US 20060176660 A1
An Ultra Mobile Communicating Computer, that can have all of the features and capabilities of a smart phone and pocket computer combined and more, plus many other features such as hands free carrying, one-hand and desk free, walk & type, ready to use operation, a fast, multi finger, one or two hand keyboard with full set of large, soft touch keys, large bi-directional screen, photo cell pads and others, and that can be made disintegrable, reconfigurable, custom made, in particular to be a talking machine for speech challenged, an ear for deaf, a crime prevention device, computer remote control, translator, musical instrument and multi party game gadget, in addition to a thin earpiece, an ear borne music player, video player, radio and or TV.
1- A hand held computer, incorporating some or all components and features of typical PDAs, Cell phones, Smart phones or their hybrids, referred to here as Ultra Mobile Communicating Computer or UMCC, having:
a Shell made of elastomeric or rubber material, instead of the typical rigid metal or plastic, which shell has continuous or net like thin rigid areas where necessary to protect said UMCC's internal components,
a Jacket or Vest covering said UMCC, with openings to allow connectivity and operation, as an add-on alternative to said elastomer shell and/or as a harbor for attachments used for UMCC hands free carrying and operational support,
fixed or detachable means incorporated to said UMCC Shell or Jacket, for anchoring a number of gears used for said UMCC hands free carrying and operational support, referred to a Tail, Pocket, Hole, Tongue, Slit, Loop, etc.,
fixed or detachable means anchored to said Shell or Jacket, for attaching, fixing or latching said UMCC to user's wrist, head, neck, garment, belt, neckband, etc., enabling hands free carrying and operating said UMCC without dislodging it, which means are referred to as Suspension Pad, Neckband, Neck String, Wrist Strap, Safety Pin, etc.,
fixed or detachable means anchored to said Shell or Jacket for hands free supporting of said UMCC for operation by one or both hands, without moving it onto a desk or lap, which means are referred to as Support, Support Pad, J-Rods, Neck String, etc.,
whereby said UMCC is care free, drop resilient, touch friendly and can be carried and/or supported for operation, without use of any hand, and thus operated by one or both hands.
2- A UMCC having any number of the following components and/or features:
a keyboard with all the advantages of pocket desk operated keyboards and those of tiny keyboards, none of either group's disadvantages, plus extra features, referred to as E-Pad or E-Board
photo voltaic pads, thin polymer battery or combination of both, assembled on one or more pads attached said UMCC
reconfigurable component sets
bi directional screen
power efficient screen
ear piece made thin by spreading all its components thinly over large but pocket size layers, with ear attachment made of a retractable thin elastomer
dents on its sides or holes along a screen hinge with main body, for better hand grip, if the UMCC is of flip type and has a wider body than finger grip span
3- A UMCC configured to function as any number of following:
portable talking machine to assist the speech challenged
hearing aid by converting a speaker's voice to text for hearing challenged to read
SOS device computer remote control
portable music instrument
This Application claims the priority of Applicant's following US Applications: No. 60/650,130, Filing Date 7 th Feb. 2005, Titled “Device for Speech Challenged” No. 60/677,326 Filing Date 4 May 2005, Titled “Ultra Mobile Communicating Computer”
Computers can be shrunk to hand held and pocket size, such as PDAs, yet be multimedia devices handling data, voice, music, pictures, video, and even other sensory data such as smell. They can also have wireless connectivity for internet connection, phone calls, emails, web surfing and radio.
Cell phones, like computers. can also have computer, photo and video and internet capabilities.
Even though our focus will be on Cell phones, Smart Phones, Pocket PCs and their hybrids or combinations, other hand held devices, such as pagers, text massagers, digital cameras, GPS, music systems like iPod, satellite and internet radios, tiny TVs, game gadgets, remote controls, all use the same basic principles, blurring inter device lines. In essence they are all customized computers.
We refer to all such currently available primarily PDAs, Smart phones & Cell phones, as Mobile Communicating Computers or MCCs.
This application introduces Ultra MCC or UMCC, being much better than MCCs, in many ways. “Um-See” is suggested as an easier pronunciation.
Even though emphasis is for most usable hand held or Pocket size, UMCC can be larger.
Most MCCs are a Pocket PC, Cell phone or Hybrids, some called Smart Phones.
Their approximate size range is 10 to 20 mm thick, 40 mm to 80 mm wide and 90 to 130 mm long. The larger ones are awkward to carry. Being too small inhibits operation without adding value. A preferred range is (10-15)×(40-65)×(100-120).
They typically have many but not necessarily all of following Parts:
buttons and or other digital data input means
stylus, acting as a mouse
wireless connection to nearby devices, such as blue tooth or IrDa
memory and or memory sticks
processor and core memory
touch screen layer over an LCD screen
screen, usually LCD
housing or shell
battery and charger
add-ons and attachments
wireless connection to wide area networks
speaker and or earpiece
digital still and or video camera
Parts at the top of the list form a Pocket Computer, those at the bottom make a Cell Phone. Some such as screen, housing, battery and add-ons are found in both.
Cell Phones wide area wireless can also connect to the Internet, adding needed or desirable features like email, web, IP telephone, photo and video transfer, all requiring memory, processor, keyboard and stylus, it seems logical to add both groups of parts to make a MCC.
Categorizing UMCC Components:
UMCC is a configuration of Digitizers, Realizers, Communicators, Processors, Memorizers, Interfaces, Power (generating and or storage) and Facilitators (Housing, Cables, I/O, etc.)
Digitizers or Inputs Convert Source Data, usually analog into Electronic Bits. They can also convert Information into Photonic, Electro-Magnetic, or other Basic Units, and may be called Quatizers.
Examples of Digitizers for different “types” of Source Data are:
Keyboard to convert Text to Bits
Microphone for Sound including Voice
Camera or 2-D Scanners (essentially the same) for 2-D Pictures—a Stream of which is Video
3-D Scanners (Usually Laser) or 3-D Cameras, for 3-Dimentional Shapes
Digitizers for Compound Senses are more complex, hence still under development, such as:
Smell (a combination of characteristics of gas molecules entering smell sensors)
Taste (a combination of characteristics of liquid molecules sensed by taste buds)
Touch (a combination of Pressure, Temperature, Vibration, Topography, Electrical Charge, Humidity, etc. at a point on touched Surface, which would necessitate many devices, one for each sensation).
Buttons for Commands
Mouse and Stylus for Screen Coordinates
Joystick, a multi task Mouse for Coordinates, Pressure, Speed, Direction, etc.
Geo Positioning Systems or GPS for Coordinates
Magnet for Electromagnetic field's Direction and Intensity, easily sensed by migrating birds
Radio Activity (Geiger) Counter for density and type of radioactive rays or particles
Realizers or Outputs convert Digitized Data or Bits to resemble Real Source Date for consumption:
Printers and Screens to convert Digitized data to be used by Eyes
Speakers for Sound or Voice
Vibrators for Body (Skin, Flesh, Bones)
Brill Printers for Touch
Rapid Prototyers for converting 3-D Data to Shape
Corresponding Realizers for other Digitizers
Communicators Transmit such Bits between Nearby machines such as Cables, Optic Fiber, IrDa, Blue Tooth, Wi-Fi, etc or Distant machines such as Optic Fiber or Light Beams for Light and Cable for Electronic or Radio for Electromagnetic Data.
