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Publication numberUS20090111917 A1
Publication typeApplication
Application numberUS 12/317,020
Publication dateApr 30, 2009
Filing dateDec 18, 2008
Priority dateMay 30, 2002
Also published asCA2483781A1, CN1330693C, CN1656163A, DE60319695D1, DE60319695T2, EP1507824A2, EP1507824B1, US20050154097, WO2003102068A2, WO2003102068A3
Publication number12317020, 317020, US 2009/0111917 A1, US 2009/111917 A1, US 20090111917 A1, US 20090111917A1, US 2009111917 A1, US 2009111917A1, US-A1-20090111917, US-A1-2009111917, US2009/0111917A1, US2009/111917A1, US20090111917 A1, US20090111917A1, US2009111917 A1, US2009111917A1
InventorsMichela Bonora
Original AssigneeMichela Bonora
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Stabilized articles
US 20090111917 A1
Abstract
The present invention relates to non-agricultural articles which keep their properties during the use and degrade later on, until total disintegration and disappearance of the plastic. The invention further relates to a method for controlling the weathering resistance and the degradation of non-agricultural articles. The desired effect is obtained with specific combinations of degradant metal salts and stabilizers.
The non-agricultural article of the present invention comprises an organic polymer, an organic salt of Fe, Ce, Co, Mn, Cu or V and one or more sterically hindered amine compounds.
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Claims(21)
1. A non-agricultural article comprising the components
(I) an organic polymer, with the proviso that when component (I) is a polyolefin, said polyolefin does not contain an oxidizable unsaturated compound selected from the group consisting of natural rubber, styrene butadiene resin, fat and oil,
(II) an organic salt of Fe, Ce, Co, Mn, Cu or V, and
(III) one or more sterically hindered amine compounds selected from the group consisting of a compound of the formula (A-1)
wherein
A1 is hydrogen or C1-C4alkyl,
A2 is a direct bond or C1-C10alkylene, and
n1 is a number from 2 to 50;
at least one compound of the formulae (A-2-a) and (A-2-b)
wherein
n2 and n2* are a number from 2 to 50;
a compound of the formula (A-3)
wherein
A3 and A4 independently of one another are hydrogen or C1-C8alkyl, or A3 and A4 together form a C2-C14alkylene group, and
the variables n3 independently of one another are a number from 1 to 50;
a compound of the formula (A-4)
wherein
n4 is a number from 2 to 50,
A5 is hydrogen or C1-C4alkyl,
the radicals A6 and A7 independently of one another are C1-C4alkyl or a group of the formula (a-I)
wherein A8 is hydrogen, C1-C8alkyl, O., OH, CH2CN, C1-C18alkoxy, C2-C18alkoxy substituted by OH; C5-C12cycloalkoxy, C3-C6alkenyl, C7-C9phenylalkyl unsubstituted or substituted on the phenyl by 1, 2 or 3 C1-C4alkyl; or C1-C8acyl,
with the proviso that at least 50% of the radicals A7 are a group of the formula (a-I);
a compound of the formula (B-1)
in which
E1 is hydrogen, C1-C8alkyl, O., OH, CH2CN, C5-C12cycloalkoxy, C3-C6alkenyl, C7-C9phenylalkyl unsubstituted or substituted on the phenyl by 1, 2 or 3 C1-C4alkyl; or C1-C8acyl,
m1 is 1, 2 or 4,
if m1 is 1, E2 is C1-C25alkyl,
if m1 is 2, E2 is C1-C14alkylene or a group of the formula (b-I)
wherein E3 is C1-C10alkyl or C2-C10alkenyl, E4 is C1-C10alkylene, and
E5 and E6 independently of one another are C1-C4alkyl, cyclohexyl or methylcyclohexyl, and
if m1 is 4, E2 is C4-C10alkanetetrayl;
a compound of the formula (B-2)
in which
two of the radicals E7 are COO(C1-C20alkyl), and
two of the radicals E7 are a group of the formula (b-II)
with E8 being hydrogen, C1-C8alkyl, O., OH, CH2CN, C1-C18alkoxy, C2-C18alkoxy substituted by OH; C5-C12cycloalkoxy, C3-C6alkenyl, C7-C9phenylalkyl unsubstituted or substituted on the phenyl by 1, 2 or 3 C1-C4alkyl; or C1-C8acyl;
a compound of the formula (B-3)
in which
E9 and E10 together form C2-C14alkylene,
E11 is hydrogen or a group -Z1-COO-Z2,
Z1 is C2-C14alkylene, and
Z2 is C1-C24alkyl, and
E12 is hydrogen, C1-C8alkyl, O., OH, CH2CN, C1-C18alkoxy, C2-C18alkoxy substituted by OH; C5-C12cycloalkoxy, C3-C6alkenyl, C7-C9phenylalkyl unsubstituted or substituted on the phenyl by 1, 2 or 3 C1-C4alkyl; or C1-C8acyl;
a compound of the formula (B-4)
wherein
the radicals E13 independently of one another are hydrogen, C1-C8alkyl, O., OH, CH2CN, C1-C18alkoxy, C2-C18alkoxy substituted by OH; C5-C12cycloalkoxy, C3-C6alkenyl, C7-C9phenylalkyl unsubstituted or substituted on the phenyl by 1, 2 or 3 C1-C4alkyl; or C1-C8acyl,
the radicals E14 independently of one another are hydrogen or C1-C12alkyl, and
E15 is C1-C10alkylene or C3-C10alkylidene;
a compound of the formula (B-5)
wherein
the radicals E16 independently of one another are hydrogen, C1-C8alkyl, O., OH, CH2CN, C1-C18alkoxy, C2-C18alkoxy substituted by OH; C5-C12cycloalkoxy, C3-C6alkenyl, C7-C9phenylalkyl unsubstituted or substituted on the phenyl by 1, 2 or 3 C1-C4alkyl; or C1-C8acyl,
a compound of the formula (B-6)
in which
E17 is C1-C24alkyl, and
E18 has one of the meanings of E1;
a compound of the formula (B-7)
in which
E19, E20 and E21 independently of one another are a group of the formula (b-III)
wherein E22 is hydrogen, C1-C8alkyl, O., OH, CH2CN, C1-C18alkoxy, C2-C18alkoxy substituted by OH; C5-C12cycloalkoxy, C3-C6alkenyl, C7-C9phenylalkyl unsubstituted or substituted on the phenyl by 1, 2 or 3 C1-C4alkyl; or C1-C8acyl,
a compound of the formula (B-8)
wherein
the radicals E23 independently of one another are hydrogen, C1-C8alkyl, O., OH, CH2CN, C1-C18alkoxy, C2-C18alkoxy substituted by OH; C5-C12cycloalkoxy, C3-C6alkenyl, C7-C9phenylalkyl unsubstituted or substituted on the phenyl by 1, 2 or 3 C1-C4alkyl; or C1-C8acyl,
and E24 is hydrogen, C1-C12alkyl or C1-C12alkoxy;
a compound of the formula (B-9)
wherein
m2 is 1, 2 or 3,
E25 is hydrogen, C1-C8alkyl, O., OH, CH2CN, C1-C18alkoxy, C2-C18alkoxy substituted by OH; C5-C12cycloalkoxy, C3-C6alkenyl, C7-C9phenylalkyl unsubstituted or substituted on the phenyl by 1, 2 or 3 C1-C4alkyl; or C1-C8acyl, and
when m2 is 1, E26 is a group
when m2 is 2, E26 is C2-C22alkylene, and
when m2 is 3, E26 is a group of the formula (b-IV)
wherein the radicals E27 independently of one another are C2-C12alkylene, and the radicals E28 independently of one another are C1-C12alkyl or C5-C12cycloalkyl;
a compound of the formula (B-10)
wherein
the radicals E29 independently of one another are hydrogen, C1-C8alkyl, O., OH, CH2CN, C1-C18alkoxy, C2-C18alkoxy substituted by OH; C5-C12cycloalkoxy, C3-C6alkenyl, C7-C9phenylalkyl unsubstituted or substituted on the phenyl by 1, 2 or 3 C1-C4alkyl; or C1-C8acyl, and
E30 is C2-C22alkylene, C5-C7cycloalkylene, C1-C4alkylenedi(C5-C7cycloalkylene), phenylene or phenylenedi(C1-C4alkylene);
a compound of the formula (C-1)
in which
R1, R3, R4 and R5 independently of one another are hydrogen, C1-C12alkyl, C5-C12cycloalkyl, C1-C4-alkyl-substituted C5-C12cycloalkyl, phenyl, phenyl which is substituted by OH and/or C1-C10alkyl; C7-C9phenylalkyl, C7-C9phenylalkyl which is substituted on the phenyl radical by OH and/or C1-C10alkyl; or a group of the formula (C-I)
R2 is C2-C18alkylene, C5-C7cycloalkylene or C1-C4alkylenedi(C5-C7cycloalkylene), or the radicals R1, R2 and R3, together with the nitrogen atoms to which they are bonded, perform a 5- to 10-membered heterocyclic ring, or
R4 and R5, together with the nitrogen atom to which they are bonded, form a 5- to 10-membered heterocyclic ring,
R6 is hydrogen, C1-C8alkyl, O., OH, CH2CN, C1-C18alkoxy, C2-C18alkoxy substituted by OH; C5-C12cycloalkoxy, C3-C6alkenyl, C7-C9phenylalkyl unsubstituted or substituted on the phenyl by 1, 2 or 3 C1-C4alkyl; or C1-C8acyl, and
b1 is a number from 2 to 50,
with the proviso that at least one of the radicals R1, R3, R4 and R5 is a group of the formula (C-I);
a compound of the formula (C-2)
wherein
R7 and R11 independently of one another are hydrogen or C1-C12alkyl,
R8, R9 and R10 independently of one another are C2-C10alkylene, and
X1, X2, X3, X4, X5, X6, X7 and X8 independently of one another are a group of the formula (C-II),
in which R12 is hydrogen, C1-C12alkyl, C5-C12cycloalkyl, C1-C4alkyl-substituted C5-C12cycloalkyl, phenyl, OH and/or C1-C10alkyl-substituted phenyl, C7-C9phenylalkyl, C7-C9phenylalkyl which is substituted on the phenyl radical by OH and/or C1-C10alkyl; or a group of the formula (C-I) as defined above, and
R13 has one of the meanings of R6;
a compound of the formula (C-3)
in which
R14 is C1-C10alkyl, C5-C12cycloalkyl, C1-C4alkyl-substituted C5-C12cycloalkyl, phenyl or C1-C10alkyl-substituted phenyl,
R15 is C3-C10alkylene,
R16 has one of the meanings of R6, and
b2 is a number from 2 to 50;
a compound of the formula (C-4)
in which
R17 and R21 independently of one another are a direct bond or a N(X9)COX10CON(X11)group, where X9 and X11 independently of one another are hydrogen, C1-C8alkyl, C5-C12cycloalkyl, phenyl, C7-C9phenylalkyl or a group of the formula (C-I),
X10 is a direct bond or C1-C4alkylene,
R18 has one of the meanings of R6,
R19, R20, R23 and R24 independently of one another are hydrogen, C1-C30alkyl, C5-C12cycloalkyl or phenyl,
R22 is hydrogen, C1-C30alkyl, C5-C12cycloalkyl, phenyl, C7-C9phenylalkyl or a group of the formula (C-I), and
b3 is a number from 1 to 50;
a compound of the formula (C-5)
in which
R25, R26, R27, R28 and R29 independently of one another are a direct bond or C1-C10alkylene,
R30 has one of the meanings of R6, and
b4 is a number from 1 to 50; and
a product (C-6) obtainable by reacting a product, obtained by reaction of a polyamine of the formula (C-6-1) with cyanuric chloride, with a compound of the formula (C-6-2)
in which
b′5, b″5 and b′″5 independently of one another are a number from 2 to 12,
R31 is hydrogen, C1-C12alkyl, C5-C12cycloalkyl, phenyl or C7-C9phenylalkyl, and
R32 has one of the meanings of R6.
2. A non-agricultural article according to claim 1 wherein component (I) is a polyolefin homo- or copolymer, a starch modified polyolefin, a starch based polymer composite or a biopolymer.
3. A non-agricultural article according to claim 1 wherein component (I) is polyethylene, polypropylene, a polyethylene copolymer or a polypropylene copolymer.
4. A non-agricultural article according to claim 1 wherein component (I) is a biopolymer selected from the group consisting of polycaprolactone, polylactic acid, polyglycolic acid, polyhydroxybutyrate-valerate, polybutylene succinate, polyvinyl alcohol, polyhydroxyalcanoate and polyethylene adipate.
5. A non-agricultural article according to claim 1 wherein component (II) is a C2-C24carboxylate of Fe, Ce, Co, Mn, Cu or V.
6. A non-agricultural article according to claim 1 wherein component (II) is a C2-C24-carboxylate of Ce, Co or Mn.
7. A non-agricultural article according to claim 1 wherein component (II) is a C10-C20 alkanoate of Ce, Co or Mn or a C10-C20alkenoate of Ce, Co or Mn.
8. A non-agricultural article according to claim 1 wherein
A1 is hydrogen or methyl,
A2 is a direct bond or C2-C6alkylene, and
n1 is a number from 2 to 25;
n2 and n2* are a number from 2 to 25;
A3 and A4 independently of one another are hydrogen or C1-C4alkyl, or A3 and A4 together form a C9-C13alkylene group, and
the variables n3 independently of one another are a number from 1 to 25;
n4 is a number from 2 to 25,
A5 and A6 independently of one another are C1-C4alkyl, and
A7 is C1-C4alkyl or a group of the formula (a-I) with the proviso that at least 50% of the radicals A7 are a group of the formula (a-I);
m1 is 1, 2 or 4,
if m1 is 1, E2 is C12-C20alkyl,
if m1 is 2, E2 is C2-C10alkylene or a group of the formula (b-I),
E3 is C1-C4alkyl,
E4 is C1-C6alkylene, and
E5 and E6 independently of one another are C1-C4alkyl, and
if m1 is 4, E2 is C4-C8alkanetetrayl;
two of the radicals E7 are COO(C10-C15alkyl), and
two of the radicals E7 are a group of the formula (b-II);
E9 and E10 together form C9-C13alkylene,
E11 is hydrogen or a group -Z1-COO-Z2,
Z1 is C2-C6alkylene, and
Z2 is C10-C16alkyl;
E14 is hydrogen, and
E15 is C2-C6alkylene or C3-C5alkylidene;
E17 is C10-C14alkyl;
E24 is C1-C4alkoxy;
m2 is 1, 2 or 3,
when m2 is 1, E26 is a group
when m2 is 2, E26 is C2-C6alkylene, and
when m2 is 3, E26 is a group of the formula (b-IV)
the radicals E27 independently of one another are C2-C6alkylene, and
the radicals E28 independently of one another are C1-C4alkyl or C5-C8cycloalkyl; and
E30 is C2-C8alkylene;
R1 and R3 independently of one another are a group of the formula (C-I),
R2 is C2-C8alkylene,
R4 and R5 independently of one another are hydrogen, C1-C12alkyl, C5-C8cycloalkyl or a group of the formula (C-I), or the radicals R4 and R5, together with the nitrogen atom to which they are bonded, form a 5- to 10-membered heterocyclic ring, and
b1 is a number from 2 to 25;
R7 and R11 independently of one another are hydrogen or C1-C4alkyl,
R8, R9 and R10 independently of one another are C2-C4alkylene, and
X1, X2, X3, X4, X5, X6, X7 and X8 independently of one another are a group of the formula (C-II),
R12 is hydrogen, C1-C4alkyl, C5-C8cycloalkyl or a group of the formula (C-I);
R14 is C1-C4alkyl,
R15 is C3-C6alkylene, and
b2 is a number from 2 to 25;
R17 and R21 independently of one another are a direct bond or a group
N(X9)COX10CON(X11),
X9 and X11 independently of one another are hydrogen or C1-C4alkyl,
X10 is a direct bond,
R19 and R23 are C1-C25alkyl or phenyl,
R20 and R24 are hydrogen or C1-C4alkyl,
R22 is C1-C25alkyl or a group of the formula (C-I), and
b3 is a number from 1 to 25;
R25, R26, R27, R28 and R29 independently of one another are a direct bond or C1-C4alkylene, and
b4 is a number from 1 to 25;
b′5, b″5 and b′″5 independently of one another are a number from 2 to 4, and
R31 is hydrogen, C1-C4alkyl, C5-C8cycloalkyl, phenyl or benzyl.
9. A non-agricultural article according to claim 1 wherein component (III) is one or more sterically hindered amine compounds selected from the group consisting of the compounds of the formulae
(A-1-a), (A-2-a), (A-2-b), (A-3-a), (A-4-a),
(B-1-a), (B-1-b), (B-1-c), (B-1-d), (B-2-a), (B-3-a), (B-3-b), (B-4-a), (B-4-b), (B-5), (B-6-a), (B-7), (B-8-a), (B-9-a), (B-9-b), (B-9-c), (B-10-a),
(C-1-a), (C-1-b), (C-1-c), (C-1-d), (C-2-a), (C-3-a), (C-4-a), (C-4-b), (C-4-c) and (C-5-a) and a product (C-6-a);
wherein n1 is a number from 2 to 20;
wherein n2 and n2* are a number from 2 to 20;
wherein the variables n3 independently of one another are a number from 1 to 20;
wherein n4 is a number from 2 to 20, and at least 50% of the radicals A7 are a group of the formula (a-I)
wherein A8 is hydrogen, C1-C8alkyl, O., OH, CH2CN, C1-C18alkoxy, C5-C12cycloalkoxy,
C3-C6alkenyl, C7-C9phenylalkyl unsubstituted or substituted on the phenyl by 1, 2 or 3
C1-C4alkyl; or C1-C8acyl,
and the remaining radicals A7 are ethyl;
wherein E1 is hydrogen, C1-C8alkyl, O., OH, CH2CN, C5-C12cycloalkoxy, C3-C6alkenyl, C7-C9phenylalkyl unsubstituted or substituted on the phenyl by 1, 2 or 3 C1-C4alkyl; or C1-C8acyl;
in which two of the radicals E7 are COOC13H27 and
two of the radicals E7 are
and E8 is hydrogen, C1-C8alkyl, O., OH, CH2CN, C1-C18alkoxy, C5-C12cycloalkoxy, C3-C6alkenyl, C7-C9phenylalkyl unsubstituted or substituted on the phenyl by 1, 2 or 3 C1-C4alkyl; or C1-C8acyl;
wherein E12 is hydrogen, C1-C8alkyl, O., OH, CH2CN, C1-C18alkoxy, C5-C12cycloalkoxy,
C3-C6alkenyl, C7-C9phenylalkyl unsubstituted or substituted on the phenyl by 1, 2 or 3
C1-C4alkyl; or C1-C8acyl;
wherein E13 is hydrogen, C1-C8alkyl, O., OH, CH2CN, C1-C18alkoxy, C5-C12cycloalkoxy,
C3-C6alkenyl, C7-C9phenylalkyl unsubstituted or substituted on the phenyl by 1, 2 or 3
C1-C4alkyl; or C1-C8acyl;
wherein E16 is hydrogen, C1-C8alkyl, O, OH, CH2CN, C1-C18alkoxy, C5-C12cycloalkoxy,
C3-C6alkenyl, C7-C9phenylalkyl unsubstituted or substituted on the phenyl by 1, 2 or 3
C1-C4alkyl; or C1-C8acyl;
wherein E18 is hydrogen, C1-C8alkyl, O., OH, CH2CN, C1-C18alkoxy, C5-C12cycloalkoxy,
C3-C6alkenyl, C7-C9phenylalkyl unsubstituted or substituted on the phenyl by 1, 2 or 3
C1-C4alkyl; or C1-C8acyl;
in which E19, E20 and E21 independently of one another are a group of the formula (b-III)
wherein E22 is hydrogen, C1-C8alkyl, O., OH, CH2CN, C1-C18alkoxy, C5-C12cycloalkoxy,
C3-C6alkenyl, C7-C9phenylalkyl unsubstituted or substituted on the phenyl by 1, 2 or 3
C1-C4alkyl; or C1-C8acyl;
wherein E23 is hydrogen, C1-C8alkyl, O., OH, CH2CN, C1-C18alkoxy, C5-C12cycloalkoxy,
C3-C6alkenyl, C7-C9phenylalkyl unsubstituted or substituted on the phenyl by 1, 2 or 3
C1-C4alkyl; or C1-C8acyl;
wherein E25 is hydrogen, C1-C8alkyl, O., OH, CH2CN, C1-C18alkoxy, C5-C12cycloalkoxy,
C3-C6alkenyl, C7-C9phenylalkyl unsubstituted or substituted on the phenyl by 1, 2 or 3
C1-C4alkyl; or C1-C8acyl;
wherein E29 is hydrogen, C1-C8alkyl, O., OH, CH2CN, C1-C18alkoxy, C5-C12cycloalkoxy,
C3-C6alkenyl, C7-C9phenylalkyl unsubstituted or substituted on the phenyl by 1, 2 or 3
C1-C4alkyl; or C1-C8acyl;
wherein b1 is a number from 2 to 20 and R6 is hydrogen, C1-C8alkyl, O., OH, CH2CN,
C1-C18alkoxy, C5-C12cycloalkoxy, C3-C6alkenyl, C7-C9phenylalkyl unsubstituted or substituted on the phenyl by 1, 2 or 3 C1-C4alkyl; or C1-C8acyl;
wherein R13 has one of the meanings of R6,
wherein b2 is a number from 2 to 20 and R16 has one of the meanings of R6;
wherein b3 is a number from 1 to 20 and R18 has one of the meanings of R6;
wherein b4 is a number from 1 to 20 and R30 has one of the meanings of R6;
a product (C-6-a) obtainable by reacting a product, obtained by reaction of a polyamine of the formula (C-6-1-a) with cyanuric chloride, with a compound of the formula (C-6-2-a)
in which R32 has one of the meanings of R6.
10. A non-agricultural article according to claim 1 wherein
A8 is hydrogen, C1-C4alkyl, C1-C10alkoxy, cyclohexyloxy, allyl, benzyl or acetyl;
E1 is hydrogen, C1-C4alkyl, cyclohexyloxy, allyl, benzyl or acetyl and
E8, E12, E13, E16, E18, E22, E23, E25 and E29 are hydrogen, C1-C4alkyl, C1-C10alkoxy, cyclohexyloxy, allyl, benzyl or acetyl;
R6, R13, R16, R18, R30 and R32 are hydrogen, C1-C4alkyl, C1-C10alkoxy, cyclohexyloxy, allyl, benzyl or acetyl.
11. A non-agricultural article according to claim 9 wherein A8, E1, E8, E12, E13, E16, E18, E22, E23, E25, E29, R6, R13, R16, R18, R30 and R32 are hydrogen or methyl and R6 additionally is C1-C8alkoxy.
12. A non-agricultural article according to claim 9 wherein component (III) is a compound of the formula
(A-1-a), (A-2-a), (A-2-b),
(B-1-a), (B-1-b), (B-1-c), (B-1-d), (B-2-a), (B-3-a), (B-3-b), (B-4-a), (B-4-b), (B-5), (B-6-a), (B-8-a), (B-9-b), (B-10-a),
(C-1-a), (C-1-b), (C-1-c), (C-1-d), (C-2-a), (C-3-a), (C-4-a) or (C-5-a) or a product (C-6-a).
13. A non-agricultural article according to claim 9 wherein component (III) is a compound of the formula
(A-1-a), (A-2-a), (A-2-b),
(C-1-a), (C-1-b), (C-1-c), (C-1-d), (C-2-a), (C-3-a), (C-4-a) or (C-5-a) or a product (C-6-a).
14. A non-agricultural article according to claim 9 which contains as component (III) two different sterically hindered amine compounds selected from the group consisting of the compounds of the formulae
(A-1-a), (A-2-a), (A-2-b), (A-3-a), (A-4-a),
(B-1-a), (B-1-b), (B-1-c), (B-1-d), (B-2-a), (B-3-a), (B-3-b), (B-4-a), (B-4-b), (B-5), (B-6-a), (B-7), (B-8-a), (B-9-a), (B-9-b), (B-9-c), (B-10-a),
(C-1-a), (C-1-b), (C-1-c), (C-1-d), (C-2-a), (C-3-a), (C-4-a), (C-4-b), (C-4-c) and (C-5-a) and a product (C-6-a);
with the proviso that the two different sterically hindered amine compounds are not selected from the same generic formula.
15. A non-agricultural article according to claim 1 wherein component (III) is a compound of the formula (A-1-a), or
a compound of the formula (C-1-a) wherein R6 is hydrogen, or
a combination of a compound of the formula (A-1-a) with a compound of the formula (C-1-a) wherein R6 is hydrogen, or
a combination of a compound of the formula (A-1-a) with a compound of the formula (C-2-a) wherein R13 is methyl, or
a combination of a compound of the formula (B-1-b) wherein E1 is hydrogen with a compound of the formula (C-1-a) wherein R6 is hydrogen.
16. A non-agricultural article according to claim 1 which contains in addition one or more of the following components
(IV) an antioxidant,
(V) an UV absorber,
(VI) a filler,
(VII) a pigment,
(VIII) an inorganic or organic salt of Ca, Mg, Zn or Al.
17. A non-agricultural article according to claim 1 which additionally contains an aliphatic poly hydroxy-carboxyl acid.
18. A non-agricultural article according to claim 17 wherein the aliphatic poly hydroxy-carboxyl acid is citric acid.
19. A non-agricultural article according to claim 1 which is an article selected from the group consisting of geotextiles, landfill covers, industrial covers, waste covers, temporary scaffolding sheets, building films, silt fences, flexible packaging wraps, poultry curtains and temporary shelter constructions.
20. A method for controlling the weathering resistance and the degradation of a non-agricultural organic polymer article with the proviso that when the organic polymer is a polyolefin, said polyolefin does not contain an oxidizable unsaturated compound selected from the group consisting of natural rubber, styrene butadiene resin, fat and oil, which comprises incorporating into the organic polymer components (II) and (III) as defined in claim 1.
21. A non-agricultural article according to claim 1 with the proviso that when component (I) is a polyolefin, said polyolefin does not contain an oxidizable unsaturated compound.
Description

