|Publication number||US20070228990 A1|
|Application number||US 11/727,276|
|Publication date||Oct 4, 2007|
|Filing date||Mar 26, 2007|
|Priority date||Mar 31, 2006|
|Also published as||US8018174, US20090146574, WO2007126739A2, WO2007126739A3|
|Publication number||11727276, 727276, US 2007/0228990 A1, US 2007/228990 A1, US 20070228990 A1, US 20070228990A1, US 2007228990 A1, US 2007228990A1, US-A1-20070228990, US-A1-2007228990, US2007/0228990A1, US2007/228990A1, US20070228990 A1, US20070228990A1, US2007228990 A1, US2007228990A1|
|Inventors||Chih-Ping Liang, Chang-Yi Liu|
|Original Assignee||Chih-Ping Liang, Chang-Yi Liu|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Classifications (8), Legal Events (3)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
This application claims the benefit of the earlier filing date of U.S. Provisional Application No. 60/787,533, filed on Mar. 31, 2006 which is incorporated by reference herein in its entirety.
The invention relates to Electro-luminescent (EL) lamps and, more particularly, to a safety circuit, for an EL lamp system, herein called Smart Faults Detection and Protection (SFD&P).
Typical EL lamps are applied in frame systems. Thus, the size of the EL lamp can be 2,500 square inches or more and the applied voltage can be between 100-350 VAC or even higher. If people touch the electrode of EL lamp, current may flow through the human body to ground, thus possibly causing physical injury.
It has long been known to apply a Ground Fault Interrupt (GFI) circuit to the ballast for fluorescent lamps. A conventional GFI circuit uses a current sensor to measure unbalanced current between input live and neutral. Most of the ballasts are non-isolated circuits. These GFI circuits can be applied to the non-isolated ballast for an EL lamp. Thus, when a person touches the electrode of EL lamp, the conventional GFI circuit will shut down the ballast. However, when EL lamp is put into a grounded lighting frame or fixture, there is a large parasitic capacitance (a few nF) between the fixture and EL lamp, thus resulting in high leakage current from the EL lamp to ground. This stray leakage current will trip the GFI circuit and shut down the ballast. Hence, the conventional GFI circuits cannot accurately discriminate between stray leakage current and the leakage current that occurs due to a true fault condition.
In an isolated ballast, line input is isolated from an output high voltage terminal. Thus, an isolated ballast could prevent stray leakage current flow to a grounded fixture since there is no return current path back to a secondary of the ballast. An isolated ballast with a GFI circuit could detect leakage current when a person touches the electrode of an EL lamp. However, when a person replaces an EL lamp, if the lighting fixture of the EL lamp is floating, there is still a leakage current coupled to the lighting fixture which can flow to the human body and back to ballast secondary output. The magnitude of the coupled leakage current depends on parasitic capacitance between the El lamp and the fixture, and at times can be up to 10 mA. Thus, even with an isolated ballast, there is still a risk of getting shocked when replacing such an EL lamp.
An EL lamp with a ground shield and an isolated ballast could solve the above-mentioned problem, since there is no parasitic capacitance from the EL lamp to the lighting fixture. However, if an isolated ballast is connected with a ground shield of the EL lamp and if the EL lamp is destroyed by a metal tip, if a person touches the defective part, leakage current will flow through the human body to the ground shield and couple back to the EL lamp. This shock current could be as high as 60 mA and depends on the parasitic capacitance between the ground shield and the rear electrode of EL lamp.
Thus, there is a need to provide a new safety circuit for an EL lamp to protect a user when replacing an EL lamp and when touching a defective EL lamp.
An object of the invention is to fulfill the need referred to above. In accordance with the principles of the present invention, this objective is obtained by providing a safety circuit for a ballast of an electro-luminescent (EL) lamp. The EL lamp had an electrical ground shield on at least a portion thereof and has a separate ground lead. The ballast is an isolated ballast with a line input being isolated from an output. The ballast is constructed and arranged to be electrically connected with the separate ground lead. The circuit includes a current sensing structure constructed and arranged to connect between the separate ground lead and a potential ground of the ballast. In the event a user contacts the EL lamp to replace the EL lamp or contacts a defective EL lamp, the ballast is shut down based on a value of current sensed by the current sensing structure.
In accordance with another aspect of the invention, a method is provided for controlling a ballast for powering an electro-luminescent (EL) lamp. The ballast has a line input isolated from an output. The method provides an EL lamp having an electrical ground shield on at least a portion thereof and having a separate ground lead. The ballast is electrically connected with the separate ground lead. Current between the separate ground lead and a potential ground of the ballast is sensed. The ballast is shut down based on a value of current sensed by the current sensing structure.
Other objects, features and characteristics of the present invention, as well as the methods of operation and the functions of the related elements of the structure, the combination of parts and economics of manufacture will become more apparent upon consideration of the following detailed description and appended claims with reference to the accompanying drawings, all of which form a part of this specification.
The invention will be better understood from the following detailed description of the preferred embodiments thereof, taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in which:
With reference to
In the embodiment, the isolated ballast 11 includes a three-wire input, generally indicated at 14, an isolated AC-DC converter, generally indicated at 15, and a DC-AC inverter, generally indicated at 16, providing AC current to the EL lamp 12.
Preferably, an aluminum foil 17 is laminated on at least a portion of a rear side of the EL lamp 12 and a separate ground lead 18 is electrically connected to the SFD&P circuit 13. More particularly, in the embodiment, the SFD&P circuit 13 includes a current sensing structure, preferably in the form of a resistor 20 (e.g., a few ohms), placed between the separate ground lead 18 and potential ground (PG) of the ballast 11.
When a person or user touches the electrode of the EL lamp 12 or fixture of the EL lamp, the leakage current will flow through human body to the ground lead 18 to the current sensing resistor 20. Since the voltage drop is low, an active rectifier 22 and an amplifier 24 are connected to the sensing resistor 20 providing an amplified signal 21. The voltage drop (signal 21) of the sensing resistor 20 is preferably measured by an analog to digital converter 23 and a controller 25, such as a microprocessor. The converter 23 can be part of the controller 25. The controller 25 will shut down the ballast 11 when current sensed by the sensing resistor 20 exceeds a trip or threshold value of current. Instead of using the microprocessor 25, a trip latch circuit can be connected to the amplifier to shut down the ballast 11 when a leakage current flow to a person is measured.
Thus, it can be appreciated that the safety circuit 10 protects a user when replacing an EL lamp and when touching a defective EL lamp.
The foregoing preferred embodiments have been shown and described for the purposes of illustrating the structural and functional principles of the present invention, as well as illustrating the methods of employing the preferred embodiments and are subject to change without departing from such principles. Therefore, this invention includes all modifications encompassed within the spirit of the following claims.
|Cooperative Classification||Y10S315/07, Y02B20/325, H05B41/2851, H05B33/08|
|European Classification||H05B33/08, H05B41/285C|
|Mar 26, 2007||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: CEELITE LLC, PENNSYLVANIA
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:LIANG, CHIN-PING;LIU, CHANG-YI;REEL/FRAME:019159/0263
Effective date: 20070321
|May 16, 2008||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: CEELITE, INC., PENNSYLVANIA
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:RILITE CORPORATION;CEEMEE, INC.;CEELITE, LLC;AND OTHERS;REEL/FRAME:020951/0691
Effective date: 20080328
|Oct 16, 2008||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: TMG COLLATERAL AGENT, LLC, PENNSYLVANIA
Free format text: SECURITY AGREEMENT;ASSIGNOR:CEELITE, LLC;REEL/FRAME:021695/0342
Effective date: 20071015