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Publication numberUS20070208061 A2
Publication typeApplication
Application numberUS 11/502,473
Publication dateSep 6, 2007
Filing dateAug 11, 2006
Priority dateAug 15, 2005
Also published asCA2620280A1, CA2620280C, CN101272782A, CN101272782B, EP1757290A1, EP1915149A2, US7829724, US8710089, US20070037857, US20100331343, WO2007020013A2, WO2007020013A3
Publication number11502473, 502473, US 2007/0208061 A2, US 2007/208061 A2, US 20070208061 A2, US 20070208061A2, US 2007208061 A2, US 2007208061A2, US-A2-20070208061, US-A2-2007208061, US2007/0208061A2, US2007/208061A2, US20070208061 A2, US20070208061A2, US2007208061 A2, US2007208061A2
InventorsDaniel Perrissoud, Jean Martinez, Aline Moulin, Jean-Alain Fehrentz, Damien Boeglin, Luc Demange
Original AssigneeZentaris Gmbh, Le Centre National De La Recherche Scientifique
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Novel triazole derivatives as ghrelin analogue ligands of growth hormone secretagogue receptors
US 20070208061 A2
Abstract
The present invention provides novel triazole derivatives as ghrelin analogue ligands of growth hormone secretagogue receptors according to formula (I) that are useful in the treatment or prophylaxis of physiological and/or pathophysiological conditions in mammals, preferably humans, that are mediated by GHS receptors. The present invention further provides GHS receptor antagonists and agonists that can be used for modulation of these receptors and are useful for treating above conditions, in particular growth retardation, cachexia, short-, medium- and/or long term regulation of energy balance; short-, medium- and/or long term regulation (stimulation and/or inhibition) of food intake; adipogenesis, adiposity and/or obesity; body weight gain and/or reduction; diabetes, diabetes type I, diabetes type II, tumor cell proliferation; inflammation, inflammatory effects, gastric postoperative ileus, postoperative ileus and/or gastrectomy (ghrelin replacement therapy).
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Claims(25)
1. A method for the treatment or prophylaxis of at least one physiological and/or pathophysiological condition in a mammal that is mediated by GHS receptors, comprising administering to a mammal in need of treatment or prophylaxis of at least one physiological and/or pathophysiological condition that is mediated by GHS receptors an effective amount of at least one compound according to formula (I)
wherein:
R1 and R2 are independently of one another selected from the group consisting of hydrogen atom, alkyl, alkenyl, alkynyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl, aryl, heteroaryl, arylalkyl, heteroarylalkyl, heterocyclyl, heterocyclylalkyl, alkylsulfonyl, arylsulfonyl, arylalkylsulfonyl which are optionally substituted in the alkyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl, aryl, heteroaryl, arylalkyl, heteroarylalkyl, heterocyclyl and/or heterocyclylalkyl group by up to 3 substituents independently selected from the group consisting of halogen, —F, —C, —Br, —I, —N3, —CN, —NR7R8, —OH, —NO2, alkyl, aryl, arylalkyl, —O-alkyl, —O-aryl, —O-arylalkyl;
one of radicals R3 and R4 is a hydrogen atom, whereas the other radical is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen atom, alkyl, aryl, heteroaryl, arylalkyl, heteroarylalkyl, heterocyclyl, heterocyclylalkyl, -alkyl-O-aryl, -alkyl-O-arylalkyl, -alkyl-O-heteroaryl, -alkyl-O-heteroarylalkyl, -alkyl-O-heterocyclyl, alkyl-O-heterocyclylalkyl, -alkyl-CO-aryl, -alkyl-CO-arylalkyl, -alkyl-CO-heteroaryl, -alkyl-CO-heteroarylalkyl, -alkyl-CO-heterocyclyl, -alkyl-CO-heterocyclylalkyl, -alkyl-C(O)O-aryl, -alkyl-C(O)O-arylalkyl, -alkyl-C(O)O-heteroaryl, -alkyl-C(O)O-heteroarylalkyl, -alkyl-C(O)O-heterocyclyl, -alkyl-C(O)O-heterocyclylalkyl, -alkyl-CO—NH2, -alkyl-CO—OH, -alkyl-NH2, -alkyl-NH—C(NH)—NH2, alkylsulfonyl, arylsulfonyl, arylalkylsulfonyl, alkyl-5-alkyl, alkyl-S—H which are optionally substituted in the aryl, heteroaryl, arylalkyl, heteroarylalkyl, heterocyclyl and/or heterocyclylalkyl group by up to 3 substituents independently selected from the group consisting of halogen, —F, —Cl, —Br, —I, —N3, —CN, —NR7R8, —OH, —NO2, alkyl, aryl, arylalkyl, —O-alkyl, —O-aryl, —O-arylalkyl;
R5 is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen atom, alkyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl, aryl, heteroaryl, arylalkyl, heteroarylalkyl, heterocyclyl, heterocyclylalkyl, —CO-alkyl, —CO-cycloalkyl, —CO-cycloalkylalkyl, —CO-aryl, —CO-arylalkyl, —CO-heteroaryl, —CO-heteroarylalkyl, —CO-heterocyclyl, —CO-heterocyclylalkyl, —CO—C*(R9R10)-NH2, —CO—CH2—C—(R9R10)-NH2, —CQ-C*(R9R10)-CH2—NH2, alkylsulfonyl, arylsulfonyl, arylalkylsulfonyl which are optionally substituted by up to 3 substituents independently selected from the group consisting of halogen, —F, —Cl, —Br, —I, —N3, —CN, —NR7R8, —OH, —NO2, alkyl, aryl, arylalkyl, —O-alkyl, —O-aryl, —O-arylalkyl;
R6 is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen atom, alkyl, cycloalkyl, and cycloalkylalkyl;
R7 and R8 are independently of one another selected from the group consisting of hydrogen atom, alkyl, cycloalkyl, and cycloalkylalkyl;
R9 and R10 are independently of one another selected from the group consisting of hydrogen atom, alkyl, natural alpha-amino acid side chain, and unnatural alpha-amino acid side chain;
m is 0, 1 or 2; and
* means a carbon atom of R or S configuration when chiral.
2. The method as claimed in claim 1, where
R3 is selected from the group consisting of -alkyl-CO-aryl, -alkyl-CO-arylalkyl, -alkyl-CO-heteroaryl, -alkyl-CO-heteroarylalkyl, -alkyl-CO-heterocyclyl, alkyl-CO-heterocyclylalkyl, -alkyl-C(O)O-aryl, -alkyl-C(O)O-arylalkyl, -alkyl-C(O)O-heteroaryl, -alkyl-C(O)O-heteroarylalkyl, -alkyl-C(O)O-heterocyclyl, -alkyl-C(O)O-heterocyclylalkyl, -alkyl-CO—NH2, -alkyl-CO—OH, -alkyl-NH—C(NH)—NH2, alkyl-5-alkyl, and alkyl-S—H.
3. The method as claimed in claims 1, where
R4 is a hydrogen atom;
R5 is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen atom, alkyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl, aryl, heteroaryl, arylalkyl, heteroarylalkyl, heterocyclyl, heterocyclylalkyl, alkylsulfonyl, arylsulfonyl, arylalkylsulfonyl, —CO-cycloalkyl, —CO-cycloalkyl-alkyl, —CO-aryl, —CO-arylalkyl, —CO-heteroaryl, —CO-heteroarylalkyl, —CO-heterocyclyl, —CO-heterocyclylalkyl;
with the proviso that if R5 is —CO-heteroarylalkyl, heteroaryl is not imidazole; and
with the proviso that if R5 is —CO-heterocyclyl and heterocyclyl contains only nitrogen atoms as heteroatoms, that at least two nitrogen atoms are contained in heterocyclyl; and
with the proviso that if R5 is —CO-heterocyclylalkyl and heterocyclyl contains only nitrogen atoms as heteroatoms that in the case that one or two nitrogen atoms are contained in heterocyclyl no nitrogen atom is positioned at position 1 of heterocyclyl that is the atom directly linking heterocyclyl to the carbonyl group —CO—;
where alkyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl, aryl, heteroaryl, arylalkyl, heteroarylalkyl, heterocyclyl, heterocyclylalkyl, alkylsulfonyl, arylsulfonyl, arylalkylsulfonyl, —CO-cycloalkyl, —CO-cycloalkylalkyl, —CO-aryl, —CO-arylalkyl, —CO-heteroaryl, —CO-heteroarylalkyl, —CO-heterocyclyl, and/or —CO-heterocyclylalkyl are optionally substituted by up to 3 substituents independently selected from the group consisting of halogen, —F, —Cl, —Br, —I, —N3, —CN, —NR7R8, —OH, —NO2, alkyl, aryl, arylalkyl, —O-alkyl, —O-aryl, —O-arylalkyl;
with the proviso that if R5 is —CO-cycloalkyl or —CO-cycloalkylalkyl, R5 is not substituted with NR7R8 at position 1 of cycloalkyl, that is the C atom directly linking cycloalkyl to the carbonyl group —CO— in case of R5=—CO-cycloalkyl or to the alkyl in case R5=—CO-cycloalkylalkyl; and
with the proviso that if R5 is —CO-aryl or —CO-arylalkyl and aryl is phenyl/benzene and is only substituted with one substituent, this one substituent is not —NR7R8;
R6 is a hydrogen atom;
R7 and R8 are independently of one another selected from the group consisting of hydrogen atom, alkyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl; and
m is 0, 1 or 2.
4. The method as claimed in claim 1, where
R1 is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, methyl, (2-methoxyphenyl)-methyl, (3-methoxyphenyl)-methyl, (4-methoxyphenyl)-methyl, (3-methoxyphenyl)-ethyl, (4-methoxyphenyl)-ethyl, phenyl, phenyl-methyl, phenyl-ethyl, (4-ethylphenyl)-methyl, (4-methylphenyl)-methyl, (4-fluorophenyl)-methyl, (4-bromophenyl)-methyl, (2,4-dimethoxyphenyl)-methyl, (3,5-dimethoxyphenyl)-methyl, 2,2-diphenyl-ethyl, naphthaline-1-yl-methyl, 1H-indole-3-yl-methyl, 2-(1H-indole-3-yl)-ethyl, 3-(1H-indole-3-yl)-propyl, 4-methyl-phenyl, 4-ethyl-phenyl, n-hexyl, (3,4-dichlorophenyl)-methyl, (4-nitro-phenyl)-methyl, (pyridine-2-yl)-methyl, (pyridine-3-yl)-methyl, (pyridine-4-yl)-methyl, (thiophene-2-yl)-methyl, (thiophene-3-yl)-methyl, (furan-2-yl)-methyl, (furan-3-yl)-methyl;
R2 is selected from the group consisting of methyl, 1H-indole-3-yl-methyl, 2-(1H-indole-3-yl)-ethyl, 3-(1H-indole-3-yl)-propyl, 2-phenyl-ethyl, 3-phenyl-propyl, 4-phenyl-butyl, 2-methoxy-phenylmethyl, 3-methoxy-phenylmethyl, 4-methoxy-phenylmethyl, 2-methoxy-phenylethyl, 3-methoxy-phenylethyl, 4-methoxy-phenylethyl;
R3 is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen atom, methyl, propan-2-yl, 2-methyl-propan-1-yl, butan-2-yl, butan-1-yl, —CH2—SH, —(CH2)2—S—CH3, 1H-indole-3-yl-methyl, phenyl-methyl, 2-phenyl-ethyl, —CH2—OCH2-phenyl, —CH2—CO—CH2-phenyl, —(CH2)2—CO—CH2-phenyl, —CH2—C(O)O-phenyl, —(CH2)2—C(O)O-phenyl, hydroxy-methyl, 1-hydroxy-ethan-1-yl, —CH2—CO—NH2, —(CH2)2—CO—NH2, (1-hydroxy-benzene-4-yl)-methyl, —CH2—CO—OH, —(CH2)2—CO—OH, —(CH2)4—NH2, (1H-imidazol-5-yl)-methyl, —(CH2)3—NH—C(NH)—NH2, —(CH2)3—NH2, and —(CH2)3—NH—CO—NH2;
R4 is a hydrogen atom;
R5 is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen atom, —CO—CH2—NH2 (Gly residue), —CO—CH2—CH2—NH2 (beta-Ala residue), —CO—CHCH3—NH2 (D- and/or L-alpha-Ala residue), —CO-(pyrrolidine-2-yl) (D- and/or L-Pro residue), 2-amino-2-carbonyl-propane (2-amino-isobutyric acid/Aib residue), 4-carbonyl-1H-piperidine, 3-carbonyl-1H-piperidine, R-(3-carbonyl-1H-piperidine), S-(3-carbonyl-1H-piperidine), 2-carbonyl-1H-piperidine, R-(2-carbonyl-1H-piperidine), S-(2-carbonyl-1H-piperidine), 1-amino-2-carbonyl-benzene, carbonyl-cyclohexane, 2-acetyl-pyridine, 3-acetyl-pyridine, 4-acetyl-pyridine, 2-propionyl-pyridine, 3-propionyl-pyridine, 4-propionyl-pyridine, (R-1-amino)-2-carbonyl-cyclohexane, (S-1-amino)-2-carbonyl-cyclohexane, 2-carbonyl-1H-imidazole, 2-carbonyl-pyridine, 3-carbonyl-pyridine, 4-carbonyl-pyridine, 2-amino-3-carbonyl-pyridine, 2-carbonyl-pyrazine, 2-carbonyl-4-hydroxy-1H-pyrrolidine, 4-carbonyl-1H,3H-diazacyclohexane, methyl-sulfonyl, phenylsulfonyl, 1-carbonyl-1-amino-2-phenylethane, phenylmethyl, 1-carbonyl-4-azide-benzene, 2-carbonyl-2,5-dihydro-1H-pyrrole, 2-carbonyl-piperazine, 2-carbonyl-1H-pyrrolidine, 2-aminoethane, carbonyl-benzene, 2-carbonyl-pyrazine, 3-carbonyl-pyrazine, 4-carbonyl-oxacyclohexane, 4-methyl-phenylsulfonyl, phenylmethyl-sulfonyl;
R6 is a hydrogen atom; and
m is 0.
5. The method as claimed in claim 4, where
R3 is selected from the group consisting of —CH2—CO—CH27-phenyl, —(CH2)2—CO—CH2-phenyl, —CH2—CO—NH2, —(CH2)2—CO—NH2, —CH2—CO—OH, —(CH2)2—CO—OH, —(CH2)3—NH—C(NH)—NH2, —CH2—SH, —(CH2)2—S—CH3.
6. The method as claimed in claim 4, where
R5 is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen atom, methylsulfonyl, phenylsulfonyl, carbonyl-cyclohexane, (R-1-amino)-2-carbonyl-cyclohexane, (S-1-amino)-2-carbonyl-cyclohexane, 2-carbonyl-pyridine, 3-carbonyl-pyridine, 4-carbonyl-pyridine, 2-acetyl-pyridine, 3-acetyl-pyridine, 4-acetyl-pyridine, 2-propionyl-pyridine, 3-propionyl-pyridine, 4-propionyl-pyridine, 2-amino-3-carbonyl-pyridine, 2-carbonyl-1H-imidazole, 2-carbonyl-pyrazine, 4-carbonyl-1H,3H-diazacyclohexane.
7. The method as claimed in claim 1 where the compound is at least one compound selected from the group consisting of:
compound 1 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 2 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 3 (R)—N-(1-(5-(3-(1H-indol-3-yl)propyl)-4-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 4 (R)—N-(1-(5-benzyl-4-(naphthalen-1-ylmethyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 5 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(naphthalen-1-ylmethyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 6 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(3-methoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 7 (R)—N-(1-(4-(3-methoxybenzyl)-5-benzyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 8 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-benzyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 9 (R)—N-(1-(5-(3-(1H-indol-3-yl)propyl)-4-benzyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 10 (R)—N-(1-(5-(3-(1H-indol-3-yl)propyl)-4-(3-methoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 11 (R)—N-(1-(5-(3-(1H-indol-3-yl)propyl)-4-(naphthalen-1-ylmethyl)-4H-1, 2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 12 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 13 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-benzyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 14 (R)—N-(1-(5-(3-(1H-indol-3-yl)propyl)-4-(4-bromobenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 15 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-hexyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 16 (R)—N-(1-(5-(3-(1H-indol-3-yl)propyl)-4-hexyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 17 (R)—N-(1-(4,5-bis(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 18 (S)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 19 (R)—N-(1-(4-(3-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 20 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 21 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(3,5-dimethoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 22 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-(3-phenylpropyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 23 (R)—N-(1-(5-(3-(1H-indol-3-yl)propyl)-4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 24 (R)—N-(1-(4-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-5-(3-(1H-indol-3-yl)propyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 25 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(2-methoxy)benzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 26 (R)—N-(1-(4-(2-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 27 (R)—N-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)-1-(4-(naphthalen-1-ylmethyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 28 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(3,4-dichlorobenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 29 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(4-fluorobenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 30 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-fluorobenzyl)-5-benzyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 31 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-4H-1, 2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)piperidine-4-carboxamide,
compound 32 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-4H-1, 2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)piperidine-3-carboxamide,
compound 33 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-methylbenzyl)-5-(3-phenylpropyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 34 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(4-methylbenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 36 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)piperidine-2-carboxamide,
compound 37 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-methylbenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 38 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-aminobenzamide,
compound 39 (R)—N-(1-(5-benzyl-4-(pyridin-2-ylmethyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 40 (2S,4R)—N—((R)-1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-hydroxypyrrolidine-2-carboxamide,
compound 41 (S)—N—((R)-1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)piperidine-3-carboxamide,
compound 42 (R)—N—((R)-1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)piperidine-3-carboxamide,
compound 43 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-ethylbenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 44 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)piperidine-4-carboxamide,
compound 45 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)piperidine-4-carboxamide,
compound 46 (S)—N—((R)-1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)pyrrolidine-2-carboxamide,
compound 47 (R)—N—((R)-1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)pyrrolidine-2-carboxamide,
compound 48 (S)—N—((R)-1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)piperidine-2-carboxamide,
compound 49 (R)—N—((R)-1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)piperidine-2-carboxamide,
compound 50 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,44-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-aminoacetamide,
compound 51 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-(pyridin-2-yl)acetamide,
compound 52 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-(pyridin-4-yl)acetamide,
compound 53 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)cyclohexanecarboxamide,
compound 54 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-benzyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)piperidine-4-carboxamide,
compound 55 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-benzyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)piperidine-3-carboxamide,
compound 56 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-3-aminopropanamide,
compound 57 (S)—N—((R)-1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-aminopropanamide,
compound 58 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-(pyridin-3-yl)acetamide,
compound 59 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-3-(pyridin-3-yl)propanamide,
compound 60 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-benzyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-(pyridin-2-yl)acetamide,
compound 61 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-4H-1, 2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-(pyridin-2-yl)acetamide,
compound 62 (R)—N-(1-(4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)piperidine-4-carboxamide,
compound 63 (R)—N—((R)-1-(4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)piperidine-2-carboxamide,
compound 64 (R)—N-(1-(4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)picolinamide,
compound 65 (R)—N-(1-(4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)isonicotinamide,
compound 66 (R)—N-(1-(4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)pyrazine-2-carboxamide,
compound 67 (R)—N-1-(4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)piperazine-2-carboxamide,
compound 68 (S)—N—((R)-1-(4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)pyrrolidine-2-carboxamide,
compound 69 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-4H-1, 2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-aminoacetamide,
compound 70 (S)—N—((R)-1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)pyrrolidine-2-carboxamide,
compound 71 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-4H-1, 2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)pyrazine-2-carboxamide,
compound 72 (R)—N-1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)piperazine-2-carboxamide,
compound 73 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-4H-1, 2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)picolinamide,
compound 74 (R)-1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethanamine,
compound 75 (R)—N-(1-(4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-aminoacetamide,
compound 76 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)pyrazine-2-carboxamide,
compound 77 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)isonicotinamide,
compound 78 (R)—N-1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)piperazine-2-carboxamide,
compound 79 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)picolinamide,
compound 80 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)picolinamide,
compound 81 (R)—N-1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)piperazine-2-carboxamide,
compound 82 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-ethylbenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-(pyridin-2-yl)acetamide,
compound 83 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-ethylbenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)piperidine-4-carboxamide,
compound 84 (R)—N-1-(4-(4-ethylbenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)piperazine-2-carboxamide,
compound 85 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-ethylbenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)pyrazine-2-carboxamide,
compound 86 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-4H-1, 2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-cis-aminocyclohexanecarboxamide,
compound 87 (S)—N—((R)-1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-4H-1, 24-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)piperidine-3-carboxamide,
compound 88 (R)—N—((R)-1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)piperidine-2-carboxamide,
compound 89 (S)—N—((R)-1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-4H-1, 2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)pyrrolidine-2-carboxamide,
compound 90 (R)—N—((R)-1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-4H-1, 2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)pyrrolidine-2-carboxamide,
compound 91 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-(pyridin-2-yl)acetamide,
compound 92 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(4-bromobenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 93 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-phenylethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 94 (R)—N-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)-1-(5-phenethyl-4-(thiophen-2-ylmethyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)ethyl)piperidine-4-carboxamide,
compound 95 (R)—N-(1-(4-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 96 (R)—N-(1-(5-((1H-indol-3-yl)methyl)-4-methyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 97 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-methyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 98 (R)—N-(1-(5-((1H-indol-3-yl)methyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 99 (R)—N-(1-(5-((1H-indol-3-yl)methyl)-4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-4H-1, 2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 100 (R)—N-(1-(4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-5-methyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 101 (R)—N-(1-(5-((1H-indol-3-yl)methyl)-4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 102 (R)—N-(1-(4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-5-benzyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 103 (R)—N-(1-(5-(3-(1H-indol-3-yl)propyl)-4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-4H-1, 2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 104 (R)—N-(1-(5-((1H-indol-3-yl)methyl)-4-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 105 (R)—N-(1-(5-benzyl-4-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 106 (R)—N-(1-(5-benzyl-4-(2,2-diphenylethyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 107 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(2,2-diphenylethyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 108 (R)—N-(1-(4-(3,5-dimethoxybenzyl)-5-benzyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 109 (R)—N-(1-(4,5-dibenzyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 110 (R)—N-(1-(5-benzyl-4-hexyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 111 (R)—N-(1-(4-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-5-benzyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 112 (S)—N-(1-(4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-5-benzyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 113 (R)—N-(1-(4-(3,5-dimethoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 114 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-bromobenzyl)-5-benzyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 115 (R)—N-(1-(4-(2-methoxybenzyl)-5-benzyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 116 (S)—N-(1-(4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 117 (R)—N-(1-(4,5-diphenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 118 (R)—N-(1-(4-(3,4-dichlorobenzyl)-5-benzyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 119 (R)-1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethanamine,
compound 120 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-benzyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-phenylethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 121 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-fluorobenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 122 (R)—N-(1-(4-(3,4-dichlorobenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 124 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-methylbenzyl)-5-benzyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 125 (S)—N-(1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-(3-phenylpropyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 126 (S)—N-(1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-benzyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 128 N—((R)-1-(4-(4-nitrobenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 129 (S)—N-(1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 130 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-methoxyphenethyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 131 (R)—N-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)-1-(5-phenethyl-4-(thiophen-2-ylmethyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 132 (R)—N-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)-1-(5-phenethyl-4-(pyridin-2-ylmethyl)-4H-1, 2,4-triazol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 133 (R)—N-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)-1-(5-phenethyl-4-(pyridin-2-ylmethyl)-4H-1, 2,4-triazol-3-yl)ethyl)piperidine-3-carboxamide,
compound 134 (S)—N—((R)-1-(4-(4-ethylbenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)pyrrolidine-2-carboxamide,
compound 135 N—((R)-1-(4-(4-ethylbenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-aminoacetamide,
compound 136 N—((R)-1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-(pyridin-4-yl)acetamide,
compound 137 (2R)—N—((R)-1-(4-(4-ethylbenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)piperidine-2-carboxamide,
compound 138 N—((R)-1-(4-(4-ethylbenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)picolinamide,
compound 139 N—((R)-1-(4-(4-ethylbenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-aminopyridine-3-carboxamide,
compound 140 (2S)—N—((R)-1-(4-(4-ethylbenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-aminopropanamide,
compound 141 N—((R)-1-(4-(4-ethylbenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)isonicotinamide,
compound 142 N—((R)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)-1-(5-phenethyl-4-phenyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)ethyl)piperidine-4-carboxamide,
compound 143 (2S)—N—((R)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)-1-(5-phenethyl-4-phenyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)ethyl)pyrrolidine-2-carboxamide,
compound 144 N—((R)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)-1-(5-phenethyl-4-phenyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-aminoacetamide,
compound 145 N—((R)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)-1-(5-phenethyl-4-phenyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-(pyridin-2-yl)acetamide,
compound 146 N—((R)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)-1-(5-phenethyl-4-phenyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)ethyl)picolinamide,
compound 147 N—((R)-1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(4-ethylphenyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)picolinamide,
compound 148 N—((R)-1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(4-ethylphenyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-(pyridin-2-yl)acetamide,
compound 149 N—((R)-1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(4-ethylphenyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-aminoacetamide,
compound 150 (2S)—N—((R)-1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(4-ethylphenyl)-4H-1, 2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)pyrrolidine-2-carboxamide,
compound 152 N—((R)-1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-aminoacetamide,
compound 153 N—((R)-1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-trans-aminocyclohexanecarboxamide,
compound 154 N—((R)-1-(4-(4-ethylbenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-(pyridin-3-yl)acetamide,
compound 155 (3S)—N—((R)-1-(4-(4-ethylbenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)piperidine-3-carboxamide,
compound 156 N—((R)-1-(4-(4-ethylbenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-aminobenzamide,
compound 157 N—((R)-1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-phenyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)picolinamide,
compound 158 N—((R)-1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-phenyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)piperidine-4-carboxamide,
compound 159 N—((R)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)-1-(4-(2,4-dimethoxyphenyl)-5-phenethyl-4H -1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)ethyl)picolinamide,
compound 160 N—((R)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)-1-(4-(2,4-dimethoxyphenyl)-5-phenethyl-4H -1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-(pyridin-2-yl)acetamide,
compound 161 N—((R)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)-1-(4-(2,4-dimethoxyphenyl)-5-phenethyl-4H -1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)ethyl)pyrazine-2-carboxamide,
compound 162 N—((R)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)-1-(4-(2,4-dimethoxyphenyl)-5-phenethyl-4H -1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-aminoacetamide,
compound 163 N—((R)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)-1-(4-(2,4-dimethoxyphenyl)-5-phenethyl-4H -1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)ethyl)piperidine-4-carboxamide,
compound 164 N—((R)-1-(5-benzyl-4-((pyridin-2-yl)methyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)picolinamide,
compound 165 N—((R)-1-(5-benzyl-4-((pyridin-2-yl)methyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-acetamide,
compound 166 N—((R)-1-(5-benzyl-4-((pyridin-2-yl)methyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)piperidine-4-carboxamide,
compound 167 N—((R)-1-(5-benzyl-4-((pyridin-4-yl)methyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 168 N—((R)-1-(5-(4-methoxybenzyl)-4-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 169 N—((R)-1-(5-benzyl-4-((pyridin-4-yl)methyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)picolinamide,
compound 170 N—((R)-1-(5-benzyl-4-((pyridin-4-yl)methyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-acetamide,
compound 171 (R)-benzyl-3-(2-aminoisobutyramido)-3-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-propanoate,
compound 172 N—((R)-1-(5-benzyl-4-((pyridin-3-yl)methyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 173 N—((R)-1-(4-benzyl-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 174 N—((R)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)-1-(4-methyl-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)ethyl)picolinamide,
compound 175 N—((R)-1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-phenyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 176 N—((R)-1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)benzamide,
compound 177 (R)-1-(4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)-N-phenylmethanesulfonylamine,
compound 178 (R)-1-(4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)-N-tosylethanamine,
compound 179 N—((R)-1-(4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 180 N-1-((R)-1-(4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)ethane-1,2-diamine,
compound 181 N—((R)-1-(4-((furan-2-yl)methyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 182 N—((R)-1-(4-((furan-2-yl)methyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)picolinamide,
compound 183 N—((R)-1-(4-((furan-2-yl)methyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)piperidine-4-carboxamide,
compound 184 N—((R)-1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-carboxamide,
compound 185 N—((R)-1-(5-((1H-indol-3-yl)methyl)-4-(3-methoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 186 (2S)—N—((R)-1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-3-phenylpropanamide,
compound 187 (R)-1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)-N-tosylethanamine,
compound 188 N—((R)-1-(4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-azidobenzamide,
compound 189 N-benzyl-(R)-1-(4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethanamine,
compound 190 (2S)—N—((R)-1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2,5-dihydro-1H-pyrrole-2-carboxamide.
8. The method as claimed in claim 1 where the treatment is achieved by modulation of GHS receptors.
9. The method as claimed in claim 1 where the compound is a GHS receptor antagonist.
10. The method as claimed in claim 7, where the compound is a GHS receptor antagonist selected from the group consisting of: compound 1, 3, 12, 13, 14, 18, 20, 22, 23, 33, 36, 37, 38, 41, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 63, 64, 65, 66, 68, 69, 70, 71, 72, 73, 74, 75, 76, 77, 79, 80, 82, 85, 86, 87, 88, 89, 90, 91, 93, 101, 102, 109, 114, 116, 119, 134, 135, 136, 137, 138, 139, 140, 145, 146, 147, 148, 150, 152, 153, 154, 156, 157, 159, 160, 161, 164, 171, 174, 176, 178, 179, 182, 184, 186, 188 and/or compound 190.
11. The method as claimed in claim 9 where the compound is a GHS receptor agonist for GHS receptors selected from the group consisting of GHS type 1 receptor, GHS-R 1a, GHS-R 1b, motilin receptor, motilin receptor 1a, neurotensin receptor, TRH receptor, GPR38 (FM1), GPR39 (FM2), FM3, GHS-R subtype, GHS binding site, cardiac GHS-R, and mammary GHS-R.
12. The method as claimed in claim 9, where the GHS receptor agonist is selected from the group consisting of: compound 2, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 15, 16, 17, 19, 21, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 34, 39, 40, 42, 43, 44, 45, 54, 55, 56, 62, 67, 78, 81, 83, 84, 87, 92, 94, 99, 103, 104, 105, 106, 107, 108, 110, 111, 115, 117, 118, 121, 122, 124, 130, 131, 142, 155, 158, 163, 173, 175, 180, 181, 183, 185 and/or compound 187.
13. The method as claimed in claim 1 where the mammal is selected from the group consisting of human, domestic animals, cattle, livestock, pets, cow, sheep, pig, goat, horse, pony, donkey, hinny, mule, hare, rabbit, cat, dog, guinea pig, hamster, rat, and mouse.
14. The method as claimed in claim 1 where the compound is a GHS receptor agonist for GHS receptors selected from the group consisting of GHS type 1 receptor, GHS-R 1a, GHS-R 1b, motilin receptor, motilin receptor 1a, neurotensin receptor, TRH receptor, GPR38 (FM1), GPR39 (FM2), FM3, GHS-R subtype, GHS binding site, cardiac GHS-R, and mammary GHS-R.
15. The method as claimed in claim 1 where the physiological and/or pathophysiological conditions are selected from the group consisting of acute fatigue syndrome and muscle loss following election surgery, adipogenesis, adiposity, age-related decline of thymic function, age-related functional decline (ARFD) in the elderly, aging disorder in companion animals, Alzheimer's disease, anorexia; anxiety, blood pressure (lowering), body weight gain/reduction, bone fracture repair (acceleration), bone remodeling stimulation, cachexia and protein loss reduction due to chronic illness such as cancer or AIDS, cardiac dysfunctions, cardiomyopathy, cartilage growth stimulation, catabolic disorders in connection with pulmonary dysfunction and ventilator dependency, catabolic side effects of glucocorticoids, catabolic state of aging, central nervous system disorders (in combination with antidepressants), chronic dialysis, chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), cognitive function improvement, complicated fractures, complications associated with transplantation, congestive heart failure (alone/in combination with corticotropin releasing factor antagonists), Crohn's disease and ulcerative colits, Cushing's syndrome, dementia, depressions, short-, medium- and/or long-term regulation of energy balance, short-, medium- and/or long-term regulation of food intake (stimulation and/or inhibition), fraility, gastrectomy (ghrelin replacement therapy), gastric postoperative ileus, glycemic control improvement, growth hormone release stimulation in the elderly, growth hormone replacement in stressed patients, growth promotion in livestock, growth retardation associated with the Prader-Willi syndrome and Turner's syndrome, growth retardation in connection with Crohn's disease, growth retardation, hair/nail growth maintenance, hip fractures, hunger, hypercortisolism, hyperinsulinemia including nesidioblastosis, hypothermia, immune deficiency in individuals with a depressed T4/T8 cell ratio, immune response improvement to vaccination, immune system stimulation in companion animals, immune system stimulation, immunosuppression in immunosuppressed patients, inflammation or inflammatory effects, inflammatory bowel disease, insulin resistance in the heart, insulin resistance in type 2 diabetic patients, insulin resistance including NIDDM, diabetes, diabetes type I, diabetes type II, intrauterine growth retardation, irritable bowel syndrome, lipodystrophy, metabolic homeostasis maintenance, milk production increase in livestock, muscle mass/strength increase, muscle mobility improvement, muscle strength improvement, muscle strength/function maintenance in elderly humans, muscular atrophy, musculoskeletal impairment (e.g. in elderly), Noonan's syndrome, obesity and growth retardation associated with obesity, osteoblast stimulation, osteochondrodysplasias, osteoporosis, ovulation induction (adjuvant treatment), physiological short stature including growth hormone deficient children, postoperative ileus, protein catabolic response attenuation after major surgery/trauma, protein kinase B activity enhancement, psychosocial deprivation, pulmonary dysfunction and ventilator dependency, pulmonary function improvement, pulsatile growth hormone release induction, recovery of burn patients and reducing hospitalization of burn patients (acceleration), renal failure or insufficiency resulting from growth retardation, renal homeostasis maintenance in the frail elderly, sarcopenia, schizophrenia, sensory function maintenance, short bowel syndrome, short stature associated with chronic illness, skeletal dysplasia, skin thickness maintenance, sleep disorders, sleep quality improvement, thrombocytopenia, thymic development stimulation, tooth repair or growth, tumor cell proliferation, ventricular dysfunction or reperfusion events, wasting in connection with AIDS, wasting in connection with chronic liver disease, wasting in connection with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), wasting in connection with multiple sclerosis or other neurodegenerative disorders, wasting secondary to fractures, wool growth stimulation in sheep, wound healing (acceleration) and/or wound healing delay.
16. The method as claimed in claim 15 where physiological and/or pathophysiological conditions are selected from the group consisting of growth retardation, cachexia, short-, medium- and/or long term regulation of energy balance; short-, medium- and/or long term regulation (stimulation and/or inhibition) of food intake; adipogenesis, adiposity and/or obesity; body weight gain and/or reduction; diabetes, diabetes type I, diabetes type II, tumor cell proliferation; inflammation, inflammatory effects, gastric postoperative ileus, postoperative ileus and/or gastrectomy (ghrelin replacement therapy)
17. The method as claimed in claim 1 further comprising administering at least one additional pharmacologically active substance.
18. The method as claimed in claim 17, further comprising administering a GHS receptor antagonist and an endocannabinoid receptor antagonist.
19. The method as claimed in claim 1 where the administration is before and/or during and/or after treatment with at least one additional pharmacologically active substance.
20. The method as claimed in claim 19, comprising administering a GHS receptor antagonist and an endocannabinoid receptor antagonist.
21. A triazole compound selected from the group consisting of:
compound 1 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-4H-1, 2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 2 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 3 (R)—N-(1-(5-(3-(1H-indol-3-yl)propyl)-4-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 4 (R)—N-(1-(5-benzyl-4-(naphthalen-1-ylmethyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 5 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(naphthalen-1-ylmethyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 6 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(3-methoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 7 (R)—N-(1-(4-(3-methoxybenzyl)-5-benzyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 8 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-benzyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 9 (R)—N-(1-(5-(3-(1H-indol-3-yl)propyl)-4-benzyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 10 (R)—N-(1-(5-(3-(1H-indol-3-yl)propyl)-4-(3-methoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 11 (R)—N-(1-(5-(3-(1H-indol-3-yl)propyl)-4-(naphthalen-1-ylmethyl)-4H-1, 2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 12 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 13 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-benzyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 14 (R)—N-(1-(5-(3-(1H-indol-3-yl)propyl)-4-(4-bromobenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 15 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-hexyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 16 (R)—N-(1-(5-(3-(1H-indol-3-yl)propyl)-4-hexyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 17 (R)—N-(1-(4,5-bis(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 18 (S)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 19 (R)—N-(1-(4-(3-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 20 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 21 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(3,5-dimethoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 22 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-(3-phenylpropyl)-4H-1,24-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 23 (R)—N-(1-(5-(3-(1H-indol-3-yl)propyl)-4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 24 (R)—N-(1-(4-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-5-(3-(1H-indol-3-yl)propyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 25 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(2-methoxy)benzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 26 (R)—N-(1-(4-(2-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 27 (R)—N-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)-1-(4-(naphthalen-1-ylmethyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 28 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(3,4-dichlorobenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 29 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(4-fluorobenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 30 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-fluorobenzyl)-5-benzyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 31 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-4H-1, 2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)piperidine-4-carboxamide,
compound 32 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-4H-1, 2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)piperidine-3-carboxamide,
compound 33 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-methylbenzyl)-5-(3-phenylpropyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 34 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(4-methylbenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 36 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)piperidine-2-carboxamide,
compound 37 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-methylbenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 38 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-aminobenzamide,
compound 39 (R)—N-(1-(5-benzyl-4-(pyridin-2-ylmethyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 40 (2S,4R)—N—((R)-1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-hydroxypyrrolidine-2-carboxamide,
compound 41 (S)—N—((R)-1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)piperidine-3-carboxamide,
compound 42 (R)—N—((R)-1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)piperidine-3-carboxamide,
compound 43 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-ethylbenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 44 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)piperidine-4-carboxamide,
compound 45 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)piperidine-4-carboxamide,
compound 46 (S)—N—((R)-1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)pyrrolidine-2-carboxamide,
compound 47 (R)—N—((R)-1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)pyrrolidine-2-carboxamide,
compound 48 (S)—N—((R)-1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)piperidine-2-carboxamide,
compound 49 (R)—N—((R)-1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)piperidine-2-carboxamide,
compound 50 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-aminoacetamide,
compound 51 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-(pyridin-2-yl)acetamide,
compound 52 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-(pyridin-4-yl)acetamide,
compound 53 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)cyclohexanecarboxamide,
compound 54 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-benzyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)piperidine-4-carboxamide,
compound 55 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-benzyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)piperidine-3-carboxamide,
compound 56 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-3-aminopropanamide,
compound 57 (S)—N—((R)-1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-aminopropanamide,
compound 58 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-(pyridin-3-yl)acetamide,
compound 59 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-3-(pyridin-3-yl)propanamide,
compound 60 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-benzyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-(pyridin-2-yl)acetamide,
compound 61 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-4H-1, 2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-(pyridin-2-yl)acetamide,
compound 62 (R)—N-(1-(4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)piperidine-4-carboxamide,
compound 63 (R)—N—((R)-1-(4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)piperidine-2-carboxamide,
compound 64 (R)—N-(1-(4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)picolinamide,
compound 65 (R)—N-(1-(4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)isonicotinamide,
compound 66 (R)—N-(1-(4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)pyrazine-2-carboxamide,
compound 67 (R)—N-1-(4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)piperazine-2-carboxamide,
compound 68 (S)—N—((R)-1-(4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)pyrrolidine-2-carboxamide,
compound 69 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-4H-1, 2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-aminoacetamide,
compound 70 (S)—N—((R)-1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)pyrrolidine-2-carboxamide,
compound 71 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-4H-1, 2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)pyrazine-2-carboxamide,
compound 72 (R)—N-1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)piperazine-2-carboxamide,
compound 73 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-4H-1, 2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)picolinamide,
compound 74 (R)-1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethanamine,
compound 75 (R)—N-(1-(4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-aminoacetamide,
compound 76 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)pyrazine-2-carboxamide,
compound 77 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)isonicotinamide,
compound 78 (R)—N-1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)piperazine-2-carboxamide,
compound 79 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)picolinamide,
compound 80 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)picolinamide,
compound 81 (R)—N-1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)piperazine-2-carboxamide,
compound 82 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-ethylbenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-(pyridin-2-yl)acetamide,
compound 83 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-ethylbenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)piperidine-4-carboxamide,
compound 84 (R)—N-1-(4-(4-ethylbenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)piperazine-2-carboxamide,
compound 85 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-ethylbenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)pyrazine-2-carboxamide,
compound 86 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-4H-1, 2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-cis-aminocyclohexanecarboxamide,
compound 87 (S)—N—((R)-1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-4H-1, 2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)piperidine-3-carboxamide,
compound 88 (R)—N—((R)-1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-4H-1, 2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)piperidine-2-carboxamide,
compound 89 (S)—N—((R)-1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-4H-1, 2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)pyrrolidine-2-carboxamide,
compound 90 (R)—N—((R)-1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-4H-1, 2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)pyrrolidine-2-carboxamide,
compound 91 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-(pyridin-2-yl)acetamide,
compound 92 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(4-bromobenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 93 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-phenylethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 94 (R)—N-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)-1-(5-phenethyl-4-(thiophen-2-ylmethyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)ethyl)piperidine-4-carboxamide,
compound 95 (R)—N-(1-(4-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 96 (R)—N-(1-(5-((1H-indol-3-yl)methyl)-4-methyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 97 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-methyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 98 (R)—N-(1-(5-((1H-indol-3-yl)methyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 99 (R)—N-(1-(5-((1H-indol-3-yl)methyl)-4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-4H-1, 2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 100 (R)—N-(1-(4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-5-methyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 101 (R)—N-(1-(5-((1H-indol-3-yl)methyl)-4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 102 (R)—N-(1-(4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-5-benzyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 103 (R)—N-(1-(5-(3-(1H-indol-3-yl)propyl)-4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-4H-1, 2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 104 (R)—N-(1-(5-((1H-indol-3-yl)methyl)-4-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 105 (R)—N-(1-(5-benzyl-4-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 106 (R)—N-(1-(5-benzyl-4-(2,2-diphenylethyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 107 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(2,2-diphenylethyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 108 (R)—N-(1-(4-(3,5-dimethoxybenzyl)-5-benzyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 109 (R)—N-(1-(4,5-dibenzyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 110 (R)—N-(1-(5-benzyl-4-hexyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 111 (R)—N-(1-(4-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-5-benzyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 112 (S)—N-(1-(4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-5-benzyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 113 (R)—N-(1-(4-(3,5-dimethoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 114 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-bromobenzyl)-5-benzyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 115 (R)—N-(1-(4-(2-methoxybenzyl)-5-benzyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 116 (S)—N-(1-(4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 117 (R)—N-(1-(4,5-diphenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 118 (R)—N-(1-(4-(3,4-dichlorobenzyl)-5-benzyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 119 (R)-1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethanamine,
compound 120 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-benzyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-phenylethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 121 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-fluorobenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 122 (R)—N-(1-(4-(3,4-dichlorobenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 124 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-methylbenzyl)-5-benzyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 125 (S)—N-(1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-(3-phenylpropyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 126 (S)—N-(1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-benzyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 128 N—((R)-1-(4-(4-nitrobenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 129 (S)—N-(1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 130 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-methoxyphenethyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 131 (R)—N-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)-1-(5-phenethyl-4-(thiophen-2-ylmethyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 132 (R)—N-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)-1-(5-phenethyl-4-(pyridin-2-ylmethyl)-4H-1, 2,4-triazol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 133 (R)—N-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)-1-(5-phenethyl-4-(pyridin-2-ylmethyl)-4H-1, 2,4-triazol-3-yl)ethyl)piperidine-3-carboxamide,
compound 134 (S)—N—((R)-1-(4-(4-ethylbenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)pyrrolidine-2-carboxamide,
compound 135 N—((R)-1-(4-(4-ethylbenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-aminoacetamide,
compound 136 N—((R)-1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-(pyridin-4-yl)acetamide,
compound 137 (2R)—N—((R)-1-(4-(4-ethylbenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)piperidine-2-carboxamide,
compound 138 N—((R)-1-(4-(4-ethylbenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)picolinamide,
compound 139 N—((R)-1-(4-(4-ethylbenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-aminopyridine-3-carboxamide,
compound 140 (2S)—N—((R)-1-(4-(4-ethylbenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-aminopropanamide,
compound 141 N—((R)-1-(4-(4-ethylbenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)isonicotinamide,
compound 142 N—((R)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)-1-(5-phenethyl-4-phenyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)ethyl)piperidine-4-carboxamide,
compound 143 (2S)—N—((R)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)-1-(5-phenethyl-4-phenyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)ethyl)pyrrolidine-2-carboxamide,
compound 144 N—((R)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)-1-(5-phenethyl-4-phenyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-aminoacetamide,
compound 145 N—((R)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)-1-(5-phenethyl-4-phenyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-(pyridin-2-yl)acetamide,
compound 146 N—((R)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)-1-(5-phenethyl-4-phenyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)ethyl)picolinamide,
compound 147 N—((R)-1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(4-ethylphenyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)picolinamide,
compound 148 N—((R)-1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(4-ethylphenyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-(pyridin-2-yl)acetamide,
compound 149 N—((R)-1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(4-ethylphenyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-aminoacetamide,
compound 150 (2S)—N—((R)-1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(4-ethylphenyl)-4H-1, 2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)pyrrolidine-2-carboxamide,
compound 152 N—((R)-1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-aminoacetamide,
compound 153 N—((R)-1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-trans-aminocyclohexanecarboxamide,
compound 154 N—((R)-1-(4-(4-ethylbenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-(pyridin-3-yl)acetamide,
compound 155 (3S)—N—((R)-1-(4-(4-ethylbenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)piperidine-3-carboxamide,
compound 156 N—((R)-1-(4-(4-ethylbenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-aminobenzamide,
compound 157 N—((R)-1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-phenyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)picolinamide,
compound 158 N—((R)-1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-phenyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)piperidine-4-carboxamide,
compound 159 N—((R)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)-1-(4-(2,4-dimethoxyphenyl)-5-phenethyl-4H -1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)ethyl)picolinamide,
compound 160 N—((R)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)-1-(4-(2,4-dimethoxyphenyl)-5-phenethyl-4H -1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-(pyridin-2-yl)acetamide,
compound 161 N—((R)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)-1-(4-(2,4-dimethoxyphenyl)-5-phenethyl-4H -1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)ethyl)pyrazine-2-carboxamide,
compound 162 N—((R)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)-1-(4-(2,4-dimethoxyphenyl)-5-phenethyl-4H -1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-aminoacetamide,
compound 163 N—((R)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)-1-(4-(2,4-dimethoxyphenyl)-5-phenethyl-4H -1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)ethyl)piperidine-4-carboxamide,
compound 164 N—((R)-1-(5-benzyl-4-((pyridin-2-yl)methyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)picolinamide,
compound 165 N—((R)-1-(5-benzyl-4-((pyridin-2-yl)methyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-acetamide,
compound 166 N—((R)-1-(5-benzyl-4-((pyridin-2-yl)methyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)piperidine-4-carboxamide,
compound 167 N—((R)-1-(5-benzyl-4-((pyridin-4-yl)methyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 168 N—((R)-1-(5-(4-methoxybenzyl)-4-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 169 N—((R)-1-(5-benzyl-4-((pyridin-4-yl)methyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)picolinamide,
compound 170 N—((R)-1-(5-benzyl-4-((pyridin-4-yl)methyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-acetamide,
compound 171 (R)-benzyl-3-(2-aminoisobutyramido)-3-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-propanoate,
compound 172 N—((R)-1-(5-benzyl-4-((pyridin-3-yl)methyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 173 N—((R)-1-(4-benzyl-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 174 N—((R)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)-1-(4-methyl-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)ethyl)picolinamide,
compound 175 N—((R)-1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-phenyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 176 N—((R)-1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)benzamide,
compound 177 (R)-1-(4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)-N-phenylmethanesulfonylamine,
compound 178 (R)-1-(4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)-N-tosylethanamine,
compound 179 N—((R)-1-(4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 180 N-1-((R)-1-(4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)ethane-1,2-diamine,
compound 181 N—((R)-1-(4-((furan-2-yl)methyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 182 N—((R)-1-(4-((furan-2-yl)methyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)picolinamide,
compound 183 N—((R)-1-(4-((furan-2-yl)methyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)piperidine-4-carboxamide,
compound 184 N—((R)-1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-carboxamide,
compound 185 N—((R)-1-(5-((1H-indol-3-yl)methyl)-4-(3-methoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
compound 186 (2S)—N—((R)-1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-3-phenylpropanamide,
compound 187 (R)-1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)-N-tosylethanamine,
compound 188 N—((R)-1-(4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-azidobenzamide,
compound 189 N-benzyl-(R)-1-(4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethanamine,
compound 190 (2S)—N—((R)-1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2,5-dihydro-1H-pyrrole-2-carboxamide.
22. A pharmaceutical composition comprising at least one compound as claimed in claim 21 and pharmaceutically acceptable carrier and/or excipient.
23. The pharmaceutical composition as claimed in claim 22, where the active ingredient is present in a unit dose of from 0.001 mg to 100 mg per kg of a patient's bodyweight.
24. The pharmaceutical composition as claimed in claim 22, where the composition comprises at least one further pharmacologically active substance.
25. The pharmaceutical composition as claimed in claim 24, where the further pharmacologically active substance is an endocannabinoid receptor antagonist.
Description
    REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS
  • [0001]
    This application claims priority to U.S. provisional application 60/707,941 filed Aug. 15, 2005, U.S. provisional application 60/787,543 filed Mar. 31, 2006, and European application 05017732.8 filed Aug. 16, 2005, all of which are incorporated herein by reference.
  • TECHNICAL FIELD
  • [0002]
    The invention relates to novel triazole derivatives that act as ghrelin analogue ligands of growth hormone secretagogue receptors. These compounds are useful in modulating growth hormone plasma levels in mammals as well as in the treatment and/or regulation of various physiological and pathophysiological conditions, such as growth retardation, obesity, food intake, energy balance, tumor cell proliferation, wound/burn healing, metabolic disorders and inflammation.
  • BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
  • [0003]
    Ghrelin, a 28 amino acid peptide with a unique octanoyl modification on Ser-3 (Kojima M et al., Nature 1999, 402: 656-660), was identified as an endogenous ligand for the growth hormone secretagogue receptor type 1a (GHS-R 1a), a G-protein coupled receptor (Howard A D et al., Science 1996, 273: 974-977). Ghrelin is essentially produced in the upper intestinal tract/stomach but lower amounts were also detected in bowel, pancreas, kidney, the immune system, placenta, testes, pituitary, lung and in the hypothalamus (van der Lely A J et al., Endocrine Rev. 2004, 25: 426-457; Cowley M et al., Neuron 2003, 37: 649-661).
  • [0004]
    In humans, ghrelin stimulates growth hormone (GH) via a pathway independent from GHRH receptor and in synergy with GHRH on GH secretion (Arvat E et al., J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. 2001, 86: 1169-1174). Besides, it also stimulates ACTH, prolactin, cortisol, aldosterone and epinephrine secretion (Arvat E et al., J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. 2001, 86: 1169-1174; Nagaya N et al., Am. J. Physiol. Regul. Integr. Comp. Physiol. 2001, 280: R1483-1487; Takaya K et al., J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. 2000, 85: 4908-4911).
  • [0005]
    Ghrelin is thought to participate in metabolism regulation and energy expenditure, so ghrelin expression and secretion into the general circulation from the stomach is expected to be influenced by metabolic hormones. In obese humans, plasma ghrelin levels are reduced, suggesting that the elevated insulin or leptin levels of obese subjects lower ghrelin secretion (Tschop M et al, Diabetes 2001, 50: 707-709).
  • [0006]
    The release of growth hormone in humans and animals is believed to treat physiological or pathophysiological conditions characterized by a deficiency in growth hormone secretion as well as to treat those conditions which are improved by the anabolic effects of growth hormone.
  • [0007]
    Initially, clinical applications with GH were limited to treatment of GH-deficient children, but the commercialization of recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH) allowed many studies which showed other potential clinical uses of GH (Strobl J S et al., Pharmacol. Rev. 1994, 46: 1-34; Torosian M H, J. Pediatr. Endocrinol. 1993, 6: 93-97). rhGH has shown promise in the treatment of patients with burns, wounds, bone fractures and more recently in reversing the catabolic effects of glucocorticoids, chemotherapy and AIDS as well as in modifying body composition (Rudman D et al., N. Engl. J. Med. 1990, 323: 1-6; Papadakis M A et al., Ann. Intern. Med. 1996, 124: 708-716; Welle S et al., J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. 1996, 81: 3239-3243).
  • [0008]
    GH, synthesized and stored in the pituitary gland, is released under the control of two known hypothalamic hormones: growth hormone releasing hormone (GHRH) and the inhibitory hormone somatostatin (SRIF). In most cases, GH deficiency is related to a hypothalamic defect and not to a pituitary deficiency in GH. Therefore, as an alternative treatment to rhGH, GH-deficient patients could also be treated with any compound that releases endogenous GH from the pituitary gland. This can either be performed with GHRH which stimulates GH release but also with synthetic growth hormone secretagogues (GHS).
