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Publication numberUS20080071241 A1
Publication typeApplication
Application numberUS 11/628,467
PCT numberPCT/EP2005/006235
Publication dateMar 20, 2008
Filing dateJun 10, 2005
Priority dateJun 29, 2004
Also published asDE102004032377A1, DE202004021287U1, DE502005001911D1, EP1761224A1, EP1761224B1, EP1834617A2, EP1834617A3, EP1834617B1, EP2027843A2, EP2027843A3, EP2027843B1, US8083724, US20090204094, US20100022983, WO2006000303A1
Publication number11628467, 628467, PCT/2005/6235, PCT/EP/2005/006235, PCT/EP/2005/06235, PCT/EP/5/006235, PCT/EP/5/06235, PCT/EP2005/006235, PCT/EP2005/06235, PCT/EP2005006235, PCT/EP200506235, PCT/EP5/006235, PCT/EP5/06235, PCT/EP5006235, PCT/EP506235, US 2008/0071241 A1, US 2008/071241 A1, US 20080071241 A1, US 20080071241A1, US 2008071241 A1, US 2008071241A1, US-A1-20080071241, US-A1-2008071241, US2008/0071241A1, US2008/071241A1, US20080071241 A1, US20080071241A1, US2008071241 A1, US2008071241A1
InventorsManuela Bittner, Sascha Jovanov, Fridmann Hornung
Original AssigneeManuela Bittner, Sascha Jovanov, Fridmann Hornung
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Pants-Type Disposable Absorbent Hygiene Article
US 20080071241 A1
Abstract
The invention relates to a pant-type disposable absorbent hygiene article (2), comprising a waist edge (20), sealed all around the periphery thereof, forming a waist opening and with leg openings (8), wherein longitudinal side edge sections (16), 18) of a front piece (6) and a back piece (4) are joined together by the manufacturer to form the waist edge (20), sealed all around the periphery thereof and the leg openings (8), and having an absorbent body (22) and elasticising means (38) at least in the region of the leg openings (8). The aim of the invention is to improve the wearing comfort. This aim is achieved, in that, before the longitudinal side edge sections (16, 18) are joined together by the manufacturer, the hygiene article, when laid flat, is provided with a first elasticised periphery section (44), followed by a second non-elasticised periphery section (46), followed by a third elasticised periphery section (48) and followed by a fourth non-elasticised periphery section (49), extending from a longitudinal side edge (12, 14) of the front piece (6) or back piece (4) of the article, towards a crotch center line (42), along a periphery (40) of a corresponding leg opening (8).
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Claims(16)
1-16. (canceled)
17. A pants-shaped disposable absorbent hygiene article comprising:
a front part;
a rear part joined onto said front part during manufacture of the hygiene article by connecting longitudinal side edges of said front and said rear parts to define a hip edge having a hip opening which is continuously closed in a peripheral direction and to define leg openings;
an absorption body cooperating with at least one of said front part and said rear part;
a first elasticising peripheral section;
a second non-elasticising peripheral section adjacent to said first elasticising peripheral section;
a third elasticising peripheral section disposed adjacent to said second non-elasticising peripheral section; and
a fourth non-elasticising peripheral section disposed adjacent to said third elasticising peripheral section, wherein, in a flat state prior to connection of said longitudinal side edge sections during manufacture of the hygiene article, said first elasticising peripheral section, said second non-elasticising peripheral section, said third elasticising peripheral section, and said fourth non-elasticising peripheral section extend from a longitudinal side edge of at least one of said front part and said rear part along a periphery of a respective leg opening towards a center crotch line.
18. The hygiene article of claim 17, wherein elasticising means are provided in a crotch area which extend substantially in a transverse direction.
19. The hygiene article of claim 18, wherein said third elasticising peripheral section merges into said elasticising means in said crotch area.
20. The hygiene article of claim 17, wherein said second non-elasticising peripheral section is structured by cutting previously extending elasticising means.
21. The hygiene article of claim 20, wherein said cutting comprises a plurality of cuts.
22. The hygiene article of claim 17, wherein said second non-elasticising peripheral section is structured through elimination of a previously extending elasticising means through application of heat, pressure, and/or laser radiation.
23. The hygiene article of claim 22, wherein said second peripheral section is irradiated with ultrasound in an area of a previously extending elasticising means.
24. The hygiene article of claim 17, wherein said second peripheral section has macroscopic ventilation openings in chassis-forming materials thereof.
25. The hygiene article of claim 17, wherein said second peripheral section is structured through application of a heat and/or pressure track which is continuous in a transverse direction to cover said second peripheral section of a respective leg opening.
26. The hygiene article of claim 17, wherein said absorption body comprises a functional unit with an absorbent structure and a liquid-impermeable back sheet which is connected to chassis materials of the article.
27. The hygiene article of claim 17, wherein chassis materials consist essentially of a non-woven material or a non-woven laminate.
28. The hygiene article of claim 17, wherein said first elasticising peripheral section extends in said peripheral direction by 3 to 15 cm, 4 to 15 cm, 5 to 15 cm, or 5 to 13 cm.
29. The hygiene article of claim 17, wherein said second non-elasticising peripheral section extends in said peripheral direction by 1 to 10 cm, 2 to 8 cm, or 3 to 8 cm.
30. The hygiene article of claim 17, wherein said third elasticising peripheral section extends in said peripheral direction by 1 to 8 cm, 1 to 7 cm, or 1 to 5 cm.
31. The hygiene article of claim 17, wherein said fourth non-elasticising peripheral section extends in said peripheral direction in a flat state by 1 to 7 cm, 1 to 5 cm, or 1 to 4 cm.
Description

