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Publication numberUS20070127974 A1
Publication typeApplication
Application numberUS 10/575,407
PCT numberPCT/US2004/032928
Publication dateJun 7, 2007
Filing dateOct 6, 2004
Priority dateOct 6, 2003
Also published asCN1863470A, CN100544633C, EP1681957A2, EP1681957A4, WO2005035142A2, WO2005035142A3
Publication number10575407, 575407, PCT/2004/32928, PCT/US/2004/032928, PCT/US/2004/32928, PCT/US/4/032928, PCT/US/4/32928, PCT/US2004/032928, PCT/US2004/32928, PCT/US2004032928, PCT/US200432928, PCT/US4/032928, PCT/US4/32928, PCT/US4032928, PCT/US432928, US 2007/0127974 A1, US 2007/127974 A1, US 20070127974 A1, US 20070127974A1, US 2007127974 A1, US 2007127974A1, US-A1-20070127974, US-A1-2007127974, US2007/0127974A1, US2007/127974A1, US20070127974 A1, US20070127974A1, US2007127974 A1, US2007127974A1
InventorsCharles Chang, Robert Sheffler
Original AssigneeCharles Chang, Sheffler Robert J
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Liquid product applicator
US 20070127974 A1
Abstract
The present invention achieves the above object, among others, by providing in a preferred embodiment, an apparatus, comprising: a liquid product applicator; and means to wipe liquid product from only a portion of said liquid product applicator, while leaving a greater amount of liquid product on other portions of said liquid product applicator. A method of using said liquid product applicator is also provided.
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Claims(27)
1. An apparatus, comprising:
(a) a liquid product applicator, and
(b) means to wipe liquid product from only a portion of said liquid product applicator, while leaving a greater amount of liquid product on other portions of said liquid product applicator.
2. An apparatus, as defined in claim 1, wherein: said means to wipe comprises an orifice in a wiper operatively attached to a container of said liquid product
3. An apparatus, as defined in claim 2, wherein: said orifice, in a cross-section taken orthogonal to a major axis of said liquid product applicator and to a major axis of said wiper, is non-symmetrical with respect to said liquid product applicator.
4. An apparatus, as defined in claim 3, wherein: said orifice wipes said liquid product from two opposing sides of said liquid applicator.
5. An apparatus, as defined in claim 3, further comprising: a stem from which said liquid product applicator depends, said stem being complementary to shape of said orifice.
6. An apparatus, as defined in claim 5, wherein: a proximal end of said stem is arranged such that said stem remains rotationally immobile with respect to said container when a cap is screwed onto and from said container.
7. An apparatus, as defined in claim 2, further comprising: at least one flexible doctor blade attached to and depending from said orifice and arranged such that said at least one doctor blade further wipes said liquid product from said portion of said liquid product applicator.
8. An apparatus, as defined in claim 7, wherein: said at least one flexible doctor blade wipes a portion of said liquid product from a tip of said liquid product applicator.
9. An apparatus, comprising:
(a) a liquid product carrier,
(b) means to wipe liquid product from only a portion of said liquid product carrier, while leaving a greater amount of liquid product on other portions of said liquid product carrier, and
(c) said liquid product carrier being selected from the group consisting of: a spiral wound brush, flocked doe's foot tip, foam mitt, narrow tipped liner brush, and wide tipped liner brush.
10. An apparatus, as defined in claim 6, wherein: a proximal portion of said stem is cylindrical and has a horizontal flange extending therefrom, said horizontal flange, at a lower surface of said horizontal flange, rotationally engages a horizontal surface in said cap.
11. A method, comprising:
(a) providing a container of liquid product;
(b) providing a liquid applicator that can be disposed in said container of liquid product, in contact with said liquid product;
(c) providing a wiper operatively connected to said container of liquid product, through which wiper said liquid applicator passes to have wiped off said liquid product from only a portion of said liquid applicator;
(d) applying said liquid product using a portion of liquid applicator using other than said portion; and
(e) using said portion to brush out clumps of said liquid product.
12. A method, as defined in claim 11, further comprising: providing in said wiper an orifice, said wiper being operatively attached to a container of said liquid product.
13. A method as defined in claim 12, further comprising: providing said orifice, in a cross-section taken orthogonal to a major axis of said liquid product applicator and to said wiper, as non-symmetrical with respect to said liquid product applicator.
14. A method, as defined in claim 13, further comprising: providing said orifice to wipe said liquid product from two opposing sides of said liquid applicator.
