US 20050278647 A1
In a cursor-based computing environment having a display, a user definable interface (UDI) is displayed upon activation by a user. The UDI has a plurality of levels each having a plurality of buttons and is displayed in a selectable position about a pointer position in a display area to reduce pointer commute. The user selects a visual appearance and shape of the UDI, and the number of buttons. The user assigns a command to each of the plurality of buttons at each of the plurality of levels by dragging and dropping from one or more applications of the apparatus.
1. A system, comprising:
a display that displays a user definable interface (UDI), the UDI having a plurality of levels each having a plurality of command regions, wherein the visual appearance of the UDI remains substantially the same for each of the plurality of levels, wherein only one of the levels appears at a given time;
a selecting device that selects a visual appearance of the UDI including a shape and number of the command regions; and
an assigning device that assigns a command to each of the plurality of command regions for each respective one of the plurality of levels from one or more applications associated with the system.
2. The system of
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11. The system of
an interaction device that is one of one or more buttons, one or more rotary dials, a touch screen, a voice input system, or combinations thereof, the interaction device being used to choose one of the command regions at each of the levels.
12. The system of
an application window is displayed as part of the UDI upon a user choosing one of the command regions that was assigned to the application;
the application window allows the user to interact with the application; and
the command regions are accessible to the user after the application window is displayed.
13. A method, comprising:
(a) managing a visual appearance of a UDI, which includes a shape and number of command regions, the visual appearance remaining substantially the same at each of a plurality of levels, wherein only one of the levels appears at a given time;
(b) assigning application functions to each of the command regions; and
(c) managing the UDI in response to interactions with the command regions.
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(d) interacting with one of one or more buttons, one or more rotary dials, a touch screen, a voice input system or combinations thereof, the interacting step being used to choose one of the command regions at each of the levels.
24. A user definable interface (UDI), comprising:
a display device that displays a user-selectable geometric arrangement of command regions that remains substantially the same at each of a plurality of levels, wherein only one of the plurality of levels appears at a given time; and
an associating device that allows one or more functions to be associated by a user or pre-assigned to each command region, so as to define the plurality of levels of the command regions.
This application is a continuation of U.S. Ser. No. 09/986,765, filed Nov. 9, 2001 (now allowed), which application claims priority under 35 U.S.C. § 119(e) to U.S. Provisional Patent Application No. 60/247,643, filed Nov. 9, 2000, and 60/325,179, filed Sep. 28, 2001, which are all incorporated herein by reference in their entireties.
A portion of the disclosure of this patent document contains material which is subject to copyright protection. The copyright owner has no objection to the facsimile reproduction by anyone of the patent document or the patent disclosure, as it appears in the Patent and Trademark Office patent files or records, but otherwise reserves all copyright rights whatsoever.
Zenu is a trademark of Change Tools Inc. Unix is a registered trademark of The Open Group. Microsoft, Microsoft Windows, Window NT and/or other Microsoft products referenced herein are either trademarks or registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation. Various terms and icons in the figures may be trademarks or registered trademarks of other companies.
1. Field of the Invention
The present invention relates generally to the field of user interfaces within a data processing system and more particularly, to a user definable interface overlay capable of manipulating multiple functions and windows in a graphical display.
2. Background Art
The manipulation of data in a data processing system is well known in the art and the large amounts of data that are available to the user of a modern state-of-the-art data processing system often become overwhelming in magnitude and complexity. Similarly, many consumer devices have interfaces requiring human interaction to control the device or a peripheral connected thereto. As a result of this increasing complexity, simplified interface methods and systems are needed between the user and the data processing system or device.
One example of a simplified system and method is the utilization of a graphic user interface (“GUI”). A GUI is an interface system by which a user interacts with system components, and/or system applications via a visible display having, for example, windows or view ports, icons, menus, pointing devices, etc. One of the many advantages of GUIs in the computer field is their ability to represent computer application programs, documents and data as graphical display elements or icons as opposed to text-based elements.
