Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.


  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS20070055884 A1
Publication typeApplication
Application numberUS 11/359,756
Publication dateMar 8, 2007
Filing dateFeb 21, 2006
Priority dateMay 19, 1999
Also published asUS20090125475
Publication number11359756, 359756, US 2007/0055884 A1, US 2007/055884 A1, US 20070055884 A1, US 20070055884A1, US 2007055884 A1, US 2007055884A1, US-A1-20070055884, US-A1-2007055884, US2007/0055884A1, US2007/055884A1, US20070055884 A1, US20070055884A1, US2007055884 A1, US2007055884A1
InventorsGeoffrey Rhoads
Original AssigneeRhoads Geoffrey B
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
User control and activation of watermark enabled objects
US 20070055884 A1
Methods and systems for associating watermark enabled objects with machine behaviors. Machine behaviors refer to actions by devices or systems in response to a triggering event. Examples of these behaviors include fetching a web page, opening an email client to send an email to a specific person, initiating a phone or video conference call, etc. A registration system enables users to associate machine behaviors with objects through a watermark embedded in the objects. The decoding of the watermark initiates a process for triggering the machine behaviors associated with the watermarked object. While the disclosure describes an implementation for stickers as a class of watermark enabled objects, the system and related methods apply to other forms of watermark enabled objects, including both electronic and physical objects.
Previous page
Next page
1. A watermark enabled object associated with a machine behavior via a watermark embedded in the object, wherein the machine behavior is triggered in response to decoding the watermark in the object wherein the object is a sticker, and the watermark is embedded into an image printed on the stocker by altering the image to hide machine readable data in the image.
2. A watermark enable object associated with a machine behavior via a watermark embedded in the object, wherein the machine behavior is triggered in response to decoding the watermark in the object; wherein the object is a prop in a computer game, and the prop supplies information to the computer game by conveying the information in a message embedded in a watermark on the prop.
3. A watermark enabled object associated with a machine behavior via a watermark embedded in the object, wherein the machine behavior is triggered in response to decoding the watermark in the object; wherein the object has two or more facets, each facet being embedded with a different watermark message used to control a game.
4. The object of claim 2 wherein the message includes an index to a database entry where information for controlling the game is stored.
5. A watermark enabled object associated with a machine behavior via a watermark embedded in the object, wherein the machine behavior is triggered in response to decoding the watermark in the object; wherein the machine behavior includes launching an email program and an email directed to a destination associated with the object via the watermark.
6. A watermark enabled object associated with a machine behavior via a watermark embedded in the object, wherein the machine behavior is triggered in response to decoding the watermark in the object; wherein the machine behavior includes launching an Internet chat session.
7. A watermark enabled object associated with a machine behavior via a watermark embedded in the object, wherein the machine behavior is triggered in response to decoding the watermark in the object, wherein the machine behavior includes placing a telephone call to a destination associated with the object.
  • [0001]
    This patent application is a division of U.S. patent application Ser. No. 09/690,773, filed Oct. 17, 2000 (now U.S. Pat. No. 7,003,731), which is a continuation in part of U.S. patent application Ser. No. 09/633,587, filed Aug. 7, 2000, which is a continuation in part of U.S. patent application Ser. No. 09/343,104, filed Jun. 29, 1999. U.S. patent application Ser. No. 09/343,104 claims priority from U.S. Provisional Application No. 60/134,782, filed May 19, 1999. U.S. patent application Ser. No. 09/690,773 is also a continuation in part of U.S. patent application Ser. No. 09/571,422, filed May 15, 2000, which claims priority to U.S. Provisional Application No. 60/134,782, filed May 19, 1999. These patent applications are hereby incorporated by reference.
  • [0002]
    The subject matter of the present application is related to that disclosed in U.S. Pat. No. 5,862,260, and in co-pending application Ser. No. 09/503,881, filed Feb. 14, 2000, which are hereby incorporated by reference.
  • [0003]
    The invention relates to multimedia signal processing, and in particular relates to hiding auxiliary information in media signals like audio, video and image signals.
  • [0004]
    Digital watermarking is a process for modifying physical or electronic media to embed a machine-readable code into the media. The media may be modified such that the embedded code is imperceptible or nearly imperceptible to the user, yet may be detected through an automated detection process. Most commonly, digital watermarking is applied to media signals such as images, audio signals, and video signals. However, it may also be applied to other types of media objects, including documents (e.g., through line, word or character shifting), software, multi-dimensional graphics models, and surface textures of objects.
  • [0005]
    Digital watermarking systems typically have two primary components: an encoder that embeds the watermark in a host media signal, and a decoder that detects and reads the embedded watermark from a signal suspected of containing a watermark (a suspect signal). The encoder embeds a watermark by altering the host media signal. The reading component analyzes a suspect signal to detect whether a watermark is present. In applications where the watermark encodes information, the reader extracts this information from the detected watermark.
  • [0006]
    Several particular watermarking techniques have been developed. The reader is presumed to be familiar with the literature in this field. Particular techniques for embedding and detecting imperceptible watermarks in media signals are detailed in the assignee's co-pending application Ser. No. 09/503,881 and U.S. Pat. No. 5,862,260, which are hereby incorporated by reference.
  • [0007]
    The invention provides methods and systems for associating watermark enabled objects with machine behaviors. In this context, machine behaviors refer to actions by devices or systems in response to a triggering event. Examples of these behaviors include fetching a web page, opening an email client to send an email to a specific person, initiating a phone or video conference call, etc. In the detailed description to follow, a watermark system enables users to associate machine behaviors with objects through a watermark embedded in the objects. The decoding of the watermark initiates a process for triggering the machine behaviors associated with the watermarked object. While the detailed description focuses on an implementation for stickers as a class of watermark enabled objects, the system and related methods apply to other forms of watermark enabled objects.
  • [0008]
    Further features will become apparent with reference to the following detailed description and accompanying drawings.
  • [0009]
    FIG. 1 is a system diagram depicting a system for associating watermark enabled objects with machine behaviors, and for triggering those behaviors in response to decoding watermarks.
  • [0010]
    FIG. 2 is a diagram depicting a variant of the system shown in FIG. 1 showing system components for enabling users to perform watermark identifier registration and embedding.
  • [0011]
    The following description details a system and related methods for associating watermark enabled objects with machine behaviors. To illustrate the system, the description focuses on an example of watermark enabled stickers. As noted, the system applies more broadly to watermarking both physical and electronic objects. In particular, aspects of the system may be used for watermarking media signals like images, video and audio, as well as applying watermarks to physical objects. Watermarks may be applied to physical objects by placing a watermarked image on a physical object, by modulating the surface topology of the object, etc. See U.S. Pat. No. 5,862,260, for more information about watermark embedding of and decoding from physical and electronic objects.
