Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS20060241727 A1
Publication typeApplication
Application numberUS 11/381,950
Publication dateOct 26, 2006
Filing dateMay 5, 2006
Priority dateDec 12, 2002
Also published asDE60334740D1, EP1581098A2, EP1581098A4, EP1581098B1, US7041109, US20040116914, WO2004054435A2, WO2004054435A3
Publication number11381950, 381950, US 2006/0241727 A1, US 2006/241727 A1, US 20060241727 A1, US 20060241727A1, US 2006241727 A1, US 2006241727A1, US-A1-20060241727, US-A1-2006241727, US2006/0241727A1, US2006/241727A1, US20060241727 A1, US20060241727A1, US2006241727 A1, US2006241727A1
InventorsKambiz Dowlatshahi
Original AssigneeKelsey, Inc.
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Apparatus and method for interstitial laser therapy of small breast cancers and adjunctive therapy
US 20060241727 A1
Abstract
Apparatus and method for performing interstitial laser therapy and adjunctive therapy on a patient are revealed. The apparatus employs a combination of a mammography unit, an interstitial laser treatment device attached to the mammography unit and a treatment platform positioned relative to the mammography unit to enable the interstitial laser therapy to be performed. The use of the treatment platform with the mammography unit enables the interstitial laser therapy to be performed and, if necessary, adjunctive therapy to be performed in the same treatment room without transferring the patient to a new platform.
Images(9)
Previous page
Next page
Claims(10)
1. An interstitial laser treatment device comprising:
a laser probe;
a separate thermal probe; and
a probe holder configured to:
(a) removably receive and position the laser probe,
(b) removably receive and position the thermal probe relative to the laser probe, and
(c) be adjacently attached to a mammography unit to form a single treatment unit in a single treatment room such that said single treatment unit is configured to perform a mammographic examination and interstitial laser therapy in sequence to a patient on a treatment platform positioned relative to the single treatment unit.
2. The interstitial laser treatment device of claim 1, which includes a laser device connectable to the laser probe.
3. The interstitial laser treatment device of claim 1, which includes a stereotactic device, said probe holder being configured to be adjacently attached to said stereotactic device for stereotactic placement of the laser probe.
4. The interstitial laser treatment device of claim 1, wherein the probe holder is configured to be mounted adjacent to a compression plate of the mammography unit such that the laser probe and thermal probe are extendable pass a portion of the compression plate when held by the laser probe.
5. The interstitial laser treatment device of claim 1, wherein the probe holder is configured to be mounted adjacent to a compression plate of the mammography unit such that the laser probe and thermal probe are extendable through a portion of the compression plate when held by the laser probe.
6. The interstitial laser treatment device of claim 1, wherein the probe holder is configured to perform interstitial laser treatment on a person lying on the treatment platform.
7. An interstitial laser treatment device comprising:
a laser probe;
a laser device connectable to the laser probe;
a separate thermal probe;
a stereotactic device for stereotactic placement of the laser probe;
a probe holder configured to:
(a) removably receive and position the laser probe,
(b) removably receive and position the thermal probe relative to the laser probe, and
(c) be adjacently attached to said stereotactic device which is adjacently attached to a mammography unit to form a single treatment unit in a single treatment room such that said single treatment unit is configured to perform a mammographic examination and interstitial laser therapy in sequence to a patient on a treatment platform positioned relative to the single treatment unit.
8. The interstitial laser treatment device of claim 7, wherein the probe holder is configured to be mounted adjacent to a compression plate of the mammography unit such that the laser probe and thermal probe are extendable pass a portion of the compression plate when held by the laser probe.
9. The interstitial laser treatment device of claim 7, wherein the probe holder is configured to be mounted adjacent to a compression plate of the mammography unit such that the laser probe and thermal probe are extendable through a portion of the compression plate when held by the laser probe.
10. The interstitial laser treatment device of claim 7, wherein the probe holder is configured to perform interstitial laser treatment on a person lying on the treatment platform.
Description
    PRIORITY CLAIM
  • [0001]
    This application is a continuation of, claims priority to and the benefit of U.S. patent application Ser. No. 10/319,765, filed Dec. 12, 2002, the entire contents of which are incorporated herein.