  • [0009]
    Many synthetic, peptidyl and non-peptidyl GHS, such as GHRPs 1, 2 and 6, Hexarelin, MK-0677, EP-01572, were shown to specifically bind to the then orphan receptor GHS receptor—several of them long before ghrelin and ghrelin/GHS receptor were discovered (see Camanni F et al., Front Neuroendocrinol. 1998, 19: 47-72; Casanueva F F et al., Trends Endocrinol. Metab. 1999, 10: 30-38; van der Lely A J et al., Endocrine Rev. 2004, 25: 426-457 for further references). GHS also show potent GH releasing action and have the same biological activities as mentioned above for ghrelin.
  • [0010]
    GHS were also disclosed in the following patents or patent applications (not exhaustive list): U.S. Pat. No. 6,071,926, U.S. Pat. No. 6,329,342, U.S. Pat. No. 6,194,578, US 2001/0041673, U.S. Pat. No. 6,251,902, US 2001/0020012, US 2002/0013320, US 2002/0002137, WO 95/14666, WO 96/15148, WO 01/96300.
  • [0011]
    While the ghrelin/GHS induced GH secretion is mediated by the activation of the ghrelin/GHS receptor type 1a (GHS-R 1a), there is evidence so far that at least some of the other effects of ghrelin and GHS are also mediated by different receptors of the GHS receptor family or even different binding sites on a given GHS receptor.
  • [0012]
    GHS receptors are concentrated in the hypothalamus-pituitary area but appear also to be distributed in other central and peripheral tissues (Hattori N et al., J. Clin. Endocrinol, Metab. 2001, 86: 4284-4291; Gnanapavan S et al., J. Clin, Endocrinol. Metab. 2002, 87: 2988-2991; Muccioli G et al., J. Endocrinol. 2000, 157: 99-106; Muccioli G et al., Ann. Endocrinol. 2000, 61: 27-31; Muccioli G et al., Eur. J. Pharmacol. 2002, 440: 235-254; Papotti M et al., J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. 2000, 85: 3803-3807; Cassoni P et al., J. Clin. Endocrinol, Metab. 2001, 86: 1738-1745; Guan X M et al., Brain Res. Mol. Brain Res. 1997, 48: 23-29; Bluet-Pajot M T et al., Endocrine 2001, 14: 1-8; Korbonits M et al., J. Clin, Endocrinol. Metab, 1998, 83: 3624-3630).
  • [0013]
    Two GHS type 1 receptors have been identified, GHS-R 1a and GHS-R 1b, that in human are presumably expressed by a single gene and alternatively spliced (van der Lely A J et al., Endocrine Rev. 2004, 25: 426-457; Howard A D et al., Science 1996, 273: 974-977; Smith R G et al., Endocr. Rev. 1997, 18: 621-645; Smith R G et al., Endocrine 2001, 14: 9-14; McKee K K et al., Mol. Endocrinol. 1997, 11: 415-423; Petersenn S, Minerva Endocrinol. 2002; 27: 243-256). Among mammalian species a high degree of sequence identity has been reported for GHS-R 1a (Petersenn S, Minerva Endocrinol. 2002; 27: 243-256: between 91.8% and 95.6%).
  • [0014]
    Motilin receptor, was discovered as a member of the GHS receptor family, having 52% identity (Smith R G et al., Endocrine 2001, 14: 9-14; McKee K K et al., Genomics 1997, 46: 426-434). Gastrointestinal motilin receptor 1a and GHS-R 1a show a high similarity (Smith R G et al., Endocrine 2001, 14: 9-14; Feighner S D et al., Science 1999, 284: 2184-2188).
  • [0015]
    Other GHS receptor family members appear to be neurotensin receptor, TRH receptor, GPR38 (FM1), GPR39 (FM2) and FM3 (Smith R G et al., Endocr. Rev. 1997, 18: 621-645; Smith R G et al., Horm. Res. 1999, 51 (Suppl. 3): 1-8; Tan C P et al., Genomics 1998, 52: 223-229; Howard A D et al., Science 1996, 273: 974-977). Further GHS receptor subtypes appear to exist in a wide variety of central and peripheral tissues (van der Lely A J et al., Endocrine Rev. 2004, 25: 426-457). For instance, a cardiac GHS-R has been reported (Bodart V et al., Circ. Res. 1999, 85: 796-802) with a predicted sequence similar to that of CD36, a multifunctional receptor known as glycoprotein IV (Bodart V et al., Circ. Res. 2002, 90: 844-849). Cassoni et al. (J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. 2001, 86: 1738-1745) report the existence of GHS-R subtypes in neoplastic mammary cells that are activated by ligands binding to specific binding sites different from the classical GHS-R type 1. Furthermore, data gathered by these authors support the hypothesis that even different binding site subtypes do exist for GHS-R in peripheral organs, which are possibly due to their endocrine or non-endocrine, but also on their normal or neoplastic nature.
  • [0016]
    The ubiquity of GHS binding sites explains that independently from their strong growth hormone secretagogue properties, ghrelin as well as synthetic GHS are implicated in several important physiological and pathophysiological conditions.
  • [0017]
    Accordingly, potential clinical applications include among others
      • a) Short-, medium- and long term regulation of energy balance and/or food intake (Tschop M et al., Nature 2000, 407: 908-913; Asakawa A et al., Gut 2003, 52: 947-952; US 2001/0020012; Kojima M et al., Curr. Opin. Pharmacol. 2002, 2: 665-668; Horvath T L et al., Curr. Pharm. Des. 2003, 9: 1383-1395; Wren A M et al., J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. 2001, 86: 5992-5995)
      •  Expression of GHS-R1a has been shown on neurons of hypothalamus paraventricular nucleus. These neurons send efferents onto key hypothalamic circuits for the control of food intake, like the arcuate nucleus which produces the mediator NPY. It is thought that the stimulation of food intake by ghrelin and/or GHS is mediated by an increase of NPY in the arcuate nucleus (Willesen M G et al., Neuroendocrin. 1999, 70: 306-316). Single administration (icv or ip) of anti-ghrelin IgG suppressed acute feeding in lean rats (Bagnasco M et al., Regul. Pept. 2003, 111: 161-167). Chronic twice-daily icv administration of anti-ghrelin IgG reduced body weight over a five-day period (Murakami N et al., J. Endocrinol. 2002, 174: 283-288).
      •  A recent study using a peptidic GHS-R 1a antagonist, [D-Lys-3]-GHRP-6, showed a reduction of food intake and body weight gain in diet induced obese mice (Asakawa A et al., Gut, 2003, 52: 947-952). The fact that peptidyl compounds, initially characterized as growth hormone secretagogues, are able to stimulate selectively food intake in rats without inducing growth hormone secretion, suggests the existence of a GHS-R subtype different from GHS-R 1a in the hypothalamus (Torsello A et al., Neuroendocrin. 2000, 72: 327-332; Torsello A et al., Eur. J. Pharmacol. 1998, 360: 123-129).
      • b) Treatment of adipogenesis, adiposity and/or obesity and reduction of body weight (Tschop M et al., Nature 2000, 407: 908-913; Asakawa A et al., Gut 2003, 52: 947-952)
      •  Chronic administration of ghrelin and/or GHS in freely feeding mice and rats results in increased body weight and decreased fat utilization (Tschop M et al., Nature 2000, 407: 908-913). Furthermore, it has been reported that ghrelin and des-octanoyl ghrelin promote adipogenesis in vivo (Thompson N M et al., Endocrinol. 2004, 145: 234-242) and inhibit isoproterenol-induced lipolysis in rat adipocytes via a non-type GHS-R 1a (Muccioli G et al., Eur. J. Pharmacol. 2004, 498: 27-35). On the other hand, there is also a report describing that the expression of the GHS-R1a in rat adipocytes increases with age and during adipogenesis (Choi K et al., Endocrinol. 2003, 144, 754-759).
      • c) Treatment of tumor cell proliferation
      •  As in the case for other members of the hypothalamus-pituitary axis which regulates the secretion of growth hormone, evidence is emerging to indicate that ghrelin and GHS-receptors may play an important autocrine/paracrine role in some cancers (Jeffery P L et al., Cytokine Growth Factor Rev. 2003, 14: 113-122). Specific binding sites for ghrelin, peptidyl- and non-peptidyl GHS are present in tumoral tissues, like prostate cancer cell line PC3 (Jeffery P L et al., J. Endocrinology 2002, 172: R7-R11), thyroid tissue (Cassoni P et al., J. Endocrinol. 2000, 165: 139-146), lung carcinoma cells CALU-1 (Ghè C et al., Endocrinol. 2002, 143: 484-491) and breast carcinomas (Cassoni P et al., J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. 2001, 86: 1738-1745).
      •  In the case of breast, the specific binding sites for GHS were found in tumoral tissue while the normal mammary parenchyma did not reveal such receptors. Synthetic GHS have been reported to inhibit the proliferation of lung carcinoma cells CALU-1 (Ghè C et al., Endocrinol. 2002, 143: 484-491) and that of breast carcinoma cell lines (Cassoni P et al., J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. 2001, 86: 1738-1745).
      •  Both ghrelin and non-acylated ghrelin bind to tumoral tissues. Because non-acylated ghrelin is unable to bind the GHS-R1a, it is likely that the binding site of GHS to tumoral tissues is different from the GHS-R1a. From these data, one can anticipate that the binding site in tumoral tissues recognizes ligands of the GHS-R1a and in addition other not yet characterized chemical structures. Synthetic ligands of GHS-R1a may have therefore the potential to inhibit the proliferation of tumor cells expressing subtypes of GHS receptors.
      • d) Treatment of inflammation/anti-inflammatory effects
      •  The anti-inflammatory effect of the ghrelin agonist growth hormone-releasing peptide-2 (GHRP-2) in chronic arthritis with clinical manifestations of hypermetabolism and cachexia was demonstrated (Granado M et al., Am. J. Physiol. Endocrinol. Metab. 2005, 288: E486-492). These data suggest that the anti-inflammatory action of GHRP-2 is mediated by activation of ghrelin receptors expressed by immune competent cells.
      • e) Treatment of cachexia
      •  The anti-cachetic effect of administered recombinant growth hormone in an animal model of chachexia (Roubenoff R et al., Arthritis Rheum. 1997, 40(3): 534-539) could be demonstrated (Ibanez de Caceres I et al., J. Endocrin. 2000, 165(3): 537-544). The findings are also in line with data of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (Roubenoff R et al., J Clin Invest. 1994, 93(6): 2379-2386).
      • f) Treatment of gastrectomy (ghrelin replacement therapy)
      •  The gastric hormone ghrelin was given to mice subjected to gastrectomy or sham operation (Dornonville de la Cour C et al., Gut 2005, 54(7): 907-913). The results presented show that ghrelin replacement therapy at least partially reverse gastrectomy induced reduction in body weight and body fat.
      • g) Treatment of (gastric) postoperative ileus
      •  The effect of ghrelin on the motor function of the gastrointestinal tract in rat was evaluated. It could be shown that ghrelin reverses the delayed gastric evacuation and is a strong prokinetic agent useful for the treatment/reversion of postoperative gastric ileus (Trudel L et al., Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol 2002, 282(6): G948-G952).
      • h) Treatment of diabetes (diabetes type I and type II)
      •  The effect of ablation of ghrelin in leptin-deficient mice was studied (Sun et al., Cell Metabolism 2006, 3: 379-386). The results show that deletion of ghrelin augments insulin secretion in response to glucose challenge indicating that inhibition of ghrelin or counteracting its activity may be a possible way for the treatment of diabetes including its subtypes I and II (see also WO 03/051389).
  • [0037]
    Further fields of application comprise acceleration of recovery of patients having undergone major surgery (e.g. U.S. Pat. No. 6,194,578); accelerating the recovery of burn patients (e.g. U.S. Pat. No. 6,194,578); attenuating protein catabolic response after a major operation (e.g. U.S. Pat. No. 6,194,578); reducing cachexia and protein loss due to acute or chronic illness (e.g. U.S. Pat. No. 6,194,578); treating central nervous system disorders of patients undergoing a medical procedure in combination with antidepressants (e.g. US 2002/0002137 A1); acceleration of bone fracture repair and cartilage growth (e.g. U.S. Pat. No. 6,194,578); treatment or prevention of osteoporosis; stimulation of the immune system; accelerating wound healing (e.g. U.S. Pat. No. 6,194,578); treatment of growth retardation associated with the Prader-Willi syndrome, Turner's syndrome and obesity; treatment of intrauterine growth retardation, skeletal dysplasia, hypercortisolism and Cushing's syndrome; treatment of osteochondrodysplasias, Noonan's syndrome, schizophrenia, depressions and Alzheimer's disease; treatment of pulmonary dysfunction and ventilator dependency; treatment of hyperinsulinemia including nesidioblastosis; adjuvant treatment for ovulation induction; prevention of the age-related decline of thymic function; improvement in muscle strength and mobility (e.g. U.S. Pat. No. 6,194,578); maintenance of skin thickness (e.g. U.S. Pat. No. 6,194,578); improvement of sleep quality (e.g. U.S. Pat. No. 6,071,926); prevention of congestive heart failure alone (e.g. U.S. Pat. No. 6,329,342; U.S. Pat. No. 6,194,578) and in combination with corticotropin releasing factor antagonists (e.g. US 2001/0041673); metabolic homeostasis or renal homeostasis (e.g. in the frail elderly)(e.g. U.S. Pat. No. 6,194,578); improving glycemic control (e.g. U.S. Pat. No. 6,251,902); treatment of systemic lupus erythematosus and inflammatory bowel disease (e.g. US 2002/0013320); treating or preventing frailty associated with aging or obesity (e.g. U.S. Pat. No. 6,194,578); as well as stimulation of osteoblasts.
  • [0038]
    Animals were not forgotten in potential applications such as stimulation of food intake (Wren A M et al., Diabetes 2001, 50: 2540-2547), stimulation of the immune system in companion animals and treatment of disorder of aging, growth promotion in livestock and stimulation of wool growth in sheep.
  • [0039]
    Compounds containing triazole moieties have been widely recognized in the medicinal chemistry due to their various biological activities. The following patent families are all directed to heterocyclic compounds that are said to show certain biological action for use in different medicinal indications. Triazole moieties are implicitly or explicitly contained. However, neither of these patent families mentions ghrelin analogue ligands of the GHS receptor family nor modulation of these receptors nor GH secretagogue properties or the like.
  • [0040]
    WO 2004/111015 discloses modulators of the glucocorticoid receptor. WO 2004/052280 describes anti-agiogenic compounds as inhibitors of tyrosine kinase activity of VEGF receptors and their use in cancer. WO 2004/096795 also discloses tyrosine kinase inhibitors, preferably C-FMS inhibitors, WO 03/011831 and WO 03/011210 both describe heteroarylheteroalkylamine derivatives as inhibitors of nitric oxide synthase. WO 02/00651 is directed to Factor XA inhibitors for use in thromboembolic disorders. WO 01/94318 and WO 01/94317 both describe chemical libraries of substituted azole derivatives and methods of their synthesis for use in drug discovery high-throughput screening. However, they fail to provide any biological activity or any medicinal use nor do they name specific compounds. WO 00/76971 and WO 00/76970 both claim serine protease inhibitors useful as antithrombotic agents. WO 01/36395 discloses triazole derivatives as farnesyl transferase inhibitors. WO 96/33176 and U.S. Pat. No. 5,703,092 are directed to hydroxamic acid compounds as metalloprotease and TNF inhibitors. WO 93/09095 describes 2-heterocyclicethylamine derivatives and their use in neurological and neurodegenerative disorders. WO 2004/103270 claims compounds for the treatment of thrombosis, in particular Factor XIa inhibitors. WO 98/38177, U.S. Pat. No. 6,506,782, U.S. Pat. No. 6,849,650 and US 2003/0130188 all describe heterocyclic compounds as inhibitors of beta-amyloid peptide release or its synthesis for use in Alzheimer's disease.
  • [0041]
    Heterocyclic compounds that may be useful as GHS have also been described in the literature.
  • [0042]
    WO 00/54729, for instance, discloses heterocyclic aromatic compounds as GH secretagogues which are said to stimulate endogenous production and/or release of GH and can also contain triazole moieties. In addition, a method for increasing levels of endogenous GH or increasing the endogenous production or release of GH administering such GHS is described. Furthermore, a method is provided for preventing or treating osteoporosis (improving bone density and/or strength), or treating obesity, or increasing muscle mass and/or muscle strength and function in elderly humans, or reversal or prevention of frailty in elderly humans administering such GHS.
  • [0043]
    However, although claiming in vivo GH release WO 00/54729 fails to actually prove such effect. Neither in vitro nor in vivo data are contained that demonstrate any stimulation of or increase in endogenous production and/or release of GH.
  • [0044]
    Besides, WO 00/54729 fails to describe and show action of those claimed compounds on any biological target, i.e. claimed compounds are not shown/described to be ligands of one or more specific receptors, for instance of a receptor family, that bind to them and modulate their activity.
  • [0045]
    Furthermore, WO 00/54729 fails to describe and demonstrate inhibitory and/or antagonistic activity of claimed compounds. As a matter of fact, such compounds are not shown to decrease levels of endogenous GH and/or inhibit or decrease endogenous production and/or release of GH. Nor is an inhibitory action on any receptor mentioned nor made obvious.
  • [0046]
    U.S. Pat. No. 6,525,203, U.S. Pat. No. 6,518,292 U.S. Pat. No. 6,660,760 are members of the same patent family as WO 00/54729 that, however, do not comprise triazole moieties as claimed subject matter any more. With regard to biological activity, the above stated facts as for WO 00/54729 apply.
  • [0047]
    WO 2004/021984 describes heterocyclic aromatic compounds GH secretagogues which are said to be useful in stimulating endogenous production or release of GH. However, claimed compounds consists of bi- to tetracylic aromatic rings and do not contain triazoles.
  • [0048]
    Analogous to WO 00/54729 in vivo GH release is claimed, but neither in vitro nor in vivo data are contained that demonstrate any stimulation of or increase in endogenous production and/or release of GH. With regard to biological activity, the same stated facts as for WO 00/54729 apply.
  • [0049]
    WO 97/23508 claims compounds of peptide mimetic nature as GHS and are said to act directly on pituitary cells in vitro to release GH therefrom and show improved properties, such as improved resistance to proteolytic degradation and improved bioavailability. In addition, claimed compounds could also be administered in vivo to increase GH release. The compounds are peptide derivatives and do not explicitly contain triazole moieties.
  • [0050]
    However, once again and in analogy to above WO 00/54729 and WO 2004/021984, WO 97/23508 fails to exhibit any in vitro or in vivo data that demonstrate the claimed effects such as direct action on pituitary cells, GH release therefrom and improved properties. Furthermore, with regard to biological targets and inhibitory/antagonistic activity, the above stated facts as for WO 00/54729 apply.
  • [0051]
    U.S. Pat. No. 6,127,391, U.S. Pat. No. 5,977,178 and U.S. Pat. No. 6,555,570 are members of the same patent family as WO 97/23508. The facts as stated for WO 97/23508 do apply.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE Invention
  • [0052]
    The present invention has as one object to provide novel compounds which can be employed for the treatment of physiological and/or pathophysiological conditions in mammals, in particular humans, that are mediated by GHS receptors. It is another object of the underlying invention to provide compounds for the above treatment where the treatment is achieved by modulation of GHS receptors. A further object of the present invention is to provide antagonists of GHS receptors for those treatments. It is yet another object of the underlying invention to provide agonists of GHS receptors for those treatments.
  • [0053]
    The object of the invention has been surprisingly solved in one aspect by providing compounds according to formula (I)
  • [0054]
    wherein:
      • R1 and R2 are independently of one another selected from the group consisting of hydrogen atom, alkyl, alkenyl, alkynyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl, aryl, heteroaryl, arylalkyl, heteroarylalkyl, heterocyclyl, heterocyclylalkyl, alkylsulfonyl, arylsulfonyl, arylalkylsulfonyl which are optionally substituted in the alkyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl, aryl, heteroaryl, arylalkyl, heteroarylalkyl, heterocyclyl and/or heterocyclylalkyl group by up to 3 substituents independently selected from the group consisting of halogen, —F, —Cl, —Br, —I, —N3, —CN, —NR7R8, —OH, —NO2, alkyl, aryl, arylalkyl, —O-alkyl, —O-aryl, —O-arylalkyl; and preferably are selected from the group consisting of alkyl, aryl, heteroaryl, arylalkyl, heteroarylalkyl optionally being substituted by up to 3 substituents independently selected from the group consisting of halogen, —F, —Cl, —Br, —I, —N3, —CN, —NR7R8, —OH, —NO2, alkyl, aryl, arylalkyl, —O-alkyl, —O-aryl, —O-arylalkyl;
      • one of radicals R3 and R4 is a hydrogen atom, whereas the other radical is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen atom, alkyl, aryl, heteroaryl, arylalkyl, heteroarylalkyl, heterocyclyl, heterocyclylalkyl, -alkyl-O-aryl, -alkyl-O-arylalkyl, -alkyl-O-heteroaryl, -alkyl-O-heteroarylalkyl, -alkyl-O-heterocyclyl, alkyl-O-heterocyclylalkyl, -alkyl-CO-aryl, -alkyl-CO-arylalkyl, -alkyl-CO-heteroaryl, -alkyl-CO-heteroarylalkyl, -alkyl-CO-heterocyclyl, -alkyl-CO-heterocyclylalkyl, -alkyl-C(O)O-aryl, -alkyl-C(O)O-arylalkyl, -alkyl-C(O)O-heteroaryl, -alkyl-C(O)O-heteroarylalkyl, -alkyl-C(O)O-heterocyclyl, -alkyl-C(O)O-heterocyclylalkyl, -alkyl-CO—NH2, -alkyl-CO—OH, -alkyl-NH2, -alkyl-NH—C(NH)—NH2, alkylsulfonyl, arylsulfonyl, arylalkylsulfonyl, alkyl-5-alkyl, alkyl-S—H which are optionally substituted in the aryl, heteroaryl, arylalkyl, heteroarylalkyl, heterocyclyl and/or heterocyclylalkyl group by up to 3 substituents independently selected from the group consisting of halogen, —F, —Cl, —Br, —I, —N3, —CN, —NR7R8, —OH, —NO2, alkyl, aryl, arylalkyl, —O-alkyl, —O-aryl, —O-arylalkyl; and preferably are selected from the group consisting of arylalkyl, heteroarylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, -alkyl-O-aryl, -alkyl-O-arylalkyl, -alkyl-O-heteroaryl, -alkyl-O-heteroarylalkyl, -alkyl-O-heterocyclyl, alkyl-O-heterocyclylalkyl, -alkyl-CO-aryl, -alkyl-CO-arylalkyl, -alkyl-CO-heteroaryl, -alkyl-CO-heteroarylalkyl, -alkyl-CO-heterocyclyl, alkyl-CO-heterocyclylalkyl, -alkyl-C(O)O-aryl, -alkyl-C(O)O-arylalkyl, -alkyl-C(O)O-heteroaryl, -alkyl-C(O)O-heteroarylalkyl, -alkyl-C(O)O-heterocyclyl, -alkyl-C(O)O-heterocyclylalkyl, -alkyl-CO—NH2, -alkyl-CO—OH, -alkyl-NH2, -alkyl-NH—C(NH)—NH2, optionally being substituted in the aryl, heteroaryl, arylalkyl, heteroarylalkyl, heterocyclyl and/or heterocyclylalkyl group by up to 3 substituents independently selected from the group consisting of halogen, —F, —Cl, —Br, —I, —N3, —CN, —NR7R8, —OH, —NO2, alkyl, aryl, arylalkyl, —O-alkyl, —O-aryl, —O-arylalkyl;
      • R5 is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen atom, alkyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl, aryl, heteroaryl, arylalkyl, heteroarylalkyl, heterocyclyl, heterocyclylalkyl, —CO-alkyl, —CO-cycloalkyl, —CO-cycloalkylalkyl, —CO-aryl, —CO-arylalkyl, —CO-heteroaryl, —CO-heteroarylalkyl, —CO-heterocyclyl, —CO-heterocyclylalkyl, —CO—C*(R9R10)-NH2, —CO—CH2—C*(R9R10)-NH2, —CO—C*(R9R10)-CH2—NH2, alkylsulfonyl, arylsulfonyl, arylalkylsulfonyl which are optionally substituted by up to 3 substituents independently selected from the group consisting of halogen, —F, —Cl, —Br, —I, —N3, —CN, —NR7R8, —OH, —NO2, alkyl, aryl, arylalkyl, —O-alkyl, —O-aryl, —O-arylalkyl; and preferably is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen atom, —CO-alkyl, —CO-cycloalkyl, —CO-aryl, —CO-heteroaryl, —CO-arylalkyl, —CO-heteroarylalkyl, —CO-heterocyclyl, —CO—C*(R9R10)-NH2, —CO—CH2—C*(R9R10)-NH2, —CO—C*(R9R10)-CH2—NH2, optionally being substituted by up to 3 substituents independently selected from the group consisting of halogen, —F, —Cl, —Br, —I, —N3, —CN, —NR7R8, —OH, —NO2, alkyl, aryl, arylalkyl, —O-alkyl, —O-aryl, —O-arylalkyl;
      • R6 is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen atom, alkyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl and preferably is a hydrogen atom;
      • R7 and R8 are independently of one another selected from the group consisting of hydrogen atom, alkyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl and preferably are a hydrogen atom;
      • R9 and R10 are independently of one another selected from the group consisting of hydrogen atom, alkyl natural alpha-amino acid side chain, unnatural alpha-amino acid side chain and preferably are selected from the group consisting of hydrogen atom, alkyl;
      • m is 0, 1 or 2 and preferably is 0; and
      • * means a carbon atom of R or S configuration when chiral;
  • [0063]
    that can be used for the manufacture of a medicament for the treatment or prophylaxis of physiological and/or pathophysiological conditions in mammals that are mediated by GHS receptors.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • [0064]
    FIGS. 1-13 show the measured competition plots of the GHS-R 1a receptor-ligand binding assay with 125I-His9-ghrelin and selected compounds 9, 31, 39, 45, 50, 62, 64, 71, 73, 74, 79, 81 and 90 as described in II) of the example section.
  • [0065]
    FIGS. 14-40 show the calculated dose-response plots of the in vitro intracellular Calcium release assay with human GHS-R 1a transfected CHO cells of the selected compounds 1, 9, 12, 20, 22, 31, 39, 41, 42, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 55, 62, 64, 67, 71, 73, 74, 79, 81, 90 and ghrelin as described in III) of the example section as well as EC50 and KI values for GHS receptor agonists and IC50 and Kb values for GHS receptor antagonists.
  • [0066]
    FIGS. 41-46 show the effects of selected compounds 9, 38, 50, 64, 74, 81 on the isoprorerenol-induced lipolysis inhibition curve of unacylated ghrelin (UAG) in primary adipocytes from mice under diet-induced obesity as described in VIII) of the example section.
  • DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS
  • [0067]
    In a preferred embodiment compounds according to above formula (I) are provided, where
      • R3 is selected from the group consisting of -alkyl-CO-aryl, -alkyl-CO-arylalkyl, -alkyl-CO-heteroaryl, -alkyl-CO-heteroarylalkyl, -alkyl-CO-heterocyclyl, alkyl-CO-heterocyclylalkyl, -alkyl-C(O)O-aryl, -alkyl-C(O)O-arylalkyl, -alkyl-C(O)O-heteroaryl, -alkyl-C(O)O-heteroarylalkyl, -alkyl-C(O)O-heterocyclyl, -alkyl-C(O)O-heterocyclylalkyl, -alkyl-CO—NH2, -alkyl-CO—OH, -alkyl-NH—C(NH)—NH2, alkyl-5-alkyl, alkyl-S—H, and preferably is selected from the group consisting of -alkyl-CO-arylalkyl, -alkyl-C(O)O-arylalkyl, -alkyl-CO—NH2, -alkyl-CO—OH;
  • [0069]
    that can be used for the manufacture of a medicament for the treatment or prophylaxis of physiological and/or pathophysiological conditions in mammals that are mediated by GHS receptors.
  • [0070]
    In another preferred embodiment compounds according to above formula (I) are provided, where
      • R4 is a hydrogen atom;
      • R5 is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen atom, alkyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl, aryl, heteroaryl, arylalkyl, heteroarylalkyl, heterocyclyl, heterocyclylalkyl, alkylsulfonyl, arylsulfonyl, arylalkylsulfonyl, —CO-cycloalkyl, —CO-cycloalkylalkyl, —CO-aryl, —CO-arylalkyl, —CO-heteroaryl, —CO-heteroarylalkyl, —CO-heterocyclyl, —CO-heterocyclylalkyl;
      • with the proviso that if R5 is —CO-heteroarylalkyl, heteroaryl is not imidazole; and
      • with the proviso that if R5 is —CO-heterocyclyl and heterocyclyl contains only nitrogen atoms as heteroatoms, that at least two nitrogen atoms are contained in heterocyclyl; and
      • with the proviso that if R5 is —CO-heterocyclylalkyl and heterocyclyl contains only nitrogen atoms as heteroatoms that in the case that one or two nitrogen atoms are contained in heterocyclyl no nitrogen atom is positioned at position 1 of heterocyclyl that is the atom directly linking heterocyclyl to the carbonyl group —CO—;
      • where alkyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl, aryl, heteroaryl, arylalkyl, heteroarylalkyl, heterocyclyl, heterocyclylalkyl, alkylsulfonyl, arylsulfonyl, arylalkylsulfonyl, —CO-cycloalkyl, —CO-cycloalkylalkyl, —CO-aryl, —CO-arylalkyl, —CO-heteroaryl, —CO-heteroarylalkyl, —CO-heterocyclyl, and/or —CO-heterocyclylalkyl are optionally substituted by up to 3 substituents independently selected from the group consisting of halogen, —F, —Cl, —Br, —I, —N3, —CN, —NR7R8, —OH, —NO2, alkyl, aryl, arylalkyl, —O-alkyl, —O-aryl, —O-arylalkyl;
      • with the proviso that if R5 is —CO-cycloalkyl or —CO-cycloalkylalkyl, R5 is not substituted with NR7R8 at position 1 of cycloalkyl, that is the C atom directly linking cycloalkyl to the carbonyl group —CO— in case of R5=—CO-cycloalkyl or to the alkyl in case R5=—CO-cycloalkylalkyl; and
      • with the proviso that if R5 is —CO-aryl or —CO-arylalkyl and aryl is phenyl/benzene and is only substituted with one substituent, this one substituent is not —NR7R8;
      • R6 is a hydrogen atom;
      • R7 and R8 are independently of one another selected from the group consisting of hydrogen atom, alkyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl and preferably are a hydrogen atom; and
      • m is 0, 1 or 2, and more preferably is 0;
  • [0082]
    that can be used for the manufacture of a medicament for the treatment or prophylaxis of physiological and/or pathophysiological conditions in mammals that are mediated by GHS receptors.
  • [0083]
    In a further aspect, the object of the invention has surprisingly been achieved by providing compounds according to formula (I), where
      • R1 is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, methyl, (2-methoxyphenyl)-methyl, (3-methoxyphenyl)-methyl, (4-methoxyphenyl)-methyl, (3-methoxyphenyl)-ethyl, (4-methoxyphenyl)-ethyl, phenyl, phenyl-methyl, phenyl-ethyl, (4-ethylphenyl)-methyl, (4-methylphenyl)-methyl, (4-fluorophenyl)-methyl, (4-bromophenyl)-methyl, (2,4-dimethoxyphenyl)-methyl, (3,5-dimethoxyphenyl)-methyl, 2,2-diphenyl-ethyl, naphthaline-1-yl-methyl, 1H-indole-3-yl-methyl, 2-(1H-indole-3-yl)-ethyl, 3-(1H-indole-3-yl)-propyl, 4-methyl-phenyl, 4-ethyl-phenyl, n-hexyl, (3,4-dichlorophenyl)-methyl, (4-nitro-phenyl)-methyl, (pyridine-2-yl)-methyl, (pyridine-3-yl)-methyl, (pyridine-4-yl)-methyl, (thiophene-2-yl)-methyl, (thiophene-3-yl)-methyl, (furan-2-yl)-methyl, (furan-3-yl)-methyl;
      • R2 is selected from the group consisting of methyl, 1H-indole-3-yl-methyl, 2-(1H-indole-3-yl)-ethyl, 3-(1H-indole-3-yl)-propyl, 2-phenyl-ethyl, 3-phenyl-propyl, 4-phenyl-butyl, 2-methoxy-phenylmethyl, 3-methoxy-phenylmethyl, 4-methoxy-phenylmethyl, 2-methoxy-phenylethyl, 3-methoxy-phenylethyl, 4-methoxy-phenylethyl;
      • R3 is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen atom, methyl, propan-2-yl, 2-methyl-propan-1-yl, butan-2-yl, butan-1-yl, —CH2—SH, —(CH2)2—S—CH3, 1H-indole-3-yl-methyl, phenyl-methyl, 2-phenyl-ethyl, —CH2—O—CH2-phenyl, —CH2—CO—CH2-phenyl, —(CH2)2—CO—CH2-phenyl, —CH2—C(O)O-phenyl, —(CH2)2—C(O)O-phenyl, hydroxy-methyl, 1-hydroxy-ethan-1-yl, —CH2—CO—NH2, —(CH2)2—CO—NH2, (1-hydroxy-benzene-4-yl)-methyl, —CH2—CO—OH, —(CH2)2—CO—OH, —(CH2)4—NH2, (1H-imidazol-5-yl)-methyl, —(CH2)3—NH—C(NH)—NH2, —(CH2)3—NH2, —(CH2)3—NH—CO—NH2, and preferably is selected from the group consisting of 1H-indole-3-yl-methyl, —CH2—CO—CH2-phenyl, —(CH2)2—CO—CH2-phenyl, —CH2—C(O)O-phenyl, —(CH2)2—C(O)O-phenyl;
      • R4 is a hydrogen atom;
      • R5 is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen atom, —CO—CH2—NH2 (Gly residue), —CO—CH2—CH2—NH2 (beta-Ala residue), —CO—CHCH3—NH2 (D- and/or L-alpha-Ala residue), —CO-(pyrrolidine-2-yl) (D- and/or L-Pro residue), 2-amino-2-carbonyl-propane (2-amino-isobutyric acid/Aib residue), 4-carbonyl-1H-piperidine, 3-carbonyl-1H-piperidine, R-(3-carbonyl-1H-piperidine), S-(3-carbonyl-1H-piperidine), 2-carbonyl-1H-piperidine, R-(2-carbonyl-1H-piperidine), S-(2-carbonyl-1H-piperidine), 1-amino-2-carbonyl-benzene, carbonyl-cyclohexane, 2-acetyl-pyridine, 3-acetyl-pyridine, 4-acetyl-pyridine, 2-propionyl-pyridine, 3-propionyl-pyridine, 4-propionyl-pyridine, (R-1-amino)-2-carbonyl-cyclohexane, (S-1-amino)-2-carbonyl-cyclohexane, 2-carbonyl-1H-imidazole, 2-carbonyl-pyridine, 3-carbonyl-pyridine, 4-carbonyl-pyridine, 2-amino-3-carbonyl-pyridine, 2-carbonyl-pyrazine, 2-carbonyl-4-hydroxy-1H-pyrrolidine, 4-carbonyl-1H,3H-diazacyclohexane, methylsulfonyl, phenylsulfonyl, 1-carbonyl-1-amino-2-phenylethane, phenylmethyl, 1-carbonyl-4-azide-benzene, 2-carbonyl-2,5-dihydro-1H-pyrrole, 2-carbonyl-piperazine, 2-carbonyl-1H-pyrrolidine, 2-aminoethane, carbonyl-benzene, 2-carbonyl-pyrazine, 3-carbonyl-pyrazine, 4-carbonyl-oxacyclohexane, 4-methyl-phenylsulfonyl, phenylmethyl-sulfonyl
      • R6 is a hydrogen atom; and
      • m is 0;
  • [0091]
    that can be used for the manufacture of a medicament for the treatment or prophylaxis of physiological and/or pathophysiological conditions in mammals that are mediated by GHS receptors.
  • [0092]
    In a preferred embodiment compounds according to above formula (I) are provided, where
      • R3 is selected from the group consisting of —CH2—CO—CH2-phenyl, —(CH2)2—CO—CH2-phenyl, —CH2—CO—NH2, —(CH2)2—CO—NH2, —CH2—CO—OH, —(CH2)2—CO—OH, —(CH2)3—NH—C(NH)—NH2, —CH2—SH, —(CH2)2—S—CH3;
  • [0094]
    that can be used for the manufacture of a medicament for the treatment or prophylaxis of physiological and/or pathophysiological conditions in mammals that are mediated by GHS receptors.
  • [0095]
    In another preferred embodiment compounds according to above formula (I) are provided, where
      • R5 is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen atom, methylsulfonyl, phenylsulfonyl, carbonyl-cyclohexane, (R-1-amino)-2-carbonyl-cyclohexane, (S-1-amino)-2-carbonyl-cyclohexane, 2-carbonyl-pyridine, 3-carbonyl-pyridine, 4-carbonyl-pyridine, 2-acetyl-pyridine, 3-acetyl-pyridine, 4-acetyl-pyridine, 2-propionyl-pyridine, 3-propionyl-pyridine, 4-propionyl-pyridine, 2-amino-3-carbonyl-pyridine, 2-carbonyl-1H-imidazole, 2-carbonyl-pyrazine, 4-carbonyl-1H,3H-diazacyclohexane;
  • [0097]
    that can be used for the manufacture of a medicament for the treatment or prophylaxis of physiological and/or pathophysiological conditions in mammals that are mediated by GHS receptors.
  • [0098]
    In a further aspect, the object of the invention has surprisingly been achieved by providing novel triazole compounds selected from the group consisting of:
  • compound 1 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
  • [0099]
  • compound 2 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
  • [0100]
  • compound 3 (R)—N-(1-(5-(3-(1H-indol-3-yl)propyl)-4-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
  • [0101]
  • compound 4 (R)—N-(1-(5-benzyl-4-(naphthalen-1-ylmethyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
  • [0102]
  • compound 5 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(naphthalen-1-ylmethyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
  • [0103]
  • compound 6 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(3-methoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
  • [0104]
  • compound 7 (R)—N-(1-(4-(3-methoxybenzyl)-5-benzyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
  • [0105]
  • compound 8 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-benzyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
  • [0106]
  • compound 9 (R)—N-(1-(5-(3-(1H-indol-3-yl)propyl)-4-benzyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
  • [0107]
  • compound 10 (R)—N-(1-(5-(3-(1H-indol-3-yl)propyl)-4-(3-methoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
  • [0108]
  • compound 11 (R)—N-(1-(5-(3-(1H-indol-3-yl)propyl)-4-(naphthalen-1-ylmethyl)-4H-1, 2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
  • [0109]
  • compound 12 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
  • [0110]
  • compound 13 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-benzyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
  • [0111]
  • compound 14 (R)—N-(1-(5-(3-(1H-indol-3-yl)propyl)-4-(4-bromobenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
  • [0112]
  • compound 15 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-hexyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
  • [0113]
  • compound 16 (R)—N-(1-(5-(3-(1H-indol-3-yl)propyl)-4-hexyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
  • [0114]
  • compound 17 (R)—N-(1-(4,5-bis(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
  • [0115]
  • compound 18 (S)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
  • [0116]
  • compound 20 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
  • [0117]
  • compound 21 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(3,5-dimethoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
  • [0118]
  • compound 22 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-(3-phenylpropyl)-4H-1,2,4-thiazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
  • [0119]
  • compound 23 (R)—N-(1-(5-(3-(1H-indol-3-yl)propyl)-4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
  • [0120]
  • compound 24 (R)—N-(1-(4-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-5-(3-(1H-indol-3-yl)propyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
  • [0121]
  • compound 25 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(2-methoxy)benzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
  • [0122]
  • compound 26 (R)—N-(1-(4-(2-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-3-yl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
  • [0123]
  • compound 27 (R)—N-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)-1-(4-(naphthalen-1-ylmethyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
  • [0124]
  • compound 28 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(3,4-dichlorobenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
  • [0125]
  • compound 29 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(4-fluorobenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
  • [0126]
  • compound 30 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-fluorobenzyl)-5-benzyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
  • [0127]
  • compound 31 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-4H-1, 2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)piperidine-4-carboxamide,
  • [0128]
  • compound 32 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-4H-1, 2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)piperidine-3-carboxamide,
  • [0129]
  • compound 33 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-methylbenzyl)-5-(3-phenylpropyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
  • [0130]
  • compound 34 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(4-methylbenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
  • [0131]
  • compound 36 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)piperidine-2-carboxamide,
  • [0132]
  • compound 37 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-methylbenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
  • [0133]
  • compound 38 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-aminobenzamide,
  • [0134]
  • compound 39 (R)—N-(1-(5-benzyl-4-(pyridin-2-ylmethyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
  • [0135]
  • compound 40 (2S,4R)—N—((R)-1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-hydroxypyrrolidine-2-carboxamide,
  • [0136]
  • compound 41 (S)—N—((R)-1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)piperidine-3-carboxamide,
  • [0137]
  • compound 42 (R)—N—((R)-1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)piperidine-3-carboxamide,
  • [0138]
  • compound 43 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-ethylbenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
  • [0139]
  • compound 44 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)piperidine-4-carboxamide,
  • [0140]
  • compound 45 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)piperidine-4-carboxamide,
  • [0141]
  • compound 46 (S)—N—((R)-1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)pyrrolidine-2-carboxamide,
  • [0142]
  • compound 47 (R)—N—((R)-1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)pyrrolidine-2-carboxamide,
  • [0143]
  • compound 48 (S)—N—((R)-1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)piperidine-2-carboxamide,
  • [0144]
  • compound 49 (R)—N—((R)-1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)piperidine-2-carboxamide,
  • [0145]
  • compound 50 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-aminoacetamide,
  • [0146]
  • compound 51 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-(pyridin-2-yl)acetamide,
  • [0147]
  • compound 52 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,24-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-(pyridin-4-yl)acetamide,
  • [0148]
  • compound 53 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)cyclohexanecarboxamide,
  • [0149]
  • compound 54 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-benzyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)piperidine-4-carboxamide,
  • [0150]
  • compound 56 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-3-aminopropanamide,
  • [0151]
  • compound 57 (S)—N—((R)-1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-aminopropanamide,
  • [0152]
  • compound 58 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-(pyridin-3-yl)acetamide,
  • [0153]
  • compound 59 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-3-(pyridin-3-yl)propanamide,
  • [0154]
  • compound 60 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-benzyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-(pyridin-2-yl)acetamide,
  • [0155]
  • compound 61 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-4H-1, 2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-(pyridin-2-yl)acetamide,
  • [0156]
  • compound 62 (R)—N-(1-(4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)piperidine-4-carboxamide,
  • [0157]
  • compound 63 (R)—N—((R)-1-(4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)piperidine-2-carboxamide,
  • [0158]
  • compound 64 (R)—N-(1-(4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)picolinamide,
  • [0159]
  • compound 65 (R)—N-(1-(4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)isonicotinamide,
  • [0160]
  • compound 66 (R)—N-(1-(4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)pyrazine-2-carboxamide,
  • [0161]
  • compound 67 (R)—N-1-(4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)piperazine-2-carboxamide,
  • [0162]
  • compound 68 (S)—N—((R)-1-(4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)pyrrolidine-2-carboxamide,
  • [0163]
  • compound 69 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-4H-1, 2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-aminoacetamide,
  • [0164]
  • compound 70 (S)—N—((R)-1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)pyrrolidine-2-carboxamide,
  • [0165]
  • compound 71 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-4H-1, 2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)pyrazine-2-carboxamide,
  • [0166]
  • compound 72 (R)—N-1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)piperazine-2-carboxamide,
  • [0167]
  • compound 73 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-4H-1, 2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)picolinamide,
  • [0168]
  • compound 74 (R)-1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethanamine,
  • [0169]
  • compound 75 (R)—N-(1-(4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-aminoacetamide,
  • [0170]
  • compound 76 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,24-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)pyrazine-2-carboxamide,
  • [0171]
  • compound 77 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)isonicotinamide,
  • [0172]
  • compound 78 (R)—N-1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,24-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)piperazine-2-carboxamide,
  • [0173]
  • compound 79 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)picolinamide,
  • [0174]
  • compound 80 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)picolinamide,
  • [0175]
  • compound 81 (R)—N-1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)piperazine-2-carboxamide,
  • [0176]
  • compound 82 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-ethylbenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-(pyridin-2-yl)acetamide,
  • [0177]
  • compound 83 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-ethylbenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)piperidine-4-carboxamide
  • [0178]
  • compound 84 (R)—N-1-(4-(4-ethylbenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)piperazine-2-carboxamide,
  • [0179]
  • compound 85 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-ethylbenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)pyrazine-2-carboxamide,
  • [0180]
  • compound 86 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-4H-1, 2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-cis-aminocyclohexanecarboxamide,
  • [0181]
  • compound 87 (S)—N—((R)-1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-4H-1, 2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)piperidine-3-carboxamide,
  • [0182]
  • compound 88 (R)—N—((R)-1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-4H-1, 2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)piperidine-2-carboxamide,
  • [0183]
  • compound 89 (S)—N—((R)-1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-4H-1, 2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)pyrrolidine-2-carboxamide,
  • [0184]
  • compound 90 (R)—N—((R)-1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-4H-1, 2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)pyrrolidine-2-carboxamide,
  • [0185]
  • compound 91 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-(pyridin-2-yl)acetamide,
  • [0186]
  • compound 92 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(4-bromobenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
  • [0187]
  • compound 93 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-phenylethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
  • [0188]
  • compound 94 (R)—N-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)-1-(5-phenethyl-4-(thiophen-2-ylmethyl)-4H-1,24-triazol-3-yl)ethyl)piperidine-4-carboxamide,
  • [0189]
  • compound 95 (R)—N-(1-(4-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
  • [0190]
  • compound 96 (R)—N-(1-(5-((1H-indol-3-yl)methyl)-4-methyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
  • [0191]
  • compound 97 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-methyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
  • [0192]
  • compound 98 (R)—N-(1-(5-((1H-indol-3-yl)methyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
  • [0193]
  • compound 99 (R)—N-(1-(5-((1H-indol-3-yl)methyl)-4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-4H-1, 2-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
  • [0194]
  • compound 100 (R)—N-(1-(4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-5-methyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
  • [0195]
  • compound 101 (R)—N-(1-(5-((1H-indol-3-yl)methyl)-4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
  • [0196]
  • compound 102 (R)—N-(1-(4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-5-benzyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
  • [0197]
  • compound 103 (R)—N-(1-(5-(3-(1H-indol-3-yl)propyl)-4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-4H-1, 2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
  • [0198]
  • compound 104 (R)—N-(1-(5-((1H-indol-3-yl)methyl)-4-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
  • [0199]
  • compound 105 (R)—N-(1-(5-benzyl-4-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
  • [0200]
  • compound 106 (R)—N-(1-(5-benzyl-4-(2,2-diphenylethyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
  • [0201]
  • compound 107 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(2,2-diphenylethyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
  • [0202]
  • compound 108 (R)—N-(1-(4-(3,5-dimethoxybenzyl)-5-benzyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
  • [0203]
  • compound 109 (R)—N-(1-(4,5-dibenzyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
  • [0204]
  • compound 110 (R)—N-(1-(5-benzyl-4-hexyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
  • [0205]
  • compound 111 (R)—N-(1-(4-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-5-benzyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
  • [0206]
  • compound 112 (S)—N-(1-(4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-5-benzyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
  • [0207]
  • compound 113 (R)—N-(1-(4-(3,5-dimethoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
  • [0208]
  • compound 114 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-bromobenzyl)-5-benzyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
  • [0209]
  • compound 115 (R)—N-(1-(4-(2-methoxybenzyl)-5-benzyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
  • [0210]
  • compound 116 (S)—N-(1-(4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
  • [0211]
  • compound 117 (R)—N-(1-(4,5-diphenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
  • [0212]
  • compound 118 (R)—N-(1-(4-(3,4-dichlorobenzyl)-5-benzyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
  • [0213]
  • compound 119 (R)-1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethanamine,
  • [0214]
  • compound 120 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-benzyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-phenylethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
  • [0215]
  • compound 121 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-fluorobenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
  • [0216]
  • compound 122 (R)—N-(1-(4-(3,4-dichlorobenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
  • [0217]
  • compound 124 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-methylbenzyl)-5-benzyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
  • [0218]
  • compound 125 (S)—N-(1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-(3-phenylpropyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
  • [0219]
  • compound 126 (S)—N-(1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-benzyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
  • [0220]
  • compound 128 N—((R)-1-(4-(4-nitrobenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
  • [0221]
  • compound 129 (S)—N-(1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
  • [0222]
  • compound 130 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-methoxyphenethyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
  • [0223]
  • compound 131 (R)—N-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)-1-(5-phenethyl-4-(thiophen-2-ylmethyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
  • [0224]
  • compound 135 N—((R)-1-(4-(4-ethylbenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-aminoacetamide,
  • [0225]
  • compound 136 N—((R)-1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-(pyridin-4-yl)acetamide,
  • [0226]
  • compound 137 (2R)—N—((R)-1-(4-(4-ethylbenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)piperidine-2-carboxamide,
  • [0227]
  • compound 132 (R)—N-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)-1-(5-phenethyl-4-(pyridin-2-ylmethyl)-4H-1, 2,4-triazol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
  • [0228]
  • compound 133 (R)—N-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)-1-(5-phenethyl-4-(pyridin-2-ylmethyl)-4H-1, 2,4-triazol-3-yl)ethyl)piperidine-3-carboxamide,
  • [0229]
  • compound 134 (S)—N—((R)-1-(4-(4-ethylbenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)pyrrolidine-2-carboxamide,
  • [0230]
  • compound 138 N—((R)-1-(4-(4-ethylbenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)picolinamide,
  • [0231]
  • compound 139 N—((R)-1-(4-(4-ethylbenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-aminopyridine-3-carboxamide,
  • [0232]
  • compound 140 (2S)—N—((R)-1-(4-(4-ethylbenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-aminopropanamide,
  • [0233]
  • compound 141 N—((R)-1-(4-(4-ethylbenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)isonicotinamide,
  • [0234]
  • compound 142 N—((R)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)-1-(5-phenethyl-4-phenyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)ethyl)piperidine-4-carboxamide,
  • [0235]
  • compound 143 (2S)—N—((R)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)-1-(5-phenethyl-4-phenyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)ethyl)pyrrolidine-2-carboxamide,
  • [0236]
  • compound 144 N—((R)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)-1-(5-phenethyl-4-phenyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-aminoacetamide,
  • [0237]
  • compound 145 N—((R)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)-1-(5-phenethyl-4-phenyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-(pyridin-2-yl)acetamide,
  • [0238]
  • compound 146 N—((R)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)-1-(5-phenethyl-4-phenyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)ethyl)picolinamide,
  • [0239]
  • compound 147 N—((R)-1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(4-ethylphenyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)picolinamide,
  • [0240]
  • compound 148 N—((R)-1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(4-ethylphenyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-(pyridin-2-yl)acetamide,
  • [0241]
  • compound 149 N—((R)-1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(4-ethylphenyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-aminoacetamide,
  • [0242]
  • compound 150 (2S)—N—((R)-1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(4-ethylphenyl)-4H-1, 2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)pyrrolidine-2-carboxamide,
  • [0243]
  • compound 152 N—((R)-1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-aminoacetamide,
  • [0244]
  • compound 153 N—((R)-1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-trans-aminocyclohexanecarboxamide,
  • [0245]
  • compound 154 N—((R)-1-(4-(4-ethylbenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-(pyridin-3-yl)acetamide,
  • [0246]
  • compound 155 (3S)—N—((R)-1-(4-(4-ethylbenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)piperidine-3-carboxamide,
  • [0247]
  • compound 156 N—((R)-1-(4-(4-ethylbenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-aminobenzamide,
  • [0248]
  • compound 157 N—((R)-1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-phenyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)picolinamide,
  • [0249]
  • compound 158 N—((R)-1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-phenyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)piperidine-4-carboxamide,
  • [0250]
  • compound 159 N—((R)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)-1-(4-(2,4-dimethoxyphenyl)-5-phenethyl-4H -1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)ethyl)picolinamide,
  • [0251]
  • compound 160 N—((R)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)-1-(4-(2,4-dimethoxyphenyl)-5-phenethyl-4H -1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-(pyridin-2-yl)acetamide,
  • [0252]
  • compound 161 N—((R)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)-1-(4-(2,4-dimethoxyphenyl)-5-phenethyl-4H -1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)ethyl)pyrazine-2-carboxamide,
  • [0253]
  • compound 162 N—((R)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)-1-(4-(2,4-dimethoxyphenyl)-5-phenethyl-4H -1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-aminoacetamide,
  • [0254]
  • compound 163 N—((R)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)-1-(4-(2,4-dimethoxyphenyl)-5-phenethyl-4H -1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)ethyl)piperidine-4-carboxamide,
  • [0255]
  • compound 164 N—((R)-1-(5-benzyl-4-((pyridin-2-yl)methyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)picolinamide,
  • [0256]
  • compound 165 N—((R)-1-(5-benzyl-4-((pyridin-2-yl)methyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-acetamide,
  • [0257]
  • compound 166 N—((R)-1-(5-benzyl-4-((pyridin-2-yl)methyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)piperidine-4-carboxamide,
  • [0258]
  • compound 167 N—((R)-1-(5-benzyl-4-((pyridin-4-yl)methyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
  • [0259]
  • compound 168 N—((R)-1-(5-(4-methoxybenzyl)-4-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
  • [0260]
  • compound 169 N—((R)-1-(5-benzyl-4-((pyridin-4-yl)methyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)picolinamide,
  • [0261]
  • compound 170 N—((R)-1-(5-benzyl-4-((pyridin-4-yl)methyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-acetamide,
  • [0262]
  • compound 171 (R)-benzyl-3-(2-aminoisobutyramido)-3-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-propanoate,
  • [0263]
  • compound 172 N—((R)-1-(5-benzyl-4-((pyridin-3-yl)methyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
  • [0264]
  • compound 173 N—((R)-1-(4-benzyl-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
  • [0265]
  • compound 174 N—((R)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)-1-(4-methyl-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)ethyl)picolinamide,
  • [0266]
  • compound 175 N—((R)-1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-phenyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
  • [0267]
  • compound 176 N—((R)-1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)benzamide,
  • [0268]
  • compound 177 (R)-1-(4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)-N-phenylmethanesulfonylamine,
  • [0269]
  • compound 178 (R)-1-(4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)-N-tosylethanamine,
  • [0270]
  • compound 179 N—((R)-1-(4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
  • [0271]
  • compound 180 N-1-((R)-1-(4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)ethane-1,2-diamine,
  • [0272]
  • compound 181 N—((R)-1-(4-((furan-2-yl)methyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
  • [0273]
  • compound 182 N—((R)-1-(4-((furan-2-yl)methyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)picolinamide,
  • [0274]
  • compound 183 N—((R)-1-(4-((furan-2-yl)methyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)piperidine-4-carboxamide,
  • [0275]
  • compound 184 N—((R)-1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-carboxamide,
  • [0276]
  • compound 185 N—((R)-1-(5-((1H-indol-3-yl)methyl)-4-(3-methoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide,
  • [0277]
  • compound 186 (2S)—N—((R)-1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-3-phenylpropanamide,
  • [0278]
  • compound 187 (R)-1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)-N-tosylethanamine,
  • [0279]
  • compound 188 N—((R)-1-(4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-azidobenzamide,
  • [0280]
  • compound 189 N-benzyl-(R)-1-(4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethanamine,
  • [0281]
  • compound 190 (2S)—N—((R)-1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2,5-dihydro-1H-pyrrole-2-carboxamide,
  • [0282]
  • [0283]
    For the avoidance of doubt, if chemical name and chemical structure of the above illustrated compounds do not correspond by mistake, the chemical structure is regarded to unambigously define the compound.