15. A method, as defined in claim 13, further comprising: providing a stem from which said liquid product applicator depends as complementary to the shape of said orifice.
16. A method, as defined in claim 15, further comprising: providing a proximal end of said stem arranged such that said stem remains rotationally immobile with resect to said container when a cap is screwed onto and from said container.
17. A method, as defined in claim 12, further comprising: providing at least one doctor blade attached to and depending from said orifice and arranged such that said at least one doctor blade further wipes said liquid product from said portion of said liquid product applicator.
18. A method, as defined in claim 17, further comprising: providing said at least one doctor blade to wipe a portion of said liquid product from a tip of said liquid product applicator.
19. A method, comprising:
(a) providing a container of liquid product;
(b) providing a liquid product carrier that can be disposed in a container of liquid product, in contact with said liquid product;
(c) providing a wiper operatively connected to said container of liquid product, through which wiper said liquid product carrier passes to have wiped off said liquid product from only a first portion of said liquid product carrier;
(d) applying said liquid product using a second portion of said liquid product carrier,
(e) using said first portion of said liquid product carrier to brush out clumps of said liquid product; and
(f) providing said liquid product carrier selected from the group consisting of: spiral wound, flocked doe's foot tip, foam mitt, narrow tipper liner, and wide tipped liner brushes.
20. A method, as defined in claim 16, further comprising:
(a) providing a portion of a proximal end of said stem as cylindrical and having a horizontal flange extending therefrom; and
(b) providing a lower surface of said horizontal flange rotationally engaging a corresponding horizontal surface in said cap.
21. A dispenser for storing and applying liquid product, comprising in combination:
(a) a container having a neck portion;
(b) a closure cap adapted to be mounted on said neck portion of said container to selectively form a seal therewith;
(c) an elongate applicator device frictionally and turnably carried by the interior of said closure cap, said elongate applicator device having a body portion and a distal end portion receivable in an interior of said container for contact with liquid product; and
(d) cooperable, activatable keying means on said neck portion of said container and said elongate applicator device, for selectively prevent turning movement of said elongate applicator device with respect to said container,
(e) said cooperable keying means being rendered active as said elongate applicator device and said closure cap are being installed to said neck portion of said container,
(f) said keying means being rendered inactive as said elongate applicator device and said closure cap are being withdrawn from said neck portion of said container; and
(g) whereby, said elongate applicator device becomes restrained against turning movement with respect to said container as said distal end portion of said elongate applicator device is inserted into said neck portion of said container.
22. A dispenser, as defined in claim 21, wherein:
(a) said closure cap has formed thereon continuous internal threads; and
(b) said neck portion of said container has formed thereon cooperable continuous threads engagable with said continuous internal threads of said closure cap.
23. A dispenser, as defined in claim 22, wherein: said keying means is activated prior to any engagement of said continuous internal threads formed on said neck portion of said container and said continuous internal threads formed on said closure cap when said closure cap is assembled to said container.
24. A dispenser, as defined in claim 21, wherein:
(a) said keying means comprises a non-circular cross sectional portion of said elongate applicator device; and
(b) means defining a cooperable hole in said neck portion of said container, and
(c) said elongate applicator device fitting into said hole in solely a fixed registration therewith.
25. A dispenser, as defined in claim 21, wherein:
(a) said elongate applicator device has a brush at a distal end thereof; and
(b) said keying means comprises means defining a hole in said neck portion of said container, and
(c) said hole of said neck portion of said container having a configuration which complements the cross-sectional configuration of said brush.
26. A dispenser, as defined in claim 21, wherein: said cooperable keying means forms a seal between said elongate applicator device and said neck portion of said container when said closure cap is assembled to said neck portion of said container, to thereby minimize product accumulation in said neck portion of said container.
27. A dispenser, as defined in claim 21, wherein:
(a) said elongate applicator device comprises a brush; and
(b) said keying means on said neck portion of said container comprises a hole having a configuration complementary to a cross-section of said brush.
Description
TECHNICAL FIELD