The invention concerns a pants-type disposable absorbent hygiene article with a hip edge which is continuously closed in the peripheral direction and forms a hip opening, and with leg openings, wherein the hip edge which is continuously closed in the peripheral direction and the leg openings are formed by connecting longitudinal side edge sections of a front part and rear part to each other at the manufacturing plant, and having an absorbent body and elasticising means at least in the area of the leg openings.

Conventional pants-type absorbent hygiene articles of this type usually comprise a plurality of elasticising means, often in the form of rubber-elastic threads which are mostly glued to chassis materials in the pretensioned state. A hip edge area is thereby usually preferably continuously elasticised in the peripheral direction. Conventional pants-type diapers also have elasticising means in the front and rear areas. The peripheral areas forming or surrounding the leg openings are also continuously elasticised to ensure tight fit of the hygiene article on the skin surface of the user in order to prevent lateral escape of body excretions.

Abutment of pretensioned, elasticised areas on the skin surface especially in the area of the leg openings can cause skin irritations due to friction or force exerted by the mostly thread-shaped elasticising means. This problem is aggravated by the presence of additional moisture within the hygiene article due to body liquids or perspiration and is aggravated by increasing activity, i.e. movement of the user.

Departing therefrom, it is the underlying purpose of the present invention to improve the wearing comfort of absorbent hygiene articles of the above-mentioned type and, in particular, reduce skin irritation.

This object is achieved in accordance with the invention with a hygiene article of this type in that a first elasticising peripheral section, adjacent thereto, a second non-elasticising peripheral section, adjacent thereto, a third elasticising peripheral section, and adjacent thereto, a fourth non-elasticising peripheral section are provided in the flat state before connecting the longitudinal side edge sections at the manufacturing plant, extending from a longitudinal side edge of the front part or rear part of the article along the periphery of a respective leg opening towards a center crotch line.

In accordance with the invention, it is not necessary to elasticise the entire leg opening of a pants-type diaper. In view of the fact that modern hygiene articles have additional upright collar elements, so-called “cuff elements”, which extend substantially in the longitudinal direction and which form a lateral barrier for escaping liquid and solid body excretions, leg openings which are continuously elasticised in the peripheral direction no longer appear to be absolutely necessary. Since the elasticising means gather or frill the material to which they are connected in the pretensioned state, they accumulate material in the relaxed state which may be uncomfortable e.g. during sitting. In any event, gathered or frilled areas, i.e. elasticised areas, severely rub the skin surface of the user, in particular while he/she is moving, which can cause the above-mentioned skin irritation. It has turned out in accordance with the invention that this can be counteracted by only using elasticising means in the crotch area at locations where they are actually required. In accordance with the invention, the wearing comfort is improved in that a second non-elasticised peripheral section is disposed between the first peripheral section facing the hip area and the third peripheral section disposed between the legs of the user, and a further non-elasticised fourth peripheral section is provided in the area of a center crotch line. The respective material sections of the second and fourth peripheral section of the hygiene article abut the skin surface of the user with slight pretension. Since the second peripheral section is not subjected to permanently changing gathering or frilling, it does not rub on the surface of the skin. Moreover, air exchange with the inside of the hygiene article is possible, which considerably improves the microclimate in the areas of the skin surface covered by the hygiene article.

