Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS20060066044 A1
Publication typeApplication
Application numberUS 11/220,659
Publication dateMar 30, 2006
Filing dateSep 8, 2005
Priority dateSep 9, 2004
Publication number11220659, 220659, US 2006/0066044 A1, US 2006/066044 A1, US 20060066044 A1, US 20060066044A1, US 2006066044 A1, US 2006066044A1, US-A1-20060066044, US-A1-2006066044, US2006/0066044A1, US2006/066044A1, US20060066044 A1, US20060066044A1, US2006066044 A1, US2006066044A1
InventorsEli Dabosh
Original AssigneeEli Dabosh
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Games of chance involving roulette wheels
US 20060066044 A1
Abstract
A device for playing a game of chance comprises a plurality of roulette wheels each spinnable to provide a result, and an accumulator for calculating and outputting a sum of the results of the roulette wheels. The result is a game of chance that has a bell curve of odds for the available outcomes, permitting maximum prizes which are high relative to what is currently available for this kind of game.
Images(6)
Previous page
Next page
Claims(19)
1. A method of playing roulette using a plurality of wheels having discrete stopping positions, each stopping position being a discernable result, the method comprising:
receiving at least one player's prediction of an accumulated result possible for the plurality of wheels,
operating said plurality of wheels to cause each wheel to reach one of its stopping positions at random, thereby to give one of said discernable results,
calculating an accumulated result for the plurality of wheels by adding said discernable results, and
comparing said accumulated result with said at least one player's prediction to identify a winning prediction.
2. The method of claim 1, wherein said plurality comprises five wheels.
3. The method of claim 1, wherein each wheel has 37 stopping positions.
4. The method of claim 1, wherein each wheel has 38 stopping positions.
5. The method of claim 1, played using a dedicated electronic slot machine.
6. The method of claim 1, played using a dedicated mechanical device.
7. The method of claim 1, played over an electronic network, between a server and a client.
8. The method of claim 1, further comprising allowing a user to predict an individual discernable result.
9. A method of providing a game of chance having a non-linear mapping of probabilities to each of a plurality of different outcomes, the method comprising:
using a plurality of wheels having discrete stopping positions, each stopping position being a discernable result, the method comprising:
receiving at least one player's prediction of an accumulated result possible for the plurality of wheels,
operating said plurality of wheels to cause each wheel to reach one of its stopping positions at random, thereby to give one of said discernable results,
calculating an accumulated result for the plurality of wheels by adding said discernable results, said accumulated result providing said outcome, and
comparing said outcome with said at least one player's prediction to identify a winning prediction.
10. The method of claim 9, wherein said non-linear mapping is a bell-shaped distribution about a median, said median being the sum of the median results of each wheel of said plurality of wheels.
11. A device for playing a game of chance comprising:
a plurality of roulette wheels each spinnable to provide a result, and
an accumulator for calculating and outputting a sum of the results of said plurality of roulette wheels.
12. The device of claim 11, wherein said plurality of roulette wheels is five roulette wheels.
13. The device of claim 11, wherein each roulette wheel is spinnable to provide at random any one of thirty seven results.
14. The device of claim 11, wherein each roulette wheel is spinnable to provide at random any one of thirty eight results.
15. The device of claim 11, wherein said wheels are physical wheels.
16. The device of claim 11, wherein said wheels are implemented virtually.
17. The device of claim 11, implemented virtually over a network to remote players.
18. A method of providing a game of chance having a non-linear mapping of probabilities to each of a plurality of different outcomes, the method comprising:
providing a plurality of roulette wheels each spinnable to provide a result, and
providing an accumulator, in association with said plurality of roulette wheels, for calculating a current one of said plurality of different outcomes, said current outcome comprising a sum of the results of said plurality of roulette wheels.
19. The method of claim 18, wherein said non-linear mapping is a bell-shaped distribution about a median, said median being the sum of the median results of each wheel of said plurality of wheels.
Description
    RELATED APPLICATIONS
  • [0001]
    The present application claims priority from GB Patent Application No. 0420125.7, filed on Sep. 9, 2004.
  • FIELD AND BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
  • [0002]
    The present invention relates to games of chance involving roulette wheels and, more particularly, but not exclusively to a game of chance involving multiple roulette wheels.
  • [0003]
    Games of chance are highly popular and have been around for many centuries. One especially popular game of chance is roulette, which is believed to have been around in something close to its present form since the 18th century. Roulette involves a wheel traditionally having 37 or possibly 38 spaces or stopping positions, each position being assigned a unique number and one of two colors. The 37 space wheel is typically used in Europe and the 38 space wheel in the USA. The wheel is set to spin and when the wheel ceases spinning a ball comes to rest within one of the spaces. Players may bet on the numbers, or combination of numbers, or the colors, of an expected stopping position of the ball within the wheel (a betting position or prediction). The player who makes a correct prediction wins. Typically the odds the player receives for winning are slightly lower than the mathematical odds of the position he has bet on. However a disadvantage of roulette is that since the odds of any single number coming up are 37/1, the maximum prize that can be paid out is bounded above by 37 times the bet placed. Generally players are attracted by high maximum payouts, however small the odds of such a maximum payout.