  • [0012]
    Stickers in all their varieties have found an enduring place in our society. From the workplace (Post-ItŪ brand message notes), to kids in a classroom, stickers have an inherent value associated with them, whether it be functional (seals, labels, etc.) or just to identify yourself with a particular affinity group (bumper stickers on cars). By placing a watermark on stickers they can be used in novel ways. By encoding a set of stickers with a watermark during production, specific machine behaviors can be assigned to them. These behaviors can be associated or even possibly changed by anyone from the manufacturer through the distributor, all the way to the end-user. In addition, the users can create their own watermark enabled stickers by creating an image, embedding a watermark in it, and associating the watermark with one or more machine behaviors.
  • [0013]
    These behaviors may include, but are not limited to the following:
      • Taking the user to a web-site linked to the watermark via a network address of the web-site or index to the network address.
      • Opening an email client to email to a specific person (e.g., a person whose email address is stored in the machine behavior description associated with the watermark).
      • Launching the user into an Interframe Relay Chat (IRC) session that other people with the same sticker can participate in.
      • Authenticating the user as part of a process of accessing a network resource, such as account information or access to a computer network.
      • Authentication the user in an electronic commerce transaction performed on a computer network.
      • Sending an electronic card.
      • Placing a phone or video-conference call.
      • As props in a computer game. For example, the prop is a multi-sided, or multi-faceted object, where each side or facet has a watermarked image conveying a different message used to control the game. The computer game includes a watermark decoder for extracting the messages from image frames captured of the prop. The message may directly carry the message or act as an index to a more detailed game instruction in a database, such as an instruction that changes over time based on changes to the corresponding database entry by the user or game manufacturer.
      • As a visual aide for disabled users.
      • Anywhere where machine vision is not feasible.
  • [0024]
    In each of the above applications, the watermark carries information that links the watermarked object (e.g., sticker) with a machine behavior. To trigger this behavior, a watermark decoder application captures an image or images of the watermarked sticker, extracts the watermark, and uses information embedded in the watermark to determine the associated machine behavior. The watermark decoder then takes action to initiate the machine behavior associated with the watermark.
  • [0025]
    For some applications, it is useful to enable the user to control the behavior associated with a watermarked object. This type of management may be handled by creating accounts for users and providing access to the accounts via some authentication method (email, passwords, etc.). For a number of reasons, these access methods can be problematic (losing passwords, asking kids for their email addresses, etc.). As an alternative, watermarks may be used to manage the process of associating behaviors with a watermarked object.
  • [0026]
    For example, in the scenario where a user wants to assign behaviors to a set of watermarked stickers they have received, they can hold up the first sticker (or its packaging), and be taken to a registration application to activate the stickers in the pack.
  • [0027]
    FIG. 1 is a system diagram depicting a system for associating watermark enabled objects with machine behaviors, and for triggering those behaviors in response to decoding watermarks. The system depicted in FIG. 1 is implemented on a computer network, namely, the Internet. The user accesses the system via a computer 100 connected to the Internet. The computer broadly encompasses a variety of devices, such as Personal Computers, set-top boxes, personal digital assistants, Internet appliances, set-top boxes, telephones (including wireless devices), audio and video players, and imaging devices (CCD or CMOS cameras, camcorders, printers, fax machines, copiers, etc.). The computer is connected to an image capture device 102, such as a PC camera or scanner, and includes watermark decoder software for decoding watermarks from images captured from the image capture device.
  • [0028]
    The system architecture shown in FIG. 1 includes a system (106) for managing the process of assigning behaviors to watermarked objects as well as a database management system (108) for initiating behaviors in response to decoding watermarks from the objects. These two systems may be integrated or implemented separately. In the application depicted here, the registration system and database management system are accessible via a network interface using standard network technology, including HTML, XML, and TCP/IP. A watermark embedding system has previously embedded watermarks carrying watermark identifiers into stickers. The stickers (or packages of them) also include a registration identifier used to activate the behaviors associated with them.
  • [0029]
    The registration system maintains a registration database including records of the registration identifiers and corresponding watermark identifiers. The registration identifiers are serialized numbers corresponding to the watermarked stickers or packages of them. The watermark identifiers are a form of object identifiers that are encoded into the watermarks on the corresponding stickers. The registration system maintains a registration database 110 of data records indicating the watermark identifiers associated with each registration identifier. When a user selects a behavior to be associated with a watermarked object via the registration system, the registration system sends an update 112 to a behavior database 114 specifying the behavior to be associated with a corresponding watermark identifier. In response, the database management system 108 updates its database to include a record that indicates the behavior associated with a particular watermark identifier.
  • [0030]
    The database management system 108 is also responsible for supporting machine behavior associated with a watermarked sticker in response to detection of the watermark on the sticker. It has a network interface for communicating with other computers over the Internet. In particular, it receives requests in the form of an XML packet from a watermark decoding computer, extracts a watermark identifier from the packet and looks up the associated behavior or behaviors in the behavior database. It then initiates the associated behavior. The details of how this behavior is carried out depend on the application and type of behavior.
  • [0031]
    In a typical registration process, the user accesses the registration system via a registration web site, which presents an HTML interface to the users' computers. The user may fetch the HTML pages of this interface using an Internet browser or application program, like the watermark decoder application executing on the computer 100. This interface enables the user to enter a registration identifier to start a process of associating behaviors with watermark identifiers embedded in watermarked stickers. In response to a registration identifier, the registration system returns a page that enables the user to specify the behavior. In the case where the behavior is linking a watermarked sticker to a web site, the user specifies the network address of the web site, such as a URL or IP address. In the case where the behavior is linking a watermarked sticker to an email message, the user specifies the email address of the email recipient.
  • [0032]
    As noted above, there are many other types of watermark enabled behaviors. They can be classified as providing information to the watermark decoding computer, launching some software program or machine action, or a combination of both. Table 1 below gives some examples of behaviors, and the related information and actions.
    TABLE 1
    Behavior Information Returned Associated Machine
    Type to Decoding Computer or Software Actions
    linking to URL, web page launching browser on client
    web site to fetch/render web page at
    opening an email address of launching email client and
    email client target recipient populating address field
    with target recipient
    starting a address of chat launching chat application
    chat session session (watermarks on the stickers
    can be designed such that
    only those holding the
    stickers can gain access
    to the chat session, each
    by showing the sticker to
    his or her watermark decoder
    enabled camera)
    accessing address of account launching of browser appli-
    account information cation to access account
    information information through a web
    or other interface; supplying user
    network authentication information
    resources from watermarked object
    and/or from user (user
    password, user name, log
    on, etc.)
    sending an card template launching client application
    electronic to enable the user to design
    card the card and add personal
    message, launching email ap-
    plication to send electronic
    card (or link to electronic
    placing a phone number or launching application to
    phone or IP address of initiate phone call over
    video con- destination the internet or telephone
    ference network
    props in an identifier of prop, game application receives
    interactive and possibly other prop and context information
    computer context information, and responds accordingly
    game such as game player
    holding the prop, etc.
    visual returns information browser, or other media
    aid for in the form of player applications render
    disabled graphics, audio, or the information (such as
    users video (may provide the streaming media) on
    address of audio or the decoding computer
    video content at an
    audio or video server
    on the Internet)
    machine machine instruction machine or software executes
    control instruction
  • [0033]
    For a given application, the registration system provides information to the user to enable the user to select the behavior and provide pertinent information, such as URL, IP address, phone number, email address, content file (e.g., audio, image or video file), etc. The registration system formulates a description of the behavior, associates it with the watermark identifier specified by the user, and creates an update 112 to the behavior database.