This is a continuation of U.S. app. 10/512,799, pending, which is a 371 of PCT/EP03/05373, filed May 22, 2003, which disclosures are hereby incorporated by reference.

The present invention relates to non-agricultural articles which keep their properties during the use and degrade later on, until total disintegration and disappearance of the plastic. The invention further relates to a method for controlling the weathering resistance and the degradation of non-agricultural articles. The desired effect is obtained with specific combinations of degradant metal salts and stabilizers.

A brief description of some exemplary non-agricultural articles made in accordance with the invention follows. Typically, the articles are required to have a relatively long service life followed by a relatively short period during which embrittlement and fragmentation occurs, either in situ or in a landfill. The articles may be film products comprising polyolefins or other organic polymers.

    • (a) Geotextiles. These are films, woven or spun-bonded fabrics that are used in civil engineering projects, primarily for temporary soil stabilization. In road and bridge building operations, for example, it is necessary that soil embankments and road base materials be stabilized and consolidated until trees, brushes and grass become established, typically for periods of six to eighteen months. Likewise, ditches and other drainage devices require temporary consolidation. When the service requirements are over, the material can degrade and be assimilated harmlessly into the surrounding environment.
    • (b) Multiple-use landfill covers. These can be used to cover a landfill active face overnight, pulled off in the morning and re-deployed at the end of the day. After some weeks, mechanical damage requires that the thick film cover be replaced. The pieces of the old cover can then undergo oxo-biodegradation after burial in the landfill.
    • (c) Industrial covers. Such covers, including tarpaulins and pallet wraps, are frequently required to provide protection for weeks or months and are then discarded after mechanical damage has rendered them no longer useful. Such covers will degrade in a landfill if made in accordance with the present invention. Other industrial covers in accordance with the invention include the wrappings for kiln-dried lumber, for new cars and boats during storage and transportation; temporary enclosures for buildings during repairs (for example, leaky condos) seasonal outdoor displays; covers for mining applications and oil rig applications, to cover and protect the work areas for the period of the year when the work cannot be done; covers for mothballing applications, for covering equipment such as chemical or oil industry equipment that has to be preserved for a time when not in use. All such covers and wrappings made in accordance with the invention can be disposed of in landfills after their service life and then undergo degradation.
    • (d) Waste covers, including covers and liners used in the construction or operation of a landfill. These have a service life that may be from several days to several months, depending upon the application. After their service life, they can degrade in the landfill.
    • (e) Temporary scaffolding sheets. These are used in the construction industry to protect inside surfaces during repairs. Their service life is typically between about three and eight months. After their service life, they can be disposed of and degrade in a landfill.
    • (f) Building films. These are used to protect some parts of a building during construction or repairs. Their service life is typically between two months and one year.
    • (g) Silt fences. These are used to protect temporarily some repair work or construction done on highways, fences, etc. Their service life is typically up to about one year.
    • (h) Flexible packaging wraps. These are used in the lumber and steel industries to protect lumber and metal goods during transportation and storage.
    • (i) Poultry curtains, made of polymer films. These are used in poultry farms to build temporary walls.
    • (j) Films for building temporary shelter constructions, such as emergency shelters.

In all of the foregoing examples, the non-agricultural article, made in accordance with the invention, will keep its properties during use and will degrade after its service life.

The invention also relates to a method for controlling the weather resistance and the degradation of a non-agricultural organic polymer article, for example articles of the types described above, which comprises incorporating into the organic polymer components (II) and (III) as defined below.

The invention also relates to a composition comprising components (II) and (III), and optionally one or more of components (IV), (V), (VI), (VII) or (VIII) as defined below, for incorporation with an organic polymer to form a non-agricultural article.

The invention also relates to the use of a mixture containing components (II) and (III), and optionally one or more of components (IV), (V), (VI), (VII) or (VIII) as defined below, for controlling the weathering resistance and the degradation of a non-agricultural organic polymer article.

The non-agricultural article of the present invention comprises an organic polymer, an organic salt of Fe, Ce, Co, Mn, Cu or V and one or more sterically hindered amine compounds.

Shelf stable nonwoven fabrics and films are disclosed in U.S. Pat. No. 5,393,831. A method for controlling the degradation start time is further disclosed in JP-A-05/043749. Chemically degradable polyolefin films are also described in U.S. Pat. No. 5,565,503.

Stabilized plastics are for example described in EP-A-226,453, GB-A-1,582,280, U.S. Pat. No. 3,909,333, U.S. Pat. No. 5,859,098, DE-A-4,003,129 and EP-A-172,691.

The present invention relates in particular to a non-agricultural article comprising the components

    • (I) an organic polymer,
    • (II) an organic salt of Fe, Ce, Co, Mn, Cu or V, and
    • (III) one or more sterically hindered amine compounds selected from the group consisting of
      a compound of the formula (A-1)

wherein
A1 is hydrogen or C1-C4alkyl,
A2 is a direct bond or C1-C10alkylene, and
n1 is a number from 2 to 50;
at least one compound of the formulae (A-2-a) and (A-2-b)

wherein
n2 and n2* are a number from 2 to 50;
a compound of the formula (A-3)

wherein
A3 and A4 independently of one another are hydrogen or C1-C8alkyl, or A3 and A4 together form a C2-C14alkylene group, and
the variables n3 independently of one another are a number from 1 to 50;
a compound of the formula (A-4)

wherein
n4 is a number from 2 to 50,
A5 is hydrogen or C1-C4alkyl,
the radicals A6 and A7 independently of one another are C1-C4alkyl or a group of the formula (a-I)

wherein A8 is hydrogen, C1-C8alkyl, O., OH, CH2CN, C1-C18alkoxy, C2-C18alkoxy substituted by OH; C5-C12cycloalkoxy, C3-C6alkenyl, C7-C9phenylalkyl unsubstituted or substituted on the phenyl by 1, 2 or 3 C1-C4alkyl; or C1-C8acyl,
with the proviso that at least 50% of the radicals A7 are a group of the formula (a-I);
a compound of the formula (B-1)

in which
E1 is hydrogen, C1-C8alkyl, O., OH, CH2CN, C1-C18alkoxy, C2-C18alkoxy substituted by OH;
C5-C12cycloalkoxy, C3-C6alkenyl, C7-C9phenylalkyl unsubstituted or substituted on the phenyl by 1, 2 or 3 C1-C4alkyl; or C1-C8acyl,
m1 is 1, 2 or 4,
if m1 is 1, E2 is C1-C25alkyl,
if m1 is 2, E2 is C1-C14alkylene or a group of the formula (b-I)

wherein E3 is C1-C10alkyl or C2-C10alkenyl, E4 is C1-C10alkylene, and
E5 and E6 independently of one another are C1-C4alkyl, cyclohexyl or methylcyclohexyl, and
if m1 is 4, E2 is C4-C10alkanetetrayl;
a compound of the formula (B-2)

in which
two of the radicals E7 are COO(C1-C20alkyl), and
two of the radicals E7 are a group of the formula (b-II)

with E8 having one of the meanings of E1;
a compound of the formula (B-3)

in which
E9 and E10 together form C2-C14alkylene,
E11 is hydrogen or a group -Z1-COO-Z2,
Z1 is C2-C14alkylene, and
Z2 is C1-C24alkyl, and
E12 has one of the meanings of E1;
a compound of the formula (B-4)

wherein
the radicals E13 independently of one another have one of the meanings of E1,
the radicals E14 independently of one another are hydrogen or C1-C12alkyl, and
E15 is C1-C10alkylene or C3-C10alkylidene;
a compound of the formula (B-5)

wherein
the radicals E16 independently of one another have one of the meanings of E1;
a compound of the formula (B-6)

in which
E17 is C1-C24alkyl, and
E18 has one of the meanings of E1;
a compound of the formula (B-7)

in which
E19, E20 and E21 independently of one another are a group of the formula (b-III)

wherein E22 has one of the meanings of E1;
a compound of the formula (B-8)

wherein
the radicals E23 independently of one another have one of the meanings of E1,
and E24 is hydrogen, C1-C12alkyl or C1-C12alkoxy;
a compound of the formula (B-9)

wherein
m2 is 1, 2 or 3,
E25 has one of the meanings of E1, and
when m2 is 1, E26 is a group

when m2 is 2, E26 is C2-C22alkylene, and
when m2 is 3, E26 is a group of the formula (b-IV)

wherein the radicals E27 independently of one another are C2-C12alkylene, and the radicals E28 independently of one another are C1-C12alkyl or C5-C12cycloalkyl;
a compound of the formula (B-10)

wherein
the radicals E29 independently of one another have one of the meanings of E1, and
E30 is C2-C22alkylene, C5-C7cycloalkylene, C1-C4alkylenedi(C5-C7cycloalkylene), phenylene or phenylenedi(C1-C4alkylene);

a compound of the formula (C-1)

in which
R1, R3, R4 and R5 independently of one another are hydrogen, C1-C12alkyl, C5-C12cycloalkyl,
C1-C4-alkyl-substituted C5-C12cycloalkyl, phenyl, phenyl which is substituted by OH and/or
C1-C10alkyl; C7-C9phenylalkyl, C7-C9-phenylalkyl which is substituted on the phenyl radical by OH and/or C1-C10alkyl; or a group of the formula (c-I)

