US 20060106347 A1
A syringe for an injector that has at its nozzle end a connection to the fluid delivery tubing that prevents, reduces, or eliminates fluid leaks, by virtue of a ridge on the external surfaces of the connector which engage to tubing. Furthermore, the syringe and injector are configured to permit the syringe to be oriented in more than one manner on the injector.
1. A syringe for a front loadable injector for injecting liquid into a patient a disposable syringe comprising:
a hollow elongated cylindrical a tubular body having a fluid holding cavity at least partially contained therein, a front end, and a back end having a circular outer periphery with an opening therethrough;
the front end of the tubular body having a front wall sealed thereto with a discharge neck extending therefrom for communicating fluid from the cavity;
the discharge neck having a tubing connector at remote end thereon comprising at least one ridge along the peripheral circumference of the connector; and
the tubular body having a plunger slidably supported and moveable longitudinally therein between the back end and the front end thereof and forming a fluid tight seal therewith to seal the cavity.
2. The syringe of
3. The syringe of
4. The syringe of
at least one peripheral projection fixed with respect to the body of the syringe and located thereon, the projection being located at the back end of the body and interrupting the periphery and forming a key receiving position of the syringe to engage a peripheral tab of a syringe engaging interface;
a lock permanently fixed to the syringe proximate the front end of the tubular body and connected at least in part to the pressure restraining structure of the front wall of the syringe; and
the lock including internal threads lying outwardly of the body of the syringe and fixed to the syringe proximate the front end of the tubular body.
5. The disposable replacement syringe of
the at least one peripheral projection includes four equally spaced projections.
6. The disposable replacement syringe of
a cap separately formed and permanently fixed to the front end of the body and disposable therewith, the lock being carried at least in part by the cap.
7. The disposable replacement syringe of
the pressure restraining structure is formed of material separate from that of the front wall of the syringe and is non-removeably fixed to the front wall to be disposable with the syringe.
8. A front loading injector comprising:
a syringe engaging device for use for engaging a syringe as in
a rotatable ring to engage a syringe retaining and locking mechanism associated with the injector; and,
a corresponding member of the engaging device to engage at least one corresponding key engaging structure associated with a syringe to the syringe engaging device on the injector.
9. The front loading injector of
a handle extending radially outward from outer peripheral circumference of the ring;
an inner periphery wherein the corresponding member of the engaging device extends radially inward.
10. The front loading injector of
11. The front loading injector of
12. A syringe for a front loadable injector for injecting liquid into a patient a disposable syringe comprising:
a hollow elongated a tubular body having a cylindrical outer surface, a fluid holding cavity at least partially contained therein, a front end, and a back end having a circular outer periphery with an opening therethrough, the periphery of the back end including at least four projections of said cylindrical body extending said cylindrical surface thereof, said projections being spaced annularly around said periphery;
a discharge neck at a front end of said tubular body; and
a plunger slidably supported within said tubular body and moveable longitudinally therein between the back end and the front end thereof and forming a fluid tight seal therewith to seal the cavity.
13. The syringe of
a lock permanently fixed to the syringe proximate the front end of the tubular body and connected at least in part to a front wall of the syringe; and the lock including internal threads lying outwardly of the body of the syringe and fixed to the syringe proximate the front end of the tubular body.
14. A front loading injector comprising:
a syringe as in
a corresponding member of the engaging device to engage said projections of said syringe.
15. The front loading injector of
a handle extending radially outward from outer peripheral circumference of the ring; and
an inner periphery;
wherein the corresponding member of the engaging device extends radially inward.
16. The front loading injector of
17. The front loading injector of
18. The front loading injector of
The present invention relates to disposable replacement syringes for patient fluid injectors and adapters for a fluid injector to accept the syringe.
Injectors are devices that expel fluid, such as contrasting media, from a syringe and through a tube into a patient. The injectors are provided with an injector unit, usually adjustably fixed to a stand or support, having a drive that couples to the plunger of the syringe to drive it forward to expel fluid into the tube, or that may be driven rearward to draw fluid into the syringe to fill it. Usually the syringe is a disposable replacement type.
