Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS20070227080 A1
Publication typeApplication
Application numberUS 11/397,752
Publication dateOct 4, 2007
Filing dateApr 4, 2006
Priority dateApr 4, 2006
Publication number11397752, 397752, US 2007/0227080 A1, US 2007/227080 A1, US 20070227080 A1, US 20070227080A1, US 2007227080 A1, US 2007227080A1, US-A1-20070227080, US-A1-2007227080, US2007/0227080A1, US2007/227080A1, US20070227080 A1, US20070227080A1, US2007227080 A1, US2007227080A1
InventorsChuen-Jong Tseng
Original AssigneeChuen-Jong Tseng
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Pergola
US 20070227080 A1
Abstract
A pergola includes: a plurality of posts; two opposite tie beams supported on the posts; and a plurality of rafters spaced apart from each other and supported on the tie beams, each of the rafters including a first segment, a second segment, and a connecting unit interconnecting the first segment and the second segment. The connecting unit includes a first end cap and a second end cap. The first end cap is secured in the first segment and is formed with a retaining hole. The second end cap is secured in the second segment and is formed with a protrusion which engages releasably the retaining hole in the first end cap.
Images(6)
Previous page
Next page
Claims(9)
1. A pergola comprising:
a plurality of posts;
two opposite tie beams supported on said posts; and
a plurality of rafters spaced apart from each other and supported on said tie beams, each of said rafters including a first segment, a second segment, and a first connecting unit interconnecting said first segment and said second segment, said first connecting unit including a first end cap and a second end cap, said first end cap being secured in said first segment and being formed with a retaining hole, said second end cap being secured in said second segment and being formed with a protrusion which engages releasably said retaining hole in said first end cap.
2. The pergola of claim 1, wherein each of said rafters further includes a first sleeve which is sleeved on the respective one of said rafters at a position where said first connecting unit is located.
3. The pergola of claim 1, wherein said protrusion of said second end cap of said first connecting unit has a head portion with a first diameter and a rod portion with a second diameter smaller than said first diameter of said head portion, said retaining hole in said first end cap of said first connecting unit having a first section with a diameter larger than said first diameter of said head portion of said protrusion, and a second section extending from said first section and having a diameter smaller than said first diameter of said head portion of said protrusion and larger than said second diameter of said rod portion of said protrusion.
4. The pergola of claim 1, wherein each of said first segment and said second segment of each of said rafters has a notch for insertion of a respective one of said tie beams thereinto.
5. The pergola of claim 4, wherein each of said rafters further includes a third segment and a second connecting unit interconnecting said third segment and said first segment, said second connecting unit including a third end cap and a fourth end cap, said third end cap being secured in said first segment and being formed with a retaining hole, said fourth end cap being secured in said third segment and being formed with a protrusion which engages releasably said retaining hole in said third end cap of said second connecting unit.
6. The pergola of claim 5, wherein each of said rafters further includes a second sleeve which is sleeved on the respective one of said rafters at a position where said second connecting unit is located.
7. The pergola of claim 5, wherein said protrusion of said fourth end cap of said second connecting unit has a head portion with a first diameter and a rod portion with a second diameter smaller than said first diameter of said head portion of said protrusion of said fourth end cap of said second connecting unit, said retaining hole in said third end cap of said second connecting unit having a third section with a diameter larger than said first diameter of said head portion of said protrusion of said fourth end cap of said second connecting unit, and a fourth section extending from said third section and having a diameter smaller than said first diameter of said head portion of said protrusion of said fourth end cap of said second connecting unit and larger than said second diameter of said rod portion of said protrusion of said fourth end cap of said second connecting unit.
8. The pergola of claim 5, wherein each of said first segment and said third segment of each of said rafters has a notch for insertion of a respective one of said tie beams thereinto.
9. The pergola of claim 5, wherein each of said first segment, said second segment, and said third segment of each of said rafters is in the form of a hollow metal column, said hollow metal column of said first segment having two open ends, each of said hollow metal columns of said second segment and said third segment having an open end, each of said first, second, third, and fourth end caps being fittingly received in said open end of said hollow metal columns of a respective one of said first, second, and third segments.
Description
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

1. Field of the Invention

This invention relates to a pergola, more particularly to a pergola that is convenient to transport and store.