Menu driven software programs are a specific example of a GUI. Such software programs enable a user to chose from a list of items that can be accessed directly by pulling down different menus from the menu bar, rather than requiring the user to remember the name and syntax of a command. GUIs were developed so that novice users could more easily make a selection among available commands and, thus, operate computers. In the computer field, these menu driven software programs eventually lead to the development of a windowing environment in which the user may have multiple programs and files operable at one time with a selection among multiple commands. Each command appears in a window of the program data file being worked on. To effect selection within applications and switching between windows, a hand operated pointing device becomes a critical component of a computer system running windows based software applications. One example pointing device is a mouse.
Applications running in a windowed environment typically have a main menu bar with more specific commands being displayed in “pull down” menus stemming from specific portions of the main menu bar command headings. When the user wants to execute a command, the user must move the pointing device so that a cursor on the display points to the command on the desired menu heading. The command heading activates a pull down menu that displays a plurality of commands available for execution. In some instances, computer systems create hierarchies of menus (also referred to as “nesting”) leading to submenus to avoid excessively large menus or inappropriate menu chains. A command from the pull down menu may then be selected for execution. In accordance with conventional methods, only one command is executed at any given time since the pull down menu is typically limited to a single column of possible choices or objects. Movement amongst the menu bar and the pull down menus requires a great deal of movement of the pointing device (and thereby the cursor) to manipulate multiple windows or applications and their related commands. This movement is called “cursor commute.” This results in a time-consuming, less efficient and confusing user interface. Therefore, it is difficult for the young, the elderly, handicapped, or any novice user to traverse and coordinate the position of the pointing device and, thus, the cursor with which the execution is made.
One attempt to avoid a long horizontal list of menu options has resulted in “pop-up menus.” These menus have the advantage of bringing the menu to the cursor, rather than having to move the cursor to the menu. When a trigger event occurs, for example depressing the right button (known in the art as “right clicking”) on the pointing device (e.g., a mouse), a window is displayed next to the cursor position and the menu items to be related are listed. When the user chooses a menu item, the menu is removed and the action corresponding to the item is initiated. Pop-up menus, however, are limited to the number of commands they can contain and they often cover up part of the work area.
Pie menus enhance pop-up menus by allowing directional selection to choose menu items. A pie menu is similar to a pop-up menu, but the pie shaped menu items surround the cursor position in a circle. In their two-dimensional form, pie menus may be round menus. The menu items are positioned around a small inactive region in the center of the circle like slices of a pie, rather than in rows or colurns as in conventional linear menus. In operation, the cursor is initially located in the center of the pie in a small inactive region. The active regions representing the menu items are therefore adjacent the cursor, but each in a different direction, and menu items are selected by clicking the mouse and then pointing in the direction of the menu item.
What is needed is an interface to provide users with a definable interface that minimizes cursor commute and does not clutter the work area.
The present invention relates to a user definable interface that minimizes cursor commute.
The present invention is to be implemented in a cursor-based computing environment having a display. According to the present invention a user definable interface (UDI) is displayed upon activation by a user, wherein the UDI has a plurality of buttons and is displayed in a relative position about a cursor position to reduce cursor commute. The present invention permits the user to select a visual appearance and shape of the UDI, and the number of buttons. The present invention also permits the user to assign a command to each of the plurality of buttons by dragging and dropping from one or more applications of the apparatus.
The present invention further permits the user to form a first group of buttons and at least a second group of buttons. The user is permitted to assign a first icon representing a first specific one of the one or more applications to a first given button of the first group and assign commands, associated with the first specific one of the one or more applications to the second group of buttons. The present invention further permits the user to assign a second icon representing a second specific one of the one or more applications to a second given button of the first group and assign commands, associated with the second specific one of the one or more applications to the second group of buttons. The appearance of, and commands associated with, the second group of buttons change based on which button of the first group of buttons is selected.
The present invention further permits the user to activate the UDI by the user comprises at least one of clicking a hotkey, clicking a mouse button, or turning on the apparatus.
In a data processing system having a user defined interface (UDI), an alternative a method of the present invention comprises the steps of managing the UDI in response to user commands, providing at least one template that defines position for a plurality of command regions corresponding to the UDI, and providing a theme that defines attributes and commands for the for a plurality of command regions.