  • [0004]
    Traditional roulette is based on a single wheel, and is generally played at a casino where a wheel is mounted on a table and a cloth or like marked spread is provided to enable each player to indicate his predictions. The wheel is set near the center of the table.
  • [0005]
    As indicated above, certain of the numbers and spaces on the roulette betting felt (such as 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 11, 13, 15, 17, 20, 22, 24, 26, 28, 29, 31, 33, and 35) are colored black, while others (such as 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 12, 14, 16, 18, 19, 21, 23, 25, 27, 32, 34 and 36) are colored red. Also included on the betting felt are spaces for such bets as: “manqué” (1 to 18 inclusive); “pass” (19 to 36 inclusive); “pair” (an even number); “impair” (an odd number); “rouge” (a red number); and “noir” (a black number). Therefore, the winning bet may be comprised of a bet on the particular winning number, a bet on a range of numbers that includes the winning number (e.g., on odd or the “2nd 12”), or a bet on a color that includes a winning number.
  • [0006]
    All bets are placed against the house and are indicated by placing stakes (e.g., chips) on the particular numbers or types of bets selected as they appear on the table. Once the bets are placed, the “croupier” spins the wheel in one direction and tosses the ball onto the wheel in the other direction. The sector where the ball finally comes to rest is the outcome, thereby indicating the winning number and color. This information is then used to manually determine which of the bets are winning bets. Various betting combinations with different odds and maximum bets are allowed depending on the rules of the gaming establishment. The standard odds and payouts for traditional roulette are well known in the art.
  • [0007]
    One way of increasing the possibilities in a game is to increase the number of balls that circulate with the roulette wheel, thus increasing the number of outcomes that can be bet on. An example is shown in U.S. Pat. No. 6,209,869 to Mathews, which discloses an apparatus and method for playing a roulette-type game. The apparatus includes a conventional roulette wheel and four tables. Each table has a lower playing field and an upper playing field, wherein each field is utilized for placing bets. During play, four balls are utilized on the one wheel, wherein each ball corresponds to one of the tables. The lower field is utilized for placing bets on the single ball that is associated with that particular table, while the upper field of each table is utilized for placing bets on all of the balls in play.
  • [0008]
    U.S. Pat. No. 5,755,440 to Sher relates to an apparatus used to play roulette using multiple balls. The apparatus includes a single roulette wheel that has multiple tracks, thereby permitting two or more balls to be propelled into the wheel simultaneously.
  • [0009]
    The mechanical systems above can be simulated electronically, and both stand alone roulette machines and computer programs for playing roulette are well known. The computer programs may be stand alone programs or can be played by remotely located participants over the Internet.
  • [0010]
    U.S. Pat. No. 5,259,616 to Bergmann discloses a coin-operated gaming machine that has a roulette-like number pan and a setting keyboard. In operation, the player inserts one or more coins into a coin insertion slot. The player then selects which numbers the player wishes to bet on using the keyboard. After the player places a bet, a random number generator randomly determines the winning number, and that number is then highlighted on the number pan. The random number generator also randomly determines a win multiplier number by which the winning payout is multiplied.
  • [0011]
    U.S. Pat. No. 6,083,105 to Ronin et al. discloses a single-player computerized roulette playing apparatus. The apparatus includes a rotatable roulette wheel that is mechanically rotated using a drive mechanism. One or more balls are put into play during the game. A roulette game field is displayed on a corresponding computer display, which provides a means by which the player can place one or more bets.
  • [0012]
    Recently, a system intended for Internet based betting or for a betting machine, provides for a series of roulette wheels and allows a player to take a betting position that takes into account the results at each of the roulette wheels in the series. The system thus allows for results with odds that are lower than 37/1 and thereby permits higher payouts, but only in a limited way. Such a system is exemplified by International Patent Application No. WO 2004/054665, which teaches a computerized multiple wheel roulette game allowing players to place bets on different wheels and on multiple numbers on the same wheel. The idea is to permit bets with lower odds and thus to permit larger prizes. The game is based on individual results produced on individual wheels and, since these are independent events, the use of the individual results does not succeed in giving a level of odds and consequent maximum prize, which can stand out against national or state lotteries and other available games of chance.
  • [0013]
    There is thus a widely recognized need for, and it would be highly advantageous to have, a game of chance based on roulette wheels which is devoid of the above limitations.
  • SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • [0014]
    According to one aspect of the present invention there is provided a method of playing roulette using a plurality of wheels having discrete stopping positions, each stopping position being a discernable result, the method comprising:
      • receiving at least one player's prediction of an accumulated result possible for the plurality of wheels,
      • operating the plurality of wheels to cause each wheel to reach one of its stopping positions at random, thereby to give one of the discernable results,
      • calculating an accumulated result for the plurality of wheels by adding the discernable results, and comparing the accumulated result with the at least one player's prediction to identify a winning prediction.
  • [0018]
    In a particularly preferred embodiment the method uses five roulette wheels, as this gives a level of odds that are seen as an ideal balance between the level of the prize and the chances of actually winning.
