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Publication numberUS20060281415 A1
Publication typeApplication
Application numberUS 11/451,491
Publication dateDec 14, 2006
Filing dateJun 13, 2006
Priority dateJun 14, 2005
Also published asUS7529553
Publication number11451491, 451491, US 2006/0281415 A1, US 2006/281415 A1, US 20060281415 A1, US 20060281415A1, US 2006281415 A1, US 2006281415A1, US-A1-20060281415, US-A1-2006281415, US2006/0281415A1, US2006/281415A1, US20060281415 A1, US20060281415A1, US2006281415 A1, US2006281415A1
InventorsKenji Koyanagi
Original AssigneeNec Corporation
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Received signal quality display method and received signal quality display system
US 20060281415 A1
Abstract
A base station receives a pilot signal and position information on each of a plurality of mobile stations from the each mobile station. An uplink pilot signal separating unit separates the pilot signal of the each mobile station. A received uplink signal quality calculating unit calculates received signal information on the each mobile station based on the pilot signal of the each mobile station. A position information extracting unit extracts the position information on the each mobile station. A propagation information generating unit generates map information representing the received signal quality at every location by making the position information on the each mobile station correspond to the received signal quality information on the each mobile station. The base station transmits the map information to the each mobile station, and the each mobile station displays the map information.
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Claims(38)
1. A received signal quality display method comprising steps of:
causing each of a plurality of mobile stations to transmit an uplink pilot signal and position information that indicates a position at which the each mobile station is present to a base station;
causing the base station to receive the uplink pilot signal and the position information from the each mobile station
causing the base station to calculate received uplink signal quality information based on the uplink pilot signal received from the each mobile station;
causing the base station to generate quality-position correspondence information on the plurality of mobile stations by making the received uplink signal quality information correspond to the position information received from the each mobile station;
causing the base station to transmit the quality-position correspondence information to the each mobile station; and
causing the each mobile station to display an image generated based on the quality-position correspondence information.
2. The received signal quality display method according to claim 1, further comprising steps of.
causing the each mobile station to transmit a mobile station identification number for identifying the each mobile station to the base station;
causing the base station to generate an uplink pilot control signal, in which a correspondence between the each mobile station and a pattern of an uplink pilot signal to be transmitted by the each mobile station is described, based on the mobile station identification number received from the each mobile station; and
causing the base station to transmit the uplink pilot control signal to the each mobile station, wherein
at the step of causing the each mobile station to transmit the uplink pilot signal and the position information indicating the position at which the each mobile station is present to the base station, the each mobile station transmits, as the uplink pilot signal, the uplink pilot signal having the pattern designated by the uplink pilot control signal to the base station.
3. The received signal quality display method according to claim 1, further comprising a step of:
causing the each mobile station to generate map information on a plurality of positions based on the quality-position correspondence information, the map information representing a correspondence between the position and the received uplink signal quality, wherein
at the step of causing the each mobile station to display the image generated based on the quality-position correspondence information, the each mobile station-displays, as the image, an image representing the map information.
4. The received signal quality display method according to claim 1, further comprising a step of
causing the each mobile station to generate map information representing a correspondence between a position and the received uplink signal quality for the position indicated by the map information included in the quality-position correspondence information at each of a plurality of times, wherein
at the step of causing the each mobile station to display the image generated based on the quality-position correspondence information, the each mobile station displays, as the image, an image representing the map information.
5. The received signal quality display method according to claim 1, further comprising a step of:
causing the each mobile station to generate proximate location information indicating a most proximate location to a present position among locations at which a received uplink signal quality represented by the received uplink signal quality information exceeds a predetermined quality, based on the quality-position correspondence information, wherein
at the step of causing the each mobile station to display the image generated based on the quality-position correspondence information, the each mobile station displays, as the image, an image representing the proximate location information.
6. The received signal quality display method according to claim 1, wherein
at the step of causing the base station to calculate the received uplink signal quality information based on the uplink pilot signal received from the each mobile station, the base station calculates, as the received uplink signal quality information, at least one of a received signal power in the base station for the each mobile station and a ratio of the received signal power to an interference power in the base station for the each mobile station.
7. The received signal quality display method according to claim 1, wherein
at the step of causing the each mobile station to transmit the uplink pilot signal and the position information to the base station, the each mobile station transmits the uplink pilot signal and the position information to the base station using a plurality of transmitting antennas based on a multiple-input/multiple-output transmission technique,
at the step of causing the base station to receive the uplink pilot signal and the position information from the each mobile station, the base station receives the uplink pilot signal and the position information using a plurality of receiving antennas based on the multiple-input/multiple-output transmission technique, and
the uplink pilot signal used at the step of causing the base station to calculate the received uplink signal quality information based on the uplink pilot signal received from the each mobile station is a plurality of uplink pilot signals for the each mobile station.
8. The received signal quality display method according to claim 7, wherein
at the step of causing the base station to calculate the received uplink signal quality information based on the uplink pilot signals received from the each mobile station, the base station calculates, as the received uplink signal quality information, at least one of the received signal power in the base station for the each mobile station, the ratio of the received signal power to the interference power in the base station for the each mobile station, a value calculated based on propagation path correlations among the each mobile station and the mobile stations other than the each mobile station for the each mobile station, and correlations among the transmitting antennas in the each mobile station.
9. The received signal quality display method according to claim 7, wherein
at the step of causing the base station to calculate the received uplink signal quality information based on the uplink pilot signals received from the each mobile station, the base station calculates, as the received uplink signal quality information, the received signal power in the base station for the each mobile station or the ratio of the received signal power to the interference power in the base station for the each mobile station, and correlations among the plurality of mobile stations,
the method further comprises a step of causing the base station to generate improvement location information for notifying one of the mobile stations in which the received signal power or the ratio of the received signal power to the interference power is relatively low as compared with the mobile stations other than the one mobile station, of a location at which the correlation is improved based on the quality-position correspondence information, and
at the step of causing the each mobile station to display the image generated based on the quality-position correspondence information, the each mobile station displays, as the image, an image representing the improvement location information.
10. The received signal quality display method according to claim 7, wherein
at the step of causing the base station to calculate the received uplink signal quality information based on the uplink pilot signals received from the each mobile station, the base station calculates, as the received uplink signal quality information, the received signal power in the base station for the each mobile station or the ratio of the received signal power to the interference power in the base station for the each mobile station, and correlations among the plurality of mobile stations,
the method further comprises a step of causing the base station to generate improvement location information for notifying one of the mobile stations in which the received signal power or the ratio of the received signal power to the interference power is relatively low as compared with the mobile stations other than the one mobile station, of a location farthest from the each mobile station in an area in which the received signal power or the ratio of the received signal power to the interference power is equal to or higher than a predetermined value based on the quality-position correspondence information, and
at the step of causing the each mobile station to display the image generated based on the quality-position correspondence information, the each mobile station displays, as the image, an image representing the improvement location information.
11. A received signal quality display method comprising steps of:
causing a base station to transmit a downlink pilot signal to each of a plurality of mobile stations;
causing the each mobile station to receive the downlink pilot signal from the base station;
causing the each mobile station to calculate received downlink signal quality information based on the downlink pilot signal received from the base station;
causing the each mobile station to transmit the received downlink signal quality information and position information indicating a position at which the each mobile station is present to the base station;
causing the base station to generate quality-position correspondence information on the plurality of mobile stations by making the received downlink signal quality information received from the each mobile station correspond to the position information received from the each mobile station;
causing the base station to transmit the quality-position correspondence information to the each mobile station; and
causing the each mobile station to display an image generated based on the quality-position correspondence information.
12. The received signal quality display method according to claim 11, further comprising a step of:
causing the each mobile station to generate map information on a plurality of positions based on the quality-position correspondence information, the map information representing a correspondence between each of the plurality of positions and the received downlink signal quality, wherein
at the step of causing the each mobile station to display the image generated based on the quality-position correspondence information, the each mobile station displays, as the image, an image representing the map information.
13. The received signal quality display method according to claim 11, further comprising a step of
causing the each mobile station to generate map information on a position indicated by the position information included in the quality-position correspondence information at each of a plurality of times, the map information representing a correspondence between the position and the received downlink signal quality, wherein
at the step of causing the each mobile station to display the image generated based on the quality-position correspondence information, the each mobile station displays, as the image, an image representing the map information.
14. The received signal quality display method according to claim 11, further comprising a step of:
causing the each mobile station to generate proximate location information indicating a most proximate location to a present position among locations at which a received downlink signal quality represented by the received downlink signal quality information exceeds a predetermined quality, based on the quality-position correspondence information, wherein
at the step of causing the each mobile station to display the image generated based on the quality-position correspondence information, the each mobile station displays, as the image, an image representing the proximate location information.
15. The received signal quality display method according to claim 11, wherein
at the step of causing the each mobile station to calculate the received downlink signal quality information based on the downlink pilot signal received from the base station, the each mobile station calculates, as the received downlink signal quality information, at least one of a received signal power in the each mobile station for the each mobile station and a ratio of the received signal power to an interference power in the each mobile station for the each mobile station.
16. The received signal quality display method according to claim 11, wherein
at the step of causing the base station to transmit the downlink pilot signal to the each mobile station, the base station transmits the downlink pilot signal to the each mobile station using a plurality of transmitting antennas based on a multiple-input/multiple-output transmission technique,
at the step of causing the each mobile station to receive the downlink pilot signal from the base station, the each mobile station receives the downlink pilot signal using a plurality of receiving antennas based on the multiple-input/multiple-output transmission technique, and
the downlink pilot signal used at the step of causing the each mobile station to calculate the received downlink signal quality information based on the downlink pilot signal received from the base station is a plurality of downlink pilot signals.
17. The received signal quality display method according to claim 16, wherein
at the step of causing the each mobile station to calculate the received downlink signal quality information based on the downlink pilot signals received from the base station, the each mobile station calculates, as the received downlink signal quality information, at least one of the received signal power in the each mobile station for the each mobile station, the ratio of the received signal power to the interference power in the each mobile station for the each mobile station, and correlations among the transmitting antennas in the base station.
18. The received signal quality display method according to claim 16, wherein
at the step of causing the each mobile station to calculate the received downlink signal quality information based on the downlink pilot signals received from the base station, the each mobile station calculates, as the received downlink signal quality information, the received signal power in the each mobile station for the each mobile station or the ratio of the received signal power to the interference power in the each mobile station for the each mobile station, and correlations among the plurality of mobile stations,
the method further comprises a step of causing the base station to generate improvement location information for notifying one of the mobile stations in which the received signal power or the ratio of the received signal power to the interference power is relatively low as compared with the mobile stations other than the one mobile station, of a location at which the correlation is improved based on the quality-position correspondence information, and
at the step of causing the each mobile station to display the image generated based on the quality-position correspondence information, the each mobile station displays, as the image, an image representing the improvement location information.
19. The received signal quality display method according to claim 16, wherein
at the step of causing the each mobile station to calculate the received downlink signal quality information based on the downlink pilot signals received from the base station, the each mobile station calculates, as the received downlink signal quality information, the received signal power in the each mobile station for the each mobile station or the ratio of the received signal power to the interference power in the each mobile station for the each mobile station, and correlations among the plurality of mobile stations,