In the injection phase where the plunger is driven forward, pressures are developed in the syringe that range from, for example, 25 psi for some applications to over 1000 to 1200 psi for other, applications. Syringes that contain fluid under the higher range of pressures are expensive and therefore can be impractical where the syringes are disposable. Thus, many injectors for high pressure applications have been provided with pressure jackets that are fixed to the injector units and into which the syringes are inserted. The pressure jackets contact the outer surfaces of the syringe to restrain the walls of the syringe against the internal pressures. Other syringes for lower pressure use do not have a pressure jacket.
The injectors described in U.S. Pat. No. 5,300,031; U.S. Pat. No. 5,451,211; and U.S. Pat. No. 5,658,261 use a syringe that must be oriented to a single position to orient the nozzle and tubing connector when the syringe is loaded in the injector. This required orientation hinders rapid attachment and replacement of the syringe. In addition, although the Luer connection, syringe/tubing connection, described in the above patents may be adequate for injector applications that use low pressures, leaks often occur when high pressure applications are used. Power injectors require the connection of the Luer lock system to be effective for pressures up to 1,200 p.s.i. Some users have attempted to remedy the leak problem by tightening the connection as much as possible. Over-tightened Luer connectors sometimes crack which compromises the seal. Another problem is that sometimes the connection sticks and the Luer lock cannot be disassembled.
Hence, there has been a need to more quickly load and unload disposable replacement syringes in injectors, and for injectors and replacement syringes that can accommodate a more efficient process of syringe replacement. There is also a need for a fluid tubing delivery system, such as a Luer lock system, that does not leak when used with power injectors.
The present invention provides injectors, syringe interfaces and syringes that address the needs for rapid loading of syringes and the prevention or elimination of fluid leaks between the syringe nozzle and fluid delivery tubing connection, a Luer lock connection. Specifically, the present invention provides a syringe for an injector that has at its nozzle end a connection to the fluid delivery tubing that prevents, reduces, or eliminates fluid leaks. The syringe can also be oriented in more than one manner on the injector.
Another objective provides a syringe adapter, interface, or rotatable cam that can be retrofitted to the faceplate of the injectors to engage a notch at the proximal end of the syringe casing (body).
An objective of the present invention to provide a method and apparatus by which replaceable syringes can be more efficiently loaded into and unloaded from injectors.
Another objective of the present invention is to provide an injector with a replacement syringe and a method of replacing the syringe in the injector that provides a more efficient replacement of the syringes in the injector.
A further objective of the present invention is to provide a replaceable syringe and method of syringe replacement with which the replacement of the syringe can be achieved with simple motions by the operator or with rapid operation of injector unit mechanisms.
An additional objective of the present invention is to provide a replaceable syringe positive, rapid and reliable engagement of the syringe with locking structure that holds the syringe in the jacket, engagement of the plunger drive and plunger drive coupling, or connection of the injection tube to the outlet of the syringe.
Another objective of the present invention is to provide an injector and syringe arrangement that minimizes or eliminates the probability of spillage or leakage from the syringe nozzle flowing into the injector equipment, and otherwise enhancing the ability to maintain sterility and cleanliness of the equipment.
In one embodiment, the front end of the syringe is formed of a separate pressure restraining cap made of material that is separate from the front wall of the syringe and may be reusable. With the cooperating structure of the jacket and the syringe, restraining of the pressure jacket along the front and sides of the syringe is provided where the jacket allows for the replacement of the syringe from the front.
In another embodiment of the present invention, the threads are engageable in multiple but a limited number of angular positions. Additionally, other keys and key ways carried respectively by the unit and by the syringe limit the angular position in which the syringe may be inserted into the jacket to a unique predetermined angular orientation. Four key ways, such as slots or notches, spaced around the back, rearward or proximate edge of the syringe body, engage tabs on the unit at the rear end of the pressure jacket and in cooperation with the syringe umbrella cap and mating end of the pressure jacket.