R2 is C2-C18alkylene, C5-C7cycloalkylene or C1-C4alkylenedi(C5-C7cycloalkylene), or
the radicals R1, R2 and R3, together with the nitrogen atoms to which they are bonded, perform a 5- to 10-membered heterocyclic ring, or
R4 and R5, together with the nitrogen atom to which they are bonded, form a 5- to 10-membered heterocyclic ring,
R6 is hydrogen, C1-C8alkyl, O., OH, CH2CN, C1-C18alkoxy, C2-C18alkoxy substituted by OH;
C5-C12cycloalkoxy, C3-C6alkenyl, C7-C9-phenylalkyl unsubstituted or substituted on the phenyl by 1, 2 or 3 C1-C4alkyl; or C1-C8acyl, and
b1 is a number from 2 to 50,
with the proviso that at least one of the radicals R1, R3, R4 and R5 is a group of the formula (c-I);
a compound of the formula (C-2)

wherein
R7 and R11 independently of one another are hydrogen or C1-C12alkyl,
R8, R9 and R10 independently of one another are C2-C10alkylene, and
X1, X2, X3, X4, X5, X6, X7 and X8 independently of one another are a group of the formula (C-II),

in which R12 is hydrogen, C1-C12alkyl, C5-C12cycloalkyl, C1-C4alkyl-substituted C5-C12cycloalkyl, phenyl, OH and/or C1-C10alkyl-substituted phenyl, C7-C9phenylalkyl,
C7-C9phenylalkyl which is substituted on the phenyl radical by OH and/or C1-C10alkyl; or a group of the formula (c-I) as defined above, and
R13 has one of the meanings of R6;
a compound of the formula (C-3)

in which
R14 is C1-C10alkyl, C5-C12cycloalkyl, C1-C4alkyl-substituted C5-C12cycloalkyl, phenyl or
C1-C10alkyl-substituted phenyl,
R15 is C3-C10alkylene,
R16 has one of the meanings of R6, and
b2 is a number from 2 to 50;
a compound of the formula (C-4)

in which
R17 and R21 independently of one another are a direct bond or a N(X9)COX10CON(X11)group, where X9 and X11 independently of one another are hydrogen, C1-C8alkyl,
C5-C12cycloalkyl, phenyl, C7-C9phenylalkyl or a group of the formula (c-I),
X10 is a direct bond or C1-C4alkylene,
R18 has one of the meanings of R6,
R19, R20, R23 and R24 independently of one another are hydrogen, C1-C30alkyl,
C5-C12cycloalkyl or phenyl,
R22 is hydrogen, C1-C30alkyl, C5-C12cycloalkyl, phenyl, C7-C9phenylalkyl or a group of the formula (c-I), and
b3 is a number from 1 to 50;
a compound of the formula (C-5)

in which
R25, R26, R27, R28 and R29 independently of one another are a direct bond or
C1-C10alkylene,
R30 has one of the meanings of R6, and
b4 is a number from 1 to 50; and
a product (C-6) obtainable by reacting a product, obtained by reaction of a polyamine of the formula (C-6-1) with cyanuric chloride, with a compound of the formula (C-6-2)

in which
b′5, b″5 and b′″5 independently of one another are a number from 2 to 12,
R31 is hydrogen, C1-C12alkyl, C5-C12cycloalkyl, phenyl or C7-C9phenylalkyl, and
R32 has one of the meanings of R6.

When the non-agricultural article according to the present invention contains a polyolefin, the presence of an oxidizable unsaturated compound, in particular natural rubber, styrene butadiene resin, fat or oil, is preferably disclaimed.

A non-agricultural article which is free of an oxidizable unsaturated compound, in particular natural rubber, styrene butadiene resin, fat or oil, is of special interest.

Examples of alkyl having up to 30 carbon atoms are methyl, ethyl, propyl, isopropyl, n-butyl, sec-butyl, isobutyl, tert-butyl, 2-ethylbutyl, n-pentyl, isopentyl, 1-methylpentyl, 1,3-dimethylbutyl, n-hexyl, 1-methylhexyl, n-heptyl, isoheptyl, 1,1,3,3-tetramethylbutyl, 1-methylheptyl, 3-methylheptyl, n-octyl, 2-ethylhexyl, 1,1,3-trimethylhexyl, 1,1,3,3-tetramethylpentyl, nonyl, decyl, undecyl, 1-methylundecyl, dodecyl, 1,1,3,3,5,5-hexamethylhexyl, tridecyl, tetradecyl, pentadecyl, hexadecyl, heptadecyl, octadecyl, eicosyl, docosyl and triacontyl. One of the preferred definitions of A8, E1, E8, E12, E13, E16, E18, E22, E23, E25, E29, R6, R13, R16, R18, R30 and R32 is C1-C4alkyl, especially methyl. R31 is preferably butyl.

Examples of alkoxy having up to 18 carbon atoms are methoxy, ethoxy, propoxy, isopropoxy, butoxy, isobutoxy, pentoxy, isopentoxy, hexoxy, heptoxy, octoxy, decyloxy, dodecyloxy, tetradecyloxy, hexadecyloxy and octadecyloxy. One of the preferred meanings of E1 is octoxy. E24 is preferably C1-C4alkoxy and one of the preferred meanings of R6 is propoxy.

Examples of C5-C12cycloalkyl are cyclopentyl, cyclohexyl, cycloheptyl, cyclooctyl and cyclododecyl. C5-C8Cycloalkyl, especially cyclohexyl, is preferred.

C1-C4Alkyl-substituted C5-C12cycloalkyl is for example methylcyclohexyl or dimethylcyclohexyl.

Examples of C5-C12cycloalkoxy are cyclopentoxy, cyclohexoxy, cycloheptoxy, cyclooctoxy, cyclodecyloxy and cyclododecyloxy. C5-C8Cycloalkoxy, in particular cyclopentoxy and cyclohexoxy, is preferred.

OH and/or C1-C10alkyl-substituted phenyl is for example methylphenyl, dimethylphenyl, trimethylphenyl, tert-butylphenyl or 3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyphenyl.

Examples of C7-C9phenylalkyl are benzyl and phenylethyl.

C7-C9Phenylalkyl which is substituted on the phenyl radical by OH and/or by alkyl having up to 10 carbon atoms is for example methylbenzyl, dimethylbenzyl, trimethylbenzyl, tert-butylbenzyl or 3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxybenzyl.

Examples of alkenyl having up to 10 carbon atoms are allyl, 2-methallyl, butenyl, pentenyl and hexenyl. Allyl is preferred. The carbon atom in position 1 is preferably saturated.

Examples of acyl containing not more than 8 carbon atoms are formyl, acetyl, propionyl, butyryl, pentanoyl, hexanoyl, heptanoyl, octanoyl, acryloyl, methacryloyl and benzoyl. C1-C8Alkanoyl, C3-C8alkenyl and benzoyl are preferred. Acetyl and acryloyl are especially preferred.

Examples of alkylene having up to 22 carbon atoms are methylene, ethylene, propylene, trimethylene, tetramethylene, pentamethylene, 2,2-dimethyltrimethylene, hexamethylene, trimethylhexamethylene, octamethylene and decamethylene.

An example of C3-C10alkylidene is the group

An example of C4-C10alkanetetrayl is 1,2,3,4-butanetetrayl.

An example of C5-C7cycloalkylene is cyclohexylene.

An example of C1-C4alkylenedi(C5-C7cycloalkylene) is methylenedicyclohexylene.

An example of phenylenedi(C1-C4alkylene) is methylene-phenylene-methylene or ethylene-phenylene-ethylene.

Where the radicals R1, R2 and R3, together with the nitrogen atoms to which they are attached, form a 5- to 10-membered heterocyclic ring, this ring is for example

A 6-membered heterocyclic ring is preferred.

Where the radicals R4 and R5, together with the nitrogen atom to which they are attached, form a 5- to 10-membered heterocyclic ring, this ring is for example 1-pyrrolidyl, piperidino, morpholino, 1-piperazinyl, 4-methyl-1-piperazinyl, 1-hexahydroazepinyl, 5,5,7-trimethyl-1-homopiperazinyl or 4,5,5,7-tetramethyl-1-homopiperazinyl. Morpholino is particularly preferred.

One of the preferred definitions of R19 and R23 is phenyl. R26 is preferably a direct bond.

n1, n2, n2* and n4 are preferably a number from 2 to 25, in particular 2 to 20.

n3 is preferably a number from 1 to 25, in particular 1 to 20 or 2 to 20.

b1 and b2 are preferably a number from 2 to 25, in particular 2 to 20.

b3 and b4 are preferably a number from 1 to 25, in particular 1 to 20 or 2 to 20.

b′5 and b′″5 are preferably 3 and b″5 is preferably 2.

A8 is preferably hydrogen, C1-C4alkyl, C1-C10alkoxy, cyclohexyloxy, allyl, benzyl or acetyl.

E1, E8, E12, E13, E16, E18, E22, E23, E25 and E29 are preferably hydrogen, C1-C4alkyl, C1-C10 alkoxy, cyclohexyloxy, allyl, benzyl or acetyl.

R6, R13, R16, R18, R30 and R32 are preferably hydrogen, C1-C4alkyl, C1-C10alkoxy, cyclohexyloxy, allyl, benzyl or acetyl.

A8, E1, E8, E12, E13, E16, E18, E22, E23, E25, E29, R6, R13, R16, R18, R30 and R32 are preferably hydrogen or methyl and E1 and R6 additionally are C1-C8alkoxy.

The compounds described above as component (III) are essentially known and commercially available. All of them can be prepared by known processes.

The preparation of the compounds of the formulae (A-1), (A-2-a), (A-2-b), (A-3) and (A-4) is disclosed, for example, in U.S. Pat. No. 4,233,412, U.S. Pat. No. 4,340,534, WO-A-98/51,690 and EP-A-1,803.

The preparation of the compounds of the formulae (B-1), (B-2), (B-3), (B-4), (B-5), (B-6), (B-7), (B-8), (B-9) and (B-10) is disclosed, for example, in U.S. Pat. No. 5,679,733, U.S. Pat. No. 3,640,928, U.S. Pat. No. 4,198,334, U.S. Pat. No. 5,204,473, U.S. Pat. No. 4,619,958, U.S. Pat. No. 4,110,306, U.S. Pat. No. 4,110,334, U.S. Pat. No. 4,689,416, U.S. Pat. No. 4,408,051, SU-A-768,175 (Derwent 88-138,751/20), U.S. Pat. No. 5,049,604, U.S. Pat. No. 4,769,457, U.S. Pat. No. 4,356,307, U.S. Pat. No. 4,619,956, U.S. Pat. No. 5,182,390, GB-A-2,269,819, U.S. Pat. No. 4,292,240, U.S. Pat. No. 5,026,849, U.S. Pat. No. 5,071,981, U.S. Pat. No. 4,547,538 and U.S. Pat. No. 4,976,889.

The preparation of the compounds of the formulae (C-1), (C-2), (C-3), (C-4) and (C-5) as well as the product (C-6) is disclosed, for example, in U.S. Pat. No. 4,086,204, U.S. Pat. No. 6,046,304, U.S. Pat. No. 4,331,586, U.S. Pat. No. 4,108,829, U.S. Pat. No. 5,051,458, WO-A-94/12,544 (Derwent 94-177,274/22), DD-A-262,439 (Derwent 89-122,983/17), U.S. Pat. No. 4,857,595, U.S. Pat. No. 4,529,760 and U.S. Pat. No. 4,477,615 and CAS 136, 504-96-6.

The product (C-6) can be prepared analogously to known processes, for example by reacting a polyamine of formula (C-6-1) with cyanuric chloride in a molar ratio of from 1:2 to 1:4 in the presence of anhydrous lithium carbonate, sodium carbonate or potassium carbonate in an organic solvent such as 1,2-dichloroethane, toluene, xylene, benzene, dioxane or tert-amyl alcohol at a temperature of from −20 C. to +10 C., preferably from −10 C. to +10 C., in particular from 0 C. to +10 C., for from 2 to 8 hours, followed by reaction of the resultant product with a 2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-piperidylamine of the formula (C-6-2). The molar ratio of the 2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-piperidylamine to polyamine of the formula (C-6-1) employed is for example from 4:1 to 8:1. The quantity of the 2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-piperidylamine can be added in one portion or in more than one portion at intervals of a few hours.

The molar ratio of polyamine of the formula (C-6-1) to cyanuric chloride to 2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-piperidylamine of the formula (C-6-2) is preferably from 1:3:5 to 1:3:6.

The following example indicates one way of preparing a preferred product (C-6-a).

Example: 23.6 g (0.128 mol) of cyanuric chloride, 7.43 g (0.0426 mol) of N,N′-bis[3-aminopropyl]ethylenediamine and 18 g (0.13 mol) of anhydrous potassium carbonate are reacted at 5 C. for 3 hours with stirring in 250 ml of 1,2-dichloroethane. The mixture is warmed at room temperature for a further 4 hours. 27.2 g (0.128 mol) of N-(2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-piperidyl)butylamine are added and the resultant mixture is warmed at 60 C. for 2 hours. A further 18 g (0.13 mol) of anhydrous potassium carbonate are added and the mixture is warmed at 60 C. for a further 6 hours. The solvent is removed by distillation under a slight vacuum (200 mbar) and replaced by xylene. 18.2 g (0.085 mol) of N-(2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-piperidyl)butylamine and 5.2 g (0.13 mol) of ground sodium hydroxide are added, the mixture is heated at reflux for 2 hours and, for a further 12 hours, the water formed during the reaction is removed by azeotropic distillation. The mixture is filtered. The solution is washed with water and dried over Na2SO4. The solvent is evaporated and the residue is dried at 120-130 C. in vacuo (0.1 mbar). The desired product is obtained as a colourless resin.

In general, the product (C-6) can for example be represented by a compound of the formula (C-6-α), (C-6-β) or (C-6-γ). It can also be in the form of a mixture of these three compounds.

A preferred meaning of the formula (C-6-α) is

A preferred meaning of the formula (C-6-β) is

A preferred meaning of the formula (C-6-γ) is

In the above formulae (C-6-α) to (C-6-γ), b5 is preferably 2 to 20, in particular 2 to 10.

Component (III) is for example TINUVIN 622 (RTM), HOSTAVIN N 30 (RTM), FERRO AM 806 (RTM), DASTIB 845 (RTM), TINUVIN 770 (RTM), TINUVIN 765 (RTM), TINUVIN 144 (RTM), TINUVIN 123 (RTM), ADK STAB LA 52 (RTM), ADK STAB LA 57 (RTM), ADK STAB LA 62 (RTM), ADK STAB LA 67 (RTM), HOSTAVIN N 20 (RTM), HOSTAVIN N 24 (RTM), SANDUVOR 3050 (RTM), DIACETAM 5 (RTM), SUMISORB TM 61 (RTM), UVINUL 4049 (RTM), SANDUVOR PR 31 (RTM), GOODRITE UV 3034 (RTM), GOODRITE UV 3150 (RTM), GOODRITE UV 3159 (RTM), GOODRITE 3110128 (RTM), UVINUL 4050H (RTM), CHIMASSORB 944 (RTM), CHIMASSORB 2020 (RTM), CYASORB UV 3346 (RTM), CYASORB UV 3529 (RTM), DASTIB 1082 (RTM), CHIMASSORB 119 (RTM), UVASIL 299 (RTM), UVASIL 125 (RTM), UVASIL 2000 (RTM), UVINUL 5050H (RTM), LICHTSCHUTZSTOFF UV 31 (RTM), LUCHEM HA B 18 (RTM), ADK STAB LA 63 (RTM), ADK STAB LA 68 (RTM), UVASORB HA 88 (RTM).