the method further comprises a step of causing the base station to generate improvement location information for notifying one of the mobile stations in which the received signal power or the ratio of the received signal power to the interference power is relatively low as compared with the mobile stations other than the one mobile station, of a location farthest from the each mobile station in an area in which the received signal power or the ratio of the received signal power to the interference power is equal to or higher than a predetermined value based on the quality-position correspondence information, and
at the step of causing the each mobile station to display the image generated based on the quality-position correspondence information, the each mobile station displays, as the image, an image representing the improvement location information.
20. A received signal quality display system comprising:
means for transmitting an uplink pilot signal and position information that indicates a position at which the each mobile station is present from the each mobile station to a base station;
means for causing the base station to receive the uplink pilot signal and the position information from the each mobile station
means for causing the base station to calculate received uplink signal quality information based on the uplink pilot signal received from the each mobile station;
means for causing the base station to generate quality-position correspondence information on the plurality of mobile stations by making the received uplink signal quality information on the each mobile station correspond to the position information received from the each mobile station;
means for transmitting the quality-position correspondence information from the base station to the each mobile station; and
means for causing the each mobile station to display an image generated based on the quality-position correspondence information.
21. The received signal quality display system according to claim 20, further comprising:
means for transmitting a mobile station identification number for identifying the each mobile station from the each mobile station to the base station;
means for causing the base station to generate an uplink pilot control signal, in which a correspondence between the each mobile station and a pattern of an uplink pilot signal to be transmitted by the each mobile station is described, based on the mobile station identification number received from the each mobile station; and
means for transmitting the uplink pilot control signal from the base station to the each mobile station, wherein
the means for transmitting the uplink pilot signal and the position information indicating the position at which the each mobile station is present from the each mobile station to the base station transmits, as the uplink pilot signal, the uplink pilot signal having the pattern designated by the uplink pilot control signal to the base station.
22. The received signal quality display system according to claim 20, further comprising:
means for causing the each mobile station to generate map information on a plurality of positions based on the quality-position correspondence information, the map information representing a correspondence between the position and the received uplink signal quality, wherein
the means for causing the each mobile station to display the image generated based on the quality-position correspondence information causes the each mobile station to display, as the image, an image representing the map information.
23. The received signal quality display system according to claim 20, further comprising:
means for causing the each mobile station to generate map information representing a correspondence between a position and the received uplink signal quality for the position indicated by the position information included in the quality-position correspondence information at each of a plurality of times, wherein
the means for causing the each mobile station to display the image generated based on the quality-position correspondence information causes the each mobile station to display, as the image, an image representing the map information.
24. The received signal quality display system according to claim 20, further comprising:
means for causing the each mobile station to generate proximate location information indicating a most proximate location to a present position among locations at which a received uplink signal quality represented by the received uplink signal quality information exceeds a predetermined quality, based on the quality-position correspondence information, wherein
the means for causing the each mobile station to display the image generated based on the quality-position correspondence information causes the each mobile station to display, as the image, an image representing the proximate location information.
25. The received signal quality display system according to claim 20, wherein
the means for causing the base station to calculate the received uplink signal quality information based on the uplink pilot signal received from the each mobile station causes the base station to calculate, as the received uplink signal quality information, at least one of a received signal power in the base station for the each mobile station and a ratio of the received signal power to an interference power in the base station for the each mobile station.
26. The received signal quality display system according to claim 20, wherein
the means for causing the each mobile station to transmit the uplink pilot signal and the position information to the base station causes the each mobile station to transmit the uplink pilot signal and the position information to the base station using a plurality of transmitting antennas based on a multiple-input/multiple-output transmission technique,
the means for causing the base station to receive the uplink pilot signal and the position information from the each mobile station causes the base station to receive the uplink pilot signal and the position information using a plurality of receiving antennas based on the multiple-input/multiple-output transmission technique, and
the uplink pilot signal used by the means for causing the base station to calculate the received uplink signal quality information based on the uplink pilot signal received from the each mobile station is a plurality of uplink pilot signals for the each mobile station.
27. The received signal quality display system according to claim 26, wherein
the means for causing the base station to calculate the received uplink signal quality information based on the uplink pilot signals received from the each mobile station causes the base station to calculate, as the received uplink signal quality information, at least one of the received signal power in the base station for the each mobile station, the ratio of the received signal power to the interference power in the base station for the each mobile station, a value calculated based on propagation path correlations among the each mobile station and the mobile stations other than the each mobile station for the each mobile station, and correlations among the transmitting antennas in the each mobile station.
28. The received signal quality display system according to claim 26, wherein
the means for causing the base station to calculate the received uplink signal quality information based on the uplink pilot signals received from the each mobile station causes the base station to calculate, as the received uplink signal quality information, the received signal power in the base station for the each mobile station or the ratio of the received signal power to the interference power in the base station for the each mobile station, and correlations among the plurality of mobile stations,
the system further comprises means for causing the base station to generate improvement location information for notifying one of the mobile stations in which the received signal power or the ratio of the received signal power to the interference power is relatively low as compared with the mobile stations other than the one mobile station, of a location at which the correlation is improved based on the quality-position correspondence information, and
the means for causing the each mobile station to display the image generated based on the quality-position correspondence information causes the each mobile station to display, as the image, an image representing the improvement location information.
29. The received signal quality display system according to claim 26, wherein
the means for causing the base station to calculate the received uplink signal quality information based on the uplink pilot signals received from the each mobile station causes the base station to calculate, as the received uplink signal quality information, the received signal power in the base station for the each mobile station or the ratio of the received signal power to the interference power in the base station for the each mobile station, and correlations among the plurality of mobile stations,
the system further comprises means for causing the base station to generate improvement location information for notifying one of the mobile stations in which the received signal power or the ratio of the received signal power to the interference power is relatively low as compared with the mobile stations other than the one mobile station, of a location farthest from the each mobile station in an area in which the received signal power or the ratio of the received signal power to the interference power is equal to or higher than a predetermined value based on the quality-position correspondence information, and
the means for causing the each mobile station to display the image generated based on the quality-position correspondence information causes the each mobile station to display, as the image, an image representing the improvement location information.
30. A received signal quality display system comprising:
means for transmitting a downlink pilot signal from a base station to each of a plurality of mobile stations;
means for causing the each mobile station to receive the downlink pilot signal from the base station;
means for causing the each mobile station to calculate received downlink signal quality information based on the downlink pilot signal received from the base station;
means for transmitting the received downlink signal quality information and position information indicating a position at which the each mobile station is present from the each mobile station to the base station;
means for causing the base station to generate quality-position correspondence information on the plurality of mobile stations by making the received downlink signal quality information received from the each mobile station correspond to the position information received from the each mobile station;
means for transmitting the quality-position correspondence information from the base station to the each mobile station; and
means for causing the each mobile station to display an image generated based on the quality-position correspondence information.
31. The received signal quality display system according to claim 30, further comprising:
means for causing the each mobile station to generate map information on a plurality of positions based on the quality-position correspondence information, the map information representing a correspondence between each of the plurality of positions and the received downlink signal quality, wherein
the means for causing the each mobile station to display the image generated based on the quality-position correspondence information causes the each mobile station to display, as the image, an image representing the map information.
32. The received signal quality display system according to claim 30, further comprising:
means for causing the each mobile station to generate map information on a position indicated by the position information included in the quality-position correspondence information at each of a plurality of times, the map information representing a correspondence between the position and the received downlink signal quality, wherein
the means for causing the each mobile station to display the image generated based on the quality-position correspondence information causes the each mobile station to display, as the image, an image representing the map information.
33. The received signal quality display system according to claim 30, further comprising:
means for causing the each mobile station to generate proximate location information indicating a most proximate location to a present position among locations at which a received downlink signal quality represented by the received downlink signal quality information exceeds a predetermined quality, based on the quality-position correspondence information, wherein
the means for causing the each mobile station to display the image generated based on the quality-position correspondence information causes the each mobile station to display, as the image, an image representing the proximate location information.
34. The received signal quality display system according to claim 30, wherein
the means for causing the each mobile station to calculate the received downlink signal quality information based on the downlink pilot signal received from the base station causes the each mobile station to calculate, as the received downlink signal quality information, at least one of a received signal power in the each mobile station for the each mobile station and a ratio of the received signal power to an interference power in the each mobile station for the each mobile station.
35. The received signal quality display system according to claim 30, wherein
the means for causing the base station to transmit the downlink pilot signal to the each mobile station causes the base station to transmit the downlink pilot signal to the each mobile station using a plurality of transmitting antennas based on a multiple-input/multiple-output transmission technique,
the means for causing the each mobile station to receive the downlink pilot signal from the base station causes the each mobile station to receive the downlink pilot signal using a plurality of receiving antennas based on the multiple-input/multiple-output transmission technique, and
the downlink pilot signal used by the means for causing the each mobile station to calculate the received downlink signal quality information based on the downlink pilot signal received from the base station is a plurality of downlink pilot signals.
36. The received signal quality display system according to claim 35, wherein
the means for causing the each mobile station to calculate the received downlink signal quality information based on the downlink pilot signals received from the base station causes the each mobile station to calculate, as the received downlink signal quality information, at least one of the received signal power in the each mobile station for the each mobile station, the ratio of the received signal power to the interference power in the each mobile station for the each mobile station, and correlations among the transmitting antennas in the base station.
37. The received signal quality display system according to claim 35, wherein
the means for causing the each mobile station to calculate the received downlink signal quality information based on the downlink pilot signals received from the base station causes the each mobile station to calculate, as the received downlink signal quality information, the received signal power in the each mobile station for the each mobile station or the ratio of the received signal power to the interference power in the each mobile station for the each mobile station, and correlations among the plurality of mobile stations,
the system further comprises means for causing the base station to generate improvement location information for notifying one of the mobile stations in which the received signal power or the ratio of the received signal power to the interference power is relatively low as compared with the mobile stations other than the one mobile station, of a location at which the correlation is improved based on the quality-position correspondence information, and
the means for causing the each mobile station to display the image generated based on the quality-position correspondence information causes the each mobile station to display, as the image, an image representing the improvement location information.
38. The received signal quality display system according to claim 35, wherein
the means for causing the each mobile station to calculate the received downlink signal quality information based on the downlink pilot signals received from the base station causes the each mobile station to calculate, as the received downlink signal quality information, the received signal power in the each mobile station for the each mobile station or the ratio of the received signal power to the interference power in the each mobile station for the each mobile station, and correlations among the plurality of mobile stations,
the system further comprises means for causing the base station to generate improvement location information for notifying one of the mobile stations in which the received signal power or the ratio of the received signal power to the interference power is relatively low as compared with the mobile stations other than the one mobile station, of a location farthest from the each mobile station in an area in which the received signal power or the ratio of the received signal power to the interference power is equal to or higher than a predetermined value based on the quality-position correspondence information, and
the means for causing the each mobile station to display the image generated based on the quality-position correspondence information causes the each mobile station to display, as the image, an image representing the improvement location information.
Description
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

