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Publication numberUS20070228066 A1
Publication typeApplication
Application numberUS 11/396,549
Publication dateOct 4, 2007
Filing dateApr 4, 2006
Priority dateApr 4, 2006
Also published asCA2583841A1
Publication number11396549, 396549, US 2007/0228066 A1, US 2007/228066 A1, US 20070228066 A1, US 20070228066A1, US 2007228066 A1, US 2007228066A1, US-A1-20070228066, US-A1-2007228066, US2007/0228066A1, US2007/228066A1, US20070228066 A1, US20070228066A1, US2007228066 A1, US2007228066A1
InventorsPaul Almas, Stephen Sanders, John Purse, Tom Goodfellow, Adrian Scott, Fleming Viegas
Original AssigneeAlmas Paul R, Sanders Stephen M, John Purse, Goodfellow Tom B, Adrian Scott, Fleming Viegas
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Vacuum based napkin dispenser
US 20070228066 A1
Abstract
The invention provides a novel system for dispensing paper products, particularly paper napkins. The system includes a moveable napkin carrier platform and a vacuum roller that picks up and dispenses a paper product.
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Claims(23)
1. A dispenser for paper products, said dispenser comprising:
i. a housing;
ii. a tubular vacuum roller positioned in the housing and controlled by a vacuum blower and a rotator motor;
iii. a carrier for holding a stack of paper products and;
iv. a mechanism for positioning the carrier to an outermost paper product in the stack to the vacuum at a predetermined distance from the longitudinal surface of the vacuum roller.
2. A dispenser according to claim 1, wherein the mechanism is a motor driven pulley system.
3. A dispenser according to claim 1, wherein the mechanism is automatically actuated by a sensor.
4. A dispenser according to claim 1, wherein the mechanism is actuated by a start button.
5. A dispenser according to claim 3 wherein the sensor is situated in the chute and detects when a product is removed.
6. A dispenser according to claim 3, wherein the sensor is situated to detect a gap between the outermost product and the vacuum roller.
7. A dispenser according to claim 1, wherein the length of the vacuum roller is adapted to dispense a folded paper napkin.
8. A dispenser according to claim 1, wherein the vacuum blower is time controlled.
9. A dispenser according to claim 1, wherein rotation of the vacuum roller is time controlled.
10. A dispenser according to claim 1, wherein the vacuum roller is positioned above the stack of paper products.
11. A dispenser according to claim 1, wherein the vacuum roller is positioned below the stack of paper products.
12. A dispenser according to claim 1 wherein the vacuum roller is positioned beside the stack.
13. A dispenser according to claim 1, comprising at least one actuator on the housing that controls rotation of the roller and vacuum within the roller.
14. A dispenser according to claim 1, wherein rotation of the roller and vacuum within the roller are controlled by a sensor in the dispensing chute.
15. A dispenser according to claim 1, wherein the vacuum roller surface comprises a plurality of apertures through which the vacuum is applied.
16. A dispenser according to claim 1, wherein the vacuum roller surface comprises a web.
17. A dispenser according to claim 1 wherein the vacuum roller surface comprises a grid.
18. A dispenser according to claim 12, wherein the vacuum pressure is constant over the entire surface of the roller when the blower is activated.
19. A dispenser according to claim 1 wherein the vacuum pressure on the surface of the roller varies.
20. A dispenser according to claim 1 wherein the mechanism is a rack and pinion system.
21. A dispenser according to claim 1 wherein the mechanism is a gravity feed mechanism.
22. A dispenser according to claim 1, wherein the mechanism is a hydraulic mechanism.
23. A method of dispensing a paper product, said method comprising:
i. placing a stack of paper products a predetermined distance from a vacuum roller;
ii. activating the vacuum roller for a predetermined time period whereby it rotates and has sufficient vacuum at its surface to pick up an edge of a paper product and pull the paper product over the circumference of the roller as it rotates and then release the product; and
iii. repositioning the stack to close the gap left by the dispensed product.
Description
FIELD OF INVENTION

The present invention relates to the field of dispensing devices and systems. More specifically, the invention relates to an apparatus for dispensing sheet products, particularly paper napkins.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

Various types of devices have been introduced that store and dispense paper products such as tissues or napkins. The present invention particularly relates to a device for dispensing folded paper napkin or paper towel.

