Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS20070102300 A1
Publication typeApplication
Application numberUS 11/267,166
Publication dateMay 10, 2007
Filing dateNov 7, 2005
Priority dateNov 7, 2005
Publication number11267166, 267166, US 2007/0102300 A1, US 2007/102300 A1, US 20070102300 A1, US 20070102300A1, US 2007102300 A1, US 2007102300A1, US-A1-20070102300, US-A1-2007102300, US2007/0102300A1, US2007/102300A1, US20070102300 A1, US20070102300A1, US2007102300 A1, US2007102300A1
InventorsJin-Shing Dai
Original AssigneeJin-Shing Dai
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Method for ceramic electroplating a cylinder assembly of an internal combustion engine
US 20070102300 A1
Abstract
A method for ceramic electroplating a cylinder assembly of an internal combustion engine is provided, wherein an engine cylinder assembly's aluminum alloy based work-pieces having been inspected are chemically degreased and roughened, placed into an electroplating tank containing an electroplating solution and an additive, with blowing air for stirring the electroplating solution. After the work-pieces in the electroplating tank are suspended on cathode hook-bars, nickel plates are disposed in the anode and the right middle of the cylinder inner-wall is connected to a current auxiliary anode with a voltage, metallic ions and ceramic materials in the electroplating solution accumulate on the work-pieces and a electroplating layer is formed alternatively stacked with one metal alloy layer by one ceramic layer. The ceramic is electroplated on the surface of the aluminum alloy based work-pieces. After the work-pieces are taken out, cleaned and grinding, the parts having smooth and lubricative surfaces are gained.
Images(5)
Previous page
Next page
Claims(1)
1. A method for ceramic electroplating a cylinder assembly of an internal combustion engine comprising:
inspecting engine cylinders of an internal combustion engine if the surface or appearance of aluminum alloy based work-pieces thereof have any defect or flaw, and eliminating the defects; arranging the inspected work-pieces in order; placing the work-pieces into a chemically degreasing sink for a degreasing operation, wherein the chemically degreasing sink contains a weak alkaline solution with concentration 10-20%, and the time of the degreasing operation is about 5-30 minutes to allow the grease becoming soluble compounds for removing; placing the chemically degreased work-pieces into a tank for cleaning by purified water; and transporting the cleaned and suspended work-pieces into a sodium hydroxide (NaOH) solution tank for roughening to make the surfaces thereof have capillarity; and then placing the roughened work-pieces into a bath containing purified water for cleaning; placing the cleaned work-pieces into a solution tank added with nitric acid HNO3 for removing aluminum oxide on the surfaces of the work-pieces and activating the surfaces at the same time; placing the activated work-pieces a bath containing purified water for cleaning; and then zincating in which uses a chemical agent to form a film on the surface of the work-pieces for treating as a bridge for ceramic electroplating process; placing the zincated work-pieces into a bath containing purified water for cleaning; and placing the zincated work-pieces into a electroplating tank and acting as a cathode and hanging a nickel plate as anode in the electroplating tank, meanwhile, in which the electroplating solution formulated from Nickel Sulfate, Nickel Chloride and Boric acid, and an additive formulated from ceramic powder, metal alloy powder, Sodium citrate and softening agent, are added into the electroplating tank, wherein the metal alloy powder can selected based on the hardness, the hue and the likes according with the requirements of the finished product, and the softening agent can be 2-ethyl hexyl Sulfate; and 1 liter of the electroplating solution and additive is formulated from 150 g-300 g Nickel Sulfate, 25 g-60 g Nickel Chloride, 15 g-45 g Boric acid, along with 50 g-200 g ceramic powder, 5 g-50 g Sodium citrate and 5 g-30 g other metal alloy powder, with PH between 3.5 and 5; and the working temperature of the electroplating tank is in the range of 50 C.-70 C., an air tube blows air into the electroplating tank for stirring the electroplating solution and the additive sufficiently, and after the electroplating tank applies a 3V-7V voltage and a 50A-500A current, which the amount of the current is determined by the number of the work-pieces, which causes metallic ions and ceramic material in the electroplating solution to accumulate on the work-pieces and forms a electroplating layer alternatively stacked with metal alloy layers and ceramic layers, thus electroplating ceramic on the surface of the work-pieces to form ceramic parts having required thickness according with the ceramic material of a piston and a inner wall of a cylinder of a cylinder assembly of an internal combustion engine; and then connecting a right middle of the inner wall of the cylinder to a current auxiliary anode which causes ceramic electroplating layer at the right middle become uniform; transporting the parts electroplated with ceramic into a bath for cleaning with running purified water; after the cleaned parts blow-dried, taking off from suspension hooks; surface treating the blow-dried ceramic parts via grinding (such as, polishing) which makes the ceramic parts having smooth and lubricative surfaces, whereby completing finished products.
Description
FIELD OF THE INVENTION