An improvement in accordance with the invention is already achieved by providing such a non-elasticised second peripheral section only along the peripheral area of the two leg openings facing the front part. In a further development of this basic inventive idea, the peripheral areas in the front part and also in the rear part are advantageously designed in accordance with the invention such that at least three non-elasticised peripheral sections are provided for each leg opening.

In another advantageous fashion, elasticising means extending substantially in one transverse direction are provided in the crotch area of the hygiene article. Such an elasticising means in the area of the absorption body can produce a desired contracting motion of the suction body in the crotch area. The absorption body is advantageously narrow in the crotch area while still providing sufficient absorbing capacity, i.e. absorbent material. The surface density in this area may be increased through contraction in order to provide a large absorption capacity in this area. Moreover, elasticising means extending in a transverse direction in the crotch area provide the hygiene article with its shape. The crotch area is advantageously cup-shaped.

The elasticising means extending substantially in the transverse direction in the crotch area or the elasticising means may be formed separately from those elasticising means which elasticise the leg openings. In accordance with a further embodiment of the invention, the elasticising means of the third peripheral section advantageously merge into the elasticising means of the crotch area, i.e. form the elasticising means extending in a transverse direction in the crotch area, in that they merge from their extension in the peripheral direction of the leg openings substantially in the transverse direction. They may thereby branch off in a substantially steady or unsteady curve progression, wherein a steady progression is preferred. The fourth non-elasticised peripheral section may be formed by elasticising means extending from the third peripheral section along a curve to the left, and then traversing the crotch area in a transverse direction. The fourth, non-elasticised peripheral section advantageously covers the center crotch line. The center crotch line extends through the minimum width of the crotch area of the hygiene article. When the minimum cannot be uniquely determined, the center crotch line extends through the center of the crotch area of the hygiene article. The center of the crotch area of a hygiene article can be determined by disposing an elastic thread or rubber band in the shape of a figure eight about the legs of a user standing upright or a user lying prostrate on a flat support, such that the thread or band crosses at one point between the legs. This crossing point is defined as the center of the crotch area of the hygiene article during proper use.

The respective non-elasticised second and/or fourth peripheral sections may just not be provided with elasticising means. Another feasible and advantageous possibility is that the elasticising means initially continuously extend in the peripheral direction of the leg openings during production of the inventive hygiene article, and the non-elasticised second and/or fourth peripheral section is/are obtained by cutting through the previously extended elasticising means. The elasticising means will then relax or retract unless they are connected, e.g. glued to chassis-forming materials in the second and/or fourth peripheral section. This connection of the elasticising means should then be limited to the first and third peripheral section which is supposed to be elasticised, so that the cut elasticising means in the second peripheral section can relax, thereby losing their elasticising effect on the second peripheral section.

The elasticising means in the second and/or fourth peripheral section can be separated with one single cut. However, it may be feasible and advantageous to sever the elasticising means using a plurality of cuts such that the elasticising means which previously continuously extended in the second and/or fourth peripheral section are divided into a plurality of small sections, in particular, of a length in the millimeter range, thereby losing their elasticising effect on the second and/or fourth peripheral section. In this case, the elasticising means may also be connected, e.g. glued, to chassis materials in the second and/or fourth peripheral section without impairing relaxation. The elasticising means may be easily cut once or several times using laser technology.

