Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS20070155909 A1
Publication typeApplication
Application numberUS 11/600,176
Publication dateJul 5, 2007
Filing dateNov 16, 2006
Priority dateDec 30, 2005
Also published asUS7291680
Publication number11600176, 600176, US 2007/0155909 A1, US 2007/155909 A1, US 20070155909 A1, US 20070155909A1, US 2007155909 A1, US 2007155909A1, US-A1-20070155909, US-A1-2007155909, US2007/0155909A1, US2007/155909A1, US20070155909 A1, US20070155909A1, US2007155909 A1, US2007155909A1
InventorsKuo-Chen Shih, Hung-Yu Chen, Tsai-Tien Su
Original AssigneeIndustrial Technology Research Institute
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Metal catalyst and hydrogenation method employing the same
US 20070155909 A1
Abstract
A metal catalyst for hydrogenating unsaturated carbon-carbon bonds of copolymer is provided. The metal catalyst is a bimetallic complex comprising iridium and ruthenium. The metal catalyst has a formula comprising M1 aM2 bXm(L1)n, wherein the M1 is iridium, M2 is ruthenium; X is hydrogen, chlorine, bromine, iodine or pseudo halide; L1 is phosphine , bisphosphine, arsane or organic with nitrogen, sulfur and oxygen.
Images(4)
Previous page
Next page
Claims(12)
1. A metal catalyst comprising a bimetallic complex for hydrogenating unsaturated polymers, wherein the bimetallic complex catalyst comprises iridium and ruthenium.
2. The metal catalyst of claim 1, having the formula:

M1 aM2 bXm(L1)n
Wherein M1 is iridium, M2 is ruthenium; X is hydrogen, chlorine, bromine, iodine or pseudo halide; L1 is phosphine (formula: PR1R2R3), bisphosphine, arsane (formula: AsR1R2R3) or organic with nitrogen, sulfur and oxygen, in which R1 to R3 are identical or different and represent C1śC6 alkyl, C6śC12 cycloalkyl, aryl, C7śC12 arakyl or aryloxy; 1≦a≦4, b=0−4;3≦m≦6;6<n≦15.
3. The metal catalyst of claim 2, wherein X is hydrogen or chlorine.
4. The metal catalyst of claim 2, wherein L1 represents free trimethyl phosphine, triethyl phosphine, triphenyl phosphine, triphenoxyl phosphine, tri-p-methoxybenzyl phosphine, diphenethyl phosphine, 1,4-bis-phenylphosphino butane, 1,2-bis-phenylphosphino ethane, triphenyl arsenic, dibutylphenyl arsenic, diphenylethyl arsenic, triphenyl amine, triethyl amine, N,N-dimethyl aniline, diphenyl sulfone, dipropyl sulfone, N,N,N′,N′-tetramethylethylene amine, acetyl acetone, or benzophenone.
5. The metal catalyst of claim 2, wherein L1 is triphenyl phosphine.
6. The metal catalyst of claim 1, wherein the unsaturated polymer is nitrile-butadiene rubber (NBR).
7. A method of hydrogenating unsaturated polymers, comprising:
providing a metal catalyst, wherein the metal catalyst is a bimetallic complex catalyst comprising iridium and ruthenium; and
hydrogenating unsaturated polymers by the metal catalyst.
8. The method of claim 7, wherein the metal catalyst hydrogenates a carbon-carbon double bond of the unsaturated polymer.
9. The method of claim 7, wherein the iridium and ruthenium have a molecular ratio of about 1:1.
10. The method of claim 7, wherein the unsaturated polymer is nitrile-butadiene rubber (NBR).
11. A method of producing hydrogenated nitrile-butadiene rubber, comprising
providing a metal catalyst comprising a bimetallic complex catalyst comprising iridium and ruthenium; and
hydrogenating a carbon-carbon double bond of nitrile-butadiene rubber by the metal catalyst to produce hydrogenated nitrile-butadiene rubber.
12. The method of claim 11, wherein the iridium and ruthenium have a molecular ratio of about 1:1.
Description
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

