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Publication numberUS20060040801 A1
Publication typeApplication
Application numberUS 11/135,226
Publication dateFeb 23, 2006
Filing dateMay 23, 2005
Priority dateAug 5, 2004
Publication number11135226, 135226, US 2006/0040801 A1, US 2006/040801 A1, US 20060040801 A1, US 20060040801A1, US 2006040801 A1, US 2006040801A1, US-A1-20060040801, US-A1-2006040801, US2006/0040801A1, US2006/040801A1, US20060040801 A1, US20060040801A1, US2006040801 A1, US2006040801A1
InventorsRobert Piane
Original AssigneeBvp Holding Inc.
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Exercise apparatus
US 20060040801 A1
Abstract
Exercise apparatus, for example of the type disclosed in the U.S. Pat. No. 6,705,976, is provided with (a) a specially designed “force transfer device” which is coupled to a handle such that it is raised upward when the handle is pushed or pulled-by a user, and (b) means for exerting a counterforce resistance in the downward direction on the force transfer device when the force transfer device is lifted upward. According to the invention, this resistance exerting means includes at least one of (1) means, such as a substantially horizontal rod or the like, for removably holding one or more weights, (2) at least one hook or the like for removably attaching one or more springs, and (3) means for removably attaching one or more damping devices.
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Claims(23)
1. In exercise apparatus comprising a source of resistance to motion and a handle, connected to said source of resistance, for movement by a user, the improvement wherein the source of resistance comprises, in combination:
(a) force transfer means connected to said handle; and
(b) means for exerting a counterforce on said force transfer means when said force transfer means is raised upward, said counterforce exerting means including at least one of means for removably holding one or more weights, means for removably attaching one or more springs, and means for attaching one or more dampers.
2. The exercise apparatus recited in claim 1, wherein said means for exerting a counterforce includes at least one weight, removably held by said weight holding means.
3. The exercise apparatus recited in claim 1, wherein said means for exerting a counterforce includes at least one tension spring, removably attached to said attaching means.
4. The exercise apparatus recited in claim 3, wherein said tension spring includes an elastic elongate member.
5. The exercise apparatus recited in claim 4, wherein said elongate member has a shape selected from the group consisting of a rod, a tube, a band, a strap and a flat strip.
6. The exercise apparatus recited in claim 3, wherein said tension spring is a coil spring.
7. The exercise apparatus recited in claim 1, wherein said means for exerting a counterforce includes at least one compression spring, removably attached to said attaching means.
8. The exercise apparatus recited in claim 7, wherein said compression spring is a bendable rod.
9. The exercise apparatus recited in claim 7, wherein said compression spring is a coil spring.
10. The exercise apparatus recited in claim 1, wherein said means for exerting a counterforce includes at least one damper, coupled to said force transfer means.
11. The exercise apparatus recited in claim 10, wherein said damper is selected from the group consisting of a hydraulic damper, a pneumatic damper and electromagnetic resistance means.
12. The exercise apparatus recited in claim 1, wherein said means for removably holding one or more weights is a substantially horizontal bar.
13. In exercise equipment including a housing having a structural surface defining a prescribed contour, multiple cable exit points positioned along the structural surface, each exit point having passed therethrough a cable having a proximal end and a distal end, the proximal end of each cable being located outside the structural surface and being attached to a device that enables a user to exert a tensile force to the cable by pulling the cable in any desired direction, the distal end of each cable being coupled to a common source of resistance such that when the proximal end of each cable is pulled by a user, the resistance exerts a counterforce to such cable, and means for retaining each cable in a retracted position, when it is not being pulled by a user, even when one or more other cables are pulled by a user; the improvement wherein the source of resistance comprises, in combination:
(a) force transfer means coupled to the distal end of each cable so as to be raised upward when the proximal end of one or more of said cables is pulled by a user; and
(b) means for exerting a counterforce on said force transfer means when said force transfer means is raised upward, said counterforce exerting means including at least one of means for removably holding one or more weights, means for removably attaching one or more springs, and means for attaching one or more dampers.
14. The exercise equipment recited in claim 13, wherein said means for exerting a counterforce includes at least one weight, removably held by said holding means.
15. The exercise equipment recited in claim 13, wherein said means for exerting a counterforce includes at least one tension spring, removably attached to said attaching means.
16. The exercise equipment recited in claim 15, wherein said tension spring includes an elastic elongate member.
17. The exercise equipment recited in claim 16, wherein said elongate member has a shape selected from the group consisting of a rod, a tube, a band, a strap and a flat strip.
18. The exercise equipment recited in claim 15, wherein said tension spring is a coil spring.
19. The exercise equipment recited in claim 13, wherein said means for exerting a counterforce includes at least one compression spring, removably attached to said attaching means.
20. The exercise equipment recited in claim 19, wherein said compression spring is a bendable rod.
21. The exercise equipment recited in claim 19, wherein said compression spring is a coil spring.
22. The exercise equipment recited in claim 13, wherein said means for exerting a counterforce includes at least one damper, coupled to said force transfer means.
23. The exercise equipment recited in claim 22, wherein said damper is selected from the group consisting of a hydraulic damper, a pneumatic damper and electromagnetic resistance means.
Description
CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATION

