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Publication numberUS20060174560 A1
Publication typeApplication
Application numberUS 11/337,625
Publication dateAug 10, 2006
Filing dateJan 23, 2006
Priority dateJan 24, 2005
Publication number11337625, 337625, US 2006/0174560 A1, US 2006/174560 A1, US 20060174560 A1, US 20060174560A1, US 2006174560 A1, US 2006174560A1, US-A1-20060174560, US-A1-2006174560, US2006/0174560A1, US2006/174560A1, US20060174560 A1, US20060174560A1, US2006174560 A1, US2006174560A1
InventorsJonathan Levine, Paul Beggs, Brandon Slater, David Prouty
Original AssigneeLevine Jonathan B, Beggs Paul C, Slater Brandon J, Prouty David E
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Multi-zone HVAC system
US 20060174560 A1
Abstract
A multi-zone HVAC system, including: (a) a hollow curb to be mounted to a building roof, (b) a hollow base mounted on or in the curb, the base having a paratition thereacross; (c) a hollow working unit mounted on the base, the working unit containing a cooling coil, a fan, and a heater so that return air from the building can pass through the curb and base to be heated or cooled in the working unit and then directed through the base and curb into the building, the portion of the base below the working unit having height of less than 24 inches.
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Claims(20)
1. A multi-zone HVAC system, comprising: (a) a hollow curb to be mounted to a building roof; (b) a hollow base mounted on or in the curb, the base having a paratition thereacross; (c) a hollow working unit mounted on the base, the working unit containing a cooling coil, a fan, and a heater so that return air from the building can pass through the curb and base to be heated or cooled in the working unit and then directed through the base and curb into the building, the portion of the base below the working unit having height of less than 24 inches.
2. The multi-zone HVAC system of claim 1, wherein the portion of the base below the working unit has a height of less than 20 inches.
3. The multi-zone HVAC system of claim 1, wherein the portion of the base below the working unit has a height of less than 16 inches.
4. The multi-zone HVAC system of claim 1, wherein the portion of the base below the working unit has a height of less than 8 inches.
5. The multi-zone HVAC system of claim 1, wherein the portion of the base below the working unit has a height of less than 4 inches.
6. The multi-zone HVAC system of claim 1, further comprising an aperture in the partition of the base and a bypass damper positioned at the aperture so that air can be recycled through the working unit.
7. The multi-zone HVAC system of claim 1, further comprising a multi-zone damper positioned in the base so that airflow to the zones can be controlled.
8. The multi-zone HVAC system of claim 1, further comprising a multi-zone reheater positioned in the base so that air flowing to a particular zone can be heated.
9. The multi-zone HVAC system of claim 2, further comprising an aperture in the partition of the base and a bypass damper positioned at the aperture so that air can be recycled through the working unit.
10. The multi-zone HVAC system of claim 2, further comprising a multi-zone damper positioned in the base so that airflow to the zones can be controlled.
11. The multi-zone HVAC system of claim 2, further comprising a multi-zone reheater positioned in the base so that air flowing to a particular zone can be heated.
12. The multi-zone HVAC system of claim 3, further comprising an aperture in the partition of the base and a bypass damper positioned at the aperture so that air can be recycled through the working unit.
13. The multi-zone HVAC system of claim 3, further comprising a multi-zone damper positioned in the base so that airflow to the zones can be controlled.
14. The multi-zone HVAC system of claim 3, further comprising a multi-zone reheater positioned in the base so that air flowing to a particular zone can be heated.
15. The multi-zone HVAC system of claim 4, further comprising an aperture in the partition of the base and a bypass damper positioned at the aperture so that air can be recycled through the working unit.
16. The multi-zone HVAC system of claim 4, further comprising a multi-zone damper positioned in the base so that airflow to the zones can be controlled.
17. The multi-zone HVAC system of claim 4, further comprising a multi-zone reheater positioned in the base so that air flowing to a particular zone can be heated.
18. The multi-zone HVAC system of claim 5, further comprising an aperture in the partition of the base and a bypass damper positioned at the aperture so that air can be recycled through the working unit.
19. The multi-zone HVAC system of claim 5, further comprising a multi-zone damper positioned in the base so that airflow to the zones can be controlled.
20. The multi-zone HVAC system of claim 5, further comprising a multi-zone reheater positioned in the base so that air flowing to a particular zone can be heated.
Description
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

This application claims priority to U.S. Provisional Patent Application Ser. No. 60/646,346 filed Jan. 24, 2005. The instant invention is in the field of Heating Ventilating Air Conditioning (HVAC) systems.