The present invention is also characterized as an apparatus comprising a user defined interface (UDI) having a plurality of command regions, a command processor that manages an interactive skin (IS) and a customizer. The IS includes a template that defines position information for the plurality of command regions corresponding to the UDI and at least one of default attributes and default commands for the plurality of command regions, and a theme that defines attributes if the template only defines default commands for the plurality of command regions, or commands if the template only defines default attributes for the plurality of command regions. The customizer permits user replacing or user extending of the default attributes or the default commands of one or more of the plurality of command regions. Typically the user is an end user of the apparatus, but the invention is not so limited.
The customizer permits a user to: hide the UDI; hide a portion of the UDI; have the UDI display upon launch; launch the UDI from a system tray; and scale the size of the UDI. Moreover, the can be UDI is displayed in a relative position about a cursor position. The customizer permits a user to define that relative position.
Another aspect of the present invention is directed to a user definable interface that enables each user to control interaction with any given software package or operating system through a customized set of interactive nestable commands and functions based upon user preference with the convenience of edit functionality.
Another aspect of the present invention relates to a user definable interface that allows selection of multiple actions with a single user interaction.
It is also another aspect of the present invention to provide a user definable interface that is invisible until prompted by the user and can be set to disappear again after a user selection.
It is another aspect the present invention is directed to a user definable interface that is executable during work on an active file.
Another aspect of the present invention relates to a device, method and computer program product that provide an efficient on-screen work environment tailored to the user's needs.
It is yet another aspect of the present invention to provide a translucent executable user definable interface on a display screen that enables a user to observe the work space depicted beneath the user definable interface through a centrally positioned window in the user definable interface.
It is another aspect of the present invention to permit selection of commands or functions by “clicking” an icon from a plurality of icons that enclose or partially enclose a central window. Clicking on a button causes one or more additional interface buttons to appear, launches an application, opens a file, or opens a container.
Another aspect of the present invention is directed to an Internet browser and application launching tool.
The user definable interface of the present invention provides a number of advantages over other interface overlays known in the art. For example, it allows users to customize commands according to the user's preference. In addition, it eliminates screen clutter by being invisible until activated and disappearing once a selection is made. Further, the present invention provides the user with the ability to view the work area on a display screen while the user definable interface is activated.
These and additional features and advantages of the invention will be set forth in the detailed description that follows, and in part will be readily available to those skilled in the art from that description or recognized by practicing the invention as described herein.
It is to be understood that both the foregoing general description and the following detailed description are merely exemplary of the invention and are intended to provide an overview of framework for understanding the nature and character of the invention as it is claimed.
The features and advantages of the present invention will become more apparent from the detailed description set forth below when taken in conjunction with the drawings/figures in which like reference numbers indicate identical or functionally similar elements. Additionally, the left-most digit of a reference number identifies the drawing in which the reference number first appears.
FIGS. 8A-F illustrate six exemplary Zenu™ UDIs, in accordance with the present invention.
The preferred embodiment of the present invention will now be discussed in detail. While specific features, configurations and arrangements are discussed, it should be understood that this is done for illustration purposes only. A person skilled in the relevant art will recognize that other steps, configurations and arrangements may be used without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention. Indeed, for the sake of brevity, conventional electronics, software and/or computer architecture, and other functional aspects of the method/apparatus (and components of the individual operating components of the apparatus) may not be described in detail herein. Furthermore, for purposes of brevity, the invention is frequently described herein as pertaining to data processing devices, such as personal computer or laptop computers, or set-top boxes in a television computing environment. It should be appreciated, however, that many other devices having a user viewable display for interaction therewith, and/or control thereof could be readily modified to included the present invention, and thus the techniques described herein could be used in connection with other such devices. Moreover, it should be understood that the spatial descriptions (e.g., “next to”, “above”, “below”, “up”, “down”, etc.) made herein are for purposes of illustration only.
The term “button” is used herein according to its customary meaning to refer to a graphical representation of an electrical push-button appearing as part of a graphical user interface, as would be apparent to a person skilled in the relevant art. Moving the pointer device over the graphical “button” and pressing (or “clicking”) one of the physical buttons of the pointing device, for example, starts some software action such as closing a window or deleting a file.