  • [0034]
    The user then uses the stickers or shares them with friends. To trigger the behavior of a sticker, a user captures an image of the sticker with an image capture device 102 using a watermark decoder application 104 executing on the computer 100. The watermark decoder extracts the watermark identifier from a watermark embedded in the image on the sticker. It then sends the watermark identifier to the database management system 108 via the Internet, which in turn, looks up the associated behavior. The database management system then triggers the associated behavior by sending information, or instructions back to the decoding computer. The decoding computer renders the information, and launches a software or other machine action associated with the instructions returned from the database. The database need not be implemented in a remote computer. For example, the database may be implemented in the watermark decoding computer or device.
  • [0035]
    As an enhancement to the registration process, objects may carry watermarks that automatically link the user to the registration web site. For example, one side of the sticker 116 or its packaging 118 may contain a watermark with the network address or an index to a network address of the registration web site. The user shows this part of the sticker or packaging to the image capture device. The watermark decoder extracts the watermark and looks up the network address in the behavior database, and launches a browser to fetch the registration web site. The watermark may also carry the registration identifier. In this case, the registration web site can tailor the web page returned to the user to be specific to the watermarked object. If the user or someone else previously associated a behavior with the sticker, the registration web site returns the current status associated with the registration identifier and the behaviors associated with the watermarked objects linked to that registration identifier. To get detailed information about particular watermarked objects during the registration process, the user can show the watermarked object to a camera, and use a watermark decoder to extract the watermark identifier and supply it to the registration system. In response, the registration system takes the watermark identifier, queries the behavior database via the database management system, and returns a description of the associated behaviors. This approach provides a simple and automated process of activating watermark enabled objects.
  • [0036]
    For more information about an object identifier registration system and system for linking objects with machine behaviors, see U.S. patent application Ser. No. 09/571,422, which is hereby incorporated by reference.
  • [0037]
    In some applications, the user may wish to create his or her own watermarked objects. FIG. 2 illustrates a system that enables users to assign watermark identifiers to corresponding behaviors and objects and update the behavior database. In this particular system, the user's computer includes a watermark embedder application (120). However, the embedder application may be implemented on a separate computer, such as a server on the Internet accessible via a client application on the user's computer 100. In the former case, the user embeds the watermark into the desired image content on his computer. In the latter case, the client supplies the image content to the server, which performs watermark embedding and returns watermarked images to the client. In both cases, the watermarked objects are created by printing the watermarked images on objects.
  • [0038]
    The process begins when an embedder 120 creates a registration request. In the system shown in FIG. 2, the embedder 120 is a software application running on the computer 100. The embedder formulates the request in a request file. The system provides a template for the request file. The request file specifies the number of watermark identifiers requested and the names of the media files to be embedded. The file may also specify the behaviors to be associated with each watermark identifier. Alternatively, the user can specify the behaviors to be associated with the watermark identifier at a later time using the methods described in this document. In the case where embedding is performed on a server as opposed to the user's computer, the request file may also include the media file (e.g., an image file) carrying the content to be embedded with the watermark identifier.
  • [0039]
    Next, the embedder connects, via a network connection, to the registration system 106. In particular, it connects to a registration web site via an Internet connection. This web site requests the embedder's username and password to authenticate it.
  • [0040]
    The user enters his username and password via a user interface displayed on the PC 100 and submits them to the web site for authentication.
  • [0041]
    Upon authentication, the registration website 106 returns an HTML page presenting the embedder with a user interface screen that allows the user to locate the embedder's registration request file for uploading to the web site. The user then enters a command to instruct the embedder to upload the selected request file.
  • [0042]
    The embedder provides the information required to locate the file on the embedder's computer and submits it for upload.
  • [0043]
    The registration request file is uploaded into a registration loader program 122.
  • [0044]
    The registration loader 122 performs a quick scan of the uploaded registration request file and reports back to the embedder any errors in format that it detects. If there are errors, the file is not processed.
  • [0045]
    If the registration request file is properly formatted, the embedder receives a confirmation from the registration website 106 that the request file has been successfully uploaded and will be submitted for processing by the registration loader 122.
  • [0046]
    The embedder may now either submit a new registration request file or logoff of the registration web site 106.
  • [0047]
    The registration loader 122 uses the information contained in the embedder's uploaded registration request file to automatically allocate (register) watermark identifiers in a registration database 110. The identifiers are in the form of serial numbers. Once this process is completed, the registration loader 122 initiates a request to a registration extractor 124 for these new registration entries.
  • [0048]
    Upon receipt of a request, the registration extractor 124 accesses the registration database 110 and creates embedder control files for each of these new registered watermark identifiers (e.g., serial numbers).
  • [0049]
    Upon completion of this process, the registration extractor 124 process sends the embedder control file(s) back to the embedder via Internet e-mail. In the event that the embedder is server based, the extractor sends the control file(s) (or a pointer to them) to the embedder server 126, which may be integrated with the registration system or implemented at a different Internet site. The extractor 124 also sends an update 128 to the behavior database 114 to create database records associating each of the watermark identifier with a behavior.
  • [0050]
    Once the embedder 120 has received the embedder control file(s), it uses these file(s), along with the media file(s) (in this case, image files) and a set of embedding instructions to the embedder 120 to instruct the embedder to automatically embed the list of watermark serial numbers included in the embedder control file(s) into the listed media files, producing a set of watermark-embedded media files. In the case where the embedder is server based, the client executing on the PC 100 uploads the media files to be embedded to the embedder server, either directly or as part of the registration process (e.g., as part of the request file). The embedder server then returns the watermarked files to the computer 100 via e-mail or other network file transfer protocol.
  • [0051]
    For detailed disclosure describing how to embed watermarks in media signals, including images, audio, and video, see U.S. Pat. No. 5,862,260, and co-pending application Ser. No. 09/503,881, filed Feb. 14, 2000, incorporated above.
  • [0052]
    The embedder may create watermarked objects by printing watermarked images on objects, such as stickers, documents, etc. The embedder sends the watermarked image to a printer 128, which in turn, prints the image on an object.
  • [0053]
    The above system provides a mechanism for linking objects to machine behaviors. As noted previously, this mechanism applies to both physical objects, like stickers and packaging, and electronic objects, like image, audio and video signals. It also applies to other forms of machine readable signal carriers that can be applied to such objects, including bar codes, magnetic stripes, Radio Frequency tags, integrated circuit chips, organic transistors, etc. These machine readable carriers can be used in the same way that watermarks are used in the example of watermarked enabled stickers above.