The present invention relates to liquid product applicators generally and, more particularly, but not by way of limitation, to a novel liquid application brush that in one embodiment can permit both application and combing of applied liquid product with a single brush.

BACKGROUND ART

The present invention is applicable to mascara and similar liquid products such as nail polish and eye liner.

Typically, an application brush has a round rod or stem that passes through a wiper having a circular opening in the center thereof that wipes off the product from the rod or stem of the applicator brush. The wiper also wipes off excess product from the brush The brush itself is typically a spiral wound brush or it could also be a brush head, a flocked top, or other brush type. The rod is round so that it can rotate within the wiper when the top of the applicator is screwed onto or screwed off of the container of liquid product.

In the case of mascara, for example, the product is very viscous and tends to clump because of its high viscosity. In this case, one needs to use a separate mascara brush to comb out the clumped mascara clinging to the eyelashes after it is applied. This requires that two separate brushes be used—one to apply the mascara to the eyelashes and the other to brush out clumped mascara, so as to separate the eyelashes and prepare them for a more uniform distribution of the product. This also requires that the application brush be set aside or replaced in the container—requiring additional effort on the part of the person applying the liquid product.

In the case of some other products, there is no way to satisfactorily regulate the amount of product that is removed from the container.

Accordingly, it is a principal object of the present invention to provide a liquid applicator brush that can be used both to apply product and to comb the product once it is applied.

It is a further object of the invention to provide such a liquid applicator brush that is easily used by a consumer and that requires no additional effort on the part of the consumer.

It is an additional object of the invention to provide such a liquid applicator brush that can be economically and easily fabricated using conventional techniques.

It is another object of the invention to provide controlled amounts of product in specific areas on the brush for better delivery of product and enhanced utility.

Other objects of the present invention, as well as particular features, elements, and advantages thereof, will be elucidated in, or be apparent from, the following description and the accompanying drawing figures.

DISCLOSURE OF INVENTION

The present invention achieves the above object, among others, by providing in a preferred embodiment, an apparatus, comprising: a liquid product applicator; and means to wipe liquid product from only a portion of said liquid product applicator, while leaving a greater amount of liquid product on other portions of said liquid product applicator. A method of using said liquid product applicator is also provided.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS

Understanding of the present invention and the various aspects thereof will be facilitated by reference to the accompanying drawing figures, provided for purposes of illustration only and not intended to define the scope of the invention, on which:

FIG. 1 a is a front elevational view, in cross-section, of a liquid product applicator spiral wound brush or product carrier, constructed according to one embodiment of the present invention, and inserted in a liquid product container.

FIG. 1 b is a side elevation view, in cross-section, of the liquid product spiral wound applicator brush of FIG. 1 a inserted in a liquid product container.

FIG. 2 is a top plan view of a wiper according to the embodiment of FIGS. 1 a 1 b.

FIG. 3 a is top plan view of a spiral wound applicator brush constructed according to one embodiment of the present invention.

FIG. 3 b is a top plan view of a spiral wound applicator brush constructed according to a further embodiment of the present invention

FIG. 3 c is a top plan view of a spiral wound applicator brush constructed according to an additional embodiment of the present invention.

FIG. 3 d is a top plan view of a spiral wound applicator brush constructed according to another embodiment of the present invention.

FIG. 4 a is a fragmentary, side elevational view, in cross-section, showing the independent rotation of the brush with respect to the closure and fitment.

