US 20060128540 A1
An exercise apparatus that provides easily and quickly adjustable resistive forces during a wide variety of fitness-related activities. The apparatus comprises a housing having an internal space wherein multiple resilient members, such as elastic cords or stretchable bands, are fully contained while in a rest state; an attachment point where each resilient member is securely affixed to the housing; and an aperture located substantially opposite the attachment point, through which resilient members are accessible, and to which a handle assembly is removably attached. A user may selectably attach the handle assembly to one or several resilient members in order to select the desired resistive force. Because resilient members are fully contained within the housing when in a rest state, the resilient members exert a resistive force immediately upon being extended from the aperture in the housing.
1. An exercise apparatus comprising
A three-dimensional housing having an interior and an exterior;
A means for resisting a first force, said means for resisting lying substantially within said interior of said housing and being capable of exerting a selectably adjustable second force in opposition to said first force; and
A means for grasping said means for resisting, said means for grasping being accessible from said exterior of said housing.
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6. An exercise apparatus comprising
A three dimensional housing having an interior and an exterior;
Multiple resilient members,
each one of said multiple resilient members comprising a first end and a second end,
said first end of each one of said multiple resilient members being affixed to an attachment point on said housing and
said second ends of all of said multiple resilient members lying substantially adjacent to one another at a grasping point on said housing; and
A means for grasping said multiple resilient members wherein said means for grasping is selectably attachable to one, multiple, or all of said second ends of said multiple resilient members at said grasping point, said grasping point being accessible from said exterior of said housing.
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17. An exercise apparatus comprising:
A three dimensional housing comprising an interior, an exterior, a top surface, and sides, said sides comprising two short sides and two long sides;
Multiple resistance sets, each of said resistance sets comprising
Multiple resilient members,
each one of said multiple resilient members comprising a first end and a second end,
said first end of each one of said multiple resilient members being affixed to an attachment point on said housing and
said second ends of all of said multiple resilient members lying substantially adjacent to one another at a grasping point located in one of said sides of said housing,
said multiple resilient members being substantially below said top surface of said housing between said attachment points and said grasping point, and
each one of said multiple resilient members having a rest-state length that is substantially equal to the distance between said attachment point and said grasping point;
Each one of said multiple resistance sets lying substantially parallel to one of said sides in said housing; and
A means for grasping said second ends of said multiple resilient members of each of said multiple resistance sets, wherein said means for grasping is selectably attachable to one, multiple, or all of said second ends of said multiple resilient members at said grasping point, said grasping point being accessible from said exterior of said housing.
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This application claims priority to United States provisional applications Ser. No. 60/635,105, filed Dec. 10, 2004, and Ser. No. 60/662,405, filed Mar. 16, 2005.
The present invention relates generally to exercise equipment, and more particularly to an item of exercise equipment which may be used alone for a series of circuit training exercises which depend upon selectively and sequentially using one or more of a plurality of resistive components anchored at one side of a three-dimensional housing and displaced therefrom through the housing to be accessed through a slot at an opposite side of the housing.
Much of contemporary fitness exercising combines resistance strength training simultaneously with aerobic conditioning. Combining aerobic and anaerobic conditioning elements stimulates participants' cardiovascular, muscular, and skeletal systems, providing measurable results in a short period of time. This form of exercise is commonly referred to as circuit training. Developed in the 1950's, circuit training has been used to train individuals ranging from those interested in weight loss to Olympic athletes. In short, circuit training is considered by those trained in fitness arts to permit individuals to achieve maximum results in minimum time.
Traditionally, circuit training is conducted on several pieces of equipment, sometimes referred to as stations. However, it is considered advantageous for individuals to perform substantially all circuit training exercises on one piece of equipment to eliminate delays associated with changing equipment or waiting for equipment at another station to be available in a location where multiple individuals are exercising. Performing a total body conditioning program involves engaging in a planned body conditioning program and enhancing weight loss and toning while simultaneously maintaining elevated heart rates to benefit the cardiovascular system.
The wide variety of circuit training exercises includes the following:
A user typically wishes to perform a wide variety of exercises in rapid succession in order to maintain high levels of respiration and cardiovascular activity between exercises. It is therefore readily apparent that it is advantageous to perform all exercises on the same piece of equipment.