Interfaces, are of many types such as:
Communication Media Converters are used to Convert Optic, Electronic, Electromagnetic or other Media to each other. Say photons transmitted by optic fiber must be converted to electrons for cable.
Modems are used to convert one protocol to another, say Analog Telephone Sound to Digital.
Processors, manage, process, manipulate, control various Digitizers, Realizers, Memorizers, Communicators, Interfaces, etc.
Memorizers Store Digitized data, permanently as in Flash or Temporary as in Core Memory.
Power, generated externally (mains) or internally (photocells & fuel cells), stored on Batteries.
Facilitators, Connectors, Jacks, Plugs, Cables, Boards, Cases, etc.
Admiring the advances so far to bring the power of computers and radios to personal hands, MCCs have a lot missing by way of ease of use and handling. Our aim is to make an UMCC to reduce or eliminate many of MCCs undesirable features, and to add new needed or desirable ones.
For example, cell phones are easily lost, especially by those without a belt or pocket. Also they occupy one hand for holding and the other for typing, and lack proper desk free walk and type keyboards.
UMCC has a number of following advantages over prior art:
In all Figures, UMCC Screen is shown as a rectangular board with an oval inside. Keyboard is shown as a rectangle with tiny circles on it to resemble keys. Photo Voltaic Film is shown as a rectangle with tiny dash or hyphen lines on it.
In following sections we will address many problems with existing MCCs and introduce solutions. Also we will introduce a number of preferred versions of UMCCs.
UMCC Protective and Hand Friendly Exterior
Conventional Shells are rigid, somewhat unfriendly for hands to held and for body when in pocket. Rigid shells make a noise when touching a desk and break more easily if dropped.
An Elastomer Shell will solve both problems. Elastomers referred to here as Rubber, are materials such as silicones, polyurethane, latex or the like are flexible, stretchable, retractable and can be made to various degrees of stiffness and lightness. They can be made stiffer to protect inside components, yet softer on the outside for crash protection and hand friendliness.
Alternatively, a removable an-add on Elastomer Shell referred to as “Jacket” as in
Jacket better be slightly smaller but stretchable to hold the UMCC firmly. It should have openings 9, 11, 13, 15 and be shaped such as to allow functioning of screen, keyboard, other parts and add-ons. Each Jacket can be made of more than one material such as leather, cloth, etc.
Shell or Jacket can have means of attaching to hands free carrying and holding mechanisms, explained separately. Even a millimeter thick Jacket can achieve the desired softness and protection.
One major advantage of Jacket or a Soft Shell introduced hers is that it can be custom made to accommodate many attachments for hands free carrying and operation introduced in this application.
Hands Free Carrying of UMCC (in Standby mode):
It is very desirable that hands are not tied up for carrying or holding UMCC.
Wrist carrying is currently limited to tiny, not very useful devices.
Pocket is not ideal as UMCC should be pulled out before operating, hence not ready to use. Besides, a loose bulk inside pocket is awkward and many clothes do not have a pocket.
Belts are not always worm. Conventional belt MCCs typically do not let using of MCC while on belt.
This application introduces following hands free carrying techniques:
1—Necklace for suspending UMCC from Neck as in
Necklace Hooks (
2—Belt Slits as in
3—Belt Loop (
4—Pant Hooks as in
5—Garment Hook, similar to Belt Hook in
6—Safety Pin (
7—Suspension Pad (
8—Head Band, running through Slits (
9—Wrist Band, running through Jacket Slits shown in
10—Shoulder Strap, useful for some heavier or larger UMCCs
Hands Free carrying also solves the problem with hand carried Cell phones or MCCs which are frequently lost or left behind.
UMCC Hands Free Operational Support
Suspending UMCC from belt, wrist, garment or neck enables viewing of UMCC Screen, without hand holding, by keeping the Screen towards the eyes. as in FIGS. 3,4,5,6,8,10,11.
Suspending UMCC from belt, neck, head, wrist or garment uses User's body as support needed for a “vertical” keyboard when typing, without hand holding. Users are better off in the long run to learn typing without looking at the keyboard, to avoid extra gear or handholding to look at the keys.
If looking at the keyboard is also desired, suspending UMCC from Wrist or Sleeve is one option.
Another option is to use the one hand for holding the UMCC while typing by other hand. Suspending UMCC using Necklace, Belt Loops, Pant Hooks, Garment Hooks, Safety Pin and Suspension Pad as constructed in this application enables User to do so, without having to dislodge the UMCC.
To provide “hands free” keyboard support and keyboard viewing, when UMCC is suspended from neck or belt, following techniques are introduced, aimed at holding the keyboard in horizontal position.
“UMCC Support” shown in
Said UMCC Support holds UMCC horizontal, when UMCC is suspended from Neck, Belt or Garment using the Necklace or other gear introduced here (
J-Rods can have adjustable length mechanism (
Adjusting the length of said String or Neckband offers User's desired angle of operation.
Said Necklace and Neckband can be joined to make one device, to both Suspend and Support UMCC.
UMCCs without a Jacket can use equivalent techniques for above results. For example said String can be attached to UMCC Shell by Velcro or other means.
Current gear for holding MCCs in operational mode are bulky and designed not for public use but for field technicians. Our above gear can all be carried inside one pocket together with a pocket UMCC.
Above techniques make UMCC Ready to Use, not requiring the current pulling out of pocket, penning the cover, plugging or other steps before operation.
Notebook & Tablet Holder
A Necklace+Neckband combo as detailed separately makes an ideal “hands free” Carrying and Operational Supporting Device for Laptops, Notebooks, Tablets and other heavier devices too.
For Operational Support when UMCC is suspended from belt, Spring (
Proper UMCC Keyboard
MCCs do not have their own proper keyboard. The best offered so far are separate keyboards which even though portable and good, require an extra pocket to carry, a desk to operate, and many set up steps prior to each use, all contrary to ultra mobile walk & type, ready to use that they should be.
Alternatively they use tiny keyboards or keypads which not only reduce the size of the screen but are slow, tedious, one finger, thumb or stylus, high pressure operation.
Applicant has filed for patenting in US and elsewhere, a group of keyboards called E-Board or E-Pad.
E-Board has all the good features of both above tiny and desk-bound groups, none of their disadvantages and many other features detailed separately.
It is thin, touch sensitive, one or two hands, multi-finger operation with a full set large, spaced keys, on one or more Pad(s), which Pad(s) can be supported by UMCC body or as a rigid fold over or cover.
UMCC can use a one Pad E-Board (E-Pad), for one hand operation or two pad version for two hands. A 2-Pad E-Board suspended from neck or belt has some of the characters one the pad operated by left hand and ditto for the right hand Pad.
In FIGS. 3,4,6,7,8,10,11,20, keyboard or E-Board surfaces are shown by six or more tiny circles.
