|Publication number||US20070163075 A1|
|Application number||US 11/332,400|
|Publication date||Jul 19, 2007|
|Filing date||Jan 17, 2006|
|Priority date||Jan 17, 2006|
|Publication number||11332400, 332400, US 2007/0163075 A1, US 2007/163075 A1, US 20070163075 A1, US 20070163075A1, US 2007163075 A1, US 2007163075A1, US-A1-20070163075, US-A1-2007163075, US2007/0163075A1, US2007/163075A1, US20070163075 A1, US20070163075A1, US2007163075 A1, US2007163075A1|
|Inventors||Dennis Butler, Apollo Paredes|
|Original Assignee||Butler Dennis C, Paredes Apollo P|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (13), Classifications (12), Legal Events (1)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
The present invention relates to vacuum cleaners, and particularly to a novel vacuum cleaner adapted for cleaning in stairwells and other confined spaces.
Vacuum cleaning devices are in widespread use as a tool to clean floors, upholstery, stairs, and other surfaces. Such vacuum cleaners are provided in a number of configurations, such as upright and canister vacuum cleaners, wet extractors, stick vacuums, electric brooms and so on. While these known vacuum cleaner configurations are useful for cleaning various surfaces, it has been found that they are generally better suited for some surfaces than others. For example, upright vacuum cleaners, such as those illustrated in U.S. Pat. Nos. 5,564,160, and 6,829,804, include a floor-engaging base to which an upright handle is pivotally attached, and are generally best suited for cleaning relatively unobstructed floor spaces. While such upright vacuums may be provided with a recessed grip on the handle just above the base to help the user lift the base for cleaning above the floor, such as in U.S. Pat. No. 5,564,160, the shape and balance of the device inhibits prolonged ergonomic use in this manner. As such, while such a grip might improve the user's comfort, various other features endemic to typical upright vacuums still make using them to clean stairs and other elevated surfaces relatively uncomfortable. Furthermore, even if a grip is provided on a conventional upright vacuum, it typically does not allow easy rotation of the device to clean vertical surfaces or other inclined surfaces, such as stair risers. When doing so, the user is often faced with the dangerous combination of heightened exposure to a rotating brushroll and unwieldy ergonomics.
Canister vacuum cleaners can be somewhat more user-friendly for cleaning stairs, stair risers, and other elevated and vertical surfaces. However, even these devices suffer from various shortcomings. Canister vacuums typically have a floor-cleaning nozzle attached by a hose to a canister that holds a dirt collection device and a vacuum source. The provision of a cleaning nozzle on the end of a hose allows greater flexibility in manipulating the vacuum nozzle to clean elevated and vertical surfaces. However, the canister portion of the device is typically at constant risk of tumbling down the stairs, the user's movement is limited by the device's hose length, and the use of a long hose often results in reduced suction at the nozzle inlet. Upright vacuums provided with extension hoses for cleaning above the floor also typically suffer from these and other problems. While some canister vacuums, such as that shown in U.S. Pat. No. 5,755,007, include a recess to make them more stable on stairs, such cleaners still must be constantly moved as the user progresses along the length of the stairs and reaches the end of the hose's reach, and they still suffer from potentially reduced suction force.
A third type of vacuum, commonly referred to as a stick vacuum, may be somewhat more appropriate for cleaning stairs and vertical surfaces than upright and canister vacuums. Stick vacuums are essentially lightweight or compact upright vacuums, and may be battery powered to make them more portable. An example of a stick vacuum is shown in U.S. Pat. No. D382,681. Stick vacuums often are easier to manipulate than upright vacuums, do not suffer from reduced suction caused by the use of a long hose (although use of battery power may require less powerful vacuum motors), and do not require constant tending to a canister. However, these devices still are not ideally designed for cleaning stairs and vertical surfaces. For example, stick vacuums are generally made to mimic the structure and ergonomics of a typical upright vacuum cleaner, and many do not even include a grip at the bottom of the handle to assist with lifting the device for above-floor and stair cleaning. Furthermore, even if the stick vacuum is provided with a handle along its length, such devices are not known to include features that allow them to be rotated to clean upright surfaces. For example, the device of U.S. Pat. No. 6,108,864 includes a handle (item 102 in FIG. 3) located along its length, but it would be difficult for a user to use this handle to turn the device to face a stair riser without holding the device in an unbalanced position. Stick vacuums are also typically just as long as a conventional vacuum cleaner, which makes them difficult to manipulate in enclosed stairwells, closets, and other confined spaces. This length also makes it difficult for the user to hold the grip located at the end of the handle when cleaning stairs.
