” or “ME” can be identified in the abbreviation libraries for omission from messages. Vowels can be similarly identified for omission based on a rule stored in the rule library 160. Words such as “building” can be abbreviated based on, for example, a stored abbreviation in the standard library 154. As used herein, shortening of a text string is referred to as abbreviation. Thus, abbreviation includes shortening a text string by, for example, removal of vowels or other characters. The abbreviated message is delivered to an output 166. Details of the message processor 136 are not shown in
The controller 150 can be arranged to provide user or hardware configurable abbreviation by, for example, selection of which abbreviation libraries or rule libraries are to be used, or to specify a target abbreviation extent. For example, messages that only slightly exceed display capabilities or permitted message lengths can be only slightly abbreviated. Alternatively, messages may be extensively abbreviated between, for example, users who are accustomed to reading abbreviated messages. The extent of message abbreviation can be user selected or can be determined by the message processor based on message properties such as message length. Abbreviation extent can be conveniently selected based on a user-selectable abbreviation index.
In the example described above, a message is abbreviated before transmission by the mobile station 100 to the mobile station 130. In additional examples, full message text can be transmitted for processing after receipt. For example, the message “MEET ME AT 6:00 PM AT DOWNTOWN OFFICE BUILDING” is transmitted by the mobile station 100, and the message processor 136 in the mobile station 130 shortens the message prior to presenting the message on the display 135. The message processor 136 can be configured so that the message is processed based on, for example, properties of the display 135, the identity of the message sender, or other message characteristics such as message length. For example, the message processor 136 can receive the full message text and determine if the display 135 has space available for the full text. If so, the message can be delivered in its original form to the display 135. If adequate display space is unavailable, the message processor 136 can abbreviate the message based on the display space available. Thus, if the display 135 has considerable space available, only slight abbreviation can be applied by removing only a few characters or abbreviating words having easily recognized abbreviations, based on, for example, a user abbreviation configuration. In other examples, message abbreviation can be based on selected abbreviation or rule libraries that can be configured based on the identity of the message sender. For example, users can agree on abbreviation configurations to reduce ambiguities in abbreviated messages.
Text and message processing as described above can also be provided in other communication applications. For example, email messages can be processed prior to delivery or after receipt to reduce message length and enhance readability. So-called instant messaging applications can also include such text processing so that full message text is converted into shortened instant message text. This conversion can be performed either prior to transmission or after receipt. Abbreviation libraries can be configured based on instant message recipients or recipient groups such as “buddy lists.” For example, a particular buddy list can be associated with appropriate abbreviation libraries and rules.
Display of a representative full message and a corresponding abbreviated message is illustrated in
With reference to
The personal computer 200 can be configured to receive text strings produced using the keyboard 202 and the mouse 204 (or other pointing device or other input devices) so that the text strings are processed with word processor application software, presentation application software, graphics software, or other applications. For example, text strings can be associated with flow chart text boxes, other boxed text, display slides, display pages, printed pages, or other display areas having fixed or selectable display dimensions or resolutions. For example, a text processor can be implemented as a series of computer executable instructions configured to selectively shorten input text strings based on, for example, text box dimensions or page sizes. The computer-executable instructions can also be configured to process a presentation application file, a word processor file, other stored text, or can be configured as a software module that processes text during text entry or word processing operations. The text processor can be configured based on parameters such as, for example, a minimum font size, a maximum font size, and/or range of text fonts and font sizes. In addition, the text processor can be configured to request or authorize increases or decreases in text box sizes and to provide one or more abbreviation levels associated with an authorized abbreviation extent. The text processor can also be configured to retain unabbreviated text so that any text ambiguity due to abbreviation can be resolved by display of full text by, for example, selecting an alternative text display such as a full-text display with, for example, a function key, a pointing device such as the mouse 206, a trackball, or other user input device. Retaining unabbreviated text also permits text abbreviation to be executed based on additional or alternative user libraries or standard libraries. For example, abbreviated presentation text can be reprocessed based on a target display size, or based on familiarity of a target audience with standard abbreviations or acronyms associated with presentation subject matter.
Referring further to
Control of a text processor can be provided based on a menu or other user interface configured for selection of text processor parameters. For example, a so-called “drop-down” menu can be provided that is associated with one or more text processor functions such as abbreviation, library selection, abbreviation level selection, or toggling between full text and abbreviated text. The menu can be displayed in response to a menu entry selection signal provided by a user selection device such as a mouse, keyboard, or the device. An execution signal associated with one or more text processor functions can be provided based on a menu entry selected by a user.
Presentation text, message text, and other text generally include a series of one or more alphanumeric characters. A series of characters is generally referred to as a text string and a number of characters associated with a text string is referred to as a string length. As used herein, such text strings can include page breaks, line breaks, paragraph breaks, and other formatting information and a text processor can be configured to remove such formatting characters.
A representative text processing method 300 is illustrated in
Text processing methods can be associated with a graphical user interface such that provided with a MICROSOFT WINDOWS operating system or other operating system. Generally such graphical user interfaces display an object on a display screen and a text processing function is associated with the displayed object. For example, the displayed object can be associated with display of abbreviated text or full text, selection of abbreviation level, or selection or customization of one or more rule or abbreviation libraries. A user input based on the displayed object activates execution of such functions. In some examples, a menu of functions is displayed.
With reference to
With reference to
User personalities can be based on sender preferences, recipient preferences, hardware and/or software configuration in a mobile station or other device. For example, a user personality can be configured so that messages to selected recipients are abbreviated based on a private library. The user personality for such a personal library can provide identification of recipients to be associated with such a private user personality. The personal library can also include abbreviations for terms that common to group members, or abbreviation can be avoided for recipients for whom abbreviated messages pose difficulties. Messages to other recipients can be abbreviated based on generic abbreviation conditions, or only slightly abbreviated so that they are easily understood.
With reference to
It will be appreciated that the examples described above can be modified in arrangement and detail. For example, text processors can be associated with text origination, text reception, or at locations between text origination and text reception. For example, a wireless network can include a text processor associated with a network messaging center. Based on network settings or configuration parameters supplied by a network subscriber, text messages can be abbreviated for transmission to a recipient. Messages intended for a subscriber can also be abbreviated based on configuration parameters stored at a user mobile station such as a cellular phone, a personal digital assistant, a palm-top computer, or other mobile device that communicates over an air interface. Alternatively text processor settings can be stored at a network message center or other network location. Text processors can be provided as computer-executable instructions for use with liquid crystal or other computer-based projection systems, laptop computers, handheld computers, or other devices. In addition, text processors can be configured to process web pages, word processor documents, spreadsheets, or be associated with applications such as terminal emulators and email applications that use text.
In other examples, message sources and message receivers can be associated with wireless communication devices such as mobile stations, wireless personal digital assistants, personal computers and laptop computers that communicate via a wireless network, other computers that communicate via a wired network, or other devices. For example, a message source can be a personal computer that is configured to transmit a message that is intended for a recipient via an air interface. Alternatively, a mobile station can be configured to produce a text message that is directed to a personal computer. Text processing can be provided at the personal computer, a network element of a wired or wireless portion of a network, a server, at a mobile station, or other location. In some examples, text processing can be provided at several locations. Abbreviation parameters can be stored locally or in a wired or wireless network, or entered manually. Processing identifiers can be communicated as one or more identification bits or identification words that are associated with processing extent and/or processing libraries, processing classes, or processing rules that are to be applied or that have been applied. In view of these representative examples, I claim all that is encompassed by the appended claims.