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Publication numberUS20070061943 A1
Publication typeApplication
Application numberUS 11/555,304
Publication dateMar 22, 2007
Filing dateNov 1, 2006
Priority dateJan 27, 2000
Also published asWO2008057373A1
Publication number11555304, 555304, US 2007/0061943 A1, US 2007/061943 A1, US 20070061943 A1, US 20070061943A1, US 2007061943 A1, US 2007061943A1, US-A1-20070061943, US-A1-2007061943, US2007/0061943A1, US2007/061943A1, US20070061943 A1, US20070061943A1, US2007061943 A1, US2007061943A1
InventorsJames Kleinert
Original AssigneeKleinert James M
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Golf Glove
US 20070061943 A1
Abstract
A golf glove is provided with a plurality of finger stalls having an upper portion and a lower portion wherein the lower portion includes a protective covering with a moisture absorbing material for location below the center axis of rotation of the proximal interphalangeal joint and above the center axis of rotation of the proximal interphalangeal joints. The lower portion may also include an elastic material covering the center axis of rotation of the proximal interphalangeal joints.
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Claims(19)
1. A glove comprising:
A palmar side panel and a dorsal side panel secured along each panel's outer periphery with an opening therein to receive a human hand, said dorsal side panel being sized to cover the back of said hand and in conjunction with said palmar side panel providing a thumb stall and a plurality of finger stalls for receiving a thumb and fingers of a human hand;
at least one finger stall having an upper portion and a lower portion, said lower portion having a protective covering with a lining of moisture absorbing material for a location proximal to or distal to the center axis of rotation of a proximal interphalangeal joint.
2. The glove of claim 1, said finger stall including a plurality of stalls.
3. The glove of claim 2, said plurality of stalls including an index finger stall, a long finger stall, a ring finger stall, and a small finger stall.
4. The glove of claim 1, said moisture absorbing material being a terry cloth.
5. The glove of claim 4, said terry cloth having a thickness of between 1/16″ and ¼″.
6. The glove of claim 1, said elastic material being SPANDEX® or LYCRA®.
7. The glove of claim 1, said moisture absorbing material being COOLMAX®.
8. The glove of claim 1, including an elastic material covering beneath the location for said center axis of rotation of said proximal interphalangeal joint of said at least one finger stall.
9. The glove of claim 1, said moisture absorbing material being for a location proximal to the center axis of rotation of said proximal interphalangeal joint and distal to the center axis of rotation of the proximal interphalangeal joint.
10. The glove of claim 1, including a protective covering with a lining of moisture absorbing material attached to said palmar side panel and positioned to be under metacarpals of a plurality of fingers.
11. The glove of claim 10, including moisture absorbing material attached to said palmar side panel and positioned to be adjacent to and distal to a hook of the hamate.
12. The glove of claim 10, including moisture absorbing material attached to said palmar side panel and positioned to be underneath the A2 pulley of a thumb.
13. The glove of claim 1, said moisture absorbing material having odor controlling properties.
14. A golf glove comprising:
A covering for said hand with separate elongated sections to receive a plurality of fingers therein, said covering having a top portion for covering a backside of the hand, including a top side of said elongated sections to receive a plurality of fingers and a lower section to cover a palm side of a hand including a bottom side of said elongated sections to receive said plurality of fingers;
said elongated sections, including an index finger stall, a long finger stall, a ring finger stall, and a small finger stall, the bottom side of said elongated sections having a protective covering with a terry cloth lining for location proximal to the center axis of rotation of a proximal interphalangeal joint and distal to the center axis of rotation of the proximal interphalangeal joint of an index finger, a long finger, a ring finger, and a small finger, and an elastic material covering the center axis of rotation of the proximal interphalangeal joints of said index finger, said long finger, said ring finger, and said small finger, said terry cloth lining being approximately 1/16″ to ⅛″ in thickness.
15. A glove comprising:
A palmar side panel and a dorsal side panel secured along each panel's outer periphery with an opening therein to receive a human hand, said dorsal side panel being sized to cover the back of said hand and in conjunction with said palmar side panel providing a thumb stall and a plurality of finger stalls for receiving a thumb and fingers of a human hand;
said palmar side panel having a protective covering with a lining of moisture absorbing material positioned to be under metacarpals of a plurality of fingers.
16. The glove of claim 15, including a protective covering with a lining of moisture absorbing material attached to said palmar side panel and positioned to be under metacarpals of a plurality of fingers.
17. The glove of claim 16, including moisture absorbing material attached to said palmar side panel and positioned to be adjacent to and distal to a hook of the hamate.
18. The glove of claim 16, including moisture absorbing material attached to said palmar side panel and positioned to be underneath the A2 pulley of a thumb.
19. The glove of claim 15, said moisture absorbing material having odor controlling properties.
Description
    CROSS REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS
  • [0001]
    This application is a continuation-in-part of and claims priority to and benefit from, currently pending U.S. patent application Ser. No. 11/243,311 filed Oct. 4, 2005, which is a continuation-in-part of U.S. patent application Ser. No. 10/670,859 filed Sep. 25, 2003, now U.S. Pat. No. 7,000,256 issued Feb. 21, 2006, which is a continuation-in-part of patent application Ser. No. 10/001,325 filed Oct. 25, 2001, now U.S. Pat. No. 6,701,530 issued Mar. 9, 2004, which is a continuation-in-part of and claims priority to and benefit from U.S. patent application Ser. No. 09/867,084 filed May 29, 2001, now U.S. Pat. No. 6,389,601 issued on May 21, 2002, which is a continuation of and claims priority to and benefit from U.S. patent application Ser. No. 09/491,742 filed Jan. 27, 2000 now U.S. Pat. No. 6,253,382 issued on Jul. 3, 2001.
  • BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
  • [0002]
    1. Field of the Invention
  • [0003]
    This invention relates to gloves for the human hand which are worn when playing sports such as baseball, softball, golf, or working and the like. In one aspect, this invention relates to a batting glove specifically designed to improve grip, comfort, protection, and performance of a wearer. However, this invention has broader implications and may be advantageously employed in other applications requiring protection of the hands. More particularly, this invention relates to a batting glove which includes padding in selected areas to provide protection at the hook of the hamate during use by the wearer.
  • [0004]
    2. Description of Related Art
  • [0005]
    Glove construction for protection of the human hand is well known. In addition, there are a number of patents which teach gloves claimed to be particularly useful as batting gloves. For example, U.S. Pat. No. 3,175,226 teaches a dress glove construction which completely covers the fingers and which includes resiliently expandable materials in selected areas to accommodate hands of different sizes. In contrast, U.S. Pat. No. 4,561,122 teaches a protective glove which has a wrap around construction for a protective glove which leaves the thumb and fingers ends exposed. U.S. Pat. No. 5,345,609 teaches a protective glove which includes shock absorbing cells disposed at selected portions along the top of the glove. U.S. Pat. No. 5,790,980 teaches a hand glove with a polyurethane foam pad in the palm portion of the glove. Other references attempt to provide a sport glove for supporting and stabilizing the wrist and hand. Current gloves protect the bony prominence areas of the hand. Although hand protection from direct shocks and abrasions is found in gloves of the current art, what is needed is a batting glove which provides improved grip, comfort and performance by unloading bony prominences, unloading pulleys and tendons, and improving finger and knuckle motion of the hand of a wearer by providing preselected thicknesses of preselected materials specifically chosen to protect the wearer from injury from distributed shocks in hitting a ball with a bat, and the attendant risk of long-term injury to the aforementioned bones, ligaments, pulleys, tendons, etc., by repetitive swinging of bats and hitting of balls.
  • [0006]
    Also, hockey goaltender's blocker gloves for use, particularly in ice hockey and other sports which require the player to protect his arm from high flying objects, such as pucks or the like are well known. These blocker gloves are provided on the back or dorsal side of the hand with a blocker pad, usually of substantially rectangular shape which extends longitudinally of the glove covering the back of the hand as well as the forearm. These blocker pads are designed to control the reflective direction of a hockey puck which is directed towards the goal wherein the goaltender prevents the puck from entering the goal. The blocker pad generally has a thick leather skin at the facing thereof and has thereunder a plurality of layers of padding material. On the palmar side of the blocker glove is a stick glove portion designed to receive the thumb and fingers of the hand and to grip a hockey stick. However, there have been problems in the design of the palmar side of the blocker glove in providing protection against “stingers” and yet maintain flexibility of the fingers and rotational movement of the joints.
  • SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • [0007]
    In the development of gloves, several key elements are utilized in the design. First, on the dorsal side of the glove, the motion zones are determined by the center axis of rotation of the individual thumb, finger, hand, and wrist joints. These motion zones have been applied to specific joint locations for the particular uses of a designed glove. This helps the flexibility of the glove in relationship to its use. As such, the motion zones are selected in various combinations or even individually depending on the specific task or function of the glove.
  • [0008]
    Secondly, on the palm side of the glove there are additional motion zones. Again, these motion zones, which also function to decrease glove impedance and improve the breath-ability of the glove, are located specifically in relationship to the center axis of rotation of the finger joints.
  • [0009]
    Thirdly, again on the palm side of the glove, there are specific areas of padding. The location of the padding is determined by the bone and joint anatomy of the hand, fingers, and thumb. For the hand, the palm pad is placed above the center axis of rotation of the wrist (i.e., just above or distal to the hook of the hamate) and just below the center axis of rotation of the metacarpal heads. These bony landmarks are actually quite prominent in relationship to the surface of the hand. By placing the pads between the bony prominences, these areas of the hand are unloaded. The type of pad chosen for the palm is specific to its function. Other applications require some adjustments to the pad, but the basic premise still remains to unload the bony prominences of the hand in relationship to the required object to be held.
  • [0010]
    The pads for the fingers are placed again between the bony prominences of each specific finger bone (phalanx). The individual pads of the digits are placed over the relatively flat portion of the phalanx and as such, between the joints that are present on each side of the respective phalanx. The pad does not cover the area near the center axis of rotation. Again, this unloads these bony areas and leads to more even distribution of force across the digit. In other words, decreased areas of concentrated pressure, i.e, over the bony prominences and individual phalanges will experience less discomfort. Of course, improved comfort leads to better grip and performance of the specific task in question. The pads on the fingers are placed over the proximal and middle phalanx of each digit. Because of the relative bony and flexor tendon pulley anatomy, these regions correlate with the A2 and A4 pulleys specifically. Furthermore, this placement allows for unrestricted motion of the various finger and hand joints by precisely keeping the pads away from the center axis of rotation (for each specific joint). Depending on the use of the glove, various combinations, or even independent use of these pads could be utilized in glove construction. Additionally, the pads may have different sizes and shapes depending on the application. However, the pads would still be centered primarily between the bony prominences and away from the center axis of rotation for each joint.
  • [0011]
    The pad for the thumb is placed between the bony prominences of the first phalanx, primarily on the lateral (side) region. Again, the pad is located above the center axis of rotation of the metacarpalphalangeal joint of the thumb and below the center axis of rotation of the interphalangeal joint of the thumb. Other applications to this pad placement are quite numerous. Even this pad could be an application in combination with all, some, one, or none of the finger and palm pads depending on the task.
  • [0012]
    Optionally, pads may also be placed over the distal phalanx of each digit, just beyond the bony prominences. This pad would be above (distal) the center axis of rotation of the distal interphalangeal joint of the respective finger. As such, three pads could be placed over each finger depending on the use required for the glove.
  • [0013]
    The motion zone for the wrist area is also determined by the center axis of rotation of the wrist joint. This allows for essentially full motion of the wrist, while at the same time, avoiding dislodgement of the glove from the player's hand. Not all gloves require or benefit from a wrist motion zone. However, a combination of the finger, thumb, hand, and wrist motion zones determined by the joints center axis of rotation may be utilized for various glove applications.
