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Publication numberUS20060096788 A1
Publication typeApplication
Application numberUS 10/534,365
PCT numberPCT/SE2003/001485
Publication dateMay 11, 2006
Filing dateSep 24, 2003
Priority dateNov 7, 2002
Also published asCA2503815A1, DE60317548D1, DE60317548T2, EP1558832A1, EP1558832B1, WO2004042183A1
Publication number10534365, 534365, PCT/2003/1485, PCT/SE/2003/001485, PCT/SE/2003/01485, PCT/SE/3/001485, PCT/SE/3/01485, PCT/SE2003/001485, PCT/SE2003/01485, PCT/SE2003001485, PCT/SE200301485, PCT/SE3/001485, PCT/SE3/01485, PCT/SE3001485, PCT/SE301485, US 2006/0096788 A1, US 2006/096788 A1, US 20060096788 A1, US 20060096788A1, US 2006096788 A1, US 2006096788A1, US-A1-20060096788, US-A1-2006096788, US2006/0096788A1, US2006/096788A1, US20060096788 A1, US20060096788A1, US2006096788 A1, US2006096788A1
InventorsStefan Virtanen
Original AssigneeStefan Virtanen
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Reamer assembly
US 20060096788 A1
Abstract
A reamer assembly for widening a drilled pilot hole or for widening a hole that has been widened in a first step in a down-the-hole drilling operation, includes a shank (14) for attachment of the reamer to the end of a down-the-hole hammer drill and a conical drill bit or crown (15). The conical bit (15) of the reamer is divided into at least three segments (18) which are terminated with a transverse end surface (21) that directly connects the conical segments and at least three of the segments (18) include drill buttons (16) that are disposed equidistantly from the centre axis of the drill bit (15).
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Claims(7)
1. A reamer assembly (11) for widening a drilled pilot hole or for widening a hole that has been widened in a first step in a down-the-hole drilling operation, wherein the reamer assembly includes a shank (14) for attachment of the reamer to the end of a down-the-hole hammer drill and a conical drill bit or crown (15), characterised in that the conical bit (15) of the reamer is divided into at least three segments (18) which are terminated with a transverse end surface (21) which directly connects said conical segments; and in that at-least three of said-segments (18) include drill buttons (16) that are disposed equidistantly from the centre axis of the drill bit.
2. A reamer assembly according to claim 1, characterised in that each segment (18) includes a plurality of drill buttons (16 a-16 e).
3. A reamer assembly according to claim 2, characterised in that the drill buttons (16 a-16 e) are placed in mutually the same pattern in each of said segments (18).
4. A reamer assembly according to claim 2, characterised in that a plurality of drill buttons (16) in one and the same segment are disposed equidistantly from the centre of the drill bit (15).
5. A reamer assembly according to claim 1, characterised in that the drill buttons (16 a-16 e) of one segment are disposed so as to lie close to or to slightly overlap each other in a common plane projection. (FIG. 3).
6. A reamer assembly according to claim 1, characterised in that drill buttons (22) are provided in the transverse end surface (21) of the drill bit (15).
7. A reamer assembly according to claim 3, characterised in that a plurality of drill buttons (16) in one and the same segment are disposed equidistantly from the centre of the drill bit (15).
Description

The present invention relates to a reamer drill assembly, i.e. a drill for widening a drilled pilot hole or for widening a hole that has been widened in a first step in a down-the-hole drilling operation.

Reamers, of this kind include a shank for attachment of the drill to the end of a down-the-hole hammer drill, a conical drill bit, and to a pilot body disposed on one end of the drill bit. The pilot body has a somewhat smaller outer diameter than that of the pre-drilled pilot hole, so as to enable the pilot body to slide down in the pre-drilled pilot hole and therewith guide the drill to follow the pilot hole.

One problem with such reamers is that if the drill bit, or crown, is slightly oblique and therewith causes the pilot body to contact the edge of the pilot hole, there is a risk that the shank will break or fracture, resulting in operational breakdowns and stoppages. Such breakages can also lead to other complications, for instance the need to fish up the drill bit lost down the drill hole.

