|Publication number||US20060004778 A1|
|Application number||US 11/210,618|
|Publication date||Jan 5, 2006|
|Filing date||Aug 23, 2005|
|Priority date||Jul 7, 2000|
|Also published as||US7346920, US20020088011, WO2002005104A1, WO2002005104A8, WO2002005104A9|
|Publication number||11210618, 210618, US 2006/0004778 A1, US 2006/004778 A1, US 20060004778 A1, US 20060004778A1, US 2006004778 A1, US 2006004778A1, US-A1-20060004778, US-A1-2006004778, US2006/0004778A1, US2006/004778A1, US20060004778 A1, US20060004778A1, US2006004778 A1, US2006004778A1|
|Inventors||Allan Lamkin, Todd Collart|
|Original Assignee||Interactual Technologies, Inc.|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (99), Referenced by (22), Classifications (26), Legal Events (1)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
This application is a divisional application of U.S. patent application Ser. No. 09/898,479 for “SYSTEM, METHOD AND ARTICLE OF MANUFACTURE FOR A. COMMON CROSS PLATFORM FRAMEWORK FOR DEVELOPMENT OF DVD-VIDEO CONTENT INTEGRATED WITH ROM CONTENT” filed Jul. 2, 2001, which is a non-provisional claiming priority under 35 U.S.C. 119(e) to U.S. Provisional Patent Application Ser. No. 60/216,822 for “SYSTEM, METHOD AND ARTICLE OF MANUFACTURE FOR A COMMON CROSS PLATFORM FRAMEWORK FOR DEVELOPMENT OF DVD-VIDEO CONTENT INTEGRATED WITH ROM CONTENT” filed Jul. 7, 2000, all of which are incorporated herein by reference as if set for in their entirety.
The present invention relates to enhancement of multimedia content and more particularly to a system, method and apparatus for enhancing multimedia content with supplemental content.
Multimedia computer systems have become increasingly popular over the last several years due to their versatility and their interactive presentation style. A multimedia computer system can be defined as a computer system having a combination of video and audio outputs for presentation of audio-visual displays. A modern multimedia computer system typically includes one or more storage devices such as an optical drive, a CD-ROM, DVD (DVD-Video or DVD Audio etc), Laser Disc, Video Disc or Audio Disc, or a hard drive. Audio and video data are typically stored on one or more of these mass storage devices. In some file formats the audio and video are interleaved together in a single file, while in other formats the audio and video data are stored in different files, many times on different storage media. Audio and video data for a multimedia display may also be stored in separate computer systems that are networked together. In this instance, the computer system presenting the multimedia display would receive a portion of the necessary data from the other computer system via the network-cabling.
Multimedia computer systems have become increasingly popular over the last several years due to their versatility and their interactive presentation style. A multimedia computer system can be defined as a computer system having a combination of video and audio outputs for presentation of audio-visual displays. A modern multimedia computer system typically includes one or more storage devices such as an optical drive, a CD-ROM, a hard drive, a videodisc, or an audio disc, and audio and video data are typically stored on one or more of these mass storage devices. In some file formats the audio and video are interleaved together in a single file, while in other formats the audio and video data are stored in different files, many times on different storage media. Audio and video data for a multimedia display may also be stored in separate computer systems that are networked together. In this instance, the computer system presenting the multimedia display would receive a portion of the necessary data from the other computer system via the network cabling.
Graphic images used in Windows multimedia applications can be created in either of two ways, these being bit-mapped images and vector-based images. Bit-mapped images comprise a plurality of picture elements (pixels) and are created by assigning a color to each pixel inside the image boundary. Most bit-mapped color images require one byte per pixel for storage, so large bit-mapped images create correspondingly large files. For example, a full-screen, 256-color image in 640-by-480-pixel VGA mode requires 307,200 bytes of storage, if the data is not compressed. Vector-based images are created by defining the end points (corners), thickness, color, pattern and curvature of lines and solid objects within an image. Thus, a vector-based image includes a definition that consists of a numerical representation of the coordinates of the object, referenced to a corner of the image.
Bit-mapped images are the most prevalent type of image storage format, and the most common bit-mapped-image file formats are as follows. A file format referred to as BMP is used for Windows bit-map files in 1-, 2-, 4-, 8-, and 24-bit color depths. BMP files contain a bit-map header that defines the size of the image, the number of color planes, the type of compression used (if any), and the palette used. The Windows DIB (device-independent bit-map) format is a variant of the BMP format that includes a color table defining the RGB (red green blue) values of the colors used. Other types of bit-map formats include the TIF (tagged image format file), the PCX (Zsoft Personal Computer Paintbrush Bitmap) file format, the GIF (graphics interchange file) format, and the TGA (Texas Instruments Graphic Architecture) file format.
The standard Windows format for bit-mapped images is a 256-color device-independent bit map (DIB) with a BMP (the Windows bit-mapped file format) or sometimes a DIB extension. The standard Windows format for vector-based images is referred to as WMF (Windows meta file).
Full-motion video implies that video images shown on the computer's screen simulate those of a television set with identical (30 frames-per-second) frame rates, and that these images are accompanied by high-quality stereo sound. A large amount of storage is required for high-resolution color images, not to mention a full-motion video sequence. For example, a single frame of NTSC video at 640-by-400-pixel resolution with 16-bit color requires 512K of data per frame. At 30 flames per second, over 15 Megabytes of data storage are required for each second of full motion video. Due to the large amount of storage required for full motion video, various types of video compression algorithms are used to reduce the amount of necessary storage. Video compression can be performed either in real-time, i.e., on the fly during video capture, or on the stored video file after the video data has been captured and stored on the media. In addition, different video compression methods exist for still graphic images and for full-motion video.
Examples of video data compression for still graphic images are RLE (run-length encoding) and JPEG (Joint Photographic Experts Group) compression. RLE is the standard compression method for Windows BMP and DIB files. The RLE compression method operates by testing for duplicated pixels in a single line of the bit map and stores the number of consecutive duplicate pixels rather than the data for the pixel itself. JPEG compression is a group of related standards that provide either lossless (no image quality degradation) or lossy (imperceptible to severe degradation) compression types. Although JPEG compression was designed for the compression of still images rather than video, several manufacturers supply JPEG compression adapter cards for motion video applications.
In contrast to compression algorithms for still images, most video compression algorithms are designed to compress full motion video. Video compression algorithms for motion video generally use a concept referred to as interframe compression, which involves storing only the differences between successive frames in the data file. Interframe compression begins by digitizing the entire image of a key frame. Successive frames are compared with the key frame, and only the differences between the digitized data from the key frame and from the successive frames are stored. Periodically, such as when new scenes are displayed, new key frames are digitized and stored, and subsequent comparisons begin from this new reference point. It is noted that interframe compression ratios are content-dependent, i.e., if the video clip being compressed includes many abrupt scene transitions from one image to another, the compression is less efficient. Examples of video compression which use an interframe compression technique are MPEG, DVI and Indeo, among others.
MPEG (Moving Pictures Experts Group) compression is a set of methods for compression and decompression of full motion video images that uses the interframe compression technique described above. The MPEG standard requires that sound be recorded simultaneously with the video data, and the video and audio data are interleaved in a single file to attempt to maintain the video and audio synchronized during playback. The audio data is typically compressed as well, and the MPEG standard specifies an audio compression method referred to as ADPCM (Adaptive Differential Pulse Code Modulation) for audio data.
A standard referred to as Digital Video Interactive (DVI) format developed by Intel Corporation is a compression and storage format for full-motion video and high-fidelity audio data. The DVI standard uses interframe compression techniques similar to that of the MPEG standard and uses ADPCM compression for audio data. The compression method used in DVI is referred to as RTV 2.0 (real time video), and this compression method is incorporated into Intel's AVK (audio/video kernel) software for its DVI product line. IBM has adopted DVI as the standard for displaying video for its Ultimedia product line. The DVI file format is based on the Intel i750 chipset and is supported through the Media Control Interface (MCI) for Windows. Microsoft and Intel jointly announced the creation of the DV MCI (digital video media control interface) command set for Windows 3.1 in 1992.
The Microsoft Audio Video Interleaved (AVI) format is a special compressed file structure format designed to enable video images and synchronized sound stored on CD-ROMs to be played on PCs with standard VGA displays and audio adapter cards. The AVI compression method uses an interframe method, i.e., the differences between successive frames are stored in a manner similar to the compression methods used in DVI and MPEG. The AVI format uses symmetrical software compression-decompression techniques, i.e., both compression and decompression are performed in real time. Thus AVI files can be created by recording video images and sound in AVI format from a VCR or television broadcast in real time, if enough free hard disk space is available.
As discussed above, such audio and video content is often stored on media such as CD-ROM or digital video disc (DVD). However, once a vendor has delivered such content to a customer, the vendor loses any practical control over the product. Even if the product is delivered under license rather than out right sale, it has traditionally been difficult to prevent a customer from copying the content or providing the content to any number of friends so that they might illegally copy the content.