1. Field of the Invention

The present invention relates to a method and a system for displaying a quality of a received signal in a wireless transmission system.

2. Description of the Related Art

As a method for displaying a quality of a received signal in a mobile station, there is known a method for displaying a level corresponding to a received signal power on a terminal screen (see, for example, Patent Literature 1). This display method will be described with reference to FIGS. 22 and 23.

In a base station transmitting apparatus 2200, a downlink pilot signal generating unit 2201 generates a downlink pilot signal SBTP. A modulator 2202 modulates the downlink pilot signal SBTP and outputs a base station transmitted signal SBTX. The base station transmitted signal SBTX is transmitted from a transmitting antenna 2203 to the mobile station.

In a mobile station receiving apparatus 2300, a receiving antenna 2301 receives the signal from the base station transmitting apparatus 2200, and outputs a mobile station received signal SMA. A demodulator 2302 demodulates the mobile station received signal SMA, and outputs a mobile station demodulated signal SMDEM. A received downlink signal quality calculating unit 2303 calculates the received signal power based on the mobile station demodulated signal SMDEM, and outputs received downlink signal quality information SMR. A propagation information display unit 2304 inputs the received downlink signal quality information SMR, and displays the level corresponding to the received downlink signal quality information SMR on a terminal screen.

A user who owns a mobile station terminal can easily confirm the received signal quality displayed on the terminal screen. If the received signal quality at the mobile station is poor, the user can improve the received signal quality by moving the mobile station terminal to another location or adjusting a receiving antenna of the terminal.

Patent Literature 1: Japanese Patent Application Laid-Open No. 3-16323

This conventional method has, however, the following disadvantages. A location for attaining a good received signal quality is not provided at the mobile station in advance. Due to this, if the mobile station is moved to the location for providing the good received signal quality, it is necessary to look for a new location while always confirming the received signal quality.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

It is an object of the present invention to provide a received signal quality display method and a received signal quality display system capable of easily recognizing a location for providing a good received signal quality.

According to a first aspect of the present invention, there is provided a received signal quality display method comprising steps of causing each of a plurality of mobile stations to transmit an uplink pilot signal and position information that indicates a position at which the each mobile station is present to a base station; causing the base station to receive the uplink pilot signal and the position information from the each mobile station; causing the base station to calculate received uplink signal quality information based on the uplink pilot signal received from the each mobile station; causing the base station to generate quality-position correspondence information on the plurality of mobile stations by making the received uplink signal quality information on the each mobile station correspond to the position information received from the each mobile station; causing the base station to transmit the quality-position correspondence information to the each mobile station; and causing the each mobile station to display an image generated based on the quality-position correspondence information.

The received signal quality display method according to the first aspect of the present invention may further comprise steps of: causing the each mobile station to transmit a mobile station identification number for identifying the each mobile station to the base station; causing the base station to generate an uplink pilot control signal, in which a correspondence between the each mobile station and a pattern of an uplink pilot signal to be transmitted by the each mobile station is described, based on the mobile station identification number received from the each mobile station; and causing the base station to transmit the uplink pilot control signal to the each mobile station, and at the step of causing the each mobile station to transmit the uplink pilot signal and the position information indicating the position at which the each mobile station is present to the base station, the each mobile station may transmit, as the uplink pilot signal, the uplink pilot signal having the pattern designated by the uplink pilot control signal to the base station.

The received signal quality display method according to the first aspect of the present invention may further comprise a step of causing the each mobile station to generate map information on a plurality of positions based on the quality-position correspondence information, the map information representing a correspondence between each of the plurality of positions and the received uplink signal quality, and at the step of causing the each mobile station to display the image generated based on the quality-position correspondence information, the each mobile station may display, as the image, an image representing the map information.

The received signal quality display method according to the first aspect of the present invention may further comprise a step of causing the each mobile station to generate map information representing a correspondence between a position and the received uplink signal quality for the position indicated by the map information included in the quality-position correspondence information at each of a plurality of times, and at the step of causing the each mobile station to display the image generated based on the quality-position correspondence information, the each mobile station may display, as the image, an image representing the map information.

The received signal quality display method according to the first aspect of the present invention may further comprise a step of causing the each mobile station to generate proximate location information indicating a most proximate location to a present position among locations at which a received uplink signal quality represented by the received uplink signal quality information exceeds a predetermined quality, based on the quality-position correspondence information, and at the step of causing the each mobile station to display the image generated based on the quality-position correspondence information, the each mobile station may display, as the image, an image representing the proximate location information.

In the received signal quality display method according to the first aspect of the present invention, at the step of causing the base station to calculate the received uplink signal quality information based on the uplink pilot signal received from the each mobile station, the base station may calculate, as the received uplink signal quality information, at least one of a received signal power in the base station for the each mobile station and a ratio of the received signal power to an interference power in the base station for the each mobile station.

In the received signal quality display method according to the first aspect of the present invention, at the step of causing the each mobile station to transmit the uplink pilot signal and the position information to the base station, the each mobile station may transmit the uplink pilot signal and the position information to the base station using a plurality of transmitting antennas based on a multiple-input/multiple-output transmission technique, at the step of causing the base station to receive the uplink pilot signal and the position information from the each mobile station, the base station may receive the uplink pilot signal and the position information using a plurality of receiving antennas based on the multiple-input/multiple-output transmission technique, and the uplink pilot signal used at the step of causing the base station to calculate the received uplink signal quality information based on the uplink pilot signal received from the each mobile station may be a plurality of uplink pilot signals for the each mobile station.

In the received signal quality display method according to the first aspect of the present invention, at the step of causing the base station to calculate the received uplink signal quality information based on the uplink pilot signals received from the each mobile station, the base station may calculate, as the received uplink signal quality information, at least one of the received signal power in the base station for the each mobile station, the ratio of the received signal power to the interference power in the base station for the each mobile station, a value calculated based on propagation path correlations among the each mobile station and the mobile stations other than the each mobile station for the each mobile station, and correlations among the transmitting antennas in the each mobile station.

In the received signal quality display method according to the first aspect of the present invention, at the step of causing the base station to calculate the received uplink signal quality information based on the uplink pilot signals received from the each mobile station, the base station may calculate, as the received uplink signal quality information, the received signal power in the base station for the each mobile station or the ratio of the received signal power to the interference power in the base station for the each mobile station, and correlations among the plurality of mobile stations, the method may further comprise a step of causing the base station to generate improvement location information for notifying one of the mobile stations in which the received signal power or the ratio of the received signal power to the interference power is relatively low as compared with the mobile stations other than the one mobile station, of a location at which the correlation is improved based on the quality-position correspondence information, and at the step of causing the each mobile station to display the image generated based on the quality-position correspondence information, the each mobile station may display, as the image, an image representing the improvement location information.

In the received signal quality display method according to the first aspect of the present invention, at the step of causing the base station to calculate the received uplink signal quality information based on the uplink pilot signals received from the each mobile station, the base station may calculate, as the received uplink signal quality information, the received signal power in the base station for the each mobile station or the ratio of the received signal power to the interference power in the base station for the each mobile station, and correlations among the plurality of mobile stations, the method may further comprise a step of causing the base station to generate improvement location information for notifying one of the mobile stations in which the received signal power or the ratio of the received signal power to the interference power is relatively low as compared with the mobile stations other than the one mobile station, of a location farthest from the each mobile station in an area in which the received signal power or the ratio of the received signal power to the interference power is equal to or higher than a predetermined value based on the quality-position correspondence information, and at the step of causing the each mobile station to display the image generated based on the quality-position correspondence information, the each mobile station may display, as the image, an image representing the improvement location information.

According to a second aspect of the present invention, there is provided a received signal quality display method comprising steps of: causing a base station to transmit a downlink pilot signal to each of a plurality of mobile stations; causing the each mobile station to receive the downlink pilot signal from the base station; causing the each mobile station to calculate received downlink signal quality information based on the downlink pilot signal received from the base station; causing the each mobile station to transmit the received downlink signal quality information and position information indicating a position at which the each mobile station is present to the base station; causing the base station to generate quality-position correspondence information on the plurality of mobile stations by making the received downlink signal quality information received from the each mobile station correspond to the position information received from the each mobile station; causing the base station to transmit the quality-position correspondence information to the each mobile station; and causing the each mobile station to display an image generated based on the quality-position correspondence information.

The received signal quality display method according to the second aspect of the present invention may further comprise a step of causing the each mobile station to generate map information on a plurality of positions based on the quality-position correspondence information, the map information representing a correspondence between each of the plurality of positions and the received downlink signal quality, and at the step of causing the each mobile station to display the image generated based on the quality-position correspondence information, the each mobile station may display, as the image, an image representing the map information.

The received signal quality display method according to the second aspect of the present invention may further comprise a step of causing the each mobile station to generate map information on a position indicated by the map information included in the quality-position correspondence information at each of a plurality of times, the map information representing a correspondence between the position and the received downlink signal quality, and at the step of causing the each mobile station to display the image generated based on the quality-position correspondence information, the each mobile station may display, as the image, an image representing the map information.

The received signal quality display method according to the second aspect of the present invention may further comprise a step of causing the each mobile station to generate proximate location information indicating a most proximate location to a present position among locations at which a received downlink signal quality represented by the received downlink signal quality information exceeds a predetermined quality, based on the quality-position correspondence information, and at the step of causing the each mobile station to display the image generated based on the quality-position correspondence information, the each mobile station may display, as the image, an image representing the proximate location information.

In the received signal quality display method according to the second aspect of the present invention, at the step of causing the each mobile station to calculate the received downlink signal quality information based on the downlink pilot signal received from the base station, the each mobile station may calculate, as the received downlink signal quality information, at least one of a received signal power in the each mobile station for the each mobile station and a ratio of the received signal power to an interference power in the each mobile station for the each mobile station.

In the received signal quality display method according to the second aspect of the present invention, at the step of causing the base station to transmit the downlink pilot signal to the each mobile station, the base station may transmit the downlink pilot signal to the each mobile station using a plurality of transmitting antennas based on a multiple-input/multiple-output transmission technique, at the step of causing the each mobile station to receive the downlink pilot signal from the base station, the each mobile station may receive the downlink pilot signal using a plurality of receiving antennas based on the multiple-input/multiple-output transmission technique, and the downlink pilot signal used at the step of causing the each mobile station to calculate the received downlink signal quality information based on the downlink pilot signal received from the base station may be a plurality of downlink pilot signals.

In the received signal quality display method according to the second aspect of the present invention, at the step of causing the each mobile station to calculate the received downlink signal quality information based on the downlink pilot signals received from the base station, the each mobile station may calculate, as the received downlink signal quality information, at least one of the received signal power in the each mobile station for the each mobile station, the ratio of the received signal power to the interference power in the each mobile station for the each mobile station, and correlations among the transmitting antennas in the base station.

In the received signal quality display method according to the second aspect of the present invention, at the step of causing the each mobile station to calculate the received downlink signal quality information based on the downlink pilot signals received from the base station, the each mobile station may calculate, as the received downlink signal quality information, the received signal power in the each mobile station for the each mobile station or the ratio of the received signal power to the interference power in the each mobile station for the each mobile station, and correlations among the plurality of mobile stations, the method may further comprise a step of causing the base station to generate improvement location information for notifying one of the mobile stations in which the received signal power or the ratio of the received signal power to the interference power is relatively low as compared with the mobile stations other than the one mobile station, of a location at which the correlation is improved based on the quality-position correspondence information, and at the step of causing the each mobile station to display the image generated based on the quality-position correspondence information, the each mobile station may display, as the image, an image representing the improvement location information.

In the received signal quality display method according to the second aspect of the present invention, at the step of causing the each mobile station to calculate the received downlink signal quality information based on the downlink pilot signals received from the base station, the each mobile station may calculate, as the received downlink signal quality information, the received signal power in the each mobile station for the each mobile station or the ratio of the received signal power to the interference power in the each mobile station for the each mobile station, and correlations among the plurality of mobile stations, the method may further comprise a step of causing the base station to generate improvement location information for notifying one of the mobile stations in which the received signal power or the ratio of the received signal power to the interference power is relatively low as compared with the mobile stations other than the one mobile station, of a location farthest from the each mobile station in an area in which the received signal power or the ratio of the received signal power to the interference power is equal to or higher than a predetermined value based on the quality-position correspondence information, and at the step of causing the each mobile station to display the image generated based on the quality-position correspondence information, the each mobile station may display, as the image, an image representing the improvement location information.

