Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS20090074653 A1
Publication typeApplication
Application numberUS 11/007,882
Publication dateMar 19, 2009
Filing dateDec 9, 2004
Priority dateDec 11, 2003
Also published asUS7507599
Publication number007882, 11007882, US 2009/0074653 A1, US 2009/074653 A1, US 20090074653 A1, US 20090074653A1, US 2009074653 A1, US 2009074653A1, US-A1-20090074653, US-A1-2009074653, US2009/0074653A1, US2009/074653A1, US20090074653 A1, US20090074653A1, US2009074653 A1, US2009074653A1
InventorsHsueh-Shih Chen, Gwo-Yang Chang, Chien-Ming Chen
Original AssigneeIndustrial Technology Research Institute
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Znx (x=s, se, te) quantum dot preparation method
US 20090074653 A1
Abstract
A ZnX, X is S, Se, Te or a combination thereof, quantum dot preparation method. This method comprises the following steps: dissolving S powder, Se powder, Te powder or a combination thereof into an organic alkali to form a first complex solution; dissolving ZnO into an organic acid and a co-solvent to form a second complex solution; and mixing the first complex solution and the second complex solution to obtain the ZnX quantum dot.
Images(12)
Previous page
Next page
Claims(14)
1. A ZnX quantum dot preparation method, where X is S, Se, Te or a combination thereof, comprising:
dissolving S powder, Se powder, Te powder or a combination thereof into an organic alkali to form a first complex solution;
dissolving ZnO into an organic acid and a co-solvent to form a second complex solution; and
mixing the first complex solution and the second complex solution to obtain ZnX quantum dot.
2. The ZnX quantum dot preparation method as claimed in claim 1, wherein the organic alkali comprises tri-methylphosphine (TMP), tri-butylphosphine (TBP) or tri-octylphosphine (TOP).
3. The ZnX quantum dot preparation method as claimed in claim 1, wherein the organic acid comprises carboxylic acids, sulfinic acids, aliphatic compounds, alkyl phosphonic acids, lipophilic phosphines or lipophilic phosphine oxides.
4. The ZnX quantum dot preparation method as claimed in claim 3, wherein the carboxylic acids comprise dodecanoic acid, stearic acid or isocaproic acid.
5. The ZnX quantum dot preparation method as claimed in claim 3, wherein the aliphatic compounds comprise aliphatic acids, aliphatic acid esters, aliphatic acid alcohols or aliphatic acid aldehydes.
6. The ZnX quantum dot preparation method as claimed in claim 3, wherein the alkyl phosphonic acids comprise hexyl-phosphonic acid (HPA), tetra-decylphosphonic acid (TDPA) or octa-decylphosphonic acid (ODPA).
7. The ZnX quantum dot preparation method as claimed in claim 1, wherein the co-solvent comprises lipophilic phosphines, lipophilic phosphine oxides, amines or alcohols.
8. The ZnX quantum dot preparation method as claimed in claim 7, wherein the lipophilic phosphines comprise tri-butylphosphine (TBP), tri-octylphosphine (TOP) or tri-methylphosphine (TMP).
9. The ZnX quantum dot preparation method as claimed in claim 7, wherein the lipophilic phosphine oxides comprise tri-octylphosphine oxide (TOPO).
10. The ZnX quantum dot preparation method as claimed in claim 7, wherein the amines comprise C1˜30 alkylamine.
11. The ZnX quantum dot preparation method as claimed in claim 1, wherein the co-solvent comprises lecithin, N,N-dimethyl-N-alkyl-N-methylcarboxylate, N,N-dialkylamidoalkylenecarboxylic slats, N,N,N-trialkyl-N-sulfonenebetaine, N,N-dialkyl-N,N-bispolyoxyethylenesulfatebetaine and polyoxyvinylalkylether.
12. A ZnS quantum dot preparation method, comprising:
dissolving S powder into trioctylphosphine (TOP) to form a first complex solution;
dissolving ZnO into stearic acid and tri-octylphosphine oxide (TOPO) to form a second complex solution; and
mixing the first complex solution and the second complex solution to obtain the ZnS quantum dot.
13. A ZnSe quantum dot preparation method, comprising:
dissolving Se powder into trioctylphosphine (TOP) to form a first complex solution;
dissolving ZnO into stearic acid and tri-octylphosphine oxide (TOPO) to form a second complex solution; and
mixing the first complex solution and the second complex solution to obtain the ZnSe quantum dot.
14. A ZnTe quantum dot preparation method, comprising:
dissolving Te powder into trioctylphosphine (TOP) to form a first complex solution;
dissolving ZnO into stearic acid and tri-octylphosphine oxide (TOPO) to form a second complex solution; and
mixing the first complex solution and the second complex solution to obtain the ZnTe quantum dot.
Description
BACKGROUND

The invention relates to a quantum dot preparation method, and more particularly to a ZnX, where X is S, Se, Te or a combination thereof, quantum dot preparation method.