  • [0284]
    In a preferred embodiment these compounds can be used for the manufacture of a medicament for the treatment or prophylaxis of physiological and/or pathophysiological conditions in mammals that are mediated by GHS receptors.
  • [0285]
    In a further preferred embodiment all triazole compounds as illustrated herein, i.e. generically (by above formula (I) and different R radicals) and explicitly, in the following referred to as the compounds of the (present) invention, can be used for the manufacture of a medicament for the treatment or prophylaxis of physiological and/or pathophysiological conditions in mammals that are mediated by GHS receptors and where the treatment is achieved by modulation of GHS receptors.
  • [0286]
    In yet another preferred embodiment all compounds of the invention are antagonists of GHS receptors.
  • [0287]
    More preferably, antagonists of GHS receptors are compounds selected from the group consisting of:
  • [0288]
    compound 1, 3, 12, 13, 14, 18, 20, 22, 23, 33, 36, 37, 38, 41, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 63, 64, 65, 66, 68, 69, 70, 71, 72, 73, 74, 75, 76, 77, 79, 80, 82, 85, 86, 87, 88, 89, 90, 91, 93, 101, 102, 109, 114, 116, 119, 134, 135, 136, 137, 138, 139, 140, 145, 146, 147, 148, 150, 152, 153, 154, 156, 157, 159, 160, 161, 164, 171, 174, 176, 178, 179, 182, 184, 186, 188 and/or compound 190.
  • [0289]
    In yet a further preferred embodiment all compounds of the invention are agonists of GHS receptors.
  • [0290]
    More preferably, agonists of GHS receptors are compounds selected from the group consisting of:
  • [0291]
    compound 2, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 15, 16, 17, 19, 21, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 34, 39, 40, 42, 43, 44, 45, 54, 55, 56, 62, 67, 78, 81, 83, 84, 87, 92, 94, 99, 103, 104, 105, 106, 107, 108, 110, 111, 115, 117, 118, 121, 122, 124, 130, 131, 142, 155, 158, 163, 173, 175, 180, 181, 183, 185 and/or compound 187.
  • [0292]
    The terms indicated for explanation of the above compounds of formula (I) always, unless indicated otherwise in the description or in the claims, have the following meanings:
  • [0293]
    The term substituted means that the corresponding radical or group has one or more substituents. Where a radical has a plurality of substituents, and a selection of various substituents is specified, the substituents are selected independently of one another and need not be identical. The term unsubstituted means that the corresponding group has no substituent. The term optionally substituted means that the corresponding group is either unsubstituted or substituted by one or more substituents. The term substituted by up to 3 substituents means that the corresponding radical or group is substituted either by one or by two or three substituents.
  • [0294]
    The term alkyl includes for the purposes of this invention acyclic saturated hydrocarbons having C1-C12 carbon atoms, which may be straight-chain or branched. The term alkyl preferably stands for alkyl chains of 1 to 8, particularly preferably 1 to 6, carbon atoms. Examples of suitable alkyl radicals are methyl, ethyl, n-propyl, isopropyl, n-butyl, isobutyl. sec-butyl, tert-butyl, n-pentyl, tert-pentyl, 2- or 3-methyl-pentyl, n-hexyl, isohexyl, n-heptyl, n-octyl, n-nonyl, n-decyl, n-undecyl, n-dodecyl.
  • [0295]
    The term cycloalkyl stands for a saturated or partially unsaturated non-aromatic cyclic hydrocarbon group/radical, containing 1 to 3 rings, including monocyclic alkyl, bicyclic alkyl and tricyclic alkyl, and containing a total of 3 to 20 carbon atoms forming the rings, preferably 3 to 10, most preferably (C3-C8)-cycloalkyl. Examples of suitable cycloalkyl radicals are cyclopropyl, cyclobutyl, cyclopentyl, cyclohexyl, cycloheptyl, cyclooctyl, cyclodecyl, cyclohexenyl, cyclopentenyl, cyclooctadienyl.
  • [0296]
    The term cycloalkylalkyl refers to a radical in which the cycloalkyl group is linked via an alkyl group, where the alkyl and cycloalkyl groups have the meanings defined herein, preferably a (C3-C8)-cycloalkyl-(C1-C4)-alkyl radical. Examples thereof are cyclopropylmethyl, cyclohexylmethyl, cyclopentylethyl, cyclohexenylethyl.
  • [0297]
    The term alkenyl includes for the purposes of this invention acyclic unsaturated or partially unsaturated hydrocarbons having C2-C12 carbon atoms, which may be straight-chain or branched and contain one or more double bonds. The term alkenyl preferably stands for alkenyl chains of 2 to 8, particularly preferably 2 to 6, carbon atoms. Examples are vinyl, propenyl, butenyl, pentenyl, hexenyl, and octadienyl and the like.
  • [0298]
    The term alkynyl refers to acyclic unsaturated or partially unsaturated hydrocarbons having C2-C12 carbon atoms, which may be straight-chain or branched and contain one or more triple bonds. The term alkynyl preferably stands for alkynyl chains of 2 to 8, particularly preferably 2 to 6, carbon atoms. Examples are propynyl, butynyl, pentynyl, hexynyl.
  • [0299]
    The term aryl refers to aromatic hydrocarbon systems having 3 to 14, preferably 5 to 14, carbon atoms, which may also be fused to further saturated, (partially) unsaturated or aromatic cyclic systems. Examples of aryl are inter alia phenyl, biphenyl, naphthyl and anthracenyl, but also indanyl, indenyl, or 1,2,3,4-tetrahydronaphthyl.
  • [0300]
    The term heteroaryl refers to a 5-, 6- or 7-membered cyclic aromatic radical which comprises at least 1, where appropriate also 2, 3, 4 or 5 heteroatoms, preferably nitrogen, oxygen and/or sulfur, where the heteroatoms are identical or different. The number of nitrogen atoms is preferably between 0 and 3, and that of the oxygen and sulfur atoms is between 0 and 1. The term heteroaryl also includes systems in which the aromatic cycle is part of a bi- or polycyclic system, such as were the aromatic cycle is fused to an aryl, cycloalkyl, heteroaryl or heterocyclyl group as defined herein via any desired and possible ring member of the heteroaryl radical. Examples of heteroaryl include pyrrolyl, thienyl, furyl, imidazolyl, thiazolyl, isothiazolyl, oxazolyl, isoxazolyl, pyrazolyl, pyridinyl, pyrimidinyl, pyrazinyl, indolyl, quinolinyl, and isoquinolinyl.
  • [0301]
    The terms arylalkyl and heteroarylalkyl refer to radicals in which the aryl or heteroaryl radical is linked via an alkyl group, where the alkyl, aryl and heteroaryl groups have the meanings defined herein. Preferred arylalkyl groups are phenyl-(C1-C4)-alkyl radicals, preferably benzyl or phenylethyl radicals. Preferred heteroarylalkyl groups are indolyl-(C1-C4)-alkyl radicals, preferably 1H-indole-3-yl-methyl or 2(1H-indole-3-yl)-ethyl.
  • [0302]
    The term heterocyclyl refers to a mono- or polycyclic system of 3 to 14, preferably 5 or 6 to 14 ring atoms which may be exclusively carbon atoms. However, the cyclic system may also comprise 1, 2, 3, 4, or 5 heteroatoms, in particular nitrogen, oxygen and/or sulfur. The cyclic system may be saturated, mono- or polyunsaturated but may not be aromatic. In the case of a cyclic system consisting of at least two rings the rings may be fused or spiro- or otherwise connected. The heterocyclyl radical may be attached at any carbon or heteroatom which results in the creation of a stable structure. Examples include pyrrolidinyl, thiapyrrolidinyl, piperidinyl, piperazinyl, oxapiperazinyl, oxapiperidinyl and oxadiazolyl.
  • [0303]
    The term heterocyclylalkyl refers to radicals in which the heterocyclyl group is linked via an alkyl group, where the alkyl and heterocyclyl groups have the meanings defined herein.
  • [0304]
    The terms alkylsulfonyl, arylsulfonyl and arylalkylsulfonyl refer to radicals in which the alkyl, aryl or arylalkyl group is linked via a —SO2— group, where the alkyl, aryl and arylalkyl groups have the meanings defined herein. Examples are methylsulfonyl and phenylsulfonyl.
  • [0305]
    The term halogen, halogen atom or halogen substituent (Hal-) refers to one, where appropriate, a plurality of fluorine (F, fluoro), bromine (Br, bromo), chlorine (Cl, chloro), or iodine (I, iodo) atoms. The designations dihalogen, trihalogen and perhalogen refer respectively to two, three and four substituents, where each substituent can be selected independently from the group consisting of fluorine, chlorine, bromine and iodine. Halogen preferably means a fluorine, chlorine or bromine atom.
  • [0306]
    The term natural alpha-amino acid side chain for the purpose of the present invention refers to all side chains of the known 20 proteinogenic alpha-amino acids as well as to side chains of naturally occurring (i.e. in any biological systems) alpha-amino acids, such as for instance selenocystein, pyrrolysine, citrulline, ornithine, homocysteine, N-methylariginine, N-acetyllysine, gamma-carboxyglutamate, 5-hydroxylysine, 3-methylhistidine and/or N,N,N,-trimethyllysine. In this connection side chain refers to the residue that is attached to the alpha-carbon atom, e.g. methyl in case of an Ala side chain or benzyl in case of a Phe side chain.
  • [0307]
    The term unnatural alpha amino acid side chain for the purpose of the present invention refers to all side chains of known alpha-amino acids that are not proteinogenic nor are known to occur naturally (i.e. in any biological systems). Examples are norleucine, cyclohexylglycine, 2-naphthylalanine, substituted alpha-amino acids (e.g. halogen substituted Tyr or Phe) as well as protected alpha-amino acid side chains, where a protection group such as Fmoc, Boc, Z, CBZ, Aloc, trityl, acetyl and/or benzyl is directly attached/reacted to a functionalization (e.g. amino, hydroxy and/or carboxy residue). In this connection side chain is referred to as for natural alpha amino acid side chains.
  • [0308]
    Above embodiments of radicals R1 to R10 that possess functionalization (e.g. amino, hydroxy and/or carboxy residues), such as alkyl-CO—NH2, -alkyl-CO—OH, -alkyl-NH2, -alkyl-NH—C(NH)—NH2, —CO—C*(R9R10)-NH2, —CO—CH2—C*(R9R10)-NH2, —CO—C*(R9R10)-CH2—NH2 and/or 2-amino-2-carbonyl-propane (2-amino-isobutyric acid/Aib residue), may be protected with protection groups as mentioned above. Such protection group carrying embodiments are regarded as belonging to/within the scope and spirit of the invention.
  • [0309]
    All stereoisomers of the compounds of the invention are contemplated, either in a mixture or in pure or substantially pure form. The compounds of the present invention can have asymmetric centers at any of the carbon atoms including any one of the R radicals. Consequently, compounds of the invention can exist in the form of their racemates, in the form of the pure enantiomers and/or diastereomers or in the form of mixtures of these enantiomers and/or diastereomers. The mixtures may have any desired mixing ratio of the stereoisomers. All these different stereochemical forms and mixtures are within the scope of the present invention.
  • [0310]
    Thus, for example, the compounds of the invention which have one or more centers of chirality and which occur as racemates or as diastereomer mixtures can be fractionated by methods known per se into their optical pure isomers, i.e. enantiomers or diastereomers. The separation of the compounds of the invention can take place by column separation on chiral or nonchiral phases or by recrystallization from an optionally optically active solvent or with use of an optically active acid or base or by derivatization with an optically active reagent such as, for example, an optically active alcohol, and subsequent elimination of the radical.
  • [0311]
    Where possible, the compounds of the invention may be in the form of the tautomers.
  • [0312]
    It is likewise possible for the compounds of the invention to be in the form of any desired prodrugs such as, for example, esters, carbonates or phosphates, in which cases the actually biologically active form is released only through metabolism. Any compound that can be converted in vivo to provide the bioactive agent (i.e. a compound of the invention) is a prodrug within the scope and spirit of the invention.
  • [0313]
    Various forms of prodrugs are well known in the art and are described for instance in:
      • (i) The Practice of Medicinal Chemistry (Wermuth C G et al., Chapter 31, Academic Press 1996);
      • (ii) Design of Prodrugs (editor: Bundgaard H, Elsevier 1985); and
      • (iii) A Textbook of Drug Design and Development (Krogsgaard-Larson P and Bundgaard H, eds., Chapter 5: 113-191, Harwood Academic Publishers 1991).
  • [0317]
    Said references are incorporated herein by reference.
  • [0318]
    It is further known that chemical substances are converted in the body into metabolites which may where appropriate likewise elicit the desired biological effect—in some circumstances even in more pronounced form.
  • [0319]
    Any biologically active compound that was converted in vivo by metabolism from any compound of the invention is a metabolite within the scope and spirit of the invention.
  • [0320]
    The compounds of the invention can, if they have a sufficiently basic group such as, for example, a primary, secondary or tertiary amine, be converted with inorganic and organic acids into salts. The pharmaceutically acceptable salts of the compounds of the invention are preferably formed with hydrochloric acid, hydrobromic acid, iodic acid, sulfuric acid, phosphoric acid, methanesulfonic acid, p-toluenesulfonic acid, carbonic acid, formic acid, acetic acid, sulfoacetic acid, trifluoroacetic acid, oxalic acid, malonic acid, maleic acid, succinic acid, tartaric acid, racemic acid, malic acid, embonic acid, mandelic acid, fumaric acid, lactic acid, citric acid, taurocholic acid, glutaric acid, stearic acid, glutamic acid or aspartic acid. The salts which are formed are, inter alia, hydrochlorides, chlorided, hydrobromides, bromides, iodides, sulfates, phosphates, methanesulfonates, tosylates, carbonates, bicarbonates, formates, acetates, sulfoacetates, triflates, oxalates, malonates, maleates, succinates, tartrates, malates, embonates, mandelates, fumarates, lactates, citrates, glutarate, stearate, aspartates and glutamates. The stoichiometry of the salts formed from the compounds of the invention may moreover be an integral or non-integral multiple of one.
  • [0321]
    The compounds of the invention can, if they contain a sufficiently acidic group such as, for example, the carboxy, sulfonic acid, phosphoric acid or a phenolic group, be converted with inorganic and organic bases into their physiologically tolerated salts. Examples of suitable inorganic bases are ammonium, sodium hydroxide, potassium hydroxide, calcium hydroxide, and of organic bases are ethanolamine, diethanolamine, triethanolamine, ethylenediamine, t-butylamine, t-octylamine, dehydroabietylamine, cyclohexylamine, dibenzylethylene-diamine and lysine. The stoichiometry of the salts formed from the compounds of the invention can moreover be an integral or non-integral multiple of one.
  • [0322]
    It is likewise possible for the compounds of the invention to be in the form of their solvates and, in particular, hydrates which can be obtained for example by crystallization from a solvent or from aqueous solution. It is moreover possible for one, two, three or any number of solvate or water molecules to combine with the compounds of the invention to give solvates and hydrates.
  • [0323]
    It is known that chemical substances form solids which exist in different order states which are referred to as polymorphic forms or modifications. The various modifications of a polymorphic substance may differ greatly in their physical properties. The compounds of the invention can exist in various polymorphic forms, and certain modifications may moreover be metastable. All these polymorphic forms of the compounds of the invention are to be regarded as belonging to the invention.
  • [0324]
    The triazole derivatives (compounds of the invention) as illustrated herein are ghrelin analogue ligands of GHS receptors. Thus, the aforementioned compounds of the invention are suitable for the treatment or prophylaxis of physiological and/or pathophysiological conditions mediated by GHS receptors and/or physiological and/or pathophysiological conditions which can be influenced by modulation of these receptors, and thus prevented, treated and/or alleviated.
  • [0325]
    For the purpose of the present invention, the term treatment is also intended to include prophylactic treatment or alleviation.
  • [0326]
    The term ghrelin analogue ligand or ligand is intended to refer for the purposes of the present invention to every compound which binds in any way to a receptor (the receptors in the present invention being GHS receptors) and induces either activation, inhibition and/or another conceivable effect at this receptor. The term ghrelin analogue ligand or ligand thus includes agonists, antagonists, partial agonists/antagonists, inverse agonists and other ligands which cause an effect at the receptor which is similar to the effect of agonists, antagonists, partial agonists/antagonists or inverse agonist.
  • [0327]
    For the purpose of the present invention, the term GHS receptor antagonist or antagonist of GHS receptors refers to compounds of the invention that bind to GHS receptors but do not elicit a proper activation of the receptors as assessed by recording an increase of intracellular calcium which is characteristic for activation of G-protein coupled receptors (GPCRs).
  • [0328]
    The ability to properly activate the receptors is assessed for any compound of the invention by comparing the degree of activation (increase of intracellular calcium) of GHS-R 1a by the compound to be tested (at 10−6 M concentration) to the degree of activation (increase of intracellular calcium) of GHS-R 1a by 10−6 M ghrelin (100%) and to the basal level (0%). Such assessment can be readily performed by the skilled artisan due to his expert knowledge. The output is a percentage value for each compound to be tested.
  • [0329]
    Any compound of the invention that does not show a degree of activation (increase of intracellular calcium) of GHS-R 1a of at least 20% as assessed in accordance with above specification is regarded as not eliciting a proper activation and therefore as GHS receptor antagonist. Preferably such compounds do show an antagonizing effect (counteraction/decrease) on ghrelin and/or other GHS stimulated intracellular calcium increase, prevent such stimulation or even act as inverse agonists (an inverse agonists is an ligand which binds to the same receptor binding-site as an agonist or antagonist but causes an inhibition of the basal/constitutive activity of the receptor, in principle an agonists with a negative intrinsic activity). Such compounds may furthermore exhibit an inhibitory activity on GH secretion and/or on other physiological or pathophysiological conditions or effects, such as food intake or lipogenesis. Their effects may be dissociated. Thus, they may have no impact at all on GH secretion while inhibiting other physiological effects. They may even stimulate other physiological effects.
  • [0330]
    For the purpose of the present invention, the term GHS receptor agonist or agonist of GHS receptors refers to compounds of the invention that bind to GHS receptors and elicit a proper activation of the receptor as assessed by recording an increase of intracellular calcium which is characteristic for activation of G-protein coupled receptors.
  • [0331]
    Any compound of the invention that shows a degree of activation (increase of intracellular calcium) of GHS-R 1a of at least 20% as assessed in accordance with above specification is regarded as eliciting a proper activation and therefore as GHS receptor agonist. Such compounds may mimic the effects of ghrelin and/or GHS on GH secretion and for instance food intake or lipogenesis. Like for antagonists, the effects of agonist compounds may be dissociated from the GH secretory effect. Such compounds may even antagonize (counteract/decrease) ghrelin and/or other GHS stimulated intracellular calcium increase.
  • [0332]
    The term GHS receptor or GHS-R is intended to comprise for the purposes of the present invention receptors that bind at least one known peptidyl and/or non-peptidyl GHS and/or ghrelin. The term GHS receptor or GHS-R is also intended to comprise different GHS binding sites in the various tissues and/or organs as illustrated herein, that bind at least one known peptidyl and/or non-peptidyl GHS and/or ghrelin and which are probably not yet characterized GHS-R subtypes.
  • [0333]
    Binding of a given known peptidyl and/or non-peptidyl GHS and/or ghrelin can be easily verified by the skilled artisan on the basis of his expert knowledge, e.g. by appropriate binding assays which represent only routine experimentation.
  • [0334]
    Such GHS receptors may be stimulated/activated by ghrelin (ghrelin responsive) or may not be stimulated/activated by ghrelin (ghrelin non-responsive)—with regard to both acylated and non-acylated ghrelin, respectively. Stimulation/activation of such receptors may cause but does not compulsorily have to elicit GH production and/or GH secretion and/or increase GH plasma levels.
  • [0335]
    Preferably such GHS receptors are selected from the group consisting of GHS type 1 receptor, GHS-R 1a, GHS-R 1b, motilin receptor, motilin receptor 1a, neurotensin receptor, TRH receptor, GPR38 (FM1), GPR39 (FM2), FM3, GHS binding site, GHS-R subtype, cardiac GHS-R, mammary GHS-R.
  • [0336]
    More preferably, such GHS receptors are selected from the group consisting of GHS type 1 receptor, GHS-R 1a, GHS-R 1b and most preferably are GHS-R 1a.
  • [0337]
    As discussed herein, GHS receptors (including GHS binding sites and GHS-R sub-types) are known to be concentrated in the hypothalamus-pituitary area but also appear to be distributed in other central and peripheral tissues. Furthermore, they are also expressed in various tumoral tissues, even in tumoral tissues from organs that do not express these receptors under physiological conditions.
  • [0338]
    For the purposes of the present invention, all these GHS receptor (including GHS binding sites and GHS-R subtypes) expressing organs and/or tissues are intended to be comprised by the scope of the present invention. Expression of GHS receptors (including GHS binding sites and GHS-R subtypes) in a given organ and/or tissue can be easily verified by the skilled artisan on the basis of his expert knowledge, e.g. by appropriate molecular biologic assays, such as immunofluorescence or immunoprecipitation assays, which represent only routine experimentation.
  • [0339]
    Preferably, such GHS receptors are located in tissues and/or organs selected from the group consisting of endocrine tissue, exocrine tissue, peripheral tissue, adipose/fat tissue, brain, hypothalamus, thalamus, hippocampus, striatum, cortex, pituitary, central nervous system, spinal cord, gland, adrenal gland, thyroid gland, salivary gland, mammary gland, neuron, bowel, intestine, stomach, heart, liver, pancreas, kidney, bile, gall, bladder, prostate, spleen, muscle, skeletal muscle, aorta, artery, vein, immune cell, leukocyte, lymphocyte, T cell, B cell, granulocyte, monocyte, macrophage, dendritic cell, mast cell, NK cell, neutrophil, eosinophil, basophil, lymph node, bone, bone marrow, tonsil, thymus, placenta, testes, ovary, uterus, lung, adipocyte, tumor/cancer cell, carcinoma cell, prostate cancer cell, thyroid cancer cell, lung cancer cell, breast cancer cell.
  • [0340]
    As illustrated supra, the compounds of the invention are ghrelin analogue ligands of GHS receptors. They can be administered to various mammalian species, including human, for the treatment or prophylaxis of physiological and/or pathophysiological condition in such mammals.
  • [0341]
    For the purpose of the present invention, all mammalian species are regarded as being comprised. Preferably, such mammals are selected from the group consisting of human, domestic animals, cattle, livestock, pets, cow, sheep, pig, goat, horse, pony, donkey, hinny, mule, hare, rabbit, cat, dog, guinea pig, hamster, rat, mouse. More preferably, such mammals are human.
  • [0342]
    The compounds of the invention being non-peptidic ghrelin analogue ligands of GHS receptors are surprisingly characterized by a strong binding affinity to such receptors. Such compounds for instance may preferably exhibit an IC50 value of less than 1000 nM for binding to GHS-R 1a. More preferably, such compounds may exhibit an IC50 value of less than 500 nM, even more preferably of less than 300 nM and most preferably of less than 100 nM for binding to GHS-R 1a.
  • [0343]
    Due to their surprisingly strong receptor binding, the compounds of the invention can be advantageously administered at lower doses compared to other less potent binders while still achieving equivalent or even superior desired biological effects. In addition, such a dose reduction may advantageously lead to less or even no medicinal adverse effects. Further, the high binding specificity of the compounds of the invention may translate into a decrease of undesired side effects on its own regardless of the dose applied.
  • [0344]
    Furthermore, the compounds of the invention, being of non-peptidic nature, are resistant to degradation by enzymes of the gastrointestinal tract. Hence, they offer the advantage to be given by oral route. They surprisingly display an improved metabolic stability and/or an improved bioavailability. Hence, again an advantageous dose reduction may be achievable which may cause less or even no side effects.
  • [0345]
    The compounds of the invention can either be antagonists or agonists of GHS receptors as illustrated and defined herein.
  • [0346]
    GHS receptor antagonists of the present invention can for instance be employed for the inhibition of GHS receptors stimulated by ghrelin and/or other GHS thus decreasing and/or blocking GH production and/or secretion and/or GH plasma levels. In addition, such GHS receptor antagonists may also be employed for the inhibition or prevention of physiological or pathophysiological effects of ghrelin which are not related to GH production and/or GH secretion.
  • [0347]
    Therefore, GHS receptor antagonists of the present invention are suitable for the treatment and/or prophylaxis of various physiological and pathophysiological conditions as disclosed herein, in particular for the short-, medium- and/or long term regulation of energy balance, the short-, medium- and/or long term regulation (stimulation and/or inhibition) of food intake, the treatment of adipogenesis, adiposity and/or obesity, body weight gain and/or reduction and the treatment of tumor cell proliferation.
  • [0348]
    In contrast, GHS receptor agonists of the present invention can for instance be employed for the activation of GHS receptors and stimulation/increase of GH production and/or GH secretion and would thus have similar effects or uses as growth hormone itself, ghrelin and/or known GHS.
  • [0349]
    Thus, GHS receptor agonists of the present invention are suitable for the treatment and/or prophylaxis of various physiological and pathophysiological conditions as disclosed herein, in particular for growth retardation, cachexia, inflammation, inflammatory effects, gastric postoperative ileus, postoperative ileus and/or gastrectomy (ghrelin replacement therapy).
  • [0350]
    For the purpose of the present invention, all physiological and/or pathophysiological conditions are intended to be comprised that are known to be mediated by GHS receptors.
  • [0351]
    Preferably, these physiological and/or pathophysiological conditions are selected from the group consisting of acute fatigue syndrome and muscle loss following election surgery, adipogenesis, adiposity, age-related decline of thymic function, age-related functional decline (ARFD) in the elderly, aging disorder in companion animals, Alzheimer's disease, anorexia (e.g. associated with cachexia or aging); anxiety, blood pressure (lowering), body weight gain/reduction, bone fracture repair (acceleration), bone remodeling stimulation, cachexia and protein loss reduction due to chronic illness such as cancer or AIDS, cardiac dysfunctions (e.g. associated with valvular disease, myocarial infarction, cardiac hypertrophy or congestive heart failure), cardiomyopathy, cartilage growth stimulation, catabolic disorders in connection with pulmonary dysfunction and ventilator dependency, catabolic side effects of glucocorticoids, catabolic state of aging, central nervous system disorders (in combination with antidepressants), chronic dialysis, chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), cognitive function improvement (e.g. in dementia, Alzheimer's disease), complicated fractures (e.g. disctraction osteogenesis), complications associated with transplantation, congestive heart failure (alone/in combination with corticotropin releasing factor antagonists), Crohn's disease and ulcerative colits, Cushing's syndrome, dementia, depressions, short-, medium- and/or long-term regulation of energy balance, short-, medium- and/or long-term regulation of food intake (stimulation and/or inhibition), fraility (e.g. in elderly humans), gastrectomy (ghrelin replacement therapy), gastric postoperative ileus, glycemic control improvement, growth hormone release stimulation in the elderly, growth hormone replacement in stressed patients, growth promotion in livestock, growth retardation associated with the Prader-Willi syndrome and Turner's syndrome, growth retardation in connection with Crohn's disease, growth retardation, hair/nail growth maintenance, hip fractures, hunger, hypercortisolism, hyperinsulinemia including nesidioblastosis, hypothermia, immune deficiency in individuals with a depressed T4/T8 cell ratio, immune response improvement to vaccination, immune system stimulation in companion animals, immune system stimulation, immunosuppression in immunosuppressed patients, inflammation or inflammatory effects, inflammatory bowel disease, insulin resistance in the heart, insulin resistance in type 2 diabetic patients, insulin resistance including NIDDM, diabetes, diabetes type I, diabetes type II, intrauterine growth retardation, irritable bowel syndrome, lipodystrophy (e.g. HIV-induced), metabolic homeostasis maintenance, milk production increase in livestock, muscle mass/strength increase, muscle mobility improvement, muscle strength improvement, muscle strength/function maintenance in elderly humans, muscular atrophy, musculoskeletal impairment (e.g. in elderly), Noonan's syndrome, obesity and growth retardation associated with obesity, osteoblast stimulation, osteochondrodysplasias, osteoporosis, ovulation induction (adjuvant treatment), physiological short stature including growth hormone deficient children, postoperative ileus, protein catabolic response attenuation after major surgery/trauma, protein kinase B activity enhancement, psychosocial deprivation, pulmonary dysfunction and ventilator dependency, pulmonary function improvement, pulsatile growth hormone release induction, recovery of burn patients and reducing hospitalization of burn patients (acceleration), renal failure or insufficiency resulting from growth retardation, renal homeostasis maintenance in the frail elderly, sarcopenia, schizophrenia, sensory function maintenance (e.g. hearing, sight, olefaction and taste), short bowel syndrome, short stature associated with chronic illness, skeletal dysplasia, skin thickness maintenance, sleep disorders, sleep quality improvement, thrombocytopenia, thymic development stimulation, tooth repair or growth, tumor cell proliferation, ventricular dysfunction or reperfusion events, wasting in connection with AIDS, wasting in connection with chronic liver disease, wasting in connection with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), wasting in connection with multiple sclerosis or other neurodegenerative disorders, wasting secondary to fractures, wool growth stimulation in sheep, wound healing (acceleration), wound healing delay. More preferably these physiological and/or pathophysiological conditions are selected from the group consisting of growth retardation, cachexia, short-, medium- and/or long term regulation of energy balance; short-, medium- and/or long term regulation (stimulation and/or inhibition) of food intake; adipogenesis, adiposity and/or obesity; body weight gain and/or reduction; diabetes, diabetes type I, diabetes type II, tumor cell proliferation; inflammation, inflammatory effects, gastric postoperative ileus, postoperative ileus and/or gastrectomy (ghrelin replacement therapy).
  • [0352]
    In a further aspect of the present invention, the compounds of the invention may be used in combination with at least one additional pharmacologically active substance.
  • [0353]
    Such additional pharmacologically active substance may be other compounds of the present invention and/or other suitable therapeutic agents useful in the treatment and/or prophylaxis of the aforementioned physiological and/or pathophysiological conditions. The additional pharmacologically active substance may be an antagonist of GHS receptors and/or an agonist of GHS receptors depending on the purpose of the combined use. Selection and combination of the additional pharmacologically active substance(s) can be easily performed by the skilled artisan on the basis of his expert knowledge and depending on the purpose of the combined use and physiological and/or pathophysiological conditions targeted.
  • [0354]
    In a preferred embodiment, the compounds of the invention are used for the treatment and/or prophylaxis of the aforementioned physiological and/or pathophysiological conditions in the form of a medicament, where such medicament comprises at least one additional pharmacologically active substance.
  • [0355]
    In another preferred embodiment, the compounds of the invention are used for the treatment and/or prophylaxis of the aforementioned physiological and/or pathophysiological conditions in the form of a medicament, where the medicament is applied before and/or during and/or after treatment with at least one additional pharmacologically active substance.
  • [0356]
    The above mentioned suitable therapeutic agents include: GHS, anti-diabetic agents; anti-osteoporosous agents; anti-obesity agents; anti-inflammatory agents; anti-anxiety agents; anti-depressants; anti-hypertensive agents; anti-platelet agents; antithrombotic and thrombolytic agents; cardiac glycosides; cholesterol/lipid lowering agents; mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists; phosphodiesterase inhibitors; protein tyrosine kinase inhibitors; thyroid mimetics (including thyroid receptor antagonists); anabolic agents; HIV or AIDS therapies; therapies useful in the treatment of Alzheimer's disease and other cognitive disorders; therapies useful in the treatment of sleeping disorders; anti-proliferative agents; anti-tumor agents; anti-ulcer and gastroesopheageal reflux disease agents; progestin receptor agonists (PRA); estrogen; testosterone; a selective estrogen receptor modulator; a selective androgen receptor modulator; parathyroid hormone; and/or bisphosphonate, and preferably, a suitable therapeutic agents is selected of the group consisting of this agents.
  • [0357]
    Examples of suitable GHS for use in combination with the compounds of the present invention include GHRP-6, GHRP-1 as described in U.S. Pat. No. 4,411,890; and publications WO 89/07110 and WO 89/07111 and B-HT920 or growth hormone releasing factor and its analogs or growth hormone and its analogs or somatomedins including IGF-1 and IGF-2 as well as GHS described in WO 01/96300.
  • [0358]
    Examples of suitable anti-diabetic agents for use in combination with the compounds of the present invention include biguanides (e.g. metformin), glucosidase inhibitors (e.g. acarbose), insulins (including insulin secretagogues or insulin sensitizers), meglitinides (e.g. repaglinide), sulfonylureas (e.g., glimepiride, glyburide and glipizide), biguanide/glyburide combinations (e.g., glucovance), thiozolidinediones (e.g. troglitazone, rosiglitazone and pioglitazone), PPAR-alpha agonists, PPAR-gamma agonists, PPAR alpha/gamma dual agonists, SGLT2 inhibitors, inhibitors of fatty acid binding protein (aP2) such as those disclosed in U.S. Pat. No. 6,548,529, glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1), and dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DP4) inhibitors.
  • [0359]
    Examples of suitable anti-osteoporosous agents for use in combination with the compounds of the present invention include alendronate, risedronate, raloxifene, calcitonin, non-steroidal progestin receptor agonists, RANK ligand agonists, calcium sensing receptor antagonists, TRAP inhibitors, selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERM), estrogen and AP-1 inhibitors.
  • [0360]
    Examples of suitable anti-obesity agents for use in combination with the compounds of the present invention include endocannabinoid receptor antagonists, e.g. CB1 receptor antagonists such as rimonabant (1H-Pyrazole-3-carboxamide, 5-(4-chlorophenyl)-1-(2,4-dichlorophenyl)-4-methyl-N-1-piperidinyl-, monohydrochloride; CAS Registry Number: 158681-13-1; SR-141716A; U.S. Pat. No. 5,624,941), aP2 inhibitors such as those disclosed in U.S. Pat. No. 6,548,529, PPAR gamma antagonists, PPAR delta agonists, and orlistat.
  • [0361]
    Examples of suitable antinflammatory agents for use in combination with the compounds of the present invention include prednisone, dexamethasone, Enbrel, cyclooxygenase inhibitors (i.e., COX-1 and/or COX-2 inhibitors such as NSAIDs, aspirin, indomethacin, ibuprofen, piroxicam, Naproxen, Celebrex, Vioxx), CTLA4-Ig agonists/antagonists, CD40 ligand antagonists, integrin antagonists, alpha4 beta7 integrin antagonists, cell adhesion inhibitors, interferon gamma antagonists, ICAM-1, tumor necrosis factor (TNF) antagonists (e.g., infliximab, OR1384), prostaglandin synthesis inhibitors, budesonide, clofazimine, CNI-1493, CD4 antagonists (e.g., priliximab), p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase inhibitors, protein tyrosine kinase (PTK) inhibitors, IKK inhibitors, and therapies for the treatment of irritable bowel syndrome (e.g., zelmac and Maxi-K openers such as those disclosed in U.S. Pat. No. 6,184,231).
  • [0362]
    Examples of suitable anti-anxiety agents for use in combination with the compounds of the present invention include diazepam, lorazepam, buspirone, oxazepam, and hydroxyzine pamoate.
  • [0363]
    Examples of suitable anti-depressants for use in combination with the compounds of the present invention include citalopram, fluoxetine, nefazodone, sertraline, and paroxetine.
  • [0364]
    Examples of suitable anti-hypertensive agents for use in combination with the compounds of the present invention include beta adrenergic blockers, calcium channel blockers (L-type and T-type; e.g. diltiazem, verapamil, nifedipine, amlodipine and mybefradii), diruetics (e.g., chlorothiazide, hydrochlorothiazide, flumethiazide, hydroflumethiazide, bendroflumethiazide, methylchlorothiazide, trichloromethiazide, polythiazide, benzthiazide, ethacrynic acid tricrynafen, chlorthalidone, furosemide, musolimine, bumetamide, triamtrenene, amiloride, spironolactone), renin inhibitors, ACE inhibitors (e.g., captopril, zofenopril, fosinopril, enalapril, ceranopril, cilazopril, delapril, pentopril, quinapril, ramipril, lisinopril), AT-1 receptor antagonists (e.g., losartan, irbesartan, valsartan), ET receptor antagonists (e.g., sitaxsentan, atrsentan and compounds disclosed in U.S. Pat. Nos. 5,612,359 and 6,043,265, Dual ET/All antagonist (e.g., compounds disclosed in WO 00/01389), neutral endopeptidase (NEP) inhibitors, vasopepsidase inhibitors (dual NEP-ACE inhibitors) (e.g., omapatrilat and gemopatrilat), and nitrates.
  • [0365]
    Examples of suitable anti-platelet agents for use in combination with the compounds of the present invention include GPIIb/IIIa blockers (e.g., abciximab, eptifibatide, tirofiban), P2Y12 antagonists (e.g., clopidogrel, ticlopidine, CS-747), thromboxane receptor antagonists (e.g., ifetroban), aspirin, and PDE-III inhibitors (e.g., dipyridamole) with or without aspirin.
  • [0366]
    Examples of suitable cardiac glycosides for use in combination with the compounds of the present invention include digitalis and ouabain.
  • [0367]
    Examples of suitable cholesterol/lipid lowering agents for use in combination with the compounds of the present invention include HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors [e.g., pravastatin lovastatin, atorvastatin, simvastatin, NK-104 (a.k.a. itavastatin, or nisvastatin or nisbastatin] and ZD-4522 (a.k.a. rosuvastatin, or atavastatin or visastatin)), squalene synthetase inhibitors, fibrates, bile acid sequestrants, ACAT inhibitors, MTP inhibitors, lipooxygenase inhibitors, choesterol absorption inhibitors, and cholesterol ester transfer protein inhibitors (e.g., CP-529414).
  • [0368]
    Examples of suitable mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists for use in combination with the compounds of the present invention include spironolactone and eplerinone.
  • [0369]
    Examples of suitable phosphodiesterase inhibitiors for use in combination with the compounds of the present invention include PDE III inhibitors such as cilostazol, and PDE V inhibitors such as sildenafil.
  • [0370]
    Examples of suitable thyroid mimetics for use in combination with the compounds of the present invention include thyrotropin, polythyroid, KB-130015, and dronedarone.
  • [0371]
    Examples of suitable anabolic agents for use in combination with the compounds of the present invention include testosterone and SARMs.
  • [0372]
    Examples of suitable HIV or AIDS therapies for use in combination with the compounds of the present invention include indinavir sulfate, saquinavir, saquinavir mesylate, amprenavir, ritonavir, lopinavir, ritonavir/lopinavir combinations, lamivudine, zidovudine, lamivudine/zidovudine combinations, zalcitabine, didanosine, stavudine, and megestrol acetate.
  • [0373]
    Examples of suitable therapies for treatment of Alzheimer's disease and cognitive disorders for use in combination with the compounds of the present invention include donepezil, tacrine, revastigmine, 5HT6, gamma secretase inhibitors, beta secretase inhibitors, SK channel blockers, Maxi-K blockers, and KCNQs blockers.
  • [0374]
    Examples of suitable therapies for treatment of sleeping disorders for use in combination with the compounds of the present invention include melatonin analogs, melatonin receptor antagonists, ML1B agonists, and GABA/NMDA receptor antagonists.
  • [0375]
    Examples of suitable anti-proliferative agents for use in combination with the compounds of the present invention include cyclosporin A, taxol, FK 506, and adriamycin.
  • [0376]
    Examples of suitable anti-tumor agents for use in combination with the compounds of the present invention include taxol, adriamycin, epothilones, cisplatin and carboplatin.
  • [0377]
    Examples of suitable a selective estrogen receptor modulator for use in combination with the compounds of the present invention include tamoxifen and raloxifene.
  • [0378]
    Examples of suitable a selective androgen receptor modulator for use in combination with the compounds of the present invention include such disclosed in Edwards, J. P. et al., Bio. Med. Chem. Let., 9, 1003-1008 (1999) and Hamann, L. G. et al., J. Med. Chem., 12, 210-212 (1999).
  • [0379]
    Examples of suitable a bisphosphonate for use in combination with the compounds of the present invention include MK-217 (alendronate).
  • [0380]
    The above other therapeutic agents, when employed in combination with the compounds of the present invention, may be used, for example, in those amounts indicated in the Physicians' Desk Reference (PDR) or as otherwise determined by one of ordinary skill in the art.
  • [0381]
    In a preferred embodiment, the compounds of the invention are used for the treatment and/or prophylaxis of the aforementioned physiological and/or pathophysiological conditions in the form of a medicament, where such medicament comprises as additional pharmacologically active substance an endocannabinoid receptor antagonist, preferably a CB1 receptor antagonist, most preferably rimonabant (1H-Pyrazole-3-carboxamide, 5-(4-chlorophenyl)-1-(2,4-dichlorophenyl)-4-methyl-N-1-piperidinyl-, monohydrochloride; CAS Registry Number: 158681-13-1; SR-141716A; U.S. Pat. No. 5,624,941) and as compound of the invention a GHS-R antagonist.
  • [0382]
    In another preferred embodiment, the compounds of the invention are used for the treatment and/or prophylaxis of the aforementioned physiological and/or pathophysiological conditions in the form of a medicament, where the medicament is applied before and/or during and/or after treatment with at least one additional pharmacologically active substance, where such additional pharmacologically active substance is an endocannabinoid receptor antagonist, preferably a CB1 receptor antagonist, most preferably rimonabant (1H-Pyrazole-3-carboxamide, 5-(4-chlorophenyl)-1-(2,4-dichlorophenyl)-4-methyl-N-1-piperidinyl-, monohydrochloride; CAS Registry Number: 158681-13-1; SR-141716A; U.S. Pat. No. 5,624,941) and the compound of the invention is a GHS-R antagonist.
  • [0383]
    The compounds of the present invention can be administered in a known manner. The route of administration may thereby be any route which effectively transports the active compound to the appropriate or desired site of action, for example orally or non-orally, in particular topically, transdermally, pulmonary, rectally, intravaginally, nasally or parenteral or by implantation. Oral administration is preferred.
  • [0384]
    The compounds of the invention are converted into a form which can be administered and are mixed where appropriate with pharmaceutically acceptable carriers or diluents. Suitable excipients and carriers are described for example in Ullman's Encyclopedia of Technical Chemistry, Vol. 4, (1953), 1-39; Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Vol. 52 (1963), 918 et seq.; H. v. Czetsch-Lindenwald, Hilfsstoffe für Pharmazie and angrenzende Gebiete; Pharm. Ind. 2, 1961, 72 et seq.; Dr. H. P. Fiedler, Lexikon der Hilfsstoffe für Pharmazie, Kosmetik and angrenzende Gebiete, Cantor K G, Aulendorf in Württemberg, 1971.
  • [0385]
    Oral administration can take place for example in solid form as tablet, capsule, gel capsule, coated tablet, granulation or powder, but also in the form of a drinkable solution. The compounds of the invention can for oral administration be combined with known and ordinarily used, physiologically tolerated excipients and carriers such as, for example, gum arabic, talc, starch, sugars such as, for example, mannitol, methylcellulose, lactose, gelatin, surface-active agents, magnesium stearate, cyclodextrins, aqueous or nonaqueous carriers, diluents, dispersants, emulsifiers, lubricants, preservatives and flavorings (e.g. essential oils). The compounds of the invention can also be dispersed in a microparticulate, e.g. nanoparticulate, composition.
  • [0386]
    Non-oral administration can take place for example by intravenous, subcutaneous, intramuscular injection of sterile aqueous or oily solutions, suspensions or emulsions, by means of implants or by ointments, creams or suppositories. Administration as sustained release form is also possible where appropriate. Implants may comprise inert materials, e.g. biodegradable polymers or synthetic silicones such as, for example, silicone rubber. Intravaginal administration is possible for example by means of vaginal rings. Intrauterine administration is possible for example by means of diaphragms or other suitable intrauterine devices. Transdermal administration is additionally provided, in particular by means of a formulation suitable for this purpose and/or suitable means such as, for example, patches.
  • [0387]
    The dosage may vary within a wide range depending on type and/or severity of the physiological and/or pathophysiological condition, the mode of administration, the age, gender, bodyweight and sensitivity of the subject to be treated. It is within the ability of a skilled worker to determine a pharmacologically effective amount of a compound of the invention and/or additional pharmacologically active substance. Administration can take place in a single dose or a plurality of separate dosages.
  • [0388]
    A suitable unit dose is, for example, from 0.001 mg to 100 mg of the active ingredient, i.e. at least one compound of the invention and, where appropriate, at least one additional pharmacologically active substance, per kg of a patient's bodyweight.
  • [0389]
    In another aspect, the present invention relates to a pharmaceutical composition comprising a pharmacologically active amount of at least one triazole compound selected from the group consisting of: compound 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64, 65, 66, 67, 68, 69, 70, 71, 72, 73, 74, 75, 76, 77, 78, 79, 80, 81, 82, 83, 84, 85, 86, 87, 88, 89, 90, 91, 92, 93, 94, 95, 96, 97, 98, 99, 100, 101, 102, 103, 104, 105, 106, 107, 108, 109, 110, 111, 112, 113, 114, 115, 116, 117, 118, 119, 120, 121, 122, 124, 125, 126, 128, 129, 130, 131, 132, 133, 134, 135, 136, 137, 138, 139, 140, 141, 142, 143, 144, 145, 146, 147, 148, 149, 150, 152, 153, 154, 155, 156, 157, 158, 159, 160, 161, 162, 163, 164, 165, 166, 167, 168, 169, 170, 171, 172, 173, 174, 175, 176, 177, 178, 179, 180, 181, 182, 183, 184, 185, 186, 187, 188, 189 and/or compound 190.
  • [0390]
    In a further aspect, such a pharmaceutical composition may additionally comprise at least one pharmaceutically acceptable carrier and/or excipient and/or may comprise at least one further pharmacologically active substance.
  • [0391]
    In a preferred embodiment, such further pharmacologically active substance is an endocannabinoid receptor antagonist, preferably a CB1 receptor antagonist, most preferably rimonabant [1H-Pyrazole-3-carboxamide, 5-(4-chlorophenyl)-1-(2,4-dichlorophenyl)-4-methyl-N-1-piperidinyl-, monohydrochloride].
  • [0392]
    Concerning the pharmaceutical compositions of the invention, at least one of the triazole compounds as listed above is present in a pharmacologically effective amount, preferably in a unit dose, e.g. the aforementioned unit dose, specifically and preferably in an administration form which makes oral administration possible. Furthermore, reference may be made to that already said in connection with the possible uses and administrations of the compounds of the invention.
  • [0000]
    General Syntheses Schemes
  • [0393]
    The compounds of the present invention may be prepared according to the following general synthetic schemes, as well as relevant published literature procedures that are known to the one skilled in the art (e.g. WO 00/54729 and cited references therein).
  • [0394]
    Exemplary reagents and procedures for these reactions appear hereinafter and in the working examples. Unless otherwise specified, the various substituents (radicals) of the compounds have the meanings as defined for formula (I) herein.
  • [0395]
    Amide bond formation (peptide coupling) is conducted under standard peptide coupling procedures known in the prior art. Optimally, the reaction is conducted in a solvent such as dichloromethane (DCM) at room temperature using benzotriazol-1-yl-oxytris(dimethylamino)phosphonium-hexafluoorophosphate (BOP) (Castro B et al. Tetrahedron Lett. 1975, 14:1219-1222) and a base, for example N-methyl-morpholine or diisopropylethylamine.
  • [0396]
    Thionation of the formed amide was performed using Lawesson's reagent (Pons J F et al., Tetrahedron Lett. 2000, 41: 4965-4968).
  • [0397]
    Cyclisation: the obtained thioamide was then submitted to the conditions reported by Hitosuyanagi et al. (Hitotsuyanagi Y. et al., J. Org. Chem. 2002, 67: 3266-3271) which were slightly modified (5 eq. of hydrazide and 1.1 eq. of mercury (II) acetate in acetonitrile). Cyclisation into triazoles was generally achieved within three hours. When the hydrazide was not commercially available, it was prepared by known methods from its acid or methyl ester precursors.
  • [0398]
    Deprotection of the tert-butyloxycarbonyl group (Boc) was performed at room temperature in acidic medium as usually described.
  • [0399]
    For R5=—CO-alkyl, —CO-cycloalkyl, —CO-cycloalkylalkyl, —CO-aryl, —CO-arylalkyl, —CO-heteroaryl, —CO-heteroarylalkyl, —CO-heterocyclyl, —CO-heterocyclylalkyl, —CO—C*(R9R10)-NH2, —CO—CH2—C*(R9R10)-NH2, —CO—C*(R9R10)-CH2—NH2 (R):
  • [0400]
    For R5=alkyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl, aryl, heteroaryl, arylalkyl, heteroarylalkyl, heterocyclyl, heterocyclylalkyl (R):
  • [0401]
    For R5=alkyl-SO2—, aryl-SO2—, arylalkyl-SO2— (R=alkyl, aryl, arylalkyl):
  • [0402]
    The compounds of the invention, especially compounds 1 to 190 were named from the drawn formula using the Chem Draw Ultra 8 software (CambridgeSoft Corporation, Cambridge, USA).
  • [0403]
    The contents of all cited references and patents are hereby incorporated by reference. The invention is explained in more detail by means of the following examples without, however, being restricted thereto.
  • EXAMPLES
  • [0000]
    I) Synthesis of Compounds of the Invention
  • Example 1 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide (Compound 1)
  • [0404]
    Compound 1 was obtained from Boc-(D)-Trp (10 mmoles), (2,4-dimethoxyphenyl)-methanamine, 3-(1H-indol-3-yl)propane hydrazide and Boc-2-amino-2-methylpropanoic acid according to the general synthetic schemes with a total yield after purification by HPLC of 35%.
  • [0405]
    1H NMR (400 MHz, 300° K, DMSO-d6):
  • [0406]
    δ 1.32 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 1.36 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 2.93 (2H, m, CH2 —CH2-indole), 2.97 (2H, m, CH2CH2 -indole), 3.31 (1H, dd, J=14.5, J=6.1, 1H C2 βTrp), 3.38 (1H, dd, J=14.5, J=9.1, 1H C2 βTrp), 3.66 (3H, s, o-OCH3), 3.72 (3H, s, p-OCH3), 4.93 (1H, d, J=16.9, 1H C2 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 5.10 (1H, d, J=16.9, 1H C2 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 5.23 (1H, m, CαH Trp), 6.31 (1H, dd, J=8.5, J=1.7, H5 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 6.45 (1H, d, J=8.5, H6 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 6.59 (1H, d, J=1.7, H3 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 6.88 (1H, t, J=7.5, H5 Trp), 6.94 (1H, t, J=7.5, H5 indole), 7.04 (1H, t, H6 Trp), 7.06 (1H, t, H6 indole), 7.08 (1H, s, H2 indole), 7.11 (1H, s, H2 Trp), 7.18 (1H, d, J=7.9, H4 Trp), 7.33 (3H, H4, H7 indole, H7 Trp), 8.05 (2H, s, NH2 Aib), 8.95 (1H, d, J=7.9, NH Trp), 10.80 (1H, s, NH indole), 10.82 (1H, s, NH indole Trp).
