US 2008775 A
Abstract available in
Claims available in
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
July 23, 1935. L. STAMAN BUILDING CONSTRUCTION Filed Nov. 29, 1952 Patented July 23, 1935 UNITED (STATES PATENT OFFICE mime CONSTRUCTION Llewellyn L. Sta'man, Sioux City, Iowa Application November 29, 1932', Serial No. 644,803
-2 Claims. (01. 72-41) This invention relates to building construction usable primarily in dwelling houses, and embodying concrete blocks as a primary wall-forming medium. It's object is to provide a concrete block structure embodying both an outer wall-forming member, and an integral studding member provided with securing means for attachment of inner wall panelling such as, for instance, a lath and plaster interior finish, whereby the conventional wood studding is eliminated and yet the insulating properties of interstudding air spaces retained.
The invention further contemplates the providing of a very simple, relatively inexpensive. yet enduring wall construction embodying an outer wall formed of articulated moulded material members having integral vertical webs, and an inner wall panel, air spacedfrom the outer wall member and securedto the faces of said webs, the securing means being such as to lend itself readily to rapid and easy attachment of the inner panelling to the webs.
The invention further aims to provide simple yet effective attachment means, moulded into said webs or studding members so as to form a part thereof.
Another object is toprovide a block of such shape as to accomplish the following results,
namely: i a
1. Each block shall have one stud member.
2. It shall be possible to stagger the blocks in alternate horizontal rows without staggering the stud members, i. e., the stud members shall line up to form vertical webs. This is to be possible with blocks of identical shape and size, 1. e., a basic block member of which a major portion of the wall is composed.
3. It shall be possible to line up the staggered blocks to form a completely closed, straight wall corner.
4. The stud members shall cooperate with the outer wall members to form, at the wall corner, a corner post that is substantially square in crosssection and of such relative dimensions as to lend added stability at the corners of the building. It shall be in the form of a hollow, substantially closed, column.
With these and other objects in view, my invention consists in the construction, combination, and arrangement of the parts hereinafter described, pointed out in my claims, and illustrated in the accompanying drawing, in which:
Fig. 1 is a horizontal sectional view through a wall embodying my invention, taken on a plane dividing two longitul rows of blocks,
Fig. 2 is an elevation of the same withparts broken away to better illustrate the construction,
Fig. 3 is a view of a nailing block comprising one form of securing member,
Fig. 4 is a sectional view of one of the blocks,
Fig. 5 is a detail sectional view through one 01' the stud members embodying a nailing block,
Fig. 6 is a horizontal sectional view through a stud member embodying a modified securing 10 element,
Fig. 7 is a similar view showing another modified form of securing element,
Fig. 8 is a similar view showing a still further modification of the securing 'element,and 15 Fig. 9 is a view of the element shown in Fig. 6.
Referring now to Fig. 4, the block which is known as the basic block, comprises an outer wall-forming member ill anda stud member ii, their respective axes disposed at right angles to 20 each other, and the axis of the stud'member intersecting the axis of the outer wall member at a distance from one end of the latter about one third its length. Thus the block is divided by the stud member into a short arm i2 and a long arm it.
In the basic block, which may be conveniently referred to under the letter A, has the ends of both arms i2 and it formed with longitudinally projecting flanges Ml, one disposed on the outer side of the block and the other disposed on'the inner side thereof. In laying the blocks end to end, the flange of one block will overlap the flange oi an adjacent block. to form a vertical air space as, or, if desired, this space may be Killed with mortar.
The corner block B has its longer arm its squared ed as shown in Fig. l, toiorm a square corner in the building. Its dimensions are approximately the same as those of the block A. 40
The first row oi blocks is laid with all of the arms it pointing in one direction, and the next or alternate row is laid with all or the arms 0 pointing in the opposite direction and with the stud members it lined up vertically with those ing wall portions to form a closed square corner without interfering with the alignment of the stud members I I. The latter are preferably made substantially as long horizontally as the length of the arms l2, whereby the corners of end studding webs of adjacent walls will substantially abut each other to form a closed corner column as indicated in Fig, 1. Because of the spacing of the stud members from the ends of the blocks, the column thus formed will be a hollow one, of substantial proportions so as to strengthen the structure at its corners.
' The special block C is employed for lining up the ends of blocks defining a window or door opening as shown in Figs. 1 and 2.
The inner wall panel may comprise any suitable sheet material secured to the faces of the webs I I. The preferable method of securing is to employ vertical strips I6, into which nails or screws may be driven, and to secure the strips IE to the webs ll. One form of securing device is the nailing block l1, moulded into each stud member H, and constructed of some nailable material such as wood, fibre, composition, etc. By nailable I mean the ability to be penerated easily by a nail or screw, and to hold such nail or screw securely against loosening or removal.
The block I1 is mounted in a sheath l8 of sheet metal having inturned flanges I9 received in grooves in the corners of the block and projecting portions 20 of the sheath, when embedded in the concrete block, form a very secure anchor for the nailing block.
Another form of securing element is the anchor 2| (Fig. 6) embedded in the stud member H and provided with projecting arms 22 between which the strip [6 may be nailed, suitable openings in the arms 22 being provided to receive the nails. In the moulding of the block, the arms 22 have the shape and position 22a.
Other forms of securing element are the bolt anchor 23 shown in Fig. 7, adapted to project through an opening in the strip l6, and the wire anchor 24 shown in Fig. 8, which may be stapled to the strip i6. 1
The strips I6 serve as a nailing base for lath 25, Where a plaster finish 26 is desired. Conventional forms of wall panelling may also be nailed to the strips I6.
I have shown an inner lining of insulating sheeting. 21 interposed between the strips 16 and the stud members ll.
Among the advantages of this invention are: predetermining of the positions of the studding members; eliminating the necessity of erecting a framework of studding independently of the outer wall of the building; eliminating from the frame of the building, perishable studding or other framework; simplifying and cheapening erection; eliminating the possibility of warping of the framework; production of a more fireproof structure.
I claim as my invention:
1. A building block of moulded material, and a nailing block comprising a sheet metal sheath of U-shaped cross-section and a block of nailable material mounted therein, the sheath projecting beyond the ends of the nailable material and embedded in the building block, and the nailable material being exposed between the arms of the sheath.
2. A building block of moulded material including an outer wall portion and an integral laterally projecting stud member disposed at a distance of approximately'one-third the length of the block from one end thereof and having a length approximately equal to that of the shorter arm of said outer wall portion defined between said stud member and an end of the block, and an insert of nailable material moulded into said stud member and forming part of the end face thereof, the thickness of said outer wall being substantially the same as the length of said stud, whereby two of said blocks may be juxtaposed to form a corner of a wall, with the longer arm of one block overlapping the end of the shorter arm of the other block and the corners of the respective studs substantially registering and the end faces thereof forming a substantially closed corner in which the extreme edge regions of two sheets of inner wall panelling may be nailed.
LLEWELLYN L. STAMAN.