Various forms of multipurpose exercise equipment are known in the art. As an example, U.S. Pat. No. 6,245,001 to Matt Siaperas (“Siaperas”) discloses an apparatus based upon a boxlike main body. The top surface of the body is hinged transversely to create a storage container and an adjustable section is fixed at various angles in relation to the main body by using a pivotal adjustment arm extending from the bottom of the boxlike body. Siaperas teaches a plurality of clip rings affixed about the outside of the body and attached through sturdy extensions to resistive elements used in exercise procedures. The resistive elements are generally elastic.
A similar apparatus is disclosed in U.S. Pat. No. 6,220,994 to Christine A. Rich (“Rich”). Rich teaches a platform on which a user can sit, stand, lie, or kneel while performing a wide variety of exercises by exerting force on one or more resistive elements that are attached to the sides of the platform.
Other apparatuses in the prior art teach that part of a resistive element can be enclosed in the apparatus itself. U.S. Pat. No. 3,687,450 to William A. Schollmeyer (“Schollmeyer”) and U.S. Pat. No. 3,893,667 to Owen D. Snyder and Crammer W. Wilson (“Owen”) both teach a boxlike housing in which resistive elements are contained so that a user may place himself or herself on the housing and grasp the resistive elements where they extend through an aperture in the housing. A wide variety of exercises can be performed by assuming different positions relative to the housing and grasping different of the resistive elements positioned within the housing and extending through apertures therein.
Each of these prior art devices teaches use of a single resistive element at a given location on the housing of an apparatus. Some of the resistive elements used springs with ropes; others are resilient members. Siaperas teaches that resistive elements can have different resistances, but nothing in the prior art teaches an adjustable resistive force; nor does any invention in the prior art teach a technique for providing, at a single location on the apparatus, a resistive force that can be easily selected or adjusted by a user.
In summary, this invention discloses an apparatus that allows continuously and selectively exercising through a predetermined training cycle on a single apparatus where the resistive force provided by components of the apparatus can be rapidly and easily selected and adjusted by a user. This is done by providing a separate resistive force at multiple locations on the apparatus, each one being capable of providing an adjustable resistant force, as selected by a user. The apparatus itself is suitable in structure for use in a variety of exercising postures.
As an example, a training cycle may be devised such that each muscle group is exercised during a complete circuit. Such a training cycle may be followed by a cardio interlude and flexibility training cycle. Combining flexibility and strength training using the same piece of equipment reduces the risk of injury and leads to improved results. Systematically moving from one muscle group to the next, without the delays required to move between different pieces of exercise equipment, allows one muscle group to recover while another muscle group is engaged. An apparatus constructed according to the present invention thus permits a variety of exercises to be performed, with thirty seconds or less of rest between each exercise. This allows heart rates to be maintained in a zone that promotes cardiovascular fitness; heart rates do not fall as they would during the time needed to change the configuration of prior art exercise equipment or move to different equipment before starting the next training cycle.
Basic to one form of the instant invention is a three-dimensional box or shell (the “Housing”) having a top surface. The Housing may optionally have a material affixed to the top surface that provides a non-skid and/or padded surface to enhance safety and comfort during exercise.
The Housing can be constructed of a single piece of material, or of multiple pieces of material that are then assembled together. Manufacturing cost and ease of assembly are two important but non-limiting factors to be considered when selecting the material and construction manner for the Housing. In the present embodiment, the Housing comprises a top portion and a bottom portion, each formed from a molded thermoplastic.
The preferred shape of the Housing includes an open bottom and sides which provide stable support for the top when disposed on a planar surface. Generally, each side has at least one location where one or more elastic cords or other resilient members (herein the “band” or “bands”) may be securely affixed, and from which the bands are displaced for access outside the Housing through an opening on an opposing side of the Housing. Generally, each band has a “Rest State” length, which is the length of the band when no force is being applied by a user of the present invention; and a variable “Stretched State” length, evident when a user of the invention exerts a force on a band, the maximum Stretched State being considerably longer than the Rest State. Preferably, the Rest State length of each band closely approximates the distance between the point at which that band is securely affixed to the Housing and where it exits from the opposite side of the Housing.
When the bands have material characteristics which emulate the force and distance characteristics of a spring, the relationship of an applied stretching force (f) to the Stretched State length (x) may be represented as follows:
When a band has a Rest State length equal to the distance between opposing openings in the sides of the Housing, the band provides immediate retarding force as a user stretches the band from its Rest State length.
The present invention may include a plurality of bands placed along parallel pathways within the Housing and exiting the Housing through the same opening. These bands may have either similar or different spring constants.
