Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS20060075758 A1
Publication typeApplication
Application numberUS 11/242,189
Publication dateApr 13, 2006
Filing dateOct 3, 2005
Priority dateOct 7, 2004
Also published asUS7866164, US20080110179, WO2006042190A2, WO2006042190A3
Publication number11242189, 242189, US 2006/0075758 A1, US 2006/075758 A1, US 20060075758 A1, US 20060075758A1, US 2006075758 A1, US 2006075758A1, US-A1-20060075758, US-A1-2006075758, US2006/0075758A1, US2006/075758A1, US20060075758 A1, US20060075758A1, US2006075758 A1, US2006075758A1
InventorsDouglas Rice, William Langan
Original AssigneeTigerone Development, Llc;
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Air-conditioning and heating system utilizing thermo-electric solid state devices
US 20060075758 A1
Abstract
In one embodiment, a cooling and heating system includes a heat exchanger, a thermoelectric cooler coupled to the heat exchanger and operable to cool or heat a fluid within the heat exchanger, a heat transfer device, an input conduit coupled between the heat exchanger and the heat transfer device, a return conduit coupled between the heat exchanger and the heat transfer device, and a pump operable to transport the fluid through the input conduit, the heat exchanger, the return conduit, and the heat transfer device. Thermal energy existing within the fluid, while flowing through the heat transfer device, is utilized to heat or cool an environment adjacent the heat transfer device.
Images(3)
Previous page
Next page
Claims(25)
1. A cooling and heating system, comprising:
a heat exchanger;
a thermoelectric cooler coupled to the heat exchanger and operable to cool or heat a fluid within the heat exchanger;
a heat transfer device;
an input conduit coupled between the heat exchanger and the heat transfer device;
a return conduit coupled between the heat exchanger and the heat transfer device;
a pump operable to circulate the fluid through the input conduit, the heat exchanger, the return conduit, and the heat transfer device; and
wherein thermal energy existing within the fluid while flowing through the heat transfer device is utilized to heat or cool an environment adjacent the heat transfer device.
2. The cooling and heating system of claim 1, further comprising a fan adjacent the heat transfer device and operable to force air over the heat transfer device.
3. The cooling and heating system of claim 1, further comprising a heat transfer structure coupled to the thermoelectric cooler and operable to remove thermal energy from the thermoelectric cooler.
4. The cooling and heating system of claim 1, further comprising a fan adjacent the heat transfer structure and operable to force air over the heat transfer structure to aid in removing the thermal energy.
5. The cooling and heating system of claim 1, wherein the pump comprises a magnetic pump and is coupled to the return conduit.
6. The cooling and heating system of claim 1, further comprising a thermostat controller module operable to control the temperature of one side of the thermoelectric cooler.
7. The cooling and heating system of claim 1, wherein the heat exchanger comprises an upper section having a first passageway and a lower section having a second passageway, the first and second passageways separated by a copper plate.
8. The cooling and heating system of claim 1, wherein the fluid comprises a combination of glycol and distilled water.
9. The cooling and heating system of claim 1, wherein the input conduit, the heat exchanger, the return conduit, and the heat transfer device comprise a closed loop system.
10. The cooling and heating system of claim 9, wherein the fluid is introduced to the closed loop system via a valve assembly coupled to the input conduit.
11. The cooling and heating system of claim 1, wherein the heat transfer device is coupled to a limb of a patient.
12. The cooling and heating system of claim 1, wherein the heat transfer device comprises a radiator of an automobile.
13. A cooling and heating method, comprising:
coupling together an input conduit, a heat exchanger, a return conduit, and a heat transfer device to form a closed loop;
coupling a thermoelectric cooler to the heat exchanger;
cooling or heating a fluid within the heat exchanger;
circulating the fluid through the input conduit, the heat exchanger, the return conduit, and the heat transfer device; and
heating or cooling an environment adjacent the heat transfer device via thermal energy existing within the fluid while the fluid is flowing through the heat transfer device.