E-Board does not share working surface with Screen, allowing both to be larger
E-Board can eliminate Stylus and Touch screen by having its own Mouse Key
E-Board can encompass UMCC Buttons, increasing Screen size and reducing overall bulk
E-Board Features: the only keyboard offering features A+B+C concurrently
A—Portable Desk-bound Keyboards, such as Foldables, Rollables, Light Rays, etc. only offer features (A) below, but NOT specialties of Tiny keyboards (B) nor of E-Board (C):
1—Are touch sensitive, no need to press
2—Are multi-finger, one or two hands
3—Have Large, Spaced keys
4—Enable fast touch typing
5—Do not reduce the already small screen size to less than half
6—Do not need stylus, unlike Handwriting or Screen keyboards
7—Do not require routine editing, unlike Handwriting Recognition
B—Tiny keyboards, such as Berries, Mini's, Screen-Keys, Handwriting Recognition, etc. only offer features (B) below, but NOT specialties of Desk-bounds (A) nor of E-Board (C):
1—Do not need a desk (Walk & Type)
2—Do not require a dedicated pocket to carry
3—Are light, less than 20 gr, unlike 150 gram Desk-Bound keyboards in “B”
4—Are thin, fit in same pocket as PDA without bulging, unlike 15 mm thick desk-bounds
5—Are “Ready to Type”. No setting up, prior to each use (a major drawback). No need to:
1—Can increase screen size by incorporating buttons
2—Doubles as MCC cover, reducing overall weight & volume
3—Has more efficient character layout version, standard Qwerty is not optimal
4—Has one hand and two hand versions
5—Can have own power supply and even charge the MCC
6—Can eliminate Touch-screen & Stylus, by having its own Mouse Key
7—Hence can further reduce overall cost, weight, volume & complexity
8—Has Detachable and Integral versions
9—Has replaceable character layout, wearable and other varieties and/or options
Voice Recognition: hailed by some as the future only suits certain circumstances such as short commands while driving. It has too many disadvantages to be a contender for general data entry. It can also be added to UMCC for certain uses.
UMCC Power Generator
Carrying a heavy integral battery, extra battery and battery charger can be greatly minimized by use of own power generation.
Fuel cells are a solution, but require fuel capsules, and are typically not as thin as desirable. Body heat conversion to electricity is another solution, but requires some touching of body.
Our preferred techniques is use of one or more thin Photo Voltaic Film or Cell (PVF). PVFs can be sub-millimeter thick, one currently available has a polymer substrate. Each PVF can be substantially as wide and as long as other larger components of UMCC, such as Keyboard or Screen. PVF Pads can slide inside the UMCC assembly for transport and out for power generation. They can also be attached to UMCC sides, folding over or under UMCC for transport, opening up to face light.
Alternatively or in addition, E-Board used as keyboard can have Photo Cells on its surface, or PVFs.
PVFs can markedly reduce the size of UMCC battery, by constantly charging it.
UMCC Power Storage
In addition to or as an alternative to batteries, thin Rechargeable Battery Film (RBF) can be used. Current versions are called polymer batteries but other versions are being developed. They can be thinner than one third millimeter, but also thicker and or multi layered for more capacity.
One ideal “combination” is RBF's surface attached to PVF's non-light sensitive surface, enforcing each other, reducing the need for protective layers and for wiring, forming Electricity Generating and Storage (EGS) Pads, which can attach to sides of UMCC or other devices, fold over or under UMCC or slide inside the UMCC assembly for transport.
RBFs are not specifically identified in figures as their preferred location is invisible behind PVFs. PVF, RBF and EGS Pads can be made detachable from UMCC.
One advantage of using PVF, RBF or EGS Pads is that various components of UMCC, such as Keyboard, Screen, Goggles and especially Earphone can have their own power, and hence can be physically separated, yet wirelessly connected to other components.
Non-Rechargeable Film and other types of small and or thin batteries can be used in certain UMCCs.
Following Pocket Friendly tips are often ignored in construction of conventional phones or PDAs:
1—A dice is smaller and lighter than a credit card, but much more difficult to carry in a pocket or wallet.
2—A credit card with a dimple or lump on it its surface is more difficult to carry than a number of credit stacked cards which together are heavier, even bulkier than said credit card.
3—A credit card which is curved is much more difficult to carry than a flat one.
4—A 1×70×120 mm card has almost twice the surface area, but is as easy to carry in a pocket or hold in hand as a credit card, since it has pocket and palm friendly dimensions.
For ease of holding, pocket portability and body support when suspended from neck, belt or garment, it is important that UMCC is thin, flat, with few or no protrudes. To compensate lost volume of thinning, surface area should be increased, up to width and length limits dictated by type of UMCC, say below 80×130 mm for pocket and hand held UMCCs.
For thinning UMCC, observing above Pocket Friendly tips, any number of following can be used:
Spreading components thinly over wider and or longer surfaces
Reducing and or eliminating bulky or lumpy components
Using flat surfaces for mounting components on, instead of curved ones
LCD Screen preferably thinner than 2 mm or OLED screens which can be sub millimeter
Thin Shell with few or no curvatures, lumps, humps, bumps, etc
Thin Jacket preferably less than 1 mm thick
Photo Cell Pads to reduce the needed size of battery
Thin Battery Pads spread inside UMCC or behind Photo Cell Pad, Screen, Keyboard, etc
Thin battery spread over larger area rather than smaller lumpier battery
E-Board or E-Pad as Keyboard
Eliminating Stylus, Touch screen by use of E-Board with a Mouse Key
Positioning Buttons on E-Board
Using Thin Flat Pads and other components where necessary and or possible
Using Thin Electro Mechanical Hinges, Pivots, Swivels, Slides for joints between Pads
Processor, Core Memory, Wireless, Ports, Speaker, Microphone, Camera can be chosen from thin versions, such as sub-millimeter piezoelectric speakers and microphones, or be custom made thin
Thin Flash, SD or equivalent memory, spread over as wide an area as necessary (A 1×60×120 mm Flash Pad stores over 20 gig, even at today's commercialized technology)
Same thinning techniques can provide for more processing, storage, power and features, if size reduction is not sought. In other words, said techniques improve utility per thickness or size.
Larger Photo Voltaic Film (PVF), Screen and Keyboard
For PVF, Screen and Keyboard, the larger the surface area the better, exceptions allowed. Conventional MCCs, not using many of techniques introduced here cannot easily have them large.
This application introduces techniques enabling UMCC, not only have its own PVF, Keyboard & Screen, but each on separate Pad(s), each Pad as large as transportation allows, say pocket size.
Some such techniques are:
PVF or EGS Pads
E-Pad or E-Board, a special keyboard, which is as large as transport allows, say pocket size
E-Board and E-Pad can rest either on UMCC body surfaces or on a separate Pad folding on UMCC
A Screen which can be attached for both long and short side to UMCC
Means for not having to hold UMCC in hand for operation, so that Screen, Keyboard and PVF or EGS can be placed where suited for larger surface area, without easy hand holding constraints
Thin Electro Mechanical Hinges, Swivels, Slides and Pivots, allowing folding of many Pads over each other or over UMCC main body, without adding too much bulk (impossible conventionally)
Spreading components thinly over thinner larger areas, enabling a larger surface area for UMCC working surface(s), without adding to overall volume, hence allowing PVF, EGS, Screen and Keyboard, which must match the rest of UMCC in size, to also have a larger surface
Above, each in their own way, enable much larger PVF, EGS, Screen and Keyboard than prior art.
For even larger Screen, Buttons should preferably not share a Pad with it, but be placed on:
Keyboard, as possible to do with E-Board or E-Pad
Screen's backside, using thin Buttons as in E-Board Keys
UMCC main body backside, using thin Buttons as in E-Board Keys
UMCC side walls
A (Preferred) Embodiment of UMCC
One preferred configuration is a UMCC Main Body, an E-Pad Keyboard, which rests on the top surface of said Main Body, a Screen attached along the shorter side of said Main Body, an EGS Pad attached along a longer side of said Main Body, all of which can fold over said Main Body or Slide into said main body.