Roof mounted multi-zone HVAC systems for larger buildings typically blend outside air with building return air, then pass the blended air through an air filter and a cooling coil, then pass the air through a fan, then through a heater, then through a multi-zone damper system so that the air stream is split to flow to a plurality of zones to be heated or cooled in the building. When an older constant airflow volume system needed replacement, it could be retrofitted to the more energy efficient variable airflow volume configuration or the older system could be completely replaced with a new variable airflow volume system. Retrofitting eliminates costly reconstruction, preserves roofing integrity, eliminates field sheet metal work and reduces installation time. However, maintenance and repair of retrofitted systems is more problematic than maintenance and repair of a new variable airflow volume system because many of the components of the retrofitted system are too high for a repairman to reach from the roof deck. Thus, there is a need for a retrofitted multi-zone HVAC system, the components of which are positioned within reach of a repairman standing on the roof deck.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

The instant invention is a solution to the above-stated problem. More specifically, the instant invention is a multi-zone HVAC system, comprising: (a) a hollow curb to be mounted to a building roof; (b) a hollow base mounted on or in the curb, the base having a paratition thereacross; (c) a hollow working unit mounted on the base, the working unit containing a cooling coil, a fan, and a heater so that return air from the building can pass through the curb and base to be heated or cooled in the working unit and then directed through the base and curb into the building, the portion of the base below the working unit having height of less than 24 inches.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a roof curb unit of a multi-zone HVAC system;

FIG. 2 is a perspective view of a base unit of a multi-zone HVAC system;

FIG. 3 is a side view of the base unit of FIG. 2; and

FIG. 4 is a side view of a multi-zone HVAC system of the instant invention.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION

Referring now to FIG. 1, therein is shown a perspective view of a curb 10 of a multi-zone HVAC system. The curb 10 is suitable for mounting on a roof of a building. The curb 10 is a generally hollow structure usually made of welded sheet steel. The curb has a number of ducts 11-18 at one end thereof. Each duct is usually connected to a “zone” in the building to be heated or cooled. The curb 10 has a return air aperture 19 so that return air from the building can be directed through the aperture 19. The curb 10 has a partition 20 thereacross.

Referring now to FIG. 2, therein is shown a perspective view of a base 21 of a multi-zone HVAC system. The base 21 is sized to be positioned on and attached to the curb 10. Externally, the base 21 is a generally hollow structure usually made of welded sheet steel. The base 21 has a return air aperture 22 so that return air from the building can be directed through the aperture 22. The base 21 has a partition 23 thereacross. A bypass aperture 24 is positioned in the partition 23. A bypass damper 25 is positioned at the aperture 24. The bypass damper 25 pivots on axel 26. The bottom of the base 21 has a multi-zone duct aperture 24 b. Alternatively, the base can be positioned in the curb (and it should be understood that placing the base over the curb is covered by the term “positioned in the curb”). However, in most applications the base is placed on the curb.

Referring now to FIG. 3, therein is shown a side view of the base 21 of FIG. 2. The base 21 is equipped with a multi-zone damper assembly 27 to controllably throttle air flow to be flowed to each zone. The base 21 is also equipped with an optional multi-zone reheater assembly to controllably reheat air to be flowed to each zone. The base 21 is equipped with access doors (not shown) as needed for access to the interior components of the base 21 for maintenance and repair. The dimension “X” of the base 21 is less than 24 inches in the instant invention. Preferably, the dimension “X” is less than 20 inches in the instant invention. More preferably, the dimension “X” is less than 16 inches in the instant invention. Even more preferably, the dimension “X” is less than 8 inches in the instant invention. Yet even more preferably, the dimension “X” is less than 4 inches in the instant invention.

Referring now to FIG. 4, therein is shown a side view of a multi-zone HVAC system 29 of the instant invention. The system 29 is comprised of the curb 10 of FIG. 1, the base 21 of FIGS. 2 and 3 and a working unit 30 positioned on and attached to the base 21. The working unit 30 is a generally hollow structure usually made of welded sheet steel. The working unit 30 contains an air filter 31, a cooling coil 32, a ventilation fan 33, a heater 34, a condenser fan 35 and a condenser coil 36. A partition 37 separates the condenser components 35 and 36 from the heater 34. The ventilation fan 33 is preferably of the “squirrel cage” type. The working unit 30 is equipped with access doors (not shown) as needed for access to the interior components of the working unit 30 for maintenance and repair. The working unit 30 is equipped with fresh air dampers 38 and 39 so that fresh air can be blended with building return air. The bypass damper 25 is used to recycle air through the bypass aperture 24 when the multi-zone dampers 28 sufficiently throttle airflow to the ducts 11-18.