This application is related to applicant's co-pending patent application Ser. No. 10/736,807, filed Dec. 15, 2003, entitled EXERCISE APPARATUS USING WEIGHTS FOR HIGH-SPEED TRAINING, and is a continuation-in-part of application Ser. No. 10/912,258, filed Aug. 5, 2004, entitled “EXERCISE APPARATUS”.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

The present invention relates to body exercise equipment. More particularly, the present invention relates to exercise equipment such as that disclosed in the U.S. Pat. No. 6,705,976, the subject matter of which is incorporated herein by reference.

The human body moves primarily in circular or arcuate paths of motion, as evidenced by Leonardo Da Vinci's study of human proportions. From a biomedical standpoint, exercise equipment designed with resistance delivery systems oriented along an arced pathway are inherently more bio-mechanically optimized than those that are not. The aforesaid U.S. patent discloses two embodiments of exercise equipment of this type.

A first embodiment encloses a housing having a structural surface defining a prescribed concave arcuate contour having a number of cable exit points positioned along this surface. A number of cables, each having a proximal end and a distal end, are arranged such that the proximal end passes through one of the exit points and is attached to a gripping device, such as a handle, that enables the user to exert a tensile force in the cable by pulling the handle. The distal end of each cable is coupled to a common source of resistance such that, when the proximal end of each cable is pulled by a user, the source of resistance exerts a counterforce on the cable. Means are provided for retaining each cable in a retracted position when it is not being pulled by a user, even when one or more other cables is or are pulled by the user.

In a second embodiment, the exercise equipment comprises a frame having a track extending along a prescribed concave arcuate path. A moveable trolly, having an exit point for a cable, is repositionable to a number of fixed positions along the track. A single cable has a proximal end which extends through the exit point and is attached to a gripping device, such as a handle, that enables a user to exert a tensile force on the cable. The distal end of this cable is coupled to a source of resistance. Cable takeup means are provided, in the exercise equipment, for maintaining the length of the cable between its proximal end and the exit point through which it passes substantially constant, independent of the position of the trolley, and thus the exit point, along the track, when no tensile force is applied by the user.

While the exercise apparatus disclosed in the aforementioned U.S. Pat. No. 6,705,976 operates extremely well for the purpose for which it is intended, this and other exercise equipment of this type is relatively expensive to manufacture and to transport. One of the significant costs of this equipment involves the source of resistance applied to the cable or cables used in the machine. This source of resistance comprises, as a minimum, a plurality of weights which form a “weight stack” that is coupled to the distal end of the cable(s) and is lifted vertically when the proximal end of a cable is pulled by a user.

Weight stacks, which are normally guided by rods or rails to run vertically, include a device for selecting the number of weights in the stack that are to be lifted as a unit by the user. The weights that are not selected remain in the lower part of the stack while the selected weights are lifted upward.

With a mechanism of this type, it is difficult to obtain a “starting resistance” or minimum resistance of less than five pounds because, even if no weights are selected, the device for selecting the weights, itself, has a minimum weight. Particularly in the case of physical therapy applications, and for the severely de-conditioned or elderly persons, it is useful to be able to set the lowest resistance weight to zero, or near zero.

As noted above, a further disadvantage of this exercise equipment is that the weights incorporated into the weight stack present a significant cost to manufacture and transport. Also, the rods or rails, and the mechanism for selecting the weights to be lifted, add to the cost of the equipment. Furthermore, the cost of shipping the weights, rods, rails and mechanism for selecting the weights is not inconsiderable.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

It is a principal object of the present invention to provide exercise apparatus of the type employing a weight stack which is considerably less expensive to manufacture and to transport.