The now familiar compact disk preserves information as a series of microscopic pits and smooth areas, oriented in concentric circular or helical tracks, on the otherwise smooth, planar surface of an annular disk. Recorded information is read from a compact disk by directing a focused laser beam along the recorded tracks, and detecting variations in the intensity of the laser beam along the recorded tracks, and detecting variations in the intensity of the laser beam as it encounters the microscopic pits and smooth areas on the disk. The coherence and relatively short wavelength of laser radiation enables large volumes of information to be written onto very small spaces of a recording medium.
Compact disks were first introduced in the music recording industry in 1982, and now account for 43% of all recorded music sales. In the United States alone, over three hundred million compact disks are sold annually, with a retail value of over three billion dollars, according to the Recording Industry Association of America. The most prevalent format for recording multimedia events onto such disks is Digital Video or Versatile Disk (DVD). The DVD is a read only format for recording a relatively large amount of high quality data. When delivered to a user, the disk is input into a CD-ROM player on a client device such as a computer. Software on the client device allows the DVD formatted data to be read.
Once the DVD disk has been manufactured the content is essentially fixed. The content that the user can access from the disk is limited to the content provided when the disk was manufactured. In order to update the information, a new disk must be created and delivered to the user. This is an expensive and inconvenient solution.
Thus there remains a need for a system for easily and efficiently updating content provided on a DVD-disk. Such a system would preferably allow update information to be delivered via a network such as the Internet. In addition, such a system would take advantage of software capabilities already present on the client device, and would importantly be able to function on the many different possible platforms of client devices, such as for example Macintosh, PC or a set top box.
Disc technologies that are re-writeable like a CD-RW or technologies that allow multiple sessions can be used for adding additional or updated content directly to the disc. Thus for multi-session discs, where the first session of the disc is write-once and additional sessions on the disc can be either write-one, or rewriteable, additional or updated content can be added to these additional sessions of the disc. This includes such technologies as the “Orange Book” specification for CD-ROM, including CD-PROM and Multimedia discs such a Dataplay.
Flash memory based and other similar memory technologies can be used for storing multimedia and additional or updated content as well. This includes IBM technology that uses a USB interface to coupled a personal computer to a storage device such as a “keychain” memory device.
The present invention advantageously addresses the above and other needs.
The present invention advantageously addresses the needs above as well as other needs by providing the enhancement of multimedia content and more particularly to providing a system, method and apparatus for enhancing multimedia content with supplemental content.
In one embodiment, the invention can be characterized as a method for providing enhanced content for play across multiple play platforms. The method employs steps of delivering media content to a client device; delivering HTML content to a client device, the HTML content being accessible and usable by a plurality of client device platforms; activating a browser to access the HTML content, the browser being located on and compatible for use with the client device; activating firmware on the client device to access the media content; and incorporating the accessed HTML content with the accessed media content.
In another embodiment, the invention can be characterized as a method for enhancing multimedia content. The method employs steps of providing a recording medium; recording content onto the recording medium; integrating HTML content with the recorded content; accessing the recorded content and the HTML content; and playing a multimedia event based on the accessed content.
The above and other aspects, features and advantages of the present invention will be more apparent from the following more particular description thereof, presented in conjunction with the following drawings wherein:
Corresponding reference characters indicate corresponding components throughout the several views of the drawings.
The following description of the presently contemplated best mode of practicing the invention is not to be taken in a limiting sense, but is made merely for the purpose of describing the general principles of the invention. The scope of the invention should be determined with reference to the claims.
In various embodiments, the client devices may take the form of computers, televisions, stereos, home appliances, or any other types of devices. In one embodiment, the client apparatuses and the host computer each include a computer such as an IBM compatible computer, Apple Macintosh computer or UNIX based workstation.
A representative hardware environment is depicted in
A preferred embodiment is written using JAVA, C, HTML and the C++ language and utilizes object oriented programming methodology. Object oriented programming (OOP) has become increasingly used to develop complex applications. As OOP moves toward the mainstream of software design and development, various software solutions require adaptation to make use of the benefits of OOP. A need exists for these principles of OOP to be applied to a messaging interface of an electronic messaging system such that a set of OOP classes and objects for the messaging interface can be provided.
A preferred embodiment of the invention utilizes Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) to implement documents on the Internet together with a general-purpose secure communication protocol for a transport medium between the client and the Newco. HTTP or other protocols could be readily substituted for HTML without undue experimentation. Information on these products is available in T. Berners-Lee, D. Connoly, “RFC 1866: Hypertext Markup Language—2.0” (November 1995); and R. Fielding, H, Frystyk, T. Berners-Lee, J. Gettys and J. C. Mogul, “Hypertext Transfer Protocol—HTTP/1.1: HTTP Working Group Internet Draft” (May 2, 1996). HTML is a simple data format used to create hypertext documents that are portable from one platform to another. HTML documents are SGML documents with generic semantics that are appropriate for representing information from a wide range of domains. HTML has been in use by the World-Wide Web global information initiative since 1990. HTML is an application of ISO Standard 8879; 1986 Information Processing Text and Office Systems; Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML).
To date, Web development tools have been limited in their ability to create dynamic Web applications which span from client to server and interoperate with existing computing resources. Until recently, HTML has been the dominant technology used in development of Web-based solutions. However, HTML has proven to be inadequate in the following areas:
Sun Microsystem's Java language solves many of the client-side problems by:
With Java, developers can create robust User Interface (UI) components. Custom “widgets” (e.g., real-time stock tickers, animated icons, etc.) can be created, and client-side performance is improved. Unlike HTML, Java supports the notion of client-side validation, offloading appropriate processing onto the client for improved performance. Dynamic, real-time Web pages can be created. Using the above-mentioned custom UI components, dynamic Web pages can also be created.
Sun's Java language has emerged as an industry-recognized language for “programming the Internet.” Sun defines Java as: “a simple, object-oriented, distributed, interpreted, robust, secure, architecture-neutral, portable, high-performance, multithreaded, dynamic, buzzword-compliant, general-purpose programming language. Java supports programming for the Internet in the form of platform-independent Java applets.” Java applets are small, specialized applications that comply with Sun's Java Application Programming Interface (API) allowing developers to add “interactive content” to Web documents (e.g., simple animations, page adornments, basic games, etc.). Applets execute within a Java-compatible browser (e.g., Netscape Navigator) by copying code from the server to client. From a language standpoint, Java's core feature set is based on C++. Sun's Java literature states that Java is basically, “C++ with extensions from Objective C for more dynamic method resolution.”
Another technology that provides similar function to JAVA is provided by Microsoft and ActiveX Technologies, to give developers and Web designers wherewithal to build dynamic content for the Internet and personal computers. ActiveX includes tools for developing animation, 3-D virtual reality, video and other multimedia content. The tools use Internet standards, work on multiple platforms, and are being supported by over 100 companies. The group's building blocks are called ActiveX Controls, small, fast components that enable developers to embed parts of software in hypertext markup language (HTML) pages. ActiveX Controls work with a variety of programming languages including Microsoft Visual C++, Borland Delphi, Microsoft Visual Basic programming system and, in the future, Microsoft's development tool for Java, code named “Jakarta.” ActiveX Technologies also includes ActiveX Server Framework, allowing developers to create server applications. One of ordinary skill in the art readily recognizes that ActiveX could be substituted for JAVA without undue experimentation to practice the invention.
In accordance with one embodiment, a cross-platform DVD specification defined, which is called InterActual Technologies Cross Platform, hereafter referred to by the name ITX. By following the ITX specification, DVD authors can create HTML-enhanced DVD-Video/Audio content that can play reliably across multiple playback platforms, ranging from computers (such as Windows and Macintosh) to Internet-connected set-top devices (such as the Sony Playstation II and Nuon-enhanced consumer DVD players). The general requirements for enhanced DVD authoring and the requirements for the playback devices, both hardware and software are described herein.
The ITX enables DVD-Video/Audio (hereafter referred to only as DVD-Video) content developers to create products that seamlessly combine the Internet and/or other DVD-ROM capabilities with DVD-Video to create a richer, more interactive, and personalized entertainment experience for their customers. All this is accomplished without the need for content developers to create special content for each unique playback platform, and without the need of becoming an expert programmer on Windows, Macintosh, and other platforms. Additionally the present invention allows for customized content and functions tailored for specific platform(s).
Internet connectivity is not a requirement for the use of ITX. A stand-alone system with HTML browser functionality is all that is required. In addition, CD-DA (standard music CDs) can also be enhanced by use of ITX.
The following terms are defined as follows:
Term Description BCA Burst Cutting Area. Area near inner ring on a DVD disc where custom data can be imprinted ATVEF Advanced Television Enhancement Forum (spec allows combining HTML and TV programming) PIP Picture in Picture DVD-Video A disc authored in accordance with the DVD-Video specification. Any place where the term DVD-Video is used it also applies to DVD-Audio, unless specifically excluded. UOP User Operations (as defined DVD-Video and DVD-Audio specifications)
The following documents are incorporated by reference:
1. HTML Cross Platform Authoring Guidelines 2. ISO-9660 3. ATVEF Specification (http://www.atvef.com) 4. DVD-Video (Book 3) and DVD-Audio (Book 4) specifications
The ITX specification provides a common framework whereby content developers, browser providers, and hardware manufacturers can successfully create and playback Internet-enhanced DVD and CD products.