Fast food restaurants usually provide self-service napkin dispensers. A common problem with dispensers in fast food restaurants is that they may permit removal of large bunches of napkins at one time. Users have a tendency to grab an excess of napkins and then discard the ones that are not used. This leads to many napkins being scattered about the eating place and also contributes to the volume of garbage that needs to be disposed. In addition, clumps of napkins may jam the dispensing device. This also occurs at Drive-thru windows where the server may grab a bunch of napkins and put them in the bag. Not only does this induce unnecessary costs, there is significant inconvenience to both users and suppliers when the napkin dispensers need to be refilled frequently.

Most of the conventional devices use mechanical means or frictional means for separating and limiting the number of folded paper articles that can be drawn at a time. There are various types of devices such as gravity feed devices or spring biased devices that are designed to prevent tearing or bunching of napkins.

Various attempts have been made to try and address the problem of clumping of large numbers of napkins. For example, U.S. Pat. No. 6,378,726 discloses a dispensing device that includes a dispensing throat that has a slot portion that is long enough to permit a paper napkin to be pulled through by a user, but at the same time has a very narrow width to prevent grabbing a bunch.

U.S. Pat. No. 6,457,605 describes a napkin dispenser that is designed to dispense napkins one at a time. The housing of the dispenser sits on a rotatable support platform. The dispenser assembly comprises principally a roller and a follower, the roller for engaging and ejecting the napkins, and the follower for urging napkins into engagement with the roller. The roller has a plurality of metal projections or protrusions on its exterior surface for engaging the paper of the napkins. The purpose of the spaced apart protrusions is to penetrate and remove one napkin at a time.

U.S. Pat. No. 6,585,129 describes a napkin dispenser for inter-folded napkins with a baffle-dispensing aperture. The dispensing aperture is an elongated narrow slit in the housing. The dispenser also includes biasing means that urges the napkin carrier and thus the stack of inter-folded napkins towards the dispensing wall. In a preferred embodiment, the narrow elongated slit has an opening width of only about ¼ inch to ⅜ inch. This narrow opening restricts the ability of a consumer from inserting fingers into the interior of the dispenser and grabbing a bunch of napkins.

U.S. Pat. No. 6,874,653 is directed to a metering napkin dispenser. The dispenser includes a metering member that penetrates the stack of napkins to segregate a predetermined number of napkins from the remainder of the stack. The napkin dispenser is preferably a gravity feed napkin dispenser.

U.S. Pat. No. 6,892,898 is a related application that is also directed to a metering napkin dispenser.

United States Patent Application No. US 2004/0050857 is directed to a device for dispensing folded sheets of material such as a paper napkin that provides a selected time interval between successive dispensing operations in order to limit the overall rate at which the product is dispensed. The device uses a reciprocal vacuum head for picking a napkin from a supply stack and delivering the napkin to a delivery chute. The vacuum head is driven by a swing arm linkage coupled to a crank turned by an electric gear motor once per delivery cycle.

In spite of the various attempts to provide a dispenser that efficiently metes out paper napkins, there remained a need for a device that could consistently deliver a preset number of napkins and that also prevents a user from contacting the stack of napkins and grabbing a bunch.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

The present invention relates to a dispenser for paper products. The dispenser of the invention addresses the problems of clumping and wastage of napkins by using a vacuum feed mechanism that picks up and delivers one napkin at a time.

While others may have considered using a vacuum source in a napkin dispenser, the present invention describes for the first time the use of a roller that can exert negative pressure to pick up a napkin.

The invention provides for any device or method whereby a vacuum roller is used to pick up and dispense a paper product. The size and configuration of the device may vary significantly.

A dispenser according to the present invention can be used to dispense any product that can be picked up by the vacuum roller. The amount of negative pressure exerted by the roller will depend on the size, shape and weight of the product to be dispensed.

The present invention is particularly useful to dispense paper napkins since it eliminates the problems of napkin clumping and the associated wastage.

In one aspect of the invention, there is provided a dispenser for paper products. The dispenser comprises a housing; a tubular vacuum roller positioned in the housing and controlled by a vacuum blower and a rotator motor; a carrier for holding a stack of paper products and; a mechanism for positioning the carrier to an outermost paper product in the stack to the vacuum at a predetermined distance from the longitudinal surface of the vacuum roller.

The mechanism may be a motor driven pulley system, a rack and pinion system, a hydraulic system, a gravity feed or any other mechanism that causes the stack to move when a napkin is removed.