Still other vacuums are provided in compact hand-held configurations that are often very easy to manipulate to clean raised and vertical surfaces. For example U.S. Pat. No. 4,993,108 illustrates a handheld vacuum cleaner with a stair riser cleaning feature that directs the inlet nozzle horizontally without having to rotate the device. However, even these devices are limited because the handle is located so close to the inlet nozzle, that in many instances the user must kneel or bend to reach the surface being cleaned.
In view of the foregoing considerations, and others not specifically listed herein, there exists a need for an improved vacuum cleaner for cleaning raised and vertical surfaces, and particularly stair treads and risers. It will be understood that the recitation of the foregoing observations of the prior art does not constitute an admission that these observations were previously known or understood by others, and is not intended to limit the invention to excluding embodiments that do not resolve or improve any or all of the foregoing observed aspects of the prior art.
Any and all patents listed in this specification are incorporated herein by reference.
In a first aspect, the present invention provides a vacuum cleaner having a generally elongated housing having a first housing end and a second housing end, a rear grip located at the first housing end, and an air inlet located at the second housing end. A vacuum fan and a motor are located within the housing and the motor is adapted to drive the vacuum fan to draw a working air flow into the air inlet. A dirt receptacle is operatively associated with the housing and adapted to remove particles from the working air flow. The vacuum cleaner also includes one or more foregrips located on the housing between the rear grip and the air inlet. The one or more foregrips are adapted to provide a user with multiple hand positions around the perimeter of the housing.
In a second aspect, the present invention provides a vacuum cleaner having a generally elongated housing having a first housing end and a second housing end, a rear grip located at the first housing end, and an air inlet located at the second housing end. A vacuum fan and a motor are located within the housing, and the motor is adapted to drive the vacuum fan to draw a working air flow into the air inlet. A dirt receptacle is operatively associated with the housing and adapted to remove particles from the working air flow. The vacuum cleaner also has one or more foregrips located on the housing between the rear grip and the air inlet. The one or more foregrips are positioned to allow a typical user to simultaneously grasp the rear grip and the one or more foregrips and clean staircase surfaces while remaining substantially upright.
In a third aspect, the present invention provides a vacuum cleaner having a generally elongated housing with a longitudinal axis, a first housing end, and a second housing end. A rear grip is located at the first housing end, and an air inlet is located at the second housing end. A vacuum fan and a motor are located within the housing and the motor is adapted to drive the vacuum fan to draw a working air flow into the air inlet. A dirt receptacle is operatively associated with the housing and adapted to remove particles from the working air flow. One or more foregrips are located on the housing between the rear grip and the air inlet. The one or more foregrips are adapted to allow a user to hold and operate the vacuum cleaner when the housing is rotated about the longitudinal axis at a first angular position, and at a second angular position. The first angular position is approximately 90 degrees or more from the second angular position.
The present invention is described in detail with reference to the examples of preferred embodiments shown in the following figures, in which like parts are designated by like reference numerals.
The present invention provides a vacuum cleaner that can be used to clean floors and carpets, but is particularly adapted to clean stair treads or other elevated horizontal surfaces, stair risers and other inclined or vertical surfaces, and surfaces located in confines spaces. A number of variations of the present invention are described herein, but the illustration of these particular embodiments is not intended to limit the scope of the appended claims. In addition, while the devices described herein relate to a vacuum cleaner, it will be understood that the invention may also cover other, similar devices, such as wet extractors and the like.
Various inventive vacuum cleaner accessories are also described herein. These accessories are inventive in their own right, and may be used in conjunction with the vacuum cleaners of the present invention, or with other cleaning devices, as will be understood by those of ordinary skill in the art.
Referring now to
In the embodiment of
It is also known in the art to measure the differential pressure across the post-motor filter and others filter in a vacuum cleaner, using conventional pressure sensors, to determine when the pressure drop exceeds a given threshold to identify when the filter is clogged, and such features may be used with the present invention for the post-motor filter 112 or other filters. In addition, such a pressure differential sensor could also be used to determine when the post-motor filter 112 or other filter is absent, as would be indicated by little or no pressure drop across the sensors. Thus, suitable electronics may be wired to a differential pressure sensor to alert the user of the absence of the post-motor filter 112 or other filters in the device, or the need to service such filters.
A dirt receptacle 114 is provided in or on the housing 102, preferably between the fan/motor chamber 109 and the inlet nozzle 104. In the shown embodiment, the dirt receptacle 114 includes a transparent outer wall 116 forming a cup-like receptacle, and an inlet 118 through the end nearest the inlet nozzle 104. The inlet 118 may have a flap and/or tubular extension (not shown) into the receptacle 114 to help prevent entrapped dirt from falling back through the inlet 118. A filter 120 is positioned in the dirt receptacle 114 to cover the receptacle outlet (not shown) or the fan/motor inlet (not shown) and filter dirt out of the airstream.
