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Publication numberUS20070119155 A1
Publication typeApplication
Application numberUS 10/573,655
PCT numberPCT/JP2004/009941
Publication dateMay 31, 2007
Filing dateJul 12, 2004
Priority dateOct 8, 2003
Also published asCN1864004A, CN100419246C, EP1672207A1, EP1672207A4, EP1672207B1, WO2005035966A1
Publication number10573655, 573655, PCT/2004/9941, PCT/JP/2004/009941, PCT/JP/2004/09941, PCT/JP/4/009941, PCT/JP/4/09941, PCT/JP2004/009941, PCT/JP2004/09941, PCT/JP2004009941, PCT/JP200409941, PCT/JP4/009941, PCT/JP4/09941, PCT/JP4009941, PCT/JP409941, US 2007/0119155 A1, US 2007/119155 A1, US 20070119155 A1, US 20070119155A1, US 2007119155 A1, US 2007119155A1, US-A1-20070119155, US-A1-2007119155, US2007/0119155A1, US2007/119155A1, US20070119155 A1, US20070119155A1, US2007119155 A1, US2007119155A1
InventorsHirofumi Tongu, Masahiro Kimura
Original AssigneeHino Motors Ltd.
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Support structure for muffler
US 20070119155 A1
Abstract
Provided is a support structure for a particulate filter stored inside and properly detachable and attachable, which is low in manufacturing cost, hardly causes stress concentration and readily prevents interference with peripheral devices.
Concerned is a support structure for a muffler 11 with the particulate filter 6 stored inside, the muffler 11 being divided at positions in front of and behind the portion for storage of the filter into portions, the divided portions being detachably fastened together through flanges 12 a, 13 a and 14 a. Brackets 15 and 16 for suspension and support of the muffler 11 from and by a frame 9 (vehicle body) are fitted by fastening the brackets together upon fastening of the flanges 12 a and 13 a and the flanges 13 a and 14 a.
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Claims(6)
1. A support structure for a muffler with a particulate filter stored inside, the muffler being divided, at positions in front of and behind the stored filter, into portions, said divided portions being fastened together through flanges thereof for easy detachment and attachment, comprising brackets for suspension and support of the muffler from and by a vehicle body, said brackets fitted by fastening said brackets together upon fastening of the flanges.
2. The support structure for the muffler according to claim 1, wherein each of the brackets has a lower end formed with an overlap portion for overlapping with corresponding ones of the flanges only at portions thereof adjacent to their tops, said bracket being fitted by fastening the overlap portion together with the flanges at a position adjacent to the tops of the flanges.
3. The support structure for the muffler according to claim 1, wherein the particulate filter carries oxidation catalyst.
4. The support structure for the muffler according to claim 2, wherein the particulate filter carries oxidation catalyst.
5. The support structure for the muffler according to claim 1, wherein the particulate filter carries NOx absorption reduction catalyst.
6. The support structure for the muffler according to claim 2, wherein the particulate filter carries NOx absorption reduction catalyst.
Description
TECHNICAL FIELD

The present invention relates to a support structure for a muffler with a particulate filter stored inside, which makes it possible to properly detach or attach the particulate filter.

BACKGROUND ART

Particulates or particulate matter entrained in exhaust gas from a diesel engine is mainly constituted by carbonic soot and a soluble organic faction (SOF) of high-boiling hydrocarbon and contains a trace of sulfate (misty sulfuric acid fraction). In order to suppress the particulates from being diffused into atmosphere, it has been conceived as shown in FIG. 7 that a particulate filter 6 is incorporated in an exhaust pipe 4 into which exhaust gas 3 is introduced from a diesel engine 1 via exhaust manifold 2 (see, for example, Reference 1).

It has been proposed that this kind of particulate filter 6 is fitted by storing it in a muffler 5 for improved mountability to a vehicle since a new space is hardly available in the vehicle for arrangement of the filter 6.

On the other hand, conventionally, the muffler 5 is suspended from and supported by a vehicle body as shown in FIGS. 1 and 2 in such a manner that a bracket 7 is welded to an upper peripheral portion of the muffler 5, the bracket 7 being suspended from and supported by a frame 9 via, for example, a stay 8; alternatively, as shown in FIGS. 3 and 4, the muffler 5 is encircled and held by a U-bolt 10, the U-bolt 10 being suspended from and supported by the frame 9 via, for example, the stay 8 (see, for example, Reference 2).

  • [Reference 1] JP 2003-65032A
  • [Reference 2] Japanese Utility Model Publication 6-83914
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

Problems to be Solved by the Invention

However, in the former conventional structure shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, the bracket 7 has to be conformed at its lower end with the outer periphery of the cylindrical muffler 5 for welding, which causes the bracket 7 to have a curvature complementary with the outer periphery of the muffler 5, resulting in problems, i.e., expensive modeling fee and increased manufacturing cost. There is also a problem that stress concentration tends to occur at weld boundaries x.