This description of the embodiments is divided into three major sections, targeting three different audiences:
With reference to
To better understand the purpose and goals of ITX three possible usage scenarios are described, each with an increasing level of complexity.
DVD-Video Disc with Movie Script Provided:
A movie is authored with the entire screenplay provided on the DVD disc in HTML format. Clicking on any scene visually represented in the HTML immediately links the user to that scene within the DVD-Video. Besides being a finer granularity than the normal chapter navigation provided on DVD-Video, the HTML-based script could contain other media (pictures, audio) and/or live web links for other information (stored either on the DVD disk, or accessible through the Internet). Further, the text of the screenplay in HTML could automatically “scroll” with the DVD-Video to give the appearance of being synchronized with the DVD-Video. Although many of these types of features (minus live web links and synchronized scrolling) could be authored in DVD-Video, HTML authoring is much more efficient, immediate and widely known.
More Complex Menus:
A DVD-Video is shipped with a simple HTML page that does little except start a movie. However, the HTML page also uses the Internet and checks to see if that movie has any web site updates. If it does, then the HTML page launches a new movie menu that is downloaded from the web. This new menu might have e-commerce opportunities (buy gifts based on the movie; buy tickets for the sequel to the DVD, etc.). Because the new movie menu is not on the DVD-Video, but rather is on a server accessible via the internet, the window of time during which the choices on the new movie menu is available can be decided by the studio long after the DVD-Video has shipped. The new movie menu may have new links to an actor's web site, which can be particularly advantageous if, for example, the actor has become a star since the movie was made, and therefore wasn't given star treatment in the original DVD-Video. The new movie menu may just be a more convenient way to navigate the disc to a finer granularity than the chapters provided. Advantageously, in accordance with the present embodiment, the DVD can have new movie menus stored on a server accessible through the internet, and that can be changed over time. If the DVD-Video is played without ITX, the DVD-Video operates in a conventional manner.
Live Webcast with the Director or Stars in Live Chat:
A DVD-Video movie is shipped with an HTML page that links the user to an ITX web site. This site (and studio advertising) notifies the user of the date/time of a “live chat” with, for example, the movie's director, who will discuss the making of the movie. Near the event starting time, the user connects to the web site with the DVD-Video in his/her DVD player. At the start time, the director begins sending voice (such as streaming audio, e.g., Real Audio) over the Internet. The director controls the DVD player of the user, as well as other DVD players, by sending play, pause, fast-forward, and rewind commands, etc. (Latecorners are automatically synchronized). User (if they have, for example, a browser with a keyboard) can enter questions. The director can choose which questions to answer and control every DVD player to an appropriate scene in the movie and discuss the scene. Through the use of bitmap overlay layers and drawing tools, the director can pause the video and draw on the screen (like a football play) to better explain the details involved in creating a certain scene, for example. As the director moves from one question to another the video can use transitions and special effects to make the presentation more professional and entertaining.
In order to support the above-described functionality, the present embodiment is as follows. An ITX disk can contain DVD Video and ITX-compatible ROM data, DVD-Audio and ITX-compatible ROM data, CD-Audio and ITX-compatible ROM data, or the like. The ITX compatible ROM data can be any digital file type including HTML and graphics, including for example, HTML graphics, subject to file system limitations described below. There is no theoretical limit to the amount of ITX compatible ROM data that can be placed on a DVD disk, except for physical constraints of the DVD disk (or in an alternative embodiment CD-disk).
For personal computers, such as personal computers operating under Microsoft Windows, ITX content can be viewed through a proprietary browser client per the ITX content viewed through the proprietary browser client can be the same content that is displayed on, for example, a browser-enhanced consumer electronics system, such as a set top box, a game console, or an internet-connected DVD player or the like.
The device must provide a capability to determine the type of media that has been inserted into the device. Specifically, the device must be able to determine whether the media is a DVD disk or some form of CD disk. For CD-DA, there may or may not be a file structure formatted on the CD-DA disk, such as described herein and therefore the CD-DA disk table of contents must be read per the “red-book” specification.
An ITX-compatible DVD or CD is detected by checking for the existence of a file named index.htm in a directory named common. The ITX-API version information can be found in a mediated area in the index.htm file, which is an HTML file.
Content Development Requirements:
DVD/ROM Authoring Considerations:
ITX Directory and File Naming Conventions (Mandatory Compliance)
When making an ITX disk, DVD video zone files must be placed physically at the beginning of the ITX disk, contiguously, in the order specified by the DVD-Video specification, likewise, DVD-Audio zone files must follow the DVD-Video files in contiguous order.
The DVD specifications for DVD-Video and DVD-Audio require that each disc contain specific directories and files. For example, the DVD-Video files are contained in a directory (or folder) with the name VIDEO_TS; DVD-Audio files in the AUDIO_TS directory. The VIDEO_TS and AUDIO_TS directories should be the first entries in the directory descriptor (the true order of the directory and file entries is usually hidden, since most operating systems list them in, for example, alphabetical order). There is no such requirement for “DVD-ROM” content, and, thus, developers can arrange other files on a disc in any desired manner. It is best to place ROM-zone files in subdirectories versus the root directory. The placement of files on a dual-layered disk (DVD-9, DVD-14, or DVD-18) is generally independent of layer details. DVD-Video and DVD-Audio files must begin on layer zero. ROM-zone files are beginning after the DVD-Video (or DVD-Audio) files and can cross layer boundaries, if needed. In order to prevent problems that can arise from this open aspect of the specifications, ITX provides a convention for ordering and naming files.
Files stored for use with ITX can be in any DVD disc directory. However, there must be a method that allows the platform-specific browser and/or playback engine to identify the initial starting HTML file in the case were there is no executable file. Also, in order to simplify support, it is strongly suggested that the full convention described below be followed on all ITX-authored discs.
ITX Naming Standard:
Each DVD-Video authoring system and tool set supports different naming capabilities; such as ISO-9660, ISO-9660 with Joliet extensions, Macintosh file names, support for Macintosh resources, hybrid discs, etc. Some authoring tools go even further by forcing a certain character case (e.g., the Toshiba authoring system forces all characters to uppercase). These issues must be taken into account as part of the development process since some playback platforms may operate differently depending on the physical layout and file structure on the DVD. As a specific example, Windows and Macintosh operating systems are case insensitive, whereas Unix and Linux operating systems are case sensitive.
For ITX compliance, the following naming standard must be followed:
All files and directories must be developed with case sensitivity in mind. The recommended approach is to use only capital letters for all directories, file names, and HTML references. To be safe, only use A-Z, 0-9 and the underscore. The initial HTML file shall have a name of ITX.HTM.
The ITX.HTM file must be located in a directory that follows these rules. Other files, based on individual authoring needs may be located in any directory following any convention. There may be more than one ITX.HTM file. For example, there could be a different one for each platform supported, or just one primary one and one alternate for a single platform that requires special operations.
Directory name Platform COMMON All (default) LINUX linux operating system MAC Macintosh NINTENDO Nintendo Dolphin SONY Playstation II and CE NUON VMLabs WIN Windows SEGA Sega Dreamcast TOSHIBA Toshiba WIN Windows ZORAN Zoran To be determined all other ITX directory names must be registered to insure no conflicts.
Note that any new platform directory names should be reserved and assigned before use. However, each platform developer can control the directory structure under its reserved top-level directory name. For example, Sony could create a PS2 and PS3 directory under the SONY directory.
This directory structure allows for proprietary executable binary files for each platform. For example, a current PCFriendly DVD (i.e., a DVD in accordance with the present embodiment) can utilize the directory structure by placing the Windows version of software in a WIN directory, and a Macintosh version of software in a MAC directory. Upon insertion of the disc, the platform will initiate execution of the appropriate binaries (based on some platform-specific autorun feature) and then the binaries will load the ITX.HTM file.
The set-top player browser shall locate its starting file via the following logic:
The above-described structure allows for device specific executable binary file for each type of device supported by a particular DVD disk. The platform-specific directory structure and its associated set of binaries enable any platform to run executables specifically designed for any device provided that such executables are available on the particular DVD disk being utilized. This capability, in essence, allows the device specific binaries to override general purpose ITX content or override a standard browser mechanism. While the actual ROM content may reside in a device specific directory, it is recommended that all content reside in the common directory when possible. The common directory can support any number of subdirectories, including device specific subdirectories.
The common directory stores, in most cases, the actual ITX content (versus platform specific binaries). It is recommended that all ITX content (even platform specific ITX content reside in the common directory as this provides an intuitive content development approach. By maintaining a single content directory, Java Script can easily be used to detect platforms and render appropriate HTML players pages tailored to specific devices.