14. The cooling and heating method of claim 13, further comprising forcing air over the heat transfer device via a fan adjacent the heat transfer device.
15. The cooling and heating method of claim 13, further comprising coupling a heat transfer structure to the thermoelectric cooler to remove thermal energy from the thermoelectric cooler.
16. The cooling and heating method of claim 15, further comprising forcing air over the heat transfer structure to aid in removing the thermal energy.
17. The cooling and heating method of claim 13, further comprising control the temperature of one side of the thermoelectric cooler.
18. The cooling and heating method of claim 13, wherein the fluid comprises a combination of glycol and distilled water.
19. The cooling and heating method of claim 13, further comprising coupling the heat transfer device to a limb of a patient.
20. The cooling and heating method of claim 13, wherein the heat transfer device comprises a radiator of an automobile.
21. A cooling and heating system, comprising:
a heat exchanger;
a plurality of thermoelectric coolers coupled to the heat exchanger and operable to cool or heat a fluid within the heat exchanger; and
wherein the heat exchanger comprises an upper section having a first passageway and a lower section having a second passageway, the first and second passageways separated by a copper plate.
22. The cooling and heating system of claim 21, further comprising a heat transfer structure coupled to the thermoelectric coolers and operable to remove thermal energy from the thermoelectric coolers.
23. The cooling and heating system of claim 22, further comprising a fan adjacent the heat transfer structure and operable to force air over the heat transfer structure to aid in removing the thermal energy.
24. The cooling and heating system of claim 21, wherein the fluid comprises a combination of glycol and distilled water.
25. The cooling and heating system of claim 21, wherein the copper plate is approximately ¼ inches thick.
Description
    RELATED APPLICATIONS
  • [0001]
    This application claims the priority under 35 U.S.C. §119 of provisional application Ser. No. 60/616,678 filed Oct. 7, 2004.
  • FIELD OF THE INVENTION
  • [0002]
    This invention relates generally to heating and cooling systems and, more particularly, to a closed-loop air-conditioning and heating system utilizing thermo-electric solid state devices.
  • BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
  • [0003]
    Conventional air conditioner systems in automobiles include many moving parts, including compressors, condensers, and evaporators. The compressor is typically driven by a belt coupled to the automobile's engine. Hence, the engine needs to be operating when cool air is desired within the vehicle, which wastes considerable fuel and further pollution of the atmosphere. In addition, these moving parts, including the engine, are noisy and are subject to wear and tear.
  • SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • [0004]
    In one embodiment, a cooling and heating system includes a heat exchanger, a thermoelectric cooler coupled to the heat exchanger and operable to cool or heat a fluid within the heat exchanger, a heat transfer device, an input conduit coupled between the heat exchanger and the heat transfer device, a return conduit coupled between the heat exchanger and the heat transfer device, and a pump operable to transport the fluid through the input conduit, the heat exchanger, the return conduit, and the heat transfer device. Thermal energy existing within the fluid, while flowing through the heat transfer device, is utilized to heat or cool an environment adjacent the heat transfer device.
  • [0005]
    Some embodiments of the invention provide numerous technical advantages. Other embodiments may realize some, none, or all of these advantages. For example, in one embodiment, a closed-loop cooling and heating system includes thermo-electric coolers (TECs) that cool or heat a liquid flowing through the closed-loop system. The liquid may then be pumped through a heat transfer device that is used to heat or cool an environment. Depending on the application, this may include the use of forced air. Such a system may be used for automotive heating or cooling purposes or used in medical device applications. In an automotive application, for example, such a system is an electronic, non-pressurized system that may run on battery power alone and include no hazardous materials, no moving parts (other than a pump), and be cost-effective.