According to the present invention, the base station provides each mobile station with the information having positions of a plurality of mobile stations correspond to received signal qualities at the respective positions in advance. Each mobile station can, therefore, recognize a location for efficiently providing a good received signal quality.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

FIG. 1 is a block diagram of a configuration of a base station according to a first embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 2 is a block diagram of a configuration of a mobile station according to the first embodiment;

FIG. 3 is a block diagram of a configuration of a wireless transmission system according to first to third embodiments;

FIG. 4 is a block diagram of a configuration of a base station according to a second embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 5 is a block diagram of a configuration of a mobile station according to the second embodiment;

FIG. 6 is a block diagram of a configuration of a base station according to a third embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 7 is a block diagram of a configuration of a mobile station according to the third embodiment;

FIG. 8 is a block diagram of a configuration of a base station according to a fourth embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 9 is a block diagram of a configuration of a mobile station according to the fourth embodiment;

FIG. 10 is a block diagram of a configuration of a wireless transmission system according to the fourth embodiment;

FIG. 11 is a block diagram of a configuration of a base station according to a fifth embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 12 is a block diagram of a configuration of a mobile station according to the fifth embodiment;

FIG. 13 is a block diagram of a configuration of a base station according to a sixth embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 14 is a block diagram of a configuration of a mobile station according to the sixth embodiment;

FIG. 15 is a block diagram of a configuration of a propagation information generating unit according to a seventh embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 16 is a block diagram of a configuration of a propagation information generating unit according to an eighth embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 17 shows a base station and mobile stations before a positional relationship among the mobile stations is changed according to the eighth embodiment;

FIG. 18 shows the base station and the mobile stations after the positional relationship among the mobile stations is changed according to the eighth embodiment;

FIG. 19 is a block diagram of a configuration of a display information calculating unit according to a ninth embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 20 shows a base station and mobile stations before a positional relationship among the mobile stations is changed according to the ninth embodiment;

FIG. 21 shows the base station and the mobile stations after the positional relationship among the mobile stations is changed according to the ninth embodiment;

FIG. 22 is a block diagram of a configuration of a conventional base station; and

FIG. 23 is a block diagram of a configuration of a conventional mobile station.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS

Preferred embodiments of the present invention will be described hereinafter with reference to the accompanying drawings.

First Embodiment

FIG. 1 is a block diagram of a configuration of a base station according to the first embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 2 is a block diagram of a configuration of a mobile station according to the first embodiment. FIG. 3 is a block diagram of a configuration of a wireless transmission system in which one base station communicates with a first to an Mth (where M is an integer equal to or greater than 2) mobile stations per base station.

Referring to FIG. 1, a base station 100 includes a receiving antenna 101, a demodulator 102, an uplink pilot signal separating unit 103, an uplink received signal quality calculating unit 104, a position information extracting unit 105, a propagation information generating unit 106, a mobile station identification number extracting unit 107, an uplink pilot control signal generating unit 108, a signal multiplexer 109, a modulator 110, and a transmitting antenna 111.

In the base station 100, the demodulator 102 demodulates received signals SBA transmitted from the first to the Mth mobile stations, respectively and received by the receiving antenna 101, and outputs base station demodulated signals SBDEM. The uplink pilot signal separating unit 103 inputs the base station demodulated signals SBDEM, separates the base station demodulated signal SBDEM to first to Mth received uplink pilot signals SBP-1 to SBP-M from the first to Mth mobile stations, respectively, and outputs the first to Mth received uplink pilot signals SBP-1 to SBP-M. The received uplink signal quality calculating unit 104 calculates at least either received signal powers or ratios of the received signal powers to interference powers of the base station 100 for the first to the Mth mobile stations, respectively based on the first to Mth received uplink pilot signals SBP-1 to SBP-M. In addition, the received uplink signal quality calculating unit 104 outputs calculation results as first to Mth received uplink signal quality information SBR-1 to SBR-M. The position information extracting unit 105 inputs the base station demodulated signals SBDEM, and extracts first to Mth received signal position information SBL-1 to SBL-M.

The propagation information generating unit 106 inputs the first to Mth received uplink signal quality information SBR-1 to SBR-M and the first to Mth received signal position information SBL-1 to SBL-M. In addition, the propagation information generating unit 106 generates quality-position correspondence information having the first to Mth received uplink signal quality information SBR-1 to SBR-M correspond to the first to Mth received signal position information SBL-1 to SBL-M, respectively. Further, the propagation information generating unit 106 outputs the quality-position correspondence information as propagation information SBQ.

The mobile station identification number extracting unit 107 inputs the base station demodulated signals SBDEM, and extracts first to Mth received signal mobile station identification numbers SBID-1 to SBID-M. The uplink pilot control signal generating unit 108 determines pattern numbers of pilot signals used by the first to the Mth mobile stations in an order of starting communication with the base station 100 based on the first to Mth received signal mobile station identification numbers SBID-1 to SBID-M. In addition, the uplink pilot control signal generating unit 108 generates an uplink pilot control signal SBPC having the pattern numbers of the pilot signals used by the first to Mth mobile stations correspond to the first to Mth mobile station identification numbers SBID-1 to SBID-M, respectively. The signal multiplexer 109 multiplexes the propagation information SBQ with the uplink pilot control signal SBPC, and outputs a downlink multiplexed signal SBM. The modulator 110 modulates the downlink multiplexed signal SBM, and outputs a transmitted downlink signal SBTX. The transmitted downlink signal SBTX is transmitted from the transmitting antenna 111 to the first to the Mth mobile stations.

Referring to FIG. 2, a mobile station 200 includes a receiving antenna 201, a demodulator 202, a propagation information extracting unit 203, a display information calculating unit 204, a propagation information display unit 205, an uplink pilot control signal extracting unit 206, a mobile station identification number generating unit 207, a position information generating unit 208, an uplink pilot signal generating unit 209, a signal multiplexer 210, a modulator 211, and a transmitting antenna 212.

In the mobile station 200, the demodulator 202 demodulates a received signal SMA received by the receiving antenna 201 and transmitted from the base station 100, and outputs a mobile station demodulated signal SMDEM. The propagation information extracting unit 203 inputs the mobile station demodulated signal SMDEM, and extracts propagation information SMF. The display information calculating unit 204 inputs the propagation information SMF. In addition, the display information calculating unit 204 outputs map information having first to Mth received uplink signal quality information SBR-1 to SBR-M plotted at positions indicated by first to Mth position information SBL-1 to SBL-M, respectively, as terminal-display information SMCA. Further, the display information calculating unit 204 may alternatively or additionally input the propagation information SMF. In addition, the display information calculating unit 204 may calculate a direction and a distance of a most proximate location to the mobile station 200 from among the locations in which a predetermined item (e.g., at least one item or all items) among respective items i of the received uplink signal quality information on the map indicated by the propagation information SMF attains a value equal to or greater than Yi (where Yi is a real number greater than zero) determined by a user that owns the mobile station 200, and output the calculated direction and distance as the terminal display information SMCA. The propagation information display unit 205 inputs and displays the terminal display information SMCA on a terminal screen.

The uplink pilot control signal extracting unit 206 inputs the mobile station demodulated signal SMDEM, and extracts a received uplink pilot control signal SMPC.

The mobile station identification number generating unit 207 generates a predetermined mobile station identification number SMID of the mobile station 200. The position information generating unit 208 outputs a position of the mobile station 200 measured using a global positioning system (GPS) as position information SML. The uplink pilot signal generating unit 209 inputs the received uplink pilot control signal SMPC and the mobile station identification number SMID. In addition, the uplink pilot signal generating unit 209 generates an uplink pilot signal SMTP using a pilot signal pattern of a pattern number corresponding to the same mobile station identification number as the mobile station identification number SMID in the received uplink pilot control signal SMPC. The signal multiplexer 210 multiplexes the uplink pilot signal SMTP, the mobile station identification number SMID, and the position information SML, and outputs an uplink multiplexed signal SMM. The modulator 211 modulates the uplink multiplexed signal SMM, and outputs a transmitted uplink signal SMTX. The transmitted uplink signal SMTX is transmitted to the base station 100 from the transmitting antenna 212.

Referring to FIG. 3, a wireless transmission system 300 includes the base station 100 and first to Mth mobile stations 200-1 to 200-M.

In this embodiment, the above-stated operation makes it possible for the base station 100 to provide each mobile station with the propagation information having the positions of the mobile stations 200-1 to 200-M correspond to the received uplink signal powers at the respective positions in advance. Each mobile station can, therefore, arrive at the location for efficiently providing a good received signal quality.

Second Embodiment

FIG. 4 is a block diagram of a configuration of a base station according to the second embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 5 is a block diagram of a configuration of a mobile station according to the second embodiment. A block diagram of a wireless transmission system according to the second embodiment is the same as that according to the first embodiment shown in FIG. 3.

Referring to FIG. 4, a base station 400 includes a receiving antenna 101, a demodulator 102, a received downlink signal quality information extraction unit 403, a position information extracting unit 404, a propagation information generating unit 405, a downlink pilot signal generating unit 406, a signal multiplexer 407, a modulator 110, and a transmitting antenna 111.

In the base station 400, the demodulator 102 demodulates a received signal SBA received by the receiving antenna 101 and transmitted from each of a first to Mth mobile stations, and outputs a base station demodulated signal SBDEM. The received downlink signal quality information extracting unit 403 inputs the base station demodulated signal SBDEM, and extracts first to Mth received downlink signal quality information SBE-1 to SBE-M. The position information extracting unit 404 inputs the base station demodulated signals SBDEM, and extracts first to Mth received signal position information SBL-1 to SBL-M.

The propagation information generating unit 405 inputs the first to Mth received downlink signal quality information SBE-1 to SBE-M and the first to Mth received signal position information SBL-1 to SBL-M. In addition, the propagation information generating unit 405 generates quality-position correspondence information having the first to Mth received downlink signal quality information SBR-1 to SBR-M correspond to the first to Mth received signal position information SBL-1 to SBL-M, respectively, and outputs the generated quality-position correspondence information as propagation information SBQ.

The downlink pilot signal generating unit 406 generates a downlink pilot signal SBTP. The signal multiplexer 407 multiplexes the propagation information SBQ with the downlink pilot signal SBTP, and outputs a downlink multiplexed signal SBM. The modulator 110 modulates the downlink multiplexed signal SBM, and outputs a transmitted downlink signal SBTX. The transmitted downlink signal SBTX is transmitted from the transmitting antenna 111 to the first to Mth mobile stations.

Referring to FIG. 5, a mobile station 500 includes a receiving antenna 201, a demodulator 202, a propagation information extracting unit 503, a display information calculating unit 504, a propagation information display unit 505, a downlink pilot signal separating unit 506, a received downlink signal quality calculating unit 507, a mobile station identification number generating unit 207, a position information generating unit 208, a signal multiplexer 510, a modulator 211, and a transmitting antenna 212.

In the mobile station 500, the demodulator 202 demodulates a received signal SMA received by the receiving antenna 201 and transmitted from the base station 400, and outputs a mobile station demodulated signal SMDEM. The propagation information extracting unit 503 inputs the mobile station demodulated signal SMDEM, and extracts propagation information SMF. The display information calculating unit 504 inputs the propagation information SMF. In addition, the display information calculating unit 504 outputs map information having first to Mth received downlink signal quality information SBE-1 to SBE-M plotted at positions indicated by first to Mth position information SBL-1 to SBL-M, respectively, as terminal display information SMCA. Further, the display information calculating unit 504 may alternatively or additionally input the propagation information SMF. In addition, the display information calculating unit 504 may calculate a direction and a distance of a most proximate location to the mobile station 500 from among the locations in which a predetermined item (e.g., at least one item or all items) among respective items i of the received downlink signal quality information on the map indicated by the propagation information SMF attains a value equal to or greater than Yi (where Yi is a real number greater than zero) determined by a user that owns the mobile station 500, and output the calculated direction and distance as the terminal display information SMCA. The propagation information display unit 505 inputs and displays the terminal display information SMCA on a terminal screen.