1. Field of the Invention

The invention relates to bimetallic catalytic systems and their applications, and in particular to selectively hydrogenate olefinic unsaturation in diene polymers and copolymers, comprising nitrile rubber (acrylonitrile-butadiene rubber; NBR)

2. Description of the Related Art

Selective hydrogenation of unsaturated carbon-carbon double bonds of nitrile rubber results in a product that is resistant to oils, ozone and sour gases, while maintaining a high service temperature. As a result, such compositions find particular utility in automotive applications like oil seals, timing belts and hoses, in which formed rubber products are exposed to adverse environments and sustained high temperatures. Thus, it is desirable to produce a hydrogenated nitrile rubber (HNBR) composition having the advantageous mechanical and resistance properties described above.

Hydrogenation of NBR is usually effected by hydrogen in an organic solvent, using homogeneous precious metal catalysts to achieve quantitative carbon-carbon double bond reduction, without concurrent hydrogenation of non-olefin functionality such as nitrile groups. Organometallic compounds comprising rhodium (Rh) as a catalyst are disclosed in GB 2,070,023, U.S. Pat. No. 4,465,515 and U.S. Pat. No. 4,503,196 etc. Rhodium catalyst provides high hydrogenation efficiency and selectivity, while their drawback is high cost.

Ruthenium (Ru) complexes as hydrogenation catalysts is disclosed to reduce cost in U.S. Pat. Nos. 4,631,315; 4,673,757; 4,747,707; 4,795,788; EP 0,405,266A2 etc. The advantage of Ru complex catalyst is its high catalytic activity in hydrogenation, with the drawback of comparatively low selectivity due to side reactions and gel formation.

Therefore, there is a need for a catalyst system which has higher activity, lower cost and results in no severe side-reactions in the hydrogenation reaction. Thus, there is still a need in searching for highly efficient and relatively low-cost methods of fabricating HNBR.

BRIEF SUMMARY OF INVENTION

The invention provides a bimetallic catalyst for hydrogenating unsaturated copolymers, the catalyst having similar activity and selectivity as rhodium (Rh) complexes, but is much lower in cost.

The invention further provides an improved method of hydrogenating unsaturated copolymer under mild conditions, with carbon-carbon double bonds of unsaturated copolymer hydrogenated for enhanced heat resistant, oxidation resistant and chemical resistant.

The invention also provides a method of forming hydrogenated nitrile-butadiene rubber with high efficiencies and decreased costs.

The metal catalyst of the invention is a bimetallic complex comprising iridium (Ir) and ruthenium (Ru), hydrogenating unsaturated copolymers. Molecular ratio of iridium and ruthenium is 1:9 to 9:1, preferably 1:5 to 5:1, in particular 1:1.

The metal catalyst of the invention has the following formula:


M1 aM2 bXm(L1)n

M1 is iridium, M2 is ruthenium; X is hydrogen, chlorine, bromine, iodine or pseudo halide; L1 is phosphine (formula: PR1R2R3), bisphosphine, arsane (formula: AsR1R2R3) or organic with nitrogen, sulfur and oxygen, in which R1 to R3 are identical or different and represent C1śC6 alkyl, C6śC12 cycloalkyl, aryl, C7ŚC12 arakyl or aryloxy; 1≦a≦4, b=0−4; 3≦m≦6; 6≦n≦15. L1 represents free trimethyl phosphine, triethyl phosphine, triphenyl phosphine, triphenyl phosphine, tri-p-methoxybenzyl phosphine, diphenethyl phosphine, 1,4-bis-diphenylphosphino butane, 1,2-bis-diphenylphosphino ethane, triphenyl arsenic, dibutylphenyl arsenic, diphenylethyl arsenic, triphenyl amine, triethyl amine, N,N-dimethyl aniline, diphenyl sulfone, dipropyl sulfone, N,N,N′,N′-tetramethylethylene amine, acetyl acetone, benzophenone or a combination thereof.

