US 20060192683 A1
Embodiments of the present invention relate to a floor display system with a modular protective structure for preventing damage to the display system due to its use in a floor environment. The modular protective structure may be configured to provide a distributed system of vertical supports to absorb and diffuse pressures and impacts on the floor display system.
1. A floor display system, comprising an electronic display assembly including a plurality of electronic display modules received within a recess in a floor.
2. The floor display system of
3. The floor display system of
4. The floor display system of
an independent image formed on a single module, or
a composite image, portions of which are respectively formed on each of a plurality of the modules.
5. The floor display system of
6. The floor display system of
7. The floor display system of
8. The floor display system of
9. The floor display system of
10. The floor display system of
11. The floor display system of
12. The floor display system of
13. The floor display system of
14. The floor display system of
15. A floor display system, comprising:
an electronic display assembly including a plurality of distinct electronic display modules, the plurality of distinct electronic display modules to display electronically modifiable arbitrary content, the electronically modifiable arbitrary content comprising at least one of an independent image formed on a single module, or a composite image, portions of which are respectively formed on each of a plurality of the modules;
wherein each of the plurality of the electronic display modules is arranged within a respective modular protective enclosure; and
wherein the electronic display assembly is located in a floor.
16. The floor display system of
17. The floor display system of
18. The floor display system of
19. The floor display system of
20. The floor display system of
This application is a continuation of U.S. application Ser. No. 10/454,631, filed Jun. 5, 2003. U.S. application Ser. No. 10/454,631 claims the benefit under 35 U.S.C. §119(e) of U.S. provisional application 60/385,579 filed Jun. 5, 2002. Further, U.S. application Ser. No. 10/454,631 is a continuation-in-part of co-pending application Ser. No. 10/438,923, filed May 16, 2003, application Ser. No. 10/438,923 is a continuation-in-part of co-pending application Ser. No. 10/285,639, filed Nov. 1, 2002, which is a continuation of application Ser. No. 10/137,357, filed May 3, 2002, and issued as U.S. Pat. No. 6,507,285 on Jan. 14, 2003. Application Ser. No. 10/137,357 is a continuation of application Ser. No. 09/767,846, filed Jan. 24, 2001, and issued as U.S. Pat. No. 6,417,778 on Jul. 9, 2002. Application Ser. No. 09/767,846 is a continuation of application Ser. No. 09/418,752, filed Oct. 15, 1999, and now abandoned. Application Ser. No. 09/418,752 is a continuation-in-part of application Ser. No. 09/304,051, filed May 4, 1999, and issued as U.S. Pat. No. 6,219,876 on Apr. 24, 2001. All of the above-identified applications are incorporated herein in their entirety by reference.
The present invention relates to a floor display system, and more specifically to a modular protective structure for the floor display system.
A number of media are known for publicly conveying information, such as advertising information. Most commonly, such media utilize “vertical space.” That is, the media are typically such things as billboard displays, displays mounted on walls or ceilings, and displays on electronic devices such as television screens and computer monitor screens that are substantially vertical.
However, there is a vast amount of “horizontal space” that is largely unused for publicly conveying information. This horizontal space includes floor space in areas of public traffic, such as commercial establishments or other public buildings.
U.S. Pat. No. 6,417,778, which is fully incorporated herein by reference, discloses a system for electronically conveying information via a floor display. The present disclosure relates to a modular structure for such a floor display. Among other advantages disclosed for such a structure are its effectiveness in protecting the display from damage associated with a floor environment, and its convenience in sizing the display (expanding or shrinking the area of the display). A very thin form factor may be maintained for the modular structure.
Embodiments of the present invention relate to a floor display system. The floor display system may be arranged in a public place, such as a commercial establishment or other public building, and be configured to display electronically modifiable arbitrary content, such as advertising or other informational content. Because of its environment when it is in use, the floor display system may be exposed to possible damage from the impacts of foot traffic, wheeled objects and the like. Accordingly, embodiments of the present invention relate to a modular protective structure for the display that effectively distributes forces applied to the display among a system of vertical supports, to prevent forces from being focused in one place and thus possibly damaging the display. The modular structure may further provide for a very thin form factor for the floor display system.
As noted above, U.S. Pat. No. 6,417,778 discloses a system for electronically conveying information via a floor display. More specifically, the floor display may incorporate a modifiable electronic display surface presenting for example, a liquid crystal display. The display could be connected to a computer and a computer generated image could be displayed on the display. Thus, the image displayed on the display could be modified by generating a different computer image and displaying that computer image on the display. The display could be associated with a base portion of a floor covering, such as included within a recess thereof, or could be included on a bottom surface, facing upward, of an insert portion of the floor covering. Alternatively, the display could be integrally formed with either of the base portion or the insert portion. The modifiable display could utilize a plurality of different graphics that can be displayed in any of a variety of manners on the display. For example, the graphics could be displayed in a generally fixed position on the display or could scroll across the display, with both exemplary methodologies displaying multiple graphics either individually or in combination.
Other alternatives for modifying graphics displayed on the floor covering include using light emitting polymers to create, and thus change, the graphics. The light emitting polymers can be either applied to, attached to, or woven into the floor covering. The light emitting polymers may be utilized on any portion of floor covering, for example, on either the base portion or the insert portion, or on any other portion of the different embodiments for the floor covering. Light emitting polymers are known and described in U.S. Pat. Nos. 5,945,502, 5,869,350, and 5,571,626, which are incorporated herein by reference in their entirety.