While a cup and filter arrangement is illustrated, the dirt receptacle 114 may alternatively comprise any known type of dirt separation and retention system. Several exemplary variations are described later herein with reference to
The inlet nozzle 104 may comprise any structure adapted to clean objects and surfaces, such as hardwood and carpets. A typical inlet nozzle 104 may comprise a laterally elongated cleaning head 122 having a similarly elongated inlet slot (not shown) facing downward towards the intended location of a surface desired to be cleaned. Wheels or skids may be provided to hold the inlet slot a predetermined distance from the surface being cleaned (see, e.g.,
In the embodiment of
The inlet nozzle 104 may also be rotatably mounted to the housing 102 so that the angle between its working surface and the housing 102 can be changed. For example, the inlet nozzle 104 may be pivotable about an axis perpendicular to the longitudinal axis 101 of the housing 102. Such pivoting would allow the leading edge of the inlet nozzle 104 to move vertically with respect to the rear edge of the inlet nozzle 104 (or vice-versa), such as typically found in conventional upright vacuums. The inlet nozzle may instead by rotatable about the housing's longitudinal axis 101, or about an intermediate axis oriented somewhere between the longitudinal axis 101 and an axis perpendicular to the longitudinal axis 101. Various combinations of pivots may also be used to provide more complex rotation capabilities. Such pivoting mechanism are known in the art. In addition, in cases in which the inlet nozzle 104 is rotatable, it may also be desirable to provide pivot locks to prevent rotation when it is not desired.
The rear grip 106 is, in this embodiment, rigidly attached to the housing 102 at the second end, and is located generally opposite the inlet nozzle 104. The rear grip 106 is used to support and maneuver the back of the vacuum cleaner 100, and may have any shape suitable for doing so. Preferably, the rear grip 106 is generally circular in shape, and forms a loop that gives the user flexibility in selecting an ergonomic position in which to hold the rear grip 106. The center of the rear grip 106 loop maybe located along the longitudinal axis 101, but may be forward or rearward of this axis 101 if it is found to provide improved ergonomics or other benefits. For example, it may be beneficial to locate the center of the rear grip 106 slightly forward of the longitudinal axis 101 to assist with manipulating the vacuum 100 under low objects. The rear grip 106 also preferably has a circular or at least somewhat rounded cross-sectional profile to provide a natural fit in the user's hand.
While it is suitable to provide the grip as a simple rigid extension of the housing 102, it may instead be separately formed and attached to the housing 102 by fasteners, welding, adhesives, snap engagement, or the any other suitable attachment method or mechanism.
The rear grip 106, and any other part of the vacuum cleaner 100, may be made from any suitable material, such as ABS plastic (i.e., acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene copolymers), other plastics, metal, and so on. Plastics are generally preferred as a relatively inexpensive, moldable and structurally rigid material. The rear grip 106 may also include one or more gripping surfaces 126 comprising a material that is more particularly adapted to provide a favorable tactile feel and/or enhanced gripping friction. The gripping surfaces 126 may be formed by treating the surface of the material that forms the rear grip 106, such as by including dimples, checkering, ridges or bumps, or may be provided as a separate tactile material applied to the rear grip 106 itself by mechanical or adhesive attachment, overmolding, or the like. Of course, surface treatments and a separate tactile material may both be used, if desired.
A protrusion 128 extends into the opening formed by the rear grip 106, and has a power switch (not shown) located thereon. This position for the power switch is expected to provide convenient and intuitive operation of the vacuum cleaner 100, and ready access to turn the vacuum cleaner 100 on or off. This location also shields the power switch to some degree from being accidentally activated. Further details of this configuration are described elsewhere herein.
The vacuum cleaner 100 also includes a foregrip 130 located between the rear grip 106 and the inlet nozzle 104. As with the rear grip, the foregrip 130 may be made from any suitable material, and may also include gripping surfaces or surface treatments to enhance the user's grip and feel. As with the rear grip 106, the foregrip 130 preferably has a rounded cross-sectional shape, or is otherwise shaped to naturally fit into a user's hand. In the embodiment of
The foregrip 130 includes various features to enhance the ergonomics and control of the vacuum cleaner 100. For example, the foregrip 130 shown in
Another advantage of the present invention is that the user can apply a bending moment force to the vacuum cleaner housing 102 by pressing in opposite directions on the rear grip 106 and foregrip 130. This bending moment force can be used to apply significant pressure between the inlet nozzle 104 and the surface being cleaned. Such pressure can be helpful to agitate the surface, scrub out deeply-embedded or clinging contaminants and dirt, remove entangled hair and fibers, and so on. In addition, the user can press forward on both grips to press the inlet nozzle 104 against the surface being cleaned, but without moving the inlet nozzle 104. This is not possible with conventional upright vacuums and canister vacuum cleaning heads, except when they are perfectly upright, because they are specifically designed to traverse the floor when they are pressed forward. In view of the foregoing capabilities, the vacuum cleaner 100 should be constructed to be able to resist any anticipated reasonable amount of bending or longitudinal force that may be applied through it during normal use.