There may be cases where device specific binaries may be included on the DVD disk, but still the general-purpose content. For example, an ITX disk can utilize the directory structure by placing a Windows version of software in the WIN directory, and the Macintosh version of the software in the MAC directory. Upon insertion of the ITX disk, the platform will initiate execution of the appropriate binaries (based on a device specific feature, such as autorun) and then the binaries will load the index.htm file located in the common directory, the starting point for any general-purpose ITX disk.
The starting or entry point is the index.htm file, with which resides in the top level of the common directory. It is recommended that all ITX content (with the exception of device-specific binaries) be stored in the common directory. Java Script can then be used to detect platforms and render appropriate HTML pages tailored to specific platforms. The index.htm file will be the background “container” web page while standard playback occurs. This page enables Java Script event handlers to be loaded and activate to handle events during playback. The meta-data of the index.htm file contains the ITX-API version information.
If the index.htm file exists, then the DVD disk is an ITX disk. Otherwise, the DVD disk is determined not to be an ITX disk. During a second phase, a determination is made as to whether the DVD disk is a DVD-Video or a DVD-Audio, or whether a disk of another type has been inserted, such as a CD-DA. Logic for performing the second phase is included, generally, in the device, and this is not discussed in detail further herein. (Such logic is known.)
During a third phase, a determination is made as to a default playback mode of the device. This is determined by reading a “player mode” from the property, e.g., InterActual.PlayerMode. If the device is configured for “play” mode, ITX content, e.g., HTML content, is bypassed, whereas if the device is configured for ITX mode, then the ITX content is launched beginning with the index.htm file in the common directory. The ITX content itself can then be updated dynamically if the device is connected to the Internet, or an equivalent network. There is no Internet connection, or equivalent connection, the device renders ITX content from a ROM portion of the DVD disk.
For non-ITX disks, when the device is configured for ITX mode, a default content home page (called default.htm) is displayed and an Internet connection, or equivalent, is attempted to provide potential ITX content for the non-ITX disk.
During a fourth phase, platform specific file detection occurs, and a determination is made as to whether there are platform specific binary files on the DVD disk for the device. This is accomplished by searching for a predefined directory, as described above, associated with the device.
During a fifth phase, a determination is made as to whether a connection to the internet or similar network, can be made. This step is performed for ITX disks in order to determine whether updated content is available from a server. Additionally, for DVD disks without ITX content, a connection to an on-line database can be attempted, so that the database can be interrogated to determine whether a server containing content associated with the DVD disk is available. If such content is available, an interactive experience similar to that available on ITX disk can be offered to the user of the device. When the device is in “play” mode, then ITX disk can display an icon, to signify that ITX content is available from the DVD disks ROM area. If the user selects the icon, a content home page is displayed, i.e., default.htm, so that the user can switch to ITX mode.
With reference to
It is recommended that each player have a user setup that allows the ITX functionality to be overridden, such as:
ITX Programming Interface (Mandatory Compliance):
This section describes the ITX application programming interface (API) for controlling and scripting ITX-enhanced discs. The API is divided into five sections:
This section describes how to embed DVD-Video within an HTML page and control its layout.
Computer operating systems shall embed DVD-Video using currently available embedding techniques. Examples for each of the major computer operating systems is are provided below:
Operating System Example Windows <object ID=“PCFriendly” CLASSID=“clsid: A0739DE5-571F-11D2- A031-0060977F760C” BORDER=“1” WIDTH=50% HEIGHT=60% > </object> Apple/Macintosh <embed ID=”PCFriendly” TYPE=”application/x-pcfriendly- plugin” ALT=”PCFriendly Plug In” HIDDEN=”TRUE” > </embed> Linux TBD Others TBD
After the DVD-Video object is embedded in the web page, it can be accessed using any style sheet, link, or scripting language. Values for the ID string must begin with a letter (A-Z or a-z) and may be followed by any number of letters, digits, hyphens, and periods up to a maximum of 48.
Unlike computers, set-top boxes do not generally have a full-blown operating system and browser. Therefore, the capabilities within the browser are often more restricted. For embedding DVD-Video within these platforms using ITX, the “PCFriendly” ID must be integrated within the embedded browser as any other tag structure. With this approach, any embedded browser that encounters the “PCFriendly” tag, would automatically associate this identifier with the ITX programming API described later in this section.
While many possible windows configurations are possible for displaying the update data, the update data is preferably provided on a screen in the following manner:
Commands (also known as functions or methods in OOP terminology) control the playback and navigation mechanisms of a DVD-Video/Audio or CD-DA disc. Commands can be used by the calling application (HTML, C++, or other) to initiate a DVD/CD playback function. The commands supported by ITX are listed below.
Items in square brackets [ ] are optional.
DVD CD- Support ITX Commands Description Player DA Level Range Open(filename Opens specified Both Y Base — | type) file name. See note 1. Play([*]) Start playback of Both Y Base — the DVD. Pause([*]) Pause playback of Both Y Base — the DVD (Pause_On). Subsequent issue of Pause( ) resumes playback (Pause_Off) Stop([*]) Stop playback of Both Y Base — the current DVD. Stops execution of current PGC and transfers to Stop State. FastForward([x[,*]]) Fast forward the Both Base 2-99, current DVD at x although speed. (By some default, x = 2) players may allow only the DVD values of 2, 4, 8, 1 6, 32 Rewind([x[,*]]) Rewind the current Both Base same as DVD at x speed. above (By default, x = 2) Slow([x[,*]]) Play the current Both Adv 2-99 DVD at x speed. (reciprocal (By default, x = 2 values) for ½ speed). Supported Features should be checked first to determine if capability is supported. See note 2. SlowReverse(x[,*]) Play the current Both Adv same as DVD at x speed in above reverse. (By default, x = 2 for ½ speed). Supported Features should be checked first to determine if capability is supported. See note 2. Step([n[, *]]) Steps playback of Both Adv 1-30 the DVD forward n frames. Supported Features should be checked first to determine if capability is supported. By default, n = 1. NextChapter([*]) Halts playback of Video Base — the current chapter and starts playback from the next chapter within the title. PrevChapter([*]) Halts playback of Video Base — the current chapter and starts playback from the start of the current chapter; or if near the start of a chapter goes to the previous chapter. NextTrack( ) Halts playback of Audio Y Base — the current track and starts playback from the next track in the same Audio Title within the Title Group. PrevTrack( ) Halts playback of Audio Y Base — the current track and starts playback from the previous track in the same Audio Title within the Title Group. NextDisplay([*]) Presents the next Audio Base — visual display/slide in the display list to the user. PrevDisplay([*]) Presents the Audio Base — previous visual display/slide in the display list to the user. TitlePlay(t[,*]) Start playback at Video Base 1-99 the specified title index, t. (Initializes all GPRMs and SPRMs). ChapterPlay(t,c[,*]) Start playback at Video Base t: 1-99 the specified c: 1-99 title index and chapter value. If in TT_DOM and already within specified title, ChapterSearch is issued to maintain all GPRM and SPRM values. Otherwise, ChapterPlay is issued and all GPRMs and SPRMs are initialized. TimePlay(h,m,s,f[,*]) Start playback at Both Base h: 00-23 the specified. m: 00-59 Specify time in s: 00-59 hours, minutes, f: 00-29 seconds, frames. (Computer must translate into milliseconds). If in TT_DOM or TT_GR_DOM and already within specified title, TimeSearch is issued to maintain all GPRM and SPRM values. Otherwise, TimePlay is issued and all GPRMs and SPRMs are initialized. TitleGroupPlay(g[,*]) Start playback at Audio Base g: tbd the specified title group number. TrackPlay(g,t[,*]) Start playback at Audio Y Base g: tbd the specified t: tbd title group number and track number. If in TT_GR_DOM and already within specified title group, TrackSearch is issued to maintain all GPRM and SPRM values. Otherwise, TrackPlay is issued and all GPRMs and SPRMs are initialized. In case of CD-DA, group number should be 1 by default. HiddenGroupPlay(g[,*]) Plays desired Audio Adv g: tbd hidden/locked group. HiddenTrackPlay(g,t[,*]) Plays desired Audio Adv g: tbd hidden/locked t: tbd track within Hidden Group. HiddenTimePlay(h,m,s[,*]) Plays from Audio Adv h: 00-23 specific time within Hidden m: 00-59 Group. s: 00-59 Menu(x[,*]) Display the Both Base 1-5 specified menu. See note 3. GotoMenuID(x[,*]) Displays menu Both Adv — associated with entered menu ID GotoBookMark(x[,*]) Continues playback Both Y Adv — at the specified bookmark location by number. See note 4. SaveBookMark(x[,*]) Creates a bookmark Both Y Adv 0-n at the current n is location to store system with a given dependent, number. about See note 4. 