The meanings of the terminal groups which saturate the free valences in the compounds of the formulae (A-1), (A-2-a), (A-2-b), (A-4), (C-1), (C-3), (C-4), (C-5), (C-6-α), (C-6-β) and (C-6-γ) depend on the processes used for their preparation. The terminal groups can also be modified after the preparation of the compounds.

If the compounds of the formula (A-1) are prepared, for example, by reacting a compound of the formula

in which A1 is hydrogen or methyl, with a dicarboxylic acid diester of the formula YOOC-A2-COOY, in which Y is, for example, methyl, ethyl or propyl, and A2 is as defined above, the terminal group bonded to the 2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-oxypiperidin-1-yl radical is hydrogen or CO-A2-COOY, and the terminal group bonded to the diacyl radical is OY or

In the compounds of the formula (A-2-a), the terminal group bonded to the nitrogen can be, for example, hydrogen and the terminal group bonded to the 2-hydroxypropylene radical can be, for example, a

group.

In the compounds of the formula (A-2-b), the terminal group bonded to the dimethylene radical can be, for example, OH, and the terminal group bonded to the oxygen can be, for example, hydrogen. The terminal groups can also be polyether radicals.

In the compounds of the formula (A-4), the end group bonded to the CH2 residue can be, for example, hydrogen and the end group bonded to the CH(CO2A7) residue can be, for example, CH═CHCOOA7.

If the compounds of the formula (C-1) are prepared by reacting a compound of the formula

in which X is, for example, halogen, in particular chlorine, and R4 and R5 are as defined above, with a compound of the formula

in which R1, R2 and R3 are as defined above, the terminal group bonded to the diamino radical is hydrogen or

and the terminal group bonded to the triazine radical is X or

If X is halogen, it is advantageous to replace this, for example, by OH or an amino group when the reaction is complete. Examples of amino groups which may be mentioned are pyrrolidin-1-yl, morpholino, NH2, N(C1-C8)alkyl)2 and NR(C1-C8alkyl), in which R is hydrogen or a group of the formula (C-I).

The compounds of the formula (C-1) also cover compounds of the formula

wherein R1, R2, R3, R4, R5 and b1 are as defined above and R4* has one of the meanings of R4 and R5* has one of the meanings of R5.

One of the particularly preferred compounds of the formula (C-1) is

The preparation of this compound is described in Example 10 of U.S. Pat. No. 6,046,304.

In the compounds of the formula (C-3), the terminal group bonded to the silicon atom can be, for example, (R14)3SiO, and the terminal group bonded to the oxygen can be, for example, Si(R14)3.

The compounds of the formula (C-3) can also be in the form of cyclic compounds If b2 is a number from 3 to 10, i.e. the free valences shown in the structural formula then form a direct bond.

In the compounds of the formula (C-4), the terminal group bonded to the 2,5-dioxopyrrolidine ring is, for example, hydrogen, and the terminal group bonded to the C(R23)(R24) radical is, for example,

In the compounds of the formula (C-5), the terminal group bonded to the carbonyl radical is, for example,

and the terminal group bonded to the oxygen radical is, for example,

In the compounds of the formulae (C-6-α), (C-6-β) and (C-6-γ), the terminal group bonded to the triazine radical is, for example, Cl or a

group, and the terminal group bonded to the amino radical is, for example, hydrogen or a

group.

According to a preferred embodiment

A1 is hydrogen or methyl,
A2 is a direct bond or C2-C6alkylene, and
n1 is a number from 2 to 25;
n2 and n2* are a number from 2 to 25;
A3 and A4 independently of one another are hydrogen or C1-C4alkyl, or A3 and A4 together form a C9-C13alkylene group, and
the variables n3 independently of one another are a number from 1 to 25;
n4 is a number from 2 to 25,
A5 and A6 independently of one another are C1-C4alkyl, and
A7 is C1-C4alkyl or a group of the formula (a-I)
with the proviso that at least 50% of the radicals A7 are a group of the formula (a-I);
m1 is 1, 2 or 4,
if m1 is 1, E2 is C12-C20alkyl,
if m1 is 2, E2 is C2-C10alkylene or a group of the formula (b-I),
E3 is C1-C4alkyl,
E4 is C1-C6alkylene, and
E5 and E6 independently of one another are C1-C4alkyl, and
if m1 is 4, E2 is C4-C8alkanetetrayl;
two of the radicals E7 are COO(C10-C15alkyl), and
two of the radicals E7 are a group of the formula (b-II);
E9 and E10 together form C9-C13alkylene,
E11 is hydrogen or a group -Z1-COO-Z2,
Z1 is C2-C6alkylene, and
Z2 is C10-C16alkyl;
E14 is hydrogen, and
E15 is C2-C6alkylene or C3-C5alkylidene;
E17 is C10-C14alkyl;
E24 is C1-C4alkoxy;
m2 is 1, 2 or 3,
when m2 is 1, E26 is a group

when m2 is 2, E26 is C2-C6alkylene, and
when m2 is 3, E26 is a group of the formula (b-IV)
the radicals E27 independently of one another are C2-C6alkylene, and
the radicals E28 independently of one another are C1-C4alkyl or C5-C8cycloalkyl; and
E30 is C2-C8alkylene;
R1 and R3 independently of one another are a group of the formula (C-I),
R2 is C2-C8alkylene,
R4 and R5 independently of one another are hydrogen, C1-C12alkyl, C5-C8cycloalkyl or a
group of the formula (C-I), or the radicals R4 and R5, together with the nitrogen atom to which they are bonded, form a 5- to 10-membered heterocyclic ring, and
b1 is a number from 2 to 25;
R7 and R11 independently of one another are hydrogen or C1-C4alkyl,
R8, R9 and R10 independently of one another are C2-C4alkylene, and
X1, X2, X3, X4, X5, X6, X7 and X8 independently of one another are a group of the formula (c-II),
R12 is hydrogen, C1-C4alkyl, C5-C8cycloalkyl or a group of the formula (C-I);
R14 is C1-C4alkyl,
R15 is C3-C6alkylene, and
b2 is a number from 2 to 25;
R17 and R21 independently of one another are a direct bond or a group

N(X9)COX10CON(X11),

X9 and X11 independently of one another are hydrogen or C1-C4alkyl,
X10 is a direct bond,
R19 and R23 are C1-C25alkyl or phenyl,
R20 and R24 are hydrogen or C1-C4alkyl,
R22 is C1-C25alkyl or a group of the formula (C-I), and
b3 is a number from 1 to 25;
R25, R26, R27, R28 and R29 independently of one another are a direct bond or
C1-C4alkylene, and
b4 is a number from 1 to 25;
b′5, b″5 and b′″5 independently of one another are a number from 2 to 4, and
R31 is hydrogen, C1-C4alkyl, C5-C8cycloalkyl, phenyl or benzyl.

A non-agricultural article of interest is one wherein

component (III) is one or more sterically hindered amine compounds selected from the group consisting of the compounds of the formulae

(A-1-a), (A-2-a), (A-2-b), (A-3-a), (A-4-a), (B-1-a), (B-1-b), (B-1-c), (B-1-d), (B-2-a), (B-3-a), (B-3-b), (B-4-a), (B-4-b), (B-5), (B-6-a), (B-7), (B-8-a), (B-9-a), (B-9-b), (B-9-c), (B-10-a),

(C-1-a), (C-1-b), (C-1-c), (C-1-d), (C-2-a), (C-3-a), (C-4-a), (C-4-b), (C-4-c) and (C-5-a) and a product (C-6-a);

wherein n1 is a number from 2 to 20;

wherein n2 and n2* are a number from 2 to 20;

wherein the variables n3 independently of one another are a number from 1 to 20;

wherein n4 is a number from 2 to 20, and
at least 50% of the radicals A7 are a group of the formula (a-I)

wherein A8 is hydrogen, C1-C8alkyl, O., OH, CH2CN, C1-C18alkoxy, C5-C12cycloalkoxy, C3-C6alkenyl, C7-C9phenylalkyl unsubstituted or substituted on the phenyl by 1, 2 or 3 C1-C4alkyl; or C1-C8acyl,
and the remaining radicals A7 are ethyl;

wherein E1 is hydrogen, C1-C8alkyl, O., OH, CH2CN, C1-C18alkoxy, C5-C12cycloalkoxy, C3-C6alkenyl, C7-C9phenylalkyl unsubstituted or substituted on the phenyl by 1, 2 or 3 C1-C4alkyl; or C1-C8acyl;

in which two of the radicals E7 are COOC13H27 and two of the radicals E7 are

and E8 has one of the meanings of E1;

wherein E12 has one of the meanings of E1;

wherein E13 has one of the meanings of E1;

wherein E16 has one of the meanings of E1;

wherein E18 has one of the meanings of E1;

in which E19, E20 and E21 independently of one another are a group of the formula (b-III)

wherein E22 has one of the meanings of E1;

wherein E23 has one of the meanings of E1;

wherein E25 has one of the meanings of E1;

wherein E29 has one of the meanings of E1;

wherein b1 is a number from 2 to 20 and R6 is hydrogen, C1-C8alkyl, O., OH, CH2CN, C1-C18alkoxy, C5-C12cycloalkoxy, C3-C6alkenyl, C7-C9phenylalkyl unsubstituted or substituted on the phenyl by 1, 2 or 3 C1-C4alkyl; or C1-C8acyl;

wherein R13 has one of the meanings of R6,

wherein b2 is a number from 2 to 20 and R16 has one of the meanings of R6;

wherein b3 is a number from 1 to 20 and R18 has one of the meanings of R6;

wherein b4 is a number from 1 to 20 and R30 has one of the meanings of R6;
a product (C-6-a) obtainable by reacting a product, obtained by reaction of a polyamine of the formula (C-6-1-a) with cyanuric chloride, with a compound of the formula (C-6-2-a)

in which R32 has one of the meanings of R6.

According to a preferred embodiment component (III) is a compound of the formula

(A-6-a), (A-2-a), (A-2-b), (B-1-a), (B-1-b), (B-1-c), (B-1-d), (B-2-a), (B-3-a), (B-3-b), (B-4-a), (B-4-b), (B-5), (B-6-a), (B-8-a), (B-9-b), (B-10-a),

(C-1-a), (C-1-b), (C-1-c), (C-1-d), (C-2-a), (C-3-a), (C-4-a) or (C-5-a) or a product (C-6-a).

According to a particular preferred embodiment component (III) is a compound of the formula

(A-6-a), (A-2-a), (A-2-b),

(C-1-a), (C-1-b), (C-1-c), (C-1-d), (C-2-a), (C-3-a), (C-4-a) or (C-5-a) or a product (C-6-a).

A non-agricultural article which is of interest contains as component (III) two different sterically hindered amine compounds selected from the group consisting of the compounds of the formulae

(A-6-a), (A-2-a), (A-2-b), (A-3-a), (A-4-a), (B-1-a), (B-1-b), (B-1-c), (B-1-d), (B-2-a), (B-3-a), (B-3-b), (B-4-a), (B-4-b), (B-5), (B-6-a), (B-7), (B-8-a), (B-9-a), (B-9-b), (B-9-c), (B-10-a),

(C-1-a), (C-1-b), (C-1-c), (C-1-d), (C-2-a), (C-3-a), (C-4-a), (C-4-b), (C-4-c) and (C-5-a) and a product (C-6-a);
with the proviso that the two different sterically hindered amine compounds are not selected from the same generic formula.

Component (III) is particularly preferred a compound of the formula (A-1-a), or

a compound of the formula (C-1-a) wherein R6 is hydrogen, or
a combination of a compound of the formula (A-1-a) with a compound of the formula (C-1-a) wherein R6 is hydrogen, or
a combination of a compound of the formula (A-1-a) with a compound of the formula (C-2-a) wherein R13 is methyl, or
a combination of a compound of the formula (B-1-b) wherein E1 is hydrogen with a compound of the formula (C-1-a) wherein R6 is hydrogen.

Component (II) is preferably a C2-C24carboxylate of Fe, Ce, Co, Mn, Cu or V, in particular Ce, Co or Mn.

C10-C20alkanoates of Ce, Co or Mn or C10-C20alkenoates of Ce, Co or Mn are of particular interest.

Examples of component (II) are stearates, oleates, linoleates, linolenates, neodecanoates, behenates, myristates, erucates and naphthenates of Fe, Ce, Co, Mn, Cu or V. A particular preferred embodiment relates to stearates of Ce, Co or Mn.

Examples of component (I) are:

1. Polymers of monoolefins and diolefins, for example polypropylene, polyisobutylene, polybut-1-ene, poly-4-methylpent-1-ene, polyvinylcyclohexane, polyisoprene or polybutadiene, as well as polymers of cycloolefins, for instance of cyclopentene or norbornene, polyethylene (which optionally can be crosslinked), for example high density polyethylene (HDPE), high density and high molecular weight polyethylene (HDPE-HMW), high density and ultrahigh molecular weight polyethylene (HDPE-UHMW), medium density polyethylene (MDPE), low density polyethylene (LDPE), linear low density polyethylene (LLDPE), (VLDPE) and (ULDPE).

Polyolefins, i.e. the polymers of monoolefins exemplified in the preceding paragraph, preferably polyethylene and polypropylene, can be prepared by different, and especially by the following, methods:

    • a) radical polymerisation (normally under high pressure and at elevated temperature).
    • b) catalytic polymerisation using a catalyst that normally contains one or more than one metal of groups IVb, Vb, VIb or VIII of the Periodic Table. These metals usually have one or more than one ligand, typically oxides, halides, alcoholates, esters, ethers, amines, alkyls, alkenyls and/or aryls that may be either π- or σ-coordinated. These metal complexes may be in the free form or fixed on substrates, typically on activated magnesium chloride, titanium(III) chloride, alumina or silicon oxide. These catalysts may be soluble or insoluble in the polymerisation medium. The catalysts can be used by themselves in the polymerisation or further activators may be used, typically metal alkyls, metal hydrides, metal alkyl halides, metal alkyl oxides or metal alkyloxanes, said metals being elements of groups Ia, IIa and/or IIIa of the Periodic Table. The activators may be modified conveniently with further ester, ether, amine or silyl ether groups. These catalyst systems are usually termed Phillips, Standard Oil Indiana, Ziegler (-Natta), TNZ (DuPont), metallocene or single site catalysts (SSC).
      2. Mixtures of the polymers mentioned under 1), for example mixtures of polypropylene with polyisobutylene, polypropylene with polyethylene (for example PP/HDPE, PP/LDPE) and mixtures of different types of polyethylene (for example LDPE/HDPE).
      3. Copolymers of monoolefins and diolefins with each other or with other vinyl monomers, for example ethylene/propylene copolymers, linear low density polyethylene (LLDPE) and mixtures thereof with low density polyethylene (LDPE), propylene/but-1-ene copolymers, propylene/isobutylene copolymers, ethylene/but-1-ene copolymers, ethylene/hexene copolymers, ethylene/methylpentene copolymers, ethylene/heptene copolymers, ethylene/octene copolymers, ethylene/vinylcyclohexane copolymers, ethylene/cycloolefin copolymers (e.g. ethylene/norbornene like COC), ethylene/1-olefins copolymers, where the 1-olefin is generated in-situ; propylene/butadiene copolymers, isobutylene/isoprene copolymers, ethylene/vinylcyclohexene copolymers, ethylene/alkyl acrylate copolymers, ethylene/alkyl methacrylate copolymers, ethylene/vinyl acetate copolymers or ethylene/acrylic acid copolymers and their salts (ionomers) as well as terpolymers of ethylene with propylene and a diene such as hexadiene, dicyclopentadiene or ethylidene-norbornene; and mixtures of such copolymers with one another and with polymers mentioned in 1) above, for example polypropylene/ethylenepropylene copolymers, LDPE/ethylene-vinyl acetate copolymers (EVA), LDPE/ethylene-acrylic acid copolymers (EAA), LLDPE/EVA, LLDPE/EAA and alternating or random polyalkylene/carbon monoxide copolymers and mixtures thereof with other polymers, for example polyamides.
      4. Hydrocarbon resins (for example C5-C9) including hydrogenated modifications thereof (e.g. tackifiers) and mixtures of polyalkylenes and starch.

Homopolymers and copolymers from 1.)-4.) may have any stereostructure including syndiotactic, isotactic, hemi-isotactic or atactic; where atactic polymers are preferred. Steroeoblock polymers are also included.