  • [0407]
    13C NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6):
  • [0408]
    δ 22.4 (CH2CH2 indole), 23.2 (CH3 Aib), 23.3 (CH3 Aib), 25.4 (CH2—CH2 indole), 28.7 (Cβ Trp), 41.3 (CH2-o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 45.3 (Cα Trp), 55.2 (p-OCH3), 55.4 (o-OCH3), 56.3 (Cq Aib), 98.6 (C3 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 104.7 (C5 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 109.5 (C3 Trp), 111.3 (C7 Trp, C7 indole), 112.9 (C3 indole), 115.2 (C1 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 117.8 (C4 indole), 117.9 (C4 Trp), 118.2 (C5 Trp, C5 indole), 120.9 (C6 Trp, C6 indole), 122.4 (C2 indole), 124.3 (C2 Trp), 126.8 (C9 Indole), 126.9 (C9 Trp), 127.5 (C6 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 136.0 (C8 Trp), 136.2 (C8 indole), 154.6 (2Cq triazole), 157.3 (C2 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 160.4 (C4 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 171.3 (CO Aib).
  • [0409]
    ESI-MS: found: m/z 606.3 [M+H]+/calculated: 604.3 g/mol
  • Example 2 (R)—N-(1-(5-benzyl-4-(naphthalen-1-ylmethyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide (Compound 4)
  • [0410]
    Compound 4 was obtained from Boc-(D)-Trp (10 mmoles), naphthalen-1-yl-methanamine, 2-phenylacetohydrazide and Boc-2-amino-2-methylpropanoic acid according to the general synthetic schemes with a total yield after purification by HPLC of 42%.
  • [0411]
    1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6, 300° K):
  • [0412]
    δ(ppm) 1.18 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 1.24 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 3.17 (1H, dd, J=14 Hz and 5 Hz, CH2 βTrp), 3.36 (1H, dd, J=14 and 9 Hz, CH2 βTrp), 4.05 (2H, m, CH2-benzyl), 4.90 (1H, m, CH αTrp), 5.65 (1H, d, J=18 Hz, CH 2-naphtyl), 5.81 (1H, d, J=18 Hz, CH 2-naphtyl), 6.12 (1H, d, Jo=7 Hz, H2 naphtyl), 6.38 (1H, t, Jo=7 Hz, H5 Trp), 6.47 (1H, d, Jo=8 Hz, H4 Trp), 6.85 (1H, t, Jo=8 Hz, H6 Trp), 7.03 (1H, d, Jm=2 Hz, H2 Trp), 7.05-7.12 (5H, m, CHar benzyl), 7.15 (1H, d, Jo=8 Hz, H7 Trp), 7.19 (1H, d, Jo=8 Hz, H3 naphtyl), 7.58 (2H, m, H6 and H7 naphtyl), 7.81 (1H, d, Jo=8 Hz, H4 naphtyl), 7.89-8.01 (5H, m, NH2 Aib, H5 and H8 naphtyl), 8.92 (1H, d, J=8 Hz, NH amide), 10.73 (1H, s, NH indole Trp).
  • [0413]
    13C NMR (75 MHz, DMSO-d6, 300° K):
  • [0414]
    δ(ppm) 23.5 (CH3 Aib), 23.6 (CH3 Aib), 29.2 (CH2 βTrp), 30.5 (CH2-benzyl), 44.0 (CH2-naphtyl), 45.6 (CH αTrp), 56.6 (Cq Aib), 109.7 (C3 Trp), 111.7 (C7 Trp), 117.9 (C4 Trp), 118.4 (C5 Trp), 121.1 (C6 Trp), 122.1 (C2 naphtyl), 122.8 (C8 naphtyl), 124.9 (C2 Trp), 125.7 (C3 naphtyl), 126.7 (C6 naphtyl), 126.9 (C9 Trp), 127.0 (C7 naphtyl), 128.2 (C4 benzyl), 128.7-129.1 (C2, C3, C5 and C6 benzyl, C4 and C5 naphtyl), 129.9 (C9 naphtyl), 131.5 (C1 naphtyl), 133.5 (C10 naphtyl), 136.2 (C1 benzyl), 136.4 (C8 Trp), 154.2 (Cq triazole), 155.7 (Cq triazole), 171.9 (CO Aib).
  • [0415]
    ESI-MS: found: m/z 543.4 [M+H]+/calculated: 542.2 g/mol
  • Example 3 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(naphthalen-1-ylmethyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide (Compound 5)
  • [0416]
    Compound 5 was obtained from Boc-(D)-Trp (10 mmoles), naphthalen-1-yl-methanamine, 3-(1H-indol-3-yl)propane hydrazide and Boc-2-amino-2-methylpropanoic acid according to the general synthetic schemes with a total yield after purification by HPLC of 33%.
  • [0417]
    1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6, 300° K):
  • [0418]
    δ(ppm) 1.25 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 1.28 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 2.93 (2H, m, CH 2—CH2-indole), 3.01 (2H, m, CH2—CH 2-indole), 3.30 (1H, dd, 3J=14.3 and 5.8 Hz, CH2 βTrp), 3.40 (1H, dd, 3J=14.3 and 8.8 Hz, CH2 βTrp), 5.03 (1H, m, CH αTrp), 5.62 (1H, d, J=18.0 Hz, CH2-naphtyl), 5.76 (1H, J=18.0 Hz, CH2-naphtyl), 3.36 (1H, d, Jo=7.2 Hz, H2 naphtyl), 6.51 (1H, t, Jo=7.4 Hz, H5 Trp), 6.72 (1H, d, Jo=7.9 Hz, H4 Trp), 6.76 (1H, t, Jo=7.5 Hz, H5 indole), 6.92 (1H, t, Jo=7.5 Hz, H6 Trp), 7.0 (1H, t, Jo=7.5 Hz, H6 indole), 7.02 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz, H2 indole), 7.09 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz, H2 Trp), 7.13 (1H, d, Jo=7.9 Hz, H4 indole), 7.26 (1H, Jo=7.9 Hz, H7 Trp), 7.27 (1H, t, Jo=8.2 Hz, H3 naphtyl), 7.29 (1H, d, H7 indole), 7.58-7.64 (2, m, H6 and H7 naphtyl), 7.88 (1H, d, Jo=8.2 Hz, H4 naphtyl), 7.93 (1H, d, Jo=7.9 Hz, H8 naphtyl), 7.98 (3H, brs, NH2 Aib), 8.03 (1H, d, Jo=8.2 Hz, H5 naphtyl), 8.96 (1H, d, Jo=7.9 Hz, NH Trp), 10.75 (1H, brs, NH indole), 10.77 (1H, brs, NH indole Trp).
  • [0419]
    13C NMR (100 MHz, DMSO-d6, 300° K):
  • [0420]
    δ(ppm) 22.6 (CH2CH2-indole), 23.1 (CH3 Aib), 23.2 (CH3 Aib), 25.3 (CH2—CH2-indole), 28.8 (CH2 βTrp), 43.3 (CH2-naphtyl), 45.3 (CH αTrp), 56.2 (Cq Aib), 109.4 (C3 Trp), 111.2 (C7 indole and C7 Trp), 112.9 (C3 indole), 117.5 (C4 Trp), 117.8 (C4 indole), 118.0 (C5 Trp), 118.1 (C5 indole), 120.7 (C6 Trp), 120.8 (C6 indole), 121.6 (C2 naphtyl), 122.5 (C2 indole and C8 naphtyl), 124.4 (C2 Trp), 125.4 (C3 naphtyl), 126.3 (C6 naphtyl), 126.6 (C9 indole, C9 Trp and C7 naphtyl), 127.9 (C4 naphtyl), 128.6 (C5 naphtyl), 129.5 (C9 naphtyl), 131.4 (C1 naphtyl), 133.1 (C10 naphtyl), 135.9 (C8 Trp), 136.1 (C8 indole), 154.7 (2 Cq triazole), 171.4 (CO Aib).
  • [0421]
    ESI-MS: found: m/z 596.4 [M+H]+/calculated: 595.3 g/mol
  • Example 4 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(3-methoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide (Compound 6)
  • [0422]
    Compound 6 was obtained from Boc-(D)-Trp (10 mmoles), (3-methoxyphenyl)-methanamine, 3-(1H-indol-3-yl)propane hydrazide and Boc-2-amino-2-methylpropanoic acid according to the general synthetic schemes with a total yield after purification by HPLC of 25%.
  • [0423]
    1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6):
  • [0424]
    δ(ppm) 1.28 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 1.30 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 2.92 (2H, m, CH2 —CH2-indole), 2.98 (2H, m, CH2CH2 -indole), 3.33 (1H, dd, J=14.5, J=6.2, 1H C2 βTrp), 3.40 (1H, dd, J=14.5, J=8.8, 1H C2 βTrp), 3.66 (3H, s, OCH3), 5.09 (2H, m, CH2 m-methoxybenzyl), 5.22 (1H, m, CαH Trp), 6.38 (1H, d, J=7.5, H6 m-methoxybenzyl), 6.59 (1H, s, H2 m-methoxybenzyl), 6.86 (1H, t, H5 Trp), 6.87 (1H, d, H4 m-methoxybenzyl), 6.92 (1H, t, J=7.5, H5 indole), 7.03 (1H, t, J=7.9, H6 Trp), 7.05 (1H, t, H6 indole), 7.07 (1H, s, H2 indole), 7.11 (1H, s, H2 Trp), 7.18 (1H, t, H5 m-methoxybenzyl), 7.19 (1H, d, H4 Trp), 7.31 (1H, H4 indole), 7.32 (2H, H7 Trp, H7 indole), 8.00 (2H, s, NH2 Aib), 8.96 (1H, d, J=8.1, NH Trp), 10.78 (1H, s, NH indole), 10.80 (1H, s, NH indole Trp).
  • [0425]
    13C NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6):
  • [0426]
    δ(ppm) 22.4 (CH2—CH2 indole), 23.1 (CH3 Aib), 23.3 (CH3 Aib), 25.4 (CH2CH2 indole), 28.7 (Cβ Trp), 45.3 (CH2 m-methoxybenzyl), 45.4 (Cα Trp), 55.0 (OCH3), 56.3 (Cq Aib), 109.5 (C3 Trp), 111.3 (C7 Trp, C7 indole), 112.0 (C2 m-methoxybenzyl), 113.0 (C4 m-methoxybenzyl, C3 indole), 117.8 (C4 Trp, C6 m-methoxybenzyl), 118.0 (C4 indole), 118.2 (C5 indole), 118.3 (C5 Trp), 120.8 (C6 indole), 120.9 (C6 Trp), 122.4 (C2 indole), 124.3 (C2 Trp), 126.7 (C9 indole), 126.9 (C9 Trp), 130.0 (C5 m-methoxybenzyl), 136.0 (C8 indole), 136.1 (C8 Trp), 137.2 (C1 m-methoxybenzyl), 154.3 (2Cq triazole), 159.6 (C3 m-methoxybenzyl), 171.4 (CO Aib).
  • [0427]
    ESI-MS: found: m/z 576.6 [M+H]+/calculated: 575.3 g/mol
  • Example 5 (R)—N-(1-(4-(3-methoxybenzyl)-5-benzyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide (Compound 7)
  • [0428]
    Compound 7 was obtained from Boc-(D)-Trp (10 mmoles), (3-methoxyphenyl)-methanamine, 2-phenylacetohydrazide and Boc-2-amino-2-methylpropanoic acid according to the general synthetic schemes with a total yield after purification by HPLC of 30%.
  • [0429]
    1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6):
  • [0430]
    δ(ppm) 1.25 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 1.29 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 3.24 (1H, dd, J=14.3, J=5.8, 1H CH2 βTrp), 3.38 (1H, dd, J=14.3, J=9.1, 1H C2 βTrp), 3.61 (3H, s, m-OCH3), 4.04 (2H, m, CH2 benzyl), 5.07 (1H, d, J=17.4, 1H C2 m-methoxybenzyl), 5.13 (1H, d, J=17.4, 1H C2 m-methoxybenzyl), 5.14 (1H, m, CαH Trp), 6.32 (1H, d, J=7.8, H6 m-methoxybenzyl), 6.40 (1H, m, H2 m-methoxybenzyl), 6.82 (1H, t, H5 Trp), 6.83 (1H, d, J=7.8, H4 m-methoxybenzyl), 7.01 (1H, t, J=8.2, H6 Trp), 7.04 (1H, d, J=8.2, H4 Trp), 7.06 (1H, d, J=2.0, H2 Trp), 7.12 (2H, m, H2, H6 Benzyl), 7.13 (1H, t, J=7.9, H5 m-methoxybenzyl), 7.20 (1H, m, H4 benzyl), 7.24 (2H, m, H3, H5 benzyl), 7.29 (1H, d, J=8.2, H7 Trp), 7.99 (2H, s, NH2 Aib), 8.92 (1H, d, J=8.2, NH Trp), 10.77 (1H, s, NH indole Trp).
  • [0431]
    13C NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6):
  • [0432]
    δ(ppm) 23.0 (CH3 Aib), 23.3 (CH3 Aib), 28.6 (C1 Trp), 30.1 (CH2 benzyl), 45.2 (Cα Trp), 45.6 (CH2— m-methoxybenzyl), 54.9 (m-OCH3), 56.2 (Cq Aib), 109.4 (C3 Trp), 111.2 (C7 Trp), 111.7 (C2 m-methoxybenzyl), 113.1 (C4 m-methoxybenzyl), 117.9 (C4 Trp, C6 m-methoxybenzyl), 118.2 (C5 Trp), 120.8 (C6 Trp), 124.3 (C2 Trp), 126.6 (C4 benzyl), 126.8 (C9 Trp), 128.3 (C3, C5 benzyl), 128.4 (C2, C6 benzyl), 129.9 (C5 m-methoxybenzyl), 135.9 (C1 benzyl, C8 Trp), 137.0 (C1 m-methoxybenzyl), 153.5 (Cq triazole), 154.8 (Cq triazole), 159.5 (C3 m-methoxybenzyl), 171.3 (CO Aib).
  • [0433]
    ESI-MS: found: m/z 523.3 [M+H]+/calculated: 522.3 g/mol
  • Example 6 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-benzyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide (Compound 8)
  • [0434]
    Compound 8 was obtained from Boc-(D)-Trp (10 mmoles), phenylmethanamine, 3-(1H-indol-3-yl)propane hydrazide and Boc-2-amino-2-methylpropanoic acid according to the general synthetic schemes with a total yield after purification by HPLC of 45%.
  • [0435]
    1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6):
  • [0436]
    δ(ppm) 1.29 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 1.30 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 2.88 (2H, m, CH2 —CH2-indole), 2.97 (2H, m, CH2CH2 -indole), 3.37 (2H, m, CH2 βTrp), 5.11 (2H, s, CH2 benzyl), 5.21 (1H, m, CαH Trp), 6.86 (1H, t, J=7.4, H5 Trp), 6.88 (2H, H2, H6 benzyl), 6.92 (1H, t, J=7.6, H5 indole), 7.03 (1H, t, J=7.6, H6 Trp), 7.05 (2H, H6 indole, H2 indole), 7.09 (1H, d, J=1.8, H2 Trp), 7.17 (1H, d, J=7.9, H4 Trp), 7.26 (2H, H3, H5 benzyl), 7.27 (1H, H4 benzyl), 7.30 (1H, H4 indole), 7.32 (2H, H7 Trp, H7 indole), 8.03 (2H, brs, NH2 Aib), 8.95 (1H, d, J=8.1, NH Trp), 10.77 (1H, s, NH indole), 10.81 (1H, s, NH indole Trp).
  • [0437]
    13C NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6):
  • [0438]
    δ(ppm) 22.4 (CH2CH2 indole), 23.1 (CH3 Aib), 23.3 (CH3 Aib), 25.4 (CH2—CH2 indole), 28.7 (Cβ Trp), 45.3 (Cα Trp, CH2-benzyl), 56.3 (Cq Aib), 109.5 (C3 Trp), 111.3 (C7 Trp, C7 indole), 113.0 (C3 indole), 117.8 (C4 Trp), 118.0 (C4 indole), 118.2 (C5 indole), 118.3 (C5 Trp), 120.9 (C6 Trp, C6 indole), 122.4 (C2 indole), 124.3 (C2 Trp), 125.9 (C2, C6 benzyl), 126.7 (C9 Indole), 126.9 (C9 Trp), 127.6 (C4 benzyl), 128.8 (C3, C5 benzyl), 135.7 (C1 benzyl), 136.0 (C8 Trp), 136.1 (C8 indole), 154.3 (Cq triazole), 154.5 (Cq triazole), 171.4 (CO Aib).
  • [0439]
    ESI-MS: found: m/z 546.3 [M+H]+/calculated: 545.3 g/mol
  • Example 7 (R)—N-(1-(5-(3-(1H-indol-3-yl)propyl)-4-benzyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide (Compound 9)
  • [0440]
    Compound 9 was obtained from Boc-(D)-Trp (10 mmoles), phenylmethanamine, 4-(1H-indol-3-yl)butanehydrazide and Boc-2-amino-2-methylpropanoic acid according to the general synthetic schemes with a total yield after purification by HPLC of 38%.
  • [0441]
    1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6):
  • [0442]
    δ(ppm) 1.29 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 1.31 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 1.90 (2H, m, CH2CH2 —CH2-indole), 2.61 (2H, m, CH2 —CH2—CH2-indole), 2.69 (2H, m, CH2—CH2CH2 -indole), 3.37 (2H, m, CH2 βTrp), 5.09 (2H, s, CH2 benzyl), 5.20 (1H, m, CαH Trp), 6.85 (3H, m, H2, H6 benzyl, H5 Trp), 6.94 (1H, t, J=7.5, H5 indole), 7.01 (1H, s, H2 indole), 7.02 (1H, t, J=7.8, H6 Trp), 7.05 (1H, t, J=8, H6 indole), 7.08 (1H, d, J=2.0, H2 Trp), 7.14 (1H, d, J=8.0, H4 Trp), 7.25 (3H, m, H3, H4, H5 benzyl), 7.31 (1H, d, J=8.0, H7 Trp), 7.32 (1H, d, J=8.0, H7 indole), 7.42 (1H, d, J=7.8, H4 indole), 8.03 (2H, s, NH2 Aib), 8.95 (1H, d, J=8.1, NH Trp), 10.73 (1H, s, NH indole), 10.80 (1H, d, J=2.0, NH indole Trp).
  • [0443]
    13C NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6):
  • [0444]
    δ(ppm) 23.1 (CH3 Aib), 23.3 (CH3 Aib), 23.8 (CH2—CH2—CH2-indole), 24.1 (CH2—CH2CH2-indole), 27.2 (CH2CH2—CH2-indole), 28.7 (Cβ Trp), 45.4 (Cα Trp), 45.5 (CH2 benzyl), 56.3 (Cq Aib), 109.4 (C3 Trp), 111.3 (C7 Trp, C7 indole), 113.6 (C3 indole), 117.8 (C4 Trp), 118.0 (C5 indole), 118.2 (C4 indole), 118.3 (C5 Trp), 120.8 (C6 indole, C6 Trp), 122.2 (C2 indole), 124.3 (C2 Trp), 125.9 (C2, C6 benzyl), 126.8 (C9 Trp), 127.0 (C9 indole), 127.7 (C4 benzyl), 128.7 (C3, C5 benzyl), 135.5 (C1 benzyl), 136.0 (C8 Trp), 136.2 (C8 indole), 154.3 (Cq triazole), 154.7 (Cq triazole), 171.4 (CO Aib).
  • [0445]
    ESI-MS: found: m/z 560.4 [M+H]+/calculated: 559.3 g/mol
  • Example 8 (R)—N-(1-(5-(3-(1H-indol-3-yl)propyl)-4-(3-methoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide (Compound 10)
  • [0446]
    Compound 10 was obtained from Boc-(D)-Trp (10 mmoles), (3-methoxyphenyl)-methanamine, 4-(1H-indol-3-yl)butanehydrazide and Boc-2-amino-2-methylpropanoic acid according to the general synthetic schemes with a total yield after purification by HPLC of 25%.
  • [0447]
    1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6):
  • [0448]
    δ(ppm) 1.27 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 1.30 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 1.92 (2H, m, CH2CH2 —CH2-indole), 2.62 (2H, m, CH2 —CH2—CH2-indole), 2.68 (2H, m, CH2—CH2CH2 -indole), 3.24 (1H, dd, J=14.5, J=5.8, 1H C2 βTrp), 3.39 (1H, dd, J=14.5, J=9.0, 1H C2 βTrp), 3.66 (3H, s, m-OCH3), 5.07 (2H, s, CH2 m-methoxybenzyl), 5.18 (1H, m, CαH Trp), 6.35 (1H, d, J=7.5, H6 m-methoxybenzyl), 6.54 (1H, bs, H2 m-methoxybenzyl), 6.84 (1H, t, J=7.5, H5 Trp), 6.87 (1H, dd, J=8.0, J=2.1, H4 m-methoxybenzyl), 6.94 (1H, t, J=7.3, H5 indole), 7.02 (1H, t, H6 Trp), 7.02 (1H, s, H2 indole), 7.05 (1H, t, J=7.8, H6 indole), 7.08 (1H, d, J=2.1, H2 Trp), 7.13 (1H, d, J=8.1, H4 Trp), 7.17 (1H, t, J=8.1, H5 m-methoxybenzyl), 7.30 (1H, d, H7 Trp), 7.32 (1H, d, J=8, H7 indole), 7.42 (1H, d, J=7.6, H4 indole), 7.98 (2H, s, NH2 Aib), 8.93 (1H, d, J=8.2, NH Trp), 10.71 (1H, s, NH indole), 10.77 (1H, s, NH indole Trp).
  • [0449]
    13C NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6):
  • [0450]
    δ(ppm) 23.1 (CH3 Aib), 23.3 (CH3 Aib), 23.9 (CH2—CH2—CH2-indole), 24.3 (CH2—CH2CH2-indole), 27.4 (CH2CH2—CH2 indole), 28.8 (Cβ Trp), 45.2 (CH2— m-methoxybenzyl), 45.4 (Cα Trp), 55.1 (m-OCH3), 56.3 (Cq Aib), 109.5 (C3 Trp), 111.3 (C7 Trp, C7 indole), 111.8 (C2 m-methoxybenzyl), 113.0 (C4 m-methoxybenzyl), 113.8 (C3 indole), 117.8 (C6 m-methoxybenzyl), 117.9 (C4 Trp), 118.1 (C5 indole), 118.2 (C5 Trp, C4 indole), 120.8 (C6 Trp), 120.9 (C6 indole), 122.2 (C2 indole), 124.3 (C2 Trp), 126.8 (C9 Trp), 127.0 (C9 Indole), 130.0 (C5 m-methoxybenzyl), 136.0 (C8 Trp), 136.2 (C8 indole), 137.4 (C1 m-methoxybenzyl), 154.3 (Cq triazole), 154.6 (Cq triazole), 159.7 (C3 m-methoxybenzyl), 171.4 (CO Aib).
  • [0451]
    ESI-MS: found: m/z 590.3 [M+H]+/calculated: 589.3 g/mol
  • Example 9 (R)—N-(1-(5-(3-(1H-indol-3-yl)propyl)-4-(naphthalen-1-ylmethyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide (Compound 11)
  • [0452]
    Compound 11 was obtained from Boc-(D)-Trp (10 mmoles), naphthalen-1-ylmethanamine, 4-(1H-indol-3-yl)butanehydrazide and Boc-2-amino-2-methylpropanoic acid according to the general synthetic schemes with a total yield after purification by HPLC of 22%.
  • [0453]
    1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6, 300° K):
  • [0454]
    δ(ppm) 1.20 (3H, 5, CH3 Aib), 1.25 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 1.93 (2H, m, CH2—CH2—CH 2-indole), 2.66 (4H, m, CH 2—CH2—CH 2-indole), 3.25 (1H, dd, J=14 Hz and 5 Hz, CH2 βTrp), 3.40 (1H, dd, J=14 Hz and 9 Hz, CH2 βTrp), 4.95 (1H, m, CH αTrp), 5.66 (1H, d, J=18 Hz, CH2-naphtyl), 5.81 (1H, d, J=18 Hz, CH2-naphtyl), 6.37 (1H, d, Jo=7 Hz, H2 naphtyl), 6.43 (1H, t, Jo=7 Hz, H5 Trp), 6.59 (1H, d, Jo=8 Hz, H4 Trp), 6.86 (3H, m, H5 and H6 indole, H6 Trp), 6.95 (1H, d, J=2 Hz, H2 indole), 7.00 (1H, d, Jo=8 Hz, H4 indole), 7.06 (1H, d, J=2 Hz, H2 Trp), 7.20-7.33 (4H, m, H4 and H7 indole, H7 Trp, H3 naphtyl), 7.60 (2H, m, H6 and H7 naphtyl), 7.87 (1H, d, Jo=8 Hz, H4 naphtyl), 7.99 (5H, m, NH2 Aib, H5 and H8 naphtyl), 8.95 (1H, d, J=8 Hz, NH amide), 10.70 (1H, s, NH indole), 10.77 (1H, s, NH indole Trp).
  • [0455]
    13C NMR (75 MHz, DMSO-d6, 300° K):
  • [0456]
    δ(ppm) 23.5 (CH3 Aib), 23.6 (CH3 Aib), 24.1 (CH2—CH2—CH2-indole), 24.5 (CH2—CH2CH2-indole), 27.6 (CH2CH2—CH2-indole), 29.1 (CH2 βTrp), 44.1 (CH2-naphtyl), 45.7 (CH α Trp), 56.7 (Cq Aib), 109.7 (C3 Trp), 111.7 (C7 indole and C7 Trp), 113.9 (C3 indole), 117.9 (C4 Trp), 118.5 (C4 indole, C5 Trp), 118.6 (C5 indole), 121.1 (C6 Trp), 121.2 (C6 indole), 122.1 (C2 naphtyl), 122.7 (C2 indole), 122.9 (C8 naphtyl), 125.0 (C2 Trp), 125.9 (C3 naphtyl), 126.8 (C6 naphtyl), 127.0 (C9 indole), 127.1 (C7 naphtyl), 127.4 (C9 Trp), 128.5 (C4 naphtyl), 129.2 (C5 naphtyl), 129.9 (C9 naphtyl), 131.6 (C1 naphtyl), 133.6 (C10 naphtyl), 136.4 (C8 Trp), 136.7 (C8 indole), 155.4 (Cqs triazole), 171.9 (CO Aib).
  • [0457]
    ESI-MS: found: m/z 610.3 [M+H]+/calculated: 609.3 g/mol
  • Example 10 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide (Compound 12)
  • [0458]
    Compound 12 was obtained from Boc-(D)-Trp (10 mmoles), (4-methoxyphenyl)-methanamine, 3-(1H-indol-3-yl)propane hydrazide and Boc-2-amino-2-methylpropanoic acid according to the general synthetic schemes with a total yield after purification by HPLC of 28%.
  • [0459]
    1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6):
  • [0460]
    δ(ppm) 1.30 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 1.33 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 2.91 (2H, m, CH2 —CH2-indole), 2.97 (2H, m, CH2CH2 -indole), 3.37 (2H, d, CH2 βTrp), 3.71(3H, s, OCH3), 5.02 (2H, s, CH2 p-methoxybenzyl), 5.23 (1H, m, CαH Trp), 6.78 (4H, m, CHar p-methoxybenzyl), 6.87 (1H, t, J=7.5, H5 Trp), 6.93 (1H, t, J=7.5, H5 indole), 7.03 (1H, t, H6 Trp), 7.05 (1H, t, H6 indole), 7.07 (1H, s, H2 indole), 7.09 (1H, s, H2 Trp), 7.21 (1H, d, J=8, H4 Trp), 7.32 (3H, H4 indole, H7 Trp, H7 indole), 8.02 (2H, s, NH2 Aib), 8.97 (1H, d, J=8.1, NH Trp), 10.77 (1H, s, NH indole), 10.80 (1H, s, NH indole Trp).
  • [0461]
    13C NMR (400 MHz,DMSO-d6):
  • [0462]
    δ(ppm) 22.4 (CH2CH2 indole), 23.1 (CH3 Aib), 23.4 (CH3 Aib), 25.5 (CH2—CH2 indole), 28.9 (Cβ Trp), 44.9 (CH2 p-methoxybenzyl), 45.3 (Cα Trp), 55.0 (OCH3), 56.3 (Cq Aib), 109.5 (C3 Trp), 111.3 (C7 Trp, C7 indole), 113.0 (C3 indole), 114.1 (C3, C5 p-methoxybenzyl), 117.9 (C4 Trp), 118.0 (C4 indole), 118.2 (C5 indole), 118.3 (C5 Trp), 120.9 (C6 indole, C6 Trp), 122.0 (C2 indole), 124.4 (C2 Trp), 126.7 (C9 indole), 126.9 (C9 Trp), 127.3 (C2, C6 p-methoxybenzyl), 127.4 (C1 p-methoxybenzyl), 135.9 (C8 Trp), 136.1 (C8 indole), 154.2 (Cq triazole), 154.5 (Cq triazole), 158.4 C4 p-methoxybenzyl), 171.4 (CO Aib).
  • [0463]
    ESI-MS: found: m/z 576.3 [M+H]+/calculated: 575.3 g/mol
  • Example 11 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-benzyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide (Compound 13)
  • [0464]
    Compound 13 was obtained from Boc-(D)-Trp (10 mmoles), (4-methoxyphenyl)-methanamine, 2-phenylacetohydrazide and Boc-2-amino-2-methylpropanoic acid according to the general synthetic schemes with a total yield after purification by HPLC of 37%.
  • [0465]
    1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6, 300° K):
  • [0466]
    δ(ppm) 1.24 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 1.28 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 3.26 (1H, dd, 3J=14 Hz and 6 Hz, CH2 βTrp), 3.31 (1H, dd, 3J=14 Hz and 9 Hz, CH2 βTrp), 3.67 (3H, s, OCH3), 3.99 (2H, s, CH2-benzyl), 4.99 (2H, s, CH 2-p-methoxybenzyl), 5.12 (1H, m, CH αTrp), 6.67 (4H, m, CHar p-methoxybenzyl), 6.80 (1H, t, Jo=8 Hz, H5 Trp), 6.98 (1H, t, Jo=8 Hz, H6 Trp), 7.02-7.06 (4H, m, H2 and H6 benzyl, H2 and H4 Trp), 7.12-7.25 (3H, m, H3, H4 and H5 benzyl), 7.26 (1H, d, Jo=8 Hz, H7 Trp), 8.01 (3H, brs, NH2 Aib), 8.92 (1H, d, J=8 Hz, NH Trp), 10.77 (1H, s, NH indole Trp).
  • [0467]
    13C NMR (75 MHz, DMSO-d6, 300° K):
  • [0468]
    δ(ppm) 23.5 (CH3 Aib), 23.7 (CH3 Aib), 29.1 (CH2 βTrp), 30.6 (CH 2-benzyl), 45.7 (CH2-p-methoxybenzyl), 45.7 (CH αTrp), 55.5 (OCH3), 56.7 (Cq Aib), 109.8 (C3 Trp), 111.7 (C7 Trp), 114.5 (C3 and C5 p-methoxybenzyl), 118.3 (C4 Trp), 118.7 (C5 Trp), 121.3 (C6 Trp), 124.8 (C2 Trp), 127.1 (C2 and C6 benzyl), 127.3 (C9 Trp), 127.6 (C1 p-methoxybenzyl), 127.8 (C2 and C6 p-methoxybenzyl), 128.8 (C3, C4 and C5 p-methoxybenzyl), 136.3 (C1 benzyl), 136.4 (C8 Trp), 153.8 (Cq triazole), 155.2 (Cq triazole), 159.1 (C4 p-methoxybenzyl), 171.9 (CO Aib).
  • [0469]
    ESI-MS: found: m/z 524.1 [M+H]+/calculated: 522.3 g/mol
  • Example 12 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-hexyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide (Compound 15)
  • [0470]
    Compound 15 was obtained from Boc-(D)-Trp (10 mmoles), hexan-1-amine, 3-(1H-indol-3-yl)propane hydrazide and Boc-2-amino-2-methylpropanoic acid according to the general synthetic schemes with a total yield after purification by HPLC of 28%.
  • [0471]
    1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6):
  • [0472]
    δ(ppm) 0.77 (3H, t, J=7.2 (CH2)5CH3 ), 1.01 (4H, m, 2CH2), 1.11 (2H, m, CH2 —CH3), 1.14 (1H, m, 1H N—CH2CH2 ), 1.33 (1H, m, 1H N—CH2CH2 ), 1.40 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 1.42 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 3.05 (2H, m, CH2 —CH2-indole), 3.10 (2H, m, CH2CH2 -indole), 3.37 (1H, dd, J=14.2, J=7.6, 1H C2 βTrp), 3.44 (1H, dd, J=14.2, J=7.6, 1H C2 βTrp), 3.58 (1H, m, 1H N—CH2), 3.71 (1H, m, 1H N—CH2), 5.21 (1H, m, CαH Trp), 6.96 (1H, H5 Trp), 6.97 (1H, H5 indole), 7.06 (2H, H6 Trp, H6 indole), 7.09 (1H, s, H2 Trp), 7.13 (1H, s, H2 indole), 7.34 (2H, H7 Trp, H7 indole),7.48 (1H, d, H4 indole), 7.50 (1H, H4 Trp), 8.14 (2H, s, NH2 Aib), 9.08 (1H, d, J=7.8, NH Trp), 10.84 (1H, s, NH indole), 10.88 (1H, s, NH indole Trp).
  • [0473]
    13C NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6):
  • [0474]
    δ(ppm) 13.7 (CH2)5CH3 ), 21.7 (CH2 —CH3), 22.4 (CH2CH indole), 23.1 (CH3 Aib), 23.3 (CH3 Aib), 25.1 (CH2 —CH.□indole), 25.5 (CH3—CH2—CH2CH2 ), 29.1 (Cβ Trp), 29.3 (N—CH2CH2 ), 30.4 (CH3—CH2CH2 ), 42.6 (N—CH2 —CH2), 45.6 (Cα Trp), 56.3 (Cq Aib), 109.2 (C3 Trp), 111.4-111.5 (C7 Trp, C7 indole), 112.8 (C3 indole), 117.7 (C4 Trp), 118.0 (C5 indole), 118.2 (C4 indole), 118.4 (C5 Trp), 120.9 (C6 indole, C6 Trp), 122.6 (C2 indole), 124.3 (C2 Trp), 126.8 (C9 Trp), 126.9 (C9 indole), 136.0 (C8 Trp), 136.2 (C8 indole), 154.0 (Cq triazole), 154.1 (Cq triazole), 171.4 (CO Aib). ESI-MS: found: m/z 540.3 [M+H]+/calculated: 539.3 g/mol
  • Example 13 (S)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide (Compound 18)
  • [0475]
    Compound 18 was obtained from Boc-(L)-Trp (10 mmoles), (2,4-dimethoxyphenyl)-methanamine, 3-(1H-indol-3-yl)propane hydrazide and Boc-2-amino-2-methylpropanoic acid according to the general synthetic schemes with a total yield after purification by HPLC of 30%.
  • [0476]
    1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6, 300° K):
  • [0477]
    δ(ppm) 1.27 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 1.31 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 2.89 (2H, m, CH 2CH2-indole), 2.93 (2H, m, CH2CH 2-indole), 3.27 (2H, m, CH2 βTrp), 3.62 (3H, s, o-OCH3), 3.68 (3H, s, p-OCH3), 4.89 (1H, d, 3J=17 Hz, CH2-o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 5.06 (1H, d, 3J=17 Hz, CH2-o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 5.18 (1H, m, CH αTrp), 6.27 (1H, dd, Jo=8 Hz and Jp=2 Hz, H5 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 6.40 (1H, d, 8 Hz, H6 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 6.56 (1H, d, Jp=2 Hz, H3 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 6.83 (1H, t, Jo=7 Hz, H5 Trp), 6.90 (1H, t, Jo=7 Hz, H5 indole), 7.02 (1H, t, H6 Trp), 7.04 (1H, t, H6 indole), 7.07 (1H s, H2 indole), 7.08 (1H, s, H2 Trp), 7.12 (1H, d, Jo=8 Hz, H4 Trp), 7.29 (3H, H4 and H7 indole, H7 Trp), 8.00 (3H, brs, NH2 Aib), 8.93 (1H, d, J=8 Hz, NH amide), 10.76 (1H, s, NH indole), 10.79 (1H, s, NH indole Trp).
  • [0478]
    13C NMR (75 MHz, DMSO-d6, 300° K):
  • [0479]
    δ(ppm) 22.9 (CH2 CH2-indole), 23.6 (CH3 Aib), 23.7 (CH3 Aib), 25.8 (CH2CH2-indole), 29.2 (CH2 βTrp), 41.4 (CH2-o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 45.7 (CαTrp), 55.7 (p-OCH3), 55.9 (o-OCH3), 56.7 (Cq Aib), 99.0 (C3 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 105.1 (C5 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 109.9 (C3 Trp), 111.8 (C7 Trp, C7 indole), 113.4 (C3 indole), 115.6 (C1 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 118.3 (C4 indole), 118.4 (C4 Trp), 118.6 (C5 Trp, C5 indole), 121.3 (C6 Trp, C6 indole), 122.6 (C2 indole), 124.4 (C2 Trp), 127.2 (C9 indole), 127.3 (C9 Trp), 128.0 (C6 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 136.4 (C8 Trp), 136.6 (C8 indole), 155.0 (2 Cq triazole), 157.7 (C2 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 160.9 (C4 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 171.6 (CO Aib).
  • [0480]
    ESI-MS: found: m/z 606.2 [M+H]+/calculated: 605.3 g/mol
  • Example 14 (R)—N-(1-(5-(3-(1H-indol-3-yl)propyl)-4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide (Compound 23)
  • [0481]
    Compound 23 was obtained from Boc-(D)-Trp (10 mmoles), (4-methoxyphenyl)-methanamine, 4-(1H-indol-3-yl)butanehydrazide and Boc-2-amino-2-methylpropanoic acid according to the general synthetic schemes with a total yield after purification by HPLC of 25%.
  • [0482]
    1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6, 300° K):
  • [0483]
    δ(ppm) 1.27 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 1.30 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 1.84 (2H, m, CH2CH 2CH2-indole), 2.58 (2H, m, CH 2CH2CH2-indole), 2.65 (2H, m, CH2CH2CH 2-indole), 3.34 (2H, d, 3J=7 Hz, CH2 βTrp), 3.67 (3H, s, OCH3), 4.96 (2H, s, CH2-p-methoxybenzyl), 5.19 (1H, m, CH αTrp), 6.71 (4H, s, CH ar p-methoxybenzyl), 6.89 (1H, t, Jo=7 Hz, H5 Trp), 6.92 (1H, t, Jo=7 Hz, H5 indole), 7.02 (1H, s, H2 indole), 7.05 (1H, s, H2 Trp), 7.14 (1H, d, Jo=8 Hz, H4 Trp), 7.33 (3H, H4 indole, H7 Trp, H7 indole), 8.02 (3H, brs, NH2 Aib), 7.90 (1H, d, J=8 Hz, NH amide), 10.73 (1H, s, NH indole), 10.79 (1H, s, NH indole Trp).
  • [0484]
    13C NMR (75 MHz, DMSO-d6, 300° K):
  • [0485]
    δ(ppm) 23.6 (CH3 Aib), 23.8 (CH3 Aib), 24.3 (CH2CH2 CH2-indole), 24.8 (CH2 CH2CH2-indole), 27.7 (CH2CH2CH2-indole), 29.1 (Cβ Trp), 45.5 (N—CH2-p-methoxybenzyl), 45.8 (CαTrp), 55.5 (OCH3), 56.8 (Cq Aib), 109.8 (C3 Trp), 111.7 (C7 Trp, C7 indole), 114.0 (C3 indole), 114.5 (C3, C5 p-methoxybenzyl), 118.3 (C4 indole, C4 Trp), 118.5 (C5 indole), 118.8 (C5 Trp), 121.3 (C6 indole, C6 Trp), 127.3 (C9 indole), 127.4 (C9 Trp), 127.6 (C1 p-methoxybenzyl), 127.9 (C2, C6 p-methoxybenzyl, C2 Trp, C2 indole), 136.1 (C8 indole), 136.4 (C8 Trp), 154.7 (Cq triazole), 155.1 (Cq triazole), 159.2 (C4 p-methoxybenzyl), 171.9 (CO Aib).
  • [0486]
    ESI-MS: found: m/z 590.0 [M+H]+/calculated: 589.3 g/mol
  • Example 15 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(2-methoxy)benzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide (Compound 25)
  • [0487]
    Compound 25 was obtained from Boc-(D)-Trp (10 mmoles), (2-methoxyphenyl)-methanamine, 3-(1H-indol-3-yl)propane hydrazide and Boc-2-amino-2-methylpropanoic acid according to the general synthetic schemes with a total yield after purification by HPLC of 28%.
  • [0488]
    1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6, 300° K):
  • [0489]
    δ(ppm) 1.27 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 1.29 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 2.90 (2H, m, CH 2—CH2-indole), 2.96 (2H, m, CH2—CH 2-indole), 3.29 (2H, m, CH2 βTrp), 3.65 (3H, s, OCH3), 5.09 (3H, m, CH 2-o-methoxybenzyl and CH αTrp), 6.49 (1H, d, Jo=8 Hz, H3 o-methoxybenzyl), 6.76 (1H, t, Jo=8 Hz, H5 Trp), 6.81 (1H, t, Jo=8 Hz, H5 indole), 6.89 (1H, t, Jo=7 Hz, H6 Trp), 6.96 (1H, t, Jo=8 Hz, H6 indole), 6.98 (1H, s, H2 indole), 7.02 (3H, m, H4, H5 and H6 o-methoxybenzyl), 7.07 (1H, d, Jo=6 Hz, H4 Trp), 7.18 (1H, m, H4 indole), 7.29 (2H, m, H7 indole and H7 Trp), 8.07 (3H, brs, NH2 Aib), 8.97 (1H, d, J=8 Hz, NH amide), 10.80 (1H, s, NH indole), 10.82 (1H, s, NH indole Trp).
  • [0490]
    13C NMR (75 MHz, DMSO-d6, 300° K):
  • [0491]
    δ(ppm) 22.8 (CH2—CH2-indole), 23.6 (CH3 Aib), 23.7 (CH3 Aib), 25.8 (CH2CH2-indole), 29.1 (CH2 βTrp), 42.3 (CH2-o-methoxybenzyl), 45.7 (CH α Trp), 55.8 (OCH3), 56.7 (Cq Aib), 109.8 (C3 Trp), 111.5 (C3 o-methoxybenzyl), 111.8 (C7 indole and C7 Trp), 113.2 (C3 indole), 118.2 (C4 Trp), 118.4 (C4 indole), 118.7 (C5 indole and C5 Trp), 121.0 (C6 indole), 121.3 (C6 Trp), 121.4 (C5 o-methoxybenzyl), 123.0 (C2 indole and C2 Trp), 123.3 (C1 o-methoxybenzyl), 127.0 (C4 o-methoxybenzyl), 127.1 (C9 indole), 127.3 (C9 Trp), 129.8 (C6 o-methoxybenzyl), 136.4 (C8 indole), 136.6 (C8 Trp), 155.2 (Cq triazole), 171.9 (CO Aib).
  • [0492]
    ESI-MS: found: m/z 576.1 [M+H]+/calculated: 575.3 g/mol
  • [0493]
    Data on further exemplary embodiments that were synthesized according to the general sysnthesis schemes are compiled below (please refer also to Table 1):
  • (R)—N-(1-(5-(3-(1H-indol-3-yl)propyl)-4-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide (Compound 3)
  • [0494]
    1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6, 300° K):
  • [0495]
    δ(ppm) 1.32 (s, 3H, CH3 Aib), 1.37 (s, 3H, CH3 Aib), 1.86 (2H, m, CH2—CH 2—CH2-indole), 2.38 (2H, m, CH 2—CH2—CH2-indole), 2.65 (4H, m, CH2—CH2—CH 2-indole and CH2—CH 2-phenyl), 3.38 (2H, m, CH 2—CH2-phenyl), 3.74 (1H, m, CH2 βTrp), 3.92 (1H, m, CH2 βTrp), 5.23 (1H, m, CH αTrp), 6.78 (2H, m, H5 indole and H5 Trp), 6.93 (1H, t, Jo=8 Hz, H6 Trp), 7.01 (3H, m, H6 indole, H2 and H6 phenyl), 7.05 (1H, d, J=2 Hz, H2 Trp), 7.08 (1H, d, J=2 Hz, H2 indole), 7.15 (3H, m, H3, H4 and H5 phenyl), 7.29 (1H, d, Jo=8 Hz, H4 Trp), 7.31 (1H, d, Jo=8 Hz, H7 Trp), 7.44 (1H, d, Jo=8 Hz, H7 indole), 7.46 (1H, d, Jo=8 Hz, H4 indole), 8.06 (3H, brs, NH2 Aib), 9.05 (1H, d, 8 Hz, NH amide), 10.76 (1H, s, NH indole), 10.85 (1H, d, J=2 Hz, NH indole Trp).
  • [0496]
    13C NMR (75 MHz, DMSO-d6, 300° K):
  • [0497]
    δ(ppm) 23.5 (CH3 Aib), 23.6 (CH2—CH2—CH2-indole), 23.9 (CH3 Aib), 24.5 (CH2—CH2CH2-indole), 27.3 (CH2CH2—CH2-indole), 29.4 (CH2 βTrp), 35.7 (CH2CH2-phenyl), 44.5 (CH2—CH2-phenyl), 46.1 (CH αTrp), 56.8 (Cq Aib), 109.6 (C3 Trp), 111.8 (C7 indole), 111.9 (C7 indole), 113.9 (C3 indole), 118.3 (C4 Trp), 118.6 (C5 indole), 118.7 (C4 indole), 118.9 (C5 Trp), 121.3 (C6 Trp), 121.4 (C6 indole), 122.8 (C2 indole and C2 Trp), 127.1 (C4 phenyl), 127.3 (C9 Trp), 127.5 (C9 indole), 128.8 (C2 and C6 phenyl), 129.1 (C3 and C5 phenyl), 136.5 (C1 phenyl), 136.8 (C8 Trp), 137.2 (C8 indole), 154.7 (Cq triazole), 172.0 (CO Aib).
  • (R)—N-(1-(5-(3-(1H-indol-3-yl)propyl)-4-hexyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide (Compound 16)
  • [0498]
    1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6, 300° K):
  • [0499]
    δ(ppm) 0.74 (3H, t, J=6 Hz, CH 3—CH2—CH2—CH2—CH2—CH2), 0.95 (4H, brs, CH3—CH2—CH 2—CH 2—CH2—CH2), 1.06 (3H, m, CH3—CH 2—CH2—CH2—CH2—CH2 and 1H N—CH2—CH 2), 1.38 (7H, s, CH3 Aib and 1H N—CH2—CH 2), 1.97 (2H, m, CH2—CH 2—CH2-indole), 2.71 (4H, m, CH 2—CH2—CH 2-indole), 3.37 (2H, m, CH2 βTrp), 3.56 (2H, m, N—CH 2), 5.15 (1H, m, CH αTrp), 6.91 (2H, m, H5 indole and H5 Trp), 7.00 (2H, m, H6 indole and H6 Trp), 7.07 (2H, s, H2 indole and H2 Trp), 7.29 (2H, d, Jo=8 Hz, H7 indole and H7 Trp), 7.45 (2H, d, Jo=7 Hz, H4 indole and H4 Trp), 8.15 (3H, brs, NH2 Aib), 9.10 (1H, d, J=6 Hz, NH amide), 10.77 (1H, s, NH indole), 10.85 (1H, s, NH indole Trp).
  • [0500]
    13C NMR (75 MHz, DMSO-D6, 300° K):
  • [0501]
    δ(ppm) 14.2 (CH3—CH2—CH2—CH2—CH2—CH2), 22.2 (CH3CH2—CH2—CH2—CH2—CH2 and CH2—CH2CH2-indole), 23.6 (CH3 Aib), 23.7 (CH3 Aib), 24.5 (CH2—CH2—CH2-indole), 25.9 (CH3—CH2—CH2CH2—CH2—CH2), 27.5 (CH2 βTrp and CH2CH2—CH2-indole), 29.7 (N—CH2CH2), 30.8 (CH3—CH2CH2—CH2—CH2—CH2), 43.2 (N—CH2), 46.1 (CH αTrp), 56.8 (Cq Aib), 109.5 (C3 Trp), 111.8 (C7 Trp), 111.9 (C7 indole), 113.9 (C3 indole), 118.1 (C4 Trp), 118.5 (C5 indole), 118.6 (C4 indole), 118.9 (C5 Trp), 121.3 (C6 indole and C6 Trp), 122.8 (C2 indole and C2 Trp), 127.3 (C9 Trp), 127.4 (C9 indole), 136.5 (C8 Trp), 136.8 (C8 indole), 154.7 (Cq triazole), 172.0 (CO Aib).
  • (R)—N-(1-(4,5-bis(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide (Compound 17)
  • [0502]
    1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6, 300° K):
  • [0503]
    δ(ppm) 1.30 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 1.37 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 2.50 (2H, m, N—CH2—CH 2-indole), 2.68 (2H, t, Jo=8 Hz, C—CH2—CH 2-indole), 2.91 (2H, t, Jo=8 Hz, C—CH2—CH 2-indole), 3.34 (2H, m, N—CH 2—CH2-indole), 3.93 (2H, m, CH2 βTrp), 5.25 (1H, m, CH αTrp), 6.72-6.94 (4H, m, H5 and H6 Trp, H5 indole from C—CH2—CH2-indole and H5 indole from N—CH2—CH2-indole), 6.98-7.04 (4H, m, H2 Trp, H6 indole from C—CH2—CH2-indole, H2 and H6 indole from N—CH2—CH2-indole), 7.11 (1H, s, H2 indole from C—CH2—CH2-indole), 7.19 (1H, d, Jo=8 Hz, H4 indole from N—CH2—CH2-indole), 7.28 (3H, m, H4 and H7 Trp, H7 indole from N—CH2—CH2-indole), 7.40 (1H, d, Jo=8 Hz, H7 indole from C—CH2—CH2-indole), 7.44 (1H, d, Jo=8 Hz, H4 indole from C—CH2—CH2-indole), 8.04 (3H, brs, NH2 Aib), 9.69 (1H, d, J=8 Hz, NH amide), 10.73 (1H, s, NH indole from C—CH2—CH2-indole), 10.82 (1H, d, J=2 Hz, NH indole Trp), 10.84 (1H, s, NH indole from N—CH2—CH2-indole).
  • [0504]
    13C NMR (75 MHz, DMSO-d6, 300° K):
  • [0505]
    δ(ppm) 22.7 (C—CH2CH2-indole), 23.6 (CH3 Aib), 23.8 (CH3 Aib), 25.4 (C—CH2—CH2-indole), 26.0 (N—CH2CH2-indole), 29.6 (CH2 βTrp), 43.9 (N—CH2—CH2-indole), 46.0 (CH αTrp), 56.8 (Cq Aib), 109.5 (C3 indole from N—CH2—CH2-indole), 109.9 (C3 Trp), 111.7 (C7 Trp), 111.9 (C7 indole from N—CH2—CH2-indole and C7 indole from C—CH2—CH2-indole), 113.5 (C3 indole from C—CH2—CH2-indole), 118.3 (C4 indole from N—CH2—CH2-indole), 118.4 (C4 Trp), 118.5 (C5 indole from C—CH2—CH2-indole), 118.7 (C4 indole from C—CH2—CH2-indole), 118.9 (C5 Trp), 119.0 (C5 indole from N—CH2—CH2-indole), 121.3 (C6 Trp), 121.5 (C6 indole from C—CH2—CH2-indole and C6 indole from N—CH2—CH2-indole), 122.8 (C2 Trp, C2 indole from C—CH2—CH2-indole and indole from N—CH2—CH2-indole), 127.1 (C9 Trp), 127.2 (C9 indole from C—CH2—CH2-indole), 127.4 (C9 indole from N—CH2—CH2-indole), 136.5 (C8 Trp and C8 indole from C—CH2—CH2-indole), 136.6 (C8 indole from N—CH2—CH2-indole), 154.5 (Cq triazole), 154.8 (Cq triazole), 171.8 (CO amide).