A means for grasping the end of the band is attached to the end of each band at the point where it exits the Housing, opposite the side where it is securely affixed to the Housing. In a preferred embodiment, the means for grasping the end of the band comprises a combination of a ring attached to the end of the band, a carabineer, and a ring attached to a handle. Using the carabineer, the handle can thus be attached to a single band, or to multiple bands, so that the bands available at a single opening in the Housing could provide a wide variety of retarding pull forces when the handle to which the bands are attached is displaced by a user of the invention. This arrangement permits a wide variety of exercises for persons having varying degrees of strength. Further, providing a Rest State length for each band that is approximately equal to the distance between the point where the band is securely affixed to the Housing and the opening through which the band exits the Housing allows exercises to be completed which require that pull resistance begin at or very near the opening out of which a band issues. This permits exercises that include a full range of motion.
The means for grasping the ends of bands may include a rigid bar suitable for grasping by a single hand, typically attached via a loop of flexible material. The means for grasping may also comprise a longer rigid bar, suitable for grasping by two hands, as shown in
Thus affixed with multiple bands that may have a variety of spring constants, an apparatus made according to the instant invention provides an ideal device for completing a broad-based physical fitness training regimen. A user can complete a training cycle wherein each muscle group may be exercised during a given circuit, followed by a cardio interlude and flexibility training period. Systematically exercising one muscle group and then another allows muscles to recover during the time that another muscle group is engaged. Thirty seconds or less of rest between each exercise allows heart rates to be maintained in an optimal zone for cardiovascular training.
The present invention also permits training regimes that include core, stabilizing muscular systems. Training that utilizes free-form exercise movements demands core strength in order to stabilize the user's position while performing exercises. Exercises that involve a full range of motion, as permitted by the present invention, allow the body to move in natural ranges of motion that reduce the risk of injury, involve less restrictive movements, and are more bio-mechanically sound.
Exercise patterns or sequences may be designed around the present invention to incorporate muscles throughout the entire body. Muscles are generally divided into the following seven groups: legs, back, chest, shoulders, biceps, triceps, and abdominals. Exercises centered upon these seven muscle groups, which encompass the entire body, are typically arranged in sequences that begin with the largest muscle groups and continue to the smallest. This sequence allows appropriate time for rest and recovery of each muscle group prior to the next sequence being performed. It is essential to have adequate rest between each sequence in order to achieve maximum results.
Most circuit training equipment in use today uses hydraulic or frictional techniques that do not easily allow for variation in resistance, and further provide only one exercise per station. An apparatus designed according to the present invention allows a user to perform a variety of exercises on a single piece of equipment that are typically performed on many different machines. This is possible because the present invention permits very rapid changes from one exercise to the next, and further provides, in a preferred embodiment, for rapid selection between multiple levels of resistance by selecting which one or more available bands are engaged by the means for grasping the bands when performing a particular exercise. A user may select an appropriate set of bands, and thus the desired resistance level, easily and quickly so that the effectiveness and range of motion provided during each exercise is maximized.
Accordingly, it is a primary object of the present invention to provide an apparatus with which a person may perform a wide variety of cycle training exercises without having to move from one apparatus to another.
It is another object to provide an apparatus that comprises a Housing that affords an internal space wherein a plurality of resilient members may be fully contained while in a rest state; a site for each resistant member to be securely affixed to the Housing, and an opening opposite the site through which each resistant member is accessible at one end for use.
It is a further object to provide at least one means for grasping each accessible end of a band, whereby each band may be displaced away from the Housing and such displacement afford a resistance associated with the elasticity and resilience of the band as the means for grasping the band is displaced away from the Housing.
It is yet another object of the present invention to provide a Housing having an upper surface that provides a platform on which a user may exert force or bodily weight during use in order to stabilize the Housing during cycle training exercises.
These and other objects and features of the present invention will be apparent from the detailed description and by reference to accompanying Figures.
Reference is now made to the embodiments illustrated in
An apparatus made according to the present invention comprises a three-dimensional, substantially hollow housing 10 and a means for resisting a force exerted by a user while performing exercises. In a preferred embodiment, this means for resisting a force comprises one or more resilient members or stretchable bands (hereinafter referred to as “bands”), each generally numbered 30. In the descriptions that follow, the term proximal refers to the end of a band that is closest to the user of an apparatus made according to the instant invention. The term distal refers to the other end of a band, which is securely and fixedly connected to housing 10, as hereinafter described.
