Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS20080000820 A1
Publication typeApplication
Application numberUS 11/427,795
Publication dateJan 3, 2008
Filing dateJun 30, 2006
Priority dateJun 30, 2006
Also published asEP2035110A1, US20100116730, WO2008066961A1
Publication number11427795, 427795, US 2008/0000820 A1, US 2008/000820 A1, US 20080000820 A1, US 20080000820A1, US 2008000820 A1, US 2008000820A1, US-A1-20080000820, US-A1-2008000820, US2008/0000820A1, US2008/000820A1, US20080000820 A1, US20080000820A1, US2008000820 A1, US2008000820A1
InventorsAlan J. Mitchell
Original AssigneeMitchell Alan J
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Water Filter Cartridge and Valve with Autobypass Feature
US 20080000820 A1
Abstract
A liquid filter cartridge system includes a housing, a valve body, a valve actuator, a filter, an inlet passage having a portion extending through each of the valve body and the valve actuator and into the filter, and an outlet passage having a portion leading out of the filter, and extending through each of the valve actuator and the valve body. An interface is located between the inlet passage portions in the valve actuator and the filter and an interface is located between the outlet passage portions in the valve actuator and the filter. The inlet passage interface and the outlet passage interface may lie in the same plane as each other. They may each comprise a face seal comprising an axial seal between the valve actuator and the filter. They may each comprise a seal between the valve actuator and the filter, wherein the two seals are sealed via compression and not via sliding contact.
Images(11)
Previous page
Next page
Claims(21)
1. A liquid filter cartridge system comprising:
a valve body having a fluid inlet passage and a fluid outlet passage,
a housing having a portion for receiving the valve body and retaining the valve body relative to the housing,
a valve actuator rotatably captured between the valve body and the housing,
a filter,
an inlet passage having a portion extending through the valve body, a portion extending through the valve actuator and a portion leading into the filter,
an outlet passage having a portion leading out of the filter, a portion extending through the valve actuator and a portion extending through the valve body,
an interface between the inlet passage portion in the valve actuator and the inlet passage portion in the filter lying in the same plane as an interface between the outlet passage portion in the valve actuator and the outlet passage portion in the filter.
2. A liquid filter cartridge system according to claim 1, wherein the inlet passage interface and the outlet passage interface comprise seals which are sealed via compression and not via sliding contact.
3. A liquid filter cartridge system according to claim 1, wherein the outlet portion interface comprises a first O-ring and the inlet portion interface comprises a second O-ring surrounding and radially spaced from the first O-ring.
4. A liquid filter cartridge system according to claim 1, wherein the valve actuator is rotatable relative to the valve body, to selectively align the inlet passage portions of the valve body and valve actuator and simultaneously align the outlet passage portions of the valve body and valve actuator to permit communication between common passage portions, and to selectively displace the inlet passage portions of the valve body and valve actuator and simultaneously displace the outlet passage portions of the valve body and valve actuator to prevent communication between common passage portions.
5. A liquid filter cartridge system according to claim 4, wherein the valve actuator includes a bypass conduit to selectively provide communication between the inlet passage portion of the valve body with the outlet passage portion of the valve body.
6. A liquid filter cartridge system according to claim 1, wherein the filter is removably attached to the housing via overlying tabs and flanges engaged via rotation of the filter relative to the housing.
7. A liquid filter cartridge system according to claim 6, wherein the filter engages and co-rotates with the valve actuator.
8. A liquid filter cartridge system comprising:
a valve body having a fluid inlet passage and a fluid outlet passage,
a housing having a portion for receiving the valve body and retaining the valve body relative to the housing,
a valve actuator rotatably captured between the valve body and the housing,
a filter,
an inlet passage having a portion extending through the valve body, a portion extending through the valve actuator and a portion leading into the filter,
an outlet passage having a portion leading out of the filter, a portion extending through the valve actuator and a portion extending through the valve body,
an interface between the inlet passage portion in the valve actuator and the inlet passage portion in the filter comprising an axial seal between the valve actuator and the filter, and
an interface between the outlet passage portion in the valve actuator and the outlet passage portion in the filter comprising an axial seal between the valve actuator and the filter, wherein the inlet passage axial seal and the outlet passage axial seal are sealed via compression and not via sliding contact.
9. A liquid filter cartridge system according to claim 8, wherein the inlet passage axial seal and the outlet passage axial seal lie in the same plane.
10. A liquid filter cartridge system according to claim 9, wherein the filter has a cylindrical porous filter body, an impermeable end cap at each end of the filter body, a surrounding impermeable cartridge and an end cover, the cartridge having a diameter sized to fit within the housing.
11. A liquid filter cartridge system according to claim 10, wherein the cartridge has an end face with a central outlet passage and a plurality of inlet passages therethrough spaced radially outwardly from the outlet passage leading to an internal chamber in which the filter body is positioned.
12. A liquid filter cartridge system according to claim 8, wherein the valve body attaches to the housing via overlying tabs and flanges engaged via rotation of the valve body relative to the housing.
13. A liquid filter cartridge system according to claim 8, wherein the outlet passage axial seal comprises a first O-ring and the inlet passage axial seal comprises a second O-ring surrounding and spaced from the first O-ring.