In another preferred embodiment, the mechanism is automatically actuated by a sensor.

In another preferred embodiment, the mechanism is actuated by a start button.

In a further preferred embodiment, the sensor is situated in the chute and detects when a product is removed.

In another preferred embodiment, the sensor is situated to detect a gap between the outermost product and the vacuum roller.

In a preferred embodiment, the length of the vacuum roller is adapted to dispense a folded paper napkin.

In a preferred embodiment, the vacuum blower is time controlled and rotation of the vacuum roller is time controlled.

In one preferred embodiment, the vacuum roller is positioned above the stack of paper products.

In another embodiment, the vacuum roller is positioned below the stack of paper products.

In another embodiment, the vacuum roller is positioned beside the stack.

In yet another embodiment, the dispenser comprises at least one actuator on the housing that controls rotation of the roller and vacuum within the roller.

In another embodiment, the rotation of the roller and the vacuum pressure within the roller are controlled by a sensor in the dispensing chute.

The vacuum roller surface preferably comprises a plurality of apertures through which the vacuum is applied.

In a preferred embodiment, the vacuum roller surface comprises a web or a grid.

In one embodiment, the vacuum pressure is constant over the entire surface of the roller when the blower is activated. In another, the vacuum pressure on the surface of the roller varies.

In another aspect of the invention, a method of dispensing a paper product is provided. The method comprises placing a stack of paper products a predetermined distance from a vacuum roller; activating the vacuum roller for a predetermined time period whereby it rotates and has sufficient vacuum at its surface to pick up an edge of a paper product and pull the paper product over the circumference of the roller as it rotates and then release the product; and repositioning the stack to close the gap left by the dispensed product.

This summary of the invention does not necessarily describe all features of the invention.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

These and other features of the invention will become more apparent from the following description in which reference is made to the appended drawings wherein:

FIG. 1 is a perspective view of one embodiment of the dispenser of the present invention;

FIG. 2 is a cut away view of the same dispenser as shown in FIG. 1;

FIG. 3 is a plan view of the dispenser;

FIG. 4 is a cut away view of the dispenser from the rear;

FIG. 5 illustrates the dispenser with a stack of paper napkins loaded on it;

FIG. 6 is a side view of the dispenser with the napkins loaded;

FIG. 7A is an enlarged view of a stack of napkins positioned for dispensing in the dispenser;

FIG. 7B illustrates a top napkin being picked up by a vacuum roller of the dispenser;

FIGS. 8A-C demonstrates how a napkin is picked up and dispensed by the vacuum roller.

FIGS. 9A and 9B illustrate another embodiment of the invention; and

FIG. 10 illustrates yet another embodiment.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION

The following description is of a preferred embodiment.

The present invention provides a dispenser for paper products that uses a roller that is capable of rotating and exerting negative pressure to pick up and then drop the paper product.

A method of dispensing a paper product is also provided. The method comprises placing a stack of paper products in proximity to a vacuum roller, and applying negative pressure and rotation to the roller for a time sufficient for the roller to pick up and dispense the product.

In a preferred aspect of the invention the device and method are directed to the supply of paper napkins. A napkin dispenser that addresses the problems of patrons or servers grabbing a clump of napkins is provided. In the dispenser of the invention, a napkin is picked up by a vacuum roller and dispensed. The length and diameter of the vacuum roller is adapted according to the size of the napkin to be dispensed. The device comprises a napkin magazine or carrier that holds a stack of paper napkins. The top of the stack of napkins is in close proximity to the vacuum roller. When the vacuum is activated, it picks up a folded edge of the napkin and rolls it around the roller and then dispenses it down a dispensing chute. The device also preferably includes sensing means that can detect the width of a gap between the top of the stack of napkins and the surface of the vacuum roller. The sensor is adapted to accept a certain range of gap width. If the gap width exceeds the accepted range (e.g. by removal of a napkin from the top of the stack), the sensor detects the unacceptable gap and triggers elevating means that move the platform up to close the gap. The device can be adjusted to dispense one napkin at a time or more than one at a time. Various types of elevating means can be used. While it is preferred that the elevating means is automatically triggered, it is clearly apparent that it could also be manually triggered. It is also clearly apparent that this type if dispenser can also be used to dispense other types of products. For example, the device can be used to dispense paper towels, tissues or wipes by adjusting the size and/or power of the vacuum roller. As such, the term “napkin” as used herein, refers to all types of paper products.