  • [0054]
    While these technologies provide a mechanism for linking objects to machine behaviors, there is a need for a tool that explicitly facilitates the creative coordination between the object and the behavior linked to it. The linking process results in a potentially complex database structure which not only embodies the fundamental object to behavior link, but also might include a hierarchy of delivered responses as a function of user implicit or explicit requests. Or, said in a quite different way, the creative process of linking an object to complex data-driven responses is itself a creative endeavor all to itself, involving thinking through the various different reactions that users will want and expect when using an object as a portal. The artist who is tasked with creating the choreography between an object and a simple or complex machine behavior will need explicit assistance from well designed tools, resulting in a database record which memorializes that creativity as an active element within a connectivity system described in this document and U.S. patent application Ser. No. 09/571,422. The immediate creative output is a database structure. The long term creative output is the active use of that structure as a stimulus-response hub.
  • [0055]
    Whether a link design tool be web-server based, or whether it be a stand-alone application similar in kind to an Adobe Photoshop or a Quark Express, it is possible to offer visual metaphors to a creative designer which literally presents that designer with an image of the to-be-linked object along with explicit visual links to one or more data responses.
  • [0056]
    One embodiment of this tool for linking printed objects to web pages is a local computer application which presents an image of a printed object on the left side of an application's window pane and the image of a web page on the right side of the application pane. The images of the printed objects may be stored locally or fetched from a remote device (e.g., a content database) and rendered to the left side of the screen. Similarly, the web pages may be stored locally or downloaded from web sites on the Internet or some other network. The user interface of the application displays a control such as a button, labeled, “Connect”, “Link” or some other active word representing the process of associating an object with a corresponding machine behavior. The user, having browsed through a series of objects to be linked, and browsed through a series of potential web site destinations, finding the best “matched-pair”, pushes the button and off this relational link goes into a queue waiting to “go live”, or, in other words, a temporary record is stored for a candidate link to be sent to the behavior database of the linking system described previously. A user can perform multiple links per session, queueing them up as they go, reviewing the queue at some point in time, then directing the links to become active at the behavioral database, as described previously and in the referenced documents.
  • [0057]
    An extension begins by generalizing the single printed item to be an icon or visual analogy to a related set of printed material. Graphical user interface methods can be employed to move, manipulate, view and otherwise process this icon in a fashion familiar to creative professionals. Likewise, surrounding this generalized icon representing the object(s) to be printed can be a whole series of icons representing a variety of potential data-delivered responses that are possible links. Existing web pages, placeholders for web pages to be designed, streaming media icons, Java application icons, “links to links” icons wherein a given response may explicitly point to a menu of actions presented to the end user. (end user=consumer doing the linking). This list of possible responses is incomplete but nevertheless representative of graphically displaying the possible relationships between printed material and data responses.
  • [0058]
    As in the baseline case, various relationships can be created between objects and responses, ultimately stored into a queue. The actual functionality and quality assurance of the links could be tested in the process. Once the creative artist is satisfied with their link or set of links, the queue can be sent to go live at the behavior database and further double checks on quality performed.
  • [0059]
    Having described and illustrated the principles of the technology with reference to specific implementations, it will be recognized that the technology can be implemented in many other, different, forms. To provide a comprehensive disclosure without unduly lengthening the specification, applicants incorporate by reference the patents and patent applications referenced above.
  • [0060]
    While the invention is illustrated with reference to watermarked stickers, aspects of the invention apply to other object types including media signals like audio and video. There are number of different watermark embedding and decoding methods that may be used. The watermark embedding process may modulate features of a signal in the time, frequency, spatial or some other transform domain of the signal to be watermarked.
  • [0061]
    In addition to an object identifier, the watermark may be used to convey other information, such as an index to related metadata, rendering control instructions, etc. For example, the watermark can carry a network address or index to a network address to link the watermarked signal to a network resource such as a related web site.
  • [0062]
    Other machine readable codes may be embedded in an object and used to link the object to a machine behavior. Some examples include bar codes, magnetic stripes, RF tags, etc. The devices and methods used to extract an identifier from the machine readable code differ, yet the process for registering identifiers and associating behavior with objects may be similar.
  • [0063]
    The methods, processes, and systems described above may be implemented in hardware, software or a combination of hardware and software. For example, the auxiliary data encoding processes may be implemented in a programmable computer or a special purpose digital circuit. Similarly, auxiliary data decoding may be implemented in software, firmware, hardware, or combinations of software, firmware and hardware. The methods and processes described above may be implemented in programs executed from a system's memory (a computer readable medium, such as an electronic, optical or magnetic storage device).
  • [0064]
    The particular combinations of elements and features in the above-detailed embodiments are exemplary only; the interchanging and substitution of these teachings with other teachings in this and the incorporated-by-reference patents/applications are also contemplated.
Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US544230 *Feb 5, 1895Aug 6, 1895F OneOffice
US4659919 *Feb 14, 1986Apr 21, 1987Price William EOptical sensing circuit for audio activation of toys
US4780599 *Jun 28, 1985Oct 25, 1988Baus Heinz GeorgApparatus for retrieving stored information about various items in response to coding on the items
US4807031 *Oct 20, 1987Feb 21, 1989Interactive Systems, IncorporatedInteractive video method and apparatus
US4846693 *Dec 1, 1988Jul 11, 1989Smith EngineeringVideo based instructional and entertainment system using animated figure
US4907264 *Sep 14, 1988Mar 6, 1990Autophon Telecom AgTelephone set with subscriber listing
US4994987 *Dec 15, 1989Feb 19, 1991Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing CompanyImage access system providing easier access to images
US5001696 *Jun 27, 1990Mar 19, 1991Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing CompanyMethod of preparing an image access card
US5013047 *Mar 12, 1987May 7, 1991Dr. Schwab Gesellschaft fur Technologieberatung mbHApparatus for determining the identity and position of game objects
US5026058 *Mar 29, 1989Jun 25, 1991Eric BromleyElectronic baseball game apparatus
US5174759 *Nov 28, 1989Dec 29, 1992Preston Frank STV animation interactively controlled by the viewer through input above a book page
US5314336 *Feb 7, 1992May 24, 1994Mark DiamondToy and method providing audio output representative of message optically sensed by the toy
US5411259 *Nov 23, 1992May 2, 1995Hero, Inc.Video sports game system using trading cards
US5415553 *Nov 15, 1993May 16, 1995Szmidla; AndrewDevice for identifying an object using an omnidirectional bar code
US5466158 *Feb 14, 1994Nov 14, 1995Smith, Iii; JayInteractive book device
US5474457 *Jun 9, 1993Dec 12, 1995Bromley; EricInteractive talking picture machine
US5478731 *Apr 10, 1992Dec 26, 1995StratagenePolycos vectors
US5480306 *Mar 16, 1994Jan 2, 1996Liu; Chih-YuanLanguage learning apparatus and method utilizing optical code as input medium
US5487010 *Jun 25, 1993Jan 23, 1996B.M.D., Inc.Bumper sticker printing machine
US5517336 *Feb 1, 1995May 14, 1996The Upper Deck CompanyDisplay card with interactive imagery and method of producing same
US5533124 *Dec 7, 1994Jul 2, 1996Smith; Jeannette K.Electronic trading card system
US5575659 *Feb 20, 1992Nov 19, 1996Scanna Technology LimitedDocument interpreting systems
US5617119 *Jun 7, 1995Apr 1, 1997Systems Research & Applications CorporationProtection of an electronically stored image in a first color space by the alteration of a digital component in a second color space
US5640193 *Aug 15, 1994Jun 17, 1997Lucent Technologies Inc.Multimedia service access by reading marks on an object
US5673316 *Mar 29, 1996Sep 30, 1997International Business Machines CorporationCreation and distribution of cryptographic envelope
US5689561 *Oct 6, 1995Nov 18, 1997Pace; MichaelComputer-based trading card system and method
US5703795 *Jun 7, 1995Dec 30, 1997Mankovitz; Roy J.Apparatus and methods for accessing information relating to radio and television programs
US5742845 *Jun 22, 1995Apr 21, 1998Datascape, Inc.System for extending present open network communication protocols to communicate with non-standard I/O devices directly coupled to an open network
US5743801 *Aug 19, 1996Apr 28, 1998Welander; Paul M.Collectable video sports card
US5754981 *Jun 7, 1995May 19, 1998The Gift Certificate Center, Inc.Gift registry apparatus and method
US5761686 *Jun 27, 1996Jun 2, 1998Xerox CorporationEmbedding encoded information in an iconic version of a text image
US5778102 *Dec 19, 1996Jul 7, 1998The Regents Of The University Of California, Office Of Technology TransferCompression embedding
US5795213 *Apr 22, 1997Aug 18, 1998General Creation International LimitedReading toy
US5810666 *May 8, 1996Sep 22, 1998Mero; George T.Role playing game
US5825892 *Oct 28, 1996Oct 20, 1998International Business Machines CorporationProtecting images with an image watermark
US5832119 *Sep 25, 1995Nov 3, 1998Digimarc CorporationMethods for controlling systems using control signals embedded in empirical data
US5835639 *Dec 18, 1996Nov 10, 1998Eastman Kodak CompanyMethod for detecting rotation and magnification in images
US5841978 *Jul 27, 1995Nov 24, 1998Digimarc CorporationNetwork linking method using steganographically embedded data objects
US5853327 *Feb 21, 1996Dec 29, 1998Super Dimension, Inc.Computerized game board
US5855483 *Mar 10, 1997Jan 5, 1999Compaq Computer Corp.Interactive play with a computer
US5859920 *Nov 30, 1995Jan 12, 1999Eastman Kodak CompanyMethod for embedding digital information in an image
US5880712 *Dec 21, 1995Mar 9, 1999Goldman; AlfredData input device
US5892900 *Aug 30, 1996Apr 6, 1999Intertrust Technologies Corp.Systems and methods for secure transaction management and electronic rights protection
US5899700 *Sep 22, 1997May 4, 1999Didacticom PartnersEmbedded multimedia control code method and apparatus
US5900608 *Dec 16, 1997May 4, 1999Iida; TakahitoMethod of purchasing personal recording media, system for purchasing personal recording media, and media recorded with personal recording media purchasing program
US5902353 *Jul 10, 1997May 11, 1999Motorola, Inc.Method, system, and article of manufacture for navigating to a resource in an electronic network
US5905248 *Aug 22, 1997May 18, 1999Metrologic Instruments, Inc.System and method for carrying out information-related transactions using web documents embodying transaction enabling applets automatically launched and executed in response to reading URL-encoded symbols pointing thereto
US5906369 *Jun 25, 1997May 25, 1999Hasbro, Inc.Electronic matching game apparatus including sound generating means and method of game play using the same
US5915027 *Nov 5, 1996Jun 22, 1999Nec Research InstituteDigital watermarking
US5933798 *Jul 16, 1997Aug 3, 1999U.S. Philips CorporationDetecting a watermark embedded in an information signal
US5940595 *Sep 23, 1996Aug 17, 1999Motorola, Inc.Electronic network navigation device and method for linking to an electronic address therewith
US5949055 *Oct 23, 1997Sep 7, 1999Xerox CorporationAutomatic geometric image transformations using embedded signals
US5954332 *Jan 30, 1998Sep 21, 1999Mero; George T.Role playing game
US5954515 *Aug 20, 1997Sep 21, 1999Ithaca Media CorporationPrinted book augmented with associated electronic data
US5956877 *May 14, 1997Sep 28, 1999Kenneth E RaaschCollectible commemorative display ticket containing film clip
US5959281 *Feb 7, 1997Sep 28, 1999Lulirama International, Inc.Interactive card reading system
US5974548 *Jul 12, 1996Oct 26, 1999Novell, Inc.Media-independent document security method and apparatus
US5982736 *May 15, 1997Nov 9, 1999Pierson; Gerald A.Trading card optical compact disc and methods of using and forming same
US6031914 *Aug 27, 1997Feb 29, 2000Regents Of The University Of MinnesotaMethod and apparatus for embedding data, including watermarks, in human perceptible images