In this application, UMCC Main Body refers to preferred version of Thin Flat Motherboard, on top of Thin Flat Battery Layers, but does not preclude other versions.
U MCC Main Body (
Keyboard or E-Pad (
Photo Voltaic Film to Generate Electricity from light
Thin Ear borne Cell-phone, encompassing cell phone components of UMCC
Detachable Hands Free Holding and Operating means (
Above suffices for most needs but for heavy users, other parts may be added, such as:
Optional second E-Pad (
Optional Photo Voltaic Film (
some and too little of other features. Custom making is difficult because consumers do not understand the interrelationship of so many features to order a custom made device or choose an optimum one.
Dividing UMCC into separate Sub-Assemblies which are detached or detachable physically and connected to each other as necessary by cable or wireless has advantages in many situations. Each Sub-Assembly should preferably be thin and or pocket size to allow combinations of them also be thin and pocket size. Some examples of logical Sub-Assemblies are:
PVF and or RBF and or EGS Pad or Multi-Pads
Mother Board, having a Processor, Core Memory, Wireless Chip, Antenna, Thin In/Out Jacks
Gadget Board, having Speaker, Microphone, Camera
Mother Board+Gadget Board Combination
Thin Earpiece Pad
Thin Cell-Phone Pad having wireless phone related components, detailed separately
Some UMCCs using said separation technique are introduced as follows:
1—Cell-Phone parts of UMCC to be separable to take, leaving the rest behind, detailed separately.
2—A powerful yet portable UMCC, perhaps bigger and or heavier than pocket size, suspended from belt or shoulder, likely positioned behind or at the side of User. Thus Screen and Keyboard or their combination which are smaller and or thinner for better operational positions should be separable.
3—A UMCC using and assembly of several Photo Cell Pads that can fold over each other for transport, suspended from User's Shoulders, Garment or Neck, spread preferably over User's back for power generation. Other parts of said UMCC should be separate from said power generator.
4—A UMCC with Detachable Speaker, Microphone, Camera, Memory, etc. Sub-Assembly(s), as not needed for most applications such as computing, email, web surfing, etc.
Is possible by making Sub-Assemblies in Disintegrable UMCC to attach to each other in various ways. Some of the ways said Sub-Assemblies can attach are:
attached electronically, physically detached, each Sub using its own power generation and storage
attachable at one or more points and or from one or more sides or even from one or more corners
One useful Reconfiguration is the Screen to be attached to the lower side of UMCC working surface, when suspended from neck or belt, such that it can be held horizontal facing User's eyes, but during game playing, it is attached to the upper side of UMCC working surface, facing the opposite player, so that each player sees the other player's screen.
MCCs have evolved from different platforms, such as Cell phones, Pagers, PDAs, Cameras, TV, Instruments, etc. As all became digital, combining and crossing their features lead to Hybrids, such as Phones with Computer, Photographic, Video and even TV features.
This application introduces a Custom UMCC, to be simple to understand, design, custom order or choose from its numerous configurations, together with a Uni-Media Protocol.
To consumers and many engineers, such Hybrids appear a mish mash of sometimes unrelated gadgets piled onto each other, just to attract young consumers. Consumer often gets too much of some and too little of other features. Custom making is difficult because consumers do not understand the interrelationship of so many features to order a custom made device or choose an optimum one.
A Custom UMCC can be constructed by making each of UMCC Components or Devices (Digitizers, Realizers, Memorizers, Communicators, Interfaces, etc.) standard, physically and functionally compatible with each other, so that designers and users can choose according to their requirements. Suitable Devices or Sub-Assemblies can be made to make UMCC Wearable or Portable. Detachable Devices and Sub-Assemblies can also be made, as detailed separately.
Numerous combinations and configurations of UMCC can be constructed. There can be:
minimal configurations, such as Processor, Core Memory, I/O Jacks, like a Mother Board
varieties of each type of Device to suit different uses
desirable Sub-Assemblies like Speaker+Microphone+Wireless or Cell-Phone
logical choices for type of Devices, such as the right Processor
Power Efficient Screen Modes
Any number of following technologies introduced here, alone or in combination, will optionally reduce Screen power usage. These can be administered by Driver(s), Processor or Intelligent Software. Image quality will be compromised but being optional, will be adopted only when worthwhile. For Text, as in e-mail or messaging, color are not so important, nor is a background. These technologies can be applied to all devices which use a screen, especially where power is scarce.
A—Text or drawing mode is selected, then background is not activated (remains black)
B—User selects one of Red, Blue or Green as preferred color, to be shown, inactivating other two
C—Activating only the prominent one of Red, Blue or Green for any point
D—Activating only perimeter points of each same color area, instead of lighting up all area
E—Calculating the largest pixels of same approximate color, such as all white pixels, regarding them as background and turning them off to black
An optimal size for UMCC is 12×70×120 mm, matching a 70×120 keyboard and 70×120 screen. Optimal alignment of keyboard and screen varies with use. For example when UMCC is suspended from belt, its length aligned with body length as in
There are many ways of doing this, including various techniques introduced here. One preferred version is a Detachable Screen (
Said Thin Plug can have latching mechanisms (
Tiny Screens with high resolution exist today. Some use Micro Electromechanical Mirrors (MEM) to project light onto the retina. But thin and pocket friendly goggles do not exist, as they encompass bulky ear attachments, forehead rests, and eye covers.
This section makes a thin and light Goggle to fit inside a pocket together with the rest of UMCC.
A thin long narrow rigid board (
Said Ruler can swivel around Ear Base, but stay firm in any desired position due to elastic force. Then said EMH keeps said eye Screen in required angle for aiming at the eye.
Ruler can be used also as a PCB to mount thin electronics on and carry PVF, RBF, etc. Pocket size Ruler length is sufficient to keep the eye Screen at required distance from eyes. Ruler's width can be less than pocket width, but a wider Ruler may have advantages in carrying some Memory, PVF, RBF or other layers.
Thin, Self Powered, Earpiece
To use UMCCs Speaker hands free, one way is to increase speaker volume, which often not practical. Another technique being developed is vibration via skin or bones to transfer sound to ears. Silent Microphones using neck or jawbone vibrations can also be incorporated. Earpiece is more practical.
Current Earpieces have at least following disadvantages:
Their speaker must be positioned inside the ear tunnel, irritating the ear
They block ambient noise which are often necessary as feed-back and warning
Their ear attachments, even though appear small, are not pocket friendly
Some do not have an ear attachment, and easily fall off the ear
Those with Mouthpiece are even bulkier
Those with blue tooth, use a battery, adding to bulk and recharging issues
Those with cable have messy cables and round bulky plugs
They cannot conveniently fit into the same pocket with MCC (need a separate pocket)
They are difficult to put on and off
To avoid all said disadvantages and provide many advantages, Thin Earpiece is introduced.
A flat donut shaped thin elastomer (
An optional thin, moisture absorbent, skin friendly, removable, dispensable or washable liner, spread over said PCB and under said Ealstomer, where they touch the ear, makes said Earpiece friendlier.