14. A liquid filter cartridge system according to claim 8, wherein the valve actuator is rotatable relative to the valve body, to selectively align the inlet passage portions of the valve body and valve actuator and simultaneously align the outlet passage portions of the valve body and valve actuator to permit communication between common passage portions, and to selectively displace the inlet passage portions of the valve body and valve actuator and simultaneously displace the outlet passage portions of the valve body and valve actuator to prevent communication between common passage portions.
15. A liquid filter cartridge system according to claim 14, wherein the valve actuator includes a bypass conduit to selectively provide communication between the inlet passage portion of the valve body with the outlet passage portion of the valve body.
16. A liquid filter cartridge system according to claim 15, wherein the filter is removably attached to the housing via overlying tabs and flanges engaged via rotation of the filter relative to the housing.
17. A fluid valve comprising:
a valve body having a fluid inlet passage and a fluid outlet passage,
a housing having a portion for receiving the valve body and retaining the valve body relative to the housing,
a valve actuator rotatably captured between the valve body and the housing, the valve actuator having a fluid inlet passage and a fluid outlet passage arranged such that in one rotational orientation between the valve actuator and the valve body, the inlet passages are aligned with each other and the outlet passages are aligned with each other and in another rotational orientation between the valve actuator and the valve body, the inlet passages are misaligned with each other and the outlet passages are misaligned with each other such that fluids are not permitted to flow between the valve body and the valve actuator,
the valve actuator inlet passage having an interface surface for engaging a fluid filter and the valve actuator outlet passage having an interface surface for engaging the fluid filter, wherein the interface surfaces are coplanar.
18. A fluid filter comprising:
a porous filter body,
an impermeable cartridge surrounding the filter body,
an end cover secured to the cartridge with a fluid inlet and a fluid outlet extending therethrough, the inlet and outlet being defined at an outer face of the end cover in a co-planar manner.
19. The fluid filter according to claim 18, wherein the filter body has a first end and a second end, with a first and second impermeable end cap at each respective end of the filter body.
20. The fluid filter according to claim 18, wherein the outer face of the end cover includes a first seal gland for a first seal surrounding the outlet and a second seal gland for a second seal surrounding the inlet.
21. The fluid filter according to claim 20, wherein the outlet is positioned near a center of the outer face of the end cover and the inlet is positioned laterally outwardly of the outlet and the second seal is concentric with the first seal.
Description
    BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
  • [0001]
    The present invention relates to filters for water and other liquids.
  • [0002]
    Filters are widely used to separate impurities and solids from liquids in a variety of applications. For example, filters are used in water lines to provide water in which dissolved minerals and other particles may be removed. Filters are also used in lubrication and fuel lines to remove metals and other solids from the lubricant or fuel.
  • [0003]
    Because the filters have a relatively short lifetime, compared to the equipment they are used in association with, such as water dispensers, etc., the filters are arranged to be removed and replaced from time to time. The removal and replacement feature requires that there be an interface between the filter and the remainder of the liquid system which typically requires a seal at the interface, in that generally the liquid moving through the filter is at a pressure elevated above ambient pressure.
  • [0004]
    In some systems, removal of the filter creates an opening in the liquid line, requiring replacement of the filter before the system can be used. For example, Great Britain Patent No. 1,296,051 discloses a removable filter, that once removed, leaves a disconnected path at a head portion between an inlet and an outlet in the liquid line, that requires replacement of the filter before the system can be used. The filter is sealed to the head portion via a sealing ring and a hollow plug which provide sealing interfaces at different planes, and are engaged in a sliding manner between mating surfaces when the filter is attached to the head portion via a bayonet mount arrangement. U.S. Pat. No. 4,764,275 discloses a removable filter, that once removed, leaves a disconnected path at a filter mount between an inlet and an outlet in the liquid line, that requires replacement of the filter before the system can be used. The filter is sealed to the filter mount via an O-ring radial seal that slidingly engages a side wall of the filter mount and a gasket that slidingly engages a face of the filter mount, located in a plane different than the side wall of the filter mount.
  • [0005]
    In other systems, a valve is provided to close off the liquid line when the filter is removed, also requiring replacement of the filter before the system can be used. For example, U.S. Pat. No. 5,826,854 discloses a removable filter that engages with a rotatable block to rotate the block relative to a valve housing, to align and misalign the inlet and outlet passages. The filter is sealed to the actuator via 2 radial seal O-rings lying in different planes that slidingly seal against an inside side wall of the block as the filter in inserted into the block.
  • [0006]
    In still other systems, some type of valve or bypass arrangement is provided so that the system can remain in use, even with the filter removed. For example, U.S. Pat. No. 5,390,701 discloses a removable filter that engages with a rotatable housing member to rotate the housing member relative to a valve body, to align and misalign the inlet and outlet passages, and to align radial bypass passages formed in the housing member to allow the system to remain in use with the filter removed. The filter is sealed to the valve body via a axial seal member that slides against a face of the valve body as the filter is threaded onto the housing member. U.S. Patent Application Publication US2006/0070942 A1 discloses a water purifying apparatus with a removable filter that engages with a rotatable inner case to rotate the inner case relative to an outer case, to align and misalign the inlet and outlet passages, and to align a transverse bypass passage formed on an outer face of the inner case to allow the system to remain in use with the filter removed. The filter is sealed to the inner case via two radial seal O-rings that slide into place relative to the inner case, in different planes, as the filter is engaged with the inner case.