5. Polystyrene, poly(p-methylstyrene), poly(α-methylstyrene).
6. Aromatic homopolymers and copolymers derived from vinyl aromatic monomers including styrene, α-methylstyrene, all isomers of vinyl toluene, especially p-vinyltoluene, all isomers of ethyl styrene, propyl styrene, vinyl biphenyl, vinyl naphthalene, and vinyl anthracene, and mixtures thereof. Homopolymers and copolymers may have any stereostructure including syndiotactic, isotactic, hemi-isotactic or atactic; where atactic polymers are preferred. Stereoblock polymers are also included.
6a. Copolymers including aforementioned vinyl aromatic monomers and comonomers selected from ethylene, propylene, dienes, nitriles, acids, maleic anhydrides, maleimides, vinyl acetate and vinyl chloride or acrylic derivatives and mixtures thereof, for example styrene/butadiene, styrene/acrylonitrile, styrene/ethylene (interpolymers), styrene/alkyl methacrylate, styrene/butadiene/alkyl acrylate, styrene/butadiene/alkyl methacrylate, styrene/maleic anhydride, styrene/acrylonitrile/methyl acrylate; mixtures of high impact strength of styrene copolymers and another polymer, for example a polyacrylate, a diene polymer or an ethylene/propylene/diene terpolymer; and block copolymers of styrene such as styrene/butadiene/styrene, styrene/isoprene/styrene, styrene/ethylene/butylene/styrene or styrene/ethylene/propylene/styrene.
6b. Hydrogenated aromatic polymers derived from hydrogenation of polymers mentioned under 6.), especially including polycyclohexylethylene (PCHE) prepared by hydrogenating atactic polystyrene, often referred to as polyvinylcyclohexane (PVCH).
6c. Hydrogenated aromatic polymers derived from hydrogenation of polymers mentioned under 6a.).

Homopolymers and copolymers may have any stereostructure including syndiotactic, isotactic, hemi-isotactic or atactic; where atactic polymers are preferred. Stereoblock polymers are also included.

7. Graft copolymers of vinyl aromatic monomers such as styrene or α-methylstyrene, for example styrene on polybutadiene, styrene on polybutadiene-styrene or polybutadiene-acrylonitrile copolymers; styrene and acrylonitrile (or methacrylonitrile) on polybutadiene; styrene, acrylonitrile and methyl methacrylate on polybutadiene; styrene and maleic anhydride on polybutadiene; styrene, acrylonitrile and maleic anhydride or maleimide on polybutadiene; styrene and maleimide on polybutadiene; styrene and alkyl acrylates or methacrylates on polybutadiene; styrene and acrylonitrile on ethylene/propylene/diene terpolymers; styrene and acrylonitrile on polyalkyl acrylates or polyalkyl methacrylates, styrene and acrylonitrile on acrylate/butadiene copolymers, as well as mixtures thereof with the copolymers listed under 6), for example the copolymer mixtures known as ABS, MBS, ASA or AES polymers.
8. Halogen-containing polymers such as polychloroprene, chlorinated rubbers, chlorinated and brominated copolymer of isobutylene-isoprene (halobutyl rubber), chlorinated or sulfochlorinated polyethylene, copolymers of ethylene and chlorinated ethylene, epichlorohydrin homo- and copolymers, especially polymers of halogen-containing vinyl compounds, for example polyvinyl chloride, polyvinylidene chloride, polyvinyl fluoride, polyvinylidene fluoride, as well as copolymers thereof such as vinyl chloride/vinylidene chloride, vinyl chloride/vinyl acetate or vinylidene chloride/vinyl acetate copolymers.
9. Polymers derived from α,β-unsaturated acids and derivatives thereof such as polyacrylates and polymethacrylates; polymethyl methacrylates, polyacrylamides and polyacrylonitriles, impact-modified with butyl acrylate.
10. Copolymers of the monomers mentioned under 9) with each other or with other unsaturated monomers, for example acrylonitrile/butadiene copolymers, acrylonitrile/alkyl acrylate copolymers, acrylonitrile/alkoxyalkyl acrylate or acrylonitrile/vinyl halide copolymers or acrylonitrile/alkyl methacrylate/butadiene terpolymers.
11. Polymers derived from unsaturated alcohols and amines or the acyl derivatives or acetals thereof, for example polyvinyl alcohol, polyvinyl acetate, polyvinyl stearate, polyvinyl benzoate, polyvinyl maleate, polyvinyl butyral, polyallyl phthalate or polyallyl melamine; as well as their copolymers with olefins mentioned in 1) above.
12. Homopolymers and copolymers of cyclic ethers such as polyalkylene glycols, polyethylene oxide, polypropylene oxide or copolymers thereof with bisglycidyl ethers.
13. Polyacetals such as polyoxymethylene and those polyoxymethylenes which contain ethylene oxide as a comonomer; polyacetals modified with thermoplastic polyurethanes, acrylates or MBS.
14. Polyphenylene oxides and sulfides, and mixtures of polyphenylene oxides with styrene polymers or polyamides.
15. Polyurethanes derived from hydroxyl-terminated polyethers, polyesters or polybutadienes on the one hand and aliphatic or aromatic polyisocyanates on the other, as well as precursors thereof.
16. Polyamides and copolyamides derived from diamines and dicarboxylic acids and/or from aminocarboxylic acids or the corresponding lactams, for example polyamide 4, polyamide 6, polyamide 6/6, 6/10, 6/9, 6/12, 4/6, 12/12, polyamide 11, polyamide 12, aromatic polyamides starting from m-xylene diamine and adipic acid; polyamides prepared from hexamethylenediamine and isophthalic or/and terephthalic acid and with or without an elastomer as modifier, for example poly-2,4,4,-trimethylhexamethylene terephthalamide or poly-m-phenylene isophthalamide; and also block copolymers of the aforementioned polyamides with polyolefins, olefin copolymers, ionomers or chemically bonded or grafted elastomers; or with polyethers, e.g. with polyethylene glycol, polypropylene glycol or polytetramethylene glycol; as well as polyamides or copolyamides modified with EPDM or ABS; and polyamides condensed during processing (RIM polyamide systems).
17. Polyureas, polyimides, polyamide-imides, polyetherimids, polyesterimids, polyhydantoins and polybenzimidazoles.
18. Polyesters derived from dicarboxylic acids and diols and/or from hydroxycarboxylic acids or the corresponding lactones, for example polyethylene terephthalate, polybutylene terephthalate, poly-1,4-dimethylolcyclohexane terephthalate, polyalkylene naphthalate (PAN) and polyhydroxybenzoates, as well as block copolyether esters derived from hydroxyl-terminated polyethers; and also polyesters modified with polycarbonates or MBS.
19. Polycarbonates and polyester carbonates.

20. Polyketones.

21. Polysulfones, polyether sulfones and polyether ketones.
22. Crosslinked polymers derived from aldehydes on the one hand and phenols, ureas and melamines on the other hand, such as phenol/formaldehyde resins, urea/formaldehyde resins and melamine/formaldehyde resins.
23. Drying and non-drying alkyd resins.
24. Unsaturated polyester resins derived from copolyesters of saturated and unsaturated dicarboxylic acids with polyhydric alcohols and vinyl compounds as crosslinking agents, and also halogen-containing modifications thereof of low flammability.

25. Crosslinkable acrylic resins derived from substituted acrylates, for example epoxy acrylates, urethane acrylates or polyester acrylates.

26. Alkyd resins, polyester resins and acrylate resins crosslinked with melamine resins, urea resins, isocyanates, isocyanurates, polyisocyanates or epoxy resins.

27. Crosslinked epoxy resins derived from aliphatic, cycloaliphatic, heterocyclic or aromatic glycidyl compounds, e.g. products of diglycidyl ethers of bisphenol A and bisphenol F, which are crosslinked with customary hardeners such as anhydrides or amines, with or without accelerators.
28. Natural polymers such as cellulose, rubber, gelatin and chemically modified homologous derivatives thereof, for example cellulose acetates, cellulose propionates and cellulose butyrates, or the cellulose ethers such as methyl cellulose; as well as rosins and their derivatives.
29. Blends of the aforementioned polymers (polyblends), for example PP/EPDM, Polyamide/EPDM or ABS, PVC/EVA, PVC/ABS, PVC/MBS, PC/ABS, PBTP/ABS, PC/ASA, PC/PBT, PVC/CPE, PVC/acrylates, POM/thermoplastic PUR, PC/thermoplastic PUR, POM/acrylate, POM/MBS, PPO/HIPS, PPO/PA 6.6 and copolymers, PA/HDPE, PA/PP, PA/PPO, PBT/PC/ABS or PBT/PET/PC.

Component (I) is preferably a synthetic polymer, in particular from one of the above groups. Polyolefins are preferred and polyethylene, polypropylene, a polyethylene copolymer or a polypropylene copolymer are particularly preferred.

According to a further preferred embodiment, component (I) is a polyolefin homo- or copolymer, a starch modified polyolefin, a starch based polymer composite or a biopolymer.

According to another preferred embodiment component (I) is a biopolymer selected from the group consisting of polycaprolactone, polylactic acid, polyglycolic acid, polyhydroxybutyrate-valerate, polybutylene succinate, polyvinyl alcohol, polyhydroxyalcanoate and polyethylene adipate.

The non-agricultural article of this invention may contain further one or more conventional additives. Examples are

1. Antioxidants

1.1. Alkylated monophenols, for example 2,6-di-tert-butyl-4-methylphenol, 2-tert-butyl-4,6-dimethylphenol, 2,6-di-tert-butyl-4-ethylphenol, 2,6-di-tert-butyl-4-n-butylphenol, 2,6-di-tert-butyl-4-isobutylphenol, 2,6-dicyclopentyl-4-methylphenol, 2-(a-methylcyclohexyl)-4,6-dimethylphenol, 2,6-dioctadecyl-4-methylphenol, 2,4,6-tricyclohexylphenol, 2,6-di-tert-butyl-4-methoxymethylphenol, nonylphenols which are linear or branched in the side chains, for example 2,6-di-nonyl-4-methylphenol, 2,4-dimethyl-6-(1′-methylundec-1′-yl)phenol, 2,4-dimethyl-6-(1′-methylheptadec-1′-yl)phenol, 2,4-dimethyl-6-(1′-methyltridec-1′-yl)phenol and mixtures thereof.

1.2. Alkylthiomethylphenols, for example 2,4-dioctylthiomethyl-6-tert-butylphenol, 2,4-dioctylthiomethyl-6-methylphenol, 2,4-dioctylthiomethyl-6-ethylphenol, 2,6-di-dodecylthiomethyl-4-nonylphenol.

1.3. Hydroquinones and alkylated hydroquinones, for example 2,6-di-tert-butyl-4-methoxyphenol, 2,5-di-tert-butylhydroquinone, 2,5-di-tert-amylhydroquinone, 2,6-diphenyl-4-octade-cyloxyphenol, 2,6-di-tert-butylhydroquinone, 2,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyanisole, 3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyanisole, 3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyphenyl stearate, bis(3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyphenyl) adipate.

1.4. Tocopherols, for example α-tocopherol, β-tocopherol, γ-tocopherol, δ-tocopherol and mixtures thereof (vitamin E).

1.5. Hydroxylated thiodiphenyl ethers, for example 2, 2′-thiobis(6-tert-butyl-4-methylphenol), 2,2′-thiobis(4-octylphenol), 4,4′-thiobis(6-tert-butyl-3-methylphenol), 4,4′-thiobis(6-tert-butyl-2-methylphenol), 4,4′-thiobis(3,6-di-sec-amylphenol), 4,4′-bis(2,6-dimethyl-4-hydroxyphenyl)disulfide.

1.6. Alkylidenebisphenols, for example 2, 2′-methylenebis(6-tert-butyl-4-methylphenol), 2,2′-methylenebis(6-tert-butyl-4-ethylphenol), 2,2′-methylenebis[4-methyl-6-(a-methylcyclohexyl)phenol], 2,2′-methylenebis(4-methyl-6-cyclohexylphenol), 2,2′-methylenebis(6-nonyl-4-methylphenol), 2,2′-methylenebis(4,6-di-tert-butylphenol), 2,2′-ethylidenebis(4,6-di-tert-butylphenol), 2,2′-ethylidenebis(6-tert-butyl-4-isobutylphenol), 2,2′-methylenebis[6-(a-methylbenzyl)-4-nonylphenol], 2,2′-methylenebis[6-(α,α-dimethylbenzyl)-4-nonylphenol], 4,4′-methylenebis(2,6-di-tert-butylphenol), 4,4′-methylenebis(6-tert-butyl-2-methylphenol), 1,1-bis(5-tert-butyl-4-hydroxy-2-methylphenyl)butane, 2,6-bis(3-tert-butyl-5-methyl-2-hydroxybenzyl)-4-methylphenol, 1,1,3-tris(5-tert-butyl-4-hydroxy-2-methylphenyl)butane, 1,1-bis(5-tert-butyl-4-hydroxy-2-methylphenyl)-3-n-dodecylmercaptobutane, ethylene glycol bis[3,3-bis(3′-tert-butyl-4′-hydroxyphenyl)butyrate], bis(3-tert-butyl-4-hydroxy-5-methyl-phenyl)dicyclopentadiene, bis[2-(3′-tert-butyl-2′-hydroxy-5′-methylbenzyl)-6-tert-butyl-4-methylphenyl]terephthalate, 1,1-bis-(3,5-dimethyl-2-hydroxyphenyl)butane, 2,2-bis(3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyphenyl)propane, 2,2-bis-(5-tert-butyl-4-hydroxy-2-methylphenyl)-4-n-dodecylmercaptobutane, 1,1,5,5-tetra(5-tert-butyl-4-hydroxy-2-methylphenyl)pentane.

1.7. O, N- and S-benzyl compounds, for example 3, 5,3′,5′-tetra-tert-butyl-4,4′-dihydroxydibenzyl ether, octadecyl-4-hydroxy-3,5-dimethylbenzylmercaptoacetate, tridecyl-4-hydroxy-3,5-di-tert-butylbenzylmercaptoacetate, tris(3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxybenzyl)amine, bis(4-tert-butyl-3-hydroxy-2,6-dimethylbenzyl)dithioterephthalate, bis(3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxybenzyl)sulfide, isooctyl-3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxybenzylmercaptoacetate.

1.8. Hydroxybenzylated malonates, for example dioctadecyl-2,2-bis(3,5-di-tert-butyl-2-hydroxybenzyl)malonate, di-octadecyl-2-(3-tert-butyl-4-hydroxy-5-methylbenzyl)malonate, di-dodecylmercaptoethyl-2,2-bis(3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxybenzyl)malonate, bis[4-(1,1,3,3-tetramethylbutyl)phenyl]-2,2-bis(3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxybenzyl)malonate.

1.9. Aromatic hydroxybenzyl compounds, for example 1, 3,5-tris(3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxybenzyl)-2,4,6-trimethylbenzene, 1,4-bis(3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxybenzyl)-2,3,5,6-tetramethylbenzene, 2,4,6-tris(3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxybenzyl)phenol.

1.10. Triazine compounds, for example 2,4-bis(octylmercapto)-6-(3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyanilino)-1,3,5-triazine, 2-octylmercapto-4,6-bis(3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyanilino)-1,3,5-triazine, 2-octylmercapto-4,6-bis(3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyphenoxy)-1,3,5-triazine, 2,4,6-tris(3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyphenoxy)-1,2,3-triazine, 1,3,5-tris(3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxybenzyl)isocyanurate, 1,3,5-tris(4-tert-butyl-3-hydroxy-2,6-dimethylbenzyl)isocyanurate, 2,4,6-tris(3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyphenylethyl)-1,3,5-triazine, 1,3,5-tris(3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxy-phenylpropionyl)-hexahydro-1,3,5-triazine, 1,3,5-tris(3,5-dicyclohexyl-4-hydroxybenzyl)isocyanurate.

1.11. Benzylphosphonates, for example dimethyl-2,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxybenzylphosphonate, diethyl-3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxybenzylphosphonate, dioctadecyl-3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxybenzylphosphonate, dioctadecyl-5-tert-butyl-4-hydroxy-3-methylbenzylphosphonate, the calcium salt of the monoethyl ester of 3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxybenzylphosphonic acid.

1.12. Acylaminophenols, for example 4-hydroxylauranilide, 4-hydroxystearanilide, octyl N-(3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyphenyl)carbamate.

1.13. Esters of β-(3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyphenyl)propionic acid with mono- or polyhydric alcohols, e.g. with methanol, ethanol, n-octanol, i-octanol, octadecanol, 1,6-hexanediol, 1,9-nonanediol, ethylene glycol, 1,2-propanediol, neopentyl glycol, thiodiethylene glycol, diethylene glycol, triethylene glycol, pentaerythritol, tris(hydroxyethyl)isocyanurate, N,N′-bis(hydroxyethyl)oxamide, 3-thiaundecanol, 3-thiapentadecanol, trimethylhexanediol, trimethylol propane, 4-hydroxymethyl-1-phospha-2,6,7-trioxabicyclo[2.2.2]octane.