US6052486 *Apr 29, 1999Apr 18, 2000Quickbut, Inc.Protection mechanism for visual link objects
US6064779 *Jul 23, 1998May 16, 2000Xros, Inc.Handheld document scanner
US6076734 *Oct 10, 1997Jun 20, 2000Interval Research CorporationMethods and systems for providing human/computer interfaces
US6081827 *Jun 16, 1997Jun 27, 2000Motorola, Inc.Network navigation methods and systems using an article of mail
US6082774 *Apr 26, 1995Jul 4, 2000Schlauch; Frederick C.Memorabilia articles having integral collectable attractiveness attributes
US6122403 *Nov 12, 1996Sep 19, 2000Digimarc CorporationComputer system linked by using information in data objects
US6160540 *Jan 12, 1998Dec 12, 2000Xerox CompanyZoomorphic computer user interface
US6190174 *Jun 3, 1999Feb 20, 2001Kader Industrial Company LimitedElectronic story board
US6200216 *Mar 6, 1995Mar 13, 2001Tyler PeppelElectronic trading card
US6229526 *Dec 18, 1997May 8, 2001International Business Machines CorporationMethod and system for simultaneous operation of multiple handheld IR control devices in a data processing system
US6243480 *Apr 30, 1998Jun 5, 2001Jian ZhaoDigital authentication with analog documents
US6256398 *Aug 22, 1998Jul 3, 2001Kenneth H. P. ChangEncoding and decoding a message within an image
US6262662 *Feb 25, 2000Jul 17, 2001Xerox CorporationSystems and methods that detect proximity information using electric field sensing devices and a page identification using embedded identification tags
US6282299 *Aug 27, 1997Aug 28, 2001Regents Of The University Of MinnesotaMethod and apparatus for video watermarking using perceptual masks
US6309690 *Apr 1, 1999Oct 30, 2001Microtrace, Inc.System for retrospective identification and method of marking articles for retrospective identification
US6311214 *Jun 29, 1999Oct 30, 2001Digimarc CorporationLinking of computers based on optical sensing of digital data
US6417663 *Sep 1, 1998Jul 9, 2002Interval Research CorporationDetecting physical objects states using electromagnetic sensors
US6449377 *May 6, 1998Sep 10, 2002Digimarc CorporationMethods and systems for watermark processing of line art images
US6456725 *Jun 24, 1999Sep 24, 2002Signafy, Inc.Method for increasing the functionality of a media player/recorder device or an application program
US6464503 *Jul 31, 1998Oct 15, 2002Tinkers & ChanceMethod and apparatus for interacting with a computer using a plurality of individual handheld objects
US6510234 *May 12, 1999Jan 21, 2003Signafy, Inc.Method for increasing the functionality of a media player/recorder device
US6526449 *Aug 19, 1999Feb 25, 2003Digital Convergence CorporationMethod and apparatus for controlling a computer from a remote location
US6542933 *Apr 5, 2000Apr 1, 2003Neomedia Technologies, Inc.System and method of using machine-readable or human-readable linkage codes for accessing networked data resources
US6549933 *Aug 4, 1998Apr 15, 2003International Business Machines CorporationManaging, accessing, and retrieving networked information using physical objects associated with the networked information
US6574609 *Sep 14, 1998Jun 3, 2003International Business Machines CorporationSecure electronic content management system
US6614914 *Feb 14, 2000Sep 2, 2003Digimarc CorporationWatermark embedder and reader
US6709336 *Nov 19, 2001Mar 23, 2004Radica China Ltd.Electronic gaming method using coded input data
US6735324 *Jul 31, 2000May 11, 2004Digimarc CorporationDigital watermarks and trading cards
US6737957 *Feb 16, 2000May 18, 2004Verance CorporationRemote control signaling using audio watermarks
US6968151 *Oct 16, 2003Nov 22, 2005Smartpaper Networks CorporationRemote control
US20010001854 *Jan 24, 2001May 24, 2001Silicon Stemcell, LlcPrinted medium activated interactive communication
US20010047426 *Mar 29, 2001Nov 29, 2001Hunter Kevin D.Device-based routing for web content retrieval
US20020006212 *Apr 24, 2001Jan 17, 2002Rhoads Geoffrey B.Digital watermarking apparatus and methods
US20020049967 *Jul 2, 2001Apr 25, 2002Haseltine Eric C.Processes for exploiting electronic tokens to increase broadcasting revenue
US20020080271 *Nov 5, 2001Jun 27, 2002Jan EveleensMethod and device communicating a command
US20020133818 *Jan 10, 2002Sep 19, 2002Gary RottgerInteractive television
US20020141310 *Mar 12, 2001Oct 3, 2002Eastman Kodak CompanyMethod and apparatus for the authentication of encoded data
US20020153661 *Jun 17, 2002Oct 24, 2002Brooks Joel M.Method of using a hidden image game piece
US20020155893 *Mar 21, 2002Oct 24, 2002Arthur SwanbergComputerized trading card system
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US7502759May 2, 2002Mar 10, 2009Digimarc CorporationDigital watermarking methods and related toy and game applications
US7945781Mar 30, 2000May 17, 2011Digimarc CorporationMethod and systems for inserting watermarks in digital signals
US7949147Nov 21, 2006May 24, 2011Digimarc CorporationWatermarking compressed data
US7953270Apr 7, 2009May 31, 2011Digimarc CorporationMethods and arrangements employing digital content items
US7953824Oct 28, 2008May 31, 2011Digimarc CorporationImage sensors worn or attached on humans for imagery identification
US7957553Jun 3, 2009Jun 7, 2011Digimarc CorporationDigital watermarking apparatus and methods
US7961949Oct 12, 2009Jun 14, 2011Digimarc CorporationExtracting multiple identifiers from audio and video content
US7965863Nov 20, 2007Jun 21, 2011Digimarc CorporationDigital watermarks as a gateway and control mechanism
US7970166Mar 18, 2009Jun 28, 2011Digimarc CorporationSteganographic encoding methods and apparatus
US7970167Jul 21, 2009Jun 28, 2011Digimarc CorporationDeriving identifying data from video and audio
US7974436Sep 28, 2006Jul 5, 2011Digimarc CorporationMethods, apparatus and programs for generating and utilizing content signatures
US7978874Mar 17, 2005Jul 12, 2011Digimarc CorporationDigital watermarking for workflow by tracking content or content identifiers with respect to time
US7983443Mar 3, 2009Jul 19, 2011Digimarc CorporationMethods for managing content using intentional degradation and insertion of steganographic codes
US7986845Nov 17, 2009Jul 26, 2011Digimarc CorporationSteganographic systems and methods
US7991182Oct 26, 2006Aug 2, 2011Digimarc CorporationMethods for steganographic encoding media
US7992003Jul 19, 2006Aug 2, 2011Digimarc CorporationMethods and systems for inserting watermarks in digital signals
US8000495Oct 14, 2008Aug 16, 2011Digimarc CorporationDigital watermarking systems and methods
US8005254Sep 20, 2005Aug 23, 2011Digimarc CorporationBackground watermark processing
US8023691Feb 7, 2007Sep 20, 2011Digimarc CorporationMethods involving maps, imagery, video and steganography
US8023695Apr 13, 2010Sep 20, 2011Digimarc CorporationMethods for analyzing electronic media including video and audio
US8027509Jun 11, 2010Sep 27, 2011Digimarc CorporationDigital watermarking in data representing color channels