  • [0006]
    Other technical advantages are readily apparent to one skilled in the art from the following figures, descriptions, and claims.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • [0007]
    FIG. 1 is a schematic of a cooling and heating system according to one embodiment of the invention; and
  • [0008]
    FIG. 2 is a schematic of a heat exchanger for use in the system of FIG. 1 according to one embodiment of the invention.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION
  • [0009]
    FIG. 1 is a schematic of a cooling and heating system 100 according to one embodiment of the invention. System 100 may be utilized in any suitable application, such as automotive applications, medical device applications, or other suitable applications that require the cooling or heating of an environment 130, as described in greater detail below. In the illustrated embodiment, system 100 includes an input conduit 110, a heat transfer device 108, a return conduit 112, and a heat exchanger 102 that collectively form a closed-loop system. In other embodiments, however, system 100 may be an open-loop system. System 100 also includes one or more thermoelectric coolers (“TECs”) coupled to heat exchanger 102 and operable to cool or heat a fluid 106 flowing through system 100, a shutoff valve 116, an input coupler valve 118, a bleeder valve 120, a fan 122, a heat transfer structure 124, and a fan 126. The present invention contemplates more, fewer, or different components than those illustrated in FIG. 1.
  • [0010]
    Heat exchanger 102 is described in greater detail below in conjunction with FIG. 2. Generally, heat exchanger 102 includes a passageway therein that allows fluid 106 to flow therethrough while being cooled or heated by thermal energy generated from TECs 104. TECs 104 may be any thermoelectric coolers that are operable to cool or heat fluid 106 within heat exchanger 102. TECs 104 may couple to an outside surface of heat exchanger 102 in any suitable manner. Any suitable number and type of TECs 104 is contemplated by the present invention depending on the desired amount of cooling or heating of fluid 106 flowing through heat exchanger 102.
  • [0011]
    Heat transfer structure 124 is coupled to TECs 104 and is operable to remove thermal energy from TECs 104. For example, during operation of TECs 104, the sides of TECs 104 that are coupled to heat exchanger 102 may be cooling fluid 106 within heat exchanger 102. In this case, it is desirable for heat to be removed from the opposite sides of TECs 104 in order to increase the efficiency of TECs 104. Therefore, heat transfer structure 124 is operable to aid in removing heat from TECs 104. Any suitable heat transfer structure is contemplated by the present invention, such as a finned structure. To aid in removing heat from TECs 104, optional fan 126 may be coupled to or positioned adjacent heat transfer structure 124 to force air over heat transfer structure 124. Any suitable fan 126 is contemplated by the present invention. In other embodiments, other suitable additional cooling methods for heat transfer structure 124 are contemplated by the present invention, such as running a fluid through heat transfer structure 124.
  • [0012]
    Heat transfer device 108 may be any suitable device or structure that is utilized to cool or heat environment 130 as a result of the thermal energy contained in fluid 106 flowing through heat transfer device 108. Heat transfer device 108 may be any suitable size and shape and may take any suitable form depending on the application for system 100. For example, heat transfer device 108 may be a radiator of an automobile or a medical device that is coupled to a limb of a patient. In another automotive application, heat transfer device 108 may function as a heater core that is utilized to cool or heat the inside of an automobile or other suitable vehicle by forcing air over heat transfer device 108 via fan 122, which may be any suitable fan. Other applications for heat transfer device 108 are contemplated by the present invention, and the thermal energy of fluid 106 flowing through heat transfer device 108 may be utilized in any suitable manner to cool or heat environment 130.
  • [0013]
    Both input conduit 110 and return conduit 112 may be any suitable conduits operable to transport fluid 106 therethrough. Conduits 110 and 112 may be any suitable length and any suitable diameter. Conduits 110 and 112 may be rigid conduits, flexible conduits, or a combination of rigid and flexible conduits. For example, a portion of conduit 110 and/or conduit 1 12 may be manufactured from high pressure flex hose. Any suitable coupling methods may be utilized to couple conduits 110 and 112 to respective components of system 100.
  • [0014]
    Pump 114 is utilized to circulate fluid 106 through system 100. Any suitable pump is contemplated by the present invention. In one particular embodiment of the invention, pump 114 is a magnetic pump and is coupled to return conduit 112. However, pump 114 may also be coupled to input conduit 110. Any suitable size pump is contemplated by the present invention.