1.14. Esters of β-(5-tert-butyl-4-hydroxy-3-methylphenyl)propionic acid with mono- or polyhydric alcohols, e.g. with methanol, ethanol, n-octanol, i-octanol, octadecanol, 1,6-hexanediol, 1,9-nonanediol, ethylene glycol, 1,2-propanediol, neopentyl glycol, thiodiethylene glycol, diethylene glycol, triethylene glycol, pentaerythritol, tris(hydroxyethyl)isocyanurate, N,N′-bis(hydroxyethyl)oxamide, 3-thiaundecanol, 3-thiapentadecanol, trimethylhexanediol, trimethylolpropane, 4-hydroxymethyl-1-phospha-2,6,7-trioxabicyclo[2.2.2]octane; 3,9-bis[2-{3-(3-tert-butyl-4-hydroxy-5-methylphenyl)propionyloxy}-1,1-dimethylethyl]-2,4,8,10-tetraoxaspiro[5.5]-undecane.

1.15. Esters of β-(3,5-dicyclohexyl-4-hydroxyphenyl)propionic acid with mono- or polyhydric alcohols, e.g. with methanol, ethanol, octanol, octadecanol, 1,6-hexanediol, 1,9-nonanediol, ethylene glycol, 1,2-propanediol, neopentyl glycol, thiodiethylene glycol, diethylene glycol, triethylene glycol, pentaerythritol, tris(hydroxyethyl)isocyanurate, N,N′-bis(hydroxyethyl)oxamide, 3-thiaundecanol, 3-thiapentadecanol, trimethylhexanediol, trimethylolpropane, 4-hydroxymethyl-1-phospha-2,6,7-trioxabicyclo[2.2.2]octane.

1.16. Esters of 3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyphenyl acetic acid with mono- or polyhydric alcohols, e.g. with methanol, ethanol, octanol, octadecanol, 1,6-hexanediol, 1,9-nonanediol, ethylene glycol, 1,2-propanediol, neopentyl glycol, thiodiethylene glycol, diethylene glycol, triethylene glycol, pentaerythritol, tris(hydroxyethyl)isocyanurate, N,N′-bis(hydroxyethyl)oxamide, 3-thiaundecanol, 3-thiapentadecanol, trimethylhexanediol, trimethylolpropane, 4-hydroxymethyl-1-phospha-2,6,7-trioxabicyclo[2.2.2]octane.

1.17. Amides of β-(3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyphenyl)propionic acid e.g. N,N′-bis(3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyphenylpropionyl)hexamethylenediamide, N,N′-bis(3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyphenylpropionyl)trimethylenediamide, N,N′-bis(3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyphenylpropionyl)hydrazide, N,N′-bis[2-(3-[3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyphenyl]propionyloxy)ethyl]oxamide (NaugardXL-1, supplied by Uniroyal).

1.18. Ascorbic acid (vitamin C)

1.19. Aminic antioxidants, for example N,N′-di-isopropyl-p-phenylenediamine, N,N′-di-sec-butyl-p-phenylenediamine, N,N′-bis(1,4-dimethylpentyl)-p-phenylenediamine, N,N′-bis(1-ethyl-3-methylpentyl)-p-phenylenediamine, N,N′-bis(1-methylheptyl)-p-phenylenediamine, N,N′-dicyclohexyl-p-phenylenediamine, N,N′-diphenyl-p-phenylenediamine, N,N′-bis(2-naphthyl)-p-phenylenediamine, N-isopropyl-N′-phenyl-p-phenylenediamine, N-(1,3-dimethylbutyl)-N′-phenyl-p-phenylenediamine, N-(1-methylheptyl)-N′-phenyl-p-phenylenediamine, N-cyclohexyl-N′-phenyl-p-phenylenediamine, 4-(p-toluenesulfamoyl)diphenylamine, N,N′-dimethyl-N,N′-di-sec-butyl-p-phenylenediamine, diphenylamine, N-allyldiphenylamine, 4-isopropoxydiphenyl-amine, N-phenyl-1-naphthylamine, N-(4-tert-octylphenyl)-1-naphthylamine, N-phenyl-2-naphthylamine, octylated diphenylamine, for example p,p′-di-tert-octyldiphenylamine, 4-n-butylaminophenol, 4-butyrylaminophenol, 4-nonanoylaminophenol, 4-dodecanoylaminophenol, 4-octadecanoylaminophenol, bis(4-methoxyphenyl)amine, 2,6-di-tert-butyl-4-dimethylaminomethylphenol, 2,4′-diaminodiphenylmethane, 4,4′-diaminodiphenylmethane, N,N,N′,N′-tetramethyl-4,4′-diaminodiphenylmethane, 1,2-bis[(2-methylphenyl)amino]ethane, 1,2-bis(phenylamino)propane, (o-tolyl)biguanide, bis[4-(1′,3′-dimethylbutyl)phenyl]amine, tert-octylated N-phenyl-1-naphthylamine, a mixture of mono- and dialkylated tert-butyl/tert-octyldiphenyl-amines, a mixture of mono- and dialkylated nonyldiphenylamines, a mixture of mono- and dialkylated dodecyldiphenylamines, a mixture of mono- and dialkylated isopropyl/isohexyl-diphenylamines, a mixture of mono- and dialkylated tert-butyldiphenylamines, 2,3-dihydro-3,3-dimethyl-4H-1,4-benzothiazine, phenothiazine, a mixture of mono- and dialkylated tert-butyl/tert-octylphenothiazines, a mixture of mono- and dialkylated tert-octylphenothiazines, N-allylphenothiazine, N,N,N′,N′-tetraphenyl-1,4-diaminobut-2-ene, N,N-bis(2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperid-4-yl-hexamethylenediamine, bis(2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperid-4-yl)sebacate, 2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidin-4-one, 2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidin-4-ol.

2. UV Absorbers and Light Stabilisers

2.1. 2-(2′-Hydroxyphenyl)benzotriazoles, for example 2-(2′-hydroxy-5′-methylphenyl)benzotriazole, 2-(3′,5′-di-tert-butyl-2′-hydroxyphenyl)benzotriazole, 2-(5′-tert-butyl-2′-hydroxyphenyl)benzotriazole, 2-(2′-hydroxy-5′-(1,1,3,3-tetramethylbutyl)phenyl)benzotriazole, 2-(3′,5′-di-tert-butyl-2′-hydroxyphenyl)-5-chlorobenzotriazole, 2-(3′-tert-butyl-2′-hydroxy-5′-methylphenyl)-5-chlorobenzotriazole, 2-(3′-sec-butyl-5′-tert-butyl-2′-hydroxyphenyl)benzotriazole, 2-(2′-hydroxy-4′-octyloxyphenyl)benzotriazole, 2-(3′,5′-di-tert-amyl-2′-hydroxyphenyl)benzotriazole, 2-(3′,5′-bis(α,α-dimethylbenzyl)-2′-hydroxyphenyl)benzotriazole, 2-(3′-tert-butyl-2′-hydroxy-5′-(2-octyloxycarbonylethyl)phenyl)-5-chlorobenzotriazole, 2-(3′-tert-butyl-5′-[2-(2-ethylhexyloxy)carbonylethyl]-2′-hydroxyphenyl)-5-chlorobenzotriazole, 2-(3′-tert-butyl-2′-hydroxy-5′-(2-methoxycarbonylethyl)phenyl)-5-chlorobenzotriazole, 2-(3′-tert-butyl-2′-hydroxy-5′-(2-methoxycarbonylethyl)phenyl)benzotriazole, 2-(3′-tert-butyl-2′-hydroxy-5′-(2-octyloxycarbonylethyl)phenyl)benzotriazole, 2-(3′-tert-butyl-5′-[2-(2-ethylhexyloxy)carbonylethyl]-2′-hydroxyphenyl)benzotriazole, 2-(3′-dodecyl-2′-hydroxy-5′-methylphenyl)benzotriazole, 2-(3′-tert-butyl-2′-hydroxy-5′-(2-isooctyloxycarbonylethyl)phenylbenzotriazole, 2,2′-methylenebis[4-(1,1,3,3-tetramethylbutyl)-6-benzotriazole-2-ylphenol]; the transesterification product of 2-[3′-tert-butyl-5′-(2-methoxycarbonylethyl)-2′-hydroxyphenyl]-2H-benzotriazole with polyethylene glycol 300;

where R=3′-tert-butyl-4′-hydroxy-5′-2H-benzotriazol-2-ylphenyl, 2-[2′-hydroxy-3′-(α,α-dimethylbenzyl)-5′-(1,1,3,3-tetramethylbutyl)phenyl]-benzotriazole; 2-[2′-hydroxy-3′-(1,1,3,3-tetramethylbutyl)-5′-(α,α-dimethylbenzyl)phenyl]benzotriazole.

2.2. 2-Hydroxybenzophenones, for example the 4-hydroxy, 4-methoxy, 4-octyloxy, 4-decyloxy, 4-dodecyloxy, 4-benzyloxy, 4,2′,4′-trihydroxy and 2′-hydroxy-4,4′-dimethoxy derivatives.

2.3. Esters of substituted and unsubstituted benzoic acids, for example 4-tert-butylphenyl salicylate, phenyl salicylate, octylphenyl salicylate, dibenzoyl resorcinol, bis(4-tert-butylbenzoyl)resorcinol, benzoyl resorcinol, 2,4-di-tert-butylphenyl 3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxybenzoate, hexadecyl 3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxybenzoate, octadecyl 3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxybenzoate, 2-methyl-4,6-di-tert-butylphenyl 3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxybenzoate.

2.4. Acrylates, for example ethyl α-cyano-β,β-diphenylacrylate, isooctyl α-cyano-β,β-diphenylacrylate, methyl α-carbomethoxy-cinnamate, methyl α-cyano-β-methyl-p-methoxy-cinnamate, butyl α-cyano-β-methyl-p-methoxy-cinnamate, methyl α-carbomethoxy-p-methoxy-cinnamate and N-(β-carbomethoxy-β-cyanovinyl)-2-methylindoline.

2.5. Nickel compounds, for example nickel complexes of 2,2′-thiobis[4-(1,1,3,3-tetramethylbutyl)phenol], such as the 1:1 or 1:2 complex, with or without additional ligands such as n-butylamine, triethanolamine or N-cyclohexyldiethanolamine, nickel dibutyldithiocarbamate, nickel salts of the monoalkyl esters, e.g. the methyl or ethyl ester, of 4-hydroxy-3,5-di-tert-butylbenzylphosphonic acid, nickel complexes of ketoximes, e.g. of 2-hydroxy-4-methylphenylundecylketoxime, nickel complexes of 1-phenyl-4-lauroyl-5-hydroxypyrazole, with or without additional ligands.

2.6. Sterically hindered amines, for example bis(2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-piperidyl)sebacate, bis(2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-piperidyl)succinate, bis(1,2,2,6,6-pentamethyl-4-piperidyl)sebacate, bis(1-octyloxy-2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-piperidyl)sebacate, bis(1,2,2,6,6-pentamethyl-4-piperidyl) n-butyl-3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxybenzylmalonate, the condensate of 1-(2-hydroxyethyl)-2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-hydroxypiperidine and succinic acid, linear or cyclic condensates of N,N′-bis(2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-piperidyl)hexamethylenediamine and 4-tert-octylamino-2,6-dichloro-1,3,5-triazine, tris(2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-piperidyl)nitrilotriacetate, tetrakis(2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-piperidyl)-1,2,3,4-butanetetracarboxylate, 1,1′-(1,2-ethanediyl)-bis(3,3,5,5-tetramethylpiperazinone), 4-benzoyl-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine, 4-stearyloxy-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine, bis(1,2,2,6,6-pentamethylpiperidyl)-2-n-butyl-2-(2-hydroxy-3,5-di-tert-butylbenzyl)malonate, 3-n-octyl-7,7,9,9-tetramethyl-1,3,8-triazaspiro[4.5]decane-2,4-dione, bis(1-octyloxy-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidyl)sebacate, bis(1-octyloxy-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidyl)succinate, linear or cyclic condensates of N,N′-bis(2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-piperidyl)hexamethylenediamine and 4-morpholino-2,6-dichloro-1,3,5-triazine, the condensate of 2-chloro-4,6-bis(4-n-butylamino-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidyl)-1,3,5-triazine and 1,2-bis(3-aminopropylamino)ethane, the condensate of 2-chloro-4,6-di-(4-n-butylamino-1,2,2,6,6-pentamethylpiperidyl)-1,3,5-triazine and 1,2-bis(3-aminopropylamino)ethane, 8-acetyl-3-dodecyl-7,7,9,9-tetramethyl-1,3,8-triazaspiro[4.5]decane-2,4-dione, 3-dodecyl-1-(2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-piperidyl)pyrrolidine-2,5-dione, 3-dodecyl-1-(1,2,2,6,6-pentamethyl-4-piperidyl)pyrrolidine-2,5-dione, a mixture of 4-hexadecyloxy- and 4-stearyloxy-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine, a condensate of N,N′-bis(2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-piperidyl)hexamethylenediamine and 4-cyclohexylamino-2,6-dichloro-1,3,5-triazine, a condensate of 1,2-bis(3-aminopropylamino)ethane and 2,4,6-trichloro-1,3,5-triazine as well as 4-butylamino-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine (CAS Reg. No. [136504-96-6]); a condensate of 1,6-hexanediamine and 2,4,6-trichloro-1,3,5-triazine as well as N,N-dibutylamine and 4-butylamino-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine (CAS Reg. No. [192268-64-7]); N-(2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-piperidyl)-n-dodecylsuccinimide, N-(1,2,2,6,6-pentamethyl-4-piperidyl)-n-dodecylsuccinimide, 2-undecyl-7,7,9,9-tetramethyl-1-oxa-3,8-diaza-4-oxo-spiro[4,5]decane, a reaction product of 7,7,9,9-tetramethyl-2-cycloundecyl-1-oxa-3,8-diaza-4-oxospiro-[4,5]decane and epichlorohydrin, 1,1-bis(1,2,2,6,6-pentamethyl-4-piperidyloxycarbonyl)-2-(4-methoxyphenyl)ethene, N,N′-bis-formyl-N,N′-bis(2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-piperidyl)hexamethylenediamine, a diester of 4-methoxymethylenemalonic acid with 1,2,2,6,6-pentamethyl-4-hydroxypiperidine, poly[methylpropyl-3-oxy-4-(2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-piperidyl)]siloxane, a reaction product of maleic acid anhydride-α-olefin copolymer with 2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-aminopiperidine or 1,2,2,6,6-pentamethyl-4-aminopiperidine.

2.7. Oxamides, for example 4, 4′-dioctyloxyoxanilide, 2,2′-diethoxyoxanilide, 2,2′-dioctyloxy-5,5′-di-tert-butoxanilide, 2,2′-didodecyloxy-5,5′-di-tert-butoxanilide, 2-ethoxy-2′-ethyloxanilide, N,N′-bis(3-dimethylaminopropyl)oxamide, 2-ethoxy-5-tert-butyl-2′-ethoxanilide and its mixture with 2-ethoxy-2′-ethyl-5,4′-di-tert-butoxanilide, mixtures of o- and p-methoxy-disubstituted oxanilides and mixtures of o- and p-ethoxy-disubstituted oxanilides.

2.8. 2-(2-Hydroxyphenyl)-1,3,5-triazines, for example 2, 4,6-tris(2-hydroxy-4-octyloxyphenyl)-1,3,5-triazine, 2-(2-hydroxy-4-octyloxyphenyl)-4,6-bis(2,4-dimethylphenyl)-1,3,5-triazine, 2-(2,4-dihydroxyphenyl)-4,6-bis(2,4-dimethylphenyl)-1,3,5-triazine, 2,4-bis(2-hydroxy-4-propyloxyphenyl)-6-(2,4-dimethylphenyl)-1,3,5-triazine, 2-(2-hydroxy-4-octyloxyphenyl)-4,6-bis(4-methylphenyl)-1,3,5-triazine, 2-(2-hydroxy-4-dodecyloxyphenyl)-4,6-bis(2,4-dimethylphenyl)-1,3,5-triazine, 2-(2-hydroxy-4-tridecyloxyphenyl)-4,6-bis(2,4-dimethylphenyl)-1,3,5-triazine, 2-[2-hydroxy-4-(2-hydroxy-3-butyloxypropoxy)phenyl]-4,6-bis(2,4-dimethyl)-1,3,5-triazine, 2-[2-hydroxy-4-(2-hydroxy-3-octyloxypropyloxy)phenyl]-4,6-bis(2,4-dimethyl)-1,3,5-triazine, 2-[4-(dodecyloxy/tridecyloxy-2-hydroxypropoxy)-2-hydroxyphenyl]-4,6-bis(2,4-dimethylphenyl)-1,3,5-triazine, 2-[2-hydroxy-4-(2-hydroxy-3-dodecyloxypropoxy)phenyl]-4,6-bis(2,4-dimethylphenyl)-1,3,5-triazine, 2-(2-hydroxy-4-hexyloxy)phenyl-4,6-diphenyl-1,3,5-triazine, 2-(2-hydroxy-4-methoxyphenyl)-4,6-diphenyl-1,3,5-triazine, 2,4,6-tris[2-hydroxy-4-(3-butoxy-2-hydroxypropoxy)phenyl]-1,3,5-triazine, 2-(2-hydroxyphenyl)-4-(4-methoxyphenyl)-6-phenyl-1,3,5-triazine, 2-{2-hydroxy-4-[3-(2-ethylhexyl-1-oxy)-2-hydroxypropyloxy]phenyl}-4,6-bis(2,4-dimethylphenyl)-1,3,5-triazine.

