|Publication number||US2006070 A|
|Publication date||Jun 25, 1935|
|Filing date||Jan 8, 1934|
|Priority date||Jan 8, 1934|
|Publication number||US 2006070 A, US 2006070A, US-A-2006070, US2006070 A, US2006070A|
|Inventors||Di Stasio Joseph|
|Original Assignee||Di Stasio Joseph|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (19), Classifications (6)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
June 25, 1935. J. Dl sTAslo 2,006,070
' BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONv Filed Jan. 8, 1934 2 Sheets-Sheet l J. Dl STASIO BUILDING'coNsTRUcTIoN Jun 25, 1935.
2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filedv Jan. 8, 11934 Zd Z3 Patented June 25, 1935 UNITED STATES 4PATENT OFFICE 2,006,070
BUILDING CONSTRUCTION Joseph Di Stasio, Newark, N. J. Application January 8, 1934, Serial No. 705,754.
This invention relates to new and useful improvements in building structures of the monolithic type, and while with modification, it may be adapted to use in connection with buildings of 5 the larger type, it particularly lends itself to the erection of buildings of the smaller type such as dwellings, multiple family houses, and the like.
The buildings referred to are of the monolithic type and are, when completed, suitably reinforced to withstand the strains and stresses to which they may be subjected in actual use.
An object of the invention is to provide a novel reproof construction and methodof erection which vwill materially reducel the material and labor necessary in the erection of such structures and thereby materially reduce the cost of the iinished building.
In actual practice, I- follow to a certain extent the ordinarymethod of construction of monolithic buildings in that I employ a metal framework about which thel monolithic structure is formed. The present invention differs, however, in many respects from the methods and constructions generally vemployed and particularly it differs from common practices in that the metal framework which I'employ, forms the major reinforcement of the nished structure.
A feature ofthe invention resides in the use of a relatively thin light metal inthe construction of the metal framework, the metal whichI employ being of such character that in buildings of the afore-mentioned type as ordinarily constructed, its use would be prohibitive.
A further feature of the invention resides in a novel construction of metal framework which', although it is a permanent structure, serves the purposes of forms for the molding of the monolithic structure, and thereby eliminates the labor incident to the tearing' down of the forms after the completion ofthe building as well as the loss incident to the waste of material employed in erecting forms.
Still a further feature of the invention resides in a novel constructidn of metal framework whereby reinforcing elements, other than the metal framework itself and'its component parts may be entirely dispensed with.
Other features of the invention rela tain novel and improved constructionsirrangements and combinations of parts hereinafter described, and particularly pointedv out in the claims. the advantages of which will be readily understood and appreciated by those skilled in Y The invention will be understood from the acto cercompanying drawings illustrating the invention in its preferred form and the following detailed description of the constructions therein shown.
In the drawings,
Figure 1 is a fragmentary sectional perspec- 5 tive view of a section or portion of a building constructed in accordance with the present invention,
Figure 2 is a horizontal sectional view partly broken away and taken substantially on the line 2 2 of Figure 1.
Figure 3 is a vertical sectional view taken substantially on the line 3-3 of Figure 2,
Figure 4 is a detail vertical sectional view taken longitudinally of`-one of the beams and transversely of the adjacent column,
Figure 5 is a transverse sectional view taken on the line 5-5 of Figure 1,
Figure 6 is a detail perspective view of one of the elements employed in the joining of a. beam 20 member of the metal framework to one of the column members thereof, Figure 7 is a detail perspective view of a fastening means employed in securing a wall structure to the monolithic structure, l
Figure 8 is a top plan View of a partition column member, showing the several Vpartition beam members extending therefrom and the means employed to attach them thereto,
Figure 9 is a detail sectional view of a slightly 30 modified form ofthe invention, and;
Figure 10 is a detail perspective view of the construction illustrated in Figure 9.
In the present embodiment of the invention, the metal framework is designated broadly by the 36 reference character A. This metal framework A consists of vertical columns B, girder or spandrel sections C and beam sections D.
