|Publication number||US20090064409 A1|
|Application number||US 11/899,465|
|Publication date||Mar 12, 2009|
|Filing date||Sep 6, 2007|
|Priority date||Sep 6, 2007|
|Publication number||11899465, 899465, US 2009/0064409 A1, US 2009/064409 A1, US 20090064409 A1, US 20090064409A1, US 2009064409 A1, US 2009064409A1, US-A1-20090064409, US-A1-2009064409, US2009/0064409A1, US2009/064409A1, US20090064409 A1, US20090064409A1, US2009064409 A1, US2009064409A1|
|Inventors||Jennifer Carpenter, Peter Cirincione, Tak Cheung|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (4), Classifications (8)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
1. Field of the Invention
The invention relates to combination furniture, more particularly to a combination crib that has a cabinet having a built-in changing table and that is convertible into a plurality of furniture articles.
2. Background of the Invention
It is common for a family having an infant to provide a combination crib that can be converted from one item into another. Combination cribs generally occupy much less space of an infant's room. These cribs can be dissembled and stacked away when not in use.
Two-in-one and even three-in-one combination cribs are not very uncommon in the prior art. These combination cribs combine capabilities of a day bed, a bassinet and a changing table, for example, in one unitary apparatus. But capabilities of more than three separate furniture units may be needed to be combined in a combination crib.
Infants are generally fed in the arms of an attending parent. But when infants grow to become toddlers, holding and feeding them at the same time becomes an uncomfortable task for the parent. For the sake of safety, the parent also needs to feel comfortable while attending to the physical care of the toddler. Therefore, the attending parent needs a crib that has multi-level height adjustability features that can advantageously assist the parent in dressing, feeding or playing with the toddler while in various height positions. Also needed is a combination crib with features that can advantageously take care of changing needs of the growing baby over the years.
Typically crib side rails have slats that have uniform widths and uniform spacings between them. Slats having different widths and different spacings between them would offer more interest to the toddler.
The cribs that have a cabinet provided with a changing table are known in the prior art. The changing tables in the prior art that can not be folded down consume a lot of space, whereas the changing tables that can be folded have such configurations and mechanisms that require substantial physical efforts from the user while opening and closing these tables. Furthermore, the task of opening and closing the changing table typically involves activities such as pulling, pushing, bolting, unbolting, screwing and unscrewing. Therefore the operation of bolting and opening involves a risk of hurting fingers, palms and arms.
Further, while opening or closing the changing table, the user has to perform a series of jerky steps that can shake the crib and produce undesirable noise. This may disturb the sound sleep of the infant. Therefore while using these prior art cribs the parent would not want to open and close the changing table while the infant or toddler is asleep in the bed.
Furthermore, while using the changing table the user may lean or rock head back and forth. The presence of sharp open edges on the cabinet panel within the head leaning range of the user would only increase the possibility of an accidental head injury. A combination crib is needed crib where such sharp open edges are absent.
The parent may also appreciate the use of changing table as a desk. Thus, the parent can do his work on changing table-cum-desk and at the same time can keep a watchful eye on the toddler inside the crib. The crib can also be used as a standalone desk once the child has outgrown the crib.
Therefore, there exists a need for an improved combination crib that integrates the capabilities of a plurality of infant care furniture units, that is adjustable through a wide range of elevations, that includes a hideaway cabinet with a built-in changing table that is opened with a damped motion by simply pressing a control and/or by merely pulling down the changing table, for example.
Accordingly, a preferred embodiment of the present invention includes a cabinet panel, an end panel, a bottom panel, a pair of side rails and a mattress support.
Each panel has a rear wall and a removable leg connected to a base. The rear walls of the cabinet panel and the end panel are in opposed confronting relation and each includes a plurality of vertically aligned mounting plates, a plurality of laterally aligned distal slots and a plurality of laterally aligned proximal slots. The inside of the cabinet panel includes a changing table, a latching mechanism and a damper assembly. The cabinet panel has a top surface that has a control that is connected to the latching mechanism for engaging and disengaging from the latching mechanism.
The changing table has a vertically folded-up closed position wherein the changing table is engaged with the latching mechanism. The changing table has a horizontally folded-down open position wherein the changing table is disengaged from the latching table. The damper is coupled to the changing table for dampening the swinging movement of the changing table from the vertically folded-up closed position to the horizontally folded-down open position.