  • [0014]
    An object of the present invention is to provide a batting glove which takes stress off of selected parts of the human hand.
  • [0015]
    Another object of the present invention is to provide a batting glove having preselected materials of construction in different areas of contact with the human hand.
  • [0016]
    A further object of the present invention is to provide a batting glove having pre-selected thicknesses of pre-selected materials of construction in different areas of contact with the human hand.
  • [0017]
    Yet another object of the present invention is to provide a batting glove which uses different materials to allow wrist motion, unload bony prominences, improve finger and knuckle motion, and protect the back of the hand.
  • [0018]
    An additional object of the present invention is to provide a batting glove with padding which unloads the boney prominence of the hook of the hamate of a hand without interference with the flexibility and mobility of the fingers and joints of the hand.
  • [0019]
    Also, an object of the present invention is to provide a goaltender's blocker glove which takes stress off selected parts of the human hand when the glove is in use.
  • [0020]
    Another object of the present invention is to provide a hockey goaltender's blocker glove with padding added at selected areas of the hand for protecting selected anatomical portions of the human hand and yet allow the fingers and the joints of the hand to have flexibility and mobility.
  • [0021]
    Even a further object of the present invention is to provide a work glove with padding added at selected areas of the hand for protecting selected anatomical portions of the human hand and yet allow the finger and joints of the hand to have flexibility and mobility. As used herein the word “work glove” applies to, but is not limited to, for example, gloves for gardening, automobile mechanic gloves, sports glove for use when riding bicycles, motorcycles, automobile racing and the like.
  • [0022]
    In one aspect, the present invention provides a batting glove including pre-selected material in pre-selected thicknesses to fill in the soft spots surrounding the bony prominences of the hand, to unload the pulleys and tendons, and to take stress off of selected parts of the hand. Specifically, 2-Way SPANDEX® materials are used in the wrist motion zone of the glove; thin elastic material such as LYCRA® is used in the area of the finger joints and knuckles; synthetic material such as JANEC SUPER® is used in the area of the dorsal side of the fingers; a cabretta skin protective covering is used for selected parts of the hand, rubber foam protective padding is placed at selected contact areas, and soft padding such as terry cotton is placed inside the glove in selected areas.
  • [0023]
    In another aspect, the present invention provides a hockey goaltender's block glove which includes a glove segment and a blocker pad. The glove segment has a dorsal side and a palmar side with a top glove panel covering the palmar side of the human hand which includes the palm, thumb and fingers and a bottom glove panel sized to cover the back, thumb and fingers of the dorsal side of the human hand. The top and bottom panels which make up the glove segment are secured along each panel's periphery to define a glove body with an opening therein to receive a human hand. The blocker pad is provided with a front face and an opposed back wherein the dorsal side of the glove segment is attached to the blocker pad back. Particularly, the glove segment is provided with a thumb and fingers section for receiving a thumb and fingers of the human hand. Shock absorbing pads are provided to overlie selected areas defined by the location of anatomical parts of the human hand when inserted into the glove. Specifically, the shock absorbing padding, which is usually a foam rubber or another foam elastomeric material of approximately ¼″ in thickness, overlies at least the A2 pulley region of the thumb which is between the metacarpalphalangeal joint and the center axis of rotation of the interphalangeal joint of the thumb. Other areas of shock absorbing padding may be added to overlie the middle phalanx of the index finger above the proximal interphalangeal joint and below the center axis of rotation of the distal interphalangeal joint, to overlie the proximal phalanx of the long finger above the metacarpalphalangeal joint and below the center axis of rotation of the proximal interphalangeal joint, as well as overlying the proximal phalanx of the ring finger and the small finger above the metacarpalphalangeal and below the center axis of rotation of the proximal interphalangeal joint. Additionally, the shock absorbing padding may overlie areas of the metacarpals of the index, long, ring, and small fingers below the center axis of rotation of the metacarpalphalangeal joints.
  • [0024]
    Additionally, the present invention provides a work glove having a dorsal side panel and a palmar side panel wherein the dorsal side panel is sized to cover the back, thumb, and fingers of the dorsal side of a human hand and the palmar side panel is sized to cover the palmar side of the human hand, including the palm, thumb and fingers. The dorsal side panel and the palmar side panel are secured along each panel's outer periphery to define a glove body with an opening therein to receive a human hand. Particularly, the glove body is provided with a thumb and fingers section for receiving a thumb and fingers of the human hand. Shock absorbing pads are provided to overlie selected areas defined by the location of anatomical parts of the human hand when inserted into the glove. Specifically, the shock absorbing padding, which is usually a foam rubber or another foam elastomeric material of approximately ¼″ in thickness, is disposed to overlie at least the distal halves of the index finger and long finger metacarpals excluding the metacarpal joints of the index finger and the long finger. Furthermore, and preferably, a thumb ulnar protective padding is disposed along the thumb stall at a location to be along an ulnar border of the thumb proximal phalanx between the metacarpalphalangeal joint and the interphalangeal joint as well as padding over the A2 pulley of the proximal phalanx between the metacarpalphalangeal joint and the interphalangeal joint.
  • [0025]
    More particularly, the present invention provides a batting glove having a dorsal side panel and a palmar side panel wherein the dorsal side panel is sized to cover the back, thumb, and fingers of the dorsal side of a human hand and the palmar side panel is sized to cover the palmar side of the human hand, including the palm, thumb and fingers. The dorsal side panel and the palmar side panel are secured along each panel's outer periphery to define a glove body with an opening therein to receive a human hand. Particularly, the glove body is provided with a thumb and fingers section for receiving a thumb and fingers of the human hand. Shock absorbing pads are provided to overlie selected areas defined by the location of anatomical parts of the human hand when inserted into the glove. Specifically, the shock absorbing padding, which is usually a foam rubber or another foam elastomeric material of generally less than ¼″ in thickness, is disposed to overlie at least the proximal ends of the metacarpals of the ring finger and the small finger distal to the hook of the hamate. Padding is absent at the hook of the hamate. Additionally, padding may be added to the distal halves of the fingers metacarpals excluding the metacarpal joints of the fingers.