It will also be seen that the foregrip 130 is arranged about the vacuum's longitudinal axis 101, along which a number of the working parts are approximately located. As such, the foregrip 130 should generally surround the device's center of gravity CG, which is likely to be proximal to the longitudinal axis 101. This being the case, as the user rotates the vacuum cleaner 100, the center of gravity CG will remain at generally the same location, causing the general balance of the device to feel the same regardless of its angular orientation. Furthermore, the user will be able to maintain a comfortable hold on the foregrip 130, with his or her hand above or beside the center of gravity CG, regardless of the angular orientation. This prevents adverse situations often encountered in the prior art of upright and stick vacuums when users attempted to orient the inlets of such vacuums vertically. These devices typically had no grip for stair cleaning, or a grip that was located on the front face of the device. When using these devices to clean vertical surfaces, the user was typically required to turn the device over and, if it was then possible, hold the provided grip with the center of gravity balanced above the user's hand, typically leading to an unstable situation. Alternatively, if the there was no grip or the grip was blocked with the device turned over, the user would have to attempt to hold the device at a location that was not intended to be a handle, thereby risking damaging or dropping the device and contact with the inlet nozzle.
While it is likely that users will grasp the foregrip 130 in numerous different places at various times, it is expected that particular parts of the foregrip 130 will be preferred by many users for a large number of cleaning tasks. For example, it is currently believed that many users will prefer to hold the foregrip 130 generally along the side of the housing 102 for most stair cleaning tasks. This would correspond to about the one- to five-o'clock position on the foregrip 130 (as viewed along the longitudinal axis 101 from the rear grip 106) for users that place the right hand forward, and about the seven- to eleven-o'clock position on the foregrip 130 for users that place the right hand forward. When the user rotates the device to orient the inlet nozzle 104 to face stair risers, the user is expected to prefer to hold the foregrip 130 about 90 degrees from the original hand grip position, and perhaps as far as the opposite side of the housing. The user also may wish to hold the foregrip 130 with both hands on both sides of the housing 102 during either horizontal or vertical cleaning, depending on the distance to the surface being cleaned and other factors.
In view of the foregoing, the housing 102 is preferably provided with depressions 134 radially inward of the foregrip 130 at these expected preferred locations. The depressions 134 increase the size of the gap between the housing 102 and the foregrip 130, thereby making it easier for the user to secure a hold at the expected preferred locations. The use of such depressions also allows a more compact foregrip 130, particularly if there is no substantial detriment to the user's ability to grasp the foregrip 130 at locations other than the depressions 134.
As shown in the embodiment of
It has been found that the position of the foregrip 130 along the longitudinal axis 101 of the vacuum cleaner 100 is also a factor to consider in providing a highly-ergonomic stair cleaning vacuum cleaner. It is preferred to locate the foregrip 130 at a point along the longitudinal axis 101 that allows the user to comfortably grasp both grips and operate the vacuum cleaner 100. In operation, the user is likely to grasp the rear grip 106 with one hand, and the foregrip 130 with the other hand, and move the inlet nozzle 104 in a sweeping action across surfaces being cleaned. If the distance between the grips is too great, the user might find it difficult to grasp both grips at the same time while still being able to easily maneuver the device. If the distance between the foregrip 130 and the inlet nozzle 104 is too small, the user may have to bend over a significant distance to apply the inlet nozzle 104 to the surface being cleaned. These are both typical drawbacks of many conventional upright vacuum cleaners.
Considering the general build of many users, in one embodiment, the distance between the grips is about six to thirty inches. In a more preferred embodiment, the foregrip 130 is spaced from the most distant graspable portion of the rear grip 106 by about eight to twenty-four inches. These distances are expected to allow the user to comfortably grasp both grips and operate the vacuum cleaner 100 at about a 30 to 60 degree angle on the surface being cleaned, while remaining in a generally upright, comfortable standing position.