In accordance with a further preferred embodiment of the invention, the non-elasticised second and/or fourth peripheral section is obtained in that the previously extending elasticising means loose their elasticising effect through application of heat and/or pressure and/or laser. This may be achieved, in particular, through irradiation with ultrasound. It is thereby possible to deactivate a previously extending pretensioned elasticising means by deforming it, in particular, through punctiform or matrix-like application of pressure and/or temperature, in particular, ultrasound, and, in particular, cutting it such that at least its elasticising effect on the respective peripheral section is eliminated.

Application of heat and/or pressure is more advantageous than cutting in that it reduces the danger of chassis-forming materials being inadvertently cut or perforated. On the other hand, it may be particularly advantageous to cut or perforate the chassis-forming materials in the area of the second and/or fourth peripheral sections, in order to render the hygiene article more breathable at these locations. In particular, when absorption bodies in the form of a functional unit having an absorbent structure and a liquid-impermeable backsheet are used directly below the absorbent structure, the other chassis materials need not be absolutely impermeable to liquids. It may even be desirable to only use air-permeable chassis materials in order to effect breathability. When the above-mentioned functional units are used as an absorption body, chassis materials of non-woven materials or non-woven laminates may advantageously be used. Non-woven laminates with breathable or even liquid-permeable sheets are also feasible. The above-mentioned functional units used as an absorption body may also comprise integrated topsheet layers, and advantageously upright elasticising collar elements (so-called “cuffs”) which form a lateral outlet barrier. Such collar elements may also be provided outside of the absorption body or the functional unit used as the absorption body.

In accordance with a further inventive idea, a track is advantageously provided which is continuous in the transverse direction for applying heat and/or pressure and also covers the second and/or fourth peripheral section of the respective leg opening. This track, which continuously extends in the transverse direction, may advantageously be produced through continuous, i.e. non-interrupted processing in the machine direction of the materials forming the hygiene article. This is advantageous with regard to production.

Reference is made to EP 1 374 814 A1 which discloses a technology of applying heat and/or pressure for deactivating elasticising means, the entire disclosure of which is hereby incorporated by reference.

It has turned out to be suitable and advantageous for the first elasticising peripheral section to extend in the peripheral direction of the leg openings (best viewed in the “flat state” of the sheet materials forming the hygiene article) by 3 to 15 cm, in particular 4 to 15 cm, in particular 5 to 15 cm, and moreover preferentially 5 to 13 cm. The “flat state” thereby means that the hygiene article is disposed or projected onto a support such that its chassis materials are no longer gathered by the elasticising means. In correspondence with the above-described position of this first peripheral section, the hygiene article, being readily configured and applied to a user, extends from the side from the apex, facing the hip, of the respective leg opening in the clockwise direction or in an anticlockwise direction.

The second non-elasticised peripheral section advantageously extends in the peripheral direction in the flat state by 1 to 10 cm, in particular 2 to 8 cm and preferentially 3 to 8 cm.

The third, likewise elasticised peripheral section advantageously extends in the peripheral direction in the flat state by 1 to 8 cm, in particular 1 to 7 cm, and preferentially 1 to 5 cm.

The fourth non-elasticised peripheral section advantageously extends in the peripheral direction in the flat state by 1 to 7 cm, in particular 1 to 5 cm, and preferentially 1 to 4 cm.

Further features, details and advantages of the invention can be extracted from the enclosed claims and the drawing and the following description of a preferred embodiment of the inventive hygiene article.

FIG. 1 shows a top view of a first embodiment of an inventive hygiene article in the flat state prior to being connected at the longitudinal side edge areas at the manufacturing plant;

FIG. 2 shows a view of a further embodiment of an inventive hygiene article which corresponds to FIG. 1.

FIG. 1 shows a hygiene article, designated in total with reference numeral 2, in the form of a pants-type diaper (“pants”) in the flat state before being connected at the longitudinal side edge sections at the manufacturing plant. The hygiene article comprises a rear part 4, a front part 6, and an intermediate crotch part 10 delimiting the future leg openings 8. In the flat state, the rear part 4 is delimited by longitudinal side edges 12 and the front part 6 is delimited by longitudinal side edges 14. These are connected to each other in the area of the hatched zones 16 and 18 to form the pants shape, i.e. through hot sealing or other conventional joining methods. In this fashion, two side seam areas of the hygiene article are formed which cannot be released without causing damage. The readily configured hygiene article may have a breaking line, e.g. in the form of a release thread, in particular, along these side seam areas so that the hygiene article can be opened in the applied state. Additionally, any closing elements, i.e. adhesive or mechanically connecting closure shackles may be provided so that the hygiene article can be closed again after opening, like a diaper. The hygiene article is produced by the manufacturer in the form of pants having a hip edge 20 which is closed in the peripheral direction and forms a hip opening which is limited on all sides. It is therefore a pants and not a diaper, which can be opened and closed.