  • [0026]
    Further, objects and advantages of this invention will appear from the following description and appended claims, reference being had to the accompanying drawings forming a part of the specification wherein like references designate corresponding parts into several views.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • [0027]
    A better understanding of the invention will be had upon reference to the following description in conjunction with the accompanying drawings in which like numerals refer to like parts throughout the several views and wherein:
  • [0028]
    FIG. 1 is a bottom schematic anatomical view of the bones of a right-side human hand showing the palm-side details;
  • [0029]
    FIG. 1A is a bottom schematic anatomical palm-side view of the bones, and selected details of the pulleys and tendons of a right-side human hand;
  • [0030]
    FIG. 2 is a top view of a batting glove of a preferred embodiment of the present invention showing the dorsal-side details and seen overlaying the skeletal structure of a right-dorsal-side human hand;
  • [0031]
    FIG. 3 is a bottom view of a batting glove of a preferred embodiment of the present invention showing the palm-side details and seen overlaying the skeletal structure of a right-palm-side human hand;
  • [0032]
    FIG. 3A is a bottom view of another batting glove of a preferred embodiment of the present invention showing relevant palm-side details;
  • [0033]
    FIG. 4 is a radial side view of a batting glove of a preferred embodiment of the present invention showing relevant details and seen overlaying the skeletal structure of a right-side human hand;
  • [0034]
    FIG. 5 is an exploded view of some of the major components of a batting glove of a preferred embodiment of the present invention;
  • [0035]
    FIG. 6 is a perspective view of a blocker glove of the present invention with a goaltender shown in phantom lines;
  • [0036]
    FIG. 7 is a perspective view of the blocker glove of FIG. 6 showing the palm side of the glove;
  • [0037]
    FIG. 8 is a bottom view of a preferred hockey goaltender's blocker glove showing the palmar-side details and seen overlaying the skeletal structure of a right palmar-side human hand inserted into the glove showing location for shock absorbing pads;
  • [0038]
    FIG. 9 is a bottom view of the hockey goaltender's blocker glove;
  • [0039]
    FIG. 10 is a sectional view taken along line 10-10 of FIG. 9;
  • [0040]
    FIG. 11 is a sectional view taken along line 11-11 of FIG. 9;
  • [0041]
    FIG. 12 is a palmar side view of a glove of the present invention showing relevant details and seen overlying the skeletal structure of a right hand;
  • [0042]
    FIG. 13 is a sectional view taken along line 13-13 of FIG. 12;
  • [0043]
    FIG. 14 is a sectional view taken along line 14-14 in FIG. 12;
  • [0044]
    FIG. 15 is a palmar side view of a preferred glove of the present invention showing relevant details and skin overlying the skeletal structure of a right hand;
  • [0045]
    FIG. 15A is a modified palmar side view of the preferred embodiment of FIG. 15;
  • [0046]
    FIG. 16 is a dorsal side view of a preferred left hand golf glove of the present invention;
  • [0047]
    FIG. 17 is a palmar side view of the glove of FIG. 16 showing relevant details and skin overlying the skeletal structure of a right hand; and,
  • [0048]
    FIG. 18 is a sectional view taken along line 18-18 in FIG. 17.
  • DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS A. Batting Glove
  • [0049]
    FIG. 1 is a schematic anatomical view of the bones of a right human hand 10 looking at a palm 18 side. Shown are the radius 20, ulna 21, radiocarpal joint (RC) 23′, distal radio ulnar joint (DRUJ) 22, wrist 12, thumb 64, index finger 65, long finger 66, ring finger 67, and small finger 68. The carpus 69 comprises eight carpal bones, seven of which are shown in FIG. 1 and includes the hamate bone 71 with its hook-like protrusion, the scaphoid 24′ and the lunate 25.
  • [0050]
    The thumb 64 is comprised of the distal phalanx 51, the interphalangeal joint (IP) 46, proximal phalanx 41, diaphysis of proximal phalanx 41′, metacarpalphalangeal joint (MCP) 36, metacarpal 31, and carpometacarpal joint (CMC) 26.
  • [0051]
    The index finger 65 is comprised of the distal phalanx 60, distal interphalangeal joint (DIP) 56, middle phalanx 52, proximal interphalangeal joint (PIP) 47, proximal phalanx 42, metacarpalphalangeal joint (MCP) 37, metacarpal 32, and carpometacarpal joint (CMC) 27.
  • [0052]
    The long finger 66 is comprised of the distal phalanx 61, distal interphalangeal joint (DIP) 57, middle phalanx 53, proximal interphalangeal joint (PIP) 48, proximal phalanx 43, metacarpalphalangeal joint (MCP) 38, metacarpal 33, and carpometacarpal joint (CMC) 23.
  • [0053]
    The ring finger 67 is comprised of the distal phalanx 62, distal interphalangeal joint (DIP) 58, middle phalanx 54, proximal interphalangeal joint (PIP) 49, proximal phalanx 44, metacarpalphalangeal joint (MCP) 39, metacarpal 34, and carpometacarpal joint (CMC) 24.
  • [0054]
    The small finger 68 is comprised of the distal phalanx 63, distal interphalangeal joint (DIP) 59, middle phalanx 55, proximal interphalangeal joint (PIP) 50, proximal phalanx 45, metacarpalphalangeal joint (MCP) 40, metacarpal 35, and carpometacarpal joint (CMC) 30.