  • [0019]
    The wheel being used may be the traditional European version having 37 stopping positions, or it may be the traditional USA version having 38 stopping positions. As a further alternative the wheel may make use of any other suitable format. There exist for example various historical formats of the roulette wheel which are not in widespread use today.
  • [0020]
    The method may use a dedicated electronic slot machine.
  • [0021]
    Alternatively, the method may use a dedicated mechanical device, for example a device in which a given number of wheels are arranged in a column. A single spin action by the operator sets all of the wheels spinning but they come to rest independently. Preferably the stopping positions are electronically detected and the sum of the stopping positions is indicated at an output.
  • [0022]
    Alternatively the method may be played using a computer program, which simulates the spin of the roulette wheels.
  • [0023]
    The computer program may be stand alone or support play with one or more remote users over an electronic network, say between a server and a client.
  • [0024]
    According to a second aspect of the present invention there is provided a device for playing a game of chance comprising:
      • a plurality of roulette wheels each spinnable to provide a result, and
      • an accumulator for calculating and outputting a sum of the results of the plurality of roulette wheels.
  • [0027]
    A preferred number of roulette wheels is five roulette wheels, again for providing a trade off between the ability to provide a large prize and a reasonable possibility of actually winning.
  • [0028]
    As above, the wheels concerned may be in the US format or the European format. Alternatively they may be in any other suitable format.
  • [0029]
    The wheels may be physical wheels, irrespective of whether the accumulation is carried out electronically, mechanically or left to the users.
  • [0030]
    In an alternative device the wheels are implemented virtually.
  • [0031]
    As discussed above, the virtual implementation may be provided over a network, such as the Internet, to enable participation by remotely located participants or players.
  • [0032]
    According to a further aspect of the present invention, there is provided a method of providing a game of chance having a non-linear mapping of probabilities to each of a plurality of different outcomes, the method comprising:
      • providing a plurality of roulette wheels each spinnable to provide a result, and
      • providing an accumulator, in association with the plurality of roulette wheels, for calculating a current one of the plurality of different outcomes, the current outcome comprising a sum of the results of the plurality of roulette wheels.
  • [0035]
    According to a further aspect of the present invention there is provided a method of providing a game of chance having a non-linear mapping of probabilities to each of a plurality of different outcomes, the method comprising:
      • using a plurality of wheels having discrete stopping positions, each stopping position being a discernable result, the method comprising:
      • receiving at least one player's prediction of an accumulated result possible for the plurality of wheels,
      • operating the plurality of wheels to cause each wheel to reach one of its stopping positions at random, thereby to give one of the discernable results,
      • calculating an accumulated result for the plurality of wheels by adding the discernable results, the accumulated result providing the outcome, and
      • comparing the outcome with the at least one player's prediction to identify a winning prediction.
  • [0041]
    The non-linear mapping is typically a bell-shaped distribution about a median, the median being the sum of the median results of each wheel of the plurality of wheels.
  • [0042]
    Unless otherwise defined, all technical and scientific terms used herein have the same meaning as commonly understood by one of ordinary skill in the art to which this invention belongs. The materials, methods, and examples provided herein are illustrative only and not intended to be limiting.
  • [0043]
    Implementation of the method and system of the present invention involves performing or completing certain selected tasks or steps manually, automatically, or a combination thereof. Moreover, according to actual instrumentation and equipment of preferred embodiments of the method and system of the present invention, several selected steps could be implemented by hardware or by software on any operating system of any firmware or a combination thereof. For example, as hardware, selected steps of the invention could be implemented as a chip or a circuit. As software, selected steps of the invention could be implemented as a plurality of software instructions being executed by a computer using any suitable operating system. In any case, selected steps of the method and system of the invention could be described as being performed by a data processor, such as a computing platform for executing a plurality of instructions.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • [0044]
    The invention is herein described, by way of example only, with reference to the accompanying drawings. With specific reference now to the drawings in detail, it is stressed that the particulars shown are by way of example and for purposes of illustrative discussion of the preferred embodiments of the present invention only, and are presented in order to provide what is believed to be the most useful and readily understood description of the principles and conceptual aspects of the invention. In this regard, no attempt is made to show structural details of the invention in more detail than is necessary for a fundamental understanding of the invention, the description taken with the drawings making apparent to those skilled in the art how the several forms of the invention may be embodied in practice.
  • [0045]
    In the drawings:
  • [0046]
    FIG. 1 is a simplified diagram showing a traditional roulette wheel;
  • [0047]
    FIG. 2 is a simplified block diagram showing a system for playing multiple wheel roulette according to a first preferred embodiment of the present invention;
  • [0048]
    FIG. 3 is a simplified flow chart showing a procedure for playing a multiple wheel roulette game according to a first preferred embodiment of the present invention;
  • [0049]
    FIG. 4 is a simplified block diagram illustrating a system for playing multiple wheel roulette according to a second preferred embodiment of the present invention; and
  • [0050]
    FIG. 5 is a simplified block diagram illustrating a mechanical implementation of the present invention.
  • DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS
  • [0051]
    The present embodiments comprise a system and method for playing multiple wheel roulette in which a final result on which players place bets is an accumulated or otherwise combined total taken from the results of the different wheels.