32 Resume([*]) Resume DVD Both Base — playback (if applicable based on Navigation). StillOff([*]) Continue with Both Base — still off. UOPMask( ) Retrieve current Video Base — UOPs. AutoMouseHide(b) Show or hide the Both Adv mouse cursor when the DVD is playing. (Hide occurs 2 seconds after no activity) UpButtonSelect([n]) Selects the up Both Base 1-36 direction button n times. By default n = 1. DownButtonSelect([n]) Selects the down Both Base 1-36 direction n times. By default n = 1. LeftButtonSelect([n]) Selects the left Both Base 1-36 direction button n times. By default n = 1. RightButtonSelect([n]) Selects the right Both Base 1-36 direction button n times. By default n = 1. ButtonActivate( ) Activate the Both Base — current highlighted button. ButtonSelect Activate the Both Base 1-36 And specified Activate(n) highlighted button, where n is the button number between 1 and 36. AudioSelect(n) Sets the stream Both Base 1-8 number of the Audio to play SubPictureSelect(n) Sets the stream Video Base 1-32 number of the Subpicture to display SubPictureEnable(n) Enables or Video Base 0 = off Disables 1 = on Subpictures (sub titles) AngleSelect(n) Sets the stream Video Base 1-8 number of the Angle to play MenuLanguage Selects the Both Base 1-tbd Select(n) language for the System Menu according to the language code (n). Only available in a Stop State. TextLanguage Selects the Audio Base 1-tbd Select(n) language for the Audio Text Data. ParentalLevel Selects parental Video Base 1-8 Select(n) level of player. ParentalCountry Selects the Video Base 1-tbd Select(n) country for the parental level. KaraokeSelect(x) Changes the Audio Video Adv 1: mode for Karaoke. vocalist 1 2: vocalist 2 3: guide melody Zoom([x, y[,*]]) Zoom (or scale) by Both Adv 2500-40000 a percentage (16-bit factor of x unsigned (horizontal) and y values) (vertical). Individual players may support various zoom ranges, but 25% to 400% is recommended (2500 < x, y < 40000). See note 5. X and Y are integers, 100 times the percentage. By default, x and y are 10000 (100%). Pan([x,y[,*]]) Set center point Both Adv −5000 of zoomed display to to x, y coordinates +5000 based on percentage of normal content full screen display. See note 5. X and Y are integers, 100 times the percentage. By default, x and y are zero (center point). VideoBlending([a,c[,*]]) Controls whether Both Adv a: 0-255 the video is c: 32- played in its own bit window/full screen ARGB (a = 0) or if the video is in the background and HTML content is blended on top of it (where a is the alpha blending value from 1 to 255; c is HTML the HTML background color that is clear). By default, a = 255 (HTML on top) and c = white (white HTML background is clear for video to show through). See note 6. Bitmap Layer Extensions CreateLayer(b,c,r,d,p) Create an overlay Both Y Adv b: 1-9 layer c: 32- b is the bitmap bit overlay ref number ARGB (or handle) r: 1-4 Initialize to d: 1, color c 2, 4, r is the 8, 15, resolution 16, 24, d is the number of 32 bits per pixel. p p: is the palette palette when b = 1, 2, 4 or 8 tbl See note 7. ChangePalette(b,p[,*]) Change the palette Both Y Adv b: 1-9 for layer b p: palette tbl DestroyLayer(b) Destroy an overlay Both Y Adv 1-9 layer. If b = 0 then destroy all layers. ShowLayer(b[,*]) Make a layer Both Y Adv 1-9 visible HideLayer(b[,*]) Hide a layer Both Y Adv 1-9 SetVectorDraw(b,c,w[,*]) Set default Both Y Adv b: 1-9 drawing color (c) c: 32- and width (w) for bit layer b. ARGB or c: ARGB or index palette into palette index w: 1 to 16 pixels w: 1-16 SetVectorCorners(x1,y1,x2,y2) Set the user x: 0-720 coordinate system (or to: x1, y1 (upper 1920) left corner); y: 0-480, x2, y2 (lower right 576 (or corner). 1080) The default is 0, 0..720, 480 for NTSC and 0, 0..720 576 for PAL; which matches one to one to pixels in the layer. (All values are 16-bit signed integers) This coordinate system is used for VectorMove and VectorDraw VectorMove(x Move to x, y on,y,b[,*]) Both Y Adv x: 0-720 layer b. (or (x, y based on 1920) SetVectorCorners) y: 0-480, 576 (or 1080) b: 1-9 VectorDraw(x,y,b[,*]) Draw to x, y on Both Y Adv x: 0-720 layer b. (or (x, y based on 1920) SetVectorCorners) y: 0-480, 576 (or 1080) b: 1-9 DisplayImage(f, b,a[,*]) Display image from Both Y Adv f: file (types: JPEG, filename Gif) in layer b, b: 1-9 with alpha blend a: 0-255 level a. (Layer must have sufficient bit depth.) Time and FX SetRelTime([t]) Set the relative Both Y Base t: 0-231 time counter to t. unsigned (unsigned 32-bit 32- integer in ms) bit See GetRelTime integer property. The relative time affects only commands issued for delayed execution (queued). Once queued commands use machine absolute time. By default, t = 0. FlushCmdQueue( ) Flush and/or Both Y Base initialize the command queue. Misc Extensions SetMixVolume(x[,*] Set primary audio Both Y Adv x: 0-100 stream volume 0 = mute level to main percentage x to audio allow overmixing. FullScreen(w[,*]) Toggles video Both Base 0 = full playback between 1 = window full screen and window. NetConnect([u[,*]]) Establish WWW Both Y Adv u = text connection to string optional URL provided. By default, connection is made with no URL. Computer The following — Only: commands should be ignored in set-top players Close( ) Close the driver Both Y Base — and stop playback of the current DVD. ShowControls(x,y[,*]) Show or hide the Both Y Base x: 0-1920 video controls in y: 0-1200 full screen mode, at x, y. Use −1,−1 to hide. ShowContextMenu( ) Controls the right Both Base — mouse click context menu. PopUpMenu( ) Displays and Both Base — allows the audio languages, sub- pictures, and angles to be set to those currently available. SuppressErrors(b) Suppresses display Both Y Base 0 = suppress of error messages 1 = show (0 = suppress display of error messages, 1 = display error messages)
[*] optional parameters
Opening of VOB files and MPEG files is required for baseline support. Other file types are advanced features. An open file can be played, paused, stopped. Fast forward and rewind are not available. Stopping causes the file pointer to be reset to the start of the file.
2. Slow and Slow Reverse.
If slow is supported a speed of ½ is required. Other slow speeds may also be supported; decreasing powers of two are recommended: ¼, ⅛, 1/16, etc although any value from ½ to 1/99 is allowed. Integer reciprocal values are used for the speeds, such as 2 for ½ and 4 for ¼, etc.
Menu choices are:
The bookmarks are assigned a number when set. A GotoBookMark returns to the same position on the disc as when the bookmark was set (saved). Preservation of bookmarks during powerdown is not required, however, if implemented, bookmarks shall be unique to the disc (using a generated disc id). A minimum of one bookmark per disc is required if implemented (32 recommended). It is recommended that bookmarks save the entire DVD-Video or DVD-Audio state, but this is not required. At a minimum, the correct title and time must be saved.
5. Zoom and Pan.
Zoom parameters are based on a percentage, so integer values of 10000 and 10000 (x and y) indicate 100% of normal full screen display with no zoom. Normally the x and y scale factors should be the same to maintain a correct aspect ratio. When zooming to a value greater than 100%, by default, the center point of the image remains on the center of the display. Panning allows moving the center point of the portion of the image to be displayed. These x and y pan parameters are provided as a percentage of the display from −50% to +50% using integer values from −5000 to +5000. (This is done so that the differences between NTSC and PAL do not have to be calculated in pixels. Additionally, it may also be possible to use the same HTML code for handling 4:3 and 16:9 as well.) If the pan parameters would cause the display to pan off the edge of the video, then the platform software shall only set that panning parameter to the largest or smallest value that keeps the video in the display area.
This advanced feature allows an HTML page to be constructed that includes a background color (the colorkey) that is treated as clear. Other information on the page (graphics or text) is then alpha blended with the video. An alpha value of 0 indicates that the video shows everywhere. An alpha value of 255 indicates that the HTML page shows everywhere (except where it is clear as defined by the colorkey value). This allows, for example, placing textual titles on top of the video (or blended with the video). Graphical menus can be added in the same manner. A minimum of 16 (256 recommended) discreet alpha values are required if this feature is supported. However, the alpha blend parameter is always from 0 to 255.
7. Bitmap Layers.
The bitmap layer features allow defining and using multiple layers (possibly only one active at a time depending on the playback device) with other layers stored in memory and ready to be activated when needed. This is how an event moderator can remotely draw onto the video image. The number of bits per pixel (color depth) can be 1, 2, 4, 8, 15, 16, 24 or 32. For bpp of 1, 2, 4 and 8 a palette must be provided (32-bit ARGB data). It is anticipated that the most frequently used capability will be bpp values of 1 or 2 to be used for image markup, like a chalkboard with 1 to 4 colors. Bpp values of 15, 16, 24 and 32 allow images to be used on a layer.