The term “command” is used herein to refer to a software action taken when a button is activated. A command can launch an application, open a file, or perform some predefined function or set of functions.
The term “cursor” is used herein according to its customary meaning to refer to a movable symbol on a display device that shows where the user is working, whether typing in text, drawing lines, or moving something around. The cursor can be moved with the arrow keys or a pointing device. It usually appears in text programs as a blinking dash or rectangle, or an arrow. In graphics programs the cursor is often called a pointer, and can take many different shapes such as a brush, pencil, or hand, as would be apparent to a person skilled in the relevant art.
The term “display device” is used herein according to its customary meaning to refer to a device capable of displaying an image, such as a cathode ray tube (CRT) monitor, liquid crystal display (LCD), plasma display, or like device used to display text, graphics, images, etc., to a user, as would be apparent to a person skilled in the relevant art.
The term “pointing device” is used herein according to its customary meaning to refer to a mouse, track ball, touch pad, joy stick, voice activated control system, or the like device used to position a cursor on a display device, as would be apparent to a person skilled in the relevant art.
The terms “user definable interface” and “Zenu™ UDI” are used interchangeably herein to refer to the present invention as described below.
The term “window” or “windows” are used herein according to their customary meaning to refer to portions of the display device that are divided into areas, which function as a separate input/output device under the control of different application programs, as would be apparent to a person skilled in the relevant art. This gives the user the ability to see the output of several processes at once and to choose which one will receive input by selecting its window usually with a pointing device. WINO refers to Windows, Icons, Menus and Pointers (or maybe windows, icons, mouse, pull-down menus). The style of graphical user interface invented at Xerox PARC, later popularized by the Apple Macintosh and now available in other varieties such as the X Window System, OSF/Motif, NeWS RISC OS, and Microsoft® Windows, as would be apparent to a person skilled in the relevant art.
In this embodiment, ZenU™ 200 can have multiple groups of buttons. The multiple groups of buttons can have different functionality. For example, as illustrated in
An example of the association between the first class of functionality of the first group of buttons and the second class of functionality of the second group of buttons is illustrated at
Similarly, as shown in
Zenu™ 200 can comprise additional groups of buttons as illustrated generally at 230. The commands associated with button groups 230 can comprise common cursor control operations as illustrated by the arrows at upper and lower groups 230, or the like.
Thus, according to the present invention, use of the Zenu™ 310 in this example simplifies the user's interaction with the Microsoft® Internet Explorer application by providing common Microsoft® Internet Explorer commands on the Zenu™ 310 for easy access by the user. Also, as will be described in detail below, the user can define the commands associated with the first group of buttons. For example, the web page displayed in
A. Title Operation
1. What Can the Zenu™ UDI Do?
According to the present invention the Zenu™ UDI also functions as a controller. For example, after opening of the file 406, the appearance and command functionality of the buttons on ring 402 of Zenu™ 400 change, as illustrated in
The Zenu™ UDI can have default commands associated with the various software applications, such as Microsoft® Word, or any other software application or control system capable of being controlled by a display device. Alternatively, the Zenu™ UDI can be modified by the user to launch various software applications. As would become apparent to a person skilled in the relevant art, the control of software applications, control systems or other apparatus coupled to a display device are only examples of the type of control functionality that can be performed by a Zenu™ UDI. The present invention should not be limited to such examples.
Such alternative control capability of a Zenu™ UDI is illustrated in
A major advantage of such Zenu™ UDI integration is commonality. Once users become accustomed to the Zenu™ UDI's appearance, operation and definability, their efficiency in using new devices incorporating a Zenu™ UDI will dramatically improve. Many consumers complain that “I can't even program the clock on my VCR, yet alone my . . . .” This unwillingness and frustration of the general public to program consumer electronic devices, controllers, appliances, and the like can be redressed by integration of the Zenu™ UDI into a wide variety of devices. Thus, in other applications, the ZenU™ UDI can be integrated with hand-held controllers, such a remote controls for televisions, video equipment, home entertainment systems, cameras, household, including wireless telephones, copiers, as wells as commercial appliances and tools, and the like, as would become apparent to a person skilled in the relevant art.
A further use of the Zenu™ UDI is as a container.