It is a further object of the present invention to provide exercise apparatus of this type for which the resistance applied to the cable or cables may be reduced to zero, or near zero.

It is a still further object of the present invention to provide exercise apparatus of this type with easy-to-use means for adding or subtracting small measures of resistance.

It is a still further object of the present invention to provide exercise apparatus of this type which operates in essentially the same way as known exercise equipment, and provides essentially the same response to a user, but which avoids the requirement that a weight stack be incorporated into the machine.

These objects, as well as other objects which will become apparent from the discussion that follows, are achieved, in accordance with the present invention, by providing (a) a specially designed “force transfer device” which is coupled to a handle such that it is raised upward with the handle is pushed or pulled by a user, and (b) means for exerting a counterforce or resistance in the downward direction on the force transfer device when the force transfer device is lifted upward. According to the invention, this resistance exerting means includes (1) means for removably holding one or more weights, (2) means for removably attaching one or more springs, and/or (3) means for attaching one or more damping devices.

The means for coupling the handle to the force transfer device is preferably a cable, but any other mechanical means may also be used.

With the improvement of the exercise equipment according to the invention, it is no longer necessary to incorporate a stack of weights in the machine to provide a constant resistance force, independent of the distance or speed with which the handle is pushed or pulled. According to the invention, the equipment is provided with means for holding one or more weights, for example weights of the type that are readily available at any fitness center or physical therapy facility. These weights may be metal disks which have a central hole to permit attachment to a cylindrical rod or the like, or they may be sandbags, concrete blocks, concrete filled cans or the like which are placed upon a suitable platform on the exercise equipment to provide a source of constant resistance to the user.

In addition or alternatively, means are provided for removably attaching one or more springs to provide a distance-dependent resistance force. Such a spring may be a tension spring, such as a coil spring, an elastic elongate member in the shape of a rod, tube, band, strap or flat strip, or a bendable rod. Such a spring may also be a compression spring which may be in the form of a coil spring or a bendable rod.

In addition or alternatively, means may be provided for attaching at least one damping device, such as a hydraulic or pneumatic damper or an electromagnetic resistance device, to provide a speed-dependent resistance force to the cable(s).

For a full understanding of the present invention, reference should now be made to the following detailed description of the preferred embodiments of the invention as illustrated in the accompanying drawings.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

FIG. 1 is an isometric, perspective front view of a first preferred embodiment of exercise apparatus which incorporates the present invention.

FIG. 2 is a rear perspective view of the apparatus of FIG. 1.

FIG. 3 is a cutaway side view of the apparatus of FIG. 1.

FIG. 4 is a cutaway rear view of the apparatus of FIG. FIG. 5 is a detailed view showing a portion of the apparatus of FIG. 1.

FIG. 6 is a top view of the apparatus of FIG. 1.

FIG. 7 is an isometric, perspective front view of a second embodiment of exercise apparatus which incorporates the present invention.

FIG. 8 is a cutaway side view of the apparatus of FIG. 7.

FIG. 9 is a cutaway rear view of the apparatus of FIG. 7.

FIGS. 10 a-10 c are side views of various types of springs which may be used in the exercise apparatus of FIGS. 1-9.

FIG. 11 is a side view, similar to FIG. 4, showing a further embodiment of exercise apparatus incorporating the present invention.

FIG. 12 is a side view showing a still further embodiment of exercise apparatus, similar to that of FIG. 11, incorporating the present invention.

FIG. 13 is a side view showing a still further embodiment of exercise apparatus incorporating the present invention.

FIG. 14 is a side view showing a still further embodiment of exercise apparatus, similar to that of FIG. 13, incorporating the present invention.

FIGS. 15 a and 15 b are side and rear views, respectively, showing a detail of the exercise apparatus of FIGS. 11-14.

FIGS. 16 a and 16 b are side and rear views, respectively, showing a detail of the exercise apparatus of FIGS. 11-14, in an alternative embodiment.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS

The preferred embodiments of the present invention will now be described with reference to FIGS. 1-16 of the drawings. Identical elements in the various figures are designated with the same reference numerals.