The action of the vacuum roller can be triggered either manually or automatically. The rotator motor and vacuum blower may be manually activated by an actuator on the exterior of the housing. For example, one or more buttons may be located on the housing. The user pushes a selected button to dispense one, two or three napkins at a time.

Alternatively, the rotator motor and vacuum blower may be automatically activated. For example, a sensor may be located in the dispensing chute. The sensor detects the presence or absence of a napkin in the chute. In this embodiment, once a napkin is removed from the chute, the rotator motor and vacuum blower are triggered to activate the vacuum roller to dispense another napkin into the chute. Thus, there is always a napkin in the chute.

Whether the dispensing is triggered manually or automatically, a napkin should be in close proximity to the surface of the vacuum roller so that it is ready to be picked up and dispensed upon actuation of the vacuum rotator. Various mechanisms can be used to move the napkin carrier so that the top napkin is in position. For example, the napkin carrier platform can be lifted by a series of pulleys, by hydraulic means, by a rack and pinion system, a screw mechanism or by other known systems to raise a platform. The vacuum roller is typically an elongate roller that includes a plurality of openings through which the vacuum is applied. The dimensions of the roller are adapted according to the size and weight of the product to be dispensed. The vacuum pressure may be continuous over the whole surface or certain areas of the roller surface may exert a greater vacuum pressure than other parts. For example, the part of the roller that picks up the leading edge of the product may exert a stronger vacuum that the portion of the roller that contact the mid or tail part of the product. The rotation and vacuum are preferably timed so that a predetermined number of napkins are dispensed one at a time. For example, the vacuum roller may rotate once to dispense one napkin or it may rotate twice to pick up and dispense two napkins.

A dispenser according to the present invention typically comprises a housing that has a dispensing chute disposed therein. The dispensing chute typically comprises a base and a front cover that has an aperture therein to facilitate withdrawing of napkins. Within the housing, the vacuum roller is operatively attached to a drive motor and to a vacuum blower. In a preferred embodiment, the device also includes a sensor that can detect the distance between the surface of the vacuum roller and the top of a stack of napkins. A predetermined distance between the roller and the top of the stack defines an acceptable gap. The stack of napkins is carried in a napkin carrier or magazine. When the sensor detects a larger than acceptable gap between the surface of the vacuum roller and the top of the stack of napkins, it triggers a drive mechanism that is associated with elevating means. The elevating means will then elevate the napkin carrier magazine to close the gap between the surface of the vacuum roller and the top napkin in the rack. When all the napkins have been dispensed the carrier is automatically or manually lowered so that it can be refilled with another stack of napkins.

Preferred embodiments of the invention are shown in the attached figures. It is clearly apparent that specific features of the preferred embodiment can be replaced by equivalents without affecting the scope of the invention. The invention encompasses any dispenser comprising a vacuum roller and any method of dispensing a paper product by using a vacuum roller.

Referring now to the figures, FIG. 1 shows a perspective view of one preferred embodiment of a dispenser. The dispenser 10 includes a housing 12. The housing has a top 14 and a bottom 16. A wall 18 connects the top and the bottom. In the illustrated embodiment, a circular wall is provided between the top and the bottom of the housing to provide a canister type dispenser. It is clearly apparent that other types of inter-connected walls could be used to provide a dispenser having a square, rectangular, hexagonal, etc. shape. The device may optionally include a base 20 that is larger in circumference than the housing in order to provide greater stability. A product-receiving chute 21 is located on the housing. The chute comprises a curved base 22, a front cover 24, and a product-retaining member 26 at the end of the chute. The retaining member may comprise a solid wall or a pair of tabs separated by a space as shown in FIG. 1. A dispensing aperture 28 is formed in the front cover to facilitate withdrawing a napkin. Actuator buttons 29 are optionally provided on the cover.

