|Publication number||US20060075327 A1|
|Application number||US 10/952,443|
|Publication date||Apr 6, 2006|
|Filing date||Sep 29, 2004|
|Priority date||Sep 29, 2004|
|Also published as||US20140026040, WO2006039012A1|
|Publication number||10952443, 952443, US 2006/0075327 A1, US 2006/075327 A1, US 20060075327 A1, US 20060075327A1, US 2006075327 A1, US 2006075327A1, US-A1-20060075327, US-A1-2006075327, US2006/0075327A1, US2006/075327A1, US20060075327 A1, US20060075327A1, US2006075327 A1, US2006075327A1|
|Original Assignee||Joe Sriver|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (11), Classifications (11), Legal Events (1)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
1. Field of the Invention
Systems and methods consistent with the principles of the invention relate generally to information retrieval and, more particularly, to a user interface for the presentation of information regarding a document.
2. Description of Related Art
Modern computer networks, and in particular, the Internet, have made large bodies of information widely and easily available. Free Internet search engines, for instance, index many millions of web documents that are linked to the Internet. A user connected to the Internet can enter a simple search query to quickly locate web documents relevant to the search query.
One category of content that is not widely available on the Internet, however, includes the more traditional printed works of authorship, such as books and magazines. One impediment to making such works digitally available is that it can be difficult to convert printed versions of the works to digital form. Optical character recognition (OCR), which is the act of using an optical scanning device to generate images of text that are then converted to characters in a computer-readable format (e.g., an ASCII file), is a known technique for converting printed text to a useful digital form. OCR systems generally include an optical scanner for generating images of printed pages and software for analyzing the images.
According to one aspect, a method may include receiving a search query, identifying a document based on the search query, and providing an excerpt page corresponding to the document. The excerpt page may include a page of the document and a set of links to sections of the document. One of the links corresponds to the page and includes text describing the link, a next page element to permit a next page in the document to be presented, and a previous page element to permit a previous page in the document to be presented. The next page element and the previous page element are visually associated with the text describing the link.
According to another aspect, a graphical user interface embodied in a computer-readable medium may include an image of a page from a document, a first link to a first section of the document, and text associated with a second link to a second section of the document, where the page is included in the second section of the document. A next page element and a previous page element are visually associated with the text associated with the second link. The next page element permits an image of a next page from the document to be presented and the previous page element permits an image of a previous page from the document to be presented.
According to a further aspect, a system may include means for identifying a document and means for providing an excerpt page corresponding to the document. The excerpt page may include a page of the document and a set of links to sections of the documents. One of the links corresponds to a section containing the page and includes text associated with the link, a next page element to permit a next page in the document to be presented, and a previous page element to permit a previous page in the document to be presented. The next page element and the previous page element are visually associated with the text associated with the link.
The accompanying drawings, which are incorporated in and constitute a part of this specification, illustrate an embodiment of the invention and, together with the description, explain the invention. In the drawings,
The following detailed description of the invention refers to the accompanying drawings. The same reference numbers in different drawings may identify the same or similar elements. Also, the following detailed description does not limit the invention.
More and more types of documents are becoming searchable via search engines. For example, some documents, such as books, magazines, and/or catalogs, may be scanned and their text recognized via OCR. It is beneficial to present information regarding these and other types of documents in a manner that is useful to users seeking such information.
Systems and methods consistent with the principles of the invention may provide information regarding documents in a manner that is useful to users interested in the documents.
Clients 110 may include client entities. An entity may be defined as a device, such as a wireless telephone, a personal computer, a personal digital assistant (PDA), a lap top, or another type of computation or communication device, a thread or process running on one of these devices, and/or an object executable by one of these devices. Servers 120-140 may include server entities that gather, process, search, and/or maintain documents in a manner consistent with the principles of the invention.
In an implementation consistent with the principles of the invention, server 120 may include a search engine 125 usable by clients 110. Server 120 may crawl a corpus of documents (e.g., web documents), index the documents, and store information associated with the documents in a repository of documents. Alternatively or additionally, server 120 may analyze a database (or set of databases) of documents (e.g., books, magazines, newspapers, articles, catalogs, etc.), obtained electronically by scanning or otherwise, and store information associated with the documents in the same or a different repository. Servers 130 and 140 may store or maintain documents that may be crawled or analyzed by server 120.
While servers 120-140 are shown as separate entities, it may be possible for one or more of servers 120-140 to perform one or more of the functions of another one or more of servers 120-140. For example, it may be possible that two or more of servers 120-140 are implemented as a single server. It may also be possible for a single one of servers 120-140 to be implemented as two or more separate (and possibly distributed) devices.
Network 150 may include a local area network (LAN), a wide area network (WAN), a telephone network, such as the Public Switched Telephone Network (PSTN), an intranet, the Internet, a memory device, or a combination of networks. Clients 110 and servers 120-140 may connect to network 150 via wired, wireless, and/or optical connections.