2. Description of the Related Art

A pergola used in a garden is usually made from wood or cement, and needs a lot of manpower and mechanical equipments during construction thereof. To solve this problem, a pergola which can be assembled by a consumer and which is constituted by a plurality of posts and a plurality of rafters formed by plastics molding techniques has been proposed. However, the posts and rafters formed by molding plastics have a poor resistance to weather changes, and the rafters have a relatively long length, which has an adverse effect on transport and storage.

Therefore, there is a need in the art to provide a pergola that has a high resistance to weather changes and that is convenient to transport and store.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

Therefore, the object of the present invention is to provide a pergola that can overcome the aforesaid drawbacks associated with the prior art.

According to this invention, a pergola includes: a plurality of posts; two opposite tie beams supported on the posts; and a plurality of rafters spaced apart from each other and supported on the tie beams. Each of the rafters includes a first segment, a second segment, and a connecting unit interconnecting the first segment and the second segment. The connecting unit includes a first end cap and a second end cap. The first end cap is secured in the first segment and is formed with a retaining hole. The second end cap is secured in the second segment and is formed with a protrusion which engages releasably the retaining hole in the first end cap.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

Other features and advantages of the present invention will become apparent in the following detailed description of the preferred embodiments of this invention, with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:

FIG. 1 is a perspective view of the first preferred embodiment of a pergola according to this invention;

FIG. 2 is a fragmentary exploded perspective view to illustrate the structure of a rafter of the first preferred embodiment;

FIG. 3 is a fragmentary assembled partly sectional view of the rafter of the first preferred embodiment;

FIG. 4 is a fragmentary assembled perspective view to illustrate the structure of a rafter of the second preferred embodiment of a pergola according to this invention; and

FIG. 5 is a fragmentary exploded perspective view of the rafter of the second preferred embodiment.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS

Before the present invention is described in greater detail with reference to the accompanying preferred embodiments, it should be noted herein that like elements are denoted by the same reference numerals throughout the disclosure.

Referring to FIG. 1, the first preferred embodiment of a pergola according to the present invention is shown to include four posts 2 (one of which is not visible in this figure because of the viewing direction), two opposite tie beams 4 supported on the posts 2; and a plurality of rafters 3 spaced apart from each other and supported on the tie beams 4.

FIG. 2 shows the structure of one of the rafters 3 of the first preferred embodiment. The rafter 3 includes a first segment 31, a second segment 32, and a first connecting unit 33 interconnecting the first segment 31 and the second segment 32. Each of the first segment 31 and the second segment 32 of the rafter 3 is in the form of a hollow metal column having an open end 311, 321. Each of the open ends 311, 321 has an end face 3111, 3211. The first connecting unit 33 includes a first end cap 312 and a second end cap 322. The first end cap 312 has an end face 313 formed with two retaining holes 316, and is fittingly received in the open end 311 of the hollow metal column of the first segment 31 such that the end face 313 of the first end cap 312 is flush with the end face 3111 of the hollow metal column of the first segment 31. The second end cap 322 has an end face 323 formed with two protrusions 326 which engage releasably the retaining holes 316 in the end face 313 of the first end cap 312, and is fittingly received in the open end 321 of the hollow metal column of the second segment 32 such that the end face 323 of the second end cap 322 is flush with the end face 3211 of the hollow metal column of the second segment 32.

Each of the protrusions 326 on the end face 323 of the second end cap 322 of the first connecting unit 33 has a head portion 328 with a first diameter and a rod portion 327 with a second diameter smaller than the first diameter of the head portion 328. Each of the retaining holes 316 in the end face 313 of the first end cap 312 of the first connecting unit 33 has a first section 317 with a diameter larger than the first diameter of the head portion 328 of the protrusion 326, and a second section 318 extending from the first section 317 and having a diameter smaller than the first diameter of the head portion 328 of each of the protrusions 326 and larger than the second diameter of the rod portion 327 of each of the protrusions 326. Each of the first segment 31 and the second segment 32 of each of the rafters 3 has a notch 315, 325 for insertion of a respective one of the tie beams 4 thereinto. Preferably, each of the rafters 3 further includes a first sleeve 34.