Alternative types of Zenu™ UDI containers include, but are not limited to tickers, video clip viewing, image viewing, quick file viewing, or the like, as would become apparent to a person skilled in the relevant art.
2. What Can the Zenu™ UDI Look Like?
The user definable characteristics of a Zenu™ UDI are extensive. A main definable characteristic of a Zenu™ UDI is its shape. FIGS. 8A-F are illustrate six exemplary Zenu™ UDIs. These examples are presented by way of example and not limitation.
Two more stylized Zenu™ UDIs are shown in
1. Defining Zenu™ UDI Look
Another aspect of the present invention is the ability of users to readily modify the appearance of the Zenu™ UDI. According to this aspect of the present invention, the user's ability to define the appearance of the Zenu™ UDI is hereafter referred to as providing an “interactive skin” for the Zenu™ UDI.
The user's ability to define the appearance of the Zenu™ UDI using the interactive skin control panel 902 to select an interactive skin is not limited to selecting the shape and arrangement of buttons, as described above in connection with FIGS. 8A-F. Various Zenu™ interactive skin attributes can be modified, including, but not limited to color, shading, texture mapping, animation, scaling, and various other computer graphic affects, as would be apparent to a person skilled in relevant art.
The interactive skin control panel 902 illustrated in
2. Defining Zenu™ UDI Functionality
In addition to permitting the user to define an interactive skin for a Zenu™ UDI, according to another embodiment of the present invention, users can also define the functionality of the Zenu™ UDI.
Various software application commands can be assigned using the “plugins” 1004 and 1006. The currently available applications are listed in window 1004 and their associated commands are listed in window 1006. “Glossary Commands” are available to the user in a window 1008. New glossary commands can be added via a button 1010, and/or edited via a button 1012. Button resets are available via button 1014. Selection of an available theme, as described in detail below, can be applied via a pull-down menu 1016. Alternatively, a program to be started upon clicking the button being defined can be selected by a “Browse” button 1018. The new command string for the button being defined is displayed in a window 1020. Conventional control panel buttons “OK”, “Cancel” and “Apply to Button” (1022, 1024 and 1026, respectively) are also provided.
In this figure, the Zenu™ functionality control panel 1002 illustrates the functionality of an exemplary button 1003 (as shown at the top of the Zenu™ functionality control panel 1002). Button 1003 is “Square,” and its current command is associated with the Internet Explorer “Refresh” action. Button 1003's command string is listed in window 1020. The Refresh icon (two opposing arrows) is shown on the Zenu™ 1000.
A “ToolTip per Theme” option permits the user to assign, via a pull-down menu, text that is to be displayed when the cursor floats over a button. The ToolTip text explains the command to be performed, such as “My Computer” when the cursor passes over button 206, as shown in
3. Disabilities Act Compliance
In 1998, Congress amended the Rehabilitation Act to require Federal agencies to make their electronic and information technology accessible to people with disabilities. Inaccessible technology interferes with an individual's ability to obtain and use information quickly and easily. Section 508 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, as amended (29 U.S.C. 794d), was enacted to eliminate barriers in information technology, to make available new opportunities for people with disabilities, and to encourage development of technologies that will help achieve these goals. The law applies to all Federal agencies when they develop, procure, maintain, or use electronic and information technology. Under Section 508, agencies must give disabled employees and members of the public access to information that is comparable to the access available to others.
According to another embodiment, the Zenu™ UDI of the present invention can be adopted for the following, non-exhaustive list of Technical Standards of Subpart B, Section 508: 1194.21 Software applications and operating systems; 1194.22 Web-based intranet and internet information and applications; 1194.23 Telecommunications products; 1194.24 Video and multimedia products; 1194.25 Self contained, closed products; and 1194.26 Desktop and portable computers. Those skilled in the art will readily envision other similar applications for the Zenu™ UDI of the present invention.
