US 20080083049 A1
Garments are provided that permit easy accessibility to medicament injection sites, or key zones, of the wearer. Each of the garments has multiple access slots which overlie respective injection sites, e.g., arms, thighs, abdomen, and/or other body parts which tend to accumulate subcutaneous fat, making them suitable as injection sites. Each of the access slots has a base portion and a corresponding flap portion. Openings are defined through the access slots, between the base and flap portions, and provide access to the skin of the wearer at the respective injection sites. The access slots can be incorporated into the garment in a visually inconspicuous manner by providing them on or within covers that replicate the appearance of, e.g., pockets, patches, or other structures concealing their appearance.
1. A garment system, comprising:
a garment configured to cover at least a portion of the body of a wearer;
a slot permitting access to a skin surface area of the wearer in an area of subcutaneous fat accumulation; and
a closure mechanism selectively restricting access to the skin surface area through the slot,
wherein the slot and closure mechanism cooperate to selectively permit dispensation of an injectable medicament through the slot.
2. The garment system of
3. The garment system of
4. The garment system of
5. The garment system of
6. The garment system of
7. The garment system of
8. The garment system of
9. The garment system of
10. The garment system of
11. A garment system, comprising:
a garment having appendage covering segments that cover at least parts of appendages of a wearer; and
multiple slots extending through the appendage covering segments of the garment, the slots being manipulatable between a first closed condition and a second open condition,
wherein when the slot is in the closed condition, access therethrough is restricted, and when the slot in the open condition, administration of an injectable medicament is permitted therethrough.
12. The garment system of
13. The garment system of
14. The garment system of
15. The garment system of
16. The garment system of
17. The garment system of
18. A garment system, comprising:
a garment configured to cover at least a portion of the body of a wearer;
a slot permitting access to a skin surface area of the wearer in an area of subcutaneous fat accumulation;
a flap selectively overlying the slot;
a closure mechanism attached to the flap and temporarily attaching the flap to the garment,
wherein when the flap is temporarily attached to the garment, the flap overlies the slot and restricts access therethrough, and when the flap does not overlie the slot, administration of an injectable medicament is permitted therethrough.
19. The garment system of
20. The garment system of
This application claims priority from U.S. Provisional Patent Application Ser. No. 60/828,498, filed on Oct. 6, 2006, which is expressly incorporated by reference herein, in its entirety.
1. Field of the Invention
The invention relates to clothing and, more particularly, to improvements in clothing that provide quick and easy access to the skin of a wearer's body to administer medicine.
2. Discussion of the Related Art
According to recent estimates, approximately seven percent of the United States population has diabetes. Approximately 150,000 children presently have diabetes with more than 13,000 children diagnosed with the disease each year. Type 2 diabetes is the most common type of diabetes and can usually be controlled through diet and exercise. However, five to ten percent of all people with diabetes have Type 1 diabetes, a lifelong disease that develops when the pancreas stops producing insulin. Type 1 diabetes can develop at any age; however, it usually develops in children and young adults, which is why it used to be called juvenile diabetes. It has also been called insulin-dependent diabetes because insulin injections must be taken daily to supply the body with insulin.
When a child is diagnosed with diabetes, a parent or guardian must assume the responsibility for monitoring and controlling the child's blood sugar levels. Therefore, the caregivers of young children and toddlers with Type 1 diabetes must administer the injections to deliver the insulin. Insulin injections are generally administered to the body in subcutaneous fat zones, such as the arms, thighs or abdomen, also known as “key zones.”
One method or strategy of accessing a child's key zones to administer insulin via needle injection is to remove all clothing by the key zones. This method is traumatic for both parent and a child. The requirement to remove clothing can also be tedious and difficult, especially at night when a child might be sleepy or groggy and difficult to move around. The removal of clothing during the day can also be disruptive and embarrassing depending on where an individual is at the time of a needed insulin injection.