In the method for hydrogenating unsaturated copolymer of the invention, a metal catalyst is provided comprising a bimetallic complex comprising iridium and ruthenium. The carbon-carbon double bonds (C═C) of unsaturated copolymer are hydrogenated by the metal catalyst.

The method of hydrogenating nitrile-butadiene rubber of the invention includes a metal catalyst. The metal catalyst is a bimetalliccomplex comprising iridium and ruthenium. The carbon-carbon double bonds are hydrogenated by the metal catalyst to generate a hydrogenated nitrile-butadiene rubber.

The method of hydrogenating an unsaturated copolymer with the metal catalyst comprises unsaturated copolymers dissolved in a solvent, under a hydrogen atmosphere, stirred and heated. Reaction temperature is 40 to 180░ C., preferably 80 to 160░ C.

In the method of the invention, hydrogen pressure of reaction is at 0.05 to 10 MPa, preferably at 0.1 to 1.5 MPa, in pure hydrogen gas.

The unsaturated copolymer is a copolymer comprising butadiene-(meth)acrylonitrile, 2-methyl- 1,3-butadiene-(meth)acrylonitrile, styrene-butadiene-styrene block copolymers, preferably butadiene-acrylonitrile (nitrile-butadiene rubber). Other radical polymerizable monomers such as acrylates, methacrylates, acrylamides and styrenes can also incorporated into the main chain of the polymers.

The objects of the present invention can be apparent from the following detailed description accompanied with embodiments.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF INVENTION

The following description is of the best-contemplated mode of carrying out the invention. This description is made for the purpose of illustrating the general principles of the invention and should not be taken in a limiting sense. The scope of the invention is best determined by reference to the appended claims.

Preparation of a bimetallic catalyst for a hydrogenating unsaturated copolymer.

EXAMPLE 1

First, under a nitrogen atmosphere, 3.12 g (12 mmloe) of triphenyl phosphine (PPh3) and 22 g of absolute ethanol were added into a reaction vessel (Schlenk tube) equipped with a stirrer, a reflux condenser and placed in a thermostatic bath (70░ C.). The reaction vessel was heated up for the dissolution of PPh3.0.352 g (1 mmole) of IrCl3.xH2O and 0.24 g (1 mmole) of RuCl3.xH2O) were then dissolved in 4 g of absolute ethanol and the resultant solution was added to the reaction vessel and reacted at reflux temperature for 4 hours. The solution was then cooled down to room temperature, and pumped to remove all the volatile. The dark brown solid was obtained and stored under a nitrogen atmosphere. A bimetallic catalyst A was produced by steps above. Molecular ratio of iridium and ruthenium in the bimetallic catalyst was 1:1.

COMPARATIVE EXAMPLE 1

Under a nitrogen atmosphere, 3.12 g (12 mmloe) of triphenyl phosphine and 22 g of ethanol absolute were added into a reaction vessel (Schlenk tube) equipped with a stirrer, a reflux condenser and placed in a thermostatic bath (70░ C.). The reaction vessel was heated up for the dissolution of PPh3.0.26 g (1 mmole) of RhCl3.xH2O and 0.23 g (1 mmole) of RuCl3.xH2O were mixed, dissolved in 4 g of absolute ethanol. Thereafter, the resultant solution was added to the reaction vessel and reacted at reflux temperature for 4 hours. The solution was then cooled down to room temperature, and pumped to remove all the volatile. The dark brown solid was obtained and stored under a nitrogen atmosphere. A bimetallic catalyst B was produced by steps above. Molecular ratio of rhodium and ruthenium in the bimetallic catalyst was 1:1.