Processor 220 may include a conventional processor, microprocessor, or processing logic that interprets and executes instructions. Main memory 230 may include a random access memory (RAM) or another type of dynamic storage device that may store information and instructions for execution by processor 220. ROM 240 may include a conventional ROM device or another type of static storage device that may store static information and instructions for use by processor 220. Storage device 250 may include a magnetic and/or optical recording medium and its corresponding drive.
Input device 260 may include a conventional mechanism that permits an operator to input information to the client/server entity, such as a keyboard, a mouse, a pen, voice recognition and/or biometric mechanisms, etc. Output device 270 may include a conventional mechanism that outputs information to the operator, including a display, a printer, a speaker, etc. Communication interface 280 may include any transceiver-like mechanism that enables the client/server entity to communicate with other devices and/or systems. For example, communication interface 280 may include mechanisms for communicating with another device or system via a network, such as network 150.
As will be described in detail below, the client/server entity, consistent with the principles of the invention, may perform certain document processing-related operations. The client/server entity may perform these operations in response to processor 220 executing software instructions contained in a computer-readable medium, such as memory 230. A computer-readable medium may be defined as a physical or logical memory device and/or carrier wave.
The software instructions may be read into memory 230 from another computer-readable medium, such as data storage device 250, or from another device via communication interface 280. The software instructions contained in memory 230 may cause processor 220 to perform processes that will be described later. Alternatively, hardwired circuitry may be used in place of or in combination with software instructions to implement processes consistent with the principles of the invention. Thus, implementations consistent with the principles of the invention are not limited to any specific combination of hardware circuitry and software.
The search query may be received by the search engine and used to identify documents (e.g., books, magazines, newspapers, articles, catalogs, etc.) related to the search query (acts 305 and 310) (
Optionally, the documents may be scored in some manner (act 315). For example, the score for a document may be based on an information retrieval (IR) score. Several techniques exist for generating an IR score. For example, an IR score for a document may be generated based on the number of occurrences of the search terms in the document text, where the search terms occur within the document (e.g., title, content, footer, header, etc.), or characteristics of occurrences of the search terms (e.g., font, size, color, etc.). Yet other techniques are known to those skilled in the art.
Search results may be formed based on the documents and their optional scores and presented to the user (act 320). In one implementation, the search results may include information associated with the documents, such as links to the documents, that may optionally be sorted based on the document scores. The search results may be provided as a HTML document, similar to search results provided by conventional search engines. Alternatively, the search results may be provided according to another format agreed upon by the search engine and the client (e.g., Extensible Markup Language (XML)).
In one implementation, as shown in
Excerpt 416 may include a portion of the document that includes a search term of the search query. Optionally, occurrences of the search term may be visually distinguished (e.g., highlighted) in the portion of the document. Excerpt 416 may also include a page number associated with the excerpt. In one implementation, selection of the page number (or excerpt 416) may result in presentation of detailed information, possibly in the form of an excerpt page (described below), associated with the document.
Address 418 may include an address at which the document is stored. Links 420 may permit one or more other excerpts from the document to be presented to the user. Image 422 may include an image of, for example, a front cover (or another portion) of the document (if available). In one implementation, image 422 includes a thumbnail version of the front cover of the document. Image 422 may optionally include an embedded link that, when selected, may result in presentation of detailed information, possibly in the form of an excerpt page (described below), associated with the document.
In one implementation consistent with the principles of the invention, detailed information regarding a document, possibly in the form of an excerpt page, may be presented to the user in response to the user selecting the document (act 330) (
Document title and author information 510 may include a title associated with the document and/or the name(s) of the author(s) of the document. Image 520 may include an image of, for example, a front cover (or another portion) of the document (if available). In one implementation, image 520 may include a thumbnail version of the front cover of the document.
Excerpt 530 may include text from a page of the body of the document that may include a search term of the search query or another page of the document, such as a copyright page, a table of contents, or an index, within an excerpt window. Excerpt 530 may correspond to an image of the page text or the text version and, in one implementation, may include all or substantially all of the text from the page. Optionally, occurrences of the search term may be visually distinguished (e.g., highlighted) on the page. In another implementation, excerpt 530 may include text from a set of two (or more) pages. The pages may optionally be presented in a manner based on their corresponding page numbers.
A zoom feature 532 may be associated with excerpt 530. Zoom feature 532 may permit a user to zoom in (or zoom out) on a portion of the page presented in excerpt 530. Techniques for zooming in or out on a page are well known in the art.
Links 540 may permit a user to purchase the document. For example, selection of one of links 540 may cause a page associated with a document retailer or a set of document retailers to be presented to the user to aid the user is purchasing the document or a portion of the document. Advertisement(s) 550 may include a set of advertisements associated with a business that sells the document, other documents associated with the author, and/or documents relating to a same topic as the document.