To further add to the ergonomics, it is preferred to locate the center of gravity CG between the foregrip 130 and rear grip 106. Doing so should reduce fatigue by distributing the weight between the user's hands, and improve the ease with which the user can rotate and swing the device. The position of the center of gravity CG can be adjusted when designing the device by selectively positioning the various working parts along the length of the vacuum cleaner 100, adding ballast, removing excess weight, and by other methods understood by those of ordinary skill in the art.
Referring now to
In this embodiment, the inlet nozzle 204 is attached to the housing 202 by a structural portion 238 of the housing 202. In light if the fact that the grips can be used to generate a significant bending moment within the housing 202, this structural portion is preferably constructed to resist such forces. In addition, this structural portion 238 preferably is formed to provide a dirt receptacle pocket 240 located adjacent the fan/motor chamber 209. An inlet air passage 242 (
The vacuum cleaner 200 also includes a dirt receptacle 214, which is shaped and sized to be selectively positionable in the pocket 240. As best shown in
The present invention may be used with any type of dirt separation system using any theory of operation. Thus, it is envisioned that various different types of dirt receptacle 214 may be used, and may be interchangeable with one another to provide the user with various cleaning options. Three examples are shown in the embodiment of
In a first embodiment, shown most specifically in
In the embodiment of
Referring now to
In this embodiment, air enters the dirt receptacle 214 from the inlet air passage 242 through an opening 266 in the bottom wall. The opening 266 may somewhat extended in the shape of a pipe to provide an area into which dirt particles can fall without exiting the opening when the fan/motor is turned off. In addition a one-way flap valve 268 may be located at the top of the opening to prevent dirt from flowing back therethrough. Such a flap valve may also be provided with the other embodiments described herein.
Referring now to
Of course, alternative means for initiating cyclonic airflow may be used with the embodiment of
The variations of
While the embodiments disclosed thus far have illustrated a looped rear grip and a looped foregrip, these constructions are not strictly required. In other embodiments, the loop-shaped grips may be flattened on one side, or may have rectilinear shapes. In still other embodiments, the loop-shaped grips may be replaced by any combination of rear grip and foregrip that provide the user with hand positions to ergonomically maneuver the device and rotate it into different positions for cleaning horizontal and inclined surfaces. The looped foregrip may also be replaced by a grip having a single hand position that is suited to conveniently apply, in conjunction with the rear grip, a bending moment on the vacuum cleaner housing. The looped foregrip may also be formed as a partial loop to provide multiple hand positions around a portion of the vacuum cleaner housing, or separated into multiple separate grips located around the housing.
One exemplary variation of the grip construction is shown in
Referring now to
The foregrip 530 surrounds a fan/motor chamber 509 in which the fan/motor 507 is located. The impeller fan 507′ is adjacent the bottom end of the housing 502, and the motor 507″ located between the fan 507′ and the rear grip 506. If motor cooling is required, the motor 507″ may be cooled by the working airflow after it is cleaned by the filtration system, by a separate flow of air, or by simple ventilation. In the embodiment of
The housing 502 also includes a number exhaust apertures 510 for releasing the working air flow to the atmosphere after it is cleaned by the vacuum cleaner 500. The apertures 510 are arranged in an annular pattern around the fan 507′, but may be in other locations. A post-motor filter 512 may also be provided to further filter the air as it exits the device.
The motor 507″ is powered by a plurality of batteries 534, which are arranged in an annular fashion around the motor 507″. Of course, other locations for the batteries 534 are possible, such as in the grips or in the portion of the housing 502 between the fan/motor chamber 509 and the rear grip 506. Power may also be provided by a conventional power cord. In battery-operated embodiments, the vacuum 500 may have exposed or exposable electrical connectors 538 that are adapted to fit in a corresponding charger. For example, in the shown embodiment, electrical connectors 538 are provided at the top of the rear grip 506, and the vacuum is provided with a charger (not shown) upon which the vacuum 500 is hung by the rear grip 506 in a vertical orientation to both store the device, and recharge the batteries 534.
A cylindrical dirt receptacle 514 is removably attached at a bottom end of the housing 502 adjacent the fan/motor chamber 509. In this embodiment, the housing 502 terminates at the dirt receptacle 514, and therefore the dirt receptacle 514 is constructed as a structural member of the vacuum cleaner 500 that can convey bending moments and longitudinal loads from the grips 506, 530 to the inlet nozzle 504. A set of over-center clamps 548 are used to hold the dirt receptacle 514 and housing 502 together, but bayonet fittings, threaded fitment, tabs and slots, screws, or other fasteners may alternatively be used. While the foregoing construction is preferred in this embodiment, other variations may be used. In one variation, the dirt receptacle 514 may be removably attached in pocket formed in a structural portion of the housing that extends to the inlet nozzle 504, as in the previous embodiments. In another variation, the dirt receptacle 514, or at least a portion of it, may be permanently attached to the housing 502, and only the bottom end of it is removable from the device, along with the inlet nozzle 504. For example, the bottom wall 522 may be removably attached to the sidewalls 516 by threaded engagement, bayonet fittings, clamps, screws, or the like.