Replacement of the syringe begins, in the embodiments of the invention, with unlocking the syringe at its front end from the front end of the pressure jacket, by rotating the syringe with respect to the jacket, and by disengaging the plunger drive from the syringe plunger, alternatively by transverse translational or rotational motion, simultaneous with and linked to the motion that disengages the syringe from the jacket. The unlocking of the syringe from the jacket occurs, for example, by loosening mating threads at the front of the syringe and jacket. The twisting of the syringe in the jacket is linked to motion that either translates transversely or rotates a coupling on the syringe plunger out of engagement with the plunger drive. The syringe is then removed from the jacket through the open front end of the jacket. This removal may take place without retraction of the plunger drive should the drive be advanced in the pressure jacket at the time of disengagement from the plunger coupling. The used syringe may also be removed without disconnection of the disposable injection tubing from the nozzle of the syringe.
In another aspect, the present invention also provides a disposable syringe that also provides a tight seal at the syringe nozzle and fluid delivery tubing connection.
These and other objectives of the present invention will be more readily apparent from the following detailed description of the drawings in which:
As noted in the Background section, there is a need to more quickly load and unload disposable replacement syringes in injectors. A type of injector for the use of the present invention is described in U.S. Pat. No. 5,300,031; U.S. Pat. No. 5,451,211; and U.S. Pat. No. 5,658,261 which are incorporated by reference herein in their entirety.
Briefly, an example of an injector 10 with use of the present invention is illustrated in
The injection module unit 20 of the embodiments of
On the top of the housing 21 is an injector position and local control panel 27 having a position indicator scale 28 thereon, which displays the position of the injector drive to the operator. The panel 27 also includes a pair of forward and reverse drive direction control buttons 29, which are selectively actuatable to activate a drive within the housing 21 in either the forward or reverse directions.
Extending forward from the front of the door 25 is an injector syringe and pressure jacket assembly 30, the structure of which can be better understood with reference to
The syringe 32 is disposable, and includes walls which will withstand only moderate or low pressure. The walls are usually outwardly deformable under operating pressures, particularly pressures of 300 psi or more. Such higher pressures are necessary to overcome pressure drops through the injection tubing at higher flow rates, which are often desirable. The jacket 31 is made of a stronger transparent material that will withstand the operating pressures. When the syringe 32 is contained in the jacket 31, it is surrounded by the jacket 31 and supported by the jacket 31 against expansion caused by the fluid pressure within as the syringe 32 expands against the jacket wall.
The pressure jacket 31 has a generally cylindrical inner bore 33 extending therethrough from a proximate end 34 adjacent the door 25 to a remote end 35 of the pressure jacket 31 toward the front of the unit 20. The bore 33 is dimensioned so as to receive through the remote end 35 the disposable syringe 32 and to support the syringe against expansion from fluid pressure within such fluid pressure may range to more than a thousand psi. The pressure jacket 31 has an annular flange 37 extending outwardly around the proximate end 34. The flange 37 is integrally formed with the jacket cylinder and is shaped to conform to an annular recess 38 surrounding a circular hole 39 in the door 25 to which the jacket 31 may be assembled by insertion from the rear. The hole or opening 39 in the door 25 and the cylindrical bore 33 of the jacket 31 are concentric with a longitudinal axis 40 on which also lies an axis 41 of the syringe 32 when the syringe 32 is positioned in the bore 33 of the jacket 31. The jacket 31 is firmly and rigidly attached to the door 25 with a pair of screws 43, only one of which is shown, which are threaded into a pair of holes 44 in the back of the door 25 (
The syringe 32 includes a syringe case 50 formed of a single piece of molded plastic material, a pressure cap 51 and a plunger 54 (FIGS. 3A, 4A-5). The syringe case 50 includes a cylindrical syringe body 55 having an open proximate end 56 and a remote end 58 to which is integrally formed a conical front wall 57. The front wall 57 is truncated at its forward end, to which is integrally formed an elongated neck 59 extending from the wall 57 at the center thereof. The neck 59 of the syringe case 50 has an orifice 60 (
In one embodiment best seen in
The tube connector 200, also known as a Luer tip or Luer connection, on distal, or remote, end of neck 59 of syringe case 50 has a specific structure which enables it to connect to a fluid delivery tube 65 (
In another embodiment, the taper 212 includes at least two ridges or knurls 215, 225 along the outer surface of taper 212. These sealing rings reduce, eliminate, or prevent leakage between the connector 200 and the connector of the delivery fluid tube 235, and also facilitate connection and removal of tubing. One of the ridges 225 is located at the distal end 210 of the connector 200. The second ridge 215 may be positioned at any location along the taper 212 such as midway between the proximal end 205 and distal end 210 of the connector 200.