EXAMPLE 2

A solution of nitrile butadiene rubber (NBR; product number is Nancar produced and sold by Nantex Industry Co., Ltd., 7 g of NBR/43 ml xylene) was added to a 0.2 L stainless autoclave. The stainless autoclave was repeatedly purged by nitrogen and hydrogen gas for three times, respectively. A solution, 0.42 wt % of bimetallic catalyst A of [example1] was added to the stainless autoclave. The hydrogen pressure of the stainless autoclave was then increased to 0.2 Mpa, followed by heating. After the temperature of the stainless autoclave reached 120░ C., the hydrogen pressure of the stainless autoclave was adjusted to 0.8 MPa, and the solution was then stirred vigorously for 4 hours under this condition. During the reaction, the hydrogen gas was supplied to maintain the constant pressure. After reaction, the product was precipitated by isopropyl alcohol, and vacuum dried for 24 hours at room temperature. The reaction formula in example 2 is:

Thereafter, the product was dissolved in d-choroform, and analyzed by 1HNMR to measure the degree of hydrogenation of NBR. The result is shown in Table1.

COMPARATIVE EXAMPLE 2

A solution of nitrile butadiene rubber (NBR; product number is Nancar produced and sold by Nantex Industry Co., Ltd., 7 g of NBR/43 ml xylene) was added to a 0.2 L stainless autoclave. The stainless autoclave was repeatedly purged by nitrogen and hydrogen gas for three times, respectively. A solution, 0.42 wt % of bimetallic catalyst B of [comparative example1] was added to the stainless autoclave. The hydrogen pressure of the stainless autoclave was then increased to 0.2 Mpa, followed by heating. After the temperature of the stainless autoclave reached 120░ C., the hydrogen pressure of the stainless autoclave was adjusted to 0.8 MPa, and the solution was then stirred vigorously for 4 hours under this condition. During the reaction, the hydrogen gas was supplied to maintain the constant pressure. After reaction, the product was precipitated by isopropyl alcohol, and vacuum dried for 24 hours. Thereafter, the product was dissolved in d-choroform, and analyzed by 1HNMR to measure the degree of hydrogenation of NBR. The result is shown in Table1

TABLE 1
Reaction
Temperature Degree of
Metal Concentration and Time Pressure hydrogenation
Entry Catalyst (molecular ratio) of catalyst (%) (░ C.-hr) (MPa) (%)
Example 2 A iridium/ruthenium = 1:1 0.42 120-4 0.8   81%
Comparative B rhodium/ruthenium = 1:1 0.42 120-4 0.8 76.0%
Example 2

Accordingly, a bimetallic catalyst comprising ruthenium and iridium of the invention is provided. For hydrogenation of carbon-carbon double bonds, the bimetallic catalyst of the invention has similar activity and selectivity as single Rh complexes, but is much lower in cost. The carbon-carbon double bonds of copolymer comprising butadiene and acrylonitrile are suitably hydrogenated by the bimetallic catalyst of the invention to improve the properties of the polymer.

While the invention has been described by way of example and in terms of embodiment, it is to be understood that the invention is not limited thereto. To the contrary, it is intended to cover various modifications and similar arrangements (as would be apparent to those skilled in the art). Therefore, the scope of the appended claims should be accorded the broadest interpretation so as to encompass all such modifications and similar arrangements.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US8084548Dec 16, 2008Dec 27, 2011Lanxess Inc.Hydrogenation of diene-based polymers
EP2072537A1Nov 24, 2008Jun 24, 2009Lanxess Inc.Hydrogenation of diene-based polymers
Classifications
U.S. Classification525/329.1, 525/331.9
International ClassificationC08F20/44
Cooperative ClassificationB01J31/24, B01J31/2208, B01J31/2404, B01J2231/645, B01J31/226, B01J2531/821, B01J31/1805, B01J31/1895, B01J31/2234, B01J2531/827
European ClassificationB01J31/18G, B01J31/22B2H2B, B01J31/24, B01J31/22B2, B01J31/18B, B01J31/24B, B01J31/22B4
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
May 6, 2011FPAYFee payment
Year of fee payment: 4
Nov 16, 2006ASAssignment
Owner name: INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGY RESEARCH INSTITUTE, TAIWAN
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:SHIH, KUO-CHEN;CHEN, HUNG-YU;SU, TSAI-TIEN;REEL/FRAME:018611/0336
Effective date: 20061019