FIGS. 1-6 illustrate a first preferred embodiment and FIGS. 7-9 illustrate a second preferred embodiment of the exercise equipment to which the present invention relates. Both embodiments are based on exercise equipment which is fully disclosed in the aforementioned U.S. Pat. No. 6,705,976. The present invention is applicable, but is not exclusively limited to, this type of exercise equipment.

The first embodiment, shown in FIGS. 1-6, comprises exercise equipment 10 which incorporates a housing having a structural surface defining a concave arcuate contour. Disposed around this arcuate contour are seven pairs of pulleys, one pair of which is identified as 11. These pulleys are placed in an arcuate slot formed by two side frames 12. Each pair is spaced 30° away from its two neighbors, as is best seen in FIG. 3. A greater or smaller number of pairs of pulleys may be used.

Each pair of pulleys 11 defines, between them, a cable exit point positioned along the arcuate contour. Just outside each cable exit point is a pair of rollers 15 which retain the cable between them as it leaves the exit point so that it will not become dislodged from between the respective pair of pulleys 11.

As shown in FIG. 3, a separate cable 9 is passed through each one of the pairs of pulleys 11 to a proximal end 101. The proximal end of each cable 9, outside the rollers 15, is attached to a gripping device that enables a user to pull the cable away from the respective exit point. Examples of such devices are a bar 100, a loop handle 102 and a cuff 103, all of which have a fastener 101.1 that enables them to be attached to the proximal end 101 of each cable 9.

The cables extend from their proximal ends 101 to a distal end which is coupled to a common source of resistance such that, when the proximal end of each cable is pulled by a user, the source of resistance exerts a counter force on the cable. Starting from the proximal end, each cable extends through one of the pairs of pulleys 11 and then to a direction changing pulley 14. From there, the cables are passed upward and over a parallel set of direction changing pulleys 14.1. Then, as is best seen in FIG. 4, the cables 9 pass horizontally to a further parallel set of direction changing pulleys 14.2 and finally downward to a mechanism, best seen in FIG. 5, which provides a common source of resistance and includes means for retaining each cable in a retracted position, when it is not being pulled by a user, even when one or more other cables are pulled by a user.

As may be seen in FIG. 5, the distal end of each cable 9 is ultimately attached to a counterweight 16 which travels vertically through a slot mounted in a housing, with the slots and counterweights 16 positioned side by side at the ends of their respective cables 9 (one counterweight 16 for each cable 9 threaded through the system). Immediately above the set of counterweights is a horizontal plate assembly 18 with seven holes therein, each hole being aligned with one of the downwardly descending cables 9 to permit this cable to pass through it for attachment to its respective counterweight 16. When a user pulls on the proximal end of a cable 9, the counterweight 16, attached to its distal end, is lifted thereby contacting and lifting the horizontal plate assembly 18.

The horizontal plate assembly 18 is constrained to move vertically. For this purpose, the plate assembly 18 is connected to four rollers 20 that slide within four vertical tracks 21, 22, 23 and 24. As a consequence, movement of one or more of the cables 9 will vertically lift the plate assembly 18. During such cable movement, the remaining cables will be retained in their normal, retracted position by their respective counterweights 16.

As mentioned previously, the exercise equipment 10 is provided with a common source of resistance. It is this source of resistance for which the present invention differs from the mechanism disclosed in the U.S. Pat. No. 6,705,976.

As best seen in FIG. 5, the source of resistance for the exercise equipment 10 comprises a “force transfer” means, such as the horizontal plate assembly 18 that is constrained by the sliding rollers 12 to move within the four vertical tracks 21-24, which transfers the force from the source of resistance to the cable 9 and, ultimately, the user handle 102.

It will be understood that any suitable arrangement may be used to constrain the movement of the force transfer means. For example, the force transfer means may be constrained to move vertically, up and down, on Teflon bearings that slide on vertical guide rods. Alternatively, the force transfer means may move horizontally if only springs and/or dampers are used as a source of resistance.

When weights are used, the exercise equipment is provided with means for removably holding a selected number of these weights during upward movement of the force transfer means 18. This holding means may include a device, such as the horizontal, cylindrical rod 30, upon which a number of weights 32 may be mounted. The weights 32 are preferably of the type normally found at a fitness center or physical therapy facility so that, as a consequence, the machine need not be provided with such weights when manufactured and delivered.