Another method of accessing a child's key zones for insulin administration is to manipulate clothing to uncover the area where access is needed. This can be a very difficult task when clothing is long, such as long sleeves, and tight or close fitting. The task can also be time consuming or uncomfortable in such circumstances, prolonging the trauma or agony for all involved (i.e., both parent and child). This process can be especially irritating or embarrassing for young children who are already traumatized by the fact that they are being tested for blood sugar levels and injected with insulin many times per day.
In an effort to minimize the uncomfortable and oftentimes disturbing process of manipulating or removing clothing, yet another method of insulin administration includes injecting insulin through clothing. Various studies have been conducted on the health effects of injecting through clothing but no conclusive determinations have been made. Generally, though, it is not advisable due to sanitary concerns, especially for young children. Dirt, fabric fibers, and other impurities found on clothes can potentially taint the needle and be injected into the body. Also, it is nearly impossible to see if the insulin is getting completely absorbed into the body or if some is leaking out. Finally, the clothing fabric can remove the lubricant and damage the needle tip, increasing pain and discomfort when injecting.
Therefore, the need has arisen for clothing that is specifically designed to provide quick and easy access to specific locations of the body to facilitate the injection or application of medicine, particularly insulin. The need has arisen for clothing designed with easily opened closures to prevent or alleviate trauma for children needing medicine most importantly, but also for the parents or caregivers.
According to the invention, garments and garment systems are provided that permit easy accessibility to medicament injection sites of the wearer. Each of the garments can have multiple access slots which overlie respective injection sites, e.g., arms, thighs, abdomen, and/or other body parts which tend to accumulate subcutaneous fat, making them suitable as injection sites, sometimes referred to as “key zones.” Each of the access slots has a base portion and a corresponding flap portion. Openings are defined through the access slots, between the base and flap portions, and provide access to the skin of the wearer at the respective injection sites. The access slots can be incorporated into the garment in a visually inconspicuous manner by providing them on or within covers that replicate the look of, e.g., pockets, patches, or other structures concealing their appearance. It is further contemplated that the access slot(s) can be retrofitted into existing, commercially available, clothing, as desired.
According to a first aspect of the invention, a garment system is provided that includes a garment covering at least a portion of the body of a wearer and a slot that permits access to a skin surface area of the wearer, and a closure mechanism for selectively restricting access to the skin surface area through the slot. The closure mechanism can be, e.g., a hook and loop fastener assembly, a zipper, snaps, buttons, fabric ties, or others. The accessible skin surface area can be in an area of subcutaneous fat accumulation on the body of the wearer, whereby injectable medicaments can be dispensed through the slot, as desired.
In some implementations, the slot defines a length and a width dimension, the width dimension being generally constant in magnitude along the length such that it is a generally uniform opening. However, as desired, the opening width can be non-uniform or non-constant in magnitude along its length.
In yet other implementations, a flap selectively covers the slot. The flap can be visually concealed into the garment, or can take on a pocket-like appearance, a patch-like appearance, or others.
In some implementations, the garment includes multiple slots permitting enhanced accessibility to medicament injection sites or key zones. The slots can be provided at lateral and outwardly facing segments of, e.g., upper arm portions of sleeves, thigh portions of garment leg segments, or overlying other key zones.
A clear conception of the advantages and features constituting the present invention, and of the construction and operation of typical mechanisms provided with the present invention, will become more readily apparent by referring to the exemplary, and therefore non-limiting, embodiments illustrated in the drawings accompanying and forming a part of this specification, wherein like reference numerals designate the same elements in the several views, and in which:
In describing the preferred embodiment of the invention which is illustrated in the drawings, specific terminology will be resorted to for the sake of clarity. However, it is not intended that the invention be limited to the specific terms so selected and it is to be understood that each specific term includes all technical equivalents which operate in a similar manner to accomplish a similar purpose.
The present invention and the various features and advantageous details thereof are explained more fully with reference to the non-limiting embodiments described in detail in the following description.
A garment system is provided in which various garments permit enhanced accessibility to medicament injection sites, or “key zones” , of the wearer. The garment system, constructed according to the present invention, is indicated generally as, e.g., garment system 5 in
Referring now to
Referring now to
The particular garment 10 seen in
Access slots 100 can be provided at locations on the pajama 12. For example, access slots 100 are located at each of the outer surface of the upper thigh portion of pajama 12. Yet other access slots 100 are provided at the outer surface of the upper arm portion. Access slots 100 can be provided elsewhere on the pajama 12, preferably superposing, overlying, or otherwise located at portions of the pajama that correspond to key zones or other medicament injection sites.