  • [0055]
    FIG. 1A shows the skeletal anatomy, pulley system, and flexor tendons of the thumb 64 and fingers 65-68 of the right hand 10. The thumb 64 includes the flexor tendon (flexor pollicis longus) 200 and the three pulleys 220-224 of the thumb 64; an A1 pulley 220, A2 pulley 222, and A3 pulley 224. The A2 pulley 222 is the most important for function and is attached to the proximal phalanx 41 of the thumb 64. The respective pulleys 230-238 are also shown for each of the: index finger 65, long finger 66, ring finger 67, and small finger 68. Each finger 65-68 has five pulleys 230-238; an A1 pulley 230, A2 pulley 232, A3 pulley 234, A4 pulley 236, and A5 pulley 238. The A2 pulley 232 and A4 pulley 236 are considered to be the most important for function. The A2 pulley 232 is attached to the proximal phalanx 42-45. The A4 pulley 236 is attached to the middle phalanx 52-55. The A1 pulley 230 is near the MCP joint 37-40, the A3 pulley 234 is near the PIP joint 47-50 and the A5 pulley 238 is near the DIP joint 56-59.
  • [0056]
    The flexor tendons 202-208 are shown as one unit for each finger 65-68, but actually there are two flexor tendons to each unit. They are the flexor digitorum superficialis and the flexor digitorum profundus (shown as one, 202-208). These tendons 202-208 travel underneath the pulleys 230-238 and the flexor digitorum profundus tendon attaches to the distal phalanx 60-63 of each finger 65-68. The tendons 202-208 move back and forth below the pulleys 230-238, via muscles (not shown) attached to the proximal end of the tendons. This movement of the tendon 202-208 produces finger 65-68 flexion. The pulleys 230-238 prevent the flexor tendons 202-208 from bowstringing or moving away from the bone with finger 65-68 flexion. If the pulleys 230-238 are damaged and no longer function, the tendons 202-208 will bowstring with a resultant significant loss of finger motion as well as grip strength. As such, pulleys 230-238, especially the A2 pulley 232 and the A4 pulley 236, are very important and must be preserved and protected as much as possible. As shown in FIG. 4, protective padding 102 for each finger 65-68 is placed in an anatomically designed fashion over the A2 and A4 pulley regions. When the A2 and A4 pulleys 232 and 236 are preserved, adequate finger 65-68 motion and grip strength is maintained.
  • [0057]
    In FIGS. 2-5, a preferred batting glove 80 is provided for either a right, left, or both human hand(s) 10, as desired. A glove 80 for a left hand 10 utilizes symmetrical placement of the elements, materials, and thicknesses herein described.
  • [0058]
    FIG. 2 shows details of a dorsal side of a batting glove 80 to cover a human hand 10 and seen overlaying the skeletal structure and skin outline of a right-dorsal-side human hand 10.
  • [0059]
    The batting glove 80 has a plurality of finger elements 82, a thumb element 84, a top portion 86, and a lower portion 88 (see FIGS. 3-5), wherein the finger elements 82 cover fingers 65-68. The thumb element 84 covers a thumb 64, and the top portion 86 covers a back side 16 of the hand 10. The lower portion 88 covers the palm side 18 of the hand 10.
  • [0060]
    An elastic band 90 is attached to the top portion 86 and to the lower portion 88. The elastic band 90 includes a securing means in the form of a hook 92 and loop 94 fastener for retention above a human wrist 12.
  • [0061]
    The top portion 86 includes elastic material 96, preferably 2-WAY SPANDEX® in the vicinity of the wrist 12 out to the vicinity of the metacarpalphalangeal joints (MCP) 37-40 of the fingers 65-68 of the hand 10. Additionally, a protective covering 98 is centrally located to cover the back side 16 of the hand 10.
  • [0062]
    The finger elements 82 each include an upper portion 83 which includes synthetic material 100 with openings formed therein to receive thin elastic material 116 attached to cover the proximal interphalangeal joints (PIP) 47-50, and the distal interphalangeal joint (DIP) 56-59 of each finger 65-68.
  • [0063]
    As shown in FIG. 3, a lower portion 85 of the finger elements 82 includes protective covering 98. In addition, protective padding 102 is affixed beneath the protective covering 98 and adjacent to the fingers 65-68, in pre-selected areas. As shown in FIGS. 3 and 4, protective padding 102 and protective covering 98 cover the middle phalanx 52-55, specifically the A4 pulley 236 region, and the proximal phalanx 42-45, specifically the A2 pulley 232 region, of each finger 65-68. Openings are formed in the lower portion 85 to receive thin elastic material 116 attached to cover the palm-side 18 of the proximal interphalangeal joints (PIP) 47-50, and the distal interphalangeal joints (DIP) 56-59 of each finger 65-68.
  • [0064]
    The thumb element 84 includes protective covering 98 which surrounds the distal phalanx 51, metacarpalphalangeal joint (MCP) 36, proximal phalanx 41, metacarpal 31, and carpometacarpal joint (CMC) 26 of the thumb 64. As shown in FIG. 2, an opening is formed in the protective covering 98 to receive thin elastic material 116 attached to cover the interphalangeal joint (IP) 46 of the thumb 64. Another opening is formed in the protective covering 98 over the metacarpalphalangeal joint (MCP) 36 to receive thin elastic material 116. As shown in FIGS. 2-5, a piece of protective padding 102, which is itself covered by thin elastic material 116, is affixed to an area on the thumb element 84 and centered on an ulnar border (inside) of the thumb 64 over the diaphysis of proximal phalanx 41′ of the thumb 64. The diaphysis of proximal phalanx 41′ is found between the metacarpalphalangeal joint (MCP) 36 and interphalangeal joint (IP) 46 of the thumb 64.
  • [0065]
    Referring again to FIG. 3, the bottom portion 88 includes elastic material 96 in the vicinity of the wrist 12. Out from the wrist 12 area, the bottom portion 88 includes protective covering 98 continuing out to the vicinity of the metacarpalphalangeal joints (MCP) 36-40 and located to cover the palm 18 of the hand 10. A piece of protective padding 102 is affixed to a central palm 18 area underneath the protective covering 98 and placed at a preselected distance below a center axis of rotation of the metacarpalphalangeal joints (MCP) 37-40 and extending to a pre-selected distance above the hook of the hamate 71.