Alternatively, or in addition, the means for exerting a resistance on the force transfer means 18 when it moves may include a device for removably attaching one or more springs, such as tension springs 34 shown in FIGS. 1 and 4 and/or compression springs 40 shown in FIG. 4. The tension springs may be attached between the rod 30 and a member 36 which extends outward from the bottom portion of the frame of the exercise equipment. Alternatively, or in addition to, such tension spring(s), one or more compression springs 40 may be provided to exert the resistance force against the force transfer means. The downward force exerted by a compression spring 40 may be adjusted by adjusting the vertical position of block 41 which holds the top of the spring.

As in the case of the weights, the tension spring or springs 34 are made removable so that the amount of resistance may be easily adjusted by selecting springs of different tension and/or by attaching a desired number of springs.

The tension springs 34 may comprise one or more coil springs, elastic bands, straps, rods or tube, or the spring may be in the form of a bendable rod. Similarly, the compression 40 spring may be a coil spring which is retained by a rod through its center or within a surrounding tube or a bendable rod, as is well known in the field of exercise equipment.

Various types of springs are illustrated in FIGS. 10 a-10 d. FIG. 10 a illustrates a coil spring, FIG. 10 b illustrates an elastic elongate band, FIG. 10 c illustrates an elastic tube and FIG. 10 d illustrates a bendable rod.

Alternatively, or in addition to the weights and/or springs which are removably attached to the exercise equipment, one or more dampers 38 may be connected between the force transfer means 18 or rod 30 and the frame of the exercise equipment, or member 76, as illustrated in FIGS. 1 and 4.

Each damper 38 may comprise a hydraulic damper, pneumatic damper or an electromagnetic resistance element. Such a damper operates in the manner of a “shock absorber” in a motor vehicle suspension system. The amount of resistance force that it exerts is dependent upon the relative speed of displacement between its two ends.

The present invention thus provides a simple and relatively inexpensive means for exerting a resistance force against the retraction of one or more cables 9 when pulled from their proximal ends 101. The present invention makes it possible to apply three types of resistance force, either separately or together:

(1) a constant resistance force W produced by a weight or weights 32;

(2) a distance-dependent force which results from spring(s) 34; and

(3) a speed-dependent force which results from one or more dampers 38.

A second embodiment of the present invention is illustrated in FIGS. 7-9. In this case, the exercise equipment is provided with a single cable 68 having a proximal end 67 that passes through a pair of pulleys 62. The pulley pair 62 is mounted on a movable trolley system 63 that can be repositioned along a track 64 attached to the housing 61.

As in the case of the first embodiment, the proximal end of the cable 68 is attached to a gripping device or handle 76 so that it may be pulled by a user.

After passing through the pulley pair 62, the cable 68 is directed through a set of pulleys 70 after which it ultimately extends downward to a source of resistance 69.

Since the distance between the pulley pair 72 and the first pair of pulleys 70 will vary as the trolley 63 is repositioned along the track 64, a cable takeup mechanism, comprising a pulley 72.1 which is moveable along a moveable bar 73.1, is provided. As the trolley is moved, a lever 74 is rotated about a pivot connection to pull the end of a flexible sheath cable 75. When the lever 74 is moved, the cable takeup mechanism 72 travels in a substantially vertical direction up or down in direct proportion to the distance the moveable trolley 63 is moved along the arced curve. Once the new position is found for the moveable trolley 63 the lever 74 is moved back causing a pin 73 to slide into a corresponding hole along the vertical rod 73.1 holding the pulley 72.1 in place.

The source of resistance in this second embodiment is considerably simpler than that of the first embodiment described above. In this embodiment the distal end of the cable 75 is attached to a plate 69 which is constrained to move vertically by vertical tracks 81, 82, 83, 84 arranged in each corner. This plate 69 serves as the force transfer device in this embodiment.

Extending outward from this plate 69 is a rod 75 of suitable size and diameter to hold one or more disk shaped weights 80. As in the case of the first embodiment, one or more tension springs 82 or dampers 84 may be connected between the rod 75 and a frame member 77 which protrudes outward from the bottom of the exercise equipment.

When in use, a pull on the gripping handle 76 results in raising the force transfer device 69 and, in turn, the resistance exerting device 75 which protrudes through a slot 78 in the housing. The resistance provided at the distal end of the cable 68 is easily adjusted by adding or subtracting weights 80, springs 82 or dampers 84 from the rod 75.