  • [0007]
    Sliding sealing surfaces allow for the seals to twist or move or to allow the surfaces or impurities to cause wear of the seal, potentially compromising the integrity of the seal.
  • SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • [0008]
    The present invention provides a liquid filter cartridge system for use in filtering various liquids. The system includes a housing, a valve body, a valve actuator, a filter, an inlet passage having a portion leading through the valve body, a portion extending through the valve actuator and a portion leading into the filter, and an outlet passage having a portion leading out of the filter, a portion extending through the valve actuator and a portion extending through the valve body. There is an interface between the inlet passage portion in the valve actuator and the inlet passage portion in the filter and also an interface between the outlet passage portion in the valve actuator and the outlet passage portion in the filter.
  • [0009]
    In an embodiment, the inlet passage interface and the outlet passage interface lie in the same plane as each other.
  • [0010]
    In an embodiment, the inlet passage interface and the outlet passage interface each comprise a face seal comprising an axial seal between the valve actuator and the filter.
  • [0011]
    In an embodiment, the inlet passage interface and the outlet passage interface each comprise an axial seal between the valve actuator and the filter, wherein the inlet passage axial seal and the outlet passage axial seal are sealed via compression and not via sliding contact.
  • [0012]
    In an embodiment, the outlet passage interface comprises a first O-ring and the inlet passage interface comprises a second O-ring surrounding and radially spaced from the first O-ring.
  • [0013]
    In an embodiment, the valve actuator is captured between the housing and the valve body.
  • [0014]
    In an embodiment, the valve actuator is rotatable relative to the valve body, to selectively align the inlet passage portions of the valve body and valve actuator and simultaneously align the outlet passage portions of the valve body and valve actuator to permit communication between common passage portions, and to selectively displace the inlet passage portions of the valve body and valve actuator and simultaneously displace the outlet passage portions of the valve body and valve actuator to prevent communication between common passage portions.
  • [0015]
    In an embodiment, the valve actuator includes a bypass conduit to selectively provide communication between the inlet passage portion of the valve body with the outlet passage portion of the valve body.
  • [0016]
    In an embodiment, the filter is removably attached to the housing via overlying tabs and flanges engaged via rotation of the filter relative to the housing.
  • [0017]
    In an embodiment, the filter engages and co-rotates with the valve actuator.
  • [0018]
    In an embodiment, the filter has a cylindrical porous filter body, an impermeable end cap at each end of the filter body, a surrounding impermeable cartridge and an end cover, the cartridge having a diameter sized to fit within the housing.
  • [0019]
    In an embodiment, the cartridge has an end face with a central outlet passage and a plurality of inlet passages therethrough spaced radially outwardly from the outlet passage leading to an internal chamber in which the filter body is positioned.
  • [0020]
    In an embodiment, the valve body attaches to the housing via overlying tabs and flanges engaged via rotation of the valve body relative to the housing.
  • [0021]
    In an embodiment, a fluid valve is provided which includes a valve body having a fluid inlet passage and a fluid outlet passage, a housing having a portion for receiving the valve body and retaining the valve body relative to the housing, and a valve actuator rotatably captured between the valve body and the housing, the valve actuator having a fluid inlet passage and a fluid outlet passage arranged such that in one rotational orientation between the valve actuator and the valve body, the inlet passages are aligned with each other and the outlet passages are aligned with each other and in another rotational orientation between the valve actuator and the valve body, the inlet passages are misaligned with each other and the outlet passages are misaligned with each other such that fluids are not permitted to flow between the valve body and the valve actuator. The valve actuator inlet passage has an interface surface for engaging a fluid filter and the valve actuator outlet passage has an interface surface for engaging the fluid filter, wherein the interface surfaces are coplanar.
  • [0022]
    In an embodiment, a fluid filter is provided including a porous filter body, an impermeable cartridge surrounding the filter body, and an end cover secured to the cartridge with a fluid inlet and a fluid outlet extending therethrough. The inlet and outlet are defined at an outer face of the end cover in a co-planar manner.
  • [0023]
    In an embodiment, the filter body has a first end and a second end, with a first and second impermeable end cap at each respective end of the filter body.
  • [0024]
    In an embodiment, the outer face of the end cover includes a first seal gland for a first seal surrounding the outlet and a second seal gland for a second seal surrounding the inlet.
  • [0025]
    In an embodiment, the outlet is positioned near a center of the outer face of the end cover and the inlet is positioned laterally outwardly of the outlet and the second seal is concentric with the first seal.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • [0026]
    FIG. 1 is a schematic perspective view of a refrigeration appliance in which the water filter cartridge system embodying the principles of the present invention may be used.
  • [0027]
    FIG. 2 is a perspective view of the water filter cartridge system embodying the principles of the present invention shown in isolation.
  • [0028]
    FIG. 3 is an exploded perspective view of components of the water filter cartridge system of FIG. 2.
  • [0029]
    FIG. 4 is a side sectional view of a valve body component used in the water filter cartridge system.
  • [0030]
    FIG. 5 is a side sectional view of a valve actuator component used in the water filter cartridge system.
  • [0031]
    FIG. 6 is a partial side sectional view of a filter component used in the water filter cartridge system.
  • [0032]
    FIG. 7 is a partial side sectional view of a housing component used in the water filter cartridge system.