  • [0066]
    As shown in FIG. 3A, another preferred embodiment of the batting glove 80 is similar to the glove 80 of FIG. 3, but is distinguished wherein a central portion 103 of the central palm 18 area is provided having no protective padding 102 and abutting two separate sections, a first section 105, and a second section 107. Both the first section 105 and the second section 107 include affixing protective padding 102 underneath the protective covering 98. The central portion 103 includes protective covering 98, but no protective padding 102. When viewed as in FIG. 3A, an overall outline of the central palm 18 area is similar to that of the glove of FIG. 3, except that the central portion 103 appears to be relieved or depressed in relation to the first section 105 and the second section 107.
  • [0067]
    Referring back to FIG. 3, a first web 120 is formed in the area where the thumb element 84 is in proximity to the index finger 65. An additional piece of protective covering 98 (thereby creating a double thickness of protective covering 98) is affixed over the first web 120. A piece of protective padding 102 covered by thin elastic material 116 is affixed over the additional piece of protective padding 98 over the first web 120 to cover an area which is contacted by protective padding 102 of the thumb element 84. When the glove 80 is worn by a wearer, the bottom portion 88 contacts the remainder of the palm 18.
  • [0068]
    Referring to FIG. 5, the bottom portion 88 is attached to the top portion 86 to enable an entire covering of the palm 18 and the back side 16 of the hand 10 along an outer periphery having at selected locations a plurality of finger openings 110, a thumb opening 112, and a main opening 130. Second, third and fourth webs, 122, 124, and 126, respectively, are formed between adjacent fingers 65-68. The finger elements 82 are fixedly attached to each of the finger openings 110. The batting glove 80 further provides the finger elements 82 with elastic webbing material 104 affixed laterally therebetween beginning at a tip of the index finger 65 down to the second web 122, running up to the long finger 66 and continuing likewise terminating at the tip of the small finger 68 just past the fourth web 126. Soft padding 99 such as terry cotton is placed as desired inside of the batting glove to cover the thicker protective padding 102, preferably in the areas of the palm 18 and pulleys of the fingers 65-68, and to provide for the comfort of the wearer.
  • [0069]
    Materials used in manufacture are pre-selected to achieve various goals as follows:
  • [0070]
    Synthetic material 100, such as, for example, JANEC SUPER® is used dorsally over the fingers 65-68 of the hand 10;
  • [0071]
    2-Way Elastic material 96, such as, for example, 2-WAY SPANDEX® is used in motion zones of the hand 10 to allow glove 80 movement;
  • [0072]
    Thin elastic material 116, such as, for example, LYCRA® is used to cover areas on the glove 80 based on centers of axes of rotation of all joints of the fingers 65-68 and thumb 64 of the hand 10;
  • [0073]
    Protective covering 98, such as, for example, cabretta skin (Indonesian sheep skin) is used to provide for protection from abrasion and direct shock applied to the hand in gripping a bat (not shown) and hitting a ball (not shown) with the bat; and,
  • [0074]
    Protection padding 102, such as, for example, rubber foam of 1/16″ in thickness, is used to enhance a gripping surface of the fingers 65-68, specifically the regions of the A2 pulley 232 and A4 pulley 236, and in the palm 18 and first web 120 in order to reduce the most severe of shocks transmitted to the hand 10.
  • [0075]
    As best shown in FIGS. 15, 15A, a preferred batting glove 500 is provided for the right human hand. The glove 500 outlined in phantom lines, includes a palmar side panel 502 and a dorsal side panel such as the dorsal (top) side panel shown in FIG. 2 and identified by the numeral 86 or the dorsal side panel 404 in FIG. 13. The two panels are generally stitched together along their outer periphery such as shown in FIG. 13 and indicted by the numeral 401. the panels 502 and 504 are patterned and sized to define a plurality of finger stalls and a thumb stall. The finger stalls are identified by the numerals 510 for the index finger, 512 for the long finger, 514 for the ring finger and 516 for the small finger. The thumb stall is identified as 508. The glove 500 is also provided with an opening 503 to receive the human hand therein. The glove panels 502, 404 are made of any suitable material known in the art, such as leather, or the like. Along the bottom portion of the palmar side panel 502 is attached at least a hook of the hamate relief padding 524 which overlies at least a portion of distal portion of the ring finger and small finger metacarpals 34 and 35, respectively. Preferably, pad 524 covers about one-half of the length of the metacarpals 34 and 35. That is, pad 524 is about 2.25 to 2.75 cm lengthwise of the metacarpals 34, 35 and from about 4.0 to 4.5 cm across the metacarpals 34, 35. Padding 524 may also cover a portion of metacarpal 33 of the long finger 66. Moreover, padding is absent over the hook of the hamate 71 as well as the carpometacarpal joints 24 and 30 of the ring finger 67 and the small finger 68, respectively. As shown in FIG. 15, additional padding 526 may also be provided to cover the proximal phalanx 42 above the metacarpalphalangeal joint 37 and below the center axis of rotation of the interphalangeal joint 47. Other padding may also include shock absorbing padding 527, 528, and 529 which are placed over the proximal phalanges 43, 44 and 45 of the long finger 66, the ring finger 67, and the small finger 68, respectively. The padding will be positioned above the metacarpalphalangeal joints 38, 39 and 40, respectively, and below the center axis of rotation of 30 the proximal interphalangeal joints 48, 49 and 50, respectively. Even additional shock absorbing padding may be placed over the middle phalanges 52, 53, 54 and 55 and identified as 536, 537, 538 and 539, respectively. The paddings 536, 537, 538 and 539 are positioned above the center axis of rotation of the proximal interphalangeal joints 47, 48, 49 and 50 and below the center axis of rotation of the distal interphalangeal joints as indicted by the numerals 56, 57, 58 and 59, respectively. The protective shock absorbing padding being placed in the aforementioned anatomically designed fashion protects the pulleys and tendons of the fingers while leaving the center axis of rotation of the appropriate joints free. This enables the movement of the fingers and thumb without adverse effects when in use.