The present invention relates to a method for ceramic electroplating a cylinder assembly of an internal combustion engine, and particularly to a method for electroplating ceramic material on the outer wall of a piston and on the surface of a cylinder inner-wall, which causes the engine cylinder assembly not only has a smooth and lubricative surface layer, resistance to oxidation at high temperature and increased kinetic energy (horse power), but also has more conformation with environmental protection, prolonged service life of cylinder and heat resistance (heat dissipation).

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

In general, in order to solve a problem that has difficulty to provide cylinder inner-wall with a lubrication effect which can provide a piston for extended reciprocal movement as well as reduced friction coefficient and increased kinetics power by adding lubricant into fuel in a cylinder, those in the art may use a lubricating oil which causes the outer wall of a piston very close to the surface of a cylinder inner-wall when the piston reciprocally travel in the cylinder inner-wall, which has little lubricating effect for the reciprocal travel of the piston and also can not eliminate the increased the friction between the piston and the cylinder inner-wall during the reciprocal travel which causes decreased kinetic energy (horse power).

It is well-known that ceramic material can provide the outer wall of a piston reciprocally traveling along the cylinder inner-wall for a long time with excellent properties such as well-lubricating effect, resistance to oxidation at high temperature, high hardness, heat resistance and long-wearing, and mean while, the ceramic material can be electroplated on the surface of a work-piece to have a thickness thereof on the work-piece according to the requirement, which cause the work-piece also has smooth and lubricative surface with the ceramic properties such as resistance to oxidation at high temperature, high hardness, heat resistance and long-wearing; however, conventional electroplating methods are not suitable for surface treatment of an aluminum alloy based cylinder assembly of an internal combustion engine, since the reciprocating movement of the piston of a cylinder assembly of an internal combustion engine along the cylinder inner-wall has further lubricating effect; besides, for an automobile, an airplane and a vessel, etc., the intake, ignition, explosion and exhaust of the engine cylinder typically are functioned over the top of the piston to make the piston moving in the cylinder body for generating expansion and compression stroke reciprocally, so the lubricant between the piston and the cylinder inner-wall do not have appropriate reciprocal movement which causes the limited reciprocal movement of the cylinder assembly of an internal combustion engine without damage, but this also constraint the application of ceramic material in the electroplating process of a cylinder assembly of an internal combustion engine, because, since the hard nature and fragility of ceramic material, if ceramic material is electroplated on the engine cylinder assembly, the ceramic layer is apt to fall off because it cannot sustain the lubrication action generated by the unavoidable reciprocal movement of the engine cylinder assembly. Thus, this problem becomes an unbreakable technical bottleneck of the ceramic electroplating method for application of the surface treatment of a cylinder assembly of an internal combustion engine which requires reciprocating motion.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

Accordingly, the object of the present invention is to provide a method for ceramic electroplating a cylinder assembly of an internal combustion engine which requires a reciprocating movement. By this design, a cylinder assembly of an internal combustion engine has properties of ceramic material, such as resistance to oxidation at high temperature, heat resistance and long-wearing to have softness with smooth and lubricative features and thus has reduced frictional resistance, accelerated kinetics power and prolonged service life of cylinder for increasing the kinetic energy (horse power).