  • BACKGROUND
  • [0002]
    1. Field of the Invention
  • [0003]
    The present application relates to an apparatus and method for conducting interstitial laser therapy on tumors, such as breast tumors, and adjunctive therapy on the same treatment table and in the same treatment room. The apparatus employs a combination of a mammography unit, an interstitial laser treatment device which operates with the mammography unit, and a mammography/biopsy chair positioned relative to the mammography unit to enable the interstitial laser therapy and axillary lymph node surgery (sentinel node biopsy) to be performed.
  • [0004]
    2. Description of the Related Art
  • [0005]
    Percutaneous in situ or on-site treatment of malignant breast tumors is being developed in part due to the fact that breast cancer is being detected at earlier stages because of the increasing number of women receiving mammograms annually. If breast cancer and other cancers or tumors are detected in an early stage of development, they can be effectively treated by minimal surgery or by using an ablative agent such as laser energy, applied to the tumor for its destruction within the breast.
  • [0006]
    Mammography is the roentgenography or X-ray of the mammary gland. A mammography unit allows a physician to screen a breast for a tumor. A rotatable/positionable mammography unit with stereotactic capability allows a physician to do even more, i.e., screen a breast for a tumor, locate the tumor and obtain a biopsy of the tumor. Addition of digital technology to mammography assists the physician to process the image better and faster. In other words, a digital mammography unit functions as a screening unit, a diagnostic work-up system and a stereotactic biopsy unit.
  • [0007]
    The widespread practice of screening mammography and the increasing awareness of women as to its benefits has resulted in a growing number of tumors smaller than one cm being detected. Diagnosis of these non-palpable breast tumors is made by stereotactic or ultrasound-guided core biopsy, a less invasive procedure than wire localization and excisional biopsy. Currently, the favored local treatment of such tumors is by lumpectomy plus either axillary node dissection or sentinel node biopsy followed by chemo-radiation therapy.
  • [0008]
    Image-guided laser treatments of malignant tumors such as, breast, liver, head and neck tumors, have been in development for more than a decade. For example, U.S. Pat. No. 5,169,396 (Dowlatshahi et al.) is directed to the interstitial application of laser radiation therapy to tumor masses. In general, the apparatus includes a laser probe having a thin metallic cannula for insertion into a tumor mass, a laser for generating light having a chosen wavelength and intensity and an optical fiber for receiving and transmitting the laser light to the tumor mass. In operation, the optical fiber is inserted into the cannula such that a chosen physiologically acceptable fluid can flow coaxially between the cannula and the optical fiber. In addition, a heat sensing member or temperature probe is inserted adjacent into the tumor mass for monitoring the tumor temperature. The devitalized tumor is gradually cleared by the body immune system and within six months is replaced with a scar.
  • [0009]
    The current known technique for performing interstitial laser therapy for breast tumor includes having the patient lie face down on a platform of a stereotactic table. The patient's breast having the tumor extends through an aperture defined by the platform. The table supports a mechanism positioned below the platform for performing the interstitial laser therapy with the laser probe and in one embodiment a temperature probe.
  • [0010]
    One problem with such stereotactic tables is that some patients' breast are too small to extend fully to the necessary position adjacent to the mechanism for performing the interstitial laser therapy with the laser probe and temperature probe.
  • [0011]
    Other problems with stereotactic tables used for performing interstitial laser therapy for breast tumor are (1) the operator (surgeon) must work below or under the table in a cramped space and (2) axillary lymph node surgery cannot be done in that position. In other words, the patient has to be moved from the stereotactic table and transferred to a more appropriate treatment table, usually located in another treatment room, for any adjuvant operation.
  • [0012]
    In operations and many other procedures, including adjunctive therapies, where blood loss is possible, a patient must be placed on a suitable operating table or the like which has an inverted head position. One such adjunctive therapy procedure related to interstitial laser therapy for treating breast tumors includes the removal of one or more of the patient's lymph nodes. In the event that the patient's blood pressure drops during the procedure, a doctor can place the patient in an inverted head position to direct more blood to the patient's head to avoid any period of time where an insufficient amount of blood is being provided to the patient's brain. An insufficient amount of blood to a patient's brain can, of course, result in brain damage or death.