The several elements which go to make up the framework are constructed of relatively thin light 40 metal and are so constructed and arranged as to receive and contain concrete or other plastic compositions frorn which the'building is to be constructed. Another important feature of `construction of this framework consists of so shaping the elements thereof that in addition to providing molds for the shaping of the monolithic structure, the several elements thereof become a permanent part of the monolithic structure and provide the reinforcing elements of the said monolithic structure. l
By reference to the drawings, it will be noted that there are two types of column elements in the frame structure. In Figure 1, there is shown a construction which particularly lendsv itself to y garages and similar structures.
which has a right angular end 15, and a projecting lug 16. As best illustrated in Figure 2 of the drawings, these clip-like members pass through openings 18, in the side walls of the column elements and engage the inwardly turned portions 19, thereof, as illustrated at 80, in said Figure 2. If, now, the wedges 12, be positioned, it will be seen that through the medium of the clip-like members 14, the wallv facing elements 65, will be secured to the column elements, and further, that after the monolithic structure is formed, these clip-like members will be anchored to the mold body which forms the columns of the nished structure.
In Figure 8, I have shown a form of the invention in which the several beam elements are adapted to partition carrying columns. In Figure 8, these columns are designated 80', the beaming element being designated 8l. The fastening elements which in this figure are designated 82, are continuous in that they extend clear across the column element. They are each provided with a lug 83, which is adapted to engage the column element and each has three openings for the reception of Wedges 84, which act in a manner similar to the wedge 49, heretofore described. The openings in the column elements through which these members pass may be arranged in groups at different levels or the members themselves may be slightly bent to cross one another within the column as shown in said Figure 8.
In some instances it may be desirable to add strength tothe finished structure and in the modified form of the invention, as illustrated in Figures 9 and 10, this added strength is provided by means of a member 90, which is adapted to pass through registered openings 9|, in the sidewall of the column elements and the adjacent end wall of the girder or beaming elements. This member 9B, is provided with a notch 92, and with a projecting lug 93. The openings 9 I, heretofore described, are of inverted T-shape and as the reinforcing element 90, is passed into the openings 9|, the projection or lug 93, will engage the wall of the column element to limit move- Ament of the reinforcing element 90. When the projection or lug 93, engages the column element, the notch 92, will ,register with the upper Iedge of the slot 9|, and if the wedge 95, now be inserted into the portion 9B, of the slot 9i, thereinforcing element 90, will be forced upwardly so that its notch 92,receives the end edge 94,0f the slot 9 I, to lock the reinforcing element 90, against movement. When the plastic material is lled into the column, girder and b eam elements, thev reinforcing element 90, will be embedded, thus serving its purpose.
From the foregoing it will be apparent that the present invention provides a new and novel construction and arrangement of parts which particularly lends itself to the construcion of relatively light buildings, such as dwelling houses, It will also be noted that while the metallic framework is in itself incapable of use in the ordinary manner.
of building, it is of sufficient strength to provide for its erection and also to serve as reinforcing' elements for the 4finished monolithic structure in such a manner that reinforcing elements as they are commonly known and employed such as bolts, rivets, bars, beams, rods and the like may be dispensed with, thus merely reducing the material and labor necessary in the erection of a -building and thereby materially decreasing the finished cost thereof.