Referring now to
In some implementations, T-shirt 14 further includes a second or outer sleeve segment 15B. Outer sleeve segment 15B is a material member that covers or overlies the upper arm portion 15A, similar to how the sleeve of a short-sleeved dress shirt might cover the sleeve of a short-sleeved undershirt. The outer sleeve segments 15B can lie loosely over upper arm portions 15A, or be selectively attached thereto, by way of hook and loop fasteners, zippers, buttons, snaps, and/or otherwise, as desired.
Since the access slot 100 is provided in the upper arm portion 15A, the outer sleeve segment 15B serves as, e.g., a loose over-layer that conceals the access slot 100, when not in use. The outer sleeve segments 15B can be made from the same material as the remainder of T-shirt 14, whereby the overall appearance of the T-shirt 14 resembles that of, preferably visually indiscernible from, a conventional shirt.
Referring now to
In some implementations, sweatshirt 16 further includes a concealing member, such as patch-like cover 17B. Patch-like covers 17B are material members that cover or overlie the upper arm portions 17A, and the respective access slots 100. Patch-like covers 17B can themselves have slots or openings, registered or otherwise aligned with access slots 100, permitting selective access thereto. In other implementations, the patch-like covers 17B are continuous, non-slotted, material members that are at least partially temporarily attached to the upper arm portions 17A, by way of, e.g., hook and loop fasters, zippers, buttons, snaps, and/or other suitable means.
Patch-like covers 17B can be made from the same material as the remainder of sweatshirt 16 to mitigate their visual impact. However, as desired, patch-like covers 17B can be made from a dissimilar material such that they are visually conspicuous, and easily recognizable as patches, preferably visually indiscernible from conventional patches.
Referring now to
As desired, pants 18 can further include various concealing members, such as pocket-like covers 19B. Although labeled as being “pocket-like,” it is fully appreciated, and well within the scope of the invention, that pocket-like covers 19B can have at least some, optionally all, the functionality of a typical garment pocket. Similar to patch-like covers 17B, pocket-like covers 19B are material members that cover or overlie the respective access slots 100, only the pocket-like covers 19B are provided upon the upper thigh portion 19A of pants 18.
Pocket-like covers 19B can include slots or openings, registered or otherwise aligned with access slots 100, permitting selective access to the slots 100 and the key zone(s) of the wearer. However, as desired, pocket-like covers 19B can be continuous, non-slotted, or unitary material members that are at least partially temporarily attached to the upper arm portions 17A, by way of, e.g., hook and loop fasters, zippers, buttons, snaps, and/or other suitable means of attaching or fastening material(s).
Pocket-like covers 19B can be made from the same or dissimilar material as the remainder of pants 18, as desired. Preferably pocket-like covers 19B are made of the same material and incorporated into the overall design of pants 18 to not distract from the overall aesthetic characteristics of the pants. In other words, pocket-like covers 19B can largely duplicate the appearance of, preferably visually indiscernible from, conventional pockets that might be on outer thigh surfaces of pants, such as, e.g., cargo pants.
Referring now to
Access slots 100, in particular openings 105, are adapted and configured to selectively provide suitable access to the respective key zones, whereby a sufficient surface area of the wearer's skin is exposed through the openings 105. In some implementations, the openings 105 exposes a skin surface area of at least about 2 inches2, optionally at least about 6 inches2, optionally at least about 10 inches2, or otherwise. The particular opening area, perimeter shape, and/or other characteristics of access slots 100 are selected based on the size of the garment 10 and thus the size of the wearer, the relative sizes of particular key zones, the desired amount of injection site variation within the key zones, and/or others.