  • [0033]
    FIG. 8 is a side sectional view of an end of the assembled water filter cartridge and housing with the valve shown in the filtering position.
  • [0034]
    FIG. 9 is a side sectional view of an end of the assembled water filter cartridge and housing with the valve shown in the bypass/removal position.
  • [0035]
    FIG. 10 is an enlarged exploded view of the valve components of the system.
  • [0036]
    FIG. 11 is an exploded view of the components of the water filter.
  • [0037]
    FIG. 12 is an outside perspective view of the valve body.
  • [0038]
    FIG. 13 is an inside perspective view of the valve body.
  • [0039]
    FIG. 14 is an outside perspective view of the valve actuator.
  • [0040]
    FIG. 15 is an inside perspective view of the valve actuator.
  • [0041]
    FIG. 16 is an inside perspective view of the cartridge handle.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS
  • [0042]
    As schematically illustrated in FIG. 1, the present invention provides a water filter cartridge system 30, shown in isolation in FIG. 2, which may find particular utility in a water dispensing system 32, such as found in a refrigeration appliance 34. The present invention also has utility in other appliances and environments and for filtering liquids other than water. For purposes of disclosing an embodiment of the invention, it will be disclosed in the environment of a water dispensing system 32 in a domestic refrigerator 34 where the water is dispensed at a door 36 of the refrigerator. The water is supplied via a water line 38 plumbed into a building supply, and passes through a cabinet 40 of the refrigerator 34, and into the refrigerator door 36 at a hinge 42 for the door. The water line 38 in the door 36 is connected to the water filter cartridge system 30, and then a connecting water line 44 leads up to a water dispenser 46 accessible from an outside of the door. The water filter cartridge system 30 may be accessible for removal and replacement, such as at a stationary ventilation grill 48 positioned below the door 36.
  • [0043]
    As illustrated in more detail in FIGS. 2-16, the water filter cartridge system 30 includes a housing 56 which may be permanently attached to the refrigerator 34, such as via a mounting bracket 57. The housing 56 may be in the form of a cylinder with a first open end 58, a second end 60 having a pair of internal flanges 62 (FIG. 7) extending partially around an inner diameter 64 of the housing and a pair of radially outwardly extending ears 66 carrying an inwardly facing pair of tabs 68. The tabs 68 extend circumferentially a portion of the way around the interior of the housing 56, for example about 60 degrees each (FIG. 2). The ears 66 extend axially further away from the first end 58 than the position of the internal flanges 62, such that the inwardly facing pair of tabs 68 are spaced axially from the internal flanges 62, thereby forming two segments of a circumferential groove 70 between the internal flanges 62 and the inwardly facing pair of tabs 68 along the arcuate length of the tabs.
  • [0044]
    The water filter cartridge system 30 also includes a valve body 72 (FIGS. 4, 12 and 13) which has an inlet passage 74 and an outlet passage 76 extending therethrough in an axial direction, parallel to one another and laterally spaced from one another. The inlet and outlet passages 74, 76 may be formed to receive a connection fitting (not shown), perhaps in the form of a push fit fitting, such as a John Guest™ fitting. For example, an interior wall 78 of the inlet 74 and outlet 76 passages may be formed as a series of steps 80 with seats 82 for receiving the connection fittings. The inlet and outlet passages 74, 76 terminate at an inner face 84 (FIGS. 4, 13) of the valve body 72, and at the inner face, the inlet and outlet passages may be provided with a spider 86 to reduce the open area of the inlet and outlet passages at the inner face.
  • [0045]
    The valve body 72 may have an outer flange 88 with steps 90 extending radially and circumferentially, the steps comprising a series of alternating radially extending 92 and axially extending 94 walls. The flange 88 may have a pair of opposed radially extending flanges 96 projecting radially from an endmost axially extending wall 98, each tab extending circumferentially through an arc of about 60 degrees. As best seen in FIGS. 12 and 13, adjacent a circumferential end 100 of each of the flanges 96 is a small detent 102 projecting radially from the endmost axially extending wall 98, and lying in a plane parallel to a plane in which the flanges lie, but spaced away from a free end 104 of the endmost axially extending wall. Projecting radially inwardly from the endmost axially extending wall 98, and lying against an adjacent one of the radially extending walls 92 may be a small tab 106 (FIG. 13). The inner face 84 may have a groove 108 (FIG. 4) formed therein which surrounds the inlet and outlet passages 74, 76.
  • [0046]
    The water filter cartridge system 30 includes a filter 110 (FIGS. 6, 11) having a porous filter body 112 that may have a cylindrical shape, a first 114 and second 116 impermeable end cap at each end of the filter body, a surrounding impermeable cartridge 118 and an end cover 120. The cartridge has an outer diameter 122 sized to fit within the housing 56. The end caps 114, 116 may be permanently attached to a respective end face 124, 126 of the filter body 112, such as by an adhesive material, and each include a lip portion 128, 130 which overlies a portion of a side wall 132 of the filter body, to position the end caps correctly on the end faces. The end caps 114, 116 assure that water or other liquid entering the filter cartridge 118 will be forced to flow through the side wall 132, and not short circuit through the end faces 124, 126. An open passage 134 is provided at a central portion of the filter body 112 for filtered liquid. The first end cap 114 has a passage 136 formed therein to allow filtered liquid to flow therethrough. The end cover 120 may be secured to the cartridge 118 in a permanent and non-removable fashion, such as by adhesive, spin welding, fasteners or other well known attachment arrangements.