Housing 10, as seen in
In another embodiment, a protrusion on top portion 50 mates with depression 150 on bottom portion 52 to assist in lining up top portion 50 with bottom portion 52 during assembly. Depression 150 is visible in
Other methods of connecting top portion 50 and bottom portion 52 are also possible and are included within the scope of the present invention. By using a two-part construction for the housing, less complex and less expensive molding techniques may be used that do not require hydraulics or sliders during formation of housing 10. Though a preferred embodiment uses a two-part construction formed of molded plastic components, other manufacturing techniques, materials, or shapes for the housing are also possible. These alternatives might encompass more than two components to construct housing 10, or might permit housing 10 to be fashioned from a single piece of various types of rigid or semi-rigid material, such as fiberglass, metal, composites, or wood.
As shown in the accompanying figures, a preferred embodiment of the present invention is substantially horizontal. Other embodiments of the present invention provide for additional housing components that can be affixed to housing 10; these additional housing components can include, without limitation, a riser that increases the height of the apparatus, allowing use by individuals whose physical capacities make it difficult to use an apparatus located close to the ground; further embodiments include a wedge-shaped component which raises one end of either housing 10 or of a user disposed on housing 10. Such a wedge could be elevated at the user's option by a means such as a lift bar, screw jack, additional riser component, or by other means. A further embodiment contemplates the addition of a housing component that is substantially perpendicular to the plane of top portion 50 and bottom portion 52, yet adjustable at different angles to suit a user, so as to form a backrest on the end of the apparatus. Such additional housing components may be manufactured as an integral part of the apparatus, permanently fixed in place, or as removably attachable components that may be moved into place at a user's option; such a component may also be added onto the apparatus during use, at the user's option.
In a preferred embodiment, top portion 50 of housing 10 includes pad 20 that is fixedly attached to top portion 50. In a preferred embodiment, pad 20 is made of a soft plastic or rubber-like material that provides both skid-resistance and cushioning to the user while using the apparatus during an exercise regime. Pad 20 ideally extends for nearly the full length and width of housing 10, but could also be restricted to smaller areas, or additional pad material added, as might be deemed appropriate for various users or uses. The dimensions of pad 20 would also be appropriately altered in cases where other shapes were chosen for housing 10, such as oval, square, circular, or other polygonal formations. In a preferred embodiment, small pads are also affixed to the bottom of the apparatus to form “feet” that prevent movement or slippage during use when the apparatus is placed on a surface such as a hardwood or tile floor.
Though placed in a planar position upon a floor as described in the present embodiment, other embodiments of the present invention include positioning upon or forming a bench or ledge in a position raised above the floor. This is particularly useful when embodiments of the present invention are used that include wedges, back rests, or other accessories to permit users having a variety of physical capacities (or incapacities) and fitness needs to make use of the apparatus.
In a preferred embodiment, housing 10 comprises a series of openings, generally numbered 40, disposed along the sides of housing 10. Two openings 40 are provided along each long side of housing 10; one opening 40 is provided on each short side of housing 10. Each opening 40 includes, along its bottom portion, one or more parking slots 42. A variety of sizes may be used for bands 30 as part of the present embodiment, as hereinafter discussed; each parking slot 42 has a width that is approximately the diameter of the largest band 30 that is contemplated for use with the apparatus. When bands 30 of varying diameters are used, the width of all parking slots 42 may be equal, or the width of each may vary to more closely approximate the diameter of individual bands 30, as manufacturing requirements dictate. Parking slots 42 are formed as channels, as is apparent in
Each opening 40 also includes, in its top portion, a roller 110 that is fixedly attached to top portion 50, but that is able to rotate freely about its horizontal axis. Below each opening 40 are one or more attachment slots 126, located within the bottom of housing 10 and aligned substantially vertically with parking slots 42. Located transversely across attachment slots 126 is horizontal bar 125, visible in
At approximately the middle point on one or both of the longer sides of housing 10 is located opening 54. Opening 54 comprises smooth sides and a narrower space at its entrance than at its interior. Opening 54 is deep enough to admit a person's hand, which, once inserted and bent slightly, becomes too wide to exit the narrower entrance of opening 54. Thus opening 54 operates as a handle for easily lifting the apparatus to move it from place to place when not in use. With openings 54 disposed on both sides of a preferred embodiment, the entire apparatus can be lifted by one hand, from either side, and can further be carried by placing a hand in each of the two openings 54 and holding the apparatus close to the body during carriage.