  • [0015]
    Fluid 106 may be any suitable fluid. In a preferred embodiment of the invention, fluid 106 is a combination of glycol and distilled water. However, other suitable glycol-base fluids are contemplated by the present invention. In other embodiments, water, antifreeze, or ethanol with a water base and water wetter dispersant may be utilized for fluid 106. Fluid 106 may be injected or otherwise introduced into system 100 via input coupler valve 118, which may be coupled to input conduit 110 in any suitable manner.
  • [0016]
    Bleeder valve 120 may be used to purge system 100 of all air during the fluid input injection process. As fluid 106 is injected into system 100 via input coupler valve 118, bleeder valve 120 allows the air in system 100 to be bled off until all air is purged and there is a constant flow of fluid 106, at which time bleeder valve 120 is then closed. The air and fluid 106 being bled off comes from the output of heat exchanger 102. Shutoff valve 116 is used to prevent any backflow of air or fluid 106 into bleeder valve 120 during the fluid input injection process. Shutoff valve 116 is closed off, which allows the air and fluid 106 to follow the flow indicated by the arrows. Once system 100 is charged (all air is purged), shutoff valve 116 is then opened to allow complete unrestricted closed-loop flow through system 100.
  • [0017]
    Although not illustrated in FIG. 1, in order for TECs 104 to cool or heat fluid 106 flowing through heat exchanger 102, power must be delivered to TECs 104. This power may originate from any suitable power source and may be any suitable power level. For example, a suitable DC current may be delivered to TECs 104 to cool or heat fluid 106 flowing through heat exchanger 102 depending upon the polarity of the DC current. Also not illustrated in FIG. 1, a thermostat controller module may be coupled to TECs 104 in order to control the temperature of the sides of TECs 104 that are in contact with heat exchanger 102. Any suitable thermostat controller module is contemplated by the present invention.
  • [0018]
    FIG. 2 is a schematic of heat exchanger 102 according to one embodiment of the invention. In the embodiment illustrated in FIG. 2, heat exchanger 102 comprises an upper section 200 having a first passageway 201 and a lower section 202 having a second passageway 203. A metal plate 204 is sandwiched between upper section 200 and lower section 202.
  • [0019]
    Heat exchanger 102 may have any suitable size and shape and may be formed from any suitable material. For example, in the embodiment illustrated in FIG. 2, both upper section 200 and lower section 202 are formed from a suitable metal, such as aluminum having any suitable thickness. In the illustrated embodiment, the thickness of both upper section 200 and lower section 202 is approximately one inch. Upper portion 200 and lower portion 202 have recesses 207, 208 respectively, for accepting metal plate 204. Recesses 207, 208 preferably match the contour of metal plate 204. In addition, the depth of recesses 207, 208 is preferably approximately half the thickness of metal plate 204. Therefore, when metal plate 204 is sandwiched between upper section 200 and lower section 202 then upper section 200 and lower section 202 may be coupled to one another around their perimeters. For example, any suitable coupling method is contemplated by the present invention, such as welding.
  • [0020]
    Passageways 201, 203 formed in upper section 200 and lower section 202, respectively, may have any suitable configuration and any suitable volume. In the illustrated embodiment, passageways 201, 203 take the form of a serpentine configuration for fluid 106 to flow therethrough. Passageways 201 and 203 are coupled to one another by a hole 205 formed in one end of metal plate 204.
  • [0021]
    Metal plate 104 may be any suitable size and shape and may be formed from any suitable metal, such as copper. Metal plate 104 may also have any suitable thickness, such as ¼ inch. Each of the passageways 201, 203 are in contact with respective sides of metal plate 204 so that fluid 106 flowing through passageways 201, 203 contact metal plate 204. This allows metal plate 204 to absorb thermal energy from fluid 106 flowing through upper portion 200 and transfer some of that thermal energy to the fluid 106 when it flows through passageway 203 of lower section 202.