EXAMPLE

Five units (SF-1, SF-2, SF-3, SF-4 and SF-5) are built having the following specifications:

208 VAC 3 Phase 60 Hz Electric Supply

25 Ton Refrigeration Capacity

Variable Volume and Variable Temperature Zoned Control System

10,000 CFM Nominal Air Flow Capacity

400 MBH Input Main Gas Heat

2″ Throw Away Filters

Single Enthalpy Economizer /w Rain Hood

Unit Mounted Disconnect Switch

Barometric Relief Damper—Field Installed

Specific Features: Item SF-1, SF-2, SF-3

8 Zones of Control
Zone Cooling
No. Width Air(cfm)
1 ˜6″ 714
2 ˜6″ 714
3 ˜12″ 1428
4 ˜12″ 1428
5 ˜12″ 1428
6 ˜12″ 1428
7 ˜12″ 1428
8 ˜12″ 1428

Specific Features: Item SF-4

6 Zones of Control
Zone Cooling
No. Width Air(cfm)
1 ˜12″ 1428
2 ˜12″ 1428
3 ˜24″ 2856
4 ˜24″ 2856
5 ˜6″ 714
6 ˜6″ 714

Specific Features: Item SF-5

7 Zones of Control
Zone Cooling
No. Width Air(cfm)
1 ˜12″ 2856
2 ˜12″ 2856
3 ˜12″ 2856
4 ˜12″ 2856
5 ˜12″ 2856
6 ˜12″ 2856
7 ˜12″ 2856

General Package—The unit cabinet is constructed of G90 galvanized steel, with exterior surfaces coated with a paint finish, certified at 750 hours salt spray test per ASTM-B117 standards. Indoor conditioned air sections are insulated with a minimum of ½ thick insulation, foil faced on the air side. Insulation to be fastened with rigid fasteners. Cabinet panels are removable or hinged for servicing and maintenance. Unit wiring is numbered and/or color coded. Cooling performance is rated in accordance with DOE and ARI test procedures. Unit is manufactured using UL listed components and wired to meet or exceed the NEC.

25 Ton Refrigeration Capacity—The unit is manufactured with scroll compressors, internally protected with internal high-pressure relief and over temperature protection. The compressors have internal spring isolation and sound muffling to minimize vibration and noise. External isolation on a dedicated independent mounting system further reduces noise and vibration. Refrigerant coils shall have aluminum plate fins mechanically bonded to seamless internally enhanced copper tubes with all joints brazed. Evaporator and condenser coils are of the direct expansion—draw through design. Refrigerant circuits are equipped with: Balanced port thermostatic expansion valves with independent circuit feed systems; a filter drier/strainer shall be present to eliminate any moisture or foreign matter; accessible service gage connections on both suction and discharge lines to charge, evacuate, and measure refrigerant pressure during any necessary servicing or troubleshooting, without loosing charge.

Variable Volume and Variable Temperature Zoned Control System—The unit controls provide control of system duct static pressure and support space temperature control in up to 18 separate zones per roof top unit (RTU). The Zoning RTU Controller coordinates the temperature needs of all connected zones and control the HVAC equipment and duct static pressure accordingly. The system functions include separate control of heating/cooling stages or modulating heating/cooling, system fan, economizer, and bypass damper. Individual zone damper controllers modulate open and closed based on the zone temperature versus setpoint and the temperature of the RTU discharge air (heating or cooling). The controller has configurable inputs and outputs as follows: 8 digital inputs, 8 analog inputs, 8 digital outputs and 6 analog outputs.

Specific control functions include: individual setpoint for duct static pressure in tenths of an inch water column; modulating (4-20 mA) or floating (relay open and close signals) control of system bypass damper to control duct static pressure. For floating control, the controller selects the floating bypass actuator motor speed from 30 to 1200 seconds; the system has a bypass default position used for system start up or duct pressure sensor failure with a range of 0 to 100%. Intermittent or continuous fan operation in the occupied mode; proportional plus Integral (PI) control of modulating heating and cooling valves, or up to four stages of heating or cooling; individual programmable minimum on and off times and individual interstage times for heating and cooling; outdoor air temperature are used to provide a programmable mechanical cooling lockout or mechanical heating lockout with a 2 degree F. differential.