  • (R)—N-(1-(4-(3-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide (Compound 19)
  • [0506]
    1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6, 300° K):
  • [0507]
    δ(ppm) 1.24 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 1.27 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 2.82 (4H, m, CH 2—CH 2-phenyl), 3.32 (2H, m, CH2βTrp), 3.63 (3H, s, OCH3), 5.08 (2H, m, CH 2-m-methoxybenzyl), 5.18 (1H, m, CH αTrp), 6.35 (1H, d, Jo=8 Hz, H6 m-methoxybenzyl), 6.57 (1H, s, H2 m-methoxybenzyl), 6.82 (1H, t, Jo=8 Hz, H5 Trp), 6.84 (1H, d, Jo=8 Hz, H4 m-methoxybenzyl), 6.99 (1H, t, Jo=8 Hz, H6 Trp), 7.08 (1H, m, H4 phenyl), 7.11-7.16 (5H, m, H2 and H4 Trp, H2 and H6 phenyl, H5 m-methoxybenzyl), 7.20 (2H, m, H3 and H5 phenyl), 7.27 (1H, d, Jo=8 Hz, H7 Trp), 8.01 (3H, brs, NH2 Aib), 8.96 (1H, d, J=8 Hz, NH amide), 10.81 (1H, d, J=2 Hz, NH indole).
  • [0508]
    13C NMR (75 MHz, DMSO-d6, 300° K):
  • [0509]
    δ(ppm) 23.5 (CH3 Aib), 23.8 (CH3 Aib), 26.4 (CH2—CH2-phenyl), 29.1 (CH2 βTrp), 32.7 (CH2CH2-phenyl), 45.7 (CH αTrp), 45.8 (CH2-m-methoxybenzyl), 55.5 (OCH3), 56.7 (Cq Aib), 109.8 (C3 Trp), 111.8 (C7 Trp), 112.5 (C2 m-methoxybenzyl), 113.5 (C4 m-methoxybenzyl), 118.2 (C4 Trp), 118.4 (C6 m-methoxybenzyl), 118.7 (C5 Trp), 121.3 (C6 Trp), 124.8 (C2 Trp), 126.5 (C4 phenyl), 127.3 (C9 Trp), 128.7 (C2, C3, C5 and C6 phenyl), 130.5 (C5 m-methoxybenzyl), 136.4 (C8 Trp), 137.7 (C1 m-methoxybenzyl), 170.9 (C1 phenyl), 154.6 (Cq triazole), 154.9 (Cq triazole), 160.1 (C3 m-methoxybenzyl), 171.9 (CO amide).
  • (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide (Compound 20)
  • [0510]
    1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6, 300° K):
  • [0511]
    δ(ppm) 1.28 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 1.32 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 2.46 (2H, m, CH2—CH2-phenyl), 2.82 (2H, m, CH2—CH 2-phenyl), 3.35 (2H, d, J=7 Hz, CH2 βTrp), 3.68 (3H, s, OCH3), 5.02 (2H, s, CH 2-p-methoxybenzyl), 5.22 (1H, m, CH αTrp), 6.73-6.81 (4H, m, CHar p-methoxybenzyl), 6.84 (1H, t, Jo=7 Hz, H5 Trp), 7.00 (1H, t, Jo=7 Hz, H6 Trp), 7.05-7.11 (4H, m, H2 and H6 phenyl, H2 and H4 Trp), 7.14-7.22 (3H, m, H3, H4 and H5 phenyl), 7.29 (1H, d, Jo=8 Hz, H7 Trp), 8.09 (3H, brs, NH2 Aib), 8.99 (1H, d, J=8 Hz, NH amide), 10.83 (1H, s, NH indole Trp).
  • [0512]
    13C NMR (75 MHz, DMSO-d6, 300° K):
  • [0513]
    δ(ppm) 23.5 (CH3 Aib), 23.8 (CH3 Aib), 26.5 (CH2—CH2-phenyl), 29.1 (CH2 βTrp), 32.6 (CH2CH2-phenyl), 45.5 (CH2-p-methoxybenzyl), 45.7 (CH αTrp), 55.5 (OCH3), 56.8 (Cq Aib), 109.7 (C3 Trp), 111.8 (C7 Trp), 114.6 (C3 and C5 p-methoxybenzyl), 118.3 (C4 Trp), 118.7 (C5 Trp), 121.3 (C6 Trp), 124.9 (C2 Trp), 126.6 (C2 and C6 phenyl), 127.3 (C9 Trp), 127.6 (C1 p-methoxybenzyl), 128.0 (C2 and C6 p-methoxybenzyl), 128.7 (C3, C4 and C5 phenyl), 136.4 (C8 Trp), 140.8 (C1 phenyl), 154.5 (Cq triazole), 154.8 (Cq triazole), 159.2 (C4 p-methoxybenzyl), 172.0 (CO Aib).
  • (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-(3-phenylpropyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide (Compound 22)
  • [0514]
    1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6, 300°K):
  • [0515]
    δ(ppm) 1.27 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 1.31 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 1.73 (2H, m, CH2—CH2—CH2-phenyl), 2.47 (2H, m, CH 2—CH2—CH2-phenyl), 2.52 (2H, t, 3J=7 Hz, CH2—CH2—CH 2-phenyl), 3.35 (2H, d, J=7 Hz, CH2 βTrp), 3.68 (3H, s, OCH3), 4.98 (2H, s, CH2-p-methoxybenzyl), 5.20 (1H, m, CH αTrp), 6.75 (4H, m, CHar p-methoxybenzyl), 6.82 (1H, t, Jo=7 Hz, H5 Trp), 6.99 (1H, t, Jo=7 Hz, H6 Trp), 7.04-7.07 (4H, m, H2 and H6 phenyl, H2 and H4 Trp), 7.13-7.24 (3H, m, H3, H4 and H5 phenyl), 7.29 (1H, d, Jo=8 Hz, H7 Trp), 8.03 (3H, brs, NH2 Aib), 8.96 (1H, d, J=8 Hz, NH amide), 10.80 (1H, d, J=2 Hz, NH indole Trp).
  • [0516]
    13C NMR (75 MHz, DMSO-d6, 300° K):
  • [0517]
    δ(ppm) 23.6 (CH3 Aib), 23.6 (CH3 Aib), 24.06 (CH2CH2—CH2-phenyl), 28.5 (CH2—CH2—CH2-phenyl),29.2 (CH2 βTrp), 34.7 (CH2—CH2CH2-phenyl), 45.5 (CH2-p-methoxybenzyl), 45.8 (CH αTrp), 55.5 (OCH3), 56.8 (Cq Aib), 109.8 (C3 Trp), 111.8 (C7 Trp), 114.6 (C3 and C5 p-methoxybenzyl), 118.3 (C4 Trp), 118.7 (C5 Trp), 121.3 (C6 Trp), 124.9 (C2 Trp), 126.2 (C2 and C6 phenyl), 127.3 (C9 Trp), 127.8 (C1 p-methoxybenzyl), 127.9 (C2 and C6 p-methoxybenzyl), 128.7 (C3, C4 and C5 phenyl), 136.4 (C8 Trp), 141.7 (C1 phenyl), 154.8 (Cq triazole), 159.2 (C4 p-methoxybenzyl), 171.9 (CO Aib).
  • (R)—N-(1-(4-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-5-(3-(1H-indol-3-yl)propyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide (Compound 24)
  • [0518]
    1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6, 300° K):
  • [0519]
    δ(ppm) 1.29 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 1.35 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 1.78 (2H, m, CH2—CH 2—CH2-indole), 2.34 (2H, m, CH 2—CH2—CH2-indole), 2.48 (2H, m, N—CH2—CH 2-indole), 2.80 (2H, m, CH2—CH2—CH 2-indole), 3.34 (2H, m, N—CH 2—CH2-indole), 3.94 (2H, m, CH2 βTrp), 5.27 (1H, m, CH αTrp), 6.73-6.94 (4H, m, H5 and H6 Trp, H5 indole from N—CH2—CH2-indole and H5 indole from CH2—CH2—CH2-indole), 6.99-7.04 (5H, m, H2 Trp, H2 and H6 indole from N—CH2—CH2-indole, H2 and H6 indole from CH2—CH2—CH2-indole), 7.20 (1H, d, Jo=8 Hz, H4 indole from N—CH2—CH2-indole), 7.29 (3H, m, H4 and H7 Trp, H7 indole from N—CH2—CH2-indole), 7.40 (1H, d, Jo=8 Hz, H7 indole from CH2—CH2—CH2-indole), 7.44 (1H, d, Jo=8 Hz, H4 indole from CH2—CH2—CH2-indole), 8.05 (3H, brs, NH2 Aib), 9.07 (1H, d, J=8 Hz, NH amide), 10.75 (1H, s, NH indole from CH2—CH2—CH2-indole), 10.86 (1H, s, NH indole Trp), 10.90 (1H, s, NH indole from N—CH2—CH2-indole).
  • [0520]
    13C NMR (75 MHz, DMSO-d6, 300° K):
  • [0521]
    δ(ppm) 23.6 (CH3 Aib), 23.8 (CH3 Aib), 24.5 (CH2—CH2—CH2-indole), 25.8 (CH2—CH2CH2-indole), 27.2 (CH2CH2—CH2-indole), 29.4 (CH2 βTrp), 44.1 (N—CH2CH2-indole), 46.0 (CH αTrp), 52.9 (N—CH2—CH2-indole), 56.8 (Cq Aib), 109.7 (C3 Trp and C3 indole from N—CH2—CH2-indole), 111.8 (C7 Trp), 111.9 (C7 indole from N—CH2—CH2-indole and C7 indole from CH2—CH2—CH2-indole), 114.0 (C3 indole from CH2—CH2—CH2-indole), 118.2 (C4 indole from N—CH2—CH2-indole), 118.3 (C4 Trp), 118.5 (C5 indole from CH2—CH2—CH2-indole), 118.6 (C4 indole from CH2—CH2—CH2-indole), 118.9 (C5 Trp), 119.0 (C5 indole from N—CH2—CH2-indole), 121.3 (C6 Trp), 121.4 (C6 indole from CH2—CH2—CH2-indole), 121.6 (C6 indole from N—CH2—CH2-indole), 122.7 (C2 Trp, C2 indole from N—CH2—CH2-indole and C2 indole from CH2—CH2—CH2-indole), 127.1 (C9 Trp), 127.4 (C9 indole from N—CH2—CH2-indole and C9 indole from CH2—CH2—CH2-indole), 136.4 (C8 Trp), 136.5 (C8 indole from CH2—CH2—CH2-indole), 136.7 (C8 indole from N—CH2—CH2-indole), 154.7 (2 Cq triazole), 171.9 (CO amide).
  • (R)—N-(1-(4-(2-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide (Compound 26)
  • [0522]
    1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6, 300° K):
  • [0523]
    δ(ppm) 1.26 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 1.29 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 2.78-2.92 (4H, m, CH 2—CH 2-phenyl), 3.29 (2H, m, CH2 βTrp), 3.65 (3H, s, OCH3), 4.97-5.21 (3H, m, CH αTrp and CH2-o-methoxybenzyl), 6.52 (1H, d, Jo=7 Hz, H3 o-methoxybenzyl), 6.78 (1H, t, Jo=7 Hz, H5 Trp), 6.82 (1H, t, Jo=8 Hz, H6 Trp), 6.84-7.04 (3H, m, H4, H5 and H6 o-methoxybenzyl), 7.15 (1H, d, Jo=7 Hz, H4 Trp), 7.19-7.29 (4H, m, H3, H4 and H5 phenyl, H7 Trp), 8.03 (3H, brs, NH2 Aib), 8.94 (1H, d, J=8 Hz, NH amide), 10.82 (1H, s, NH indole Trp).
  • [0524]
    13C NMR (75 MHz, DMSO-d6, 300° K):
  • [0525]
    δ(ppm) 23.6 (CH3 Aib), 23.7 (CH3 Aib), 26.3 (CH2—CH2-phenyl), 29.0 (CH2 βTrp), 32.5 (CH2CH2-phenyl), 42.3 (CH2-o-methoxybenzyl), 45.7 (CH αTrp), 55.8 (OCH3), 56.7 (Cq Aib), 109.7 (C3 Trp), 111.5 (C7 Trp), 111.8 (C3 o-methoxybenzyl), 118.2 (C4 Trp), 118.7 (C5 Trp), 121.0 (C6 Trp), 121.3 (C5 o-methoxybenzyl), 123.2 (C1 o-methoxybenzyl), 124.9 (C2 Trp), 126.6 (C2 and C6 phenyl), 127.2 (C9 Trp and C4 o-methoxybenzyl), 128.7 (C3, C4 and C5 phenyl), 129.9 (C6 o-methoxybenzyl), 136.4 (C8 Trp), 140.6 (C1 phenyl), 154.8 (Cq triazole), 155.2 (Cq triazole), 156.7 (C2 o-methoxybenzyl), 171.9 (CO Aib).
  • (R)—N-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)-1-(4-(naphthalen-1-ylmethyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide (Compound 27)
  • [0526]
    1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6, 300° K):
  • [0527]
    δ(ppm) 1.21 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 1.25 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 2.46 (2H, m, CH 2—CH2-phenyl), 2.88 (2H, m, CH2—CH 2-phenyl), 3.26 (2H, dd, 3J=14 Hz and 6 Hz, CH2 βTrp), 3.36 (2H, dd, 3J=14 Hz and 9 Hz, CH2 βTrp), 4.99 (1H, m, CH αTrp), 5.65 (1H, d, 3J=18 Hz, CH 2-naphtyl), 5.78 (1H, d, 3J=18 Hz, CH2 -naphtyl), 6.29 (1H, d, Jo=7 Hz, H2 naphtyl), 6.45 (1H, t, Jo=7 Hz, H5 Trp), 6.62 (1H, d, Jo=8 Hz, H4 Trp), 6.88 (1H, t, Jo=8 Hz, H6 Trp), 7.04-7.06 (4H, m, H2 and H7 Trp, H2 and H6 phenyl), 7.07-7.25 (H3 naphtyl, H3, H4 and H5 phenyl), 7.57-7.60 (2H, m, H6 and H7 naphtyl), 7.86 (1H, d, Jo=8 Hz, H4 naphtyl), 7.98-8.00 (4H, m, H5 and H8 naphtyl, NH2 Aib), 8.96 (1H, d, J=8 Hz, NH amide), 10.77 (1H, s, NH indole Trp).
  • [0528]
    13C NMR (75 MHz, DMSO-d6, 300° K):
  • [0529]
    δ(ppm) 23.5 (CH3 Aib), 23.6 (CH3 Aib), 26.3 (CH2CH2-phenyl), 29.2 (CH2 βTrp), 32.6 (CH2CH2-phenyl), 43.8 (CH2-naphtyl), 45.6 (CH αTrp), 56.7 (Cq Aib), 109.7 (C3 Trp), 111.7 (C7 Trp), 117.9 (C4 Trp), 118.4 (C5 Trp), 121.1 (C6 Trp), 122.1 (C2 naphtyl), 123.0 (C8 naphtyl), 124.9 (C2 Trp), 125.9 (C3 naphtyl), 126.5 (C6 naphtyl), 126.9 (C2 and C6 phenyl), 127.0 (C9 Trp and C7 naphtyl), 127.1 (C4 naphtyl), 128.4 (C5 naphtyl), 128.7 (C3, C4 and C5 phenyl), 130.0 (C9 naphtyl), 131.7 (C1 naphtyl), 133.6 (C10 naphtyl), 136.4 (C8 Trp), 140.8 (C1 phenyl), 154.8 (Cq triazole), 155.3 (Cq triazole), 171.9 (CO Aib).
  • (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(3,4-dichlorobenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide (Compound 28)
  • [0530]
    1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6, 300° K):
  • [0531]
    δ(ppm) 1.26 (6H, s, CH3 Aib), 2.87 (2H, m, CH 2—CH2-indole), 2.96 (2H, m, CH2—CH 2-indole), 3.32 (2H, m, CH2 βTrp), 5.13 (3H, m, CH αTrp and CH2-m,p-dichlorobenzyl), 6.58 (1H, d, Jo=8 Hz, H6 m,p-dichlorobenzyl), 6.85 (1H, t, Jo=7 Hz, H5 Trp), 6.96 (1H, t, Jo=7 Hz, H5 indole), 7.01 (2H, m, H6 indole and H6 Trp), 7.04 (1H, s, H2 Trp), 7.08 (1H, s, H2 indole), 7.13 (1H, d, Jo=8 Hz, H5 m,p-dichlorobenzyl), 7.20-7.30 (4H, m, H4 and H7 indole, H7 Trp and H2 m,p-dichlorobenzyl), 7.36 (1H, d, Jo=8 Hz, H4 Trp), 8.08 (3H, brs, NH2 Aib), 8.98 (1H, d, J=8 Hz, NH amide), 10.80 (1H, s, NH indole), 10.82 (1H, s, NH indole Trp).
  • [0532]
    13C NMR (75 MHz, DMSO-d6, 300° K):
  • [0533]
    δ(ppm) 22.8 (CH2CH2-indole), 23.4 (CH3 Aib), 23.8 (CH3 Aib), 25.8 (CH2—CH2-indole), 29.0 (CH2 βTrp), 44.8 (CH2-m,p-dichlorobenzyl), 45.6 (CH αTrp), 56.8 (Cq Aib), 109.7 (C3 indole), 111.8 (C7 indole and C7 Trp), 118.1 (C4 Trp), 118.4 (C5 indole), 118.6 (C4 indole and C5 Trp), 121.3 (C6 indole and C6 Trp), 123.0 (C2 indole and C2 Trp), 126.4 (C6 m,p-dichlorobenzyl), 127.1 (C9 Trp), 127.3 (C9 indole), 128.6 (C2 m,p-dichlorobenzyl), 130.9 (C4 m,p-dichlorobenzyl), 131.3 (C5 m,p-dichlorobenzyl), 132.0 (C3 m,p-dichlorobenzyl), 136.4 (C8 Trp), 136.6 (C8 indole), 137.2 (C1 m,p-dichlorobenzyl), 154.7 (Cq triazole), 155.1 (Cq triazole), 172.0 (CO Aib).
  • (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-fluorobenzyl)-5-benzyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide (Compound 30)
  • [0534]
    1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6, 300° K):
  • [0535]
    δ(ppm) 1.27 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 1.29 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 3.33 (2H, m, CH2 βTrp), 4.02 (2H, s, CH2-benzyl), 5.10 (3H, m, CH2-p-fluorobenzyl and CH αTrp), 6.71 (2H, m, H3 and H5 p-fluorobenzyl), 6.80 (1H, t, Jo=8 Hz, H5 Trp), 6.90 (2H, d, Jo=8 Hz, H2 and H6 p-fluorobenzyl), 6.94 (1H, t, Jo=8 Hz, H6 Trp), 6.99-7.10 (4H, m, H2 and H4 Trp, H2 and H6 benzyl), 7.20 (3H, m, H3, H4 and H5 benzyl), 7.27 (1H, d, Jo=8 Hz, H7 Trp), 8.09 (3H, brs, NH2 Aib), 8.97 (1H, d, J=8 Hz, NH amide), 10.79 (1H, s, NH indole Trp).
  • [0536]
    13C NMR (75 MHz, DMSO-d6, 300° K):
  • [0537]
    δ(ppm) 23.5 (CH3 Aib), 23.8 (CH3 Aib), 29.0 (CH2 βTrp), 31.1 (CH2-benzyl), 45.7 (CH2-p-fluorobenzyl), 45.8 (CH αTrp), 56.8 (Cq Aib), 109.6 (C3 Trp), 111.8 (C7 Trp), 115.6 and 115.9 (C3 and C5 p-fluorobenzyl), 118.2 (C4 Trp), 118.7 (C5 Trp), 121.3 (C6 Trp), 124.8 (C2 Trp), 127.1 (C4 benzyl), 127.2 (C9 Trp), 128.8 and 128.9 (C2 and C6 p-fluorobenzyl), 129.4 (C2, C3, C5 and C6 p-fluorobenzyl), 131.6 (C1 p-fluorobenzyl), 135.9 (C1 benzyl), 136.4 (C8 Trp), 154.0 (C4 p-fluorobenzyl), 155.3 (Cq triazole), 172.0 (CO amide).
  • (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-methylbenzyl)-5-(3-phenylpropyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide (Compound 33)
  • [0538]
    1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6, 300° K):
  • [0539]
    δ(ppm) 1.25 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 1.28 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 1.73 (2H, m, CH2—CH 2—CH2-phenyl), 2.23 (3H, s, CH3 p-methylbenzyl), 2.49-2.54 (4H, m, CH 2—CH2—CH 2-phenyl), 3.33 (2H, m, CH2 βTrp), 5.04 (2H, s, CH2-p-methylbenzyl), 5.16 (1H, m, CH αTrp), 6.74 (2H, d, Jo=8 Hz, H3 and H5 p-methylbenzyl), 6.80 (1H, t, Jo=7 Hz, H5 Trp), 6.98 (1H, t, Jo=7 Hz, H6 Trp), 7.03 (1H, d, J=2 Hz, H2 Trp), 7.06 (5H, m, CHar phenyl), 7.14 (1H, d, Jo=7 Hz, H4 Trp), 7.20 (2H, d, Jo=7 Hz, H2 and H6 p-methylbenzyl), 7.27 (1H, d, Jo=8 Hz, H7 Trp), 8.01 (3H, brs, NH2 Aib), 8.95 (1H, d, J=8 Hz, NH amide), 10.80 (1H, d, J=2 Hz, NH indole Trp).
  • [0540]
    13C NMR (75 MHz, DMSO-d6, 300° K):
  • [0541]
    δ(ppm) 21.0 (CH3 p-methylbenzyl), 23.5 (CH3 Aib), 23.8 (CH3 Aib), 24.0 (CH2CH2—CH2-phenyl), 28.5 (CH2—CH2—CH2-phenyl), 29.1 (CH2 βTrp), 34.7 (CH2—CH2CH2-phenyl), 45.7 (CH αTrp), 45.8 (CH2-p-methylbenzyl), 56.8 (Cq Aib), 109.8 (C3 Trp), 111.8 (C7 Trp), 118.3 (C4 Trp), 118.7 (C5 Trp), 121.3 (C6 Trp), 124.9 (C2 Trp), 126.2 (C4 phenyl), 126.4 (C3 and C5 p-methylbenzyl), 127.3 (C9 Trp), 128.7 (C2, C3, C5 and C6 phenyl), 129.8 (C2 and C6 p-methylbenzyl), 133.0 (C1 p-methylbenzyl), 136.4 (C8 Trp), 137.5 (C4 p-methylbenzyl), 141.7 (C1 phenyl), 154.8 (Cq triazole), 171.9 (CO Aib).
  • (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(4-methylbenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide (Compound 34)
  • [0542]
    1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6, 300° K):
  • [0543]
    δ(ppm) 1.25 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 1.28 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 2.23 (3H, s, CH 3-p-methylbenzyl), 2.84-2.97 (4H, m, CH 2—CH 2-indole), 3.32 (2H, m, CH2 βTrp), 5.04 (2H, s, CH 2-p-methylbenzyl), 5.16 (1H, m, CH αTrp), 6.79-6.86 (4H, m, CH ar p-methylbenzyl), 6.99-7.05 (4H, m, H5 and H6 indole, H5 and H6 Trp), 7.08 (3H, m, H2 indole, H2 and H4 Trp), 7.25-7.30 (3H, m, H4 and H7 indole, H7 Trp), 8.00 (3H, brs, NH2 Aib), 8.94 (1H, d, J=8 Hz, NH amide), 10.76 (1H, s, NH indole), 10.78 (1H, s, NH indole Trp).
  • [0544]
    13C NMR (75 MHz, DMSO-d6, 300° K):
  • [0545]
    δ(ppm) 21.0 (CH3-p-methylbenzyl), 22.8 (CH2CH2-indole), 23.8 (CH3 Aib), 23.9 (CH3 Aib), 25.9 (CH2—CH2-indole), 28.5 (CH2 βTrp), 45.7 (CH2-p-methylbenzyl and CH αTrp), 56.7 (Cq Aib), 109.9 (C3 Trp), 111.8 (C7 indole and C7 Trp), 113.4 (C3 indole), 118.1 (C4 Trp), 118.3 (C4 indole), 118.5 (C5 indole), 118.7 (C5 Trp), 120.9 (C6 indole and C6 Trp), 121.3 (C2 indole and C2 Trp), 126.3 (C3 and C5 p-methylbenzyl), 127.2 (C9 indole), 127.3 (C9 Trp), 129.8 (C2 and C6 p-methylbenzyl), 133.1 (C1 p-methylbenzyl), 135.8 (C8 indole, C8 Trp), 136.4 (C4 p-methylbenzyl), 154.8 (Cq triazole), 155.0 (Cq triazole), 171.9 (CO Aib).
  • (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-methylbenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide (Compound 37)
  • [0546]
    1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6, 300° K):
  • [0547]
    δ(ppm) 1.25 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 1.28 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 2.23 (3H, s, CH3 p-methylbenzyl), 2.83 (4H, m, CH 2—CH 2-phenyl), 3.32 (2H, m, CH2 βTrp), 5.05 (2H, s, CH2-p-methylbenzyl), 5.18 (1H, m, CH αTrp), 6.75 (2H, d, Jo=8 Hz, H3 and H5 p-methylbenzyl), 6.82 (1H, t, Jo=8 Hz, H5 Trp), 6.99 (1H, t, Jo=8 Hz, H6 Trp), 7.02-7.11 (6H, m, H2 Trp and CHar phenyl), 7.15 (1H, d, Jo=7 Hz, H4 Trp), 7.20 (2H, d, Jo=7 Hz, H2 and H6 p-methylbenzyl), 7.28 (1H, d, Jo=8 Hz, H7 Trp), 8.01 (3H, brs, NH2 Aib), 8.93 (1H, d, J=8 Hz, NH amide), 10.77 (1H, s, NH indole Trp).
  • [0548]
    13C NMR (75 MHz, DMSO-d6, 300° K):
  • [0549]
    δ(ppm) 21.0 (CH3 p-methylbenzyl), 23.6 (CH3 Aib), 23.8 (CH3 Aib), 26.5 (CH2CH2-phenyl), 29.1 (CH2 βTrp), 32.7 (CH2—CH2-phenyl), 45.7 (CH αTrp and CH2-p-methylbenzyl), 56.8 (Cq Aib), 109.8 (C3 Trp), 111.8 (C7 Trp), 118.3 (C4 Trp), 118.7 (C5 Trp), 121.3 (C6 Trp), 124.8 (C2 Trp), 126.4 (C3 and C5 p-methylbenzyl), 126.6 (C4 phenyl), 127.3 (C9 Trp), 128.7 (C2, C3, C5 and C6 phenyl), 129.8 (C2 and C6 p-methylbenzyl), 133.0 (C1 p-methylbenzyl), 136.4 (C8 Trp), 137.5 (C4 p-methylbenzyl), 140.9 (C1 phenyl), 154.5 (Cq triazole), 154.9 (Cq triazole), 171.9 (CO amide).
  • (R)—N-(1-(5-benzyl-4-(pyridin-2-ylmethyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide (Compound 39)
  • [0550]
    1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6, 300° K):
  • [0551]
    δ(ppm) 1.23 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 1.27 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 3.34 (1H, dd, J=14 Hz and 6 Hz, CH2 βTrp), 3.43 (1H, dd, J=14 Hz and 9 Hz, CH2 βTrp), 4.13 (2H, s, CH 2-benzyl), 5.22 (1H, s, CH αTrp), 5.35 (2H, s, CH2-o-pyridyl), 6.80 (1H, t, Jo=8 Hz, H5 Trp), 6.92 (1H, t, Jo=8 Hz, H5 pyridyl), 6.97 (1H, t, Jo=8 Hz, H6 Trp), 7.04 (1H, d, Jo=8 Hz, H4 Trp), 7.07 (1H, d, J=2 Hz, H2 Trp), 7.10-7.16 (5H, m, CHar benzyl), 7.19 (1H, s, H3 o-pyridyl), 7.26 (1H, d, Jo=8 Hz, H7 Trp), 7.57 (1H, t, Jo=9 Hz, H4 o-pyridyl), 8.16 (3H, brs, NH2 Aib), 8.36 (1H, d, Jαβ=5 Hz, H6 o-pyridyl), 9.01 (1H, d, J=8 Hz, NH amide), 10.85 (1H, s, NH indole Trp).
  • [0552]
    13C NMR (75 MHz, DMSO-d6, 300° K):
  • [0553]
    δ(ppm) 23.4 (CH3 Aib), 23.7 (CH3 Aib), 28.6 (CH2 βTrp), 30.4 (CH2-benzyl), 45.7 (CH αTrp), 47.7 (CH2-o-pyridyl), 56.7 (Cq Aib), 109.8 (C3 Trp), 111.8 (C7 Trp), 118.3 (C4 Trp), 118.6 (C5 Trp), 121.2 (C6 Trp), 121.7 (C3 o-pyridyl), 123.3 (C5 o-pyridyl), 124.8 (C2 Trp), 127.1 (C4 benzyl), 127.3 (C9 Trp), 128.8 (C2 and C6 benzyl), 129.0 (C3 and C5 benzyl), 135.6 (C1 benzyl), 136.4 (C8 Trp), 137.5 (C4 o-pyridyl), 149.5 (C6 o-pyridyl), 154.1 (Cq triazole), 154.2 (Cq triazole), 155.7 (C2 o-pyridyl), 172.0 (CO amide).
  • (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-ethylbenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide (Compound 43)
  • [0554]
    1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6, 300° K):
  • [0555]
    δ(ppm) 1.10 (3H, t, J=8 Hz, CH 3—CH2 p-ethylbenzyl), 1.25 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 1.28 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 2.53 (2H, q, J=8 Hz, CH 3—CH2 p-ethylbenzyl), 2.83 (4H, m, CH 2—CH 2-phenyl), 3.34 (2H, m, CH2 βTrp), 5.07 (2H, s, CH 2-p-ethylbenzyl), 5.19 (1H, m, CH αTrp), 6.77 (2H, d, Jo=8 Hz, H3 and H5 p-ethylbenzyl), 6.81 (1H, t, Jo=7 Hz, H5 Trp), 6.99 (1H, t, Jo=8 Hz, H6 Trp), 7.05-7.10 (7H, m, CHar phenyl, H2 and H6 p-ethylbenzyl), 7.13 (1H, d, J=2 Hz, H2 Trp), 7.20 (1H, d, Jo=7 Hz, H4 Trp), 7.28 (1H, d, Jo=8 Hz, H7 Trp), 8.03 (3H, brs, NH2 Aib), 8.94 (1H, d, J=8 Hz, NH amide), 10.79 (1H, s NH indole Trp).
  • [0556]
    13C NMR (75 MHz, DMSO-d6, 300° K):
  • [0557]
    δ(ppm) 15.9 (CH3—CH2 p-ethylbenzyl), 23.5 (CH3 Aib), 23.8 (CH3 Aib), 26.5 (CH2—CH2-phenyl), 28.1 (CH3CH2 p-ethylbenzyl), 29.1 (CH2 βTrp), 32.7 (CH2CH2-phenyl), 45.7 (CH αTrp), 45.8 (CH2-p-ethylbenzyl), 56.8 (Cq Aib), 109.8 (C3 Trp), 111.8 (C7 Trp), 118.3 (C4 Trp), 118.7 (C5 Trp), 121.3 (C6 Trp), 124.9 (C2 Trp), 126.5 (C3 and C5 p-ethylbenzyl), 126.6 (C4 phenyl), 127.3 (C9 Trp), 128.6 (C2 and C6 p-ethylbenzyl, C2, C3, C5 and C6 phenyl), 133.1 (C1 p-ethylbenzyl), 136.5 (C8 Trp), 140.8 (C1 phenyl), 143.8 (C4 p-ethylbenzyl), 154.6 (Cq triazole), 154.9 (Cq triazole), 171.9 (CO amide).
  • (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)piperidine-4-carboxamide (Compound 44)
  • [0558]
    1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO d6, 300° K):
  • [0559]
    δ(ppm) 1.42 (m, 2H, H3 and H5 piperidyl), 1.55 (m, 1H, H5 piperidyl), 2.23 (m, 1H, H4 piperidyl), 2.75 (m, 5H, H2 piperidyl and CH 2—CH 2-phenyl), 3.04 (m, 1H, H6 piperidyl), 3.13 (m, 1H, H2 piperidyl), 3.32 (m, 2H, CH2 βTrp), 3.66 (s, 3H, OCH3), 4.97 (m, 2H, CH2-p-methoxybenzyl), 5.23 (m, 1H, CH αTrp), 6.70 (s, 4H, CHar p-methoxybenzyl), 6.87 (t, 1H, Jo=8 Hz, H5 Trp), 7.00 (m, 2H, H2 and H6 Trp), 7.07 (d, 2H, Jo=8 Hz, H2 and H6 phenyl), 7.14 (d, 1H, Jo=7 Hz, H4 Trp), 7.18-7.30 (m, 4H, H7 Trp, H3, H4 and H5 phenyl), 8.16 and 8.46 (2 m, 2H, NH piperidyl TFA salt), 8.66 (d 1H, J=8 Hz, NH amide), 10.75 (1H, s, NH indole Trp).
  • [0560]
    13C NMR (75 MHz, DMSO d6, 300° K):
  • [0561]
    δ(ppm) 24.9 (C3 piperidyl), 25.4 (C5 piperidyl), 26.5 (CH2—CH2-phenyl), 29.2 (CH2 βTrp), 32.7 (CH2CH2-phenyl), 38.7 (C4 piperidyl), 42.7 (C2 and C6 piperidyl), 44.7 (CH Trp), 45.3 (CH2-p-methoxybenzyl), 55.5 (OCH3), 110.2 (C3 Trp), 111.7 (C7 Trp), 114.4 (C3 and C5 p-methoxybenzyl), 118.5 (C4 Trp), 118.7 (C5 Trp), 121.3 (C6 Trp), 124.4 (C2 Trp), 126.5 (C2 and C6 phenyl), 127.5 (C9 Trp), 127.8 (C1, C2 and C6 p-methoxybenzyl), 128.7 (C3, C4 and C5 phenyl), 136.4 (C8 Trp), 140.8 (C1 phenyl), 155.3 (Cq triazole), 155.4 (Cq triazole), 159.1 (C4 p-methoxybenzyl), 173.1 (CO amide).
  • (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)piperidine-4-carboxamide (Compound 45)
  • [0562]
    1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO d6, 300° K):
  • [0563]
    δ(ppm) 1.41 (m, 2H, H3 and H5 piperidyl), 1.54 (dd, 1H, J=13 Hz and 2 Hz, H5 piperidyl), 2.23 (m, 1H, H4 piperidyl), 2.72 (m, 2H, H2 and H6 piperidyl), 2.77-2.93 (m, 4H, CH 2—CH 2-indole), 3.06 (m, 2H, H2 and H6 piperidyl), 3.32 (m, 2H, CH2 βTrp), 3.65 (s, 3H, OCH3), 4.94 (s, 2H, CH2-p-methoxybenzyl), 5.22 (m, 1H, CH αTrp), 6.68 (s, 4H, CHar p-methoxybenzyl), 6.87 (m, 3H, H5 and H6 Trp, H5 indole), 6.98 (m, 4H, H2 and H6 indole, H2 and H4 Trp), 7.20-7.33 (m, 3H, H4 and H7 indole, H7 Trp), 8.15 and 8.46 (2 m, 2H, NH piperidyl TFA salt), 8.64 (d, 1H, J=8 Hz, NH amide), 10.74 (s, 2H, NH indole and NH indole Trp).
  • [0564]
    13C NMR (75 MHz, DMSO d6, 300° K):
  • [0565]
    δ(ppm) 22.9 (CH2CH2-indole), 24.9 (C3 piperidyl), 25.4 (C5 piperidyl), 26.0 (CH2—CH2-indole), 29.3 (CH2 βTrp), 39.1 (C4 piperidyl), 42.7 (C2 and C6 piperidyl), 44.7 (CH αTrp), 45.3 (CH2-p-methoxybenzyl), 55.5 (OCH3), 109.5 (C3 Trp), 111.7 (C7 indole and C7 Trp), 113.5 (C3 indole), 114.4 (C3 and C5 p-methoxybenzyl), 118.5 (C4 indole and C4 Trp), 118.6 (C5 indole and C5 Trp), 121.2 (C6 indole), 121.3 (C6 Trp), 122.9 (C2 indole and C2 Trp), 127.2 (C9 indole), 127.6 (C9 Trp, C2 and C6 p-methoxybenzyl), 127.9 (C1 p-methoxybenzyl), 136.4 (C8 Trp), 136.6 (C8 indole), 154.9 (Cq triazole), 155.2 (Cq triazole), 159.0 (C4 p-methoxybenzyl), 173.0 (CO amide).
  • (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-aminoacetamide (Compound 50)
  • [0566]
    1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO d6, 300° K):
  • [0567]
    δ(ppm) 2.78 (m, 4H, CH 2—CH 2-phenyl), 3.26 (1H, dd, J=14 Hz and 7 Hz, CH2 βTrp), 3.39 (m, 3H, CH2 βTrp and CH 2—NH2), 3.65 (s, 3H, OCH3), 4.95 (m, 2H, CH2-p-methoxybenzyl), 5.20 (m, 1H, CH αTrp), 6.63 (s, 4H, CHar p-methoxybenzyl), 6.86 (t, 1H, Jo=7 Hz, H5 Trp), 6.99 (s, 1H, H2 Trp), 7.02 (t, 1H, Jo=7 Hz, H6 Trp), 7.10 (m, 2H, H2 and H6 phenyl), 7.15 (d, 1H, Jo=7 Hz, H4 Trp), 7.23 (m, 3H, H3, H4 and H5 Trp), 7.31 (d, 1H, Jo=8 Hz, H7 Trp), 7.95 (brs, 3H, NH2 Gly, TFA salt), 9.20 (d, 1H, J=8 Hz, NH amide), 10.82 (s, 1H, NH indole Trp).
  • [0568]
    13C NMR (75 MHz, DMSO d6, 300° K):
  • [0569]
    δ(ppm) 26.5 (CH2—CH2-phenyl), 29.8 (CH2 βTrp), 32.7 (CH2CH2-phenyl), 39.0 (CH2—NH2), 45.3 (CH2-p-methoxybenzyl), 45.4 (CH αTrp), 55.4 (OCH3), 109.7 (C3 Trp), 111.8 (C7 Trp), 114.5 (C3 and C5 p-methoxybenzyl), 118.3 (C4 Trp), 118.9 (C5 Trp), 121.4 (C6 Trp), 124.6 (C2 Trp), 126.5 (C2 and C6 phenyl), 127.3 (C9 Trp), 127.7 (C1 p-methoxybenzyl), 127.8 (C2 and C6 p-methoxybenzyl), 128.7 (C3, C4 and C5 phenyl), 136.4 (C8 Trp), 140.9 (C1 phenyl), 154.3 (Cq triazole), 154.8 (Cq triazole), 159.0 (C4 p-methoxybenzyl), 166.1 (CO amide).
  • (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-(pyridin-2-yl)acetamide (Compound 51)
  • [0570]
    1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO d6, 300° K):
  • [0571]
    δ(ppm) 2.77-2.88 (m, 4H, CH 2—CH 2-phenyl), 3.37 (m, 2H, CH2 βTrp), 3.64 (s, 3H, OCH3), 3.74 (m, 2H, CH2-o-pyridyl), 5.03 (m, 2H, CH 2-p-methoxybenzyl), 5.24 (m, 1H, CH αTrp), 6.65 (s, 4H, CHar p-methoxybenzyl), 6.85 (t, 1H, Jo=7 Hz, H5 Trp), 7.01 (m, 2H, H2 and H6 Trp), 7.08 (d, 2H, Jo=7 Hz, H2 and H6 phenyl), 7.15 (d, 1H, Jo=7 Hz, H4 Trp), 7.21 (m, 3H, H3, H4 and H5 phenyl), 7.27-7.36 (m, 2H, H7 Trp and H3 o-pyridyl), 7.58 (t, 1H, J=6 Hz, H5 o-pyridyl), 8.04 (t, 1H, Jo=8 Hz, H4 o-pyridyl), 8.62 (d, 1H, Jαβ=5 Hz, H6 o-pyridyl), 9.17 (d, 1H, J=8 hz, NH amide), 10.81 (s, 1H, NH indole Trp).
  • [0572]
    13C NMR (75 MHz, DMSO d6, 300° K):
  • [0573]
    δ(ppm) 26.4 (CH2—CH2-phenyl), 29.2 (CH2 βTrp), 32.4 (CH2CH2-phenyl), 41.7 (CH2-o-pyridyl), 45.3 (CH αTrp), 45.7 (CH2-p-methoxybenzyl), 55.5 (OCH3), 109.7 (C3 Trp), 111.8 (C7 Trp), 114.4 (C3 and C5 p-methoxybenzyl), 118.4 (C4 Trp), 118.8 (C5 Trp), 121.4 (C6 Trp), 124.1 (C3 o-pyridyl), 124.6 (C2 Trp), 126.4 (C5 o-pyridyl), 126.6 (C2 and C6 phenyl), 127.2 (C9 Trp), 127.4 (C1 p-methoxybenzyl), 127.9 (C2 and C6 p-methoxybenzyl), 128.7 (C3, C4 and C5 phenyl), 136.4 (C8 Trp), 140.5 (C1 phenyl), 142.1 (C4 o-pyridyl), 145.3 (C6 o-pyridyl), 153.0 (C2 o-pyridyl), 154.5 (Cq triazole), 155.3 (Cq triazole), 159.1 (C4 p-methoxybenzyl), 167.9 (CO amide).
  • (R)—N-(1-(4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)picolinamide (Compound 64)
  • [0574]
    1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO d6, 300° K):
  • [0575]
    δ(ppm) 2.83 (m, 2H, CH 2—CH2-phenyl), 2.90 (m, 2H, CH2—CH 2-phenyl), 3.48 (m, 2H, CH2 βTrp), 3.57 (s, 3H, OCH3), 3.61 (s, 3H, OCH3), 4.97 (d, 1H, J=17 Hz, CH2-o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 5.09 (d, 1H, J=17 Hz, CH2-o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 5.56 (m, 1H, CH αTrp), 6.18 (dd, 1H, Jo=8 Hz and Jm=2 Hz, H5 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 6.41 (d, 1H, Jm=2 Hz, H3 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 6.55 (d, 1H, Jo=8 Hz, H6 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 6.87 (t, 1H, Jo=8 Hz, H5 Trp), 7.01 (t, 1H, Jo=8 Hz, H6 Trp), 7.08 (m, 3H, H2 Trp, H2 and H6 phenyl), 7.14 (d, 1H, Jo=7 Hz, H4 Trp), 7.19-7.31 (m, 4H, H7 Trp, H3, H4 and H5 phenyl), 7.56 (t, 1H, J=8 Hz, NH amide), 7.91 (m, 2H, H4 and H5 o-pyridyl), 8.57 (d, 1H, Jαβ=5 Hz, H6 o-pyridyl), 9.16 (d, 1H, Jo=8 Hz, H3 o-pyridyl), 10.80 (s, 1H, NH indole Trp).
  • [0576]
    13C NMR (75 MHz, DMSO d6, 300° K):
  • [0577]
    δ(ppm) 26.2 (CH2—CH2-phenyl), 28.8 (CH2 βTrp), 32.1 (CH2CH2-phenyl), 43.0 (CH2-o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 45.5 (CH αTrp), 55.6 (OCH3), 55.8 (OCH3), 98.9 (C3 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 105.0 (C5 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 109.5 (C3 Trp), 111.8 (C7 Trp), 114.4 (C1 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 118.4 (C4 Trp), 118.8 (C5 Trp), 121.4 (C6 Trp), 122.4 (C3 o-pyridyle), 124.4 (C2 Trp), 126.7 (C6 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 127.2 (C5 o-pyridyle), 127.5 (C9 Trp), 128.6-128.8 (C2, C3, C4, C5 and C6 phenyl), 136.4 (C8 Trp), 138.1 (C4 o-pyridyle), 140.2 (C1 phenyl), 148.8 (C6 o-pyridyle), 149.3 (C2 o-pyridyle), 155.2 (Cq triazole), 155.4 (Cq triazole), 157.9 (C2 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 161.0 (C4 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 163.9 (CO amide).
  • (R)—N-(1-(4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)pyrazine-2-carboxamide (Compound 66)
  • [0578]
    1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO d6, 300° K):
  • [0579]
    δ(ppm) 2.87 (m, 4H, CH 2—CH 2-phenyl), 3.51 (m, 2H, CH2 βTrp), 3.58 (s, 3H, OCH3), 3.59 (s, 3H, OCH3), 4.97 (d, 1H, J=17 Hz, CH 2-o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 5.08 (d, 1H, J=17 Hz, CH2-o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 5.56 (s, 1H, CH αTrp), 6.10 (dd, 1H, Jo=8 Hz and Jm=2 Hz, H5 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 6.36 (d, 1H, Jm=2 Hz, H3 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 6.40 (d, 1H, Jo=8 Hz, H6 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 6.87 (t, 1H, Jo=8 Hz, H5 Trp), 7.00 (t, 1H, Jo=7 Hz, H6 Trp), 7.09 (m, 3H, H2 Trp, H2 and H6 phenyl), 7.15 (d, 1H, Jo=7 Hz, H4 Trp), 7.19-7.28 (m, 3H, H3, H4 and H5 phenyl), 7.36 (d, 1H, Jo=8 Hz, H7 Trp), 8.61 (t, 1H, J=2 Hz, H3 o-pyrazinyl), 8.78 (d, 1H, J=2 Hz, H5 o-pyrazinyl), 8.94 (d, 1H, J=1 Hz, H6 o-pyrazinyl), 9.26 (d, 1H, J=8 Hz, NH amide), 10.78 (s, 1H, NH indole Trp).
  • [0580]
    13C NMR (75 MHz, DMSO d6, 300° K):
  • [0581]
    δ(ppm) 26.1 (CH2—CH2-phenyl), 28.4 (CH2 βTrp), 32.1 (CH2CH2-phenyl), 42.9 (CH2-o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 45.5 (CH αTrp), 55.5 (OCH3), 55.8 (OCH3), 98.7 (C3 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 104.9 (C5 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 109.7 (C3 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 111.8 (C7 Trp), 114.5 (C1 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 118.5 (C4 Trp), 118.8 (C5 Trp), 121.4 (C6 Trp), 124.4 (C2 Trp), 126.7 (C6 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 127.5 (C9 Trp), 128.1 (C4 phenyl), 128.7-128.8 (C2, C3, C5 and C6 phenyl), 136.4 (C8 Trp), 140.3 (C1 phenyl), 141.2 (C6 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 144.2 (C2 o-pyrazinyl), 144.3 (C3 o-pyrazinyl), 146.8 (C5 o-pyrazinyl), 155.2 (Cqs triazole), 157.7 (C2 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 160.7 (CO amide), 162.9 (C4 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl).
  • (S)—N—((R)-1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)pyrrolidine-2-carboxamide (Compound 70)
  • [0582]
    1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO d6, 300° K):
  • [0583]
    δ(ppm) 1.40 (m, 1H, H3 Pro), 1.53 (m, 1H, H4 Pro), 1.71 (m, 1H, H4 Pro), 2.09 (m, 1H, H3 Pro), 2.90 (m, 4H, CH 2—CH 2-indole), 3.06 (t, 2H, J=6 Hz, H5 Pro), 3.28 (m, 2H, CH2 βTrp), 3.40(s, 3H, OCH3), 3.80(s, 3H, OCH3), 3.80(m, 1H, CH αPro), 4.80(d, 1H, J=17 Hz, CH2-o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 5.4 (d, 1H, J=17 Hz, CH2-o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 5.1 (m, 1H, CH αTrp), 6.26 (dd, 1H, Jo=8 Hz and Jm=2 Hz, H5 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 6.38 (d, 1H, Jo=8 Hz, H6 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 6.53 (d, 1H, Jm=2 Hz, H3 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 6.84 (t, 1H, H5 indole), 6.91 (t, 1H, Jo=8 Hz, H5 Trp), 6.93-7.07 (m, 4H, H2 and H6 indole, H2 and H6 Trp), 7.16 (d, 1H, Jo=8 Hz, H4 Trp), 7.29 (m, 3H, H4 and H7 indole, H7 Trp), 8.39 and 9.10 (2 m, 2H, NH Pro TFA salt), 9.22 (d, 1H, J=8 Hz, NH amide), 10.76 (s, 1H, NH indole), 10.80 (s, 1H, NH indole Trp).
  • [0584]
    13C NMR (75 MHz, DMSO d6, 300° K):
  • [0585]
    δ(ppm) 22.9 (CH2CH2-indole), 23.5 (C4 Pro), 25.8 (CH2—CH2-indole), 29.6 (CH2 βTrp), 29.8 (C3 Pro), 41.9 (CH2-o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 45.2 (CH αTrp), 46.0 (C5 Pro), 55.7 (OCH3), 55.9 (OCH3), 59.3 (CH αPro), 99.0 (C3 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 105.1 (C5 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 109.7 (C3 Trp), 111.8 (C7 indole and C7 Trp), 113.4 (C3 indole), 115.6 (C1 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 118.4 (C4 indole and C4 Trp), 118.7 (C5 indole and C5 Trp), 121.4 (C6 indole and C6 Trp), 123.0 (C2 indole and C2 Trp), 127.2 (C9 indole), 127.3 (C9 Trp), 128.1 (C6 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 136.5 (C8 Trp), 136.6 (C8 indole), 155.0 (Cq triazole), 157.8 (C2 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 160.9 (C4 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 168.1 (CO amide).
  • (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)pyrazine-2-carboxamide (Compound 71)
  • [0586]
    1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO d6, 300° K):
  • [0587]
    δ(ppm) 3.01 (m, 2H, CH 2—CH2-indole), 3.10 (m, 2H, CH2—CH 2-indole), 3.51 (m, 2H, CH2 βTrp), 3.55 (s, 3H, OCH3), 3.57 (s, 3H, OCH3), 5.15 (d, 2H, J=7 Hz, CH2-o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 5.63 (m, 1H, CH αTrp), 6.08 (dd, 1H, Jo=8 Hz and Jm=2 Hz, H5 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 6.35 (d, 1H, Jm=2 Hz, H3 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 6.53 (d, 1H, Jo=8 Hz, H6 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 6.89 (m, 2H, H5 indole and H5 Trp), 6.99 (m, 2H, H6 indole and H6 Trp), 7.08 (m, 2H, H2 indole and H2 Trp), 7.29 (m, 3H, H4 Trp, H4 and H7 indole), 7.41 (d, 1H, Jo=8 Hz, H7 Trp), 8.61 (t, 1H, J=2 Hz, H3 o-pyrazine), 8.79 (d, 1H, J=2 Hz, H5 o-pyrazine), 8.94 (d, 1H, J=1 Hz, H6 o-pyrazine), 9.43 (d, 1H, J=8 Hz, NH amide), 10.84 (s, 2H, NH indole and NH indole Trp).
  • [0588]
    13C NMR (75 MHz, DMSO d6, 300° K):
  • [0589]
    δ(ppm) 22.0 (CH2CH2-indole), 25.3 (CH2—CH2-indole), 27.9 (CH2 βTrp), 44.1 (CH2-o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 45.5 (CH αTrp), 55.5 (OCH3), 55.8 (OCH3), 98.8 (C3 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 104.9 (C5 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 109.3 (C3 Trp), 111.8 (C7 indole and C7 Trp), 112.1 (C3 indole), 113.4 (C1 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 118.4 (C4 indole), 118.5 (C4 Trp), 118.8 (C5 indole and C5 Trp), 121.5 (C6 indole and C6 Trp), 127.0 (C9 indole), 127.4 (C9 Trp), 136.4 (C8 Trp), 136.6 (C8 indole), 141.2 (C6 o-pyrazine), 144.1 (C2 o-pyrazine), 144.3 (C3 o-pyrazine), 146.8 (C5 o-pyrazine), 155.4 (Cq triazole), 156.0 (Cq triazole), 157.8 (C2 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 161.0 (CO amide), 163.2 (C4 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl).
  • (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)picolinamide (Compound 73)
  • [0590]
    1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO d6, 300° K):
  • [0591]
    δ(ppm) 2.94 (m, 4H, CH 2—CH 2-indole), 3.47 (m, 2H, CH2 βTrp), 3.57 (s, 3H, OCH3), 3.60 (s, 3H, OCH3), 5.05 (m, 2H, CH2-o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 5.56 (m, 1H, CH αTrp), 6.14 (dd, 1H, Jo=8 Hz and Jm=2 Hz, H5 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 6.41 (d, 1H, Jm=2 Hz, H3 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 6.52 (d, 1H, Jo=8 Hz, H6 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 6.88 (t, 2H, Jo=7 Hz, H5 indole and H5 Trp), 6.99 (t, 1H, Jo=8 Hz, H6 Trp), 7.01 (t, 1H, Jo=8 Hz, H6 indole), 7.04 (d, 1H, J=2 Hz, H2 Trp), 7.07 (d, 1H, J=2 Hz, H2 indole), 7.27-7.33 (m, 4H, H4 and H7 Trp, H4 and H7 indole), 7.55 (m, 1H, NH amide), 7.90 (m, 2H, H4 and H5 o-pyridyl), 8.57 (d, 1H, Jαβ=4 Hz, H6 o-pyridyl), 9.15 (d, 1H, J=8 Hz, H3 o-pyridyl), 10.78 (brs, 2H N indole and NH indole Trp).