During disassembly, the first end cap 312 is disengaged from the second end cap 322 so as to separate the first segment 31 from the second segment 32, thereby resulting in a decrease in the length of each of the rafters 3.

During assembly, as shown in FIG. 3, each of the protrusions 326 of the second end cap 322 of the first connecting unit 33 is inserted into the first section 317 and then moved to the second section 318 of the respective one of the retaining holes 316 in the first end cap 312 of the first connecting unit 33 so as to connect the first segment 31 with the second segment 32. The first sleeve 34 is sleeved on a selected one of the first segment 31 and the second segment 32 (provided on the second segment 32 in this embodiment) before interconnecting the first segment 31 and the second segment 32, is moved to a position where the first connecting unit 33 is located, and is fastened to the first segment 31 and the second segment 32 using screws, thereby enhancing the connecting strength between the first end cap 312 and the second end cap 322.

FIGS. 4 and 5 illustrate the second preferred embodiment of the pergola according to this invention. In this preferred embodiment, each of the rafters 3 includes a first segment 31, a second segment 32, a third segment 35, a first connecting unit 33 interconnecting the first segment 31 and the second segment 32 and having a first end cap 312 and a second end cap 322, a second connecting unit 33′ interconnecting the first segment 31 and the third segment 35 and having a third end cap 312′ and a fourth end cap 322′, a first sleeve 34 sleeved on a respective one of the rafters 3 at a position where the first connecting unit 33 is located, and a second sleeve 34′ sleeved on a respective one of the rafters 3 at a position where the second connecting unit 33′ is located. Each of the second segment 32 and the third segment 35 has a notch 325, 355 for insertion of a respective one of the tie beams 4 thereinto. Each of the first, second, and third segments 31, 32, 35 of each of the rafters 3 is in the form of a hollow metal column. The hollow metal column of the first segment 31 has two opposite open ends 311, 311′, while each of the hollow metal columns of the second segment 32 and the third segment 35 has an open end 321, 351. Each of the first and third end caps 312, 312′ is fittingly received in a respective one of the opposite open ends 311, 311′ of the hollow metal column of the first segment 31. The second end cap 322 is fittingly received in the open end 321 of the hollow metal column of the second segment 32, and the fourth end cap 322′ is fittingly received in the open end 351 of the hollow metal column of the third segment 35. In this embodiment, the structures of the first, second, and third segments 31, 32, 35, the connecting units 33, 33′, and the sleeves 34, 34′, as well as their connecting relationships are substantially similar to those in the first preferred embodiment.

It should be noted here that the manner of connecting the first, second, and third segments should not be limited to the preferred embodiments, and can be varied as long as the connecting object is achieved. For example, threading connection can be used in this invention.

Since each of the rafters 3 is divided into at least two segments in the preferred embodiments, transport and storage of the pergola is relatively convenient. Moreover, the rafters 3 are made from a metal material and have superior resistance to weather changes over those made from a plastics material.

While the present invention has been described in connection with what is considered the most practical and preferred embodiments, it is understood that this invention is not limited to the disclosed embodiments but is intended to cover various arrangements included within the spirit and scope of the broadest interpretation and equivalent arrangements.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US7900417 *Apr 22, 2005Mar 8, 2011Richard LeinesPergola having posts, beams, joists, strips, clips, and internal support stiffeners
US8640420 *Jul 6, 2011Feb 4, 2014Bradford HalleyPergola system
Classifications
U.S. Classification52/78
International ClassificationE04B1/34
Cooperative ClassificationE04B2001/2451, E04F10/08, E04B2001/2412
European ClassificationE04F10/08
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Apr 4, 2006ASAssignment
Owner name: TAIWAN SHIN YEH ENTERPRISE CO., LTD., TAIWAN
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:TSENG, CHUEN-JONG;REEL/FRAME:017734/0627
Effective date: 20060322