ZnX quantum dot are semiconductor luminescent materials and usually used as phosphors. The energy gaps of ZnTe, ZnSe and ZnS are 2.39 eV, 2.82 eV and 3.68 eV respectively, and range from UV to visible light. By different concentrations or/and doping, the luminescent wavelengths of the phosphors can be tuned to predetermined wavelengths.

Conventional phosphors are prepared by high temperature treatment, such that phosphors grains grow and difficult to maintain at nanoscale (grain size <100 nm) or quantum dot (grain size <10 nm). From theoretical calculation and research, the luminescent efficiency of quantum dot is higher than bulk type, such that usage of phosphors has decreased, as does cost. Energy gap and luminescent wavelength of phosphors also can change with use of different grain sizes.

Small particle ZnX phosphors are usually prepared in aqua phase. For example, zinc salts such as ammonium zinc and surfactant are immersed in water, and NaS aqua solution is added drop by drop to obtain ZnS nano-particles. The resulting ZnS nano-particles, however, exhibit poor crystallization, frequent defects and low luminescent efficiency.

Recently, inorganic nano-particles have been formed in non-aqua phase at about 200˜400° C. A method for preparing ZnSe is described in “Bright UV-Blue Luminescent Colloidal ZnSe Nanocrystals”, Journal of Physical Chemistry B volume 102, number 19, 1998, issued to Margaret A. Hines and Philippe Guyot-Sionnest. In this method, diethyl zinc, hexadecylamine (HDA), trioctylphosphine (TOP) and Se powders are combined and heated to 300° C. to obtain ZnSe quantum dot. Although the ZnSe quantum dot have good crystallization, high luminescent efficiency and narrow particle distribution, diethyl zinc is flammable, unstable and expensive, so this method is not suitable for industry.

To resolve the described problems and obtain high luminescent efficiency ZnX quantum dot, there is a need for a better ZnX preparation method.

SUMMARY

Accordingly, the embodiments provide a ZnX, where X is S, Se, Te or a combination thereof, quantum dot preparation method.

This method comprises the following steps: dissolving S powders, Se powders, Te powders or a combination thereof into an organic alkali to form a first complex solution; dissolving ZnO into an organic acid and a co-solvent to form a second complex solution; and mixing the first complex solution and the second complex solution to obtain the ZnX quantum dot.

DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

The invention can be more fully understood by reading the subsequent detailed description and examples with references made to the accompanying drawings, wherein:

FIG. 1 is a schematic illustrating the ZnX quantum dot and organic molecules structure of the embodiments;

FIG. 2 is a ZnSe quantum dot EDS of example 1;

FIG. 3 is a ZnSe quantum dot and stearic acid XRD of example 1;

FIG. 4 is a ZnSe quantum dot XRD of example 1;

FIG. 5 is a ZnSe quantum dot TEM picture of example 1;

FIG. 6 is a ZnSe quantum dot absorption spectrum of different reaction times of example 1;

FIG. 7 is a blue ZnSe quantum dot PL spectrum of example 1;

FIG. 8 is a blue-green ZnSe quantum dot PL spectrum of example 1;

FIG. 9 is a green ZnSe quantum dot PL spectrum of example 1;

FIG. 10 is a yellow ZnSe quantum dot PL spectrum of example 1;

FIG. 11 is a white ZnSe quantum dot PL spectrum of example 1;

FIG. 12 is a ZnSe quantum dot PL spectrum of different reaction times of example 1;

FIG. 13 is a ZnS quantum dot EDS of example 2;

FIG. 14 is a ZnS quantum dot TEM picture of example 2;

FIG. 15 is a ZnS quantum dot absorption spectrum of example 2;

FIG. 16 is a ZnS quantum dot PL spectrum of example 2;

FIG. 17 is a ZnTe quantum dot XRD of example 3;

FIG. 18 is a ZnTe quantum dot absorption spectrum of example 3;

FIG. 19 is a ZnTe quantum dot PL spectrum of example 3; and

FIG. 20 is a white ZnTe quantum dot PL spectrum of example 3.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION

The embodiments provide a ZnX, where X is S, Se, Te or a combination thereof, quantum dot preparation method. Due to the danger and cost of diethyl zinc, ZnO is used instead of diethyl zinc in the embodiments. Furthermore, in order to obtain well-crystallized ZnX quantum, the ZnX of the embodiments is prepared in a high temperature non-aqua environment.

First, S powder, Se powder, Te powder or combinations thereof are put in vacuum environment to remove moisture. These powder is put in inert gas and organic alkali and are treated by ultrasonic for 30 mins to obtain organic alkali complexes. The organic alkali is tri-methylphosphine (TMP), tri-butylphosphine (TBP) or tri-octylphosphine (TOP).