A thin rechargeable Battery layer (
A thin Photo Voltaic Film (PVF) Pad (
PCB, Battery and PVF can each be sub-millimeter thick, requiring little external protective layers, as they support each other structurally, to make a rigid pad. Components on PCB can be less than 2 mm. Thus said Earpiece can be constructed less than 3 mm thick, but thicker if thicker layers are chosen.
One type of thin Speaker and Microphones are Piezoelectric, which can be sub millimeter.
More PVF/RBF can be added to its side(s), folding over it or sliding inside it for transport (
Thus a perfect self contained wireless or cable Thin Earpiece is constructed.
Said Earpiece can:
have Thin Plugs and Thin Jacks (
be long enough and swivel around ear base to bring its Microphone closer to mouth.
attach to one surface of UMCC for joints hand held use or transport.
Other Forms of Thin Earpiece
Many varieties of Earpiece can be designed, using the following elements introduced here:
thin elastomers that stretch to engulf the ear firmly but slidingly, but retract to thin layers off ear
thin rechargeable battery pads, thin photo voltaic pads and their combinations
thin extension pads that can pivot around their attachment to the main body of the earpiece
thin electronic components, spread over a larger surface, instead of bulkier electronic chips
Other varieties can be constructed using some but not all of above elements.
For example not using the Elastomer element, but conventional ear attachments, together with other elements above, will produce a novel thin Earpiece with own power generation and storage. Another example is using fuel cell or conventional battery for power, but Elastomer for ear attachment.
Some such variations are shown in
Thin, Ear borne, Self Powered, Cell phone and or Radio
Adding thin Dials 0 to 9 (such as
Said Cell phone can be thinner than 3 mm, ear borne or hand held, and pocket size, with own power.
As a UMCC Sub-Assembly, it can be attached to other Sub-Assemblies for more features. For example it can attach from one side to a thin Screen to make a cell hone with screen. Said Screen can fold over said Thin Earpiece for transport.
An alternative to thin folding Antenna is an Antenna made of printed electronic traces on said PCB.
When necessary, a nearby neck or garment borne battery with cable and thin plug, adds power.
Thin, Ear borne, Self Powered, Music Player and or Video Player
Adding thin Flash or Equivalent types of Memory to said Thin Earpiece provides music storage. All other components are already there, if suitable Processor, Firmware and Drivers are adopted. Having larger, yet thin control buttons will help.
Adding Cell-Phone and or Radio capabilities, as detailed will enable wireless music downloading.
Having two of them, one for each ear, connected wirelessly or by cable across user's neck, makes a stereo music player, which has room for more power and memory.
Adding a preferably thin Goggle (
Add Wireless capabilities, and a hands free, pocket portable, thin TV is borne. Conventional head borne TVs are bulky and do not fit in pocket, as no attempt at making them thin has been made.
In construction of UMCC, Hinges are used in many situations, examples of which are:
A thin Pad, such as Screen, PVF, RBF, E-Pad, folds over or under UMCC Body or an adjacent Pad
Antenna folds onto the thin ear piece (
Goggle Screen (
PVF+RBF Pad (
Such Hinges should have following properties to suit UMCC:
Conventional MCC folds, such as Screen Folding unto Keypad in Flip Phones, are large, having some 5 mm radius, which allows only one fold at one side of MCC, not one at each of 4 sides. One reason is that Flex circuits connecting adjacent PCBs cannot fold tightly, without breaking their circuits over time.
Here are new Mechanical and Electro-Mechanical Hinges (EMH), which deliver all above properties
Rubber Mechanical Hinge (RMH)
Thus all above properties, except electrical conductivity can be delivered.
The Ring can be less than half mm thick, and the Rod can have less than half mm radius, adding to less than one mm radius for RMH.
A number of such Single RMHs can be adjoint to make a Compound RMH.
RMH has many uses outside UMCC, such as for folding Antennas which wear loose after some use, and for holding Desk LCDs in desired angle against the users eyes.
If RMH is not confined by housing or adjacent components, ridges, grooves or other means of holding its components together should be added.
Acute Electronic Hinges (AEH)
Following three AEH are proposed, which are close enough to a V-Fold.
In 12-A, Cathodes 5 & 7 are connected to Anodes 9 & 11 respectively, each via one or more electronic traces 13 & 15, embedded in Flex Film 17. Traces are not perpendicular but angled against the axis of fold, to spread and increase their curve radius, without increasing the curve radius of flex.
Multiple traces connected crosswise for each cathode anode connection, ensure that even if some traces are broken in several points, overall electronic contact is maintained for longer. To provide controlled angle, a Mechanical Hinge, preferably RMH 19 is used.
Electro Mechanical Hinge (EMH)
Applicable to both EMH types A & B above:
Each electronic contact between Pads 1 & 5 would require one such Single EMH.
A Single EMH can revolve Pads against each other beyond 360 degrees, many revolutions
A number of adjacent Single EMH can make a Compound EMH, to connect multiple electronic pairs. Each segment of the Rod is electronically separated from other segments by non conductive segments (
All components can be sub millimeter in size, hence EMH can be below 2 mm or even 1 mm radius.
If Conductive Rubber is used, crescent cross section Elements can be eliminated
Same technology can be used without electricity conduction, to make Mechanical Hinges, with universal applications and for UMCC
If necessary, grooves, ridges or other means of keeping EMH components together should be added. For example, some Rod Segments (
Better Electro Mechanical Swivels (EMS)
UMCC also uses Swivels, examples being:
Goggle Arm (
Swivels should be able to:
Provide electronic connectivity between swiveling pads
Hold swiveling pads in desired firmly position
Do above without adding too much thickness, bulk or components
This application introduces light, thin, simple Swivels, applicable beyond electronics too.
EMS—Type A (
In 18-A, Pads 1 & 3 swivel around Axis 5, running from Pad 3 through Pad 1 and Rubber Pill 9 to Rigid Coin 7. Rubber Pill is compressed due to short distance between Rigid Coin and Pad 3, thus pressing electronic Traces 11 & 13 on Pad 1 against corresponding Traces 15 & 19 respectively. Thus Pads can be swivel and be held at desired position against each other while electronic connectivity is maintained buy arc traces 11,13,15,17 in
EMS—Type B (
Contact points 11, 13,15 on Pad 1 are connected electronically to corresponding points 17, 19,21 respectively on Pad 3, via cables, having sufficient length and flexibility to allow required swivel range.
Applicable to both A & B types of EMS:
All layers can be sub millimeter thick, adding to less than 3 or even 2 mm overall thickness of EMS.
A number of Single EMSs can be aligned to make a Compound EMS.
Even without electrical connections, EMS will be a useful Single or Compound Mechanical Swivel, not just for thin Pads but for all forms of adjacent moving parts and beyond electronics applications.
Same technology of using Compressed Rubber Pills or Rings between adjacent moving parts to create controllable friction and firmly holding them together at desired angle can be used to create Single or Compound Mechanical Swivels and or Hinges with universal applications.
Better Electro Mechanical Pivot (EMP)
Two adjacent Pads can move around a joint point (not a joint side), using a Pivot.
For UMCC and other universal applications, a Pivot should be able to:
hold said Pads firmly against each other at desired angle, yet let them rotate when desired
carry a number of electrical connections between them if and where desired
be thin and small, with dimensions preferably below 4 mm, ideally below 2 mm
If said Rod is Tubular, cables 9,11,13 running through said Tube conduct electricity between Pads. Even more than 360 degree pivoting is possible, but if said Pivot also carries electrical cables, rotation is limited to cables twisting limits.