The bottom panel is horizontally disposed between the cabinet panel and the end panel. The bottom panel is detachably connected to the cabinet panel and the end panel.
A sliding drawer assembly that includes at least a drawer is positioned below the bottom panel.
The side rails are horizontally disposed and vertically registered between the cabinet panel and the end panel. Each side rail has slats and protruding ends. The side rails are in opposed confronting relation. The protruding ends of the side rails are removably fitted into the distal and primary slots of the rear walls of the cabinet panel and the end panel.
A mattress support is horizontally disposed and can be moved vertically within a formed by the siderails, the cabinet panel and the end panel. The mattress support has bracket supports that are detachably fitted into the mounting plates. The mattress support is positioned above the bottom panel and is vertically movable within the periphery formed by the side rails, the cabinet panel and the end panel.
The crib is readily convertible into a plurality of furniture articles by adjusting the mattress support height and removing the side rails.
The above mentioned and other features, aspects and advantages of the present invention will become better understood with regard to following description, appended claims and accompanying drawings, wherein like reference numerals refer to similar parts throughout the several views where:
It should be understood that the drawings are not necessarily to scale. In certain instances, details which are not necessary for an understanding of the present invention or which render other details difficult to understand may have been omitted. It should be understood, of course, that the invention is not limited to the particular embodiments illustrated herein.
Although specific terms are used in the following description for sake of clarity, these terms are intended to refer only to particular structure of the invention selected for illustration in the drawings, and are not intended to define or limit the scope of the invention.
As shown in
The crib 20 includes a built-in changing table 40 that has a changing pad 41. The changing table 40 remains completely hidden inside the cabinet panel 22 in a vertically folded-up closed position. The changing table 40 remains substantially outside the cabinet panel in a horizontally folded-down open position. Changing table 40 is disposed outside the cabinet panel 22 along a plane that is substantially perpendicular to the plane defined by changing table 40. In this one preferred embodiment, the cabinet panel 22 has a latch button 42 that is located in the right corner of the top outer surface. However, the latch button 42 can be absent in other embodiments. The cabinet panel 22 has a wide door 44 and a narrow door 46 for the storage space inside. The storage space inside the cabinet panel 22 includes a pair of shelves 48 and 50.
Crib 20 is preferably constructed of wood, but can also include other materials, such as plastic, metals, composites, for example. It is also understood that the location of the latch button, the size of the doors and the number and size of shelves can vary in other embodiments. Other latch activating mechanisms can be used instead of the latch button, and the cabinet panel 22 and the end panel 26 can have different height and width in other embodiments.
Referring now to
As shown in
In this one preferred embodiment, each slat 30 is of a same height. However, the height can be different in other embodiments. Different spacings and different sizes of the slat 30 offer greater variety to the playful baby that explores the world around. Different spacings between slats 30 and different sizes of slats 30 not only reduce baby boredom but also provide the baby a chance to explore and learn about shapes and sizes.
The slats 30 are preferably rectangular in shape. However, the slats can be of other shapes in other embodiments. Alternatively, the spacing between neighboring slats 30 and the size of the slats 30 can be uniform in other embodiments.
Referring now to
In this one preferred embodiment, bracket supports 58 and mounting plates 60 are preferably adapted to secure the mattress support 36 to the panels 22, 26. The combination of bracket supports 58 and mounting plates 60 provides an extremely strong and a nearly invisible support to the mattress support 36 that rests on the mounting plate 60. The bracket supports 54 are mounted on four corners of the mattress support 36 and the mounting plates 60 are mounted on the rear walls 25 of the cabinet panel 22 and the end panel 26.
The side rail 28, 28 of the crib 20 have the same width and height. An additional baby rail 62 of the same width and smaller height is also provided to the user. The rails 28 have protruded ends 64 at their corners. The protruded ends 64 are fitted into a plurality of slots 66 that are provided on rear walls 25 of the panels 22, 26 to secure rails to the panels.