Each band 30 comprises stop ring 136, stop 68, a length of resilient material, and attachment ring 124. Stop ring 136 and attachment ring 124 are permanently affixed to the two ends of the length of resilient material—stop ring 136 at the proximal end and attachment ring 124 at the distal end. The resilient material used may be any stretchable or deformable material that meets manufacturing requirements such as durability and cost. Examples include, but are not limited to, medical tubing, rubber or latex bands, and bungee cord. Stop 68 typically encircles the resilient material so as to form an area of greater diameter than the resilient material when in a rest state. When multiple bands 30 having different diameters are used as part of a preferred embodiment of the apparatus, stop 68 is typically formed and placed on a resilient material so as to form an area of diameter that is greater than the width of the band having the resilient material of the greatest diameter. This corresponds to the nature of parking slots 42, as previously disclosed, being formed to correspond to the widest of bands 30 that are contemplated for use with the apparatus. Accordingly, stops 68 are formed and attached to the resilient material so that when stop 68, located on the proximal end of band 30, is placed on the exterior of parking slot 42, stop 68 prevents the proximal end of the resilient material from moving through parking slot 42 towards the interior of housing 10.
Onto each band 30 may be attached a means for grasping the proximal end of band 30 at the point of stop ring 136. In a preferred embodiment, this means for grasping comprises handle assembly 58, which comprises handle 60, strap 62, handle ring 64, and snap ring 66.
The configuration shown in
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, having six openings 40 in housing 10, as previously disclosed, resistive forces for each band 30 are selected to provide an optimal configuration for fitness training of the general public. In a preferred embodiment, bands 30 provided on the short sides of housing 10 have a relatively greater resistive force, suitable for exercises involving large muscle groups such as the abdomen, back, or legs; bands 30 provided on the long sides of housing 10 have a relatively lesser resistive force, suitable for exercises involving smaller muscle groups such as the arms.
Further, bands 30 provided at openings 40 on the long sides of housing 10 are coordinated to provide a high degree of choice to users in selecting a resistive force appropriate for their fitness needs. Specifically, in a preferred embodiment, three bands 30 capable of exerting three different resistive forces are placed in an opening 40 on the long side of housing 10. An identical configuration of resistive forces is provided by the three bands 30 at the corresponding opening 40 on the opposite long side of housing 10. By connecting snap ring 66 to one, two, or three of the bands 30, a user can select up to seven different resistance levels. A similar set of bands 30 is provided at the other two openings on the long side of housing 10, but these bands 30 are capable in a preferred embodiment of exerting greater resistive forces. Accordingly, a user of the apparatus may select which set of handle assemblies 58 to use in order to have immediately available a resistive force appropriate to the fitness needs of that individual.
Other embodiments of the present invention comprise different numbers of openings 40, which number might correspond with different shapes of housing 10. In addition, each opening 40 could comprise a different number of bands 30, rather than the three bands 30 used at each opening 40 in a preferred embodiment. All openings 40 could comprise the same number of bands 30, or the number of bands 30 could vary at different openings 40 in the same apparatus. Finally, the resistive force provided by each band 30 could be selected to achieve different goals than in a preferred embodiment. For example, if an apparatus were constructed for use in an environment where rehabilitation or elder care was the goal, rather than strength or cardiovascular training for the general public, bands 30 could be selected having resistive forces that were generally less than in another preferred embodiment. Other embodiments might provide a greater resistive force for all bands 30, or might arrange the different resistive forces among all bands 30, taken together, in a different configuration, based upon perceived needs of users. All these and other variations are comprised within the present invention.