A filter 520 is provided in or above the dirt receptacle 514, and attached by any suitable means to the housing 502, the dirt receptacle 514, or both. In the shown embodiment, the filter 520 comprises a coarse perforated shroud 520″ that acts as a preliminary filter, and a pleated fine filter 520′ that acts as a fine particle filter. Of course, other filter arrangements may be used, as explained previously herein. For example, in one alternative variation, the coarse perforated shroud may be replaced by a cage-like structure having a filter material positioned across the cage openings. Suitable materials include metal screens, fabric meshes made from woven materials or formed from spun-bonded or meltblown synthetic fibrous materials, and the like. The filter 520 may also include a self-cleaning feature, such as a scraper or other device, to remove dirt from its outer surface between or during use.
The nozzle inlet 504 of the embodiment of
Located inside the entry tube 524 is a helical ramp 526. The helical ramp 526 extends radially inward from the entry tube's inner wall, and may terminate short of the entry tube's centerline, as shown, to allow an unobstructed central path through the entry tube 524, or may extend to the centerline (or beyond) to block any direct flow of air through the entry tube 524. A one-way flap valve 532 made of a flexible material, such as are known in the art, is provided at the end of the entry tube 524 to prevent reverse flow of dirt out of the dirt receptacle 514. It has been found that the use of the foregoing helical ramp 524 is sufficient to establish a cyclonic airflow pattern within the dirt receptacle 514, despite the presence of the flap valve 532.
While the foregoing cyclonic arrangement for the dirt receptacle 514 is preferred, other types of dirt separation system may alternatively be used, as will be appreciated by those of ordinary skill in the art in view of the present disclosure.
Referring now to
Referring specifically to
The foregrip 630 of the embodiment of
The pivoting arrangements of
It may also be desirable to allow the user to adjust the distance between the rear grip and the foregrip. To this end, another embodiment of the invention, shown in
In the embodiment of
Referring now to
The inventors have found that the overall length of the vacuum cleaner of the present invention can be established to better suit it for cleaning in stairwells, closets, and other elevated and/or confined spaces. Typical vacuum cleaners are intended, as their primary use, to clean floors. As such, they include ergonomic features directed towards cleaning floors, such as a relatively long handle that prevents the user from having to stoop during normal operations of the device. However, when users clean stairs, they often clean from the bottom up, and stand on a low step to clean higher steps. As such, the distance and angle to the surface being cleaned is different when cleaning stairs than it is when cleaning floors, and users often find conventional vacuums to be too long and cumbersome to use for stair cleaning. Handheld vacuums have been used as a substitute for upright, stick and canister vacuums for cleaning stairs and confined spaces, but such vacuums require the user to stoop, if not kneel, to clean. In addition, some canister vacuum extension wands have adjustable lengths, but they still do not overcome the various other problems with canisters when cleaning stairs, such as the risk of the canister falling. In still other cases, upright vacuums having telescoping or collapsible handles have been provided, but these devices are still difficult to use on stairs because they typically have a conventional single-grip design that makes it difficult to address relatively high stairs, or use a pivoting base that is not particularly suited for cleaning stair risers. Evan when such upright vacuums are provided with a second grip to assist with stair cleaning, it is often so close to the base that the user still must stoop to clean the stairs.
Embodiments of the present invention address these shortcomings by providing a relatively compact vacuum cleaner that is long enough to allow typical users to clean elevated stairs without excessive stooping, yet short enough to still provide ergonomic grip and control of the device, and the ability to maneuver in tight spaces, such as enclosed stairwells. As an ancillary benefit, this length may also prove to be better adapted for cleaning in confined spaces, such as closets. In a preferred embodiment, the vacuum cleaner of the present invention has an overall length of about 18 to 46 inches, and more preferably about 20 to 24 inches. In another preferred embodiment, the distance between the foregrip and the inlet nozzle is about 12 to 18 inches, and more preferably about 14 to 16 inches.