FIG. 4 b is a side elevational view, in cross-section, of another embodiment of the present invention, showing the independent rotation of an integral brush and fitment with respect to the closure.

FIG. 5 is a bottom plan view of an embodiment of the present invention in which doctor blades depend from the orifice of the wiper.

FIG. 6 is a fragmentary end elevational view of the embodiment of FIG. 5.

FIG. 7 is a fragmentary side elevational view of the embodiment of FIG. 5.

FIGS. 8 a-8 d are side elevational views of various shaped doctor blades depending from the orifice in the wiper of the embodiment of FIG. 5.

FIGS. 8 e and 8 f are end elevational views of various shaped doctor blades depending from the orifice in the wiper of the embodiment of FIG. 5.

FIGS. 9 a-9f are bottom plan views of various shaped doctor blades depending from the orifice in the wiper of the embodiment of FIG. 5.

FIG. 10 is a variation of the embodiment of FIG. 5.

FIGS. 11 a-14 b show various types of product carriers that may be used with the embodiments of the present invention.

BEST MODE FOR CARRYING OUT THE INVENTION

Reference should now be made to the drawing figures on which similar or identical elements are given consistent identifying numerals throughout the various figures thereof, and on which parenthetical references to figure numbers, when used, direct the reader to the view(s) on which the element(s) being described is (are) best seen, although the element(s) may be seen on other figures also.

FIGS. 1 a and 1 b illustrate a liquid application device, constructed according to the present invention, and generally indicated by the reference numeral 10. Device 10 includes a liquid product container 20 having an externally threaded neck portion, a closure or screw cap 22 shown apart fiom the container but which can be screwed onto the container, and an applicator comprising a shaft or stem 24 having a brush structure 26 disposed surrounding its flattened distal portion 28 extending into the container and its proximal portion 30 extending into and contacting the interior of cap 22 and supported in the top by insert member 32. A flange 40 formed around proximal portion 30 of shaft or stem 24 engaging the top of insert member 32, fixedly disposed in cap 22, and the engagement of the proximal end of the shaft or stem with the inner surface of the cap secures the shaft or stem in place. Shaft or stem 24 passes through a complementarily shaped orifice 50 formed in the center of a wiper 52 frictionally and fixedly disposed in a conventional manner in the top opening of container 20. Brush structure 26 is typically nylon and spiral wound, although it can be of other materials and other construction, as noted above.

It can be seen from inspection of FIGS. 1 a and 1 b, that distal portion 28 of shaft or stem 24 is flattened in profile, that is, it is non-symmetrical with respect to the major axis of the distal portion. Also, it will be understood that, when cap 22 is screwed onto liquid product container 20, that shaft or stem 24 and, consequently, brush 26 will remain fixed with respect to the liquid product container, by virtue of the fact that distal portion 28 of shaft or stern 24 engages the walls of the orifice 50 in wiper 52, the latter being frictionally held rotatingly immobile with respect to the liquid product container 20. The shaft or stem 24 of the applicator is thus keyed to the neck of the container against rotation or turning when the cap is fully seated on the neck, as well as when the cap is being threaded partially onto the neck.

FIG. 2 illustrates wiper 52 with orifice 50 defined in the center thereof. Orifice 50 in this case is rectangular and cooperates with distal portion 28 of shaft or stem 24 which is likewise rectangular in horizontal cross-section. The rectangle shape shown for orifice 50 is the most rudimentary geometry and orifice 50 can assume other shapes, such as a triangle or an oval, provided that the orifice is non-circular and non-symmetrical with respect to the major axis of distal portion 28 of shaft or stem 24 and is complementarily shaped with respect thereto. As is evident from FIGS. 1 a, 1 b, and 2, in order to maintain the cooperating registration or keying of shaft or stem 24 and wiper orifice 50, when cap 22 is turned during opening and closing of container 20, the interaction between the cap and shaft or stem 24 is arranged to be free-wheeling, with a minimum of friction, so that brush structure 26 does not rotate when the consumer is applying mascara onto the consumer's eyelashes.

