US 2008597 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Jufiy E16 S HAFFER 2,0859? TEMPLE ROLLER Filed March 14, 1935 iii / I I I .,--.-1. 5 um .Ellll sziz w n tor tions, having peripheral pins, rubber spiral and eral views,
Patented July 16, 1935 ,fl 2,008,597
UNITED STATES PATENT; OFFICE 2,oos,s9 'z g 1 f TEMPLE ROLLER Adam Schafler, Philadelphia; Pa. Application March 14, v1935,'Serial No. 1l ,1 48
7 Claims. (01. 139-296) The present invention relates to looms, and readily substitutedfor present day rollers in the f more particularly to an improved temple roller cup of the temple barvwithout any modification for counteracting the tendency ofthe cloth to in the construction and proportions of the same. draw in and become narrow and to hold the cloth 1 With the foregoing and other objects in view,
5 extended to the full width of the reed during .the the invention will be more fully described here- 5 operation of weaving. inafter, and will be more particularly pointed out In practice a pair of temples is used, cne at inthe claims appended hereto. eachside of the cloth; and each temple is pro- .In the drawing, wherein like symbols refer to vided withapair of rollers, in one or more seclike or corresponding pa ts throughout the sev- 1 wire ribs, cork layers and the like. Figure l is a perspective view of a temple as These prior temple rollers are not only very applied to one side of a strip of cloth and equipped expensive in the operation ofthe loomson 130- with, rollers constructed'according to the invencount of their costly manufacture but also, betion. A w x v I r cause they wear down rapidly and require fre- Figure 2 isa longitudinal section taken through 15 quent replacement and cannot be economically the same onthe line 2-'--2'of F'igure1.
repaired, and further they are not adapted for Figure 3 is a transverse section taken on the working on silk and other delicate cloth woven line 3-'3o f- Figure '2. V
in the loom. I Figure 4 is a bottom plan view of the cap of the Anobject of this invention is to overcome these temple bar, showing the mounting of a pair of 20 deficiencies and disadvantages and to providea theimprovedrollers therein.
temple roller which is cheap to initially manu- Figure 5 is a like view, showing a slight modififacture, w c ay be economically rec vered o cation of the roller arrangement and wherein renewed, which hasincreased wearing qualities sectionalrollers areused,
'25 over prior roll r and w i h y Operate upon Figure fi .isadetail perspective view of a roller silk and otherjdelicate' fabric without injury core havingga} portion of t e Winding layer apthereto. i plied thereto and with the initial end of the wind- Another object of the invention is to provide int rlo kedito the core, and
a pl roller w th a relatively soft gripping Figure 7 is a perspective view of the core havsurface wh is effective, which may withstand ing the winding layer substantially completed, at y long Wear, a Which is m l y and showing the last operations in looking and renewable without discarding the core or body covering the'finished endof the winding. portion of the roller. I 3 Referring now to the drawing and first to Fig- A further object of the invention isto provide ure 1,15 designates a temple bar'having a supa temple roller with a core of hard wood or the L-po'rting arm' ldadapted to be attached to the 3 like having wound thereon a braided cord strand 1, breastibe'am of'the loom, or the like so as to sup- O 0056011, leather, rawhide other Suitable port the bar .-|5 with its parallel cups l'l transteri l; 'theeore b i so n r c d and the verselyibeneathfthe "edge portionof the cloth strand layer being so placed on the core as to fabricxl8: as it comes from the reed of the loom.
:40 interlock the ends of the strand to the command Thebar IS carries a cap piece [9 which is de- '4 cover and protect the strand ends beneath the tachably connected at its outer end to the outer winding and prevent the ends protruding and end of the bar 15' by a screw 20 or the like and dangling from the finished roller; and to also supportediin spaced relation from the bar IE to hold the winding taut to the desired degree, deprovide a slot or passage through the temple bar pending upon the material of the fabric to be andthrough which the edge portion of the cloth held, so that the strand presents a spiral; tight or'fabriclB travels. I
winding at the peripheral surface of the roller. It is well known in the art'to' providea pair of Another object is to provide a roller structure temples one at each edge portion of the cloth of this character wherein the roller may be of to hold the latter'taut and prevent the narrowdesired length so as to be used as a full'length ing of the cloth as it passes out of the loom.
roller or in multiple where separate roller sec- Thecap I9 carries a pair of temple rollers tions are desired and wherein the spiral windwhich are of like construction, as shown in Figing may be made in either direction. ure 4, and which are ,disposedin parallel slightly Another object of the invention is to provide spaced apart relation so as to register with the i a roller of this improved type which may be cups .11 when the cap I9 is fitted to the bar l5.
Each temple roller comprises a core 2| of any suitable material, such as relatively hard wood and the core 21 has an axial opening 22 extending entirely through the same for the reception of an axle pin 23 which at oneend is provided with a smooth and rounded portion adapted to v engage in a seat 24 provided at the outer end of the cap it, the axle rod 23 having a screw threaded portion 25 which detachably engages with a threadedopening through the inner end of the cap l9. There is a rod 23.for each temple roller and the latter may be quickly and easily removed from the'cap, after the same is detached from the bar 95, by merely unscrewing the rod sections and withdrawing the rods from the cores 2 I."
Each core 2! is provided at opposite ends with keris 26 and 2'! which are disposed transversely across the ends of the core and at one side of the axial opening 22, as shown in Figures 6 and 'i.