  • [0022]
    In one embodiment, fluid 106 enters passageway 201 via opening 209 in upper section 200. Fluid 106 then flows through passageway 201 until it gets to an end 210 of passageway 201 before traveling through hole 205 down to passageway 203. Fluid 106 then travels through passageway 203 until reaching an outlet opening 211 in bottom section 202. As fluid 106 flows through passageway 201, TECs 104 either cool or heat fluid 106. Some of the thermal energy from fluid 106 as it flows through passageway 201 is absorbed by metal plate 204 so that as the fluid flows through passageway 203 in bottom section 202 the fluid 106 is not only cooled or heated by thermoelectric coolers 104 coupled to bottom section 202, but also cooled or heated from the thermal energy existing within metal plate 204.
  • [0023]
    Referring back to FIG. 1, in one embodiment of the invention where fluid 106 is utilized to cool environment 130, fluid 106 is injected into system 100 via input coupler valve 118. Pump 114 is used to circulate 106 through system 100. Fluid 106 enters heat exchanger 102 where it is cooled by thermoelectric coolers 104 as described above in conjunction with FIG. 2. Heat transfer structure 124 with or without fan 126 is utilized to remove heat from the outside surfaces of TECs 104 in order to increase the efficiency of TECs 104. The fluid exits heat exchanger 102 and travels through input conduit 110 to heat transfer device 108. Fluid 106 flows through heat transfer device 108 in order to cool environment 130 with or without the help of fan 122. Fluid 106 is then returned to heat exchanger 102 via return conduit 112. Fluid 106 then continually travels through this closed loop system 100.
  • [0024]
    Thus, system 100 in one embodiment is a closed-loop cooling and heating system that includes thermoelectric coolers 104 that cool or heat fluid flowing through system 100. It is a Freon®-free, non-pressurized system that is based on electronics and is used to cool or heat an environment. System 100 may be utilized in any suitable environment and application. For example, system 100 may be utilized in an environment having an ambient temperature of somewhere between −10° F. and +120° F. As described above, any suitable number of applications is contemplated by the present invention, such as automotive applications, medical device applications, or other suitable applications.
  • [0025]
    Although embodiments of the invention and their advantages are described in detail, a person skilled in the art could make various alterations, additions, and omissions without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention as defined by the appended claims.
Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3205667 *Sep 8, 1964Sep 14, 1965Frantti Edsel WSubmarine air conditioning module
US3236056 *Jan 11, 1965Feb 22, 1966Boyd Dewey DApparatus for cooling automobiles and the like
US3315474 *Aug 23, 1965Apr 25, 1967Irving FarerMobile thermoelectric refrigeration system
US3355900 *Jun 28, 1966Dec 5, 1967RenaultAir-conditioning devices using the peltier effect for automobile vehicles and the like and for machines
US3392535 *Nov 21, 1966Jul 16, 1968RenaultRotary air-conditioning devices for automotive and other vehicles
US3931532 *Mar 19, 1974Jan 6, 1976The United States Of America As Represented By The United States National Aeronautics And Space AdministrationThermoelectric power system
US3956902 *Mar 25, 1975May 18, 1976Fields Jr Joe CHeating and cooling system
US4182129 *Aug 7, 1978Jan 8, 1980Beckman Instruments, Inc.Heat exchanger