ZnO is put in inert gas and heated to 120° C. to remove moisture. After the ZnO cools, organic acid and co-solvent are added and heated again to form the ZnO, organic acid and co-solvent complexes.

The organic acid comprises carboxylic acids, sulfinic acids, aliphatic compounds, alkyl phosphonic acids, lipophilic phosphines or lipophilic phosphine oxides. The carboxylic acids comprise dodecanoic acid, stearic acid or isocaproic acid. The aliphatic compounds comprise aliphatic acids, aliphatic acid esters, aliphatic acid alcohols or aliphatic acid aldehydes. The alkyl phosphonic acids comprise hexyl-phosphonic acid (HPA), tetra-decylphosphonic acid (TDPA) or octa-decylphosphonic acid (ODPA).

The co-solvent comprises lipophilic phosphines, lipophilic phosphine oxides, amines, alcohols or other solvents. The lipophilic phosphines comprise tri-butylphosphine (TBP), tri-octylphosphine (TOP) or tri-methylphosphine (TMP). The lipophilic phosphine oxides comprise tri-octylphosphine oxide (TOPO). The amines comprise C1˜30 alkylamine. The other solvents are lecithin, N,N-dimethyl-N-alkyl-N-methylcarboxylate, N,N-dialkylamidoalkylenecarboxylic slats, N,N,N-trialkyl-N-sulfonenebetaine, N,N-dialkyl-N,N-bispolyoxyethylenesulfatebetaine or polyoxyvinylalkylether.

The two solutions are mixed above 120° C. to obtain ZnX quantum dot. The ZnX quantum dot are synthesized in organic solvent, so the surface of each ZnX quantum dot is covered with organic molecules naturally to form a core/shell structure as shown in FIG. 1. The organic shell 200 improves the ZnX quantum dot 100 stability.

Furthermore, different dopant and dopant concentrations can be added into the system, two or three X types can be used in the system, and/or different X ratios can all tune the crystal lattice of the ZnX quantum dot to control luminescent wavelength and efficiency.

EXAMPLE 1 ZnSe Preparation

0.3048 g Se powder was put in a vacuum environment to remove moisture, and inert gas was injected from oxidation. 5 ml tri-octylphosphine (TOP) was added and treated by ultrasonic for 30 mins to obtain a colorless TOPSe complex solution.

0.81 g ZnO was put in a three-necked bottle and heated to 120° C. in inert gas to remove moisture. After ZnO cooling to room temperature, 2 g hexadecylamine (HDA) and 2 g stearic acid (SA) were added and heated to 150° C. for 20 mins to obtain a transparent solution.

The ZnO solution was heated to 300° C., and the TOPSe solution was added to form 1˜20 nm ZnSe nano-particles by controlling reaction time. The longer reaction time was, the bigger ZnSe particles were. The smaller particle size was, the larger energy gap was and the blue shift in spectrum was more obvious.

After this reaction, the solution color was yellow. After distilling by methanol/toluene, the product was stored in toluene.

ZnSe Identification

The product sample was identified by energy dispersive spectrometer (EDS), X-ray diffraction (XRD) meter, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), absorption spectrum and PL spectrum. The result is disclosed as follows:

FIG. 2 is the EDS of the product sample. After analysis, this EDS shows the product sample comprising Zn, Se, C and P elements.

FIG. 3 is the XRD of the product sample. It shows that the product sample comprises ZnSe diffraction peak and stearic acid diffraction peak, with the product sample indeed comprising ZnSe and stearic acid. If the stearic acid is removed by hot methanol and ultrasonics, the XRD would only comprise ZnSe diffraction peak, as shown in FIG. 4.

FIG. 5 is the TEM picture of the product sample, showing that the product sample particle size was about 4 nm, indicating particles to be quantum dot. In this TEM picture, it can be seen that each particle surface is covered by a film, exhibiting a core/shell structure. It is considered as a ZnSe/organic substance structure.

FIG. 6 is the absorption spectrum under the product samples where different reaction times. The absorption peaks in the 350˜430 nm show a conventional ZnSe absorption spectrum. The absorption spectrum shows that shorter reaction time produces shorter absorption wavelength and smaller particle size was, blue shift was more obvious.

FIGS. 7˜11 are PL spectrums of product samples of different precursors. PL peaks are at 400˜700 nm. The samples luminesced blue, blue-green, green, yellow and white respectively.

FIG. 12 is the PL spectrum of the product samples of different reaction times, showing shorter reaction time providing shorter absorption wavelength. The absorption spectrum shows that shorter reaction time produces shorter absorption wavelength and smaller particle size was, blue shift was more obvious.