  • [0592]
    13C NMR (75 MHz, DMSO d6, 300° K):
  • [0593]
    δ(ppm) 22.3 (CH2CH2-indole), 25.6 (CH2—CH2-indole), 28.9 (CH2 βTrp), 43.1 (CH2-o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 45.5 (CH αTrp), 55.5 (OCH3), 55.8 (OCH3), 98.9 (C3 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 105.0 (C5 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 109.5 (C3 Trp), 111.8 (C7 indole and C7 Trp), 112.8 (C3 indole), 114.4 (C1 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 118.4 (C4 indole and C4 Trp), 118.7 (05 indole), 118.8 (C5 Trp), 121.4 (C6 indole and C6 Trp), 122.5 (C2 indole and C3 o-pyridyl), 123.1 (C2 Trp), 127.1 (C5 o-pyridyl), 127.2 (C9 indole), 127.5 (C9 Trp), 128.6 (C6 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 136.4 (C8 Trp), 136.6 (C8 indole), 139.1 (C4 o-pyridyl), 146.6 (C6 o-pyridyl), 150.6 (C2 o-pyridyl), 155.5 (Cq triazole), 155.6 (Cq triazole), 157.8 (C2 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 161.0 (C4 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 163.9 (CO amide).
  • (R)-1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethanamine (Compound 74)
  • [0594]
    1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO d6, 300° K):
  • [0595]
    δ(ppm) 2.79 (m, 2H, CH 2—CH2-indole), 2.86 (m, 2H, CH2—CH 2-indole), 3.30 (dd, 1H, 3J=14 Hz and 5 Hz, CH 2 βTrp), 3.38 (dd, 1H, 3J=14 Hz and 6 Hz, CH 2βTrp), 3.62 (s, 3H, OCH3), 3.63 (s, 3H, OCH3), 4.47 (d, 1H, 3J=17 Hz, CH 2-o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 4.59 (d, 1H, 3J=17 Hz, CH 2-o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 6.11 (dd, 1H, Jo=8 Hz and Jm=2 Hz, H5 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 6.20 (d, 1H, Jo=8 Hz, H6 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 6.45 (d, 1H, Jm=2 Hz, H3 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 6.87 (t, 1H, Jo=8 Hz, H5 Trp), 6.91 (t, 1H, Jo=8 Hz, H5 indole), 7.00-7.04 (m, 2H, H6 indole and H6 Trp), 7.07 (s, 1H, H2 indole), 7.09 (s, 1H, H2 Trp), 7.17-7.35 (m, 4H, H4 and H7 indole, H4 and H7 Trp), 8.75 (brs, 3H, NH2 TFA salt), 10.78 (s, 1H, NH indole), 11.00 (s, 1H, NH indole Trp).
  • [0596]
    13C NMR (75 MHz, DMSO d6, 300° K):
  • [0597]
    δ(ppm) 22.9 (CH2CH2-indole), 25.7 (CH2—CH2-indole), 29.9 (CH2 βTrp), 41.5 (CH2-o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 46.5 (CH αTrp), 55.6 (OCH3), 55.9 (OCH3), 98.8 (C3 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 105.0 (C5 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 107.4 (C3 Trp), 111.8 (C7 indole and C7 Trp), 113.4 (C3 indole), 115.1 (C1 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 118.0 (C4 indole), 118.4 (C4 Trp), 118.6 (C5 Trp), 119.0 (C5 indole), 121.3 (C6 Trp), 121.6 (C6 indole), 122.9 (C2 indole), 125.4 (C2 Trp), 127.1 (C9 indole and C9 Trp), 128.5 (C6 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 136.5 (C8 Trp), 136.6 (C8 indole), 152.3 (Cq triazole), 155.6 (Cq triazole), 157.6 (C2 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 160.8 (C4 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl).
  • (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)picolinamide (Compound 79)
  • [0598]
    1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO d6, 300° K):
  • [0599]
    δ(ppm) 2.85 (m, 4H, CH 2—CH 2-phenyl), 3.51 (m, 2H, CH2 βTrp), 3.59 (s, 3H, OCH3), 5.11 (d, 1H, J=17 Hz, CH2-p-methoxybenzyl), 5.23 (d, 1H, J=17 Hz, CH2-p-methoxybenzyl), 5.51 (m, 1H, CH αTrp), 6.59 (d, 2H, Jo=8 Hz, H3 and H5 p-methoxybenzyl), 6.73 (d, 2H, Jo=8 Hz, H2 and H6 p-methoxybenzyl), 6.87 (t, 1H, Jo=8 Hz, H5 Trp), 7.01 (t, 1H, Jo=8 Hz, H6 Trp), 7.06 (m, 2H, H2 and H6 phenyl), 7.10 (d, 1H, J=2 Hz, H2 Trp), 7.14 (d, 1H, Jo=7 Hz, H4 Trp), 7.24 (m, 3H, H3, H4 and H5 phenyl), 7.34 (d, 1H, Jo=8 Hz, H7 Trp), 7.55 (m, 1H, NH amide), 7.88 (m, 2H, H4 and H5 o-pyridyl), 8.56 (d, 1H, Jαβ=4 Hz, H6 o-pyridyl), 9.20 (d, 1H, Jo=8 Hz, H3 o-pyridyl), 10.80 (s, 1H, NH indole Trp).
  • [0600]
    13C NMR (75 MHz, DMSO d6, 300° K):
  • [0601]
    δ(ppm) 26.2 (CH2—CH2-phenyl), 28.6 (CH2 βTrp), 32.1 (CH2CH2-phenyl), 45.5 (CH αTrp), 46.2 (CH2-p-methoxybenzyl), 55.4 (OCH3), 109.6 (C3 Trp), 111.8 (C7 Trp), 114.3 (C3 and C5 p-methoxybenzyl), 118.5 (C4 Trp), 118.8 (C5 Trp), 121.4 (C6 Trp), 122.5 (C3 o-pyridyl), 124.5 (C2 Trp), 127.2 (C2 and C6 phenyl), 127.4 (C9 Trp and C1 p-methoxybenzyl), 127.8 (C5 o-pyridyl), 128.7 (C2 and C6 p-methoxybenzyl), 128.8 (C3, C4 and C5 phenyl), 136.4 (C6 Trp), 138.1 (C4 o-pyridyl), 140.3 (C1 phenyl), 148.7 (C6 o-pyridyl), 149.3 (C2 o-pyridyl), 155.0 (Cq triazole), 155.3 (Cq triazole), 159.0 (C4 p-methoxybenzyl), 164.1 (CO amide).
  • (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)picolinamide (Compound 80)
  • [0602]
    1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO d6, 300° K):
  • [0603]
    δ(ppm) 2.95 (m, 4H, CH 2—CH 2-indole), 3.48 (m, 2H, CH2 βTrp), 3.58 (s, 3H, OCH3), 5.16 (m, 2H, CH2-p-methoxybenzyl), 5.50 (m, 1H, CH αTrp), 6.57 (d, 2H, Jo=8 Hz, H3 and H5 p-methoxybenzyl), 6.72 (d, 2H, Jo=8 Hz, H2 and H6 p-methoxybenzyl), 6.87 (t, 2H, Jo=8 Hz, H5 Trp and H5 indole), 6.96-7.07 (m, 5H, H2 and H6 indole, H2, H4 and H6 Trp), 7.27-7.34 (m, 3H, H4 and H7 indole, H7 Trp), 7.55 (m, 1H, NH amide), 7.88 (m, 2H, H4 and H5 o-pyridyl), 8.56 (d, 1H, Jαβ=4 Hz, H6 o-pyridyl), 9.18 (d, 1H, Jo=8 Hz, H3 o-pyridyl), 10.77 (brs, 2H, NH indole Trp and NH indole).
  • [0604]
    13C NMR (75 MHz, DMSO d6, 300° K):
  • [0605]
    δ(ppm) 22.4 (CH2CH2-indole), 25.7 (CH2—CH2-indole), 28.9 (CH2 βTrp), 45.5 (CH αTrp), 46.2 (CH2-p-methoxybenzyl), 55.4 (OCH3), 109.7 (C3 Trp), 111.8 (C7 Trp and C7 indole), 112.6 (C3 indole), 114.3 (C3 and C5 p-methoxybenzyl), 118.4 (C4 Trp and C4 indole), 118.7 (C5 indole), 118.8 (C5 Trp), 121.4 (C6 Trp and C6 indole), 122.4 (C3 o-pyridyl and C2 indole), 124.5 (C2 Trp), 126.7 (C9 indole), 127.1 (C9 Trp), 127.2 (C5 o-pyridyl), 127.5 (C1 p-methoxybenzyl), 127.7 (C2 and C6 p-methoxybenzyl), 136.4 (C8 Trp), 136.6 (C8 indole), 138.1 (C4 o-pyridyl), 148.7 (C6 o-pyridyl), 149.3 (C2 o-pyridyl), 155.3 (Cq triazole), 159.0 (C4 p-methoxybenzyl), 164.0 (CO amide).
  • (R)—N-1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)piperazine-2-carboxamide (Compound 81)
  • [0606]
    1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO d6, 300° K):
  • [0607]
    δ(ppm) 2.18 (m, 2H, NH piperazine), 2.96 (m, 6H, H2, H5 and H6 piperazine), 3.34 (d, 2H, J=7 Hz, CH2 βTrp), 3.57 (m, 4H, CH 2—CH 2-indole), 3.61 (s, 3H, OMe), 3.64 (m, 1H, H3 piperazine), 4.82 (m, 2H, CH2-p-methoxybenzyl), 5.40 (m, 1H, CH αTrp), 6.45 (d, 2H, Jo=8 Hz, H3 and H5 p-methoxybenzyl), 6.51 (d, 2H, Jo=8 Hz, H2 and H6 p-methoxybenzyl), 6.65-7.47 (m, 10H, CHar, indole and indole Trp), 8.95 (m, 1H, NH amide), 10.88 (d, 1H, J=2 Hz, NH indole), 10.91 (s, 1H, NH indole Trp).
  • [0608]
    13C NMR (75 MHz, DMSO d6, 300° K):
  • [0609]
    δ(ppm) 22.5 (CH2CH2-indole), 25.6 (CH2—CH2-indole), 31.3 (CH2 βTrp), 41.9 (CH2-p-methoxybenzyl), 47.7 (CH αTrp, C5 and C6 piperazine), 55.5 (OCH3 and C2 piperazine), 61.1 (C3 piperazine), 109.3 (C3 Trp), 111.7 (C7 indole and C7 Trp), 114.0 (C3 indole), 114.3 (C3 and C5 p-methoxybenzyl), 118.6 (C4 indole), 118.7 (C4 Trp), 118.9 (C5 indole and C5 Trp), 121.4 (C6 indole), 121.5 (C6 Trp), 123.9 (C2 indole and C2 Trp), 127.0 (C9 indole), 127.2 (C9 Trp), 127.7 (C1 p-methoxybenzyl), 128.1 (C2 and C6 p-methoxybenzyl), 136.3 (C8 Trp), 136.5 (C8 indole), 155.5 (Cq triazole), 162.2 (C4 p-methoxybenzyl), 171.1 (CO amide).
  • (S)—N—((R)-1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)pyrrolidine-2-carboxamide (Compound 89)
  • [0610]
    1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO d6, 300° K):
  • [0611]
    δ(ppm) 1.42 (m, 1H, H3 Pro), 1.52 (m, 1H, H4 Pro), 1.72 (m, 1H, H4 Pro), 2.07 (m, 1H, H3 Pro), 2.94 (m, 4H, CH 2—CH 2-indole), 3.05 (t, 2H, J=6 Hz, H5 Pro), 3.30 (m, 2H, CH2 βTrp), 3.67 (s, 3H, OCH3), 3.96 (m, 1H, CH αPro), 5.02 (s, 2H, CH2-p-methoxybenzyl), 5.19 (m, 1H, CH αTrp), 6.73 (s, 4H, CHar p-methoxybenzyl), 6.84 (t, 1H, Jo=8 Hz, H5 indole), 6.90 (t, 1H, Jo=8 Hz, H5 Trp), 6.93-7.06 (m, 4H, H2 and H6 indole, H2 and H6 Trp), 7.17 (d, 1H, Jo=8 Hz, H4 Trp), 7.29 (d, 3H, Jo=8 Hz, H4 and H7 indole, H7 Trp), 8.39 and 9.10 (2 m, 2H, NH Pro TFA salt), 9.25 (d, 1H, J=8 Hz, NH amide), 10.76 (s, 1H, NH indole), 10.80 (d, 1H, J=2 Hz, NH indole Trp).
  • [0612]
    13C NMR (75 MHz, DMSO d6, 300° K):
  • [0613]
    δ(ppm) 22.8 (CH2CH2-indole), 23.5 (C4 Pro), 25.8 (CH2—CH2-indole), 29.4 (CH2 βTrp), 29.8 (C3 Pro), 45.2 (CH αTrp), 45.5 (CH2-p-methoxybenzyl), 46.0 (C5 Pro), 55.5 (OCH3), 59.3 (CH αPro), 109.6 (C3 Trp), 111.8 (C7 indole and C7 Trp), 113.4 (C3 indole), 114.6 (C3 and C5 p-methoxybenzyl), 118.4 (C4 indole), 118.5 (C4 Trp), 118.7 (C5 indole and C5 Trp), 121.4 (C6 indole and C6 Trp), 123.0 (C2 Trp), 124.7 (C2 indole), 127.2 (C9 indole), 127.3 (C9 Trp), 127.7 (C1 p-methoxybenzyl), 127.8 (C2 and C6 p-methoxybenzyl), 126.5 (C8 Trp), 136.6 (C8 indole), 154.8 (Cq triazole), 154.9 (Cq triazole), 159.2 (C4 p-methoxybenzyl), 168.2 (CO amide).
  • (R)—N—((R)-1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)pyrrolidine-2-carboxamide (Compound 90)
  • [0614]
    1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO d6, 300° K):
  • [0615]
    δ(ppm) 1.23 (m, 1H, H3 Pro), 1.52 (m, 1H, H4 Pro), 1.74 (m, 1H, H4 Pro), 2.08 (m, 1H, H3 Pro), 2.81 (m, 2H, H5 Pro), 2.90-3.14 (m, 4H, CH 2—CH 2-indole), 3.31 (dd, 1H, J=14 Hz and 7 Hz, CH2 βTrp), 3.41 (dd, 1H, J=14 Hz and 8 Hz, CH2 βTrp), 3.63 (s, 3H, OCH3), 4.05 (m, 1H, CH αPro), 4.86 (s, 2H, CH2-p-methoxybenzyl), 5.21 (m, 1H, CH αTrp), 6.63 (s, 4H, CHar p-methoxybenzyl), 6.88 (t, 2H, Jo=7 Hz, H5 indole and H5 Trp), 7.02 (m, 4H, H2 and H6 indole, H2 and H6 Trp), 7.26-7.34 (m, 4H, H4 and H7 indole, H4 and H7 Trp), 8.51 and 9.18 (2 m, 2H, NH Pro, TFA salt), 9.27 (d, 1H, J=8 Hz, NH amide), 10.73 (s, 1H, NH indole), 10.80 (s, 1H, NH indole Trp).
  • [0616]
    13C NMR (75 MHz, DMSO d6, 300° K):
  • [0617]
    δ(ppm) 22.8 (CH2CH2-indole), 23.8 (C4 Pro), 25.9 (CH2—CH2-indole), 29.7 (CH2 βTrp and C3 Pro), 45.4 (CH2-p-methoxybenzyl), 45.8 (CH αTrp), 46.1 (C5 Pro), 55.5 (OCH3), 59.2 (CH αPro), 109.7 (C3 Trp), 111.8 (C7 Trp), 111.9 (C7 indole), 113.4 (C3 indole), 114.4 (C3 and C5 p-methoxybenzyl), 118.3 (C4 indole), 118.5 (C4 Trp), 118.6 (C5 indole), 118.9 (C5 Trp), 121.4 (C6 indole and C6 Trp), 122.9 (C2 indole and C2 Trp), 127.2 (C9 indole), 127.4 (C9 Trp), 127.6 (C1, C2 and C6 p-methoxybenzyl), 136.5 (C8 Trp), 136.6 (C8 indole), 154.4 (Cq triazole), 155.0 (Cq triazole), 159.1 (C4 p-methoxybenzyl), 168.3 (CO amide).
  • (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(4-bromobenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide (Compound 92)
  • [0618]
    1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6):
  • [0619]
    δ(ppm) 1.28 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 1.30 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 2.90 (2H, m, CH2 —CH2-indole), 3.00 (2H, m, CH2CH2 -indole), 3.37 (2H, m, CH2 βTrp), 5.10 (2H, s, CH2 4-bromobenzyl), 5.13 (1H, m, CαH Trp), 6.75 (2H, d, J=8.1, H2, H6 4-bromobenzyl), 6.88 (1H, t, J=7.3, H5 Trp), 6.93 (1H, t, J=7.5, H5 indole), 7.03 (1H, t, J=7.0, H6 Trp), 7.05 (1H, H6 indole), 7.07 (1H, d, J=1.7, H2 indole), 7.09 (1H, d, J=1.8, H2 Trp), 7.12 (1H, d, J=8.2, H4 Trp), 7.28 (1H, d, J=7.9, H4 indole), 7.32 (2H, d, J=8.2, H7 Trp, H7 indole), 7.41 (2H, d, J=8.1, H3, H5 4-bromobenzyl), 8.01 (2H, s, NH2 Aib), 8.95 (1H, d, J=7.9, NH Trp), 10.77 (1H, brs, NH indole), 10.80 (1H, brs, NH indole Trp).
  • [0620]
    13C NMR (400 MHz,DMSO-d6):
  • [0621]
    δ(ppm) 22.4 (CH2CH.□-indole), 23.1 (CH3 Aib), 23.4 (CH3 Aib), 25.4 (CH2—CH.□indole), 28.7 (Cβ Trp), 44.8 (CH2 4-bromobenzyl), 45.2 (Cα Trp,), 56.3 (Cq Aib), 109.4 (C3 Trp), 111.3 (C7 Trp, C7 indole), 113.0 (C3 indole), 117.8 (C4 Trp), 118.0 (C4 indole), 118.2 (C5 indole), 118.3 (C5 Trp), 120.8 (C4 4-bromobenzyl), 120.9 (C6 Trp, C6 indole), 122.5 (C2 indole), 124.4 (C2 Trp), 126.7 (C9 Indole), 126.8 (C9 Trp), 128.0 (C2, C6 4-bromobenzyl), 131.6 (C3, C5 4-bromobenzyl), 135.1 (C1 4-bromobenzyl), 136.1 (C8 Trp, C8 indole), 154.2 (Cq triazole), 154.5 (Cq triazole), 171.4 (CO Aib).
  • (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-phenylethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide (Compound 93)
  • [0622]
    1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6, 300° K):
  • [0623]
    δ(ppm) 1.18 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 1.27 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 2.91 (4H, m, CH 2—CH 2-indole), 3.19 (2H, m, CH2 βPhe), 3.69 (3H, s, OCH3), 5.05 (2H, m, CH2-p-methoxybenzyl), 5.20 (1H, m, CH αPhe), 6.82 (2H, d, Jo=8 Hz, H3 and H5 p-methoxybenzyl), 6.88 (2H, d, Jo=8 Hz, H2 and H6 p-methoxybenzyl), 6.92 (1H, t, Jo=8 Hz, H5 indole), 7.02 (1H, t, Jo=7 Hz, H6 indole), 7.03 (1H, d, J=2 Hz, H2 indole), 7.11-7.20 (5H, m, CHar Phe), 7.29 (2H, d, Jo=8 Hz, H4 and H7 indole), 7.99 (3H, brs, NH2 Aib), 8.93 (1H, d, J=8 Hz, NH amide), 10.77 (1H, s, NH indole).
  • [0624]
    13C NMR (75 MHz, DMSO-d6, 300° K):
  • [0625]
    δ(ppm) 22.8 (CH2CH2-indole), 23.5 (CH3 Aib), 23.9 (CH3 Aib), 25.9 (CH2—CH2-indole), 38.7 (CH2 βPhe), 45.7 (CH2-p-methoxybenzyl), 46.4 (CH αPhe), 55.6 (OCH3), 56.8 (Cq Aib), 111.8 (C7 indole), 113.4 (C3 indole), 114.7 (C3 and C5 p-methoxybenzyl), 118.5 (C4 Trp), 118.6 (C5 Trp), 121.4 (C6 Trp), 123.0 (C2 Trp), 127.0 (C4 phenyl), 127.2 (C9 indole), 127.9 (C1 p-methoxybenzyl), 128.1 (C2 and C6 phenyl), 128.5 (C3 and C5 phenyl), 129.8 (C2 and C6 p-methoxybenzyl), 136.6 (C8 indole), 137.7 (C1 phenyl), 155.2 (Cq triazole), 154.4 (Cq triazole), 159.3 (C4 p-methoxybenzyl), 171.7 (CO Aib).
  • (R)—N-(1-(4-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide (Compound 95)
  • [0626]
    1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6):
  • [0627]
    δ(ppm) 1.29 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 1.35 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 2.85 (1H, m, 1H N—CH2CH2 —In), 2.89 (1H, m, 1H, —N—CH2CH2 —In), 3.28 (1H, dd, J=14.2, J=6.8, 1H C2β Trp), 3.40 (1H, dd, J=14.2, J=8.4, 1H C2β Trp), 4.10 (2H, m, —N—CH2 —CH2—In), 5.25 (1H, m, CHα Trp), 6.85 (1H, d, J=2.0, H2 indole), 6.90-6.98 (2H, m, H5 indole), 7.01 (1H, d, J=2.0, H2 indole), 7.02-7.12 (2H, m, H6 indole), 7.30 (1H, d, J=8.2, H7 indole), 7.33 (1H, d, J=8.3, H7 indole), 7.40 (1H, d, J=7.9, H4 indole), 7.47 (1H, d, J=7.8, H4 indole), 8.04 (2H, brs, NH2 Aib), 8.42 (1H, s, H triazole), 9.01 (1H, d, J=8.0, NH Trp), 10.81 (1H, s, NH indole), 10.90 (1H, s, NH indole).
  • (R)—N-(1-(5-((1H-indol-3-yl)methyl)-4-methyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide (Compound 96)
  • [0628]
    1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6):
  • [0629]
    δ(ppm) 1.20 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 1.28 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 3.32 (3H, d, N—CH3), 3.30-3.45 (2H, m, CH2β Trp), 4.22 (2H, s, —CH2—In), 5.30 (1H, m, CHα Trp), 6.91 (1H, t, J=7.5, Hg indole), 6.94 (1H, d, J=7.5, H5 indole), 7.02 (1H, t, J=7.9, He indole), 7.05 (1H, t, J=7.9, H6 indole), 7.08 (1H, d, J=1.9, H2 indole), 7.12 (1H, d, J=1.9, H2 indole), 7.29 (1H, d, J=8.1, H7 indole), 7.33 (1H, d, J=8.2, H7 indole), 7.48 (1H, d, J=7.9, H4 indole), 7.57 (1H, d, J=7.9H4 indole), 8.00 (2H, brs, NH2 Aib), 8.85 (1H, d, J=8.2, NH Trp), 10.82 (1H, s, NH indole), 10.98 (1H, s, NH indole).
  • (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-methyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide (Compound 97)
  • [0630]
    1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6):
  • [0631]
    δ(ppm) 1.30 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 1.40 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 3.00-3.20 (4H, m, —CH2 —CH2 —In), 3.36 (3H, s, N—CH3), 3.45-3.50 (2H, m, CH2β Trp), 5.30 (1H, m, CHα Trp), 6.95-7.04 (2H, t, H5 indole), 7.06-7.13 (2H, m, H6 indole), 7.18 (2H, brs, H2 indole), 7.34 (1H, d, J=8.0, H7 indole), 7.36 (1H, d, J=8.0, H7 indole), 7.48 (1H, d, J=7.8, H4 indole), 7.58 (1H, d, J=7.8, H4 indole), 8.10 (2H, brs, NH2 Aib), 8.95 (1H, d, J=8.1, NH Trp), 10.95 (1H, s, NH indole), 10.96 (1H, s, NH indole).
  • [0632]
    13C NMR (100 MHz,DMSO-d6):
  • [0633]
    δ(ppm) 22.9-25.9 (—CH2CH2-indole), 24.1 (CH3 Aib), 24.3 (CH3 Aib), 28.8 (CH2β Trp), 30.7 (—NCH3), 46.2 (CHα Trp), 57.2 (Cq Aib), 110.2 (C3 indole), 112.3 (2C7 indole), 113.5 (C3 indole), 118.9-119.2 (2C5, 2C4 indole), 121.9 (2C6 indole), 123.6 (C2 indole), 125.3 (C2 indole), 127.7 (C9 indole), 128.0 (C9 indole), 136.9 (C8 indole), 137.1 (C8 indole), 155.3 (Cq triazole), 155.8 (Cq triazole), 172.2 (CO Aib).
  • (R)—N-(1-(5-((1H-indol-3-yl)methyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide (Compound 98)
  • [0634]
    1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6):
  • [0635]
    δ(ppm) 1.31 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 1.42 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 3.19 (1H, dd, J=14.5, J=9.6, 1H CH2 βTrp), 3.35 (1H, dd, J=14.5, J=5.3, 1H C2 βTrp), 4.15 (2H, s, CH2 indole), 5.26 (1H, m, CαH Trp), 6.95 (1H, t, H5 Trp), 6.96 (1H, t, H5 indole), 7.05 (1H, t, H6 Trp), 7.06 (1H, s, H2 Trp), 7.07 (1H, t, H6 indole), 7.21 (1H, s, H2 indole), 7.32 (1H, d, H7 Trp), 7.37 (1H, d, H7 indole), 7.51 (1H, d, J=7.8, H4 indole), 7.58 (1H, d, J=7.8, H4 Trp), 8.00 (2H, s, NH2 Aib), 8.64 (1H, d, J=8.7, NH Trp), 10.77 (1H, s, NH indole Trp), 10.92 (1H, s, NH indole).
  • [0636]
    13C NMR (400 MHz,DMSO-d6):
  • [0637]
    δ(ppm) 22.9 (CH2 indole), 23.2 (CH3 Aib), 23.3 (CH3 Aib), 29.4 (Cβ Trp), 48.3 (Cα Trp), 56.3 (Cq Aib), 109.7 (C3 indole), 110.3 (C3 Trp), 111.2 (C7 Trp), 111.3 (C7 indole), 118.1 (C4 Trp, C5 Trp), 118.3 (C4 indole), 118.4 (C5 indole), 120.7 (C6 Trp), 121.0 (C6 indole), 123.4 (C2 indole), 123.6 (C2 Trp), 126.8 (C9 indole), 127.1 (C9 Trp), 136.0 (C8 Trp), 136.2 (C8 indole), 157.5 (Cq triazole), 161.7 (Cq triazole), 170.8 (CO Aib).
  • (R)—N-(1-(5-((1H-indol-3-yl)methyl)-4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide (Compound 99)
  • [0638]
    1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6):
  • [0639]
    δ(ppm) 1.27 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 1.29 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 3.25 (1H, dd, J=14.3, J=5.6, 1H CH2 βTrp), 3.38 (1H, dd, J=14.3, J=9.1, 1H C2 βTrp), 3.68 (3H, s, OCH3), 3.72 (3H, s, OCH3), 4.10 (1H, d, J=16.5, 1H C2 indole), 4.16 (1H, d, J=16.5, 1H C2 indole), 4.96 (1H, d, J=16.8, 1H C2 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 5.12 (1H, d, J=16.8, 1H C2 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 5.16 (1H, m, CαH Trp), 6.21 (1H, dd, J=8.5, J=2.1, H5 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 6.27 (1H, d, J=8.5, H6 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 6.57 (1H, d, J=2.1, H3 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 6.83 (1H, t, H5 Trp), 6.94 (1H, t, H5 indole), 7.02 (1H, t, H6 Trp), 7.05 (1H, t, H2 indole), 7.06 (1H, t, H6 indole), 7.07 (1H, s, H2 Trp), 7.07 (1H, t, H4 Trp), 7.31 (1H, d, H7 Trp), 7.33 (1H, d, H7 indole), 7.36 (1H, d, J=7.8, H4 indole), 8.00 (2H, br s, NH2 Aib), 8.92 (1H, d, J=8.2, NH Trp), 10.79 (1H, s, NH indole Trp), 10.89 (1H, s, NH indole).
  • [0640]
    13C NMR (400 MHz,DMSO-d6):
  • [0641]
    δ(ppm) 21.2 (CH2indole), 23.1 (CH3 Aib), 23.2 (CH3 Aib), 28.6 (Cβ Trp), 41.4 (N—CH2 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 45.1 (Cα Trp), 55.2 (OCH3), 55.4 (OCH3), 56.2 (Cq Aib), 98.5 (C3 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 104.6 (C5 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 107.9 (C3 indole), 109.5 (C3 Trp), 111.2 (C7 Trp), 111.3 (C7 indole), 115.1 (C1 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 117.8 (C4 Trp), 118.1 (C5 Trp), 118.3 (C4 indole), 118.4 (C5 indole), 120.8 (C6 Trp), 121.1 (C6 indole), 123.5 (C2 indole), 124.3 (C2 Trp), 126.6 (C9 indole), 126.8 (C9 Trp), 127.2 (C6 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 136.0 (C8 Trp), 136.2 (C8 indole), 157.5 (Cq triazole), 154.9 (Cq triazole), 157.2 (C2 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 160.3 (C4 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 171.2 (CO Aib).
  • (R)—N-(1-(5-((1H-indol-3-yl)methyl)-4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide (Compound 101)
  • [0642]
    1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6, 300° K):
  • [0643]
    δ(ppm) 1.22 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 1.25 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 3.22 (1H, dd, J=14 Hz and 6 Hz, CH2 βTrp), 3.34 (1H, dd, J=14 Hz and 9 Hz, CH2 βTrp), 3.68 (3H, s, OCH3), 4.11 (2H, m, CH 2-indole), 5.09 (3H, m, CH αTrp and CH 2-p-methoxybenzyl), 6.70 (4H, s, CHar p-methoxybenzyl), 6.78 (2H, m, H5 indole and H5 Trp), 6.93 (2H, m, H6 indole and H6 Trp), 7.01-7.06 (3H, m, H2 indole, H2 and H4 Trp), 7.31 (3H, m, H4 and H7 indole, H7 Trp), 7.98 (3H, brs, NH2 Aib), 8.92 (1H, d, J=8 Hz, NH amide), 10.77 (1H, s, NH indole), 10.89 (1H, s, NH indole Trp).
  • [0644]
    13C NMR (75 MHz, DMSO-d6, 300° K):
  • [0645]
    δ(ppm) 21.7 (CH2-indole), 23.5 (CH3 Aib), 23.7 (CH3 Aib), 28.9 (CH2 βTrp), 45.6 (CH αTrp), 45.8 (CH2— p-methoxybenzyl), 55.5 (OCH3), 56.7 (Cq Aib), 108.1 (C3 indole), 109.7 (C3 Trp), 111.7 (C7 Trp), 111.9 (C7 indole), 114.5 (C3 and C5 p-methoxybenzyl), 118.3 (C4 Trp), 118.7 (C4 indole), 118.8 (C5 indole), 118.9 (C5 Trp), 121.3 (C6 indole), 121.6 (C6 Trp), 124.2 (C2 indole), 125.3 (C2 Trp), 127.1 (C9 indole), 127.2 (C9 Trp), 127.6 (C1 p-methoxybenzyl), 127.8 (C2 and C6 p-methoxybenzyl), 136.4 (C8 Trp), 136.7 (C8 indole), 154.2 (Cq triazole), 155.2 (Cq triazole), 159.2 (C4 p-methoxybenzyl), 171.9 (CO Aib).
  • (R)—N-(1-(4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-5-benzyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide (Compound 102)
  • [0646]
    1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6):
  • [0647]
    δ(ppm) 1.30 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 1.33 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 3.26 (1H, dd, J=14.2, J=5.9, 1H CH2 βTrp), 3.38 (1H, dd, J=14.2, J=8.7, 1H C2 βTrp), 3.69 (3H, s, OCH3), 3.72 (3H, s, OCH3), 4.02 (2H, s, CH2 benzyl), 4.87 (1H, d, J=16.7, 1H C2 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 5.08 (1H, d, J=16.7, 1H C2 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 5.17 (1H, m, CαH Trp), 6.24 (1H, dd, J=8.4, J=1.7, H5 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 6.28 (1H, d, J=8.4, H6 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 6.56 (1H, d, J=1.7, H3 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 6.85 (1H, t, J=7.5, H5 Trp), 7.02 (1H, t, H6 Trp), 7.07 (2H, m, H2, H6 benzyl), 7.08 (1H, s, H2 Trp), 7.09 (1H, d, H4 Trp), 7.16-7.29 (3H, m, H3, H4, H5 benzyl), 7.31 (1H, d, J=8.2, H7 Trp), 8.01 (2H, s, NH2 Aib), 8.92 (1H, d, J=7.9, NH Trp), 11.79 (1H, s, NH indole Trp).
  • [0648]
    13C NMR (400 MHz,DMSO-d6):
  • [0649]
    δ(ppm) 23.2 (2CH3 Aib), 28.7 (Cβ Trp), 30.2 (CH2-benzyl), 41.3 (CH2— o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 45.2 (Cα Trp), 55.2 (OCH3), 55.4 (OCH3), 56.2 (Cq Aib), 98.5 (C3 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 104.7 (C5 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 109.$ (C3 Trp), 111.3 (C7 Trp), 115.1 (C1 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 117.8 (C4 Trp), 118.2 (C5 Trp), 120.8 (C6 Trp), 124.3 (C2 Trp), 126.5 (C2, C6 benzyl), 126.8 (C9 Trp), 127.3 (C6 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 128.3 (C3, C4, C5 Benzyl), 135.8 (C1 benzyl), 136.0 (C8 Trp), 153.4 (Cq triazole), 155.0 (Cq triazole), 157.2 (C2 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 160.3 (C4 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 171.3 (CO Aib).
  • (R)—N-(1-(5-((1H-indol-3-yl)methyl)-4-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide (Compound 104)
  • [0650]
    1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6, 300° K):
  • [0651]
    δ(ppm) 1.27 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 1.29 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 2.39-2.53 (4H, m, CH 2—CH 2-phenyl), 3.74 (1H, m, CH2 βTrp), 3.92 (1H, m, CH2 βTrp), 3.99 (2H, s, CH2-indole), 5.21 (1H, m, CH αTrp), 6.74 (2H, m, H5 indole and H5 Trp), 6.90 (1H, t, Jo=8 Hz, H6 Trp), 6.92 (1H, t, Jo=8 Hz, H6 indole), 7.01-7.06 (4H, m, H2 and H6 phenyl, H2 indole and H2 Trp), 7.16 (3H, m, H3, H4 and H5 phenyl), 7.27 (1H, d, Jo=8 Hz, H4 Trp), 7.32 (1H, d, Jo=8 Hz, H7 Trp), 7.36 (1H, d, Jo=8 Hz, H7 indole), 7.50 (1H, d, Jo=8 Hz, H4 indole), 7.99 (3H, brs, NH2 Aib), 9.02 (1H, s, J=8 Hz, NH amide), 10.79 (1H, s, NH indole Trp), 10.94 (1H, s, NH indole).
  • [0652]
    13C NMR (75 MHz, DMSO-d6, 300° K):
  • [0653]
    δ(ppm) 21.4 (CH2-indole), 23.5 (CH3 Aib), 23.8 (CH3 Aib), 29.5 (CH2 βTrp), 35.8 (CH2CH2-phenyl), 44.5 (CH2—CH2-phenyl), 45.8 (CH αTrp), 56.7 (Cq Aib), 108.5 (C3 indole), 109.9 (C3 Trp), 114.0 (C7 indole and C7 Trp), 118.4 (C4 Trp), 118.8 (C4 indole and C5 Trp), 119.0 (C5 indole), 121.4 (C6 Trp), 121.7 (C6 indole), 124.0 (C2 indole and C2 Trp), 127.1 (C4 phenyl), 127.7 (C9 indole and C9 Trp), 128.8 (C2 and C6 phenyl), 129.1 (C3 and C5 phenyl), 136.5 (C8 Trp), 136.6 (C8 indole), 137.5 (C1 phenyl), 153.6 (Cq triazole), 155.0 (Cq triazole), 171.8 (CO Aib).
  • (R)—N-(1-(5-benzyl-4-(2,2-diphenylethyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide (Compound 106)
  • [0654]
    1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6, 300° K):
  • [0655]
    δ(ppm) 1.29 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 1.34 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 3.37 (4H, m, CH2 βTrp and CH2-benzyl), 3.74 (1H, t, J=7 Hz, CH2—CH(Phe)2), 4.21 (1H, dd, J=14 Hz and 8 Hz, CH 2—CH(Phe)2), 4.51 (1H, dd, J=14 Hz and 8 Hz, CH 2—CH(Phe)2), 5.08 (1H, m, CH αTrp), 6.72 (2H, m, H2 and H6 benzyl), 6.86-6.93 (5H, m, H3, H4 and H5 benzyl, H5 and H6 Trp), 7.03 (1H, s, H2 Trp), 7.06-7.25 (CHar phenyl from CH(Phe)2), 7.33 (1H, d, Jo=8 Hz, H4 Trp), 7.47 (1H, d, Jo=8 Hz, H7 indole), 8.10 (3H, brs, NH2 Aib), 8.98 (1H, d, J=8 Hz, NH amide), 10.94 (1H, s, NH indole Trp).
  • [0656]
    13C NMR (75 MHz, DMSO-d6, 300° K):
  • [0657]
    δ(ppm) 23.5 (CH3 Aib), 23.7 (CH3 Aib), 29.4 (CH2 βTrp), 30.1 (CH2-benzyl), 46.0 (CH αTrp), 47.7 (CH2—CH(Phe)2), 51.3 (CH(Phe)2), 56.8 (Cq Aib), 109.8 (C3 Trp), 112.0 (C7 Trp), 118.5 (C4 Trp), 119.0 (C5 Trp), 121.5 (C6 Trp), 124.8 (C2 Trp), 127.1 (C4 phenyl from CH(Phe)2), 127.4 (C9 Trp, C2 and C6 benzyl), 128.3 (C2 and C6 phenyl from CH(Phe)2), 128.8-129.1 (C3 and C5 phenyl from CH(Phe)2, C3, C4 and C5 benzyl), 136.2 (C1 benzyl), 136.5 (C8 Trp), 141.0 (C1 phenyl from CH(Phe)2), 153.5 (Cq triazole), 155.1 (Cq triazole), 172.0 (CO Aib)
  • (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(2,2-diphenylethyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide (Compound 107)
  • [0658]
    1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6, 300° K):
  • [0659]
    δ(ppm) 1.34 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 1.38 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 2.06 (1H, m, CH2—CH 2-indole), 2.30 (1H, m, CH2—CH 2-indole), 2.78 (2H, m, CH 2—CH2-indole), 3.35 (1H, dd, J=14 Hz and 7 Hz, CH2 βTrp), 3.46 (1H, dd, J=14 Hz and 9 Hz, CH2 βTrp), 3.58 (1H, t, J=7 Hz, CH2—CH(Phe)2), 4.14 (1H, dd, J=14 Hz and 8 Hz, CH 2—CH(Phe)2), 4.39 (1H, dd, J=14 Hz and 7 Hz, CH 2—CH(Phe)2), 5.12 (1H, m, CH αTrp), 6.50 (2H, m, H5 indole and H5 Trp), 6.76 (2H, m, H6 indole and H6 Trp), 6.87 (2H, m, H2 indole and H2 Trp), 6.89-6.96 (2H, m, H4 phenyl), 7.03-7.15 (8H, m, H2, H3, H5 and H6 phenyl), 7.33 (3H, m, H4 indole, H4 and H7 Trp), 7.47 (1H, d, J=8 Hz, H7 indole), 8.11 (3H, brs, NH2 Aib), 9.04 (1H, d, J=8 Hz, NH amide), 10.76 (1H, s, NH indole), 10.96 (1H, s, NH indole Trp).
  • [0660]
    13C NMR (75 MHz, DMSO-d6, 300° K):
  • [0661]
    δ(ppm) 22.4 (CH2CH2-indole), 23.6 (CH3 Aib), 23.8 (CH3 Aib), 24.9 (CH2—CH2-indole), 29.6 (CH2 βTrp), 46.1 (CH αTrp), 47.5 (CH2—CH(Phe)2), 51.5 (CH2CH(Phe)2), 56.8 (Cq Aib), 109.8 (C3 Trp), 111.8 (C7 Trp), 112.1 (C7 indole), 113.5 (C3 indole), 118.4 (C4 Trp), 118.7 (C4 and C5 indole), 119.0 (C5 Trp), 121.4 (C6 indole and C6 Trp), 122.8 (C2 indole), 125.0 (C2 Trp), 127.2 (C9 indole and C9 Trp), 127.3 (C4 phenyl), 128.2 (C2 and C6 phenyl), 128.7 (C3 and C5 phenyl), 136.6 (C8 indole and C8 Trp), 141.0 (C1 phenyl), 154.6 (2 Cq triazole), 172.0 (CO Aib).
  • (R)—N-(1-(4,5-dibenzyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide (Compound 109)
  • [0662]
    1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6, 300° K):
  • [0663]
    δ(ppm) 1.23 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 1.26 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 3.23 (1H, dd, J=14 Hz and 6 Hz, CH2 βTrp), 3.35 (1H, dd, J=14 Hz and 9 Hz, CH2 βTrp), 3.99 (2H, s, C—CH 2-phenyl), 5.10 (3H, m, N—CH 2-phenyl and CH αTrp), 6.77 (3H, m, H5 Trp, H2 and H6 phenyl from N—CH2-phenyl), 6.99 (2H, m, H2 and H6 Trp), 7.01-7.07 (3H, m, H4 Trp, H2 and H6 from C—CH2-phenyl), 7.15-7.23 (6H, m, H3, H4 and H5 phenyl from N—CH2-phenyl and from C—CH2-phenyl), 7.25 (1H, d, J=8 Hz, H7 Trp), 8.01 (3H, brs, NH2 Aib), 8.91 (1H, d, J=8 Hz, NH amide), 10.78 (1H, s, NH indole Trp).
  • [0664]
    13C NMR (75 MHz, DMSO-d6, 300° K):
  • [0665]
    δ(ppm) 23.5 (CH3 Aib), 23.7 (CH3 Aib), 29.0 (CH2 βTrp), 30.6 (C—CH2-phenyl), 45.7 (CH αTrp), 46.1 (N—CH2-phenyl), 56.7 (Cq Aib), 109.8 (C3 Trp), 111.7 (C7 Trp), 118.3 (C4 Trp), 118.7 (C5 Trp), 121.2 (C6 Trp), 124.8 (C2 Trp), 126.3 (C2 and C6 phenyl from N—CH2-phenyl), 127.0 (C2 and C6 phenyl from C—CH2-phenyl), 127.2 (C9 Trp), 128.0 (C4 phenyl from N—CH2-phenyl), 128.8 (C3, C4 and C5 phenyl from C—CH2-phenyl), 128.9 (C3 and C5 phenyl from N—CH2-phenyl), 135.8 (C1 phenyl from N—CH2-phenyl), 136.2 (C1 phenyl from C—CH2-phenyl), 136.4 (C8 Trp), 153.9 (Cq triazole), 155.3 (Cq triazole), 171.9 (CO Aib).
  • (R)—N-(1-(5-benzyl-4-hexyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide (Compound 110)
  • [0666]
    1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6, 300° K):
  • [0667]
    δ(ppm) 0.71 (3H, t, 3J=7 Hz, (CH2)5—CH 3), 0.87 (4H, m, 2 CH2), 0.95 (2H, m, CH 2—CH3), 1.00 (2H, m, N—CH2—CH 2), 1.36 (6H, s, CH3 Aib), 3.36 (1H, dd, 3J=14 Hz and 7 Hz, CH2 βTrp), 3.41 (1H, dd, 3J=14 Hz and 7 Hz, CH2 βTrp), 3.50 (1H, m, N—CH 2), 3.65 (1H, m, N—CH 2), 4.11 (2H, s, CH 2-benzyl), 5.14 (1H, m, CH αTrp), 6.90 (1H, t, Jo=7 Hz, H5 Trp), 7.01 (1H, t, Jo=7 Hz, H6 Trp), 7.04 (1H, s, H2 Trp), 7.09 (2H, m, H2 and H6 benzyl), 7.17-7.29 (4H, m, H4 Trp, H3, H4 and H5 benzyl), 7.47 (1H, d, Jo=8 Hz, H7 Trp), 8.10 (3H, brs, NH2 Aib), 9.05 (1H, d, J=7 Hz, NH amide), 10.84 (1H, s, NH indole Trp).
  • [0668]
    13C NMR (75 MHz, DMSO-d6, 300° K):
  • [0669]
    δ(ppm) 14.1 ((CH2)5CH3), 22.1 (CH2—CH3), 23.8 (CH3 Aib), 23.5 (CH3 Aib), 25.8 (CH3—CH2—CH2CH2), 29.5 (CH2 βTrp), 30.3 (N—CH2CH2), 30.8 (CH2-benzyl and CH3—CH2CH2), 43.3 (N—CH2—CH2), 46.1 (CH αTrp), 56.8 (Cq Aib), 109.6 (C3 Trp), 111.9 (C7 Trp), 118.2 (C4 Trp), 118.8 (C5 Trp), 121.4 (C6 Trp), 124.7 (C2 Trp), 127.2 (C2 and C6 benzyl), 127.3 (C9 Trp), 128.8 (C3, C4 and C5 benzyl), 136.2 (C1 benzyl), 136.5 (C8 Trp), 153.1 (Cq triazole), 155.1 (Cq triazole), 171.9 (CO Aib).
  • (R)—N-(1-(4-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-5-benzyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide (Compound 111)
  • [0670]
    1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6, 300° K):
  • [0671]
    δ(ppm) 1.31 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 1.35 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 2.51 (2H, m, CH2—CH 2-indole), 3.37 (2H, m, CH2 βTrp), 3.76-3.90 (4H, m, CH 9-benzyl and CH 2—CH2-indole), 5.25 (1H, m, CH αTrp), 6.88 (2H, t, Jo=7 hz, H5 indole and H5 Trp), 6.95 (2H, t, Jo=7 Hz, H6 indole and H6 Trp), 7.03 (4H, m, H2 Trp, H2 indole, H2 and H6 benzyl), 7.16 (2H, d, Jo=8 Hz, H4 indole and H4 Trp), 7.20-7.30 (4H, 3, H7 indole, H3, H4 and H5 benzyl), 7.47 (1H, d, Jo=8 Hz, H7 Trp), 8.05 (3H, brs, NH2 Aib), 9.05 (1H, d, J=8 Hz, NH amide), 10.83 (1H, s, NH indole), 10.88 (1H, s, NH indole Trp).
  • [0672]
    13C NMR (100 MHz, DMSO-d6, 300° K):
  • [0673]
    δ(ppm) 23.5 (CH3 Aib), 23.7 (CH3 Aib), 29.6 (CH2 βTrp), 30.3 (CH2-benzyl and CH2-CH2-indole), 44.1 (CH2—CH2-indole), 46.1 (CH αTrp), 56.8 (Cq Aib), 109.8 (C3 Trp), 109.9 (C3 indole), 111.9 (C7 indole and C7 Trp), 118.3 (C4 Trp), 118.4 (C4 indole), 118.9 (C5 indole and C5 Trp), 121.3 (C6 Trp), 121.5 (C6 indole), 123.7 (C2 indole), 124.7 (C2 Trp), 127.0 (C9 indole), 127.2 (C2 and C6 benzyl), 127.4 (C9 Trp), 128.8 (C3 and C5 benzyl), 129.0 (C4 benzyl), 136.3 (C1 benzyl), 136.4 (C8 indole and C8 Trp), 153.1 (Cq triazole), 155.3 (Cq triazole), 171.8 (CO Aib).
  • (S)—N-(1-(4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-5-benzyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide (Compound 112)
  • [0674]
    1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6, 300° K):
  • [0675]
    δ(ppm) 1.26 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 1.29 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 3.24 (1H, dd, J=14 Hz and 6 Hz, CH2 βTrp), 3.33 (1H, dd, J=14 Hz and 9 Hz, CH2 βTrp), 3.64 (3H, s, OCH3), 3.68 (3H, s, OCH3), 3.99 (2H, s, CH2 phenyl), 4.84 (1H, d, J=17 Hz, CH2-o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 5.05 (1H, d, J=17 Hz, CH2-o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 5.13 (1H, m, CH αTrp), 6.24 (2H, m, H5 and H6 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 6.52 (1H, d, Jm=2 Hz, H3 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 6.83 (1H, t, Jo=7 Hz, H5 Trp), 7.01 (1H, t, Jo=8 Hz, H6 Trp), 7.04 (1H, s, H2 Trp), 7.05-7.23 (6H, m, H4 Trp and CHar phenyl), 7.27 (1H, d, Jo=8 Hz, H7 Trp), 8.01 (3H, brs, NH2 Aib), 8.90 (1H, d, J=8 Hz, NH amide), 10.77 (1H, d, J=2 Hz, NH indole Trp).
  • [0676]
    13C NMR (75 MHz, DMSO-d6, 300° K):
  • [0677]
    δ(ppm) 23.6 (CH3 Aib), 29.1 (CH2 βTrp), 30.6 (CH2-phenyl), 41.9 (CH2-o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 45.7 (CH αTrp), 55.7 (OCH3), 55.9 (OCH3), 56.7 (Cq Aib), 99.9 (C3 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 105.1 (C5 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 109.9 (C3 Trp), 111.7 (C7 Trp), 115.5 (C1 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 118.3 (C4 Trp), 118.6 (C5 Trp), 121.3 (C6 Trp), 124.2 (C2 Trp), 127.0 (C6 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 127.3 (C9 Trp), 127.8 (C4 phenyl), 128.8 (C2, C3, C5 and C6 phenyl), 136.2 (C8 Trp), 136.4 (C1 phenyl), 153.9 (Cq triazole), 155.5 (Cq triazole), 157.6 (C2 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 160.8 (C4 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 171.8 (CO amide).
  • (R)—N-(1-(4-(3,5-dimethoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide (Compound 113)
  • [0678]
    1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6, 300° K):
  • [0679]
    δ(ppm) 1.24 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 1.27 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 2.83 (4H, s, CH 2—CH 2-phenyl), 3.32 (2H, m, CH2 βTrp), 3.61 (6H, s, OCH3), 5.02 (2H, m, CH2-m-dimethoxybenzyl), 5.18 (1H, m, CH αTrp), 6.07 (2H, d, Jm=2 Hz, H2 and H6 m-dimethoxybenzyl), 6.42 (1H, brs, H4 m-dimethoxybenzyl), 6.83 (1H, t, Jo=7 Hz, H5 Trp), 6.99 (1H, t, Jo=8 Hz, H6 Trp), 7.08 (1H, d, J=2 Hz, H2 Trp), 7.13 (3H, t, Jo=8 Hz, H3, H4 and H5 phenyl), 7.20 (3H, d, Jo=7 Hz, H2 and H6 phenyl, H4 Trp), 7.28 (1H, d, Jo=8 Hz, H7 Trp), 7.99 (3H, brs, NH2 Aib), 8.92 (1H, d, J=8 Hz, NH amide), 10.77 (1H, s, NH indole).
  • [0680]
    13C NMR (75 MHz, DMSO-d6, 300° K):
  • [0681]
    δ(ppm) 23.5 (CH3 Aib), 23.8 (CH3 Aib), 26.5 (CH2—CH2-phenyl), 29.2 (CH2 βTrp), 32.7 (CH2CH2-phenyl), 45.6 (CH αTrp), 45.8 (CH2— m-dimethoxybenzyl), 55.6 (OCH3), 56.8 (Cq Aib), 99.6 (C4 m-dimethoxybenzyl), 104.6 (C2 and C6 m-dimethoxybenzyl), 109.9 (C3 Trp), 111.8 (C7 Trp), 118.2 (C4 Trp), 118.7 (C5 Trp), 121.3 (C6 Trp), 124.8 (C2 Trp), 126.5 (C4 phenyl), 127.3 (C9 Trp), 128.7 (C2, C3, C5 and C6 phenyl), 136.4 (C8 Trp), 138.6 (C4 m-dimethoxybenzyl), 140.9 (C1 phenyl), 154.6 (Cq triazole), 154.8 (Cq triazole), 161.4 (C3 and C5 m-dimethoxybenzyl), 171.8 (CO amide).
  • (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-bromobenzyl)-5-benzyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide (Compound 114)
  • [0682]
    1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6, 300° K):
  • [0683]
    δ(ppm)1.23 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 1.25 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 3.26 (1H, dd, 3J=14 Hz and 6 Hz, CH2 Trp), 3.34 (1H, dd, 3J=14 Hz and 9 Hz, CH2 βTrp), 4.01 (2H, m, CH2-benzyl), 5.01 (1H, m, CH αTrp), 5.08 (2H, s, CH2-p-bromobenzyl), 6.59 (2H, d, Jo=8 Hz, H2 and H6 p-bromobenzyl), 6.81 (1H, t, Jo=7 Hz, H5 Trp), 6.94 (1H, s, H2 Trp), 6.98 (1H, t, Jo=7 Hz, H6 Trp), 7.06 (2H, m, H2 and H6 benzyl), 7.12 (1H, d, Jo=7 Hz, H4 Trp), 7.16-7.20 (3H, m, H3, H4 and H5 benzyl), 7.26 (1H, d, Jo=8 Hz, H7 Trp), 7.29 (2H, d, Jo=8 Hz, H3 and H5 benzyl), 8.00 (3H, brs, NH2 Aib), 8.92 (1H, d, J=8 Hz, NH amide), 10.78 (1H, s, NH indole Trp).