  • [0076]
    The disclosure given is applicable not only to batting gloves, but also to gloves intended for use in various other activities such as, for example, golf, and working in the outdoors to include gardening. Protection for the hands 10 during use in such activities is achieved by measures such as, for example, varying quantity, placement, thickness, dimensions, and elastic qualities of pads, coverings, elastic materials and openings, as appropriate.
  • B. Blocker Glove
  • [0077]
    The goaltender's blocker glove identified by the numeral 300 is shown in FIGS. 6 and 7. A blocking pad 302 covers a major portion of the hand, wrist, and forearm of the goalie and may be of any conventional shape but is shown as being rectangular with a pre-selected thickness of padding material 314 (FIG. 10) within the cover provided, the cover being an enclosed sewn construction including a back cover portion 316 and a face cover portion 318. The cover may be made of any conventional durable and flexible material with one preferred embodiment being of a nylon that exhibits both superior abrasion and tear resistance and easily conventionally cut and sewn in the manner of any fabric material. A glove 304 is shown affixed by any well known means to the back cover 316 and includes a thumb portion 306, an index finger portion 307, a long finger portion 308, a ring finger portion 309, and a small finger portion 310. The thumb portion 306 extends around the finger portions and wrist to provide extra padding over the sensitive wrist found in the index finger regions and is folded over to protect the wrist and lower portion of the palmar side of the hand. Additional wrist padding may also be provided to fit over the wrist portion of the user and the glove may be of any conventional size and shape known in the art.
  • [0078]
    As best shown in FIGS. 8-11, a preferred hockey goaltender blocker glove 300 is provided for the right human hand. The glove 304 includes a covering 320 which may be of either unitary construction or include a plurality of sections to cover the finger sections 307-310. The glove covering is made of any suitable material known in the art, such as leather, or the like. Along the bottom portion of the covering 320 is attached a plurality of shock absorbing pads positioned at specific areas to protect, particularly, the A2 pulley region 222 (FIG. 1A) and the proximal phalanx 41 of the thumb above the metacarpalphalangeal joint 36 and below the center axis of rotation of the interphalangeal joint 46. Additional padding may be provided to cover the middle phalanx 52 of the index finger above the proximal interphalangeal joint 47 and below the center axis of rotation of the distal interphalangeal joint as indicated by the numeral 56, as well as the proximal phalanges 43, 44, and 45, of the long finger, ring finger and small finger, respectively. The shock absorbing padding 195 is provided over the thumb in the A-2 pulley region of the proximal phalanx 41 between the metacarpalphalangeal joint 36 and the center axis of rotation of the interphalangeal joint 46, as shown in FIG. 2. Padding 190 is positioned above the proximal interphalangeal joint 47 and below the center axis of rotation of the digital interphalangeal joint as indicated by the numeral 56. Padding 191 is positioned above the metacarpalphalangeal joint 38 and below the center axis of rotation of the proximal interphalangeal joint as indicated by the numeral 48. Padding 192 is positioned to overlie the proximal phalanx 44 and is positioned between the metacarpalphalangeal joint 39 and the center axis of rotation of the proximal interphalangeal joint as indicated at the numeral 49. Padding 193 is positioned to overlie the proximal phalanx 45 of the small finger above the metacarpalphalangeal joint 40 and below the center axis of rotation of the proximal interphalangeal joint as indicated at the numeral 50. Shock absorbing pad 194 may also be provided to overlie the metacarpals 32, 33, 34 and 35 of the index finger, the long finger, the ring finger and the small finger. Shock absorbing pad 194 overlies metacarpals 32, 33, 34, and 35 and is positioned between the carpometacarpal joints 27, 23, 24, and 30 (FIG. 1) and the center axis of rotation of the metacarpalphalangeal joints of each of the fingers 65, 66, 67, and 68 also as shown in FIG. 1. The protective shock absorbing padding is placed in the aforementioned anatomically designed fashion as shown in cut-away of the index finger section in FIG. 10 to illustrate the pulleys and tendons regions protected with the motion zones defined by the center axis of rotation of the appropriate joints being left free. This enables the movement of the fingers and thumb without adverse effects when in use.
  • C. Work Glove
  • [0079]
    As best shown in FIGS. 12-13, a preferred glove 400, particularly useful as a work glove including gardening, is provided for the right human hand. The glove 400 outlined in phantom lines, includes a palmar side panel 402 and a dorsal side panel 404. The two panels are generally stitched together along their outer periphery as indicated by the numeral 401 and are sized to define a plurality of finger stalls and a thumb stall. The finger stalls are identified by the numerals 410 for the index finger, 412 for the long finger, 414 for the ring finger and 416 for the small finger. The thumb stall is identified as 408. The glove 400 is also provided with an opening 403 to receive the human hand therein. The glove panels 402, 404 are made of any suitable material known in the art, such as leather, or the like. Along the bottom portion of the palmar side panel 402 is attached at least a palmar protective padding 424 which overlies at least the distal halves of the index finger and long finger, metacarpals 32 and 33, respectively, and may include the metacarpals 34 and 35 of the ring finger and the little finger also. In a preferred embodiment, an ulnar protective pad 422 is provided along the thumb stall at a location adapted to be along an ulnar border of the thumb proximal phalanx 41 between the metacarpalphalangeal joint 36 and the interphalangeal joint 46 as well as a thumb A2 pulley protective padding 423 disposed along the thumb stall of the thumb proximal phalanx 41 between the metacarpalphalangeal joint 36 and the interphalangeal joint 46. Padding 423 is below the center axis of rotation of the interphalangeal joint 46. Even though padding 422 and 423 are shown as separate padding it is realized that padding 422, 423 may be unitary. Additional padding 426 may also be provided to cover the proximal phalanx 42 above the metacarpalphalangeal joint 37 and below the center axis of rotation of the interphalangeal joint 47. Other padding may also include shock absorbing padding 427, 428 and 429 which are placed over the proximal phalanges 43, 44 and 45 of the long finger 66, the ring finger 67, and the small finger 68, respectively. The padding will be positioned above the metacarpalphalangeal joints 38, 39 and 40, respectively, and below the center axis of rotation of 30 the proximal interphalangeal joints 48, 49 and 50, respectively. Even additional shock absorbing padding may be placed over the middle phalanges 52, 53, 54 and 55 and identified as 436, 437, 438 and 439, respectively. The paddings 436, 437, 438 and 439 are positioned above the proximal interphalangeal joints 47, 48, 49 and 50 and below the center axis of rotation of the distal interphalangeal joints as indicated by the numerals 56, 57, 58 and 59, respectively. The protective shock absorbing padding being placed in the aforementioned anatomically designed fashion protects the pulleys and tendons of the fingers and thumb while leaving the center axis of rotation of the appropriate joints free. This enables the movement of the fingers and thumb without adverse effects when in use.