,The surface layerrof theroller may be, of braid ed' cotton, leather, rawhide or other suitable ma- "terial which is pliable and which presentsthe necessary frictional contact for holding the-fabric; 18,. These new temple rollers are adapted particularly for silk, cellanese or other fabrics of a delicate nature so that the fabrics would and even surface to the roller'of the "desired hardness, depending upon' the goods to be passed through the temple. The winding is in the form of a strand, of leather, rawhide, braided cotton or the like-which has its initial extremity 29 disposed in fiat "engagement against one side of the core 2|, near one end thereof, and'which is carried'from' said extremity 29 through the adjacent end kerf 26 of the core to form-an end loop 39 for the winding, the strand being carried from the kerf 26 about the core 2| in successful convolutions or helices so as to not only cover the core but also bind the convolutions of the strand about the initial end 29. Thus, the extremity 29 is firmly held and enclosed within the winding and the looped end 30 engagesthrough thekerf 26 to lock the initial end of the layer-windingo'n the core 2|; -L 1 Q The strand 28.is wrapped spirally and continuously until adjacent the opposite end oi' the core 2!. Here. the end portion of the strand is looped outwardly from the side of the roller to form a finishing loop 3| which'is of considerable size to admit of. ease in finishing ofi the end'of thewinding. The end of the loop 3| is engaged through the kerf 2T andis held against the :side
of the core 2! while the finishing loopfis twisted and rolled about the end portion of the core and over the fiat'end of the loop so as tohold the end against the core and cover it by the adjacent end convolutions of the winding. After the fin-' ishing loop 3! has been twisted and drawn about small for further wrapping, the finishing extremity 32 of the strand is drawn lengthwise and along one side of the roller so as to pull the free end of the. loop 31 through-the lrerf 2! and draw the strandtaut so that the finishing end ofthe roller will be substantially the same as the initial end thereof. 'After the strand has been drawn taut and the finishing loop 3| has disappeared, the extremity 32 is cut off close to the adjacent end windings so that the cut end. of the strand will lie beneath the end convolutions of the windtemple rollers.
ing and will be housed and held in locked position on the core.
These temple rollers may be of any desired length. As shown in Figures 1 to 4, they are of the full length of the cups I! but, as shown in Figure 5, the rollers maybe of shorter length, depending upon the side of the cores 33 and 34 so as to interfi-t in offset or staggered pairs, according to the different types of cloth and work to be done.
It is apparent that when the surface of the roller is worn, the strand 28 may be out or otherwise removed from the core 2! and a new surface layer strand may be quickly and easily wound upon the core to renew the surface of the roller. The cores ma'ythus be saved and used indefinitelyas the winding of the strand 23 is a relatively simple and economical operation, and the strand itself, whether of cotton, leather or rawhide is relatively inexpensive. This obviates the necessity of discarding the rollers completely and the consequent high cost of maintenance of the It is obvious that variouschanges andniodi- 'fications may be made in the details of construction and design of the above specifically described embodiment of this invention without departing from the spirit thereof, such changes and modificationsbeing restricted only by the scope of the following claims: V V a r 1 What is claimed is: a i 1'. A temple'roller, comprising a, core'having kerfs" in its opposite ends, and a surface layer winding of a soft-pliable material extending-spirally from end to end on the core'and having its opposite'ends locked through the kerfs-with the opposite extremities of the windingterminating beneath the respective end helices of the winding.
2. A temple roller, comprising a core having kerfs: in its opposite ends, and a surface layer winding of a strandof pliable material Wound spirally fromend to end on the core, the initial end 'of the'wound strandbeing anchored beneath the'severalfirst helices thereof and looped axially from beneath the same'through the adjacent 'kerf of the core and lock the winding thereto, the finished end of the winding being looped through the kerfat the opposite end of Qthe core and returned beneath the several adja'cent end helices of the winding to lock the end of the winding to the core, said opposite end helices of the winding enclosing and covering'the oppositeends of the layer winding.
' 3; A templeroller comprising a core of relatively hard wood having kerfs in its opposite ends,
a strand of relatively soft and pliablematerial wrapped about said core from end to end thereof and having its opposite end portions looped out- Wardly through said kerfs and with the extremities of the strand disposed beneath the adjacent end helices of the winding for holding the extremities beneath the surface of the roller and taut through said kerfsl the core 2| until the finishingloop 3f is-too 4. A temple roller" comprising a core having kerfs in opposite ends, and a strand of braided ing, and a surface winding of a'strip of pliable material extending from'end to end about the core and with the end portions of the strip looped outwardly through said kerfs and with the extremities of the strip disposed beneath the ad- .iacent end convolutions thereof.
6. A temple roller comprising a core having an axial opening therethrough for receiving a supporting pin and provided with offset kerfs in its opposite ends, and a renewable surface winding comprising a strip of pliable material wound helically from end to end about the core, the opposite ends of said strip being looped outwardly through said kerfs and with the extremities disposed beneath the adjacent convolutions of the strip.
7. The method of covering the core of a temple roller having kerfs in its opposite ends, which consists in looping one end of a pliable strip through the kerf at one end of the core and spirally winding the strip about the roller from said end and over the adjacent extremity of the strip to cover the latter, continuing the spiral winding of the strip throughout substantially the length of the roller, engaging the opposite end portion of the strip through the kerf in the opposite end of the roller with a loop portion between the last convolution and the kerf, twisting said loop portion and winding the same about the core to provide the final convolution in the winding and wrappingvsaid convolutions over the adjacent extremity of the strip to cover the same and hold it firmly to the core, then drawing said extremity of the strip outwardly beneath said final convolution of the winding to draw the winding taut, and finally severing the extremity of the strip adjacent said convolutions for completely covering the final extremity of the wound strip.