FIG. 2 illustrates a cut away view of the embodiment shown in FIG. 1. Inside the device, there is a lower support plate 30 and an upper plate 32. The lower support plate 30 and the upper support plate 32 are interconnected and supported by four support rods 34. A napkin carrier platform 36 includes openings 37 that allow it to slide up and down the support rods. Four upright guides are also provided to hold the napkins in place and prevent them from sliding off the napkin carrier platform. The two front guides 54, 56 are L-shaped brackets facing out from the napkin carrier platform and the two rear guides 58, 59 face inward to hold a stack of napkins inside the L. A vacuum roller 40 is located at the upper support plate 32. A rotator motor 42 is mounted on the upper support plate and includes a drive belt 46 that is connected to the vacuum roller. A vacuum blower 50 is also mounted on the upper support plate and is connected to the vacuum roller to provide a vacuum therein. Air is pulled into the interior of the vacuum roller through a series of small apertures 52 in the surface of the roller. In this illustrated embodiment, the elevating means for raising the napkin carrier is a series of pulleys attached to a drive means. The pulley system is described in further detail below.

FIG. 3 is a plan view of the interior of the device from the bottom. The napkin carrier includes openings 37 that allow it to travel up and down the support rods. The guides comprise two rear, inwardly open L-shaped brackets 54, 56 and two forward, and outwardly open L-shaped brackets 58, 59.

FIG. 4 is a rear elevation perspective of the dispenser. While the carrier platform 32 can be positioned relative to the vacuum roller 40 using various types of elevating means, the elevating means for this embodiment is a pulley system that comprises a first cable 60 and a second cable 62. Each cable has a first end 64, 65 that is attached to the top of the napkin carrier and a second end 66, 67 that is attached to the bottom of the napkin carrier. A length 68, 69 of cable between the first end and the second end is fed over a first or upper pulley 70, 71, a lower pulley 72, 73 and a driving means 74. As the driving means 74 rotates the platform 36 is raised to a dispensing position or lowered to a filling position.

FIG. 5 is a sectional view showing the interior of the device. Within the housing 12, the rotator motor 42 and the vacuum blower 50 are located near the top. In this illustration, the napkin carrier 36 has been loaded with a stack of napkins 80. The top 82 of the stack is positioned at a predetermined distance from the vacuum roller 40. A pulley system comprising first and second cables 60, 62 and a series of pulleys 70, 71 (hidden) and 72, 73 is controlled by a drive means 74 to adjust the position of the napkin carrier. The drive means may be manually or automatically activated.

FIG. 6 is a side view of the device with the napkin carrier 36 loaded with a stack of napkins 80. The dispensing chute includes a pick-up lip 84 that is used to guide the top napkin 86 into the dispensing chute. As can be seen, the top napkin in the stack is located very dose to the vacuum roller. In one preferred embodiment, there is a sensor (not shown) that detects the distance of the gap between the top of the napkin stack and the surface of the vacuum roller. When one or more napkins are dispensed and the sensor detects an increase in the gap size, the pulley drive mechanism is activated to elevate the platform to dose the gap width.

The dispensing process can be further understood by referring to FIGS. 7 and 8. In FIG. 7A, the napkin carrier has been loaded with a stack of napkins 80 and the top napkin 86 is in position next to the vacuum roller. Dispensing can be initiated either by pushing an actuator button 90 on the outside of the housing or by a sensor 92 in the dispensing chute 21 that detects when a napkin has been removed from the chute through the dispensing aperture 28. As shown in FIG. 7B, once dispensing has been initiated, the vacuum blower applies a vacuum to the interior of the vacuum roller 40. The vacuum pressure exerted through the apertures 52 in the vacuum roller cause the top napkin 86 to be picked up and adhered to the surface of the roller tube and the leading edge 94 is directed toward the chute.

The dispensing process can be seen in greater detail in FIG. 8. FIG. 8A illustrates how the leading edge 94 of the napkin adheres to the surface of the rotating vacuum roller 40 and is lifted from the surface of the stack. As the weight of the napkin on the roller becomes heavier due to a larger amount of napkin on the roller, the leading edge will be released from the vacuum and will fall over the dispensing chute guide lip 84 as shown in FIG. 8B. The vacuum roller 40 continues to rotate and pull the entire surface of the napkin 86 off the top of the stack and through the guide 84 as shown in FIG. 8C. The vacuum blower and the rotator motor are preferably automatically timed to provide vacuum and rotation for an amount of time sufficient to dispense a napkin. It is dearly apparent that the vacuum pressure and timing can be adjusted based on the size and weight of the napkin. The process may be repeated to dispense multiple napkins.