US4280330 *Jul 23, 1979Jul 28, 1981Verdell HarrisVehicle heating and cooling system
US4753682 *Aug 25, 1986Jun 28, 1988Ital Idee S.R.L.Apparatus of thermoelectric effect for current generation in internal combustion engine vehicles and the like, with recovery of the externally dissipated heat
US4858676 *Oct 5, 1988Aug 22, 1989Ford Motor CompanyAirconditioning system for a vehicle
US4955203 *Aug 16, 1989Sep 11, 1990Sundhar Shaam PAir conditioner for parked automotive vehicle
US5117638 *Mar 14, 1991Jun 2, 1992Steve FeherSelectively cooled or heated seat construction and apparatus for providing temperature conditioned fluid and method therefor
US5154661 *Jul 10, 1991Oct 13, 1992Noah Precision, Inc.Thermal electric cooling system and method
US5450894 *Nov 13, 1992Sep 19, 1995Nippondenso Co., Ltd.Air conditioning apparatus for a vehicle
US5711155 *Dec 19, 1995Jan 27, 1998Thermotek, Inc.Temperature control system with thermal capacitor
US5732856 *Jan 22, 1996Mar 31, 1998Fry; David A.Beverage conveyance system between beverage storage and dispensing
US5871526 *Oct 13, 1993Feb 16, 1999Gibbs; RosellePortable temperature control system
US5901572 *Dec 7, 1995May 11, 1999Rocky ResearchAuxiliary heating and air conditioning system for a motor vehicle
US5931001 *Jun 10, 1997Aug 3, 1999Thermovonics Co., Ltd.Air-conditioning ventilator
US6226994 *Jul 2, 1998May 8, 2001Sel Application Co., Ltd.Thermoelectric element and thermoelectric cooling or heating device provided with the same
US6260376 *Dec 23, 1999Jul 17, 2001Valeo Klimasysteme GmbhAir conditioning installation for a motor vehicle with a cold reservoir
US6272873 *Apr 13, 2000Aug 14, 2001Hi-2 Technology, Inc.Self powered motor vehicle air conditioner
US6295819 *Jan 18, 2000Oct 2, 2001Midwest Research InstituteThermoelectric heat pump fluid circuit
US6430935 *Aug 22, 2001Aug 13, 2002Ut-Battelle, LlcPersonal cooling air filtering device
US6434955 *Aug 7, 2001Aug 20, 2002The National University Of SingaporeElectro-adsorption chiller: a miniaturized cooling cycle with applications from microelectronics to conventional air-conditioning
US6453678 *Sep 4, 2001Sep 24, 2002Kabin Komfort IncDirect current mini air conditioning system
US6598404 *Apr 19, 2001Jul 29, 2003Oxford Magnet Technology LimitedCooling apparatus
US6662572 *Dec 30, 2002Dec 16, 2003The United States Of America As Represented By The Administrator Of The National Aeronautics And Space AdministrationSolar powered automobile interior climate control system
US6705089 *Apr 4, 2002Mar 16, 2004International Business Machines CorporationTwo stage cooling system employing thermoelectric modules
US6880346 *Jul 8, 2004Apr 19, 2005Giga-Byte Technology Co., Ltd.Two stage radiation thermoelectric cooling apparatus
US7104313 *Dec 31, 2003Sep 12, 2006Intel CorporationApparatus for using fluid laden with nanoparticles for application in electronic cooling
US7218523 *Nov 14, 2003May 15, 2007Qnx Cooling Systems IncLiquid cooling system
US20020134200 *Feb 23, 2001Sep 26, 2002Tetsuro NishimuraA control method for copper density in a solder dipping bath
US20020173264 *Nov 29, 2001Nov 21, 2002Ottman Thomas C.Rear ventilation system for vehicle
US20030029175 *Jul 22, 2002Feb 13, 2003Lee Jae HyukAir conditioner with heat pipe
US20030136134 *Jan 18, 2002Jul 24, 2003Pun John Y.Fluid and air heat exchanger and method
US20030145605 *Jul 19, 2002Aug 7, 2003Moon Dong SooAir conditioner having thermoelectric module
US20040025516 *Aug 9, 2002Feb 12, 2004John Van WinkleDouble closed loop thermoelectric heat exchanger
US20040121719 *Dec 10, 2002Jun 24, 2004Robison Jerry L.Apparatus for providing air flow within a vehicle