  • [0047]
    The filter cartridge 118 has a first end 138 that has a stepped outer surface 140 forming a shoulder 142 with a pair of opposed tabs 144 extending radially therefrom, spaced from the shoulder. The filter cartridge 118 can be inserted into the open end 58 of the housing 56 and the shoulder 142 is sized to abut against and loosely engage the internal flanges 62 of the housing 56 to prevent the cartridge 118 from passing completely through the housing (FIG. 8) The exploded illustration of FIG. 3 schematically shows the filter cartridge 118 extending out of the end of the housing 56, however, the actual geometry of the parts does not allow this to occur. The tabs 144 are sized to pass between adjacent internal flanges 62 of the housing, and then when the filter cartridge 118 is rotated a quarter turn, the tabs 144 will overlie the internal flanges 62 to secure the filter cartridge axially relative to the housing 56 as described later. Leading edges 146 (FIG. 10) of the tabs 144 may be sloped so that the filter cartridge 118 is moved axially further into the housing 56 as the cartridge is rotated, as explained in greater detail below.
  • [0048]
    The first end 138 of the filter cartridge 118 has a central outlet passage 148 which includes a cylindrical wall 150 sized to receive a tubular projection 152 of the first end cap 114 which has the passage 136 formed therein. The tubular projection 152 is sealingly joined to the cylindrical wall 150, such as by an O-ring seal 153, or other sealing arrangements.
  • [0049]
    The first end 138 of the filter cartridge 118 also has a plurality of inlet passages 154 formed therein arranged in a ring surrounding and spaced radially outward of the central outlet passage 148. The inlet passages 154 lead to a chamber 156 forming the interior of the filter cartridge 118 occupied by the filter body 112. An end face 158 of the first end 138 of the filter cartridge 118 is provided with a first circular seal gland 160 surrounding the central outlet passage 148, and positioned radially inward of the ring of inlet passages 154. An O-ring seal 162 may be positioned in this gland. A second circular seal gland 164 surrounds the ring of inlet passages 154. An O-ring seal 166 may be positioned in this gland. The end face 158 may be planar such that the first 160 and second 164 seal glands, and the O-ring seals 162, 166, lie in the same plane.
  • [0050]
    The water filter cartridge system further includes a valve actuator 168 (FIGS. 5, 14, 15) which is positioned between the first end 138 of the filter cartridge 118 and the valve body 72 when the entire system is assembled. The valve actuator 168 has a first face 170 facing towards the valve body 72 which includes an inlet passage 174 which may be aligned with the inlet passage 74 in the valve body (FIG. 8). A circular seal gland 176 surrounds the actuator inlet passage 174 in the first face 170. An O-ring seal 178 may be positioned in this gland 176. The first face 170 of the actuator 168 includes an outlet passage 180 which exits the first face in a position that may be aligned with the outlet passage 76 in the valve body 72. A circular seal gland 182 surrounds the actuator outlet passage 180 in the first face 170. An O-ring seal 184 may be positioned in this gland 182.
  • [0051]
    The valve actuator 168 has a second face 186 facing away from the valve body 72 and towards the end face 158 of the filter cartridge. The inlet passage 174 exits at the second face 186 and intersects a circular channel 188 which extends around the second face and aligns with the plurality of inlet passages 154 in the first end 138 of the filter cartridge 118. The outlet passage 180 of the valve actuator 168 extends through the actuator at an angle and exits the second face 186 at a central location, aligned with the outlet passage in the first end 138 of the filter cartridge 118. The seals 178, 184 are dynamic axial seals in that they effect a seal between the valve actuator 168 and the valve body 72 by means of a sliding motion between the two facing surfaces 154, 186.
  • [0052]
    The valve actuator 168 may have an axially extending flange 190 which closely surrounds and receives an outer peripheral edge 192 of the tabs 144 formed on the first end 138 of the filter cartridge 118. The valve actuator 168 may also have an axially extending circular wall 194 extending from the first face 170 which is received in the circular groove 108 formed in the valve body 72. The circular wall 194 includes an outwardly facing seal gland 198 formed therein for receiving an O-ring seal 200 which engages with a side wall of the groove 196, and thus comprises a radial seal.
  • [0053]
    The valve actuator 168, at an edge of the top face 170, also includes a groove 202 FIG. 14) which receives the tab 106 of the valve body 72. The groove 202 has an angular extent of approximately 90 degrees, so the valve actuator 168 is permitted to rotate only 90 degrees relative to the valve body 72. The valve actuator 168 has a pair of opposed recesses 204 formed in the axially extending flange 190 which are sized to receive the tabs 144 of the filter cartridge 118. Rotation of the filter cartridge 118 will therefore cause co-rotation of the valve actuator 168.
  • [0054]
    To assemble the system 30, the valve actuator 168 is inserted into the end 60 of the housing 56 such that its axially extending flange 190 rests on the inwardly facing flanges 62 of the housing. The valve body 72 is inserted into the end 60 of the housing 56 overlying the valve actuator 168. The valve body 72 is rotated approximately 90 degrees, so that the radially projecting flanges 96 of the valve body engage under the tabs 68 of the housing 56, thereby holding the valve body, the valve actuator 168 and the housing together as a unit and capturing the valve actuator between the valve body and the housing (FIGS. 8, 9). The detents 102 on the valve body 72 engage with endwalls 70 of the inwardly facing tabs 68 on the housing 56 to lock the valve body in the assembled rotational position relative to the housing.