While the description thus far has focused on napkins being picked near the top of the device, it is clearly apparent that the invention relates generally to a method and device whereby a napkin or other paper product is picked up by a rotating vacuum roller and dispensed. The vacuum roller may be located anywhere in the device. FIGS. 9A and 9B illustrate a device where the vacuum roller is located in a lower region of the device. The stack of napkins is positioned in proximity to the vacuum roller. The stack is positioned by a feed device such as a pulley system or by a gravity feed. The stack may be held in position in the carrier by retaining members that maintain the outermost (in this case, the lowest) napkin a predetermined distance from the vacuum roller. For example, L-shaped brackets can hold the napkins in the carrier yet allow the vacuum roller to pick up the outermost one. Referring to FIG. 9A, the dispensing device 100 comprises a dispensing chute 110 located in a lower region of a housing 112. FIG. 9B illustrates the interior of the embodiment of FIG. 9A. In this embodiment, a vacuum roller 114 is located near the bottom of the device. The vacuum roller is operatively associated with a vacuum blower 116 and a rotator motor 118. A stack of napkins 120 is held in close proximity to the vacuum roller by stop members 122.

Embodiments have been described where the vacuum roller is positioned above or below the stack of product, however, it is apparent that the roller could also be positioned beside the stack. This can be envisioned by turning the embodiments of FIGS. 1 to 9 on their side. In a further embodiment, the stack may be beside the roller as illustrated in FIG. 10.

In another aspect of the invention, a method of dispensing a paper napkin or other paper product is provided. The method comprises providing a stack of paper products positioned so that the top of the stack is in close proximity to vacuum roller. To dispense the napkin, negative pressure is applied within the roller by a vacuum blower and the roller is rotated. The roller picks up the lead edge of the product and continued rotation of the roller pulls the entire length of the product from the stack. The negative pressure applied to the roller is sufficient to lift the product from the stack, but then release the product as the weight of product on the roller increases.

All citations are hereby incorporated by reference.

The present invention has been described with regard to one or more embodiments. However, it will be apparent to persons skilled in the art that a number of variations and modifications can be made without departing from the scope of the invention as defined in the claims.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US8113383Jun 9, 2009Feb 14, 2012Ideastream Consumer Products, LlcBiased paper dispensing device
Classifications
U.S. Classification221/211
International ClassificationB65H3/08
Cooperative ClassificationB65D83/0858
European ClassificationB65D83/08D1A
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Jun 21, 2010ASAssignment
Free format text: SECURITY AGREEMENT;ASSIGNOR:KRUGER PRODUCTS L.P.;REEL/FRAME:24576/713
Effective date: 20100119
Owner name: NATIONAL BANK OF CANADA.,CANADA
Free format text: SECURITY AGREEMENT;ASSIGNOR:KRUGER PRODUCTS L.P.;REEL/FRAME:024576/0713
Owner name: NATIONAL BANK OF CANADA., CANADA
Mar 19, 2010ASAssignment
Owner name: KRUGER PRODUCTS L.P.,CANADA
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:KRUGER PRODUCTS LIMITED;US-ASSIGNMENT DATABASE UPDATED:20100324;REEL/FRAME:24128/84
Effective date: 20100122
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:KRUGER PRODUCTS LIMITED;REEL/FRAME:024128/0084
Jul 23, 2007ASAssignment
Owner name: KRUGER PROUDUCTS LIMITED, CANADA
Free format text: CHANGE OF NAME;ASSIGNOR:SCOTT PAPER LIMITED;REEL/FRAME:019589/0142
Effective date: 20070402
Aug 28, 2006ASAssignment
Owner name: PAPER, SCOTT, CANADA
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:VIEGAS, FLEMING;REEL/FRAME:018190/0109
Effective date: 20060728
Owner name: SCOTT PAPER, CANADA
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:ALMAS, PAUL;REEL/FRAME:018190/0185
Effective date: 20060810
Aug 25, 2006ASAssignment
Owner name: PAPER, SCOTT, CANADA
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:ALMAS, PAUL;REEL/FRAME:018183/0229
Effective date: 20060810
Owner name: SCOTT PAPER, CANADA
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:GOODFELLOW, TOM B.;REEL/FRAME:018183/0351
Effective date: 20060801
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Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:SANDERS, STEPHEN MARK;SCOTT, ADRIAN;REEL/FRAME:018183/0247;SIGNING DATES FROM 20060726 TO 20060727