  • [0052]
    In a further aspect the present embodiments provide a game with a plurality of possible outcomes and a non-linear probability curve defining the likelihood of the different outcomes. More specifically but not exclusively the non-linear probability curve is a bell curve or a Gaussian distribution or like statistical distribution about a median or mode.
  • [0053]
    The system and method may be played using multiple standard roulette wheels used together or it may be played using a dedicated mechanical machine including the multiple wheels needed for the game or it may be played using an electronic slot machine or it may be played over the Internet or like electronic network, for example using a server-client type connection.
  • [0054]
    The principles and operation of a multiple wheel roulette system or method according to the present invention may be better understood with reference to the drawings and accompanying description.
  • [0055]
    Before explaining at least one embodiment of the invention in detail, it is to be understood that the invention is not limited in its application to the details of construction and the arrangement of the components set forth in the following description or illustrated in the drawings. The invention is capable of other embodiments or of being practiced or carried out in various ways. Also, it is to be understood that the phraseology and terminology employed herein is for the purpose of description and should not be regarded as limiting.
  • [0056]
    Reference is now made to FIG. 1, which illustrates a standard roulette wheel 10. The roulette wheel has 37 or 38 different stopping positions, each associated with a different number and one of two colors, and players bet on the different stopping positions in various ways. The highest odds available in the game are 36/1 or 37/1 depending on the table and thus the maximum win for any given bet is limited.
  • [0057]
    Reference is now made to FIG. 2, which is a simplified diagram illustrating a device 12 for playing a game of chance, in this case roulette. The device has several 10 roulette wheels 14.1 . . . 14.n and each wheel has some kind of indicator for showing the winning or stopping position. In the traditional roulette wheel a small ball travels around the wheel as it spins and the number that the ball rests on at the end of the spin is the determined stopping position. In the device of the present embodiments it is possible to have several horizontal wheels each working the same way or the wheels can be placed vertically, in which case the stopping position is simply a particular angular position defined by the device, see marked positions 16.1 . . . 16.n shown on the device. Alternatively the wheels may in fact be virtual wheels in which case the stopping position is determined by a software algorithm. In addition to the wheels there is an accumulator 18 which adds up the numbers from each of the stopping positions 16.1 . . . 16.n and outputs a sum of the results of the roulette wheels 14.1 . . . 14.n.
  • [0058]
    The number of roulette wheels can be selected according to the desired maximum odds it is intended to provide. Thus a game provider wishing to provide odds of a million to one so that he can advertise a million dollar maximum prize, would select an appropriately large number of roulette wheels. A typical application would include say five roulette wheels, although herein, at least partial probability tables are given for all possibilities between two and nine wheels.
  • [0059]
    Reference is now made to FIG. 3, which is a simplified flow chart illustrating a method of playing roulette using a plurality of wheels having discrete stopping positions, in short roulette wheels or virtual implementations thereof. Each stopping position provides a discernable result. The method comprises a stage S1 of first of all receiving the different players' predictions of an accumulated result for the plurality of wheels. There is a further stage S2 of operating the wheels to cause each wheel to reach one of its stopping positions at random, thereby to give one of the discernable results. Preferably a single action on the part of the operator is able to initiate all of the wheels simultaneously. In a virtual device this is relatively straightforward. In a mechanical device some kind of mechanical linkage has to be provided which starts all of the wheels together with a single motion. Preferably, however the energy transferred is not identical for all wheels so that the relative behavior between the wheels is also random.
  • [0060]
    It is of course appreciated that stages one and two need not be successive. It is common in roulette to continue to place bets up to a certain point in the spin of the wheel.
  • [0061]
    Once the wheels have settled at their stopping positions then the numbers of the different stopping positions are taken in stage S3 and used in calculating an accumulated result in stage S4.
  • [0062]
    In a final stage S5, the accumulated result is compared against the bets that have been placed and correct predictions are rewarded, as with any other game of roulette.
  • [0063]
    It is pointed out that as well as placing bets on the accumulated total, it is also possible to place bets on individual outcomes, for example will a three appear on any of the wheels, or will a three appear on any specific wheel.
  • [0064]
    Reference is now made to FIG. 4, which is a simplified block diagram illustrating a further preferred embodiment for playing multiple wheel roulette with accumulation according to a further preferred embodiment of the present invention. In FIG. 4, the multiple wheel roulette machine is implemented on server 20. The server 20 is connected via network 22 to remotely located users 24.1 . . . 24.n. Each user makes predictions or places bets over the network and the wheels spin. The accumulated number is then compared against the predictions and correct predictions are rewarded.
  • [0065]
    Reference is now made to FIG. 5, which illustrates a mechanical implementation of the present invention. Device 28 includes an accumulator 30 connected to a column 32 having five roulette wheels 34.1 . . . 34.5. A single spin action by the operator sets all of the wheels spinning but they come to rest independently. Preferably the stopping positions are electronically detected and the associated numbers added at the accumulator 30. The sum of the stopping positions is indicated at an output, thus screen 36 of accumulator 30.