Errors and Warnings
All commands shall return one of the following error codes
number name description commands 0 OK Successful all 1 General Other or Unknown error all Error condition 1 FileNot File not found Open, Found DisplayImage 2 NotSupported File type or feature not supported 3 NoDisc Attempt to play with no Play, +others? disc 4 BadParam Parameter out of range many 5 ParamError Parameter out of range many for current disc or current condition 6 NoMem Not enough memory for CreateLayer, operation DisplayImage 7 QueueFull Command queue is full Time delayed command 8 QueueFail Timed command error Time delayed (such as overlapping command command) 9 QueueWarn Timed command accepted, Time delayed but action may be command emulated
Layers and Pixel Formats:
With reference to
An alpha value of 0 indicates a transparent color (i.e. the video shows through) and 255 is a solid opaque color (i.e. no video shows through). The first entry in every color palette should consist of 4 bytes of zero, a clear color. The default color value, c, in CreateLayer( ) should normally be zero to initialize the layer to a clear color. Special visual effects can be created by use of other values, such as initializing a layer to red, then erasing it off with a series of drawing commands and/or by changing alpha values, in the color palette, etc. Layers and data on them are not affected by video transitions and special effects having to do with video playback.
As described in the next section, some commands may be modified with time parameters and special effects or transitions. Of particular note to the bitmap layer commands are the ChangePalette( ) and VectorDraw( ) commands. A VectorDraw( ) command with a time duration simply draws a line incrementally. However, the ChangePalette( ) command with a time duration should be implemented such that there are three complete palettes, the original, the final and the current palette. At each time increment every palette table entry is interpolated towards its final value. The ShowLayer( ) and HideLayer( ) commands may have a timed special effect applied to them such as a wipe or fade.
Transitions, Special Effects and Timing:
Similar to how an author might use transitions and special effects during video editing, ITX allows a subset of these types of capabilities, depending on the unique capabilities of each playback system. If a system cannot produce the effect due to hardware or software limitations then it should gracefully degrade to some emulation or simply produce no effect at all, but concluding at the same logical end point.
Transitions can be used, for example, when switching from one scene to another with a time search or chapter search. If no effect is specified, then the playback system would normally produce a standard cut or possibly insert black frames between the scenes. However, if a wipe left is specified, then the final still frame of scene 1 is shown and scene 2 wipes in from the left at the specified rate. (No attempt is made to provide a moving image for both scenes simultaneously.)
The following table details the optional parameters and their ranges:
Description range xxx(?[t1,t2,fx,p]) Command xxx with optional t1: 0-231 see command list parameters as follows: t2: 0-231 in 18.104.22.168 where t1: time 1 (0 or relative fx: 0-999 [*] is replaced by start time) p: 32-bit [t1,t2,fx,p] t2: time 2 (duration (if value t1=0) or relative end time) based on x fx: special effect number all p: extra parameter based on unsigned fx 32-bit There are two basic modes: integers 1. If t1=0, then t2 is the command duration. 2. If t1>0, then t1=starting relative time and t2=ending relative time. t1 and t2 are unsigned 32- bit integers in milliseconds. The possible choices for the variable numbers of parameters are: t1 (not allowed) t1, t2 t1, t2, fx t1, t2, fx, p
1. Immediate Execution
To cause a timed command or special effect to start immediately, the t1 parameter must be set to zero (or to a value less than the current relative time). The t2 parameter contains the duration of the command (when t1=0). If t1 is greater than zero, but less than the current relative time then the duration is equal to t2-t1. A negative duration is treated as the shortest possible time for that operation.
2. Delayed Execution
To cause a command to be queued for later execution, the t1 parameter must be set to a non-zero value greater than the current relative time. To accomplish this the current relative time can be queried via the GetRelTime property. Alternatively, the relative time can be set using the SetRelTime command. Once a command has been queued, the player shall convert the relative time to an absolute time for its scheduled execution and cannot be changed. (However, the command queue can be flushed.)
Any immediate or delayed execution command can have a special effect or transition (with optioannl parameter) added to modify its operation. All special effects and transitions must be accepted by all players but may be emulated or ignored if the effect cannot be performed. The same is true of the timed nature of various commands—if a player has a fixed duration for executing a particular command, then the requested duration is ignored.
4. Command Macros
Macros of commands can be created by using the SetRelTime and then issuing various commands based with offsets from that time.
5. Command Queue
The player must support a command queue with a depth of at least two items (eight is recommended; PC/Mac: 64 is recommended). That is, two items are pending execution at a later time while further commands continue to execute. If a command is accepted for the queue, then it must be executed (unless flushed or some other operation negates or overrides its action). Times stored in the queue should be in an absolute machine time (not relative time and not DVD playback time) so that subsequent changes to the relative time do not affect commands already queued.
6. Conflicting Commands
Because it is possible to schedule commands that have overlapping times, these must be checked prior to acceptance for the queue. Non-conflicting, overlapping operation can be accepted. Conflicting overlapping operations may be accepted also if the operations can still be logically completed. Conflicting overlapping operations that are accepted shall return a warning code. An example of a conflicting operation would be to schedule a chapter advance with a 5 second fade in and a second chapter advance after only 2 seconds. Robust internally interlocks must be used if there is any chance of an erroneous program to lock up a machine due to the use of timed or delayed execution commands. A fallback to basic sequential operation is suggested.
Exemplary transitions and special effects according to an embodiment of the invention include the following.
num name description parameters 0 none standard cut, no effect none 1 dissolve old scene dissolves away, none new scene appears 2 fade old fades to color, new color: 32-bit scene fades in ARGB 3 wipe old scene is wiped off LRTB revealing new scene 4 reveal old scene is pulled off, LRTB revealing new scene 5 slide new scene slides on, LRTB covering old scene 6 push new scene pushes old scene LRTB off 7 peal old scene is peeled off LFTB (like a wipe, but 3D) 8 corner wipe from a corner ULURLLLR wipe 9 corner reveal from a corner ULURLLLR reveal 10 corner slide from a corner ULURLLLR slide 11 corner peel from a corner ULURLLLR peal 12 random random boxes poke holes in box size in boxes old scene revealing new pixels scene 13 blinds horiz or vert blinds wipe blind size in off revealing new scene pixels 14-99 reserved for other transitions 100 none standard video and audio none 101 YUV adjustments are made to luma byte 0: V and chroma byte 1: U byte 2: Y byte 3: reserved 0 (signed byte adjustments) 102 snow snow is added to the display 0 = none 255 = maximum 103 ripple video is played like 0 = none underwater 255 = maximum 104-999 reserved 1000 assignable for specific and system effects up
LRTB: 1 = left, 2 = right, 3 = top, 4 = bottom
ULURLLLR: 1 = upper left, 2 = upper right, 3 = lower left, 4 = lower right
LRTB: 1=left, 2=right, 3=top, 4=bottom
ULURLLLR: 1=upper left, 2=upper right, 3=lower left, 4=lower right
All transitions and/or effects do not make sense with each command. The guiding philosophy should be to implement only those that make sense. The following table is the recommended set features for the most advanced playback systems with Y1 being the most basic to Y4 the most advanced.
time delayed time effect/tr ITX Command (queued) duration ansition ChangePalette Y1 Y4 (b,p[,*]) ChapterPlay(t, Y1 Y2 Y2 c[,*]) DisplayImage(f, Y1 Y3 Y3 b, a[,*]) FastForward([ Y1 Y2 Y2 x[,*]]) FullScreen(w[,*]) Y1 Y3 GotoBookMark(x[,*]) Y1 GotoMenuID(x[,*]) Y1 Y2 Y2 HiddenGroupPlay Y1 (g[,*]) HiddenTimePlay Y1 (h,m,s[,*]) HiddenTrackPlay Y1 (g,t[,*]) HideLayer(b[,*]) Y1 Y3 Y3 Menu(x[,*]) Y1 Y2 Y2 NetConnect([u Y2 [,*]]) NextChapter([*]) Y1 Y2 Y2 NextDisplay([*]) Y1 Y2 Y2 Pan([x,y[,*]]) Y1 Y2 Pause([*]) Y1 Y2 Y2 Play([*]) Y1 Y2 Y2 PrevChapter([*]) Y1 Y2 Y2 PrevDisplay([*]) Y1 Y2 Y2 Resume([*]) Y1 Y2 Y2 Rewind([x[,*]]) Y1 Y2 Y2 SaveBookMark( Y1 x[,*]) SetMixVolume( Y1 x[,*]) SetVectorDraw Y1 (b,c,w[,*]) ShowControls(x, Y1 Y3 Y3 y[,*]) ShowLayer(b[,*]) Y1 Y3 Y3 Slow([x[,*]]) Y1 Y2 Y2 SlowReverse(x Y1 Y2 Y2 [,*]) Step([n[,*]]) Y1 StillOff([*]) Y1 Stop([*]) Y1 Y2 Y2 TimePlay(h,m, Y1 Y2 Y2 s,f[,*]) TitleGroupPlay Y1 (g[,*]) TitlePlay(t[,*]) Y1 Y2 Y3 TrackPlay(g,t Y1 [,*]) VectorDraw(x, Y1 Y3 y,b[,*]) VectorMove(x, Y1 Y3 y,b[,*]) VideoBlending Y1 Y2 ([a,c[,*]]) Zoom([x,y[,*]]) Y1 Y2
Events are integral to synchronizing DVD-Video with other media. With these events, web pages can be synchronized with the audio or video. For example, each ChapterEvent (start of new chapter) can change an HTML storyboard that corresponds to the movie. Time events can be used to coordinate advertising messages in HTML while the video is playing: when James Bond is driving his BMW, an appropriate web page (BMW or auto sales site) can automatically be displayed at the same time.