Another problem is that larger drill cuttings may find it difficult to fall down in the pilot hole and therewith leave the drill location. Large cuttings that are able to fall down in the pilot hole despite their large size are liable to fasten in and block the hole, so as to present an obstacle to the pilot body, which lacks a cutter, and therewith halt drilling until the cuttings can be removed.

Another drawback with such reamers is that a reamer must be made available for each size of pilot hole, so that the pilot body will be able to pass down through the hole and therewith guide the reamer during the reaming process.

Accordingly, one object of the present invention is to provide a novel reamer assembly which allows all of these problems and drawbacks to be avoided.

This object is achieved in that the conical configuration of the drill bit of the reamer is divided into at least three segments which are terminated with a transverse end surface which directly connects said conical segments, and in that a drill button is provided in at least three of said segments with said buttons disposed equidistantly from the centre axis of the drill bit.

The invention will now be described in more detail by way of example only, with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which

FIG. 1 is a schematic illustration of a known reamer assembly used in rock drilling operations;

FIG. 2 is a corresponding view of an inventive reamer assembly for use in rock drilling operations;

FIG. 3 is a schematic illustration of a common plane projection of the drill buttons in one segment of the reamer;

FIG. 4 illustrates schematically andin perspective a reamer constructed in accordance with the invention; and

FIG. 5 is an end view of the reamer shown in FIG. 4, as seen from the side of the drill.

FIG. 1 thus shows a reamer assembly 1 used to drill in rock 2 in order to widen a predrilled pilot hole 3. The reamer 1 includes a shank 4 and a conical drill bit 5 attached to the shank 4. Attached to the conical surfaces of the drill bit are a number of drill buttons 6 which are adapted to carry out the actual rock drilling and rock removing operation.

Arranged on the end of the bit or crown 5 distal from the shank 4 is a generally cylindrical pilot body 7 which projects slightly outwards from the conical drill bit 5. The pilot body 7 has an outer diameter that is slightly smaller than the inner diameter of the pilot hole 3, therewith enabling the pilot body to guide the reamer 1 so that said drill will cut away or otherwise remove rock 2 symmetrically around the centre of the pilot hole and so that the widened hole will follow the earlier drilled pilot hole 3.

FIG. 2 illustrates a reamer assembly 11 constructed in accordance with the present invention. The main difference between this drill and the earlier known drill 1 shown in FIG. 1 is that the novel inventive reamer assembly 11 lacks a guide pilot body. Instead, the drill buttons 16 are relied upon to guide the reamer in the pilot hole. In the case of reamers designed in accordance with the present invention, the drill buttons 16 are given precise positions in the drill bit 15 of the reamer 11 so that combined action of said buttons will ensure that the reamer 11 is guided in the pilot hole 3 when drilling in rock 12. In other respects the reamer 11 has generally the same design as the reamer shown in FIG. 1, in other words includes a shank 14 and a generally conical drill bit 15.

According to the present invention, the conical surface of the drill bit 15 of the reamer 11 is divided into a plurality of segments 18 each containing a plurality of drill buttons 16. These buttons 16 have mutually the same positions in respective segments 18, in other words each segment contains buttons that are situated at mutually the same distance from the centre axis of the drill bit/reamer as the buttons in other segments. Thus, the button 16 a in the segment 18 is the same distance from the centre axis of the reamer as the button 16 a′ in the segment 18′; see FIGS. 4 and 5. Similarly, the button 16 c in the segment 18 is situated at the same distance from the centre axis of the reamer as the button 16 c′ in the segment 18′.

By placing the buttons 16 in the drill bit 15 in this way, the buttons are themselves able to guide the reamer 11 when drilling in rock 12, so as to cause the drilled hole to follow the pilot hole 13.

The various buttons 16 of each segment 18 are positioned so as to lie at different radial distances from the axial centre of the drill bit, so that at least one button of each segment will be able to guide the reamer towards the edge of the pilot hole. As will be seen from the common plane projection shown in FIG. 3, the buttons 16 will lie adjacent one another or overlap each other to some extent. This will ensure that at least one button 16 of each segment 18 will always be able to support against the edge of a pilot hole and therewith guide the reamer along the hole.