The hygiene article 2 also comprises an absorbent body 22 which may also be designed as a functional unit, i.e. may have a liquid absorbing structure with a liquid-impermeable backsheet and optionally further components such as e.g. a topsheet and elasticised collar elements, and be disposed as a functional unit onto chassis-forming materials 24 of the hygiene article 2. These chassis-forming materials 24 may e.g. be any backsheet materials or composite materials. Non-woven materials or non-woven laminates and also non-woven sheet laminates are advantageously used which have a textile-like surface and are preferably also breathable, at least in some areas. The chassis-forming materials 24 may also comprise a topsheet layer facing the body which covers the absorption body 22 and may extend in a transverse direction 26 and/or in a longitudinal direction 28 of the hygiene article 2 up to the edges thereof.

FIG. 1 also shows elasticising means 30 which continuously extend in the transverse direction 26 and continuously elasticise a hip edge area 32 of the hygiene article 2. Elasticising means 36 are moreover indicated by dashed lines in the rear part 4 and in the front part 6 at a separation 34 of 5 to 15 mm from each other, which elasticise only regions of the rear part 4 and front part 6 and provide good fit for the hygiene article 2.

Elasticising means 38 are moreover shown which elasticise sections of the leg openings 8 as described below:

The elasticising means 38 extend from the longitudinal side edge 12 of the rear part 4 along a periphery 40 of the respective leg opening 8 in the direction towards a center crotch line 42. The elasticising effect of the elasticising means 38 is not continuous to the center crotch line 42 but is limited from the longitudinal side edge 12 to a first peripheral section 44 of the leg openings 8. A second non-elasticised peripheral section 46 of the leg openings is adjacent thereto, to which an elasticised third peripheral section 48 is adjacent. This third peripheral section 49 is joined by a fourth non-elasticised peripheral section which extends over the center crotch line 42. The periphery 40 of the leg openings 8 is therefore not continuously elasticised. It is not elasticised in the rear part 4 and/or front part 6 in respective second peripheral sections 46 and in a fourth peripheral section 49. This means that the chassis materials 24 in these second and fourth peripheral sections 46 and 49 are not disposed against the skin surface of the user by elastically pretensioning the mostly thread-shaped elasticising means 38, rather softly abut the skin surface. This improves the breathability, i.e. improves ventilation of the areas outside of the absorption body 22, as is indicated by arrow 50. Moreover, the chassis materials 24 are not gathered or frilled in the second and fourth peripheral sections 46 and 49 which increases the skin friendliness, since skin irritation is reduced.

The second peripheral section 46 of FIG. 1 does not have any elasticising means 38. This may advantageously be achieved in that the elasticising means 38 initially continuously extend through all three peripheral sections but are connected, preferably glued, to the chassis materials 24 only in the first and third peripheral section 44, 48 in the pretensioned state. The elasticising means 38 must be merely cut in the second peripheral section 46, and retract due to their pretension, to their fixture in the first and third peripheral sections 44, 48, such that the second peripheral section 46 is no longer elasticised. The fourth peripheral section 49 is thereby not elasticised, such that the elasticising means 38 extend from their extension in the third peripheral section 46 along a curve to the inside in the transverse direction 26. The fourth peripheral section 49 is thereby formed between the respective third peripheral section 46 of the rear part 4 and the front part 6.

The elasticising means 38 in the second peripheral section 46 of the front part 6 are shown with dotted lines on the left hand side of FIG. 1. This represents a further embodiment of the invention, in which the elasticising means 38, which previously continuously extended from the longitudinal side edge 14 to the center crotch line 42, were cut several times in the second peripheral section 46 at a separation of 1 to 3 mm. In this fashion, the elasticising means 38 in the second peripheral section 46 are deactivated. Cutting the elasticising means 38 several times can be achieved by a knife roller in a production machine which rolls over the sheet materials transported in the machine direction in the transverse direction 26. In this case, the previously continuously disposed elasticising means 38 could also be connected, i.e. glued to the chassis materials 24 in the second peripheral section 46, if this seems to be suitable or is desired for production.