US8027510Jul 13, 2010Sep 27, 2011Digimarc CorporationEncoding and decoding media signals
US8027520Apr 15, 2010Sep 27, 2011Digimarc CorporationMethods and arrangements employing digital content items
US8036419Oct 7, 2009Oct 11, 2011Digimarc CorporationDigital watermarks
US8036420Aug 10, 2010Oct 11, 2011Digimarc CorporationSubstituting or replacing components in sound based on steganographic encoding
US8045748Nov 28, 2006Oct 25, 2011Digimarc CorporationWatermark embedding functions adapted for transmission channels
US8051169Apr 13, 2007Nov 1, 2011Digimarc CorporationMethods and systems useful in linking from objects to remote resources
US8055014Aug 3, 2010Nov 8, 2011Digimarc CorporationBi-directional image capture methods and apparatuses
US8077911Dec 9, 2008Dec 13, 2011Digimarc CorporationMethods, apparatus and programs for generating and utilizing content signatures
US8078697Sep 27, 2010Dec 13, 2011Digimarc CorporationNetwork linking methods and apparatus
US8091025Oct 26, 2007Jan 3, 2012Digimarc CorporationSystems and methods for processing content objects
US8094869Apr 29, 2004Jan 10, 2012Digimarc CorporationFragile and emerging digital watermarks
US8099403Mar 30, 2010Jan 17, 2012Digimarc CorporationContent identification and management in content distribution networks
US8103053Jun 23, 2010Jan 24, 2012Digimarc CorporationMethod and apparatus for associating identifiers with content
US8103542Oct 25, 2000Jan 24, 2012Digimarc CorporationDigitally marked objects and promotional methods
US8103879Sep 8, 2009Jan 24, 2012Digimarc CorporationProcessing audio or video content with multiple watermark layers
US8107674Jan 5, 2010Jan 31, 2012Digimarc CorporationSynchronizing rendering of multimedia content
US8108484Feb 15, 2005Jan 31, 2012Digimarc CorporationFingerprints and machine-readable codes combined with user characteristics to obtain content or information
US8116516Jan 19, 2010Feb 14, 2012Digimarc CorporationControlling use of audio or image content
US8121342Apr 24, 2007Feb 21, 2012Digimarc CorporationAssociating metadata with media signals, and searching for media signals using metadata
US8123134Jul 27, 2010Feb 28, 2012Digimarc CorporationApparatus to analyze security features on objects
US8126201Feb 2, 2010Feb 28, 2012Digimarc CorporationWatermark decoding from streaming media
US8150032Aug 31, 2010Apr 3, 2012Digimarc CorporationMethods for controlling rendering of images and video
US8155378Apr 6, 2010Apr 10, 2012Digimarc CorporationColor image or video processing
US8160304May 19, 2009Apr 17, 2012Digimarc CorporationInteractive systems and methods employing wireless mobile devices
US8165341Feb 24, 2010Apr 24, 2012Digimarc CorporationMethods and apparatus to process imagery or audio content
US8165342Apr 6, 2010Apr 24, 2012Digimarc CorporationColor image or video processing
US8180844Mar 18, 2000May 15, 2012Digimarc CorporationSystem for linking from objects to remote resources
US8181884Aug 29, 2007May 22, 2012Digimarc CorporationMachine-readable features for objects
US8184849Jul 6, 2010May 22, 2012Digimarc CorporationError processing of steganographic message signals
US8184851Apr 12, 2011May 22, 2012Digimarc CorporationInserting watermarks into portions of digital signals
US8194915Jan 15, 2008Jun 5, 2012Digimarc CorporationWavelet domain watermarks
US8230337Oct 17, 2007Jul 24, 2012Digimarc CorporationAssociating objects with corresponding behaviors
US8243980Mar 9, 2004Aug 14, 2012Digimarc CorporationImage processing using embedded registration data to determine and compensate for geometric transformation
US8256665Nov 23, 2010Sep 4, 2012Digimarc CorporationMethods and systems for interacting with physical objects
US8301453Jan 22, 2010Oct 30, 2012Digimarc CorporationWatermark synchronization signals conveying payload data
US8312168Oct 4, 2007Nov 13, 2012Digimarc CorporationMethods for linking from objects to remote resources
US8355525Nov 2, 2001Jan 15, 2013Digimarc CorporationParallel processing of digital watermarking operations
US8355526Mar 23, 2005Jan 15, 2013Digimarc CorporationDigitally watermarking holograms
US8364966Oct 23, 2007Jan 29, 2013Digimarc CorporationDigital watermark systems and methods
US8379908May 16, 2006Feb 19, 2013Digimarc CorporationEmbedding and reading codes on objects
US8391851May 25, 2007Mar 5, 2013Digimarc CorporationGestural techniques with wireless mobile phone devices
US8429205Aug 4, 2005Apr 23, 2013Digimarc CorporationAssociating data with media signals in media signal systems through auxiliary data steganographically embedded in the media signals
US8447067Apr 19, 2010May 21, 2013Digimarc CorporationLocation-based arrangements employing mobile devices
US8456705Jul 16, 2010Jun 4, 2013International Paper CompanySystem, method and software for reducing printer colorant usage
US8457346Feb 3, 2005Jun 4, 2013Digimarc CorporationDigital watermarking image signals on-chip
US8457449Jul 20, 2010Jun 4, 2013Digimarc CorporationWireless mobile phone methods
US8483426Sep 14, 2010Jul 9, 2013Digimarc CorporationDigital watermarks
US8489598Feb 6, 2007Jul 16, 2013Digimarc CorporationMethods and devices employing content identifiers
US8520900Aug 6, 2010Aug 27, 2013Digimarc CorporationMethods and devices involving imagery and gestures
US8528103Mar 19, 2010Sep 3, 2013Digimarc CorporationSystem for managing display and retrieval of image content on a network with image identification and linking to network content
US8538064Sep 7, 2010Sep 17, 2013Digimarc CorporationMethods and devices employing content identifiers
US8542870Dec 9, 2011Sep 24, 2013Digimarc CorporationMethods, apparatus and programs for generating and utilizing content signatures
US8543661Dec 27, 2011Sep 24, 2013Digimarc CorporationFingerprints and machine-readable codes combined with user characteristics to obtain content or information
US8543823Oct 14, 2003Sep 24, 2013Digimarc CorporationDigital watermarking for identification documents
US8565473Sep 22, 2009Oct 22, 2013Digimarc CorporationNoise influenced watermarking methods and apparatus
US8607354Oct 1, 2007Dec 10, 2013Digimarc CorporationDeriving multiple fingerprints from audio or video content
US8615471Mar 9, 2009Dec 24, 2013Digimarc CorporationMethods and related toy and game applications using encoded information
US8644548Sep 21, 2011Feb 4, 2014Digimarc CorporationDigital watermarks
US8645838Nov 18, 2008Feb 4, 2014Digimarc CorporationMethod for enhancing content using persistent content identification
US8792675Apr 17, 2012Jul 29, 2014Digimarc CorporationColor image or video processing
US8825518Dec 9, 2008Sep 2, 2014Digimarc CorporationMedia methods and systems
US8854689May 29, 2013Oct 7, 2014International Paper CompanySystem, method and software for reducing printer colorant usage
US8953908Jun 13, 2005Feb 10, 2015Digimarc CorporationMetadata management and generation using perceptual features
US8976998Aug 15, 2011Mar 10, 2015Digimarc CorporationMethods involving maps, imagery, video and steganography