On the other hand, in the latter conventional structure shown in FIGS. 3 and 4, opposite ends of the U-bolt 10 fastened to the stay 8 are required to have a pitch p longer than a diameter of the muffler 5, so that tip ends of the stay 8 are largely protruded as shown by A in the figure and tend to a problem of interference with peripheral devices. The ends of the stay 8 are largely protruded also for a reason that the muffler 5 has to be suspended and supported in a sufficiently spaced-apart relationship from the frame 9 so as to prevent interference between a vertical extension of the U-bold 10 shown by B in the figure and a lower flange 9 a of the frame 9.

When the particulate filter 6 is fitted in such muffler 5 as mentioned above, unburned ash deriving from lubricant and generated during combustion within cylinders is gradually accumulated in the filter 6, which necessitates direct cleaning such as air cleaning or water washing of the filter 6 or replacement with a new particulate filter 6. However, there have been no such particular structures proposed up to the present for satisfactory support of the muffler 5 with particulate filter 6 being detachable and attachable and without the conventional problems.

The invention was made in view of the above and has its object to provide a support structure for a muffler with a particulate filter stored inside and properly detachable and attachable, which is low in manufacturing cost, hardly causes stress concentration and readily prevents interference with peripheral devices.

Means or Measure for Solving the Problems

The invention is directed to a support structure for a muffler with a particulate filter stored inside, the muffler being divided, at positions in front of and behind the stored filter, into portions, said divided portions being fastened together through flanges thereof for easy detachment and attachment, characterized in that brackets for suspension and support of the muffler from and by a vehicle body are also fastened together upon fastening of the flanges.

Thus, the brackets may be simplified in shape to an extent that they may be fastened together upon fastening of the flanges. Unlike conventional ones, the brackets do not need to be conformed with an outer periphery of a muffler, resulting in cheap modeling fee and decreased manufacturing cost. Moreover, they need no welding, which preliminarily prevents the problem of stress concentration tending to occur upon welding.

Furthermore, for fastening of the brackets together with the flanges, relatively small fastening regions each of the order within the diameter of a muffler will suffice. As a result, for suspension and support of the bracket from and by a vehicle body, no stays with larger projections will be required unlike a conventional support using a U-bolt; relatively short stays will suffice for suspension and support from and by a vehicle body, readily preventing interference with peripheral devices.

When the invention is to be carried out more concretely, for example, each of the brackets may have a lower end formed with an overlap portion for overlapping with corresponding ones of the flanges only at portions thereof adjacent to their tops. The overlap portion is fastened together with the flanges at a position adjacent to the tops of the flanges.

In the invention, the particulate filter may carry oxidation catalyst; the particulate filter may carry NOx absorption reduction catalyst.

Effects of the Invention

The following various, excellent effects and advantages will be obtainable according to a support structure for a muffler of the invention.

  • (I) The brackets may be simplified in shape so that modeling fee for the brackets may be cheap to decrease the manufacturing cost. Furthermore, no welding is employed for fitting of the brackets so that preliminarily prevented is a problem on mechanical strength that stress concentration tends to occur at weld boundaries, thereby providing the support structure with which stress concentration hardly occurs.
  • (II) Relatively small fastening regions are required for fastening of the brackets together with the flanges, which makes it unnecessary to use stays with larger protrusions for suspension and support of the brackets from and by the vehicle body. This can readily prevent interference with the peripheral devices and can substantially relieve restrictions on layout of the muffler and peripheral devices.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

[FIG. 1] A side view showing an example of conventional support structures for mufflers.

[FIG. 2] A front view of the support structure shown in FIG. 1.

[FIG. 3] A side view showing another example of the conventional support structures for mufflers.

[FIG. 4] A front view of the support structure shown in FIG. 3.

[FIG. 5] A side view showing an embodiment of the invention.

[FIG. 6] A front view of the support structure shown in FIG. 5.

[FIG. 7] A schematic view showing an example of an arrangement of a particulate filter.

EXPLANATION OF THE REFERENCE NUMERALS

  • 4 exhaust pipe
  • 6 particulate filter
  • 9 frame (vehicle body)
  • 11 muffler
  • 12 front portion
  • 12 a flange
  • 13 intermediate portion (portion for storage of the particulate filter)
  • 13 a flange
  • 14 rear portion
  • 14 a flange
  • 15 bracket
  • 15 a overlap portion
  • 16 bracket
  • 16 a overlap portion
    Best Mode for Carrying Out the Invention

An embodiment of the invention will be described with rence to the drawings.

FIGS. 5 and 6 show an embodiment of the invention. In embodiment illustrated, a catalytic regeneration type particulate filter 6 integrally carrying oxidation catalyst is stored inside of a muffler 11 incorporated in an exhaust pipe 4.

The particulate filter 6 comprises a porous honeycomb structure made of ceramics with grid-like compartmentalized passages. Alternate ones of the passages have plugged one ends and the remaining passages with unplugged one ends have the plugged other ends such that only exhaust gas 3 passing through porous thin walls which compartmentalize the respective passages is discharged downstream.

Oxidation reaction of particulates captured by inside surfaces of the porous thin walls in the particulate filter 6 is accelerated by the oxidation catalyst so that the particulates are ignited and burned even at relatively low temperatures; gradually accumulated within the filter 6 is ash deriving from lubricant and generated in combustion within cylinders, resulting in requirement of direct cleaning such as air cleaning or water washing of the filter 6 or replacement into a new particulate filter 6.