Referring now to FIG. 3 a, there is illustrated brush structure 26 rounded in shape and orifice 50. In this case, orifice 50 is shown in rectangular configuration, although, as noted above, orifice 50 could have other configurations, with appropriate changes in the brush structure. Here, brush structure 26 has areas of high densities of bristles 60 and 62 and areas of low densities of bristles 64 and 66. Thus, after bristle structure 26 passes through orifice 50, areas 60 and 62 will be heavily laden with mascara, for example, while areas 64 and 66 will be wiped more cleanly by the orifice. The user, then, can apply the mascara using mascara laden areas 60 and 62 and then rotate brush structure 26 to use relatively clean areas 64 and 66 to comb out the mascara

FIG. 3 b shows bristle structure 26 being rounded and having uniform density of bristles. However, after passing through orifice 50, areas 60 and 62 will be more laden with mascara, while areas 64 and 66 will have less mascara and the latter can be used for combing out the mascara

FIG. 3 c is similar to FIG. 3 a, except that bristle structure 26 has an oval shape, with the long axis of the oval being oriented parallel to the long axis of orifice 50.

FIG. 3 d is similar to FIG. 3 a, except that bristle structure 26 has a rectangular shape, with the long axis of the bristle structure being oriented parallel to the long axis of orifice 50.

FIG. 4 a illustrates, with reference to arrows “A” and “B”, the independent rotation of shaft or stem 24 with respect to cap 22, so that the shaft or stem remains in a fixed position with respect to wiper 52 even when the cap is screwed onto or unscrewed off of liquid container 20 (FIGS. 1 a and 1 b).

FIG. 4 b illustrates another embodiment of the present invention, generally indicated by the reference numeral 10′. Elements similar or identical in function to those described above are given primed reference numerals. Here, shaft or stem 24′ is flattened throughout and integral with a fitment 70 at the proximal end of the shaft or stem, the fitment being rotatingly captured in cap 22′. Thus, again by virtue of non-symmetrical shaft or stem 24′ passing through a complementarily shaped orifice 50′ in wiper 52′, bristle structure 26′ remains fixed with respect to liquid product container 20′ even as cap 22′ is rotated as it is screwed onto or unscrewed off of the liquid product container.

FIG. 5 illustrates yet a further embodiment of the present invention. In this embodiment, wiper 100 has a body portion 110 with an orifice 120 defined generally in the center of the body portion of the lower end thereof. In contradistinction to conventional wipers, orifice 120 is not symmetrical with the major axis of wiper 100, as is shown in FIGS. 3 a-3 d, but is presented as a racetrack As seen on FIG. 5, two oppositely disposed, flexible doctor blades 130 and 132 depend from the edges of orifice 120 and are oriented such that the distal ends thereof approach each other.

FIG. 6 illustrates a shaft or stem 140 and a brush 150 depending from the shaft or stem and extending horizontally from a spiral wire 160. Brush 150 is inserted through wiper 100 and is illustrated in cross-sectional view across the narrowest aperture of doctor blades 130 and 132. As described above, as shaft or stem 140 is pulled through wiper 100, liquid product will be wiper therefrom. The opening between doctor blades 130 and 132 is equal to or nearly equal to the diameter of spiral wire 160, so that the liquid product will be displaced from the spiral wire 160 and from any bristles that are in proximity to the spiral wire.

This arrangement can also be used to control the amount of liquid product removed from a container by a shaft or stem that does not include a bristle structure as part thereof.

FIG. 7 illustrates wiper 100, from the side, and presents the widest cross-section of doctor blades 130 and 132, rotated ninety degrees from FIG. 6. It will be noted that shaft or stem 140 is asymmetrical about its own axis, although it is complementary to orifice 120 (FIG. 6) so that the liquid product will be completely wiped from the shaft or stem.