The downlink pilot signal separating unit 506 inputs the mobile station demodulated signal SMDEM, and separates and outputs a received downlink pilot signal SMP from the base station 400. The received downlink signal quality calculating unit 507 inputs the received downlink signal SMP, calculates at least either a received signal power in the mobile station 500 or a ratio of the received signal power to an interference power in the mobile station 500, and outputs a calculation result as received downlink signal quality information SMR.

The mobile station identification number generating unit 207 generates a predetermined mobile station identification number SMID of the mobile station 500. The position information generating unit 208 outputs a position of the mobile station 500 measured using the GPS as position information SML. The signal multiplexer 510 multiplexes the received downlink signal quality information SMR, the mobile station identification number SMID, and the position information SML, and outputs an uplink multiplexed signal SMM. The modulator 211 modulates the uplink multiplexed signal SMM, and outputs a transmitted uplink signal SMTX. The transmitted uplink signal SMTX is transmitted to the base station 400 from the transmitting antenna 212.

Referring to FIG. 3, the wireless transmission system 300 includes the base station 400 and first to Mth mobile stations 500-1 to 500-M.

In this embodiment, the above-stated operation makes it possible for the base station 400 to provide each mobile station with the propagation information having the positions of the mobile stations 500-1 to 500-M correspond to the received downlink signal powers at the respective positions in advance. Each mobile station can, therefore, arrive at the location for efficiently providing a good received signal quality.

Third Embodiment

FIG. 6 is a block diagram of a configuration of a base station according to the third embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 7 is a block diagram of a configuration of a mobile station according to the third embodiment. A block diagram of a wireless transmission system according to the third embodiment is the same as that according to the first embodiment shown in FIG. 3.

Referring to FIG. 6, a base station 600 includes a receiving antenna 101, a demodulator 102, an uplink pilot signal separating unit 103, a received uplink signal quality calculating unit 104, a received downlink signal quality information extracting unit 403, a position information extracting unit 105, a propagation information generating unit 607, a mobile station identification number extracting unit 107, a downlink pilot signal generating unit 406, an uplink pilot control signal generating unit 108, a signal multiplexer 611, a modulator 110, and a transmitting antenna 111.

In the base station 600, the demodulator 102 demodulates received signals SBA transmitted from the first to the Mth mobile stations, respectively and received by the receiving antenna 101, and outputs base station demodulated signals SBDEM. The uplink pilot signal separating unit 103 inputs the base station demodulated signals SBDEM, separates the base station demodulated signal SBDEM to first to Mth received uplink pilot signals SBP-1 to SBP-M from the first to Mth mobile stations, respectively, and outputs the first to Mth received uplink pilot signals SBP-1 to SBP-M. The received uplink signal quality calculating unit 104 calculates at least either received signal powers or ratios of the received signal powers to interference powers of the base station 600 for the first to the Mth mobile stations, respectively based on the first to Mth received uplink pilot signals SBP-1 to SBP-M. In addition, the received uplink signal quality calculating unit 104 outputs calculation results as first to Mth received uplink signal quality information SBR-1 to SBR-M. The received downlink signal quality information extracting unit 403 inputs the base station demodulated signal SBDEM, and extracts first to Mth received downlink signal quality information SBE-1 to SBE-M. The position information extracting unit 105 inputs the base station demodulated signals SBDEM, and extracts first to Mth received signal position information SBL-1 to SBL-M.

The propagation information generating unit 607 inputs the first to Mth received signal position information SBL-1 to SBL-M, the first to Mth received uplink signal quality information SBR-1 to SBR-M, and the first to Mth received downlink signal quality information SBE-1 to SBE-M. In addition, the propagation information generating unit 607 generates quality-position correspondence information having the first to Mth received signal position information SBL-1 to SBL-M, the first to Mth received uplink signal quality information SBR-1 to SBR-M, and the first to Mth received downlink signal quality information SBE-1 to SBE-M correspond to one another, respectively. Further, the propagation information generating unit 607 outputs the quality-position correspondence information as propagation information SBQ.

The mobile station identification number extracting unit 107 inputs the base station demodulated signals SBDEM, and extracts first to Mth received signal mobile station identification numbers SBID-1 to SBID-M. The downlink pilot signal generating unit 406 generates a downlink pilot signal SBTP. The uplink pilot control signal generating unit 108 determines pattern numbers of pilot signals used by the first to the Mth mobile stations in an order of starting communication with the base station 600 based on the first to Mth received signal mobile station identification numbers SBID-1 to SBID-M. In addition, the uplink pilot control signal generating unit 108 generates an uplink pilot control signal SBPC having the pattern numbers of the pilot signals used by the first to Mth mobile stations correspond to the first to Mth mobile station identification numbers SBID-1 to SBID-M, respectively. The signal multiplexer 611 multiplexes the propagation information SBQ, the downlink pilot signal SBTP, and the uplink pilot control signal SBPC, and outputs a downlink multiplexed signal SBM. The modulator 110 modulates the downlink multiplexed signal SBM, and outputs a transmitted downlink signal SBTX. The transmitted downlink signal SBTX is transmitted from the transmitting antenna 111 to the first to the Mth mobile stations.

Referring to FIG. 7, a mobile station 700 includes a receiving antenna 201, a demodulator 202, a propagation information extracting unit 703, a display information calculating unit 704, a propagation information display unit 705, a downlink pilot signal separating unit 506, a received downlink signal quality calculating unit 507, an uplink pilot control signal extracting unit 206, a position information generating unit 208, a mobile station identification number generating unit 207, an uplink pilot signal generating unit 209, a signal multiplexer 712, a modulator 211, and a transmitting antenna 212.

In the mobile station 700, the demodulator 202 demodulates a received signal SMA received by the receiving antenna 201 and transmitted from the base station 600, and outputs a mobile station demodulated signal SMDEM. The propagation information extracting unit 703 inputs the mobile station demodulated signal SMDEM, and extracts propagation information SMF. The display information calculating unit 704 inputs the propagation information SMF. In addition, the display information calculating unit 704 outputs map information having first to Mth received uplink signal quality information SBR-1 to SBR-M and first to Mth received downlink signal quality information SBE-1 to SBE-M plotted at positions indicated by first to Mth position information SBL-1 to SBL-M, respectively, as terminal display information SMCA. Further, the display information calculating unit 704 may alternatively or additionally input the propagation information SMF. In addition, the display information calculating unit 704 may calculate a direction and a distance of a most proximate location to the mobile station 600 from among the locations in which a predetermined item (e.g., at least one item or all items) among respective items i of the received downlink signal quality information on the map indicated by the propagation information SMF attains a value equal to or greater than Yi (where Yi is a real number greater than zero) determined by a user that owns the mobile station 700, and in which a predetermined item (e.g., at least one item or all items) among respective items j of the received uplink signal quality information on the map attains a value equal to or greater than Zi (where Zi is a real number greater than zero) determined by the user that owns the mobile station 700, and output the calculated direction and distance as the terminal display information SMCA. The propagation information display unit 705 inputs and displays the terminal display information SMCA on a terminal screen.

The downlink pilot signal separating unit 506 inputs the mobile station demodulated signal SMDEM, and separates and outputs a received downlink pilot signal SMP from the base station 600. The received downlink signal quality calculating unit 507 inputs the received downlink signal SMP, calculates at least either a received signal power in the mobile station 700 or a ratio of the received signal power to an interference power in the mobile station 700, and outputs a calculation result as received downlink signal quality information SMR. The uplink pilot control signal extracting unit 206 inputs the mobile station demodulated signal SMDEM, and extracts a received uplink pilot control signal SMPC.

The position information generating unit 208 outputs a position of the mobile station 700 measured using the GPS as position information SML. The mobile station identification number generating unit 207 generates a predetermined mobile station identification number SMID of the mobile station 700. The uplink pilot signal generating unit 209 inputs the received uplink pilot control signal SMPC and the mobile station identification number SMID. In addition, the uplink pilot signal generating unit 209 generates an uplink pilot signal SMTP using a pilot signal pattern of a pattern number corresponding to the same mobile station identification number as the mobile station identification number SMID in the received uplink pilot control signal SMPC. The signal multiplexer 712 multiplexes the uplink pilot signal SMTP, the mobile station identification number SMID, and the position information SML, and outputs an uplink multiplexed signal SMM. The modulator 211 modulates the uplink multiplexed signal SMM, and outputs a transmitted uplink signal SMTX. The transmitted uplink signal SMTX is transmitted to the base station 600 from the transmitting antenna 212.

Referring to FIG. 3, the wireless transmission system 300 includes the base station 600 and first to Mth mobile stations 700-1 to 700-M.

In this embodiment, the above-stated operation makes it possible for the base station 600 to provide each mobile station with the propagation information having the positions of the mobile stations 700-1 to 700-M correspond to the received uplink signal powers and the received downlink signal powers at the respective positions in advance. Each mobile station can, therefore, arrive at the location for efficiently providing a good received signal quality.

Fourth Embodiment

If a plurality of mobile stations transmit signals with the same frequency at the same time using a multiple-input/multiple-output (MIMO) technique, a transmission rate is greatly changed according to a propagation path correlation among the mobile stations in a base station. If the propagation path correlation among the mobile stations is low, the base station can separate the signals from the plural mobile stations. However, if the propagation path correlation among the mobile stations is high, it is difficult for the base station to separate the signals from the plural mobile stations. The propagation path correlation among the mobile stations is information that can be calculated based on propagation path information on all the mobile stations. If this propagation path correlation information is not provided to each mobile station, the mobile station cannot confirm whether the propagation path correlation causes a reduction in transmission rate. Due to this, even if a relative positional relation among the mobile stations is changed by movement of the mobile stations and the propagation path correlation among the mobile stations is reduced, each mobile station cannot be moved to an optimum location at an optimum timing. As a result, the mobile station inevitably continues a communication with the base station at the low transmission rate.

The fourth embodiment of the present invention is based on a MIMO transmission method and intended to solve the above-stated disadvantages. FIG. 8 is a block diagram of a configuration of a base station 800 according to the fourth embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 9 is a block diagram of a configuration of a mobile station according to the fourth embodiment. FIG. 10 is a block diagram of a configuration of a wireless transmission system in which one base station including a plurality of transmitting and receiving antennas communicates with a first to an Mth mobile stations each including a plurality of transmitting and receiving antennas per base station.

Referring to FIG. 8, a base station 800 includes first to Rth (where R is a natural number) receiving antennas 801-1 to 801-R, first to Rth demodulators 803-1 to 803-R, an uplink pilot signal separating unit 805, a received uplink signal quality calculating unit 806, a position information extracting unit 807, a propagation information generating unit 808, a mobile station identification number extracting unit 809, an uplink pilot control signal generating unit 810, a signal multiplexer 811, first to Rth modulators 812-1 to 812-R, and first to Rth transmitting antennas 814-1 to 814-R.

In the base station 800, the first to Rth demodulators 803-1 to 803-R demodulate first to Rth received signals SBA-1 to SBA-R received by the first to Rth receiving antennas 801-1 to 801-R, and outputs first to Rth base station demodulated signals SBDEM-1 to SBDEM-R. The uplink pilot signal separating unit 805 inputs the first to Rth base station demodulated signals SBDEM-1 to SBDEM-R, and separates uplink pilot signals from the first to Mth mobile stations for each of the first to Rth base station demodulated signals SBDEM-1 to SBDEM-R. In addition, the uplink pilot signal separating unit 805 outputs received uplink pilot signals SBP-1 to SBP-(R*M) of first to (R*M)th, i.e., (R*M) sequences in all.