In accordance with a further preferred embodiment of the invention which may also be indicated by the dashed lines in the front part 6 in FIG. 1 on the left hand side, the elasticising means 38 previously continuously extending from a longitudinal side edge to the center crotch line 42 have lost their elasticising effect in the second peripheral section 46 through application of heat and/or pressure. The elasticising means 38 may be deactivated or relaxed through application of heat and/or pressure, i.e. through ultrasound welding methods or through a matrix of heating which results in melting. They are thereby substantially destroyed and can no longer elasticise the second peripheral section 46.

Moreover, elasticisation extending in the transverse direction 26 is provided in the area of the center crotch line 42. This is advantageously achieved, as mentioned above, in that the above-mentioned elasticising means 38 “bend” inwards from their extension in the peripheral direction in the third peripheral section 48, i.e. are deflected in the transverse direction 26, and traverse the crotch area 10 in the transverse direction 26 below the absorption body 22, i.e. between the absorption body 22 and the chassis materials 24, to then further extend steadily and continuously into the periphery of the opposite leg opening 8. This guidance of the elasticising means 38 starting from the third peripheral section 46 is separately claimed and is regarded as an independent invention, i.e. independently of the further features of the claims. Departing from the above-described methods for relaxing the elasticising means 28 in the second peripheral section 46, it is possible to continuously guide the elasticising means 38 in the machine direction which corresponds to the transverse direction 26, and to join them to the chassis materials 24 of the hygiene article. This is considered to be particularly advantageous.

Finally, reference is made to the collar elements 52 (“cuffs”) provided on both sides of the absorption body 22, which are elasticised and therefore upright, and which form a lateral barrier for leaking body excretions and also retain liquid body excretions in the area above the absorption body 42 until they have been absorbed by the absorption body 22.

FIG. 2 shows a further embodiment, wherein the elasticising means 38′ traverse the crotch area but are subsequently deactivated in a conventional fashion, i.e. they are cut or rendered non-elasticising in a different fashion, in particular through application of heat and/or pressure as mentioned above.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US7981100May 27, 2009Jul 19, 2011Livedo CorporationDisposable absorbent article
US8235961Oct 1, 2009Aug 7, 2012Livedo CorporationDisposable pants-type diaper
US8257331 *May 15, 2008Sep 4, 2012Livedo CorporationAbsorbent product
US8545472Sep 14, 2011Oct 1, 2013Livedo CorporationAbsorbent product having a middle elastic member
US8647318 *Aug 10, 2009Feb 11, 2014Uni-Charm CorporationUnderpants-type disposable diaper
US8808265Jul 13, 2010Aug 19, 2014Livedo CorporationPants-type disposable diaper
US8808266 *Jul 13, 2010Aug 19, 2014Livedo CorporationPants-type disposable diaper
US20090299320 *Aug 10, 2009Dec 3, 2009Uni-Charm CorporationUnderpants-type disposable diaper
US20120095430 *Jul 13, 2010Apr 19, 2012Livedo CorporationPants-type disposable diaper
WO2011018877A1 *Jul 13, 2010Feb 17, 2011Livedo CorporationPants-type disposable diaper
Classifications
U.S. Classification604/385.27, 604/385.01, 604/385.24, 604/385.25
International ClassificationA61F13/15
Cooperative ClassificationA61F2013/49025, A61F13/49014, A61F2013/49028, A61F13/49017, A61F13/49019
European ClassificationA61F13/49D2D, A61F13/49D2E, A61F13/49D2F
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Dec 4, 2006ASAssignment
Owner name: PAUL HARTMANN AG, GERMANY
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:BITTNER, MANUELA;JOVANOV, SASCHA;HORNUNG, FRIDMANN;REEL/FRAME:018691/0206;SIGNING DATES FROM 20060928 TO 20060929