Said Pivot has universal application and can be larger, with or without electro cables. It need not only connect PCBs but also other electronic or general components.
Conventional pivots use metal friction which smoothes after some use, while said Rubber Ring Will shrink to hold its grip.
If necessary, a Bump 15 which snaps out of said Ring when said Tube or Rod is fully inside said Ring, will prevent said Rod or Tube from sliding out of said Ring.
Thin and or Foldable Antenna
Antennas are conventionally thick, round and tall, adding some awkward 30 mm to MCC height. For heavier duties such as broad-band or Wi-Max, longer antennas are preferred. Conventional folding antennas use metal friction for firmness of folding and telescopic joints, which loose grip over time.
This Application introduces Trace Antenna, as traces of metal imbedded in UMCC Shell or Jacket. Alternatively those traces can be on a fraction of millimeter thin Flex or equivalent sheet to be adhered to the outside of Shell or Inside of Jacket.
This Application also introduces PCB Antenna, being a rigid PCB or equivalent, sub-millimeter thick, preferably less than 10 mm wide, and up to UMCC length, many times that of a cell phone antenna.
PCB antenna is connected to UMCC or one of UMCC Sub-Assemblies, especially the Thin Cell phone, via a thin Electro Mechanical Hinge, preferably those introduced separately here, to unfold or rise when in use and to fold or fall alongside UMCC for transport.
Electro Mechanical Universal Joint (EMUJ)
Such combination of EMH & EMP enables Pads 1 & 5 to rotate against each other in all 3 dimensions and if required, communicate a number of electronic traces between them.
Said Strip can be thin and narrow, below 2 or even 1 mm, so that EMUJ does not cause undue bulk.
EMUJ has universal applications, with or without electro cables and can be of larger size.
Thin Connectors, Plugs and Jacks and Electro Mechanical Slides (
Conventional designs are typically round and bulky, which is one obstacle in making devices small.
This application uses blade shaped Thin Plugs and Connectors (male element) and corresponding Narrow Jacks (female element) in UMCC, not typically used in MCCs.
We propose using Thin Rubber in said elements, to provide contact pressure and frictional grip, instead of “springs” used conventionally, so as to reduce thickness and durability.
We also propose using Rubber, instead of conventional springs, between Pads which are connected Mechanically and or Electronically by a Slide or Drawer mechanism, to provide grip and electro contact pressure, thus reducing assembled thickness and durability for same or better function.
Pressure to hold Jack and Plug Traces firm enough for electrical conductivity, and also the Grip to hold the Jack physically firmly inside the Female is provided by a Thin Rubber Layer 11, which is compressed between said Male and a rigid Shell 13.
In conventional plugs, said Shell is often a solid, non stretch, non conductive polymer, but the task performed by our proposed Rubber is conventionally done by metal springs, which are bulkier, do not have as much frictional grip as rubber, and loose their pressure and grip over time.
Conventionally, Contact Pressure and Grip for EMS is provided by metal springs, not rubber.
Adding New Capabilities to UMCC
This application introduces new capabilities made possible by UMCC key features, detailed separately. Such capabilities are impractical in conventional MCCs, even if some are theoretically feasible. Some UMCC features make such new capabilities Possible, or Practical or Friendly.
Of particular importance are having a good keyboard, hands free carrying and operation, being ready to use and being comprehensive to eliminate carrying of multiple other devices.
Following capabilities can be added to current Cell Phones, PDAs, Smart Phones, Pocket PCs, etc.
Also, custom Devices to perform one or more of such capabilities can be made. Instead of “adding”, capabilities, UMCC can be modified or custom made for them, even by not including some capabilities in excess of customized requirements.
Portable Talking Machine (PTM) (For Speech Challenged)
Speech challenged persons currently use sign language, which is understood by few and has limited vocabulary and syntax. Adding available Text to Speech software to UMCC, a Speech Challenged can type what she wants to say, to be spoken via UMCC Speaker.
Alternatively typed text can be viewed by Audience facing the User, by having UMCC suspended from User's neck or belt, fixing the Screen at an angle suitable for viewing by User and Audience, for example 45 degrees to Users body, and activating an available Screen rotation software that turns the text upward even though the Screen is upside down. In this case User has to get used to reading her own tying upside down.
An alternative is to have the Screen suspended above the keyboard facing the Audience upward. In such case user should get used to not seeing her typed text, unless a thin mirror is placed suitably to reflect the screen for users view.
Monitoring and Editing of text can be done by use of a second Screen, or a Goggle or Earpiece. Release after editing can be passive, i.e. release until stopped for editing. Active release can be done by editing then pressing a key such as “Enter”.
A fast keyboard makes this capability Possible. Other UMCC features, such as wearability, being ready to use, screen facing the audience, etc. make it Practical and User Friendly.
Adding available translating software to UMCC, enables User to type what she wants in her language, to be translated to another, then either seen on the Screen as in Portable Talking Machine, or spoken by the Speaker. This is made possible by UMCC fast keyboard, and made practical by wearability, screen viewable by audience, and other features.
An alternative is User talking into UMCC Microphone, to be converted to text by available Speech Recognition software, to be heard or viewed by audience.
Editing can be provided as in Potable Talking Machine detailed elsewhere.
Conversation in noisy or silent places is done by typing to screen, with or without translating.
Deaf people can be helped by UMCC in following ways:
A & C are made practical by UMCC Fast Keyboard. A,B,C&D are made practical by wearability, ready to use, hands free operation, etc.
Deaf can also attach a device being developed, to translates digitized voice or text into vibrations, which become comprehendible with practice.
Digitized data can be Realized by any Realizer. For example, Sound digitized by Microphone, normally realized by Speaker, can also be Printed, viewed on Screen or sent to Vibrator.
This versatility can easily be used to make Sense Converters to assist people with disabilities. Providing a Vibrator to Realize digitized Sound will enable the Deaf to make some sense of Sound. UMCC can be programmed to Realize digitized Sound not by Speaker, but by Vibrator.
Another example is enabling some elderly who cannot smell, to add a Smell Digitizer to UMCC, then read on its Screen the smell of a food.
Numerous other configurations can be made to assist the Blind, Speech Challenged or others.
SOS software, activated by one or more buttons or keys can initiate a series of tasks such as:
Camera can have flash and or night vision. It can have a portable ad-on that can capture criminal's breath molecules, digitize some of its chemical characteristics, even DNA, for instant transmission.
Available electric skin can capture and transmit the criminal's fingerprint, if he attempts to touch the UMCC to take it away.
SOS is made practical by UMCC being easily and practically wearable and ready to use. UMCC can be is and is likely always worm, facing away from User, ready to capture. It is usually too late if User has to pull a device out of pocket, open it, turn it on and point it at crime scene, especially that under attack, many people loose initiative.
SOS feature can especially help battered women, bullied children, visitors to dangerous areas, those dragged, often unwillingly to gang or school fights, etc., markedly reducing crime.