The received uplink signal quality calculating unit 806 inputs the first to (R*M)th received uplink pilot signals SBP-1 to SBP-(R*M). In addition, the received uplink signal quality calculating unit 806 outputs first to Mth, i.e., M in all, received uplink signal quality information SBR-1 to SBR-M, while setting a maximum of propagation path correlations between an ith mobile station and the other (M-1) mobile stations as ith received uplink signal quality information SBR-i.

In the above description, the received uplink signal quality calculating unit 806 sets the maximum of the propagation path correlations between the ith mobile station and the other (M-1) mobile stations as the ith received uplink signal quality information SBR-i. Alternatively, an average of the propagation path correlations between the ith mobile station and the other (M-1) mobile stations may be set as the ith received uplink signal quality information SBR-i.

Further, the received uplink signal quality information SBR-1 to SBR-M output from the received uplink signal quality calculating unit 806 are set as the propagation path correlations among the mobile stations. Alternatively, if the number S of the transmitting antennas of each base station is an integer equal to or greater than 2, the received uplink signal quality information SBR-1 to SBR-M may be set as correlations among the transmitting antennas in the respective mobile stations. In this case, the correlation among the transmitting antennas in the respective mobile stations refer to correlations among received signals which the base station 800 calculates by receiving the signals from all the antennas of the respective mobile stations. This calculation is made by the received uplink signal quality calculating unit 806 of the base station 800.

Further, the received uplink signal quality calculating unit 806 may additionally or alternatively input the first to (R*M)th received uplink pilot signals SBP-1 to SBR-(R*M). In addition, the received uplink signal quality calculating unit 806 may calculate at least either received signal powers in the base station 800 for the respective first to Mth mobile stations or ratios of the received signal powers to interference powers in the base station 800 for the respective first to Mth mobile stations, and output calculation results as the first to Mth received uplink signal quality information SBR-1 to SBR-M.

The position information extracting unit 807 inputs the first to Rth base station demodulated signals SBDEM-1 to SBDEM-R, and extracts first to Mth received signal position information SBL-1 to SBL-M.

The propagation information generating unit 808 inputs the first to Mth received uplink signal quality information SBR-1 to SBR-M and the first to Mth received signal position information SBL-1 to SBL-M. In addition, the propagation information generating unit 808 generates quality-position correspondence information having the first to Mth received signal position information SBL-1 to SBL-M correspond to the first to Mth received uplink signal quality information SBR-1 to SBR-M, respectively, and outputs the quality-position correspondence information as propagation information SBQ.

The mobile station identification number extracting unit 809 inputs the first to Rth base station demodulated signals SBDEM-1 to SBDEM-R, and extracts first to Mth received signal mobile station identification numbers SBID-1 to SBID-M. The uplink pilot control signal generating unit 810 determines pattern numbers of pilot signals used by the first to the Mth mobile stations in an order of starting communication with the base station 800 based on the first to Mth received signal mobile station identification numbers SBID-1 to SBID-M. In addition, the uplink pilot control signal generating unit 810 generates an uplink pilot control signal SBPC having the pattern numbers of the pilot signals used by the first to Mth mobile stations correspond to the first to Mth mobile station identification numbers SBID-1 to SBID-M, respectively. The signal multiplexer 811 multiplexes the propagation information SBQ with the uplink pilot control signal SBPC, and outputs as many first to Rth downlink multiplexed signals SBM-1 to SBM-R as the transmitting antennas 841-1 to 814-R. The first to Rth modulators 812-1 to 812-R modulate the first to Rth downlink multiplexed signals SBM-1 to SBM-R, and output the first to Rth transmitted downlink signals SBTX-1 to SBTX-R, respectively. The first to Rth transmitted downlink signals SBTX-1 to SBTX-R are transmitted from first to Rth the transmitting antenna 814-1 to 814-R to the first to the Mth mobile stations.

Referring to FIG. 9, a mobile station 900 includes first to Sth receiving antennas 901-1 to 901-S (where S is a natural number), first to Sth demodulators 903-1 to 903-S, a propagation information extracting unit 905, a display information calculating unit 906, a propagation information display unit 907, an uplink pilot control signal extracting unit 908, a mobile station identification number generating unit 909, a position information generating unit 910, an uplink pilot signal generating unit 911, a signal multiplexer 912, first to Sth modulators 913-1 to 913-S, and first to Sth transmitting antennas 915-1 to 915-S.

In the mobile station 900, the first to Sth demodulators 903-1 to 903-S demodulate received signals SMA-1 to SMA-S received by the first to Sth receiving antenna 901-1 to 901-S and transmitted from the base station 800, and output first to Sth mobile station demodulated signals SMDEM-1 to SMDEM-S. The propagation information extracting unit 905 inputs the first to Sth mobile station demodulated signals SMDEM-1 to SMDEM-S, and extracts propagation information SMF. The display information calculating unit 906 inputs the propagation information SMF. In addition, the display information calculating unit 906 outputs map information having first to Mth received uplink signal quality information SBR-1 to SBR-M plotted at positions indicated by first to Mth position information SBL-1 to SBL-M, respectively, as terminal display information SMCA. Further, the display information calculating unit 906 may alternatively or additionally input the propagation information SMF. In addition, the display information calculating unit 906 may calculate a direction and a distance of a most proximate location to the mobile station 800 from among the locations in which a predetermined item (e.g., at least one item or all items) among respective items i of the received uplink signal quality information on the map indicated by the propagation information SMF attains a value equal to or greater than Yi (where Yi is a real number greater than zero) determined by a user that owns the mobile station 900, and output the calculated direction and distance as the terminal display information SMCA.

The propagation information display unit 907 inputs and displays the terminal display information SMCA on a terminal screen.

The uplink pilot control signal extracting unit 908 inputs the first to Sth mobile station demodulated signals SMDEM-1 to SMDEM-S, and extracts a received uplink pilot control signal SMPC. The mobile station identification number generating unit 909 generates a predetermined mobile station identification number SMID of the mobile station 900. The position information generating unit 910 outputs a position of the mobile station 900 measured using the GPS as position information SML. The uplink pilot signal generating unit 911 inputs the received uplink pilot control signal SMPC and the mobile station identification number SMID. In addition, the uplink pilot signal generating unit 911 generates a pilot signal SMTP using a pilot signal pattern of a pattern number corresponding to the same mobile station identification number as the mobile station identification number SMID in the received uplink pilot control signal SMPC. The signal multiplexer 912 multiplexes the pilot signal SMTP, the mobile station identification number SMID, and the position information SML, and outputs as many uplink multiplexed signals SMM-1 to SMM-S as the transmitting antennas 915-1 to 915-S. The first to Sth modulator 913-1 to 913-S modulate the first to Sth uplink multiplexed signals SMM-1 to SMM-S, and output first to Sth transmitted uplink signals SMTX-1 to SMTX-S, respectively. The first to Sth transmitted uplink signals SMTX-1 to SMTX-S are transmitted to the base station 800 from the first to Sth transmitting antennas 915-1 to 915-S, respectively.

In this embodiment, the above-stated operation makes it possible for the base station 800 to provide each mobile station with the propagation information having the positions of the mobile stations 900-1 to 900-M correspond to the propagation path correlations among the mobile stations 900-1 to 900-M at the respective positions in advance. Each mobile station can, therefore, arrive at the location for efficiently providing a good received signal quality.

Fifth Embodiment

The fifth embodiment of the present invention is based on the MIMO transmission method and intended to solve the disadvantages described in the first paragraph of the fourth embodiment. FIG. 11 is a block diagram of a configuration of a base station according to the fifth embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 12 is a block diagram of a configuration of a mobile station according to the fifth embodiment. A block diagram of a wireless transmission system according to the fifth embodiment is the same as that according to the fourth embodiment shown in FIG. 10.

Referring to FIG. 11, a base station 1000 includes first to Rth (where R is a natural number) receiving antennas 801-1 to 801-R, first to Rth demodulators 803-1 to 803-R, a received downlink signal quality information extraction unit 1005, a position information extracting unit 807, a propagation information generating unit 1007, a downlink pilot signal generating unit 1008, a signal multiplexer 1009, first to Rth modulators 812-1 to 812-R, and first to Rth transmitting antennas 814-1 to 814-R.

In the base station 1000, the first to Rth demodulators 803-1 to 803-R demodulate first to Rth received signals SBA-1 to SBA-R received by the first to Rth receiving antenna 801-1 to 801-R, and outputs first to Rth base station demodulated signals SBDEM-1 to SBDEM-R.

The received downlink signal quality information extracting unit 1005 inputs the first to Rth base station demodulated signals SBDEM-1 to SBDEM-R, and extracts and outputs first to Mth received downlink signal quality information SBE-1 to SBE-M.

The position information extracting unit 807 inputs the first to Rth base station demodulated signals SBDEM-1 to SBDEM-R, and extracts first to Mth received signal position information SBL-1 to SBL-M.

The propagation information generating unit 1007 inputs the first to Mth received downlink signal quality information SBE-1 to SBE-M and the first to Mth received signal position information SBL-1 to SBL-M. In addition, the propagation information generating unit 1007 generates quality-position correspondence information having the first to Mth received signal position information SBL-1 to SBL-M correspond to the first to Mth received downlink signal quality information SBE-1 to SBE-M, respectively, and outputs the generated quality-position correspondence information as propagation information SBQ.

The downlink pilot signal generating unit 1008 generates a downlink pilot signal SBTP.

The signal multiplexer 1009 multiplexes the propagation information SBQ with the downlink pilot signal SBTP, and outputs as many first to Rth downlink multiplexed signals SBM-1 to SBM-R as the transmitting antennas 814-1 to 814-R. The first to Rth modulators 812-1 to 812-R modulate the first to Rth downlink multiplexed signal SBM-1 to SBM-R, and outputs first to Rth transmitted downlink signals SBTX-1 SBTX-R, respectively. The first to Rth transmitted downlink signals SBTX-1 to SBTX-R are transmitted from the first to Rth transmitting antenna 814-1 to 814-R to the first to Mth mobile stations.

Referring to FIG. 12, a mobile station 1100 includes first to Sth (where S is a natural number) receiving antennas 901-1 to 901-S, first to Sth demodulators 903-1 to 903-S, a propagation information extracting unit 1105, a display information calculating unit 1106, a propagation information display unit 1107, a downlink pilot signal separating unit 1108, a received downlink signal quality calculating unit 1109, a position information generating unit 910, a signal multiplexer 1111, first to Sth modulators 913-1 to 913-S, and first to Sth transmitting antennas 915-1 to 915-S.

In the mobile station 1100, the first to Sth demodulators 903-1 to 903-S demodulate first to Sth received signals SMA-1 to SMA-S received by the first to Sth receiving antennas 901-1 to 901-S and transmitted from the base station 1000, and outputs first to Sth mobile station demodulated signals SMDEM-1 to SMDEM-S, respectively. The propagation information extracting unit 1105 inputs the first to Sth mobile station demodulated signals SMDEM-1 to SMDEM-S, and extracts propagation information SMF.

The display information calculating unit 1106 inputs the propagation information SMF. In addition, the display information calculating unit 1106 outputs map information having first to Mth received uplink signal quality information SBR-1 to SBR-M plotted at positions indicated by first to Mth position information SBL-1 to SBL-M, respectively, as terminal display information SMCA. Further, the display information calculating unit 1106 may alternatively or additionally input the propagation information SMF. In addition, the display information calculating unit 1106 may calculate a direction and a distance of a most proximate location to the mobile station 1100 from among the locations in which a predetermined item (e.g., at least one item or all items) among respective items i of the received downlink signal quality information on the map indicated by the propagation information SMF attains a value equal to or greater than Yi (where Yi is a real number greater than zero) determined by a user that owns the mobile station 1100, and output the calculated direction and distance as the terminal display information SMCA. The propagation information display unit 1107 inputs and displays the terminal display information SMCA on a terminal screen.