  • [0066]
    It will be appreciated that for any given number of wheels, possible summation results range from zero to the number 36 multiplied by the number of wheels used. It will further be appreciated that sums towards the center of the range are more likely to occur since there are more combinations of stopping positions that give these results than there are for the sums at the extremities of the range. For example the summed result zero is highly improbable since there is only one way it can be achieved on the European formatted wheel, namely that each wheel stops on zero. However the median or mode result has a maximal number of combinations that will achieve it and hence the odds of such a summed result are correspondingly higher.
  • [0067]
    The importance of the above is that the summed roulette game as described here is very different from traditional roulette because the graph of the odds is essentially a bell curve, whereas with the traditional game it is a flat curve. This enables the game designer to offer different odds for different sums and thus advertise a maximum prize which is in fact extremely high, even though the overall chances of wins of some kind occurring is not that small.
  • [0068]
    As explained above, the idea of using multiple roulette wheels is to provide the possibility of predictions with lower odds, so that larger prizes can be paid. In the following tables, odds are given for different results using different numbers of wheels.
  • [0069]
    Tables 1 to 8 below represent the probabilities for the most likely outcomes when spinning a number of roulette wheels and calculating the sum of all the individual outcomes. For each number of wheels the Mode sum is given, indicated by shading, as well as the corresponding probability of occurrence. Also given are the probabilities of obtaining the five closest sums to the Mode, 5 on each side. It is noted that the probabilities for getting mirroring sums around the Mode are the same as the distribution is symmetric.
  • [0070]
    The calculations were carried out using a counting algorithm that works in a recursive fashion and counts the number of times each sum occurs when adding an additional roulette wheel. The probabilities are obtained by dividing the number of observations by the size of the population of possible results.
    TABLE 1
    2 roulettes population size = 37{circumflex over ( )}2 = 1369
    Sum of
    results number of observations probability
    31 32 0.023374726
    32 33 0.024105186
    33 34 0.024835646
    34 35 0.025566107
    35 36 0.026296567
    36 37 0.027027027
    37 36 0.026296567
    38 35 0.025566107
    39 34 0.024835646
    40 33 0.024105186
    41 32 0.023374726
  • [0071]
    TABLE 2
    3 roulettes population size = 37{circumflex over ( )}3 = 50653
    Sum of
    results number of observations probability
    49 1002 0.019781652
    50 1011 0.019959331
    51 1018 0.020097526
    52 1023 0.020196237
    53 1026 0.020255464
    54 1027 0.020275206
    55 1026 0.020255464
    56 1023 0.020196237
    57 1018 0.020097526
    58 1011 0.019959331
    59 1002 0.019781652
  • [0072]
    TABLE 3
    4 roulettes population size 37{circumflex over ( )}4 1874161
    Sum of
    results number of observations probability
    67 32916 0.017563059
    68 33219 0.017724731
    69 33460 0.017853322
    70 33636 0.017947231
    71 33744 0.018004857
    72 33781 0.018024599
    73 33744 0.018004857
    74 33636 0.017947231
    75 33460 0.017853322
    76 33219 0.017724731
    77 32916 0.017563059
  • [0073]
    TABLE 4
    5 roulettes population size = 37{circumflex over ( )}5 = 69343957
    Sum of
    results number of observations probability
    85 1101651 0.015886763
    86 1109265 0.015996563
    87 1115215 0.016082367
    88 1119480 0.016143872
    89 1122045 0.016180862
    90 1122901 0.016193206
    91 1122045 0.016180862
    92 1119480 0.016143872
    93 1115215 0.016082367
    94 1109265 0.015996563
    95 1101651 0.015886763
  • [0074]
    TABLE 5
    6 roulettes population size = 37{circumflex over ( )}6 = 2565726409
    Sum of
    results number of observations probability
    103 37523562 0.014624927
    104 37748487 0.014712592
    105 37924398 0.014781154
    106 38050578 0.014830333
    107 38126502 0.014859925
    108 38151847 0.014869803
    109 38126502 0.014859925
    110 38050578 0.014830333
    111 37924398 0.014781154
    112 37748487 0.014712592
    113 37523562 0.014624927
  • [0075]
    TABLE 6
    7 roulettes population size = 37{circumflex over ( )}7 = 94931877133
    Sum of
    results number of observations probability
    121 1292903815 0.01361928
    122 1299601219 0.01368983
    123 1304832543 0.013744936
    124 1308581148 0.013784423
    125 1310835099 0.013808166
    126 1311587215 0.013816088
    127 1310835099 0.013808166
    128 1308581148 0.013784423
    129 1304832543 0.013744936
    130 1299601219 0.01368983
    131 1292903815 0.01361928
  • [0076]
    TABLE 7
    8 roulettes population size = 37{circumflex over ( )}8 = 3.51248E+12
    Sum of
    results number of observations probability
    139 44947523024 0.012796523
    140 45153688740 0.012855218
    141 45314665752 0.012901048
    142 45429985872 0.012933879
    143 45499312920 0.012953617
    144 45522444469 0.012960202
    145 45499312920 0.012953617
    146 45429985872 0.012933879
    147 45314665752 0.012901048
    148 45153688740 0.012855218
    149 44947523024 0.012796523
  • [0077]
    TABLE 8
    9 roulettes population size = 37{circumflex over ( )}9 = 1.29962E+14
    Sum of
    results number of observations Probability
    157  1.5734E+12 0.012106613
    158 1.57986E+12 0.012156363
    159 1.58491E+12 0.012195191
    160 1.58852E+12 0.012222999
    161 1.59069E+12 0.012239712
    162 1.59142E+12 0.012245288
    163 1.59069E+12 0.012239712
    164 1.58852E+12 0.012222999
    165 1.58491E+12 0.012195191
    166 1.57986E+12 0.012156363
    167  1.5734E+12 0.012106613
  • [0078]
    TABLE 9
    Complete Summed Results and corresponding
    probabilities for the five wheel case.