While the foregoing lengths are preferred, it may be desirable in some instances to make the vacuum cleaner longer or shorter. To obtain the benefits of the foregoing lengths yet still provide even greater ergonomics and control, embodiments of the present invention may include one or more telescoping sections. Referring now to
The telescoping mechanism for the rear grip 906 comprises a post 910 attached to the top end of the housing 902, and a sleeve 912 attached to the rear grip 906. The post 910 preferably is hollow to route wires 940 from the power switch 942 to the housing 902, but the power switch 942 may instead be located on the housing 902, or telescoping power leads, such as shown in U.S. Pat. No. 6,148,474 may be used. This patent is incorporated herein by reference.
A lock 914 is provided between the post 910 and the sleeve 912 to selectively prevent and allow the sleeve to slide along the post. While any telescoping lock mechanism may be used, a preferred embodiment of the lock is shown in
The inlet nozzle 904 is attached by a similar post 932, sleeve 934, and lock 936. In the case of the inlet nozzle 904, the post 932 preferably is a hollow tube that also forms a portion of the inlet air flow path 938 from the inlet nozzle 904 to the dirt receptacle (not shown). However, in an alternative embodiment, the inlet air flow path is instead formed by a flexible hose or a separate rigid telescoping tube. If it is desired to include a brushroll or other electrically-operated devices in the inlet nozzle 904, suitable telescoping electrical leads may be used in conjunction with the telescoping mechanism, wires may be provided outside the telescoping mechanism, or wires may be provided through the post 932 and sleeve 934 or a separate telescoping channel.
The foregoing telescoping arrangement allows several inches of extension at each end of the vacuum cleaner 900, which can effectively convert it from a configuration adapted to clean raised surfaces such as stairs, to a more conventional upright or stick vacuum configuration adapted to clean floors. An overall extension of about 14 to 20 inches is preferred to effectuate this conversion. As noted before, while both the rear grip 906 and inlet nozzle 904 are shown as being mounted in a telescoping manner, the desired telescoping capability may instead be provided by mounting just one of these parts on a telescoping mount.
As shown in the embodiment of
Turning now to
In view of the foregoing, the present invention may also includes a power trigger 1008 located in the rear grip 1006 proximal to the expected hand location of a typical user. The power trigger 1008 comprises a momentary-on switch that completes the electrical circuit to activate the fan/motor (not shown) when it is depressed, but interrupts the circuit when it is released, thus allowing the user to deactivate the device between cleaning motions and conserve battery power. While the momentary on switch is preferred, other switch types may be used instead, such as a simple on-off switch (one having an on position and an off position), or a push switch (one that turns the circuit on an off with successive depressions).
In the embodiment of
In the embodiment of
It will be appreciated that numerous variations on this design are possible. For example, the power trigger 1008 may be located elsewhere than the rear grip 1006, and even in the foregrip (not shown), if so desired. The vacuum cleaner may also include multiple power triggers 1008 that must be activated in unison to start the fan/motor. For example, one power trigger may be located in the rear grip 1006, and another in the foregrip, which would ensure that the operator has a firm grip on the device before beginning use. Still further, the vacuum cleaner may have multiple power triggers that separately control the fan/motor, which would provide the user with various optional hand locations in which to activate the device.
The present invention also provides a number of inlet nozzles having particular suitability for cleaning stairs or other surfaces, and which may be used with other embodiments of the invention or with conventional vacuum cleaning devices. Embodiments of these inlet nozzles are shown in FIGS. 11 to 13.
The inlet nozzle 1100 also includes one or more angled cleaning spinners 1118, which are mounted to rotate about one or more axes that are tilted with respect to the rotary axis of the brushroll 1106. In the shown embodiment, two angled cleaning spinners 1118 are provided, one on each end of the brushroll 1106. Each spinner 1118 includes a set of radially-extending cleaning bristles 1120. The spinners 1118 are inclined at about 45 degrees with respect to the brushroll axis, and each is mounted to the brushroll chamber 1102 by a bearing 1122. Each spinner 1118 includes a gear 1124, which is driven by a corresponding gear 1126 on each end of the brushroll 1106. Alternatively, the gears 1124, 1126 may be replaced by rubber or other surfaces that drive one another by friction, the spinners 1118 may have their own motors and/or belt drives, or the spinners 1118 may be otherwise driven.
The inlet nozzle 1100 includes a vacuum tube 1128 that may be attached to a vacuum source. The vacuum tube enters the brushroll chamber 1102 at an inlet opening 1130. In use, the inlet nozzle 1100 of
Another embodiment of an inlet nozzle of the present invention is shown in
The cleaning head 1208 is mounted to a boss 1210 located at the end of the grip 1202. The boss 1210 is has a cylindrical exterior profile, with a portion of the profile being removed to form a boss opening 1228 that opens into the vacuum passage 1204. The cleaning head 1208 is retained in the axial direction between two flanges 1212 and 1214. As such, the cleaning head 1208 can be rotated about the boss 1214, but the flanges 1212 and 1214 prevent axial movement or inadvertent removal of the cleaning head 1208.