It will be understood that brush 150 may also be asymmetrical, permitting it to be oriented to wiper 100. Besides having wiper 100 clean the product to some degree from the bristles of brush 150, doctor blades 130 and 132 selectively clean away liquid product from spiral wire 160 and affect distribution of liquid product on the periphery of the bristles of the brush. It has been found that this arrangement has a tendency to move the liquid product from close to spiral wire 160 so that the liquid product will be displaced from the spiral wire and from and bristles that are in proximity to the spiral wire, distributing the liquid product towards the outer ends of the bristles.

FIGS. 8 a-8 f are side and end elevational views illustrating various shaped doctor blades, presented as examples only and not to be construed as limiting any other arrangements.

FIGS. 9 a-9 f are bottom plan views illustrating various shaped doctor blades, presented as examples only and not to be construed as limiting any other arrangements.

FIG. 10 illustrates still another solution to maintaining registration or keying between shaft or stem 140 and orifice 120 of wiper 100. In this arrangement, a portion 170 of shaft or stem 140 is cylindrical. Accordingly, brush 150 is free to rotate independently from wiper 100 in the positions shown on FIG. 10, but reestablishes proper orientation before the brush is pulled through orifice 120 of wiper 100.

FIGS. 11 a-14 b illustrate that the unique wiper 100 is not limited to encouraging a control lay-down of the liquid product on a spiral wound brush, but may be applied similarly and effectively to other applicators such as a flocked doe's foot, a foam mitt, a narrow tipped liner brush, or a wide tipped liner brush

In the embodiments of the present invention described above, it will be recognized that individual elements and/or features thereof are not necessarily limited to a particular embodiment but, where applicable, are interchangeable and can be used in any selected embodiment even though such may not be specifically shown.

Spatially orienting terms such as “above”, “below”, “upper”, “lower”, “inner”, “outer”, “inwardly”, “outwardly”, “vertical”, “horizontal”, and the like, when used herein, refer to the positions of the respective elements shown on the accompanying drawing figures and the present invention is not necessarily limited to such positions.

It will thus be seen that the objects set forth above, among those elucidated in, or made apparent from, the preceding description, are efficiently attained and, since certain changes may be made in the above construction without departing from the scope of the invention, it is intended that all matter contained in the above description or shown on the accompanying drawing figures shall be interpreted as illustrative only and not in a limiting sense.

It is also to be understood that the following claims are intended to cover all of the generic and specific features of the invention herein described and all statements of the scope of the invention which, as a matter of language, might be said to fall therebetween.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US8240316 *Mar 25, 2010Aug 14, 2012Hideyoshi TakashimaVibratable and reversibly rotatable mascara applicator
US8539963 *Jun 3, 2011Sep 24, 2013Zen Design Solutions LimitedCosmetic applicator
US20110088713 *Mar 25, 2010Apr 21, 2011Hideyoshi TakashimaVibratable and reversibly rotatable mascara applicator
US20110297175 *Jun 3, 2011Dec 8, 2011Leo Clifford PiresCosmetic applicator
US20130101337 *Oct 19, 2012Apr 25, 2013Geka GmbhWiper with differently ending wiper blades
WO2010125758A1 *Apr 15, 2010Nov 4, 2010Yoshino Kogyosho Co., Ltd.Applicator-equipped container
Classifications
U.S. Classification401/129, 401/126, 401/122
International ClassificationA45D34/04, A45D40/26, B05C, A46B11/00
Cooperative ClassificationA45D34/047, A45D40/268
European ClassificationA45D40/26C2A1, A45D34/04C2A1
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Apr 6, 2006ASAssignment
Owner name: CHANG, CHARLES, NEW JERSEY
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:CHANG, CHARLES;SHEFFLER, ROBERT J.;REEL/FRAME:017782/0207
Effective date: 20060401
Oct 6, 2004ASAssignment
Owner name: CHANG, CHARLES, NEW JERSEY
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:SHEFFLER, ROBERT J.;REEL/FRAME:015873/0236
Effective date: 20041005