  • [0684]
    13C NMR (75 MHz, DMSO-d6, 300° K):
  • [0685]
    δ(ppm) 23.5 (CH3 Aib), 23.8 (CH3 Aib), 29.0 (CH2 β Trp), 30.5 (CH2-benzyl), 45.6 (CH2 -p-bromobenzyl), 45.7 (CH α Trp), 56.7 (Cq Aib), 109.7 (C3 Trp), 111.8 (C7 Trp), 118.2 (C4 tryptophae), 118.7 (C5 Trp), 121.2 (C4 p-bromobenzyl), 121.3 (C6 Trp), 124.9 (C2 typtophane), 127.0 (C2 and C6 benzyl), 127.2 (C9 Trp), 128.4 (C2 and C6 p-bromobenzyl), 128.9 (C3, C4 and C5 benzyl), 131.9 (C3 and C5 p-bromobenzyl), 135.2 (C1 p-bromobenzyl), 136.2 (C8 Trp), 136.4 (C1 benzyl), 153.9 (Cq triazole), 155.3 (Cq triazole), 171.9 (CO Aib).
  • (R)—N-(1-(4-(2-methoxybenzyl)-5-benzyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide (Compound 115)
  • [0686]
    1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6, 300° K):
  • [0687]
    δ(ppm) 1.24 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 1.27 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 3.20 (1H, dd, J=14 Hz and 5 Hz, CH2 βTrp), 3.33 (1H, dd, J=14 Hz and 9 Hz, CH2 βTrp), 3.68 (3H, s, OCH3), 4.00 (2H, s, CH2-phenyl), 4.95 (1H, d, J=17 Hz, CH2-o-methoxybenzyl), 5.07 (1H, m, CH αTrp), 5.18 (1H, d, J=17 Hz, CH2-o-methoxybenzyl), 6.27 (1H, d, Jo=8 Hz, H3 o-methoxybenzyl), 6.67 (1H, t, Jo=7 Hz, H5 Trp), 6.77 (1H, t, Jo=6 Hz, H6 Trp), 6.92-7.05 (6H, m, H2 Trp, H2 and H6 phenyl, H4, H5 and H6 o-methoxybenzyl), 7.14-7.26 (5H, m, H4 and H7 Trp, H3, H4 and H5 phenyl), 8.03 (3H, brs, NH2 Aib), 8.91 (1H, d, J=8 Hz, NH amide), 10.78 (1H, s, NH indole Trp).
  • [0688]
    13C NMR (75 MHz, DMSO-d6, 300° K):
  • [0689]
    δ(ppm) 23.5 (CH3 Aib), 23.6 (CH3 Aib), 29.1 (CH2 β Trp), 30.5 (CH2-phenyl), 42.1 (CH2-o-methoxybenzyl), 45.7 (CH α Trp), 55.9 (OCH3), 56.7 (Cq Aib), 109.8 (C3 Trp), 111.3 (C3 o-methoxybenzyl), 111.7 (C7 Trp), 118.2 (C4 Trp), 118.7 (C5 Trp), 120.9 (C5 o-methoxybenzyl), 121.2 (C6 Trp), 123.3 (C1 o-methoxybenzyl), 124.8 (C2 Trp), 126.6 (C2 and C6 phenyl), 127.1 (C4 o-methoxybenzyl), 127.2 (C9 Trp), 128.8 (C3, C4 and C5 phenyl), 129.5 (C6 o-methoxybenzyl), 136.0 (C1 phenyl), 136.4 (C8 Trp), 154.0 (Cq triazole), 155.6 (Cq triazole), 156.5 (C2 o-methoxybenzyl), 171.8 (CO Aib).
  • (S)—N-(1-(4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide (Compound 116)
  • [0690]
    1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6, 300° K):
  • [0691]
    δ(ppm) 1.28 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 1.32 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 2.81 (4H, m, CH 2—CH 2-phenyl), 3.30 (2H, t, CH2 βTrp), 3.61 (3H, s, OCH3), 3.69 (3H, s, OCH3), 4.87 (1H, d, J=17 Hz, CH2-o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 5.03 (1H, d, J=17 Hz, CH2-o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 5.20 (1H, m, CH αTrp), 6.29 (1H, dd, Jo=8 Hz and Jm=2 Hz, H5 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 6.43 (1H, d, Jo=8 Hz, H6 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 6.55 (1H, d, Jm=2 Hz, H3 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 6.83 (1H, t, Jo=8 Hz, H5 Trp), 6.99 (1H, t, Jo=8 Hz, H6 Trp), 7.06 (1H, d, J=2 Hz, H2 Trp), 7.09-7.25 (6H, m, H4 Trp and CHar phenyl), 7.28 (1H, d, Jo=8 Hz, H7 Trp), 8.04 (3H, brs, NH2 Aib), 8.92 (1H, d, J=8 Hz, NH amide), 10.79 (1H, s, NH indole Trp).
  • [0692]
    13C NMR (75 MHz, DMSO-d6, 300° K):
  • [0693]
    δ(ppm) 23.6 (CH3 Aib), 23.7 (CH3 Aib), 26.5 (CH2—CH2-phenyl), 29.1 (CH2 βTrp), 32.7 (CH2CH2-phenyl), 41.8 (CH2-o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 45.7 (CH αTrp), 55.7 (OCH3), 55.9 (OCH3), 56.8 (Cq Aib), 99.1 (C3 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 105.2 (C5 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 109.9 (C3 Trp), 111.8 (C7 Trp), 115.6 (C1 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 118.3 (C4 Trp), 118.7 (C5 Trp), 121.3 (C6 Trp), 124.4 (C2 Trp), 126.6 (C4 phenyl), 127.3 (C9 Trp), 128.2 (C6 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 128.7 (C2, C3, C5 and C6 phenyl), 136.4 (C8 Trp), 140.9 (C1 phenyl), 154.6 (Cq triazole), 155.0 (Cq triazole), 157.8 (C2 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 160.9 (C4 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 171.8 (CO Aib).
  • (R)—N-(1-(4,5-diphenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide (Compound 117)
  • [0694]
    1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6, 300° K):
  • [0695]
    δ(ppm) 1.32 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 1.37 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 2.59 (4H, m, C—CH 2—CH 2-phenyl), 2.83 (2H, t, J=8 Hz, N—CH2—CH 2-phenyl), 3.38 (2H, m, N—CH 2—CH2-phenyl), 3.84 (1H, m, CH2 βTrp), 3.94 (1H, m, CH2 βTrp), 5.23 (1H, m, CH αTrp), 6.84 (2H, m, H4 phenyl from C—CH2—CH2-phenyl and H4 phenyl from N—CH2—CH2-phenyl), 6.93 (1H, t, Jo=8 Hz, H5 Trp), 7.00 (1H, t, Jo=8 Hz, H6 Trp), 7.07 (1H, d, J=2 Hz, H2 Trp), 7.11-7.27 (9H, m, H2, H3, H5 and H6 phenyl from C—CH2—CH2-phenyl, H2, H3, H5 and H6 phenyl from N—CH2—CH2-phenyl and H4 Trp), 7.50 (1H, d, Jo=8 Hz, H7 Trp), 8.07 (3H, brs, NH2 Aib), 9.04 (1H, d, J=8 Hz, NH amide), 10.85 (1H, s, NH indole Trp).
  • [0696]
    13C NMR (75 MHz, DMSO-d6, 300° K):
  • [0697]
    δ(ppm) 23.5 (CH3 Aib), 23.8 (CH3 Aib), 25.9 (C—CH2—CH2-phenyl), 29.5 (CH2 βTrp), 32.4 (C—CH2CH2-phenyl), 35.8 (N—CH2CH2-phenyl), 44.2 (N—CH2—CH2-phenyl), 45.9 (CH αTrp), 56.8 (Cq Aib), 109.7 (C3 Trp), 111.9 (C7 Trp), 118.4 (C4 Trp), 118.9 (C5 Trp), 121.4 (C6 Trp), 124.8 (C2 Trp), 126.6 (C4 phenyl from C—CH2—CH2-phenyl), 127.2 (C4 phenyl from N—CH2—CH2-phenyl), 127.4 (C9 Trp), 128.7 (C2 and C6 phenyl from C—CH2—CH2-phenyl, C2 and C6 phenyl from N—CH2—CH2-phenyl), 128.8 (C3 and C5 phenyl from C—CH2—CH2-phenyl, C3 and C5 phenyl from N—CH2—CH2-phenyl), 136.5 (C1 phenyl from N—CH2—CH2-phenyl), 137.5 (C1 phenyl from C—CH2—CH2-phenyl), 140.8 (C8 Trp), 154.1 (Cq triazole), 154.7 (Cq triazole), 171.9 (CO Aib).
  • (R)—N-(1-(4-(3,4-dichlorobenzyl)-5-benzyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide (Compound 118)
  • [0698]
    1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6, 300° K):
  • [0699]
    δ(ppm) 1.24 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 1.25 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 3.33 (2H, m, CH2 βTrp), 4.04 (2H, s, CH 2-benzyl), 5.05 (1H, m, CH αTrp), 5.12 (2H, s, CH2-m,p-dichlorobenzyl), 6.49 (1H, dd, Jo=8 Hz and Jm=2 Hz, H6 m,p-dichlorobenzyl), 6.80 (1H, t, Jo=8 Hz, H5 Trp), 6.87 (1H, d, Jm=2 Hz, H2 Trp), 6.98 (1H, t, Jo=7 Hz, H6 Trp), 7.02-7.10 (3H, m, H2 and H6 benzyl, H5 m,p-dichlorobenzyl), 7.18 (3H, m, H3, H4 and H5 benzyl), 7.26 (2H, m, H4 and H7 Trp), 8.04 (3H, brs, NH2 Aib), 8.94 (1H, d, J=9 Hz, NH amide), 10.81 (1H, s, NH indole Trp).
  • [0700]
    13C NMR (75 MHz, DMSO-d6, 300° K):
  • [0701]
    δ(ppm) 23.4 (CH3 Aib), 23.8 (CH3 Aib), 29.0 (CH2 βTrp), 30.4 (CH2-benzyl), 45.1 (CH2-m,p-dichlorobenzyl), 45.6 (CH αTrp), 56.7 (Cq Aib), 109.6 (C3 Trp), 111.8 (C7 Trp), 118.1 (C4 Trp), 118.6 (C5 Trp), 121.3 (C6 Trp), 124.9 (C2 Trp), 126.4 (C6 m,p-dichlorobenzyl), 127.0 (C2 m,p-dichlorobenzyl), 127.2 (C9 Trp), 128.4 (C2 and C6 benzyl), 130.7 (C4 and C5 m,p-dichlorobenzyl), 131.8 (C3 m,p-dichlorobenzyl), 136.0 (C1 benzyl), 136.4 (C8 Trp), 136.7 (C1 m,p-dichlorobenzyl), 154.1 (Cq triazole), 155.2 (Cq triazole), 172.0 (CO Aib).
  • (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-benzyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-phenylethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide (Compound 120)
  • [0702]
    1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6, 300° K):
  • [0703]
    δ(ppm) 1.18 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 1.26 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 3.09 (1H, dd, J=14 Hz and 6 Hz, CH2 βPhe), 3.18 (1H, dd, J=14 Hz and 9 Hz, CH2 βPhe), 3.99 (2H, d, J=4 Hz, CH2-phenyl), 4.95 (1H, d, J=16 Hz, CH2-p-methoxybenzyl), 5.06 (1H, d, J=16 Hz, CH2-p-methoxybenzyl), 5.13 (1H, m, CH αPhe), 6.78 (4H, s, CHar p-methoxybenzyl), 7.02-7.08 (4H, m, H2 and H6 phenyl, H2 and H6 Phe), 7.12-7.25 (6H, m, H3, H4 and H5 phenyl, H3, H4 and H5 Phe), 7.99 (3H, brs, NH2 Aib), 8.92 (1H, d, J=8 Hz, NH amide).
  • [0704]
    13C NMR (75 MHz, DMSO-d6, 300° K):
  • [0705]
    δ(ppm) 23.4 (CH3 Aib), 23.8 (CH3 Aib), 30.7 (CH2-phenyl), 38.7 (CH2 βPhe), 45.9 (CH2-p-methoxybenzyl), 46.4 (CH αPhe), 55.6 (OCH3), 56.7 (Cq Aib), 114.6 (C3 and C5 p-methoxybenzyl), 126.9 and 127.1 (C4 phenyl and C4 Phe), 127.7 (C1 p-methoxybenzyl), 128.2 (C2 and C6 Phe), 128.5 (C3 and C5 Phe), 128.9 (C2, C3, C5 and C6 phenyl), 129.7 (C2 and C6 p-methoxybenzyl), 136.3 (C1 phenyl), 137.6 (C1 Phe), 154.0 (Cq triazole), 154.9 (Cq triazole), 159.2 (C4 p-methoxybenzyl), 171.7 (CO amide).
  • (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-fluorobenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide (Compound 121)
  • [0706]
    1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6, 300° K):
  • [0707]
    δ(ppm) 1.27 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 1.28 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 2.82 (4H, m, CH 2—CH 2-phenyl), 3.34 (2H, m, CH2 βTrp), 5.06 (2H, s, CH2-p-fluorobenzyl), 5.16 (1H, m, CH αTrp), 6.85 (3H, m, H5 Trp, H3 and H5 p-fluorobenzyl), 6.98-7.04 (4H, m, H2 and H6 Trp, H2 and H6 phenyl), 7.09-7.11 (2H, m, H2 and H6 p-fluorobenzyl), 7.15 (1H, d, Jo=6 Hz, H4 Trp), 7.19 (3H, t, Jo=8 Hz, H3, H4 and H5 phenyl), 7.29 (1H, d, Jo=8 Hz, H7 Trp), 8.01 (3H, brs, NH2 Aib), 8.94 (1H, d, J=8 Hz, NH amide), 10.78 (1H, s, NH indole Trp).
  • [0708]
    13C NMR (75 MHz, DMSO-d6, 300° K):
  • [0709]
    δ(ppm) 23.5 (CH3 Aib), 23.8 (CH3 Aib), 26.5 (CH2—CH2-phenyl), 29.2 (CH2 βTrp), 32.7 (CH2CH2-phenyl), 45.4 (CH2-p-fluorobenzyl), 45.7 (CH αTrp), 56.8 (Cq Aib), 109.8 (C3 Trp), 111.8 (C7 Trp), 115.9 and 116.2 (C3 and C5 p-fluorobenzyl), 118.3 (C4 Trp), 118.7 (C5 Trp), 121.3 (C6 Trp), 124.8 (C2 Trp), 126.5 (C4 phenyl), 127.3 (C9 Trp), 128.5 (C2 and C6 p-fluorobenzyl), 128.7 (C2, C3, C5 and C6 phenyl), 132.2 (C1 p-fluorobenzyl), 136.4 (C8 Trp), 140.9 (C1 phenyl), 154.5 (Cq triazole), 154.7 (Cq triazole), 160.3 (C4 p-fluorobenzyl), 171.9 (CO amide).
  • [0710]
    NMR 19F (282 MHz, DMSO-d6, 300° K):
  • [0711]
    δ(ppm)-114.9 (1F, m, p-fluorobenzyl).
  • (R)—N-(1-(4-(3,4-dichlorobenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide (Compound 122)
  • [0712]
    1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6, 300° K):
  • [0713]
    δ(ppm) 1.25 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 1.26 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 2.84 (4H, m, CH 2—CH 2-phenyl), 3.34 (2H, d, J=7 Hz, CH2 βTrp), 5.11 (3H, m, CH αTrp and CH2-m,p-dichlorobenzyl), 6.63 (1H, dd, Jo=8 Hz and Jm=2 Hz, H6 m,p-dichlorobenzyl), 6.83 (1H, t, Jo=8 Hz, H5 Trp), 6.99 (1H, t, Jo=8 Hz, H6 Trp), 7.05 (1H, d, J=2 Hz, H2 Trp), 7.12 (5H, m, CHar phenyl), 7.17 (1H, d, Jo=8 Hz, H4 Trp), 7.21 (1H, s, H2 m,p-dichlorobenzyl), 7.27 (1H, d, Jo=8 Hz, H5 m,p-dichlorobenzyl), 7.39 (1H, d, Jo=8 Hz, H7 Trp), 8.02 (3H, brs, NH2 Aib), 8.94 (1H, d, J=8 Hz, NH amide), 10.78 (1H, s, NH indole Trp).
  • [0714]
    13C NMR (75 MHz, DMSO-d6, 300° K):
  • [0715]
    δ(ppm) 23.5 (CH3 Aib), 23.8 (CH3 Aib), 26.4 (CH2CH2-phenyl), 29.1 (CH2 βTrp), 32.6 (CH2—CH2-phenyl), 44.7 (CH2-m,p-dichlorobenzyl), 45.6 (CH αTrp), 56.7 (Cq Aib), 109.7 (C3 Trp), 111.8 (C7 Trp), 118.1 (C4 Trp), 118.7 (C5 Trp), 121.3 (C6 Trp), 124.9 (C2 Trp), 126.5 (C4 phenyl and C6 m,p-dichlorobenzyl), 127.2 (C9 Trp), 128.7 (C2, C3, C5 and C6 phenyl, C2 m,p-dichlorobenzyl), 130.9 (C4 m,p-dichlorobenzyl), 131.4 (C5 m,p-dichlorobenzyl), 132.0 (C3 m,p-dichlorobenzyl), 136.4 (C8 Trp), 137.2 (C1 m,p-dichlorobenzyl), 140.8 (C1 phenyl), 154.5 (Cq triazole), 154.7 (Cq triazole), 171.9 (CO amide).
  • (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-methylbenzyl)-5-benzyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide (Compound 124)
  • [0716]
    1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6, 300° K):
  • [0717]
    δ(ppm) 1.22 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 1.27 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 2.22 (3H, s, CH3 p-methylbenzyl), 3.22 (1H, dd, J=14 Hz and 6 Hz, CH2 βTrp), 3.33 (1H, dd, J=14 Hz and 9 Hz, CH2 βTrp), 3.99 (2H, s, CH2-benzyl), 5.04 (2H, s, CH2-p-methylbenzyl), 5.09 (1H, m, CH αTrp), 6.64 (2H, d, Jo=8 Hz, H3 and H5 p-methylbenzyl), 6.78 (1H, t, Jo=7 Hz, H5 Trp), 6.98 (4H, t, Jo=7 Hz, H6 Trp, H3, H4 and H5 benzyl), 7.01 (1H, d, J=2 Hz, H2 Trp), 7.07 (2H, d, Jo=7 Hz, H2 and H6 p-methylbenzyl), 7.20 (3H, m, H4 Trp, H2 and H6 benzyl), 7.26 (1H, d, Jo=8 Hz, H7 Trp), 7.98 (3H, brs, NH2 Aib), 8.89 (1H, d, J=8 Hz, NH amide), 10.74 (1H, s, NH indole Trp).
  • [0718]
    13C NMR (75 MHz, DMSO-d6, 300° K):
  • [0719]
    δ(ppm) 21.0 (CH3 p-methylbenzyl), 23.5 (CH3 Aib), 23.7 (CH3 Aib), 29.1 (CH2 βTrp), 30.6 (CH2-benzyl), 45.7 (CH αTrp), 46.0 (CH2-p-methylbenzyl), 56.7 (Cq Aib), 109.8 (C3 Trp), 111.7 (C7 Trp), 118.3 (C4 Trp), 118.6 (C5 Trp), 121.2 (C6 Trp), 124.8 (C2 Trp), 126.3 (C3 and C5 p-methylbenzyl), 127.0 (C4 benzyl), 127.2 (C9 Trp), 128.9 (C2, C3, C5 and C6 benzyl), 129.7 (C2 and C6 p-methylbenzyl), 132.9 (C1 p-methylbenzyl), 136.3 (C4 p-methylbenzyl), 136.4 (C8 Trp), 137.4 (C1 benzyl), 153.9 (Cq triazole), 155.3 (Cq triazole), 171.8 (CO amide).
  • (S)—N-(1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-(3-phenylpropyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide (Compound 125)
  • [0720]
    1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6, 300° K):
  • [0721]
    δ(ppm) 1.27 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 1.31 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 1.74 (2H, m, (CH2—CH 2—CH2-phenyl), 2.52 (4H, t, J=7 Hz, CH 2—CH2—CH 2-phenyl), 3.35 (2H, d, J=7 Hz, CH2 βTrp), 3.68 (3H, s, OCH3), 4.98 (2H, s, CH2-p-methoxybenzyl), 5.20 (1H, m, CH αTrp), 6.75 (4H, s, CHar p-methoxybenzyl), 6.83 (1H, t, Jo=8 Hz, H5 Trp), 6.99 (1H, t, Jo=7 Hz, H6 Trp), 7.06 (3H, m, H2 and H6 phenyl, H2 Trp), 7.14 (1H, d, Jo=7 Hz, H4 Trp), 7.19 (3H, t, Jo=8 Hz, H3, H4 and H5 phenyl), 7.29 (1H, d, Jo=8 Hz, H7 Trp), 8.01 (3H, brs, NH2 Aib), 8.94 (1H, d, J=8 Hz, NH amide), 10.79 (1H, d, J=2 Hz, NH indole Trp).
  • [0722]
    13C NMR (75 MHz, DMSO-d6, 300° K):
  • [0723]
    δ(ppm) 23.6 (CH3 Aib), 23.8 (CH3 Aib), 24.1 (CH2CH2—CH2-phenyl), 28.5 (CH2—CH2—CH2-phenyl), 29.2 (CH2 βTrp), 34.7 (CH2—CH2CH2-phenyl), 45.5 (CH2-p-methoxybenzyl), 45.8 (CH αTrp), 55.5 (OCH3), 56.8 (Cq Aib), 109.8 (C3 Trp), 111.8 (C7 Trp), 114.6 (C3 and C5 p-methoxybenzyl), 118.3 (C4 Trp), 118.7 (C5 Trp), 121.3 (C6 Trp), 124.9 (C2 Trp), 126.2 (C4 phenyl), 127.3 (C9 Trp), 127.8 (C1 p-methoxybenzyl), 127.9 (C3, C4 and C5 phenyl), 128.7 (C2 and C6 p-methoxybenzyl), 136.4 (C8 Trp), 141.7 (C1 phenyl), 154.7 (Cq triazole), 154.8 (Cq triazole), 159.2 (C1 p-methoxybenzyl), 171.9 (CO amide).
  • (S)—N-(1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-benzyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide (Compound 126)
  • [0724]
    1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6, 300° K):
  • [0725]
    δ(ppm) 1.25 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 1.28 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 3.26 (1H, dd, J=14 Hz and 6 Hz, CH2 βTrp), 3.34 (1H, dd, J=14 Hz and 8 Hz, CH2 βTrp), 3.99 (2H, s, CH2-phenyl), 4.98 (2H, s, CH2-p-methoxybenzyl), 5.13 (1H, m, CH αTrp), 6.68 (4H, s, CHar p-methoxybenzyl), 6.80 (1H, t, Jo=8 Hz, H5 Trp), 6.99 (1H, t, Jo=8 Hz, H6 Trp), 7.02-7.06 (4H, m, H2 and H4 Trp, H2 and H6 phenyl), 7.20 (3H, m, H3, H4 and H5 phenyl), 7.27 (1H, d, Jo=8 Hz, H7 Trp), 8.00 (3H, s, NH2 Aib), 8.91 (1H, d, J=8 Hz, NH amide), 10.76 (1H, s, NH indole Trp).
  • [0726]
    13C NMR (75 MHz, DMSO-d6, 300° K):
  • [0727]
    δ(ppm) 23.5 (CH3 Aib), 23.7 (CH3 Aib), 29.1 (CH2 βTrp), 30.6 (CH2-phenyl), 45.7 (CH αTrp and CH2-p-methoxybenzyl), 55.5 (OCH3), 56.7 (Cq Aib), 109.8 (C3 Trp), 111.7 (C7 Trp), 114.5 (C3 and C5 p-methoxybenzyl), 118.3 (C4 Trp), 118.7 (C5 Trp), 121.3 (C6 Trp), 124.8 (C2 Trp), 127.1 (C4 phenyl), 127.3 (C9 Trp), 127.6 (C1 p-methoxybenzyl), 127.8 (C2 and C6 p-methoxybenzyl), 128.8 (C2 and C6 phenyl), 128.9 (C3 and C5 phenyl), 136.3 (C8 Trp), 136.4 (C1 phenyl), 153.8 (Cq triazole), 155.2 (Cq triazole), 159.2 (C4 p-methoxybenzyl), 171.9 (CO amide).
  • N—((R)-1-(4-(4-nitrobenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide (Compound 128)
  • [0728]
    1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6, 300° K):
  • [0729]
    δ(ppm) 1.28 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 1.29 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 2.77-2.94 (4H, m, CH 2—CH 2-phenyl), 3.28 (1H, dd, 3J=14 Hz and 8 Hz, CH2 βTrp), 3.43 (1H, dd, 3J=14 Hz and 7 Hz, CH2 βTrp), 5.05 (1H, m, CH αTrp), 5.25 (2H, d, J=7 Hz, CH 2-p-nitrobenzyl), 6.72 (1H, t, Jo=7 Hz, H5 Trp), 6.89 (2H, d, Jo=9 Hz, H2 and H6 p-nitrobenzyl), 6.92 (1H, t, Jo=7 Hz, H6 Trp), 7.00 (1H, d, Jm=2 Hz, H2 Trp), 7.08-7.15 (4H, m, H4 and H7 Trp, H2 and H6 phenyl), 7.17 (2H, Jo=7 hz, H3 and H5 phenyl), 7.24 (1H, t, Jo=8 Hz, H4 phenyl), 7.92 (2H, d, Jo=9 Hz, H3 and H5 p-nitrobenzyl), 8.06 (3H, brs, NH2 Aib), 8.98 (1H, d, J=8 Hz, NH amide), 10.79 (1H, s, NH indole Trp).
  • [0730]
    13C NMR (75 MHz, DMSO-d6, 300° K):
  • [0731]
    δ(ppm) 23.5 (CH3 Aib), 23.8 (CH3 Aib), 26.4 (CH2—CH2-phenyl), 29.1 (CH2 βTrp), 32.6 (CH2CH2-phenyl), 45.3 (CH2-p-nitrobenzyl), 45.7 (CH αTrp), 56.8 (Cq Aib), 109.6 (C3 Trp), 111.8 (C7 Trp), 118.1 (C4 Trp), 118.5 (C5 Trp), 121.2 (C6 Trp), 124.1 (C2 and C5 p-nitrobenzyl), 124.8 (C2 Trp), 126.5 (C2 and C5 phenyl), 127.2 (C9 Trp, C1 and C6 p-nitrobenzyl), 128.7 (C3, C4 and C5 phenyl), 136.4 (C8 Trp), 140.8 (C1 phenyl), 143.5 (C1 p-nitrobenzyl), 154.5 (Cq triazole), 154.8 (Cq triazole), 172.0 (CO Aib).
  • (S)—N-(1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide (Compound 129)
  • [0732]
    1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6, 300° K):
  • [0733]
    δ(ppm) 1.27 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 1.30 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 2.81 (4H, m, CH 2—CH 2-phenyl), 3.34 (2H, d, J=7 Hz, CH2 βTrp), 3.68 (3H, s, OCH3), 4.99 (2H, s, CH 2-p-methoxybenzyl), 5.20 (1H, m, CH αTrp), 6.75 (4H, m, CHar p-methoxybenzyl), 6.83 (1H, t, Jo=7 Hz, H5 Trp), 7.03 (1H, t, Jo=8 Hz, H6 Trp), 7.04 (1H, d, J=2 Hz, H2 Trp), 7.10 (2H, d, Jo=7 Hz, H2 and H6 phenyl), 7.13 (1H, d, Jo=8 Hz, H4 Trp), 7.19 (3H, t, Jo=7 Hz, H3, H4 and H5 phenyl), 7.29 (1H, d, Jo=8 Hz, H7 Trp), 8.01 (3H, brs, NH2 Aib), 8.94 (1H, d, J=8 Hz, NH amide), 10.78 (1H, d, J=2 Hz, NH indole Trp).
  • [0734]
    13C NMR (75 MHz, DMSO-d6, 300° K):
  • [0735]
    δ(ppm) 23.6 (CH3 Aib), 23.8 (CH3 Aib), 26.6 (CH2—CH2-phenyl), 29.2 (CH2 βTrp), 32.7 (CH2CH2-phenyl), 45.3 (CH2-p-methoxybenzyl), 45.7 (CH αTrp), 55.5 (OCH3), 56.8 (Cq Aib), 109.9 (C3 Trp), 111.8 (C7 Trp), 114.6 (C3 and C5 p-methoxybenzyl), 118.3 (C4 Trp), 118.7 (C5 Trp), 121.3 (C6 Trp), 124.8 (C2 Trp), 126.5 (C4 phenyl), 127.3 (C9 Trp and C1 p-methoxybenzyl), 127.9 (C2 and C6 p-methoxybenzyl), 128.7 (C2, C3, C5 and C6 p-methoxybenzyl), 136.5 (C8 Trp), 140.9 (C1 phenyl), 154.4 (Cq triazole), 154.7 (Cq triazole), 159.2 (C4 p-methoxybenzyl), 171.9 (CO amide).
  • (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-methoxyphenethyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide (Compound 130)
  • [0736]
    1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6, 300° K):
  • [0737]
    δ(ppm) 1.30 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 1.35 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 2.55 (4H, m, CH 2—CH2-phenyl and CH2—CH 2-p-methoxybenzyl), 2.83 (2H, t, J=8 Hz, CH2—CH 2-phenyl), 3.37 (2H, m, CH 2—CH2-p-methoxybenzyl), 3.65 (3H, s, OCH3), 3.77 (1H, m, CH2 βTrp), 3.89 (1H, m, CH2 βTrp), 5.20 (1H, m, CH αTrp), 6.72 (4H, s, CHar p-methoxybenzyl), 6.94 (1H, t, Jo=7 Hz, H5 Trp), 7.02 (1H, t, Jo=8 Hz, H6 Trp), 7.05 (1H, d, J=2 Hz, H2 Trp), 7.11 (2H, d, Jo=7 Hz, H2 and H6 phenyl), 7.16 (1H, d, Jo=7 Hz, H4 Trp), 7.25 (3H m, H3, H4, H5 phenyl), 7.50 (1H, d, Jo=8 Hz, H7 Trp), 8.05 (3H, brs, NH2 Aib), 9.02 (1H, d, J=8 hz, NH amide), 10.83 (1H, d, J=2 Hz, NH indole Trp).
  • [0738]
    13C NMR (75 MHz, DMSO-d6, 300° K):
  • [0739]
    δ(ppm) 23.5 (CH3 Aib), 23.8 (CH3 Aib), 26.0 (CH2—CH2-phenyl), 29.5 (CH2 βTrp), 32.5 (CH2CH2-phenyl), 35.0 (CH2CH2-p-methoxybenzyl), 44.4 (CH2—CH2-p-methoxybenzyl), 45.8 (CH αTrp), 55.4 (OCH3), 56.8 (Cq Aib), 109.9 (C3 Trp), 111.9 (C7 Trp), 114.2 (C3 and C5 p-methoxybenzyl), 118.4 (C4 Trp), 118.9 (C5 Trp), 121.4 (C6 Trp), 124.7 (C2 Trp), 126.5 (C4 phenyl), 127.4 (C9 Trp), 128.7 (C2, C3, C5 and C6 phenyl), 129.4 (C1 p-methoxybenzyl), 130.3 (C2 and C6 p-methoxybenzyl), 136.5 (C8 Trp), 141.0 (C1 phenyl), 154.0 (Cq triazole), 154.5 (Cq triazole), 158.6 (C4 p-methoxybenzyl), 171.8 (CO amide).
  • (R)—N-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)-1-(5-phenethyl-4-(pyridin-2-ylmethyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide (Compound 132)
  • [0740]
    1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6, 300° K):
  • [0741]
    δ(ppm) 1.26 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 1.29 (3H, s, CH3 Aib), 2.95 (4H, m, CH 2—CH 2-phenyl), 3.40 (2H, m, CH2 βTrp), 5.26 (1H, m, CH αTrp), 5.37 (2H, s, CH2-o-pyridyl), 6.83 (1H, t, Jo=7 Hz, H5 Trp), 6.98 (1H, t, Jo=8 Hz, H6 Trp), 7.11-7.30 (10H, m, H2, H4 and H7 Trp, CHar phenyl, H3 and H5 o-pyridyl), 7.71 (1H, t, Jo=7 Hz, H4 o-pyridyl), 8.22 (3H, brs, NH2 Aib), 8.42 (1H, d, Jαβ=4 Hz, H6 o-pyridyl), 9.05 (1H, d, J=8 Hz, NH amide), 10.87 (1H, s, NH indole Trp).
  • [0742]
    13C NMR (75 MHz, DMSO-d6, 300° K):
  • [0743]
    δ(ppm) 23.4 (CH3 Aib), 23.7 (CH3 Aib), 26.4 (CH2—CH2-phenyl), 28.6 (CH2 βTrp), 32.5 (CH2CH2-phenyl), 45.7 (CH αTrp), 47.6 (CH2 o-pyridyl), 56.8 (Cq Aib), 109.8 (C3 Trp), 111.8 (C7 Trp), 118.3 (C4 Trp), 118.6 (C5 Trp), 121.2 (C6 Trp), 122.0 (C3 o-pyridyl), 123.6 (C5 o-pyridyl), 126.3 (C2 Trp), 126.6 (C4 phenyl), 127.3 (C9 Trp), 128.7 (C2, C3, C5 and C6 phenyl), 136.4 (C8 trypophane), 137.7 (C4 o-pyridyl), 140.7 (C1 phenyl), 150.1 (C6 o-pyridyl), 154.9 (Cq triazole), 155.2 (Cq triazole), 158.7 (C2 o-pyridyl), 172.0 (CO amide).
  • N—((R)-1-(4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide (Compound 179)
  • [0744]
    1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO d6, 300° K):
  • [0745]
    δ(ppm) 1.26 (s, 3H, CH3 Aib), 1.30 (s, 3H, CH3 Aib), 2.82 (m, 4H, CH 2—CH 9-phenyl), 3.29 (t, 2H, J=8 Hz, CH2 βTrp), 3.61 (s, 3H, OCH3), 3.68 (s, 3H, OCH3), 4.85 (d, 1H, J=17 Hz, CH2-o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 5.02 (d, 1H, J=17 Hz, CH2-o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 5.18 (m, 1H, CH αTrp), 6.29 (dd, 1H, Jo=8 Hz and Jm=2 Hz, H5 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 6.40 (d, 1H, Jo=8 Hz, H6 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 6.55 (d, 1H, Jm=2 Hz, H3 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 6.82 (t, 1H, Jo=8 Hz, H5 Trp), 6.99 (t, 1H, Jo=8 Hz, H6 Trp), 7.05 (s, 1H, H2 Trp), 7.09-7.24 (m, 6H, H4 Trp and CHar phenyl), 7.27 (d, 1H, Jo=8 Hz, H7 Trp), 7.99 (s, 3H, large, NH2 Aib TFA salt), 8.89 (d, 1H, J=8 Hz, NH amide), 10.77 (s, 1H, NH indole Trp).
  • [0746]
    13C NMR (75 MHz, DMSO d6, 300° K):
  • [0747]
    δ(ppm) 23.6 (CH3 Aib), 23.7 (CH3 Aib), 26.5 (CH2—CH2-phenyl), 29.2 (CH2 βTrp), 32.7 (CH2CH2-phenyl), 41.6 (CH2-o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 45.7 (CH αTrp), 55.7 (OCH3), 55.9 (OCH3), 56.7 (Cq Aib), 99.1 (C3 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 105.2 (C5 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 110.0 (C3 Trp), 111.8 (C7 Trp), 115.7 (C1 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 118.3 (C4 Trp), 118.7 (C5 Trp), 121.3 (C6 Trp), 126.5 (C2 Trp and C6 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 127.3 (C9 Trp), 128.1 (C4 phenyl), 128.7 (C2, C3, C5 and C6 phenyl), 136.4 (C6 Trp), 140.9 (C1 phenyl), 154.5 (Cq triazole), 155.0 (Cq triazole), 157.8 (C2 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 160.9 (C4 o,p-dimethoxybenzyl), 171.7 (CO amide).
  • N—((R)-1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-carboxamide (Compound 184)
  • [0748]
    1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO d6, 300° K):
  • [0749]
    δ(ppm) 1.20 (m, 1H, H5 tetrahydropyrane), 1.30 (m, 3H, H3 and H5 tetrahydropyrane), 2.17 (m, 1H, H4 tetrahydropyrane), 2.82 (m, 4H, CH 2—CH 2-phenyl), 3.16 (m, 2H, H2 and H6 tetrahydropyrane), 3.31 (dd, 1H, J=14 Hz and 8 Hz, CH2 βTrp), 3.35 (dd, 1H, J=14 Hz and 7 Hz, CH2 βTrp), 3.66 (s, 3H, OCH3), 3.72 (m, 2H, H2 and H6 tetrahydropyrane), 5.08 (m, 2H, CH2-p-methoxybenzyl), 5.26 (m, 1H, CH αTrp), 6.73 (s, 4H, CHar p-methoxybenzyl), 6.87 (t, 1H, Jo=8 Hz, H5 Trp), 7.02 (m, 2H, H2 and H6 Trp), 7.07 (d, 2H, Jo=7 Hz, H2 and H6 phenyl), 7.18 (m, 3H, H3, H4 and H5 phenyl), 7.30 (m, 2H, H4 and H7 Trp), 8.52 (d, 1H, J=8 Hz, NH amide), 10.77 (s, 1H, NH indole Trp).
  • [0750]
    13C NMR (75 MHz, DMSO d6, 300° K):
  • [0751]
    δ(ppm) 26.3 (CH2—CH2-phenyl), 28.8 (C3 and C5 tetrahydropyrane), 29.2 (CH2 βTrp), 32.2 (CH2CH2-phenyl), 40.7 (C4 tetrahydropyrane), 44.8 (CH αTrp), 45.9 (CH2-p-methoxybenzyl), 55.5 (OCH3), 66.6 (C2 and C6 tetrahydropyrane), 109.8 (C3 Trp), 111.7 (C7 Trp), 114.5 (C3 and C5 p-methoxybenzyl), 118.4 (C4 Trp), 118.7 (C5 Trp), 121.3 (C6 Trp), 124.5 (C2 Trp), 126.7 (C4 phenyl), 127.2 (C9 Trp), 127.5 (C1 p-methoxybenzyl), 128.8 (C2 and C6 phenyl), 128.7 (C3 and C5 phenyl), 127.9 (C2 and C6 p-methoxybenzyl), 136.4 (C8 Trp), 140.4 (C1 phenyl), 154.7 (Cq triazole), 155.7 (Cq triazole), 159.2 (C4 p-methoxybenzyl), 174.2 (CO amide).
  • N—((R)-1-(5-((1H-indol-3-yl)methyl)-4-(3-methoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide (Compound 185)
  • [0752]
    1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO d6, 300° K):
  • [0753]
    δ(ppm) 1.19 (s, 3H, CH3 Aib), 1.23 (s, 3H, CH3 Aib), 3.14 (dd, 1H, J=14 Hz and 5 Hz, CH2 βTrp), 3.34 (dd, 1H, J=14 Hz and 9 Hz, CH2 βTrp), 3.46 (s, 3H, OCH3), 3.72 (m, 2H, CH 2-indole), 5.06 (m, 1H, CH αTrp), 5.14 (m, 2H, CH2-m-methoxybenzyl), 6.31 (s, 1H, H2 m-methoxybenzyl), 6.32 (d, 1H, Jo=7 Hz, H6 m-methoxybenzyl), 6.77 (m, 3H, H5 indole, H5 Trp and H4 m-methoxybenzyl), 6.92 (m, 2H, H6 indole and H6 Trp), 7.02 (m, 2H, H2 indole and H2 Trp), 7.26-7.30 (m, 3H, H5 m-methoxybenzyl, H4 and H7 indole, H4 Trp), 7.41 (d, 1H, Jo=8 Hz, H7 Trp), 7.94 (brs, 3H, NH2 Aib TFA salt), 8.87 (d, 1H, J=8 Hz, NH amide), 10.73 (d, 1H, J=2 Hz, NH indole), 10.85 (s, 1H, NH indole Trp).
  • [0754]
    13C NMR (75 MHz, DMSO d6, 300° K):
  • [0755]
    δ(ppm) 21.7 (CH2-indole), 23.5 (CH3 Aib), 23.7 (CH3 Aib), 28.9 (CH2 βTrp), 45.5 (CH αTrp), 46.2 (CH2-m-methoxybenzyl), 55.2 (OCH3), 56.7 (Cq Aib), 108.2 (C3 indole), 109.8 (C3 Trp), 111.7 (C7 Trp), 111.9 (C7 indole and C2 m-methoxybenzyl), 113.7 (C4 m-methoxybenzyl), 118.2 (C6 m-methoxybenzyl), 118.4 (C4 Trp), 118.6 (C4 indole), 118.9 (C5 indole and C5 Trp), 121.2 (C6 indole), 121.6 (C6 Trp), 127.1 (C9 indole), 127.2 (C9 Trp), 136.4 (C8 Trp), 136.7 (C8 indole), 137.5 (C1 m-methoxybenzyl), 154.2 (Cq triazole), 155.3 (Cq triazole), 160.0 (C3 m-methoxybenzyl), 171.8 (CO amide).