    p(sumx) sum(x)
    1.44209E−08 0
    7.21043E−08 1
    2.16313E−07 2
     5.0473E−07 3
    1.00946E−06 4
    1.81703E−06 5
    3.02838E−06 6
    4.75889E−06 7
    7.13833E−06 8
    1.03109E−05 9
    1.44353E−05 10
    1.96845E−05 11
     2.6246E−05 12
    3.43217E−05 13
    4.41279E−05 14
    5.58953E−05 15
    6.98691E−05 16
    8.63089E−05 17
    0.000105489 18
    0.000127697 19
    0.000153236 20
    0.000182424 21
    0.000215592 22
    0.000253086 23
    0.000295267 24
    0.00034251  25
    0.000395204 26
    0.000453753 27
    0.000518574 28
    0.000590102 29
    0.000668782 30
    0.000755077 31
    0.000849461 32
    0.000952426 33
    0.001064476 34
    0.001186131 35
    0.001317923 36
    0.001460329 37
    0.001613767 38
    0.001778598 39
    0.001955124 40
    0.00214359  41
    0.002344184 42
    0.002557036 43
    0.002782218 44
    0.003019744 45
    0.003269571 46
    0.003531598 47
    0.003805667 48
    0.004091561 49
    0.004389005 50
    0.00469767  51
    0.005017164 52
    0.005347041 53
    0.005686797 54
    0.006035868 55
    0.006393636 56
    0.006759421 57
    0.007132489 58
    0.007512046 59
    0.007897242 60
    0.008287168 61
    0.008680857 62
    0.009077287 63
    0.009475375 64
    0.009873982 65
    0.010271912 66
    0.010667909 67
    0.011060661 68
    0.011448799 69
    0.011830894 70
    0.012205462 71
    0.012570958 72
    0.012925784 73
    0.013268424 74
    0.01359745  75
    0.013911522 76
    0.014209385 77
    0.014489871 78
    0.014751898 79
    0.014994472 80
    0.015216683 81
    0.01541771  82
    0.015596817 83
    0.015753355 84
    0.015886763 85
    0.015996563 86
    0.016082367 87
    0.016143872 88
    0.016180862 89
    0.016193206 90
    0.016180862 91
    0.016143872 92
    0.016082367 93
    0.015996563 94
    0.015886763 95
    0.015753355 96
    0.015596817 97
    0.01541771  98
    0.015216683 99
    0.014994472 100
    0.014751898 101
    0.014489871 102
    0.014209385 103
    0.013911522 104
    0.01359745  105
    0.013268424 106
    0.012925784 107
    0.012570958 108
    0.012205462 109
    0.011830894 110
    0.011448799 111
    0.011060661 112
    0.010667909 113
    0.010271912 114
    0.009873982 115
    0.009475375 116
    0.009077287 117
    0.008680857 118
    0.008287168 119
    0.007897242 120
    0.007512046 121
    0.007132489 122
    0.006759421 123
    0.006393636 124
    0.006035868 125
    0.005686797 126
    0.005347041 127
    0.005017164 128
    0.00469767  129
    0.004389005 130
    0.004091561 131
    0.003805667 132
    0.003531598 133
    0.003269571 134
    0.003019744 135
    0.002782218 136
    0.002557036 137
    0.002344184 138
    0.00214359  139
    0.001955124 140
    0.001778598 141
    0.001613767 142
    0.001460329 143
    0.001317923 144
    0.001186131 145
    0.001064476 146
    0.000952426 147
    0.000849461 148
    0.000755077 149
    0.000668782 150
    0.000590102 151
    0.000518574 152
    0.000453753 153
    0.000395204 154
    0.00034251  155
    0.000295267 156
    0.000253086 157
    0.000215592 158
    0.000182424 159
    0.000153236 160
    0.000127697 161
    0.000105489 162
    8.63089E−05 163
    6.98691E−05 164
    5.58953E−05 165
    4.41279E−05 166
    3.43217E−05 167
     2.6246E−05 168
    1.96845E−05 169
    1.44353E−05 170
    1.03109E−05 171
    7.13833E−06 172
    4.75889E−06 173
    3.02838E−06 174
    1.81703E−06 175
    1.00946E−06 176
     5.0473E−07 177
    2.16313E−07 178
    7.21043E−08 179
    1.44209E−08 180
  • [0079]
    It is clear from table 9 that the best odds available to the player are for the sums about the mode. The game designer is able to offer a flat level of odds over the entire table or he can offer a curve of odds, thus offering a very high maximum prize for the sums towards the ends of the table.