  • [0055]
    The assembled filter cartridge 118 is inserted from the first end 58 of the housing 56, sufficiently into the housing such that the radial tabs 144 of the cartridge are positioned between the inwardly facing flanges 62 of the housing. The radial tabs 144 will be received in the recesses 204 in the valve actuator 168. The filter cartridge 56 is rotated approximately 90 degrees in a first direction, such as clockwise, the sloped surfaces 146 of the cartridge tabs 144 causing the face 158 of the end 138 of the filter cartridge to move axially towards the second face 186 of the valve actuator 168, compressing the concentric O-ring seals 162, 166 between the filter cartridge and the valve actuator. Since rotation of the filter cartridge 118 also causes co-rotation of the valve actuator 168, as discussed above, the O-ring seals 162, 166, which comprise axial seals, are only compressed and no sliding between the parts or seals occurs, thereby forming a static face seal (axial seal) which enhances and preserves the seal. In this way, there is no chance for the O-ring seals 162, 166 to dislodge from the seal glands 160, 164. Rotation of the cartridge 118 and valve actuator 168 continues until the tab 106 of the valve body 72 strikes an end wall 206 of the groove 202 in the valve actuator, preventing further rotation of the valve actuator relative to the valve body.
  • [0056]
    When this rotation assembly occurs, the alignment of the parts is that as shown in FIG. 8, with the inlet passage 174 in the valve actuator 168 aligned with the inlet passage 74 in the valve body 72 to permit communication between the inlet passages. The outlet passage 180 in the valve actuator 168 is also aligned with the outlet passage 76 in the valve body 72 to permit communication between the outlet passages. In such an orientation, water, or other liquid, flows in through the valve body inlet passage 74, through the valve actuator inlet passage 174, around the distribution channel 188 and into the inlet passages 154 of the filter cartridge 118. The outer O-ring seal 166 and the inner O-ring seal 162 define the inlet flow path at the interface between the filter cartridge 118 and the valve actuator 168. The liquid flows into the chamber 156, past the end cap 114, and through the side wall 132 of the filter body 112. The liquid flows into the center passage 134, now filtered, and through the outlet passage 136 in the end cap 114, to the outlet passage 148 in the filter cartridge 118, through the outlet passage 180 in the valve actuator 168, and out through the outlet passage 76 of the valve body 72. The inner O-ring seal 162 defines the outlet flow path, on its interior, at the interface between the filter cartridge 118 and the valve actuator 168.
  • [0057]
    When the filter cartridge 118 is to be removed, such as for replacement with another filter cartridge, the filter cartridge is rotated approximately 90 degrees in the opposite direction, such as counter-clockwise, causing the valve actuator 168 to also rotate 90 degrees. This places the valve actuator 168 in the position shown in FIG. 9, with the inlet passage 174 and outlet passage 180 of the valve actuator displaced out of alignment relative to the inlet passage 74 and outlet passage 76 of the valve body 72 (and not visible in FIG. 9). This position prevents communication between common passages, that is, between the two inlet passages 74, 174 and between the two outlet passages 76, 180. A groove 207 (FIGS. 5, 14) in the face 170 of the valve actuator 168 has its ends moved into alignment with the inlet 74 and outlet 76 passages of the valve body 72, such that liquids flowing into the inlet passage 74 will be diverted into the groove 207 to the outlet passage 76, automatically bypassing the remainder of the filter system. This groove 207 forms a bypass conduit which will permit the filter cartridge 118 to be removed and replaced, even if a liquid is flowing through the inlet 74 and outlet 76 passages, or will permit continued use of the liquid dispensing system 32 that the filter system 30 is a part of, even if the filter cartridge 118 is not in place. The O-ring 198 carried by the valve actuator 168 assures that any liquid in the space between the first face 170 of the valve actuator and the inner face 84 of the valve body 72 will not leak out of the assembly, and the O-rings 178, 184 will assure that no liquid will flow into the inlet 174 or outlet 180 passages in the valve actuator.
  • [0058]
    In order to prevent unintentional dislodging of the O-rings 162, 166 from the end face 158 of the filter cartridge 118 as it is being removed and replaced, the O-rings may be overmolded onto the end face of the filter cartridge. Alternatively, the O-rings 162, 166 may be held onto the filter cartridge 118 by capillary action provided by silicone grease. In any event, the O-rings are to be removed and replaced each time the cartridge 118 is replaced, assuring a proper sealing of the flow paths. Since there is sliding rotational movement between the valve actuator 168 and the valve body 72, there is a slight chance that the O-rings 178, 184 will unseat from their glands 170, 182. The spiders 86 in the inlet 74 and outlet 76 passage openings will prevent the O-rings from extruding into those openings which might otherwise cause leakage.
  • [0059]
    To assist in insertion and removal of the filter cartridge 118, the end cover 120 of the filter 110 may be provided with a projecting element 208, such as a rectangular shaped element (FIG. 11). A handle 210 (FIGS. 3, 16) may be provided to engage, such as at a pocket 211 with the projecting element 208, and may have an extending arm 212 to give the user greater leverage, and to apply greater torque, when rotating the filter cartridge 118. The handle 210 may be removed from the projecting element 208, and attached to the water dispensing unit, such as the grill 48 of the refrigerator 34, even when the filter cartridge 118 is not in place. Connection arrangements, such as flexible fingers 214 may be provided which will hold the handle 210 in place on the water dispensing unit, and will even allow rotation of the handle relative to the grill 48, with or without the filter cartridge 118.