3. Metal deactivators, for example N,N′-diphenyloxamide, N-salicylal-N′-salicyloyl hydrazine, N,N′-bis(salicyloyl)hydrazine, N,N′-bis(3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyphenylpropionyl)hydrazine, 3-salicyloylamino-1,2,4-triazole, bis(benzylidene)oxalyl dihydrazide, oxanilide, isophthaloyl dihydrazide, sebacoyl bisphenylhydrazide, N,N′-diacetyladipoyl dihydrazide, N,N′-bis(salicyloyl)oxalyl dihydrazide, N,N′-bis(salicyloyl)thiopropionyl dihydrazide.

4. Phosphites and phosphonites, for example triphenyl phosphite, diphenylalkyl phosphites, phenyldialkyl phosphites, tris(nonylphenyl) phosphite, trilauryl phosphite, trioctadecyl phosphite, distearylpentaerythritol diphosphite, tris(2,4-di-tert-butylphenyl) phosphite, diisodecyl pentaerythritol diphosphite, bis(2,4-di-tert-butylphenyl)pentaerythritol diphosphite, bis(2,4-di-cumylphenyl)pentaerythritol diphosphite, bis(2,6-di-tert-butyl-4-methylphenyl)pentaerythritol diphosphite, diisodecyloxypentaerythritol diphosphite, bis(2,4-di-tert-butyl-6-methylphenyl)pentaerythritol diphosphite, bis(2,4,6-tris(tert-butylphenyl)pentaerythritol diphosphite, tristearyl sorbitol triphosphite, tetrakis(2,4-di-tert-butylphenyl) 4,4′-biphenylene diphosphonite, 6-isooctyloxy-2,4,8,10-tetra-tert-butyl-12H-dibenz[d,g]-1,3,2-dioxaphosphocin, bis(2,4-di-tert-butyl-6-methylphenyl)methyl phosphite, bis(2,4-di-tert-butyl-6-methylphenyl)ethyl phosphite, 6-fluoro-2,4,8,10-tetra-tert-butyl-12-methyl-dibenz[d,g]-1,3,2-dioxaphosphocin, 2,2′,2″-nitrilo-[triethyltris(3,3′,5,5′-tetra-tert-butyl-1,1′-biphenyl-2,2′-diyl)phosphite], 2-ethylhexyl(3,3′,5,5′-tetra-tert-butyl-1,1′-biphenyl-2,2′-diyl)phosphite, 5-butyl-5-ethyl-2-(2,4,6-tri-tert-butylphenoxy)-1,3,2-dioxaphosphirane.

The following phosphites are especially preferred:

Tris(2,4-di-tert-butylphenyl) phosphite (Irgafoso168, Ciba-Geigy), tris(nonylphenyl) phosphite,

5. Hydroxylamines, for example N,N-dibenzylhydroxylamine, N,N-diethylhydroxylamine, N,N-dioctylhydroxylamine, N,N-dilaurylhydroxylamine, N,N-ditetradecylhydroxylamine, N,N-dihexadecylhydroxylamine, N,N-dioctadecylhydroxylamine, N-hexadecyl-N-octadecylhydroxyylamine, N-heptadecyl-N-octadecylhydroxylamine, N,N-dialkylhydroxylamine derived from hydrogenated tallow amine.

6. Nitrones, for example N-benzyl-alpha-phenylnitrone, N-ethyl-alpha-methylnitrone, N-octylalpha-heptylnitrone, N-lauryl-alpha-undecyInitrone, N-tetradecyl-alpha-tridecylnitrone, N-hexadecyl-alpha-pentadecylnitrone, N-octadecyl-alpha-heptadecylnitrone, N-hexadecyl-alpha-heptadecylnitrone, N-ocatadecyl-alpha-pentadecylnitrone, N-heptadecyl-alpha-heptadecylnitrone, N-octadecyl-alpha-hexadecylnitrone, nitrone derived from N,N-dialkylhydroxylamine derived from hydrogenated tallow amine.

7. Thiosynergists, for example dilauryl thiodipropionate or distearyl thiodipropionate.

8. Peroxide scavengers, for example esters of p-thiodipropionic acid, for example the lauryl, stearyl, myristyl or tridecyl esters, mercaptobenzimidazole or the zinc salt of 2-mercaptobenzimidazole, zinc dibutyldithiocarbamate, dioctadecyl disulfide, pentaerythritol tetrakis(β-dodecylmercapto)propionate.

9. Polyamide stabilisers, for example copper salts in combination with iodides and/or phosphorus compounds and salts of divalent manganese.

10. Basic co-stabilisers, for example melamine, polyvinylpyrrolidone, dicyandiamide, triallyl cyanurate, urea derivatives, hydrazine derivatives, amines, polyamides, polyurethanes, alkali metal salts and alkaline earth metal salts of higher fatty acids, for example calcium stearate, zinc stearate, magnesium behenate, magnesium stearate, sodium ricinoleate and potassium palmitate, antimony pyrocatecholate or zinc pyrocatecholate.

11. Nucleating agents, for example inorganic substances, such as talcum, metal oxides, such as titanium dioxide or magnesium oxide, phosphates, carbonates or sulfates of, preferably, alkaline earth metals; organic compounds, such as mono- or polycarboxylic acids and the salts thereof, e.g. 4-tert-butylbenzoic acid, adipic acid, diphenylacetic acid, sodium succinate or sodium benzoate; polymeric compounds, such as ionic copolymers (ionomers). Especially preferred are 1,3:2,4-bis(3′,4′-dimethylbenzylidene)sorbitol, 1,3:2,4-di(paramethyldibenzylidene)sorbitol, and 1,3:2,4-di(benzylidene)sorbitol.

12. Fillers and reinforcing agents, for example calcium carbonate, silicates, glass fibres, glass bulbs, asbestos, talc, kaolin, mica, barium sulfate, metal oxides and hydroxides, carbon black, graphite, wood flour and flours or fibers of other natural products, synthetic fibers.

13. Other additives, for example plasticisers, lubricants, emulsifiers, pigments, rheology additives, catalysts, flow-control agents, optical brighteners, flameproofing agents, antistatic agents and blowing agents.

14. Benzofuranones and indolinones, for example those disclosed in U.S. Pat. No. 4,325,863; U.S. Pat. No. 4,338,244; U.S. Pat. No. 5,175,312; U.S. Pat. No. 5,216,052; U.S. Pat. No. 5,252,643; DE-A-4316611; DE-A-4316622; DE-A-4316876; EP-A-0589839 or EP-A-0591102 or 3-[4-(2-acetoxyethoxy)phenyl]-5,7-di-tert-butylbenzofuran-2-one, 5,7-di-tert-butyl-3-[4-(2-stearoyloxyethoxy)phenyl]-benzofuran-2-one, 3,3′-bis[5,7-di-tert-butyl-3-(4-[2-hydroxyethoxy]phenyl)benzofuran-2-one], 5,7-di-tert-butyl-3-(4-ethoxyphenyl)benzofuran-2-one, 3-(4-acetoxy-3,5-dimethylphenyl)-5,7-di-tert-butylbenzofuran-2-one, 3-(3,5-dimethyl-4-pivaloyloxyphenyl)-5,7-di-tert-butylbenzofuran-2-one, 3-(3,4-dimethylphenyl)-5,7-di-tert-butylbenzofuran-2-one, 3-(2,3-dimethylphenyl)-5,7-di-tert-butylbenzofuran-2-one.

A preferred non-agricultural article additionally contains an aliphatic poly hydroxy-carboxyl acid, in particular citric acid.

An aliphatic poly hydroxy-carboxyl acid is in particular an aliphatic acid having either more than one OH or more than one COOH group in the organic acid. Examples are the aliphatic, dihydroxy, monocarboxyl acids, such as glyoxylic acid and glyceric acid; the aliphatic, polyhydroxy, monocarboxyl acids, such as erythric acid, arabic acid or mannitic acid; the aliphatic, monohydric, dicarboxyl acids, such as tartronic acid or malic acid; the aliphatic, dihydroxy, dicarboxyl acids, such as tartaric acid; the aliphatic, polyhydroxy, dicarboxyl acids, such as trihydroxyglutaric acid and succharic acid; and the aliphatic, monohydroxy, tricarboxyl acids, such as citric acid.

A further preferred embodiment of this invention relates to a non-agricultural article which contains in addition one or more of the following components

(IV) an antioxidant,
(V) an UV absorber,
(VI) a filler,
(VII) a pigment,
(VI II) an inorganic or organic salt of Ca, Mg, Zn or Al.

Preferred antioxidants (component IV)) are those which are described above under item 1.

Suitable examples of fillers (component (VI)) are those described above under item 12. Preferred fillers are inorganic or synthetic carbonates, nepheline syenite, talc, magnesium hydroxide, aluminum trihydrate, diatomaceous earth, mica, natural or synthetic silica and calcinated clay.

Examples of the UV absorber (component (V)) are a 2-(2′-hydroxyphenyl)benzotriazole, a 2-hydroxybenzophenone, an ester of substituted or unsubstituted benzoic acid, an acrylate, an oxamide, a 2-(2-hydroxyphenyl)-1,3,5-triazine, a monobenzoate of resorcinol or a formamidine.

The 2-(2′-hydroxyphenyl)benzotriazole is e.g. 2-(2′-hydroxy-5′-methylphenyl)-benzotriazole, 2-(3′,5′-di-tert-butyl-2′-hydroxyphenyl)benzotriazole, 2-(5′-tert-butyl-2′-hydroxyphenyl)benzotriazole, 2-(2′-hydroxy-5′-(1,1,3,3-tetramethylbutyl)phenyl)benzotriazole, 2-(3′,5′-di-tert-butyl-2′-hydroxyphenyl)-5-chloro-benzotriazole, 2-(3′-tert-butyl-2′-hydroxy-5′-methylphenyl)-5-chloro-benzotriazole, 2-(3′-sec-butyl-5′-tert-butyl-2′-hydroxyphenyl)benzotriazole, 2-(2′-hydroxy-4′-octyloxyphenyl)benzotriazole, 2-(3′,5′-di-tert-amyl-2′-hydroxyphenyl)benzotriazole, 2-(3′,5′-bis-(α,α-dimethylbenzyl)-2′-hydroxyphenyl)benzotriazole, mixture of 2-(3′-tert-butyl-2′-hydroxy-5′-(2-octyloxycarbonylethyl)phenyl)-5-chloro-benzotriazole, 2-(3′-tert-butyl-5′-[2-(2-ethylhexyloxy)-carbonylethyl]-2′-hydroxyphenyl)-5-chloro-benzotriazole, 2-(3′-tert-butyl-2′-hydroxy-5′-(2-methoxycarbonylethyl)phenyl)-5-chloro-benzotriazole, 2-(3′-tert-butyl-2′-hydroxy-5′-(2-methoxycarbonylethyl)phenyl)benzotriazole, 2-(3′-tert-butyl-2′-hydroxy-5′-(2-octyloxycarbonylethyl)phenyl)benzotriazole, 2-(3′-tert-butyl-5′-[2-(2-ethylhexyloxy)carbonylethyl]-2′-hydroxyphenyl)benzotriazole, 2-(3′-dodecyl-2′-hydroxy-5′-methylphenyl)benzotriazole, 2-(3′-tert-butyl-2′-hydroxy-5′-(2-isooctyloxycarbonylethyl)phenylbenzotriazole, 2,2′-methylene-bis[4-(1,1,3,3-tetramethylbutyl)-6-benzotriazole-2-ylphenol] or the transesterification product of 2-[3′-tert-butyl-5′-(2-methoxycarbonylethyl)-2′-hydroxyphenyl]-2H-benzotriazole with polyethylene glycol 300; [RCH2CH2COO(CH2)3-]2 where R=3′-tert-butyl-4′-hydroxy-5′-2H-benzotriazol-2-ylphenyl.

2-(3′,5′-Di-tert-butyl-2′-hydroxyphenyl)-5-chloro-benzotriazole, 2-(3′-tert-butyl-2′-hydroxy-5′-methylphenyl)-5-chloro-benzotriazole and 2-(3′,5′-di-tert-amyl-2′-hydroxyphenyl)benzotriazole are preferred.

The 2-hydroxybenzophenone is for example the 4-hydroxy, 4-methoxy, 4-octyloxy, 4-decyloxy, 4-dodecyloxy, 4-benzyloxy, 4,2′,4′-trihydroxy or 2′-hydroxy-4,4′-dimethoxy derivatives.

2-Hydroxy-4-octyloxybenzophenone is preferred.

The ester of a substituted or unsubstituted benzoic acid is for example 4-tert-butyl-phenyl salicylate, phenyl salicylate, octylphenyl salicylate, dibenzoyl resorcinol, bis(4-tert-butylbenzoyl) resorcinol, benzoyl resorcinol, 2,4-di-tert-butylphenyl 3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxybenzoate, hexadecyl 3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxybenzoate, octadecyl 3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxybenzoate or 2-methyl-4,6-di-tert-butylphenyl 3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxybenzoate.

2,4-Di-tert-butylphenyl 3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxybenzoate and hexadecyl 3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxybenzoate are preferred.

The acrylate is for example ethyl a-cyano-β,β-diphenylacrylate, isooctyl α-cyano-β,β-diphenylacrylate, methyl α-carbomethoxy-cinnamate, methyl α-cyano-β-methyl-p-methoxy-cinnamate, butyl α-cyano-β-methyl-p-methoxy-cinnamate, methyl α-carbomethoxy-p-methoxy-cinnamate or N(β-carbomethoxy-β-cyanovinyl)-2-methylindoline.

The oxamide is for example 4, 4′-dioctyloxyoxanilide, 2,2′-diethoxyoxanilide, 2,2′-dioctyloxy-5,5′-di-tert-butoxanilide, 2,2′-didodecyloxy-5,5′-di-tert-butoxanilide, 2-ethoxy-2′-ethyloxanilide, N,N′-bis(3-dimethylaminopropyl)oxamide, 2-ethoxy-5-tert-butyl-2′-ethoxanilide or its mixture with 2-ethoxy-2′-ethyl-5,4′-di-tert-butoxanilide or mixtures of ortho- and para-methoxy-1-disubstituted oxanilides or mixtures of o- and p-ethoxy-disubstituted oxanilides.

The 2-(2-hydroxyphenyl)-1,3,5-triazine is for example 2, 4,6-tris(2-hydroxy-4-octyloxyphenyl)-1,3,5-triazine, 2-(2-hydroxy-4-octyloxyphenyl)-4,6-bis(2,4-dimethylphenyl)-1,3,5-triazine, 2-(2,4-dihydroxyphenyl)-4,6-bis(2,4-dimethylphenyl)-1,3,5-triazine, 2,4-bis(2-hydroxy-4-propyloxyphenyl)-6-(2,4-dimethylphenyl)-1,3,5-triazine, 2-(2-hydroxy-4-octyloxyphenyl)-4,6-bis(4-methylphenyl)-1,3,5-triazine, 2-(2-hydroxy-4-dodecyloxyphenyl)-4,6-bis(2,4-dimethylphenyl)-1,3,5-triazine, 2-(2-hydroxy-4-tridecyloxyphenyl)-4,6-bis(2,4-dimethylphenyl)-1,3,5-triazine, 2-[2-hydroxy-4-(2-hydroxy-3-butyloxy-propoxy)phenyl]-4,6-bis(2,4-dimethyl)-1,3,5-triazine, 2-[2-hydroxy-4-(2-hydroxy-3-octyloxy-propyloxy)phenyl]-4,6-bis(2,4-dimethyl)-1,3,5-triazine, 2-[4-(dodecyloxy/tridecyloxy-2-hydroxypropoxy)-2-hydroxy-phenyl]-4,6-bis(2,4-dimethylphenyl)-1,3,5-triazine, 2-[2-hydroxy-4-(2-hydroxy-3-dodecyloxy-propoxy)phenyl]-4,6-bis(2,4-dimethylphenyl)-1,3,5-triazine, 2-(2-hydroxy-4-hexyloxy)phenyl-4,6-diphenyl-1,3,5-triazine, 2-(2-hydroxy-4-methoxyphenyl)-4,6-diphenyl-1,3,5-triazine, 2,4,6-tris[2-hydroxy-4-(3-butoxy-2-hydroxy-propoxy)phenyl]-1,3,5-triazine, 2-(2-hydroxyphenyl)-4-(4-methoxyphenyl)-6-phenyl-1,3,5-triazine or 2-[2-hydroxy-4-(2-ethylhexyloxy)phenyl]-4,6-bis[4-phenylphenyl]-1,3,5-triazine.