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US7788933Aug 2, 2006Sep 7, 2010Bsst LlcHeat exchanger tube having integrated thermoelectric devices
US7870745Mar 16, 2006Jan 18, 2011Bsst LlcThermoelectric device efficiency enhancement using dynamic feedback
US7870892Jun 2, 2008Jan 18, 2011Bsst LlcClimate control method for hybrid vehicles using thermoelectric devices
US7926293Jul 8, 2008Apr 19, 2011Bsst, LlcThermoelectrics utilizing convective heat flow
US7942010Jul 27, 2007May 17, 2011Bsst, LlcThermoelectric power generating systems utilizing segmented thermoelectric elements
US7946120Jul 27, 2007May 24, 2011Bsst, LlcHigh capacity thermoelectric temperature control system
US8069674Apr 9, 2008Dec 6, 2011Bsst LlcThermoelectric personal environment appliance
US8261868Dec 13, 2010Sep 11, 2012Bsst LlcEnergy management system for a hybrid-electric vehicle
US8408012Jun 28, 2010Apr 2, 2013Bsst LlcThermoelectric-based heating and cooling system
US8424315Jan 13, 2011Apr 23, 2013Bsst LlcThermoelectric device efficiency enhancement using dynamic feedback
US8495884Apr 6, 2011Jul 30, 2013Bsst, LlcThermoelectric power generating systems utilizing segmented thermoelectric elements
US8613200Oct 23, 2009Dec 24, 2013Bsst LlcHeater-cooler with bithermal thermoelectric device
US8616266Sep 12, 2008Dec 31, 2013Rockwell Collins, Inc.Mechanically compliant thermal spreader with an embedded cooling loop for containing and circulating electrically-conductive liquid
US8631659Aug 24, 2010Jan 21, 2014Bsst LlcHybrid vehicle temperature control systems and methods
US8650886 *Sep 12, 2008Feb 18, 2014Rockwell Collins, Inc.Thermal spreader assembly with flexible liquid cooling loop having rigid tubing sections and flexible tubing sections
US8722222Jul 10, 2012May 13, 2014Gentherm IncorporatedThermoelectric-based thermal management of electrical devices
US8783397Jul 19, 2005Jul 22, 2014Bsst LlcEnergy management system for a hybrid-electric vehicle
US8915091Mar 28, 2013Dec 23, 2014Gentherm IncorporatedThermoelectric-based thermal management system
US8974942May 18, 2010Mar 10, 2015Gentherm IncorporatedBattery thermal management system including thermoelectric assemblies in thermal communication with a battery
US9006556Jun 28, 2006Apr 14, 2015Genthem IncorporatedThermoelectric power generator for variable thermal power source
US9038400May 18, 2010May 26, 2015Gentherm IncorporatedTemperature control system with thermoelectric device
US9103573Mar 1, 2013Aug 11, 2015Gentherm IncorporatedHVAC system for a vehicle
US9310112May 23, 2008Apr 12, 2016Gentherm IncorporatedSystem and method for distributed thermoelectric heating and cooling
US9365090Aug 13, 2013Jun 14, 2016Gentherm IncorporatedClimate control system for vehicles using thermoelectric devices
US9366461 *Nov 6, 2009Jun 14, 2016Gentherm IncorporatedSystem and method for climate control within a passenger compartment of a vehicle
US9447994Mar 13, 2013Sep 20, 2016Gentherm IncorporatedTemperature control systems with thermoelectric devices
US9555686Nov 11, 2013Jan 31, 2017Gentherm IncorporatedTemperature control systems with thermoelectric devices
US9666914Mar 5, 2015May 30, 2017Gentherm IncorporatedThermoelectric-based battery thermal management system
US20070017666 *Jul 19, 2005Jan 25, 2007Goenka Lakhi NEnergy management system for a hybrid-electric vehicle
US20080028769 *Aug 2, 2006Feb 7, 2008Lakhi Nandlal GoenkaHeat exchanger tube having integrated thermoelectric devices
US20080035195 *Aug 21, 2007Feb 14, 2008Bell Lon EThermoelectric power generation systems
US20080173342 *Jul 27, 2007Jul 24, 2008Bell Lon EThermoelectric power generating systems utilizing segmented thermoelectric elements