  • [0013]
    Additionally, stereotactic tables are relatively expensive. Accordingly, there is a need for a relatively inexpensive apparatus and method for conducting interstitial laser therapy and adjunctive therapies in the same treatment room without requiring the patient to move to a different platform or a different treatment room.
  • SUMMARY
  • [0014]
    The present invention overcomes the above-recited problems by providing an apparatus and method for conducting interstitial laser therapy and adjunctive therapy on the same table (platform) and in the same treatment room.
  • [0015]
    The method for performing interstitial laser therapy and adjunctive therapy on a patient comprises the steps of a) placing the patient on an apparatus, the apparatus comprising a mammography unit, an interstitial laser treatment device attached to the mammography unit, where the device comprises a laser probe and a treatment platform positioned relative to the mammography unit to enable the interstitial laser therapy to be performed, where the apparatus is located in a single treatment room, where the treatment platform comprises a first platform surface, and where adjunctive therapy may be performed in the treatment room without transferring the patient to a second platform surface; b) performing a mammographic examination on the patient; c) analyzing results from the mammographic examination to determine whether interstitial laser therapy alone or interstitial laser therapy with adjunctive therapy should be performed on the patient; and d) performing interstitial laser therapy alone or interstitial laser therapy with adjunctive therapy on the patient.
  • [0016]
    In preferred embodiments of the method, the mammography unit is a rotatable/positionable digital mammography unit; the interstitial laser treatment mechanism further comprises a temperature probe; the treatment platform has at least two positions including a patient lying position and an inverted head position; and/or the adjunctive therapy comprises axillary node dissection or sentinel node biopsy.
  • [0017]
    In another preferred embodiment of the method, the treatment platform has at least three positions including a patient sitting position, a patient lying position and an inverted head position.
  • [0018]
    In yet other preferred embodiments of the method, the treatment platform is supported on wheels; the wheels comprise a stationary mechanism; and/or the stationary mechanism is selected from the group consisting of a locking mechanism, a positioning mechanism and combinations thereof.
  • [0019]
    In a more preferred embodiment of the method, the mammography unit is a rotatable/positionable digital mammography unit; the interstitial laser treatment device further comprises a temperature probe; the treatment platform has at least three positions including a patient sitting position, a patient lying position and an inverted head position; and the adjunctive therapy comprises axillary node dissection or sentinel node biopsy.
  • [0020]
    The apparatus for performing interstitial laser therapy and adjunctive therapy on a patient comprises
  • [0021]
    a) a mammography unit;
  • [0022]
    b) an interstitial laser treatment device attached to the mammography unit, where the mechanism comprises a laser probe; and
  • [0023]
    c) a treatment platform positioned relative to the mammography unit to enable the interstitial laser therapy to be performed,
  • [0024]
    where the apparatus is located in a single treatment room, where the treatment platform comprises a first platform surface, and where adjunctive therapy may be performed in the treatment room without transferring the patient to a second platform surface.
  • [0025]
    In preferred embodiments of the apparatus, the mammography unit is a rotatable/positionable digital mammography unit; the interstitial laser treatment device further comprises a temperature probe; the treatment platform has at least three positions including a patient sitting position, a patient lying position and an inverted head position; and/or the adjunctive therapy comprises axillary node dissection or sentinel node biopsy.
  • [0026]
    In another preferred embodiment of the apparatus, the treatment platform has at least three positions including a patient sitting position, a patient lying position and an inverted head position.
  • [0027]
    In yet other preferred embodiments of the apparatus, the treatment platform is supported on wheels; the wheels comprise a stationary mechanism; and/or the stationary mechanism is selected from the group consisting of a locking mechanism, a positioning mechanism and combinations thereof.
  • [0028]
    In a more preferred embodiment of the apparatus, the mammography unit is a rotatable/positionable digital mammography unit; the interstitial laser treatment device further comprises a temperature probe; the treatment platform has at least three positions including a patient sitting position, a patient lying position and an inverted head position; and the adjunctive therapy comprises axillary node dissection or sentinel node biopsy.