III. Exemplary Architecture
A. Interactive Skin
This section describes an exemplary architecture for implementing a Zenu™ UDI having a plurality of command regions. Command regions correspond to the various Zenu™ buttons described above, for example. According to an embodiment of the present invention,
B. Exemplary Architecture Syntax
This section describes the various syntactical expressions used to create the UDI interface and the functionality applied to certain click areas, whether they appear as buttons or just a portion of an image. These settings are stored in a Template file (.tpl), and a Theme file (.thm) located in the subdirectories “Template” and “Theme” respectively, for example. Settings can also be stored in a text initialization file (.ini).
Order of precedence dictates which settings are used. Settings that originate in the Template file can be replaced by settings in a Theme file, and the resulting settings can further be replaced by user/application-defined settings in the initialization (i.e., customization) file.
For the purpose of this document, action areas will be called “buttons” although they can appear as any bitmap that is specified in the resource file, thereby making it possible for a button to take most any shape or look that is possible using combinations of background bitmaps, and button bitmaps.
The currently available settings for UDI buttons or action/click areas are defined as follows in Table1:
2. Settings Syntax
Acceptable Values are listed below in Table 2:
The follow is an examples string using proper syntax:
Where: BtnType indicates the button has 3 states—normal, pressed, and flyover. Bitmap specifies that there is a bitmap in the resource file with the name of “TWO” that is to be applied to this button. “Transparent=False;” states that there is no transparency color in the bitmap. The “Template=zenu; Theme=MyComputer;” indicates that when the button is clicked, the main window named “Zenu™” will change its theme to the “MyComputer” theme.
3. Button Command Syntax
Each command entered for a button to process upon clicking, must be separated with a semi-colon, for instance:
The “CMD:” shown above is a keyword specifying that this command is not from a plugin. If the use wishes to process a plugin command, the “PLUGIN:” keyword would have to precede the command itself, for instance:
If the user wants to process commands from both plugins and non-plugin commands, the keyword “CMD:” or “PLUGIN:” must precede the command in the text. In addition to the “CMD:”, the user can also specify a double-click action by using the keyword “CMDDBL:”.
Another example is as follows:
In response to the text of this second example, the program will open (if not open already) the web browser, and navigate to http://www.cuspis.com, next it will open the calculator program (if the path to the file is correct), and if MS word is open, will process the plugin command word.bold.
4. Theme Specific Commands
A user can specify commands that are only activated while using a specific theme. For instance, if the user wanted a button to open the calculator program when using a theme called “Math”, but wanted this button to open http://www.amazon.com any other time, the user could write the following command:
In the above sample command, if the theme called “Math” was the current theme, the calculator program will open, otherwise for all other themes, this button will open the browser to amazon.com.
The following is yet another sample command:
By using of a theme called “Retro”, and the user then click the button with the command above, the Zenu™ UDI will not use either command.
Instead, the Zenu™ UDI will look for the default command for the button in the template resource file.
5. Click and Drag
Users can click and drag shortcuts from the Windows desktop or Windows Explorer to a Zenu™ button of the present invention. This will cause the button to have the same action as the shortcut. If a file that is not a shortcut is dragged from Windows Explorer to a Zenu™ button, the Zenu™ UDI will make the button a shortcut pointing to the file that was dragged. For instance, if the user drags a Microsoftit Word or notepad document onto a Zenu™ button, clicking that Zenu™ button will now open the document that was dragged onto the button. This overrides the default action of the button defined in the template or theme file as well as user-defined commands.
6. Hot Key
A “Hot Key” can be assigned by the user to show/hide the Zenu™ UDI. For example, a specific, default set of key strokes, say Alt+F10, can be used. The user can readily change the default Hot Key, by right clicking anywhere on the UDI, and accessing “customize” and then the “Hot Key” feature. Next, all the user needs to do is press the desired key combination for the Hit Key, and it will be recorded in the text box of the Hot Key window. When the user is finished selecting the desired Hot Key, the user simply clicks “OK”. This will change the Hot Key, and store it so that the next time Zenu™ UDI is executed, it will use the same Hot Key combination to show/hide.