It should be understood, however, that the bracket support 58 and mounting plate 60 combination, can be used to join the rails 28, 28 with the panels 22, 26 in other embodiments. Also, the bracket support 58 and mounting plate 60 combination can be provided in addition to the joint used in the present invention. Further, a snap-fit arrangement or a press-fit arrangement can be used to join the rails 28, 28 with the panels 22, 26. Standard methods and parts, such as threaded inserts 31, are used to join legs 32, 34 to the panels 22, 26. It should be understood, however, that various parts of the invention are joined together using standard and well known methods, that can include, but are not limited to, the use of mortise and tenons joints, bushings, threaded inserts, dowels, nails, screws, glue, or the like.
In this one preferred embodiment, the front leg 32 of the cabinet panel 22 is wider as compared to the end leg 34. The front leg 32 is sufficiently wide and strong to support the weight of the cabinet panel 22. The legs 32, 34 have the same length and height and are removable. It should be understood, however, that the legs 32, 34 can be of same width or the end leg 34 can be wider than the front leg 32 in other embodiments.
As shown in
The distance between axes h1-h1 and h2-h2 is same as the distance between axes h3-h3 and h4-h4. The distance between axes h3-h3 and h4-h4 is also approximately equal to the height of the side rails 28. Further, the rear wall 25 of the cabinet panel 22 has an opposed confronting relationship with the rear wall 25 of end panel 26. Thus, the location of the mounting plates 60 and slots 66 on one rear wall 25 is exactly opposite to the location of mounting plates 60 and slots 66 on the other rear wall 25. In this one preferred embodiment, there are three mounting plate 60 on each side of each rear wall 25. The number, however, can vary in other embodiments and even wider range of elevation for the mattress support 36 can be provided. Also, the height of the distal slots 66 can vary in other embodiments. Multiple distal slots 66 can be provided to accommodate side rails 28 that have different heights.
As shown in
Preferably, the side rails 28 are first removed and then the height of the mattress support 36 is adjusted. All the four bracket supports 58 are removed from the hooks of corresponding mounting plates 60 to disengage the mattress support 36 from the current height position. The mattress support 36 is raised or lowered to mounting plates 60 that occupy the desired height position. The bracket supports 58 are then hooked into the mounting plates 60 to secure the mattress support 36. In this preferred embodiment, Soss™ hinges 75 are used to join the doors 44, 46 and threaded inserts 32 are employed to attach the shelves 50, 52 to the cabinet panel 22.
Referring now to
It is understood, however, that in other embodiments wherein the latch button is absent the, the user simply pull on the changing table to open it.
In yet another embodiment, as shown in
In this one preferred embodiment, the damper assembly 84 has a hydraulic damper. It is understood, however, that a variety of dampers such as, elastomeric dampers, biometrically activated dampers, electronically activated dampers, for example, can be used in other embodiments.
In yet another embodiment, the crib 20 is used as bedside sleeper. After removing one side rail 28 of the crib 20, the mattress support 36 of the crib 20 is moved to a height that is the same as that of an adult bed. The bedside sleeper is annexed to the adult bed such that the side of crib 20 without the side rail 28 is parallel and adjacent to the long side of the adult bed. Thus, the crib 20 becomes a simple attachment of the adult bed.
Further, the crib 20 sans side rails 28 can also be used as a study table by kids when they are no longer toddlers. Further, the crib 20 can have another similar cabinet panel 22 instead of the end panel 26. Thus, the crib 20 can be used for infant twins.
The embodiments of the invention shown and discussed herein are merely illustrative of modes of application of the present invention. Reference to details in this discussion is not intended to limit the scope of the claims to these details, or to the figures used to illustrate the invention.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US8006326||Feb 22, 2008||Aug 30, 2011||Kolcraft Enterprises, Inc.||Foldable and portable playard assemblies with a storage compartment and methods of use thereof|
|US8316483||Jul 5, 2011||Nov 27, 2012||Kolcraft Enterprises, Inc.||Foldable and portable playard assemblies with a storage compartment and methods of use thereof|
|US8522374 *||Nov 10, 2010||Sep 3, 2013||Cosco Management, Inc.||Infant-care furniture|
|US20120110730 *||May 10, 2012||Cosco Management, Inc.||Infant-care furniture|
|Cooperative Classification||A47D11/005, A47D7/007, A47D5/00|
|European Classification||A47D11/00D, A47D7/00D, A47D5/00|