According to the identification, ZnSe quantum dot were obtained by the present invention and covered by organic substance. Different size quantum dot had different absorption and emitting wavelengths, and the smaller quantum dot were, the shorter absorption and emitting wavelengths of the quantum dot was. Quantum dot with different absorption and emitting wavelengths is obtained with use of different precursors.

EXAMPLE 2 ZnS Preparation

0.0163 g S powder was put in a vacuum environment to remove moisture, and inert gas was injected from oxidation. 0.5 ml tri-octylphosphine (TOP) was added and treated by ultrasonic for 30 mins to obtain colorless TOPS complex solution.

0.0405 g ZnO was put in a three-necked bottle and heated to 120° C. in inert gas to remove moisture. After ZnO cooling to room temperature, 0.3673 g tri-octylphosphine oxide (TOPO) and 11.4 g stearic acid (SA) were added and heated to 150° C. for 20 mins to obtain a transparent solution.

The ZnO solution was heated to 300° C., and the TOPS solution was added to form 1˜20 nm ZnS nano-particles by controlling reaction time. The longer reaction time was, the bigger ZnS particles were. The smaller particle size was, the larger energy gap was and the blue shift in spectrum was more obvious.

ZnSe Identification

The product sample was identified by energy dispersive spectrometer (EDS), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), absorption spectrum and PL spectrum. The result is disclosed as follows:

FIG. 13 is the EDS of the product sample. After analysis, this EDS shows the product sample comprising Zn, S, C and P elements.

FIG. 14 is the TEM picture of the product sample, showing that the product sample particle size was about 4 nm, indicating particles to be quantum dot. In this TEM picture, it can be seen that each particle surface is covered by a film, exhibiting a core/shell structure. It is considered as a ZnS/organic substance structure.

FIG. 15 is the absorption spectrum under the product sample. The absorption peaks in 300˜400 nm, show a conventional ZnS absorption spectrum.

FIG. 16 is PL spectrums of the product sample. The PL peak is in 350˜700 nm, show a conventional ZnS PL spectrum.

According to the above identification, ZnS quantum dot covered by organic substance is obtained.

EXAMPLE 3 ZnTe Preparation

1.276 g Te powder was put in a vacuum environment to remove moisture, and inert gas was injected from oxidation. 15 ml tri-octylphosphine (TOP) was added and the solution was treated by the ultrasonic for 30 mins to obtain a green TOPTe complex solution.

1.215 g ZnO was put in a three-necked bottle and heated to 120° C. in inert gas to remove moisture. After ZnO cooling to room temperature, 23.2 g tri-octylphosphine oxide (TOPO) and 1.0016 g stearic acid (SA) were added and heated to 150° C. for 20 mins to obtain a transparent solution.

The ZnO solution was heated to 300° C., and the TOPTe solution was added to form 1˜20 nm ZnTe nano-particles by controlling reaction time. The longer reaction time was, the bigger ZnSe particles are. The smaller particle size was, the larger energy gap is and the blue shift in spectrum was more obvious.

ZnTe Identification

The product sample was identified by X-ray diffraction (XRD) meter, absorption spectrum and PL spectrum. The result is disclosed as follows:

FIG. 17 is the XRD of the product sample. It shows that the product sample comprises ZnTe diffraction peak, so the ZnTe is obtained indeed.

FIG. 18 is the absorption spectrum of the product sample. The absorption peak of 300˜400 nm is the conventional ZnTe absorption spectrum.

FIG. 19 is PL spectrums of the product sample. The PL peaks of 350˜700 nm is the conventional ZnTe PL spectrum.

FIG. 20 was PL spectrums of the product sample. The PL peaks of 350˜750 nm is the conventional white ZnTe PL spectrum.

According to the above identification, ZnTe quantum dot is obtained.

Classifications
U.S. Classification423/509, 423/566.1, 977/774
International ClassificationC01G9/08, C01G9/00, C01B19/04
Cooperative ClassificationH01L21/02601, C01P2002/84, C01P2002/72, C09K11/565, C01P2002/85, C01G9/08, H01L21/02557, H01L29/127, C09K11/883, C09K11/02, C01P2004/04, H01L21/0256, H01L29/22, B82Y10/00, H01L21/02628, Y10S977/774, C01B19/007, Y10S977/811, B82Y30/00, H01L21/02554, C01P2004/64, Y10S977/896, C09K11/025, H01L21/02562
European ClassificationB82Y10/00, B82Y30/00, C01B19/00P, H01L29/22, H01L29/12W4, C01G9/08, C09K11/02B, C09K11/88B2, C09K11/02, C09K11/56B2
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Sep 24, 2012FPAYFee payment
Year of fee payment: 4
Dec 9, 2004ASAssignment
Owner name: INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGY RESEARCH INSTITUTE, TAIWAN
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:CHEN, HSUEH-SHIH;CHANG, GWO-YANG;CHEN, CHIEN-MING;REEL/FRAME:016078/0222
Effective date: 20041112