US20080230618 *Jun 2, 2008Sep 25, 2008Bsst LlcClimate control system for hybrid vehicles using thermoelectric devices
US20080250794 *Apr 9, 2008Oct 16, 2008Bell Lon EThermoelectric personal environment appliance
US20090205342 *Jul 19, 2007Aug 20, 2009Kilsang JangAuxiliary cooling and heating apparatus for automobiles using thermoelectric module
US20100024859 *Oct 15, 2008Feb 4, 2010Bsst, Llc.Thermoelectric power generator for variable thermal power source
US20100031674 *Mar 16, 2009Feb 11, 2010Charles AldrichTE liquid cooler
US20100052374 *Nov 6, 2009Mar 4, 2010Bsst LlcSystem and method for climate control within a passenger compartment of a vehicle
US20100064695 *Sep 12, 2008Mar 18, 2010Wilcoxon Ross KFlexible flow channel for a modular liquid-cooled thermal spreader
US20100065256 *Sep 12, 2008Mar 18, 2010Wilcoxon Ross KMechanically compliant thermal spreader with an embedded cooling loop for containing and circulating electrically-conductive liquid
US20100101239 *Oct 23, 2009Apr 29, 2010Lagrandeur JohnMulti-mode hvac system with thermoelectric device
US20100132380 *Dec 2, 2008Jun 3, 2010Direct Equipment Solutions Gp, LlcThermoelectric heat transferring unit
US20100155018 *Oct 30, 2009Jun 24, 2010Lakhi Nandlal GoenkaHvac system for a hybrid vehicle
US20100236595 *Jun 28, 2006Sep 23, 2010Bell Lon EThermoelectric power generator for variable thermal power source
US20100287952 *May 18, 2010Nov 18, 2010Lakhi Nandlal GoenkaTemperature control system with thermoelectric device
US20100291414 *May 18, 2010Nov 18, 2010Bsst LlcBattery Thermal Management System
US20100313575 *Jun 28, 2010Dec 16, 2010Goenka Lakhi NThermoelectric-based heating and cooling system
US20100313576 *Aug 24, 2010Dec 16, 2010Lakhi Nandlal GoenkaHybrid vehicle temperature control systems and methods
US20100326092 *Sep 7, 2010Dec 30, 2010Lakhi Nandlal GoenkaHeat exchanger tube having integrated thermoelectric devices
US20110079023 *Dec 13, 2010Apr 7, 2011Goenka Lakhi NEnergy management system for a hybrid-electric vehicle
US20110107772 *Jan 13, 2011May 12, 2011Lakhi Nandlal GoenkaThermoelectric device efficiency enhancement using dynamic feedback
US20110197635 *Feb 12, 2010Aug 18, 2011Mcdermott Braden AOptimized Scoop for Improved Gob Shape
US20110209740 *Apr 19, 2011Sep 1, 2011Bsst, LlcHigh capacity thermoelectric temperature control systems
US20110236731 *Jun 3, 2011Sep 29, 2011Bsst LlcBattery Thermal Management System
US20140150467 *Dec 3, 2012Jun 5, 2014Whirlpool CorporationRefrigerator with icemaker chilled by thermoelectric device cooled by fresh food compartment air
US20170018825 *Dec 3, 2013Jan 19, 2017Mahle International GmbhHeat exchanger, particularly for a motor vehicle
WO2008148042A3 *May 23, 2008Feb 5, 2009Bsst LlcSystem and method for distributed thermoelectric heating and cooling
Classifications
U.S. Classification62/3.3, 62/434
International ClassificationF25B21/02, F25D17/02
Cooperative ClassificationF25B21/04, F25B25/00, B60H1/00478
European ClassificationB60H1/00L, F25B21/04, F25B25/00
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Oct 3, 2005ASAssignment
Owner name: TIGERONE DEVELOPMENT, LLC, WASHINGTON
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:RICE, DOUGLAS T.;REEL/FRAME:017070/0399
Effective date: 20050929
Apr 23, 2008ASAssignment
Owner name: TIGERONE DEVELOPMENT, LLC, WASHINGTON
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:RICE, DOUGLAS T.;REEL/FRAME:020857/0577
Effective date: 20080313
Owner name: TAC UNIT, LLC, WASHINGTON
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:TIGERONE DEVELOPMENT, LLC;REEL/FRAME:020857/0250
Effective date: 20080313