The value of events is that these external media do NOT have to be embedded or even be known at the time the DVD-Video is authored. This flexibility keeps DVD-Video authoring on schedule and greatly minimizes the authoring costs while adding valuable and unique features to each disc.
Events can be used by the calling application (HTML, C++, or other) to receive notification of DVD playback status. If a platform does not support an event, then an error code must be returned when its use is attempted. Supported events are:
Sup- CD- port ITX Events Description DA Level Range TitleEvent(t) Called when title Base 1-99 changes. Returns the new title number in t. ChapterEvent(c) Called when chapter Base 1-99 changes. Returns the new chapter number in c. TitleGroupEvent Called when title Base 1-tbd (g) group changes. Returns the new title group number in g. TrackEvent(t) Called when the track Y Base 1-tbd changes. Returns the new track number in t. TimeEvent(e,t) Called on time change. Base e: 1-231 Returns elapsed time t: 1-231 in e and total time in (˜224 t. Both in is milliseconds. practical limit DisplayChange(x) Called when Base tbd slide/display list changes. Returns slide number in x. AngleEvent(x) Called on angle Base 1-9 change. Returns new angle number in x. StateEvent(x) Called when play state Base 0-6 changes (i.e., play to pause). Returns state in x. See CurrentState property for values. SpeedEvent(x) Called when speed Base 1-32 changes (i.e., play to scanning). Returns new speed in x. UOPSEvent(n) Called when any UOP Base 32 changes. Returns 16-bit UOPs array in n. values DomainEvent(x) Called when domain Base changes. Returns domain in x. MenuEvent(x) Called when menu ID Adv changes. Returns the ID of the new menu in x. MenuButtonEvent Called when user Adv 1-32 (x) clicks a button on a menu. Returns the ID of the button selected in x. MouseEvent(b,x,y) Called when the user Adv b: tbd clicks either the left x: 0-720 or right mouse button. y: 0-480 Returns mouse button or in b, x coordinate in 576 x, and y coordinate in y. AudioEvent(x) Called when user Y Base 1-tbd changes audio track. Returns audio number in x. SubpictureEvent Called when user Base 1-32 (x) changes subpicture track. Returns subpicture number in x. AngleEvent(c,m) Called when user Base c: 1-9 changes video angle. m: 1-9 Returns current angle number in c and total number of angles in m MenuLanguageEvent Called when user Base 1-tbd (x) changes menu language. Returns menu language number in x. TextLanguageEvent Called when user Base 1-tbd (x) changes text language. Returns text language number in x. VideoErrorEvent Called when an error Base tbd (n) occurs. Returns error number in n. ParentalEvent(p,c) Called when parental Adv p: 1-8 control changes. c: tbd Returns level in p and country in c. KaraokeEvent(b) Called when karaoke Adv 0-1 event changes. Returns 1 if karaoke track has begun playing, 0 if just finished. EjectEvent( ) Called when disc is Y Base — ejected from device. No return value. InsertEvent( ) Called when disc is Y Base — inserted into device. No return value.
Properties can be used to find information about commonly used variables; such as time, title and chapter. All properties must be supported even if the advanced feature itself is not supported. Non-supported features may return a reasonable default value (for example if the zoom feature is not supported the zoom properties should always return 10000.) If a feature is not supportable and there is no reasonable value, then a −1 should be returned.
The following properties are supported:
CD Support ITX Property Description DA Level Range CurrentElapsed Elapsed time of Y Base 0-231 Time current title (in milliseconds) CurrentTotalTime Total time of current Base 0-231 title (in milliseconds) CurrentTitle Currently playing Base 0-99 title CurrentTitleGroup Currently playing Base 0-99 title group CurrentChapter Currently playing Base 0-99 chapter CurrentTrack Currently playing Y Base 0-99 track CurrentDisplay Currently playing Base 0-99 display list item CurrentState Current play state Y Base 0-6 (0=None, 1=Scanning, 2=Stop, 3=Pause, 4=Play, 5=Slow Play, 6=Menu) CurrentDomain Current domain Base tbd CurrentAudio Current audio track Y Base 0-99 CurrentSubpicture Current sub picture Base 0-31 track CurrentAngle Current video angle Base 1-9 CurrentMenuLang Current menu language Base 1-8 NumAudio Number of audio Base 1-8 languages/tracks currently available NumSubpicture Number of subpictures Base 0-31 currently available NumAngles Number of angles Base 1-9 currently available NumMenuLang Number of menu Base 1-8 languages available GetAudioLanguage Returns audio language Base 0-99 (x) (and extensions) for specified audio number x. Returned audio language is the 2- digit locale. GetSubpictureLanguage Returns subpiucture Base 0-99 (x) language (and extensions) for specified subpicture number x. Returned subpicture language is the 2-digit locale. GetMenuLanguage Returns menu for Base 0-99 (x) specified menu number x. Returned menu language is the 2- digit locale. SupportedFeatures Returns feature bits Y Base 32-bit corresponding to mask capabilities of current system (Must be available before the navigator is in the play state). See section 4.1 and 4.2 for details. Version Returns version of Y Base Two platform. This field 16-bit can also be used to integers determine parsing of certain components in the SupportedFeatures property. Returns major version and minor version unique to each playback system. CurrentZoomX Current Zoom X value Base Unsigned 16-bit CurrentZoomY Current Zoom Y value Base Unsigned 16-bit CurrentPanX Current Pan X value Base Unsigned 16-bit CurrentPanY Current Pan Y value Base Unsigned 16-bit CurrentMenuID Current ID associated Base 0-99 with currently selected menu NumLayers Number of overlay Y Base 0-9 layers currently possible (based on memory available at resolution 1, bpp = 1) See note 8. MaxLayers Maximum number of Y Base 0-9 simultaneous overlay layers supported See note 8. MaxAlpha Maximum number of Y Base 16, alpha blending steps 32, supported. (i.e. DVD 64, subpictures requires 128, 16 levels but hardware 256 may support 256 levels). MaxFast Maximum number of fast Base 0-99 speeds. MaxFastReverse Maximum number of Base 0-99 reverse fast speeds. MaxSlow Maximum number of slow Base 0-99 speeds. Could be zero if not supported. MaxSlowReverse Maximum number of Base 0-99 reverse slow speeds. Could be zero if not supported. MaxCmdQueue Maximum size of the Y Base 0-255 command queue MaxBookmarks(x) Maximum number of Y Base Unsigned bookmarks based on x: 16-bit 1: total in volatile memory 2: total in non- volatile memory 3: per disc in volatile memory 4: per disc in non- volatile memory NumBookmarks(x) Number of bookmarks Y Base Unsigned available based on x. 16-bit (same as above) GetRelTime Gets the relative time Y Base 0-231 counter. CurrentCmdQueue Current number of Y Base 0-255 empty slots in the command queue GetDiscType Gets the current disc Y Base 0-216 type and sub-type. low 8 types: bits 0 = drive empty or is an unknown state integer 1 = DVD type; 2 = CD audio high 8 3 = other bits 4-255 = reserved are sub-types for DVD (bit bit fields): fields 0 = DVD-Video 1 = DVD-Audio 2 = DVD-ROM material present 3 = PCFriendly 4 = ITX 5-7 = reserved See section 22.214.171.124.1 for details QueryNet Gets Internet Y Base 0-9 connection status 0 = not available, ever 1 = not currently avail 2 = available, not online 3 = online, speed unknown 4 = up to 23.8K 5 = up to 56K 6 = up to 128K 7 = up to 1.5M 8 = up to 10M 9 = >10M
8. Layer Properties.
The MaxLayers property is how many simultaneous overlay layers the hardware can process or the software/hardware system can effectively emulate as simultaneous overlays in real time and blend with a full screen video. The NumLayers property returns the number of layers that can be created (but not necessarily used simultaneously) based on the amount of free memory currently available.
The concept of layer resolution is that a 720×480 image requires some number of bytes of data (depending on the bpp) at a resolution of 1. A resolution of 2 uses one data item for a 2×2 pixel area of the image (i.e. 4× less data). This allows a layer to be defined for markup that doesn't need high accuracy and/or a method for a platform to perform graceful degradation if not enough memory is available for a full resolution layer. Resolution 3 is a 3×3 pixel area, and is somewhat awkward. Resolution 4 is a 4×4 pixel area. No other resolutions are defined.