Housing 10 and the multiple bands 30 used in a preferred embodiment of the present invention are evident in
The distal end of each band 30 is fixedly connected to horizontal bar 125 located adjacent to a set of attachment slots 126. Each attachment slot 126 is formed as a channel that extends from the exterior of housing 10 towards the interior of housing 10. By positioning each band in a separate attachment slot 126 that forms a channel separate from other attachment slots for adjacent bands 30, horizontal bar 125 is fully supported at multiple points along its length. With this support, the stress on horizontal bar at any single point is greatly reduced. Accordingly, in a preferred embodiment, horizontal bar 125 is constructed of plastic, yet is able to withstand significant forces as bands 30 are extended during use of the apparatus, thus causing attachment rings 124 to exert force on horizontal bar 125. Also in a preferred embodiment, the channels formed by attachment slots 126 slope upwards (which appears as a downward slope in the inverted view of
Each band 30 that is connected to horizontal bar 125 at attachment slot 126 by attachment ring 124 extends into the interior of housing 10 in a direction roughly parallel to attachment slot 126 into which band 30 has been placed, until it arrives at opening 40 that is on the opposite side of housing 10 from attachment slot 126 where that band 30 is attached. The resilient material portion of the proximal end of band 30 then rests in parking slot 42, as previously disclosed, such that stop 68 is located at the side of parking slot 42 on the exterior of housing 10. For the most effective use in a preferred embodiment, the length of band 30 when in its rest state—that is, when no stretching force is being exerted upon it—should be approximately equal to the distance between attachment slot 126, where the distal end of band 30 is fixedly attached to housing 10, and parking slot 42, where the proximal end of band 30 is placed. Stated otherwise, the ideal rest-state length of a band 30 that issues from an opening 40 in the short side of housing 10 is the length of housing 10; the ideal rest-state length of a band 30 that issues from an opening 40 in the long side of housing 10 is the width of housing 10. Using bands 30 having these ideal lengths provides immediate resistive force when a user grasps a band 30 and begins an exercise.
In a preferred embodiment, a rectangular housing 10 is used, with a single opening 40 on each of the shorter sides of housing 10, and two openings 40 on each of the longer sides of housing 10, as is apparent from
During operation of a preferred embodiment of the present invention, a user determines which bands 30 he or she prefers to engage, based upon the user's strength and the exercise that he or she wishes to perform. The user attaches handle assemblies 58 at appropriate openings 40 to one or more bands 30 by connecting snap ring 66 to one or more stop rings 136 that are located at the proximal ends of bands 30 at those openings 40. By this method, a user may, for example, attach handle assembly 58 to two or three stop rings 136 located adjacent to each other in the same opening 40, thus providing greater resistance during an exercise compared to when a single band 30 is used.
The user then exerts a pulling force on handle assembly 58, which immediately causes the bands 30 that are attached to handle assembly 58 to exert a counter-acting force in direct proportion to the spring constant associated with those bands 30. If the user is positioned on or near the top 20 of housing 10, the resilient portion of the band 30 will press against roller 110, causing it to rotate about its horizontal axis, thus reducing the friction that would otherwise be caused by band 30 moving against housing 10 as it stretched during an exercise.
Training regimes completed using the present invention may involve a training cycle exercising one complete circuit followed by a cardio interlude and flexibility exercise or continuing immediately to another training cycle. Moving from one muscle group to another allows muscles in a first group to recover effectively while other muscles are exercised. Thirty seconds or less of rest between each exercise maintains heart rates within a cardiovascular training zone. Hence, the importance of being able to perform a series of exercises on a single apparatus as disclosed herein.
The present invention is suitable for effective use in a wide variety of exercise or fitness-related circumstances, including, as non-limiting examples, circuit training, rehabilitation, sports conditioning, body building, youth fitness, and senior fitness.
The wide range of motion provided by the instant invention, using one or more bands that exert a resistive force immediately upon use, allows a user's body to move in natural ranges of motion with reduced risk of injury, thus being less restrictive in movement and more bio-mechanically sound.
Exercise patterns and sequences are best designed to incorporate the entire body, which is typically divided into the following seven muscle groups: legs, back, chest, shoulders, biceps, triceps, and abdominals. It is preferred that exercises engaging these seven groups should be performed in sequences, moving from the largest muscle groups to the smallest muscle groups. It is important to perform these patterns with no more delay than that required for adequate rest between each sequence.
Some of the exercises that are possible using a preferred embodiment of the present invention include the following:
Step Back Lunges
Straight Leg Dead Lift
Bent Single Arm Row
Low Back Extensions
Single Cross Over Pulls
Single Arm Bench Press
Seated Incline Press
Seated Incline Flies
Incline Push Ups
Decline Push Ups
Seated Military Press
Lateral Shoulder Raises
Standing Bicep Curls
Reverse French Curls
Triceps Kick Backs
Seated Triceps Extensions
Lying Triceps Extensions
The present invention may be embodied in other specific forms without departing from the spirit or essential characteristics thereof. The presently disclosed embodiments are therefore to be considered in all respects as illustrative and not restrictive, the scope of the invention being indicated by the appended claims rather than by the foregoing description, and all changes which come within the meaning and range of equivalency of the claims are therefore intended to be embraced therein.