  • [0060]
    The present invention has been described utilizing particular embodiments. As will be evident to those skilled in the art, changes and modifications may be made to the disclosed embodiments and yet fall within the scope of the present invention. For example, various components could be utilized separately or independently in some embodiments without using all of the other components in the particular described embodiment. The disclosed embodiment is provided only to illustrate aspects of the present invention and not in any way to limit the scope and coverage of the invention. The scope of the invention is therefore to be limited only by the appended claims.
  • [0061]
    As is apparent from the foregoing specification, the invention is susceptible of being embodied with various alterations and modifications which may differ particularly from those that have been described in the preceding specification and description. It should be understood that I wish to embody within the scope of the patent warranted hereon all such modifications as reasonably and properly come within the scope of my contribution to the art.
Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US628765 *Apr 13, 1899Jul 11, 1899John ColletteHose-coupling.
US1020212 *Oct 21, 1911Mar 12, 1912Edward A LukowskiBeer-tap.
US1296051 *Aug 26, 1918Mar 4, 1919Harry D CurtisFitting-band for hats, &c.
US2283975 *Dec 6, 1940May 26, 1942Stephen V DillonPipe coupling
US2544244 *Jul 14, 1947Mar 6, 1951Vokes LtdFilter
US2568181 *Nov 28, 1947Sep 18, 1951Fram CorpQuickly removable filter casing cover
US2955712 *May 8, 1958Oct 11, 1960Parmatic Engineering LtdHigh pressure oil filter unit having threaded bowl assembly valve actuating means
US3358839 *Mar 1, 1965Dec 19, 1967Sta Rite IndustriesIn-line filter element assembling means
US3502221 *May 14, 1968Mar 24, 1970Spraying Systems CoFilter unit for sprayers
US3513981 *Feb 6, 1968May 26, 1970Major Pool Equipment CorpRotary gate,multiport valve for direct mounting on a filter tank
US3828932 *Apr 18, 1973Aug 13, 1974Coleco Ind IncRotary swimming pool valve
US3954624 *Apr 17, 1974May 4, 1976Amf IncorporatedFilter cartridge assembly
US4052307 *Jul 8, 1976Oct 4, 1977Wix CorporationUniversal filter mounting attachment
US4059205 *Apr 16, 1976Nov 22, 1977The Young Industries, Inc.Rotary valve
US4077876 *Oct 21, 1976Mar 7, 1978Amf IncorporatedShut-off valve apparatus
US4268384 *Mar 21, 1977May 19, 1981Rosaen Borje OSpin-off filter head assembly
US4429515 *Dec 11, 1981Feb 7, 1984Davis Jr Robert DSelf propelled lawn mower
US4444161 *Jan 11, 1982Apr 24, 1984Williams Thomas VRotary valve for inherently balanced engine
US4495072 *Feb 25, 1983Jan 22, 1985Yardney CorporationFilter screen device
US4735716 *Apr 30, 1987Apr 5, 1988Cuno CorporatedQuick-change filter cartridge and head therefor
US4877521 *Mar 25, 1988Oct 31, 1989Cuno, IncorporatedQuick-change filter cartridge and head therefor
US4948505 *Oct 27, 1989Aug 14, 1990Cuno, Inc.Quick-change filter cartridge and head therefor
US5135645 *Mar 28, 1991Aug 4, 1992Raytheon CompanyRefrigerator water filter
US5203994 *Aug 16, 1991Apr 20, 1993Stanadyne Automotive Corp.Fuel filter retention system
US5336406 *Jan 26, 1993Aug 9, 1994Elkay Manufacturing CompanyReplaceable filter cartridge and head assembly with safety shut-off valve
US5460719 *Oct 29, 1993Oct 24, 1995Clack CorporationModular flat filter assembly and method of making same
US5607582 *Nov 28, 1994Mar 4, 1997Yamashin Filter Mfg. Corp.Filter system for liquids
US5700371 *Apr 24, 1996Dec 23, 1997Kx Industries, L.P.Water treatment cartridge and base
US5826854 *Jun 7, 1996Oct 27, 1998Amana Refrigeration, Inc.Fluid routing system
US6458269 *Apr 20, 2000Oct 1, 2002Cuno IncorporatedKeyed filter assembly
US6635175 *Jun 28, 2001Oct 21, 2003Mykrolis CorporationFilter housing
US20030010698 *Jul 16, 2002Jan 16, 2003Karl FritzeFilter assembly components
US20030024259 *Jul 15, 2002Feb 6, 2003Jenkins James H.Hinge down refrigerator water filter
US20040211717 *Apr 25, 2003Oct 28, 2004Mitchell Alan JosephRefrigerator with treated water
US20040211931 *Apr 25, 2003Oct 28, 2004The Procter & Gamble CompanyFluidic cartridges and end pieces thereof
US20060070942 *Sep 9, 2005Apr 6, 2006Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.Water purifying apparatus