Links 560 may include links to various portions of the document. For example, the links may reference a reference page 561, a copyright page 563, a table of contents 565, a currently or previously accessed page (e.g., a page from the body of the document that is currently or was previously presented in excerpt 530) 567, and/or an index 569 associated with the document. In other implementations, links 560 may reference more, fewer, or different portions of the document. Selection of one of links 561-569 may cause text of the corresponding page to be presented in excerpt 530.
Whichever one of links 561-569 that corresponds to the page presented in excerpt 530 may be replaced with text that corresponds to the link and previous and next page elements. The link text may be visually distinguished in some manner with regard to other ones of links 561-569. As shown in
It may also be determined whether another portion of the document (e.g., a reference page, a copyright page, a table of contents, or an index) is desired (act 340). In one implementation, selection of reference page link 561, copyright page link 563, table of contents link 565, or index link 569 may indicate a user's desire to be presented with another portion of the document. In response to selection of reference page link 561, copyright page link 563, table of contents link 565, or index link 569, a corresponding page in the document may be presented to the user (act 345).
Assume that the user selected index link 569 in excerpt page 500 (
Page link 567 in excerpt page 600 includes a link to page 82 of the document (i.e., a page previously presented in excerpt 530). When selected, page link 567 may cause an excerpt page to be presented similar to excerpt page 500. Index link 569 in excerpt page 600 may be replaced with text that corresponds to the link and previous and next page elements. The link text may be visually distinguished in some manner with regard to links 561-567. The previous page and next page elements are visually associated with the text of link 569 and are shown in
Systems and methods consistent with the principles of the invention may provide information regarding documents in a manner that is useful to the users.
The foregoing description of preferred embodiments of the present invention provides illustration and description, but is not intended to be exhaustive or to limit the invention to the precise form disclosed. Modifications and variations are possible in light of the above teachings or may be acquired from practice of the invention.
For example, while series of acts have been described with regard to
It has been described that a document is identified as a result of a search. In other implementations, however, the document may be identified in other ways, such as from a directory, category, or other listing of documents.
Also, exemplary user interfaces have been described with respect to
It will be apparent to one of ordinary skill in the art that aspects of the invention, as described above, may be implemented in many different forms of software, firmware, and hardware in the implementations illustrated in the figures. The actual software code or specialized control hardware used to implement aspects consistent with the principles of the invention is not limiting of the present invention. Thus, the operation and behavior of the aspects were described without reference to the specific software code—it being understood that one of ordinary skill in the art would be able to design software and control hardware to implement the aspects based on the description herein.
No element, act, or instruction used in the present application should be construed as critical or essential to the invention unless explicitly described as such. Also, as used herein, the article “a” is intended to include one or more items. Where only one item is intended, the term “one” or similar language is used. Further, the phrase “based on” is intended to mean “based, at least in part, on” unless explicitly stated otherwise.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US7707039 *||Dec 3, 2004||Apr 27, 2010||Exbiblio B.V.||Automatic modification of web pages|
|US7853866 *||Jun 13, 2006||Dec 14, 2010||Canon Kabushiki Kaisha||Apparatus, method and system for document conversion, apparatuses for document processing and information processing, and storage media that store programs for realizing the apparatuses|
|US8364668 *||Sep 29, 2004||Jan 29, 2013||Google Inc.||User interfaces for a document search engine|
|US8370346||Dec 10, 2008||Feb 5, 2013||Microsoft Corporation||Micro-browser viewers and searching|
|US8453045||Sep 8, 2010||May 28, 2013||Canon Kabushiki Kaisha||Apparatus, method and system for document conversion, apparatuses for document processing and information processing, and storage media that store programs for realizing the apparatuses|
|US8600196||Jul 6, 2010||Dec 3, 2013||Google Inc.||Optical scanners, such as hand-held optical scanners|
|US8640050 *||May 16, 2006||Jan 28, 2014||Thomson Licensing||Method of selecting items and functions by displaying a specific icon, and device implementing the method|
|US9075779||Apr 22, 2013||Jul 7, 2015||Google Inc.||Performing actions based on capturing information from rendered documents, such as documents under copyright|
|US9081799||Dec 6, 2010||Jul 14, 2015||Google Inc.||Using gestalt information to identify locations in printed information|
|US20130232134 *||Feb 15, 2013||Sep 5, 2013||Frances B. Haugen||Presenting Structured Book Search Results|
|US20130254243 *||Mar 21, 2012||Sep 26, 2013||Konica Minolta Laboratory U.S.A., Inc.||Method and related apparatus for generating online and printing on-demand compilation of works with excerpts handling features|
|U.S. Classification||715/206, 715/251, 707/E17.111, 715/205, 707/999.003|
|International Classification||G06F17/21, G06F17/24, G06F17/30|
|Cooperative Classification||G06F17/217, G06F17/30873|
|Nov 29, 2004||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: GOOGLE INC., CALIFORNIA
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:SRIVER, JOE;REEL/FRAME:016030/0879
Effective date: 20041123