Alternatively, instead of providing a separate rod 75 which protrudes through the slot 78 in the housing, the means for removably holding one or more weights, for removably attaching one or more springs and/or for removably attaching one or more damping devices may be incorporated entirely within the housing. For example, weights such as sandbags, cement blocks, cement-filled cans or the like may be placed directly upon the plate 69, and the springs 82 and dampers 84 may be attached, by means of hooks, eyes or the like, between the plate 69 and the base of the housing directly beneath it.

With the exception of the fact that the second embodiment operates with only a single cable, the force transfer device and the resistance exerting device in the first and second embodiments are essentially the same.

FIGS. 11-14 illustrate several additional preferred embodiments of exercise equipment to which the present invention relates. Various elements shown in these figures, to the extent that they are similar or identical to corresponding elements in the embodiment of FIGS. 1-6, are designated with the same reference numerals.

FIG. 11 shows exercise apparatus in which the user grabs a handle 100 attached to a proximal end of a cable 9, and pulls downward. The cable passes over pulleys 14.1 and 14.2 to a distal end which is attached to an assembly 18 having a bearing 18.1 which surrounds and slides over one or more vertical poles 24. The precise arrangement, which uses two parallel poles 24 a and 24 b, is illustrated in greater detail in side and rear views, respectively, in FIGS. 15 a and 15 b.

As the user pulls downward on the cable 9, the assembly 18 raises a horizontal rod or bar 30. To this bar may be attached one or more of the following resistance devices:

One or more weights 32 a, 32 b and 32 c;

One or more tension springs 34 a and 34 b;

One or more dampers 38 a and 38 b; and

One or more compression springs 40.

The assembly 18 thus serves as a “force transfer device” coupled to the distal end of cable 9 whereas the bar 36 serves as a means for exerting a counter-force against the force transfer device when the force transfer device is raised upward.

FIG. 12 shows an alternative embodiment wherein the cable 9 extends downward to a pulley 14.3 at the base of the equipment. In use, the handle 100 attached to the proximal end of the cable must be pulled upward, rather than downward as in the case of the exercise equipment of FIG. 11. Otherwise, this exercise equipment is identical to that of FIG. 11.

FIG. 13 illustrates exercise apparatus which is also very similar to that of FIGS. 11 and 12, but which avoids the use of the cable 9. In this embodiment, the rod or bar 30 is rigidly attached to a bar 110 which extends upward to a handle 112 at substantially waist height. The length of the bar 110 may be adjustable to adjust the height of the handle 112.

In a still further embodiment shown in FIG. 14, the handle 112 is attached directly to the end of the rod or bar 30 so that the user may operate the exercise equipment while in the prone position.

FIGS. 16 a and 16 b show an alternative embodiment of the force transfer device 18. In this embodiment, the bar 30 is fixed to a trolley mechanism 118 which is arranged in two parallel tracks 124 a and 124 b. These tracks, and the track followers, are of the type which movably retain garage doors.

It will be understood that various other mechanisms can be used so that movement of the force transfer means is substantially linear. Similarly, instead of providing a horizontal bar 30 for holding disk type weights, the means for removably holding the weights may be a horizontal platform, with or without a vertical bar extending upward from it.

There has thus been shown and described a novel exercise apparatus which may fulfill some or all the objects and advantages sought therefor. Many changes, modifications, variations and other uses and applications of the subject invention will, however, become apparent to those skilled in the art after considering this specification and the accompanying drawings which disclose the preferred embodiments thereof. All such changes, modifications, variations and other uses and applications which do not depart from the spirit and scope of the invention are deemed to be covered by the invention, which is to be limited only by the claims.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US7632221 *Oct 23, 2006Dec 15, 2009Scott KolanderCable cross trainer apparatus
Classifications
U.S. Classification482/94, 482/93
International ClassificationA63B21/06
Cooperative ClassificationA63B21/1488, A63B23/12, A63B21/1484, A63B21/154, A63B21/00, A63B23/03525, A63B21/1469, A63B21/156
European ClassificationA63B21/15F6, A63B21/14M2, A63B21/15F6P, A63B23/12, A63B21/00
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
May 23, 2005ASAssignment
Owner name: BVP HOLDING, INC., DELAWARE
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:PIANE, JR., ROBERT A.;REEL/FRAME:016600/0668
Effective date: 20050510