2-(2-Hydroxy-4-octyloxyphenyl)-4,6-bis(2,4-dimethylphenyl)-1,3,5-triazine, 2-(2-hydroxy-4-hexyloxy)phenyl-4,6-diphenyl-1,3,5-triazine and 2-[2-hydroxy-4-(2-ethylhexyloxy)phenyl]-4,6-bis[4-phenylphenyl]-1,3,5-triazine are preferred.

The monobenzoate of resorcinol is for example the compound of the formula

The formamidine is for example the compound of the formula

The UV absorber is in particular a 2-(2′-hydroxyphenyl)benzotriazole, a 2-hydroxybenzophenone or a hydroxyphenyltriazine.

The pigment (component (VII)) may be an inorganic or organic pigment.

Examples of inorganic pigments are titanium dioxide, zinc oxide, carbon black, cadmium sulfide, cadmium selenide, chromium oxide, iron oxide, lead oxide and so on.

Examples of organic pigments are azo pigments, anthraquinones, phthalocyanines, tetrachloroisoindolinones, quinacridones, isoindolines, perylenes, pyrrolopyrroles (such as Pigment Red 254) and so on.

All pigments described in Gchter/Mller: Plastics Additives Handbook, 3rd Edition, Hanser Publishers, Munich Vienna New York, page 647 to 659, point 11.2.1.1 to 11.2.4.2 can be used as component (VII).

Particularly preferred pigments are titanium dioxide or carbon black, optionally in combination with an organic pigment.

Examples of such organic pigments are:

C.I. (Colour Index) Pigment Yellow 93, C.I. Pigment Yellow 95, C.I. Pigment Yellow 138, C.I. Pigment Yellow 139, C.I. Pigment Yellow 155, C.I. Pigment Yellow 162, C.I. Pigment Yellow 168, C.I. Pigment Yellow 180, C.I. Pigment Yellow 183, C.I. Pigment Red 44, C.I. Pigment Red 170, C.I. Pigment Red 202, C.I. Pigment Red 214, C.I. Pigment Red 254, C.I. Pigment Red 264, C.I. Pigment Red 272, C.I. Pigment Red 48:2, C.I. Pigment Red 48:3, C.I. Pigment Red 53:1, C.I. Pigment Red 57:1, C.I. Pigment Green 7, C.I. Pigment Blue 15:1, C.I. Pigment Blue 15:3 and C.I. Pigment Violet 19.

The organic salt of calcium, magnesium, zinc or aluminum defined in component (VII) is preferably a compound of the formula MeL2, in which Me is calcium, magnesium or zinc, or a compound of the formula AIL3. L is an anion of an organic acid or of an enol. The organic acid can, for example, be a sulfonic acid, sulfinic acid, phosphonic acid or phosphinic acid, but is preferably a carboxylic acid. The acid can be aliphatic, aromatic, araliphatic or cycloaliphatic; it can be linear or branched; it can be substituted by hydroxyl or alkoxy groups; it can be saturated or unsaturated and it preferably contains 1 to 24 carbon atoms.

Examples of carboxylic acids of this type are formic, acetic, propionic, butyric, isobutyric, caprioic, 2-ethylcaproic, caprylic, capric, lauric, palmitic, stearic, behenic, oleic, lactic, ricinoleic, 2-ethoxypropionic, benzoic, salicylic, 4-butylbenzoic, toluic, 4-dodecylbenzoic, phenylacetic, naphthylacetic, cyclohexanecarboxylic, 4-butylcyclohexanecarboxylic or cyclohexylacetic acid. The carboxylic acid can also be a technical mixture of carboxylic acids, for example technical mixtures of fatty acids or mixtures of alkylated benzoic acids.

Examples of organic acids containing sulfur or phosphorus are methanesulfonic, ethanesulfonic, α,α-dimethylethanesulfonic, n-butanesulfonic, n-dodecanesulfonic, benzenesulfonic, toluenesulfonic, 4-nonylbenzenesulfonic, 4-dodecylbenzenesulfonic or cyclohexanesulfonic acid, dodecanesulfinic, benzenesulfinic or naphthalenesulfinic acid, butylphosphonic acid, phenylphosphonic acid, monomethyl or monoethyl phenylphosphonate, monobutyl benzylphosphonate, dibutylphosphinic acid or diphenylphosphinic acid.

If L is an enolate anion, it is preferably an anion of a β-dicarbonyl compound or of an o-acylphenol. Examples of β-dicarbonyl compounds are acetylacetone, benzoylacetone, dibenzoylmethane, ethyl acetoacetate, butyl acetoacetate, lauryl acetoacetate or α-acetylcyclohexanone. Examples of o-acylphenols are 2-acetylphenol, 2-butyroylphenol, 2-acetyl-1-naphthol, 2-benzoylphenol or salicylaldehyde. The enolate is preferably the anion of a β-dicarbonyl compound having 5 to 20 carbon atoms.

Organic salts of zinc or magnesium are preferably an acetylacetonate or an aliphatic monocarboxylate having, for example, 1 to 24 carbon atoms. Magnesium acetate, laurate and stearate, zinc formate, acetate, oenanthate, laurate and stearate as well as zinc acetylacetonate and magnesium acetylacetonate are some of the particular preferred examples.

Zinc stearate, magnesium stearate, zinc acetylacetonate, magnesium acetylacetonate, zinc acetate and magnesium acetate are of special interest.

The inorganic salt of zinc, magnesium or aluminum is for example a carbonate containing compound such as

    • Zn-hydroxide-carbonate, Mg-hydroxide-carbonate, dolomite, e.g a Ca/Mg carbonate such as Microdol Super (RTM) from Micro Minerals (RTM); or
    • a natural or synthetic hydrotalcite.

The natural hydrotalcite is held to possess a structure Mg6Al2(OH)16CO3.4H2O. A typical empirical formula of a synthetic hydrotalcite is

Al2Mg4.35OH11.36CO3(1.67).H2O.

Examples of the synthetic product include

Mg0.7Al0.3(OH)2(CO3)0.15.0.54H2O, Mg4.5Al2(OH)13CO3.3.5H2O, or Mg4.2Al(OH)12.4CO3.

Preferred synthetic hydrotalcites are L-55R II (RTM) from REHEIS (RTM) as well as ZHT-4A (RTM) and DHT-4A (RTM) from Kyowa Chemical Industry Co (RTM).

Component (VII) can also be a mixture of two different Mg- and/or Zn-compounds, for example

    • Mg-stearate and hydrotalcite (DHT-4A (RTM)),
    • Zn-stearate and hydrotalcite (DHT-4A (RTM)),
    • Mg-acetylacetonate and hydrotalcite (DHT-4A (RTM)),
    • Mg-oxide and hydrotalcite (DHT-4A (RTM)),
    • Mg-hydroxide and hydrotalcite (DHT-4A (RTM)),
    • Zn-hydroxide-carbonate and Mg-stearate,
    • Zn-hydroxide-carbonate and Zn-stearate,
    • Zn-hydroxide-carbonate and Mg-acetylacetonate,
    • Zn-hydroxide-carbonate and Mg-oxide,
    • Zn-hydroxide-carbonate and Zn-oxide,
    • Zn-hydroxide-carbonate and Mg-hydroxide,
    • hydrotalcite (REHEIS (RTM)) and Mg-stearate,
    • hydrotalcite (REHEIS (RTM)) and Zn-stearate,
    • hydrotalcite (REHEIS (RTM)) and Mg-oxide,
    • dolomite (Microdol Super (RTM)) and Zn-stearate,
    • dolomite (Microdol Super (RTM)) and Mg-stearate,
    • dolomite (Microdol Super (RTM)) and Zn-oxide,
    • dolomite (Microdol Super (RTM)) and Mg-hydroxide,
    • Mg-stearate and Zn-stearate,
    • Mg-stearate and Zn-acetylacetonate,
    • Mg-stearate and Mg-oxide,
    • Mg-stearate and Zn-oxide,
    • Mg-stearate and Mg-hydroxide,
    • Zn-stearate and Mg-acetate,
    • Zn-stearate and Mg-oxide,
    • Zn-stearate and Mg-hydroxide,
    • Mg-acetylacetonate and Zn-acetylacetonate,
    • Mg-acetylacetonate and Mg-oxide,
    • Mg-acetylacetonate and Zn-oxide,
    • Mg-acetylacetonate and Mg-hydroxide,
    • Zn-acetylacetonate and Mg-oxide,
    • Zn-acetylacetonate and Zn-oxide, or
    • Mg-oxide and Zn-oxide.

In this case, the two different compounds of component (VII) may be present in a weight ratio of 1:10 to 10:1.

According to a preferred embodiment of this invention component (VII) is selected from the group consisting of Mg carboxylates, Zn carboxylates, Al carboxylates, Mg oxides, Zn oxides, Al oxides, Mg hydroxides, Zn hydroxides, Al hydroxides, Mg carbonates, Zn carbonates or Al carbonates.

Preferred examples of component (VII) as an organic salt of Ca are carboxylates such as Ca-stearate, Ca-laurate, Ca-lactate and Ca-stearoyl-lactate.

Examples of component (VII) as an inorganic salt of Ca are CaO, Ca(OH)2, CaCO3, CaCl2, CaF2, Ca3(PO4)2, CaHPO4, Ca(PO3)2, Ca2P2O7, CaSO4 and CaSiO3.

According to another preferred embodiment of this invention component (VII) is a Ca carboxylate, a Mg carboxylate, a Zn carboxylate or a hydrotalcite.

Components (II) and (III) and optionally components (IV) to (VIII) may be added to the organic polymer either individually or mixed with one another.

Components (II) and (III) and optionally components (IV) to (VIII) are present in the organic polymer in an amount suitable to obtain a sufficient weathering resistance and to initiate a controlled degradation at a desired moment.

The possibility of lifetime control is fundamental for non-agricultural articles. The article has to keep its properties and its performance during the service and degradation has to take place when the function of the article is finished. Service lifetimes can vary dramatically.

The main components being present in the organic polymer are one or more prodegradant additives (component (II)) and one or more stabilizers (components (III) to (VIII)). By appropriately dosing the amount of prodegradant and the amount of stabilizer, the required service periods and time to disappearance can be obtained.

Component (II) may be present in the organic polymer in an amount of, for example, 0.005 to 10% or 0.005 to 5%, preferably 0.005 to 1%, in particular 0.03 to 0.4%, relative to the weight of the organic polymer.

Component (III) may be present in the organic polymer in an amount of, for example 0.01 to 20% or 0.01 to 10% or 0.01 to 5%, preferably 0.01 to 1.5%, in particular 0.05 to 1.2%, relative to the weight of the organic polymer.

Component (IV) may be present in the organic polymer in an amount of preferably 0.005 to 1%, in particular 0.01 to 0.3%, relative to the weight of the organic polymer.

Component (V) may be present in the organic polymer in an amount of preferably 0.01 to 5%, in particular 0.1 to 2%, relative to the weight of the organic polymer.

Component (VI) may be present in the organic polymer in an amount of preferably 0.05 to 80%, in particular 0.5 to 70%, relative to the weight of the organic polymer.

Component (VII) may be present in the organic polymer in an amount of preferably 0.05 to 40%, in particular 0.5 to 30%, relative to the weight of the organic polymer.

Component (VIII) may be present in the organic polymer in an amount of preferably 0.005 to 5%, in particular 0.05 to 1%, relative to the weight of the organic polymer.

The total amount of the components (III) to (VIII) being present in the organic polymer is preferably 0.15 to 90%, in particular 1.2 to 80%, relative to the weight of the organic polymer.

The weight ratio of the components (II):(III) may be for example 0.0003:1 to 1000:1 or 0.003:1 to 100:1, in particular 0.025:1 to 8:1.

The weight ratio of the components (II):(IV) may be for example 0.005:1 to 200:1, in particular 0.1:1 to 40:1.

The weight ratio of the components (II):(V) may be for example 0.001:1 to 100:1, in particular 0.015:1 to 4:1.

The weight ratio of the components (II):(VI) may be for example 0.0001:1 to 20:1, in particular 0.0004:1 to 1.0:1.

The weight ratio of the components (II):(VII) may be for example 0.001:1 to 200:1, in particular 0.015:1 to 8:1.

The weight ratio of the components (II):(VIII) may be for example 0.001:1 to 200:1, in particular 0.015:1 to 8:1.

The above components can be incorporated into the organic polymer to be stabilized in a controlled form by known methods, for example before or during shaping or by applying the dissolved or dispersed compounds to the organic polymer, if necessary with subsequent evaporation of the solvent. The components can be added to the organic polymer in the form of a powder, granules or a masterbatch, which contains these components in, for example, a concentration of from 2.5 to 25% by weight.

If desired, the components (II) and (III) and optionally (IV) to (VIII) can be blended with each other before incorporation into the organic polymer. They can be added to the polymer before or during the polymerization or before the crosslinking.

The main components of the present additive system are a prodegradant additive (component (II)) and a weathering stabilizer (component (III)). By appropriately dosing the amount of the prodegradant and the amount of the weathering stabilizer, the required service periods and time to degradation and disappearance can be obtained. Examples of typical life times of non-agricultural articles are 10 to 180 days, lifes up to 24 months can also be required and achieved.

Thus, a further preferred embodiment of the present invention is a non-agricultural article containing the components (I), (II) and (III) as defined above and having a life time of 10 to 720 days.

The example below illustrates the invention in greater detail. All percentages and parts are by weight, unless stated otherwise.

EXAMPLE 1

Each compound of the list reported below is mixed via master batch, in a slow mixer, with low density polyethylene (LDPE) pellets (Riblene FF 29 (RTM), supplied by Polimeri Europa (RTM); characterized by a density of 0.921 g/cm3 and a melt flow index of 0.60 at 190 C. and 2.16 Kg), and with linear low density polyethylene (LLDPE) pellets (Clearflex FG308 (RTM), supplied by Polimeri Europa (RTM); characterized by a density of 0.924 g/cm3 and a melt flow index of 0.97 at 190 C. and 2.16 Kg). The ratio LDPE/LLDPE is 1:4.

The mixture is blown at 201 C. and films of 12 and 25 microns thickness are obtained.

The films are exposed outdoors in Pontecchio Marconi (Bologna, Italy). Total irradiation in the location is 110 Klys/year.

During the exposure, the films are periodically checked visually and the time to start of degradation (fessuration) and to embrittlement (=very fragile film=end of the life time) is registered.

The results are indicated in Tables 1 to 4.

TABLE 1
Films without pigment, 25 microns thick.
1:1 Mixture of
Cobalt Stabilizer (A-1-a) and Stabilizer Days to
Stearate Stabilizer (C-1-a-1) (A-1-a) Days to embrittle-
% % % fessuration ment
Without Without Without 92 350
0.13 0.05 Without 39 67
0.13 Without 0.2 52 108

TABLE 2
Films without pigment, 12 microns thick.
1:1 Mixture of
Stabilizer (A-1-a) and
Cobalt Stearate Stabilizer (C-1-a-1) Days to Days to
% % fessuration embrittlement
0.13 0.05 43 65
0.13 0.2 43 128

TABLE 3
Films with 3% of carbon black, 25 microns thick.
1:1 Mixture of
Stabilizer (A-1-a) and
Cobalt Stearate Stabilizer (C-1-a-1) Days to Days to
% % fessuration embrittlement
Without Without 120 410
0.13 0.6 57 79

TABLE 4
Films with 3% of carbon black, 12 microns thick.
1:1 Mixture of
Stabilizer (A-1-a) and
Cobalt Stearate Stabilizer (C-1-a-1) Days to Days to
% % fessuration embrittlement
0.13 0.2 36 57
0.13 0.6 53 75

Stabilizer (A-1-a):

TINUVIN 622 (RTM)

wherein n1 is a number from 2 to 20.

Stabilizer (C-1-a-1):

CHIMASSORB 944 (RTM)

wherein b1 is a number from 2 to 20.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US8118924 *May 17, 2011Feb 21, 2012Sensient Colors LlcSelf-dispersed pigments and methods for making and using the same
Classifications
U.S. Classification524/89, 524/100, 524/101, 524/99, 524/95, 524/102, 524/103
International ClassificationC08L67/02, C08K5/3432, C08K5/00, C08L101/00, C08K5/3447, C08L23/00, C08K5/353, C08L67/04, C08K5/3477, C08K5/3435, C08K5/3492, C08K5/098, C08K5/34
Cooperative ClassificationC08K5/005, C08K5/098, C08K5/34, C08K5/0033
European ClassificationC08K5/34, C08K5/098