  • [0080]
    As shown in FIGS. 13 and 14, an additional pad identified as 444 may be located to overlie the thumb metacarpal 31 between the center axis of rotation of the metacarpalphalangeal joint 36 and the carpometacarpal joint 26.
  • D. Golf Glove
  • [0081]
    As best shown in FIGS. 16, 17, 18, glove 600 particularly useful for golf, is provided for the right human hand. The glove 600 includes a palmar side panel 602, (FIG. 17) and a dorsal side panel 604 (FIG. 16). The two panels are generally stitched together along their outer periphery. The panels 602 and 604 are patterned and sized to define a plurality of finger stalls and a thumb stall. The finger stalls are identified by the numerals 610 for the index finger, 612 for the long finger, 614 for the ring finger and 616 for the small finger. The thumb stall is identified as 608. The glove 600 is also provided with an opening 603 to receive the human hand therein. The glove panels 602, 604 are made of any suitable material known in the art, such as leather or the like.
  • [0082]
    As shown in FIG. 16, the finger stalls 610, 612, 614, 616 each include an upper portion in the dorsal side panel 604 with openings formed therein which define motion zones for the fingers. These motion zones receive thin elastic material 656 thereover, to cover at least the proximal interphalangeal joints (PIP) 47-50 of each finger 65-68. Moreover, elastic material 657 a covers the motion zone defined by the center axis of rotation of the carpometacarpal joint 26 of the thumb 64. Furthermore, a thin elastic material 659 is disposed in an opening of the dorsal side panel 604 across the knuckles or the top side of the metacarpalphalangeal joints 37-40. And, a cuff 690 is attached to the dorsal side panel 604 and the palmar side panel 602. The cuff 690 includes a securing means in the form of a hook 692 and a loop 694 fastener for retention above a human wrist 12.
  • [0083]
    As shown in FIG. 17, a lower portion of the finger stalls 610, 612, 614, 616 includes protective covering 658. Protective covering 658 is generally of the same material and integral with and an extension of palmar side panel 602. In addition, moisture absorbing material 662 a is affixed to the inside of the protective covering 658 and positioned to be beneath the middle phalanges 52-55 of the fingers 65-68, respectively; and, moisture absorbing material 662 b is affixed to the protective covering 658 and positioned to be beneath the proximal phalanges 42-45 of the fingers 65-68, respectively. Preferably, the moisture absorbing material 662 a, 662 b is terry cloth and is generally in a thickness of from 1/16″ to ¼″ and more preferably is approximately 1/16″ to ⅛″ in thickness. And, said moisture absorbing material may include odor controlling properties. As shown in FIG. 17, moisture absorbing material 662 a, 662 b and protective covering 658 cover the middle phalanges 52-55, specifically the A4 pulley 236 (FIG. 1A) region distal to the center axis of rotation of the proximal interphalangeal joints 47-50 and the proximal phalanges 42-45, specifically the A2 pulley 232 region (FIG. 1A) proximal to the center axis of rotation of the proximal interphalangeal joints 47-50 of each finger 65-68. Openings are formed in the lower portion of the finger stalls 610, 612, 614, 616 to receive thin elastic material 687 attached at a location on the palm-side of the glove 600 beneath the proximal interphalangeal joints (PIP) 47-50 and the distal interphalangeal joints (DIP) 56-59.
  • [0084]
    With continued reference to FIG. 17, moisture absorbing material 680, such as terry cloth, may be affixed beneath panel 602 proximal to the metacarpalphalangeal joints 37-40 and under the metacarpals 32-35. Also, moisture absorbing material 682 may be affixed beneath the palm portion of panel 602 distal to the hook of the hamate 71 and moisture absorbing material 683 may be affixed beneath the thumb portion protective covering 688 of panel 602 to be positioned underneath the A2 pulley 222 (FIG. 1A) of thumb 64. Thin elastic material 685 may also be attached at a location on the palm-side of the glove 600 to be positioned beneath the metacarpalphalangeal joint 36 of the thumb 64 and thin elastic material 657 b may be positioned to cover the motion zone defined by the center axis of rotation of the underside of the carpometacarpal joint of the thumb 64.
  • [0085]
    The detailed description is given primarily for clearness of understanding and no unnecessary limitations are to be understood therefrom for modifications will become obvious to those skilled in the art upon reading this disclosure and may be made without departing from the spirit of the invention and scope of the appended claims.
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Classifications
U.S. Classification2/159
International ClassificationA41D19/00
Cooperative ClassificationA63B71/146, A63B2209/10, A41D19/015, A41D19/00, A63B71/143, A63B2102/182, A63B2102/32, A63B2102/24, A63B2102/18
European ClassificationA63B71/14G2, A41D19/015, A63B71/14G6, A41D19/00
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Nov 9, 2006ASAssignment
Owner name: HILLERICH & BRADSBY CO., KENTUCKY
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:KLEINERT, JAMES M.;REEL/FRAME:018500/0278
Effective date: 20061020
Mar 24, 2009ASAssignment
Owner name: PNC BANK, NATIONAL ASSOCIATION, OHIO
Free format text: SECURITY AGREEMENT;ASSIGNOR:HILLERICH & BRADSBY & CO.;REEL/FRAME:022443/0676
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