A discharge air temperature sensor is used as an input to the heating and cooling control loops and to provide discharge low limit control and discharge high limit control. Control of the unit economizer is accomplished by interfacing with a packaged economizer system or by floating or modulating control of the economizer damper actuators. Three options of enabling the economizer: from a digital input such as dry bulb changeover, single enthalpy changeover or differential enthalpy changeover; outdoor Air Temperature; outdoor Air Enthalpy; Demand Control Ventilation (CO2) are provided as an option. A 2-10 vdc CO2 sensor is mounted in the return air duct or a selected zone. The controller continuously compares the CO2 level against the CO2 setpoint. If the measured value exceeds the setpoint, the controller increases the outdoor damper position to let more outdoor fresh air in.

Programmable space temperature setpoints and comfort ranges for each zone for the occupied mode are optionally available. If the space temperature wall module has a setpoint knob, the setpoint knob high and low limits are configurable. An occupied setpoint deadband between heating and cooling is configurable between 0 to 20 degrees F.

Unoccupied heating and cooling setpoints for each zone are optionally available. Each zone has the following individual configurable options: damper minimum position; damper maximum position; stages of zone reheat or floating reheat; zone fan; reheat damper position; unoccupied zone override selectable from 0 to 1440 minutes. Bypass of unoccupied mode for each individual zone is initiated by a pushbutton digital input in the zone. Up to 3 occupied and unoccupied schedules per day are optionally available. Holiday programming is also optionally available. Zone priority High or Normal or none (up to 5 high priority zones) is optionally programmable for enhanced control strategies.

10,000 CFM Nominal Air Flow Capacity—The unit fan is a belt drive assembly and included a variable pitch pulley. The job site selected brake horse power (BHP) should not exceed the unit motor's rated horsepower, plus service factor. The fan wheel is a double inlet type with forward curved blades, dynamically balanced to operate throughout the entire range of operation. The bearings of this portion of the unit are are sealed and permanently lubricated.

400 MBH Input Main Gas Heat—This portion of the unit is designed with induced draft combustion with post purge logic and energy saving direct spark ignition, redundant main gas valve. The ventor wheel is constructed of stainless steel for corrosion resistance. The heat exchanger is a tubular type, constructed of T1-40 aluminized steel for corrosion resistance and allowing minimum mixed air temperature of 25° F. Burners are of the inshot type, constructed of aluminum coated steel and containing air mixture adjustments. All gas piping enters the unit at a single point. An integrated control board provides timed control of evaporator fan functioning and burner ignition.

The heating section of the unit is provided with the following minimum protection: primary and auxiliary high-temperature limit switches; induced draft motor sensor; flame roll out switch; and flame proving controls. The unit preferably has two independent stages of capacity.

2″ Throw Away Filters—Two inch [50.8 mm] throwaway filters are used in the unit.

Single Enthalpy Economizer /w Rain Hood—An economizer is installed in the unit. The assembly includes: 0-100 percent fully modulating dampers, minimum position setting, preset linkage, wiring harness, and fixed dry bulb control. Changeover from compressor to economizer operation is provided by an internal electronic enthalpy control that feeds input into a basic module. The outdoor opening is covered with a rain hood. Water/Mist eliminator filters are provided. Simultaneous economizer/compressor operation is optionally possible. The damper is set to fully close on a power loss.

Unit Mounted Disconnect Switch—The unit is equipped with a disconnect switch.

Barometric Relief Damper—A field installed barometric relief damper is optionally used on each unit.

CONCLUSION

In conclusion, while the instant invention has been described above according to its preferred embodiment, it can be modified within the spirit and scope of this disclosure. This application is therefore intended to cover any variations, uses, or adaptations of the instant invention using the general principles disclosed herein. Thus, the instant application is intended to cover such departures from the present disclosure as come within the known or customary practice in the art to which this invention pertains and which fall within the limits of the following claims.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US7434412 *Oct 27, 2005Oct 14, 2008Sun Microsystems, Inc.Computer equipment temperature control system and methods for operating the same
US8157890 *Feb 22, 2006Apr 17, 2012Gianus S.P.A.Filter assembly
Classifications
U.S. Classification52/200
International ClassificationE04B7/18
Cooperative ClassificationF24F13/32, F24F3/044
European ClassificationF24F3/044, F24F13/32