  • [0029]
    Additional features and advantages are described herein, and will be apparent from, the following Detailed Description and the figures.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE FIGURES
  • [0030]
    FIG. 1 is a schematic representation of a rotatable/positionable digital mammography unit with a biopsy device.
  • [0031]
    FIG. 2A is a schematic representation of a treatment platform in a patient sitting or seated position.
  • [0032]
    FIG. 2B is a schematic representation of the treatment platform in a patient lying or bed position.
  • [0033]
    FIG. 2C is a schematic representation of the treatment platform in an inverted head or slanted bed position.
  • [0034]
    FIG. 3A is a schematic representation of a patient on the treatment platform in a sitting or seated position relative to a cut away view of the rotatable/positionable digital mammography unit.
  • [0035]
    FIG. 3B is a schematic representation of a frontal view of a patient on the treatment platform in a patient lying or bed position relative to a cut away view of the rotatable/positionable digital mammography unit with a biopsy device.
  • [0036]
    FIG. 3C is a schematic representation of a rear view of a patient on the treatment platform in a patient lying or bed position relative to a cut away view of the rotatable/positionable digital mammography unit.
  • [0037]
    FIG. 4 is a schematic representation of a close up of the biopsy device mounted on a cut away view of the mammography unit in the present invention.
  • [0038]
    FIG. 5 is a schematic representation of a close up of the interstitial laser treatment device mounted on a cut away view of the mammography unit in the present invention.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION
  • [0039]
    The present invention employs a combination of a mammography unit, an interstitial laser treatment mechanism attached to the mammography unit and a treatment platform positioned relative to the mammography unit to enable the interstitial laser therapy to be performed. FIG. 1 is a schematic representation of a rotatable/positionable digital mammography unit 10 with a mounted biopsy device. FIG. 4 is a schematic representation of a close up of the biopsy device 40 mounted on the mammography unit in the present invention. FIG. 5 is a schematic representation of a close up of the interstitial laser treatment device 50 mounted on the mammography unit in the present invention. The biopsy device 40 and the interstitial laser treatment device 50 can be mounted separately on the mammography unit 10 in the present invention.
  • [0040]
    The treatment platform 20 has at least two positions including a patient lying position, FIG. 2B, and an inverted head position, FIG. 2C. In a preferred embodiment, the treatment platform 20 has a third position, i.e., a patient sitting position, FIG. 2A.
  • [0041]
    In addition, the treatment platform 20 is supported on wheels 24. One or more of the wheels 24 contains a stationary mechanism which when engaged prevents the treatment platform 20 from moving. The stationary mechanism can comprise a locking mechanism on the wheels or a positioning mechanism to lift the wheels from the floor. In FIG. 2A-2C, the treatment platform is shown as a mammography/biopsy chair. FIG. 2B shows an example of one type of locking mechanism 25 and FIG. 2C shows an example of one type of positioning mechanism 27.
  • [0042]
    The use of the treatment platform with the mammography unit enables the interstitial laser therapy to be performed and, if necessary, adjunctive therapy to be performed in the same treatment room without transferring the patient to a new platform.
  • [0043]
    FIG. 2A is a schematic representation of the treatment platform 20 in a patient sitting or seated position. FIG. 2B is a schematic representation of the treatment platform 20 in a patient lying or bed position and indicating the platform 22 surface.
  • [0044]
    In operations and many other procedures, including adjunctive therapies, where blood loss is possible, a patient must be placed on a suitable operating table or the like which has an inverted head position. One such adjunctive therapy procedure related to interstitial laser therapy for treating breast tumors includes the removal of one or more of the patient's lymph nodes. In the event that the patient's blood pressure drops during the procedure, a doctor can place the patient in an inverted head position to direct more blood to the patient's head to avoid any period of time where an insufficient amount of blood is being provided to the patient's brain. An insufficient amount of blood to a patient's brain can, of course, result in brain damage or death.
  • [0045]
    FIG. 4 is a schematic representation of a close up of the biopsy device 40 mounted on the mammography unit in the present invention. FIG. 5 is a schematic representation of a close up of the interstitial laser treatment device 50 mounted on the mammography unit in the present invention. Thus, both the biopsy device 40 and the interstitial laser treatment device 50 are mounted on the mammography unit 10 in the present invention.