    TABLE 1
    Further exemplary embodiments with synthetic sequence and MS data
    (compounds no. 2, 3, 14, 16, 17, 19-22, 24, 26-35, 36-122, 124-126, 128-150,
    152-190):
    Chemical name ESI-MS ESI-MS
    No. (Chem Draw Ultra 8) (calculated) [found (M + H)+]
    2 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4- 559.3 560.4
    phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-
    3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide
    3 (R)—N-(1-(5-(3-(1H-indol-3-yl)propyl)-4- 573.3 574.3
    phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-
    3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide
    14 (R)—N-(1-(5-(3-(1H-indol-3-yl)propyl)-4-(4- 637.2 638.1
    bromobenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-
    indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-
    methylpropanamide
    16 (R)—N-(1-(5-(3-(1H-indol-3-yl)propyl)-4-hexyl- 553.3 554.4
    4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-
    2-amino-2-methylpropanamide
    17 (R)—N-(1-(4,5-bis(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4H- 598.3 599.2
    1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-
    amino-2-methylpropanamide
    19 (R)—N-(1-(4-(3-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl- 536.3 537.1
    4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-
    2-amino-2-methylpropanamide
    20 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl- 536.3 537.3
    4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-
    2-amino-2-methylpropanamide
    21 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(3,5- 605.3 606.4
    dimethoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-
    (1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-
    methylpropanamide
    22 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-(3- 550.3 551.3
    phenylpropyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-
    indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-
    methylpropanamide
    24 (R)—N-(1-(4-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-5-(3-(1H- 612.3 612.8
    indol-3-yl)propyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-
    (1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-
    methylpropanamide
    26 (R)—N-(1-(4-(2-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl- 536.3 537.1
    4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-
    2-amino-2-methylpropanamide
    27 (R)—N-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)-1-(4-(naphthalen-1- 556.3 557.2
    ylmethyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-
    yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide
    28 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(3,4- 613.2 614.2
    dichlorobenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-
    indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-
    methylpropanamide
    29 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(4- 563.3 564.1
    fluorobenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-
    indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-
    methylpropanamide
    30 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-fluorobenzyl)-5-benzyl-4H- 510.3 511.0
    1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-
    amino-2-methylpropanamide
    31 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(2,4- 631.3 632.0
    dimethoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-
    (1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)piperidine-4-
    carboxamide
    32 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(2,4- 631.3 631.8
    dimethoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-
    (1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)piperidine-3-
    carboxamide
    33 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-methylbenzyl)-5-(3- 534.3 535.4
    phenylpropyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-
    indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-
    methylpropanamide
    34 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(4- 559.7 559.9
    methylbenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-
    indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-
    methylpropanamide
    36 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(2,4- 631.3 631.8
    dimethoxybenzyl)- 4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-
    (1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)piperidine-2-
    carboxamide
    37 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-methylbenzyl)-5-phenethyl- 520.3 521.0
    4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-
    2-amino-2-methylpropanamide
    38 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(2,4- 639.3 639.8
    dimethoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-
    (1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-aminobenzamide
    39 (R)—N-(1-(5-benzyl-4-(pyridin-2-ylmethyl)- 493.3 493.9
    4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-
    2-amino-2-methylpropanamide
    40 (2S,4R)—N—((R)-1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5- 564.3 565.0
    phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-
    3-yl)ethyl)-4-hydroxypyrrolidine-2-
    carboxamide
    41 (S)—N—((R)-1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5- 562.3 563.0
    phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-
    3-yl)ethyl)piperidine-3-carboxamide
    42 (R)—N—((R)-1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5- 562.3 562.9
    phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-
    3-yl)ethyl)piperidine-3-carboxamide
    43 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-ethylbenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H- 534.3 535.0
    1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-
    amino-2-methylpropanamide
    44 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl- 562.3 563.0
    4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-
    yl)ethyl)piperidine-4-carboxamide
    45 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(4- 601.3 602.0
    methoxybenzyl)- 4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-
    indol-3-yl)ethyl)piperidine-4-carboxamide
    46 (S)—N—((R)-1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5- 548.3 548.9
    phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-
    3-yl)ethyl)pyrrolidine-2-carboxamide
    47 (R)—N—((R)-1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5- 548.3 548.9
    phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-
    3-yl)ethyl)pyrrolidine-2-carboxamide
    48 (S)—N—((R)-1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5- 562.3 563.0
    phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-
    3-yl)ethyl)piperidine-2-carboxamide
    49 (R)—N—((R)-1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5- 562.3 562.9
    phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-
    3-yl)ethyl)piperidine-2-carboxamide
    50 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl- 508.3 508.9
    4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-
    2-aminoacetamide
    51 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl- 570.3 571.2
    4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-
    2-(pyridin-2-yl)acetamide
    52 N—((R)-1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl- 570.3 570.9
    4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-
    2-(pyridin-4-yl)acetamide
    53 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl- 561.3 562.4
    4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-
    yl)ethyl)cyclohexanecarboxamide
    54 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-benzyl- 571.3 572.5
    4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-
    yl)ethyl)piperidine-4-carboxamide
    55 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-benzyl- 571.3 572.4
    4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-
    yl)ethyl)piperidine-3-carboxamide
    56 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl- 522.3 523.3
    4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-
    3-aminopropanamide
    57 (S)—N—((R)-1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5- 522.3 523.3
    phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-
    3-yl)ethyl)-2-aminopropanamide
    58 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl- 570.3 571.2
    4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-
    2-(pyridin-3-yl)acetamide
    59 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl- 584.3 585.3
    4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-
    3-(pyridin-3-yl)propanamide
    60 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-benzyl- 579.3 580.2
    4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-
    2-(pyridin-2-yl)acetamide
    61 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(2,4- 639.3 640.5
    dimethoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-
    (1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-(pyridin-2-
    yl)acetamide
    62 (R)—N-(1-(4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-5- 592.3 593.3
    phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-
    3-yl)ethyl)piperidine-4-carboxamide
    63 (R)—N-((R)-1-(4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-5- 592.3 593.3
    phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-
    3-yl)ethyl)piperidine-2-carboxamide
    64 (R)—N-(1-(4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-5- 586.3 587.2
    phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-
    3-yl)ethyl)picolinamide
    65 (R)—N-(1-(4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-5- 586.3 587.2
    phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-
    3-yl)ethyl)isonicotinamide
    66 (R)—N-(1-(4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-5- 587.3 588.2
    phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-
    3-yl)ethyl)pyrazine-2-carboxamide
    67 (R)—N-1-(4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-5- 593.3 594.2
    phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-
    3-yl)ethyl)piperazine-2-carboxamide
    68 (S)—N—((R)-1-(4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-5- 578.3 579.4
    phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-
    3-yl)ethyl)pyrrolidine-2-carboxamide
    69 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(2,4- 577.3 578.0
    dimethoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-
    (1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-aminoacetamide
    70 (S)—N—((R)-1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4- 617.3 618.0
    (2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-
    2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)pyrrolidine-2-
    carboxamide
    71 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(2,4- 626.3 627.2
    dimethoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-
    (1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)pyrazine-2-carboxamide
    72 (R)—N-1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(2,4- 632.3 633.2
    dimethoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-
    (1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)piperazine-2-
    carboxamide
    73 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(2,4- 625.3 626.3
    dimethoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-
    (1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)picolinamide
    74 (R)-1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(2,4- 520.3 520.8
    dimethoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-
    (1H-indol-3-yl)ethanamine
    75 (R)—N-(1-(4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-5- 538.3 539.3
    phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-
    3-yl)ethyl)-2-aminoacetamide
    76 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl- 557.3 558.0
    4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-
    yl)ethyl)pyrazine-2-carboxamide
    77 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl- 556.3 556.9
    4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-
    yl)ethyl)isonicotinamide
    78 (R)—N-1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl- 563.3 564.0
    4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-
    yl)ethyl)piperazine-2-carboxamide
    79 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl- 556.3 557.3
    4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-
    yl)ethyl)picolinamide
    80 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(4- 595.3 596.2
    methoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-
    indol-3-yl)ethyl)picolinamide
    81 (R)—N-1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(4- 602.3 603.3
    methoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-
    indol-3-yl)ethyl)piperazine-2-carboxamide
    82 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-ethylbenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H- 568.3 569.3
    1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-
    (pyridin-2-yl)acetamide
    83 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-ethylbenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H- 560.3 561.3
    1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-
    yl)ethyl)piperidine-4-carboxamide
    84 (R)—N-1-(4-(4-ethylbenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H- 561.3 562.2
    1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-
    yl)ethyl)piperazine-2-carboxamide
    85 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-ethylbenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H- 555.3 556.2
    1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-
    yl)ethyl)pyrazine-2-carboxamide
    86 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(2,4- 645.3 646.2
    dimethoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-
    (1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-cis-
    aminocyclohexanecarboxamide
    87 (S)—N—((R)-1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(4- 601.3 601.9
    methoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-
    indol-3-yl)ethyl)piperidine-3-carboxamide
    88 (R)—N—((R)-1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(4- 601.3 602.2
    methoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-
    indol-3-yl)ethyl)piperidine-2-carboxamide
    89 (S)—N—((R)-1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(4- 587.3 588.2
    methoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-
    indol-3-yl)ethyl)pyrrolidine-2-carboxamide
    90 (R)—N—((R)-1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(4- 587.3 588.0
    methoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-
    indol-3-yl)ethyl)pyrrolidine-2-carboxamide
    91 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(4- 609.3 610.0
    methoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-
    indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-(pyridin-2-yl)acetamide
    92 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(4- 623.2 624.1
    bromobenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-
    indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-
    methylpropanamide
    93 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(4- 536.3 536.9
    methoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-
    phenylethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide
    94 (R)—N-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)-1-(5-phenethyl-4- 538.3 538.8
    (thiophen-2-ylmethyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-
    yl)ethyl)piperidine-4-carboxamide
    95 (R)—N-(1-(4-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4H-1,2,4- 455.2 456.2
    triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-
    2-methylpropanamide
    96 (R)—N-(1-(5-((1H-indol-3-yl)methyl)-4-methyl- 455.2 456.4
    4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-
    2-amino-2-methylpropanamide
    97 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-methyl- 469.3 470.2
    4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-
    2-amino-2-methylpropanamide
    98 (R)—N-(1-(5-((1H-indol-3-yl)methyl)-4H-1,2,4- 441.3 442.1
    triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-
    2-methylpropanamide
    99 (R)—N-(1-(5-((1H-ndol-3-yl)methyl)-4-(2,4- 591.3 592.1
    dimethoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-
    (1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-
    methylpropanamide
    100 (R)—N-(1-(4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-5-methyl- 476.3 477.4
    4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-
    2-amino-2-methylpropanamide
    101 (R)—N-(1-(5-((1H-indol-3-yl)methyl)-4-(4- 561.3 562.3
    methoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-
    indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-
    methylpropanamide
    102 (R)—N-(1-(4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-5-benzyl- 552.3 553.2
    4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-
    2-amino-2-methylpropanamide
    103 (R)—N-(1-(5-(3-(1H-indol-3-yl)propyl)-4-(2,4- 619.3 620.2
    dimethoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-
    (1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-
    methylpropanamide
    104 (R)—N-(1-(5-((1H-indol-3-yl)methyl)-4- 545.3 546.4
    phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-
    3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide
    105 (R)—N-(1-(5-benzyl-4-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4- 506.3 507.4
    triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-
    2-methylpropanamide
    106 (R)—N-(1-(5-benzyl-4-(2,2-diphenylethyl)-4H- 582.3 583.3
    1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-
    amino-2-methylpropanamide
    107 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(2,2- 635.3 636.4
    diphenylethyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-
    indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-
    methylpropanamide
    108 (R)—N-(1-(4-(3,5-dimethoxybenzyl)-5-benzyl- 552.3 553.3
    4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-
    2-amino-2-methylpropanamide
    109 (R)—N-(1-(4,5-dibenzyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)- 492.3 493.3
    2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-
    methylpropanamide
    110 (R)—N-(1-(5-benzyl-4-hexyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol- 486.3 487.4
    3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-
    methylpropanamide
    111 (R)—N-(1-(4-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-5-benzyl- 545.3 546.2
    4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-
    2-amino-2-methylpropanamide
    112 (S)—N-(1-(4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-5-benzyl- 552.3 553.1
    4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-
    2-amino-2-methylpropanamide
    113 (R)—N-(1-(4-(3,5-dimethoxybenzyl)-5- 566.3 567.3
    phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-
    3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide
    114 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-bromobenzyl)-5-benzyl-4H- 570.2 571.0
    1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-
    amino-2-methylpropanamide
    115 (R)—N-(1-(4-(2-methoxybenzyl)-5-benzyl-4H- 522.3 523.0
    1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-
    amino-2-methylpropanamide
    116 (S)—N-(1-(4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-5- 566.3 567.0
    phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-
    3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide
    117 (R)—N-(1-(4,5-diphenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3- 520.3 521.1
    yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-
    methylpropanamide
    118 (R)—N-(1-(4-(3,4-dichlorobenzyl)-5-benzyl- 560.2 561.3
    4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-
    2-amino-2-methylpropanamide
    119 (R)-1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(2,4- 451.3 452.1
    dimethoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-
    (1H-indol-3-yl)ethanamine
    120 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-benzyl-4H- 483.3 484.0
    1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-phenylethyl)-2-amino-2-
    methylpropanamide
    121 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-fluorobenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H- 524.3 524.9
    1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-
    amino-2-methylpropanamide
    122 (R)—N-(1-(4-(3,4-dichlorobenzyl)-5-phenethyl- 574.2 574.9
    4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-
    2-amino-2-methylpropanamide
    124 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-methylbenzyl)-5-benzyl-4H- 506.3 507.3
    1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-
    amino-2-methylpropanamide
    125 (S)—N-(1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-(3- 550.3 551.3
    phenylpropyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-
    indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-
    methylpropanamide
    126 (S)—N-(1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-benzyl- 522.3 523.4
    1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-
    amino-2-methylpropanamide
    128 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-nitrobenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H- 551.3 551.9
    1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-
    amino-2-methylpropanamide
    129 (S)—N-(1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl- 536.3 537.0
    4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-
    2-amino-2-methylpropanamide
    130 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-methoxyphenethyl)-5- 550.3 551.0
    phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-
    3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide
    131 (R)—N-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)-1-(5-phenethyl-4- 512.2 512.8
    (thiophen-2-ylmethyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-
    yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide
    132 (R)—N-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)-1-(5-phenethyl-4- 507.3 508.4
    (pyridin-2-ylmethyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-
    yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide
    133 (R)—N-(-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)-1-(5-phenethyl-4- 533.3 534.0
    (pyridin-2-ylmethyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-
    yl)ethyl)piperidine-3-carboxamide
    134 (S)—N—((R)-1-(4-(4-ethylbenzyl)-5-phenethyl- 546.3 547.3
    4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-
    yl)ethyl)pyrrolidine-2-carboxamide
    135 N—((R)-1-(4-(4-ethylbenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H- 506.3 507.3
    1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-
    aminoacetamide
    136 N—((R)-1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(4- 609.3 610.4
    methoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-
    indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-(pyridin-4-yl)acetamide
    137 (2R)—N—((R)-1-(4-(4-ethylbenzyl)-5-phenethyl- 560.3 561.3
    4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-
    yl)ethyl)piperidine-2-carboxamide
    138 N—((R)-1-(4-(4-ethylbenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H- 554.3 555.3
    1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-
    yl)ethyl)picolinamide
    139 N—((R)-1-(4-(4-ethylbenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H- 569.3 570.3
    1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-
    aminopyridine-3-carboxamide
    140 (2S)—N—((R)-1-(4-(4-ethylbenzyl)-5-phenethyl- 520.3 521.2
    4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-
    2-aminopropanamide
    141 N—((R)-1-(4-(4-ethylbenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H- 554.3 555.4
    1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-
    yl)ethyl)isonicotinamide
    142 N—((R)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)-1-(5-phenethyl-4- 518.3 519.3
    phenyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)ethyl)piperidine-
    4-carboxamide
    143 (2S)—N—((R)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)-1-(5-phenethyl- 504.3 505.1
    4-phenyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-
    yl)ethyl)pyrrolidine-2-carboxamide
    144 N((R)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)-1-(5-phenethyl-4- 464.3 465.1
    phenyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-
    aminoacetamide
    145 N—((R)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)-1-(5-phenethyl-4- 526.3 527.2
    phenyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-(pyridin-
    2-yl)acetamide
    146 N—((R)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)-1-(5-phenethyl-4- 512.3 513.4
    phenyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-
    yl)ethyl)picolinamide
    147 N—((R)-1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(4- 579.3 580.1
    ethylphenyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-
    indol-3-yl)ethyl)picolinamide
    148 N—((R)-1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(4- 593.3 594.2
    ethylphenyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-
    indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-(pyridin-2-yl)acetamide
    149 N—((R)-1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(4- 531.3 532.2
    ethylphenyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-
    indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-aminoacetamide
    150 (2S)—N—((R)-1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(4- 571.3 572.4
    ethylphenyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-
    indol-3-yl)ethyl)pyrrolidine-2-carboxamide
    152 N—((R)-1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(4- 547.3 548.0
    methoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-
    indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-aminoacetamide
    153 N—((R)-1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl- 576.3 577.2
    4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-
    2-trans-aminocyclohexanecarboxamide
    154 N—((R)-1-(4-(4-ethylbenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H- 568.3 569.3
    1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-
    (pyridin-3-yl)acetamide
    155 (3S)—N—((R)-1-(4-(4-ethylbenzyl)-5-phenethyl- 560.3 561.5
    4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-
    yl)ethyl)piperidine-3-carboxamide
    156 N—((R)-1-(4-(4-ethylbenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H- 568.3 569.1
    1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-
    aminobenzamide
    157 N—((R)-1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-phenyl- 551.3 552.2
    4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-
    yl)ethyl)picolinamide
    158 N—((R)-1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-phenyl- 557.3 558.1
    4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-
    yl)ethyl)piperidine-4-carboxamide
    159 N—((R)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)-1-(4-(2,4- 572.3 573.4
    dimethoxyphenyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-
    triazol-3-yl)ethyl)picolinamide
    160 N—((R)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)-1-(4-(2,4- 586.3 587.3
    dimethoxyphenyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-
    triazol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-(pyridin-2-yl)acetamide
    161 N—((R)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)-1-(4-(2,4- 573.3 574.2
    dimethoxyphenyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-
    triazol-3-yl)ethyl)pyrazine-2-carboxamide
    162 N—((R)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)-1-(4-(2,4- 524.3 525.3
    dimethoxyphenyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-
    triazol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-aminoacetamide
    163 N—((R)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)-1-(4-(2,4- 578.3 579.4
    dimethoxyphenyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-
    triazol-3-yl)ethyl)piperidine-4-carboxamide
    164 N—((R)-1-(5-benzyl-4-((pyridin-2-yl)methyl)- 513.3 514.3
    4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-
    yl)ethyl)picolinamide
    165 N—((R)-1-(5-benzyl-4-((pyridin-2-yl)methyl)- 465.3 466.4
    4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-
    2-amino-acetamide
    166 N—((R)-1-(5-benzyl-4-((pyridin-2-yl)methyl)- 519.3 520.2
    4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-
    yl)ethyl)piperidine-4-carboxamide
    167 N—((R)-1-(5-benzyl-4-((pyridin-4-yl)methyl)- 493.3 494.3
    4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-
    2-amino-2-methylpropanamide
    168 N—((R)-1-(5-(4-methoxybenzyl)-4-phenethyl- 536.3 537.3
    4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-
    2-amino-2-methylpropanamide
    169 N—((R)-1-(5-benzyl-4-((pyridin-4-yl)methyl)- 513.3 514.2
    4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-
    yl)ethyl)picolinamide
    170 N—((R)-1-(5-benzyl-4-((pyridin-4-yl)methyl)- 465.3 466.1
    4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-
    yl)ethyl)2-amino-acetamide
    171 (R)-benzyl-3-(2-aminoisobutyramido)-3-(5- 594.3 595.2
    (2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-
    4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-propanoate
    172 N—((R)-1-(5-benzyl-4-((pyridin-3-yl)methyl)- 493.3 494.3
    4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-
    2-amino-2-methylpropanamide
    173 N—((R)-1-(4-benzyl-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4- 506.3 507.3
    triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-
    2-methylpropanamide
    174 N—((R)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)-1-(4-methyl-5- 450.3 451.3
    phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-
    yl)ethyl)picolinamide
    175 N—((R)-1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-phenyl- 531.3 532.4
    4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-
    2-amino-2-methylpropanamide
    176 N—((R)-1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl- 555.3 556.2
    4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-
    yl)ethyl)benzamide
    177 (R)-1-(4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl- 635.3 637.0
    4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)-N-
    phenylmethanesulfonylamine
    178 (R)-1-(4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl- 635.3 636.3
    4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)-N-
    tosylethanamine
    179 N—((R)-1-(4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-5- 566.3 567.2
    phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-
    3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide
    180 N-1-((R)-1-(4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-5- 524.3 525.2
    phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-
    3-yl)ethyl)ethane-1,2-diamine
    181 N—((R)-1-(4-((furan-2-yl)methyl)-5-phenethyl- 496.3 497.1
    4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-
    2-amino-2-methylpropanamide
    182 N—((R)-1-(4-((furan-2-yl)methyl)-5-phenethyl- 516.3 517.1
    4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-
    yl)ethyl)picolinamide
    183 N—((R)-1-(4-((furan-2-yl)methyl)-5-phenethyl- 522.3 523.2
    4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-
    yl)ethyl)piperidine-4-carboxamide
    184 N—((R)-1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl- 563.3 564.2
    4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-
    tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-carboxamide
    185 N—((R)-1-(5-((1H-indol-3-yl)methyl)-4-(3- 561.3 562.2
    methoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-
    indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-
    methylpropanamide
    186 (2S)—N—((R)-1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5- 598.3 599.1
    phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-
    3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-3-phenylpropanamide
    187 (R)-1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(2,4- 674.3 675.0
    dimethoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-
    (1H-indol-3-yl)-N-tosylethanamine
    188 N—((R)-1-(4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-5- 626.3 627.3
    phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-
    3-yl)ethyl)-4-azidobenzamide
    189 N-benzyl-(R)-1-(4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-5- 571.3 572.3
    phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-
    3-yl)ethanamine
    190 (2S)—N—((R)-1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(4- 585.3 586.2
    methoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-
    indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2,5-dihydro-1H-pyrrole-2-
    carboxamide

    II) GHS-R 1a Receptor-Ligand Binding Assay (Membrane Preparations from Transfected LLC PK-1 Cells)
  • [0756]
    The GHS-R 1a receptor binding/affinity studies were performed according to Guerlavais et al. (J. Med. Chem. 2003, 46: 1191-1203).
  • [0757]
    Isolated plasma membranes from LLC PK-1 cells, a renal epithelial cell line originally derived from porcine kidneys (ECACC No. 86121112) (10 μg of protein), that were transiently transfected with human GHS-R 1a cDNA (Guerlavais et al., J. Med. Chem. 2003, 46: 1191-1203), were incubated in homogenization buffer HB [50 mM Tris (pH 7,3), 5 mM MgCl2, 2,5 mM EDTA, and 30 μg/mL bacitracin (Sigma)] for 60 min at 25° C. (steady-state conditions) with 60 pM 125I-His9-ghrelin (Amersham) in the presence or absence of competing compounds (compounds of the invention).
  • [0758]
    The binding affinity for each compound to be tested for the human GHS-R 1a was measured by displacement of the radiolabelled ghrelin with increasing concentrations of the test compound (10−11M to 10−2M) (each experiment being performed in triplicates).
  • [0759]
    Nonspecific binding was defined using an excess (10−6 M) of ghrelin. The binding reaction was stopped by addition of 4 mL of ice-cold HB followed by rapid filtration over Whatman GP/C filters presoaked with 0.5% polyethyleneimine to prevent excessive binding of radioligand to the filters. Filters were rinsed three times with 3 mL of ice-cold wash buffer [50 mM Tris (pH 7.3), 10 mM MgCl2, 2.5 mM EDTA, and 0.015% (w/v) X-100 Triton], and the radioactivity bound to membranes was measured in a gamma-counter (Kontron Analytical Gamma Matic, Automatic gamma counting system).
  • [0760]
    The concentration of test compounds required to inhibit radiolabelled ghrelin binding by 50% (IC50) was determined by fitting competitive binding curves using non-linear regression (PRISM 3.0, Graph Pad San Diego, USA).
  • [0761]
    In the following table 2 results obtained for selected compounds of the invention are presented in comparison to an example of the prior art. IC50 values given are the mean of at least two independent experiments performed in triplicates.
  • [0762]
    FIGS. 1-13 show the measured competition plots of the GHS-R 1a Receptor-ligand binding assay with 125I-His9-ghrelin and the selected compounds 9, 31, 39, 45, 50, 62, 64, 71, 73, 74, 79, 81 and 90.
    TABLE 2
    GHS-R 1a Receptor-ligand binding assay test results (IC50 values for a
    number of selected exemplary compounds)
    GHS-R 1a
    No. IC50 [nM] Chemical name
     1 160 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(2,4-
    dimethoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-
    yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide
     2 81 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-
    triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-
    methylpropanamide
     3 14 (R)—N-(1-(5-(3-(1H-indol-3-yl)propyl)-4-phenethyl-4H-
    1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-
    methylpropanamide
     4 220 (R)—N-(1-(5-benzyl-4-(naphthalen-1-ylmethyl)-4H-1,2,4-
    triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-
    methylpropanamide
     5 125 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(naphthalen-1-
    ylmethyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-
    amino-2-methylpropanamide
     6 18 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(3-methoxybenzyl)-
    4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-
    methylpropanamide
     7 120 (R)—N-(1-(4-(3-methoxybenzyl)-5-benzyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-
    3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-
    methylpropanamide
     8 18 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-benzyl-4H-1,2,4-
    triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-
    methylpropanamide
     9 46 (R)—N-(1-(5-(3-(1H-indol-3-yl)propyl)-4-benzyl-4H-1,2,4-
    triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-
    methylpropanamide
    10 32 (R)—N-(1-(5-(3-(1H-indol-3-yl)propyl)-4-(3-
    methoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-
    yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide
    11 137 (R)—N-(1-(5-(3-(1H-indol-3-yl)propyl)-4-(naphthalen-1-
    ylmethyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-
    amino-2-methylpropanamide
    12 6 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-
    4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-
    methylpropanamide
    13 138 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-benzyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-
    3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-
    methylpropanamide
    14 150 (R)—N-(1-(5-(3-(1H-indol-3-yl)propyl)-4-(4-bromobenzyl)-
    4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-
    methylpropanamide
    15 120 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-hexyl-4H-1,2,4-
    triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-
    methylpropanamide
    16 240 (R)—N-(1-(5-(3-(1H-indol-3-yl)propyl)-4-hexyl-4H-1,2,4-
    triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-
    methylpropanamide
    17 156 (R)—N-(1-(4,5-bis(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-
    3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-
    methylpropanamide
    18 83 (S)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(2,4-
    dimethoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-
    yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide
    19 78 (R)—N-(1-(4-(3-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-
    triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-
    methylpropanamide
    20 14 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-
    triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-
    methylpropanamide
    21 203 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(3,5-
    dimethoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-
    yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide
    22 12 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-(3-phenylpropyl)-4H-
    1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-
    methylpropanamide
    23 37 (R)—N-(1-(5-(3-(1H-indol-3-yl)propyl)-4-(4-
    methoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-
    yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide
    24 29 (R)—N-(1-(4-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-5-(3-(1H-indol-3-
    yl)propyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-
    amino-2-methylpropanamide
    25 96 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(2-methoxy)benzyl)-
    4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-
    methylpropanamide
    26 56 (R)—N-(1-(4-(2-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-
    triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-
    methylpropanamide
    27 126 (R)—N-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)-1-(4-(naphthalen-1-ylmethyl)-5-
    phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-
    methylpropanamide
    28 79 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(3,4-
    dichlorobenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-
    yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide
    29 66 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(4-fluorobenzyl)-4H-
    1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-
    methylpropanamide
    30 171 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-fluorobenzyl)-5-benzyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-
    yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide
    31 0.5 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(2,4-
    dimethoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-
    yl)ethyl)piperidine-4-carboxamide
    32 10.3 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(2,4-
    dimethoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-
    yl)ethyl)piperidine-3-carboxamide
    33 30 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-methylbenzyl)-5-(3-phenylpropyl)-4H-
    1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-
    methylpropanamide
    34 28 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(4-methylbenzyl)-
    4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-
    methylpropanamide
    36 53 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(2,4-
    dimethoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-
    yl)ethyl)piperidine-2-carboxamide
    37 136 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-methylbenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-
    triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-
    methylpropanamide
    38 112 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(2,4-
    dimethoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-
    yl)ethyl)-2-aminobenzamide
    40 249 (2S,4R)—N—((R)-1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-
    1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-
    hydroxypyrrolidine-2-carboxamide
    41 16 (S)—N—((R)-1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-
    triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)piperidine-3-
    carboxamide
    42 7 (R)—N—((R)-1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-
    triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)piperidine-3-
    carboxamide
    43 44 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-ethylbenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-
    3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-
    methylpropanamide
    44 0.6 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-
    triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)piperidine-4-
    carboxamide
    45 0.3 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-
    4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)piperidine-4-
    carboxamide
    46 12 (S)—N—((R)-1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-
    triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)pyrrolidine-2-
    carboxamide
    47 27 (R)—N—((R)-1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-
    triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)pyrrolidine-2-
    carboxamide
    48 11 (S)—N—((R)-1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-
    triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)piperidine-2-
    carboxamide
    49 23 (R)—N—((R)-1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-
    triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)piperidine-2-
    carboxamide
    50 56 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-
    triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-aminoacetamide
    51 3 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-
    triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-(pyridin-2-
    yl)acetamide
    53 18 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-
    triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-
    yl)ethyl)cyclohexanecarboxamide
    54 35 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-benzyl-4H-1,2,4-
    triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)piperidine-4-
    carboxamide
    55 11 (R)—N-1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-benzyl-4H-1,2,4-
    triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)piperidine-3-
    carboxamide
    56 59 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-
    triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-3-aminopropanamide
    57 140 (S)—N-((R)-1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-
    triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-aminopropanamide
    58 29 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-
    triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-(pyridin-3-
    yl)acetamide
    59 173 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-
    triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-3-(pyridin-3-
    yl)propanamide
    60 61 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-benzyl-4H-1,2,4-
    triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-(pyridin-2-
    yl)acetamide
    61 34 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(2,4-
    dimethoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-
    yl)ethyl)-2-(pyridin-2-yl)acetamide
    62 0.9 (R)—N-(1-(4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-
    triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)piperidine-4-
    carboxamide
    63 210 (R)—N-((R)-1-(4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-
    1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)piperidine-2-
    carboxamide
    64 1.1 (R)—N-(1-(4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-
    triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)picolinamide
    65 58 (R)—N-(1-(4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-
    triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)isonicotinamide
    66 8 (R)—N-(1-(4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-
    triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)pyrazine-2-
    carboxamide
    67 35 (R)—N-1-(4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-
    triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-piperazine-2-
    carboxamide
    68 44 (S)—N—((R)-1-(4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-
    1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)pyrrolidine-2-
    carboxamide
    69 38 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(2,4-
    dimethoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-
    yl)ethyl)-2-aminoacetamide
    70 6 (S)—N—((R)-1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(2,4-
    dimethoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-
    yl)ethyl)pyrrolidine-2-carboxamide
    71 19 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(2,4-
    dimethoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-
    yl)ethyl)pyrazine-2-carboxamide
    72 32 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(2,4-
    dimethoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-
    yl)ethyl)-piperazine-2-carboxamide
    73 1.8 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(2,4-
    dimethoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-
    yl)ethyl)picolinamide
    75 140 (R)—N-(1-(4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-
    triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-aminoacetamide
    76 14 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-
    triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)pyrazine-2-
    carboxamide
    77 119 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-
    triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)isonicotinamide
    78 54 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-
    triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-piperazine-2-
    carboxamide
    79 0.7 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-
    triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)picolinamide
    80 1.9 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-
    4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)picolinamide
    81 18 (R)—N-(1-(5-((1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-
    4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-piperazine-2-
    carboxamide
    82 51 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-ethylbenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-
    3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-(pyridin-2-yl)acetamide
    83 19 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-ethylbenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-
    3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)piperidine-4-carboxamide
    84 247 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-ethylbenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-
    3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-piperazine-2-carboxamide
    85 89 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-ethylbenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-
    3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)pyrazine-2-carboxamide
    86 143 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(2,4-
    dimethoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-
    yl)ethyl)-2-cis-aminocyclohexanecarboxamide
    87 10 (S)—N—((R)-1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(4-
    methoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-
    yl)ethyl)piperidine-3-carboxamide
    88 29 (R)—N—((R)-1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(4-
    methoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-
    yl)ethyl)piperidine-2-carboxamide
    89 9 (S)—N—((R)-1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(4-
    methoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-
    yl)ethyl)pyrrolidine-2-carboxamide
    90 28 (R)—N—((R)-1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(4-
    methoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-
    yl)ethyl)pyrrolidine-2-carboxamide
    91 11 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-
    4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-(pyridin-2-
    yl)acetamide
    92 200 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(4-bromobenzyl)-
    4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-
    methylpropanamide
    94 255 (R)—N-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)-1-(5-phenethyl-4-(thiophen-2-
    ylmethyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)ethyl)piperidine-4-
    carboxamide
    108  250 (R)—N-(1-(4-(3,5-dimethoxybenzyl)-5-benzyl-4H-1,2,4-
    triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-
    methylpropanamide
    136  106 (R)—N-(1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-
    4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-(pyridin-4-
    yl)acetamide
    138  44 N—((R)-1-(4-(4-ethylbenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-
    3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)picolinamide
    146  105 N—((R)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)-1-(5-phenethyl-4-phenyl-4H-
    1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)ethyl)picolinamide
    147  49 N—((R)-1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(4-ethylphenyl)-4H-
    1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)picolinamide
    148  96 N—((R)-1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(4-ethylphenyl)-4H-
    1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-(pyridin-2-
    yl)acetamide
    152  138 N—((R)-1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-
    4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-
    aminoacetamide
    155  188 (3S)—N—((R)-1-(4-(4-ethylbenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-
    triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)piperidine-3-
    carboxamide
    157  160 N—((R)-1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-phenyl-4H-1,2,4-
    triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)picolinamide
    158  70 N—((R)-1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-phenyl-4H-1,2,4-
    triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)piperidine-4-
    carboxamide
    159  33 N—((R)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)-1-(4-(2,4-dimethoxyphenyl)-5-
    phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)ethyl)picolinamide
    160  121 N—((R)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)-1-(4-(2,4-dimethoxyphenyl)-5-
    phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-(pyridin-2-
    yl)acetamide
    163  63 N—((R)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)-1-(4-(2,4-dimethoxyphenyl)-5-
    phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)ethyl)piperidine-4-
    carboxamide
    164  207 N—((R)-1-(5-benzyl-4-((pyridin-2-yl)methyl)-4H-1,2,4-
    triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)picolinamide
    173  114 N—((R)-1-(4-benzyl-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-
    (1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide
    175  140 N—((R)-1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-phenyl-4H-1,2,4-
    triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-
    methylpropanamide
    176  80 N—((R)-1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-
    triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)benzamide
    179  62 N—((R)-1-(4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-
    triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-
    methylpropanamide
    180  189 N-1-((R)-1-(4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-
    1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)ethane-1,2-
    diamine
    182  81 N—((R)-1-(4-((furan-2-yl)methyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-
    triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)picolinamide
    184  5.9 N—((R)-1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-
    triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-
    carboxamide
    186  175 (2S)—N—((R)-1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-
    1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-3-
    phenylpropanamide
    187  66 (R)-1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-
    4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)-N-tosylethanamine
    188  87 N—((R)-1-(4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-1,2,4-
    triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-azidobenzamide
    190  12 (2S)—N—((R)-1-(5-(2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-4-(4-
    methoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-
    yl)ethyl)-2,5-dihydro-1H-pyrrole-2-carboxamide
    Example 39 ca. 5000 (R)—N-(1-(5-(tert-butylthio)-4-(furan-2-ylmethyl)-4H-1,2,4-
    from triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-
    WO 00/54729 methylpropanamide
    A2
    Example 8 from ca. 20000 (S)—N-(1-(4-benzyl-5-(tert-butylthio)-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-
    WO 00/54729 (benzyloxy)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide
    A2
    Example 3 from ca. 3000 (R)—N-(1-(1-methylpropanoate-tetrazol-5-yl)-2-(1H-indol-
    WO 00/54729 3-yl)ethyl)-2-amino-2-methylpropanamide
    A2
    Example from ca. 25000 (S)—N-(1-(1-benzyl-tetrazol-5-yl)-2-(benzyloxy)ethyl)-2-
    page 175, amino-2-methylpropanamide
    WO 00/54729
    A2

    III) In Vitro Intracellular Calcium Release Assay using Human GHS-R 1a Transfected CHO Cells
  • [0763]
    The potential of the compounds of the invention to modulate GHS receptor activity was assessed by an in vitro intracellular Calcium release assay employing CHO cells that were transfected with human GHS-R 1a.
  • [0764]
    Release of intracellular calcium or inhibition thereof was measured using the fluorescent calcium indicator assay (FLIPR) and Fluo-4 AM.
  • [0765]
    CHO cells (CHO-KI Chinese Hamster Ovary cell line, ATCC No. CCL-61) were transiently transfected with human GHS-R 1a cDNA by electroporation and plated into 96-well black bottom plates (Corning 3603) (80,000 cells/well). Transient transfections were performed using the Easyject Optima Electroporator (Equibio), according to the manufacturer's instructions.
  • [0766]
    Transfected cells were grown in Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium without phenol red, supplemented with 10% (v/v) non-essential amino acids, 2 nM glutamine and streptomycin-penicillin (250 μg/ml-250 u/ml) (all purchased from Cambrex) at 37° C., 5% CO2 in a humidified atmosphere for 24 hours.
  • [0767]
    After incubation, transfected cells were washed with 150 μl Buffer A [Hanks' balanced salt solution (Sigma H-6648), 0.5% (v/v) BSA (Sigma A-7906), 20 mM CaCl2, 2.5 mM probenecid (pH 7.4, dissolved in 1M NaOH) (Sigma P-8761)] and were then loaded with fluorescent calcium indicator Fluo-4 AM (10−6 M) (Interchim UP72972) prepared in Buffer A, additionally containing 0.06% pluronic acid (Molecular probes P-6867) (a mild-ionic detergent which facilitates Fluo-4AM ester loading).(Loading: 100 μl per well of Buffer A containing 120 μl/ml Pluronic Acid and 1 μM Fluo-4AM was added to the cells).
  • [0768]
    After loading with Fluo-4 AM, transfected cells were incubated for 1 hour in the dark at 37° C.
  • [0769]
    Compounds to be tested were dissolved in Buffer A in triplicates at a concentration of 10−6 M and distributed into another 96-well plate (Fisher Labosi A1210500).
  • [0770]
    Following incubation, excess Fluo-4AM was removed, 100 μl of Buffer A was added to each well at room temperature and immediately removed by aspiration. This was then repeated, before adding 50 μl Buffer A to each well.
  • [0771]
    Transfected cells were further incubated room temperature for 30 min to allow complete de-esterification of intracellular Fluo-4AM esters.
  • [0772]
    Subsequently, both plates, the black-bottom plate containing transfected cells and the microtiter plate containing the compounds to be tested, were then placed into a temperature-regulated (25° C.) FlexStation machine (benchtop scanning fluorometer Flex Station II, Molecular Devices, Sunnyvale, Calif., USA) for fluorescence output measurements.
  • [0773]
    Since Fluo-4AM exhibits a large fluorescence intensity increase upon binding of calcium, fluorescence output can be used directly as a proportional measure of intracellular calcium release.
  • [0774]
    Basal fluorescence output from the transfected cells was measured for 15 sec and then 50 μl of the compounds to be tested were automatically distributed into the wells containing the transfected cells. The fluorescence output was then recorded for a further 45 sec.
  • [0775]
    Excitation and emission wavelengths were 485 nm and 525 nm, respectively. Basal fluorescence intensity of Fluo-4AM-loaded transfected cells without compounds to be tested varied between 800-1200 arbitrary units, whereas maximal fluorescence output of dye-loaded transfected cells upon incubation with the compounds to be tested varied between 5000-7000 arbitrary units and was equivalent to that achieved by stimulation of dye-loaded transfected cells with 10−6 M ghrelin.
  • [0776]
    For each compound to be tested change in fluorescence output upon addition of the respective compound was compared with the basal fluorescence output measured with a negative control, i.e. addition 50 μl of buffer A to transfected cells only.
  • [0777]
    The ability and extent to which each compound to be tested caused calcium release was determined relative to the basal level (0%) and the maximum level (100%) achieved with 1 μM ghrelin.
  • [0778]
    For the compounds to be tested that were identified as GHS receptor agonists, EC50 and KI values were determined using a dose-response curve.
  • [0779]
    As for the compounds to be tested that were identified as GHS receptor antagonists, IC50 and Kb (antagonist dissociation constant) values were determined using antagonist inhibition curves in the presence of 10−7 M ghrelin (submaximal concentration). IC50 values were calculated as the molar concentration of GHS receptor antagonist that reduced the maximal response of ghrelin by 50%. Kb values were estimated using the Cheng-Prusoff Equation (Lazareno S and Birdsall N J, Trends Pharmacol Sci. 1993, 14(6):237-239).
  • [0780]
    FIGS. 14-40 show the calculated dose-response plots of the in vitro intracellular Calcium release assay with human GHS-R 1a transfected CHO cells of the selected compounds 1, 9, 12, 20, 22, 31, 39, 41, 42, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 55, 62, 64, 67, 71, 73, 74, 79, 81, 90 and ghrelin as well as individual EC50 and KI values for agonistic compounds and IC50 and Kb values for antagonistic compounds.
  • [0000]
    IV) Assaying In Vivo GH Concentration in the Plasma of Male Rat Pups
  • [0781]
    GH plasma concentrations of male rat pubs were assayed to characterize the modulation effect (antagonistic or agonistic) of the compounds of the invention being GHS receptor analogue ligands.
  • [0782]
    In principle, assaying in vivo GH concentration in rat plasma was performed according to Torsello et al. (Eur. J. Pharmacol. 1998, 360: 123-129).
  • [0783]
    Male Sprague-Dawley rat pups (Charles River, Calco, Italy) were separated on postnatal day seven from their mothers and randomly redistributed to the dams, so that each one nurtured ten to twelve pups. On postnatal day ten, the pups were again separated from their mothers.
  • [0784]
    The compounds to be tested were dissolved in solvent [DMSO (0.4% of total volume), distilled water (4% of total volume), brought to the final volume with physiological saline].
  • [0785]
    One hour after separation from their mothers, the pups were given isovolumetric amounts of the compounds to be tested (160 μg/kg body weight s.c.) at time −10 min and then administered with hexarelin (80 μg/kg body weight s.c.) or solvent at time 0 min before being killed 15 min later by decapitation. Trunk blood was collected, immediately centrifuged and plasma samples were stored at −20° C. until assayed for the determination of GH concentrations.
  • [0786]
    Plasma GH concentrations were measured using a rat growth hormone enzyme immunoassay kit (SPIbio, France, cat. no. 589601) according to the manufacturer's instructions. Values are expressed in terms of NIDDK rat-GH-RP2 standard (potency 2 IU/mg) as ng/mL of plasma
  • [0787]
    The limit of detection calculated as the concentration producing 15% displacement of initial tracer was 0.5 ng/ml; intra-assay and inter-assay coefficient of variation are 4% (n=24) and 14% (n=9).
  • [0788]
    In the following table 3 results obtained for selected compounds of the invention are presented.
    TABLE 3
    Relative GH concentration in rat plasma after treatment with selected
    compounds of the invention (160 μg/kg body weight s.c.) and/
    or hexarelin (80 μg/kg body weight s.c.) and/or solvent
    Treatment GH concentration (ng/mL)
    solvent 4,008 ± 0,469
    hexarelin 162,839 ± 21,095 
    compound 1 n.d.
    compound 1 + hexarelin 80.22 ± 18.66
    compound 12  4.0 ± 0.12
    compound 12 + hexarelin 200.0 ± 19.7 
    compound 20 5.27 ± 0.59
    compound 20 + hexarelin 220.51 ± 15.52 
    compound 22 4.88 ± 0.33
    compound 22 + hexarelin 239.91 ± 19.75 
    compound 47 5,658 ± 1,192
    compound 47 + hexarelin 160,857 ± 13,52 
    compound 39 5,509 ± 1,950
    compound 39 + hexarelin 82,481 ± 11,530
    compound 31 119,937 ± 33,054 
    compound 31 + hexarelin 103,528 ± 14,094 
    compound 48 6,096 ± 2,091
    compound 48 + hexarelin 145,946 ± 12,159 
    compound 44 87,520 ± 15,066
    compound 44 + hexarelin 100,52 ± 12,112
    solvent 2,237 ± 0,073
    hexarelin 170,101 ± 13,226 
    compound 9 13,016 ± 1,960 
    compound 9 + hexarelin 183.562 ± 16.729 
    compound 39 5.509 ± 1.95 
    compound 39 + hexarelin 82.481 ± 11.53 
    compound 50 9.852 ± 1.040
    compound 50 + hexarelin 164.459 ± 4.443 
    compound 64 13.056 ± 2.169 
    compound 64 + hexarelin 138.394 ± 14.580 
    solvent 10,729 ± 2,027 
    hexarelin 253,820 ± 12,268 
    compound 71 15,326 ± 1,355 
    compound 71 + hexarelin 173,611 ± 18,444 
    compound 74 10,571 ± 0,791 
    compound 74 + hexarelin 194,564 ± 7,658 
    compound 81 18,634 ± 2,933 
    compound 81 + hexarelin 216,575 ± 19,734 
    compound 90 16,857 ± 2,152 
    compound 90 + hexarelin 218,844 ± 19,723 

    V) Assaying the Feeding Behavior (Food Intake) of Young-Adult Male Rats
  • [0789]
    The impact of compounds of the invention being GHS receptor analogue ligands on the feeding behaviour, i.e. food intake, of young-adult male rats was assayed.
  • [0790]
    In principle, assaying the feeding behavior (food intake) of young-adult male rats was performed according to Torsello et al. (Eur. J. Pharmacol. 1998, 360: 123-129).
  • [0791]
    For the assay, young-adult male Sprague-Dawley rats (Charles River, Calco, Italy), weighing 200-250 g, were used.
  • [0792]
    Rats had 1 week of acclimation in individual home cages, and animal room conditions (22±2° C., 65% humidity, artificial light from 08.00 to 20.00 h). The following week, they were daily trained to mimic the experimental procedure. Rats maintained free access to dry pellets and tap water throughout the whole experimental period. At the end of training, rats were administered (around 10.00-11.00 a.m.) subcutaneously with the compounds to be tested (160 μg/kg body weight) and/or hexarelin (80 μg/kg body weight) and/or solvent [DMSO (0.4% of total volume), distilled water (4% of total volume), brought to the final volume with physiological saline].
  • [0793]
    Hexarelin was used to study the effects of the compounds to be tested on stimulated feeding behavior. Immediately after the injections, the animals were returned to their home cages, which contained a known amount of standard rat chow and ad libitum water. Every hour for the following 6 hours, the remaining food was carefully collected and weighed to the nearest 0.1 g. Food intake was normalized for the body weight of the rats and expressed as grams of food eaten per 100 g body weight of rats.
  • [0794]
    In the following table 4 results obtained for selected compounds of the invention are presented.
    TABLE 4
    Cumulative food intake (g food/100 g body weight) of young-adult rats
    after 2 hours and 6 hours and after treatment with selected compounds
    of the invention (160 μg/kg body weight s.c.) and/or hexarelin
    (80 μg/kg body weight s.c.) and/or solvent
    Cumulative Cumulative
    food intake food intake
    Treatment (after 2 hours) (after 6 hours)
    solvent  0.003 ± 0.0015  0.017 ± 0.0026
    hexarelin 0.533 ± 0.194 1.0014 ± 0.1973
    compound 1  0.02 ± 0.002 0.06 ± 0.03
    compound 1 + hexarelin 0.06 ± 0.02 0.33 ± 0.21
    compound 12 0.034 ± 0.011  0.06 ± 0.019
    compound 12 + hexarelin 0.13 ± 0.07 0.48 ± 0.22
    compound 20 0.01  0.2 ± 0.19
    compound 20 + hexarelin 0.53 ± 0.21 0.63 ± 0.19
    compound 22 0.01 0.44 ± 0.2 
    compound 22 + hexarelin 0.67 ± 0.12 0.86 ± 0.18
    compound 47 0.006 ± 0.002 0.02 ± 0  
    compound 47 + hexarelin  0.35 ± 0.201  0.47 ± 0.1943
    compound 44  0.43 ± 0.0721 0.7075 ± 0.1471
    compound 44 + hexarelin 1.2667 ± 0.1319 1.4033 ± 0.1177
    solvent 0.184 ± 0.111 0.497 ± 0.183
    hexarelin 0.536 ± 0.176 0.549 ± 0.169
    compound 9 0.01 ± 0   0.01 ± 0  
    compound 9 + hexarelin 0.0104 ± 0.0032 0.0231 ± 0.0032
    solvent 0.184 ± 0.111 0.497 ± 0.183
    hexarelin 1.060 ± 0.143 1.138 ± 0.114
    compound 13 0.057 ± 0.057 0.167 ± 0.167
    compound 13 + hexarelin 0.731 ± 0.318 0.792 ± 0.337
    solvent 0.184 ± 0.111 0.497 ± 0.183
    hexarelin 1.060 ± 0.143 1.138 ± 0.114
    compound 17 0.001 ± 0.001 0.2661 ± 0.166 
    compound 17 + hexarelin 0.0501 ± 0.049  0.846 ± 0.411
    solvent 0.184 ± 0.111 0.497 ± 0.183
    hexarelin 0.428 ± 0.192 0.588 ± 0.303
    compound 24 0.008 ± 0.008 0.215 ± 0.200
    compound 24 + hexarelin 0.586 ± 0.252 0.912 ± 0.359
    solvent 0.184 ± 0.111 0.497 ± 0.183
    hexarelin 0.627 ± 0.211 0.778 ± 0.218
    compound 30 0.264 ± 0.244 0.277 ± 0.246
    compound 30 + hexarelin 1.350 ± 0.177 1.449 ± 0.213
    solvent 0.184 ± 0.018 0.399 ± 0.201
    hexarelin 0.278 ± 0.078 0.883 ± 0.259
    compound 38 0.001 ± 0    0.076 ± 0.096
    compound 38 + hexarelin 0.002 ± 0.002 0.478 ± 0.141
    solvent 0.184 ± 0.111 0.497 ± 0.183
    hexarelin 0.26 ± 0.13 0.78 ± 0.25
    compound 49 0.004 ± 0.004 0.004 ± 0.004
    compound 49 + hexarelin 0.057 ± 0.037 0.558 ± 0.212
    solvent 0.184 ± 0.111 0.497 ± 0.183
    hexarelin 0.536 ± 0.176 0.594 ± 0.169
    compound 50 0.012 ± 0.008 0.039 ± 0.011
    compound 50 + hexarelin 0.003 ± 0.002 0.017 ± 0.001
    solvent 0.184 ± 0.111 0.497 ± 0.183
    hexarelin 0.427 ± 0.16  0.688 ± 0.203
    compound 64 0.012 ± 0.008 0.039 ± 0.011
    compound 64 + hexarelin 0.012 ± 0.004 0.021 ± 0.007
    solvent 0.184 ± 0.111 0.497 ± 0.183
    hexarelin 0.696 ± 0.267 0.74 ± 0.27
    compound 71 0.522 ± 0.283 0.53 ± 0.28
    compound 71 + hexarelin 0.117 ± 0.074 0.20 ± 0.01
    solvent 0.184 ± 0.111 0.497 ± 0.183
    hexarelin  0.70 ± 0.116 1.221 ± 0.06 
    compound 72 0.008 ± 0.003 0.011 ± 0   
    compound 72 + hexarelin 0.634 ± 0.33  0.746 ± 0.31 
    solvent 0.184 ± 0.111 0.497 ± 0.183
    hexarelin 1.031 ± 0.219 1.455 ± 0.192
    compound 80 0.145 ± 0.143 0.346 ± 0.159
    compound 80 + hexarelin 0.475 ± 0.196 0.733 ± 0.238
    solvent 0.184 ± 0.111 0.497 ± 0.183
    hexarelin 0.696 ± 0.267 0.74 ± 0.27
    compound 81 0.017 ± 0.004 0.03 ± 0  
    compound 81 + hexarelin  0.024 ± 0.0101 0.116 ± 0.077
    solvent 0.184 ± 0.111 0.497 ± 0.183
    hexarelin 0.412 ± 0.173 0.68 ± 0.29
    compound 81 0.034 ± 0.003 0.346 ± 0.179
    compound 81 + hexarelin  1.4 ± 0.35 1.665 ± 0.345
    solvent 0.184 ± 0.111 0.497 ± 0.183
    hexarelin 0.323 ± 0.131 0.45 ± 0.17
    compound 90 0.014 ± 0.001 0.035 ± 0.003
    compound 90 + hexarelin 0.054 ± 0.041 0.069 ± 0.041

    VI) Motilin Receptor-Ligand Binding Assay (Using Human Recombinant HEK-293 Cells)
  • [0795]
    Motilin Receptor binding/affinity studies were performed as described by Feighner S D et al. (Science 1999, 284: 2184-2188). The assays were run under the following conditions:
  • [0796]
    Source: Human recombinant HEK-293 cells [Motilin-Receptor 1a (MTL-R1a)]
  • [0797]
    Ligand: 0.1 nM [125I] Motilin (human, porcine)
  • [0798]
    Vehicle: 1% DMSO
  • [0799]
    Incubation Time/Temperature: 2.5 hours at 25° C.
  • [0800]
    Incubation Buffer: 50 mM Tris, pH 7, 4, 10 mM MgCl2, 0.5% BSA
  • [0801]
    Non-Specific Ligand: 1 μM Motilin (human, porcine)
  • [0802]
    Compounds of the invention were tested in concentrations comprising 0.01 μM, 0.1 μM, 1 μM and 10 μM.
  • [0803]
    IC50 values were determined by a non-linear, least square regression analysis using Data Analysis Toolbox (MDL Information Systems, USA).
  • [0804]
    In the following table 5 results obtained for selected compounds of the invention are presented.
    TABLE 5
    Motilin Receptor-ligand binding assay test results (IC50 values for a
    number of selected exemplary compounds)
    MTL-R 1a
    No. IC50 [μM] Chemical name
    44 1,61 (R)—N-(1-(4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-4H-
    1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)piperidine-4-
    carboxamide,
    64 1,39 (R)—N-(1-(4-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-5-phenethyl-
    4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-
    yl)ethyl)picolinamide,

    VII) Study of Anti-Cachectic Effects in an Adjuvant-Induced Arthritis Model System
  • [0805]
    The effectiveness of compounds of the invention in the treatment of cachexia was investigated according to Ibanez de Caceres I et al. (J Endocrinol. 2000, 165(3): 537-544) using a cachexia model system (Roubenoff R et al., Arthritis Rheum. 1997, 40(3): 534-539).
  • [0806]
    Table 6 shows the anti-cachetic effect of compound 44 (0.1 μg/kg/day s.c. injection) in arthritic rats in comparison to adjuvant induced arthritis without medical treatment.
    TABLE 6
    Body weight change in gram (mean of 6 animals per group)
    Day 3 Day 6 Day 10 Day 13 Day 15 Day 17
    Rats with −3.02 2.95 11.97 9.32 −2.78 −8.27
    adjuvant
    induced
    arthritis +
    vehicle
    Arthritic rats + −5.32 2.98 14.92 19.08 7.05 1.47
    treatment with
    compound 44
    (0.1 μg/kg/day
    s.c.)

    VIII) Study of Anti-Inhibitory Effects of Isoproterol-Induced Lipolysis in Adipocyte Models
  • [0807]
    The effectiveness of compounds of the invention in the inhibition of the unacylated ghrelin-induced inhibition of isoproterol-induced lipolysis was investigated using adipocyte models.
  • [0000]
    Isolation of Primary Mouse Adipocytes
  • [0808]
    Mice were fed with high fat diet induce obesity (60% of lipids) starting at 4 weeks of age for 12 and 18 weeks.
  • [0809]
    White adipose tissue from epididymal fat was minced and digested in Krebs-Ringer-Bicarbonate-Hepes (KRBH) buffer (20 mM Hepes pH 7.4, 120 mM NaCl, 4.7 mM KCl, 1.2 mM K2HPO4, 2.5 mM CaCl2, 1.2 mM MgSO4, 24 mM NaHCO3) satured with CO2 containing glucose (1 mg/mL), 1% BSA and collagenase (2 mg/g tissue). The digestion was made under constant shaking (250 rpm) at 37° C. for 45 minutes.
  • [0810]
    The cell suspension was filtered through a nylon mesh to separate the adipocytes from tissue fragments, and washed three times in 3 mL of warm KRBH 1% BSA.
  • [0811]
    The cells was resuspended in KRBH 1% BSA and incubated in shaker (75 rpm) at 37° C. for 30 minutes.
  • [0000]
    Lipolysis Assay
  • [0812]
    Lipolysis in primary adipocytes cells was induced with 30 nM of isoproterenol in KRBH 4% BSA for 90 minutes with constant (125 rpm) shaking at 37° C.
  • [0813]
    Lipolysis in differentiated cells was induced with 30 nM of isoproterenol in DMEM FBS free for 90 minutes at 37° C. with shaking every 15 minutes.
  • [0814]
    The inhibitory effect of unacylated ghrelin (UAG) on isoproterenol induced lipolysis was documented with increasing concentration of UAG from 10−11 M to 10−6 M in presence or in absence of selected compounds of the invention at 10−7 M.
  • [0815]
    The lipolysis index was assessed by measuring glycerol release following triglyceride hydrolysis.
  • [0816]
    The antagonistic effect was determined as follows: pA 2 = - log [ concentration of competitor ( M ) ] Ratio - 1 with Ratio = EC 50 in presence of competitor ( M ) EC 50 in absence of competitor ( M )
  • [0817]
    FIGS. 41-46 show the effects of selected compounds 9, 38, 50, 64, 74, 81 on the isoprorerenol-induced lipolysis inhibition curve of unacylated ghrelin (UAG) in primary adipocytes from mice under diet-induced obesity.
  • [0818]
    The above written description of the invention provides a manner and process of making and using it such that any person skilled in this art is enabled to make and use the same, this enablement being provided in particular for the subject matter of the appended claims, which make up a part of the original description.
  • [0819]
    As used herein, the phrases “selected from the group consisting of,” “chosen from,” and the like include mixtures of the specified materials. Terms such as “contain(s)” and the like as used herein are open terms meaning ‘including at least’ unless otherwise specifically noted.
  • [0820]
    All references, patents, applications, tests, standards, documents, publications, brochures, texts, articles, etc. mentioned herein are incorporated herein by reference. Where a numerical limit or range is stated, the endpoints are included. Also, all values and subranges within a numerical limit or range are specifically included as if explicitly written out.
  • [0821]
    The above description is presented to enable a person skilled in the art to make and use the invention, and is provided in the context of a particular application and its requirements. Various modifications to the preferred embodiments will be readily apparent to those skilled in the art, and the generic principles defined herein may be applied to other embodiments and applications without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention. Thus, this invention is not intended to be limited to the embodiments shown, but is to be accorded the widest scope consistent with the principles and features disclosed herein.
  • [0822]
    The invention method, compounds and compositions are preferably used by subjects desirous of the benefits noted herein, subjects “in need of” these benefits. Such subjects are typically suffering from physiological and/or pathophysiological conditions such as those selected from the group consisting of acute fatigue syndrome and muscle loss following election surgery, adipogenesis, adiposity, age-related decline of thymic function, age-related functional decline (ARFD) in the elderly, aging disorder in companion animals, Alzheimer's disease, anorexia; anxiety, blood pressure (lowering), body weight gain/reduction, bone fracture repair (acceleration), bone remodeling stimulation, cachexia and protein loss reduction due to chronic illness such as cancer or AIDS, cardiac dysfunctions, cardiomyopathy, cartilage growth stimulation, catabolic disorders in connection with pulmonary dysfunction and ventilator dependency, catabolic side effects of glucocorticoids, catabolic state of aging, central nervous system disorders (in combination with antidepressants), chronic dialysis, chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), cognitive function improvement, complicated fractures, complications associated with transplantation, congestive heart failure (alone/in combination with corticotropin releasing factor antagonists), Crohn's disease and ulcerative colits, Cushing's syndrome, dementia, depressions, short-, medium- and/or long-term regulation of energy balance, short-, medium- and/or long-term regulation of food intake (stimulation and/or inhibition), fraility, gastrectomy (ghrelin replacement therapy), gastric postoperative ileus, glycemic control improvement, growth hormone release stimulation in the elderly, growth hormone replacement in stressed patients, growth promotion in livestock, growth retardation associated with the Prader-Willi syndrome and Turner's syndrome, growth retardation in connection with Crohn's disease, growth retardation, hair/nail growth maintenance, hip fractures, hunger, hypercortisolism, hyperinsulinemia including nesidioblastosis, hypothermia, immune deficiency in individuals with a depressed T4/T8 cell ratio, immune response improvement to vaccination, immune system stimulation in companion animals, immune system stimulation, immunosuppression in immunosuppressed patients, inflammation or inflammatory effects, inflammatory bowel disease, insulin resistance in the heart, insulin resistance in type 2 diabetic patients, insulin resistance including NIDDM, diabetes, diabetes type I, diabetes type II, intrauterine growth retardation, irritable bowel syndrome, lipodystrophy, metabolic homeostasis maintenance, milk production increase in livestock, muscle mass/strength increase, muscle mobility improvement, muscle strength improvement, muscle strength/function maintenance in elderly humans, muscular atrophy, musculoskeletal impairment (e.g. in elderly), Noonan's syndrome, obesity and growth retardation associated with obesity, osteoblast stimulation, osteochondrodysplasias, osteoporosis, ovulation induction (adjuvant treatment), physiological short stature including growth hormone deficient children, postoperative ileus, protein catabolic response attenuation after major surgery/trauma, protein kinase B activity enhancement, psychosocial deprivation, pulmonary dysfunction and ventilator dependency, pulmonary function improvement, pulsatile growth hormone release induction, recovery of burn patients and reducing hospitalization of burn patients (acceleration), renal failure or insufficiency resulting from growth retardation, renal homeostasis maintenance in the frail elderly, sarcopenia, schizophrenia, sensory function maintenance, short bowel syndrome, short stature associated with chronic illness, skeletal dysplasia, skin thickness maintenance, sleep disorders, sleep quality improvement, thrombocytopenia, thymic development stimulation, tooth repair or growth, tumor cell proliferation, ventricular dysfunction or reperfusion events, wasting in connection with AIDS, wasting in connection with chronic liver disease, wasting in connection with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), wasting in connection with multiple sclerosis or other neurodegenerative disorders, wasting secondary to fractures, wool growth stimulation in sheep, wound healing (acceleration) and/or wound healing delay, such as by self diagnosis or medical diagnosis, or are at recognized and appreciated risk of developing such conditions and who use the invention methods and compositions to combat these effects. Naturally, one using the invention as disclosed will use an amount of the invention compounds and compositions effective to obtain the desired results. Such amount is inclusive of the amounts described herein.
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US9096684Oct 18, 2012Aug 4, 2015Aileron Therapeutics, Inc.Peptidomimetic macrocycles
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US9522947Jun 25, 2015Dec 20, 2016Aileron Therapeutics, Inc.Peptidomimetic macrocycles
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Classifications
U.S. Classification514/341, 514/383
International ClassificationA61K31/4196, A61K31/4439
Cooperative ClassificationC07D403/06, A61K31/4196, A61K31/497, A61K31/4427, A61K31/4439, C07D403/14, A61K45/06, C07D401/14, A61K31/4523
European ClassificationA61K31/497, A61K31/4427, A61K31/4523, A61K31/4196, A61K31/4439, A61K45/06, C07D403/06, C07D403/14, C07D401/14
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