US9058388Sep 16, 2008Jun 16, 2015Digimarc CorporationInternet and database searching with handheld devices
US9179033Sep 26, 2011Nov 3, 2015Digimarc CorporationDigital watermarking in data representing color channels
US20020120849 *Nov 2, 2001Aug 29, 2002Mckinley Tyler J.Parallel processing of digital watermarking operations
US20030037075 *May 2, 2002Feb 20, 2003Hannigan Brett T.Digital watermarking methods and related toy and game applications
US20040158724 *Oct 14, 2003Aug 12, 2004Carr J. ScottDigital watermarking for identification documents
US20040264733 *Mar 9, 2004Dec 30, 2004Rhoads Geoffrey B.Image processing using embedded registration data to determine and compensate for geometric transformation
US20050041835 *Apr 29, 2004Feb 24, 2005Reed Alastair M.Fragile and emerging digital watermarks
US20050169499 *Feb 3, 2005Aug 4, 2005Rodriguez Tony F.Digital watermarking image signals on-chip and photographic travel logs through dgital watermarking
US20050249374 *Mar 17, 2005Nov 10, 2005Levy Kenneth LDigital watermarking for workflow
US20050271246 *Mar 15, 2005Dec 8, 2005Sharma Ravi KWatermark payload encryption methods and systems
US20060013435 *Sep 20, 2005Jan 19, 2006Rhoads Geoffrey BBackground watermark processing
US20060039581 *Mar 23, 2005Feb 23, 2006Decker Stephen KDigitally watermarking holograms
US20060041591 *Aug 4, 2005Feb 23, 2006Rhoads Geoffrey BAssociating data with images in imaging systems
US20060115108 *Jun 13, 2005Jun 1, 2006Rodriguez Tony FMetadata management and generation using digital watermarks
US20060251291 *Jul 19, 2006Nov 9, 2006Rhoads Geoffrey BMethods for inserting and detecting watermarks in digital data
US20070108287 *May 16, 2006May 17, 2007Davis Bruce LEmbedding and Reading Codes on Objects
US20070177761 *Nov 28, 2006Aug 2, 2007Levy Kenneth LWatermark embedding functions adapted for transmission channels
US20070208805 *Apr 13, 2007Sep 6, 2007Rhoads Geoffrey BMethods and Systems Useful in Linking From Objects to Remote Resources
US20070266252 *Apr 24, 2007Nov 15, 2007Davis Bruce LAuthenticating Metadata and Embedding Metadata in Watermarks of Media Signals
US20080049971 *Oct 26, 2007Feb 28, 2008Ramos Daniel OSystems and methods for processing content objects
US20080133555 *Oct 17, 2007Jun 5, 2008Rhoads Geoffrey BAssociating Objects with Corresponding behaviors
US20080140433 *Oct 1, 2007Jun 12, 2008Levy Kenneth LRights Management Systems and Methods Using Content Identifiers
US20080292134 *Jan 15, 2008Nov 27, 2008Sharma Ravi KWavelet Domain Watermarks
US20090006985 *Jun 29, 2007Jan 1, 2009Fong Spencer WUsing interactive scripts to facilitate web-based aggregation
US20090116687 *Oct 28, 2008May 7, 2009Rhoads Geoffrey BImage Sensors Worn or Attached on Humans for Imagery Identification
US20090125475 *Oct 2, 2008May 14, 2009Rhoads Geoffrey BMethods and Systems for User-Association of Visual Stimuli with Corresponding Responses
US20090138484 *Nov 18, 2008May 28, 2009Ramos Daniel OMethod for Enhancing Content using Persistent Content Identification
US20090158318 *Dec 9, 2008Jun 18, 2009Levy Kenneth LMedia Methods and Systems
US20090232352 *Mar 18, 2009Sep 17, 2009Carr J ScottSteganographic Encoding Methods and Apparatus
US20090286572 *Nov 19, 2009Rhoads Geoffrey BInteractive Systems and Methods Employing Wireless Mobile Devices
US20100008538 *Sep 22, 2009Jan 14, 2010Rodriguez Tony FWatermarking Methods, Systems and Apparatus
US20100027837 *Feb 4, 2010Levy Kenneth LExtracting Multiple Identifiers from Audio and Video Content
US20100045816 *Nov 2, 2009Feb 25, 2010Rhoads Geoffrey BUser Feedback in Connection with Object Recognition
US20100054529 *Mar 4, 2010Rhoads Geoffrey BMethods for Extracting Identifying Information From Video and Audio Content
US20100062819 *Mar 9, 2009Mar 11, 2010Hannigan Brett TMethods and Related Toy and Game Applications Using Encoded Information
US20100067737 *Mar 18, 2010Miller Marc DSteganographic Systems and Methods
US20100094639 *Apr 7, 2009Apr 15, 2010Rhoads Geoffrey BMethods and arrangements employing digital content items
US20100142749 *Jun 3, 2009Jun 10, 2010Rhoads Geoffrey BDigital Watermarking Apparatus and Methods
US20100172540 *Jan 5, 2010Jul 8, 2010Davis Bruce LSynchronizing Rendering of Multimedia Content
US20100174608 *Jul 8, 2010Harkness David HDigital rights management and audience measurement systems and methods
US20100198941 *Aug 5, 2010Rhoads Geoffrey BMethods and arrangements employing digital content items
US20100226525 *Sep 8, 2009Sep 9, 2010Levy Kenneth LProcessing Audio or Video Content with Multiple Watermark Layers
US20100260375 *Oct 14, 2010Rhoads Geoffrey BMethod and Apparatus for Associating Identifiers with Content
US20100293106 *Apr 19, 2010Nov 18, 2010Rhoads Geoffrey BLocation-Based Arrangements Employing Mobile Devices
US20100293276 *Nov 18, 2010Rhoads Geoffrey BMethods for analyzing electronic media including video and audio
US20100310117 *Apr 6, 2010Dec 9, 2010Reed Alastair MColor image or video processing
US20100310164 *Dec 9, 2010Reed Alastair MColor image or video processing
US20110007935 *Jun 11, 2010Jan 13, 2011Reed Alastair MDigital Watermarking in Data Representing Color Channels
US20110019001 *Jan 27, 2011Rhoads Geoffrey BWireless Mobile Phone Methods
US20110026777 *Feb 3, 2011Rhoads Geoffrey BMethods and Devices Involving Imagery and Gestures
US20110032551 *Feb 10, 2011International Paper CompanySystem, method and software for reducing printer colorant usage
US20110033081 *Feb 10, 2011Davidson Clayton LWatermark Decoding from Streaming Media
US20110046959 *Aug 10, 2010Feb 24, 2011Evans Douglas BSubstituting or Replacing Components in Sound Based on Steganographic Encoding
US20110051998 *Aug 31, 2010Mar 3, 2011Rhoads Geoffrey BMethods for Controlling Rendering of Images and Video
US20110058707 *Mar 10, 2011Rhoads Geoffrey BDigital Watermarks
US20110062229 *Nov 23, 2010Mar 17, 2011Rhoads Geoffrey BMethods and systems for interacting with physical objects
US20110066658 *Mar 17, 2011Rhoads Geoffrey BMethods and Devices Employing Content Identifiers
US20140289623 *Nov 6, 2009Sep 25, 2014Adobe Systems IncorporatedMethods and Systems for Using Proxies to Noninvasively Alter Media Experiences
WO2009046574A1 *Oct 11, 2007Apr 16, 2009Von A MockMethod and system for contact management and organization
WO2012071242A1 *Nov 17, 2011May 31, 2012International Paper CompanyActivation code provided with discrete increment of paper substrate for activating remotely accessible printer controller software
U.S. Classification713/176
International ClassificationH04L9/00
Cooperative ClassificationH04N1/00355, H04N1/00968, H04N1/00374, H04N1/32144, G06F3/002, H04N1/00358
European ClassificationH04N1/00D2B, H04N1/00W2, H04N1/32C19, H04N1/00D2B2, H04N1/00D2B3C, G06F3/00B
Legal Events
May 22, 2006ASAssignment
Effective date: 20060403
Nov 5, 2008ASAssignment
Effective date: 20081024