US20060091047 *Jan 18, 2005May 4, 2006Jinwan YeWater purifying apparatuses
US20070000833 *Jun 29, 2005Jan 4, 2007Ehud LevyModular fluid purification system and components thereof
CN2741960Y *Oct 28, 2004Nov 23, 2005厦门建霖卫浴工业有限公司净水器
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US8356716Jan 22, 2013Whirlpool CorporationFilter unit
US8413818Apr 9, 2013Whirlpool CorporationFilter unit
US8517998Apr 22, 2011Aug 27, 2013Emd Millipore CorporationDisposable, sterile fluid transfer device
US8539988Dec 15, 2009Sep 24, 2013Emd Millipore CorporationDevice for the transfer of a medium
US8544497Oct 12, 2010Oct 1, 2013Emd Millipore CorporationFluid transfer device and system
US8549935Sep 24, 2008Oct 8, 2013Emd Millipore CorporationDisposable, pre-sterilized fluid receptacle sampling device
US8562572Feb 8, 2006Oct 22, 2013Emd Millipore CorporationDisposable, sterile fluid transfer device
US8579871Oct 20, 2006Nov 12, 2013Emd Millipore CorporationDisposable, sterile fluid transfer device
US8580109Sep 15, 2011Nov 12, 2013Whirlpool CorporationElectronic interface for water filter system
US8591736Sep 15, 2011Nov 26, 2013Whirlpool CorporationWater filter unit
US8646342Aug 31, 2010Feb 11, 2014Emd Millipore CorporationDisposable, pre-sterilized fluid receptacle sampling device
US8690120Nov 13, 2008Apr 8, 2014Emd Millipore CorporationFluid transfer device
US8845896Sep 15, 2011Sep 30, 2014Whirlpool CorporationWater filter system
US8911623Apr 30, 2012Dec 16, 20143M Innovative Properties CompanyFilter cartridge
US8915264Jul 31, 2013Dec 23, 2014Emd Millipore CorporationFluid transfer device and system
US8919365Aug 1, 2013Dec 30, 2014Emd Millipore CorporationFluid transfer device and system
US8950052Sep 15, 2011Feb 10, 2015Whirlpool CorporationMethod of installing a filter unit
US9028779Dec 15, 2009May 12, 2015Emd Millipore CorporationDevice for the transfer of a medium
US9044699 *Sep 2, 2009Jun 2, 20153M Innovative Properties CompanyFiltration system
US9120585Apr 13, 2015Sep 1, 2015Emd Millipore CorporationDevice for the transfer of a medium
US9150825Sep 20, 2013Oct 6, 2015Emd Millipore CorporationDevice for the transfer of a medium
US9279100Aug 28, 2013Mar 8, 2016Emd Millipore CorporationDevice for the transfer of a medium
US9296983Sep 20, 2013Mar 29, 2016Emd Millipore CorporationDevice for the transfer of a medium
US20100326212 *Aug 31, 2010Dec 30, 2010Millipore CorporationDisposable, pre-sterilized fluid receptacle sampling device
US20110247974 *Sep 2, 2009Oct 13, 20113M Innovative Properties CompanyFiltration system
US20130233414 *Mar 6, 2012Sep 12, 2013Gm Global Techology Operations LlcQuiescent Zone Fluid Filter
US20140165518 *Dec 4, 2013Jun 19, 2014Toyota Boshoku Kabushiki KaishaAir cleaner
US20150219388 *Apr 14, 2015Aug 6, 2015Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.Refrigerator water supply system
USD654559Sep 15, 2011Feb 21, 2012Whirlpool CorporationFilter unit
USD654560Sep 15, 2011Feb 21, 2012Whirlpool CorporationFilter unit
USD654561Sep 15, 2011Feb 21, 2012Whirlpool CorporationFilter unit
USD654562Sep 15, 2011Feb 21, 2012Whirlpool CorporationFilter unit
USD654563Sep 15, 2011Feb 21, 2012Whirlpool CorporationFilter unit
USD654564Sep 15, 2011Feb 21, 2012Whirlpool CorporationFilter unit
USD654565Sep 15, 2011Feb 21, 2012Whirlpool CorporationFilter unit
USD654566Sep 15, 2011Feb 21, 2012Whirlpool CorporationFilter unit
USD655377Sep 15, 2011Mar 6, 2012Whirlpool CorporationFilter unit
USD655378Sep 15, 2011Mar 6, 2012Whirlpool CorporationFilter unit
USD740915Apr 10, 2014Oct 13, 2015Unger Marketing International, LlcWater purification device
USD742997Apr 10, 2014Nov 10, 2015Unger Marketing International, LlcWater purification media device
WO2014068339A2 *Nov 4, 2013May 8, 2014Adey Holdings (2008) LimitedMagnetic separator
WO2014068339A3 *Nov 4, 2013Jul 3, 2014Adey Holdings (2008) LimitedMagnetic separator
Classifications
U.S. Classification210/141, 210/321.84, 251/59
International ClassificationF16K31/12, B01D63/00, B01D21/30
Cooperative ClassificationC02F9/005, B01D2201/302, B01D35/147
European ClassificationC02F9/00B, B01D35/147
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Jun 30, 2006ASAssignment
Owner name: WHIRLPOOL CORPORATION, MICHIGAN
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:MITCHELL, ALAN J.;REEL/FRAME:017875/0262
Effective date: 20060628