With the aid of different vertical chain lines 19 a, 19 b and 19 c, FIG. 3 shows how different buttons 16 a, 16 b and 16 c will be those buttons that function as guides in a pilot hole whose wall follows the lines 19 a, 19 b or 19 c. Thus, as a result of the close-by or overlapping relationship of respective buttons 16, there will always be one button in each segment 18 that is able to guide the reamer in the pilot hole. Also shown are those buttons 16 d and 16 e that lie further out towards the edge 20 of the drill bit 15. These latter buttons do not normally have a guiding effect, but are always those buttons that cut or remove rock irrespective of whether the edge of the pilot hole follows the line 19 a, the line 19 b or the line 19 c.

Those buttons that are furthest in towards the centre of the drill bit on its conical segments, i.e. the buttons 16 a, are those which determine the smallest size of the pilot hole with which the reamer can be used. For example, it has been possible with the aid of the present invention to widen a pilot hole with a diameter of from about 150 mm to about 205 mm with one and the same reamer.

The buttons 16 are preferably placed in mutually the same pattern in each of the segments. Moreover, several buttons may be placed equidistantly from the centre of the drill bit in one and the same segment. See in particular FIG. 5.

The drill bit 15 must include at least three segments 18, in order to achieve correct guidance of the reamer 11. There are four segments in the case of the illustrated embodiment, although this number may be greater depending on the size of the drill 11.

The segments 18 are joined together at the end of the drill bit 15, by a planar or slightly concave transverse end surface 21. Drill buttons 22 are also provided in the transverse end surface 21 of the drill bit. The function of these latter buttons is not to cut away rock, but to grind down any cuttings that may have fallen down and fastened in the pilot hole. When drilling a blind hole, these buttons 22 will also support against the bottom of the hole so as to prevent material damage to the drill bit 15.

Thus, an inventive reamer assembly enables one and the same reamer to be used with pre-drilled pilot holes of mutually different sizes, although within certain limits of course, as distinct from the earlier case where it was necessary to use different reamers adapted to the size of respective pilot holes.

Because an inventive reamer lacks a pilot body, there is less risk of the drill being subjected to bending loads that result in breaking of the drill shank.

The design of the inventive reamer also lowers the risk of the drill being stopped by cuttings that remain in the pilot hole, by virtue of the fact that the buttons 22 situated on the end 21 of the drill bit 15 are able to grind away said cuttings. Drill cuttings can move past the drill bit and fall down through the pilot hole more easily than was previously the case, due to the absence of an obstructive pilot body.

The inventive reamer is also better than prior art reamers when reaming blind holes, since the risk of material damage to the drill bit is considerably less than in the case of prior art reamers that include a pilot body. Another advantage afforded by the invention is that a drill bit that does not include a pilot body is lighter than one that does.

As will be apparent from the above description, the inventive reamer may be divided into more than three segments, wherein buttons in at least three segments are placed at mutually the same distance from the axial centre of the drill bit, as defined in the accompanying claims, so as to obtain the necessary stability in guiding the drill bit. The buttons in remaining segments may conveniently be positioned differently.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US7938204Sep 26, 2008May 10, 2011Baker Hughes IncorporatedReamer with improved hydraulics for use in a wellbore
US8028769Dec 22, 2008Oct 4, 2011Baker Hughes IncorporatedReamer with stabilizers for use in a wellbore
US8387725 *Apr 14, 2008Mar 5, 2013Smith International, Inc.Percussion drilling assembly and hammer bit with gage and outer row reinforcement
US8579050Dec 22, 2008Nov 12, 2013Baker Hughes IncorporatedReamer with balanced cutting structure for use in a wellbore
Classifications
U.S. Classification175/406, 175/415
International ClassificationE21B7/28, E21B10/26
Cooperative ClassificationE21B10/26
European ClassificationE21B10/26
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Dec 20, 2005ASAssignment
Owner name: ATLAS COPCO SECOROC AB, SWEDEN
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:VIRTANEN, STEFAN;REEL/FRAME:017130/0416
Effective date: 20050426