The downlink pilot signal separating unit 1108 inputs the first to Sth mobile station demodulated signals SMDEM-1 to SMDEM-S, and separates and outputs received downlink pilot signals SMP-1 to SMR-R. The received downlink signal quality calculating unit 1109 inputs the received downlink signals SMP-1 to SMP-R, calculates at least one of a received signal power in the mobile station 1100, a ratio of the received signal power to an interference power in the mobile station 1100, and correlations among the transmitting antennas in the base station and outputs a calculation result as received downlink signal quality information SMR. The position information generating unit 910 outputs a position of the mobile station 1100 measured using the GPS as position information SML. The signal multiplexer 1111 multiplexes the received downlink signal quality information SMR and the position information SML, and outputs as many first to Sth uplink multiplexed signal SMM-1 to SMM-S as the transmitting antennas 915-1 to 915-S. The first to Sth modulators 913-1 to 913-S modulate the first to Sth uplink multiplexed signals SMM-1 to SMM-S, and output first to Sth transmitted uplink signals SMTX-1 to SMTX-S, respectively. The first to Sth transmitted uplink signals SMTX-1 to SMTX-S are transmitted to the base station 1000 from the first to Sth transmitting antennas 915-1 to 915-S, respectively.

Referring to FIG. 10, the wireless transmission system 1400 includes the base station 1000 and first to Mth mobile stations 1100-1 to 1100-M.

In this embodiment, the above-stated operation makes it possible for the base station 1000 to provide each mobile station with the propagation information having the positions of the mobile stations 1100-1 to 1100-M correspond to the received downlink signal qualities at the respective positions in advance. Each mobile station can, therefore, arrive at the location for efficiently providing a good received signal quality.

Sixth Embodiment

The sixth embodiment of the present invention is based on the MIMO transmission method and intended to solve the disadvantages described in the first paragraph of the fourth embodiment. FIG. 13 is a block diagram of a configuration of a base station according to the sixth embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 14 is a block diagram of a configuration of a mobile station according to the sixth embodiment. A block diagram of a wireless transmission system according to the sixth embodiment is the same as that according to the fourth embodiment shown in FIG. 10.

Referring to FIG. 13, a base station 1200 includes first to Rth (where R is a natural number) receiving antennas 801-1 to 801-R, first to Rth demodulators 803-1 to 803-R, an uplink pilot signal separating unit 805, an uplink received signal quality calculating unit 806, a received downlink signal quality information extracting unit 1005, a position information extracting unit 807, a mobile station identification number extracting unit 809, a propagation information generating unit 1209, an uplink pilot control signal generating unit 810, an downlink pilot signal generating unit 1008, a signal multiplexer 1213, first to Rth modulators 812-1 to 812-R, and first to Rth transmitting antennas 814-1 to 814-R.

In the base station 1200, the first to Rth demodulators 803-1 to 803-R demodulate first to Rth received signals SBA-1 to SBA-R received by the first to Rth receiving antenna 801-1 to 801-R, and outputs first to Rth base station demodulated signals SBDEM-1 to SBDEM-R. The uplink pilot signal separating unit 805 inputs the first to Rth base station demodulated signals SBDEM-1 to SBDEM-R, and separates uplink pilot signals from the first to Mth mobile stations for each of the first to Rth base station demodulated signals SBDEM-1 to SBDEM-R. In addition, the uplink pilot signal separating unit 805 outputs received uplink pilot signals SBP-1 to SBP-(R*M) of first to (R*M)th, i.e., (R*M) sequences in all.

The received uplink signal quality calculating unit 806 inputs the first to (R*M)th received uplink pilot signals SBP-1 to SBR-(R*M). In addition, the received uplink signal quality calculating unit 806 outputs first to Mth, i.e., M in all, received uplink signal quality information SBR-1 to SBR-M, while setting a maximum of propagation path correlations between an ith mobile station and the other (M-1) mobile stations as ith received uplink signal quality information SBR-i.

In the above description, the received uplink signal quality calculating unit 806 sets the maximum of the propagation path correlations between the ith mobile station and the other (M-1) mobile stations as the ith received uplink signal quality information SBR-i. Alternatively, an average of the propagation path correlations between the ith mobile station and the other (M-1) mobile stations may be set as the ith received uplink signal quality information SBR-.

Further, the received uplink. signal quality information SBR-1 to SBR-M output from the received uplink signal quality calculating unit 806 are set as the propagation path correlations among the mobile stations. Alternatively, if the number S of the transmitting antennas of each base station is an integer equal to or greater than 2, the received uplink signal quality information SBR-1 to SBR-M may be set as correlations among the transmitting antennas in the respective mobile stations.

Furthermore, the received uplink signal quality calculating unit 806 may additionally or alternatively input the first to (R*M)th received uplink pilot signals SBP-1 to SBR-(R*M). In addition, the received uplink signal quality calculating unit 806 may calculate at least either received signal powers in the base station 1200 for the respective first to Mth mobile stations or ratios of the received signal powers to interference powers in the base station 1200 for the respective first to Mth mobile stations, and output calculation results as the first to Mth received uplink signal quality information SBR-1 to SBR-M.

The received downlink signal quality information extracting unit 1005 inputs the first to Rth base station demodulated signals SBDEM-1 to SBDEM-R, and extracts and outputs first to Mth received downlink signal quality information SBE-1 to SBE-M.

The position information extracting unit 807 inputs the first to Rth base station demodulated signals SBDEM-1 to SBDEM-R, and extracts first to Mth received signal position information SBL-1 to SBL-M.

The propagation information generating unit 1209 inputs the first to Mth received uplink signal quality information SBR-1 to SBR-M, the first to Mth received downlink signal quality information SBE-1 to SBE-M, and the first to Mth received signal position information SBL-1 to SBL-M. In addition, the propagation information generating unit 1209 generates quality-position correspondence information having the first to Mth received signal position information SBL-1 to SBL-M, the first to Mth received downlink signal quality information SBE-1 to SBE-M, and the first to Mth received uplink signal quality information SBR-1 to SBR-M correspond to one another, respectively, and outputs the quality-position correspondence information as propagation information SBQ.

The mobile station identification number extracting unit 809 inputs the first to Rth base station demodulated signals SBDEM-1 to SBDEM-R, and extracts first to Mth received signal mobile station identification numbers SBID-1 to SBID-M. The uplink pilot control signal generating unit 810 determines pattern numbers of pilot signals used by the first to the Mth mobile stations in an order of starting communication with the base station 1200 based on the first to Mth received signal mobile station identification numbers SBID-1 to SBID-M. In addition, the uplink pilot control signal generating unit 810 generates an uplink pilot control signal SBPC having the pattern numbers of the pilot signals used by the first to Mth mobile stations correspond to the first to Mth mobile station identification numbers SBID-1 to SBID-M, respectively.

The downlink pilot signal generating unit 1008 generates and outputs a downlink pilot signal SBTP.

The signal multiplexer 1213 multiplexes the propagation information SBQ, the uplink pilot control signal SBPC, and the downlink pilot signal SBTP, and outputs as many first to Rth downlink multiplexed signals SBM-1 to SBM-R as the transmitting antennas 841-1 to 814-R. The first to Rth modulators 812-1 to 812-R modulate the first to Rth downlink multiplexed signals SBM-1 to SBM-R, and the first to Rth output transmitted downlink signals SBTX-1 to SBTX-R, respectively. The first to Rth transmitted downlink signals SBTX-1 to SBTX-R are transmitted from the first to Rth transmitting antenna 814-1 to 814-R to the first to the Mth mobile stations.

Referring to FIG. 14, a mobile station 1300 includes first to Sth receiving antennas 901-1 to 901-S (where S is a natural number), first to Sth demodulators 903-1 to 903-S, a propagation information extracting unit 1305, a display information calculating unit 1306, a propagation information display unit 1307, a downlink pilot signal separating unit 1108, a received downlink signal quality calculating unit 1109, an uplink pilot control signal extracting unit 908, a mobile station identification number generating unit 909, a position information generating unit 910, an uplink pilot signal generating unit 1313, a signal multiplexer 1314, first to Sth modulators 913-1 to 913-S, and first to Sth transmitting antennas 915-1 to 915-S.

In the mobile station 1300, the first to Sth demodulators 903-1 to 903-S demodulate received signals SMA-1 to SMA-S received by the first to Sth receiving antenna 901-1 to 901-S and transmitted from the base station 1200, and output first to Sth mobile station demodulated signals SMDEM-1 to SMDEM-S. The propagation information extracting unit 1305 inputs the first to Sth mobile station demodulated signals SMDEM-1 to SMDEM-S, and extracts propagation information SMF. The display information calculating unit 1306 inputs the propagation information SMF. In addition, the display information calculating unit 1306 outputs map information having first to Mth received uplink signal quality information SBR-1 to SBR-M and first to Mth received downlink signal quality information SBE-1 to SBE-M plotted at positions indicated by first to Mth position information SBL-1 to SBL-M, respectively, as terminal display information SMCA. Further, the display information calculating unit 1306 may alternatively or additionally input the propagation information SMF. In addition, the display information calculating unit 1306 may calculate a direction and a distance of a most proximate location to the mobile station 1300 from among the locations in which a predetermined item (e.g., at least one item or all items) among respective items i of the received downlink signal quality information on the map indicated by the propagation information SMF attains a value equal to or greater than Yi (where Yi is a real number greater than zero) determined by a user that owns the mobile station 1300, and in which a predetermined item (e.g., at least one item or all items) among respective items j of the received uplink signal quality information on the map attains a value equal to or greater than Zi (where Zi is a real number greater than zero) determined by the user that owns the mobile station 1300, and output the calculated direction and distance as the terminal display information SMCA. The propagation information display unit 1307 inputs and displays the terminal display information SMCA on a terminal screen.

The downlink pilot signal separating unit 1108 inputs the first to Sth mobile station demodulated signals SMDEM-1 to SMDEM-S, and separates and outputs received downlink pilot signals SMP-1 to SMR-R. The received downlink signal quality calculating unit 1109 inputs the received downlink signals SMP-1 to SMP-R, calculates at least one of a received signal power in the mobile station 1300, a ratio of the received signal power to an interference power in the mobile station 1300, and correlations among the transmitting antennas in the base station 1200 and outputs a calculation result as received downlink signal quality information SMR.

The uplink pilot control signal extracting unit 908 inputs the first to Sth mobile station demodulated signals SMDEM-1 to SMDEM-S, and extracts a received uplink pilot control signal SMPC. The mobile station identification number generating unit 909 generates a predetermined mobile station identification number SMID of the mobile station 1300. The position information generating unit 910 outputs a position of the mobile station 1300 measured using the GPS as position information SML. The uplink pilot signal generating unit 1313 inputs the received uplink pilot control signal SMPC and the mobile station identification number SMID. In addition, the uplink pilot signal generating unit 1313 generates a pilot signal SMTP using a pilot signal pattern of a pattern number corresponding to the same mobile station identification number as the mobile station identification number SMID in the received uplink pilot control signal SMPC. The signal multiplexer 1314 multiplexes the received downlink signal quality SMR, the pilot signal SMTP, the mobile station identification number SMID, and the position information SML, and outputs as many first to Sth uplink multiplexed signals SMM-1 to SMM-S as the transmitting antennas 915-1 to 915-S. The first to Sth modulator 913-1 to 913-S modulate the first to Sth uplink multiplexed signals SMM-1 to SMM-S, and output first to Sth transmitted uplink signals SMTX-1 to SMTX-S, respectively. The first to Sth transmitted uplink signals SMTX-1 to SMTX-S are transmitted to the base station 1200 from the first to Sth transmitting antennas 915-1 to 915-S, respectively.