claimed-as new and what it is desired to secure by Letters Patent of the United States, is:
1. In a structure of the type described, a hollow metallic column member adapted to receive plastic molding material, said column being provided with openings in its` side walls, supporting projections struck from the side walls of said hollow columns, hollow metallic beam members having closed ends provided with openings adapted for registration with the openings in the columns when the beam members are in position thereon, means projecting from the sides of said column members for supporting the beam members in position, means passing through the registered openings in columns and the closed ends of the beam members for securing the beam members to the column members, said last mentioned means comprising strips of metal extending substantially into the column members and into the beam members for anchoring in the plastic material, aprojection on each strip, an opening through each strip, and a wedge member through the opening of the strip to clamp the column member and the beam member, between the wedge and the projection on the fastening means. l
2. In a structure of the type described, a hollow metallic column member adapted to receive plastic molding material, said column being provided with openings in its side walls, supporting projections struck from the side walls of said hollow columns, hollow metallic beam members having closed ends provided with openings adapted for registration with the openings in the columns when the beam members are in position thereon, means projecting from the sides of said column members for supporting the beam members in position, means passing through the registered openings in columns and the closed ends of the beam members for securing the beam members to the column members, said last mentioned means comprising strips of metal extending into the column members and into the beamY members, a projection on each strip, an opening through each strip, and a Wedge member through the opening of the strip to clamp the column member and the beam member between the wedge and the projection on the fastening means with the ends -of said fastening means projecting into the column and beam members and imbedded in the plastic material to form reinforcing elements for the finished monolithic ing openings Vregistering with the openings in said ends of the beams hav-A material ber, o wedge insertcbieA in the opening from the columns, means passing through the registered openings in the columns and the ends of the beams for securing the beam members to the column members, seid last named ineens comprising strips oi metal extending substantially into the respective members for anchoring in the plastic motorini, e, projection on each strip, seid strip also ineving an opening, and e, wedge member inserted through seid opening of the strip to cierne the column and the beam between the wedge ond the projection of the festeningl means. y
4. fr building structure comprising el framework formed of o, plurality of hollow, metallic elements, interengeging ineens on the elements for supporting theseme in assembled position, a, plastic molding composition poured into the elements, and o combined fastening and reinforcing member for securing a pair of the hollow elements together and including a, projection struck from an intermediate portion of the meme,ooe,o7o v ,f which the projection isV struck, seid projection and wedge cooperating to clamp the pnir of hollow elements together and, said fastening member extending into the composition in each of the hollow elements a substantial distance to form o reinforcement for the composition.
5. n building structure comprising e fromework formed of .e plurality of hollow, metallic elements, intergaging means on the elements for supporting the same in assembled position, a plastic molding composition poured into the hollow elements, and o combined fastening and retive hollow elements and imbedded in the plastic 20 composition to reinforce the same.
JOSEPH DI STASIO.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2523920 *||Feb 7, 1946||Sep 26, 1950||Piatt Jesse B||Reinforced wall structure|
|US2547347 *||Sep 28, 1945||Apr 3, 1951||Clarence A Stoldt||Attachment of preformed blocks to wall studs|
|US2871544 *||Aug 19, 1955||Feb 3, 1959||Youtz Philip N||Method of erecting buildings|
|US3017723 *||Mar 17, 1958||Jan 23, 1962||Von Heidenstam Erik Johan||Lift-slab construction of buildings|
|US3065831 *||Apr 24, 1959||Nov 27, 1962||Armco Steel Corp||Panel for curtain walls|
|US3218767 *||May 19, 1960||Nov 23, 1965||Owens Illinois Glass Co||Poured double-walled structures|
|US3320704 *||May 21, 1964||May 23, 1967||Nat Rolling Mills Co||Roof deck and method of construction|
|US3416273 *||Nov 6, 1964||Dec 17, 1968||Elcon Ag||Plural-storey prefabricated buildings|
|US3763613 *||Jan 14, 1970||Oct 9, 1973||Wise H||Composite concrete construction of two-way slabs and flat slabs|
|US4125973 *||Mar 28, 1977||Nov 21, 1978||Realsources, Inc.||Form assembly for building framework|
|US5050358 *||Aug 1, 1990||Sep 24, 1991||Vladislavic Neven I||Structural members and building frames|
|US5586418 *||Jun 30, 1993||Dec 24, 1996||Rautaruukki Oy||Composite construction of reinforced concrete|
|US5657597 *||Apr 11, 1995||Aug 19, 1997||Environmental Building Technology, Ltd.||Building construction method|
|US5704181 *||Apr 13, 1995||Jan 6, 1998||Fisher; Daniel G.||Dissymetric beam construction|
|US6442908 *||Apr 26, 2000||Sep 3, 2002||Peter A. Naccarato||Open web dissymmetric beam construction|
|US6922949 *||Apr 18, 2003||Aug 2, 2005||Steelcase Development Corporation||Furniture system|
|US20030200704 *||Apr 18, 2003||Oct 30, 2003||Steelcase Development Corporation||Furniture system|
|WO1980000723A1 *||Sep 28, 1978||Apr 17, 1980||Realsources Inc||Form assembly for building frame work|
|WO1994001636A1 *||Jun 30, 1993||Jan 20, 1994||Rautaruukki Oy||Composition construction with armoured concrete|
|U.S. Classification||52/259, 52/432, 52/483.1|