To this end, employed in the embodiment is a structure such that the muffler 11 is divided into three, i.e., front, intermediate and rear portions 12, 13 and 14, the portions being detachably fastened together through flanges 12 a, 13 a and 14 a by bolts and nuts, the intermediate portion 13 being the portion for storage of the particulate filter 6. The particulate filter 6 can be properly taken out wholly together with the intermediate portion 13 for its cleaning or replacement.

Front and rear joints comprising flanges 12 a, 13 a and 14 a are fastened together with angled brackets 15 and 16 by bolts and nuts, the brackets 15 and 16 being suspended and supported from and by the frame 9 through stays 8 extending therefrom.

More specifically, the brackets 15 and 16 have lower ends formed with overlap portions 15 a and 16 a overlapped with the flanges 12 a, 13 a and 14 a only at position adjacent to tops thereof. The brackets 15 and 16 are fitted by fastening them together with the flanges 12 a, 13 a and 14 a at position adjacent the tops thereof.

In FIG. 5, reference numeral 17 denotes heat insulation material which surrounds an outer periphery of an intermediate portion of the muffler 11 so as to maintain the particulate filter 6 at temperature as high as possible.

Thus, the support structure for the muffler 11 constructed in this manner makes it possible to simplify the brackets 15 and 16 in shape to an extent fastenable together with the flanges 12 a, 13 a and 14 a upon fastening of the flanges; the brackets are not needed to be conformed with the outer periphery of the muffler 11 unlike the prior art, so that modeling fee is cheap to decrease the manufacturing cost. Moreover, no welding is employed so that preliminarily prevented is a problem that stress concentration tends to occur at weld boundaries.

Furthermore, for fastening of the brackets 15 and 16 together with the flanges 12 a, 13 a and 14 a, relatively small regions to an extent within a diameter of the muffler 11 suffice, which makes it unnecessary to use stays 8 with larger protrusions required in the conventional structures using U-bolts for suspension and support of the brackets 15 and 16 from and by the frame 9 (vehicle body); the brackets may be suspended and supported from and by the frame 9 via the relatively short stays 8, which can readily prevent interference with the peripheral devices.

Thus, according to the above-mentioned embodiment, the brackets 15 and 16 may be simplified in shape so that modeling fee for the brackets 15 and 16 may be cheap to decrease the manufacturing cost. Furthermore, no welding is employed for fitting of the brackets so that preliminarily prevented is a problem on mechanical strength that stress concentration tends to occur at weld boundaries, thereby providing the support structure with which stress concentration hardly occurs.

Relatively small fastening regions are required for fastening of the brackets 15 and 16 together with the flanges 12 a, 13 a and 14 a, which makes it unnecessary to use stays 8 with larger protrusions for suspension and support of the brackets 15 and 16 from and by the frame 9. This can readily prevent interference with the peripheral devices and can substantially relieve restrictions on layout of the muffler 11 and the peripheral devices.

INDUSTRIAL APPLICABILITY

It is to be understood that the muffler support structure is not limited to the above-mentioned embodiment and that various changes and modifications may be effected within the gist of the invention. For example, the muffler may be of any shape such as of oval section other than cylindrical. The particulate filter may not necessarily have oxidation catalyst. In lieu of oxidation catalyst, the filter may carry NOx absorption reduction catalyst so as to attain concurrent reduction of particulate and NOx.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US7950487 *Nov 21, 2008May 31, 2011Honda Motor Co., Ltd.Exhaust system for motorcycle and motorcycle including the same
US7971676 *Oct 24, 2008Jul 5, 2011Dusa Ii James RExhaust system protection device
US8453784 *Jun 1, 2011Jun 4, 2013R. Dusa II JamesExhaust system protection device
US8821608Jun 30, 2010Sep 2, 2014Yanmar Co., Ltd.Exhaust gas purification device
US8943813 *Mar 23, 2010Feb 3, 2015Komatsu Ltd.Exhaust gas purifying device for internal combustion engine
US20110154810 *Sep 7, 2009Jun 30, 2011Yanmar Co., Ltd.Engine device
US20110253471 *Jun 1, 2011Oct 20, 2011Dusa Ii James RExhaust system protection device
US20120011833 *Mar 23, 2010Jan 19, 2012Komatsu Ltd.Exhaust Gas Purifying Device for Internal Combustion Engine
US20120137665 *Nov 30, 2011Jun 7, 2012J. Eberspaecher Gmbh & Co. KgVehicle component
WO2014088767A1 *Nov 13, 2013Jun 12, 2014Tenneco Automotive Operating Company Inc.Exhaust component mounting structure
Classifications
U.S. Classification60/299
International ClassificationF01N3/02, F01N3/10, B01D46/42, F01N3/08, F01N1/00, F01N3/28, F01N3/033, F01N3/24, F01N13/00, F01N99/00
Cooperative ClassificationY02T10/20, F01N2260/10, F01N2230/02, F01N2450/30, F01N3/0335, F01N13/1805
European ClassificationF01N3/033B, F01N13/18B