Other options for a display are to use electronic ink or electric paper. Electric paper is available from Xerox and is described in U.S. Pat. Nos. 5,723,204, 5,604,027, 4,126,854, and 4,143,103, which are incorporated herein by reference in their entirety. Electric paper employs thousands of tiny, electrically charged beads, called Gyricon, each about the width of a human hair, to create pixels. The two-tone beads are embedded inside a liquid-filled plastic sheeting that forms the surface of the paper. Each bead, half-black, half-white, gyrates in response to an electric field. Whether the beads are black- or white-side up determines the image. Because there's no need to refresh the image, and because the screen isn't backlit, electric paper uses only a fraction of the power used by conventional electronic displays. Electromagnetic styluses and printer-like devices can be used for getting images onto the paper.
Electronic ink is available from E Ink Corp., at 45 Spinelli PI., Cambridge, Mass. 02138. Electronic ink uses a microencapsulated micromechanical display system. Tiny microcapsules are captured between two sheets of plastic to create pixels. Alternatively, the capsules may be sprayed on a surface. The result is a flexible display material. The tiny capsules are transparent and contain a mixture of dark ink and white paint chips. An electric charge is passed through the capsules. Depending on the electrostatic charge, the paint chips float at the top or rest on the bottom of each capsule. When the paint chips float at the top, the surface appears white. When they rest at the bottom, and thus under the ink, the surface appears black. Each of the two states is stable: black or white. A transparent electromagnetic grid laid over the sheet's surface controls the shape of the image. The display may be wirelessly connected to, for example, a computer and thus, the World Wide Web by utilizing, for example, a Motorola paging system. Text on all displays, if multiple displays are used, can be changed at once by a single editor, through a Web page.
According to embodiments of the present invention, additional or alternative technologies to those described above may be used to implement a floor display system. A floor display system 100 according to embodiments of the present invention is shown in
To this end, the electronic display assembly 120 may comprise a plurality of display modules. In the embodiment shown in
More specifically, a display module may be an electronic display device incorporating any display technology, including those disclosed herein, and others not specifically disclosed. A display module may be configured to electronically display graphical images and alphanumeric data in either a static (not moving or changing) or dynamic (e.g., scrolling or otherwise moving or changing) format. More specifically, a display module may be coupled by wired or wireless means to a controller (not shown) and modifiable via the controller to display any content chosen by a user. For example, a display module may be coupled to the controller via a display driver circuit such as a video graphics adapter card. The controller may include any kind of electronic logic circuit, for example, a general microprocessor configurable with software, or an ASIC (application specific integrated circuit). A driver of a display module may be integrated with the controller or built into an ASIC. The controller may also be in the form of a single board computer with a processor and memory and with one or more display driving circuits built onto the board, as well as wireless components for communicating with the outside world or for loading data into memory. The controller may be coupled to a storage medium, which could be any form of medium suitable for storing digital data, including RAM (random access memory), ROM (read-only memory), flash or other non-volatile solid-state electronic storage, EEPROM (electronically erasable and programmable read only memory), or magnetic and/or optical disk storage. The storage medium may store, for example, control software for execution by the controller and video content of choice for display, under the control of the control software, by a display module.
According to embodiments of the present invention, display modules of an assembly 120 may be arranged within separate protective enclosures comprising a bottom member, a top member, and vertical supports or sidewalls. In embodiments, elements of the protective enclosures may be common to the display modules; for example, the protective enclosures may have a common top member, bottom member, and one or more common sidewalls. In other embodiments, each display module may have a separate protective enclosure with a distinct bottom member, top member and sidewalls.
According to alternative embodiments, separate protective enclosures with distinct top and bottom members and vertical supports could be provided for each display module. Such an embodiment is illustrated in
Advantages of the modular structures as shown in
Another advantage is that the modular structure enables the area of the display to be easily enlarged or reduced. An area of the floor covering 110 could be configured to receive a display assembly 120 within, for example, a recess or opening of some predetermined size. Display modules could removed from or added to the assembly to increase or decrease the display area within the bounds of the recess or opening. Alternatively, display modules of a given size could be replaced with a greater number of smaller modules and associated protective enclosures, to increase the number of vertical supports within the same area, as described in greater detail further on. On the other hand, display modules of a given size could be replaced with a smaller number of larger modules. Display modules removed from the assembly could be replaced with other materials of like dimensions in order to maintain an aesthetically pleasing appearance of the floor display system.
For example, the top member of the protective enclosures could be removable, to give access to the display modules, which could also be removable. To reduce the display area, selected display modules could be removed from their respective protective enclosures and replaced with, for example, “blanks” made of the same material as the floor covering and sized to fill the space within the protective enclosure, to prevent an unsightly gap. Such an arrangement would also allow for easy repair or replacement of a faulty display module without necessitating the removal of the entire assembly. In embodiments as in
According to embodiments, a display assembly 120 need not be associated with a floor covering 110. Instead, as shown in
As discussed above, by providing a distributed system of vertical supports via the protective enclosures of the display modules of the assembly 120, forces applied to the top member or members of the assembly are shared among the vertical supports, and thus the structural integrity, and corresponding resistance of the assembly to impact damage is increased. This effect may be further enhanced by increasing the number of display modules and associated protective enclosures within the same overall area. This is illustrated in
In still further embodiments, the display modules may have apertures formed therein configured to receive vertical supports. For example, as shown in
A protective structure utilizing features as illustrated by way of example in
Several embodiments of the present invention are specifically illustrated and/or described herein. However, it will be appreciated that modifications and variations of the present invention are covered by the above teachings and within the purview of the appended claims without departing from the spirit and intended scope of the invention.