D. Sizing of the Zenu™ UDI
The Zenu™ customizer of the present invention also permits the user to change the size of the Zenu™ UDI (i.e., the space occupied on the screen by the Zenu™ UDI). Sizing can be an integral component of the tool, permitting the user to scale (stretch or shrink) the Zenu™ UDI to match the desired size. Sizing could be arbitrary, as in permitting the user click on an edge or “handle” and changed the size of the Zenu™ UDI. In a preferred embodiment, however, the user would be presented with a finite number of size option, say three sizes: smaller, normal, and larger. This allows exact scaling of the Zenu™ UDI to eliminate distortion and to maintain its aspect ratio. In another embodiment, up to ten different sizes are available including “full screen”, which becomes an attractive option when the Zenu™ UDI acts as the container for chat, video, browsing, mail, and the like.
The template and the theme can be designed to include knowledge of the multiple sizes available. Alternatively, all that is required is the “Normal” set of templates and theme components. As the user selects to change the size, the template/theme combination is scanned for prior-knowledge of possible sizes. The customizer can presents user with the additional choice(s). Once a new size is chosen, imagery designed specifically for the different size is used. In the event that an image is not provided or available at the different size, the normal image is scaled to match the destination, as would become apparent to a person skilled in the art of developing window-based applications. Sizing of the Zenu™ UDI provides greater flexibility when implemented with the templates and themes. The system that allows the designers to choose whether they desired to re-use a simple graphic at multiple resolutions, or to duplicate an image for different resolutions increasing or decreasing the amount of detail included in the image. This is similar to conventional icon on the desktop; an icon (.ico) can contain up to four different images, two each in black and white and color at 16×16 and 32×32 pixels.
E. Exemplary Architecture Operation
At a step 1620, the button configuration that was loaded from the .ini file is merged with the existing string, thereby overriding values with values that originated in the .ini file. In other words, the settings that are in the .ini file are used to replace the existing settings in the configuration string. At steps 1622 through 1662, the available settings for UDI buttons (buttons are sometimes referred to as action, or click areas) that are defined in Table 1 are applied to the button. Thus, at step 1622 the “setting” is applied to the button to thereby associate Microsoft® Window Quicklaunch or Favorites with the Zenu™ UDI for easy access by the user.
At a step 1624 a transparent setting can be applied to the button. Transparency allows buttons, and the like, to be visible while at the same time allowing the underlying image to be partially visible. Various known transparency techniques can be employed, as would become apparent to a person skilled in the computer graphics art. At step 1622 a resource bitmap is located, if so specified in the configuration string for the button in the theme file. If a bitmap is located, as determined at step 1628, then the button bitmap is set to the located bitmap, at a step 1630. Otherwise, the application resource is set to the UDI windows template file and the associated bitmap resource is searched for, as shown at step 1632. If a template file bitmap resource is located, as determined at a step 1634, flow proceeds to 1630. Otherwise, the button is deleted as shown at a step 1636. If the button is deleted, further buttons can be processed, as determined at a step 1638. If so, a pointer to the next button is located, at a step 1640, and flow proceeds to step 1606.
After a bitmap is determined at either of step 1628 or step 1634, it is applied at step 1630. Next, a theme specific tool tip is set at a step 1644. Then, at step 1646, a “tweak” amount is set for button positioning. At a step 1548 an “auto repeat” feature is applied to the button if so desired. At step 1650, a “check button” setting is applied to the button if so desired.
Next, at a step 1652, it is determined whether a theme specific icon is specified for the button. If so, the theme specific icon is applied to the button, at step 1654. Otherwise, flow proceeds to a step 1656 to determine whether there is a bitmap to use as an icon. If so, the icon bitmap is applied to the button at a step 1658. Otherwise, flow proceeds to a step 1660.
At step 1660 it is determined whether the “A” setting indicates that the button is to accept Quicklaunch or Favorites features. If YES, the appropriate attributes are applied to the button at a step 1662. If not, flow proceeds to step 1638 so as to process any further buttons. Once all buttons are processed, flow continues back to step 1314 as shown at a step 1642.