    TABLE 10
    Individual Results The US Wheel
    The
    probs #s 0 1 2 3 4 5
    1 0.947 1-36 4.04E−07 3.63E−05 0.001309 0.023553 0.211979 0.763123
    2 0.632 1-24 0.006788 0.05818 0.199475 0.341957 0.293106 0.100494
    3 0.474 1-18 0.040386 0.181737 0.327127 0.294415 0.132487 0.023848
    4 0.026 1 0.875166 0.118266 0.006393 0.000173 2.33E−06 1.26E−08
    5 0.053 2 0.763123 0.211979 0.023553 0.001309 3.63E−05 4.04E−07
    6 0.079 3 0.662861 0.284083 0.0487 0.004174 0.000179 3.07E−06
    7 0.105 4 0.573425 0.337309 0.079367 0.009337 0.000549 1.29E−05
    8 0.132 5 0.493914 0.374178 0.113387 0.01718 0.001302 3.94E−05
    9 0.158 6 0.423479 0.397012 0.148879 0.027915 0.002617 9.81E−05
    10 0.184 7 0.361319 0.407941 0.184231 0.041601 0.004697 0.000212
    11 0.211 8 0.306682 0.408909 0.218085 0.058156 0.007754 0.000414
    12 0.237 9 0.258864 0.401686 0.249322 0.077376 0.012007 0.000745
    13 0.263 10 0.217206 0.387868 0.277049 0.098946 0.017669 0.001262
    14 0.289 11 0.181093 0.368892 0.300579 0.122458 0.024945 0.002033
    15 0.316 12 0.149951 0.34604 0.319422 0.147425 0.034021 0.00314
  • [0080]
    TABLE 11
    Individual Results The European Wheel
    The
    probs #s 0 1 2 3 4 5
    1 0.973 1-36 1.44E−08 2.6E−06 0.000187 0.006728 0.121108 0.871975
    2 0.649 1-24 0.005354 0.049425 0.182492 0.336908 0.310992 0.114828
    3 0.486 1-18 0.035707 0.169141 0.320477 0.30361 0.143815 0.027249
    4 0.027 1 0.871975 0.121108 0.006728 0.000187 2.6E−06 1.44E−08
    5 0.054 2 0.757411 0.216403 0.024732 0.001413 4.04E−05 4.61E−07
    6 0.081 3 0.655218 0.289067 0.051012 0.004501 0.000199 3.5E−06
    7 0.108 4 0.564366 0.34204 0.082919 0.010051 0.000609 1.48E−05
    8 0.135 5 0.483884 0.378034 0.118136 0.018459 0.001442 4.51E−05
    9 0.162 6 0.412857 0.399539 0.15466 0.029934 0.002897 0.000112
    10 0.189 7 0.350427 0.408832 0.190788 0.044517 0.005194 0.000242
    11 0.216 8 0.295789 0.407984 0.225095 0.062095 0.008565 0.000473
    12 0.243 9 0.248188 0.398874 0.256419 0.08242 0.013246 0.000852
    13 0.270 10 0.206924 0.383192 0.283646 0.105128 0.019468 0.001442
    14 0.297 11 0.17134 0.362449 0.306688 0.129753 0.027448 0.002322
    15 0.324 12 0.140829 0.337989 0.32447 0.155745 0.037379 0.003588
  • [0081]
    Tables 10 and 11 show for the two separate cases of the European and the US format of roulette wheel the probability that a given number from 1 to 36 will appear on no wheels, on exactly one wheel etc up to five wheels. The second row shows the chances of a number from 1 to 24 will appear on no wheels, on exactly one wheel etc up to five wheels. The third row shows the same calculation for numbers from 1 to 18 and then the remaining lines are for individual numbers.
  • [0082]
    Winning Table 5 Roulettes
    TABLE 12
    0 1 2 3 4 5
    1/10000000 10000 1/2000 1/100 1/7 No1
    1/150 1/18 1/5 1/3 1/3 1/7
    1/25 1/5 1/2.5 1/3 1/6 1/33
    No1 1/7 1/120 1/4000 1/30000 1/10000000
    No1 1/4 1/36 1/500 1/20000 1/1500000
    No1 1/3 1/17 1/200 1/4000 1/200000
    1/1.5 1/2.5 1/10 1/90 1/1000 1/50000
    1/1.5 1/2 1/7.5 1/49 1/500 1/18000
    1/2 1/2 1/6 1/30 1/300 1/5000
    1/2.5 1/2 1/5 1/20 1/150 1/2500
    1/3 1/2 1/4 1/14 1/100 1/1500
    1/3.5 1/2 1/3.5 1/11 1/50 1/1000
    1/4 1/2.5 1/3 1/9 1/45 1/600
    1/5 1/2.5 1/3 1/7 1/30 1/380
    1/6 1/2.5 1/2.5 1/6 1/24 1/250
  • [0083]
    It is expected that during the life of this patent many relevant random devices and systems and ways of implementing random selections will be developed and the concepts herein are intended to include all such new technologies a priori.