Referring to FIG. 10, the wireless transmission system 1400 includes the base station 1200 and first to Mth mobile stations 1300-1 to 1300-M.

In this embodiment, the above-stated operation makes it possible for the base station 1200 to provide each mobile station with the propagation information having the positions of the mobile stations 1300-1 to 1300-M correspond to the propagation path correlations among the mobile stations 1300-1 to 1300-M at the respective positions in advance. Each mobile station can, therefore, arrive at the location for efficiently providing a good received signal quality.

Seventh Embodiment

FIG. 15 is a block diagram of a configuration of a propagation information generating unit according to the seventh embodiment of the present invention. A base station, each mobile station, and a wireless transmission system according to the seventh embodiment are the same in configuration as those shown in FIGS. 8, 9, and 10 according to the fourth embodiment, respectively.

Referring to FIG. 15, a propagation information generating unit 808A includes a quality-position correspondence information generating unit 1501, a quality-position correspondence information storage unit 1502, and a quality-position correspondence information accumulating unit 1503.

The quality-position correspondence information generating unit 1501 inputs the first to Mth received uplink signal quality information SBR-1 to SBR-M and the first to Mth received signal position information SBL-1 to SBL-M at a Wth time (where W is a natural number). In addition, the quality-position correspondence information generating unit 1501 generates Wth quality-position correspondence information SBQL having the first to Mth received signal position information SBL-1 to SBL-M correspond to the first to Mth received uplink signal quality information SBR-1 to SBR-M, respectively. The quality-position correspondence information storage unit 1502 stores the Wth quality-position correspondence information SBQL in a storage device within the quality-position correspondence information storage unit 1502. In addition, the quality-position correspondence information storage unit 1502 outputs previously generated (W−X+1)th, (W−X+2)th, . . . and (W−1)th (where X is a natural number equal to or smaller than W) quality-position correspondence information SBMQL. The quality-position correspondence information accumulating unit 1503 inputs the Wth quality-position correspondence information SBMQL and the (W−X+1)th, (W−X+2)th, . . . and (W−1)th quality-position correspondence information SBMQL, i.e., X pieces of quality-position correspondence information in all. In addition, the quality-position correspondence information accumulating unit 1503 accumulates pieces of information of combinations of maximum (X*M) pieces of position information and the received signal quality information, and averages the received signal quality information per equal position, thereby generating new quality-position accumulating information. The quality-position correspondence information accumulating unit 1503 outputs the generated new quality-position accumulating information as propagation information SBQ.

By performing the above-stated operation, if the base station can acquire the received signal quality information at a plurality of positions from one mobile station by movement of the mobile station, it is possible to generate detailed quality-position correspondence information by converting the X pieces of quality-position correspondence information generated at different times as stated above.

The propagation information generating unit 106 according to the first embodiment, the propagation information generating unit 405 according to the second embodiment, the propagation information generating unit 607 according to the third embodiment, the propagation information generating unit 1007 according to the fifth embodiment or the propagation information generating unit 1209 according to the sixth embodiment may be configured similarly to the propagation information generating unit 808A according to this embodiment.

Eighth Embodiment

The eighth embodiment of the present invention is based on the MIMO transmission method, and intended to solve the disadvantages described in the first paragraph of the fourth embodiment.

FIG. 16 is a block diagram of a configuration of a propagation information generating unit according to the eighth embodiment of the present invention. A base station, each mobile station, and a wireless transmission system according to the eighth embodiment are the same in configuration as those shown in FIGS. 8, 9, and 10 according to the fourth embodiment, respectively.

Referring to FIG. 16, a propagation information generating unit 808B includes a quality-position correspondence information generating unit 1601 and an optimum position estimating unit 1602.

In the propagation information generating unit 808B, the quality-position correspondence information generating unit 1601 inputs the first to Mth received uplink signal quality information SBR-1 to SBR-M and the first to Mth received signal position information SBL-1 to SBL-M. In addition, the quality-position correspondence information generating unit 1601 generates quality-position correspondence information SBQL having the first to Mth received signal position information SBL-1 to SBL-M correspond to the first to Mth received uplink signal quality information SBR-1 to SBR-M, respectively. The optimum position estimating unit 1602 inputs the quality-position correspondence information SBQL. In addition, the optimum position estimating unit 1602 estimates a relative positional relationship among the first to Mth mobile stations in which received signal qualities in the first to Mth mobile stations reach a value equal to or greater than Y (where Y is a real number greater than zero) based on a relative positional relationship among the first to Mth mobile stations and the first to Mth received signal quality information SBR-1 to SBR-M. Further, the optimum position estimating unit 1602 outputs directions and distances for moving the first to Mth mobile stations as propagation information SBQ.

An instance in which the number M of mobile stations is four, and in which the optimum position estimating unit 1602 estimates first to Mth pieces of optimum position information will next be described with reference to FIGS. 17 and 18.

FIG. 17 shows an example of plotting the relative positional relationship among the first to fourth mobile stations and the first to fourth received signal quality information SBL-1 to SBL-4 based on data on the quality-position correspondence information SBQL. In the example of FIG. 17, the first and second mobile stations are proximate to each other and a correlation between the first and second mobile stations is high. Due to this, the first and second received signal quality information SBR-1 and SBR-2 such as the received signal powers or the ratios of the received signal powers to interference powers are lower than the third and fourth received signal quality information SBR-3 and SBR-4.

In this case, the optimum position estimating unit 1602 estimates an intermediate point of a line that connects the mobile station (second mobile station) closer to the mobile station (third mobile station) for providing a highest received signal quality to the third mobile station as an optimum point. In addition, the optimum position estimating unit 1602 calculates a direction and a distance from the second mobile station to the optimum point, and notifies the second mobile station of the calculated direction and distance as the propagation information SBQ. The second mobile station displays the propagation information SBQ.

The above-stated operation makes it possible to reduce the correlation between the first and second mobile stations and to improve the received signal qualities in the first and second mobile stations by moving the second mobile station to a position indicated by the propagation information SBQ as shown in FIG. 18. It is noted that the optimum position estimating unit 1602 needs to select, as a location to which the second mobile station is moved, a location that does not greatly influence the received signal qualities in the third and fourth mobile stations in which relatively high received signal qualities are provided.

The propagation information generating unit 1007 according to the fifth embodiment or the propagation information generating unit 1209 according to the sixth embodiment may be configured similarly to the propagation information generating unit 808B according to this embodiment.

Ninth Embodiment

The ninth embodiment of the present invention is based on the MIMO transmission method, and intended to solve the disadvantages described in the first paragraph of the fourth embodiment.

FIG. 19 is a block diagram of a configuration of a display information calculating unit 906 in each mobile station according to the ninth embodiment of the present invention. A base station, each mobile station, and a wireless transmission system according to the ninth embodiment are the same in configuration as those shown in FIGS. 8, 9, and 10 according to the fourth embodiment, respectively. This embodiment is based on the seventh embodiment.

Referring to FIG. 19, the display information calculating unit 906 includes a propagation information analyzing unit 1901 and an optimum position selecting unit 1902.

In the display information calculating unit 906, the propagation information analyzing unit 1901 inputs the propagation information SMF. In addition, the propagation information analyzing unit 1901 generates map information by mapping information having first to maximum-order (X*M) received signal position information included in the propagation information SMF correspond to first to maximum-order (X*M) received uplink signal quality information, respectively. Further, the propagation information analyzing unit 1901 outputs data obtained by plotting the first to Mth position information at the Wth time on a map, as analysis information SMFs.

The optimum position selecting unit 1902 inputs the analysis information SMFS, and determines a location at which the other mobile stations are not present nearby in an area in which a required received signal quality is attained, as an optimum moving position. In addition, the optimum position selecting unit 1902 calculates a direction of and a distance to the optimum moving position from a position of the mobile station, and outputs the calculated direction and distance as the terminal display information SMCA.

An instance in which the number M of mobile stations is four, and in which the display information calculating unit 906 in the second mobile station selects the optimum moving position will next be described with reference to FIGS. 20 and 21.

FIG. 20 shows an example of a map which is generated from information having the first to maximum-order (X*4) received signal position information SBL-1 to SBL-M included in the propagation information SMF correspond to the first to maximum-order (X*4) received uplink signal quality information SBR-1 to SBR-M, and which represents received signal qualities. FIG. 20 also shows position information on the first to fourth mobile stations. In the example of FIG. 20, the first and second mobile stations are proximate to each other and a correlation between the first and second mobile stations is high. Due to this, the first and second received signal quality information SBR-1 and SBR-2 such as the received signal powers or the ratios of the received signal powers to interference powers are lower than the third and fourth received signal quality information SBR-3 and SBR-4.

In this case, if the received signal qualities do not depend on the relative positional relationship among the mobile stations, the received signal qualities of the first and second mobile stations can be improved from 0.1 to 0.9 by moving the second mobile station to an area indicating the received signal quality of 0.9. However, if the correlations among the mobile stations depending on the relative positional relationship among the mobile stations are used as the received signal qualities, then the correlation between the second and fourth mobile station is increased, and the received signal qualities of the second and fourth mobile stations are degraded by moving the second mobile station to the location proximate to the fourth mobile station. Considering this, it is desirable that the second mobile station is moved to a location farthest from the fourth mobile station within the area indicating the received signal quality of 0.9. Accordingly, the optimum position selecting unit 1902 notifies the second mobile station to be moved in an arrow direction shown in FIG. 21.

The above-stated operation makes it possible to efficiently move each mobile station to the location at which the received signal quality is improved by showing positions of the other mobile stations on the map that represents the received signal quality information. In this embodiment, the direction and the distance for moving the mobile station to the determined location are indicated by an arrow on a terminal in the second mobile station. Alternatively, by displaying only the map shown in FIG. 20 (excluding the arrow), a user of the terminal can determine the location to which the mobile terminal is moved. Further, by allowing the propagation information generating unit of the base station to perform the same operation, the base station can determine the location to which the mobile station is moved.

The display information calculating unit 1106 according to the fifth embodiment or the display information calculating unit 1306 according to the sixth embodiment may be configured similarly to the display information calculating unit 906 according to this embodiment.

The ninth embodiment exhibits the following advantages.

Similarly to the first to the third embodiments, if the received signal quality information includes the received signal powers, and the received signal powers do not depend on the relative positional relationship among the mobile stations, the received signal power in each mobile station can be improved by moving the mobile station to the location displayed by the propagation information and providing a good received signal power.

Similarly to the fourth to the sixth embodiments, the following advantages can be exhibited even if a plurality of mobile stations transmit signals with the same frequency at the same time, and the received signal qualities in the respective mobile stations are changed according to the relative positional relationship among the mobile stations. The base station provides each mobile station with the information indicating the propagation path correlations among the mobile stations and the relative positional relationship among the mobile stations as the propagation information in advance. Each mobile station can thereby confirm whether the propagation path correlations cause the reduction in transmission rate. Therefore, each mobile station can be efficiently moved to the location indicating a low propagation path correlation or the location at which the other mobile stations are not present nearby, for which a low propagation path correlation can be predicted, and which provides a good received signal quality, so as to improve the transmission rate.

Referenced by
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Classifications
U.S. Classification455/67.11
International ClassificationH04B17/00, H04W16/18, H04W24/04
Cooperative ClassificationH04W24/04, H04W16/18
European ClassificationH04W24/04, H04W16/18
Legal Events
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Jun 13, 2006ASAssignment
Owner name: NEC CORPORATION, JAPAN
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:KOYANAGI, KENJI;REEL/FRAME:017993/0792
Effective date: 20060605