Disc Type Detection
The GetDiscType property requires that the type of disc in the player be available to the application. A disc may be only one of the following types:
For a DVD disc, any number of the DVD sub-types may be detected and have their respective bits set as follows:
Bit number Description Detection method 0 DVD-Video VIDEO_TS\VIDEO_TS.IFO file present 1 DVD-Audio AUDIO_TS\AUDIO_TS.IFO file present 2 DVD-ROM Any file in the main material directory other than present VIDEO_TS and AUDIO_TS directories 3 PCFriendly DISC.ID file present 4 ITX ITX.HTM file present 5-7 reserved N/A
Web browsers and the software environment on each platform shall be capable of the following
HTTP Header Formatting (Base)
Each HTTP header should be formatted with the following information (in addition to standard HTTP header information:
Browser must be able to support cookie mechanism, which of course places a memory requirement on the hardware device. Cookie shall be placed by browser in local persistent memory and shall be readable only by a specific server and browser/hardware partner. Cookie shall contain:
The following is matter of design choice.
Ability to pass commands directly to DVD/CD navigator, such as:
In order to provide a consistent baseline platform for ITX content developers it is important that the platform and hardware vendors properly support the ITX API. Not all hardware platforms will have identical capabilities. So it is important that each platform provide access to the features that are available and graceful degradation for those that are not supported—and provide this as feedback so that content developers understand how their content will function on different platforms.
Baseline Hardware Platform Requirements
Hardware platform vendors must provide hardware and interfaces capable of performing all the functions specified as base above to be ITX compatible. If the feature is not available it is important that it either be emulated or degrade gracefully in some manner. Items marked as advanced can be supported or not, but the Supported Features bits must accurately indicate what features are available.
It is expected that hardware platforms meet these minimum specifications:
Play video full screen down to a 4:1 downscale (180×120 (NTSC), 180×144 (PAL)).
ITX Baseline bit Command Group Command list 0 GRP_OPENVOB Open(filename | type) 1 GRP_TRANSPORT Play([*]) Pause([*]) Stop([*]) FastForward([x[,*]]) Rewind([x[,*]]) NextChapter([*]) PrevChapter([*]) Resume([*]) StillOff([*]) 2 GRP_AUDIOTRANSPORT NextTrack( ) PrevTrack( ) NextDisplay([*]) PrevDisplay([*]) 3 GRP_SEARCH TitlePlay(t[,*]) ChapterPlay(t,c[,*]) TimePlay(h,m,s,f[,*]) Menu(x[,*]) 4 GRP_AUDIOSEARCH TitleGroupPlay(g[,*]) TrackPlay(g,t[,*]) 5 GRP_UOP UOPMask( ) 6 GRP_SELECT UpButtonSelect([n]) DownButtonselect([n]) LeftButtonSelect([n]) RightButtonSelect([n]) ButtonActivate( ) ButtonSelectAndActivate (n) 7 GRP_VFEATURES SubPictureSelect (n) SubPictureEnable(n) AudioSelect (n) AngleSelect (n) MenuLanguageSelect(n) ParentalLevelSelect(n) ParentalCountrySelect (n) FullScreen(w[,*]) 8 GRP_AFEATURES TextLanguageSelect(n) 9 GRP_PC Close( ) ShowControls(x,y[,*]) ShowContextMenu( ) PopUpMenu( ) 10 GRP_DOWNSCALE From HTML embedded object width and height parameters Zoom(x,y[,*]) (downscale required for baseline; upscale is advanced) 11-15 N/A reserved (must return 0)
Advanced Hardware Platform Requirements:
Each advanced feature requires that it be fully supported for its feature bit to be enabled. However, different playback systems may have differing levels of support for some features, such as the number of bookmarks supported or the variety of special effects supported.
ITX Advanced bit Command Group Command List 16 GRP_FILEOPEN Open(filename | type) Play files other than VOB and MPG. Audio: WAV MID Video: AVI 17 GRP_ADVPLAY Slow([x[,*]]) SlowReverse([x[,*]]) Step([n[,*]]) 18 GRP_HIDDEN HiddenGroupPlay(g[,*]) HiddenTrackPlay(g,t[,*]) HiddenTimePlay(h,m,s[,*]) 19 GRP_MENU GotoMenuID(x[,*]) 20 GRP_BOOKMARK GotoBookMark(x[,*]) SaveBookMark(x[,*]) 21 GRP_MOUSE AutoMouseHide(b) 22 GRP_KARAOKE KaraokeSelect(x) 23 GRP_ZOOMPAN Zoom([x,y[,*]]) Pan([x,y[,*]]) 24 GRP_BLEND VideoBlending([a,c[,*]]) 25 GRP_LAYER CreateLayer(b,c,r,d,p) ChangePalette(b,p[,*]) DestroyLayer(b) ShowLayer(b[,*]) HideLayer(b,[,*]) DisplayImage(f,b,a[,*]) 26 GRP_DRAW SetVectorDraw(b,c,w[,*]) SetVectorCorners(x1, y1,x2,y2) VectorMove(x,y,b[,*]) VectorDraw(x,y,b[,*]) 27 GRP_AUDIOMIX SetMixVolume(x[,*]) 28 GRP_QUEUE FlushCmdQueue( ) SetRelTime([t]) all optional timed command parameters and special effects 29 GRP_WEB NetConnect([u[,*]]) 30-31 N/A reserved (must return 0)
Local Storage/Memory Requirements:
The only local storage requirement of ITX is minimal memory for the purpose of placing cookies. Optionally, the hardware platform can also support larger local memory for the purposes of caching web pages. More information: TBD.
Hardware Platform Considerations
Some set-top players may not be able to access both DVD-Video and ROM content at the same time. The application will need to permit intelligent caching, and the platform will need to provide sufficient memory.
Directory Structure for Current PCFriendly Client:
/ROOT PCFRIEND.EXE (WIN) PCFRIEND (MAC) README (MAC) README (WIN) /COMMON /SETUP LANG.INI SETUP_EN.BMP SETUP_JA.BMP SETUP_FR.BMP LIC_EN.TXT LIC_JA.TXT LIC_FR.TXT /CONTENT general content (runs on multiple platforms) /MAC /SETUP PCFRIENDLY PLUG IN FLASH 4 /CONTENT /WIN /SETUP PCFRIEND.ICO INUNINST.EXE UPDATE.DAT /CABINETS MAIN.CAB VIDEO.CAB OTHER.CAB /THIRDPTY /MACROMED SWFLASH.EXE /MSIE /EN /JA
User Operation Control:
DVD-Video DVD-Audio DVD-Audio + Only Only Video Function Menu Title Stop AMGM Title Stop AMGM Title Stop TitlePlay X X X X X X X X Title_Group_Play PTTPlay, X X X X X X X X TrackPlay TimePlay X X X X X X X X Stop X X X X X TimeSearch X X X PTTSearch, X X X TrackSearch NextTrack X X PrevTrack X X NextPG X X X PrevPG X X X NextDisplay X PrevDisplay X ForwardScan X X X X X BackwardScan X X X X X Menu X X X X X Resume X X Up X X X X Down X X X X Left X X X X Right X X X X Enter X X X X ButtonSelectand X X X X Activate Pause X X X X X MenuLanguageSelect X X TextLanguageSelect X X AudioChange X X X X X X X X SubpictureChange X X X X X AngleChange X X X X ParentalLevel X ParentalCountry X VideoPresentation X X X X X X Mode KaraokeMode X X X HiddenGroupPlay X X X X X HiddenTrackPlay X X X X X HiddenTimePlay X X X X X
AMGM (Audio Manager Menu): Optional Visual Menu defined in the Audio Manager (AMG). The Audio Manager contains the information and data to control all Audio Title Sets (ATS), all Video Title Sets (VTSs) for Audio Titles and the AMGM.
Item Options Value Domain First Play 1 Video Manager Menu 2 Video Title Set Menu 3 Title 4 Stop 5 Unknown −1 Menus Title Menu 2 Root Menu 3 Subpicture Languages 4 Menu Audio Languages Menu 5 Angle Menu 6 Chapter Menu 7 Play State None 0 Scanning 1 Stop 2 Pause 3 Play 4 Slow 5 Step 6 Unknown −1 Speed State Normal Speed 0 Double Speed 1 Slow Forward Speed 2 Slow Backward Speed 3 Fast Forward Speed 4 Fast Backward Speed 5 Step Speed 6 Unknown −1
With reference to
With reference to
While the invention herein disclosed has been described by means of specific embodiments and applications thereof, numerous modifications and variations could be made thereto by those skilled in the art without departing from the scope of the invention set forth in the claims.
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|U.S. Classification||1/1, G9B/27.012, 707/E17.119, 707/E17.009, 707/999.01|
|International Classification||H04L29/08, H04L29/06, G06F17/30, G11B27/034|
|Cooperative Classification||H04L29/06027, G11B2220/2562, H04L29/06, G11B27/034, H04L69/329, H04L67/34, H04L67/303, H04L67/02, H04L65/604, G06F17/30899|
|European Classification||H04L29/08N29T, G11B27/034, H04L29/08N1, H04L29/08N33, G06F17/30W9, H04L29/06, H04L29/06M6C4|
|May 10, 2006||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: SONIC SOLUTIONS, A CALIFORNIA CORPORATION, CALIFOR
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:INTERACTUAL TECHNOLOGIES, INC., A CALIFORNIA CORPORATION;REEL/FRAME:017596/0401
Effective date: 20060327