Preferably, openings 105 are narrow slits, as though they were merely split or slotted portions of the material of garment 10. The opening 105 can define an opening width dimension, between generally straight lateral edges, that is generally constant along the entire length of the opening 105. Optionally, the opening 105 can be defined between arcuate lateral edges. In such implementations, the opening 105 can be relatively wider in the middle portion and taper down to one or more relatively more narrow ends. In yet other embodiments, the opening 105 can define a substantially rectangular, square, or other polygonal perimeter as desired, depending on the amount of skin surface area exposure of the key zone that is sought through opening 105.
In most implementations, the opening 105 is defined between a base portion 110 and a flap portion 120 which are selectively connected to each other by a closure mechanism 130. Base portion 110 is, e.g., a piece of material attached to or integral with the garment 10. It is the portion of the access slot 100 that remains connected to the garment 10 at all times, during use. Accordingly, a first lateral edge of base portion 110 is adjacent and interfaces with the garment, whilst a second lateral edge of base portion 110 is adjacent and interfaces with opening 105. An outwardly facing surface of base portion 110 includes a first fastening component 150 of the closure mechanism 130, for selectively closing the access slots 100.
Flap portion 120 is adapted and configured to selectively extend over and cover the access slot 100. In other words, flap portion 120 functions, at least in part, to permit or restrict access to the opening 105 and thus permit or restrict access to the key zones. A first end or segment of flap portion 120 is secured to the garment 10, adjacent the opening 105, on the opposing side of the opening 105 with respect to the base portion 110. A second end or segment of flap portion 120, distal the point of attachment between the flap portion 120 and garment 10, includes a second fastening component 155 of the closure mechanism 130, for selectively closing the access slots 100.
First and second fastening components 150, 155 cooperate with each other to provide the selective closing and opening functionality of the closure mechanism 130. Preferably, the closure mechanism is a hook and loop system, such as that available and sold under the Brand Name Velcro®. In such implementations, the first and second fastening components 150, 155 can be either of the hooks or the loops, respectively, as desired. Notwithstanding, other products, devices, and mechanisms which can suitably retain the access slot 100 in a temporarily closed condition can be utilized as closure mechanism 130, including, e.g., zippers, buttons, snaps, fabric ties, and/or others as desired.
In light of the above, to use the garment system 5, in some regards, the user or wearer uses it in substantially the same manner as conventional clothing. Thus, the wearer merely selects the appropriate garment 10 based on weather conditions, activity, style, or otherwise.
When the wearer requires delivery of an injected medicament, the wearer releases the closures mechanism 130 by, e.g., releasing the hook and loop fastener(s), unzipping the zipper, unbuttoning the buttons, unsnapping the snaps, untying the ties, or otherwise, depending on the particular configuration of the closure mechanism 130. Next, the wearer pulls the flap portion 120 away from the base portion 110, sufficiently far to manipulate the access slot 100. If needed, the edges of the access slot are adjusted so that the opening 105 directly overlies the desired key zone and injection site, exposing the respective surface area portion of skin of the user. The medicament is administered by injection, e.g., subcutaneous or other injection methods, into the key zone of the wearer. Then, the access slot 100 is closed by generally reversing the procedures used to release the closure mechanism 130.
At no point during the use of garment system 5 is the wearer required to (i) remove garment 10, (ii) partially remove garment 10, (iii) expose a non-key zone portion of their body, or (iv) expose a skin surface area larger than exposed through the opening 105 of the access slot 100, even while administering the injectable medicament.
The medicaments are any of those that are administered by injection, but can be particularly useful for insulin injection treatments for coping with diabetes. Diabetics tend to inject insulin in key zones that are largely inaccessible without removing or partially removing clothing, yet can be generally easily reached by the individual him/herself, or a caretaker, whereby the garment system 5 can prove particularly useful for individuals, adult or child, with diabetes.
Although the best mode contemplated by the inventors of carrying out the present invention is disclosed above, practice of the present invention is not limited thereto. It will be manifest that various additions, modifications, and rearrangements of the features of the present invention may be made without deviating from the spirit and scope of the underlying inventive concept. The scope of still other changes to the described embodiments that fall within the present invention but that are not specifically discussed above will become apparent from the appended claims.