The functionality of ridges or knurls 215 and 225 is best seen in
Turning more specifically to
To hold the cap 51 against the conical wall 57 of the case 50 of the syringe 32, six resilient tabs 78 are formed about a central inner hole 79 of the cap 51. The tabs 78 are separated by six equally spaced radial slots 80 (
The plunger 54 of the syringe 32 is molded of an elastomeric material. Preferably, the plunger 54 includes two portions molded of different materials and bonded together. These portions include a forward more flexible portion 90 in which is formed the forward conical surface 34. This forward portion 90 has a pair of outwardly extending rings 91 formed in the periphery thereof to make sealing engagement with the inside of the wall of the cylindrical body 55 of the syringe case 50. The rearward portion of the piston 54 is a flat circular surface to which is bonded the flat circular forward surface of a more rigid rear portion 93 of the piston 54. The rear rigid portion 93 of the piston 54 is molded of a harder stronger plastic material and has a rearward facing circular surface 95 having a rearward extending coupling 96 integrally formed thereon at its center. The coupling 96 includes a rearwardly extending cylindrical shaft 97 on the axis 41 of the syringe 32 and a larger symmetrical cylindrical button 98 integrally formed at the rear end of the cylindrical shaft 97.
At the forward end of the carriage 108 is supported a pair of hooked jaws 114 which are pivotally mounted at their rearward ends by a pair of pivot pins 115 to the carriage 108. The jaws 114 are biased toward the axis 112 by a pair of balls 116 a and 116 b of resilient material positioned between the outside of the jaws 114 and an inner cylindrical wall 117 of a recess 118 formed in the forward end of the carriage 108. The balls 116 a, 116 b are partially captured in depressions in the outer surfaces of the jaws 114. The balls 116 a, 116 b bias the jaws toward their innermost position toward the axis 112. The innermost position of the jaws is determined by a spacing block 119 on the axis 112 of the carriage 108 at the center of the cavity 118.
When a syringe 32 is locked in the jacket 31 with its axis 41 and the axis 40 of the jacket 31 may be in alignment with the axis 112 of the shaft 105, the plunger 54 may be located in the cylindrical body 55 of the syringe case 50 in a position forward of the remote end 56. Preferably, however, the jaws 114 are displaced to the side of axis 112 of the shaft 105 so that as the jaws 114 and coupling tip 98 are in their disengagement position, maximum clearance is provided so that the syringe 32 may be inserted into the jacket 31 without the sterile internal walls of the syringe 31 touching the components of the drive, as illustrated in the figures.
In the engaging position, the jaws 114 are in alignment with the coupling 98 on the axes 40 and 41 of the jacket 32 and syringe 32. In such a situation, the jaws 114 may be in a retracted position at the center of the opening 39 of the door 25 adjacent to the proximate end 34 of the jacket 31, and out of engagement with the coupling 96 on the plunger 54. From this position, operation of the motor 101 rotates the shaft 105 and drives the carriage 108 forwardly to move the jaws 114 toward and into engagement with the coupling 96 on the plunger 54. This engagement takes place as shown in
Disengagement of the jaws 114 from the coupling 96 can thereafter be achieved by translational movement between the coupling 96 and the jaws 114 between a disengaged position as shown in
If sterility is not a problem, the most time saving approach would be to insert the syringe 32 into the jacket 31 with its plunger all the way forward and the drive fully advanced so that, when the syringe is translated toward the jaws 114, engagement will immediately occur and the plunger can be immediately retracted to fill the syringe.