  • [0084]
    It is appreciated that certain features of the invention, which are, for clarity, described in the context of separate embodiments, may also be provided in combination in a single embodiment. Conversely, various features of the invention, which are, for brevity, described in the context of a single embodiment, may also be provided separately or in any suitable subcombination.
  • [0085]
    Although the invention has been described in conjunction with specific embodiments thereof, it is evident that many alternatives, modifications and variations will be apparent to those skilled in the art. Accordingly, it is intended to embrace all such alternatives, modifications and variations that fall within the spirit and broad scope of the appended claims. All publications, patents and patent applications mentioned in this specification are herein incorporated in their entirety by reference into the specification, to the same extent as if each individual publication, patent or patent application was specifically and individually indicated to be incorporated herein by reference. In addition, citation or identification of any reference in this application shall not be construed as an admission that such reference is available as prior art to the present invention.
Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US5259616 *May 7, 1991Nov 9, 1993Tjark BergmannRoulette-type coin-operated gaming machine
US5755440 *Jan 8, 1997May 26, 1998Sher; Abraham M.Enhanced roulette-style game
US6083105 *Aug 13, 1998Jul 4, 2000Paul RoninComputerized roulette playing apparatus for a single player
US6209869 *May 21, 1999Apr 3, 2001Marc MathewsMethod and apparatus for roulette-type games
US6761353 *Apr 6, 2001Jul 13, 2004Lyle BermanDice game
US20030178768 *Apr 25, 2003Sep 25, 2003Sierra Design GroupGaming device with multiple spinning whells and method
US20040061285 *Sep 30, 2003Apr 1, 2004Julian Hughes-WattsBetting on a plurality of roulette wheels
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US7674172Mar 9, 2010IgtGaming device having a wheel-based game
US7708630Dec 11, 2006May 4, 2010IgtRotor-based gaming device having a system for changing the quantity of potential game outcomes for subsequent plays
US7828294Nov 9, 2010IgtGaming system having a dice-based game with a plurality of wager areas
US7901280Mar 8, 2011IgtMultiple reel roulette game
US8152171Feb 12, 2010Apr 10, 2012IgtGaming device having a wheel-based game
US8177234Mar 25, 2010May 15, 2012IgtRotor-based gaming device having a system for changing the quantity of potential game outcomes for subsequent plays
US8177628 *Oct 12, 2007May 15, 2012Cfph, LlcLot-to-lot roulette combination
US8182326May 22, 2012Vcat, LlcOutcome based display of gaming results
US8221214Jul 17, 2012IgtRotor-based gaming device having a secondary award system
US8342941Jul 5, 2012Jan 1, 2013IgtRotor-based gaming device having a secondary award system
US8562419Jun 30, 2011Oct 22, 2013IgtGaming system, device, and method providing a multiple streak game
US8727862Dec 27, 2010May 20, 2014IgtMultiple reel roulette game
US8986104Oct 1, 2013Mar 24, 2015IgtGaming system, device, and method providing a multiple streak game
US8986106 *Sep 2, 2011Mar 24, 2015IgtGaming system, gaming device, and method providing selectable different roulette wheels for play of roulette game
US9005004 *Sep 2, 2011Apr 14, 2015IgtGaming system, gaming device, and method providing selectable different roulette wheels for play of roulette game
US9230394Apr 22, 2014Jan 5, 2016IgtMultiple reel roulette game
US9295905May 10, 2012Mar 29, 2016Cfph, LlcLot-to-lot roulette combination
US20080139280 *Nov 8, 2007Jun 12, 2008Aruze Corp.Roulette gaming machine and method for providing roulette game
US20080146311 *Apr 13, 2007Jun 19, 2008Walker Jay SIncremental revelation of results in a game of chance
US20080182654 *Jan 16, 2008Jul 31, 2008Aruze Corp.Gaming Apparatus
US20090098921 *Oct 12, 2007Apr 16, 2009Manning Gregory PLot-to-lot roulette combination
US20090104963 *Oct 22, 2007Apr 23, 2009Kevin BurmanLaser lot generator
US20100227662 *Mar 5, 2009Sep 9, 2010Vcat, LlcOutcome based display of gaming results
US20130029741 *Jul 28, 2011Jan 31, 2013Digideal Corporation IncVirtual roulette game
US20140106841 *Dec 16, 2013Apr 17, 2014Cfph, LlcRoulette game
EP1926061A2 *Nov 12, 2007May 28, 2008Aruze CorporationRoulette gaming machine and method for providing roulette game
WO2008070055A2 *Dec 4, 2007Jun 12, 2008Walker Digital, LlcSelection of multiple roulette wheels
WO2009049176A1 *Oct 10, 2008Apr 16, 2009Cfph, LlcLot-to-lot roulette combination
WO2009108990A1 *Feb 19, 2009Sep 11, 2009Nextgen Gaming Pty LtdRoulette game
Classifications
U.S. Classification273/139, 273/143.00R, 463/17
International ClassificationA63F5/00, A63F1/18, A63F9/24, A63B71/00
Cooperative ClassificationA63F5/0094, A63F5/00
European ClassificationA63F5/00R, A63F5/00