These collections of styles that can be applied to a button (attributes, properties, or the like, e.g., a bitmap, a font, tool tip, flyover characteristic) have a particular precedence. Such characteristics are defined in the configuration file. If no such characteristics are found in the configuration file, the theme is searched. If such a characteristic is found in the theme it is applied. If no such characteristic is found in the theme, or it wasn't in the configuration file, the template is searched. If no such characteristic is located in the template, any predetermined default is applied. Thus, softer defaults as well as overrides at the template level, theme level, and user configuration level are available according to this embodiment of the present invention. The flow of
Turning again to the “waiting for an event” step 1314, two events can occur: a “button click”, which is described in connection with
IV. Example Computer System and Computer Program Product Implementations
The Zenu™ UDI of the present invention can be implemented using hardware, software or a combination thereof and may be implemented in one or more computer systems or other processing systems. In fact, in one embodiment, the invention is directed toward one or more computer systems capable of carrying out the functionality described herein. An example of a computer system 2000 is shown in
Computer system 2000 can include a display interface 2002 that forwards graphics, text, and other data from the communication infrastructure 2006 (or from a frame buffer not shown) for display on the display device 2030.
Computer system 2000 also includes a main memory 2008, preferably random access memory (RAM), and can also include a secondary memory 2010. The secondary memory 2010 can include, for example, a hard disk drive 2012 and/or a removable storage drive 2014, representing a floppy disk drive, a magnetic tape drive, an optical disk drive, or the like. The removable storage drive 2014 reads from and/or writes to a removable storage unit 2018 in a well known manner. Removable storage unit 2018, represents a floppy disk, magnetic tape, optical disk, of the like, which is read by and written to by removable storage drive 2014. As will be appreciated, the removable storage unit 2018 includes a computer usable storage medium having stored therein computer software and/or data.
In alternative embodiments, secondary memory 2010 can include other similar means for allowing computer programs or other instructions to be loaded into computer system 2000. Such means can include, for example, a removable storage unit 2022 and an interface 2020. Examples of such can include a program cartridge and cartridge interface (such as that found in video game devices), a removable memory chip (such as an EPROM, or PROM) and associated socket, and other removable storage units 2022 and interfaces 2020 which allow software and data to be transferred from the removable storage unit 2022 to computer system 2000.
Computer system 2000 can also include a communications interface 2024. Communications interface 2024 allows software and data to be transferred between computer system 2000 and external devices. Examples of communications interface 2024 can include a modem, a network interface (such as an Ethernet card), a communications port, a PCMCIA slot and card, infrared, radio frequency (RF), or the like. Software and data transferred via communications interface 2024 are in the form of signals 2028 which can be electronic, electromagnetic, optical or other signals capable of being received by communications interface 2024. These signals 2028 are provided to communications interface 2024 via a communications path (i.e., channel) 2026. This channel 2026 carries signals 2028 and can be implemented using wire or cable, fiber optics, a phone line, a cellular phone link, an RF link and other communications channels.
In this document, the terms “computer program medium” and “computer usable medium” are used to generally refer to media such as removable storage drive 2014, a hard disk installed in hard disk drive 2012, and signals 2028. These computer program products are means for providing software to computer system 2000. The invention is directed to such computer program products.
Computer programs (also called computer control logic) are stored in main memory 2008 and/or secondary memory 2010. Computer programs can also be received via communications interface 2024. Such computer programs, when executed, enable the computer system 2000 to perform the features of the present invention as discussed herein. In particular, the computer programs, when executed, enable the processor 2004 to perform the features of the present invention. Accordingly, such computer programs represent controllers or modules of the computer system 2000.
In an embodiment where the invention is implemented using software, the software can be stored in a computer program product and loaded into computer system 2000 using removable storage drive 2014, hard drive 2012 or communications interface 2024. The control logic or modules (software), when executed by the processor 2004, causes the processor 2004 to perform the functions of the invention as described herein.
In another embodiment, the invention is implemented primarily in hardware using, for example, hardware components such as application specific integrated circuits (ASICs). Implementation of the hardware state machine so as to perform the functions described herein will be apparent to persons skilled in the relevant art(s).
In yet another embodiment, the invention is implemented using a combination of both hardware and software.
While various embodiments of the present invention have been described above, it should be understood that they have been presented by way of example, and not limitation. It will be apparent to persons skilled in the relevant art that various changes in form and detail can be made therein without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention. This is especially true in light of technology and terms within the relevant art(s) that may be later developed.
The present invention has been described above with the aid of functional building blocks or modules (see