When a syringe 32 is inserted into the jacket 31 when the plunger 54 is at its rearmost position toward the proximate end 56 of the syringe body 55, the coupling 96 is in a position adjacent the proximate end 56 of the syringe body 55 and projecting rearwardly therebeyond. When in such a position, engagement between the jaws 114 and the coupling 96 is brought about by translational movement between the position shown in
The translating and locking mechanism 125 includes a syringe engaging device, or a cam and locking ring 127, which is rotatably retained in a circular recess 126 in the back of the door 25. The ring 127 has a generally semi-circular groove 130 in the back surface thereof for receiving a spring wire retaining clip 131 having a pair of looped ends 133 which extend through a pair of slots 134 in the rim of the ring 127 and into a selected one of three pair of diametrically opposed notches 135, 136 and 137 in the inner wall of the rim of the recess 126 in the door 25. The three pair of notches 135, 136 and 137 represent three positions of the translating and locking mechanism 125 which are the locked, unlocked and release positions, respectively. The locked position of the mechanism 125 in which the loops 133 of the ring 131 are in the notches 135, is that illustrated in
As shown in
Formed integrally of the ring 127 and projecting inwardly from the inner periphery 149 thereof are three tabs or keys 155, 156 and 157. The tabs 155-157 are unequally spaced around inner periphery 149, such that the tabs or keys 155, 156 and 157 fit between the respective projections 251-254 in the proximate end 56 of the body 55 of the syringe case 50, so as to rotate the syringe 32 as the mechanism 125 is rotated through actuation of the handle 138, or alternatively, to rotate the mechanism 125 as the syringe 32 is rotated at its end.
Any one of the spaces between projections 251-254 may be engaged with the keys or tabs 155-157 of ring 127. This allows the syringe 32 to be attached to the door 25 and pressure jacket 21 assembly in any one of four orientations as dictated by the four thread sections 85 of the cap 51. The syringe may thus be retrofitted to the faceplates of the injectors described in U.S. Pat. No. 5,300,031; U.S. Pat. No. 5,451,211; and U.S. Pat. No. 5,658,261, incorporated herein in their entirety, since the tabs 155-157 in the ring 127 are compatibly positioned as compared to the injectors of these three patents.
The rotation of the mechanism 125 from the unlocked position to the locked position rotates the syringe 32 in the jacket 31 and rotates the cap such that its threads move from an unlocked position as shown in
The translational movement of the axes 40 and 41 with respect to the axis 112 is achieved by a fixed cylindrical cam follower or pin 150 which projects outwardly from the fixed housing portion 22 behind the ring 127 and into a cam slot 154 formed therein. The slot 154 is shaped so that the axes 40 and 41 which remain fixed with respect to the ring 127, along with the door 25, the jacket 31, the syringe 32 and all of the structure mutually carried thereby, are moved in relation to the axis 112 of the shaft 105 and the other structure mutually carried by the housing 22, as the mechanism 125 is rotated. These axes move toward and away from each other in accordance with the shape of the slot 154 determined by the radial distance from the point along the slot 154 where it engages the pin 150 to the axes 40 and 41.
The cam slot 154 in the ring 127 is shaped such that, when the mechanism 125 is in the locked position as shown, for example, in
In the release position, as shown in
Leakage rearwardly along the exterior of the neck 59 of the syringe 32 can cause fluid to flow between the body portion 55 of the syringe 32 and the jacket 31. For this reason, the cap 51 is caused to fit snugly against the forward surface of the conical portion 57 of the syringe 32 at least sufficiently to restrict the flow of this leaking fluid onto the neck 59. This is assisted by the configuration of the cap 51 at the rim 87 thereof so as to divert away from the space between the syringe 32 and jacket 31 fluid which might leak from the nozzle.
As seen in
The locking structure between the syringe 32 and the pressure jacket 31 should provide for retention of the syringe 32 in the jacket 31 against the force of the fluid pressure in the cavity 61 or axial force otherwise exerted on the plunger 54 by the drive 100. This locking of the syringe 32 to the jacket 31 is preferably achieved, as shown in
The invention has been described in the context of its preferred embodiments. It will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that variations and alternatives to the embodiments described may be employed without departing from the principles of the present invention. Accordingly, this patent is not intended to be limited except by the scope of the following claims.