The cleaning head 1208 comprises two generally parallel trapezoidal plates 1216 and 1218 that are held together by sidewalls 1220 and/or interior walls 1222. The sidewalls 1220 and interior walls 1222 are positioned and shaped to form a first nozzle opening 1224 at one end of the cleaning head 1208, and a second nozzle opening 1226 at the opposite end of the cleaning head 1208. Each nozzle opening 1224, 1226 comprises an air passage, formed between the plates 1216, 1218 and interior walls 1222, that leads to the rotational center of the cleaning head 1208. As such, the first and second nozzle openings 1224, 1226 can be selectively placed in communication with the vacuum passage 1204 by rotating the cleaning head 1208 to align the desired nozzle opening air passage with the boss opening 1228.
As best shown in
Referring now to
The ball-and-socket joint 1306 is formed by a generally spherical end portion 1312 of the vacuum tube 1304, which is contained within a generally spherical socket formed between a boss 1314 on the cleaning head 1302, and a cap ring 1316 that is removably attached to the boss 1314 to capture the spherical end portion 1312 in place. The cap ring 1316 may be attached in any manner, such as by threaded fasteners 1318 that pass through the cap ring 1316 and engage threaded holes (not shown) in the boss 1314. Using this construction, the vacuum tube 1304 can be rotated relative to the cleaning head 1302 in any direction until the vacuum tube 1304 contacts the cap ring 1316. If desired, one or more springs may be provided to bias the cleaning head 1302 into a particular position, or travel stops may be provided to limit rotation in certain directions.
A final embodiment of the invention is shown in
A handle 1420 is attached to the top of the housing 1410 for use in guiding the vacuum cleaner 1400 across the floor or on stairs. The use of the bellows connection 1418 or other flexible joint allows the user to hold the device at a variety of angles relative to the floor or stair treads as he or she cleans them.
The vacuum cleaner 1400 also includes a riser nozzle 1422, which is attached to the side of the device, preferably at one end of the brushroll 1404. The riser nozzle comprises a generally vertically-oriented inlet conduit having an inlet opening 1424 facing to the side of the housing 1410. In this position, the vertical inlet opening 1424 can apply suction to clean stair risers without having to rotate the vacuum cleaner or lift the floor nozzle 1402. A separate conduit 1426 may lead from the riser nozzle 1422 to the dustcup, or it may share a common conduit or conduits with the floor nozzle 1402. If desired, the bottom end of the riser nozzle 1422 may include a downward-facing opening 1428, as shown in
In anticipation that the angle between some stair treads and risers may be less than 90 degrees, the riser nozzle 1422 may be attached to the housing 1410 or floor nozzle 1402 by a pivot or other flexible joint that allows it to tilt towards or away from the housing 1410. In such a case, the separate air conduit 1426 may be formed by a flexible hose to allow such movement.
It is also anticipated that it will not be desirable to always apply suction to the riser nozzle 1422. As such, the riser nozzle 1422 preferably includes a valve to block the vertical inlet opening 1424, or otherwise impede or stop the flow of working air to the riser nozzle 1422. For example, as shown most clearly in the inset to
Various alternatives to the embodiments of
While the embodiments described herein are preferred, these preferred embodiments are not intended to limit the scope of the invention. Also, many additional variations of the embodiments described herein will be apparent to those of ordinary skill in the art in view of the present disclosure and with practice of the invention. Furthermore, while the foregoing features of the invention, such as the foregrip, cleaning nozzles, and so on, have been described together as contributing to enhanced vacuum cleaner ergonomics and control and improved cleaning of stairs and other elevated or vertical surfaces, it will be appreciated that these features have separate utility and inventiveness on their own, and are not all required to be used together in every embodiment of the invention. As such, the present invention includes embodiments in which the features described herein are used individually or in various other inventive combinations. Such alternative embodiments and combinations of the various features herein are within the scope of the present invention, which is limited only by the appended claims.
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|U.S. Classification||15/410, 15/350|
|International Classification||A47L9/10, A47L9/32|
|Cooperative Classification||A47L9/04, A47L9/0488, A47L9/02, A47L9/325|
|European Classification||A47L9/02, A47L9/04, A47L9/32C, A47L9/04E6|
|Mar 8, 2006||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: ELECTROLUX HOME CARE PRODUCTS NORTH AMERICA, ILLIN
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:BUTLER, DENNIS;PAREDES, APOLLO;REEL/FRAME:017315/0156
Effective date: 20060228