  • [0046]
    FIG. 4 is a schematic representation of a close up of the biopsy device 40 mounted on the mammography unit in the present invention. FIG. 5 is a schematic representation of a close up of the interstitial laser treatment device 50 mounted on the mammography unit in the present invention. FIG. 5 shows a laser device 52, a stereotactic device 54, a needle holder 56, a laser needle or probe 58, a thermal needle or probe 60, a compression plate 62, a digital image receptor 64 and the X-ray tube 66 from the mammography unit 10.
  • [0047]
    Both the biopsy device 40 and the interstitial laser treatment device 50 are mounted on the mammography unit 10 in the present invention. At the time of treatment, the biopsy device 40 can be detached from the mammography unit 10 and replaced with the interstitial laser treatment device 50.
  • [0048]
    With the present invention, the treatment platform is easily and quickly converted from either a patient sitting position or a patient lying position to an inverted head or slanted bed position. FIG. 2C is a schematic representation of the treatment platform 20 in an inverted head or slanted bed position. The head end 26 and the foot end 28 of the treatment platform 20 in the inverted head or slanted bed position are indicated in FIG. 2C.
  • [0049]
    FIG. 3A is a schematic representation of a patient 30 on a treatment platform 20 in a sitting or seated position relative to a cut away view of the rotatable/positionable digital mammography unit 10.
  • [0050]
    As mentioned above, with the present invention, a patient does not have to be removed from the platform of the treatment table and transferred to a more appropriate treatment table for any related or adjunctive therapies or procedures. In addition, all therapies and procedures are performed in a single treatment room.
  • [0051]
    FIG. 3B is a schematic representation of a frontal view of a patient 30 on a treatment platform 20 in a patient lying or bed position relative to a cut away view of the rotatable/positionable digital mammography unit 10 with an attached biopsy device 40. FIG. 3C is a schematic representation of a rear view of a patient 30 on a treatment platform 20 in a patient lying or bed position relative to a cut away view of the rotatable/positionable digital mammography unit 10.
  • [0052]
    While the invention has been described in connection with what is presently considered to be the most practical and preferred embodiments, it is to be understood that the invention is not limited to the disclosed embodiments, but on the contrary is intended to cover various modifications and equivalent arrangements included within the spirit and scope of the appended claims.
  • [0053]
    Thus, it is to be understood that variations in the present invention can be made without departing from the novel aspects of this invention as defined in the claims. All patents and articles cited herein are hereby incorporated by reference in their entirety and relied upon.
  • [0054]
    It should be understood that various changes and modifications to the presently preferred embodiments described herein will be apparent to those skilled in the art. Such changes and modifications can be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the present subject matter and without diminishing its intended advantages. It is therefore intended that such changes and modifications be covered by the appended claims.
Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US5240011 *Nov 27, 1991Aug 31, 1993Fischer Imaging CorporationMotorized biopsy needle positioner
US5386447 *Sep 23, 1992Jan 31, 1995Fischer Imaging CorporationMammographic screening and biopsy apparatus
US5388447 *Nov 26, 1993Feb 14, 1995Diagnetics, Inc.Viscosity measurement apparatus
US5415169 *Feb 17, 1993May 16, 1995Fischer Imaging CorporationMotorized mammographic biopsy apparatus
US5616430 *Aug 15, 1995Apr 1, 1997Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki KaishaReformer and fuel cell system using the same