To achieve the noted object of the present invention, the technical means utilized by the present invention is to provide a method for ceramic electroplating a cylinder assembly of an internal combustion engine, comprising the following steps: after an engine cylinder assembly's aluminum alloy based work-pieces having been inspected are chemically degreased and roughened, placed into a electroplating tank, containing a electroplating solution formulated from Nickel Sulfate, Nickel Chloride and Boric acid and an additive formulated from ceramic powder, metal alloy powder, Sodium citrate, and adding softening agent into the electroplating tank, and blowing air by an air tube installed therein for stirring the electroplating solution, which not only causes the electroplating solution and the additive become uniform but also increases the electroplating rate; and after the work-pieces in the electroplating tank are suspended on cathode hook-bars while nickel plates are disposed in the anode and the right middle of the cylinder inner-wall is also connected to a current auxiliary anode with a suitable voltage, thus causes metallic ions and ceramic material in the electroplating solution accumulate on the work-pieces and forms a electroplating layer alternatively stacked with one metal alloy layer by one ceramic layer, so that the ceramic is electroplated on the surface of the work-pieces, and then after the work-pieces are taken out and cleaned for grinding, thus completing the cylinder assembly of an internal combustion engine having smooth and lubricative surfaces, resistance to oxidation at high temperature, heat resistance (heat dissipation), long-wearing, gasoline saving, conforming with environmental protection and softness.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

FIG. 1 is a flow chart according to an embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 2 shows a 3-D appearance diagram of a piston according to an embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 3 shows an assembling illustrative diagram of a cylinder assembly of an internal combustion engine according to an embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 4 shows an upward-viewing illustrative diagram of an auxiliary anode of a cylinder inner wall of an internal combustion engine according to an embodiment of the present invention;

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS

First, referring to FIG. 1, the steps for performing the present invention are:

  • a. Inspection 1: inspecting engine cylinders of internal combustion engines if the surface or appearance of aluminum alloy based work-pieces thereof have any defect or flaw, and eliminating the defects;
  • b. Arrangement 2: arranging the inspected work-pieces in order;
  • c. Chemically degreasing 3: placing the work-pieces into a chemically degreasing sink for a degreasing operation, wherein the chemically degreasing sink contains a weak alkaline solution with concentration 10-20%, and the time of the degreasing operation is about 5-30 minutes to allow the grease becoming soluble compounds for removing;
  • d. Cleaning 4: placing the chemically degreased work-pieces into a tank for cleaning by purified water;
  • e. Suspension 5: suspending the cleaned work-pieces;
  • f. Roughening 6: transporting the suspended work-pieces into a sodium hydroxide (NaOH) solution tank for roughening to make the surfaces thereof have capillarity;
  • g. Cleaning 7: placing the roughened work-pieces into a bath containing purified water for cleaning;
  • h. Activation 8: placing the cleaned work-pieces into a solution tank added with nitric acid HNO3 for removing aluminum oxide on the surfaces of the work-pieces and activating the surfaces at the same time;
  • i. Cleaning 9: placing the activated work-pieces a bath containing purified water for cleaning;
  • j. Zincating 10: using a chemical agent to form a film on the surface of the work-pieces for treating as a bridge for ceramic electroplating process;
  • k. Cleaning 11: placing the zincated work-pieces into a bath containing purified water for cleaning;
  • l. Ceramic electroplating 12: placing the zincated work-pieces into a electroplating tank and acting as a cathode as shown in FIG. 4, and hanging a nickel plate as anode in the electroplating tank, in which the electroplating solution formulated from Nickel Sulfate, Nickel Chloride and Boric acid, and an additive formulated from ceramic powder, metal alloy powder, Sodium citrate and softening agent, are added into the electroplating tank, wherein the metal alloy powder can selected based on the hardness, hue and the likes according with the requirements of the finished product, and the softening agent can be 2-ethyl hexyl Sulfate and wherein 1 liter of the electroplating solution and additive is formulated from 150 g-300 g Nickel Sulfate, 25 g-60 g Nickel Chloride, 15 g-45 g Boric acid, along with 50 g-200 g ceramic powder, 5 g-50 g Sodium citrate and 5 g-30 g other metal alloy powder, with PH between 3.5 and 5; and the working temperature of the electroplating tank is in the range of 50 C.-70 C., an air tube blows air into the electroplating tank for stirring the electroplating solution and the additive sufficiently, and after the electroplating tank applies a 3V-7V voltage and a 50A-500A current, which the amount of the current is determined by the number of the work-pieces, which causes metallic ions and ceramic material in the electroplating solution to accumulate on the work-pieces and forms a electroplating layer alternatively stacked with metal alloy layers and ceramic layers, thus electroplating ceramic on the surface of the work-pieces to form ceramic parts having required thickness according with the ceramic material of a piston 30 and a inner wall 21 of a cylinder 20 of a cylinder assembly of an internal combustion engine; and then connecting a right middle 210 of the inner wall 21 of the cylinder 20 to a current auxiliary anode which causes ceramic electroplating layer at the right middle 210 become uniform and has better electric conducting adhesion as shown in FIG. 4;
  • m. Cleaning 13: transporting the parts electroplated with ceramic into a bath for cleaning with running purified water;
  • n. Blow-drying 14: after the cleaned parts blow-dried, taking off from suspension hooks;
  • o. Grinding 15: surface treating the blow-dried ceramic parts via grinding (such as, polishing) which makes the ceramic parts having smooth and lubricative surfaces, whereby completing finished products 16.

By the implementation flow of the above-mentioned method, the present invention can be applied to a reciprocal-moving cylinder assembly of an internal combustion engine. Since ceramic material has excellent properties such as high hardness, heat resistance, long-wearing, high lubrication and resistance to oxidation at high temperature. Therefore, the present invention electroplates ceramic material on the holes of the inner wall 21 and the outer wall surface 31 of a cylinder of an internal combustion engine as shown in FIGS. 2 and 3, which can cause the inner wall 21 of the cylinder 20 and the outer surface 31 of the piston 30 of an internal combustion engine have the properties of the ceramic material such as well-lubricating effect, heat resistance, long-wearing and resistance to oxidation at high temperature. After the present invention applies to a cylinder assembly of an internal combustion engine used by an automobile, an airplane and a vessel, etc., the smooth surface of the piston 30 and the inner wall 21 of the cylinder 20 has high lubrication in compression stroke, reduced friction coefficient and increased power efficiency; furthermore, since the surface has a ceramic electroplated cylinder assembly of an internal combustion engine, not only can reach the object of gasoline saving but also conforming with environmental protection due to no smoke emission and prolonged service life.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US7833402 *May 23, 2008Nov 16, 2010Green Hydrotec Inc.Electroplating a metallic catalyst layer on the surface of the porous metallic substrate using an electroplating solution comprising an additive selected from a group consisting of ceramic powder, graphite, polytetrafluoroethylene, diamond, fibers, and mixtures; catalytic exhaust systems
US20130058791 *Sep 2, 2011Mar 7, 2013General Electric CompanyProtective coating for titanium last stage buckets
Classifications
U.S. Classification205/205
International ClassificationC25D5/34
Cooperative ClassificationC25D17/005, C25D5/08, C25D21/10, C25D5/44, C25D15/02, F02F1/20, C25D7/10
European ClassificationC25D7/10, C25D5/44, C25D15/02, C25D21/10, F02F1/20, C25D5/08