Warning devices have been attempted before, but none has become popular, some reasons being:
users do not perceive risk as high as bothering to buy and always carry them
they only perform one task, say siren, not many of useful tasks described above
users have more important devices such as cell phone to carry, leaving no (mental) room
many must be in pocket, which is not always possible, and also slow to use
it is not cool to be scared, especially for teenagers most at risk of bully and fights
All above obstacles for carrying such devices are resolved by SOS, as users already carry an UMCC or MCC for a good cool reason, no need for a pocket, no one has to know it has SOS feature, it can perform many desired emergency tasks, not just a few, etc.
SOS can also be added to today's cell phones, PDAs, pocket computers, other even larger devices.
Computer Remote Control (CRC)
CRC capability is achieved by suitable software to correlate UMCC and Desktop Screens, so that what is seen on one is the same as the other, even though with different resolution. In the main part, UMCC keyboard, screen and wireless are used, as processing power is used by desktop. This capability would be impractical without a proper fast keyboard in UMCC.
Multi Party Games (MPG)
As UMCC Screen can be viewable by other players, having a second screen or goggle or earpiece as the game requires and using wireless for communicating with other players, a MPG is made.
E-Board can have one or more keys that act like a Mouse, and one or more keys acting like Scroll.
An available wireless Joystick, converting an E-Pad to perform as a Joystick, can be added. An E-Pad with one or more larger Mouse & or Scroll keys programmed as Joystick can be added.
Pocket Musical Keyboard (PMK)
Assigning musical notes to keys and adding a music synthesizer, would make a PMK. PMK is not practical with those tiny hard keys or with a separate deskbound keyboard.
A custom UMCC, called E-Meal can automate much of restaurant work. One simple version comprises a simple Keypad+thin and or small battery, preferably Rechargeable Battery Film+preferably a Photo Voltaic Film+short range Wireless, such as Blue Tooth.
One or more E-Meal(s) can be supplied for each Table, preferably one for each Chair, preferably adhered, cabled or chained to Table or Chair, preferably together with a suitably rugged Menu.
Patrons enter their Table Number and Menu's Food Number, for transmission to Kitchen Computer. Patrons can also call a Waiter by entering a Code, rather than waiting to be seen by one.
More components, preferably all thin and rugged plus suitable Processor, Memory and Software, increase E-Meal utility, for example:
Above features can be added to current pocket computer's, cell phones, laptops, tablets and PCs.
This application proposes suitable Software for MCCs, UMCCs and Restaurants for said Processes.
A UMCC Data Processing Method
MCCs have evolved from miniaturization of computers, sophistication of cell phones and addition of various hardware such as camera.
There are many different and often conflicting Protocols defining relations between functions.
The word Multi-Media is coined to address many capabilities, which adds to complexity.
To simplify understanding, standardization, manufacturing and data processing, both Intra UMCC or Inter UMCC, we introduce “Uni-Media Protocol”.
Instead of thinking of all various Input/Output devices as Multi Media, we define all Inputs as Digitizers and all Outputs as Realizers.
Each Digitizer adds a “type identification code” to digitized data, such as “010” for Text, 001 for Sound. Said code is either applied to the circuit carrying the data (say all data carried by a particular telephone circuit over a specified time is regarded as Sound) or at the beginning of a stream of data to apply to all data following it, until the next code appears, or added to each packet of data.
A preferred option is to add said data to each “Internet Protocol Packer” of data, close to packet destination address, as most data are processed and transmitted using Internet Protocol.
Once said data is received by any other device, it can be identified, processed accordingly and especially Output by corresponding Realizer, say packets labeled 001 will be output by Speaker.
The Jacket, which we may also be called the “Vest”, need not be confined to the main body of UMCC, but can encase attached components, especially the Screen, mainly on the exposed side, obviously with openings to allow operation.
Said Vest need not have openings for all Buttons or Keys, as many may be operable even though covered by the Vest, especially if the Vest is Flexible and better Translucent over such Buttons or Keys.
If the Vest or one layer making it is made of Electro Conductive Material (the Rubber version exists), it will also serve as Electro Magnetic Radiation Shield, especially if UMCC Antenna is imbedded its housing or for protruding Antennas, if the Vest is extended to Shield the body parts.
The UMCC Elastomer Shell, with a “stiffer” inner layer need not be stiff throughout its inner layer, so long as stiffness is over UMCC inner components that may be damaged if covered only by a flexible Shell. One Preferred version is a Shell with a Net of stiff thin wires or fibers (such as glass fiber), were protection is needed, hence protective yet Elasomeric, even perhaps Dense Foam, to make the shell light and soft.
The Jacket need not be Elastomeric to have fins, tails, tongues, tail pockets, holes, belt slits (collectively referred to here as “Anchors”), for gears such as suspension pads, pant hooks, garment hooks, safety pins, belt loops, head band, wrist band, shoulder strap, etc., for attaching UMCC to neck, wrist, head, garment, belt, shoulder, etc. (collectively referred to here as “Latches”), but may be a thin rigid martial such as metal, plastic or other, even with rigid Anchors, which if need to pivot, would use a standard hinging mechanism, instead of relying on flexibility to pivot or hinge.
Also a UMCC Shell, rigid or soft, can be designed to have Rigid or Flexible Anchors and/or Latches.
In both Rigid and Non-Rigid Vests and Shells, said Anchors can be made of flexible or rigid material. Anchors, Pads, Hooks, Pins, Loops, etc. can be Fixed or Detachable, and that there may be more than one of each for each Vest.
For example there can be more than one Jacket Tail in various configurations, such as side by side, face to back, stacked on same or different side(s) of the Jacket, each carrying some or all of the Jacket Tail Holes or Pocket(s).
One major advantage of having an Eastover or otherwise soft Outer Shell or Vest is making the UMCC be or look more drop and knock resistant, allowing care free handling.
UMCC Keyboard (E-Board)
Since E-Board is Thin, it can be attached to any rigid support surface. Detached or External versions and the Integral or Attached versions not supported by the body of UMCC or MCC incorporate a rigid layer in their construction for support off the desk.
E-Board need not have such a rigid layer if support is provided by resting on a rigid part of UMCC or MCC, be it the main body or the side attachments, such as a thin flat rigid battery pad on a side of UMCC/MCC.
For use without looking at keys, E-Board better have key markings that are “raised” or “etched”. Also an E-Board with dipped “bowl” keys resembling a Honeycomb suits blind typing.
Custom UMCCs using lesser or minimal configurations for their main function, can produce the important advantage of relying entirely on Photo Voltaic Cell, perhaps combined with Rechargeable Battery Film or conventional battery.
An example is the E-Meal Electronic Menu which can be configured, even with a basic OLED Screen not to need external power. No need to charge numerous menus in a restaurant gives major convenience, cost saving and reduces customer dissatisfaction due to inoperative e-menus. Hence even though UMCC can be Multi-functional, it sometimes makes sense to reduce functions.
SOS capability can be incorporated into conventional MCCs via Software.
Even if PDA, Cell phone or UMCC is not wireless enabled, it can serve to capture an assailants picture, voice and perhaps location if GPS enables, perhaps a short note by the Victim. Then one possibility is to throw the Device away from the assailant to a nearby location, or even roadside from a hijacking car, hopefully forcing the assailant to change routine to retrieve it or give up.
For wireless MCCs and UMCCs with SOS Feature, Carriers, Security firms, Watch Groups, Parents, Police, or Specialized companies, can provide SOS Service. Assailant's Voice, Picture, Video Clip, Location, and other Data such as Victim's Note can be transmitted to said Provider, who will Save all, and transmit to Police, Security Service, Victim's pre-identified relatives and or friends, for action.