US5735264 *Jun 7, 1995Apr 7, 1998Fischer Imaging CorporationMotorized mammographic biopsy apparatus
US5983424 *Nov 12, 1996Nov 16, 1999Elekta AbDevice for repositioning a patient
US6058322 *Jul 25, 1997May 2, 2000Arch Development CorporationMethods for improving the accuracy in differential diagnosis on radiologic examinations
US6094760 *Aug 4, 1998Aug 1, 2000Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd.Bed system for radiation therapy
US6341893 *Jul 20, 1999Jan 29, 2002Canon Kabushiki KaishaPhotographing stand with a radiation image receiving portion
US6456684 *Jul 20, 2000Sep 24, 2002Inki MunSurgical scanning system and process for use thereof
US6569176 *Jan 22, 2001May 27, 2003Jerry M. JessephDevice and method for improved diagnosis and treatment of cancer
US6928672 *May 10, 2002Aug 16, 2005Deutsches KrebsforschPatient positioning and transport system
US7041109 *Dec 12, 2002May 9, 2006Kelsey, Inc.Apparatus and method for interstitial laser therapy of small breast cancers and adjunctive therapy
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US7725155Dec 20, 2006May 25, 2010Novian Health, Inc.Apparatus and method for delivering ablative laser energy and determining the volume of tumor mass destroyed
US7940891Oct 22, 2008May 10, 2011Varian Medical Systems, Inc.Methods and systems for treating breast cancer using external beam radiation
US8092507Dec 14, 2007Jan 10, 2012Novian Health, Inc.Interstitial energy treatment probe holders
US8406846 *Mar 20, 2007Mar 26, 2013Shimadzu CorporationMammographic apparatus
US8518095Dec 14, 2011Aug 27, 2013Novian Health, Inc.Interstitial energy treatment probe holders
US8663210May 12, 2010Mar 4, 2014Novian Health, Inc.Methods and apparatus for performing interstitial laser therapy and interstitial brachytherapy
US8926677Aug 15, 2013Jan 6, 2015Novian Health, Inc.Interstitial energy treatment probe holders
US8979829Feb 4, 2008Mar 17, 2015Novian Health, Inc.Interstitial laser therapy kits
US20070100229 *Dec 20, 2006May 3, 2007Kelsey, Inc.Apparatus and method for delivering ablative laser energy and determining the volume of tumor mass destroyed
US20080185314 *Feb 4, 2008Aug 7, 2008Novian Health, Inc.Interstitial laser therapy kits
US20080188841 *Feb 4, 2008Aug 7, 2008Novian Health, Inc.Interstitial laser therapy control system
US20080188842 *Dec 14, 2007Aug 7, 2008Novian Health, Inc.Apparatus and methods for delivering ablative laser energy to tissue
US20100098214 *Oct 22, 2008Apr 22, 2010Varian Medical Systems, Inc.Methods and Systems for Treating Breast Cancer Using External Beam Radiation
US20100234727 *Mar 20, 2007Sep 16, 2010Mayuka YoshizawaMammographic apparatus
US20100274125 *Oct 28, 2010Novian Health, Inc.Apparatus and method for delivering ablative laser energy and determining the volume of tumor mass destroyed
US20150025445 *Aug 14, 2013Jan 22, 2015International Business Machines CorporationLaser-assisted transdermal delivery of nanoparticulates and hydrogels
USD733873May 7, 2013Jul 7, 2015Novian Health Inc.Probe holder
WO2008097902A2 *Feb 4, 2008Aug 14, 2008Novian Health IncInterstitial laser therapy kits and interstitial laser therapy control system
WO2008144075A2 *Jan 7, 2008Nov 27, 2008Novian Health IncApparatus and methods for delivering ablative laser energy to tissue
WO2010047923A2 *Sep 28, 2009Apr 29, 2010Varian Medical Systems, Inc.Methods and systems for treating breast cancer using external beam radiation
Classifications
U.S. Classification607/89
International ClassificationA61B19/00, A61N5/06, A61B18/24, A61B6/04, A61B10/02
Cooperative ClassificationA61B10/02, A61B6/502, A61B19/0256, A61B2018/2005, A61N5/0601, A61B6/0414, A61B2019/5238, A61B18/20
European ClassificationA61B6/04A2, A61B6/50D, A61B18/20
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
May 12, 2006ASAssignment
Owner name: KELSEY, INC., ILLINOIS
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:DOWLATSHAHI, KAMBIZ;REEL/FRAME:017610/0023
Effective date: 20021206
Dec 7, 2007ASAssignment
Owner name: NOVIAN HEALTH, INC.,ILLINOIS
Free format text: CHANGE OF NAME;ASSIGNOR:KELSEY, INC.;REEL/FRAME:020218/0012
Effective date: 20070627