This System can be modified to serve Omni Present (even Freelance) Reporters for Instant Capture and Transmit ion of newsworthy events to suitably programmed Media, such as the Internet.
Another example is a Speech to Text firmware or device as Digitizer converting a speaker's speech to text, can be sensed by A Deaf and Blind person via a preferably portable Brail Device as Realizer. The general idea is converting any media to the media consumable by a category of disability.
Portable Talking Machine—also referred to as “E-Speech”
One method of Editing of Text prior to Audience viewing is to use available Screen Rotation Software. The Screen is viewable by User and Audience. While typing, the Text appears in a direction suitable for User's reading (say top of each letter is towards the top of the Screen, which may be at a lower horizontal level than the bottom of the Screen as the Screen may be angled down), hence difficult for the Audience to read as it is upside down to them. Once edited for release, each piece of Text is rotated upside down, by pressing a key, for use by the Audience. This eliminates any need for extra Screen, Mirror or other Components needed for editing.
Another is to have the Text inaccessible to Audience, say by having the screen facing the User, then use the Text to Speech and Speaker for hearing Audience.
Various Methods and Flavours of Text to Speech, such as different languages, accents, notions such as cry, laugh, shout, symbols to better explain feelings or expressions than text can, etc. can be incorporated in the Mobile Talking Machine.
E-Speech allows public speech, even from pre typed text, even reading to an audience via a Scanner to convert text from a page to Text, and in turn to Speech.
E-Speech also allows augmentation of Speech with Graphs and Pictures.
E-Speech, being a type of UMCC can be Hand Held as well as carried in other forms.
E-Speech, comprising only of E-Board and Text to Speech firmware and (say paeseo-electric) Speaker, even with a OLED Screen for text would run on one or few PVF or EGS, without heavy and/or going flat battery.
E-Speech Ultra Mobility, Hands Free Carrying, One Hand Free even while typing resolves all issues.
Note that Desk Talking Machine only have limited use at home or special schools. Even a hand held one is a menace, as User must hold it all the time, unlike a PDA used a number of times per day.
Many existing conventional devices have proved unpopular because unlike UMCC, they are not Both Hands Free for Carrying, One Hand Free in Operation or lack other UMCC features.
A Custom “E-Speech”, also called “E-Talk”
A necklace Band (18) suspends E-Talk from User's neck (20). A thin electronic or Mirror Monitor 30) is hinged to the Screen Housing such that it can stay at an angle that enables the User to see what is typed by looking down, for feedback.
An optional and Detachable Earphone (12) is connected by Cables (22) to the Electronics Board.
Photo-cell panels (14 &16) can fold over the Screen Housing when not used.
Photo-cell panels can also be made detachable if not needed for periods of time.
The Keyboard can also fold over the Screen Housing, when not in Use.
The Monitor is hinged firmly so as to stay in desired manually adjustable angle with the Screen. Hence it can fold over the Screen when E-Talk not used.
The Keyboard, some of the Electronics, the Speaker and optionally the Wireless Communicator and/or the Earphone can be made detachable from the Screen Housing, from the snap on/off Junction (26), so that the Detached components form a simpler E-Talk, for easier use and mobility.
Such detached sub-assembly should have its small or thin Battery (24).
For said detachment to function better, one of the Photo-cell panels should be attached to its right side, so that when detached, it has its own Power Supply.
A right-hand User, having the right hand (28) free, uses the left hand to type “I Love You!”, which can be heard by the audience via the Speaker, after conversion to speech by Speech Synthesizer, and/or seen on the Screen.
All components can be made Detachable and or have on/off switches.
For editing typed text prior to letting the audience see or hear it, User can activate a delayed release mechanism, to delay transfer to Speaker or the Screen, then
either use the Earphone to hear or the Monitor to see his/her input, edit if necessary, before releasing to the Screen and/or the Speaker.
Mirror type Monitor should be kept at an angle which lets the User, but not the audience see the Screen, to be adjusted manually, after any editing, to let the audience see the Screen.
Other Variations of UMCC and its Add-Ons
Hands Free Carrying of UMCC
The Suspension Pad in
Such a narrower Suspension Pad can more easily be inserted behind Users Belt for UMCC carrying, accommodating UMCC operation without dislodging from the belt, by lifting the UMCC body to face the operator, leaving the Pad behind the belt, and finally easy removal of UMCC and Suspension pad from user's belt, when UMCC not needed.
The suspension Pad, can also be used to suspend the UMCC from any Garment Slit or Garment Loop that may be added to Garments (similar to slit or loop for holding flowers), or even Watch Wrist Band.
Also, if a suitably sized (safety Pin), such as the Safety Pin introduced here (
UMCC Suspension Pad in
Suspension Pad can rest under the UMCC body, adding only sub-millimeter thickness and negligible weight, for conventional hand held use or pocket stowage.
Suspension Pad (
Hands Free Operational Support
UMCC Support Pad: (
When UMCC is Suspended from Belt, Neck or Garment, the Suspension Pad (
Thus the UMCC's working surface and keyboard (
When not in use, Eastover Loop is manually forced to slide near the anchor side of Suspension Pad. In folded up assembly, which may remain suspended from belt, neck or garment (
Palm/Wrist Strap for UMCC Hand Holding:
Variations of Mechanical & Electro Mechanical Hinges
One variation of the Rubber Mechanical Hinge in
Equiside Polygonals from 2 to any number of sides are possible, but 3, 4, 5, 6, 8 sides should have more use. Rounding the Rod's corners (
Concepts of Polygonal instead of Circular Rod and Metal Spring Ring instead of Rubber Ring can be applied to the Electro Mechanical Pivot of
A thin rigid outer tube can be used to cover the Rubber Ring in Hinges introduced here for protection, aesthetic or other purposes.
Variations of UMCC Form and Size
One very good form of UMCC is the “Flip” UMCC shown in
Said Form is used in some conventional Smart Phones, but have at least there serious problems. First, conventional ones do not have a proper keyboard like E-Pad. We have separately explained the problems with conventional portable keyboards and advantages of E-Board. Ours has a proper E-Pad.
Second, they do not many of features we have introduced here, such as PVC.
Third, they are too wide, from left to right, to be held by one hand, for operation by other hand. They are desk dependent. Even dialing is difficult without a desk, as there is no handle to hold them. This application introduces ways of solving the holding problem.
Credit Card Size Flip UMCC: If such UMCC is roughly Credit Card Sized, when closed, even though thicker, holding it in hand will be much easier. This is not done conventionally (to applicant's knowledge), perhaps because the keyboard will be too tiny or perhaps no one thought of it. E-Board has a Credit Card Size version, called E-Card, that can be used.
Pocket Size Flip UMCC: Some 13×7 cm provides a good Screen and a good E-Pad, but is too large for hand span of most people. Our solution is One, better two Dents (
If a Double Hinge as in
Hand Held Mini Notebook Flip UMCC: This version can be much larger than Pocket Size, say 16×9, yet fit in a large pocket. As shown in
This application introduces a solution for hand holding of such a Mini Notebook, by deeper Dents as in the Pocket Sized UMCC or better with two cavities (
Note: Above three UMCCs can also use Hands Free Carrying and Operational Support introduced.